THE LIBRARY L
Published monthly from October to June / r
Hamilton Smith Library, of the Unive i
of New Hampshire
Entered as second-class matter October 10, 1927, at the post office at Dufirm, Ne _t'e the
act of August 24, 1912.
Vol. 14 JANUARY, 1939 No. 4
BEHIND THE HEADLINES
LORDS OF THE PRESS, by Georges Seldes.
Despite his obvious partisanship and bias, Mr. Seldes is genuinely concerned
about the general welfare of newspaper publishing in this country. His present
book deals critically and in no uncertain terms with men and forces behind the
headlines and editorial policies of leading newspapers, forces which cause a com-
mercial press to suppress, distort, or bury news which might not be healthy for the
best interest of advertising support or pressure groups. The consumer has no
right to be considered in this policy, and the conclusion is that no class-conscious
newspaper can be free. Mr. Seldes is unmerciful in his examination of such pub-
lishers as Hearst, McCormick, Howard, Gannett and Block. He devotes con-
siderable space to criticism of the New York Times, as it is the most important
newspaper in America today and any criticism of it constitutes a criticism of present
day journalism. The author's treatment of the subject is frankly sensational but
he presents facts which cannot safely be ignored.
LAND OF DUPPIES AND ZOMBIES
TELL MY HORSE, by Zora Neale Hurston.
Miss Hurston describes some of the ceremonies and practices witnessed in
Jamaica, but the greater part of her book is devoted to her findings in Haiti. There
Voodoo and other cults flourish as the green bay tree. "We have the quick and
the dead. But in Haiti there is the quick, the dead, and then there are Zombies."
The Duppies are souls without bodies. Zombies are bodies without souls and
the method by which this gruesome practice is accomplished is still a locked secret.
There is the Sect Rouge, forbidden by law, whose members are sworn to se-
crecy and who feed upon human flesh. Guede is the god of the common people.
When he selects a person to "mount" he prefaces his utterances with the words
"Parley Cheval Ou", hence the book's title. Perhaps because she is herself a
Negro, the author was fortunate in witnessing many rites sacred to the initiated.
Her chapter on Doctor Reser is illuminating. No wonder this white man is be-
loved by Haitians and surrounded by legends! The book was made possible by
a Guggenheim Fellowship and the author has done much to disprove false re-
ports of Haiti and its religions.
"AS IN A DREAM"
DR. BRADLEY REMEMBERS, by Francis Brett Young.
As a dreamer lives a life-time in a few minutes, so Doctor Bradley relives his
seventy-five years on the eve of his retirement. He had never been in Lesswardine
since he left for North Bromwich medical school at nineteen, and now he wishes to
return home to end his days. The memory of the intervening years as an old
man might see them, partly vivid, partly indistinct, forms the narrative. And as
day dawns, his slumbers are broken by the surgery bell and a last call to attend
old 'Lijah Hodgetts. It is a beautifully conceived work with considerable history
of medicine, or rather a history of medical attitudes, both lay and professional.
64-g V.14- +-4
THIS WAS A POET, by George Frisbie Whicher.
Seldom has the biography of a poet been as welcome as this masterful biog-
raphy of Emily Dickinson. Ever since her poems were first published in 1890
legends have grown up about the life of the "Nun of Amherst". Many 'have tried
to build the story of her inner life as well as her outward Ilife from the internal
evidence of the poems and they have contradicted themselves almost at every
turn. But here, at last we have a serious critical and yet sympathetic study of
the life and background of this American poetess. Even with all available ma-
terial certain phases of Emily Dickinson's life must be supposition so Professor
Whicher ventures to suppose cautiously and conservatively. He also explodes
at the same time many false legends and builds a clear picture of Emily Dickin-
son-the gay, witty girl and later the shy, withdrawn poet. Admirers of Emily
Dickinson bow with thanks to Professor Whicher.
TOSCANINI AND GREAT MUSIC, by Lawrence Gilman.
Without an interpreter, great music is only black spots upon a page, and
without a great interpreter some of the spots never get beyond the page. It is
Toscanini of all conductors today who makes every note of a masterpiece count
toward the effect of the whole. His power Lawrence Gilman attributes to the
combination of "the craftsman of genius plus the fanatically pure of heart." Dis-
cussing in turn the major works of Haydn, Beethoven, Schubert, Brahms, De-
bussy, Sibelius and Wagner, Mr. Gilman writes with fervor and devotion of the
essence of these works and of Toscanni's power to reveal what was in the soul
of the composer. Though great music must necessarily speak for itself, Mr. Gil-
man does all that can be done with words to reveal its secrets.
THE WORLD'S STAGE
THE PADEREWSKI MEMOIRS, by Ignace Jan Paderewski and Mary Lawton.
About two months ago on a Sunday afternoon many music lovers in America
and all over the world crowded around radios to hear an important program
broadcast from Switzerland. The world's most renowned pianist was making
his radio debut. For fifty years Ignace Jan Paderewski has played to audiences all
over the world. This book of his memoirs covers only the early part of his life
(up to 1914) showing the development of the artist and a glimpse of 4he rising
interest in politics. It draws a self-portrait of a great artist and a great statesman
which we hope will be completed by a later volume.
GOYA, by Charles Poore.
Out of the Goya Legend, Poore has attempted to find the real Goya without
belittling the man. Poore has spent years of study and travel in arriving at the
"truth" of Goya and his place in art. The book is abundantly illustrated with
both well known and less well known works of Goya.
FROM A VERMONT HILLTOP
WE'RE STILL IN THE COUNTRY, by Frederic F. Van de Water.
The author's previous book A Home in the Country described the realization
of a dream when he and his wife became the owners of an old Vermont house. In
spite of gloomy predictions of their New York friends, they spent the winter in
their newly acquired home-and liked it. Frost emerging from the ground was
a new experience for them and not without its attendant hardships. So too, was
the swarming of their bees. The author went fishing, frequently with question-
able luck as far as visible results, but we have proof of what it did for his spirits.
Their garden continues to be an ever present worry and joy. To the masculine
dominance of Black Boy and Dougal they have added the feminine leven of Meg.
Mr. Van de Water has a deep appreciation of the beauty and happiness one can
find in everyday living and shares it with the reader.
OUR TRAVEL BUREAU RECOMMENDS:
BLANK ON THE MAP, by Eric Shipton.
Beyond the Karkorams and K2, the second highest mountain in the world,
on the borders of Cashmir and Chinese Turkestan, there has been for a long time
a space on all maps marked "unexplored". Into this vast mountain wilderness in
the summer of 1937 went the expedition headed by Eric Shipton. The group with
him, made up of such well-known mountaineers as Auden, Tilman and Spender,
worked for three months in the mountains making maps and exploring unused
passes. Much of the travelling was over huge glaciers larger than any on Mt.
Everest so that the account of exploration makes thrilling reading. From the
modest narrative one almost fails to realize that these four men and their retinue
succeeded in mapping some 1,800 miles of unexplored territory.
THROUGH LANDS OF THE BIBLE, by H. V. Morton.
Until one travels it is almost impossible to imagine how completely the past
and the present can mingle and blend. H. V. Morton shows this to perfection.
Can you imagine fried fish, roast beef, horse-radish sauce and Yorkshire pudding
for dinner in an ancient fort in the middle of the Arabian desert? Then on to
Nebushadnezzar's ruined city in a motorcoach from the United States? As Mor-
ton says, "The desire grew on me to make a Christian pilgrimage from the Eu-
phrates to the Nile, and into Sinai and to tell the story of the Christian life in
the Near East". So from Ur of Abraham, to the Nile of the Pharaohs, the Red
Sea, the wilderness of the Exodus, the top of Mount Sinai, the Jordan, Damascus
and on to Rome, ending at Ostia with words said there so long ago "Nothing is
far from God".
CANOE COUNTRY, by Florence Page Jaques.
Northern Minnesota was one of the last of America's frontiers, and even to-
day vast stretches of land are untouched by civilization, with no inhabitants, no
roads, nor communication facilities. Because lakes dot this forest wilderness and
portages are infrequent and short, adventurous spirits find it ideal country for
canoe trips. Mr. and Mrs. Jaques are two such persons and this brief book is
the joint record of a three weeks trip. The charming narrative is Mrs. Jaques',
and it is delightfully supplemented by Mr. Jacques' sketches.
ARCTIC JOURNEYS, by Edward Shackleton.
The purpose of the Oxford University Ellesmere Land Expedition was scien-
tific; it comprised two surveyors, a geologist and a biologist and yet the average
age of the party was only twenty-three. The many illustrations are unusually
good; there are some scientific conclusions in the appendix and besides this it is
a good tale of a year in the Arctic.
YEAR OF WONDERS
AT MIDNIGHT ON THE THIRTY-FIRST OF MARCH, by Josephine
The first sign that disaster had struck the little village of Saugersville was
the failure of the electric power just at midnight on the thirty-first of March. The
next day the townspeople discovered the truth, that they and their town were the
only remnants of contemporary civilization-all else was blotted out by some
mysterious force and for some inexplicable reason. Forests grew where cities
had been, concrete roads cracked and disintegrated, leaving no trace of their smooth
surfaces, electric wires disappeared, and radios, attached to batteries, brought
no response but mournful cracking. Fantastic as this setting sounds, there is a ring
of realism in the characterizations drawn and the development of the story. For
one year the village lived its solitary life, pondering the doom which might over-
take it at any minute, but realizing too its responsibility in the rebuilding of so-
ciety. This unusual and fascinating story is told in conventional blank verse.
"IS CHAOS COME AGAIN?"
NINE CHAINS TO THE MOON, by R. Buckminster Fuller.
'S written in English, believe it or not. The author is yclept mad by us, but
will he evolute into a genius? A house is a DWELLING-MACHINE for Earth-
ians, with requirements Nerve-Shock-Proofing, Fatigue-Proofing, Repression-
Proofing (including Don't Proofing). Earth for the Earthians, and the map of the
world would look much better drawn about the North Pole as centre. We need
more EPHEMERALIZATION in the world of the future, for HOUSING was
the PRIME CAUSE of the DEPRESSION. To end depressions the author
has invented the Dymaxion House. Resolved to enable the unselfconscious and
otherwise stubbornly opposed establishment of an HARMONIOUS SOCIAL-
RATIONALE by man.
NOT FOR FRESHMEN ONLY
ON GOING TO COLLEGE: A SYMPOSIUM.
The average college student, forced to choose his courses of study from the
lengthy list set forth in the catalog of his institution, faces a real problem. Real-
izing this, twelve men, authorities in various fields of academic study, were each
invited to contribute an essay describing his own line of endeavor. The result
is this book which ". . tries to show the claim which various branches of study
may justly have upon a student's attention." Addressed ostensibly to freshmen,
the essays will probably have a greater appeal to readers of more maturity and
experience than the beginning college student. A final chapter describes the place
of the library in the collegiate scene.
FUR AND FEATHERS
LIFE IN AN AIR CASTLE, by Frank M. Chapman.
Dr. Chapman needs no introduction to bird lovers. This is an account of
some of his experiences with birds and animals as he observed and made friends
with the forest folk who came near the air castle on Barro Colorado, an island in
Gatun Lake in the Canal Zone. Not all the creatures remained strangers, or had
to be watched through binoculars. Jose, the coati, became a great pet and de-
veloped such confidence in Dr. Chapman that he slept under his bed. Capuchin
monkeys, howlers, peccaries, toucans and trogons are only a few of the actors
who play their parts in this forest pageant. A book for all nature lovers.
TRY ALF LANDON NEXT TIME, MR. WHITE
A PURITAN IN BABYLON, a biography of Calvin Coolidge, by William Allen
We hail you, Kansan, with our hollow laughter
When you explain to us our Vermont boy;
Telling us how he shored the falling rafter
To make his own escape; bleating with joy
That he was sharp, repressed, and over-zealous
For saving pennies . an unsocial crime.
And yet, in spite of these . his faults, you tell us .
We knew no hungry men in Calvin's time.
Kansan, you did your best; your work will carry
A textbook's value, for you did not botch
The job of facts; but scholarship can't marry
Willing Emporia to Plymouth Notch.
Against your careful sketch of Babylon
Your Puritan is sadly overdrawn.