THE LIBRARY LANTERN
Published monthly from October to June by the
Hamilton Smith Library, of the University-.
of New Hampshire
Entered as second-class matter October 10, 1927, at the post office at Durham, New Hamnpshire,\under the
act of August 24, 1912.
Vol. 13 DECEMBER, 1937 No. 3
HEROES OF THE MEDICAL FRONTIER1.
DOCTORS ON HORSEBACK, by James T. Flexner.
The state of medical knowledge and education in the eighteenth; century was
hardly more advanced than that of a thousand years before. American doctors who
could afford it went to Europe to study, and upon their return indoctrinated their
apprentices with the theories they had learned by rote. The American doctor, how-
ever, had one advantage over the European: when he got off by himself in a
frontier town and tried a new experiment, there were no venerated greybeards
standing around to say that it couldn't be done. Thus a few men, by courage,
skill, and independent thinking, carried out the operations and observations which
laid the foundations of modern medicine. Their rewards were usually poverty
and often persecution as well, but Mr. Flexner has assured them their fame in
this most interesting book. He discusses seven men at length and many more
in passing, among them Ephraim McDowell. who performed the first abdominal
operation in history, and William Beaumont, who made the first direct studies
of digestion on a man with a gastric fistula. The controversy on the prior dis-
coverer of anesthesia is here settled perhaps as well as it will ever be.
NEW FRONTIERS OF THE MIND, by J. B. Rhine.
For several years Professor Rhine has been carrying on experiments in Extra-
sensory perception. In this book he tells of the problems and findings of seven
years of research with other faculty members and graduate students of the Duke
University department of Parapsychology. In spite of very sound proofs of the
existence of ESP in the fields of both telepathy and clairvoyance Professor Rhine
attempts no final explanation of the process. The experiments at Duke have been
concerned with the calling of signs on a pack of 25 cards by a person sometimes
many miles away sometimes in the same room, but always under conditions in
which he is unable to discover the signs on the cards from any known sensory
perception. The percentage of cards called correctly by gifted individuals is
much greater than that allowed by chance alone. The book will arouse your in-
terest in the work and set you thinking about the new frontiers in the science
SMALL GAME IN WEST AFRICA
ANIMAL TREASURE, by Ivan T. Sanderson.
Most people go to Africa to hunt big game, but the Percy Slade Expedition
to the British Cameroons went to hunt the small creatures of the jungle and to
study them in their native haunts. If you think a book on ticks, ants, monkeys,
toads and their kin cannot interest you, we offer you Animal Treasure. Mr. San-
derson recounts their adventure with such enthusiasm, humor and a keen aware-
ness of natural beauty that we are carried along breathlessly to the end of the
book. His drawings are exceptional and a splendid addition to the text.
^J. l3.^3..D^. r037
THE ARTS AND CRAFTS
5,000 YEARS OF GLASS, by Frances Rogers and Alice Beard.
This is a popular history of glass, covering its manufacture, its uses and its
power over man and civilization. From sand and heat the glass makers of Egypt,
of Rome, of Venice, down through time to the Sandwich glass makers and the
present, these craftsmen have produced works of art and utensils for use. We
have ancient glass glaze, blown ware, moulded glass; we have opaque glass, color-
ed glass, crystal glass; we have panes of glass, pictorial windows, looking glass,
and lens; we have glass for pure ornament and for service from beads to safety
glass. It is a provocative book; where would man be without glass?
FIVE HUNDRED SELF-PORTRAITS, from antique times to the present day.
Here in a handsome volume we have the self-portraits, mostly in painting,
of the great and lesser artists. Many have painted themselves in the studio, show-
ing easel and model and the artist at work. Other artists placed themselves as
minor characters in some religious scene, or in a family or friendly group, though
most portraits occupy the full canvas. Probably many, like Rembrandt, painted
the one model who would sit without pay. Self-portraits have a special appeal,
probably because the subjects played an active part in their execution.
This volume is issued by the Museum of Modern Art, New York, to accom-
pany its exhibition of the history of photography. In a 90-page introduction
Beaumont Newhall outlines that history from its beginnings with Daguerre down
to the advent of the candid camera. There follow about 90 plates of reproduc-
tions from the exhibition, arranged chronologically. Ladies and gentlemen in
quaint costumes appear beside romantic compositions, many of them of surprising
technical excellence but in striking contrast to the examples of contemporary
THE COUNTRY CRAFT BOOK, by R. W. Johnston.
A book which contains an unbelievable amount of information in terse lan-
guage on wood, clay, metals and stone crafts. Mr. Johnston is a real and practical
craftsman and has written from a purely workable point of view. A beginner
possessing some dexterity and art appreciation could make a worthwhile start,
but a person with some experience would find it more helpful and suggestive.
Here are all the essential formuke, descriptions of tools and technique; the illus-
trations are only fair.
THE ARTS, by Hendrik Van Loon.
"This book was not written for the scholar or the critic. It was written for
plain folks, who will be relieved to know that art is essentially a one-man experi-
SHANGHAI-BEFORE THE WAR
FOUR HUNDRED MILLION CUSTOMERS, by Carl Crow.
For a person of the Western world to attempt to understand the workings
of the Eastern mind is indeed a task. In this book, Carl Crow with his twenty-five
years of residence as a business man in China, has attempted to elucidate for us.
His business and social experiences are very amusing and highly instructive, but
we still think that some Chinese reactions are incomprehensible. There is the
question of "face" which, to a Chinaman, is all-important; and the Chinese re-
spect for a man's Sacred Rice Bowl. If this were a universal sentiment, world
conditions would be improved considerably. There are interesting chapters on
the emancipation of woman in China (Miss China Discovers Her Legs), on Chi-
nese superstitions such as keeping up office morale by the casting out of devils,
and on Chinese business ethics and practices.
DANIEL AIRLIE, by Robert Hichens.
The author of The Garden of Allah gives us a novel of the modern English
theatre. Daniel Airlie, brilliant actor and producer, plays the leading role. His
iron will carries him to the top of the ladder of success. Nevertheless, there is
an intangible element in his character which baffles those most closely associated
with him. Elise is conscious of it for twenty years, but cannot explain it. Peter
intuitively strikes uncomfortably near the truth in his play, so near that Daniel
seizes his chance to vindicate himself. The denouement is slightly disappointing
but the book is an interesting study of a man who paid dearly for his ambition.
THIRTEEN O'CLOCK, by Stephen Vincent Benet.
You will want to read and read until 13 o'clock to finish these thirteen fas-
cinating stories. Stories which combine the imaginative fancy of the poet with a
touch of satire. Many go back to history for their plots, others like Everybody
Was Nice, are extremely modern. You have probably already read The Devil and
Daniel Webster but here included is another about Daniel and a sea serpent. You
will enjoy also The King of the Cats, Monsieur Tibault who claimed relationship
to the famous Tybalt and for that reason did not admire William Shakespeare. The
first story is of the ruin of the gods-the gods like Lincoln, Biltmore and Moses.
THE TIDE OF TIME, by Edgar Lee Masters.
A moving novel is this centering around the life of a lawyer in a growing
town in the mid-west. The boy, Leonard Westerfield Atterbury, at the age of
fifteen was just going to college in 1861, while his best friend, Squire Rodemacher,
was with Grant at Vicksburg. After college he became the leading lawyer in
Ferrisburg and might have been president instead of just mayor had he not been
on the wrong side of several important issues of the times. His son died in
the Spanish-American war and he still lived on.
THE FAITHFUL WIFE, by Sigrid Undset.
In her new novel Sigrid Undset turns from the past and writes of contem-
porary Norway, whose standards and problems are very similar to our own. Na-
thalie and Sigurd Nordgaard have been married for many years, childless, pur-
suing separate careers. When another woman enters Sigurd's life and Nathalie
divorces him, she is left to ponder the meaning of marriage and the wife's place
in the home. At last she and Sigurd have a chance to try again. The author
does not believe in careers for married women, and argues her point with a good
deal of weight and sophistication.
SO GREAT A MAN, by David Pilgrim.
This is a fictionized version of the romance between Napoleon and Marie
W\alewska, the Polish countess whose love for her country was only exceeded by
her love for the Emperor Napoleon. The story covers ten months in the life
of Napoleon, from March 1808 to January 1809, during which time he entered
upon the transiently brilliant course which eventually destroyed him. He was at
the height of his power when he decided to remove the Bourbons from the throne of
Spain so that he might increase his empire. His changing moods are well depicted,
At times he was shallow, shrewd, pretentious, but he could be profound, simple
and lovable. At no time could he be trusted. Those nearest him in his govern-
ment were his worst enemies and when they joined forces Napoleon was doomed.
The author states that he has tried as much as possible to be historically true,
but of course has not been able to be so consistently.
ACADEMIC PROCESSION, by James Reid Parker.
Concerning the everyday experiences of the faculty of a small college. A series
of short stories, many of which have appeared in the New Yorker. Satire-but,
oh, so gentle
EXCURSION TO THE SOUTH
PANAMEXICO, by Carveth Wells.
Anyone familiar with Mr. Wells' books knows that he has a penchant for
discovering the unusual and the unexpected. Panamexico is no exception. "While
no two countries could be more different from one another than Panama and
Mexico, both offer some of the most wonderful scenery, and native and animal
life it is possible to imagine." We wager that Mr. Wells missed few of the high
spots in either country. Take the island of Barro Colorado for instance. "No
hunting of any kind is allowed, and the animals have become so tame that they
frequently come out of the jungle and take a peep at the professors in their cages,
the situation in the zoo being reversed in this case." The last part of the book
contains valuable information for anyone planning a trip to Mexico via the Pan
American Highway accompanied by a trailer.
TODAY OR YESTERDAY
AUGUSTUS, by John Buchan.
Is is refreshing to read of Augustus as a living man and not as ancient history
or an episode in the Latin language. With scanty material Buchan has built a
satisfactory biography of the nineteen year old boy who, with secretive tenacity,
overthrew a great republic and established a dictatorship. The steps by which
Augustus accomplished this form the bulk of the biography. It is a splendid sim-
plification of usually foggy historical facts.
THE TWAIN SHALL MEET
EAST GOES WEST, by Yonghlill Kang.
Chungpa Han arrived in New York City-in the land of great opportunity
with but four dollars and two or three letters of introduction. With a background
of life in a small village in northern Korea and a foundation in Chinese and Japan-
ese classics he came to America to study Western literature and culture. During
the period covered in the book he made many friends among the Americans as
well as among his exiled countrymen. A great deal of this time he was next
door to us in Boston studying at Harvard and trying to earn his way through
college by selling books, working on a farm, and working in a hotel. In this book
Mr. Kang gives us the beauty of Eastern culture as compared with Western cul-
ture, especially in literature.
THEY SEEK A COUNTRY, by Francis Brett Young.
Top-notch historical fiction dealing largely with the great Boer trek in South
Africa during the 1830s.
SOD HOUSE FRONTIER, 1854-1890, by Everett Dick.
A very interesting study of the social history of the northern plains during
the stirring days of settlement.
THE WORLD AS MAN AND SCIENCE SEES THEM, ed. by F. R. Moulton.
One of the best books we have seen for the general reader on the world from
a physical and biological standpoint. No conscious "writing down". Each sub-
ject by an authority in his field-all members of the Univ. of Chicago faculty.
40,000,000 GUINEA PIG CHILDREN, by Rachel Palmer and Isidore Alper.
POISONS, POTIONS AND PROFITS, by Peter Morell.
Two books of particular interest to the consumer. Largely an expose of
quackery as practiced today with little restraint. Radio advertising draws the
rightful ire of the authors.
AMERICA SOUTH, by Carleton Beals.
THE ROAD TO HAPPINESS, by Charles Gray Shaw.