Title: Bulletin - Florida Library Association
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089430/00004
 Material Information
Title: Bulletin - Florida Library Association
Alternate Title: Florida library bulletin
Physical Description: v. : ; 25 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Library Association
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Sarasota Florida
Publication Date: January 1929
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1-v. 4, no. 1; 1927-1936?
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089430
Volume ID: VID00004
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01410842
alephbibnum - 001588207

Full Text



Pub/is/ed at Intervals at JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA

VOL. 2 JANUARY, 1929 No. 1

OFFICERS 1928-1929
President, MR. JOSEPH F. MARRON, Librarian,
Public Library. Jacksonville, Fla.
First Vice President, MRS. R. L. TUCKER, Albert-
son Public Library. Orlando. Fla.
Second Vice President, MR. SAMUEL S. GREENE,
Barlow Public Library. Bartow', Fla.
Secretary, MRS. S. ARTHUR DAVIES, Librarian,
Public Library, Dunedin, Fla.
Treasurer, Miss LOUISE RICHARDSON, Librarian,
Florida State College for Women, Tallahassee,
FROST, Reference Librarian. Public Library,
Jacksonville, Fla.
The Florida Library Bulletin was last issued
in Orlando and was dated August 1, 1927. We
propose to publish the bulletin at Jacksonville at
intervals during Mr. Marron's term of office as'
President of the Florida Library Association, and
we invite the co-operation of all librarians in Flor-
ida. Please send your library news. We will pub-
lish as much as space permits.

After the 'Stormn Had Passed
One of the most widely known subjects of
news took place in Florida on September 17th and
columns of print were issued throughout the land
to let the world know that a'tragedy had taken-
place along the famed east coast of the state. But
the effect of this disaster upon Florida libraries
occupied no place in this volume of print and it
will be of interest to our readers to know that part
of the story.
In response to a telegraphic request from the
American Library Association the President of the
Florida Library Association passed on the request
for a report of the damage done by the hurricane.
From this report it was discovered that there was
slight damage done at Hollywood, Fort Pierce, and
Oao. 6

F4Q 6 q

Delray Beach. Vero Beach and Boca Raton were
fortunate in being able to report no damage at all.
No response was made by the libraries at Fort
Lauderdale and Deerheld and we hope that no con-
dition existed there which needed relief.
From West Palm Beach the following was sub-
mitted: "Three days were required to remove
mud from floors before we could begin work on
books and many books were blown from shelves
into mud on floor. Estimated damage to building
amounts to $2,500 and the tables were badly
damaged. About 800 books were total loss and
the travel section was hardest hit where broken
windows exposed books to full fury .of wind, rain
and mud. About one thousand books in circulation
when the storm hit are not found." No ad-
ditional words of ours can make this a plainer pic-
ture and show us the work which Librarian Maude
Clarke had before her after the elements had
shown such bad temper.
Miss Julia H. Simmons of Lake Worth gave
us the following statement: "Library had 3,000
books of which majority were fiction. 1,100
books were completely destroyed and the building
wrecked. No funds are available for books and
the library has temporary quarters in the high
school building." Here was another hopeless scene
but we have frequently heard of the dark side of
the picture which seems to infer that there must
also be a bright side.
These facts were submitted to the office of the
American Library Association and acknowledgment
of them was made with much thanks and beyond
that we could only hope that they would be con-
sidered for the purpose of relieving a bad situa-
tion. Had we gone to press too hurriedly our
story would have ended leaving the reader in sus-
pense but the delay has given us the opportunity
to tell the entire story.
Miss Julia Wright Merrill, Executive Assistant
of the A. L. A. Committee on. Library Extension,
reports that this committee met in session during
the Conference of the Southwestern Library As-
sociation at Baton Rouge and voted that since the
libraries at Lake Worth and West Palm Beach



were the only damaged libraries in the storm area
that could be considered on a firm foundation and
that a balance in the fund at the disposal of the
committee which amounted to $1,123.11 be
divided between the two provided the committee
received the assurance of a local effort toward re-
habilitation. This assurance has been given and
the money has been forwarded. The committee
wishes it to be understood that this grant has been
made through the Committee on Library Extension
of the American Library Association from funds
set aside by the Carnegie Corporation of New
York for rehabilitation of libraries. The original
Carnegie grant was for flood rehabilitation but
the Corporation has authorized the expenditure of
the balance of the fund for relief to Florida libra-
ries that suffered in the recent hurricane.
We are sure that all Florida libraries are grate-
ful to the American Library Association for this
service to the two libraries that were so rudely
Jos. F. Marron.

Lake Placid Club in Florida
EDITOR'S NOTE: From the Lake Placid Club in the
Adirondacks, or "The University Club in the Wilder-
ness," which has experienced great success, came the
idea of a Lake Placid Club in the balmiest, loveliest spot
in Florida. Here is Mr. Melvil Dewey's story of its
development through dream to reality, told in words of
his own simplified spelling.
Lake Placid Club Loj is at once a child and a
parent. It is child of an idea 50 years old October
19. It is the parent-of another great cooperative
family club to crown the hyest hil looking down
from its 3000 akers into both Lake Placid and
Lake June-in-winter. While perfecting plans and
building the great new plant, our Florida branch
is Club Loj 3 miles north in the center of Lake
Placid on the highest land of this section and
therefore justly carrying the slogan of 'Florida's
roof garden.'
Yur officers askt me to tell you something
about Lake Placid Club and its relations to libra-
My first wife was the first librarian of
Wellesley College and after that was for a year
assistant with Justin Winsor at Harvard College.
As librarian at Amherst College I had been dream-
ing dreams and seeing visions of a new profession
and some of the great things it needed and de-
servd. We wer married October 19, 1878, just
a year to the hour after we left the white chalk
cliffs of Dover with the returning American party
of 22 I had taken to the 2d international library
congress in London following the first I had or-

ganized the year before at the Philadelphia world's
Our vision showed that the 'harmless, necessary
librarian' of those days was to gro into an activ
and honored profession waging a militant campaign
against ignorance all over the world.
It was a long hard fight but we ar approaching
the goal. The number and efficiency of modern
libraries exceeds the hopes of all except the prof-
ets and seers of a half century ago. Literally
scores of nations frankly giv credit for their li-
brary inspiration and guidance to the Americans
who just 100 years after the birth of our nation
gave birth to another great movement destined to
send its influence round the globe.
We knew that books, buildings and endowments
would be useless without the man oftenestt a
woman) behind the the gun and that these sol-
diers and missionaries of the book could do their
best work only if some way could be found to
giv them rest and recreation when their efficiency
was belo par after long stretches of hard work.
We believe profoundly in the practical value of
vacations if of the right kind and in the right
place. But the best places wer beyond the aver-
age library salary and those they could afford
wer far from satisfactory. We decided that the
only solution was to create an ideal cooperative
vacation home for 'teachers' under which name we
have always clast librarians, teachers, authors, min-
isters and some editors, the group that is giving
usually at inadequate salaries its best services to-
ward making a better world.
We spent our own vacations for 16 years find-
ing the best location on the planet. 8 crossings of
the Atlantic and trips from Quebec to New Or-
leans, from Halifax to Santa Barbara and from
San Diego to the Yukon narrowed down to Lake
Placid in the Adirondaks as combining the ele-
ments we needed more than any other. The wis-
dom of this decision has been confirmed by 35
years experience.
We started with a group of 30 in 1895. Meals
wer $1 and rooms from 50c to $2 a day. Of
course we ran behind and most of the pioneers
were scared out of continuing. But my wife and
I wer so sure our idea was right that we paid the
deficits, knowing that the right always wins out
in the long run.
People of means wer attracted by our un-
usual standards and ideals and askt to be included
in our vacation home. They demanded more and
more and cost steadily rose but our friends with
money wanted and would pay for more. After
fair trial it was clear that the 'teacher' group
could not pay actual costs of what we wanted and
that the only practicable plan was to include our


friends who disliked ordinary hotels and wer de-
lighted with our ethical and homelike standards
and simplicity and to charje them perhaps 90%
as much as they would pay for equal accommo-
dations at hotels and to let these earnings accumu-
late to form an endowment that would in time
enable us to serv our social and educational work-
ers as we pland.
For 25 years we pursued this policy before
making public our real purpose,-to make in ideal,
natural surroundings a vacation home with con-
jenial companions which wud giv the most health
and strength for the coming years work for the
time and money available.
It was general comment that the purpose was
most admirable but that it was an iridisent dream
that must be short lived for lack of funds. It
could liv and do its work for librarians and other
teachers only if supported by a large patronaje of
the well-to-do and they declared that our 'blue
laws as they termd our Club customs would at-
tract only old women and children. Long before
the Volstead law, we bard liquor absolutely. We
never had a public cigar stand. No woman
smokes. There is no gambling even for trifling
stakes and the ultra-fashionable fast set ar frankly
told they ar not wanted. Our first 2 slogans were
'Simplicity' and 'Children first.' They said we wer
bound to lose every dollar in such a visionary
skeme but I replyd that the country was full of
people who cared more for a wholesome atmos-
fere for their children than they did for the friv-
olities of the typical hotel and that the best place
in the world for a yung child was a thoroly good
place for adults -and that where the baby was, the
mother would be and where they both wer, the
old man would come round often enough to pay
the bills. So in spite of warnings we hav for 35
years stuck faithfully to our colors.
The result has been astounding. We began
with $500 cash and a new idea. We hav had
the most remarkable growth of any resort in the
world for instead of the little cottage on 5 akers
of 1895 we have today 412 buildings on 10,600
akers with 10 central clubhouses and about 100
cottages. Insted of 30 gests in August we had
1510 and our staff has grown from a dozen to
over 1000. Our total business in 1895 was $4800.
It has now grown 844 fold and there has been a
stedy upward curv during the whole 34 years.
Recently we printed the decision that we wer to
find the best subtropic location in America and
have a winter home for those who hadn't strength
or inclination to resist our northern rigors. Our
leading officers motord over 20,000 miles in Flor-
ida and with great care and much expert advice
settled on the 3000 akers at the southern gateway

of the famous Rij or Senic Hylands. This is to
be the home of another club of the same ideals
and standards, the only change being those neces-
sary to fit Florida conditions. It would take a
volume to explain these fully so I hav only space
to say I will gladly send to any librarian enough in-
terested to send a postcard asking for it, Club
printed matter, either Adirondak or Florida, or
Melvil Dewey
* *

Florida State Library Board
BY W. T. CASH, State Librarian
EDITOR'S NOTE: The following article, as Mr. Cash
gave it to us, included an earlier history of libraries,
which we have held back for lack of space. This sketch
supplements the article in the August 1, 1927 bulletin
by Mr. Cash.
The legislature at its regular 1925 session
passed a law providing for a State Library Board
and for a. State Library at Tallahassee. This law
did not specifically state that the State Library was
to be a resDository for the state books which had
accumulated, but in one clause were these words:
"or on deposit from any source for the use of the
state." The Secretary of State was, therefore, will-
ing for those books to be deposited in the State
For reasons I am unable to give, but which I
understand were (in part at least) lack of room
in the capitol for a State Library, no Library Board
was appointed until February, 1927. Even then
there was no room for the library, but it was sup-
posed that the new State Office Building would
soon be completed; however, it was not ready for
occupancy until the latter part of 1927. Neverthe-
less, the two members of the Board who had been
named, Olin W. Kennedy of Miami and E. D.
Lambright of Tampa, organized late in March,
electing Mr. Kennedy as Chairman and the writer
as Secretary. Mr. Lambright soon resigned and
his place was filled by the appointment of Albert
M. Hall of Apopka, Mrs. D. P. Council of West
Palm Beach was named for the third place on the
At the time of the organization of the Board
there was $6,000.00 to its credit, which might have
been used to buy books and furniture; but there
being no place for these no purchases were made
with the exception of $80.43 worth of books
bought in June, for which room was obtained.
December 1, 1927 the State Library began to
function in its own rooms. These were the offices
formerly occupied by the State Geologist, who
had moved into the new office building upon its


completion. By March 1, 1928 steel shelving and
other furniture had been installed and some
$400.00 worth of books had been bought. A state
library with room for the state's books was now
a reality. The Secretary of the Library Board had
meanwhile been getting a line on his work
and had been carefully studying how to make the
State Library of use to Florida. He had ascertained
the nature of the publications the state horary had,
he had studied library bulletins and other pub-
lications. He had investigated to some extent the
kind of work other state libraries were doing and
he had written for the Florida Library Bulletin
for August, 1927, his ideas as to some functions
the State Library Board should perform. During
the session of the 1927 Legislature he wrote letters
to the members of each house describing and dis-
cussing the work of the State Library Board in
oraer that the members might be "sold" on the
Board's budget recommendations. Many letters
were written from time to time answering inquiries
or giving information as to Florida history; and
much was learned as to how to obtain rare Florid-
In March of this year the State Library receiv-
ed a large donation of books from the Florida
Federation of Women's Clubs, which I understood
were to be used in circulating library work, how-
ever, I have never received any instruction as to
this. About one month after the recent hurricane
250 of these books were sent to the Lake Worth
Free Library at Lake Worth to be used not longer
than 120 days. From the W. J. Bryan Library we
obtained in February more than 100 very valuable
books and from time to time there have come
donations of books from other sources.
We practically spent prior to June 1, 1928,
our entire appropriation of $1,750.00 for the pur-
chase of books and other publications. About
20% of this was paid for rare Florida material.
The entire amount of the book purchase appropria-
tion will be used this year. Some $250.00 of the
book purchase fund (counting what has already
been spent) will be used to pay for the painting
of portraits of eminent Floridans for the Library.
We used nearly all of our furniture appropriation
and I believe that we got our furniture at a bar-
gain. No other fund was anything like fully used
during the past fiscal year, except that for the
payment of the Secretary's salary.
During the year ending June 30, 1928, the
Secretary attended a meeting of librarians in';
Tampa, the meeting of the Florida State Historical
Society at DeLand, the Florida Library Association
at Lakeland and the American Library Association

at West Baden, Indiana. To say that he received
much benefit from those meetings would be put-
ting it mildly. Making the acquaintance of many
fine people engaged in Library work was not the
least of the benefits received. He made addresses
in Tampa and Lakeland.
After the organization of the Library Board
there was no other meeting until November 17,
1928. At that time Hon. Albert M. Hall of
Apopka and Mrs. Brooke G. White of Jackson-
ville (who had been appointed after the death of
Mrs. Council) met in the State Library at Talla-
hassee. Mr. Kennedy being out of the state did
not attend the meeting. Some of the resolutions
adopted by the Board were as follows:
1. That the State Library loan books in each
of the following cases: (a) to individuals doing
research work of interest or benefit to Florida,
(b) To communities having no library for peri-
ods not exceeding ninety days, (c) To libraries
within the state, (d) To libraries outside the state.
In all cases satisfactory guarantees for the care
and return of books is to be made.
2. That the following books or other publica-
tions are not to be loaned: (a) Out-of-print
books pertaining to or relating to Florida, and all
books or other publications so rare as to be unob-
tainable except at more than their original cost,
(b) All publications received through exchange
from other states, (c) All publications received
from the Secretary of State, (d) Any publication
which it is inconsistent with the interest of the
state to loan.
3. That not to exceed three pictures of fam-
ous Floridans be paid for from the book purchase
fund, said pictures to be properly displayed in the
It was decided that beyond these things noth-
ing else could be done by the Board for the pres-
ent fiscal year, there being no funds to pay for
any field work in the way of organizing or assisting
of libraries. It is, of course, expected that the
Secretary will answer any questions that are asked
by mail, so far as possible, and that he will make
any recommendations or give any advice for which
he is asked concerning library administration or

Mrs. D. P. Council of Lake Worth
Member of Florida State Library Board


Children's Book Week
A very cursory survey of the history of chil-
dren's books will bring out more strongly the pur-
pose of Book Week which has celebrated its tenth
anniversary, November 11th to 17th, 1928.
The earliest books for children were written
with no thought of giving pleasure; they were
written solely for instruction, for use in monastery
schools, usually Latin texts on grammar, rhetoric
and music.
In the fifteenth century the few new books
made for children emphasized instruction in
morals and manners and during the sixteenth cen-
tury, although many new school books were pro-
duced the only exceptional one was the famous
hornbook, so constructed so that it would be dif-
ficult to tear or injure seriously. It was made of
a single piece of cardboard protected by a trans-
parent sheet of horn which was bound to a wooden
frame by a band of brass and was supposed to
hang from the neck or waist of the owner.
During the rise of Protestantism in the Seven-
teenth century all books for children bore a most
gloomy and over religious aspect, as for instance,
the book by James Janeway, written about the
middle of the century and described as, The Token
for Children, an exact account of the conversion,
holy and exemplary lives and joyful deaths of sev-
eral young children.
The few children's books published in Ameri-
ca during the seventeenth century were either re-
prints of the English books, or American bopks
of similar character, as, Godly Children, Parent's
Joy; A Dying Father's Legacy to an..Oply Child
and Cotton Mather's Token for, the Children of
New England.
By the middle of'the eighteenth century, when
the force of Puritanism was beginning to wane',
adults began looking for books for their children
that would be not only instructive, but combine
instruction with entertainment. This plea was
answered by John Newbery of London, ,in 1744,
a publisher and writer of abouttwo hundred chil-
dren's books, by publishing with the aid of Oliver
Goldsmith, the history of Goody Two Shoes,
Mother Goose Melodies, Babes in the Wood and
some others equally as attractive and cheerful.
From that time on there has been a, steady
growth of juvenile publications both in poetry and
prose, with some far exceeding others both in
literary value and design.
To help inspire and promote the best in juve-
nile literature, Good Book Week was originated

in 1919 by the American Library Association, the
Boy Scouts of America and associated book pub-
Good Book Week is another step in human
progress-when we glance back to two hundred
years ago, to the days just before John Newbery
began publishing attractive books for children and
see what was given people to read, it causes a
wave of pity to sweep through our hearts for those
poor ones who passed on without ever knowing
the pleasure of reading for enjoyment and beauty.
The remarkable change in the past twenty-five
years or more, has in some cases been too extreme,
the literary value and subject value being entirely
lost. Unfortunately, even today with all the stress
that is being made by organizations interested in
the development of juvenile literature, there is ma-
terial turned out that is absolutely worthless. It
will probably always be that way to a certain ex-
tent, but with the progress of Book Week, it has
become easier to emphasize the importance of good
reading throughout the year....because by devoting
one whole week to a certain subject and having
it talked about and advertised throughout the
country, it is going to eventually be a sure way
to reach thousands of unsure readers; unsure, be-
cause there are so many who want good books
but do not understand or know just where to start.
There is no subject that children study or are
interested in that is not handled most cleverly in
the books of today; travel, geography, history or
science. The majority of the books are beautifully
illustrated, many of them by the foremost illus-
Libraries and bookstores each year are making
every effort to promote Good Book Week. For
three days preceding Book Week this year, a slide,
that was made to appeal to children, was shown
in the leading moving picture theatre of the city
announcing the exhibit of new books to be held
in the Jacksonville Public Library. To each city
school a letter was sent telling about the week
and encouraging teachers and children to visit the
library, which resulted in several classes with par-
ents and teachers coming to the Children's Room,
at which time they enjoyed looking at the new
books and at the end of the visit hearing a story.
On the regular book page of the Sunday news-
paper many of the latest children's books were
reviewed, including two reviews by children them-
Book Week has by no means accomplished its
purpose, but like everything else it has to grow
and expand, which it is doing rapidly and with
encouraging speed.


Lakeland Public Library Book Week
Posters advertising book week were put in
several schools and in the library, also in an en-
closed bulletin board in the city park.
Every day there were articles in the newspaper.
A list of books suitable for all ages, "From Nurs-
ery Rhyme to High School Time" was compiled.
and printed for book-marks. A prize was awarded
the child who attended Saturday morning story
hour most regularly during the summer months.
Saturday morning when the books were put in
circulation, the people flocked in as though at-
tending a bargain sale. That day, previous cir-
culation record was tied. Lakeland has now 6,600
volumes and about 5,500 borrowers.

Book Week, Flagler Memorial Library,
During book week the adult department of the
Flagler Memorial Library had on display five col-
lections of books with posters to attract the at-
tention of the public.
The collection on aviation was the center of
great interest. There were also books with artistic
bindings and beautiful illustrations, books on
sports, books for the business man, and books
for the housewife and mother.
Numbers of people asked for the privilege of
borrowing the books in these collections and many
reserve cards were filed to enable the borrowers
to take these books when they were put back into
circulation after book week.
In preparation for Book Week, the Bookshelf
for Boys and Girls selected by experts, was ordered,
and copies mailed to many persons, including
preachers, teachers, principals, and officers of the
P. T. A.
A contest among school children of Miami was
held for the best book marks or posters, according
to school grade, on books or reading. Burdine's
Book Department, Central Book Shop, and the
Library united in giving three prizes of books to
each of the three groups.
A play "Story Terrace," showing the location
of books on the library shelves, was given by
members of the children's summer reading club,
the "Jolly Bookworm." This was preceded by a
poster stunt showing bad treatment of books.
A Talk on Children's Books was made by
the Children's Librarian at the P. T. A. meetings
of the junior high schools.

Florida Library District Meetings
Northeastern District No. 2 met in Palatka,
Nov. 16, 1928, with Miss Bess McGill, hostess.
The meeting was well attended by librarians and
friends from Palatka, Hastings, Crescent City,
Melrose and Lake City, three from.the University
of Florida, and four from Jacksonville, and trustees
of the Palatka Library. Some counties in the dis-
trist were not represented. As this was the first
meeting held by District No. 2, it is hoped that
next year's meeting will bring librarians from every
county in the group.
The discussion largely concerned children's
reading, school libraries, and co-operation between
the public and school library. Topics suggested
for discussion were: Book Guidance, School Co-
operation, County Library Service, Service from
the State Library, Standardized Reading Lists, Use
of Magazines, Funds, Book Distribution, More
Enthusiasm, Books for Adolescents, How to Create
Interest, School Libraries, Book Distribution, and
More Books. Out of these two topics were chosen
as major projects on which the district will con-
centrate for the coming year. These are County
Service and Service from the State Library.
This district went on record to have its chair-
man express verbally or by letter to Governor
Doyle E. Carlton its interest in the development
of the work of the Florida Library Board and of
the State Librarian, and its earnest desire to have
this work mean the greatest good to library in-
terests throughout the State, and requesting him
to read the law concerning same.
In the afternoon the library class from Mellon
tiigh School attended the meeting.
Miss McGill of Palatka was re-elected chair-
man for the coming year, with Miss Henrie-May
Eddy from the University of Florida, Secretary. We
feel that a forward step has been made by this
gathering together and that the association of ideas
was well worth while. The place and date of
the next meeting is to be decided by the Executive

Central District No. 3 met in Daytona Beach
Nov. 26th with thirty-one librarians in attendance,
Mrs. Rena Allen, Librarian, Daytona Beach, host-
Joseph F. Marron, president of the State As-
sociation and Librarian at Jacksonville, delivered
an address on The Library as an Intellectual
Center. Addresses were also made by Mrs. Lewis
A. vWilliams, Melbourne; Mrs. Marian Leland,
Daytona Beach; Miss Caroline Waters, Eustis;
Miss Olive Brumbaugh and Mrs. R. M. Stuart,


Following the, action taken by District No. 2,
the Central District went on record to have its
new chairman express by word or letter to Gov-
ernor-elect, Doyle E. Carlton, its interest in the
development of the work of the Florida Library
Board and of the State Librarian, and its earnest
desire to have this work mean the greatest good
to library interests throughout the State, and ask-
ing the governor-elect to read the law concerning
the same.

The third annual meeting of the Fourth Flor-
ida Library District was held in Vero Beach,
Thursday, Nov. 22, with fifty-two in attendance,
twenty-three of whom were from outside points
in the district, including Fort Pierce, Stuart, Holly-
wood, four from Miami, Coral Gables, Homestead,
Fort Lauderdale, one from Tallahassee, and one
from Atlanta, Ga. Miss Margaret Lane is chair-
man of the district.
"Echoes of the National Convention" was the
subject of an instructive report by Mrs. Louise G.
Richardson of Fort Lauderdale. There was a dis-
cussion of the Library and School Relationship, led
by Mrs. Cass and Miss McCay of Miami. Mrs.
E. G. Thatcher of Vero Beach read two poems by
Franklin N. Wood, Florida's Poet Laureate.
Representatives of the various libraries res-
ponded to roll call by stating in a two-minute talk
"Our Greatest Problem." Miss Vera Tracy, Li-
brarian of the Flagler Memorial Library, Miami,
discussed "Mending in a Small Library." Mrs.
Beck of Fort Lauderdale spoke on "The Library
and the Trustee." Mr. W. T. Cash, Secretary,
Florida Library Board, gave a general view of
library work throughout the state.
The comment of all delegates was to the effect
that Vero Beach had established a high precedent
of entertainment.
* *

The third annual meeting of the Southwest
District, No. 5, was held November 21st at the
Woman's Civic League Building, Winter Haven.
Due.to the enforced absence of'Mrs. Blanche
G. Griffin, hostess librarian, Miss Adele Master-
son of Southern College Library presided. Roll
call responses were meaty reports on "Our Most
Successful Experiment." This terminated in a
round table discussion on the mending and rebind-
ing of books.
Miss Mary Burnham of the H. W. Wilson
Company, N. Y., gave facts about the new 1928
U. S. Catalog which contains over half a million

listings of books in print in the U. S. up to
January, 1928.
Mrs. May Walden spoke on "The Trustees'
Part in a Successful Library."
The afternoon session was opened by a talk
on "State Library News" by Mr. W. T. Cash,
Secretary of the State Library Board. He gave a
short history of the Library Commission and told
some of the resolutions passed at a recent Board
meeting. Books may be loaned to communities
for a period of nine days, also to any person in the
state who is interested in doing research work.
Books may be loaned to any library. He further
stated that as State Librarian he is trying to collect
books and papers pertaining to Florida.
"Some Newer Aids in Children's Literature"
was the subject of a talk by Miss Clara Abel, chil-
dren's librarian of the Winter Haven Library.
Mr. Joseph F. Marron, President of the Florida
Library Association, told some news of the Asso-
ciation. He brought greetings from the recent
district meeting held at Palatka. At that meeting
the librarians discussed several projects but decided
to concentrate upon state and county library ser-
vice during the coming year. Mr. Marron also
spoke of the Southeastern Library Association
meeting held in Biloxi, Miss.
The program was concluded by an inspira-
tional talk on "Reality and Realism in Literature"
by Prof. Henry Green Barnett of Southern College.
As an example of a writer who inculcates reality
in his writings, Prof. Barnett spoke of Rabindran-
ath Tagore and told of his visit to him in India.
The next meeting will be held in St. Petersburg.
Miss Mary Bright is chairman for the coming year.

Books tell us what man has done,
which is history;
Books tell us what man has learned,
which is science;
Books tell us what man has made,
which is art;
Books tell us what man has thought,
which is philosophy;
Books tell us what man has felt and created and
expressed, which is literature.

Pending definite arrangements, the meeting of
the Florida Library Association will probably take
place during the week of April 1st, 1929, in


The New Standards For Southern High
School Libraries
By Louis R. WILSON, Librarian
University of North Carolina

At the meeting of the Association of Colleges
and Secondary Schools of the Southern States at
Jacksonville, Florida, Nov. 29-Dec. 2, 1927, a
new chapter was written in the development of
Southern high school libraries, the form through
which this new development expressed itself being
the adoption of a set of standards which, when
carried out, will place the high school libraries of
the South at the very center of Southern secondary
school activity. There is a pamphlet which out-
lines these requirements entitled: "New Stand-
ards for Southern High School Libraries," written
by Louis R. Wilson, Librarian, University of North
1. Enrollment of 100 or less students to 200.
Separate classroom or end of study hall fitted
up with shelving, tables, and chairs; always ac-
cessible to students, but under supervision.
2. Enrollment of 200 to 500 students.
Separate room equipped with tables, chairs,
shelves, loan desk, magazine rack, bulletin boards,
catalogue case, typewriter, and other essential office
equipment. Room should be large enough to ac-
commodate one-tenth of enrollment, allowing 25
square feet per person.
3. Enrollment of 500 to 1000 students.
Same as above with separate library work room
and essential office equipment.
4. Enrollment of 1000 or more students.
Same as above with additional equipment to
meet needs. If possible separate rooms for confer-
ence and for instruction in the use of the library
are desirable.
(If necessary, where impossible to get space in
school building now in use for groups 2 and 3,
study hall might be taken over as library, provided
it is properly equipped and sufficient trained help
provided to guide and aid in reading as well as
supervise study. At least two full-time trained
librarians for 4).
1. Enrollment of 100 or less students.
500 well-selected books, exclusive of govern-
ment documents, text-books and duplicates, to meet
the needs for reference, supplementary reading and

cultural and inspirational reading. Also, one good
general newspaper in addition to the local one,
and a well-selected list of from 5 to 10 periodicals,
suitable for students' use. Books selected from
state approved list or from lists approved by South-
ern Association.
2. Enrollment of 100 to 200 students.
500 to 1000 well-selected books averaging 5
per student. Also good general newspaper and
well-selected list of from 5 to 15 periodicals suit-
able for students' use.
3. Enrollment of 200 to 500 students.
1000 to 2500 well-selected books, newspapers,
and 15 to 30 suitable periodicals.
4. Enrollment of 500 to 1000 students.
2500 to 5000 well-selected books, newspapers,
and 25 to 50 suitable periodicals.
5. Enrollment of 1000 or more students.
5000 or more well-selected books, newspapers,
and at least 40 suitable periodicals.

1. Enrollment of 100 or less students.
Teacher-librarian with at least 6 weeks summer
course in library science. Excused from certain
number of hours of teaching and thus allotted
definite time for library work, with regular hours
in the library. Sufficient student help trained by
the teacher-librarian to keep the library open all
day, but open only under supervision.
2. Enrollment of 100 to 200 students.
Half-time librarian with a one-year course in
an accredited library school, or half-time with col-
lege graduation and a 12 weeks summer course in
library science.
3. Enrollment of 200 to 500 students.
Full-time librarian with same qualifications and
educational background as teachers and a one-year
course in an approved library school. One or two
years teaching experience is very desirable.
4. Enrollment of 500 to 1000 students.
Same as above, with sufficient help and some
experience in teaching or library especially desir-
5. Enrollment of 1000 or more students.
Full-time librarian with college graduation and
at least one year in an approved library school.
Teaching and library experience especially desir-
able-a good contact with children already estab-
lished. For every 1000, or major fraction thereof,
enrollment there shall be an additional full-time
trained librarian.


1. Enrollment of 500 or less students.
Annual appropriation of at least $1.00 per
student per year for books, periodicals, etc., execu-
tive of salaries.
2. Enrollment of more than 500 students.
Annual appropriation of at least 75 cents per
student per year for books, periodicals, etc., ex-
clusive of salaries.
Course of at least 12 lessons in use of the
library given by the librarian or teacher-librarian,
preferably in first year high school.

1. Enrollment of 100 or less students.
At least an adequate shelf-list made and ade-
quate loan system installed.
2. Enrollment of more than 100 students.
Card catalogues, shelf-list, accession record and
delegate loan system.
The standards suggested above shall be com-
plied with within a period of three years, with
the view to the later adoption of the standards
approved by the National Education Association,
the North Central Association of Colleges and Sec-
ondary Schools and the American Library Asso-
* *

A. L. A. News
The Executive Board is considering Asheville,
Richmond and Washington as possible meeting
places for 1929. As the meeting will be held in
the South, we hope all Florida librarians and
many trustees will attend. Let us have a big Flor-
ida delegation! It is not too early to plan.

The John Newbery medal for the most dis-
tinguished children's book of the past year was
awarded to Dhan Gopal Mukerji for "Gayneck,
the Story of a Pigeon." This award was made
at the West Baden Conference, Tuesday evening,
May 29th, 1928.

Frank K. W. Drury, assistant librarian of
Brown University Library, becomes executive as-
sistant about midwinter to the Board on the Li-
brary and Adult Education of the American Li-
brary Association, succeeding Luther L. Dickerson,
whose appointment to the Librarianship of the In-
dianapolis Public Library has already been reported.

News Notes
Miss Vera Tracy has been appointed librarian
of Flagler Memorial Library, Miami, in place of
Miss Margaret Ann Fife, resigned.

Miss Charlotte Newton, head of Catalog De-
partment of the University of Florida Library, is
on a year's leave and is studying for her Master's
Degree in Library Science at Illinois Library
School. Miss Jane A. Craig, University of Illinois
Library School, 1909, is acting head of the de-
partment while Miss Newton is away.

Southern College Library, Lakeland, Florida,
this year is being completely re-organized and cat-
aloged. State regulations require a certain number
of volumes to be in a college library. Southern
College is also desirous of being in the Southern
Association of Colleges and that requires at least
8,000 available volumes. Gifts of books are ap-
preciated. Miss F. Adele Masterson, formerly a
member of the Tampa Public Library staff, is
Librarian of Southern College.
The members of the State Library Board are
as follows: Mr. Olin W. Kennedy, Miami, Flor-
ida. (Mr. Kennedy is out of the State at present
but expects to spend about six months of each
year in Florida. His address is 352 Hanna Build-
ing, Cleveland, Ohio).
Mr. Albert M. Hall, Apopka, Florida.
Mrs. Brooke G. White, Jr., 2331 River Blvd.,
Jacksonville, Florida. (To fill the place made va-
cant by the loss of Mrs. D. P. Council, deceased,
of Lake Worth).
The Jacksonville Public Library has installed
book truck service to visit the Panama School and
outlying districts. The truck makes two stops
twice a week. The eagerness of botn the children
and adults is a witness of the growing need for
this work.
The city appropriation for library service in
Winter Haven has been increased. The library
is now free to all residents. During the summer
a very successful weekly library station and story
hour was conducted in an outlying district. The
Parent Teachers Association provided the story
tellers, a trustee the transportation, the Children's
Librarian the books and an accommodating grocer
the location.



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