THE LIBRARY L
Published monthly from October to y'
Hamilton Smith Library, of the rs
of New Hampshire
Entered as second-class matter October 10, 1927, at the post office w
under the act of August 24, 1912
Vol. o1 MARCH, 1935 ----,ol No. 6
THE COSMETIC RACKET
SKIN DEEP, by Mary C. Phillips.
In this day when the market is flooded with quackeries and nostrums, when
manufacturers are bombarding us with advertising urging us by various and sun-
dry types of appeal to buy this or that, when millions of people are gullible to the
extent of believing such advertisement, it is a relief to find someone with courage
enough to produce a book of this sort. Published under the auspices of Consumer's
Research, Skin Deep goes to the heart of the cosmetic industry. It discusses by
trade name hundreds of remedies, lotions, beauty aids, etc., and gives the facts as
to whether they are harmful and dangerous, or simply harmless. The Food and
Drug Act under which we are now operating does not apply to cosmetics. This act
is now thirty years old and is sorely in need of being replaced by an adequate law,
but powerful lobbies defeat any revision designed to protect the consumer by way
of control of the manufacture and marketing of cosmetics or to "meddle" with
enormous profits of manufacturers. Few states have even the semblance of a law.
The New Hampshire Board of Health is, by the way, one of the few official bodies
active in the field. Skin Deep quotes extensively from the published works of this
board and comments at length on the skillful work of Dr. Howard in examining
and reporting on various cosmetics which may prove injurious or harniful.
A JOURNEY BY ROCKET
THROUGH TIME AND SPACE, by Sir James Jeans.
In his characteristic lucid and entertaining manner Sir James Jeans tells
what is known to modern science of the physical structure of the earth, the air, and
the heavenly bodies. He takes his readers on a rocket journey through space, stop-
ping off at the moon and the planets to examine their surface and atmospheres.
Sir James is particularly good at explaining in simple terms how modern science
has reached its conclusions.
HEAVEN'S MY DESTINATION, by Thornton Wilder.
Mr. Wilder gives us a very different book from The Bridge. Our hero is
George Marvin Brush from Ludington, Mich., twenty-three years old and a grad-
uate of Shiloh Baptist College, South Dakota. He has a fine tenor voice "-just
a gift," does not drink, nor smoke, nor play cards, nor believe in evolution, yet
withal he is a very successful text-book salesman. George is also deeply religious.
He believes in voluntary poverty and "ahimsa," among other things. If you think
that George has a dull time, you are very much mistaken. His simple beliefs are
forever getting him into hot water. The courtroom scene where he tries to con-
vince the judge that the burglar needs a new chance more than an honest man, is
very amusing. His scrapes call forth many chuckles from the reader, but we leave
it to you to discover Mr. Wilder's motive for writing the bo)ik.
OTHER RECENT FICTION
A HOUSE DIVIDED, by Pearl S. Buck.
This is the concluding volume of the triology begun with The Good Earth
and continued in Sons. It is the story of Wang Lung's grandchildren and the
emergence of a new China. The central character is the only son of Wang the
Tiger, Wang Yuan, who has his grandfather's love for the soil. Yuan returns
from military school hating war, and rebels against a soldier's career and compul-
sory marriage. He finds a home with his father's Learned Wife and his beautiful
half-sister Ai-Lan, but is amazed and perplexed by the new doctrines of freedom
so readily adopted by his cousins and their friends. The Tiger threatens to wed
Yuan by proxy and he joins the revolutionists and soon lands in prison. After
his release, he spends six years in America studying agriculture, loving and hating
the "foreign country." The China to which he returns is vastly changed by the
increasing spread of Western civilization, and the fiery determination of the young-
er generation to make a better country, unhampered by the restricting, age-old
traditions of their race. And presently Yaun faces the future with a girl of his
choice. This is the barest outline of the book, for it is a powerful story, not only
of one youth, but of all like him, and of the conflicts arising from drastic changes
in a civilization as old and established as that of China.
VIA MALA, by John Knittel.
In Via Mala, one quickly becomes adjusted to life in a remote Swiss canton.
and to the drama of the Lauretz family. Each of the children has been crippled in
some way by Jonas Lauretz' cruelty, and life has become so beset by terror and
fear of this beast that the children are driven to murder him. One of the daughters,
Sylvelie, has escaped from home and has been befriended by an old man who is a
famous painter. Lauters, recognizing something fine in her makeup, does much
to make Sylvelie familiar with the cultural aspects of life. Sylvelie marries an
examining magistrate into whose hands falls the case of clearing up the mystery
behind the "disappearance" of Jonas Lauretz and Andi finds himself entangled in
a struggle between love and duty. The story is long but the interest that the theme
has aroused makes one want to push on and see how Andi solves the problem.
THE WORLD WENT MAD, by John Brophy.
This is a group of kaleidoscopic views showing the effects of the Great War
on widely varied English people, both at home and abroad. Most of the incidents
in the book are concerned with the Crellin family. Bartholomew, the father, a
pacifist at heart, is too old to fight. David, his son is too young, but not too young
to be infected by a hatred of the enemy. Eleanor, his daughter, marries a young
officer, Julian Foss, who is killed while campaigning in Egypt. Throughout this
book Mr. Brophy directs his irony and hatred at the pernicious civilians who, in
many ways, took advantage of the war for their personal financial advancement.
The story doesn't ballyhoo the "glorious soldier" and it does make one feel in-
tensely the overwhelming depravity of war.
ANOTHER CAESAR, by Alfred Neumann.
In a long, historical novel, the author follows the tragic career of Louis
Napoleon up to the time of his coup d'etat of Dec. 2-4, 1851. The panorama of
conspiracies, exiles, intrigues, battles, mistresses, and loyal friends bound up with
the life of the enigmatical Louis is very dramatic. The author sticks closely to
facts, except that he makes much of the possibility that Louis was not the son of
Napoleon's brother, Louis of Holland, and that Louis was aware of this, but still
felt that he must carry out The Idea. The translation of the book by Eden and
Cedar Paul is very well done.
HOBBIES FOR EVERYBODY, ed. by Ruth Lampland.
Are you in need of a hobby to ride? If so, you will find this a valuable
guide; contributions to the book were made by fifty well-known riders.
IN SEARCH OF ADVENTURE
EARTH CONQUERORS, by J. Leslie Mitchell.
Choosing only those men who, in his estimation, followed the distant gleam
of the Fortunate Isles situated forever beyond the horizon, Mr. Mitchell has writ-
ten romantically of these world-famous explorers: Lief Ericsson, Marco Polo,
Columbus, Cabeza de Vaca, Magellan, Bering, MAungo Park, Richard Burton (of
Arabian Nights fame) and Nansen. One of the chief merits of the book is that
it awakens the reader's interest in knowing more about these men, their dreams,
hardships, and their actual accomplishments. Unfortunately most of these earth-
conquerors were unappreciated in their day and it was left to posterity to realize the
enormous significance of the results of their wanderings.
IMAGES OF EARTH-GUATEMALA, by Agnes Rothery.
This book consists of a mixture of vivid vignettes, imaginative fiction, and
some excellent photographs of Guatemala. Miss Rothery has travelled through
Guatemala's three climates and she shows us how the entire history of Guatemala
has been shaped by the presence of its volcanoes which still smoke and shake the
earth. After eruptions, when the white conquerors moved to pleasanter and safer
spots, the Indians spread their fields of maize around the ruins, thus signifying
their ability to outwait the whites who conquered and exploited them. Unfortu-
nately, the author barely touches upon the archeological riches of the former Mayan
kingdom and one hopes that she will write more about this in the future. The book
contains an excellent essay on an English Dominican priest, a salty, shrewd char-
acter who was planning to return to England taking everything but the volcanoes
with him. According to excerpts from his diary, he fairly well succeeded.
THE SEARCH FOR THE NORTHWEST PASSAGE, by Nellis Crousc.
"There is, perhaps, no phase of exploration in the entire history of discovery
that gives a more superb picture of human endurance in the face of privations than
the exploits of Arctic pioneers." With these words the author begins his superb
account of one of the most fascinating chapters of history. To those who seldom
look at a map the one in this book will provide an amazing amount of interest, re-
vealing as it does the vast number of islands north of the mainland, and the baf-
fling maze of straits, channels, inlets, bays, and sounds. The search for a passage
through this wilderness lured brave men to disappointment and destruction, but
one by one they extended the known routs westward until at last. more than four
hundred years after the first attempt, Amundsen successfully made the difficult
passage. This book is a thrilling chronicle of adventure on the grand scale.
THE VALLEYS OF THE ASSASSINS, by Freya Stark.
Over a period of five or six years, this intrepid Englishwoman traveled
hither and yon in little-known parts of 'Persia, frequently accompanied by only one
guide and a helper. Miss Stark is an archeologist, and while she was eager to dis-
cover prehistoric Lurish skulls, early bronzes, and the Assassins'castles, she assures
us that she "traveled single-mindedly for fun." The first part of the book recounts
her adventures in Luristan, including a treasure hunt. The second part deals with
Mazanderan, the Valley of the Assassins, and Mit. Alamut. She ably describes the
scenic beauty of the untamed country, and writes feelingly of the primitive life of
the tribesmen in a land where the rules of hospitality are most rigid, but "stealing
is the national art." Miss Stark's keen sense of humor and understanding mind
are apparent throughout the book and must have stood her in good stead in many
THE JUNGLE IN SUNLIGHT AND SHADOW, by Frederick TV. Champion.
In one of the finest books of the past year Mr. Champion gives us an en-
thralling narrative of his adventures in photographic wild life in India. More than
a hundred excellent reproductions of his photographs are included.
THE ART OF THE FAR EAST
THE CIVILIZATIONS OF THE EAST, by Rene Grousset.
vol. 3, China; vol. 4, Japan.
Chinese primitive art was permeated by a sense of omnipresent mystery and
terror, the forceful delineation of which evolved into a more restrained expression
of linear movement. In the fourth century Buddhism introduced outside in-
fluences,-Graeco-Roman, Indian, and Persian, which were philosophically akin to
those influences that produced Gothic art in western Europe, and which produced
an unmistakably Gothic art in China at this early date. The T'ang period brought
order, symmetry, classicism, and by this time Chinese art had said all it could in
the line of the material ideal. In the Sung period this ideal evolved into an intellec-
tial one; poetry led the way and painting followed, the sole aim of both being to
offer food for meditation. Finally in the Ming period art became academic, and
from then on declined under western influences.
Japan, in contrast to China, was young in culture when Buddhism was in-
troduced. In China the national character rapidly reasserted itself, but to Japan
Buddism brought a whole new civilization which she absorbed and made peculiarly
her own. The Japanese are a keenly individualistic people, so that although the
sources of their art are entirely exotic they have developed a tradition which is un-
mistakably their own. They borrowed the motives and technical processes of their
art from China at every period, but in every instance carried them to the highest
The volume on Japan contains a supplementary chapter on Bengal, Nepal,
and Tibet. The set is illustrated throughout with numerous half-tones, which
convey some idea of the richness and variety of oriental art.
MR. NATHAN SPEAKS
PASSING JUDGMENTS, by George Jean Nathan.
"Every writer must have a peg upon which to hang his manifold views and
opinions. The theatre . serves me as such a peg" is Mr. Nathan's explanation
of why he is a dramatic critic. In his witty, sometimes malicious manner, Mr.
Nathan, in a series of essays goes quite thoroughly into the subject of the present
day drama. He thinks that American drama is better than the European, so much
so that what they are producing over there is not worth a critic's journey-not
even Russia's emergent drama. He amusingly vents his malice upon Hollywood in
an imaginary skit depicting the drama being taken over by the movie magnates.
He discusses Gertrude Stein and her opera, and ends by dubbing her the "Boop-a-
doop" girl of modern literature. In the true spirit of the successful critic, Mr.
Nathan claims that the local theatre (New York productions) is being coddled
by the critics much to its detriment.
A SEARCH FOR ULTIMATE REALITY
THE PERMANENT HORIZON, by Ludwig Lewishon.
"It is the purpose of his book, by a tentative reexamination of human in-
stinct and of human experience, to help to reestablish the character of the classical
or permanent man." The character of man has not been changed, despite the fre-
quence of assertions to the contrary, by modern technological progress. But so
intrigued is modern man by automobiles and airplanes, talking pictures and radio,
that he is forgetting the eternal ends, the gathered experience of the race upon
which only can civilization stand. We give our children an "education" but neglect
to teach them that happiness is to be won only through the cultivation of the same
spiritual values as were known to the ancients, and that social justice can be estab-
lished only by working with and not against the eternal instincts of man.