Vol. 17 ,IAA 1942 No. 8
THE SECRETARY OF STATE
CORDELL HULL; A BIOGRAPF-HY,7-b Harold B. "Hioton.
This readable and factual life of the Secretary of State should enlighten
many of us about an outstanding public man. Of Virginia s" ck that emigrated
to the Tennessee mountains during the early 19th century, Cordell Hull -was
the most promising of five children, and the one who got the most adequate
formal education. When barely twenty-one, Mr. Hull went to the State legis-
lature, and in 1907 he was elected to the United States House of Representatives.
Here he served almost continuously until 1931, when he stepped up to the Senate.
In Congress he devoted himself to the low tariff, and he was the author of .the
first Income Tax Bill. Appointed Secretary of State in 1933, Mr. Hull busied
himself with the Reciprocal Tariff Agreements, a step in the direction of broad
internationalism. Cordell Hull has never been good newspaper copy, for he is
neither flamboyant nor loud. However, he is something far more valuable in
these parlous times-a public servant of ability and integrity.
IN THE LAND OF THE OZARKS
OZARK COUNTRY, by Otto Rayburn.
Otto Rayburn has written of those sections of Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma,
and Arkansas, dotted with Ozark Mountains. Ozark Country is a treasury of
Ozark folklore and customs collected by the author while he lived in that section.
He found the Ozark mountain region to be "p modern Arcadia, where one may
enjoy simple happiness, innocent pleasures, and untroubled quiet . it is still
possible in some sections of this romantic land to turn back the clock and listen
to the hum of the spinning wheel, the creak of the loom, the groan of the water-
wheel at the mill, the rhythmic poetry of the cradle in its golden sea of grain,
and to enjoy the generosity that springs from every true hillsman's heart. This
is the background of a people nurtured in solitude and unspoiled by the worka-
day commercial world."
There are stories of the Ozark people's arts and crafts, their game parties
and dances the main difference between these two being, the game party was
usually a dance without music or liquor; while a dance always included at least
a fiddle for music and a half-pint in every bottle pocket. Customs and traditions
peculiar to this region, sports, signs and superstitions, lore and legend-all find
a place in this book.
Published monthly from October to June by the Hamilton Smith Library, at the University of New Hamp-
shire. Entered as second-class matter October 10. 1927. at the post office at Durham. New Hampshire, under
the act of .\ugust 24, 1912.
th 1 )I Ah Q
ON THE ART OF LIVING
SHAKE HANDS WITH THE DRAGON, by Carl Glick.
If you have an admiration for the Chinese, as most Americans have, you will
find all the enchanting ways of this delightful people in Carl Glick's Shake Hands
w-ith the Dragon. One book is hardly enough space in which to record the
philosophy of a people whose philosophical development has extended over a
period of thousands of years. But Carl Glick does very well. He divides his
book under such varied headings as eating, celebrating the birth of the eldest son,
speaking-or, rather, singing-the Chinese language, and making the most of life,
for the Chinese are a people who make living an art. Mr. Glick's rather rollick-
ing style is well suited to writing about the "roguish, insatiable humor" of the
Chinese. Yet this humor is not the only one of their endearing qualities. This
book should go far towards promoting an understanding of the Chinese not only
in America but also in China.
VIVID RECORD OF THE RENAISSANCE
LADY IN THE MASK, by Anne Green.
Here is a story of the late Italian Renaissance vividly told. It is rich in color
and character interpretation with the setting in Lodovico Sforza's court. Leonardo
da Vinci plays a prominent role, not only as a sculptor and painter but also as
a poet and research technician. A group of strange characters arrive at Lodo-
vico's court seeking his protection. A thieving crafty magician has charge of the
group and succeeds in causing a great deal of trouble for all. A beautiful woman,
her uncle, a shepherd, and two young children make up the party. Historically
Miss Green's story is excellent. She has gathered all the important facts but
unfortunately the results are rather boring.
OUTPOSTS IN THE PACIFIC
OUR HAWAII, by Erna Fergusson.
When Miss Fergusson mentioned to an Islander that she thought of naming
her book Our Hawaii, he became angry and said "You don't think it's your
Hawaii, do you?" The Islander wants to belong to the United States but at the
same time hopes to keep his paradise apart. Here is presented the problem:
"How to belong to the United States, enjoy all the advantages, including protec-
tion, take part in politics and even achieve statehood, without suffering any of
the rougher phases of it all."
The writer visited the islands some time before war was declared and studied
their history and present problems. Customs held a fascination for her, too. The
famous hula dance was disappointing-until it was learned that the Hawaiians
have a hula just for the tourists' amusement. Erna Fergusson has given us an
account of the Hawaiian Islands that is both interesting and informative.
PORT OF HONOLULU
TROPICAL LANDFALL, by Clifford Gessler.
Here is the history of Hawaii with the emphasis on Honolulu, its chief port.
To most of us, Honolulu means romance and glamour. Consequently the tourist
trade is Hawaii's third ranking industry. Today Honolulu is one of the world's
great ports for commerce; but it has seen many shipwrecks, mutinies, whaling
ships, pirates and the like. Now, of course, everyone knows about its modern
naval station at Pearl Harbor.
The stories and legends of Hawaii are many and colorful-especially those
about the former kings and queens. No doubt you have sung the popular songs
about King Kamehameha and Queen Liliuokalani. But did you know that
Hawaii has its Paul Revere and its Captain Kidd? The pineapple business is
Hawaii's second largest industry, but did you know that the founders of the
Dole Pineapple Company originally were missionaries from Claremont, New
Hampshire? We have more in common with Hawaii than most of us realize.
WOMEN IN A WORLD AT WAR
IFOMIEN OF ENGLAND, by Margaret Biddle.
What are the women of England actually doing to help defeat the enemy?
Margaret Biddle's book lWomnen of England answers that question, and gives a
clear, concise picture of women's part in this war-torn world. As the wife of
the American Ambassador to Poland and several other governments of occupied
countries, stationed in London, Mrs. Biddle is in a position to give first-hand
information. Nothing, she finds, is too difficult for the women of England today.
What is too difficult for one woman to do is done by two. Her report convinces
us that the last couple of years have not been easy ones for these women. They
are in the midst of the war, but through it all "they continue their work and
face the future with serenity because they have made their decision-their child-
ren are going to remain free."
MODERN ENGLISH VERSE
FEAR NO MORE, by living English poets.
With all due respect to the Poet Laureate, who sponsored the book and to
w-hom it is dedicated, Fear No More is a definite disappointment. One's first
reaction is that it's just as well the verse is anonymous. If this is a book of
modern English verse, where has the standard of English poetry gone? Where
is the lyric, etched simplicity of Houseman, the lovely weaving of Kipling's
Sussex verse, the ringing rhythm of Masefield himself? There is little of real
poetry in this book; one has to hunt a long time for a good line or a rhyme and
meter worthy of the name; and the craftsmanship of centuries of English poetry
is entirely lacking. Unfortunately even the message of the title falls flat: nothing
in the book bids men "fear no more."
BY THE AUTHOR OF "WINNIE- THE- POOH"
BEHIND THE LINES, by A. A. Milne.
There is more than a touch of "The Hums of Pooh" in Behind the Lines,
as one might expect from that delightful humorist, A. A. Milne. But there is
something else, the diction, the sense of rhyme and meter, which seemed entirely
lacking in Fear No More. These verses, purposely not too serious, were written
in the first nine months of the war. They are nicely ironic or outrightly humor-
ous. With that ability to laugh under the most difficult circumstances which
have won the admiration of the world for the British people, Milne makes fun
of the hardships-all there was to endure in England in the first few months of
the war. The book is dedicated to C. R. Milne. It is flatly impossible to think
of a world in which Christopher Robin goes to war.
EVACUEES IN SCOTLAND
SEVEN FOR CORDELIA, by Catherine Macdonald Maclean.
The seven of the Seven for Cordelia are little evacuees from Edinburgh and
Glasgow who come to lovely Tharrus Farm in the Scottish Highlands at the
outbreak of war in 1939. Cordelia is the golden, laughing warm-hearted Mistress
of Tharrus Farm, who seems more goddess than farmer's wife, but who is indeed
a woman. You will love the children, six-year-old Rab, the hero of the story;
his big, rough brother Jock; poor wee feeble-minded Jockie Fife; and the four
little girls; and you will love Sage, Cordelia's English friend, who tells the story;
but it is Cordelia whom you will remember long after you finish the book.
There is humor and beauty in this war-time story: the humor which inevit-
ably results when a lively group of children get together; the beauty of everyday
life in a household whose watchwords are kindliness and laughter. Full of
courage and hope, this little story will cheer you in these dark days of ours.
AN INTERESTING LIFE
YOUNG AlAN OF CARACAS, by Thomas Ybarra.
Thoimas Ybarra's autobiography is the story of a life spent in dashing from
romantic Spanish Venezuela to Puritan Massachusetts \while the General, Tom's
father, dabbled in enezuelian politics and tried to out\\ it the dictators, a favorite
sport of that period of Venc/uelian history. T'om lived in Vencucla throughout
his early life. Later he lived in Boston \\here he became acquainted with the
peculiarities of life in North America. Because of his familiarity with the two
cultures, he is able to interpret for us the life and customs of our South American
neighbor. There is humor on every page of Yozwig, Alain of Caracas. You'll
chuckle with glee at "Yessic's" Spanish, Spanish that only she could speak and
understand. The author tells of the antics of the pompous old General himself
in a most amusing manner. Mr. Ybarra ,ias traveled widely, and his writings re-
flect a cosmopolitan, informed quality peculiar to the well-traveled man.
IN OLD KENTUCKY
THE KENTUCY, by Thoimas D. Clark.
The latest book of the Rivers of America series is one you should read.
'Ihomas 1). Clark, author of several books on Kentucky history and a professor
of history at the University of Kentucky, tells us all he knows about the
Kentucky river. He describes its course through the state of Kentucky and the
history of that territory. All about moonshiners, Kentucky colonels, Shakers,
hard-shelled Baptists, feuding mountaineers, and the days of Daniel Boone; it is
really a fascinating history of the state of Kentucky. This river passes through
mountain country to rolling plains; from the land of our contemporary ancestors
to the cultured Bluegrass region.
Superstitions, legends, and colorful historical incidents make interesting
reading in the history of this part of our America.
HAVE YOU READ THESE?
FLIGHT TO ARRAS, by Antoine de Saint Exupery.
Here is the grim immediacy of war flying as experienced from moment to
moment by a pilot who is one of the greatest of living writers. It is also an ex-
pression of faith telling why men fight on in defeat.
CROSS CREEK, by Marjorie Kinnan Rai~wlings.
The tiny village of Cross Creek, Florida, is the home of the author and the
scene of her latest book. Combining description, characterization, and nature
study, she has created a book that makes good reading.
HEAD OF THE LINE, by Gladys Hasty Carroll.
Fourteen short stories, most of them about Maine and the people who live
there, written with the same charm and skill as Mrs. Carroll's novels.
ROGUE'S LEGACY, by Babette Deutsch.
Here is a biographical novel about Francois Villon, written with fire and
humor by one of America's best-known poets and critics.
A WITNESS TREE, by Robert Frost.
Robert Frost's first book of poems in seven years shows the same beautiful
lyric qualities that have distinguished him as one of America's greatest poets.
DEFENSE WILL NOT WIN THE WAR, by W. F. Kernan.
This book states that by thinking offensively and using the resources at our
disposal to strike at the heart of the enemy's continental power lies our hope of
winning the war.