THE LIBRARY L RN
Published monthly from October to Bil yhe N
Hamilton Smith Library, of the ;4"rsity N
of New Hampshire- ;' ":-.
Entered as second-class matter October 10, 1927, at the -ost office at Durha ew
Hampshire, under the act of August 1912.
Vol. II DECEMIBER, 1935 '~i o. 3
THE ROMANCE OF COLLECT G
ART TREASURES AND INTRIGUE, by James Henry Duveen.
A member of a famous family of art collectors and dealers tells of his ex-
perience in a lively and entertaining book. Proud possessor of "the Duveen eye,"
he made his first triumph at the age of sixteen, buying at a gruelling "Dutch
auction" three rare Chinese vases whose value had been overlooked by the other
buyers. His life became a treasure hunt, full of dramatic and thrilling episodes.
He had his share of disappointments, and sometimes the unhappy task of telling
a proud owner that his art treasures were fakes. When anyone tried to sell him
a fake, there was a clash of wits and daring manoeuvres in which he generally
won, sometimes with a narrow escape from financial or even personal injury. The
author does not write as an egotist, but as a connoisseur interested in art for its
own sake, well aware that as such is his life of interest to others. Yet he emerges
as a thoroughly delightful man, whom one would like to know for his kindliness,
good humour, and enjoyment of life. The book ends with two chapters of advice
for the amateur collector.
LIFE WITH FATHER, by Clarence Day.
A series of sketches depicting the life of the Day Family. Father Day
was a banker with a preference for financial orderliness. Mother Day wasn't
brought up that way and their struggles over the household accounts are hilarious.
Father didn't believe anyone could be ill; illness was a mental weakness. He did
have headaches occasionally. Then he would go to bed and yell. "When a head-
ache and father went to bed they were a noisy pair." The Days had many griev-
ances which they aired loudly and forgot quickly, they were not sullen or mali-
cious. Clarence, being named after his father, was the most unfortunate child.
Any mail addressed to Clarence Day was opened by father who sometimes read
it aloud at the table. It made no difference what was in letters, father always
thought they were meant for him. Life in the Day household must have been
like a nor'easter with an occasional lull, doubtlessly when they were all asleep.
We suggest reading the book aloud to anyone who will listen.
FRONTIER FOLKWAYS, by James G. Leyburn.
An attempt to answer the question, "What happens to men's customs and
social institutions when they go to a frontier?" Readjustment is always necessary,
particularly when the pioneering group is highly civilized and the frontier very
wild. This is a comparative study of the frontiers of New England (and later
American frontiers), French Canada, New Zealand, Australia, Transvaal, and other
regions. A most valuable book, showing among other things how much the Am-
erica of today is permeated by folkways arising from its long frontier history.
PRIVATE PROPERTY, FREEDOM, CULTURE
LAND OF THE FREE, by Herbert Agar.
America must choose between colonialism, i.e. a big-city civilization aping
Europe, and the development of its own native culture. The former choice means
sterility and doom in the Spenglerian sense; only by making the latter can we
have a country worth our loyalty and pride. The author believes that the way lies in
the abolition of private enterprise, by which the few get rich at the expense of
the many, and the return to real private property, i.e. the distribution of real
ownership among the people. Only those people are economically free, he reasons,
who own a share of the productive resources: land, a small business, or a small
factory. And only among a free people can a real native culture develop. He
hails with delight the secession of intellectuals from New York, and the growing
consciousness of local values in the South and Middle West. Although many
readers will not agree with Mr. Agar on all points, his argument is strong and he
has a realistic program for saving the ideals which he ,believes are still treasured
by most Americans.
THE PRE WAR YEARS
EUROPA; THE DAYS OF IGNORANCE, by Robert Briffault.
The author, who is both a physician and a social anthropologist, has done
a vast amount of research to produce this picture of high society on the eve of the
Great War. His hero, after a childhood in Italy, goes to his native England to be
educated, whereafter he flits from place to place over much of Europe. It is a
Europe given over to morbid gaiety, perversion, and the lower appetites, with the
hero always on the outside, with but not of the company of princes and prin-
cesses, counts, and duchesses, who are immersed in depravity. Yet there is much
interest in science, philosophy, socialism, and women's rights. The sense of
disaster is imminent on every page, and is what gives the book its tremendous
pull on the reader's mind. The book is less a novel than a social history, although
it is run through with a golden thread of romance. It is not for those who are
offended by the frankness of modern literature, but, as Dorothy Thompson says,
"It is so head and shoulders over most of the novels of the present day, so packed
with material, so erudite, so keyed to what is important, so grandiose in scheme,
and so true, that it must find its way to all seekers of really important books, and
all students of contemporary culture."
OUR DAILY DIET
EAT, DRINK AND BE WARY, by F. J. Schlink.
This book, according to Consumer's Research, under whose auspices it is
presented, "is the first discussion of the problems of food and food adulteration
from the standpoint of the man or woman who must eat the food. A brief study
of the average man's sources of information, which is mainly misinformation,
concealed propaganda, and pseudo-science in one form or another for canned
foods, milk, white bread, breakfast cereals, etc., is followed by a brief analysis of
how business got control of our choice of dietary and how it keeps control through
the system of national advertising and mass distribution of package goods, and
above all, how that control works in specific, practical ways to our disadvantage
in pocketbook and health." Home-economists and nutrition experts have, per-
haps unwittingly, aided this pseudo-science to a wider distribution of questionable
foods. Indeed, there is so little in our national food supply to be recommended
without reservation, it is somewhat difficult for us to pick our way through the
maze of conflicting "authorities" and diet-faddists to a sane and balanced menu.
The best advice is "be old-fashioned and follow grandmother's instincts."
DICTATORSHIP FOR AMERICA?
IT CAN'T HAPPEN HERE, by Sinclair Lewis.
Doremus Jessup, editor of the Daily Informer of Fort Beulah, Vermont,
and other conservative citizens of that town, represent thousands of Americans oi
today who believe that their country is too solidly back of the old ideals of free-
dom to have a dictatorship. The 1936 election finds Roosevelt out of office and,
to their consternation, they watch Senator Windrip and his Minute Men establish
a Corporative State. Their reign is an ugly one which makes us shudder, for it
has happened in other countries, and unless something is done to prevent it, it
may happen here. Naturally, the book is causing much discussion.
ADVENTURE IN CENTRAL ASIA
THIS BUSINESS OF EXPLORING, by Roy Chapman Andrews.
Exploration today is vastly different from the hit or miss variety of yes-
terday. As a concrete example of modern scientific exploration, Mr. Andrews
writes an account of the 1928-30 Central Asiatic Expeditions in the Gobi Desert,
when the work, carried on against a background of war, banditry and political in-
trigue, was very difficult. In the first chapter, aptly entitled "Exploritis," he
answers the questions "How can I be an explorer?", "What remains to be done in
exploration ?" In a popular style of writing, he goes on to tell his own adventures
and those of his colleagues. The book is profusely illustrated with pictures of
animals, natives, and members of the expeditions and the end-papers are maps
showing the various routes followed. This is a book that will be enjoyed by boys
of high school age as well as older persons.
OUR GREAT AMERICAN HUMORIST
MARK TWAIN'S NOTEBOOK, ed. by Albert Bigelow Paine.
From his days on the Mississippi to the end, Mark Twain jotted down all
sorts of things in notebooks-almost forty of them. This Notebook is a compila-
tion of these various notes annotated by Mr. 'Paine, and published intact for the
first time. The records are casual in some parts, intimate and revealing in others.
It is an uneven and discontinuous narrative, a sort of informal history of Mark
Twain. One finds notes written during his trips to the Sandwich Islands; to
New York by San Juan and Greytown (during this trip eight people died of
cholera aboard ship) ; to the Holy Land and to many other spots. A whole chap-
ter is devoted to his notes concerning the publication of U. S. Grant's autobi-
ography. These notes definitely prove that Mark Twain did not write Grant's
book as so many people have thought.
A FAMILY AND A STATE
THE LEES OF VIRGINIA, by Burton J. Hendrick.
The careers of Light Horse Harry and Robert E. Lee are so well known
that we are apt to lose sight of the other members of their clan. Fortunately, Mr.
Hendrick rescues them from a threatened oblivion. The telling of their story
necessarily includes much of the history of our nation, more especially of the State
of Virginia, and we learn of the intrigues carried on during the American Revo-
lution, in which the Lees played such a vital part. Few families can boast of such
a long line of illustrious men. The minor faults of the book do not prevent it from
being a splendid record of a family whose leaders were men of power and far-
reaching influence, ahead of their times in many respects.
AMONG THE RECENT BOOKS
CELEBRITIES OFF PARADE, by William Dana Orcutt.
A well-known publisher, author, and bookman here presents, in delightful-
ly informal manner, his personal recollections of thirty-five world celebrities, in-
cluding Pope Pius XI, King Victor Emmanuel, Theodore Roosevelt, Mark
Twain, Cardinal Mercier, Sir Sydney Lee, George Bernard Shaw, William James,
etc. Mr. Orcutt's intimate and wide acquaintance is due directly or indirectly
to his life in the shadow of the book. Book-lovers everywhere will know him for
such delightful and inspiring works as his In Quest of the Perfect Book, King-
dom of Books, Master Makers of the Book, and others.
DWIGHT MORROW, by Harold G. Nicolson.
Nicolson's life of Morrow is an Englishman's appreciation and interpreta-
tion of an American in the best and broadest sense. By a discriminating choice
and use of words he gives distinction and flavor to personal tid-bits; likewise he
discusses in a most appreciative and understanding manner Morrow's work in
American law, business and statecraft. Delightful and fascinating reading and
yet a book of much historical importance.
VACHEL LINDSAY, by Edgar Lee Masters.
In a solid and competent manner, Masters, friend and admirer of Vachel
Lindsay, here presents us with the first biography of this American poet and
author of The Congo.
THE VICTORIANS AND THEIR READING, by Mrs. Amy Cruse.
This book "attempts to show what books, good and bad, were actually
read by the Victorians during the first fifty years of the Queen's reign, what they
thought of them, and how their reactions influenced the future output." With
many anecdotes, quiet humor, and evidences of a vast amount of research, Mrs.
Cruse adds another admirable analysis of the Victorian age. Perhaps some day
day in the far distant future an aspiring author will look back upon our contem-
porary reading in like manner. If so, will his readers be amused?
TRAILING CORTEZ THROUGH MEXICO, by Harry A. Franck.
"For mere sightseeing, for variety in both people and scenery, for the
romance of travel, for absorbing sociological problems and national naivete, for
the unusual and the different, for almost all the reasons why people leave home,
our neighbor on the south has Europe beaten hands down." Add to this the ad-
venture of retracing the steps of Cortez, albeit in a very modern fashion, and we
readily see why Mr. Franck has been able to write another book about Mexico
and make of it an interesting story.
JOHN JAY, DEFENDER OF LIBERTY, by Frank Monaghan.
"Mr. Monaghan has written a biography which, for both scholarship and
style, leaves nothing to be desired. It is in the class with Beveridge's life of John
Marshall, which is the highest class there is."
THE NEW IMPERATIVE, by Walter Lippman.
Two essays on the place and functions of the government in a national
crisis. It is the author's belief that the government must concern itself with the
maintenance of standards of life amongst its people.
WAR: NO GLORY, NO PROFIT, NO NEED, by Norman Thomas.
With war clouds gathering more ominously over the world, this book
makes a timely appearance. It makes its appeal to the youth of America, points
out the full meaning of war to the soldier and the civilian, and seeks to point out
causes and possible cures.