THE LIBRARY T
Published monthly from October t by the
Hamilton Smith Library, of the rsity
of New H1ampshire
Entered as second-class matter October 10, 1927, at the po o ee im New
Hampshire, under the act of August 24, 1 "
Vol. ii APRIL, 1936 No. 7
THE TRAIL OF POVERTY
!tWHY KEEP THEM ALIVE? by Paul De Kruif.
Again this popular author has written a challenging book. He has followed
the terrible trail of Poverty, the ally of Death, through our land, and he burns
with indignation at his findings. One by one, diseases are being conquered by sci-
ence, but people go on dying from these same diseases because they have not the
money to purchase the benefits of science. Especially do the children suffer under
the existing social and economic system which permits people to starve in the
midst of plenty. If they do not actually die, their resistance reaches such a low ebb
that they are easy prey for innumerable ills. Under the smoke and fire of Paul De
Kruif's explosive outbursts are facts to which we cannot afford to close our eyes
FREEDOM, FAREW'ELL! by Phyllis Bentley.
Did you, perchance, struggle over Caesar's Gallic Wars, and the Orations of
Cicero in the days of your youth? These men and their contemporaries spring to
life in the pages of this novel. Opening with young Caesar's flight from a sentence
of death imposed by Sulla, it follows his rise to fame and the vanishing of the free-
dom of the Roman people. There are startling parallels between the dictatorships
of today and that of Caesar's. Miss Bentley has written a fine book and in Brutus'
soliloquy gives her own reasons for the downfall of the Republic.
LAND OF COMPROMISE
SWEDEN: THE MIDDLE WAY, by Marquis W. Childs.
In the midst of the widespread economic depression it is enlightening to read
of a country which has been little affected thereby, and has continued to maintain
the highest standard of living in the world. Of course those industries which pro-
duce mainly for export have suffered from the decline of world trade, but Sweden's
internal economy is so sound that she is able to tide over her few crippled indus-
ties until better times. The Swedes are intensely practical people, less interested in
the philosophical implications of a system than in its immediate applications. They
are homogeneous, a fact which, together with the small size of the country, makes
it easier for all classes to discern the common good. They are masters of compro-
mise, steering a middle course 'between capitalism and socialism which works for
the benefit of the greatest number. Cooperative societies, with a membership of
over half a million families and handling twenty per cent of the retail trade, assure
quality goods at fair prices. State and private ownership of utilities compete on
terms almost incredible to inhabitants of the United States. State monopolies pro-
vide old age pensions, and natural resources are administered with a wisdom and
foresight seldom found elsewhere.
A HISTORY OF PROPAGANDA
PROPAGANDA AND THE NEWS, by Will Irwin.
The first half of this history of propaganda is a condensed and superficial
history of journalism. It is not until one reaches the chapter on pre-war German
propaganda, that Mr. Irwin reveals his real purpose. He describes the mechanism
of propaganda rather than its spirit. He tells of the ballyhoo and artificial stimula--
tion that accompanies any attempt at directing the public's opinion through certain
channels. The newspaper seems to be returning to its own feature-the news. Edi-
torials, expressions of opinion, are being relegated to the weeklies. The section on
post-war propaganda tells of the government controlled presses of Italy,, Russia
and Gemany and of the type of news which is printed in each of these various
countries. The concluding pages of the book deal with the presidential campaigns
of 1928 and 1932 showing the very effective use of propaganda and its overwhelm-
AN INTRODUCTION TO CHINESE ART, by Arnold Silcock.
One may reap great joy and satisfaction from Chinese art without understand-
ing it; for these, and perhaps partly due to the awakened interest in Chinese art
and the recent exhibits, Silcock's book is a most welcome gift. Books on the sub-
ject are scarce and technical. Silcock has definitely written his for laymen: the
Chinese names, legends and synoptic tables are extremely well arranged in: the ap-
pendix; there are maps on the end papers. Thus the text becomes clear, simple and
interesting to the beginner and the student may delve more deeply if he wishes.
PORTRAIT OF A FAMILY, by Eleanor Farjeon.
A gallery of etchings could do no more to bring to life the Tribe of Farjeons
and the famous Jeffersons than does A Portrait of a Family. There are fascinating
bits about Farjeons in England and Australia: anecdotes of the Joe Jeffersons and
their theatrical friends; humorous, loving reminiscences about Miss Farjeon's life
in England. The lives of these two brilliant families are woven together to make
one complete picture of "adventure, paradise and romance" in the 8Soos.
EDUCATION IN AMERICA
ALMA MATER, by Henry Seidel Canby.
Canby says that Alma Mater is a "contribution to history but not history"; it
is too soon to write a history of college life in the 90s and i9oos. With humor, a
bit of slang, and love he draws his ren-iniscences from a long college experience to
tell "what it was and what it did to us." It was "in part a training ground for
ruthless competition, part cloister and part romance"; its purpose was confused
,NO FRIENDLY VOICE, by Robert M. Hutchins.
A collection of addresses by the brilliant young president of the University of
Chicago on various phases of higher education and the rightful functions of the
university. Throughout these addresses he points out again and again the need for
placing emphasis on ideas rather than upon facts, and the need for freedom of in-
quiry, freedom of discussion, and freedom of teaching in the university.
AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF A JOURNALIST
THE WAY OF THE TRANSGRESSOR, by ANe Farson.
Through forty-one years of continual adventure over several continents, the
author tells of his life as a small boy in New Jersey, a college youth in Pennsyl-
vania, a young engineer in England, a special agent in pre-war Tsarist Russia
where he saw the Kerensky revolution in Petrograd and heard Lenin speak, a
member of the British Royal Flying Corps during the World War, etc. Mr. Far-
son has the ability of making unimportant details sound very exciting. I-Ie writes in
a journalistic style, brief paragraphs, mere incidents which go to make up the pic-
ture of his life. He and his wife lived for two years in a houseboat on a lake in
British Columbia. They returned to Chicago where he became sales-manager of a
truck company, but was too successful at this and soon resigned. When they could
no longer stand city life, they purchased a boat and sailed across Europe. Through-
out his journalistic career, Farson seems to have possessed the fortunate knack of
being right in the middle of big news when it broke.
MYSTERIOUS LONDON NIGHTS
NIGHT PIECES, by Thomas Burke.
The author of Limehoiuse 'iglhts gives us more of the dark corners of London
at night. These are eighteen short stories, the majority of which are about sinister,
strange and supernatural occurrences. MurAder, shadow, conscience-stricken evil-
doers, the superstitious English Cockney are described in Mr. Burke's calm, beau-
tiullv nhrased words. Some of the stories, however, are about the hard-working
poor, the simple lives of which are most sympathetically treated.
TWO PHILOSOPHICAL NOVELS
THE LAST PURITAN. by George Santwayana.
This "mieoir in the form of a novel" is the story of Oliver Alden from his
father's youth to his own early death. From a background of Bostonian conserva-
tism, of stilted and frigid surroundings, Oliver came into the world spiritually
crippled. "I was born old." he says, "I have been a conscript all my life." A de-
termined mother and a romantic governess shaped his early life. His estranged
father and a vigorous young sea-captain introduced him to the slings and arrows
of the outside world. His playboy cousin gave him a glimpse into life as it might
be lived by a free .man. But Oliver was inevitably dedicated to philosophy, the
search for truth, and the examination of his soul. Conscience intruded on every
thought, duty pervaded every act. He felt insecure, desolate, lonely, and his only
freedom came through his defeats. In the end he decided that his duties counted
less than practising occasional charity, and keeping from complicity in wrong. Al-
though the characters in the novel do not quite come to life it is nevertheless in-
teresting from beginning to end. The author has achieved a brilliant analysis of the
THE ROOT AND THE FLOWER, by L. H. Myers.
The scene of this still incomplete novel is laid in sixteenth-century India, not
for historical reasons but in order to survey the philosophical problems of today
against a' remote background. The varieties of experience are embodied in a host
of characters who are engaged in court intrigue, philosophical questioning, and
private experimentation with good and evil. Although the characters represent
types they are nevertheless very much alive, and there is color, drama, and pene-
trating analysis of human minds.
STILL GUINEA PIGS
AMERICAN CHAMBER OF HORROR, by Ruth deForest Lamb.
This book is an excellent contribution to the rapidly growing list of books on
the deplorable food and drug situation in the U. S. It analyzes particularly a long
list of injurious and fraudulent products, dubbed the "Chamber of Horrors,' which
were on display in Washington during the early days of the hearings on the Cope.
land pure food and drugs bill. When Dr. Wiley's bill of 19o0 was enacted the
cosmetic industry, for example, was practically non-existent and therefore not giv-
en consideration in the drafting of that bill; today it is a billion-dollar industry and
little subjected to federal regulations. The last thirty years has seen the mushroom-
like growth of powerful industries, which have created an artificial demand on the
pIart of the consumer to the tune of billions of dollars. Their products are not
merely non-beneficial but are actually harmful and deadly in instances all too
numerous. The Copeland bill, designed original to correct abuses, was intro-
duced in the U. S. Senate three years ago. It still languishes there awaiting final
action, its teeth having been extracted in the meantime.
AMERICA GOES TO PRESS, by Lawrence Greene.
A book, in the nature of a scrapbook, which reprints selected items from Amer-
ican newspapers of the Colonial days to 1914. Thus we have here contemporary
news accounts of such historical incidents as Yorktown, the burning of Washing-
ton in 1812, the gold rush of '49, the Harper's Ferry insurrection, Lee's surrender,
Lincoln's assassination, the Chicago fire, the blizzard of '88, the Johnstown flood,
the sinking of the Titanic, etc.
I KNEWV THEM IN PRISON, by Mary B. Harris.
Dr. Harris looks back on twenty years of work as an executive in prisons,
workhouses and reformatories for women. She records great changes in conditions,
and viewpoints on prison reform and rehabilitation, but sees a vast amount of
work yet to be accomplished.
WE WHO ARE ABOUT TO DIE, by David Lamson.
Lamson spent thiteen months in the Condemned Row in San Quentin 'Peni-
tentiary, beginning in 1933. He has written a moving account, without bitterness,
of men and methods in prison life. He was finally released from prison only a few
MEN OF SCIENCE, by J. G. Crowther.
The lives and work of five scientists-Davy, Faraday, Joule, Thompson, and
Maxwell-related from the point of view of a sociologist who attempts to show
how their work was influenced by the classes of society to which they belonged."
THE RAINBOW, by Donald R. Richberg.
The New Dealer who was acting as chief of the NRA at the time the Supreme
Court sounded its death knell, here writes a review of that "experiment." He ad-
mits of its weaknesses but argues the need for continuation of some such program
if the future economic stability of our country is to be assured.
ANTHOLOGY OF MAGAZINE VERSE FOR 1935.
The first of what is announced as a series of "annual anthologies whose pur-
pose is to bring together all of the notable magazine contributions of the current
year." It promises to be a worthy successor to the defunct Braithwaite anthology.