THE LIBRARY L
Published monthly from October to June b e
Hamilton Smith Library, of the Un'i e y
of New Hampshire
Entered as second-class matter October 10, 1927. at the post office at rrha w a
under the act of August 24. 1912
Vol. Io FEBRUARY, 1935 0. 5
THE SINS OF CAPITALISM
HUMAN EXPLOITATION, by Norman Thomas.
Capitalism is conceded by many to be on trial in the present economic crisis,
and in this book Mr. Thomas presents the case against it pretty convincingly. He
makes no rhetorical appeal but in the main sticks to a recital of facts concerning
the way men and materials are exploited under capitalism to increase the wealth
of the few who have managed to get the upper hand. The conditions he describes
are from his own observations in various parts of the country, and his account must
give any reader, whatever his political leanings, cause to reflect on the inhumanity
of man to man. Nor is there any one more just than Mr. Thomas, more ready to
recognize good intentions, or to give credit for accomplishments under any system.
He believes that planning is possible, and that it will result in abundance for all.
THE GEORGIAN SCENE, by Frank Swinnerton.
As a novelist and omnivorous reader, Mr. Swinnerton has enjoyed the work
of his contemporaries for the past twenty-five years. In 1910, to begin with an ar-
bitrary date, Henry James, Shaw and Wells, Chesterton, Belloc, Kipling and Ar-
nold Bennett were at the height of their careers and it is with their work Mr.
Swinnerton opened his encyclopedic account of the period. He has known the
majority of these writers and his anecdotes add a great deal of entertainment to
his rather detailed analysis of many books. One may not agree with all his judg-
ments, particularly among the more recent authors, but on the whole his criticism
is unbiased and admirably presented.
AFTERNOON NEIGHBORS, by Hamlin Garland.
Hamlin Garland continues his reminiscences begun in three earlier volumes
from 1922 to the present date. Based on his diaries of the period, it is a chronicle
of Mr. Garland's visits to England and France, lecture tours in America and finally
his establishment in his present California home. Mr. Garland has known an un-
usual number of famous men both in America and in England and his tales and
anecdotes of them are most interesting. Barrie, Thomas Hardy, Conrad, and Sar-
gent in England; Orville Wright, Irving Bacheller, Will Rogers, Robert Frost and
Breasted, the famous Egyptian historian, who describes the dramatic opening of
"King Tut's" tomb, are among the numerous celebrities met in Mr. Garland's
lu tO.e. I
A PICTURE OF EUROPE
EUROPEAN JOURNEY, by Philip Gibbs.
In the spring and summer of 1934, the author took a trip thru France,
Switzerland, Italy, Austria, Hungary, Germany and the Saar. His purpose was to
learn at first hand how the common people of these nations feel about the Great
War twenty years after, their way of life, their opinion of dictatorshins, and their
hopes of the future. The value of such a survey is open to question. Nevertheless,
thinking people of today will do well to read Sir Philip's account of his findings.
All these nations, and France especially, fear another war, except the younger
generation, too young to recall the horror and suffering of the last war. All miss
the tourist trade in varying degrees. Faith in the League of Nations is not strong.
Italy is staggered by its great national debt. Austria is torn with civil strife and
bound by restrictions imposed by Italy. Hungary continues to suffer. The youth
of Germany are under Hitler's spell, but the older generation is apprehensive. The
Nazi claim their arming is entirely defensive, not for aggressive purposes. The
majority of people in the Saar with whom the author talked, assured him that when
the plebiscite took place the vote would be a ninety per cent majority for return to
German rule. It is not a pleasant picture which Sir Philip presents. Mr. Lander's
sketches, made on the trip, are more agreeable, but the European situation is one
which the rest of the world is watching with justifiable anxiety.
A REPORTER IN ANTARCTICA
SOUTH OF THE SUN, by Russell Owen.
The Pulitzer Prize for reporting was awarded in 1930 to Russell Owen, who
accompanied Admiral Byrd's first Antartic expedition as correspondent of the New
York Times. This book, his story of the expedition, is rather a literary work than
an account of scientific results. He went expecting to find a land of dead white
summer and pitch black winter; instead he found a land of colour,-a deep purple
sky seen from a hollow in the snow, the prismatic colours sparkling from ice crys-
tals, the green of ice caves. In winter there was much more light than he expected;
many-coloured auroras played across the sky, a flame on the horizon announced
the rising moon, and as the sun approached a faint green light shone in the nor-
thern sky. Owen stresses some of the darker sides of exploration. He was tem-
peramentally unfitted for life at Little America, with its discomforts, limitations,
and lack of privacy. Moreover his news dispatches did not fill his time completely
and he was often left with nothing to do, a dangerous state in that environment.
Nevertheless human nature stood up remarkably well. His picture will be alluring
to many, for the strange beauties of that continent are unknown elsewhere on earth.
ARCHITECTURE vs. EMPIRE
RAMESES TO ROCKEFELLER, by Charles Harris W/hitaker.
A cynical but refreshing treatment of the history of architecture, which is
less concerned with technical discussion than with the social aspects of the subject.
At the beginning of every period skilled craftsmen have been the builders, but
social forces have caused a gradual decline of quality. From Roman times on,
-according to the thesis of this book, it was the idea of empire that vitiated the
sound principles of building. The Romans embarked on a programme of hasty
building that they might impress and exact tribute from their subjects and adver-
tise themselves as the inevitable rulers of the earth. Similarly Gothic architecture
grew from its lovely beginnings into the flamboyant period as an advertisement of
the extension of the ecclesiastical empire. Almost half the book is devoted to
America, where the financial empire controlled by a few people has stifled the
development of a native architecture. There is an interesting discussion of modern
architecture, its cost, and that of land values, in relation to the welfare of the whole
people, and the necessity of breaking away from tradition to secure adequate hous-
ing for everyone.
NOVEL IN VERSE
THE WESTWARD STAR, by Frank Ernest Hill.
It is the year 1847. A caravan of prairie schooners is creaking across the
desert toward the West. Day by day the white canvas tops become more tattered
and brown, and the stock grow leaner, or drop by the wayside. The oddly-assorted
band runs the gamut of hardships associated with such a trek, and the inevitable
jealousies and hatreds spring up unbidden.
Against this background is the love story of Emmet and Celeste. Sarah,
seeing that love leap into being, and convinced that Enmmet can never bring hap-
piness to her daughter, tries to quench the flame so that Celeste is torn between
her impulsive love and an innate fear. Emmet is unyielding in his determination
never to give up Celeste, despite Sarah's pleading and Celeste's uncertainty. Her
surrender comes when they become lost in a storm and death seems inevitable. The
theme is not new, but Mr. Hill's smoothly flowing rhythm gives the story an
intensity which would be lacking with the finest prose.
THE FORTY DAYS OF MUSA DAGH, by Franz Werfel.
This is a story of the Armenian occupation of the mountain Musa Dagh in
defiance of the 1915 Turkish edict of removal. Five thousand people from the six
surrounding towns unite under the leadership of Gabriel Gabradian, the Paris-
bred Armenian recently returned to his home land with his French wife and son.
For forty days Turkish troops try to storm and conquer Musa Dagh but they are
not wholly successful. The Armenians have little food and ammunition but they
do have spirit. The book gives an excellent interpretation of the motives behind,
and an excellent portrayal of mass movement. There are innumerable details each
interlocking with the other. It is a book that will be widely read because of its
THE END OF CHILDHOOD, by Henry Handel Richardson.
The first four chapters of this book carry us back to the Mahoneys after
Richard Mahoney (of Ultima Thule) dies. It is an excellent portrayal of the high
strung child, and a very good example of the way in which one may spontaneously
travel from childhood into youth. The book also contains sketches and several
short stories. One of the best of these is a most understanding description of a
young girl's misery at her first dance where she is not a success. Someone has
written of the author: "Miss Richardson is one of the few fiction writers of our
day who give us, not realism, but reality."
THE WORLD OUTSIDE,. by Hans Fallada pseudd).
Most of us are familiar with the difficulties of the ex-convict to find a place
for himself in a society which gives him little chance to forget the stigma placed
upon his name by years in prison. Willi Kufalt. a weak and ordinary person, whose
individual loss to society could mean little, made a determined effort to earn an
honest living but found himself forced to return to crime and eventually to prison,
now regarded as a haven of refuge. The book has "the same compassionate power
to show 'little' people as individuals, moved like spawns bv forces about them, but
important because they are people, not pawns" as the author's earlier work, Little.
Man, What Now?
CROWDED HILL, by LeRoy MacLeod.
In this sequel to Years of Peace the author gives us three more absorbing
years in the life of Tyler 'Peck and his wife, the theme being the conflict arising
when two families are forced by circumstances to live under one roof.
CHOOSING A CAREER, edited by George Bijur.
L. Bamberger & Co., Newark, New Jersey, sponsored a CHOOSING-A-
CAREER CONFERENCE for college men and women last June, under the direc-
torship of George Bijur. Its purpose was to help young college graduates to
choose their careers more wisely, and to bring before them the needs and oppor-
tunities in a wide range of American activities. Twenty-eight leaders in various
fields addressed the three-day conference, and among them we find tlhe names of
Amelia Earhart, Frances Perkins, Kermit Roosevelt and James D. Mooney. For
obvious reasons the professions of Law, Medicine, Teaching and the like, were not
represented. The book contains the speeches, together with an introduction by
Gov. Moore of New Jersey, and an appendix containing suggestions from forty-
nine executives on How to Get a Job. There is a possibility that the conference
may become an annual affair.
THE MAGIC OF IMAGINATION
MARY POPPINS, by Pamela Travers.
We cannot resist the temptation to add our bit to the chorus of songs of
praise which has been going the rounds of the reviewers since the appearance of
this book, despite the fact that it has been in library circulation for more than a
month now. It is one of the most fascinating pieces of pure imaginative writing
that we have had the fortune to read in many moons. The magic of its tantilizing
charm is-well, before we stumble all over ourselves with flowery phrases, let it
suffice us to say that, from the moment Mary enters the house by sliding up the
banisters until a change in the wind carries her away, there is not a dull moment.
P. S. The book is really intended for the youngsters, but we will wager
that you send them off to bed after the customary first chapter in order that you
may sneak off into a quiet corner and finish it yourself.
OFF WITH THEIR HEADS, by Peggy Bacon.
Caricatures and portraits of twenty prominent figures of today, including
Franklin Roosevelt, Sinclair Lewis, Heywood Broun and Carl Sandburg. Clever
and witty notes vie with the portraits in interest.
LIGHTSHIP, by Archie Binns.
From the four corners of the earth nine men have drifted together to form
a lightship crew off the ragged coast of Seattle. How did they get there? From
their individual backgrounds the author draws his material for one of the out-
standing novels of 1934.
THE RELATIONS OF LEARNING, by William B. Bizzell.
The President of the University of Oklahoma presents a series of his ad-
dresses on college and university education in a changing world.
THE SON OF MARIE ANTOINETTE, by Meade Minnigerode.
A fascinating biography of a lost prince, pawn of European political in-
trigue, and an attempt to clear up the mystery surrounding his death.
BETTER THINK TWICE ABOUT IT, by Luigi P',,. i. 7..
A timely collection of short stories by the winner of the 1934 Nobel prize
ESKIMO YEAR, by George M. Sutton
Entertaining account of the experiences of a naturalist who lived for a year
among a strange people as one of them.