THE LIBRARY LANTERN
Published monthly from October to Jun
Hamilton Smith Library, of the
of New Hampshire
Entered as second-class matter October 10, 1927, at the post e D m New Ham
under the act of August 24, f
Vol. 9 APRIL, 1934 7
THE NATIVE'S RETURN, by Louis Adamic.
The author of this book went to Europe on a Guggen to write
a book about America. It was not written, for his interest became so completely
absorbed in his native land of Yugoslavia that he returned to America with the
material for the present volume. To return home after nineteen years is not an
experience easy to contemplate, especially when home means a tiny peasant hut in
a primitive village, where is spoken a long forgotten tongue. But the dreaded
meeting turned into a happy one as the whole village turned out to welcome its
native son, to ply him with questions about America, and to exhibit its cultural
achievements. The afternoon's visit to his family lengthened into weeks, during
which the author witnessed many of the ancient customs still practised there. Then
he and his wife travelled over the rest of Yugoslavia. Since he was able to talk
to the people in their native tongue he won their friendliness and learned much that
might not have been revealed to the outsider. Most parts of the country are suf-
fering from both depression and oppression. They are ruled by a despot who
models himself on the late Tsar of Russia. Adamic sees them headed for revolution
and an alliance with Russia, but he reveals this opinion, and the mass of facts he
gathered, at the expense of the doubtful honour of a decoration from the king,
which he was offered as a bribe.
A MASTER OF BIRD LORE
AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF A BIRD-LOVER, by Frank Chapman.
The extraordinary fascination of birds was discovered very early in life by
Dr. Chapman and his absorbing interest has increased all through his life. Now
nearly seventy, he reviews his notable career of museum work at the American
Museum of Natural History, and exploration in jungles, on mountains, and at sea
in many wild parts of the world. His main travels have been in the Southern
United States and Central and South America where bird life is so abundant and
interesting. Not only anecdotes of birds but of bird lovers from Theodore Roose-
velt to Lord Grey of Fallodon are related with obvious enjoyment. Dr. Chapman
is a most stimulating writer whose enthusiasm for the beauty and delight of birds
is very contagious.
EVERY INCH A QUEEN
MARY OF SCOTLAND, by Maxwell Anderson.
This latest play by the author of Elizabeth the Queen and the Pulitzer play
Both Your Houses, has enjoyed a very successful season. The play opens on the
eve of Mary's arrival from France, and closes with her interview with Elizabeth
while she is being held prisoner in Carlisle Castle. We see Mary, believing in
essential goodness and her power to rule by kindness instead of force, yet loving
too greatly and walking right into the net set by the crafty Elizabeth. Much of the
dialogue is in blank verse and possesses a cadence seldom found in present-day
PIONEER COLONIST OF CALIFORNIA
JUNIPERO SERRA. by Agnes Reppelier.
The early history of California provides exciting material for the historian
and Fray Junipero Serra's story is one of the most inspiring. Simple in his faith
and convinced of his mission in converting the Indians and civilizing California,
nothing could stop his forceful leadership. Born in Majorca in 1713, educated by
the Franciscans, Serra did not reach this continent until his thirty-sixth year.
From then on, the passion of his life was the establishment of missions. Long,
weary marches, lack of provisions, mutiny among the soldiers and their leaders,
the shifting Indian character, only added to his unceasing efforts. Nine missions
were founded by him in California and he watched over them constantly until his
death. "He was one of those men who blaze a trail which humanity follows." With
material from Serra's own diary, from the casual comments of contemporaries
and the pages of earlier biographies, Miss Reppelier has written of his troubled
and triumphant career with the mellow art of which she is master.
NO LONGER THE WEAKER SEX
WOMAN IN SOVIET RUSSIA, by Fannina W. Halle.
The writer of this book can speak with authority on her subject, for she was
born and brought up in Russia. She describes conditions under the Tsar, when
women were less than human beings, destined by the moral code to be beaten by
their husbands at frequent intervals. Now that women are the equals of imen, they
are expected to do equal physical labor in return for equal benefits they receive
from the new social order. As mothers of future citizens they are honoured, and
what is more, given prenatal care and education in hygiene which is far beyond
that provided in any other country-at least in theory, and practice is rapidly
catching up. This book should convince even the most vigorous opponents of
communism that in some respects at least Soviet Russia is building for the future
far more soundly than any other country at present.
A GREAT TEACHER
ANNE SULLIVAN MACY, by Nella Braddy.
Helen Keller's triumph over her crushing handicaps has stirred the hearts of
people the world over. Now for the first time, we have the story of the indomitable
woman who made possible her triumph, liberated her imprisoned spirit, and has
been her constant companion for more than forty years. The childhood of Anne
Sullivan could hardly have been more pathetic, yet the woman who was once a
little blind waif in the almshouse at Tewksbury, Mass., has stood in the presence
of kings and received high praise for her miraculous work. Innumerable operations
have been performed upon her eyes, which she has used unsparingly for Heleh
Keller, and now word comes from Scotland that Mrs. Macy is facing total blind-
ness. Helen is with her and is teaching her the Braille which she taught her pupil
so many years ago and then forgot. Miss Braddy has presented a forceful study
of the personality of this remarkable woman.
GAY DAYS IN WASHINGTON
CROWDED HOURS; reminiscences of Alice Roosevelt Longworth.
Mrs. Longworth has lived in Washington most of her life, as a President's
daughter and a Speaker's wife. While her role in politics has been purely that of
spectator, as she asserts in contradiction of rumors of her "power", she has watch-
ed events with a keen and knowing eye, as anyone would who had had politics for
breakfast from the age of six on. Events have sometimes gone to her liking and
sometimes not, but she has always enjoyed the show. Where trouble was brewing
she was always to be found as near the storm centre as she could get. In the first
part of the book Mrs. Longworth describes her early life, family affairs, her travels
abroad; but with restraint, good taste, and simplicity, that is to say with those
qualities which one would expect of her who was nicknamed '"Princess Alice". The
latter part of the book is less personal, devoted mostly to her interpretation of
political events during and since the war, and to the personalities who figured in
them. Among these she moved, always merry whether she found herself with the
"Ins" or the "Outs", and though she is now an "Out" she concludes, "Anyway,
the show is there for us, and we might as well get what entertainment we may
out of it."
WORK OF ART, by Sinclair Lewis.
Myron Weagle, son of a small town hotel proprietor, has one ambition from
his boyhood,-to be a great hotel-keeper. As conceived by Myron this is no mean
ideal for "a hotel manager has to be a combination of a house-frau, a chef, a
barroom bouncer, a doctor for emergencies, a professor of languages, a quick-
action laundryman, a plumber, a carpenter, a swell speech maker" etc. Hard work
and an untiring interest in detail lead Myron from bell-boy, assistant cook, waiter,
and night-clerk to his dream of being a manager. Not content with this, he is
driven by the desire to 'build, to own, and without interference, to conduct the one
"Perfect Inn." This work of art materializes, only to be crushed by an unfortunate
accident and again Myron is forced to new ambitions. Sinclair Lewis shows an
amazing insight into and knowledge of the hotel business, but the novel cannot
compare with Babbitt or Arrowsmith in vitality and originality.
A MODERN TRAGEDY, by Phyllis Bentley.
Like Inheritance, Miss Bentley's second novel is laid in the great textile
district of England as the theatre of a post-war depression drama. The economic
muddle and struggle between capital and labor are given new significance through
the characters of this tragedy. Walter Haigh, a weak, aimable young man becomes
involved in the schemes of Tasker, a clever promoter. These in turn have a far-
reaching effect upon the lives of others-the Lumbs and the Croslands, wealthy
mill-owners, and the Schofields, mill workers. For a time Tasker's ambitious plans
are successful, enabling Walter to grow rich and marry the beautiful grand-
daughter of the Croslands, but the depression lasts too long and the ensuing crash
is inevitable. Their trial is one of the most powerful episodes in the book, con-
trasting sharply with a hunger march of the unemployed outside the court room.
Miss Bentley's vision of the interplay of social forces today infuses her work with
sincerity and understanding which gives it a fundamental appeal to those living in
the troubled present.
THE MOTHER, by Pearl S. Buck.
This chronicle of a Chinese peasant woman is told with moving simplicity.
Except for the setting, it might be many a mother's story. The mother is a young
woman with a good husband whom she loves, and three small children. They live'
in a tiny village and the young couple work their farmn and a small plot of hired
ground, while the old woman, the husband's mother (wearing out her second suit
of grave clothes) watches the children. The mother loves to work the land and to
bear children, but her husband is possessed with a spirit of restlessness and des-
erts his family, leaving the mother to provide for them. Time passes. The elder
son 'becomes a steady worker on the farm and marries. The mother has to take
the old woman's pallet, for the mother-in-law dies at last, and the young couple
are in command. The daughter with the "sore eyes" becomes the wife of a miser-
able fellow and is soon dead. The younger son, beloved by the mother, as many a
younger son is, joins a Communist party and is beheaded. Yet the mother's sorrow,
her sense of guilt, and her old age, seem to melt away as she holds her grandson
for the first time in her arms.
THE UGLY DUCKLING
THE LIFE OF HANS CHRISTIAN ANDERSEN, by Signe Toksvig.
Born of extremely poor parents, Hans Christian Andersen lived to see the
day when he was acclaimed far and wide and the predictions of the fortune-teller
were fulfilled. He had a passion for the theatre even as a small child and one of his
playthings was a tiny peep show with puppets which he loved to dress and make
act. His father read plays to him and his grandmother steeped him in folk-lore.
When he went to Copenhagen he tried hard to become an actor, and altho he could
not act he wrote plays. He was befriended by many influential people, especially
Jonas Collin who was almost like a father to him. The king granted hibm a stipend
which enabled him to travel extensively. He wrote novels, poems and travel sketch-
es as well as plays, but it is his fairy tales on which his fame rests. Strangely
enough, he was always impatient about their success. He was conceited, very
emotional, and guiless, but he had a natural charm which won friends wherever
he went. His fairy-tales have been translated into nearly all European and Oriental
languages and his name is known and loved by children the world over.
WHAT IS THE SOUTH?
CULTURE IN THE SOUTH, ed. by W. T. Couch.
In recent years the South appears to have developed a habit of looking at
itself occasionally from an impersonal and unprejudiced point of view-witness
such works as I'll Take My Stand, and Mim's The Advancing South. This work
is the most comprehensive of the type so far published, and is in the form of a
symposium to which thirty-one authors have contributed diversified articles on
many phases of southern activities, agriculture, industry, politics, literature, col-
leges and universities, fine arts, the negro, folk-songs and folk-lore, labor, "poor-
whites", etc. A large but thoroughly readable volume. It will go a long way
toward helping outsiders, and insiders, to understand a changing and present day
A LIFETIME OF READING
AFTER THE GREAT COMPANIONS, by Charles J. Finger.
The author has read much and deeply for the pure enjoyment of reading, and
he now wishes to share his treasures with others by means of reminiscences on
his lifetime of reading. The book is actually an informal survey of American and
English literature indicating where sustenance and pleasure may be found. It suc-
ceeds pretty thoroughly in making one desire to read books mentioned and quoted
from, and to cause one to vow to increase his reading habits.
TOO TRUE TO BE GOOD, by Bernard Shaw.
A collection of three new Shaw plays, Too True to be Good, Village Wooing,
and On the Rocks, after the old Shaw formula but containing little of the old Shaw
fire. On the Rocks does contain some bright spots, and fun.
THE NEW PIONEERS, by James R. McCarthy.
The New Deal in the opinions of the people directly affected by it. To gather
material for this book the author took a three months' swing about the country to
get representative reactions from all parts of the country. Many conversations
STEPHEN FOSTER, AMERICA'S TROUBADOUR, by John Tasker Howard.
This biography is timed with the publication of the-Foster Hall reproductions
of Foster's works, mentioned in the February Lantern. The author has written
both a narrative and a guide to source material, which will probably prove to be
the definite work on Foster as it is based on all the documents and records hitherto