Title: Chaney course syllabi and related materials
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Title: Chaney course syllabi and related materials
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Creator: Chaney, Elsa M.
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POL SCI 185
Country: Alegrfa- Time: the Present. Events to Come: to be revealed
CAST OF CIIARACTEPRS

lo CA AIM1ITC: You aro Pedro Gonzalez, 1.2, Indian carpeoino, 10 children
peon on the farm of Geraldo Ie ja of Valle, as was your father
-andyour father's father. You consider don Geraldo a "good"
patron, i.e., he pays you the legal minimtnm wage (about .0pl
a day) and exacts only 3 days labor front you on the hacienda;
ho made a fiesta for the baptism of your first son, T6wTiiorF
he stood godfather, and once he paid for the doctor to come
from Porvenir when your wife was very ill. You live 10 miles
from the provincial city of Porvenir (popo 27,000) whore your
two oldest sons work as occasional laborers, returning to the
farm to visit when they can and hoping in the next few years
to find steady jobs so they can save enough Lo buy a snall
piece of land -- otherwise, they plan to nigrate to the capi-
tal, Ciudad Esperanza. You don't want t eri to go, yet thoro
is no way for them to stay on the farn.
20 PROGRSSIVE PRIEST: You are Padre Vonancio, 27, four years or-
dlained, froi tho provincial city of Porvonir and assigned since
ordination to both Porvenir and Vallo where the snall parish
church and an elementary school (built almost sinloehandodly
by don Geraindb) serves the four neighboring haciendas and the
snall troun itself. You are part of the "Iglosia Joven," the
young church, full of desire to use your influence to help
the hacienda workers crerge from their traditional state. At
Valle you have recruited a snail group of young 1..on, mainly
front the neighiboring haciendas, whon you are trying to form
into a group; you are training then in. the principles of trade
union organization so they can help you organize the haoienda
workers into sindicatos or unions.o Tho project began 3 years
ago as an adult literacy program, but you have always had the
larger aim in view and you nou are at the point of beginning
You Ikno that your bishop has gotten wind of your "crazy ideas"
and may move you away from Porvenir on advice of the hacendados,
so tine is running out for you if you hope to leave a solid
organization behind you.
3. YOUITG DBR!RO (aempesino origin): You are Paco Gonzslez, 17,
second son of Podro, recently recruited as a secret oenber of
the Juventud Iiarxista (Ilarxist youth) of Porvenir, but also
uor:kiing with Padre Venancio. You had three years schooling
in the primary school at Valle, but were a functional illi-
terate until you learned to reread in the adult literacy
program; hence you are relatively better instructed than the
avera-e Vallo youth and more religious, and Padre Vonancio
depends on you. Your older brother has been out of Vallo for
three years doing his ar-y service and has returned to fill
your hoad full of ideas about going to sporerjaa with him and
working to establish a beachead for your youn-:or brothers
and sisters and for your nothor -- your brother las given up
on the idea of buying land because he thini:s tho two of you
never will be able to get steady work in Porvenir, nuch loss
save the donr paynonto (You both Imno that Pedro, your father,


~LI _I_ _I





CAST OF CHARACTERS -- 2


trill never leave his compadre, the natron, but you also expect
that your another in t~-i usual pattern will outlive Pedro by
niany years ) You are torn between going after all the shiny
things Geraldo, your brother, constantly tolls you about, or
helping your yooplo. You also are torn botween t3c two
approaches: the 'peaceful" way advocated by Padre Vena-ncio,
and the revolutionary plans of tlh IIarxint group. The events
to come may force you to define your position.
4o IARXIST ORGALIZR.: You are Carlos Pestaia, 21., recent law grad-
uate of the University of Aloeria in Esperanza, sent out
secortly this year to Porvonir by the Partido Socialista
Alegriana, to organize srnal cells of town workers and peasarnts,,
The Communist party, as such, is presently outlawed in Alegria,
by everyone Imows that the Cormiunist olonent is the rajor force
in the PSA. You are an idealist, fully convinced that only
violent revolution can break up the rigid structures of Alo-
grian society, and fully certain that Alegrfa can find its
omn model of Uarxisn and will not become dopondent either upon
the Soviet Union or any other foreign socialist nodolo You
are middle class in origin, received your job as local clerk
in the Hunicipalidad de Porvcnir through your father, a high
level bureaucrat in Esperanza, when you o nvinceCd him that
it would be better to try to establish your lax practice in
the provinces than in the city with all the competition. You
also are interested in the possibility of running for office,
but the congressional deputation from the region has always
been controlled by the haoendado at Lota, and he is suspicious
of you- Although your Marxist affiliation is not lnio.m, still
some of your outspoken ideas at municipal noetins hero nost
of the haoendados sit as roeidores (councilion) have not
given theoi any reason to believo they could control you or
trust you. Party loaders in Alegria have warned you to go
easy a d not talk out too much for fear of spoiling your
ultimate mission, but you are inclined to be itpatient. The
events to come may try your patience to the utrost
*5 YOUITG OBRERO (city origin): You are Jaime Iart noz, 18( son of
the zapatero (shoemaker) of Porvenir; you xork with your
father but send all your spare time as the right hand of
Carlos Postana (who is supposed to be preparing you for your
university entrance exams, but for whom you also do a great
deal of errand running and odd jobs in connection with the
cell work). You managed to finish highsohool, one of the few
workers, sons to have done so in Porvenir whore the Dominicanos
run a private boarding school for the sons of hacendados of
the whole region. Padre Venancio talked the Dominicans into
accepting you as a becado (scholarship student); your school-
ing actually was fund-d by don Goraldo of Valle, but you do
not ]cnow this. Pestana has assured you of help through the
party in finding a job in Esperanza to support yourself while
you study at the university. Your father suspects Pestada
and distrusts him to some extent, but goes along bocauoo he
very nuch wants you to go to thLe university; your only altorna-
tive is to take over theo rpatora -- but there are two other
brothers, and soareoly enough i orL for one snall artisan to
uako a bare living. Either of your other brothers had high-
school, so you are the only possible candidate for the univer-
sity, and your father has put all his hopos in you.


_ 1_~ i ~1 L I I





CAS'12 OP T7TAACT-EPZS 3


6. AIR:Y OFFICJR: You are Capitan Polix Ocmspo, 29( in chbaro of
Sthe ocal unit of the Alegrian axramy and charged by the central
govern-nont uiwth maintaining order in the region -- and you
are very interested in doing so because your career depends
upOon how well you carry out this first major assignment.
Fortunato Ialo (see below), the biggest hacondado of the
region, often is the one who transmits your ore-ors to you
and advises you; in a certain sense, you are his right hand
because it is upon him that the final responsibility for
life in Porvenir depends. So your future career hangs on
don Fortunato's assessment of you, and you are anxious to
stay in his good graces; he is the only local person in such
constant touch uith the powerss" in the capital. For the pre-
sent, don Fortunato's ;.2ain order to you has been to "keep a
sharp eye out on Carlos Postoa because ho is a born troublo-
maker." You have boon able to get nothing on hin as yet, and
the fact that his father's position in the capital is an in-
fluential one :akeos it unwise to novel against hin (on the
charge of illegal political activity for oxan-ple) until you
have some sort of positive proof. You ore nervous, beoouso
you would like very nuch to uncover something najor, not only
to impress don Fortunato, but perhaps army officials in
Eriporanza as well. You are of lower middle class origin and
intend to go far in the army. You narrowly escaped a :.:ost
undesirable career as a primary schoolteacher by being chosen
front the ranks to attend the military college, and you intend
to do. the anry that it was not mistaken in its assessmont of
youo
7o ."GOOD" PATROTN: You are Goraldo Ilejia, the "good patron" of
Vallo, a deeply religious nan, Ino:m throughout the area for
his kindness and for his care for his Indian laborers You
aro convinced that the Indians are children upon ulho educa-
tion largely is wasted, although you have provided a primary
school -- the law says every haoondado must do this, but the
law is not much observed. Your main mission toward the Indian,
as you see it, is to look after him and protect his -- just
as your father and your father's father did. You are a cultured
man, widely road, an accomplished violinist, convinced that
the Alogrian way of lifo must be based upon a bonovolent but
rigidly maintained class system To this end you cooperate
'Arith the other haeondados, oven thou,.'h you don't care for
them personally. It simply is your duty to do so, whatever
your o~i foolings towards them mi~ht be.
8o "'BAD" PATRRIT: You are Fortunato Halo, 50, omnor of the biggest
haoienda of the region, Lota, and the political cacique of
Porvenir. Your two brothers operate and own the d-ocoa depart-
eont store in the toum (the only one); one of then once
served tWTo te.rs as diputado in the national congress at Es-
peranza. 1Tow the diputado is a local laiyor, chosen by you
to fill the office for the next two torms; a:'t'er this you
will tap some other person you wtant to reward for his servicoo,
or perhaps give your son the opportunity to be the diputado
and sow his wild oats in the capital before settling dorn
to his responsibilities as lord of Lota and caciqu of Porvonir.








CAST ONI CO7URACTE-21ZI -- !I


As the res-)onsable in the absence of a .-zong local government
in this remiote region, you are detert-inod to preserve at all
costs the peace and tranquillity of Porvonir (anmd your continued
influence and reputation in the capital, relatively 1:iodost
though it is, depends upon your doing so). Your word las been
lar,(even as your father and your father's father) over since
you took over Lota 25 years ago. You have a big; f-anily, but
the only one to enter upon the curious scones to be enacted
in the events to come is Jovito, your eldest,
You are a stern and hard taskmaster with your Indian laborers,
which youlonsider only .,our duty; Only la -ano dura, a firm
hand, you are convinced, can koee the Indians n T Tche!: You
will do your duty and remain the respected loader -- a nan
to be reckoned uith by Indian, tonmsuan and follow hacondado
alike.
9. ILAC-JDADO' SOIT: You are Pepoe ;bja, 10, a student in agriculture
a t the Tn.iversidad de Alegria in Ecperanza, hone this year be-
cause of illness. Before you loft Porvonir, you had a "reli-
gious phase" and worked two years with Padro Vencanclo's adult
literacy program while you were with the Dorinicanor at tleir
highschool. You hsve had many talks uith Jaimo 1sartincz and
Paco Gonzaleo (you wore in school with one, taught t')he latter
to road), both of fuhon you .-ogard as friends. You consider
yourself advanced in your social thinking and curinar this year
at hone you have been working nainly with Pestana -- althouGh
you still go to Padre Venancio's once in auwilo so as to have
an excuse to go into Porvonir. You have not, however, reached
the point of actually joining the party; you hold back' out of
love for your father uhom such a move probably uo-.:d kill and
out of love for Vallc, the hacienda you are ,preparing yourself
to takel over -- and to run in a much nrore nodrn and onlightonod
way than your father, of course. You console yourself that
this uould na-o up for not actually becoming a revolutionary --
if you decide not to become one, that is. Don Goraldo has
approved your teaching and oven your friendships with Jaino
and Pace -- unusual tolerance in a hacondldog you Imow your
father has been much criticized by the other haoondados for
the freedoms he has allowed you and thus even though you be-
lieve your father does not understand the tines, you are torn
because you would not like to betray his trust. Gvonts to
cace may force you to nako your decision on uhat you will do
with your future.
10.o IIACGEDADO'S SOIT 2: You are Jovito Halo, 20, son of don Fortunato,
a student for tuo years at the agrarian faculty in Euperanza,
but called home this year by your father to begin tC.aking over
the hacienda. Your father is convinced that tuo years agri-
cultural training is more than enough if you decide on a poli-
tical career, bouover, he will send you back to lea school,
At the university, you of course !akno Pope IIojia but you
despise hin for his linki with the church and have no idea of
his lEarxist leanings. You do not let hin see this dislike, 'ou-
over; because you have decided you will marry his sister lovely
Iarisa. You are not unmindful that she vill inherit Valle uith Popeo
You are of the sanc nold as your father and already inclined,
as the future cacique, to throu your 'eight around. zour
horizon is limitec to Lota, preserving order in the region as
your father has done, perhaps if your father's health holds up




CAST OC1 CT A \ACTD -RS- 5


studying law a-.d having a fling in the conerae, but content
if this does not ceme about to become the local overlordd,

11 o rH:Ci1DADO'S DAITG'r1TR: You are IHarisa Iejfa, 17, just hoeio at-
Valle frorn finishing at the Santa ,Trsula acadony in Esi-eranza
and secretly in love with Jaic ilnartinoz whon you got to know
through your brother Jaime has written you faithfullycduring
your school years, and in the vacations you al-.ays have
managed to rooet But lately, he has confided to you (ho
trusts you conmlotely) his opportunity to go to the univorsi-
ty and asks that you tuait for him -- finally he will have the
opportunity to ask your father for you openly; instead of
running off urith the zapaterois son, you uill be the uife of
a lawyer. You underst`3iand JaTs desire (and necl) to study.
yet foar for him because ho has told you he trill d:pond upon
Postana and the party to help him in Esperanzao You also
foar that the party nay finally / collect its debt '.;it:. Jaio
ond that he himself trill fool honor bound to becono a party
organizar and revolutionary, 1e adairos Carloo Post.ian? dedi-
oation and lnioirs very well ihy Carlos i investing so iuch
time in hirm. To riirry Jaino at all is going to be an unheard
of event for a IeOjia; to marry a revolutionary would be the
most terrible hurt you could inflict upon your beloved father
You have participated at tines in the discussions oanong Pepe,
Jaimo and Paco and so have nany more ideas about social change
and reform- than nost girls of your class, yet you are torn
The events to cone may nake you define your position to a nuch
greater degree.

120 IITDII. CACIO'jDr: You are Juan Yupanqui, 33, 13 living children of
19 born to" you by your wife, Aurora. You ei~o Indianw nayor
of the region roughly coinciding with the environs of Porvonir,
including the five haciendas near V1leo Your office is largely
cerononial, linked to the ancient religious festivals of your
poo-olc, the Sand.as, who rake up approximately 4~.C';. of the popu-
lation of Alegria, but about 05C. of the population of Porvenir
province. But your office has one practical aspect -- when
Indian day laborers are needed, either on the haciendas or on
public works (for which the Indians now are paid a s:.iall daily
raco), it is to you that the authorities or the haoendados (or
their navordomos) come By ancient indult of the Crotn, your
ancestor was appointed to sit with voice but not vote to
represent tho Sandas of the area on the Cabildo; never revoked,
this privilege las passed on to you, and you sit on the Toum
Council Horo you have learned through the years how deeply
the majority of hacendados despise your people. For two years
you worked with Fro Vnanocio and learned to read in the adult
literacy program. But don Fortunate, upon Phoso hacienda you
had your own narcelo (small plot) kicked you off the plantation
!.whn he heard of this as a potential troublemaker (although he
:ino nothing of any training for sindicato organizing), You
live not with your brother on a noNihoring hacienda, but are
loo..in for another patron; you are desperate became your
brother's snall plot sim-rly cazn ot .upoort all the extra people,
Perhaps ,-ou will apply to don "ofo Valle, through his son
don Pope t;wo taught you to road in Padre Venancio's program





. CAST OF CHARACTERS -- 6


You have been recruited recently to a PSA cell by Carols
PostaEa whom you do not, houevor, entirely truct since you
an d your poo.Ile so often have been doceived by the blMacosc
13. TOInTSUJOIIIT: You aro Jimena Garofa, 32, wife of the tona baker,
a-r an outspoken woman who knous everyone uz0ong the louror
classes through the bakeshop (uhich made youL respectablee,")
and the upper classes through another trade you used to ply
uhon you were younger and prettier -- although you are still
quite a woman. Indeed, to the iamusoieont of everyone, you
have been elected to the toun council (thore is an ancient
tradition that an artisan always is a member, voting as the
hacendados toll him to do), where you are proving that you
have a lot of common sense and here you are not afraid to
speak out -- up to a point -- having something "on" nearly
every one of the local oligarchy, they dare not oppose you
too openly. In the events to come, you will havo to balance
your cherished life as the wife of R&nulo with the chance of
losing everything because the "powers" are going to be challenged
in a more serious way than ever before. You are grateful to
Rdnulo who took you in and gave you konmo when you uore sick
and doin and out, and eventually did you the honor of marrying
you -- you love him and klou that the powers could crush hiram

1~o IIAYOR: You are Desidorio Moreno, mayor of Porvenir, provincial
la yor and corLplotely dependent for staying in office on the
five major haoendados who cooperate in controlling every
aspect of life in the region. You will do whatever you have
to do to please then because you deeply desire to be rewarded
with the customary tuo tonris in the national congress at
speranosa, to be followed by a fine job in t o bureaucracy
jand a happy retiren nt in the capital after your years of
devoted public sc~rvice are over. Your :main duty is to preside
over the to-n. council meetings the council is made up mainly
of tho local haoendados uho regard it as a convenient, central
place to got together to decide the questions they -.ould have
to decide anyway -- doing it at the municipalidad has the
added advantage, not to be disparaged in these days of unrest,
of making whatever they decree ''logal." You are lowor class,
and your only alternative is a miserable existence as a provin-
cial lauryor uho will be given cases only by people of the sane
lot class origin -- or Indians.


I I _1 _i_




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