Group Title: Brewery, flour, cereal, malt, yeast, soft drink, and distillery worker
Title: The Brewery, flour, cereal, malt, yeast, soft drink, and distillery worker
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089426/00002
 Material Information
Title: The Brewery, flour, cereal, malt, yeast, soft drink, and distillery worker
Alternate Title: Brewery worker
Physical Description: 25 v. : ; 29-43 cm.
Language: English
Creator: International Union of United Brewery, Flour, Cereal, Soft Drink, and Distillery Workers of America
Publisher: International Union of United Brewery, Flour, Cereal, Malt, Yeast, Soft Drink, and Distillery Workers of America
International Union of United Brewery, Flour, Cereal, Malt, Yeast, Soft Drink, and Distillery Workers of America
Place of Publication: Cincinnati
Publication Date: October 1973
Frequency: monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Labor unions -- Brewery workers -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Dec. 21, 1949-Dec. 1973.
Numbering Peculiarities: No more published?
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089426
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 04526459
lccn - sc 82004029
issn - 0731-1044
 Related Items
Preceded by: Brewery worker

Full Text
















Food Prices Soaring

To All-Time Record,

Other Items Up Too

The worst fears of the country that food prices are
going out of sight were realized in August when the
Wholesale Price Index went up 6.2 percent on a seasonally
adjusted basis with farm products and processed foods and
feed rising an astronomical 19.3 percent.
It was the biggest rise in wholesale food costs ever regis-
tered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and presaged worse
to come.
For labor economists, the record-shattering boosts that
followed the last Presidential freeze, represented a com-
plete breakdown of Nixon's anti-inflation Phases Ill and
IV.
On a seasonally adjusted basis:
Farm products and processed foods and feeds. up 19.3
percent.
Industrial commodities, up .4 percent.
Consumer finished goods, up 4.4 percent.
In the six-month period which ended in August, the All
Commodities Wholesale Price Index rose at a seasonally
adjusted annual rate of 27.5 percent with prices in the past
three months leaping in giant steps because of increases in
prices of both farm products and processed foods and feeds.
Almost all prices for the August index were collected af-
ter the end of the Presidential price freezes on ever thing
but meat.
While consumer finished goods show up at a high month-
ly rate of 4.5 percent during August, the astronomical rise
in food prices reflected the complete breakdown of the
President's police) of exempting raw agricultural products
and imported products.

Figures Beyond Belief
"These figures are beyond belief." said AFL-CIO Presi-
dent George Meany when he examined them. "How in the
name of simple decency could the President deny the worst-
paid workers in America an increase in their minimum
wage when they l have to pay these prices when they
reach the retail vel?"
"One fact perfectly clear. The President has made a
mess out he economN. And he can't pass the blame to


'ktongre* t workers to the poor. to the consumer, or to

"He created the mess: he has perpetuated it; he has
no plans for ending it. The best thing he can do now is to
limit the export of scarce American food, stop tinkering
with economic controls, stop trying to make the working
poor and the federal employees shoulder the full burden of
fighting inflation and tell the public the truth that all his
economic game plans. freezes and phases are an absolute
failure."


Up, Up and Away!


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Don't Lose Your Vote
Members who are elected as delegates to the Special
Int'l Union Convention, which convenes in Cincinnati.
No%. 5, are reminded to cast an absentee ballot in their
home communities since their will not be there on elec-
tion da%. November 6. There are important local elec-
tions in most U. S. communities this year and conven-
tion delegates should make sure their vote will count by
making arrangements to cast an absentee ballot.


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By KARL F. FELLER
International President


DELEGATES ATTENDING the Special
International Union Convention, in Cincinnati next
month, will share a responsibility of reaching the most
important decision in the history of our organization.
They will be representing the entire membership when
they vote on a Merger/Affiliation Agreement between
our International Union and the Brotherhood of
Teamsters to establish the Brewery and Soft Drink
Conference, U.S.A. and Canada.
An effort was made in the September issue of The
Brewery Worker to answer some of the questions arising
from the proposal. However, convention delegates will
have the full text of the Merger/Affiliation Agreement
to examine and guide their decision.
As has been customary at all of our Conventions there
will be ample opportunity for debate and discussion. The
deliberations should be conducted in an atmosphere of
good trade unionists seeking what is best for our
membership. It is democratic to differ but opposition for
opposition's sake becomes obstruction in the absence of
offering better alternatives.

THE IDEA OF MERGER is by no means a new
development. Official Proceedings of past Int'l Union
Conventions provide a clear record of Resolutions
calling for merger which have been presented at every
Int'l Union Convention since the AFL-CIO merger in
1955. Acting on those Resolutions, during the
intervening years, numerous efforts have been made by
Int'l Union Officers to explore merger possibilities with
a wide variety of other labor organizations. Two solid
efforts were explored with the Meat Cutters and
Machinists then abandoned after prolonged and
expensive negotiations failed to develop an acceptable
merger agreement.
The present Merger/Affiliation Agreement with the
Teamsters offers the distinct advantage of uniting union
members in the brewing and soft drink industries who
share a common interest. The combined strength at the
collective bargaining table is obvious. Elimination of the
high cost of friction between two organizations
competing for the same membership is also obvious.
The advantages of merger have been recognized and
acted upon by a growing number of labor organizations
and these have been accomplished without dire
consequences for any of the participating organizations
which combined their forces.
Technology has changed production methods in
almost every industry and marketing patterns have
shifted with the result that an increasing number of
mergers spelled the difference for survival in both
business and the labor sector. The brewing industry
offers a glaring example of that trend.
Our members don't have to be told that small and
regional breweries are in trouble as big multi-plant


The Brewery Worker


IY l


operators gain an overwhelming share of the market.
Small and independent breweries are almost on the
'endangered species' list. Neither do our members need
reminding that fragmenting of union organizing in the
soft drink industry cannot be successfully overcome
while two organizations fight for the same jurisdiction.
They are also aware of the tremendous growth of the
soft drink industry which offers the most immediate
organizing challenge. Expansion of the soft drink
industry at all levels is taking place at a much more
accelerated rate than prevails in either the brewing or
distillery industries.
THESE ARE PRACTICAL economic facts of life
which carry far more impact on everyone's future than
any quibbling over the immediate mechanics of effecting
a merger. Meshing of two labor organizations isn't
much different than establishing any new partnership.
Sure, there are lumps to be ironed out but they are
usually resolved with much less discord than critics may
predict. The end result becomes a benefit for both
parties.
Evidence of getting along together is well demonstrated
by the calm which has prevailed since the No-Raid
Agreement was signed between our Int'l Union and the
Teamsters in July, 1972. The Teamsters have not only
kept faith with that agreement but have shown a spirit of
tolerance and cooperation during the months of
discussions between the merger committees of both
organizations.
As stated in the Convention Call: "Agreement on
language within the Merger/Affiliation proposal to
protect the interests of our members was paramount,
and the respective Merger/Affiliation Committees
labored long in drawing up appropriate language as set
forth in the Merger/Affiliation proposal."
Delegates at the Special International Union
Convention are invited to bring an open mind, to
carefully study the Merger/Affiliation Agreement, and
to weigh each point in the light of advantages to be
gained when both organizations recognize that future
interests are more important that past differences.

DELEGATES MUST also seriously ponder this
question. What does the future offer for our
organization if the Merger/Affiliation Agreement is
rejected? Count the options on alternatives.








Other Int'l Unions

Asked to Support

Dare Food Boycott

To enlist support of the boycott of Dare Food products in
the United States, the following letter was sent to the presi-
dents of all AFL-CIO International Unions by Int'l Secre-
tary-Treasurer Arthur P. Gildea.


Two hundred and forty-five (245) members of our Local
Union No. 173, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada were forced to
strike against Dare Foods Limited, Canada, producers of a
variety of cookies sold under the Company brand name
"Dare" on May 29, 1972.
A paramount issue in negotiations with the Company
which broke down was an unfair pattern of the wage in-
crease offer which discriminated against the female work-
ers who comprise the predominant overall working force in
the Company and since the strike was instituted the refusal
of the Company to agree to a continuance of a 'union shop'
provision of the contract.
Union Busters Hired
The Company engaged the services of a notorious union
busting organization in Canada which supplies strike
breakers in an effort to keep production and distribution of
Dare Foods Limited cookies on the market.
The Canadian Labour Congress Affiliated Unions and
the Teamsters in Canada have rallied to the support of our
Local Union No. 173 striking members and an extensive
boycott against purchase of Dare Foods cookies was inau-
gurated which is continuing to this date.
Since the boycott had the effect of super markets in Can-
ada removing Dare cookies from its shelves, the Dare
Foods Limited has increased its export shipment of the
struck products to United States super markets.
Efforts to have the Dare cookie distribution and sales
curtailed in the United States super markets have been suc-
cessful to date but only in certain metropolitan areas where
the story of International Union of United Brewery Work-
ers Local Union No. 173 members has been publicized.
Our International Union is confident that if information
about the boycott of Dare Foods Limited cookies reaches
all members of organized labor that Dare Food Limited


Don't Buy Dare Cookies
Some of these products are being sold in U. S. stores
and are being produced by strikebreakers at the Kitch-
ener, Ontario, Canada plant of Dare Foods (Biscuit
Division) Ltd. and Dare Foods Ltd. where members of
our Local 173 have been on strike against Dare since
May 29, 1972 in a valiant attempt to prevent the com-
pany from destroying their union.
Please don't buy these Dare brand names:
Chocolate Chip Cookie Cupboard
Peanut Butter Chip Fudge Chip
Chocolate Fudge Grannie Cookies
Coconut Creme Shortbread Cookies
Lemon Creme Country Assortment
Peanut Butter Crunch Digestive
Maple Leaf Creme Sugar Cookie
Oatmeal Supreme French Creme
Chalet Creme Maple Walnut
Pantry Pack Malted M ilk
Cookie Jar
sales of its cookies in all United States super markets will
be dropped as a losing commodity.
We, therefore, in behalf of the striking members of Local
Union No. 173, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada who were
forced to strike against this family owned Company, ear-
nestly request the help of your organization to make the
boycott successful in the United States as it is in Canada.
Publicizing of this boycott through communication with
your organization's local affiliates and/or through the me-
dia of your official journal would be greatly helpful.
We are confident that with your organization's support
the Dare Foods Limited Company will ask for return of our
Local Union to the collective bargaining table and recog-
nize the union's demands for continuance of the 'union
shop' and cease its discrimination in wage increase offer to
female employees, members of our Local Union No. 173.

Not So Funny
Del Monte published its 1973 annual report with a
cartoon cover making fun of angry consumers.
The humor faded pretty quickly, though, when for-
mer Senator Fred Harris of Oklahoma and the Na-
tional Food Action Campaign singled out Del Monte
for charging 14 percent more for canned goods than
private-label products and for paying "slave wages"
for labor in foreign countries.


Official publication International Union of United Brewery, Flour,
The BREW ERY Cesal, Malt, Yeast, Soft Drink and Distillery Workers of America.
Organized August 29, 1886. Affiliated with AFL-CIO, CLC.
Flour, Cereal, Malt, Yeast, Soft Drink
and Distillery W O RKER Karl F. Feller, International President

Arthur P. Gildea, Editor Thomas M. Rusch. Director of Organization
B.'.i.sL .Published monthly. Subscription price $2 per yea.. Arthur P. Gildea. Secretary-Treasurer
uILuArni Second class postage paid at Cincinnati, Ohio.
^*"" 4*g 7, Volume 88, No. 10, October, 1973 dquorters: 2347.51 Vine Street Cincinnati, OMo 45219

October, 1973






Recession Threatens


Inflation Roars On, 'Tight Money' Looms


By Alexander Uhl
Press Associates, Inc.
That old reliable Nixon speciality a recession and in-
flation all at the same time is shaping up again.
The combination happened when the President cooled
off the economy back in 1969 and many economists are
predicting that it is on the verge of happening again.
The money market is roaring to unprecedented heights
with prime rates actually reaching 9.75 percent resulting in
a virtual breakdown of the housing mortgage market while
food prices hit the stratosphere.
There are a number of factors that have shown that the
"boom" for the economy in general is beginning to slow
down. The average workweek is off; housing permits are
down; Wall Street is in a complete funk with investors ob-
viously unable to make up their minds as to what is to hap-
pen; consumer spending is tapering off, and the growth of
the economy is slowing.
Even Nixon Administration economists conceded that
the 2.4 percent growth in the economy during the second
quarter of 1973 came as a disappointment. One of them -
Sidney Jones, chief economist for the Department of
Commerce was quoted as saying:
Gliding or Crashing?
"The real question is are we gliding in or crashing in?"
But the two dramatic indications of what is ahead are:
The huge increase in the prime rate charged by major
banks to their most favored customers, rates that
inevitably escalate as they go down the line and that
are primarily responsible for the lack of mortgage
money.
AFL-CIO Research Director Nathaniel Goldfinger has
warned that the steady climb in interest rates "is holding
sharply to inflationary pressures and will drive the econo-
my headlong into a recession unless something is done to
correct the situation."
An example of what Goldfinger is talking about was the
action of the Chase Manhattan Bank, the nation's third
largest commercial bank, in boosting its prime rate to 9.75
percent with strong predictions that the rate will go even
higher in the months ahead. The rise was the 15th increase
in the prime rate during the past seven months when it
stood at what was once the high rate of 6 percent.
With the Federal Reserve Bank setting its discount rate
at 7.5 percent the highest in history the stage is being
set for a recession similar to those of the Eisenhower days
when there were no less than three recessions during his
eight-year term.
But the added Nixon touch is a simultaneous inflation,
notably in food.
Farm prices have never been frozen in any of the four
Nixon Phases. Coming on top of more than generous wheat
sales to the Soviet Union, feed grains and with them the
animals that feed on them have skyrocketed. During the


month of August alone farm products soared by 20 percent
while farm parity which seeks to equalize farm costs and
incomes reached 100 percent for the first time in 21 years.
Even Secretary of the Treasury George P. Shultz pre-
dicted an "astounding increase in the wholesale price index
for August."
But it is the more than "astounding" increase in meat
prices that have hit the housewife the hardest. While Phase
IV rules permitted food retailers to add actual cost increas-
es to their prices, retail meat prices were frozen while farm
prices were not.
Beef prices at the farm level have shot up to record highs
of more than a $50 a hundredweight as compared with $35
a hundredweight a year ago. At the retail level, however,
meat prices were frozen so that these increased prices could
not be passed on. Numerous packers, caught in the
squeeze, simply laid off hundreds of workers and shut down
shop.
"Quack Economic Doctors"
Patrick E. Gorman, secretary-treasurer of the Amal-
gamated Meat Cutters, whose membership has been hard-
est hit, called the whole business the work of "quack eco-
nomic doctors."
In an editorial appearing in The Butcher Workman,
Gorman charged that these doctors were "writing out pre-
scriptions that are making the patient worse instead of bet-
ter ... and the experimental prescription Phase IV was the
poorest of all the remedies offered by our economic quack
doctors."


'We Sort of Go Together'
-I~P I 4


The Brewery Worker








Observers Fear Skid

Of Canadian Economy
What is most likely the chief worry of the worker in
Canada today is the behaviour of the economy. There are
some bad signs.
First of all, tight money is getting tighter, and that al-
ways means increased unemployment. The Bank of Canada
has for the fourth time in four months raised its Bank
Rate, an economic indicator, this time to 6.75 per cent.
As a result, the chartered banks have raised their,"prime
rate" to 8.25 per cent, only half a percentage point below its
peak during the previous Trudeau tight-money bout in
1969-1970.
(The prime rate is the rate at which the chartered banks
lend money to preferred customers for fully secured loans.)
Next, the rate for ordinary consumer loans at the banks
is going up to 12.4 per cent from 11.9 per cent.
And finally, mortgage interest rates are now so out of
sight that the Ontario Housing Corporation has stopped
lending money.
The Royal Bank of Canada has bumped its mortgage
rate to 10 per cent for both conventional first mortgages
and National Housing Act mortgages.
Central Mortgage and Housing Corporation, the govern-
ment agency which is supposed to be helping ordinary Ca-
nadians to build or buy homes, has said "me too" and
raised its own rate, a move roundly condemned by -
among others labour movement spokesmen and the fed-
eral leader of the New Democratic Party, David Lewis.
The reason for right money, which precedes increases in
unemployment, is given as "inflation". But the Canadian
Labour Congress has been pointing out that tight money
simply doesn't stop the type of world-wide inflation we
have at present.


Canada's Income Split:

Half to 20% at Top -

2% for 20% at Bottom

"The rich get richer and the poor get poorer," says the
song, but you won't feel like singing unless you are in the
top financial 20 per cent in Canada.
Government statistics show that the top 20 per cent of
income earners walk away with no less than half of all in-
come.
But the bottom 20 per cent get only 2 per cent.
One of five Canadian women is supported in some way
by public funds, but only one of ten men is. What's that
about equality?
Worse still of the bottom 20 per cent of wage earners,
no less that 64 per cent are women. But 92 per cent of the
upper one-fifth are men.
Average family income in 1971 was $10,368. The low
was $6,750 in Prince Edward Island, and the high was
$11,483 in Ontario.


If you live in a metropolitan area, you earn an average 37
per cent more than rural families do.
And if you enjoyed the advantages of a university degree,
you made an average of two and a half times as much as
somebody who had elementary schooling or less.
The American writer Scott Fitzgerald, who liked to hob-
nob with the wealthy, once told fellow writer Ernest Hem-
ingway that "the very rich are different from you and me."
"Yeah," Hemingway replied. "They have more money."


1973 Wage Increases

Far Under 1972 Level,

Fringe Benefits Down
In the face of huge corporation profits and soaring inter-
est rates all uncontrolled in President Nixon's Phase IV
- even the union working man in the U.S. is getting a
tough deal when it comes to wage boosts.
Latest reports from the U.S. Department of Labor show
that first-year wage rate increases in major collective bar-
gaining settlements averaged an increase of 5.8 percent,
down from the 7.3 percent average gain for the full year of
1972. This is in line with the 5.5 percent level that has been
permitted by the Cost of Living Council at a time when in-
flation is soaring.
The figures relate to 351 settlements in the private, non-
agriculture economy, each of which affected 1,000 workers
or more. Nearly 2,250,000 workers were involved, primari-
ly in the railroad, apparel, petroleum, electrical machinery
and equipment, trucking, rubber and construction indus-
tries.
Other key features of the 1973 settlements so far includ-
ed:
Wage-rate adjustments over the life of the contract
averaged an increase of 5.3 percent a year, declining from
the average 6.4 percent level of settlements concluded in
1972.
Wage and benefit gains combined (in contracts cover-
ing 5,000 workers or more) averaged for the first year 7.5
percent, compared with an average gain of 8.5 percent for
similar adjustments in 1972. Over the life of the contract,
these settlements provided gains of 6.2 percent annually,
compared with 7.4 percent in 1972.
The contracts had an average duration of 27 months,
compared with 34 months the last time agreements were
concluded in these same bargaining situations.
In the manufacturing sector, first-year wage adjustments
averaged an increase of 6.3 percent, down from 6.6 percent
in 1972, while the average gain over the life of the contract
was 5.6 percent, unchanged from the average gain recorded
in 1972.
In non-manufacturing, first-year wage adjustments aver-
aged 5.6 percent, compared with 7.8 percent in 1972, and
wage gains over the life of the contract averaged 5.1 per-
cent, compared with 6.9 percent in 1972.
Contracts containing cost-of-living escalator provisions
provided for 6.0 percent annual wage gains, exclusive of
any potential cost-of-living increases under these formulas,
compared with 5.7 percent last year.


October, 1973







Nixon Only President

In History to Veto

Minimum Wage Increase


By Harry Conn
Press Associates, Inc.
President Nixon has become the first President in history
to veto a basic minimum wage bill.
His action provoked a furious outburst from members of
Congress and trade union leaders. AFL-CIO President
George Meany labeled it "a callous, cruel blow to the
worst-paid workers in America."
Members of Congress and labor immediately called for a
super effort to override the veto. It takes a two-thirds vote
and it will be a difficult hurdle especially in the House of
Representatives.
In his veto message Nixon claimed that the bill, which
would have raised the wage floor from $1.60 to $2.20 next
July, was inflationary and would add to unemployment.
These contentions were sharply rebuted by both Demo-
cratic and Republican members of Congress.
Senate Labor Committee Chairman Harrison A. Wil-
liams (D-N.J.) said that the legislation would add only 0.4
percent to the nation's total wage bill this year and all of
this to low-wage workers who critically need it.

More For Spite Than Cost
In the long run, the money does not seem to be a prime
factor in the veto. Nixon, himself, supported a measure
which would have raised the minimum to $1.90 immediate-
ly and to $2.30 in three years.
The Administration openly objected to the fact that the
Congress-passed measure did not carry a lower minimum
wage for youth and that it extended coverage to state and
local employees and domestics. In vetoing these he re-
sponded to the business community.
Since the Fair Labor Standards Act was passed in 1938
no President has vetoed a basic bill increasing the minimum
wage. Even President Eisenhower, who objected to several
Democratic-proposed measures which did not pass Con-
gress, signed one bill which did raise the minimum from 75
cents an hour to $1.00, effective March 1, 1956.
Trade union reaction to the Nixon veto was immediate,
bitter and widespread:
AFL-CIO President George Meany This is a callous,
cruel blow to the worst-paid workers in America. The basic
minimum wage has not increased since February 1, 1968,
and during these years all the things these workers buy and
the rents they pay have gone galloping upward and the
President has done nothing effective to control these costs.
Today, millions of workers making only the minimum
wage are forced onto welfare rolls.
For the President to make the poor of this nation the
frontline troops in the war against inflation, while he toler-
ates outrageous corporate profits and the highest interest
rates ever, is intolerable.
The Congress exempted from wage controls workers


'It's in the National Interest'


earning less then $3.50 an hour, recognizing that the poor-
est paid workers were the victims, not the cause, of infla-
tion.
The President's claim that paying teenagers the same
minimum wage as other workers causes unemployment is
totally without foundation, as his two previous secretaries
of Labor, George Shultz and James Hodgson, reported to
the Congress.
Steelworkers and IUD President I. W. Abel We are
profoundly angered and disturbed by President Nixon's
veto of the minimum wage bill.
The President, in appealing to the American public to
forget and forgive the transgressions of the White House
staff in the Watergate affair and other associated scandals,
expressed hope that the Nixon Administration could get
back to carrying on the necessary business of the nation.
Now, almost the first act of the President has been to
veto a piece of legislation of prime importance to the mil-
lions of 'working poor' who have been ravaged by this
Administration's economic programs.

AFSCME President Jerry Wurf President Nixon's
veto of the minimum wage bill is a shocking affront to the
powerless workers in the private and public sectors.
The Congressional leadership cannot compromise, but
must rally the public outrage to override this latest and
most cruel veto.
To justify his action in the name of fighting inflation is a
crass distortion of economic realities. Executive level sala-
ries soar along with profits, interest rates, and the cost of
living. There is even his refusal today to move on tax re-
forms.
The most powerful and affluent are protected, while the
powerless are left to suffer the enormous burdens of Nix-
on's economic prejudices on behalf of the "haves."
Continued on Next Page


The Brewery Worker











There is cause for deep concern with the direction in
which Canada is going with regard to the attainment of just
economic and social goals. Such goals are far from having
been reached.
We are distressed when we look around and find relative-
ly large numbers of Canadians who continue to live in pov-
erty, in a country which can correctly boast of being the
third wealthiest in the world. We are distressed that there
has been virtually no progress toward a more equitable dis-
tribution of incomes over the last fifty years. We are dis-
tressed that regional income disparities which threaten the
unity of this nation have hardly changed over the same long
period of time. In these respects, our society has stayed
still, like a sailing ship which has lost its sails, and swings
hither and thither without any sense of direction.
Those who would have us believe that we live in a just
society either know not whereof they speak, or are indiffer-
ent to the needs and aspirations of countless men and wom-
en from one end of this land to the other. Social numbness
is the striking trait which inhibits the mentality of all too
many of those who make the important decisions governing
the lives of people.
Workers Become Victims
How else can one explain why hundreds of thousands of
Canadian workers have become the victims of unemploy-
ment because powerful politicians, advised by their senior
bureaucrats, decided that this was the way to combat
inflation?
The callousness behind the policies adopted by the feder-
al government more than four years ago, against the advice
of many well-informed people, served only to bring unnec-
essary hardships to thousands of families. They had almost
no effect in restraining inflation, as past experience should
have indicated. We are still suffering high unemployment
rates from those policies and the end is far from in sight.
Indeed, the supreme irony today is that we have learned
nothing from past mistakes. The recent move by our mone-
tary authorities to increase interest rates when unemploy-
ment remains high, when the labour force is rapidly in-
creasing, and when all signs indicate a slower growth rate in
1974, means that tens of thousands of Canadian men and
women will be jobless next year.
It is again a case of ignoring the lessons of the past and
repeating the same mistakes. Our responsible officials have
learned nothing. Social injustice goes on and on, and the
tragic thing is that it is all so unnecessary.
Real Fact Hidden
Although Canada has been undergoing a more rapid
economic expansion, the hard-nosed fact is that many
workers and their families have not benefitted from it.
Government spokesmen apparently delight in carefully se-
lecting figures and pouring them out to the press in an at-
tempt to convince the public that things are better than ever
before.
But the continuance of high unemployment rates is con-
veniently omitted in such official announcements. Also de-
liberately omitted is any reference to the fact that the real
October, 1973


purchasing power of wage and salary earners increased by a
paltry 1.7 per cent per person employed over the last year.
Real base wage increases per worker under collective
agreements were hardly any better, with only 1.9 per cent
over the same period.
However, when one looks at the other side of the coin,
one finds that there was a phenomenal rise in corporation
profits of 13 per cent for the first quarter of this year, the
highest on record in twelve years.
No matter how difficult the task, no matter how many
frustrations along the way, there can be no letup in striving
for the kinds of reforms to which organized men and wom-
en have always been dedicated.



Minimum Wage Vetoed
From preceding page
Textile Workers President Sol Stetin President Nixon
has done it again ... demonstrating that he is aligned body
and soul with the rich and the powerful, with the big corpo-
rations and all the big business interests that are making
super profits during this period of inflation.
The President's action is a body blow to those in the low-
er income levels whose living standards are being injured
each day by the rising trends of prices. Every objective ob-
server has noted that wages have had little or nothing to do
with rising price levels yet the President chooses to ig-
nore that fact in order to prevent a small and long overdue
rise in the minimum wage.
Teachers President David Selden The President of the
United States announced the cruelest veto in the history of
the Presidency by saying he will veto the bill to raise the
minimum wage from $1.60 to $2.00 an hour.
After five years of lip service,to the so-called 'work ethic'
he decided that people who work 40 hours a week, 52 weeks
a year, should not earn enough money to support their fam-
ilies above the poverty level. After five years of rhetoric
about rising welfare costs, the President has decided to con-
tinue subsidizing America's worst employers with the pub-
lic treasury.
In vetoing the minimum wage bill Mr. Nixon will guar-
antee higher welfare costs because even full-time workers at
the minimum wage of $1.60 an hour will need welfare bene-
fits to make ends meet.
The President has scored the Congress for failing to pro-
vide a youth sub-minimum wage. This sudden concern for
the employment opportunities of black teenagers is suspect
from a President who is dismantling OEO and cutting back
federal investment in the public schools.
The President has also complained about new coverage
in the bill. After his sanctimonious television speeches
about the dignity of all work, he should perhaps take TV
time and explain that workers are qualified only for partial
dignity. The dignity that comes from being able to support
a family without welfare or other public assistance pro-
grams is not on Mr. Nixon's agenda.







$1.1 Billion Withheld

From Health Spending

Congress, at odds with the Nixon Administration on
many fronts, is now locked in a confrontation on medical
programs.
One clash is still in the making. It's the Administration's
opposition to a meaningful national health security pro-
gram. Organized labor is united behind such a plan.
The latest development in the dispute between the execu-
tive and legislative branches, however, is the revelation that
$1.1 billion in funds voted by Congress for major health
programs and approved by the White House has not been
spent.
Impoundment of the money one-fifth of the total al-
loted for the Health Services Administration and the Men-
tal Health Administration and National Institutes of
Health sparked immediate Congressional reaction.
House Commerce Committee Chairman Harley O.
Staggers (D-W. Va.) fired off a letter to Secretary Caspar
W. Weinberger of the Department of Health, Education
and Welfare, saying:
"I am dismayed that you have felt it appropriate to im-
pound the billion dollars . I am not convinced this is le-
gal, necessary, or in the best interests of the people of our
nation."
The key programs under-spent include:
National Cancer Institute $58,859,000
National Heart and Lung Institute $44,217,000
Federal mental programs $199,209,000
Staggers told Weinberger that the money was allocated
to meet specific needs in such areas as disease, health,
manpower, bio-medical research and improved health pro-
grams of many kinds.
"Unless these needs, in fact, do not exist, or have been
met, or are being met by alternative superior programs,
then these impoundments must be considered a sad failure
of our government's commitment to serve its people."
Neither Weinberger nor HEW have replied to the Stag-
gers letter.


The fate of these medical programs is expected to be tied
in with the general Congressional fight against Nixon im-
poundment of funds.
In the most recent move in this area the House joined
with the Senate in challenging the powers of the President
to impound funds appropriated by Congress.
Under the Senate bill impounded funds would have to be
released automatically after 60 days unless both the House
and the Senate approve their impoundment. Under the
Continued on Next Page

Friends Give Mr. Stroh

Tribute as Patriarch

Of Michigan Brewers
How nice it is to convey respect to notable senior citizens
while they are present to appreciate the friendship ex-
pressed.
That is exactly what happened when five good brewery
worker friends paid a surprise tribute to Mr. John W.
Stroh, Chairman of the Board of the Stroh Brewing Co., on
his 80th birthday, August 14th. In his Detroit office, Mr.
Stroh was presented with a sterling silver tray inscribed
with this message:
"We, your friends in the Brewery Workers, salute you as
the patriarch of the beer industry in Michigan. Congratula-
tions on your 80th birthday."
The friends who made that presentation as a personal
gift from each of them were Int'l President Feller; Harold
Bondy, Int'l Vice President, Fourth District, and Secretary
of the Southern Michigan Joint Board; Robert Knox, Pres-
ident, and John Dick, Business Representative of Local 38;
and Edward Smith, Business Representative of Local 181.
They were there to express appreciation to Mr. Stroh for
both his personal friendship and business relationship dur-
ing the more than 60 years that he has been a highly re-
spected brewing industry executive. There was more than a
trace of emotion when Mr. Stroh thanked his friends for
their thoughtful birthday remembrance and the memories
they have shared during the years of pleasant association.




Mr. John W. Stroh, Chairman of the
Board of the Stroh Brewing Co., (cen-
ter) admires the silver tray presented in
his Detroit office as a surprise gift on
his 80th birthday by those pictured from
the left: Edward Smith, Business Repre-
sentative, Local 181; John Dick, Busi-
ness Representative, and Robert Knox,
President, Local 38; Int'l President
Karl F. Feller and Harold H. Bondy,
Int'l Vice President, Fourth District.


The Brewery Worker







Safeguarding Pensions

Still Flounders Among

Legislative Proposals
The Senate Finance Committee has approved a pension
bill that differs from a measure previously okayed by the
Senate Labor Committee and that contains some provi-
sions opposed by organized labor.
As a result, unions may face further obstacles in the long
drive for enactment of legislation to protect workers' pen-
sions a need that was spelled out in 1972 with release of a
three-year Congressional study that documented extensive
human suffering from lost pensions.
After extensive hearings, the Senate Labor Committee
last year unanimously voted out a bill sponsored by Sena-
tors Harrison Williams, Jr. (D-N.J.) and Jacob Javits (R-
N.Y.) to set minimum vesting standards for pensions, en-
sure their funding, regulate their administration and safe-
guard Workers pension rights.
However, the bill which came out of committee late in
the 92nd Congress never came to a vote on the Senate floor.
One cause of delay was the Senate Finance Committee's
insistence that it also had jurisdiction in the pension area.
Bogged Down in Hearings
This year, the Senate Labor Committee came back and
approved another Williams-Javits bill, similar to their 1972
model and carrying more than half the Senate 52 Sena-
tors as co-sponsors. Again the Finance Committee inter-
vened. There was an agreement that it, too, should hold
hearings and make recommendations.
Now, the Finance Committee has reported its version of
pension reform. The measure contains a number of provi-
sions similar to Williams-Javits. The bill has protection for
pensions, requires more adequate funding, vesting (giving
an employee a legal right to pension benefits) and sets up a
Federal program of reinsurance to guarantee at least a par-
tial pension when a plant shuts down.


Health Funds Withheld
From preceding page
House bill, funds could remain impounded unless either the
House or the Senate within 60 days forced their release.
The House bill, however, would not go into effect until
the end of fiscal 1974, June 30, 1974. And since the Repub-
lican leadership opposes the measure it is questionable
whether the two-thirds vote could be mustered to override a
veto.
There are other ways which the Executive Branch can get
around spending for health programs.
Rep. Paul G. Rogers (D-Fla.), chairman of the House
Commerce Committee's Health and Environment subcom-
mittee, has charged that HEW has moved to require many
of the health programs to cover only those who are finan-
cially self-sufficient.
Writing Weinberger, he said that HEW's move, already
announced, would "doom all migrant health programs, all
neighborhood health centers, all family health centers and
about half of the community mental health programs."


However, the Finance Committee's proposal also would
let doctors, lawyers and other self-employed "profession-
als" deduct up to $7,500 from their taxable income for pen-
sions, instead of the current limit of $2,500. This feature
has been opposed by labor as "another tax loophole to
benefit the wealthy."
The Finance Committee's bill also would let the pension
law be regulated by the Internal Revenue Service, which is
what employers have wanted. Labor has stressed that it
would be more logical and practical for the Labor Depart-
ment to enforce the law as the Labor Committee's bill pro-
vides.
The AFL-CIO also has criticized both bills for excluding
the pension plans of state and local governments from pro-
tection and for not dealing adequately with the distinction
between single-and multi-employer plans.
The Finance and Labor Committees now must resolve
their differences into a single bill, if possible, and put it to a
Senate vote. There have been suggestions the bill be passed
as a "rider" to a minor House-approved pension bill. But
there has been no indication that the House would accept
this procedure. The House Ways & Means Committee ear-
lier indicated it would insist on holding hearings on pension
reform legislation.

Senate Opens Way for

Reform of Political

Campaign Financing
The Congress, reacting to revelations of Watergate and
related scandals in the 1972 elections, is starting to move on
comprehensive political financing reform.
The Senate, by the overwhelming margin of 82 to 8, has
voted its approval of a measure that imposes strict control
on both contributions and spending in Presidential and
Congressional elections.
Many trade union legislative representatives believe that
while the Senate bill is a step toward critically-needed re-
form, it falls short of the desired goal of public financing.
Hearings on public financing have been promised this year.
The Senate bill would establish an independent federal
election commission to enfore the reforms and impose se-
vere penalties for violations.
The influence of wealthy contributors who have financed
as much as 80 to 90 percent of many campaigns would be
sharply curtailed under the provisions of the proposed law.
The measure also covers unions, business groups and other
organizations.
Whereas labor money has been a factor in some cam-
paigns, unions can never match wealthy and business con-
tributors. However, it can and does provide manpower,
something that not many other groups do.
The impact of the Senate measure on Presidential cam-
paigns would be minor on the AFL-CIO's Committee on
Political Education since COPE has never contributed to
such campaigns.
The AFL-CIO and most unions beleive that the best
route to clean up elections is through public financing. The
Senate rejected this approach in its legislation, but there is
strong pressure for it, particularly at the Presidential level.


October, 1973












by Press Associates, Inc.



'Big Brother' Must Go!

"Automated Personal Data Systems" is typically bu-
reaucratic terminology for what can be more simply de-
scribed as the use of computers to keep records about peo-
ple. In effect, it's about the growing use of modern comput-
ers by the government, the police and credit bureaus to
compile a record about the background, habits, credit rec-
ords and everything else one can think of on American
people, man, woman and child.
In recent years, the proliferation of automated data sys-
tems has caused growing concern that they present a seri-
ous "potential for harmful consequences, including in-
fringement of basic liberties."
An "Advisory Committee on Automated Personal Data
Systems" has just made its report to the Department of
Health, Education and Welfare. The report confirms the
inadequacy of present legislation that is supposed to protect
the privacy of all Americans and warns against any system
- notably the growing use of Social Security numbers as a
lifetime identification that may lead to creation of dos-
siers on every American.


The report goes a long way in confirming strong labor
concern over the abuses to which the collection of informa-
tion on Americans notably in the credit field has been
subjected in recent years. There is scarcely a person who
hasn't had some disagreeable experience with credit reports
that were either inaccurate or downright false.
As early as 1969, the AFL-CIO strongly supported legis-
lation designed to protect the public from inaccurate or
misleading credit reports that could destroy a buyer's repu-
tation or cost him his job. And in 1971, the AFL-CIO Fed-
erationist published an article, "The Credit Intelligence
Web" that was invading the privacy of every American.
The Advisory Committee, on which former Machinist
President P. L. (Roy) Siemiller was a member, has made a
number of recommendations, notably one that would call
for enactment of a Federal Code of Fair Information prac-
tice that goes beyond the Fair Credit Reporting Act of
1969.
"Such a code," the Committee said, "would define mini-
mum standards for the operation of a record-keeping sys-
tem, would give individuals specific rights with regard to
records maintained about them, and would require publica-
tion of information about the existence and character of all
automated personal data systems.
"Failure to meet these minimum standards would give
rise to both criminal penalties and civil suits by individuals
and classes of individuals. Injunctive relief could also be
had."


Specifically, the Committee laid down five basic princi-
ples to be included in Federal legislation:
There must be no personal data record-keeping sys-
tems whose very existence is secret.
There must be a way for an individual to find out what
information about him is in a record and how it is used.
There must be a way for an individual to prevent in-
formation about him that was obtained for one purpose
from being used or made available for other purposes with-
out his consent.
There must be a way for an individual to correct or
amend a record of identifiable information about him.
Any organization creating, maintaining, using or dis-
seminating records of identifiable data must assure the reli-
ability of the data for their intended use and must take pre-
cautions to prevent misuse of the data.
The Committee was critical of the growing tendency for
your Social Security number to be used as "a standard uni-
versal identifier." The Federal Government has been mak-
ing Social Security numbers the basic identification of citi-
zens for a wide range of purposes. Private institutions such
as banks, for example, also are now making Social Security
numbers identification for their own purposes.


The Advisory Committee opposes this trend on the
ground that "a universal personal identifier invites linking
of automated personal data systems and may encourage
government agencies and certain types of private organiza-
tions to develop dossiers on much of the nation's citizenry."
Dr. Willis H. Ware, chairman of the Committee, in
commenting on this position said:
"We take the position that a standard universal identifier
should not be established in the United States now or in the
near future. We take this view because of the lack of ade-
quate, effective safeguards against potentially harmful
computer-based record-keeping practices."
The Committee called for civil and criminal penalties in
enforcement of its proposed legislation without going into
specifics. Certainly Congress, in any future legislation,
should put a great deal more teeth into enforcement of fu-
ture legislation than it has in its Fair Credit Reporting Act.
Finally, the Committee was critical of former Attorney
General John N. Mitchell for aggressively centralizing per-
sonal information "which can be used in conjunction with
the vast government and private computer dossiers being
compiled by credit bureaus, insurance companies, welfare
agencies, mental health units and others. Cumulatively
these files threaten an information tyranny."
It is time for the "Big Brother is watching you" trend in
the United States to be stopped in its tracks.


The Brewery Worker







Performance Failure

Of Insurance Firms

Show 'No-Fault' Need

"The present basic motor vehicle compensation system
- which is based upon an injured person's proof of negli-
gence on the part of another person and his recovery of
payment for his losses under a policy of liability insurance
- is a failure."
This is the conclusion reached by the Senate Commerce
Committee in its report supporting national no-fault auto-
mobile insurance. Most of organized labor is backing such
legislation.
The report makes these telling points about the present
negligence-liability insurance system:
It has failed to compensate victims of automobile ac-
cidents adequately.
It has failed to compensate victims fast enough.
It has failed to compensate victims fairly.
It has failed to expend the premium dollars on the
compensation too many going into such administrative
costs as lawyers' fees.
It has failed to give victims the incentives or the eco-
nomic means to rehabilitate themselves.
It has failed to do anything to reduce the tragic annual
human loss resulting from the automobile accidents.
"This indictment may be severe," the report adds, "but it
has been drawn by every impartial study of the subject in
recent years, including the $2 million study commissioned
by Congress and undertaken by the Department of Trans-
portation (DOT)."
Premiums Mostly Profit
The report agrees with the DOT study that the economic
waste in the present system must be reduced. It pointed out
further that the system "has the highly dubious distinction
of having probably the highest cost-benefit ratio of any
major compensation system currently in operation in this
country."
The present system returns only about 44 cents in bene-
fits to accident victims for each dollar paid in premiums.
A serious problem is that many people who pay insur-
ance premiums receive no benefits when they are accident
victims. Among them are innocent or faultless victims
where the potential defendant is also innocent or faultless.
Also there is no compensation for those who are found to
be at fault or contributorily negligent.
Persons who sustain injury in an accident involving only
one car receive no benefits since they have no one to sue.
Hit and run accident victims also lose benefits.
Many Collect Nothing
"Statistically speaking," the report says, "45 percent of
all those killed to seriously injured in auto accidents benefit
in no way from the negligence-liability insurance system."
DOT found that an equally serious deficiency of the pres-
ent system is that the seriously injured are usually under-


October, 1973


compensated. Seriously injured victims with medical ex-
penses of $500 or more received only 55 percent from tort
insurance but victims with medical expenses under $5000
recovered 90 percent.
"The other grossly under-compensated in relation-to-
loss group," the report continued, "are people who work.
The average loss, for example, for the working man or
woman who dies in an auto accident was found to be $40,-
000 including lost future wages.
"The average settlement that his bereaved family re-
ceived for all recovery recourses, including liability insur-
ance, was $2080 or 5 percent," the Committee found.
The Senate Commerce Committee also expressed con-
cern that "under the present system there are few incentives
to improve emergency health care and transportation sys-
tems and no incentives for victims to participate in rehabili-
tation programs. The result: People die who need not die;
people remain crippled who need not remain crippled."


Labor Raps Private

Funding Scheme for

Job-Injury Insurance

An insurance industry proposal to establish as interstate
compact in the field of workmen's compensation has drawn
a strong caveat from AFL-CIO Social Security Director
Bert Seidman.
Alerting officers of State AFL-CIO Central Bodies to
the proposal, Seidman warned the interstate compact is
being advanced by mutual insurance carriers, among oth-
ers, in a deliberate effort to forestall legislation setting min-
imum federal standards for workmen's compensation.
"As you know, the AFL-CIO has been urging enactment
of minimum federal standards for many years," Seidman
noted in a letter. "Legislation to accomplish this purpose
has just been introduced in Congress.
"The AFL-CIO will spare no effort to secure passage of
this legislation, and we will vigorously oppose efforts, such
as the interstate compact, designed to hinder passage of
(such) legislation."
The legislation supported by the federation would re-
quire all states to meet minimum federal standards for
workmen's compensation by 1975.
Seidman said the interstate compact plan currently being
advanced is sponsored by the American Mutual Insurance
Alliance and other groups dealing in workmen's compensa-
tion insurance. He said the federation's Dept. of Social
Security was contacted last year to see if it would take part
in drafting the compact provisions, and added:
"Since the objectives of the interstate compact are in di-
rect conflict with AFL-CIO policy, we declined . and as
far as we'know other labor organizations have either not
been invited or declined to participate."
One of several major drawbacks of the interstate com-
pact, Seidman pointed out, is that it is generally designed
so that it can be amended only with the approval of the leg-
islatures of every state participating in the compact. In ad-
dition, interstate compacts usually require congressional
consent before they can become effective.
11







BLS Reports



Union Members Better Protected


By Press Associates
Union members are "the best protected workers" from
unfair dismissals on the job, a special report in the Labor
Department's Monthly Labor Review has concluded.
The report, prepared by Robert W. Fisher, an economist
and senior editor of the Monthly Labor Review, published
by the Labor Department's Bureau of Labor Statistics, de
dares that "protection from discharge in the U.S. econo-
my is comprehensive in union contracts but is limited to
organized groups of workers."
Other protections are given to Federal Government em-
ployees and state or local government workers with merit
systems.
Fisher says that most 19th Century U. S. employers
"would have been astonished at the suggestion that a deci-
sion to discharge a worker should be reviewed for fairness."
In the famous 1827 conspiracy case, Commonwealth v.
Moore and others, the Commonwealth attorney declared
that the employers were justified in firing tailors because
they asked for more money.
". .. the discharge was a matter of perfect right," he de-
clared, "without the assignment or even existence of rea-
son. Let him be without reason ... let it be caprice. Still it
was a right, with which no man or set of men must be per-
mitted to interfere ..."

Building Labor's Rights
Change for this 19th Century argument in "common
law" was slow in coming but the Depression of the 1930's
brought strong public support for workers' rights which
culminated in the National Labor Relations Act.
Today, the author points out, workers are fired for rea-
sons ranging from the bankruptcy of their employer to per-
sonal fault. There is little the union can appeal for business
failures or production cutbacks outside of economic protec-
tions for the workers in the contract.
However, the union usually has a wide latitude in safe-
guarding the rights of workers discharged for personal rea-
sons incompetence, insubordination, absenteesim, loaf-
ing, fighting, gambling, using intoxicants or being intoxi-
cated on the job, stealing, destroying company property,
etc.
Most workers and unions would probably agree that
employees discharged for most of these reasons, if proven,
are faced with appropriate grounds for discipline but not
necessarily dismissal, Fisher writes.
He says that "labor and management tend to disagree,
sometimes sharply, over discharges for the following: en-
ganging in a wildcat strike, being garnisheed or arrested,
belonging to a controversial organization, advocating an
unpopular cause, being 'disloyal' to the employer, and so
on."
When a worker covered by a union contract is fired,
Fisher continues, "he may file a grievance with his union
which, weighing strategic and tactical elements, must de-


cide whether to take it up with management. So long as the
firing is questionable, the union will probably press for
reinstatement." At the end of the line, of course, is arbitra-
tion.
Fisher says that a BLS study found that grievance proce-
dures are found in almost all union contracts affecting 1,-
000 workers or more. Another Bureau study found arbitra-
tion mandated in 19 of 20 contracts.
The Bureau study of grievance procedures also deter-
mined that contractual time limits for processing a griev-
ance ranged from a week to a year. Most fell within a week
or two months. Time requirements generally depend on the
number and complexity of the steps in a particular griev-
ance procedure.
The author stresses that the legal underpinnings of arbi-
tration are sound.
Seeking Labor Peace
In the Labor-Management Relations Act of 1947 Con-
gress expressed preference for private rather than public
settlement of disputes. It singled out arbitration, mediation
and conciliation as means to this end.
In 1957 the U.S. Supreme Court in effect approved of
arbitration in key cases. In Lincoln Mills the Higgh Court
held that Federal courts could enforce agreements between
unions and management, including agreements to arbitrate
disputes.
Then, in 1960, in a landmark series of cases, Fisher says,
the Supreme Court ruled that all issues were arbitrable ex-
cept those expressly withheld in the contract.
The one place where organized labor, itself, draws the
line is compulsory arbitration of disputes.
"The most fully protected American workers are union
members," Fisher says. "Reinstatement of workers in the
manner in which it commonly occurs under U.S. union
contracts is relatively unique in industrialized countries."
He contrasts this with the situation of non-union workers
in small U.S. firms which he says "resembles that of the
19th Century counterparts from their 20th Century union
or Federal Government mates."


The Brewery Worker










TROUT IN BEER BATTER Food
and drink are an important part of Okto-
berfest, a yearly celebration that began
in 1810 in Munich, Bavaria. This year,
the Theodore Hamm Brewing Compa-
ny, St. Paul, has brought the festival to
America by way of special Oktober- -.
mugs (depicting the Hamm's Bear in
lederhosen), as well as a holiday cook-
ing-with-beer guide. One of the dishes
- trout in beer batter is pictured.





Oktoberfest

Beer, Food and Fun

At U.S. Celebration

Of German Tradition
Oktoberfest, a 16-day celebration that started in Ger-
many 163 years ago, this year is gaining widespread popu-
larity in the United States.
One of the major American breweries promoting a do-
mestic version of the European celebration is Theodore
Hamm Brewing Company, the 108-year-old St. Paul brew-
er of Hamm's beer.
The Oktoberfest tradition began in 1810 in Munich,
when Crown Prince Ludwig became engaged to Princess
Therese of Saxe-Hildbrughausen. An enterprising officer
decided that this august occasion offered an opportunity to
revive the old Munich sport of horse racing. The king ap-
proved the idea, which became traditional. A year later, an
agricultural exhibition was held in conjunction with the
races. In 1818, refreshment booths and beer tents made
their first appearance at the yearly events, laying the foun-
dation for the Oktoberfest celebration we know today.
The main purpose of Oktoberfest is to quench thirst. In
Munich, each of the city's seven breweries has its own beer
tent with seats for between five and seven thousand persons.
Beer is poured into one-liter "Masskrugs" on a continuous
production line, carried to the tables by strong Bavarian
waitresses who can carry a dozen krugs without showing
strain. And many of the celebrants can drink a dozen with-
out showing any strain.
In Munich, celebrants consume huge quantities of beer,
and feast on Steckerlfisch (stick-fried fish), tasty sausages
of all sizes and shapes, plump chickens and whole oxen -
spit-roasted over pan fires.
The festival also is noted for other amusements besides
eating and drinking. Merchandise is bought and sold from
cleverly decorated booths which feature household items,
clothing, foodstuffs and sweets. Farmers enjoy the agricul-
tural show, while carnival merry-go-rounds and side shows


and sports events furnish entertainment for the public. In
addition to historical pageants and a magnificent parade
which presents costumes from all parts of the country,
there is the traditional Schaffertanz, or Coopers' Dance.
The Oktoberfest proceedings begin with the impressive
entrance parade of the "Festwirte" (Hosts of the Fair),
beer wagons of the participating breweries, drawn by
draught horses, are gaily decorated for the event. The fol-
lowing day, the long Oktoberfest parade winds three miles
through the streets of Munich. The parade is composed of
more than a hundred groups in their national costumes,
about 40 bands and many decorated cars and floats. Alto-
gether, more than 4,000 people are on view in the proces-
sion.

What is a Catalytic

Converter on Autos?
The action of the Environmental Protection Agency in
suspending for one year the clean air requirements on 1975
model automobiles has raised a lot of reaction and a num-
ber of questions.
Environmental groups charged a "sell-out" on the part
of EPA. The industry, on the other hand, is unhappy over
the fact that the original standard still applies to California
with another standard for phasing in the program.
The question being asked widely concerns the catalytic
converters what are they, how do they operate and how
much do they cost.
A catalytic converter is a muffler type device which
chemically changes toxic carbon monoxide and also dan-
gerous hydrocarbons into harmless carbon dioxide and
water vapor.
The Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc., has this
information about converters:
Cost- Representatives of the National Academy of Sci-
ences testified that the catalytic converter would add about
$57 to the price of the 1975 car.
Fuel Penalty-General Motors and Mobil Oil both testi-
fied that there will be no fuel penalty in 1975 systems,
compared to 1974 cars. Ford indicated a possible five per-
Continued on Next Page


October, 1973




































31 Memorial I
It is our sorrowful duty to record the pass-
ing of the following members. To their be-
reaved families and their friends goes the
deepest sympathy of the entire International
Union.
Local
9 Milwaukee, Wis. Edward J. Hetzer,
Walter H. Heider, August Glisch, Frank
Hubatch, Gerhardt P. Roensch, Jerry
Jackson, August Wachs, Leslie D. Law-
rence, Anthony J. Reed.
16 Buffalo, N. Y. John J. Delle, John
Krywczuk.
21 Belleville, Ill. Cletus Roth.
22 Pittsburgh, Pa. W. R. Heil, A. Schlos-
ser, Clarence Loy.
38 Detroit, Mich. Harold Wey.
88 Detroit, Mich. Ronald Heikkila, Wil-
liam Maki, R. Taylor.
111 Houston, Texas Nestle A. Dutton, H.
D. Gilliam, F. W. Silber, T. G. Pizzitola,
John Labarbera, A. J. Wilson, R. E. As-
kew, Will Siefkm.
153 Evansville, Ind. Walter Foster, A. J.
Kruchek.
167 Knoxville, Tenn. Wm. C. Cox.


175 Cincinnati, Ohio Alfred M. McKenzie.
187 St. Louis, Mo. Otto Emmienegger, R.
F. Faller, S. H. Frank, Joseph Komposh,
Frank Messenger.
196 Memphis, Tenn. L. L. Robinson, W. L.
Sanders.
205 Minneapolis, Minn. Frank S. Dec.
212 Frankenmuth, Mich. H. H. Stockmey-
er, Harold A. Reif.
215 New Orleans, La.- LeRoy Jackson.
248 Chicago, Ill. Leo Miller.
263 Philadelphia, Pa. Thomas F. White.
264 Allentown, Pa. Claude McKewen.
297 Manitowoc, Wis. Ervin Becker.
303 St. Louis, Mo. Stanley Johnson.
304 Toronto, Ont., Can. D. MacDonald.
325 Etobicoke, Ont., Can. Joseph Spencer.
329 Ottawa, Ont., Can. Paul Lorraine.
343 St. Paul, Minn. M. J. Kane.
366 Golden, Colo. Robert V. Pipes.
Correction
The Memoriam listing in the August
issue incorrectly included these two
members of Local 110, at San Antonio,
Texas: W. G. Finkbeiner and F. Mor-
ales. This was a record mixup and the
error is regretted. Both members should
have been listed as recently retired.


STATEMENT OF OWNERSHIP,
MANAGEMENT AND CIRCULATION
(Act of August 12, 1970; Section 3685, Title 39, United States Code.)
1 Date of Filing: September 7, 1972
2 Title of Publication: The Brewery Worker.
3 Frequency of Issue: Monthly.
4 Location of Known Office of Publication:
2347 Vine Street, Cincinnati, Ohio 45219
5 Location of Headquarters of General Business Offices of the Pub-
lisher: 2347 Vine Street, Cincinnati, Ohio 45219
6 Names and Addresses of Publisher, Editor and Managing Editor:
Publisher: International Union of Brewery, Flour, Cereal, Soft
Drink and Distillery Workers of America, AFL-CIO. Editor: Ar-
thur P. Gildea, Cincinnati, Ohio.
7 Owner: International Union of United Brewery, Flour, Cereal, Soft
Drink and Distillery Workers of America, AFL-CIO, 2347 Vine
Street, Cincinnati, Ohio 45219.
8 Known Bondholders, Mortgagees, and Other Security Holders
Owning or Holding 1 percent or more of total amount of Bonds,
Mortgages or Other Securities: None.
I certify that the statements made by me above are correct and com-
plete.
Int'l Union of United Brewery,
Flour, Cereal, Soft Drink and
Distillery Workers of America, AFL-CIO
(Signed) Arthur P. Gildea, Editor


Continued from page 13
cent penalty, a figure outweighed by
other factors, such as automotive trans-
mission, air conditioning, vehicle
weight.
Durability While the catalysts
may deteriorate significantly in use,
auto manufacturers' own data show that
even deteriorated catalysts will reduce
emissions significantly when compared
to cars without catalysts.


Production Problems Auto mak-
ers said they would have to shut down
while waiting for catalyst makers to
remove future bugs from the produc-
tion process. However, the Council said
these problems can be discovered and
resolved before the start of the 1975
model year. Most catalyst makers are
in a position to begin full-scale produc-
tion try-out runs now or in the next few
months.


The Brewery Worker


Wro

ChMe a




















The next time you see
this little orange and black
collection box, it will be in
the hands of children.
But they're not asking
for themselves. They're ask-
ing for the children of the de-
veloping countries who des-
perately need our help.
Last Halloween,UNICEF
trick or treaters collected 3
million dollars for food, medi-
cines, vitamins and educa-
tional materials.
It saved lives. And it
made the lives that were
saved more meaningful.
Put some money in the
box. Or send what you can
to: UNICEF Halloween, c/o
United Nations, New York,
N. Y. 10017. We know some
children who are waiting.
r .. .. .- ." ,
Unitd Naions NewYork


---------- ---- -










By Steve Ellingson
The call of the wild doesn't have to mean giving up mod-
ern conveniences and comfort. Three good meals a day are
absolutely essential if a camping trip is to be truly enjoyed
by all. Which brings us up to the 3-piece camp kitchen
shown here with television personalities Monty Hall and
Carol Merrill. It can hold all conveniences of your kitchen
back home.
The three pieces which make up this kitchen are: first,
the folding table or base. This folds flat and requires little
space when packing. The second unit directly above the ta-
ble has space for your stove, pots, pans, dishes and other
supplies. There is a third cabinet resting on the first one.
This is used for can goods and other miscellaneous items.



If you get social security checks, notify

social security if:

your check is lost or stolen

you don't get your check

you change your address

U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
Social Security Administration


The kitchen was created in three parts to conserve space
' in your car or station wagon.When the cabinets are closed
and the table folded, all three pieces may be stored in small
areas, which is much easier than loading one larger piece.
This design is versatile and may be altered to suit your par-
ticular requirements. Here is an inexpensive project that
any camper can complete in three evenings.
To obtain the easy-to-follow three-in-one camp kitchen
pattern number 446, send $1.00 (add 25c per pattern for
airmail delivery) by currency, check or money order to:.'
Steve Ellingson
The Brewery Worker Pattern Dept.
P.O. Box 2383
Van Nuys, CA 91409


Retired

Members
The following members have been issued
Lifetime Membership Stamps, signifying
their retirement from active membership due
to advanced age, disability of illness.
Local
5 Philadelphia, Pa. George Chernis, Ar-
thur Fiedler.
9 Milwaukee, Wis. Gerhard A. Baumann,
Joseph Bonaparte, Victor A. Destinon,
Howard N. Fisher, Ralph A. Henrich,
Walter J. Holdorf, Ambrose J. Lisowe,
August Mariucci, Frank Sagadin, Jr., Carl
M. Sandberg, Arthur J. Schueneman, Paul
J. Stoehr, Francis J. Drewniak, Ervin F.
Milewski, Alex Nistor, Edward F. Hobl,
John Trampush, Ray Ottoway, Lawrence
J. Mosser.
16 Buffalo, N. Y. Raymond Gebler, Rich-
ard Noll, D. Rhinehart.
20 Louisville, Ky. Gertrude Simmons.
37 New Haven, Conn. Michael Russo.
38 Detroit, Mich. Frank Finley.
42 Peekskill, N.Y. Catherine Annacone,
Stanley Dunajski, Paul O'Brien, Jr.,
George E. Smith, David Yudell.
47 Columbus, Ohio John Lloyd, Elmer
Mattox.
October, 1973


Retired (cont'd)


68 Chambersburg, Pa. Clark E. Crusey.
77 Peoria, I11. S. I. Clements.
88 Detroit, Mich. Joseph DeSantis.
105 Winnipeg, Man., Can. George Horton,
Emil Larsen, Louis Rudge.
111 Houston, Texas W. H. Welch.
115 Scranton, Pa. Frank Featherby.
121 Chicago, 11. Charles Cech, Alois Kie-
ber, Walter Sobieraj, Wolfgang Vogl.
135 Wilkes-Barre, Pa. Florence Rutkoski.
153 Evansville, Ind. Gilbert Mahler, Wm. L.
Mattingly.
161 New Orleans, La. August F. Diaz, Al
Pacaccio, Anthony Savois, Sr.
165 New Orleans, La. Charles H. Domingo.
181 Detroit, Mich. Harry Braner, Anthony
Wyskiel.
183 Philadelphia, Pa. Charles J. Colletti,
Wm. Landis, Edward McGurgan.
184 Indianapolis, Ind. George Guy, Sr.
187 St. Louis, Mo. Benjamin Malon, Frank
A. Kasper, Fred B. Kelly, Raymond M.
McKinley, Onita E. Quirk.
199 Cincinnati, Ohio Wm. Blankemeyer,
Albert Dixon, Eli Ehoodin, Gilbert Ellison,
Edward Hanley, R. C. Hatting, Harold
Merkle, Clarence Sterwerf.
205 Minneapolis, Minn. Barbara Miller,
Franklin B. Cox, F. W. Jacobsen, Jr.,
Hugo W. Prahl, Victor A. Seiler, F. L.
Speakman, Ernest G. Swen.


211 Shakopee, Minn. Ernie Herbst.
212 Frankenmuth, Mich. Alfred Schmitzer.
222 Shamokin, Pa.- J. A. Moroski.
245 Lethbridge, Alb., Can. W. C. Shirley.
248 Chicago, 11. Felix Eberhardt, Mike
Kryzstyniak, Philip Lander, Joseph Leh-
ner, William Reddy, Albert Reinken, Or-
lando Ruffalo, Michael Sackette, Frank
Ternes.
254 Grand Rapids, Mich. Tony Trumpie.
259 Lawrenceburg, Ind. James C. Hicks.
265 Cumberland, Md. Millard Kline.
278 Windsor, Ont., Can. Wesley C. Hooker.
293 Oakland, Cal. Fred L. Graham, Joseph
Luiz, Arthur Wraa.
300 Vancouver, B.C., Can. Alex Jones.
301 Montreal, Que., Can. G. Boucher, Al-
bert Lefebvre.
304 Toronto, Ont., Can. M. Dub, Wm.
Rodger.
305 Sudbury, Ont., Can. Leo Bertrand.
326 Toronto, Ont., Can. Walter Boyd, W.
Ferguson, Edward Luke, James Ward.
333 Vancouver, B.C., Can. Wm. Cattanach,
H. W. Kowalke.
362 Lancaster, N.B., Can. Raymond A.
Nickson.
366 Golden, Colo. A. A. Volsic.





SERIALS SECTION C'F'
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
UNIV. OF FLA. LIBRARY
GAINESVILLE FL ?2601


In Hawaii


Plans for a Floating

City Close to Reality
By Press Associates, Inc.
Cities afloat on the sea, considered one answer to the na-
tion's overcrowding, may be closer at hand than you real-
ize.
A plan is in the works to build a floating city, an "Atlan-
tis in the Pacific", which would rise from the ocean three
miles out of Honolulu.
In this floating city men and women would live, work
and play in a self-contained community.
It all started last fall when the Department of Com-
merce's National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administra-
tion approved an $85,000 Sea Grant for an engineering fea-
sibility study of floating community design concepts.
So a 123rd Hawaiian Island begins to take shape-in
men's minds, on the drawing board, in the model tank-
and suddenly it doesn't seem a fantastic notion envisioned
by science fictionists.
The man behind this project is John P. Craven, dean of
marine coordinator for Governor John A. Burns. He has
been asked to come up with plans for an international expo-
sition that will span two celebrations-the 1976 bicenten-
nial of the nation's founding and the 1978 bicentennial of
the Hawaiian Islands, discovered by Captain James Cook.
Dr. Craven believes the exposition could be set up on a
huge floating platform. It would be a self contained city at
sea linked to the mainland by highspeed hydrofoils, con-
tainer barges and other water transport. The city would
also have a heliport to provide helicopter service back and
forth.
There is endless speculation as to how such floating plat-
forms could be utilized in future community and business
planning. Experts see them as mobile oil-drilling rigs, fac-
tory sites, mineral mining surface facilities, nuclear power
plants, weather stations, or fishing fleet bases. A number of
military uses are apparent also.
The floating city Dr. Craven sees would be built on a ring
of wedge-shaped modules circling a central harbor. The
areas of each module would be about a city block. Dr. Cra-
ven would like to see a minimum of ten modules for this is-
land city. A monorail might circle the inner city and still
more modules built on the track's outer perimeter to allow
more living and working space. Except for commercial
services, the general rule would be pedestrian traffic only.
Upper-level structures would be reserved for living and rec-
reation, lower levels for support services. The city's sea legs
would consist of large reinforced concrete hollow perpendi-
cular cylinders, three to a module, partly above and partly
below the water. The legs provide stability as well as sup-
port for the module suspended between them.


LLUATFING CITY The self-contained city is taking
shape on the drawing boards in Hawaii. Called "Atlantis in
the Pacific", it is being planned by the State of Hawaii un-
der a Department of Commerce grant. It's all part of the
planning for the Nation's bicentennial in 1976.

Senate Passes Bill

On Alaska Pipeline

The Senate gave a go-ahead signal to construction of a
privately-financed pipeline that would bring the vast petro-
leum resources of Alaska's North Slope to a nation already
feeling the pinch of a worldwide energy shortage.
It voted 77-20 approval of a bill allowing the government
to grant rights of way over federal lands wide enough to in-
stall the pipe that would carry the oil 800 miles to the port
of Valdez on the Gulf of Alaska, where it would be shipped
in American tankers to West Coast ports.
The AFL-CIO had termed the need for the pipeline
"compelling" and had strongly opposed an effort to delay
the project an additional year for further study of an alter-
nate route through Canada. The Senate rejected the delay-
ing motion by a decisive 61-29 vote.
The Interior Dept. has estimated that as many as 100,-
000 jobs would be generated by an Alaska pipeline. In addi-
tion to the actual construction, the U.S.-built tanker fleet
would be greatly expanded to handle the water leg of the
route. The ships would be manned by American seamen.
Sen. Henry M. Jackson (D-Wash.) sponsored the bill,
but opposed a controversial amendment added by a. narrow
49-48 margin. Sponsored by Alaska's two senators, the
amendment was intended to void environmentalist suits
against the construction by declaring that the pipeline plans
meet all legal requirements. A House subcommittee has
approved a similar provision in its version of the pipeline
bill.


ILIL~ILI~LI~ _I___ I I




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