THE LIBRARY LA ERN
Published monthly from October to June b\\tl
Hamilton Smith Library, of the Univer
of New Hampshire
Entered as second-class matter October 10, 1927, at the post office at Durham. New shift u e
act of August 24, 1912.
Vol. 14 OCTOBER. 1938 No. 1
PEACE THROUGH ALLIANCES
PEACE WITH THE DICTATORS. by Norman Angell.
On the eve of possible war Norman Angell examines the European situation,
and particularly the British position. He points out the one clear road to per-
manent peace, but to take it requires courage, valour, energy, qualities of which
the Fascist states have lately shown more than the democracies. This is the road
of alliances, not for preponderance of power to dominate others, but to ensure
third-party judgment in all disputes. The parties must commit themselves to
fight for this right, but here is the difference from the old type of alliance: we
offer our enemies the same right we uphold for ourselves. Such an alliance with
commitments by all the democracies can prevent another war, but rearmament
without commitments cannot, as it did not prevent the last war. Unless the
democracies join forces in this way the author sees the Fascist states constantly
gaining strength, reducing to impotence those democratic states who would now
be with Britain if she acted strongly. Pacifism which will not fight the con-
stantly increasing power of fanaticism and desire for preponderance can only lead
to war; pacificism which will fight to enforce peaceful settlement of disputes will
lead to permanent peace.
ANOTHER BELIEF IN DEMOCRACY
THE COMING VICTORY OF DEMOCRACY, by Thomas Mann.
On a tour of America early this year Thomas Mann delivered the lecture which
is here printed in book form. As the title indicates, he has faith in the ultimate
victory of democracy, but believes that this victory must be worked for with all
the energy we have. Dictatorial Fascism has the appeal of novelty; its aggres-
sive foreign policy and strong will power give it an advantage over democracy,
which still believes in the humane illusion of compromise. To combat the forces
of Fascism democracy must re-examine itself. We need a new concept of free-
dom, spiritual and economic, freedom disciplined in both respects for the common
good. Spiritually freedom must reject pacifism as leading ultimately only to war.
Economically it must adopt a socialistic morality as a means to social justice.
Only an aggressively won freedom can combat the evils of Fascism.
IN A DIFFERENT ROLE
TRENDING INTO MAINE. by Kenneth Roberts.
Mr. Roberts has dropped the reins of historical fiction long enough to give us
the benefits of his style and personality in a rambling but colorful book descriptive
of various phases of life in the State of Maine. He covers a wide variety of
subjects, the one unifying factor for which seems to be the outdoors. There is
history, anecdote, personal opinion and expert knowledge on phases of life, such
as, fishing, hunting, lobstering, ship-building and seafaring. It is essentially a
man's book, but the ladies will be tempted, particularly by the chapter on A Maine
Kitchen. Beautiful illustrations in color by N. C. Wyeth, enhance the "down East"
o o V PrRIOOICAL
MORE FROM DOWN EAST
MARCH TO QUEBEC, by Kenneth Roberts.
This is not a novel, but a compilation of the journals of Col. Benedict Arnold
and various members of the Expedition to Quebec. The tremendous popularity of
Arundel aroused new interest in that ill-fated march and many readers will wel-
come these chronicles. Mr. Roberts also includes a defense of Col. Roger Enos,
written by one of his descendants. Col. Enos was court-martialled and acquitted
by General John Sullivan and twelve field officers.
HERE I STAY, by Elizabeth Coatsworth.
After the terrible winter of 1816, the little settlement of Horn Pond, Maine,
was only too ready for the glowing tales about the wonderful State of Ohio. Every
man, woman and child in the community joined the trek except Margaret Winslow.
This is the story of her first year alone, far from neighbors, which proved decidedly
-eventful. There .is a delightfully poetic quality about Miss Coatsworth's descrip-
tive passages and we are glad she stopped writing children's books long enough
to give us this idyllic tale.
ASSIGNMENT DOWN EAST, by Henry Buxton.
"A series of sketches setting forth the stories 'stranger than fiction' that Maine
folk told the author concerning themselves, their neighbors, and their forebears."
A KENTUCKY MINSTREL
THE SINGING FIDDLER OF LOST HOPE HOLLOW, by Jean Thomas.
When Jean Thomas, court stenographer on a Kentucky Mountain circuit, first
heard Jilson Setters sing an Elizabethan ballad, she saw a blind man with his hat
upturned on the green grass entertaining a group in the village. It was surprise
and curiosity at hearing old English folksongs in the Kentucky Mountains which
led her to seek our Jilson in his home in Lost Hope Hollow. There she met
Rhumanie, Jilson's wife, and many other interesting characters. She also learned
how Jilson had inherited his songs from his Grandsire, a music master, who came
to Kentucky from England. Although Miss Thomas keeps herself well in the
background, she was really instrumental in persuading Jilson to undergo an opera-
tion which restored his sight, took him to New York where he broadcasted and
made recordings of his ballads, and later accompanied him to England where he
took part in the English folk song festival. The author has a deep understanding
.and appreciation of the mountain people which is shown throughout the pages
-of this fascinating biography.
RUSSIAN VS. AMERICAN VILLAGE
GREEN WORLDS, by Maurice Hindus.
The impressions of Maurice Hindus, product of pre-revolutionary Russia, who
was brought up in a Russian village by a gentle, generous father whose financial
adventures were sometimes interesting but at all times unsuccessful. After the
father's death, the family emigrated to New York. Maurice, eager for education
and a great lover of the country soon left New York City in search of "America"
which he felt he could never find in a big American city. He found work on a
farm in "Mount Brookville" working for Jim who taught him the American way of
farming and American ideals. The difference between the two peoples made it
difficult for the boy to adjust himself. The people here possessed unheard of
riches-food, machinery, comfortable homes. Hindus really felt as if he had
found the best spot in the world. Rural America and its people have changed a
great deal since the 1920's and Hindus deplores the change. The Russian village
.also has changed but he feels it is better for the Russian peasant who now has
many things he never would have had in the old days.
N. H. ALUMNUS IN PRINT
VOICES IN THE SQUARE, by George Abbe.
Panoramic is the adjective best describing this first novel by Mr. Abbe, a
graduate of the University of New Hampshire. For its multitudes of characters
are as varied as one could imagine, and the story is carried forward by brief epi-
sodic chapters, revealing a glimpse into one life after another of the inhabitants of
Vernon. The New England setting, characters, and situations may presumably
be called typical. The story really belongs to the Upton boys, Biff and Chuck,
sons of a poor and looked-down-upon family. Too full of ideas and ambition to
please the conservative townsfolk, they are determined to find some way to reinstate
their father and themselves in village eyes. Biff's decision to enter the ministry
is viewed with alarm by all but a few loyal friends, but when he preaches in the
home church, skepticism is grudgingly turned to admiration. And Chuck's paint-
ing, winning a New York prize and scholarship, is a complete surprise to the
town. Good characterization, bits of description here and there almost lyrical
in quality, and for the most part skillful construction, make up a very pleasing novel.
REMEMBERING, by Nathalie Sedgwick Colby.
Six generations of Sedgwicks move in and out of the pages of this charming
volume as easily as through the doors of "Old House," the family home in Stock-
bridge, Massachusetts. For Mrs. Colby, although devoting the larger part of
book to her own life and times, begins with the story of Great Grandfather, member
of the Continental Congress, and closes with mention of her grandchildren. The
pages throng with deft descriptions and amusing anecdotes of celebrities, for her
own family was a well-known one, and her husband, Bainbridge Colby, rose to
be Secretary of State under President Wilson. Divorce eventually broke their
family life, but Mrs. Colby lets no bitterness or sorrow spoil the last chapters.
The author of several novels, she shows a masterly touch in weaving the strands
of different generations and times into a beautifully rounded and finished story.
AWAY TO THE CANADIAN ROCKIES..., by Gordon Brinley.
Once again the Brinleys turn to Canada for their vacation. This time Dan
and the Duchess leave Sally in storage in Montreal and take the trip to the Pacific
coast by train and bus. They are thrilled by a stampede at Calgary and completely
charmed by the beauties of Banff National Park. They enjoy some fine trail riding
and of course, Dan catches some fish. They expect to stay four days at Victoria
and end up by taking a cottage at Oak Bay for a month. The preliminary chatter
of Dan and the Duchess is wearing a bit thin, but once they warm up their descrip-
tions have the usual verve augmented by Dan's sketches.
AND TELL OF TIME, by Laura Krey.
Many will like And Tell of Time because it reminds them of Gone With
the Wind, and some, we fear, may not like it in comparison. Miss Krey tell of re-
construction problems in Texas, a section with less written about it, although the
problems of handling free negroes on plantations and governmental aspects of
reconstruction were much the same throughout the South. It is a story, long, full
of people, covering much time, 1775-1888, with excellent descriptions, giving much
SUWANEE RIVER, STRANGE GREEN LAND, by Cecile Hulse Matschat.
"Suwanee River" is a most delightful book; it is an extraordinarily happy com-
bination of history of the Florida swamp, folklore and legend, natural history and
narrative. The "Plant Woman", paddling under the tangled growth with Free-
man, the swamper, had courage indeed to risk the masses of coiling snakes and
trumpeting "gators". This is one of the series of The Rivers of America.
WOMEN AND WAR
THREE GUINEAS. by Virginia Woolf.
Virginia Woolf has a letter before her from an eminent man asking her for
suggestions as to how women can help to prevent war-and incidentally he asks
her to contribute toward a pacifist society. Her answer is to tell why her firct
contributions must go first to help improve the meagre opportunities for the edu-
cation of women, and second to increase the employment of women on equal stand-
ards with men. Her third guinea may then go to the Society for Pacifism. Each
of the three essays show the clear working of a woman's mind in regard to the
problems of women's influence.
A VICTORIAN WIT
OSCAR W'ILDE, by Boris Brasol.
The subtitle is: "The Man, the Artist, the Martyr." And with each of these
phases of Oscar Wilde's life and influence Mr. Brasol has dealt clearly and in a
scholarly manner. He has the benefit of a greater knowledge of psychology and
mental maladjustment in treating the Man, as well as a gain in perspective in
treating the Martyr and the Artist, which neither Harris nor Sherard had. He ac-
cords to Wilde the praise due him for his brilliant conversational ability and his
artistry in the comedies. And he refrains from dragging him too deeply in the
mire for his failures.
PURITAN CITY, by Frances Winwar.
Miss Winwar has not felt hampered by any relative importance of events,
people or periods. She has written of what interested her most: witches, pirates,
privateers, literary Salem, merchant days, and many a familiar worthy (or un-
worthy), Cotton Mather, Hawthorne, Bridget Bishop, and Alexander Graham
Bell. The history of Puritan City has already been written but more often it has
been from the outside looking in, while here one feels it is from the inside looking
round about; and that makes the difference.
A .DAY OF BATTLE, by Vincent Sheean.
As a historic event the battle of Fontenoy, 1745, is little noticed today. Vin-
cent Sheean sees it as a moment of history, full of a significance which its partici-
pants failed to perceive, the last victory of the crumbling French empire. While
the battle is waged Louis XV stands by, impatiently waiting to send news of the
victory to his new mistress. She, Madame de Pompadour, awaits the news, lis-
tening to Voltaire's verses, while the latter tries to convey to her a sense of the
doom impending. A novel based on contemporary sources.
A NEW DEAL FOR YOUTH, by Betty and Ernest Lindley.
In an independent survey of the activities of the N. Y. A., the authors find
that the movement is making excellent progress and is filling a real need.
LIBRARY NOTES AND NEWS
Miss E. Hope Squires, newly appointed assistant cataloguer, comes to us
from North Dakota and Columbia. . Miss Shirley Barker, well known to New
Hampshire as a poet and recently appointed to the library staff, will contribute
to The Lantern during this year. . A new, completely revised and rewritten, edi-
tion of the Library Handbook is now available. . We are now assured of funds
to complete remodeling of the second floor of the building into music listening
rooms and the beginning of an art division; the project also includes completing
the Children's Room, Newspaper Room, and acoustical treatment for reading rooms
on the main floor. . We believe that no library in the country has tables superior
in design and function to those now in our Reference Room. . The exhibit of
selected University and student publications will continue until October 15. ..
Watch for the appearance of a new Library bookplate, due any time now.