THE LIBRARY L
Published monthly from October to J th '- ": 1v ,_ i
Hamilton Smith Library, of the Uti i ity" /:
of New Hampshire /^'
Entered as second-class matter October 10, 1927, at the p i urbat, New
Hampshire, under the act of August 24, I. 0i .2
Vol. 10 JUNE, 1935 No. 9
AMERICA ENTERS THE WAR
THE ROAD TO WAR, by Walter Millis.
This is really the first thorough single and connected study of the America
of 1914-1917, from the outbreak of the World war to America's entrance, designed
to interpret and answer the question as to why we fought. It reviews in dispas-
sionate but dramatic fashion undercurrents and events leading to the inevitable
American declaration of war. From the very beginning of the European outbreak
we were apparently predestined to enter on the side of the Allies. There was an
amazing preponderance of pro-Ally sympathy in this country, German sympathiz-
ers being regarded almost as traitors. Propaganda engulfed us; our neutrality was
almost entirely one-sided. Our "business man" crops of amateur foreign diplo-
mats and the department of state were merely 'babes in the woods' in dealing with
suave experienced diplomats of the Entente. British influence was allowed to throt-
tle our shipping industry and in diplomatic skirmishes attending this question we
suffered many degradations. The Road to War is a brilliant book, surveying as
it does the rise of American war fever, and should be read by every man and wo-
man in the country.
DRAMAS OF DELUSION
FAREWELL TO REVOLUTION, by Everett Dean Martin.
Revolution as an exhibition of crowd psychology is the subject of this
scholarly work, in which the author illuminates with the light of history this phen-
omenon of so strong appeal to contemporary radicals. The revolutions of the world
down to 1917, have all had some kind of ideal of equality and liberty as their aim.
They have had too the same pattern and the same results: rampant violence and
the arrest of the orderly progress of civilization. (Incidentally the American Revo-
lution was not a revolution but a war for independence.)
But the revolutions of our own time have definitely broken with the ideals of
the past. Instead of attempting to liberate the masses they have returned to the
very principle of despotism from which men have so long striven to be free. Where
then shall we turn in our need for a better world? The author directs our attention
to liberalism, a philosophy somewhat in disrepute today, but one which has survived
from the period of the wisest and most critical thinking of antiquity, and which has
given "a dignity and pattern to the generations that have grasped its true meaning."
SCHOOL DAYS IN FRANCE
MY OLD WORLD, by Ernest Dimnet.
This autobiography of a well known Frenchman is interesting for its picture
of the educational system in his country. The rigours of French school life are
inconceivable so far as classical education is concerned. It would seem that the
system is justified when it turns out a man who writes with the style and charm
of the Abbe Dimnet.
j.1 to. 6
SKETCHES OF AMERICA
PUZZLED AMERICA, by Sherwood Anderson.
How do the common men-the CCC boys, miners, the mill people in the
South, the unemployed laborers, the rebelling farmers in the Northwest-feel about
the depression and America today? Mr. Anderson has wandered over the country,
mainly in the South and middle West, talking to all kinds of people in the endeavor
to answer this question. He finds a general sense of bewilderment, much distress
and suffering but accompanied by a typical American sense of humor and hope for
the future. Mr. Anderson does not attempt to solve the puzzle or make any gener-
alizations from his pictures but gives stories of individuals and repeats conversa-
tions verbatim as an honest presentation of what he has seen.
AN AFRICAN PRINCE
STORY OF AN AFRICAN CHIEF, by Akiki Nyabongo.
In a far-away country in central Africa, there lives a nation of enlightened
black people with their own ways of government, living and thinking. 'Prince
Nyabongo has fictionized the story of a young prince of this people and woven in
family life, and education, which are often a great and sometimes suggestive con-
trast to Western civilization. Since the days of Stanley, European missionaries
had settled among these people and Mujungu, the young prince, received a West-
ern education from one of them. His logical, embarrassingly polite questions
about some of the customs were not always easily answered by the missionaries.
There is little story, but the idyllic life of this community is charmingly told.
A CRUSADER RETIRES
FIFTY YEARS A SURGEON, by Robert T. Morris, M.D.
Gone are the days when doctors wore silk hats and frock coats, and operated
in the homes of their patients behind soaped windows to prevent the neighbors
peeping. Such were the practices when Dr. Morris entered the profession. It is
surprising to a lay reader to learn that most of the remarkable advances made in
surgery were not adopted without strenuous opposition, and thanks are due Dr.
Morris and men of his calibre for so much progress. Believing in a new theory or
technique, he was willing to back it to the limit unless proved wrong. His appen-
dectomies were ridiculed until he showed a conclusive reduction in the death rate.
The book is consistently interesting whether the author is writing of appendicitis,
gland grafting or Freud and his "little yellow dog" Buchmanism. Parts are quite
technical, but for that reason the book has a dignity which it would most certainly
lack if written in a popular vein. These pages reveal the strong, courageous per-
sonality of the man who looks at us so frankly and straightforwardly from the
frontispiece, and his closing chapters are full of delightful, image-evoking descrip-
tions. Surely the profession sustains a severe loss in his retirement, tho we have
gained a remarkable book.
A GERMAN GIRL'S AUTOBIOGRAPHY
RESTLESS DA YS, by Lilo Linke.
This story of a young German girl's early life opens on August I, 1914
when war was imminent and with it came the restlessness with which German
youth has since been inflamed. Miss Linke describes the influence of the war on
her home life when the family's morale snapped and understanding between par-
ents and daughter was gone forever. The girl, a born leader, joined the German
Youth Movement and later drifted into the midst of a political organization. She
was forced to leave Germany to avoid conflict with the Nazis. The story, written
in a most readable style, is important because of present-day interest in living and
social conditions in Germany.
RECENT WORTH WHILE FICTION
A FEW FOOLISH ONES, by Gladys Hasty Carroll.
This story is much wider in scope than As The Earth Turns. The scene
is laid in a rural Maine community along the York Road. The Grays, the Lins-
scotts, the Blaines and the Bragdons are familiar to many of us. We follow the
fortunes of these people through sixty years, beginning in 1870 when Gus Bragdon
leaves the Nubble Point Meeting House and Elder Gray's daughter, Sarey, goes
with him despite paternal wrath. Especially is it the story of Gus and his daugh-
ter Kate. Gus who loves trees and understands them better than he does women,
works early and late in order to buy up every available wood lot in the neighbor-
hood. Sarey is made of frailer stuff than her shrewd, solid husband and she wears
out in the struggle-after she gets the red plush parlor set. Kate is the only one
of the children who is a true Bragdon, and when Gus dies a wealthy old man past
eighty he knows that Kate will carry on. No admirers of As The Earth Turns
need to fear that Mrs. Carroll's second book will prove a disappointment.
GREY GRANITE, by J. Leslie Mitchell.
An unusual novel of a modern Scotch manufacturing city which continues
the life of Chris Colquohoun from the earlier novels Sunset Song and Cloud Howe.
She and her son Ewan find work in Duncairn, an imaginary mill city, he in a steel
plant and she as partner in a boarding house. There is no attempt to soften the
harsh realities of life among the working people nor to gloss the workingman
himself, although the author is passionately conscious of the many injustices
of modern civilization. Ewan, a self-sufficient cool lad unexpectedly becomes a
leader in a workers' revolt and under the strain and hardships of constant battle
with the police and owners of the mills becomes a fanatic Communist. Something
grim and hard, with not even tenderness for the girl he loves once she slips away
from his beliefs, enters into -him and makes him into a hard unrelenting man, iden-
tified absolutely with his dreams for the future. Chris herself continues to live
untouched by movements or fanaticism, clearly seeing both herself and the people
about her with a calm and tolerance that softens the more brutal aspects of the
grim city. Mr. Mitchell writes his novels in a rhythmical Scotch dialect that re-
mains in one's memory, both for its poetry and its earthy humor.
HE SENT FORTH A RAVEN, by Elizabeth Madox Roberts.
Although there is no similarity in theme, He Sent Forth a Raven is closest
in mood to My Heart and My Flesh than anything else Mrs. Roberts has produced.
The theme is that of man in his relation to God. There is much symbolism which
is difficult to grasp and requires much thought. The setting is in Kentucky and
even if one is well aware that the shadowy actions take place mostly during the
World War, the whole story still retains a curious timelessness which is character-
istic of Mrs. Roberts' writing. The plot: When Stoner Drake's second wife dies,
he vows that he will never again set food on God's earth. He keeps this vow and
manages to run his farm. Two women share his life, Martha, his daughter and
Tocelle, his grand daughter. He manages to break the former's heart and spirit,
but Jocelle is too strong for him to control; she lives her own life.
CLAUDIUS THE GOD, by Robert Graves.
In the same humorous satirical style which he used in I. Claudius, Robert
Graves has rounded out the life of the Roman. In A.D. 41, Claudius, a firm be-
liever in the republican form of government, was forced by the Roman Guards to
become their emperor. By study and inclination, Claudius was essentially a scholar,
and was greatly handicapped by his lack of political knowledge, but he accomp-
lished a great deal for Rome in clearing up her administrative problems. He was a
shrewd economist and an able judge of human nature but, unfortunately, he placed
too much confidence in his wife, Messalina, who well-deserved the title of being the
worst woman in Rome even at the age of seventeen.
A LEGEND OF MAN'S YOUTH
OF TIME AND THE RIVER, by Thomas Wolfe.
"Driven by the unquiet heart, the furious unrest," Eugene Gant's story
continues from Look Homevard Angel. While the outward events of his life are
commonplace enough-a Southern boy's study at Harvard, teaching in New York,
travel and writing in England and France, and the glad return to America-he
really lives a tumultous, lonely exuberant existence. He feels the impact of people,
places, books, trivial events and ideas to his finger tips and burns with the desire
to know all, see all and to express it magnificently, extravagantly. For it is less
a novel than an autobiographical record of an intense young man's life which
scarcely bothers at times to keep up the pretense of fiction. Besides this portrait of
Eugene, there are a hundred stories of other people, the whole Pentland and Gant
families, his friends and acquaintances, which form a varied and often unforget-
table collection of characters. It is not an easy novel to read as there is so little
sense of proportion or humor, and one often feels weary of the rush and fury of so
many words and emotions, but it has a vitality and gusto rare in modern fiction.
PRELUDE TO RUSSIA'S PRESENT
TSAR OF FREEDOM: THE LIFE AND REIGN OF ALEXANDER II,
by Stephen Graham.
Mr. Graham succeeds in giving us a clear picture of this period of Russia's
history which is .essential to an understanding of the revolution and its aftermath.
According to many minds this period was Russia's Golden Age in the realm of
literature. Certainly Dostoievsky, Tolstoy and Turgenief form a trio not yet sur-
Like Abraham Lincoln, Alexander II was an emancipator and met death
at the hands of an assasin, but the serfs which the Tsar freed were of the same
race and color as their masters. Back of Russia's foreign relations, the Russo-
Turkish War and the events leading up to March 14, 1881, we see the figure of
Alexander II, peace-loving by nature, yet realizing the need of reforms and carry-
ing them out to the best of his ability in spite of the attendant upheavals. Twenty-
six years after his death the house of Romanof fell and the reign of Tsars came
to an end.
PULITZER PRIZE BOOKS OF 1934-1935
Pulitzer prize awards announced on May 6 as follows: Josephine Johnson's
Now in Novemu.ber, fiction: Douglas S. Freeman's R. E. Lee, biography; Audrey
Wurdemann's Bright Anmbush, poetry; Charles M. Andrews' Colonial Period in
American History, history; Zoe Akins' The Old Maid, drama. All are in the
We regret that we have space to mention by title only the following recent
books. All are well worth reading: Behold the White VMountains, by Eleanor
Early; Napoleon's Letters to Marie Louise: Queen. Victoria, by E. F. Benson;
Permanence and Change, by Kenneth Burke; The People's King: George V, by
John Buchan; The Chart of Plenty, by Harold Loeb, et al; Privileged Characters,
by M. R. Werner; The Beauty of England, by Thomas Burke; The National Re-
covery Administration, by L. S. Lyon, et al (Brookings Institution) ; The Citizen
and His Government, by Alfred E. Smith; The Children's Hour, by Lillian Hell-
man; Research, the Pathfinder of Science and Industry. by T. A. Boyd; The Price
of Peace, by Frank H. Simonds; Hell-Hole of Creation, by L. M. Nesbitt; Part-
ners in Plunder, by J. B. Matthews; Cabins in the Laurel, by Muriel E. Sheppard;
The Book of Natural Wonders, by Ellison Hawks; Elinor Wylie, the Portrait of
an Unknown Lady, by Nancy Hoyt.