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Title: Nea hestia.
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089411/00006
 Material Information
Title: Nea hestia.
Physical Description: Book
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089411
Volume ID: VID00006
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Frontispiece
        Frontispiece 1
        Frontispiece 2
    Main
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    Back Cover
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Full Text






??? ?? ypi, ?6>? t n5i,
IONYIIOS xoaqmoe
(Zx^Siaona IflYPOY BAXIAEIOY)
"NEA EITIA,, XPITOYfENNA 1957


>..o. ?: ot o:^.t?.Tffgy&y^^^^^
NEA EZTIA
TOMOZ HB
AQHNAI, XPIITOYrENNA 1?57
TEYXOZ 731
O E 0 N I K O 2 nOIHTHI
Xpo^Tro x Ttt6aXXet 6 [Lt^Xoq icpEXEt-vs opxaau.j xal V) TtapSoaYj xoO TXEpioSt-xoO xouxou, t,as SrjYrjoav ax orjnsptv cpt-pwjjLa.IIpfflxot ait x Nou.6pio xo 1953 xYJaau.s v pyavwQE x "Exo? ScXaia-ou* xEXEuxaToi [JLx)(ou|JLe a'axY) xy) [iYaXrj XXrj-VtX'Yj xSvjXwarj, 7io 8v etvat xu.a V) wpa v noOu. fiv &yr,a xxc x oataaxix ^ iu-stVE nX? 6pu6o;. Kal rj SpaSuTtopca axv] Sv ocpEtXExac u.vo oxyjv TtaXc ouvi^Ssta xrjs Na? 'Eaxtas v' i aEa0av|iaaxs oYJu.pa xv Atovcno SoXwjjl, rcS? xv 6Xjxou[X xax y_pvix ekecx' arc x 0vax xou xal not ecvat x u.y0o? xfjc, rcpoacpopas xou a y] u. e p a.
Ouaix, Sv Xeitcouv, xal Sv rcpsTCE
v Xeitxouv, arc x YJs xal axpEO 69po y' xyjv XXYjvtxY] npaYU-axt-xxYjxa.
0 u.TXopo6aau.e tao); v xtxXo^opY^aouiJiE x cptp(i)[ia : '0 2joXwu.s oYju.pa. *AX-X fiaxl [lvo aYjiJ,pa; 01 oeXISe? ito xoXouOouv Sv Etvat 'va xpu-a. SxvYj[xa BXouv vY^vouVY' (Jitv aptavY) xal 7xXyj-psaxEpYj xaxxxrjaYi, no 6 jia? plpst x u-a Txt xovx axYj 6a6uxEpY| ^ca vo? txolyj-xtxoO IpYOu u. xay] StpxEia XX xal |i xaYj vxtaxaaYj ax*rjv npyeipt} pEuva. "AX-XwaxE 2oXwu.s, av xXeivei axo? oxlxu? xou xal a' 8Xo x Xyo xou XYj9iv$ a^t? ^wy];, xal u.cpi6oXEa Sv exe' xouaxEt xau,[a, udcvxa ^xvYj[xa 6 elvat. Sexi-VY](ia auvEtSYJaswv.
nETPOZ xaphz
iVa 'Earia XQtozoiycvva 1&57


ni ??? moiXpYf bormyoj iixjij -X)iou)i ?????? ????^? ??? brau U^Lyunim ??1 ??1??? ?? ??? 'noi ????????? ????)? 910 ?????^??
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noi ?01????? noi ????? aUi ???????? io ajo^idMiiAi 01 bmu
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???13 ]i 'BdsrLiD 3iinod35 01 bwuo 'noi oAdg 91 city, 'X)url m jpMiioid ??1???? qou xxjo aUi orlcoyo^ o lOAodXAno 10 ??????|? brau '????????????? ]i 3rnogi ?? idoioi aUo jlt -01 Iii ????????? -Uinoi dco ??? ^brsrlnoo -????? ??? ???0? ?? XDT30 miq3 01 91QV noi Qodiiox noi ?????????? Ami ?????????? Lmu -UiouaUi pi/, 'noi ????????? ??? ?1??.?01??? ??????) Ui pi. ???????? 1??]??1 ???]? ??? ??????) 1 ??? bwro bodfr ??? '??? iXo ?? '????????? ???1 '???! pdsiniAOM oricr)yo 01 ????? liolnou, ???? U 3d3eocdu br ??? noMid -?? noi UoLigoj ?.???5??????? ?. '????$ ??? ??????? 1?????1??????1??| ??????????! 'otIdm oiXdnuQoin oxidny ???? ??? MiMidny ??? -oup 1x3? ?????? 'xjiUiAf L3Tcoiidp ???^? piti ??? dwi srno^idMiiAp 01 '?1????1??? ??? -??)? bru ?? i35]Xd oiuypiEMp U omidotAia -i ???1???1???? U ????????? ???????????? Aidu i'g .nortoidny noi UoLigoi Ud3ingx3j| pir 30id -?? bpr '???????? ????????! bu ????? ??? -ldny noi X33T01 ???? ????????? UdUriyoI U bra]dnM ]?? '???.?|?????"?1 qou boAdX o> '?1? -odX X3d3iooid3u pi '91m? piA UoUgnoyoMn ?? ??? ?????? ?????????? noi ?^??^? aUi bnoi ?????! ??????????? radios Ui 9?0 ?????? -Miodu '???^? ?1??1???? 009?" 'Uoioi 13X3 bsdocb ?????? qou ??? 1???13 -noi ?01????? noi de? aUi '?????? noi bLong bUi ???????? ?910 AX3ioMDid| u'g cup ?1??? 91U riyou boy -????? ioUgoix3n3 noi UxuUiou aUio ira 011 -codgAx; 9Aid3TUo ?910 1??? nyou '????! ????* Qyou ix3i3oidj| X3M1Q13 norlrayo^ noi UoUjou x3d3TiD im .?????? ????? ??1??????????? noi odiA3X 910 im3>io]dd, ?? 1???? ??? oiou \. '????19?1?? pi ????? ???????^ ???! ?? AnodouT ?? ti34 oog ']iij "UdcoaA Uxi\3rli3>i -11?? 1?13?]? ??? ?^1 'U)id>i aUi '???? Ahi 'Uiiou noi 01????? 91 X3i3ii M9dX 01??? '5???1 ????? Li giLt^ou Ahi '1???? Ui ???{
aoritoYoj ??? ????? o ??? ?????? ???? /vrai ??1??)???? ??? 'C6T noianjf 05 ?1? '^^?'? -?^???0 aoiTUiDia3*D]j noi ????^?? cno^jn 1?-????( UiD ???^??????? ??? 5oxinA,Ajj ^
noAds noxiTtoyoo noi ?????? udp aUi ?1? 'Ud3i9ud aLidoiX Uyogjrlno Uriiinyou 91U Ahi ;???'??? ???????? ?? '????! 91?1??????? 91 ??? LiA3rlLiiouoirlAdu '???1??13?1?01?>13 bi ?????? Uin bUgmi3rtUAr ?, -b9ioc3AA ???^? ???90>1 Lj ??)? qou 9dnoUg ?????)???? ???? 'X3dcpi ?? ??????? ???]???1 ?1??1??1???? ??? acqXiio ?????????? ??? bnoXiio ???? -????? 9?? bogUyu ??? AnoX3id3U ???????1?? ?1?1? ??!????? pi 113D1J Qoricoyoj noi ????? -?1?? ?1 ?>??????1???? ??? ??????1???? ???????? ?? '??^?????? ??? i3Drlidi 13X3 ??? x)rLuiX3 01 UoUiouoiriAdu ?? : liMid -oioi ??? UiAoiiLiondcl ??????? xpirl 3dUu x>a -??? bcoo3Tp ?????????? ?? qou ?????? aUi 9?? b9iM3 '???? bnoyg i3AcpdiA3MAno bgr ??? Linoi (ii3y3i Uat3o Ui 9up ?91?? '????????? ??????!???? bd3ioMiioiono bioi3i bgiri ?????? ?1? ????!9????]? '???! ?1?1??????? ?? -noi oUiou aUi '????? bgii ??? 9|idM iu 91 ???1???? ????????.?15| ???1 ?? 'UiUiou noi oAdg 91 ]?? Uco5 Liio ?1??? 91U 'odiASM 910 ?1??? oiu Anod3dnMd3^ aUio ??? ??'?????2 Uio ??1???1 ??????! ?^? -moi ?? Uioidoid3u ?? i3douii ??? ??? brano '??????? noi d3ii ?1?? 0?9?1 Ljioidoid3u ?? i3douii ??? qou '??????! odoi ???? no]3i3Uf bi ?]???1?? ?. 'Qormyo^ oionAoiy noi 01 -???? o 9U9 ?1?9?)? 91??5 ci ?1? 9rioido| 01???????? ?.910 UXox3i3rrinD ?? noi bo3dX ????)??????| 3pUdcp3g ??.?)???????0 oui -??????? 91 9???????? 01?1???? ??!???1
[VINOdX 01VM3 OLIV NIdLI]
.??! IONOdXJAI IO IVM ZOWVOI ?


*0 ZoXuu.<; ??? ot auyxpovoi xou
3
pya xou xtccooe ??? c^oGaE. ??? svat auto:; ?????? ?????; sl<; xf\v 'EXsuGepta, tUTta^voc; x 1825 ayxpova ax Flapiai ??1 ax MsaoXyyt (?? ???????????? MsaoXy-yi)."Yaxpa f) 'Q5fj sic; Movaxnv Tto xrj 617-??01???1 ??1???????1, ?????; ???; Xei ?0?0. Xac;, x 1829. T 1834 ax vEoauaxaxo u xv '???????) TtEpio6tK, xf|v 'Ivto 'AvGoXoyta, xuitvsi x ?????????? ??1 ma pxto ??????-???'??? ????????, xf| Ariori xfjc; Mapaqs.Ki' ?????, axf|v xsXeuxata ????(? xfjc; C,w\q ???, x 1849 (irsptspyri ^aipear), XqGEta) xuTtc9r|-ke ????????; a Xux ????? x ?^?/? ??11?????? Etc, ?????[???? ?????? (Mi-XQg 7iQoq>rjrr]g eeufs ere xogaoi x /???? ,).
Toaspa Ttotfmaxa ax elvai 6Xa ??? ?????????, ??? KOtvoXyriaE ZoXcou-c; axoc; auyxpvouc, xou. Elvai ?????????????? uoo Xlyo, Ttao Xxiaxa ?????????^?? v ???? yvcoax x epyo xou, acoq ?????) fjxav tta-??????????; u. xf) PaaaviaxtKf] ,f\xr\ar\ ?'???????;, ococ; ???? aXXr] alxta.
'Qaxao 5v fji;Epav uvo x xaaEpa ax 5????1?????? Ttoirmaxa o auyxpovoi xou. ?????? ???' 5Xa, TtoXX ait x veaviK xfjc; ^aKuvGivfjc; TtEptSou ('O vaxoc; xfjc; '????-vfjc;, xoG BookoG, x ??? ?5???1?, f| ^av-GoXa, ????? Ka cbpi[ixEpa ??????; x ??'?-?? yt xv ??????? ?? Pcaar) f\ f\ ?????-KQiivri) KUKXocpopoGaav ??1??? KaXf) ElKva yt x x( u.TtopoOaav v pouv o auyxpovoi ait x 'pyo xou ???; Sivouv 6u toEic; tto ????????????? KpiBcq x Xpvo Tto TtGavE, x 1857, [ita axf| ZKUvGo Kal u.la axf|v 'AGqva '. 01 ???????;, ???????????-[ievoi xr]v ixiKatpxrjxa, ??^???? ???3 ????? (iTtopoOaav x yvcoox Ttoirnaxa ??1 x '5co-oav axi Brinoaixr|xa. Ka o 6u KSoeic; axq Ttapxouv ?????<; x Ttoirinaxa uo va-????(1? : xv "Y^ivo, x xpayo5i axv Mui-pov, x VEaviK, xr\ ?????????.???|, xt\ Mo-vaxn, t" ????????????? xou ????????' oxri ^aKuvGivfi ?'?5???| KvEt if^v ?\??????\ xou Ka x Tt[ypa(ju.a axf) ?????[??? ????^??. KaGi; pXTtouu-E, ?^?? dir x XEXEuxao xouxo, 5Xa x Tcoifi^axa Elvai xfq ^aKUvGivrjc; Ka ??? rtpcxrit; KEpKupa'iKfit; irspiSou (?? ????????? ?????? xv u.Ttpo). 'Atto xf] u.syXr] tcs-p(o5o xou ZoXcu.ou, xfjv Ttpio5o tto pxt^Ei u. xv KpnxiK Ka XoKXripcvExai ?? xoq 'EXeuGepouc; ?????????????!;, yL v ????-Xf)f;n axv ??????? ??! a' ??? xf) 6auu.a-
axf) Ttoir)TiKr| ??????? ?? tEXsuxaac; ????? xaq air' 6Xr| xrjv ??????????^ tto aitoxEXE yi [i&c; ?^???? xv m yviiaio ko xv m XapaKxripiaxiK, ????? Ka xv m ????? Xu-piK ZoXco^ xtitoxa, iroXuxcot; xitoxa 5v fjxav yvcoax. 'AXX Ka ait x VEaviK Ka x Ttpcbiu.a epya Xelttouv Ttotnnaxa tto XokXtt pvouv yi ???; ?????? xfiv ?????? ????-yveou-a xfjc; veaviKfic; ???????;4 'Q6r| axfi a-Xr]vr|, fi YuxoXa, o VEKpiKq cSc;, ????? Ka x ??[?????? xcSv Vapuv, tto ki ax Elvai TtEpispyo tiSc; 5v exe yvsi KaGXou EpxEpa yvcoax.
'? 2???????; Xomv tco Gpr|voGaav Ka EKpivav o auyxpovoi xou 5v fjxav ZoXco-???; tco ?;????? ??1?; ??????, 2??????? tio eyiVE yvcoaxc; ti xr|v ??????] ??? ????-Xa. OaiaaxiK 6 2???????; xoG 1857 fjxav yi xoc; itpi.aaxpouc; 6 Ttoirixr|<; ??? ????? ki" ac; Elxav TtspaEi xpivxa Ka Ttspiaa-xspa xpvia ano xxe. M xv ????, to ?????????]? Epxaxa Ka ??????????|? axe, KupixEpEc; EpcoTta'iKc; yXcoaaEc;, KpSias 2???????; ???????;, vecoxaxoc; xxe, xf[ ????] Ka xr\ 6c;a. Ka f\ bi,a axr\ 5v ?????????)-ke eoe; x xsXEUxaia xpvia Tfjc; E,wr\q, xou. Zx TtEpipXXov Tfjc; ????????; f| xEpaxia iiiPoXf| tto eIxe A irXoaia Ka paGt ????????????]?? xou 2??????? (oxi ???? ax oxev ????? xuv
?[???) TIKVCOVE ypCO all XV ??1?)??| x OE-
?????. Ka f\ ???? yi x epya Tto Xova TCc,Epya^Tav auvxripoGaE Ka auc;aiv x ??-????? Ka xfjv vayvcpiari. Akv E;pco, ??? c^oGoe ????????;, ???1? ??????????? axr|v -???????] axfi vayvptari ??|?; ??01?|?1??]?; xou ???????????;. Ka xoGxo oxi ???? axriv ?????-pa rj axfi ZkuvGo f) ax "???????? ysviK-xspa. Ka ax XeGepo paaXEio, axoc; ??-kXouq, ??????; xoc; ????, xoc; ?????1???1????;, tcox 5v ???????????? xoG 2?????? r\ ?? ? i r] x 1 ? f] c;ia. Zuxv ??????, Ka ??????)?? Kal ???????! ???? KpixiKOc; Tto & cppovxi^ouv v axripi^ouv xq ??????; xoug axqv vxiKEi^viKf] ??????] xcv ???????????, Ttc o-axoXaaxiKo x\q 'AGryvac; Ka ot KaGapoXyoi iroirixc;,o ZoGxaoi Ka o PayKapfjSEq^xGpEov-xav Ka KaxKpivav xr\v Ttoriari xoG ????????4. Akv Etvai acoax. ????? ?????; ??; ??????? ?? TtapvBEori : o ZoGxaoi fjxav pepata Suo, 'AXc;av5poc; Ka navayicoxr|g, Suo Ka ot PayKapfjOq, 'laKCoPoc; Ptc^oc; PayKapfjc; ??1 yic; xou 'AXc;av5poq. Axq ?????; 6 TtE-p^povnxtKc; TtXr|8uvxtKc;, Tto ???; exei ?\?\-po5oxrjoi f] ysvt xoG npcxou ????????? ??-???1????0, Katpq Elvai v fjoaxpaKtaBfj cSm xf) ??|???1? 0cpr|ari, ?? xf\v irota ar\-
???? TtpTtEt v' ???1??(?^??? xf) ?1?????1??| ???; iaxopia. "AXXcoote ot ZoGxaot, av Kai ??????1, ????????? aiaBrix ?????? xouq, ??1 f| XuptKXEpr] ?????) xoG navaytcxr ???????1 ?1? Ttotxrixa, Tto 5v xf| ????1 rj ??????-????1??) Ka TtoXtxiKoXoyoGaa Ttotr|ar| xoG 'AXe-f;v5pou. Ka ??? yt xoc; ??????^???;, 'AXc;av5poc;, Ka ysvtK eoe; TtpoacoTtiKxr)xa


4
' ZoXcolic; Ka ot ayxpovoi xou
Kai slSiKxspa eoe; uoirixfjc;, koxxei ariLtavxiKf] Bear] oi ypau-U-ax Liac;, vxtsxa dir xf|v Loxvf) uapouaia tco TtixpTtei ipuxpq Kai KaBuaxsprinvoc; KXaaaiKiaLic; xou Ttaxpa.
ouxe oi Zouxaoi olicoc; ouxs oi PayKa-pfj&Ec; Licpiapf|xr|aav tcox xfjv Tt o i t) x i-k rj e; i a xoG ZoXcolioG. "0,xi xou Kaxr|-ypriaav, 6,xi Kaxr|ypr[0 ysviK fj epavapte-xikt axoXri fjxav fj xpnoiliotiotnc,n Tfjq oriiio-xiKfje; yXcaaac;, xo aKuv9ivou 5icLiaxoc;, oTtcot; stitav LiEpiKoi, vpLioaxo yL LSsg x-oo ipr|Xc;. kixa x 1827 'IKcoPoc; PTc^oc; NspouXc;, c;5spcpog xou Ttaxpa PayKapfj, uoirixfjc; xcv yvcoaxcv KopaKiaxtKcov, 'ypa-tpe yaXXtK : t uoifJLiaxa xou aKv9iou ZoXcolioG filvat yELixa duo Xc;iq Kai eppa-axtKOc; xpitouq, Tto rj xpnalM-OTtoir|afj TOUC. 9 ETtpETtE v yivsxai [ivo oxfjv Ka9r|Lipivfj auvotiixia, 'xouv olicoc; xf| audvia detta k-Ttotou uvaxou Kai auvapTtaaxtKoO otaxpou, Liiac; cpavxaataq yLixr|c; xXLir] Kai yoviLtxr|-xa. rioxxc; axpoepe; xo "Ylivou eie; xijv 'e-XsuOEpta kXevouv auLtaiEc; Ltopcpic; 6.
'O 'axcjavspoc; zouxaoc; axoc; yvcoaxoc; xou axtxouc; oxf]v 'LtHXpr| 'EutaxoXfj xouupc; xv BaaiXa "ocova, xuucoLtvr| x 18336, 5v dvayvcpi^s Lifjucoq xv kxpo Kai x Zo-XcoLt e5ouoioq LtEydXouq, d5id Zuxv [ivrinovEUEt x ZoXcoli Ka ria-vayicxriq ZoGxaoq' uapa9xi axpoepe; duo xv Yu.vo x 1842 7, Ka x 1851 oxv Ttp-xoyo xou A' xliou xeov 'Anvrcov xou ar|-HEicvEt : oi &o nvov cpaloi sigupanpoi xou 'AXEc;dv5pou Zoxaou Ka xou ipntsxoOc; Ka dp.i|o.r|xou Aiovuaiou ZoXcolioO TtsptKXEiou-aiv 5ar|V XupiKryv noiriaiv 'xei itac; tax-Xikc; riapvaaar; 8. Zx dxuxo TtXi ptpxto xou Na ZxoXri xou ypaepo^tvou xyou x 1853 KaxaKpivEi pepata xf\ axtxoupyia xou Zo-XcoLtou, eppovxic^EL oncoe; v xv xapaKxr|ptar| TtatvEXiK Ecpunc Ttotrixric; xfjc; ZaKv9ou 9.
txot; x 1855 'AXavSpoc; PayKaPfje; ypcpovxac; yaXXtK ZxOio(iaTa xfjc; vsac; xxr|viKfjc; Xoyoxsxviac; c;vt dKLta rapia-axEpo xfjv TtiKpiar) yi xf| yXcaaa, dvayvco-pii^Et Slicoc; [i euoxoxeQ KpiaEic; xf|v TtoirixtKfj
TtEpoxri xoG ZoXco^oG : T TtvsGLia xou xv KvEi v Evai ni dir xc; nEyaXxspEt; 5c;ec; xfjc; 'exxdsac;... ZoXcolic; EXa^tpE av x tuo Ltopcpo TtsxpdSi xou TtoirixiKoG. axnLiaxoc; xfjc; cexx5ac; l0.
"AXXcoaxs f| TtpeoxEouaa xog X9pou paaixsiou ki" dxxicc; Se/vei x vtacppov xr)c; yi x itpo'vxa xfjc; Mouaac; xog zoxo-tiou. "Ac; cpf|aouia xc; dv9oxoytc; Tto kukXo-epopouaav Epuxaxa' auxv oxexikcc; Srino-aiEovxat Ka a TtEpto&iK Ka cpruaspiSsc Ttoif|iiaxa xog ZoXcolioG, auvoSfiunva [ik x irto TtatvExiK xyia. T 1849 a Ltt duo xg yKupxEpEc; cpr|(ip[6Ec; xeov a9rivcov, axv Atcva xog Mcodvvou ct)tXfitiovoc;, br\y.o-aiEExat a uoXX cpXXa (ita xkxr)pr| asi-p duo uoifJLiaxa xog ZoXcolioG 11. "AXXa 'yKupa upio5tKd, f| expuri, f| riavBcpa, K5r|Xvouv xfjv Exap'Laxr|af| xouc; 5xav |auo-poGv v xuuaouv muoio uoirina kevou. Zx xeuxoc; xfjc; 1 cJJsppouapiou xou 1857, Xi-ysc; p.psq Liovdxa upv duo x Bvaxo xog uoir|xfj, xuucvExat axf)v riavScpa f| (tappa-Kcoiivri, axaXp.vr| duo xv IloXuXauapd xivoc; v KEpKpg UETtaiSsutivou vou dva-yp^Exai aE^iv axf)v dvaKoivcoari k xeov upoacpiXsaxpcov epiXcov xog uotfjaavxoc; ax K.A. zoxo[aoG, xog 8r|LioxtKcoxxou Ka Sr^io-cpiXEaTaxou Ka xpuaoppfjijovoc; xoxou uoir|-xog. Ka ax xXoc; : 'EXui^o^ev oxi duo-axEiXac; ryiv xogxo, KriSnEvor; xfjc; St;r|c; xfjc; KOivfjc; fiiacv Ltr]xp<; 'exxsor;, eXei 5iaK0t-vcaEi f|p.iv Ka MxEpa k xeov upo'ivxcov xfjc; c;xou Ecpuac; xog k. zoxonog, Sane; 5u-oxuxcc; aiycov aiyfjv pabfiav axepEi xf)v Siav naxpiSa vc; xeov Xap.upoxpcov axfjc; axs-epveov ,a.
T LiiKp ar)LtcoLta xfjc; nav5epac; ^tac; &iXVi KaXxEp' duo kBe dXXo xf| 5ixuxr| yvcnr| uo KupiapxouaE yi x ZoXcou axoc; Xytouc; kukXouc; xfjc; upcoxEouaac; xf|V uapa^iovf| xoG Bavdxou xou. 'o Ttoirixfiq Etvai 5r|LioxiKcxaxoc; Ka BrinocpiXaxaxoc; Ka XpuaopprJLicov Elvat uotnxf|c; xfjc; eav-9ouxac;, xfjc; 'Ayvcptaxr|c;, xfjc; ap(iaKco-iavr|c;, uoir|xf|c; xoG "Yu.vou Eie; xf|v 'EXeu-0pia. 'axx Etvat Ka uoir|xf|q uo 5 BritxooiEEi x vEcoxspa upo'ivxa xou, atya aiyfjv Pa9tav, x Ttpo'tvTa xou, uo v yi-vovxav yvcoax, 9' duoxEXoGaav x xanup-XEpo axEcpvt yi xf|v 'exxsa.
Tfj cpfJLtri axf| yt x1 dvK5oxa Ttoifi^iaxa xoG ZoXcolioG Ka yt xf|v vcxEor] uoir|XtKf| xouc; d^ia 9 xf| SoGlie v KupLapxfj a o,xi ypcpxriKE dLiacog Lisx x 9vax xou. Eeki-voGoe f] cpfJLir| duo xv kkXo xwv Lta9r|xcv Ka xcv epiXcov, uo Etxav xf|v EKaipia v xv KoGv axq auvavaaxpocpc; xouc; v' duay-yXXr] axixouc; rj XoKXripcoLiva KOLiLtdxta. 'o JIcodvvr|c; ZaLtuXtoc; dvaeppEt x 1850 M- Kduoia EKaipia x MEaoXoyyiaK 13, Ka upoa9xt uebe; uoir|xf|c; li x uoifJLiaxa ax Ka XXa dKita 9 voi^n xf|v uoxf|V xfjc; cpiXoXoyiac; ec; xfjv vav dvaysvvr|9eiaav "ex-


c0 ZoXclic mi oi auyxpovoi ???
5
XBa. Ilio ?????????????; koc ??????????-tikc; ??? Baupaap ???, klioc, 8 'Xsya, Ka m eOotoxoc. oTrjv ??[??| ???, elvat 6 ???1 c;oxnv ?????????; 'loXioc; TuTtXSoc;. Zx TtoirjpaT ???, Tto ??|???1? ?? 1856, ??1-pcoLtva ??? ZoXcop, TtaipvEi dir ????? ??????| Kat aripsicvEi 14: ??????????; upvoc;, xv Ttotov Zoolic. avBsas Etc xrjv Ttpc-xr|V ??? VETr|Ta, Sv sTvat rtap Eva ??????? BEypa Tfjc; TtoirrTiKfjc; ??? SuvpEcoc;' ???|??)?,-voc. dir ?? LtsyXo ??? voG, ????6?| elc; Tfjv dvcTEpri ???(?? Tfjc; txvtic; Ka ??????? pia va Ttotr)ar| MXic; 8r|Lioaiu8oGv ?' vKSo-?? TtotrJLtaT ???, BXei yvcopioEt ??????; 5ti EXEi ki' fj 'EXXSa tv Avte ??\?. (?? 8 TtpTtr] v TtpouLtE ttj ?????| ???? ypp-Lta' TuTtXSoc; BXei v rtfj : 6 exi Kl A 'EXXBa tv ??????? Ttoirrtfj ???;).
T 5r|LtoatULta Tfjc; riavBcbpac; ???[???? dv ???????? v ?? Bfj Ttoir|Tfjc;' vvt li-pEq LtET ekXeive ?? ?????. T kev Tto 5rj-LuoupytTav fJTav pEyXo, t TtvSoc; yevik Kat TtavXXrjvto. 'O BvaTc; ???, dv ??1 pfj vXraaTog, ?????????????? ???) ttjv rcXri Tfjc; ????????, ????? ZoXcopc; eIxe ytVEt Ttp Katpou oEPaaTc; Kai ??????????]???;?>. 'H 'ETtxavr|ataKrj BouXij &1??? pacoc; xf\ au-vEop'taari KripTTovTac; Brjpato ?? TtvBoc.' ??????? ?? Bripaia c^avTpaTa Tfjc; 'Ano-Kptdc;, ?????? ?? ?????? (yiaTt, ???1??, eIxe ?????? fj ??????? tte). Kai OTfjv KriSEia rta-pup8r|KE SXoc KXfjpoc., TtoXuptBpoe; Xac; duo Trjv TtXri Ka ?? TtpooTta, rj yxcpia LtouatKrj, Ka 8???? voi ??????????1 Bta-BoxtK KpaxoGaav ?? ???????. 'H yviKf| aiyf] KaTaXrjya ??????? 13 vo ?? t;-5t E&tBaivE ?? TtoXuavBpcoTtTEpa Ltpr) Tfjc TtXric, Ka f| aoBapf] XTtr| ec, ??? ?? ????-acoTta Ssixvav oti a' EKEivri xr) aTiypfj oXoc Xac; auvTtvEEv sic; Eva pvov BEapEOTov aaBripa, Ka oti, ??????1???; ??? TtXov ????-XoG vBouataapou, TtpooKUvouaE t Ltsya-Xelov tou voc; ??1 Tfjc; dpETfjt;.
T 9Epu. ?????, auyKtvr|Liva Xyta toG LiaBrTfj, dTtoTEXoGv tv ???????? ?,?:1???1?. TtaT Ka Kavvac. dXXoc; 6v eoteke ???? Kovt ??? ZoXcoLt Trjv ??? toG BavaTou, oao dvBpcoTtoc; Tto elieXXe a Xtyo v yp-??) ?? ???????? ripoXEyLtEva Ka v Ltdc Bcar] Trj Ltvr|LttaKr) ?'?????| tcov EptaKOLt-vcov. 'ETtiTcpiot Ka TttKrjBEtot Ka mLtvr|Lt-auvot KoaTr|Kav TtoXXoi. Oi TtsptaaTEpot Ltdc; exouv aQBrj TUTtcaLtvot a ????? ??????-Xfj ??????1? 10 B toc Sfjxs aTrjv ??????] uo 9 yKatvtauLtE a Xtyo. Ft ?? 1,???\ Ka ?? ???? toG Ttotr|Trj ????? rj TtoX Xtya LtapTupoGv. 'AtioteXoGv olicc, ar)LtavTiK tek-Ltrjpta, ??????; Ltdc. Bexvouv dKptpcc; Lt Ttotv ?????? vTtKpt^av xrj OTtyLtrj ??? BavaTou ??? tv LtEydXo VEKp oi auyxpovoi ???. Ec;t m-KrjBEtot LtaBaivouLtE ????????? axr\v ???????, aXXot tooi 8ta|3aTr|Kav otri Za-kuvBo a Suo mariLta LtvriLtauva, OTq 16 Ka aTq 23 ?|?????????. T TtXfjBoq aT tcov
mTxpicov TtavriyupiaTcov 5v rJTav, ??????; auvrj-????;, ?? pLiotTEpo Ka ?? TtEptaaTEpo TtXr|-??????????. Movo 5u LtiXr|Tc; c;xcopt?ouv yt Trj ??|??????)?? ????;.- TECpytoc; Map-Kopdq, ????????; ??? rspatLtou, Ka 'IoXtoc; TunXSoc;, Ltvoc; Tto LttXiiaE Ka a ????-pfj Sr|LtOTiKrj ????????; SiopiaLtvoi;, ??1????1, dna Trjv 'Ivto KuBpvriari LtiXnaE tTaXtKa" oi aXXot LttXoGv a Ltt dvTtTtaBriTi-ki*! Ka ??????] ?????? ???????????, Sexvov-???; Ka li' otv tv ?????? Ttao ????? BptaKovTav dir tv LtEydXo vKp l8.
"?????; a Bua dripEta ?????????? SXot o LttXr|Tq : Ttcbc; ZoXcoLtc; slvat 6 LtEyXoc;, 'vBEoq Ttotr]Tr|c; (ki1 ???? t noaTript^ouv Kuptcoq p. otixouc; ???? tv Ypvo, ??????? Ka dir Trj ???????????| fj tv AdLiTtpo)" Ka dKLta Ttcbt; fj 8c;a ??? ????|??] B LtEya-Xcari oTav tuticBoGv x' dvKBoTa TtotrJLtaT, Tto KEtvoc; eite dir ^???1????????| ete dir dXXo Xyo Sv ?? e'xe 5cat v tuticoBoGv : ?? MEaoXoyytaK ???, ?? tcv Vapcv, ?? 'HTtEtpcoTtK ???, ?? tcv ZuLiLtxcov, ?? Tfjc; ZEBaaTouTtXscoc; ('AvaToXtKc; nXELtoc;)19, 'H fjpcotKfi dLtuva Ka ?????; toG aToptKoG MEaoXoyyiou, fj ?????????? twv ekXecv Vapcv, Tt toG ???????????; KfJTouc;, ??? ????????, KaTaBpcoBEc; ??????????; . Exfjc; 'pyov Etvat v ???????) Etc; ????; t;i-tilioc; ????? ???????; ???.?|?; ?????????; ?? pvr|-LtovEuBvTa TtotrJLtaT ??? oiBtLtou Ttotr|ToGal.
"Av otoc; TtEptaaTEpouc; Xyouc; BXttoulie Tfjv dvTavaKXaar] Lttac; Btxuxric; ?????|^ yt x' dyvcoara dvicBora toG Ttotr|Tf|, ?????; Bu pfJTopEc; tto c;XcoptaaLt, Ka Tto dvfJKav otv otev aoXcoLttK ?????, fj LiVEta tcv vekB-tcov Elvat ?????????? oataaTtKfj. 'O "Ylivoc; Xt ????????; Lt tv Ttoov Atovu-atoc; xatpTriaE tte Tfjv 'EXXr)vtKf| riaXiyys-vEata, ???8?|? dvaTXXcov fjXtog Tfjc; ?????; ???, Tto ???????? ?????????? ????1?????<; Ka dXTiBopXriaE Lt ????; Xova ^ctipTEpo t" ovoLt ???, OTav aTc; lltcpeoe v Bta-^??????] ?? Tti ???)?? TtXaLtaTa Tfjc; Ttoir)-TtKfjc; ???????????; a Ltt yXcaaa BvtKfj, Tto Etvat ?????? TTOta Tto Elvat, ???? Bv pnopEt v ttavaytvr] TTOta Tto fJTav.
llooc; dKouas tv TtotriTrj ???; Xei 6 TuTtXSoc; v TpayouBq otxouc; fj ??? "Ypvou Etc; Tfjv 'EXEuBEpiav, fj kevou Bt tv BdvaTov toG Muipov, fj toG ???????, fj ??? 0ptou xfjc; BaXaarc; fj Tfjc; ZaT^oOc;, Ka BvaTat v Xr|apovfiar| Tfjv ?'?????? ??? TtpoacTtou ???, ?? ????????? x^l^yEXo tio ??? TtpBatvE q ?? XsiXr| ;. M tv Buva-tv ??? vouv, p Tfjv pEydXr)V ??? ?????, dyKXtaas ??? ?? eBvoc; ??1 ytvE 6 ????????; Kai pyac; BspEXtcoTfjc; Tfjc; vac; ???; ?1?0?0-ytaq. "??? ?? aXXa itotfjpaTa, ito av-Beoe ???? ??????| ec; xr\v vcoTpav ???[?? Tfjc; Txvr|q, Elvat dvKBoTa. Akv ???1?????? ori yXfjyopa BXEt BripoaiEuBoOv Ka pepata BXei cpcaouv TtoX TtEptaaTEpov t 6vopa toG TtoirjTfj paq. Ka TtpoaBTEi, axsSv, 8d-


6
"? ZoXcop ??1 ol ayxpovo ???
Xeys Kavetc;, av ??????]?1?? : ol pxpsvsc; yevsec; BXei yvcpiaouv Kai BXsi KTipfjaouv KaXTEpa tv ZoXopv, ueifj 6 ev&oo paq Ttoinrrjc; v EuBia8r| eI Tfjv vKta xo tce-paapvou, XX ????\??| Etc tfjv Bpav ??? pXXovToc, dcoriKcvovTac; ?? ??????? to ?? (v) oKETtCEi, Kai avoids sic; ?? XeppaTa tv vcov 'EXXtjvcov pa Ba ??????????, tcXov eXeuBept), ???????????.
"Av opc TTOiEc; ????????; cpaivcovTai ??????; ???1??? yi ?? pEao fj 'axco Kai ?? Xi-
yTEpO OTEV TtEpiXXoV TO TCOlT]Tfj OTrjV
'ETtTvrjao, tcpoevouv Tfjv EKTtXn,i;fj ???; Tav Tic; auvavTopE ??????> ??????; Kai otjv TtXotTtri 'EXXda, Kai iialTEpa ottv 'A9rj-va, Tcou dir ?? 1850 ?????? Kai ote-??KupiapxEL ??1? TcvEupaTiKc; KSiqXcaEic; va ??????? dpxai'apc; ??????????????, ait pia popavTiKfj uTtEpoXrj, ???? vTBETa ??1 ?? Suo a ,Ti 5iSaE;E Kai ????????, Kai ottj yXcaaa Kai OTrjv Ttonpri, Tcoir]Tfjc; tco eIxe tceBvei.
'Ek tv oxcaTpcov Tfj 'EXXSoc, o 5' etcsv Kai ??)? ????????; aTfj, Ttoir)TQV, ??????????; ??? ?????; Tfjv 'EXsuBEpiav AiBu-papou KEvou, ?? ZaKvBou Aiovaioc; Zo-Xwpc, TtBavEV sic; Kpdouaav e'ti fjXiKav ????1 fj nvScpa. 22. 'O pya Tfjc; veco-Tpac; 'EXXSoc Tcoirrrfjc;, pvoc SuvpEVoc; v oiEKSiKfjar) ?? vopa ?????, Ttoir|Tfjc; too pvou Tfjc; XEuBEpiac; xrjc; 'EXXSoc;... Kai goxo XupiKO Tfjc; dvayEvvnBEioric; 'AvaTO-Xfjc, Aiovaioc; ZoXopc, dTCEicoaEV . ?????1 AicV "... lvooCoc ??1 dBva-toc; TOiriTfjc; ???? ???1??? ?????????, cov XTtiopsv Tfjv TaxEav SrjpoaEuaiv, ???' ti ????? Eav 8viKf| TcXov i5iOKTr|aa ??1 ???-XTipa KEipfjXia ??? 6?)??????????[?? Tfjc; ????-Tpi&o fjpwv.
'H ??????? pya tj vEanpa 'EXXSoc; ????-iTfj, pvoc SuvdpEvo v SiEKSiKTJari ?? vopa ? ? 0 ? ? Sv ????????? ?????? v ?????-ar| axoXiaoTr]. ???????1?? riavayicTric ZoGtoo SiapapTopijBriKE (opw pvo ??????-piK) otv ????????] ??? Avo, tco o'va TCpsvo aripswpa ?????????1 v' vaip-ar\ Kai v pf|v vaipari ?? aa eItte. Z ar)pEQp ??? Sioc ZoGtoo, aTf|v ??????1&? tco eSiSe, tv "HXio, Sieu-Kpivisi Ttcb f| SiapapTupia ??? Sv fJTav tce-pi ??? ????? TtavTc; naivou ZaXopoG, dX X tico ????????? v aixaivEBfj pyac; Za-Xopo pxpi opavo ???'1?. va ????^???? arc Tfjv TcoirpaKfj iSiTriTa Xoi oi VEWTspoi tcoitit Tfj 'EXXdSa ( Pfjyac;, ?????????-Xo, 6 PayKafjc., 'AXavSoc; Kai riava-ytcTric; Zotooc;, KapaooTaac; ?.?.?.)a4. 'H SiapapTupia fJTav Xoitcv ?????????? pi apuva yi Tfj ???? ??? Kai yi Tfj ????) ??? ?5???0 ???, xuPl. v' p?lar|?fj Tfjv vayvc-piapvr) dt' oXouc; TtoiriTiKfj t to ZoXc-po. 'O Sioc; dXXcooTE, VEKpoXoycVtac; ?? ZoXcop ??? Sio ????? Tfjc; ?????????? ??? s!, ?????1 ?? fj iooripECTa :
'? ftavato to A i ? v ? ? ? ? 2 ? ? ? ? ? ?.
'? Aiovaioc 2??,????, el tcv (lEvatcov itoiTiTcv xfj vecotqo 'EX,l.a8o tEJeTt)asv. 'H 'E^ anaa^e iva tcv Xo[iteuv jtul ????-vcv atowv atfj. ????? Sucai ctnioSions-vai sic to xsvXouc ?01?)??? oiive eloi ???-via Kai iEv>.a ???? ??? 'Yipotou jiqs ?? ???\ arcevenfjihiaav na xfj v '??????? KuBQvfjaEcoc el tv vSo|ov xai [iBya^ocpufj avSpa. 'EneiSf) f) ????????? 'EKK axv fj oivf] nargi tcv jtavtajcoO 'E\\r\v(av Mai o ctrtavtaxov E\\i\ve nox^oCaiv va Tintidiaiv v Tfj 'EMaSi tb Mya 'AA.|av8eo ???? Tf[v ctTpaTiv aTo xax ttj 'Ivia xa tv ??????? 'YaonTiv Siaaivcov exivijvevsv jico e ttjv 'EhXSa xavxr\v aTuaifj ^???????;, Sia ????? veyiocohev t> cpiXoi "Hnvs nv-Sti^ov (iVTi(xayvov reio xi(if|v ??? \ieyax\iiov ???????, ???? o t)v X8cpa^.f|v ???' X,^cov tv axcfavov xr\ JtoifjOBto vcb ?????? enifl-eaco.
iovaiE 2??,??? fj not)ac oou refjQ8 if|v 8i5va(iiv XEgauvc AiovvaiE 2?^??? ai eIxvec oou ntJQlav xoXoaaiaai al svvota oou Oau(taaiai xui exoxE ?' ?&??????.
'H 'EKk nXaiei xv ftvaTv aov ooti 6??|?)|? SuaTiix1!!*'): navekXr\viov.
?? SiSrina Ttj "????\?|??? dnea^E tv Xan^QTEQOv avifj Sjiavta.
"??1???????(?.?1 iva xaiaSE^co t xaUov trj jtoifiaEc ??? vo|ou airva^cpou.
"AXXr| ??????) ???|??(5? Tfjc; ???????;, 'H 'EXitc;, p SiEuBuvTfj tv KwvaTavTivo AEiSri, Sv KvE Ki* aTfj aipEari. ("??; pou ??????-nfj v aripEiwaco a TtapevBEor) ?????, ?????1??????; KavE-; t TtaXic; aTq ??^??-piEc;, KTiXfjaaETai xi pvo yi Tfjv ditXu-??| vrippcafj ????; ??? acTEpiK Kai ??? coTEpiK r)TfjpaTa, XX Kupiw yi ?? vcTEpo fjBoc; tco t xotpaKTrjpiEi ??1 yi Tfjv ???^??^ auvESriari toG 8?)????????1??0 XEiToupyfjpaToc; tco pirvEi to ouvtktec; ????; tv KcovoTavxivo AEiSr], tv 'Icovvn Kai ?? yi ??? TipoXovTa iXfjpova ?. d. pi auvir]an tco Suotuxwc; v Tfj auvav-ToOps ade; Tti TtoXXq dito tic TcoXuaXi, TUTCcapvEc; a TaxuTcieaTfjpia ??1 ????????? p afipoTtXva ??????1??; ??? Kaipo ???). ?????1 XoiTtv fj 'EXtcc; :
???? rtoXXfj 0,Xiij)8co eX,aoi6v af|ii6pov tf)v 8St)oiv ??? avTOu ??? 8iaaf|iiou ??????? ?. 2??,????, ??? Ttiifjaavro ?? A.A,t)vixv Svolta. Exnsfra xai X.nioii8v v 9i,0Ttnr]ftfj f| oixoyeveia v ex8cat) el ???? x vsxSoTa noifJLiaTct ???. *0 iti tcv |coT8Qixmv inovoyo, axi ???? nvTa XXov tcv ???????? e^si v oet)Tai TT|V iivfjnt)v ??? ??????? "7, ?\$?-\e ng\si gyov ^frc "EA.X.rivixv, ngoTevcov el to ouva8^ou totj Tfjv ??????^ 8????? ??? TuiEou xfj *??,??8??. ?????? Belviia edvixou asaoiio jtqo if|v nvfjuirv v5g;,


'O ZoXcopc; Ka o* auxypovoi xou
7
8i' ov exEi 8ixaiov v xauxxai f| 'EMrivixfj cpuXfj, -qd-eXe ri}jf|ai xf|v 'EASa.
T Bta TtavaXapBvouv 'O OtXTtaxpic;, 'O OiXTtaxptc; "EXXr|V, fj 'ABrjva 28 (tco BscopEt ki' atrj xt 6 ZoXcopc, slvai p-voc; oaxtc; fjpTtopst psxac; xcv aripEpivcv EX-Xrjvcov v cbspri x ovopa xoG uoir|xou) Ka XXsc.. Ka a KTtoto duo x wpsva cfiXXa xoO Alcva (p. 1510) va elBik pBpo yt x ZoXcop, ypappvo Tt 'ETtxavrjaiov, Ka-xaXrjyEi : Exuxcoc; opcoq x xsipypacpa Tu ZoXopoG 5ripoaiEovxai px" o TtoX Ka B-XopEv 8uvr)fj vxc; Xiyou ottcoc; KpvcopEV xv Ttonixfjv cp' oXaq xc; cpaac; xfjc; aTcaviac; axoG pEyaXocputac;.
OuaiK xao ypiiyopa (pEx' o TtoX) 5v KUKXocppnoav x' dvapvpva "Artavxa. Xpiaxr)K Sipiat XKXripa xpvia yi v Kaxaxc;ri, v pyavcar) Ka v Brjpoatipri x KaxXoma floXuXac;, tco Ttcopiaxr|K ax-Sv pvoc; 6Xr| xfjv E6uvr|. ZfjpEpa x c;pou-p xt aBXo tioxeXei fj c;oxx| axrj 5ouX.i, tuo SyiVE p Kpa EauviBr|aia Ka 8pr|-aKEuxLKXj (npaypaxiK) EXBsia. 'O IloXuXac; opcoc; i?i x Baupaap paq, 'c;co dir' oXa x1 XXa, Ka yt x Xtyoox aXExiKcc; xpvi-k 6iaxr|pa tco XPeiaxr|KE yt v XoKXri" pcari Eva xao pEyXo spyo. "Exat xv 'O-XxcBpr) xoO 1859 29 ^eBBnpav Tt x Tutto-ypacpEto xou 'Avxcovtou TpKri oxfjv KpKu-pa x EptaKpEva xou Atovuatou ZoXco-po. 'O KSxtc; ito pxBrjaE yt xfjv K5oar) pExptcppova TtoatcTtriaE x' ovop xou ait xv xixXo, oTtou StaB^oupE pvo 'EkBSov-xat BaTtvfl 'Avxcovtou TEp^Kri 30. "H ar|pa-aa xfjc; Katvopytac; KBoar|c; Elvat xspaxta. "Evac; Katvopytoq ZoXcopc;, TtoX Ttt TtXo-otoc; Ka XTEXa BtacpopETtKq, ytvxav yvco-oxc; p xrj 5r)poatuar| xoxfi. Mt TtapaBoXrj p xc; TtpxEtpsc; pExaBavxtEc; KBoEic; Bexvei xv itEipo TtXouxo Tfjc; Katvopytac; Ttpoacpo-paq. 'O KpTixtKc;, ot 'EXeBepoi rioXtop-Ktipvot, npcpupac;, AtXoyoq Ka xaa Ka xaa XXax ma KpiB dir xrjv KXripovopt xou ZoXcopoG p xf|V 'KBoari xoxr] ytvxav yt Ttpxr] cpop yvcoax
ricc; 5xxr|Kav ot ayxpovoi, ax 'Ecpx-vr)aa Ka oxrjv 'ABrjva, tccc; 5xxr|K x eBvoc; xrj pEyXri TtoKaXut|jr| ; Mt Xc,r| 9 piro-poGas, voptc^co, xotPaK'trlPlcn:lK: va KCppar| xrj yEviKf] vxTtcoari : Ttoyofjxuar|. T" vK-5oxa, Tto TtEpipEvav oXot p xar) TtpooBoKta x MsaoXoyytaK, x xcv Suppxcov kxX. kxX. x[ fjxav ; 'ATtoaTtapaxa povxa, aKpmot axtxot, ax5iapaxa xEXfj. Kavva Ttotripa XoKXripcopvo, Kapt pEyXri ovBe-ar| ETttKoXuptKrj, av axr; Tto KpBt^av kBe XPvo x axcpavo axv PXXEto fj axv Bouxatvato Btaycovtap. "Eva pouBtaapa Ka pt xaP0(1 Scpa) Tcpa 5 5r|pooiouv oute Xcjr|. Mt cpripEptSa xfjc; ZaKvBou (xfjc; ZaKvBou I) vayyXXovxac; xfjv 'KSoar) alaBvsxai xfjv vyKr] Kncoc; v' TtoXoyr|8fi :
Ba6-uTdtr|V vtTjncooiv veiroiTiaav eie; fjtig x Siaocoi^vTa anva cb? vcipiiaoTa x xoO noiTiuxoO at-Ecpvou tou cpvXXa. SisaxQnrioe eXX tic;, fjtic 'nfjXT>e xai xaxenXuxmoe i BatluTciTTic; iiix^-1!? x yvmar xa ^oaxepfj itonjiiata, axivo f^cv noir\xr]<; dreeiivrinveu-aev e? noXXovq cpiXovq xa\ oxeouc; tot. Ka ax xXoc; fj TtiBavr] sxn : Kitoia vBuvr| KSoar| Tto vyyEXE Ttcbc; 8 KScar] axfj Btvvri [!] cpiXxipoc; ispoSiciKovoc; Mavxaa-Bivoc; v itoBfj it^Tipeotpa tfj? toO K.A.Tep^-xti[!] xa ait T xoXcoB aita \iXx\ v reapouaia-o$x\ v tfj topaia xa nA,rjpEi fiopcpfj tou 6 iiri-vupevo? atrjp, tv tcoov xTvec; tivc;8uotu-XC05 rto peinicov iixpi To8e vTavaxcvTai.
Mia cpr|ppi5a TtXi xou c;coxepiKoG, f| 'Hppa xfjc; Tpyaxr|c;, slvai xao yava-Kxr|pvr| dir xf] xuSa'tKfi yXcaaa xGv ripoXE-yopveov, XX Ka xcv Ttotripxcov, Tto Sv EKatps v Kpivri x tSia x Ttoujpaxa, yt v iSoGps x( vxTtcoar] xfjc; 'Kapav 38.
2x TtEpiBXXov xfjc; KpKupac; f| iroyori-XEuar) fjxav, cpaivExat, 5ixuxr| Kai TtpoxoG ku-KXocpopijaouv x EpiaKpsva. Tv 'Iovio xoO 1857, xaaEpEic; pXtc; pfjVEc; pEx x 8-vaxo xoO ZoXcopoO, 'ApiaxoxXrie; BaXacopt-xr|c; ypcpEt axv TtaXi xou Ka8r)yr|xf| Kcov-oxavxivo 'AocTtio 31 :
'0 7ioir|Tfjc; 2oXoiis direBicoasv, acopov frulla Toaotcov xataxpijaEcov. 'H 'ErctdvT|O0c;, f| 'EXXq fj^Tti^E v XdBrj itap' aco itXoaiov xA.r)po8trina neXXovar\q Slrig. "Ajtavxe; C'Opri-vr|oav ji to tdcpov tou xa v Liacp toO ye-vixo jtvO-oug fj i8a xcv avavvE^^oiivcov Ttoir]-pdtcov tou fjto fj iivt) naprivopia fJTic; fi8uva-to v Xaxxta'w tooautr)v Xkt)V. 'H npaviiati-xtr|5 jiSeiijE tovavtiov. 'O^iycn otixoi, ti-vc; OTpotpa eIvoi t livov Jtpo'iv tEoaapdxov-ta rtepijcou tcv 8iT)vexo0c itaaxoAf|aecoc; 'E-ilJeuotrrioav al niSec to ef}vovc; !.
'Etpo8r|aav ai XtriSsc; tou 'Svouq. 'O X-yoc; Etvat Bapc;, ki' opcoq av v' TtoSiSii Tti-ox xf|v vxTtcoari Tto TtpoKXa fj 5r|po-aisuari xcv EptaKopvcov. 'O oxevq k-kXoc; xcv Baupaaxcv Ka xcv cpiXcov av v BptaKExai a axvxcopr| 9ar|. 'O 'iSioc; dSEpcpc; xou SaKoXa BXExai v TcapaBcaii axf| 5ripoaixr|xa auvpxr]xa Koppxta y.a axixouc; dTtoaTtaapaxtKOuc;' pExaBiac; 'axpc;E ypcpEt PloXuXdc;v BripoatEuBoGv x vKBoxa, pXtaxa x dxsXfj axfiBiapaxa xfjc; oxEpivfjc; Ttoxfjc;. riiaTEouv ircg Bv BpBrjKav, Bv piropEt v BpBir k a v 8Xa T xeLPypacpa, Tcg Kitou 6 BpiaKCOvxai ki' aXXa' fj EKBoari yt' aT, TtpoasxxiK, vopc^ETai T EptaKpEva Ka rioXuXac; xeXeiwvei x IlpoXEypEva p


'? ZoXcopc; Ka oi auyxpovot T0U
trjv exn : "?????? v pfrv pyfjari fj capa v cpavepcoSouv ?? ? p n aco^ps-va ouYYPppaxa xoG ????-p l x ri Tto kivSuveouv fj n aaxpoKp-5eta fj ait cpSvo.
Zfjpspa KaxaXaBatvoupE xf|v ?????????? axf) Kaxaxaar| : fj c^covxavf) Ttapouata xou Ttotrixfi ouvee a kuxi TtXfjpEc; Ka 6?????|-pcopvo 8,xt xuxv elxav Koast ot cptXoi ir x axpa xouKa 5v pnopoGaav v max-tpouv Ttcbc; ax Tto BpSriKe fjxav ? a ? X ? Tto slxe ???)??1.
'Qaxao, Ka xcv q'ikcv fj prixavta Ka fi Ttoyofjxeuari xou epxspou koivou, tii TtoX TtpBaXXe p xfjv noatcTtriar), xfjv sX-Xeiipri K9s axoXtou, K9s KptxtKfjq. "Opcoc; ????????? Ka pia 5r|pata cpcovfj Tteptcppa-oxqc; pvriaric; tptpu6tcopvri p xf| ????????-veta xfjc; KEvfjt; Tttaxrjpric;. Ocovfj 'ETtxavfjatou, yKaxEaxripvou ?????; aTfjv 'AGfjva, poa axv popavxtap Ka xv pxa'iap xfjq 'OScovtKfjq TtpcoxEouaac;. Zx ??????? Tto ,Scoa x 1859 6 ZTtup&cov ZapTtXtoc; p xv xtxXo n6v fj Kotvf| ????; xpayouBc ss TtpoBatvEt a Epuxaxri KptxtKfj xou aoXcoptKou ?????, yt v KaxaXfj>| ax TtEptspyo ??????????? Ttcbc; c;ia 'xouv povxa x VEavtK xou xpa-youSta, p xf|V XEysiaKfj ????????? Ka xrj or)poxtKf| xouc; xpn- "? "Ypvot;, ki' axq Ttoxuxta' opcoc; veXrixr) slvai fj KptxtKfj yt ?" ???????????? Tto ???????] ???? ?????^? fj KEpKupatKfj ?'?????]' OKOxsiv Ka Kaxavrixa Etvat yt xv KptxtK, ETtrpEaapva dir xv yeppavtK puoxtKtap, papxupovxa xfjv Ttoxuxtav Ka xfiv axopXriatv xou &r]poxt-kou ?????????? Ttpc; xv xspooaiov ??1 XXoxTtcoxov rsppaviapv.
A 6 ???; TtaaxoXfjari ?????????? fj Kpt-xtKfi xoO ZapTtsXtou, yvcoaxfj Ka ?????????-pvri n xfjv taxopta. 'Ac^ei opcoc; v oxa-paxfjaoups a Eva Suo aripria, tco pixopouv, Ttp' arto xf|v TtoKEtpEvtKf) vxtXr^ri xoG Kpt-xikou, v ??????????? xfjc; Ttoxfjc; xf| ysviK-XEpr) vxtSpaari. 'I5o at^vric; Ttec; ?????^? KpixtKc; xfjv vxTtcoari Tto xoG Kvt x ???? xoG ZoXcopoG :
mf|v xov Adiutgou xai tivcov rgcov te-(xnxicov vai itv tetoqveu|viov xa nsgtoacoc; ncovuxiOLivcov, 6(coc; douvapTfJTCOv, rcXrjv tivcov oXE6iaou.dtcov, ??????; jTOJivEvi;cov aiif]v vegLiavixoO navfre'iatio'O, tbaaiitoic; ??????????-tcov Jtpacorca, aiviyjj,atd>8r| 'xovtu xa xv Xo-Viotiv xa ?? eISoc; xa ttjv ?????, vai, n^fjv Xiycov tivwv dauppantcov ????????|[????^, tt)v aToiioXiav itpoaLiapTugouvxcov ??? XupixoO, o-Bv fj diroXeXEynvri ????? ??? 2??????> ????? oev eie; xXrigovoiuav Xo\ieXc, xa nXfjpec; j-xv 8oxip,iov.
'Aauvpxrrxa xEpxia ??1 appaTtxa ????????????, ?????????? aviypaxcSri 'xov-xa Xoytapv slvai ?????? Ttcbc; KptxiKc; ?????^1 xfjv Suvapia xou v KaxaX8r|.Ka ? copoXyriori yivExai m avEof] a aXXa
oripEia xoG ????????. ????????????; ?1???|<; Koppxia ait xoc; ?1?1??|????; Zxoxaapoc; (xoc; xao ttXoatoug a |3a8i, oxi opcoc; Ka KoXovr|xa vorjpaxa) ????1 :
'Ayvoto ti ????? auvdyei x tcv Scoxaspcv Torircov |t)vow; dvayvcotT)C, XX ?? ???' file ??????? oxi xa vvoc cruyxpvcoc; xa 8v vvoc ?? nEQisxttsva... "Av xat tuxt|v 8v 8iEtwtcoaa ??????????; vraffra tv xaXXoXoyi-xv ??? IIoir|Tfj XoydQifr ? ? v. ????-?????? ngt; tv ??????????^ tcv ZToxaaiicv kxX..
Ka XXoG, ???? ?????????) x (???[??|?; c;at-pExtK 5uaKoXovr)xo) 80 ??????????? ait x ?' ZXEoiaapa ("????'??, uvo ox' oveiqo fum L-veig ?? ccrega aovj :
'?????? iiv (>udiiixf|v dgpoviav, xotico auv-8goiif|v ETicfcovcov X|ecov, o^paivoiiai auyxsxu-iivriv Tiv Xugixf|v EcoSiav, XX' vc teivco T/f|v xeQa ???? ?? dvtVoc;, ? nayEfivr] ??? avOous axi yivsiai acpavoc,, 'Evvoc t\X. Ij
Xiyov fj O8V.
?? ??????????? Etvat, vopii^co, ????????-TtxiK. 'O ZapTcXtoc; Tto poXoyoupvcoc; 5v xoG eXeitte fj ???1?, o6te ??! Kttota TtoiriTiKfj EataSriaia & pvEi XTEXa auy-Kivr)Toc; tc toq ???????; ??? ZoXcopoG. Kxt KOEi , ???1 ?????1???1, SXei opcoc; Ka Kxi v vvofjariKa xxe vvoEt fj Xtyov fj oSv' x XouXoSt, Tto SvicoBe xf| pupcoi xou, yivsxai ??????. '? ZapuXioc; 6v fjxav Tt xoc; vSpcTtouq tco pixopoGaav v KaxaXBouv Ttcbc; axfj fj puSpiKfj ppo-via, axfj f| auyKEXupvri XupiKfj Ecoia Evai fj Bauuxspri ko fj irto KptBf| oaia xfjq Ttoiriaric;, ki' oxi aTtiaaxoc; iokioq Tto p-xaia KuvriyoupE p x XoyiK paq.
'Evvoc fj Xtyov fj oSv I T Xyia xoG ZapTtXiou 6 pitopoGoE v x Ttfj Kt' fj ito-?? xou 6?????]??|. 'Atto xfj Gaupaaxfj ?????-????] Tto ?'????? fj ??5???) xcv EptaKop-vcov, fj Xiyov fj o6v pnpsoE v ????-XBri fj ?????. Ka ouXXoyti^paaTE pfJTtcoc; fj BaSTEpri aTta Tto ZoXcopc; 5 5?)???(?? TiTtoTa ait ?? TEXEUTata aT axotapaxa, fjxav tacoc; fj auvSrior| Ttcbc; 5 9 yivouv ??-xavorix atto xoc; auyxpvouc; xou. MfJTtcoc; pEyXoc; paSripaxiKc; Evariste Galois, 5xav Ttatvs ara 21 tou xpvta, 5v ???)?? Ttapay-yEXta a' Eva ??? ?[?? v' uu9uv9fj otoc; Bo psyaXTpouc; pa9r)paTtKoq Tfjc; ???????;, tv Jacobi Ka tv Gaus, yiat aTo pvo, 'KptvE, fJTav a Ban v KaTaXBouv Tf| ory-paata tcv 9?????????? ??? ; 'H yXcaaa tcv pa9r]paTtKcv Elvat ????????????], ??????; Ka fj yXcaaa Tfjc; Ttoiriaric;. Ka fj ????????? Tto TtpoTtopsETat n rfjv ?????? ???; aa9vTat Kovr ??' XXa Ka Tf|v TttKpa Tfjc; povac;taq. ????????? xfjg yvgag /nov, OAco 1 fi v xM-???. 'H ?????? no EByatvav x EpiaKpe-va 5v fjxav Evo'Kfj yt xfjv Kaxavriar| ptaq ?????<; xao XuoiKfjq Ka xao acoxepi-


10
'? ZoXcopc ko o ayxpovoi ???
Ka TtspiooTspo 6 trj 6aupaCoupE,Tao ttspio-oxspo 6' ?????????????? ??????? Kaivopyia puaiiK, 8 koivcovops n tf|v docpairi ??/? ??]?, fj ttoa, ottc ?? Xei Sio
oto Zxoxaapoc ???, dnroppei tto t Geo, yt v ????????] ??? tXo ka TtXi ??? Geo.
AiNOZ nOAITHZ
ZHMEIQIEII
l.'O ??????? (EugicrxpEva, aeX.302) grit pa iiaptupsi ???? ?? ejuyqothlia ??????"?|?? x' t ? ? c t> r\ x e cereo tv ?01?)??|. ?????1 v ?????-??|?? ??????? ?? ????? iiovikpuXXo, ????? fjtav f| ouvr^ia ????, "laro ?????? v yj\ awbr\ 'v' vtiTimo, pi. ? i ? ? ? ? x i ? ?, ?? ?1????1? ??? 2??????? atf] ?????1??? ???1-sp xa Qcopao, 'Arrivai 1953 (Mlanges offerts Octave et Melpo Merlier).
2. "???? ?? "OvEipo tfj Mupia ('?????. 9) xa fj 'Hppa tf) Aauipfj ('??. 21), 8r| hoaieuiiva otrjv ?????????) to Gaetano Grassetti (????? 1812).
3. 2?>?????1 tcv yvc0(jtwv ftoitiiitcov ??? ?????. Aiovuaou Kofi. 2???????. 'Ev Zaxov&, T?l?OYgcI?eXov0 ZxTivtloc Kiovotavrivoi) Pcoa-aoXuou, 1867 (xSoari PcooaoXiiou). noirj-???? 2??????? xc 'Q8f| sic xv ttvatv ???. "Ev 'a''rjvcji, x ??? ???????????? T 'Atr|-vaiov, 1857 (??8???) mavtoabvoij ?????-?????), ??. xa "artavta. ??? 1, aX 323.
4. T BiBXo ??? ?. ? ? X s ? ?, '? 2?-Xcoiic xa o $avagicte, 1825 1891, MsX-??], MimXfjvr| 1936, elvai ypapLivo li' acf] rf]v ???????). Ti ?? ????? ???????? xal tic ????-Xe ??? BiBXou 6X. 'H X i u ? g ? ? ? -? i e g 8 ?), '? 2oXcopo ?' o "EXXtive, ?'. "Orav ?????? SoXcopc, 'Adf|va 1937 (xuyico ??' '??????????, ???. 165 ??.). 'Qoxao ?? BiBXo ???1???1 liaefivo ???? xa %q]ch\io OXix.
?. Cours de littrature grecque moderne donn Genve par Jacob a k y Rizo Neroulos. Genve Paris 1827 (Ka H. ?. ? ? v ? i e g i 8 ?] s. ., ???. 39-41).
6. 'A ? s a v S g ? u 2 ? ti ? a ? ?, ??-vpap.a ??? 'EXXSo ?) 2??????) rcoixxcov moir]aecov, Mpo Stjiepov, 'ev NaiwXi 1833 (BouTiEg8T) .a., oex. 13).
7. ? ? ? t i e g i 8 ? ??., cjeX. 56.
8. navuYbcTou2oT aou, T "Anavca, Tpo ???????, 'Ev 'Afrfjvai 1851 (Boi)TiEg8r) 6.ci oeX. 104).
9. 2eX. 54 (? ? ? t i e q ? oeX. 110).
10. "Opco ouvEXt,ei??????]???)?8??? ??? tf)v fatoSoxf) xco 'xabav o ?????? ??? 8oxiii [auto, BBaia, Evai pia aiHlapEtri epiir|va] ????????1???|?? o Xiyo ??? ?? noiritix ???8? ?\ ?10 ????? 8V ?????|) nia ???? yi tv aut ???. '? Ilagvaaao; 'xaoE ???? ??' auto' ???1??|, ??? xt' av etx6 Xattcoiiatix ?? 5gYava Yia T1 ????????) tcv lireveuoecv tot), evai ????? Hpoixiaiivoc; ?? t iiEYaXutEQE ixa-vott)te vo ?01?]??] : tr| ????|????)?? irj ?av?a oa, tv ij)r)Xo ????????, ttjv ???????????
??? aiot}ij(iato "av ??????^?] xavsi ??) ????|)?| ??? ??? ?? liixXcoSe vrpo nov tov kcvei oxo-teivv, tv ?????1 v ??1? u. tf)v ?10 ?????? reoi|tixf| X[ii))t). Kat ?????'???!ti xxo ; liegix ??????? ??? tv Y|xvoXX xai ??? T 8u *?8???1?. Esquisses de la littrature grecque moderne. Le Spectateur d'Orient 5 (1855/6) 235240 (? ? v ? i ? g i-8 tj oeX^ 138).
11. Acv, gitK (fvXX. 932 (15 Tavouapiou 1849), 933 (19 tav.), 945 (5 ????.), 948 (17 ????.). ?. ? ? X ? a, Kpuix ??? ZoXco-|?6, ?'. '? ?????] ??8???) ??? 2???????, ???-Xoyix No ??????, ???. 5 (Towio 1935), ???. 149165. ??. xtevc xai ? ? v ? i ?-? i 8 ?), ???. 61 89. 2'va ??????1?? ???.1???-?? auvtfixtri, ??? ????????1 iivo ?? ?' ??-xix ("????-?????? ???? f> evai Kepxupao Mapvo ???????????? ???????) cIpxi : M ?c(XXo?toav xapSiav ?'?????? v' ctvoplco ????-tipov drioaugov vaxaXll?flv?aevai r\ ouX-Xoyi] tcv aoXcoiiixuv ?olr|ll?evxai TEXeivei ??????????? ttiv nifl"u(ia, reiflnuav ???????) "EXXrivo, v' ci?ox?f|acopev xr\v IxSoaiv tcv ? v t to v ??? Svtco ??????, ??? ZoXco-??? 1 'H |????.,??????>?) ??? stvai dixuipri xal ??1??'|?|)1??| Yl(Itl T ?01?|???? ??? vtixouv a XxXripo ?? tlvo. 'Axoei, 2oXcoii ; ????-xgatet |vnv mQiovaiav ...??68?? tt]v, ??68?? tt|V ec tv Yvrjaiov xpiov tt|...>.
12."nav8cpa 7 (1856/7) 503504.
13 AvouIIoXtTT), XpovoXoYix ri-triiiata o ??1?111??? ??? ????????, Na 'Eora 36 (1944) 694.
14. t ? ? X ? ? ????????, noirj-iiata ???????, zoixiivilo 1856, otii ariiieicoori ?, oX 192 (??. xai ? ? ? ? i 8 q i 5 ? 144).
15. T EpiaxiiEva, oeX. va'-vB'.
16. 'AvaYga?fl tcv ttixf|eicov xai nmvr\-pauvcov Xyov ??. ???? 2 6 X. ? ? ? v 1 a' t x ?] xai N. B. T ?? p a 8 ci x ri, BiBXio-????? Aiovnaou 2oXcoiio,0,Xavil934,oex.40-41.
17. kai o u Xyoi |aia8ripooit)pvov ??? BiBXo ??5??? ot 2???(??, ????? B', Atl. "Ex-8oor) 2roxaoTfi, 1927, aeX. 133 xai 157 (??? Mapxog 3xi ?? ttaXix ??????????, XX rj ?ll?o)^lvrl iiai ato ??????? ?????????) o iii xaxoypaliliv) ???????????) ??? ?????-Sov ?8?1?????1 xai ot'i exSoi tujv 'Arcv-tcov ??? (??'??) 19; 6, Kovoliou 1952).
18. 'O Aiovuaict8r] M?ova^vlp ?.?-, 8i8-oxaXo at Axeio ttj Zaxve-ou, d-grive ?? vato ??? 2??????? p ????? 8iav4oiivo ???? : na 8v vTTixst ?XOv v tfj 'EXX8i, v Tfj xaXi TaiiTrj tcv ioraXoxLtcov Mouacv


"O ZoXcopc; Kcri oi ayxpovoi xou
9
Kfjc; oticoc; xoG ZoXcopoG xfjq xEXsuxaiac; TtEpt-8ou. 'H SeKaexia 1860 1870 aripaSsusxai duo xfjv TtspBoXrj xou popavxiapou auvxpo-cpEopvri dir evav Xova Ka m aaxripv Kal aKOcpTixov pxaop. ricc; v' Kouaxfj x Stoaypa xou ZoXcopoG, xt x 6a8 BuokoXo-vttxo XupiK Bioaypa xcv xsXEuxaicov xpvcov, dXX ki' ax Kpa x Xacppxspo Ka e-KoXcxepo xcv itpcxcov BripoxtKcv axixcov ; Zxrjv Ttpsvri EKaExioc 1870 1880 x up-paxa XEtpoxEpEuouv TtEptaoxEpo' xcpa Xe(-Ttouv ki' o XEXsuxaEc; XupiKq cpcovc;, ki' de; fjxav TtEpBoXiKc, fj SvaxEc;, oitcog xou fla-TtappriyTtouXou, xo Kapaaoxaa, xou Baat-XEtBrf fj Tronari vxiTtpoacoTtEUExai ait xfjv TCEC^oXoyta xou 'AxtXXcoe; riapdaxou, Ka xfjv Tcoir|xiKfi pnpia ETtiaripaivEi x KptxtK TtvsOpa xoO PotSr) axf| yvcoaxfj xou 5tXc;r yt xfj ouyxpovri Ttoiriar). 'ATtopovcopvoq axrj Ma-6ouprj ypcpEi 'ApiaxoxXric, BaXacopixr|c;, Xi-yo Ttpv Tt9vr|, x KaXuxEpo Ttoirip xou, xv OcoxEiv. "0,xi x e;XCopi^i dna x' dXXa (Ka xou ttou x TrpoysvaxEpa xa xcv XXcov x auyxpova) elvai, o xsXEuxai v-Xuar), fj EpyxiKf| KXrpovopi xou aoXcopt-kou oxlxou. Ki' opcoq 6 BaXacopixr|c; c/xvaXsi x 1877, o ypppa xou npq xv Potri, xv BXacpripo Xyo tto eTxe tisi EKoat xpvia Ttpv : 'O ZoXcopq ETtpsTC v pq eTxe cpfj-aEt Kxt TtEptaaxEpo n Eva pvov fjpvov Ka Xtyac; auvapxrjxour; axpoepc. 36 I
6 ETtpETtE pia dXXn ElStKrj pEXixn v Tta-paKoXou8fjor| xrjv KpixiKr) yt x ZoXcop dTt x Odvax xou, KaXxspa ait xrjv 'KOoar] tcv EptoKopvcov, eoe; xe; ppsc; paq. Av Etvat ax x Gpa xfje; or|ppivfjc; par; ptXt-aq. 'H pXxr| 8 TtiaxortotoOos ucq duo x irpcoxo c;cpviaapa Ka xrjv dTtoyorjxEuar) xcv ouyxpvcov, ysvt p ir) yvt TtpoxcopE fj Kaxavrar) xou aoXcoptKoG s'oyou, ucq kOe Ttoxf| TtpoaOxEt Kxt dir xf| 5iKrj xr]q sat-a8r|ata Ka upoauaSE v Etoxcoprjori ax pu-axtK Tto 'psvav epxaatppdyioxa yt xoq upcxouq Tto xd Ttfjpav ax Xpto: xouq. H iaxopta xfjq KptxtKfjq vxtpEXcmariq xou 'pyou xo ZoXcopoG 8a5[^i TtapXXr|Xa p xf|v iaxopta xfjq Ttotr|OT\c; par;, yEvtKxEpa p xrjv TtvEupaxtKrj paq iaxopta x xsXEuxata Kax Xpvta.
npwxri rj ysvt xoO 1880, rj yvt xou Fla-Xapd, yvcoptq'si Ka KXtpa xoc; cpxavr]aicxq uiyovouq xou ZoXcopoG upcoxa, xv Sto x ZoXcop m uaxEpa. cO FlaXapaq, fj m axu-pr\ TtVEupaxtKri TtpoacoTtiKxr|xa xfjc, yEVtdr; Ktvr)c;, dTt TtoX vcop'tq Kcppc^Ei x 8aupa-ap xou yt x ZoXcop a' sva veovik xou Ttolripa 87. Ka x Oaupaap xou axv xv XoKXr|pcvt axe; psXXEc; xou Etypaxa aitviac; KptxtKfjc; f;xr|xac; Ka Ba8uxaxr]<; Ttot-r|xtKfj<; ato8r|aiac;. Elvai ekeIvoc; Tto Ttpcoxoc; c;Xcoptc^t xf| pouaiKf) ipuxfj xfjq Ttotnariq xou ZoXcopoG Ka |3p(aKt dvaXoytEc; p x kgci-vo'''pyne tte oiSaypaxa xqv aupBoXtaxcv Ttotr)xSv xfjv evapori dKpiBSc; xou pouaiKoG
axotXEtou dvaXoytEq Tto vxuvouv (ypcpsi) p pt dc;acpvr| vExiixa xf|v Ttotr|ar| xou Zo-XcopoG.
'Arto xoc; m aripavxtKOc; axaSpoc; xfjr; ao-XwptKfjc; KptxtKfjc; ax axEpxfipa xpvta Etvat XcopQ dpcptBoXta'H riotr|ar| axf| Zcofj par;(1923) xoG Ttwri 'ATtoaxoXaKr|, rtpwxou Ka9r)yqxfi xfjr; VEOEXXriviKfjc; cptXoXoyac; ax navETtiaxfj-pto EaaaXovKric;. KptxtKq t;c; dXX Ka Bpipc; 6 'ATtoaxoXKriq, vxaaEi t Oaupaap xou yt x ZoXcop paa a pt yEvtK-xspri KptxtKf) dvxtpExcTtiari xfjr; TtvEupaxtKfjq Kotvcovtac; xoG Katpou xou. T |3po<; xfjc; KptxtKfjc; xou Ttcf)Xi TtEptaaxEpo axv i5oXoyt-k Kapo xoG ZoXcopou Ka XtyxEpo axf| Xu-ptKf] KcppaaxtKf) TtpaypaxoTtotr)ori. Maa a' ax x TtXaiato paq eScoce 'AiToaxoXKric; Saupaaxc; ppriVEtEc; xou 'pyou xou ZoXcopou, Stccoc; xoG "Ypvou, xou KpnxiKoG, dXXcov.
I.fi Zx 1927 fj K5oor| xcv *'Avk5oxcov "Ep-ycov dTt xv Kcoaxa KatpocpXa, ki* dq fjxav xao KaKfj, dvotyfi fjpcoc; KatvopytEc; rtpoo-TtxiKc;, KaSc; yt Ttpcxr] cpop dTtOKXuTtxE xfiv uuapc;r| xcv xipoypcpcov Ka pac; ekove v KaxaXBoupE x[ Katvopyta axoiXEa 8 pitopoGaE v 5car| pt tuo vxaxiKf| KpExX-XEuafj xour;.
'ATt xxe, x xEXEUxata xptdvxa xpvta, ZoXcopg ax9r|KE ax Kvxpo Ka xfjc; cptXoXo-ytKfjc; Ka xfjr; XoyoxsxvtKfjq KptxtKfjq. 'H y-vt xou 1930 EcpEpvs ki* axfj, oitcoq Ka fj ysvt xoG 1880, pt Katvopyta dvavcoar| ax ypdppax par;. "Oxi pvo fj Ttotr|ar|, dXX Ka fj KptxtKf] vxiKpt^Et x Ttppaxa tuo Tt8u-va Ka tuo aoBap, Ka c;pi v Tcoxtpfjarj a oXr| xour; xf|V c;[a xq pEyXsq popcpq xoG TtapX8vxoq. "Aaxoxq auyKpaEtq, dvpEoa axv naXap Tt. X- Ka x ZoXcop, Tto xc; yvvr|0 tacoq fj vxtpaari axf| Bptpxrixa xfjq KptxtKfjq xoG 'ATtoaxoXKri yt xv Ttpcxov, daxoxcxEpsq Ka opaXEpc; Kptaaq yt x fj9t-k vaxrjpa xoG Ttoirixfi, afjpEpa fj xouv x-Xta Ttapapsptaxfj fj kvouv oKpTtta xfjv p-cpviafj xouq a dv6uva 5r|poatpaxa.
Zfjpspa, yt xoq m Tt8uvouq cpopstq xou TtvEupaxtKoO paq TtoXixtapou, ZoXcopq cq dt;ta Xt xoTto8xr]8fj arq Kopucpq, 8uou 5 XMPE^ fj dpcptSoXta. 'O kkXoc; Tto dvotc; p x aaxtapa Ka xf|v diroyorjxEuar duo xfj 5r|poatuarj xcv EptoKopvcov xl KXstaEt Kax Kdrtoto xpiro afjpEpa BBata xi pioxtKd. ZfjpEpa pnopoOpE v piXoups p xv lBio TtEpiptaxo Saupaop, p xv Tcotov EtapE v ptXouv oi ayxpovoi xou dpacoq px x 8dvax xou. M pt pEy-Xr] Ka oatcSri tacpop : uq ar|ppivq Saupaapq paq Etvat 8pXicopvoq axf| yv-ari yvcari oKtpaapvri dir KaT xpvcov pEuvsq Ka xaXavxEostq. Ka 5v xXEtcoaav oi puvq, Ka 5v xXEtcoaav tacoq oi xaXavxEastq. "H yvcari TtXripcvExat KpiB, Ka 5v 'xst xppa. Ka xf|v Ttoiriari xoG Zo-XcopoG oao TtEptaaxEpo xf| yvcopic^oupE, xao


'? ZoXmlio Kai oi auyxpovot ???
11
xal Tfj "Atqutcovti, fj fjSupeXfi ai8f| ??? oi-8?? 2???????, "Ypvo ???... vunEpiiixEi oi'reaocov tcv yXcoaacv xaD'dreaaav xi\v kpfj-Xiov Kai %gi too datspeVTOc oupavo vmpo too 2??????? ?? ci(tqpior|Tov ovopa. 0 8ix?i-Yqoc nXi "AyyEXo Zfjo xaTopocvei, p jtagpoio xal ni jtiTTi8EU(xvo ?????) ????, va iiT|v ??\ ????????? ?????? ?? oaiaaux.Mai p tv ToijXio TimXSo, |apsar| atf] yXcaaa ?????????? xal Elav. Xictr|c, iaropixo Tfj 'Ejuavfjaou, ???) ????????)?? v auyxEgar] tfiv ?????|)?| EnioTt)novixrj ??? yXcoaau p ????? ???? irj SrinoTixfj' at tXo ????? eaXs (ato xa U. ????1? StlEar) xioupogioTixfj ;) tf| ar|-???????) : Tfj naga tcv xatlapiCvrcov tf)v yXcaaav auyyvcoiiti tuxev alrotiiila, e Tfj ??? ???????? xoivc xaTaXrii|na 'vexev reXfj vcpXi ?????????? xpriapEtla !
19. A. Zfjo, oeX. 7.
20. 'Ispopovaxoc ?. 2????????|?, oeX. 14.
21. AtH.
22. Na IIav8pa 7(1856/57) 568 (????.168, 15 ????. 1857). ?????? ait tic paptupie ???) TtmcvovTai Sc, xal aXXe xpa, piaxovTai BipoaisupvEc oiv ?. ? ? X t ?, '? 2????-pc xal o >avagiutEc, oeX. 16 28.
23. "Eto 10', agio. 1499, 19 Oeg. 1857.
24. BX. ?? XEiiiEva otv ?. ? ? X ? ?, ?.. ???. 22 25, ???? ????? ?? nsioSio ??-pouai8tai pEyEfluiievo xu axoXitETai caro-Xa. "?????????? Elvai xal ?? axXio ??? auvoSeei to ????? ??? ?. 2otooi> yi ?? 2o-Xcop (X. ?????????).
25. '?????. "HXio, dp. 106, 2 Mapuou 1857, aeX. 2 (fj ????????? rjrav eSopaSiaia).
26. "Eto KA', dpi*. 890, 16 ????- 1857, asX. 3606.
27. '???????? tcv 'E|cot8pixcv f|tav tote "??. P. Payxafjc.
28. '? ?1??????1?, ????. 96, 23 ????. 1857. '? ?1??????1? "EXXrjv, ????,??1? ??????) xal ?1?????1??| (x8tt)C 2. '????????)?), eto ?', ????. 138, 28 ????, 1857. 'Af}r)v, ????. 2528, 20 ?ep 1857 (? ? X ? a .d. asX. 1719). 'AiooT)p8coT ??? ?????1 ?????????; "EX-Xt|V : Elvai XimTjgv on Xiya 'pya tfj yya-?18?? ??? Aiovuaou 2?????? yvcopopEV . 'EXreiopev 6ti f| oixoyveia ??? dEiiivfjaiou oiSoO . dXEi x8caEi toc en dvExStouc jtoifjaei ??? Aiovuaou 2??????, oxi saicoc ????? 8|???????}{| Si* atcv f| el t ????-Xopva ysvE ????8??1? ??? viiatc toi), Siati pxofici ?? yvcooT fjpv>.
29. ?? ilgoXeyiiEva, runcopva uatEp'drc ?? ??? acopa ??? iXiou, ile ???????] prlpr]-??) oeXScov, 'xouv XQovoXoya 2(14) 'OxTcopiou
1859. Tf)v ??????| dvayyEXa tj kSoseco pi-axeo OTf)v ?????. Tfj ZaxiMkiu, ????^ ??? ??-vou xai Pfjya, 23 'OxTiogiou 1859.
30. '??? xE ?????1 vsctEgoi gEuvrit (?. ?^?????????, N. ?????????)? ?. a.) tf|v -vopaouv sxSooT) TEpdxt]. Eivai ???1?????|-ar) xai daeEia ???? tv pxfro ??? ??????. 'H xSoari tcv Epioxoiivcov ?????1 v p-v] OTTJ lXlOYpa?a ib 'x8oari IoXuX !
31. "A ????1??>?1 xal ??'?? ?'|? ??? uo r\ TpE |aigoi tfj Twaixa Tfj Zdxuilo> ?-?' 2oXtoiio ????? tv ???????? fj 'xSo-or] xevt] Evai 2oXcufio ????? tv |poi)u.E Ki* he axopa afjpEpa.
32. 33. 'H 'Hiipa, EXXrivixfi ???)???1? v ???-VEOiT), 30/11 NoEpp. 1859 ("EnitfvXXi, BiXia vE0?avfj). ?? tj yXcaaa tcv ripoXEyoiivcov ?????1 : Mf] ???? ???? f| xuaa ??? ovou SiXEXToc, fj 8??????? ttj SovXo ???, ?? argot tcv xaipycov e ?? ????? fj 'EXX mrjpx ????8881???????|, 8v ???????1' touXxi-atov 8v TurevBtai' t XXrivix aroiXBa ???-vaotatov, xafrcb 8?avaa?a?o?v ?? iraXix tav ???????! 8i* atcv fj 8idXsxTO ??? ?????) Tfj BVETa>. Kai yi rf) SidXEXTO tcv d-?????? 'Entaviiacov e'xei t avtigpfjaEic ttj f| ?????????, ???? 8v ??]\ xaTaXaaivouv o dXXoi "EXXrjvE. T U ??) : Aya ? i ? ij X i ? yr ??? atgyco ; ?? '&vo, otE e tcv o-vcv reoiT]tcv xai ?????????^ tv driSfj xu8a-apv retatloSpops ?????, oie e tcv ? ? -?????1???????? to ????^^??? va-aiisvtsTai. 'AxoXoutJe pariv tiv 8v, fTi dysi arito, dvcopdXco dXX eaicoc, e ttj ??????1??)? ?>???8?1?? ?? yLEXaftga*.
34. 'AvExSoTo ?????? ??? BaXacogtr) ???? tv KcovoTavtlvo 'Aario. Na 'Eata 7(1930) 125 127.
35. SavaSriLioaiEuiivo at iXio Tiipco ar 2oXcoj.i (???. A'), Afl' i 'xSoor] 2???????), 1925, pati p T|V dnavtrjOT) ??? I. ??????, IItIev f| ??????????? ??? ?. 2?. ZapneXou.
??.'??????????? BaXacogTOt). Bio xai "??-??, ???- ?' ('??. 1907) ???. 219.
37.Tpayo8ia ttj atgiSoc ???>(1886,???.140). '? Sio ???????, axv ??????? Tfj x8ooEto MapaoXfj ('Ail. 1901), oeX. v',6reoar|p. 1, dva?-govta ?? ??(?|?? oripEicvEi ???? ?'?t f| 8a ??? 2??????0... ??????) ???? 8ExvEtai XXii, '|co ??? TT|v xafriEgcopavri i8u ??? tpayou8iatfj ttj 'EXEufrEgiacx.lig. xai ??? ?????1 atv ??????? rfj 8Eijtpr] exSooti tcv TpayouBicv tfj IlatpiSo Liou oeX. x'.


EMEIS KAI O IOAQMOI
AOKIMIO I
npoeeiEr: kai antiitazfii
Toiovtoxqjhds fi Msxaqjvaixfj 'yivs (Pvaixipy 1
(2 x o % a a fi o )
"O ZoXcopq elvai i5aXiaxfjq oxfrv Koapo-Bswpa xa axfjv AEoBnxiKrj. ETvai paCi Ka Ttplv dir' Xa Tcoirixrjq. Foiripa BXei v kvei, oct slvoi t pXr|p tou' oXa x' aXXa Elvai BoEiq TtappVEq art1 xr\v TcvsupaxLKrj xpaipai-pa tou KaipoO tou. Kavdq v ^EcpsuyEi dir t Xpvo tou, Ttcoq Sv TtapaixEixai dir' tv dpa tco vaTtvEi. Xpoq tou v pTtst otv i6ia-Tspo k9e (pap Ka povaSiK pu6p tou xp-vou Ka v auvxoviasi p" axv tv TtaXp tou. cO ZoXcopq dir' t vr\a'i tou vanvEi tv TtXax pi^ovxa, Ttcoq xc,v eIxocv 5iapop Ka oi Zxoxaapoi av BECopfjaEiq Ka x Ttoiripa 'EXeBepoi noAiopKripsvoi av irp-E,r\ papTupoGv svav iXEiTtTo 5papaTtK dyc-va, pia dKaTdTtauaTT Kpiari, tco KaTaXrjyE,^
1. Ol ifpaeiq dir toc; ZTOxaaLioc; Ka dir x npo\yiiva. tou [~]oXu\a, kccSc; Ka o ojiyoi, ano Tt^v EKoari "Arcavra "iKapoc; 1948, xlioc; rcpco-xoq, raiiXeia anneicasiq Avou noXTr|.
2BXiie Ka T. 'ArcoaToXKrt 3.Ti Trjv itonvcoar] Ka rf] [iova;i xou XoXco-Hou Xeits : c0 2o\o3Lxq aia yp^Liax tou Avou roTr].
a 6ic;ooo. Av pTtopsT v ^nyriBEL dX-Xoifiq t Ttapc;Evo Tysyovq v psivsi Tco-OTtaapaTtK t Ttoir|pa Ka oXa x' dXXa xfjq p" Ttepiou. Oute fj TtpoaTtdBEia v tto-t^ei xfj yXcaaa oute XXoi Xyoi, oao ki v cpaivovTat v Bapaivouv ot dnoxXEapa, rj 8Kr), oao ki dv f| KapSi xou 'pEivs Bav-aipa payiapvri Ka f| uopvcoari 3, rj ppc-axsia dKpa, tco apxtaE v tv voxXst dito r 1844, arrjv dpxr) acopaTiKcoq Ka pvo ax 5u TEuXsuTaa XP0VLQC ?ur^ T0U
(18551857) 6pT[cov~KTtoTE xr\ XapTtpTriTa xou voq tou, OTav XoyapidaoupE oxi x TCoir|-pa axEtd^ovxav dir x 1826. flpTtEi v TtpoaxEBE Ka x toox, otcou KaxcpsuyE q rriv Kaxxplarli Yld v' dTtaXXayEL dir t ys-vik 5siXiaapa, rto auxv aiaBavxav p-x xr\v K5fjXcoar| xfjq dppcaxELaq. "OXa si-vai Ttapyovxsq LmoXoyrjatpoi, p 5v pito-poGps v xoq TioScaoupE XKXr|pri xrjv e-Buvr]. "H5n dna x 1828, tco Ttpaas axfjv KpKupa ti' xfjv vyKri v' dcpiEpcoBEi oXoq axr| psXxi] xfjq Txvriq, yivExai tuo TticpuXa-KxiKq, TcauEi v' vaKoivcvsi aToq (piXouq tou 'pya tou, coote fj itopsia xoG TtvEpaxq xou 'pEivs puaxfjpio yi oXouq. cO Sioq eTxe 5r|-Xasi (1834) oxi Apirpoq 8 psivEi Tt-airaapa KaBq dXXcoaxE Ka Kpr|xiKq. npv dKpa axuaouv oi dXXoL Xyoi, Ttapou-aidc^Exai x (paivpsvo v' dcfifjvEi TtOLr)Tf|q x fe'pya xou dTtoaTtaapaxiK' Tropvcoq Kpioq Ka BaBuxspoq Xyoq tcptcei v fjxav nvEupa-xiKq : pia Kpiari Sixcoq 5i;oSo, iro Ttpvsi xfj popcpf] xoG dviKavoTcoirixou.
* *
T 5ie;oSo sivai xfjq popcpfjq p xfjv o-oiaaxiKTJ aripaaia, oxi pvo xfjq Kcppaar)q. 'O ZoXcopq sivai, Bappo, Sixaapvoq dv-


'us, Kai SoXcopc;
13
pEaa oTfjv dTtaTriari Tfj iSa Kai Tfjv Ttai-??|??| xfjc; Ttorianc,. 'O t&EaXiopc; ??? ????????, ao pai Kai fj ???1?]?1??> ??? ouvr|ar), ???-vouv as pr\xi. ?? ?????????????, ???? ???? Kai a ???? vea ditTCEipa, ?? papTupov. '? TcoiriTfjc; Ttasi v' dvaKoivcbvE ????? ?(????; ?? ???? ???, yiaxi fj TcotriTiKfj ??????) yvETca Xo Kai m TtoX ???????? ???????????]. Av 'xei TTtoxa v' vaKoivrjoEi, yiaxi ?(???? ???? Sv sivai vaKOivcooipo. Evai Xa TcipovEc; ?????????1?;, tto iapKCoc; dvadXXovTai Kai Ttox v Ttapvouv ?????,.
'? ????????.???????; paa ???, v evat 5uva-tv v UTtoxcopfjoEi KvovTac ekoXouc; oupi-aapouc p Tfjv 5a, SuaiCovTac; ?? ?????? ??? ??????. 'Ewoe v ??????;1 Tfjv La, v Tfjv KvEL ait f;coKaXXiTEXviK ?????? paov. 'E5<3 Evat, tuoteco, ?? Kpatpo ar|po. cO Ttoir]Trj oute pi attypfj v prcopEL v 9uai-at, onco XXoi, Tfjv ???^??) oTfjv ia. 0 ?? 9Ecopoa aco ??????|?? v ???? Tfjv Ttoiriari vupa Tfjc iSa. 'Yirpxouv Savai-pa papTfjpaTa ??1 ottjv Aio6r)TiKfj, otcco OTfjv 'H6iKfj. 2??8?|? fjpcoK ??? Kpaipo ar\-pso Ttpoarta9cVTa, v KdpEi Tfjv Sa cofj, v Tfjv KapEi v ywri8, v tce Kavs, v Tfjv vaapKcasi, cote v yivEi fj ia fj oaia Tfjc cofj : ToiouTOTpoTcot; fj ??????????) EyiVE OuaiKfj.
Oi STOxaapo, Ka6ava p' XXo ???-to, anavaXapavouv ?? io TtpoXrjpa. cO TtoiTTfj, KaTaaTpvEi ?? axoi ??? a ysvi-????????; ypappc, ?? axio Kai ?? ???? ????? TtpiTEi v Ktvn8 fj ??????], yi v ???????-?????1?]9?1 ?? puoTijpio Tfjq vadpKcoar|c;. ???????^ Xrj9ia, yi puaTfjpio, tco 9 ????-??????]9?1 otv Ep X^po Tfjc; ??????; : fj v-????????| ??? ?????????, fj yvvrior vc 9eou vBpcTTOu, tto irpTTEL vvai v8pcoTtoc; p aap-?? Kai ????, p Xa ?? KivfjpaTa Tfjc; ????? Kai ??? ????????, Kai auvpa 8sov v, Xa' pic; v TtaEi vdvai oute pt OTiypf| v9pcnot;. T 8elov fj ?? TtvEpa kotoikel paa axv v9pcoT[o : to apitETai fj yfj Kai ??????-???????? vayKOovTai v c;OKTtaouv eL ?? d8r] ????; Tfjv yioavri Tfjc; ????? tou. .. '? ZoXcopc; ?? moTEei, ?? XETtei ???????? y-??? ??? v ??? ?avEpwv?al p xLXia ou ??-VEpcpaTa, Trio TtoX ??? paSiK ??????? ??? MsaoXoyyiou. T TtvEpa &v Evai ????-pEar), Evai ?? aBoc; Tfjc; cofj, tco ????????-ETai paa otv tcvo, fj ycoavr] Tfjc; ??-Xfjcs. Auto to auvTTjpEL ??????????? ?? asa-ap Tcpc; tv v9pcoTco, tv totco9ete a ????-pa 8pr|aKEUTiKfj. M 9ec; Evai Kai paa ???; Kai Ttvu ???? ??? 'H i&a ??? TtvEpa ??? TtpxEi Kai cS iSa aTfj ??9' auTfj, co ????????] ?????????????|?? fj ??? ????????? aoTripa, ????? ???????? v ??????? Kai v s-
8e pai ??? piKpq KkXo Tfjc; yfi'ivnc; oTiypfjc;, Kai toto to kiv tv viKavoTcoir]-?? ????? ??? ??9(???? xfjc uXtjc; paa a pia ??????????? TtvEupaTiKfj Kai aia8riTiKrj yaXfjvri.
AiapKcoc; ???????? ??? &io iXriPpa, ??? TpayiK doupiaaTo. M ???? ?????? fj Tcoir)-TiKfj ?????;?| 8 Kivri9 Ttvw a' sva ttoio vxcvopiK pETaxpio ; T io Kpaipo ar|-pEo Koiaaypvo dir ttj pspc Tfjc; ??????-apvriq ALa8rvTiKfjc;. T clo irvEupaTCK ????-Xr)pa TtapvEc ???) aiaSriTiKoO TtpoXfjpaTOc; Kai adv ????? dvTipETConiCETai paa ??? 'p-yo. 'O dycvac; ??? SoXcpo Evat ttc; v ?? Xoei eoe; TcoiriTfjc; tco vEpys, xi cae; Stavor]-Tfj tco ?? ?????????? T ppa ??? Evai ala8r]TiK, Tfj ????^?; to 'pyou, p Tf|v o-aiaoTCKf] aripaaia, 9Xco v ???? Tfjc; Bripioup-yiac; to pyou, Kai xi pavo oTf|v ???) ???. ?? ???. fj EoKfj ?????, yaivEt adv ??-vTtEia dir Tfj OTipioupyiKf] pyvcoari, tco inei ?? TcdvTa. Kai Tav vaq TtoiriTfjc;, tccoc; 6 ZoXcopoc, Siop9cvi &iapKq ?? otxo ??! ?????9??1 ???????????;, ?? KdvEi dir Xyouc; tcoX a9UTEpouc; ????' ??? ???????? fj oxEv ai-o9r|TiKfj idp9pcoor| vc; ??????, fj Tav sc;a-?va ???????1?1 v avaTcXdasc Xo ?? 'pyo a ETEpri Kai TpTq ?????\...
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"??? sixvouv ti SoXcopo dvTipETco-tclei iapKc; ?? Xo TtpoXripa. Av exel v ??????????1 ??? v ????1 Eva Tcorjpa, v ??????? pi ?????? ?^???, e'xei v Xoei va TtpoXripa Kai v ypai Eva d9oc. 'Qc; ???? ?? Ttoripa 'xsi xpo ??1 XPvo, ??????? 6r)Xaf| v 'xei, yi v veXixBe Kai v ???-pEi acopa, ao aeoc ki' v apvsi paa ???. Ta TtXaaia ????? ?? exei KBs noiripa Kai TCoioufJTcoTE e'Souc;, ???????1 ?? pyaviK 5ik ??? Xpo Kai XPovoi BrpioupycvTac; vTr|Ta Kai auvxfiia, ???! ????? Evai fj ??^???1??| ??? ???|. '? Tcoir)Tfj, ???? ?????-Tfjq, vTipTCOTcii ?????????1?? tfjv vTriTa, 8pa ??????????? ; Tfj oaiac; Kai Tfjc; pop-??? pai Tfjv &ia Tfj aTiypfj. TiaTEpr) a-?????) exei fj vOTnra a' va 'pyo SsaXiaTi-k Kai KXaaaiK. liapouaidETai oc pydvco-ar) ???? paa, cbg auvxEia an' Ico, xaP TTtoTa ?? ??1?? fj TCEpiaaio ??? avoXo Kai ??? ?????????. T Tcoripa Tcapvsi Tfjv Tcai-TopEvri XoKXfjpcoari paa dir pia didKO-
???| TtopEa, KTCOpEETai dTC T TCVEUpaTIK
??? KvTpo Kai dTtXcvTai a8piaia ????; ??1 tco pnopov v TcSvE o acoTEpiKc; ??? u-vaTTrjTsc;. 'AiroaivEi va TcXfjpEc; idov v-TiKpvo, vac; ?????? ?????????????;. '? ZoXcopc; c;KivaEi, 8????|?1?? TouXxiaTov, yi pia ????? viTrra, exei Tfjv ????????) v ???????1 Tfjv ioTopia ??? ?????, ?? ttoov pxivdEi dir ?? ?????? Kai yup^Ei ic; a-tv, ???? TtepiXBei, oc; apac; CETuXiypoo,


?
Eps Kai ZpXcoLic;
SXe, tic; ???????; ??????. . Ma OTfjv Ttpr) ptoKEiai iapKtbc; ???????? a avuTtepXrixEc; vxiaxaaEi.. To uotipa svai uvaxo v ????-XwprjaEi Ttvco a xxoia ypappfj, arcvEi.
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H voapKCoor) xfj ?????????; t&aa paa a covxav acopaxa pia ouyKEKpipvric; axiypfj, Xpvou aTciaXXEi pia vfjXEri ???????????] xfj oXri,. TEyovxa Kai KivtjaEi xfjc Ka8ripEpiv-xrixa v pTtopov v Tcpouv p Kavva xp-??? voripa ??1 v' vxaTtoKpiBov axrjv ia, toKXEovxai, yt v pEVEi ,xl aio v Tt-pi aot; ??1 ?????, XWP'IC- v TtpoScoaEi xrjv ra8avo?vla xo TcpaypaxLKoG. Zxeveei xai TtoX x TtXaxo. xfjc yrjvri cfjc; a pspiK axiyp. 'AiroKXEovxai ????? Kai TtoXX ki-vrjpaxa xfjc ?????, Y1" va psivsi fj m TtoX-xipri TtXfiup, fj oaia. 'o ZoXcpo ???1" poTioiE TtavxoG xfj Xc;r] oaia vxoXoyiK.: essenti. To aauptaaxo Tfj ?????????
ia ??1 xfjc; auyKEKpipvric; cofjc; yvExai xpopaKxiK. co Nxvxs KivEixai ax puSiK Xpo xv vEKpv ???? tc xf| yfj xoxr]' xi Tcvco axf) yfj, ??? Saupaax ????????? xr|. "? ZXXsp xPlaipoTcoiE ???? Kavva p-???? 4. "? pGo Evai va xoipo Xikj t-Ka8apiapvo ???? ??8? ??????????1?? axoi-XEo TCEpixovxac; x ??????? xfjc; ioa pai. p x oxoiXEa xfjc; ?????? a ????????????] ??-xaxaari. '? uoir)xfi; exst v vaTcx;i Kai v axixoupyfjaEi (p xf|v ????????? oripaaa), vxipsxcTciEi pvo TtpoXripa XEXViKfjc;. '? ZoXcopoc TcaipvEi va auyKXoviaxiK yEyovo ???? xf|v ?????) TcpaypaxiKxr)xa, tco ??? Kl" v TCEpiXEi xv Tcupfjva xo uvEUpaxo, ????? va p9oc, Evai cbaxao yfjvii Xri Kai ????)-pfj, tco vxiaxKExai r pi xao ????? ava-ycoyfj ??! pEXouotcoari. Av xst v1 axoXri8 pvo p XExviKfj, XEi v inpioupyfjaEi n1 xf|v pxn xv ????? xou p X"pa ??1 ?????.
II
?? ?????????? KAI H TQPINH LHMAIIA TOY
(2ro%a(fio )
?? Ttoripa aTpfj9r]K Tfjv Kvcjari Kai Tfj 5par], ?? Kpta auaraxiKa xoG tcouc;, 'yivs axaxiK. CH mKfj iropEa ?????? Kai pai ??????? Kai fj vxrixa. "Epsivav viiaiEc;, va pxiTcXayo ???? XupiK ??????????;- T 5i-psaa KEv 8 ?? ypis Kvriari Kai Sopuoc;, ???????????? TtsiKviar]. Z' va pu8iK Xi-k Kai oi XETCTopEpEiaKc; Kivfjast, ?? fjpaTa Kai oi XEipovopEc;, xouv vripa, yiaxi p-??? ax avoX xou xoTco6EXExai ec ?????? Kai xpvou, vc o Kivfjasic; Kai x fjpaxa xv TcpoawTicov ax pyo xoG ZoXcopo yi-vovxai iravco ax X^pa xfjc yrjc. O fjpcsc; Evai Ka8rippivoi Kai vcvupoi v8pcTcoi, TKva Tfjc; yfj, uvco a' va cbpiapvo XPOVO Kai xTco. ???; v Ttpouv acpva 5iaaTaEic; puSiKv ovtcv, otccc; ?? rcaiTE pi fjpcoKf) mKfj av8Ear|, yt v pitopov v KivoGvxai p psyXa fj apEia fjpaxa. ???? xi ???-Sasi xou Tcoir]xfjc;, TcaKoovxac; axf|v vuTtp-Xrixn vyKri, TcpoxcopE p ??????, ???^??-???; Tciaco ??? pfjypaTa, tco ?? yspiEi fj ai-Tcfj. ???; ????? v ixpouv fjpcoKc; iaaxaasic; av8pcTtoi xfj yfjc;, tco fjpcoapoc; xouc; v Evai fjpwapc; pycov, etcikc;, svai fjpcoapoc; awxEpiKOc;, xfjc; ????<;, fjpcapoc; xfjc; 'HBiKfjq vxoxfj, xfjc; Kivr]aiac; xoG TCVEpaxoc; vxi-??? ax 8opuo xfjc; uXric;. ToGxo Evai laco fj m avuTtepXriTri vTOTaar] tco ???????
Tfjv KXaaaiKfj vTriTa Kai TcopEa. T fj9iK pEyaXso iv Evai oiXou ????????? yi ?????;, Evai yi Xupiap. ?? Ttor)pa Ttriyavovxac; yi ETtiK yivE XupiK, ????? XupiK p ???????????) ????????|??.
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E!vai XoiTcv pia noxuxia ; ZxExiK p xic; pxiK; TcpoSasir; xoG Tcoirixfj, vai. "Iacoc; TcoiT]xf|c; v SecopoGoe x* ???????????? cb Ttpoacpiv mxEypaca tco 8??????? v e-TTEpaaxoGv. "laco vBeXe v x E^aviaEi, av x xXoc; xou Sv pxxav vcopiq Kai auv-xpiTtxiK, ?????? x 8XriaE BipyiXio yi x ?????; xou, Tto ZoXcopc; xv 8apas Kai xv exe TcpxuTfo yi Tfjv apsTri aTixoup-yiKfj ???. M Kai axETir p xfjv aia8f|xiKfj yccyf) Kai ???1??)?? xfjc; ???????; ??1 xci Ttpa. M TcoyofjxEuari yivav ????? x1 uopEiv-pia. 5. Av fjxav Suvax v iKavoTtoifjaouv v-SpOTcou Tto TcaiTov XoyiKf) auvXEia Kai
4. Kuptc otI ???[(??|??(; Mna\XavTS> ihra '0 outnxTiii. O YEpavot ??? '?????, To ?????-X'ibi ??? ?????????], 'H Yyur|ar| ?. &.
5. ?? 6|ij ????? ?? dviiTuCs ?. ?. ???(??)? ?' 'iva ??? Xyo ??? ?? Kocxxpova ??? 2oXcitou : '? 2oXcou.q kcc o oyxpovol ???. ^xv loto Xyo i-Sie ??! tfiv loiaTEpt] ??|???[? tw -italpvet yi ii ariiiEpa f) noipati xo ZoXoitoO.


'Eueq kcx ZoXcopg
15
vor|LiaTtKrj SayEia. M afjpEpa, m tcoX ???-p tcot, etoi ?????? elvai Kal pXiata TtsiSfj et vai stai ?????? si vai t Ttoir)pa, Ttaipvsi pia aXXr] ????9???)??| vTeXcc, 51?????1??), K puopsi va Kepoiasi irj anpaaia Ka trjv <;io-Xyr|ar| Tto ??? ????1.
ZKTtxopai t 9 fjxav ?? Tuoiripa v ?? Ei/ape XoKXripcpvo, p pyaviKrj vTr|Ta Kai auvXEia p8ou, TtXrjpr] dvTaTtKpiori pop-??)? Kal TtEpiEXopvou, tco vvai air' Xec, Tlg pEpiq teXeiqpvo, p SiayEia, etoi tcd Kal axlg XETtToppEiEg Kal ??? avoXo v TtpoSivEi p0avTiK ?? vtip ???. cfrav B-Baia Mva 'pyo tcoX aripavxiK, ???? Egrepva pia pTtaXXvTa toG ZlXXsp, p Tfjv Tcoia ???? ??????? ??????? vaXoyisg ??? vripa Ka ???) ?????] ??1 ????^? ,??9???| ttjv ????-9???|, ??????; KElvr), ??1 Tfjg iSsag tco ?? yv-vr[a Ka Tfjg KTtoXiTiaTiKfjg ??? ?????????]-xag. drav Eva 'pyo KXaaaiK p Tfjv eiSiktj aripaala, tco 9 ?? cipaps fj5r) ???? B8og Ka TtXrog. 0 ?? 9aupaap Ka pai^i 9 ?? c;xvoaap. 0x TCEpaEi ??? xPla pag xcv 5aaKXcov, yi v ?? ??????????1??-?????, ?????? yivETai p ??? ?? KXaaaiK p>a. BpiaKouv etoi Mvav ?????? v piroCv ???) i^cfj Ka v pf] pvouv TispiTT Ka vK-pETXXEUTa. 'Atc cpa Ka vc^EXfj yvov-Tai xP1atM-o:. Yi v psvouv TcXi ??? ?????, itap ?? ??????????1????, v-n^a Ka axpnoTo:i ?????? ??! ???????? vvai, oao m tcoX KpBouv |3a9Tpa ?? puotiK ???? Ka 6v ????????? v Tog ?? ????????????? : ???? KptBcog, ?? ????5???, ?? acc^Ei are' Tfj ?8???.
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Av ?????? teXeicopvo Tconpa, 'xoupE 'va avoXo ???? ????????. "Etoi tco Evai yvETai SokoXo yi toc; iroXXog, ?????-vr)to Ka ??????71????. Av slvai m Ttoiiipa KXaaaiK, Elvai vUKXaaaiK, povrpvo p' oXr) Tfj anpaaia toG opou, Eva ptaToup-yrjpa p Tfj oripEpivfj ???[??|??| Ka aiagriTLKfj, tco TcpTCEi v ?? ????????????. Elvai av v ???????? afjpEpa ???? sva ayxpovo Ttoir|-Tfj, ?? Aiovoio ZoXcop, tco ^ei vpEa ???;. Kavsg 5 BXtcei ?? ?????????? ???, p tv KoGps v koivcove pai ???; p Tfj ar|-pEpivfj Kal yvcpipr) TcoiryriKfj piXia. H oto-pi ?????) poic^Ei tcoX p p8o. MBog Eivai 6 Xr|8ivg TcoiqTfjc;, yiaT pitopE Kal SiaaKE-Xei ?? xpvo Ka Evai irvTa Tiapcbv v-psaa arog vBpcTcoug. Ka ZoXcopg e-vai Ttapcbv ????? m tcoX arc kOe aXXrj ????.
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'? ZoXcopg Evai c ??? ???; Ka ???; yupEEi pia va, TcXfjpr) 5iKaicoar|.
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"H KXaaoiKfj vTr)Ta ???????, p fj oala ??|? TipXEi : Ttlaco ???' ?? ?alvpva, v-pEoa ??? Kev SiaarrjpaTa, Ba9Ei, Ka yi toGto poaTiKfj, ??????; TtpxEi oTq 'EAsysEg
. xoG Ntou'lvo toG PiXke, ??? TaaEpa Kouap-????? ??? "????, a ?????? auvBETiK TCoifjpaTa toG Z?pr|, ??1 5v ;aipco tvoc; aXXou SikoG ???; fj c;vou. 'EvTriTa TToia Xcopc; t;coTspiKfj auvxsia Ka XoyiKfj ???-??????, oaiaaTiKfj, Ka yi' aT pouaiKfj Ka v??paa?rl, vai ???????? Xyoq Tfjg a-?1??; tco xtPotKTripi^i ysviK Tfj ayxpovr] Tcor|ari. A paq TtapXEi ttjv Kvr]pfj EKoXla v Koivcvfjaoups pEaa Ka 5iavoriTiK p ?? TtEpiEXpEvo. ZTtvEi k9e axniJaTiKfj ??????) fj I5a tco Sitcei ?? ???1?)??. '? ????-ypaTiK ayxpovoc; Tcoir|Tfjc; Sv c;Kivi ait Kappi I5a fj TouXxiaxov 5v TcpoSivsi ????? Tfjv TcvEupaTiKfj ??? ???????. Elvai aa8riTiK paTEpiaXiaTfjc;, ?????????? aa9r|-tik, v pf| pai^l Ka TtvEupaTiK. Ax Elvai tco Siaxcop^si pic^iK Tf| ayxpovri rea Tfjv KXaaaiKf| Tcoir|aq, Ka ???' Q Pyavouv ??? ?? xotP(KTrIPLC,xiK ???????? ??|?; fj Si-??????! Ka rj ????1?, tco ??????? ?8vl sic; tv ppr|Tiop. Aiyoi, XxiOTOi Evai oi or|-pEpivo Tcoir)Ta tco stvai TtpaypaxiK ay-Xpovoi. Oi m tcoXXo KXaaaiKi^ouv p oXr) Tfj povTpva ????????(? ????;. O 'EXe9e-poi FloXiopKripvoiki' ??? ?' XXa ????-????????1?? ???? ToOiZoXcopoG'xouv ?? Ba-aiK ????? yvcoplapaTa xoG povTpvou.
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'? ZoXcopc; Sv Evai BBaia oute ????-pouaE vvai paTEpiaXiaTfjc;. "Opcoc; EaXi-apc; ??? Sv tv ?????????)?? av v8pcoTco, oute tv ?????- v' ?????????1 ?? BXppa ??1 Tfjv aa9r|or| ???? Tfj ???? ??1 Tfj i^Qfj. T Ba-9Tpo vripa Tfjc; ????)?; ??1 Tfjc; c^cofjc; tjBeXe v' ?????????1. T papxupEi 6 osBacpc; ??? ?????; ?? ????????? toG ?????? totou Ka ??????; tv av9ocoTto. 'H Ttp9afj ??? ????? v vaapKcaEi Tfjv ISa paa a c^covTav acopa-?? Ka fj xpnaliaoTtiTarl aupBXcov ano Tfj ??-ar| Ka tv v9pcoiTO. Mag v5la?pl ???????? ?? Tcoir)pa ?????? ???????? ???????? pag, t TtoTXEopa. T anaipo Tfjg KXaooiKfjg vTTjTag Evai ??? B9og airaipo Tfjg Tfjg ISag. T Kpoipo aripEo v aupBiBa-ote x Koiv Ka ?? Kpio (Proprio), ?? ??-BoXik p ?? TopiK, fj ????????) ISa p Tfj ?????? ???, ???????? Tfj SiaTcaar) uXrjg Ka ISag pai^i. Av ?aivE?al Kupiapxn Ka ????-vti, ?????[???|?, Exaas ?-fjv ????|????|?? ??|?. ripTtEi KavEg v Tfjv vaKaX4pi, ?????? a' Eva povTpvo Tcoir)pa. A aoG mBXXETai, .tco-???????? ?????? a' Eva povrpvo Tcoiri-pa. Ilio Tcpa ?????, fj ISa tc ir-????|, ??1 ??????1??, ait nXaTCoviK Evai, tco 9??????? v ??8???1^??1 paa ottj ????) Kai rf| cofj, anvovrag etcoe arfj yfj, ????????? pg aTf|v ???? Kai Tfj ?????, pa' ar atpa, eyiv uXri.fj ????????? Eyiv Ouai-Kfj, ?????? ?? ??????? 6 TcoiriTfjg, Ttap Tf)v Ttp9afj ??? v tciteuxBe toGto ????????. ?????? fj XXcog TcpaypaTOTCoifj8r|K fj pxfj aTrj, fj vTiKXaaaiKf] ??? B9og. "Av c^oGas.


16
'Elisc. ???! ZoXcopc;
afjpEpa Ttoirixrjc; BoKavE ?? 5io auvEtc^x.
* *
"Eva yvfjato epyo Txvrjt; XXc^Et 6? v-Xoya pe Tfj 9ar| tco ?? KoiTic;. ? ta toGto KaBeic; ?????1 Kai KOCTavoel XXotcTiKa eva Tcoripa, ytaTi ?? vTtKp^si n ?????????? 9ar|. "Exsi ??????????????. T ?????? elva Ttoi elva rj Kpia ??1 ??????? ??? pari. ?? ???(???' TX9epoL floXiopKripvoi ??^??1 ???? teXecoc; ?????????? ???' oti t E,apap TouXxiaTov ??? 5iK ??? ????. "??, pi-Xco XoiTtv yi pva Kai Sikij ??? 9vr|. Elva TtoT)pa ayxpovo ?1 6Xa too ??? koB-?????, BXco va ???? Kai ???? yXcoaaLKfj ?????, Sao ki ocv ??^??1 ??? otxo ??1 ??? ?????-??1?? ??? paa KXaaaiK. 'Yirpxouv arjpEpi-v ???1?|?1?? ????, ???? ??(?^??1 axfj yXcoaat-Kf| popcpfj ????; ayxpova, xwplc. vvai aTfjv oijaa ????;. MsTaxsip^ovTai xr) vea Ttoir|TiKtj ????????(?, yi va ????????? ???????????-va ata9rjpaTa fj SiavofjpaTa. ?? ???????????? Elva ???????1??, av 9eXtjoei Kavsic; va ;e-OKETtaEi ?? aupppaaTO ooac; Kai ??????. 'Yirpxouv Ttar|c; ???? ?? ?????) yXcoaaiKrj ?????, oxeSv KXaaaiKrj, vcb OTrjv oaa ????; Evat povTpva. Zrfjv ??????? tott] ???????-ar) 5sv uitpXEi aupPpaaTo. EiStKa, fj ??-????? vEcoTEpiKfj, ayxpovri fj povTpva r] 5v tjpco ?????; XXotcbc; vt Tfjv tico, aTfj ???? TtapouaiaTr|KE Kai ??;??????91 ??? xr\v ,vx\r]ar\ ??? YTtppaXiapoG, tevei 6X0 Kai rao ????? ????; pa paXfj yXcoaaiKf) ????? Kai pa ?????; pt ?????????? Ttoypvcoaq. KaBapfj Kai pai oaiaaTiKf) ???????], etti-Sickei Tfj aa?fjvEla, pa Katvopyta aa-(ryvsia., ???? 5sv exei Kapi axar) pe Tfjv KXaaaiKfj. 'Ekevti fJTav PaaiK TtEpiypa-?1??, fj Tcoptvf] ??????? ?????????- '?????-piuTETai ?? mpovf) k9e arXtapa, yi va pEVE Xyoc, yupvc;, ???? ote cc; Tf| aTyva, iaoSvapoc; ?? ?? ?????????. ????????? o ???????, 2????)?;. 'H ayxpovri Ttor|ari ???? va yvi ????????? aT sooq Tqc;, vteXcoc; ??????????] ???' Tfjv TtaXai, vsoKAaaatKfj. H Ttoqar) ??? ZoXcopoO KivsTai ?' ????? ?? ????-tce6o. 'H pxn : fj k9e XSj\ PyfJKE psaxfj it vqpa, ???? p^Ei Tfjv KXaaaiKfj TExviKfj,
Taipi^Ei ??1 ???) ayxpovn, av ??? XEr] vr)pa caoupE Tfjv evvoia oaia, Xc;q ya-Ttripvri ??? ZoXcopoO, p Tfjv vToXoycKfj Tqc; ainpaaia. Z' Iva ???? ??? fj KXaaaiKfj Ttoirj-ar\ Kai fj aoyxpovrp KivouvTai a TcXfjpr) va-Xoyia TcoppiiTTovTac; kcBe ????????) ?'????-?????????, Ka9s xvoc; ???????, k8e 6iaK-apr|aq, tevouv va Kapouv Tfj Xc;ri ?????? fj oaia, KuptapxoOvTac ???? ??????????? Kai Papoq. 'H kqc9e ??,?] ??? ZoXcopou, 5iaXyp-Vq p' mpovfj ?&????????|, or)Kcvi etcvco ??}<; ??????? ?? ppoc; Tfjc; oaiac;, otxoc; SXoc; ??????? ???? ?????????? ???????^?? ki 5rav ????? ??^???? ???' ??;?? ???1????1???;.
?? Tcoiripa, ??????; Evat, ????; ??????????1 av TtSEiypa. ??? ki v ????????? stci-BpdoEic; ???' et;co, ??????; Etvat poLpalo v Tic; &XpaoT, TtvTa ^EKa9apic^t Eva tcXoitco Kaap Kai yvfjaio. 'A??' toc; TeoXXoq reo 5o-KipciovTai, XaxcaToi KaTopBcvouv v Kp5i-aouv Mva ?????? ppoq c;iac;. Oi c;vc; ???-XfjoEic; TCOTaaovTai, kel otcou UTtpxEi Sr)-pioupyiKf] Bvapn K0(- yvriaiTriTa. T Xxc-??? vpaTa ??! ?? tci Xiya ????? ???? p tv Kaip piraivouv axr) auv5riafj paq, KaTac;i6vovTae aTf| Slkij ???; TtoiriTtKfi TcopEia. ZoXcopc; -???????; ?????^?;, slvai ?? aq-pia TcpoaavaToXLopcbv otv tcoi^tik pagxu-po. 'H auyxpovq Teoiqaq TtaipVEi vaXoyiEc;, aTq Tct ?????; KSqXcaEcc; ??]?;, p tv ZoXco-p Kai tv ??????. "Av ??????)?; Eivai Kovr paq, a pococ; TipoqyopEvoc;, Kai ???; eXkei, ZoXcopc; otkel vpsa ???; Kai ???; ??????^??, ???'^ "la^ vxoupE auvsiqaq Tfjc; Tcapouaiac; ???. 'H Ttippofj ??? Elvac ??-otikt] Kai yvlp?. "Exouv ????????, ????? rlq ?????????; ?1??????;, |3o9TEpq oxaq ZoXcopc; ??! ???????, tco 5v Tqv ????????????-??, ????! Elvat ????? ???' ?? ?alvpva, ???! ????? E;TCEpviouvTai oi ????????; Kai oi ????-aToEic;. ???? ???? tc; tcXeupc; Tfjc; TXv?c; ?? ???? ??? ZoXcopoG, ??????; Elvat, paq StSoKEi xrj atcoTtfj aTfj ^cof| Kai aTfjv ???(???]. ???? ???? aripEptv pTtopoGv v pTpq9oGv vXoya p ?? ????? Tfjc; otcoufjc; ; Kt ????? tcoec; Kai Tcotc; ??5?????1?; Tfjc; c^Qfjc;. ???? ???? ????? tfj ????? pxi?t BpuPoc; Kai it-?????; Tto ????????! are' Tfjv TcaXaptKfj ???-vaaKta.
II
?? ZTYAOnOl THZ EAEYOf PIAI
..,, tjv vayxrj xat xv novo,
ecog elg ri]v Pe^mxrxa tov fiavrov . .
(2 x ? % a a fi ? l)
'H acoTEptKfj TtXup ??? ????? ??? ZoXcopoG Evat v9pcoTtoc;, as. 6, ti Ttt PaB ica ra ????????? exL ? ???????????? ??? ???
Beou ??????????;. '? 'HOtKq Etvat ?? m ?????9?]?? ???????? toG vBpcTtou, tcioteei ZoXcopc; paii p xv ZXXfip. ????? pov-


'EpsTc; koc ZoXcopc;
17
Xpc, pia Koivrj dpx4 xor; TtXiiai^Ei, dit' s'c;c, XXotcot; si vai cxoxexoi. Xcopc, Siaxayp 6 ZoXcopc; si vai m KaBap Ttoir]Trj(; ??? xv ZiX-Xsp Kai paCi m BaBc;. 'O ZoXcopc; Sv pu-psqs v yivsi SpapaiiKc;, oTtcoq ekevoc,, 'yi-ve SoXa XupiKc;. Txoia fjxav fj ????) ??? teo tri pia, ?? uXik xou ???? xf|v aXXrj. 6 H vaBBpa ait SuaKeX'iEc;, ki" Ttopvcoc, fj SpapaxiKfj TtopEia ??? Ttorfjpaxoc,, Sv fjxav, yi xor; i&iouc. Xyouc;, Suvaxv v yivsi. 'H ???(???| Kai fj uuKVxrjxa xoG m aSoXou XupiapoG, tco ?????????? Tcplv arto xv Ma-Xapp Kai xv BaXsp, 5v ????????? Kapi voBsia p SpapaxiK ??! ?????????? pa|i axoixsia. Ax x tcxoxe ZiXXsp ???? xp-Tco Ttpoxo Kai axfj Etvai fj 5????? xou. "Av x KaxpBcovE ki ZoXcopc;, Baxaps Svav etc tcXov BaXacopixri, m ?????? ??! p vcxEpri Ttoixr|xa, ZoXcop 5 Baxaps. H ???????????) ?????1? xfjr; XuptKfjr; ??8?????|???; Kai Kivriaiac, S 6 TtfjpxE. M ZoXcopc; 5v pnopoGaE v Buaiasi xv aux xou, ou-xs fjxav Suvaxv x fjBiK psyaXEio v ???-psi ?????]. Oi SuaKoXisc; pnaivouv, rj uEiva, rj TcoXiopKia xfjq voic;r]c;, x Soc, xoG Bav-xou, a ar[ ypapprj, av oi ttoikXec, ekSiiXc-asig xfjr; GXrjq. ;H vaBBpa 5v ???????-xai av Ttopsia n ????1 a OKaXi, p av pouaiKfi ??????????], ???? xvo a xvo. ETvai oi tcoikXsc, ??????; piar; acoTEpiKfjr; Kai vsi-??????]?, piXiar;, xfjr; ?????. p xv aux xr|c;, tco ???? StaxuvExai Ttpc; ?? 'c;co, ??! tcte BaBaivEi Ttpc; ?? paa, yi v prj ???????! tc Kavva.
* *
'O ZoXcopc; auyyEVEsi p tv PXks, ot fjBoc;, axr\ * *
"Av oi vBpcTtivEc; Tcapouaisc; oxic; 'EXe-yssc; xoG Nxoutvo, oi paaxai, ol axoivoB-tec, .. Tivs v c;ETcspaouv Trjv i!5ia Tour; ttj Papxnxa, xfiv M\t;r| xrjq yfjc,, ??1 v ipcoBouv ic; x Tc5ia toG 'AyyX.ou, ????? povxa fj ?????? piropsi v oTaBsI yi Xiyo, ???! EXEi xr\v ???(????| Trjq ??????1??; p ????|-aic^ouv pia aTiypf) cq ?? psTaixpio ??! tcs-?xouv i;av Tciaco ???) yfj, ???? ?? SsvBpo xfjr;
6. BXite ??1 ?? 6??1??6 ??? '? "Ylcvoc; ec; ti"iv 'EXeuSEpla 1948.
Kivr|ar|q. .. ??????, oi ??????! povxa ?? c;ai-pouv, oi ??????; tcv 'EXEuBspcov FloXiopKq-pveov toxouv KspSioEi ?? aXpa, Kai otkouv ekei, pc; ax pExaixpio c^corjc; ??! Bavxou, otccoc; "Hpcoac; xoG PiXke, tco Sv xv tcsi-pi^si fj SipKSia. . p ???????? iroxcopi-i^ETai ??! pitaivEi arv psTaXXaypvov aTEpi-ap xoG TcavxoxsivoG KivSuvou 7. '??????; pc; axv TtavTOTEiv kvSuvo otkouv KivriTEg ??! oicoTcriXr;. 'EkeI tcBoc; toG ????????? ??! pouf) ?????; ?? itvco SS ??????^??) xoG ???????? Kai tcBoc; xoG yrjivou. "Evar; tcBoc; tco papxups SiKona xf|v vBpcTcvri oaia xouq. Zv vxouv BpEi xr)v pExaxaari ax Ttpavxo BaaiXsio xoG Bavxou, xWPLC. va' Xouv ????1 vvai c^covxavoi. AiaBvovxai, a?paivovxal, Ttopvouv xf|v Ttsiva ??! xv TcBo xfjq t^cofjr;, ??! 6Xa x TtavxoEiSfj ppfj-paxa, aioBrjpaxa Kai ?????), Trjv ???? tco oKi Bavrou ?? ??????^1. "AvrpEc;, yuvat-kec;, m Ttpa paa ar ??1???5???? avoXo TopiKc; Tcapouaisc;, ooo pTiopoGv v i;xcopi-aouv paa a' k'va Ttoir|xiK x"P SoXa Xupi-k 8, f| pva, ZouXicxrig, c;TcvEpvoc; aaXTCyKxfjr;, 6 ???????????; tco Bupxai xfjv yaTcripvri, x ??????)???? x ????, fj yuvai-?? tco Tcsc v kXeoei t TtapBupo, f\ yu-vaiKa Tto ?' voiyEi, fj XXri atp ax toi-poBvaTO TtatSi ??, oi yuvaKEc; Tto Xve ?? vEipaT ????;, fj'yEpvTtaaa Tto piXr)a, fj p-tpavr) Kpr| Tto BuBit^ETai aTfj ?????) ??! otv TtBo toG BavTou, oi vTpoyuvaiKEr; tco koive ?? ????????? Kai ?? aEpv ??????? . "Evar; ?????????; ???????; xfjr; yfjc; KaVEt tc; Ttapc;vc; Kai ?????????; ??????; v voaraX-youv xv ????? Tto ??^??? Ttiaco, tv yvav-teouv, BappEtc;, pa' ait ?? ??!?? ??? Bav-???, ????? araBpEouv. ?????? fj ?v?t?a?l?fj ??! TpayiKfj ????; ?????????].
# *
TpopaKxiKf| aiconf| ait paa, 6a yaXrjvr] n' ;co, Kai pia ????? aKEit^Ei oXo x notir -pa, av Kivr| piar; TtupKa'iaq n ?????? paa arf] vxxa. T air' ???? ???????? ?????-????8?)?, gyivE pia acoTEpiKfj Kai vTtcoxr| vxivopia, Eva ???????????? ?????????? xcv vx^aEcov paa a pia XupiKf) ouvaipEari : x ????; Kai x ??????;, f) i^cofj Kai Bvaxoc;, f] KXaari ??! Flap&Eiaoc;. Elvai x m ??????? psxaixpto Kai pa9 x m BaB ??! yaXfjvto xoTtio xfjr, ?????,. Axfj f| povaSiKf) coicidentia, ????? vOpcoTtoq dvat "AyyEXoc;, Xcopiq v ????1 vvai oute pia OTtypfj vBpco-????;, aTf) tj KTtXr|KTiKTJ Kai ???????? Xr)9tvf| 'AvBpcoTtoXoyta Sv ,pco v ??? v exei Ttou-Bsv XXoG TtpaypaxoTtoirOfj arfiv ?????????
7. Kainer Maria Rilke ; Oi 'EXEyeiEq ??? Ntoui-vo, ????????| ??1 oxXia ???. ?. TCaverdcKii.
8. BXue Kai CH hotoit toG ZoXcju.ou 6c; vp-ysia iXEc^rj Ltou 5r|LioaiEULivr] ot XpoviK ??? ????. 2x^Eiu ?" riavETioTrintou 9ooaXovKr|q, TeOxoc; 'lavouaptou Mapxlou 1957.
2


18
'lielc, kccI oXcopc.
Aoyotexv'oc. T 9ot0u.a touto, tco stva t 5io t 8aGpa, t puaTfjpio xfjt; dv9pcbmvric; cpariq, t tctuxs SoXcopc; p t otxo tou. 8
'OXyo cpwgxal [MxxQivd ak xya axxog
x' s'gfio.

a>g tcov naxei xagovp.evo tov "Adr
xal t Xgo.

*Q yf . .
'O ovgavq as ngooxaXei xC f KXaor ftgv-
rXvxsi xi' Xev&egr f yvxi] o vara-
re PyaX[xvr,
9. npnei v ytvE LU Et5iKf| ieXtt] iiva axf\ cmxoupyKfi toG ZoXconoG, 6xL fvo arc frj HEpi xfjg f|XoXotXiKfi<; ptiovocq Kat tou pu8iioG, [i Kupcog dn xrj iispi: tfjc; acoTEpiKjt; EVapiviar|<; tSv vti-SoEiav. Na BpESoGv t: au.BoXa Kat tp-uoc; tio TiapaxieEVTai vxivoiUKa voyovxac; x&a\ia iiya Kal diraTaor) vuEa xouc;, Kal ticc; xtjv 6ia aTiyiirj SETiEpviTai t xciafa Uoa at LjayiK tonto tou XupioLjo.
Ki' vxpmvav fih %aJiyeXo zfjv 8ipr tr cp&ag-
xvri.
@
Tgiavz neo leva:

"Eg/xa 'v ra uzia nov xaXeig, %gvoh
Ccofjg aga.

"AyyeXe, ivo ar' oveigo (xov dvei$ r
(prega aov ;
Ta &Xro yc, v za%m yc, v z xgazcb
xXeiofiva.
'O PXke 5ivi t pETEcpiapa : tfjv v8iar) Kal tv papaap, t Kpraapa Kal Tfjv TCTcari tcov KapTtcov, Tfjv civTaari Kal Tfj auvTpiBfj, Tfiv ycovicSr| TtEpiTtXvriari vpEaa opav Kal yfj, TtoaTaaiaK. cO ZoXcopc; T Svel 8Xa TouTa, SXa Ta ?yr] tqv vTicpaEcov, a auvTtapc;r| paa aTfjv 5ta Tfjv oTiYpfl i^cofic;, vtoXoytK : At Tto slvat, Sxt ax tco yvETat.
IV
EniAOrOZ
"Aozgaipe cp&g xal yvgioe 6 vidg zv a.vz zov
(II q t v q a g)
Etna, 8ao pTtpeaa, aTTtou Elxa v tcco, afcv k' 'xco Tfjv aa8r|ar| Ttcbc; 8ev slira Tirona. T Ttoripa c;aKoXou9Ei v pvi kXeiot Kal Tcp9r|To. KaTaaTXac;s pavo paa pou, oti t Tioripa Sv eivai ote TraTpicoTiK oOte kSv Kai Kupcog Tfjc; JH9iKfjc;. Eva Ba8TaTa 9pr|-okeutik. H fIaTp5a Kal t Xpoc; Ttpxouv, cbc; Kivr[Tpa acoTspiK, Tto Kvouv v' TtoKa-Xuc))9 t puaTfjpio xfjc; cofjc; koI tou Oavrau, t vEtjixvaoTO nBoc; tou 0eou tco auvTp-
Bei Kai pa^l c;ayitti tv v9pcoTro. Flpa n* Tfjv riaTpSa Kai t Xpoq, ot B9oc; Tfjc; 'EXu9pac;, t;EaKTi?Tai fj yiTr|Ta. T Ttoripa ... iroppEi air tv 0e .. Kai t-Xoc; maTpcpE elc; tv 0e.
Kai KTi Kpa : TcpTtsi vpaats tcpfjc|)a-voi Tiaco Tt' Tfjv TtoXXfj Tfj XaTtri Kal t ipppa Tto pac; aKETtouv.
T. 0EMEAHZ


KYNHTHMA TOY IAANIKOY
To dSiaKOTto, to ycovicoE Kuvfjyripa toG '?????????, to KEVTptau.cc Tfj ????? ??! ??? TtvEpaTO Ttpc ?? StapKc vcTEpo, ?? t-???, ?? See, evai ayoupa fj KEvrpiKfj uvapiKfj, Kai rj ouata xfjc; ?????????????|??? ??! Tfj Ttotriaric; ??? ZoXcopoO. Kl aTrj, vopico, svat fj TtoXuTipTEpr) Tco8fJKr, ??1 ?? aBUTE-?? pOrtpa, Tto cptas yi t XXr|viK tcveu-paTiK yEvi, Ttoirnf] ??? ???????? Kai tSv 'EXsuBpcov noXiopKfjpvcav. '????????-Tai v tovioBel TtEptaaTEpo ??????, tco yiop-Tops p ?r|Xv vBouaiaapov, ?????? 6-XEyE ???????, ?? KaTxpov ???.
Sttjv iSaviKfj TsXEwar) fycovE ?? TtVEupa ??? ZoXcapoO oXe t ?????? Tfj cofj Kai Tfjc; Txvri. 'H Tsa, OTfjv TtXaTCoviKfj Trie; 'v-voia TcpoaoiCs Kai TCEpsXE OTfjv SiaiKaaia Tfjc; r|ptoupyiKfj pyaaa ???, Kai TtoTiCTav ?????? p tv Xopiap Tfjc; ????? ???, Kai api-XsoTav, p ?????????? ?????, a KaXXiTE-XviKfj popcpfj.
"Otov MvTtir;, etce otv VEcTarov k-pa ZoXcop, ???? v TtpTtEi Tiv v ok-TtTETai Tao, XX v aavETai, v aia9v-Tai, TtoiriTfjc; ??? TtvTriaEv, ori TtpTtEi ?????? p vapr] v auXAapavn voG, ki ETtEiTa fj Kap6i v 9Eppaivr| 6,ti 6 voG au-vEXas.
2t kvtpo ETav Ttvra fj Ma fj cEXXr|-vtKfj, ??1 fj 'EXEu9Epta. Av TtpxEt ?????? ??? aoXcopiKOQ spyou, tco TtEptaaTEpo fj ???????-po v pfjv EXEi ot a9oc ??|? ?? papa Tfj "EXXa. ZxEioVTa to '?????????? ??-XiopKnpvou, ZoXwpo ?????? TtapaiVETiK otv auT ??? : 2????? Ba9Ei Kai ???9-p (pia ???? yi TtvTa), Tfj ????| Tfjr; Ta, Ttpiv TtpaypaToTtoifjari ?? Ttoripa. Eie; auro 9 vaapKwBfj ?? ouaiaaTiKCTEpo Kai ????????? TtEpiEXpEVo Tfjc; Xr|9ivfjc; vBpcOTtivn ??????, fj ????10? Kai fj ?????. Kai XXoG: '? 8s-pXtCr|c; puBpo OTuXc8fj ot Kvrpo Tfjc; eBvikothto, ??! ?? ????^??1 ??9???. ... Kai XXoG, tcc ??? a9oc Tfjc; EKOva v Evai TtvTa fj 'EXXa p ?? pXXov ???, Kai X-XoO TtXi ... ????????) e ??? ?? ppr) toG 'pyou, fj a9viKTrc oaov ouvarv TtXov kte-Tapvr)- Ki Tav axEoias tv Nt?r|?po Bpuvvio, ????? : 0 kXeoco OTfjv ???? ??? ?? pXXov Tfjc; 'EXXo.
'AXfjBEia, ZoXcp eIxe kXeoei OTfjv ??-?? ??? Tfjv "EXXa, ki vicoe v Xaxrapi-ei paa ??? k9e eo pEyaXeou. KaBcb ???(??1??1 ?!??? ??? AouooiKoc Zrpvrjc, TtoX vo ?????, ??? XPovl0t v otcoucv
???, OTfjv 'iTaXa, | SoXcopo Eirav npaypa-TiK Ttpf$avo yi tv 'EXXriviapo ???, Sao Xyot Tf|v ?????? KEvri, ki ao Xyoi tiovoo yi Tfj aKXaia toG "E8vou.t'OTav yptaE, ys-pro vEtpa OTfjv Zukuv9o t 1818, o fjXiKta EKoat xpovcov, Ttoyor]TEU9r|K ti Tf|v tcveu-paTiKfj oTyva Kai Tf|v ?????????) Tfjc; ouXc-pvrj. TtaTpi∾ ???, ??! axsias v ???????-?1 ki ?????????91 pioxtK OTfjv 'haXa. M fj ???? ??? 'pEVEV XXr|viKcTaTr|, Kai fj ioTopiKfj auvavTr|afj ??? p tv Zitupicova TpiKoTtri, ?? 1823, tv EKavE v Ttpsi TtXpia auvor[or| Tfjr; TtoaToXfjc; ??? av TtoirrroO toG ycoviopvou Kai vayW(pvou>I'E9vouc.
Kai ???????,, fj vyKri ??? v ???????? pXuvTo ?? iOEOTtouipsvov papa Tfjc; 'EXX-a, Tccoc; ?? ecxe aoXXast fj XupiKfj ?av?a-oia ???, tccoc ?? eXETCE p ?? pria rfjc; ??-Xfj ???, XX ??! fj uaia9riaa toG ???1?)???, tco oGoe ??1 pTcopoOas Ttap v e, ???? va a9UTpov ?????) ??! TpayiK orfj ??-ori ??? ipuxavaXuTiK VTETEppiviap, paa a' sva' Kapov iaviKv ????^, Evai X-yo Tto 9Xria v KaTEst otfjv fJTtEtpcTi-Kfj 'EXXa. "Evico9e Ttcbc; 9 TtXriycovTav arc t piKpTr|TEc; Tfjr; Ka9r|ppivfjc; Ttpaypa-TiKTrrrac. toG 9vikoG ycova, ??! ?o?av v pfj ??????????! ?? papa ???.
?? ????????) ia Tfjc; 'EXXac; Erav e-pvr| ar TcvEpa toG ZoXcopoG p rfjv ??????-??) TciTayn toG 'H9ikoG, tto ivei ??? pyo ??? pi TtoX EpTEpr), oKoupEViKf| ??! v-9pcTtivn aripaata. 'H fj9iKf| Ta ETav ?? a-9po TtVC ??? Ttoo oKOopoOaE tfjv TtOlr|-TiKfj ?????. Ki Kr)Xo9r|K ma svrova otv ??-?????, tcou fj vapr) Tfjr; uXr|c; ki fj Ttapppr)ar| tcv aio9fjocov, Tto ??)???9?1?? av ???????|-ar| vvTia axfjv fj9iKf| ???;?|, aapvETai, ??? ?????, paa o pi ?opf| rpaycoia ?uxl?cv TtXEypTcov, aipopiia, aloBfjpaTo voxfjc;, ??Cv Kai aTOTipcopia, tco KaTaXfjyEt ottjv ?tapa?poavrl ??! ar Bvaro. To TcvsGpa Tfj ^9iKfjc; XEuBEpiar; TtXi vaXpitEi GpiapEU-TiK,yvTai oparfj, TtTfj ????????1????|?; otoc; rioXiopKripvouc; ??? MEOoXoyyioG, tco ????-viKoOv rfj ???1?? ia Kai tv BvaTo, ????^-???; xfjv TtoXXaTtXaia, Tpopspfj TtoXspiKf) -vapr) tcv xBpcv tco to ?tp^a?yyouv, ??-TaviKoGv ???(??|?; to TtEipaapoc; tv aiaBrj-ocov, Tto uuvoGv oi ?????1??; Tfj ???^?, p Tfjv voir) Kai ysuovxai rfjv ayKpi-??| xaPa TnQ TtvEupaTiKfj XuxpQar].
T XPoa Kai iapavrvio axruXii tco vEi tv kkXo tcv iaviKcv axripTcov,


20
Kuvfjyripa xou ISaviKoO
elvai x dTtXuTo Tfjc; KaXXiTsxviKfjc; ????????;, fj xXeia KaXXiisxviKfi ?????. '? ZoXcopc; 5v ?????? yi v net aBpprixa TtdBr] xfjr; ????<; Kori Ttpxsipa pop?o?tolr|psva Kivfjpaxa xcv voxiKxcov, ??????; o popavxiKO xfjr; ???????; ???. M yi v 6casi xfj i^oxa xou Xupiapou tou a pia I5a ??! v TtixxEi trjv xXsia koXXitsxvikt) ?????\. T Kuvrjyrip ???, ??^-xat otv ?????? pxOo xfjr; TtoiqxtKfjc; ??? TtpoaTtOsiar;, oxrjv SiKOTtr) susc;spyoaia tcv aTtycov ???, ar ????????, tcv ????????-ycov tco pctc, ????.
Nor; ?????? eIxe ?????1 : 'H 6?????[?? xrjv Ttoiav a'iaBvExai ??????????; (ptXc yt tv psydXov ?????????) ov oxkei sic; ?? v 5s(c;ri ???????? ??! TtBor;, dXX elt; ?? v ???????;?| ax ?? Suo ????????? p Katp ??! p ktco ??? vripoc xfjr; xsxvric;. Zxv Sppov aTv evicooe ??1 xf|v TtooxoXfj ??? ??! ycovioxriKE yt v 6ripioupyfjai, oxeov Ik tou pr|&Evr;, va i^covxav, Ttoir|TiK yXcoa-oik opyavo, Ttpvcovxac; ?? ?????? Xik dir ?? ?????? ??? ????, ??????; ?? eTxe Ttpoac,i ??! psXExrjaEi Evac; ??????. ?????;, OcopiX Tto ZoXcopc; tv exe cnapost ??! ??????; EXsysv 5toc; Pacpxi^ovxc; ?? axf| SiTrXfj KoXupSrjBpa ??? a'iaBfjpaxoc; ??! xfjc; ?????????;.
'? ???????; ????? yi ?? ZoXcop, ?????; 800 vBaiVE ??? cpcoq xfjr; 'I∾, ???? aoPap-???? aloBvExo Tfjv cUoTtpTtEia xfjr; xxvrjc; ???, Ki ?????; 66ev ZoXcopc; 9 auva-piBpfjxai p Toq Xiyouc. ???1?|??5?., ot Ttooi stSav oxt ???]??????^ vxoXfyv exei f| Tcoirixi-Kfj, ??! fjBXr|oav v Tfjv KTtXripcaouv" ?? fjBXriaav ^xcoq AvTric, ??! ZxiX-Xsp .... 'Ait aTfjv Tf|v TtXsup, ZoXcopc; TcXtraii^Ei Tfjv KaBapf) ???(.?|??| Trjq ????-??? pac.> ??! tv BaXEp tco Ttoaxfjptc;e Tfj Bear) Ttcbc; ?? ???!?|?? slvai ????????? TtvEupa-TiKou pxBou, ??! tv ????. M pvo ??? aTfjv Trjv TtXEupd, slvai XrjBEtcx. ????! fj KaXXiTEXviKfj ?????| ELTav, ??? TtvEupa ??? ZoXcopou, spvri p Tfjv LavLKfjv 'EXX-5a, p Tfjv ???????) Tfjc; 'HBtKfjr; Bainc., p Tfjv Evvoia Tfjc; 'EXsuBEptac., ELTav 5r|Xa5ri ?? vtu-pa Tfjc; T∾.
Zrfjv tStcoTiKfj ki EocoTEpLKfj ??? cofj, Sspo-p Ttcbc; ZoXcopc; Eirav pia Tapaypvr| ??-Xfj. "?????? aTv tv c&pato ??! Xr|8iv otxo :
T OTtXxva ??? ki f\ 9Xaoooc ???? Sv fjoux^ouv
Ka(, atfjv dyovic5r| dva^fJTrjarj yi Tfj ????????1?|??| ??? 'AttXutou, fj EVTaor] tio ouas, TtioTEuco ????; KaBopi^Tav ??! ait Tfjv ???????(? tto ??? eTxe or|pioupyfjai fj 5u-
Vr|pf| TOpiKfj Ka! OLKOyviaKfj TOU TCpiTttia.
O! axaEic. ??? p Tfj pr]Tpa ??? nripaaav ???; Eva ??????? PaBp rf|v ???1??| ??! tcvU-paTiKfj ??? cofj, ??! Tfjv Ttoir]TiKfj ??? ^Xi-,t\. "Av tv vaXapE p ?? oTotXEia tco ?????, 9 ??(???? Ttcoq, ??? UTtoauvi5r|T
???, tv TupavvouoE Eva ?????? ??????????-vo olSitcSeio TtXypa. ?????????, ZoXcopc;, ???1??, Ttapvopo tkvo tou kvte Nik-Xaou ZoXcopou ??! Tfjc; 'AyyEXiKfje; NtKXr], vopipoTtoifj9r|K pvo ?? 1807, ofjXiKia vvi Xpvcov, orav TtaTpar; ???, ?????????;, ????-PaTCopvoc;, tXeoe, Tfjv Ttapapovfj aou Bav-tou, tv ypo ??? p Tfjv 'AyyEXiKfj. ???? ?? ????|?? yi Tfjv aiaBr|oia ??? Tcoir]To0 yEyovra tfjr; TtpaypaTiKfjc; ^cofjc;, KaBcpioav, ki vTEivave Tfj 5!?? ??? yi ISaviKc; ??????;. ETxa ki ??????, o' Mva TtaXi 6oKipi ???, TcooTr)pL^Ei, Ttcbc; ZoXcopc;, pa p xfj ??????????] ??????) ??? yi Tfj ??)????, ???-????? ar Tcoauvi5r]T ???, oxi pvo fjXia yt tv ???????, p ??! ?????? ????? ptaoc; yt rfjv TtayopEupvri aTfjv yuvaKa, Tto tv ????? otv ????? Tt pia Ttapvopri ax-or|, vrtBETq Ttpr; Tfjv fjBtKfi Tc;ri, oxar] TtpooptopvTj v ????0^???1??1 a' aTv toec; TttKpfEc;. T SiTtX, TpaytK ?????????, OTfjv acoTEptKfj ?????????) ???, ataBripa, EKavs tv ZoXcop v pfj PptoKEi a' oXr) ??? Tfj cofj Kappiv yKopta ??????), ac;ia v tco-KaTaoTfjoEi Tfjv tuo pEyXr), Tfj puoTtKf) Ki -vtKavoTtotTjTri yrtri Tfjq ????0. Tfjv !5??-Br|, yaTtripvri yuvaiKa, ?? ?????|?1????, ??! opvio, ??! tspv opap ??|?; ??????????? ZoXcopc; aTfjv aBpia KEivri Donna Velata, Tto Tfjv aioBdvopai av ?????? Tfjr; ???????-apiat; AiyEiac; ??! Tfjr; "AvvaprtEX Afj ??? ????. 'O i5io<; 6 ????, f\ i^cofj ??? ??! fj ??-XiKfj Tpayco&ia ???, ??! fj ???????? ??? ??? ??????, pfJTtcoc; 5v exouv Ttapc;VEc; dvaXo-yiEc; p rfjv TCEpiTtTcoar) ??? ZoXcopou ;
Ka! fj TtEpiTtTEia ??? ZoXcopou eTxe opa-?????| ouvxsia ??? copipa xpvia ???. Elvai yvcooT, Ttcbc; fj 'AyyEXiKfj eIxev TtoKTfjoEt yut ??! Tt tv vo paoTfj Trjr;, p tv Ttoto ????????? oxeoeic;, orav ????? EiTav paitpaoa ??? kvt ZoXcopou, ??! slvai yveo-oxfj fj ???????[? ??|?; p tv okotc v'dpTtc;t Tfjv TtEptouoia xo ZoXcopou yt tv XXov yui ??]?, otv Ttoov eSivsv oXr) Tfjv yTtr) ??)?;. 0 ZoXcopc; yaitoDas p TtspiTtdBsia Tfj pr|-???? ??! Tfjv fjBsXE pia 15???6?| ????^, Tto 5v sixav, ??! yi' ax xauxxpova xf)v vxi-TtaBoOas, xfj pioouas yt xfiv TtpaypaxtKfj xr)c; 5iaycoyfj
H ?????) xou ????????? ??! xou MSaviKou TtpoaSiopit^xav, &q Eva pEyXo PaBp, ait xf|v ocoxEpiKf] axfj ?????????| ki e'kovs Ttap5sxxr| yi xf)v xpaupaxtopvrj aia6r[-oia xou ZoXcopou, xfjv c;coxpiKf| Ttpaypaxi-????|??, xv OTtpcoc;s air) povac;i, axfj piaav-BpcoTtia, ??! ax ??????. T BepeXiuSec; ax ysyoyc;, 5pvo o axor) a'ixiou ??! alxta-xou p xf| oxvxr|xa xfjr; ptKpfjr; Koivcoviac; otcou i^oOaE, TtiOTEco iitoriq Ttcbc; pirStas tv ?????? par; v ??????(????1 x Baupaio Epyo xou, v' c;ioTtoifjai TtXpia xfjv xao TtXooia XupiKfj xou 5vapr|.
'?????? ??! x' itooTtapaxa Tto par; ???? xou orjpavxtKcxEpou ppouc; xou 'pyou


Kuvryripa to taviKo
21
??? TtoTeXov, ax ???" ?????, ?????????? Aexvouv ?? aicvio viKavoTtoir|To ??1 ??
??????????? ??]? TtoiriTiKfic; Txvr|c;, ???! sC- ??????? Kuvrryripa tco sTvou too tcoX ki -
Xvouv tv yva tv ??????????, tco ????? Tt ?? TCpaypaTcopvo ????, tootec ? ???-
ZoXcopc; yi v cpTaasi cb ?? ioaviK ???. XuTipTspri ????8?\??| yi p koc fj ocGUTS-
eiXvouv tv uokoXo Sppo yi Trjv 'IGcckti, pr\ kcx wpaiOTEpri, ??1 rj m ????? ??? o-
xv yspcTov TtspiTtTSiEc;, yspcTOV yvcoEic, aia ir]q avTopric. l10^-
tv Sppo tco v 'xec ??????, oute ?????. ?. ???????2
? 10????1 ??1?1
(?????????[?? ait ???????????????? iio ogetcci oxi\v oKoyvEtac ZapiEVT.)


? SOAQMOZ, AIQNIO ZYMBOAO*
Elvai pia KaXfj xxn Tto 'xouv TtEptaco-Ss pEpitc; a9svTiKc; ??????????????1?; xoG ZoXcopoG. Mia pXiaxa dir' axc;, Tto tv c;i5aviKUEi, ???; sIvaiBri'Tii TtoXxipri. TtaT ???; (ppvEi m Kovx a 6,xi raaxsjoups Ttcbc; TtoTsXsi xf|v ???????] ??? oaia. 'Ait pia TtEpispyr) ipoxo.oyiK.rj vdyKri, vai^rixoGps TtdvTa pia oxan vpsaa ??? 'pyo ??? TtotriTfi ??1 ???) ?????| ??? vOpcoTtou. Ziyou-pa, ?? spyo ??? ZoXcopoG 5v 6 sTxs ???-Tia9st xao Ba9i Ka p ????) TtpoEKxaxtKf] Svaprj, dv ???; ?????? axfi fj ?????????????-?[?. SXsyE Kavsc; oxt ETvai cpTiaypvri ???' EKva ??1 potcoaiv ???. "Oti ^????????; 1????? e5c, otccoc; o TtaXiol Buavxivol ???????01, ??? Elxav paa xouc; Tfjv s'ik-va ??? XpiaxoG. Elvai aupTtxcopaxiK, pays, oxi dir Tfjv ???????) OTtypfi ???; 9upisi Tfjv Apma ?????) toG ?????? ; 'YirpXEi, Ttpdy-paxt, pia ??????????? ??? psyXou ysppa-vou TOirrrfj, ??? oapaVTaSu ??? XP0Vlcxi ^o Ttapouoid^Ei ??????|??1???; vaXoyisc; p Tf] ????? ???? xou ZoXcopoG Tto ???; 'xei TtEpt-oco9e. ETvai ?? ????????, ?????? ???????, ??! ?? paXXid, Tto ^p^ouv vxaar\ Ka ????;. Elvai fj EVTaari xfjr; paxiac; Tto ?avpcbvl ocoTEpiKfj vpyriTiKTr[Ta, 5iiaSuar|, Ka noia TtpoaSipiaTr] ??????. "YaTEpa, fj ???-rtXri toG axpaxoc; Ka ?? TtTEpyta xfjr; ?????;, Tto 6exvouv Kpuppvri ????????]??.?? Ttriyouvi xsXor;, KTtcoc; ypcoxo, Tto ???; ??-vi v pavTEooupE TtvsupaTiK Ttiopa. "OXsc; aTc; oi vaXoyisc;, axc; oi ?????????????; 6poiTr|TSc;, axpaXcoTit^ouv xf| ?????) ???; p Trj SLTtXfj xouq vpyEia. ITapaxripELxai Ka axr; 6u ??????; iStoc; spac; Ttiaripxrixar;, KXnpovopiKfjc; EyVEiac;, pxovxic;.
T Ttt vo^pov 8 E'ixav v SoOps t t koiv UTtpxi dvpaa ??? ???????? toG ? ? ? ? ? ??1 tv TtoiriTfj xcv "E X e -9 s p co v TcoXiopKr)pvcov. 'O MTtsvsvTTTO ?????? eTtce yt tv ?????? Eva |3a8 Xyo, tto 9 piropoGas v eix sitco-Bsl c;iaou Ka yi t ZoXcop : Ti ??[5??? ?????? ; N slvai Kavsc; upv ???' ???, ??! o 6Xsc; tg TtsptTtxcoaEic; Mvac; vBpcoTcoc; TcXfj-pr|c;, v pf)V Kvi xttoxs x^pc, v Bc^Ei a' vpysia 6Xsc; xc; 5uvpsic; xou ouvvcopvsc;,
* 'OpiXia no SyivE axg 28 10 66 ottjv Kg-xuQot, Qyavconvr) ait t 'Efbix ''ISoxipa.
v'pfj x^pi^Ei' ?? aioOripa dTt xfj ?????, v pfrv spysxai ttot oxoXaaTtK, aTfjv ?????-VEia tcv TtpaypTcov. ?01? slvai ?? SSaypa Tto ???; EpXE.xai duo t ZoXcop; Mac; x auv-?? iStoc; Ttoir|xf|c; o Xya Xyia : H 6u-OKoXta Tto aia9vTat ??????????;???1?? 6 pEyXoc; ??????????; 5v slvai q x v 5sic;si ?avxaoia Ka ??????; dXXd sic; ?? v ???????;1 aura ?? Suo ?????????, p Kaip Ka p ????, sic; x vrjpa xfjg xxvric;. 0 XPEiai^xav opcoc; v 9upr|9oGps ?????) xfiv ????1??)??1 KStvr] axtxopu9ia p xv TtoiriTfj Mvti, tto voc; ?????] tv eIxs ouvavaaxpa-?1 ox MiXvo : Av TtpTtsi kovec; v ouX-Xoyti^sxat xao, xou eIxe txel Mvxi, Ttvco a pia out^fjxriar] psBiopvoc;. '0 Ttoirixfic; Ttps-TtEi v aia9vsxai v aovExai. FTpTcsi ?????? p Svapr] v ouXXBsi vouq, iro-KpiBriKS ZoXcopc;, ki' 'Ttstxa fj Kapot v ala9av9sT o,xt 6 vouc; auvXaBs. "Av fj axt-Xopu9a axf] slvai Xri9ivfj, sxoupE paa axfj ovxopr) axfj ?????| XKXrpri xfjv Ttoir)xiKfj xou ZoXcopoG. 'AXX Ka x ???????? ???-Xixexvik xou Sppa. Tiax, ??????; BXTtoupE, 5ivst TtpoxEpaixrjxa axf| XoytKf) Tt x ata9r|-pa, vc ?????? ??????^? v pf] X^pi^Et xf|V Ttpcxri n x Ssxspo. T 5ppa yKstxai o xoCxo : oxi fj Ttoir)XiKfj ??? SoXcopoG ?????-Tav a vTt9ori p xf\ ????????) ????] ???.
"EyiVE TtoXc; Xyoq yi Tfj 5ia3pcTtKfj vpysia Tfjc; aTOKptTiKfjc; ??? dir Tfjv Ttota oTEvi^si fj ZoXcoptKf| Ttoinaii. 0 ???-poGas ??? appsto ??? v TtiaTpaTu9ouv oi VECXEpEC; 9scopiq ??? VEupoTiopoG Ka TCOV TcXsypTCOv yt v 5o9sT pia spprivEta ??? psyXo ZoXcoptK TtpBXripa, dv 5v Ttfjpxs KtvSuvoc; usptoaTEpo v TtEpiTtXaKE. T TtpBXripa v?u?s Kupicoc; uaxEp' ait xfiv ???????) ??????) tcv 'A ?? v x co v xou SoXcopoG. T oKpma, ??????????? ????????????? tco fjp9av ar ????;, xf) oxtypf| Tto 0X01 Tts-pipsvav xf| psyXrj xsXEicopvri ov9sar|, ????-KXsoav piv Ttoyofjxsuari, Tto eaTtpcoc; TOq KptxiKOr; Ka xot; ?????????; xou v' vatrixfjaouv xq aixiEg xfjr; dTtoxuxfaq. A ????????? v axa9oGps axf|V ??????????) xfjc; ???1???; Kvripiar;, xfjr; vco9pxr|xac; xou Ttoirixfj, Tto TtooTfjpic; TpiKOTtr|t;. 0 ps-yac; ToXoTr] par; TtoKaXTtTSi ??? "H p e-p ? X ? 1 ??? t 5ppa Tfjc; 5iKfjr; ??? Kvripiac;. 'AvTiSpa opcoc; a' aTfjv oiKO-tta, p Tfjv coBriori xou KaXXtxsxvtKou vaxtKxou,


"0 ZoXcopc;, acvio au.Bo\o
23
&axs 6xt TtXSc; v xfjv UTtepviKct XX v Tfjv pstoBcxXXei a TtBoc; yi vpyeia. ?? 9 ???????? ?????) aTfjv TtEViXPTTTTa tou Xc;iXoytou Trjc; 5r)poTiKfjc; tco stukocXeitoci KaXoayoGpoc;. 'O ZoXcopc;, av Xr|9iv ps-yXoc; uoiitttjc,, s6coas ???? oxrj Xc,r|, Kal ax fjSri Ttoeixvei on fj tuxv Ttsvixp-ttitcx eixe c;ETtpaaTEL "Oao yi tv ????-oXtap Tto toG KaTaXyiaav, ??vt v 9u-pr|8o0p Tfjv ???[???????] toG "????? ???. ?????, ?)??1 TCEptaaTEpo art' axv, XX Ki ??????; ???, ?'????? xao xXsia pyavcopvEt; TtoiruiKc; auv9at<; ; ETtav ?????) oxi alxia ox9r|K fj9iKr; KXoviopg xou ait xrj ??? p xrj prixpa xou kcc xv xpo9aXfj ?????? xou, xf| ??????] KElVr) 5[??| tco Kpxr|OE Tcv-x XPvia. 'XX Tcaoi psyXoc ??????????; ??1 ???????; 5v 'xouv tcooxel oKoyviaK pqcpxpco c,xpa Ka ???????????? ; 'Ekevo tco 9 ?????????, vopli^co, v TtpopXriBE tcei-oxiKXEpa a' arr) xf]v TtEpTtTcoari Elvai x ysyovc; oti ZoXcopc; oua a' Eva Ttpi-PXXov ???? ptXXa, ???'^ vxaycoviopoc;. EIx pvo evav ????? Baupaoxcv ??1 ????-xaKxiKcv, tco xoG ?????????? x oxoixeco xfjq ?????????;, ????? xfjc; vxiyvcopiac;. Ka x-tcote 5v TcoKoipic^Ei TtEpiaaTspo xlc; 5uv-peic; tou TcvEpaxoc,. Eixav TtVEupaxtKc, pXovxac, dir tv tcolov oXot TtEptpEvav ?? TtvTa- ripTCEL v ????????????? ori ZoXcopc, TccoTEovTac; ??????, toG TcpaXE ouoxr\-?????? ?? TtEpcpXXov tou oti 9 yvfii AvTrjc; Tfjq '???????;, ??????[?9?|?? pia 9vr| tco 5v Ecrav 5iKrj tou. 'O ZoXcopc; Eaav pia yvrjota, pia TtXoaia, pia Pa9si XupiKn ????], tco oao tcXeue v TtpoasyyiaEi tv ?????1???1?? pEaXcop toG etcouc., ???? P9aiv otv dTc9pvo itoKEipEviap Tfjq ?????; ???. O 'EXE9spoi TtoXiopKr|pvoi, KprytiKc,, ????????, slvai ?? ,io-???????? auvTpppia ait Trjv vroTaain tco TtppaXE fj tpoT] ??? fj 5ia ???????? a ????-9aEig tco ppaKOVTav fero ano ?? 6pi ????. 'Ait t oxpa xoG Ttoir]xfj 5 pyavEi ma f) c;iaxpr)ar| pEyXcov 'pycov, XX 5papaxi-???; XupiKc; Kpauyq, tco TcopXXouv ax ?? ????.
'XX Ttpv TciXipfjaoup pia StEtoSuari ??? ZoXcopiK Kapo, ?????? 9 Erav v ISoOps tc; TCVEupariKc; auv9fJKq ????? dir tc; tcoEc; Kapoc; arq ???; dvoiysi afjps-pa tc; tcXec; tou. 'H ???1?|?1??| Ttavoxaar| tco TtpaypaxoTCOtEtxai arie; fjppsr; ???;, m-???????? auxv ori pxvsi Iva ????????????? ???????? ??? ??????????? toG TtapEXBvToc;. "? ToXxiaTov oti GXi v oTtpcc;Ei oao ?? Suvar Tti paKpi ??9?1 tco uTtopE v pEicasi Tfjv aiyXri xcv rcpcoxoPouXicv xr|c; Ka xfjc; xXprir; xrjc;. "H Xfj9ia Eivai oxi f] va ??????], ??? oupPaivEi v ???; ???????^?! p xfjv xar| xrir; axfj yi pia piaxiKfj TtoKOTcfj dir xfiv ?????????;, dXXo xao ???; ???????-psi ??????5???|??; ????????????; yi v 5oGp Tfjv Ttap5oar| ????? ???? Mva Kaivopio ????-
apa. Xpr) o1 aurfjv piropoGpE v c;avayupi-ooupE ar ZoXcop p pia Kaivopia TCEpa. ????? ????????, tco pdg eltov Ttpv aviypa-???, 5uoKoXovr)Ta, par; yivovTat ????? tci TtpoaiTd, tci 6iK ???;. 0Xy KavEc; oti p-oa otoc; kXeiotoc; xcpouc; Tfjr; vac; ???(?)??|?;, TtoKTfjaapE pia Kaivopia opaoti, tco 5ia-xpuTtEi EKoXcTEpa ?? ???????.
???? a' aTfjv acoc;, 5v d5r|povoGp Tti orav 5iapoupe ?? ??????? ????????????? xfjc; ZoXcopiKfjc; Ttotr|ar|c;, oOte dyavaKToGpe yi pia KaKfj polpa tco ?? papaivEi. T 5e-XpaoTE ??????; KaXcoaopt^Ei Kavdc; ?? dxTi5o-PXrjpa toG fjXiou dvpEaa dir iruKv ouy-????, yEproi Eyvcopoouvri yi ?? ????????-??|?? Scopo. TiaT fj5r] c;poup tcc; fj 6vapr| aTcv xcv KxcvQV Eivai tcoX tci EEpyExiKfj, ???? paa axfjv tci piKpf) axiypf) aupTcuKVc-vouv xfvv tci psyXr| vpyEia. ZKTcxopai TcpoTcvTcov ax x KTtXriKxiK ? x ? i ????? xcv 'EXe9epcov TcoXiopKripvcov, ????? f| dycovia xoG ???????) ?opu?cV?al yi v' yKaXioEi Tfj polpa toG dvpcitou. 01 Xu-piKc; ???????; tco ?? 5iaoxli^ouv TcpnEi v pTpr)8oGv oxi o EKTaari Kal SipKEia XX a vxaari ??1 ????;. Elvai Kaipg ui v ???-???? v ????????? paa otoc; 'EX9pouc; TtoXiopKripvour; Kacbg Kal ox aXXa pyd-Xa Tcocfjpaxa xoG ZoXcopoG, x ????) vg k-apou tco 6 pupsoE vdp9Ei ax ???;. Kav-vaq acoc; dXXoc; Txoirixr|c; 5v par; eScooe 5siy-paxa xao a9svxiK, xao uXoaia yi xv Kapo xou, Kavvaq 5v paq vaoxxcoos xao |3a9i p tic; ????????; vSouc; Kal ??9?-????; ??? paa a' arv tv ?????, ???? v tv vTiKpu^oups ??????, dir ?? ??? ki1 u ?? ????). ????????? v Elvai koveIc; vTsXSc; dpoipoc; tc' arfi Tfj puoTiKfj opaori tco par; dvoiyEi toc; TcoirixiKoc; ???????;, yi v al-oBavBs xv saux xou c;vo ki' Tcpooavax-Xioxo, oxav TcXrioi^Ei x ???? ??? ZoXcopoG. Xpq o' axf|v xfjv opaor] ??1 pvo 9 Pe-Paico9oGp tcoo pploKovxai ?????; ???????; o ??9 Xoyfjc; X ? ? i ? ?; TcoaEic;, p xc; ttoec; o pEXsxnxr; TcpoaTc8r]aav ???? Kaipor; v aupTtXripcoouv xf| ov9ar) Tto 5v exei TtpaypaxoTtottj9E. Tiax x TtppXripa vxoTia9r|K TEXtK a' axf] xf]v ???1??1 xfjc; av9or|c;, oTtou aupTtuKvc9r|K Ka fj yVtKf| ????????. 'AXX xl TtpTtsi v vvooGpE p xfj Xc;r| av9ar[ yEviKcxEpa, yi v pxvoupE a' axf|V xao ppoc; ; 'Ar^t^Ei v axa9oGpE a pia yvcpr] xou 'Avxp Zuapg, tco dva-??????1 TtdXi otv ???1? :
'? ??????, ???; Xei TtptTta9fjc; ?????; yXXoc; oToxaaTfjr;, 6 piXoGas ???? yt auv-9???|. EuptOKE Tfj X^T] tcoX xovoP0lOT Yta v Ttpoo5ioploi Tfjv pyaaia toG TtvEpaTor;. ?????????. Zv9ori oripaiVEi v pXsir; pia ????? TtXd aTfjv dXXr|, pia I6a, pia ?????-or|. Elvai Xc;ri yi evoc ?????), oxi opor; yi evav dpxixKXova. 0 KaXXixxvnc; 5 ouv9xi, pyavvEi. Kal pyvcoori or|pavi v Ttai-i^iq Eva orgtie, '? ????? 5 ouvGtei x ????-


24
*Q. ZoXcopc;, alcvio opBoXo
poya TcpeXouvxi ??? BovTa pia vota uX orfjv XXr| : "OXer; ol vote Ttpoa0povTai n-vco a* sva euiuEOo dvcTEpr|c ?????|???;, p Tr|v ???????????) vc aloSrjpaTOt; tco ?????-TtdpXEi Ka tco KaTEuGvEtai ???? ?? uvspa.
TTtoTE ???; ????(??1 TcEpiaaTEpo yi Trjv ouata Tfj ZoXcpiKfj ripioupyiar;, ??? oi ??????; ?????, ??? 'Avtp Zuap. "?? pfj ???; ???? fj u^vsia. 'H pxn tco eive ZoXcopc; p ?? ???????1?? pyavo v e-Tav pia TcdXr) p tc XCeic, dXX p ?? t 9 pTcopouaav v ????????? aT oi Xc,i. E-Tav va ?????????;, va uacouriTO yc-va yi v ???????????, u Tfj vEKpfj ???), cfj. N Kpsi v' dvaoSE fj pouaiKrj vc alorjpatoq tco upouufjpXE Ka tio KaTEu9vovTav duo acoTEpiKGOTEpEc; uvpEi. 9 puopoaapE acoq v uipEivoups a' vav ???????????? vpEoa ??? ZoXcop ??! otv ??????, yi v vTXrjcfoupE 'va koiv iay-pa ?????)?; uoir|TtKfjr;, dXX ???????1 uu rj Ttpoau9Eia 9 ?'????? a ioo. ???! ??? Kl* v ol upoacuiKOr]Tr; tou apyouv ?' M- va Kaipio oripso, ?????' uoxcopioVTai. 'O ?????? eTxe Trjv KavOTr|Ta v ???1?????1 rrj vapri Tfjq ????? ???, v prjv uirpuEc o ??-pi t;coTpiKrj uipaori v* uvaTEi Tfj pa-???|?10??]?? Tri. 'AXX ?????? v uiotec oti ZoXcopc uEpExE o XupiK B9o. T uoirjTiK ??? ouvTpppaxa vavouv pi ?(??? uo rj ?????|?? ??|? svai povaiKfj poa orfjv TtayKapia uo(r]or|. Zt B9oq, Evai fj uiKpa to KaXXiTxvri uo ??????1 u tv u9o Tfj ???????^???, Ka uo poXo-vTi e'xei ueio9e ur; Evai upaypaTouori-??| ??? ??????, v totoi v to uoXE-ui ?? 9ppo v* ycovisTai yi' arfj af|v ????10??|??. N, va Xoyo ?????| uo e-XoyopE arf] ??) poipa twv ZoXcopiKQV auv-TpippTQv. Tiari par; uoKaXuTEi ?? aicvio ppa to KaXXiTxvr), to yvrjaiou, to Xo-????????? KaXXiTxvri, tio elvai f| vap-Tpr)arj ??? p ?? uXuTo.
ZrjpEpa v dvar|Top ui Mva pyo uo X9r|k, XX ?????????? du' aura uo ???-????? ??? Xpia par;. A par; uaaxoXE ?? pcTripa dv upKiTai yi ?? auvrpppaTa vr; OripioupyrjpaToq uo kuote eTxe ocd 6?????|???91 Ka uo 8 puopooE ????? v uapaBXr|9 p ?? ?????? u ?? pdppapa Ka tc yupv koXvec uo par; Bs|3aicvouv ori kuote exe up;i va pEyaXnpEuoc vac. Mar; pKE oti ?? ouvTpppaTa aura duoTEXoOv otxouc; KEVTpiKo, aupuuKv-vouv cofj too uuKvrj, uo pXic ?? yyou-p voic9oup v par; ?aoupou?X(couv ?? -?????. Oi 'EXe9epoi uoXiopKripvoi yi v ???9?? ar Ttoirtpa uo iiaitEpa Tupvvr)-o ?? ZoXcop Evai rj ???????) vr; pya-vcopvou ??????. AioBavpaoTE Trjv uapouaia ??? p Trjv ???? par; a uXfjprj ypfjyopar|,
uco vTiKpoupE 'va touo ????? u ia-oTaupopEVEc; ????????;. Kapi ????, aTc, Kapoc aupuuKvcvETai o Eva Ka pvo ot-Xo av rj uoKpuoTXXcoon piar; uoXTiprjC aTiyprjr; uo uepikXevei Trjv aicviTriTa. Koi-????? ucr; KaTaoyovtai u Eva Ba9 oco-TEpiK ??? oi oKpuLoi aTol otxoi, ucor; ek-upuouv pia ????? ?????????1??| uo p kXevei ?? ?????, yi v Ba9voupE Ka pE OTrj iKrj ??? ???? :
nvt' voixr, tkvt' ypunva ?? ????? Trjc ??-
??? Hou
'? oTxor; aTr; ??????1 pioTiK Ka vEuavXiqura xr)v oaia piar; uoir|ar|r; Ka Trjv ycovia vr; v9pcuou. "Oucb Kai ???-toc; uapauXrjaior;, c;iaou ouykXoviotikc poa oTrjv ia ??? Trjv ????????? :
T OTcXxvcx ??? ?' ri ??????? ???? 6v rjouxaouv "Eva otxoq, vacf ??????.
9OXtyo ??? ??1 tiacKpiv o u-yoc okto ki9 'pu.0.
T XoyiK puopE v aripEicvEi ??????? ??? vripa aTv tcv OTxcav. 'O KaOvar; ????; B puopoas v ouoteXoei LiaiTEpo vTiKEipEvo vXuaTjr;, yi v' vaEiXTE rj ul ppour; t;ta ???. "0,ti opor; to kvei oXou v Xpuouv c;iaouv 'vTova paa otv u-pavTO opav Trj; uoir|ar|r; Evai yiati ivouv uvTr]ar| ??? io ??????]??, coote va v1 uoTEXs axXio Kai upoKTaori to dXXou, Elvai yiaxi ??[???? poa par; rrjv iav durj-Xnorii opoia p t aTXs. Tfjr; pouaiKtjr; uo ??????? ??? B9or; ???. niaco u* axr; tc; uEXuiapVEc; vtec; KpBETai pi ????) uo v ?1?????1, uo v uapaiETai :
CH ouvau.ij oou TtXayo ?' fj 6Xr|arj ??? Bpcixoc;
Kl* ?????), fj ????????] ???????) :
????? yiotirri ??????, vxta o-napiivri ciyia
"Av ?? puoTiK Tfjr; uoiriaric; Evai upaypa-TiK v??paa?o, tte rfjv ui uvaTfj vc-????) ???????| ???, Trjv ui a9EVTiKf| uo pu-popE v Xuioups, 9 ? BpoOpE paa o' aToq toc; ???????? otxouc;.
"Eroi nXr]aioups tv ????? to ZoXc-po, oxi pvo yi v ????????? tcv dxpvTcov puoTripicv ??? XX Ka yi v EXTops va iaypa. '? uoiritnc; Evai ui XE9po<; dv9pcuoc;, fj ToXxiorov Kvo uo pdXEtai iKoua yi Tfjv XEu9pia ???. TiaT dv9pcouo<; yEvviTai ???????;, ooo^ki' v 9Xei v iaKripTTEi rfjv dvc;apTr|Oa ???. ZkXBoc; tcov koivcvikqv ouv9r|Kc3v, paa aTq uoec; TOuoBETExai av Mva uivi, uo-


cO ZoXcopc; aicvio apBoXo
25
Xpecou-vo va 5iavaSL pia TcopEia. Sto Tppa aTrjc; Tfjc; Ttopsiac; BpioKETat 6 SvaToc,, tco aTCOTeXsI Kal Tfj pvq TtpaypaTiKri XTpcoarj Tt Tfj OKXaBt. 'O TtoiryTfjr; etvai kevoc; tco auvi5r|TOTcoit atrj rfjv KaTaaTaar), tco TtavaoTaTE a' atv tv Kavva. Elvai, apay, f| ipa yt Tfjv Xu9pta tco tv kccvei Ttoir|Tr| ; Kc' Kpr), t Tc9oq aT yt Tfjv Xsu9Epia TcpopxsTai n t yEyovc; ori TtoiriTfjc; Elvai TtEpiaaTEpo aKXBoc;, cpou kXevei paa tou Kapouc; TcpavTouc; y-Tcriq Kal TpucppTr|Tac; Ka voico9ei Trjv vyKri v 5o9el TcspcpiaTa ;
'H EKCfipaar|, Xyor;, Elvai t pya cpo toO GeoG paov tou rtoou TcpaypaTOTCoiETai arf| rj aTOTcpoacpop. *H KaTcKTrjan tou* X-you xtpi?Ei arv Ttoir|Trj t noXuTpcoTiK a'a9r|pa, x^pi at0 tcoio yvETai Kpioc; tou auTou tou. 'AXX rfjv XsuSEpia EtvaL tco-XPEcapvoc; v Trjv KaraKra oiKorca, ytar TcspiaaTEpo dir' TcoiovrJTtOTE dXXov vicBst paa tou v !;avayupiouv ppriTiKr;, v yi-yavTcvovTac, oc KaTaXuTiKr; 8uvpstc; Tfjc; dyTtrn;, tco dTCEiXouv Trjv vaTpoTtf| Tfjc; iaoppomac;, tv dcpaviap. M' dXXa Xyia, r Eap Tfjc; aKXaBic; acbupr|XaToGvTai i-KOTta Kal TcpTcsi 5iKOTca v t oTt^si. Auto slvai t paprpi tou Kal r\ oc,a tou.
ripiTEi v Elvai Kavslq upa tcoX Ttoir|-rfjc;, TcpTtEi v 5ta9oi facce; pia corj, yi v 5exteI pa XKXr)pr| Tfjv dKTivoBoXia Ka t 5Saypa. S Kavva dXXo TCoir|TiK pyo, acoTEpiKc; arc; dycvaq, p' dXXa Xyia fj Tcopsia Tcpc; t ISavtK, ov 'xsi ylvEi p' Eva pu9p too iauyfj c;coTpiK, oao aco-TEpiK ouaTcpoito. MuopoOps v Kpoups ar pyo Topc; Kal iaxcopiapoc;, v Sia-Ba9plaoup KaXXiTEXviKc; TtpaypaTcoaEic;. 'AXX fj acoTEpiKfj tou vrriTa, TCEpvcvTac; ara-9sp arc Ttoiripa a Ttolripa kc' dir TcspioBc a TCspio5o,par; TtiBXXETai p Tfjv dvayKaiTr)-ra Kal Tfj vaprj tcv KpiKcov pidc; XuaSac;. 'H TtoiTr|Ta Tfjc; ipuxiKtjr; dKTivoBoXiar; 5taTr)-pELTai Kpairi tc Tfj pia cor; tfjv XXr) Kpri. Eivai Evar; otixoc; tco aTcsipsc; epope; tv TcavaXBapE, xwPl? va xasi titcote dir Tfjv Tcap9VtKTr|Td tou Kal Tfj Xpipn tou :
"Ou.opcpo<; kou.oc;, ri8iK<;, yyEXiK iiXaonvoc;.
Elvai TEXEuraor; dir toc; ec/i otIxouc; tou rriypppaToc; ari) OpaTi^Ep, orcou aupTcu-KVcbvETai XKXripor; ZoXcopiKc; lEaXiapc;.
Ki* av yi t Ti&ia oou, KaXrj, k' fiv yi Tijv KECpa
Xr oou
Kpivouc; XtSoq SByave, XPU0 arenavi 6 fjXioq, Acopo &v xouve yi o Ka yi t ciaa itXouToq.
'H Xpipr| Tfjc; ^coTEptKfjc; popcpidr; pac; TcBXXETai av Eva cpuaiK otoixeo. "Opcog, fj popcpi Tfjc; ipuxfjr;,,t paa TcXouTog, 5v pTiopEi v KTipr]8E Ttap p prpa eocote-piKfjc; TtoiTriTar;. XpEii^ETai psyXri ipuxiKf|
ffc;apar| yi v pTpr)9 t acoTEpiK KXXoc;.
* *
'O SoXcopc; KaTaKTa xfjv aicoviTr|Ta p t 5iKalopa toO Tcoir|Tfj tco raTcaE tv au-t tou p t "E9voe;. 'EopTit|oup T Kar Xpvia tou ki* alo9avpaaTE oXoi ori 5v up-KEiTi yi pia auvr|9iapvri cpiXoXoyiKf) Ti-teio XX yi Tf|v Evapori vr; psyXou aup-BXou. 'H vBaari tou SoXcopoO Tcpc; tfjv I5a tou "E9vou<; oT9r)K or cpuaiK tou uep-TcTripa, fj Ba9i dvyKr| Tfjq ipuxfjc; tou. H Tcoiriafi tou 5v vanvEi Ttap paa otv TtXaT, tv voixr, tv IXiyyicSr] x^po a-Tfjr; Tfjc; 'I5aq. Kal fj ia tou "E9vour; 5 voETat X^Pk TTV L^a Tfjc; Ac;ac; Kal xfjq 'EXEu9piaq. "Ac; 9upr|9oupE t ETtiypappa tGv Vappcov, t aupa auro Tfjc; TtXaaTtKfjr; XiTTtrTaq, tco TcpaypaTOTtoiE pia eIkvo TtEpoaiou XupiKoG Bouc; :
Ztov Vappcov xr^v XLiaupr| paxrj, TtEprcaTCvrai; f\ Ac^a jiovxi lieXetcc T Xacjitp TcaXrjKpia Ka OTfjv KLtr] OTEtpvi 'A;i^ei v Ttpooe;oup ori aTfj fj E'tKva Tfjc; pf|pojor|c; elvai Tto niBXXei t dv-oTripa Tfjc; Ac;ac;. 'H Xsu9epla S pTtops v KaTaKTr|9i Ttap p ycva Kal p 9uala. Xa-paKTrjpiaTiK Elvai t Ttwq papaTii^ETai ZoXcopc; Kal Ttwc; TtpoocuTtoTtoiEi Tfiv 'EXeu-9spia.
Etvai XryGiv KaTaTtXr]KTiKfj fj E'tKva p Tfjv Ttoiav pxi?i Ypvoq. Kal 9aTtpTt fj auvrj9ia v pf| par; Kdvsi xucpXoc; Kal kou-cpor; ptipoor or daXXr|TtTo pEyaXEto xr\c,.
Z yveopc^co dna rfjv Ktpr] tou aitaStou trjv Tpou.sprj, o yveop^co ix rf]v 6ilir| tio u Bla itETpEi Tij yfj.
Av dKoups pvo tv fjxo T pErdXXou, EXoups pirpoar par; XBoXr] rf| cpoBEpfj, tf|v KtKfJTpia popcpij. T TCEpcpuaiK, t ttrvio dvatrip Tr|c;, paq t TtoBXXouv 8u Ttpd-ypara : fj TpopEpfj ki\it\ tou aTta9ioG uo Kparsi, Kal t BXppa Trir;, TtocpaoiatiK Kal rax, tco psrpEi rfjv ditoTaari dir tv x9p. H popcpi Trir; dKTtvoBoXsi ypTr| ppEvcoTtTriTa Ka GpSoe; :
AciLpiv xl o\ri cpXoyc5r|, XEXog, u-Tcoiro, cpSaXitc;' coq ar x^PW 'pe^ t tcSi, ki* 6Xa yupffl oou Etvac epet;.
"Eroi papaTiaTrrKE ZoXcopc; rf|v 'EXsu-9spta. Kal t yEyovc; ori oi arlxoi arol c;a-vafjp9av teXeutoioi ara X'Xri tou Tfjv copa tou Bavtou, paprupEi 8ti auto t opapa oTa9rjK Kupapxo oXr)c; tou Tfjc; ^cofjr;.
TIANNHZ XATZ1NHZ


AnOVEIZ
O IOAQMOS KAI H KA6APH nOIHIH
[Sopisco 8xt ZoXcopc;, Ttap xf| XupiKfj tou aGoppriaia Ka tv auvataGripaxiK tou uXouxo, vfJKSi, xouXxioxo aia ui anpocv-tiKd tou uoifjpaxa, axoc; uoir|xr; Tto ok-uxovxai Tipv v ptXfjaouv. Ti' axoq Eva Tcoiripa npoxoG ypacpxE p XJ;ic; ypcpsxat poa axv syKcpaXo. Zxf|v Kaxriyopa xcov uoirrxcv axcv Kaxaxaaovxai 6 MaXXapp, oucoc; ki' 6 BaXsp tco xoq Baaavi^si t TtSoc, Tfjt; 8iavr|ar|q Kal fj vafjxr[ar| xoG uXuxou.
Z 5ppouc; uapXXriXour; KivExai ki' ZoXcopc; tco oao ki' dv ox BGoc; Siacppst dir Tog 5u pExayEVoxEpoc; tou yXXouc; uoitixc; 'xec noXXd Koiv airpsa rj uoTiafj tou p tt) 5iKrj Touq.
'O BaXsp TtvsOpa uoXuovGsto yepTo pETacpuotKfj ycovta &npiopyr|as, 8ucoc; Eivai yvcoax, tv 8po KaGaprj uoiY|ar|. Zrfjv uolriari aTrj TcdpXEi pia pouaiKonotr|ar| tcv Secdv, uonvupaTouoirior| Tfjq upaypaxiKxrixar;, tcs-pioxoXf] tou auvaia9r|paTiKoG tco KaxopGc-VExat uaTepa dir u[uovr| auvEiSrrrrj Ttpoa-TtdGEia. 'O Ttoir)Tifjq ^rust v uopaKpuvsi 8Xa T TCEc^oypacpiK axoiXEia vq uoifjpa-xoq, v KaGaptaEi xfjv uofiar] dir o,xi 5v st-vai axfj fj IBia.riE^oypacpiK aToixsa vvooGpE 8,xt puopfi v etccoGei dir tv rai^ Xyo, aT Tto TcapKEi x^Pk Trv dvayKaia Borj-Gia toG TpayouSioO : Trjv axopia, t pGo, t dvKOTo, t yvcopiK, dKpa xf| cpiXoao-(pia. 'H KaGaprj Xomv noirari upuEt v Geco-pr|9eL av Eva pio tco puopoOps v xs-voupE ki' tco Eivai 5vaxo v cpTooups a' va Ttotripa pEyaXxspo u sva axtxo.
"Eustxa, otccc; uapaxipEt BaXfip, pvo axfjv Ttoiriar] Xyor; 'xei Trjv KavTr)Ta v ipcaEi t aToxaap cbq Trjv Ttt yvr) pouai-Kf) EKcppaori, cbq xf] pa8r|paxiKf| KaGapTrita, v cptaEi aTrjv uXuxri Sripioupyia, xf| br\-pioupyia KaG' auxfj, yiat 6 Xyoc, oao Ka-TCTEpoq ki' dv Etvai a paa fjxrixiKxrixac; duo Trj yXcooa xfjr; pouaiKfjq 'xsi pia pova-6iKr| 8vapr|, Trj auyKEKpipvri usiKviar] xfjc; 5aq.
'O ZoXcopc; u tte uo pxios v daxoXsTai p Trj psXxri xfjc; cptXoaocpiaq cpxvsi a piv vXoyri vx[Xiii|Jr| yi Trjv
uoirKJri p KEivn toG BaXsp. niaxBsi, uq uoir]Trjq xoG~0aXaaoivou Kotpr]TripioG, ori ipuxr| toG Xr]GivoG uoifjpaxor; upuEi v slvai rj vikt| toG voO uvco oxf| 5vapr| tcov alaGijoEcov. Kt' 5ucoq 6 BaXsp xtpo!KTnPL" orriKS uotriTrjq uap xf) GXriorj tou, 6r|Xa8f| vTiGExoq p xq Gscopisq tou yi Trjv Ttoir|ar|, ETai Ki' ZoXcopq av yvrjaioq uoiriTrjq duo Tq Gscopisq Etq Tq uosq ipcvETO vouq, duo Trj oxeov paBripaTiKrj dvXuari BaBuTpcov pxcov upoar|XcvEi t BXsppa yaXrjvio Ka pcoTSupvo sq rrjv dopata cpari uo tv usptKUKXcovst. KaTaXaBaivsi 8ti rj yXaaa XPEi^ETai vraar] Tfjq ipuxnc;, aaGrj-paxa Ka cpavraoi yt v puopast v uX-ast uipioxa Ka yor|xsuxiK dvxiKEipsva.
'O ZoXcopq Baoavt^ETai dKpa u xr)v dva^r)xr|ari xou duXuxou, oucoq MaXAapp. rioXXauXaaid^Ei x axsSiapax xou Ka x yKaxaXsLUEi oucoq KEivoq, auXXoyixat acoq pac^ xou xv dSvapo uoirixf) uo xfyv c;a xou Kaxapixai auvxpippvoq duo xr\v acvia ya-Xrjvia EpcovEia xoG yaXi^iou, uaXBEi v y-p'tast x daupo xaPT 1X00 uEpaaTtc^ETai Trj XEUKTrjTd tou, "Aycovic^ETai iupova v cpTaEi aTrjv' Kopucprj xfjq KcppaaxiKxrixac;. "Evaq uoir|xfiq uo yaudsi xr\v x^yr] xou, uapaxrp pi BaXsp, 8 fjxav Exapiaxripvor; v ,avaKavi axf] 5idpKia 8Xr|q xou xfjq i^corjq x 5to uoiripa Sivovxaq kGe xpta, xaaEpa fj uevxe xpvia pia Kaivopyia XXayr) vq Gpaxoq uo 5iXc;E ui. Tiax rj oaia xfjq uoirioTr; Evai rj dva^fjxr)ar| xfjq i'5taq Trjq uoir|or|q Ka t BdGoq xr\q rj Xova ui aco-TEpiKrj Ka ut dKpiBrjq Kaxoxfi SXcov xcv p-acov piaq xsxvrjc; uo x dvxLKEipEVO fj KaX-xpa x xppa xrjq BpiaKExai axf| axEvcxaxn axar| xr|q p x paa uo 5ia6xsi.
'O ZoXQpq, 8ao upoxcopEi upq x xppa xfjq ?cofjq xou, xeivei oXo Ka usptooxEpo a' 'vav aKpaxo SsaXiop, a piv ;i5aviKuari xcv cpaivopvcov xfjq ^cofjq, ^r)xat xrjv duXu-xri xXixr|Xa Ka xf|V duXuxr] dppovia pxac; [Saq Ka EKcppaariq. Av upXEi BBaia axfjv uoriafj xou x pa6r|paxtK Ka yscopE-xptK uvfiGpa vq AEOvpvxo Nx Bivxat, fj dcpripripEVij Kpa dusiKviari xfjq 5aq uo auvavxaps pyxspa axf)v KaGapf| uonon xou


'? ZoXcopc; Kai r) KaGaprj Tto'vqor)
27
BaXep. 'EmKpaxs ?' axrj ?? XupiK Kai pouaiK oToixso Kupico, pyTSpa ?? ????-???1?? Kai TtXaaTiK ocv Kai o ?????? tio p ivEi Evai XwaoiXou TtoTtvsupaTo-TTOLrjpvE, ???????; is,, Evai ysviKa pi Ttoiriori tco TtpxEi, otcc yptpsi riaXa-
p, TteptaaTEpov Eie; Trjv Kivtiaiv ???; cb, ???????? Ttap Eie; ?? Tppa tti cb, ???????-TOTcoriaic;, TtavTCO pia ?????? ???? ???????-?? vopicu v t] xaPotKTrIPLarouiI Kaaprj ? ??????1??| ??????].
2????2 ????0???2
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'Ano Trj ZcxuvSo ttplv dna ?? 1953. T pxovtix ??? ????????? (17o alvac ;)


[**.*..*..+it'i*,*i~\*x~i+*L+~xp.*i;*iw
Hi ITIXOYPriKH TEXNH TOY A. IOAQMOY
KaGcbc; slvai yvcoat, tv Kaip tco otco-5a^ ZoXcopc; aTfjv 'ItaXia, slxs pxiaEi v ypcpsi Ttoifjpata ItaXit. H OTixoupyla cpuai-K tcov TuoiripTCv ekevcov fJTav 'iTaXiKfj. Ztc; yevtKq tric; ypappc; BBaia fJTav aQppr]Tri, Xcopic; TtpoacoTtiKsq TEXViKc; uepBasic;. T ku-picTspa xaPaXTnPiaTlKa 'tic. fjxav Kavovi-vt; xoviKq puGpq, fi Tcocpuyfj Tfjc; xocoV"" 5iac; p Tfj xPnaiPolt0LTlc,rl auvir]0r|i; k1 fj poioKaxaA.ric;[a. 'O KupicoTspoc; otxoc; tou fjiav VTSKaaXXaBoc; Kal oTtavicTspa cpTaauXXaBoc;, Kat T Ttoiripata xou T av-Gete a oxpocpiK auaTfjpaTa, tco XXa Touq ETvai TcoXaTixa, otccoc; Tfjc; *25fjc; yi npctri AeiToupyia, ki XXa xiauxcc, TSTpcraxoc, TEpicjLVq Ka aovTTa.
Tf| axixoupy'ia atfj xif| ouvavTaps oc; va ktcoio oripsio Kal at vsavtK tou XXr|ViK Ttoifipaxa tco sypaipE OTfj ZKUv9o. "Etoi, aTf|v 'Q5fj sic; Tfjv ZsXrjvri psTaXEipi^Etai TEpTalvEc. Kal otxo VTEKaoXXaBo, atf| ZKi tou "Opfjpou XToTixn aTpocpfj k' vtekooX-XaBo, oTfj NKpiKf| T Scoila t.' ^oiivaxo BqovioOce dir TgayoTiSia x1k.
Tfj oTpocpfj aTfj p Tfjv 'iTaXiKfj OTixoupyla Tfj pTaxipiotr)K ZoXopc; Kal aTfjv Tipc-tt] KEpKupa'iKf] tou TcEplooo, ypacpovTac. a' a-Tfj t 1829 Tfjv cfj Eie; povaxfjv, KaGc; Kal axr) Seteph KspKupa'iKrj, ypcpovTac; xfjv XEyEla tou Eie; tv Gvarav Kuplac; 'Ay-yXioac;.
sAe;ioar|pEicaTo Eivai tccc;, veo ZoXcopc; ir Tfjv TcpcTri tou VETrjTa 'ypaip iTaXiK Sva pEyXo TcXfjBoc; aovTTa, tco ve Kal t 1827 Tc' cpoppfi t GavaTO tou OokoXou, '-ypaipE IraXiK t oovetto Zt Gvaro tou Ouyou cpcaKoXou, Kal t 1847 Eypai|j ItoXi-
I
K t oovetto 'Opcpac, yi v 6coei Gpa otv aToaxEoiaaTfi Mitopivri, tco veo K-pa t 1852 E'ypaijJE kaXiK t oovetto Zt GvaTO tou ZtXiou MapKopa, B BoKipaaE TtoT v ypifJEi XXrjviK oovetto. T v tto-Goei KavEic, tcc; ircpuyE aTfj Tfj popcpfj yiaTi Tfj GEcopoOaE c;viKfj, 5v 'xei Kapi Xo-yiKf] Bar|, yiaT 6 ZoXcopc;, otccoc; i5ap, 5v TtcpuyE KTtou ktcou v XPI0'1!10'1101^ iTaXiKfj OTixoupyla eoe; t teXoc; Tfjc; i^cfjc; tou, otccoc; fj e;oTiX1 OTpocpfj Tfjc; XsyElaq Eq tv vaTov Kuplac; 'AyyXiBac;. "Etoi, t tci-GaveTEpo slvai uq itcpuyE v ypipEi XXr[-viK oovetto, yiaTl EupiaKE cpTcoxc; Tic; poio-KaraXricjiEc; Tfjc; XXr)viKfjc; yXeaaac;, tco 5 6 tou TtTpSTcav v Bcoasi OT XXrjviK aovTTa tou Tfjv TsXEiTrjTa tco TcaixouoE t EiBoc;, Kal tco Toxav vfiBoEi oi e;voi oti-Xoupyoi, Kai KovT a' aTOc; aupTtoXlTTjq tou Ouyoe; OcokoXoc;.
Zt XXa tou uoifjpaTa ZoXcopc; Tfjc; ^aKuBivfjc; Ttoxfc; XPrOLP-'n:ole tv koiv paq 5EKarcsvTaaXXaj3o, ouvfjGcoc; o Sotixec; aTpo-cpc; otccoc; tv BpfJKE XPrlcril-i0'n:irlpvov am toc; TtporiyopEvouc; "EXXtvec; TcoiriTc; ki" ir pspiK 8r|poTiK TpayoBia, tv tovik Tpo-XaKv xtaaXXaBo, tco tv ttXkel ouvfjGcoc; a TETpoTixsc; aTpocpc;, otccoc; otv Ypvo sic; Tfjv 'EXEuGspia Kal aTfjv cbBfj Eie; tv MTci'pov k.X.tc. Kal tio tv oavEiaTrvKE u tv Br|Xapa, tv XpiaTTcouXo Ki' arc T 5r|po-TiKa paq TpayoBia, KaGcbc; Kal Bicpopouc; XXouc; piKpTEpouc; otxouc;, uo ouvfjGcoc; toc; tcXkei a TETpoTixsc; oTpocpe;, Ttcoq aTfjv 'AyvcpiaTri, axf|v HavGoXa, OTfjv M'uxouXa k.X.tc. tco TtiaTic; toc; BpfJKE otoc; TcporiyopEvouc; "EXXr)vEc; oTixoupyoc;.
T oTixoupyiK paa Tfjc; Ttoxfjc, aTfjq si-vai ouvfjGcoc; KavoviKc; tovikc; puGpc;, fj Tcoepuyrj Tfjc; x010!10-10^01^ P-E Tr PorjGEia xfjq auvltnarl^i t101^ 0v TtcpEuyav ol ayxpovoi tou KaGapEuouoivoi aTixoupyol, k' fj poio-KaTaXr)c;(a, tco fJTav otoiXsio koiv a' SXti Tfjv Ttoiriori tfjc; TCoxfjc;, XXriviKfjc; Kal e;vr]c;. Movo tco ZoXcopc; 8v KoXou6r]aE a' auto Tfjv aoTpTr|Ta Tfjc; yaXXiKfjc; aTixoup-ylaq, tio KoXouGouaav pspiKo "EXXrjvsc; Ka-Gapsuouaivoi, p Tfj oxsTiKfj XsuGspia Tfjq iTaXiKfjc;. "Opcoc; fj Ttriyaia tou pouoiKfj 5i6s-arj, cpcotiapvri ki* tc t TcapaSstypaTa tcov cjsvcov atixoupycv, TcpooGtsi OTfj OTixoupyla


H otixoupyiKrj xxvri ??? ?. SoXcopo
29
??? ioXoya ????????? kcx ?????????1?? pouaiK atoixecx, yvcooTa cS ?? tote, atrj vsosXXr|vtKri ??1??7?]- "Etoi, TcapaoraivEi Kapi ???? p Toc, fjxouc tcv Xecov tco pEiaxEi-piETai, tv fjxo fj Tfjv Kvr|ori tco TCEptyp-?? Kai Tcooar|v fjxou auvavxpE auxv airj aoXcopcKrj ???????,, tccoc; ottj 44 ??????] ???
"YpVOU, tcou p tv TJXO TCV XsCOV KCXVEL
????????????????) Tfjv ???1????? Tfjc TtoXspi-Kfjc; ayKpouar|<; :
'AxovJco ????? ?? ???????, dxoco oiu|iiio areaf}ict>v, dxcvto |iUa, dxoca xceXxia, dxoco xoi|ipo OVTICV.
'ETciarjc;, p tv fjxo tcv Xecov Kapi ???? ???????[^? Trjv ????1??????^?| Kvr|ar|, -?????; arfjv 39 ??????) ??? "Ypvou :
KaTeouvouVE, xa ???????, xov rtcAiiot) dvaXairjtfj-?? ??????1 dvdEi, ????????1, ??\1???, ????81 ?? ?????.
Sto TETpaTixo auro fj vaXXayn ??? fjxou ?? Kai ???, pai p Tfjv vaXXayfj tv TTtcov vaEC Kai ^???1, 5tvouv ????-???? Tfjv TCTiKfjv EKva Tfjc; ?????????]? Kivriarir;- Tfjv TcapaaTaTCKfjv ??????? Tfjr; kIvt\-arie; ouvfj9coc; ??1 oi CioXoycTEpoi OTixoupyo Tfjv ^pouv p xpoviK paa, tco kcvouv ?? ????? ?? yopy fj tuo py, ki' xi p ccKOuaTiKc. Kai ?? VEavtK auro TETpanxo ??? SoXcopo vai pia ?????1?1??1??1 ????-i,r| Tfjc; pouaiKfjr; ??? iioauyKpaoia.
T TEXviK poa tco ??^??????? ??; ?? ????, Eivai Kupico fJxntiK, pouaiK, p SoXcopc Trjv iav ?????? psTaxEipi^ETai Kai ???????1?? paa, ??????, yi v Scoei psya-??????) ?????????1????|?? arfiv ???1?????| ???. TTOio Evai fj Topfj ???;?|?; ait otxo o ati-Xo, tccoc; arrj 51 ?????^ ??? "Ypvou :
Toa ???????? ?? ?-eqI opva ordxua otoii dygoiic,.
?????, p ?? ???1?? Tfj XriQ 8piopvai ivEi Kai TtTiK tfjv EKva tv 9piopvcov OTaxuv. Tf|v Topf) opco Tfjc; Xric; ???? ot-Xo a otxo, ?? pETaXEipi^ETai Kai p' XXo ??????, tccoc; oTfjv ?????????? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ??:5???1? :
?' ycb -eXei ????-xa^aco ??) ???],
????? p ?? ???1?? Tfjr; Xcr|c; ??? o ouvBe-???? ??|?;, ToviETai ??! ?? ??????? Kai Ttaipvei pyaXTEpr|v ????????? Svapr), tco ?????-??1???1 ?' ????????! rfj Xri, ??1 Tfjr; uva-pcvei ?? vripa, Kai ?? dcrcX ???????????? ??(???1 a v Xei ?' ycb 9Xei ????? tcoX ???????????? rfj T ??????????? aT otoixeo t avE-???|? SoXcopc; ki1 ???? Tfjv pxaia XXtjvi-Kfj Tcoiriari, ki' ???? Tfjv iTaXiKfj. 'ISo ti yp-??1 Sio a pi TCootjpEcoafj ??? otv "Ypvo :
'AXX Tcoio ao stce v TaaKLOEic; Tfj Xri 9Epi-apva; Floioc; po ?? eitte ; ?? ????????? Tfjr; Txvr]c; pou ??'? ?? ?????-Eiypa tv pEyXcov. Kai va?pvl &1???-pa TcapaEiypara pxaa XXr)viK ; 'Eniaric; ???????1?? otoixeo Eivai Kai ?? aveaapa ??? tvou ??? tXoc; ??? otxou, tccoc; OTfjv ?????????? 44 ?????? Tfjr; cofjq Sto MTtpov :
Ki' ano ?' cxjieiQo 8idati)|*a dvTiofjxcooE 11,'riA. t piag tt) t dvdorripa va xagE ??) pugonid,
????? p ?? aveaapa ??? tvou otv ?????? Kai otv rpTo otxo, vei ??????1?? tfjv TCTiKfjv EKva Tfjr; TcpavTr|c; ??????|?; Kai ??? ???|??? vaoTfjpatoq.
???? ?? 1825- 27 xP1aLP01TOl"L ???????-ouc; ???????;, ????? xouv tuo vtovo t pu9-piK aSiapa tou. Kai ??? mypappa Eie; Tfjv ?????????? tcv Yapcv, XPIoiP-o^oiEi tv vairaiaTiK tovik pu9p, tco iiiaric; tv ???01^011016^ OTI OappaKcopvr) vco ar Eie; MpKOv ?????????) ??! ar ?????? Sx-Siaapa tcv 'EX9pcov rioXiopKripvcov xpr)-oripoTcoiE tv ???????1?? tovik pu9p. EI-vai fj ?????? tco ???????? aTixoupyiKr; ??? pu9pr; vxEi vXoyr| afipvoTcpTCEia p ?? ?????? 9????? tcv Tcoir)pTcov ???, pcoc; to XyioTOUc; aUTo pu9po yprjyopa toc; ???-pTijaE ??! ?????(??)? oxeov ??????????? tv tovik iapiKO pu9p, tco ??^???1 tv spioKE ??????????????? fj pouaiKfj ??? i5io-ouyKpaaia.
II
"Etceit' arc Tfj avTopr|v KEvr) ????????-9ia v pETaXEipioTE TpiauXXaour; tovikoc; ???????;, ypiaE Xri rfjv ???????? T0U al:rlv TaXiKfj OTixoupyia Ka fJTr)0 v ????????? Xr] Tfjv TEpaxia ??10??)?? ??]?; oTfjv ????-
Xipyr|Tri eoe; ?? ttec SripoTiKfj par; yXca-aa, xPTlcri-to'TTOLCOV't:ocC TaXiKq anxoupyiKc; ??????;.
Eivai fj ?????? 1100 ??]??1 v ??????1 ??? KaXXiEpyripvo EpcoTcaK ?!?[5? Tfj va ???


30
'H oTLXoupyiKrj TEXvri too ?. ZoXcopo
oTLXoupytoc, ??! tco yi v ?? KaxopOcoEi, avEExai ?? ????????? too ir xf] Aar) ??! 5 iaxEi v xo oiaxripfjaEi c; sva ?????? ??1 tv eviko ???????< xou, pvo tco a-?? ?? psxaXEipiExai p ????????????? Kai ????-aappoyrj ??? ?????? ???, tco s vac ?????????, Xcopi lyyoc, prixavLKq ppnaric;.
????????? xfj irspiooou axfj sTvai oi evxsKaouXXaoi xfj ZkiS toO 'Opfjpou.'? oxxoc; ax, ?????? pxao eXXVvviko p xfjv xoviKfj ??? avOsorj oxnpaxiapavri ???' pi-piapvou axixou ttjc; Zaircpoc; Kai ??? '??-????, XPiaipoTcoiripvoc; ait tv "Opxio p KavoviK tovik puOp oxi cb ??? p Tfj aaTtcpiKj ??????), syivs pyTEpa ????????-po ixaXiKc axixo. Zx Buvxio' tv XPT aipoTcoir]aav oi 8??)?????1??! peXiKo tcir]Tc vaKarapvov p' XXou eou otxou, ???' ????? tv oavsiaTtTKav pyTspa oi psXiKO KoapiKo TcoiriTc; ??? BuvTiou, tco ovBe-aav ?? Xsypsva rjpoTiK ????????/ ???? ??????? Tocaav oTaOspfj ????) ???? tv ?????? ??? OSKaTcsvTaauXXaoo. "H Xoyia ?????-KTj uCavTivrj ??????) tv yvr)as teXeco. "H vecTspr) XoyoTSXva pac, tv oavaxr]Ks ir xf)v TaXiKrj ???^??), kl1 svai yvcooTO oi evTEKaauXXaot xfj ?????1??|? ??? Xopx-xr], Tfj "??????]? ???????????? ??? ???-??)?1??? Ka xv KUTcpiaKcv XupiKcv Tcoirip-xcov tco pE9r)Kav ??? XsypEvo ?????????? xfj Bevexic. ???? Tyv Avayvvr]ar) tv Xpr|oipoTtcriaav ??! 6??????1 Buavxivo! ???1?|-x, tco aTcoSaaav oTfjv 'IxaXi, a Tcocfjpa-x tou ypappva o' pxaKrj yXcaaa ??! o ?????1??? ???????, ?????? ???????? 'A9ry-vao, 'Av. Zxpaxrjyo KEpKUpao ?.?.??. Tto pa! p ?? xpoviK tou ?????, iaxr)-poOv ??! tv KavoviK tovik puOp, vXo-ya p Tic ?????1??? ??????? xo'Opxiou,'tco Ki' aurai ??^??1 Tfj oTixoupyiKfj tou ?????) Tfj 5avsaTr)Kav ???? xf)v 'iTaXa. "O ZoXcopo Xoitcv aT ?? axxo tv pfJKE TtoXixoypap-pvo axf| vea XoyoTExva pac, p fj ????????-8ei ??? fJTav v tv ?????1 atfjv ???????-?? tco tv Elxav ????1 oi 'iTaXo.
Zxfj Zki ??? 'Opfjpou ZoXcopo ???? ?? axxo tv TtXKEi oxfjv xxaxixn ??????), p xl uo xpiTcX poiOKaxaXrj;c axo Ttpcbxou i axixou xrj Kai xf) iTcXfj oto 5o XEXEUxaiou, tto Eixav ypacpE oTfjv 1??-Xa x t;ioXoycxEpa 8ir)yr)paxiK Tcoifjpaxa, ?????? 0 pacvopEvo 'OpXvo xoO 'Api-oxo ?' fj 'ATCEXEuOEpcopvr) "iEpouoaXfip xo ??????????? Taaou. Z' ax x Ttor)pa, yi v Kpsi pEXcoiKcxEpou xo vxEKaaXXa-ouc xou ZoXcopo, axsov p oaxr)pa, aTtavaXaaivEi Suo cpop axfjv pxf) pspiKcov xou axixcV xfjv 6ia X,r|, otcco ax EXEpo xfj Ttpwxtj ??????? :
"OX.r)v ???) xf) ???) xivr)Touae ??! axv ???????? :
???????? yuqco fj vuxuxtj yaMjvTp, ?????? axv xpixo xfj ExEpri ??????? :
?>.??? vXux ?? ??????? ??? ga ??! axv Moopo :
'Avelia yXi aT]>ccuf>t) arc ?????.
To Ttoifjpaxo axo 5 pac upEivav ????? pvo oi uo TtpcxE ??????? xou. "Av acoCxav ????? pia, puopoGos v ??????-pvoups v fj ????????)?? tf) ia Xn a uo axixou KBs ???????, ??????????? pi-apvo aaxripa Ka tcoi. Tcpa, p' ??? tco ax ??'1?/??1 TtiOav, 5 ????????? v x -aicoaoupE.
Zx io Tioripa xpnalP-OTtLE Kai x vpi-po Tcapaxoviap xxapxij ?' eoopric, yi v ??????1 TcapaaxaxiK xfjv pyoTtpa Kvnar] xoG ypou, ?????? :
'AyXi ycA.1 eoTixcocVTi ??? xpou,
?????, pai p xv Tcapaxoviap xoG ??????, Xpr)OipoTcoi ??! uo ouvifjaEi ax acoxEpi-k xoG axxou, tco kvouv tci ????????? ?? aoiopa ???.
KaOcb ???????)??1 vayvcaTT)c ???, ?? TEXviK aToiXEa, ?? pfiXETripva, tco ????-xipixai a' ax x iroripa ZoXcopo, eI-vai TcoXX ??! ?xvouv axfjv UTCEpoXfj, ?????-ax axfjv ???????)?? xcv otxcov p to Tpi-aXXaouc puOpo, tco xe pTaxipiaTE Xiyo TcpoTjyoupvco. 'H iacpop aTfj ?av-pcvEi ?????? tI TtpooTcaGEiE tco ekove tte ???1?)??\?, co tco vpEi x pao v ??-???^1 xf| pouoiKxr)xa xfj ?????, xou, ????-Tc9Ei tco KaxXr)i;av v TtapaxrjoEi ??0? XXo axxo ??! v Tcpoxipfjasi xv Ovik ??? OEKaTcsvxaauXXao.
ZuvEx'iovxa xfjv TcpooTtOsi xou, yi va XpoviK ioxripa ?;??????0?)? v pxaxip-sxai axixou Kai ??????? ?????? xaXir Ka p ????? ixaXiK.
Kai ixaXiKf) Evai fj ??????), ?????? EapE Ttporiyoupvco, xfj NsKpiKfj cfj Kai xoG Tcoifjpaxo Ei povaxfjv, ????? Kai xfj ps-???????)? xfj cfj xoG ???????? NEp ??-6apo?Xooloxa, xfj pipr)ar) xo xpayouioG xfj AsaEpova xoG ZaieVmp CH OXia ???? KarjpEvr), xfj ?????????)? xfj "Avoiri Kai xo KaXoKaipioG xoG MExaaxaiou.
'ETcior) ixaXiKfj svai f| xxaxixn ?????? xoG ? Kal Tcpoxa pExaxecpiExai xf) auvitjarj, p


'H OTIXOUPYIKI*) txvr) ??? ?. SoXcopou
31
oxi pvo yi v* ??????1 Tfjv ??????? x?1" apcoSia, r] yi v Kpsi ?? ??[?? ??? ?? ????????????, p yi v ??? Scasi koc psya-????????- ??????????? Ka pEXcoSiKTryra. Ki' a-?? ?? K0CT0C$pvi ir^syovTac; v Kpt ??-v(^r)oq ????? Tovi^ovtai ??! ?? Suo yiToviK ????/?????? p Suvator; tvoucj, fj orav tuxou-ve Suo ???^?^??? yEixovLK orfjv 5ia X<;r| ??! Tovi^ETai t SsTspo, ??????, otv ???????-??? otxo Tfjc; 'Hppac; Tfjr; AapTcpfjc; ??? ???????? :
rtawsi rj i;uf| xi' fMvatoc; pongua,
Stcou ?? Suo yEixoviK ??^???? Tfjc; X,n,c; cofj pETptouvTai ar ot'ixo yi Suo auXXa-Bc; ko Sv vcvovTai o pia auXXaPn p Tfj auvt?r|ori.T i'Sio ??? "Opapa ??? ???????? :
"????? vftgcrcut) nvorj Sv ??????????,
Ka ?? Suo yiToviK ?????)???? Tfjr; ???/?; Ttvorj pErpiouvTai yi Suo auXXapr; Ka 6 aptyouv a pia p Tfj ouvii^riari-
K' Sc TtpTtEi v ar]piaoup ?????; Sv TcpKELTai yi ?? yEiToviK q>avr\e.vxa tco axr|paT^ouv 5[?9????, ???! aura opiyouv nvTa p Trj ouvir]ar| ??! oxnpaTi^ouv pia auXaBrj, ??????; arte; Xc;c; XEpsvTi, yiaTpai-va, ??????,, yioXi, sksic;, BpaSui^Ei, yXu-KEi ?.?.??.
"EnEiTa pTaxipi?ETai pEpiK va ?????-atatiK oToiXEa.Tio vrJKOuvE atjv TCEpiypa-?1??) pouaiKfj.
"Etoi, ?????? p Tfjv ?????????, ???????-?????, ??? tvou Ka p tir; auvirjaic, KvEi p ?? pu9piK ?????? ??? otxou v ??????[-i^ETai rj Kivr|ar[ tco ???1????1, ??????; otv ???-??????? ????? am ?? "Opapa ??? ???????? :
???1 via v Pye ???) fruga dgy xa! dvoiyei,
????? p ?? vayKaariK py PaSiapa ??? axixou, kvei ???????????????? Trjv ????????? Kvr|ari tco ???1????1. Ti v ?? ?????9???1, ??????1???|?? TcuKVTr|Ta tvcov ??1 auvi^rj-oecov. ?????1?1???)? 5r|Xa5rj oXour; toc, Su-varoc; tvouc tco SxErai apPiKq pu9pq ??? VTEKaaXXaPou, sva a K9s TtSa, tco Evai otoixso ??????????;, veo 9' pKOuaav Suo fj Tpsc; pvo, Ka ouyxpvcoc, pETaXEipi-???)? tpsir; auvi^fjaEir;, tco p ?? ?????????| tcov tcoXXqv ?????^??? ????; TtpoKaXoOv p-yoitopa OTrjv TcayysXia. "Etoi, t auvaoTtj-pa Tfjr; yopyfjc, Kvriar|c; tco Sripioupyoov oi tcukvo Tvoi, ??????; 'pxETat a' vTEoq p t auvatoTripa Tfjc; pyoTCopac, tco Srjpioup-yoGv o TtoXXc, auvii^rjoEir;, par; Svsi Trjv v-????????] Tfjc; vtiSpaaric;, ??? pTcSiou piag Rivirarle; yopyfjr;, tco pTcoSic^ETai, Tcppa ito peyaXcvsi paa par; t auvaarripa Tfjq p-yoTtopiaq/ESc 6 ZoXcopq S f|Tr|a v itapa-aTfjoEi ???????; t;coTpiK p t pSiopa xou otxou Tfjv ????????? Kvr|or|, ??????; eIxe kc-pi p xv Tcapatoviapvo otxo Tfjc; ZKiaq ??? "Opfjpou, tco eiSapE Tcpor)youpvcog, p
9Xr|a v pEyaXcbasi paa ???; ??????1?? Tfjv vTTtcoari, p piv fJxnriKfj vTi9ari, tco 5r|pioupy paa par; t ouvatarripa Tfjc; yop-???????; Kpc Tfjr; pyoTcopiac; a ?????????). ?' oi av9pcoTioi tco Kouoav t ZoXcop v' -TcayyXsi aT x otxo, ???; ?tXn,po?opoGv yi Tfj xcupaXTriPiaTiKrj ??? TcayyEXta, Tcpoa9TOV-???; Ka pia xapaXTriPiaTiKfj ??? ?????], ????;, av Mupov fj9X. v ?????1 ?? 15? ??????, 9Xy ?????; 6 ????????; evoico9e ?????; elxs ??? Tc5ia ??? poXuPia. M toGto Ttoir|Tfig fj9-Xe v tovoei Tfj ?????? xfjq xxvqq ???, Tfjr; pouaiK TcapaaTaTiKfjc;, ???? kevti toG Mui-pov, tfjv vaXuriK ???1????1??|.
sETcior)c;, ?????? p Tfjv ???????[??| totco9-??|??| toG tvou paa ??? otxo, Svei ??! co-????1?? Tfjv Uptypa?pv?v ekvo, ??????; ??? otxo ait Tfj ???{??| Tfjr; Mapiac; toG ???????? :
ToC A.aTQC0Tou nek&ov [ikg atv ???}?????| ,
????? p Tfjv TtpaTcapoc;utovri Xc;r| ????????-???, 5ivi Ka TcapaotatiK Tfjv vTTtcoar| Tfjr; TcXaTEiar; yaXfjviaq ????????;. T texvik auro otoixso ?? pTaxipioTr|K ??! a Ttpoq-yopsvr|V ??????, p ?? vpaapa toG tvou ??? teXoc; tcov otxcov, ??????; 5ap a ot-Xouc; Tfjr; cbSfjr; Eie; tv MTt'ipov.
'Opoicoc; pETaxipi?tai tv Ttapaxoviop ????????; ?' spSopnc; auXXaPfjc;, tco ESaps v psTaxsipiarsi Ka OTfj ZKi toG "Opfjpou. Tksl tv psTaxsipiaTriKE yi v Scasi ????-???? Tf|v ????????? Kvr]ar|, 5c yi v Scasi TtapaatatiK Tfjv sKva tco Tcspiyp-?1. "Etoi ar otxo ???? ?? vOvipo Tfjc; Mapiar;.. ,
Adiivouv p nti xoniti icraxiapva,
p tv TcapaToviap, tco oit^Ei ??????1?? tv KavoviK iapPiK pu9p, Svei Ka ?????-????1?? Tfjv "EKva tcov aTcaapvcov koutcicv. T ?5io aupPaivEL Ka atv ?????????? atixo ait t "Opapa toG ???????? :
?' ev'ayiozgi o$va\ivo PaotoGoav,
????? TcapaToviapc; por)9i Tfj ??????1? v auXXpEi Ka ??????????? tfjv EKva toG oPuapvou KspioO.
Ti Tour; Suo auTor; otxouc; p tv ???-paxoVLap ttaptric; ?' MpSopinc; ouXXaPfjr;, TcpTCSi v oripEicaoupE Ttc; stvai pvoc; a'oXo t acoi^psvo Ttoirjp tou ApTtpou.Ki' 'vaq p ?? raaKiapva ??????, tco ppi-OKETai ?? "OvEipo Tfjr; Mapiaq, oupPoXtiEi ?-fj Pofj9ia tSv TcaiSLcov ?????; Tfj ??????? tour;, tco p t vaxouv tc9vc Sv Evai m o 9ari v rfjv ?cpoa?pouv. Ki1 XXor; p ?? opuapsva KEpi, tco PpioKETai ??? "Opapa ??? ????????, oupPoXii^Ei tfj auvxsia tfjr; ^cofjc; tco Ttspvsi ait tv ??????? ??? uai-Sia, p.Tto p t vaxouv TtsGvsi ?? TtaiSi toG ????????, f) auvxsia axr\ yi kevov


32
h aTixoupyiKrj TXvr) toG a. ZoXcopoG
e'xei kotcT. K' o Sua aro otxoi, p trj 9or| Tto Sxouv paa or ApTtpo, auaXSTtovTai tc tv TtpoasxTiK vayvcoTr] Ka svae; aupiiXripcvsi tv XXo, r;r)ycvTac; TcovorjTiK trj Bon, tcov TcaiSieov paa arfjv oiKoyvsia.
'Extc; dir T TcapaTcdvco, yt v Scoei, pEyaXTEpri TcapaaTaTiKTnTa ot vripd tou, pETaxEipi^ETai oxupoc; tvouc; KOVT otoc; puBpiKoc;, 'tot tco cpaivopEViK poi^si ad v x0^81 PuBpc;, vco Elvoa KavoviKq. "Evac; TTotoc; otxoc; BpaKETai ot "Opapa tou Apirpou, TcocpaKTco :
Kal ncpTEi iutgg xovg vovatiot; xaM'olJ>-
otcou tvoc; tou yovaTioTc; TCEiSfj fj X^n, Kcpp^si Kpio vripoc, KouEToa 5uvaT Kca Tfjv TcayyEXia. aTt^ovTag cpaivopsviK tv apBiK tovik puBp Ka Svovrar; Tcapaata-TLK rfjv rcTopri Kivr|ar| tou yovaTapaToc;, vco puBpq tou otxou Evai KavoviKq.
KTL vXoyo, p XiycTspo KCppaoriK, eiXe SoKipoEi Ka atv TcapaKrco atxo Tfjc; ZKidq tou 'Opfjpou :
'Anvxs%a Bafrs uitvoc; p juvEi,
ottou axupq tvoc; tou BaBc; dv k' ec;co duo tv KavoviK puBp, dKoETai 5uvaT, SuvapcvovTac; t vnp tou.
'Atc t ooa vacppapE eoe; T Tcpa, Eva cpaiVETai : Ttq ZoXcopc; a' aTrj tt|v rapo-5o 5 pETaxEipoTriKE Ttap otxouc,, arpoepe; Ka TsxviK paa oxeSv pvo LraXiK, tco T 5avaTr|K atto Tfjv TaXiKf] aTLXoupyiKfj TEXvr), Tfjv c;aipETiK TsXEioTcoiripvri, otcou vXoya TcapaSsiypata p toG ZoXcopoG, au-vavTEi Kavsc; cpBova. Q.c, Tao, yi t tccoc; ZoXcopc; T pETaxEipoTriKE p oTaBsp x-pi spusipou TEXvTri, Sv TcpxEi Kapa pcpi-BoXa. iiouBEv 5v Tcpxsi rj SouXiKf] ptxa-viKrj ppr|ar|. Etvai fj tcoxh tco t^r|Ti auvsi-Sr|T v cpcaEi ar EpcoTca'iK tctceSo Trjv dKaXXcpyrTri popcpfj Tfjc; vac; XoyoTEXvac; pac;. K' Evai de;ioTcpaXTr| f] Tcruxia toG ZoXcopoG a' aT t KEcpXaio. "Opcoc; ZoXcopc; 5ev psiv' ExapioTrjpvor; are' aTrj rrjv TUTuxta tou, oao oTcouSata ki' dv fJTav. "HBeXe v 5ripioupyrjal pia Txvn Tcpoacom-KCTEpr] Ka auyxpvcoc; XXriviKCTpr| p oti-XoupyiK OToixEa Ttappva u t XXriyi-k TCEpiBdXXov, tel yvcpipa otv 'EXXi-jvik Xa, Ka oTf|V KaTESuvari aTrj Sv dpyr|a v pt.ei oXn, tou Trjv rcpooTcBEia.
'H va OTixoupyiKrj TiEpoSor; toG ZoXco-poG pxi?i p tv Kpr)TiK, p Trjv moTpo-rpfj tou SrtXaSf) ar SriporiK k' Bvik par; BsKaTCEVTaoXXaBo. 'O dvayvcoTrir; tco e'xei vaTCTuypvn, ttjv TtapaTrjpr|TiKTr|Ta Ka k-tccoc; KaXXiEpyripvo pouaiK t* ar, raraXa-BaivEi pacoc; tccoc o SEKaTcsvTaaXXaBoi aro &iacj>pouv tcoX KouatiK tc kevouc; Tfjc; i^aKuBivrjq tou TCoxrjr; ki n kevouc; tcv dXXcov 'EXXrjvcov tcoititcv Ka tcv Srjpo-tikcov Tpayouicov par; : evai dTtaXTEpoi Ka pEXcoiKTEpoi. 'H Siacpop arrj BpaKEtai, OTccor; 8 oGps, arv texvik Ka peXettipvo TpTco tco psTaxEip^ETai rrj auvi^nai Ka rrjv
EKBXllpr|.
'O ZoXcopc;, otccoc; 8 cfiavEi n r Ttapa-&ypaTa tco 6 tcapaBaoupE, 'cpTaoE ox Ba-oik aupTcpaapa tcc; oXa T cpcovrjEVTa 6v Evai aoBvapa KouariK, p dXXa sivai m axup, otccoc; t a , t o , t co k o BcpBoyyoi ou Ka au , ki' dXXa m S-vara, ncoc; 0X01 o cpByyoi p tv fjxo i Ka e . Zpcpcova Xomv p tri 5uvapiKTr|-r Tour; arrj, KaBpias Ka rrjv dvToxn Tour; axrjv KaTaoKEurj tcov otxcov.
Ka ti p co t o i orav Tcpxouv Kovr 5o dSvara cpcovrjEVTa k' Evai Ka r Suo rova, fj Tovi^ETai pvo t sva, yvsrai irvTa auv-i^r|or| Ka T 5 cpcovrjEVTa Ttpocppovrai o pia auXXaBfj, otccoc; otoc; TcapaKrco otxouc; '
Beiia yive t pdTi pou, xi' pngg tou 8v
f>cga.
Ili
K' cpcva|a : ~Q f>e'ixi xi' 6Xt\ aipara na-
xgiSa xA.re,
A e t p o, orav TcpxouvE KovT 5o cpcovrjEVTa, Sva iaxup k' 'va Bvato dTovo, yivETai TcvTa ouvin,ari, vc;pTr|Ta dv t axup Tovi^ETai fj oxi, oiicoq otoc; otxouc; :
Kanvc 8 pvei arc if] yfi' vic ougav?
vvsi.
Zv ngera yco Trjv yajtc xa %- xgifl-c
p,' aijTfjvri.
Sif) friiga Tfjg IlagSEiaoc; no ByfjxE p
^.ouXoTjSia.
Kdtlc iiogcpi v oto/Iiote xa t f>up
v' (XCpf|OEl.
Mfjxc Otav xgaToijaape, rtETcvrac; r f)r|-
xgia> Y.X.K.
Ztc; Suo auree; TCEpiTCTcaEic;, oxav Tcoir]-Tfjr; SuaKoXsETai v Kpsi auve^r|ar| yi X-youc; texvikoc, tte TcpoaBTEi t v yi v nocpysi Tfj xaapQSa, otccoc; otoc; otxouc; :
K' eSeizvey vimonovi yi vajxiiEi ar
xogiii Tr)5>.
IT yvvTEUEV 'Ayagiv x' ypsuE paxagi>. < fjiingEi.
"EnaipE xzkoc, xi' SEiaasv fj cpriori x' fj
Tpu^fj pou. xA.n.
K' Sco TcpTCEi v TcpooTaco tccoc; Kapi cpo-


"H cmxupyiKj xxvri xo ?. ZoXcopou
33
p ?????0?1 Kai oxfjv ?'?9?1??|, ?????? axoc axxouc :
K' i\ fralaaoa, noi) asoir|xe ov ?? %????
noil gaCei.
?1 cSxpuoav ?? ttaxia ??)?, ?' poiaav ttj
xaMj pou.
2 i])r|^,o gxouc xi' aygiou, 5?' xei ttj
cpcaXi Tou ??.?.
T p x ? xav Tcpxouv xpa cptavfjsvxa yEixoviK, axup Kai uvaxa avaraxcopeva, xxs l xpE auXXaec yvovxai uo, ?' t au-vinari yivExai exe axl, uo vaxEc; auXXa-ec, e'xe oxrjv loxuprj ??1 axrj pa uvaxn,, otcco oxo axxouc; :
"Qote ??? ngoaXc ? ayrj xa ucooav
?' atgia.
"????.8 TTJv 'AvoTaOT ??0???"? ? ??"
vtj tt).
Zxv Ttpcoxo axxo rj auvir|ar| vcvel x e p x ?] ox EXEpo x a p
x ?| . T Ol , OTTC 6 ioOpE, ETtElrj
pioKsxai axrjv Sia Xc,r| Kovx a Exepo ccuvfJEv tco xoviExai, oiaxr)pE xfjv axox-Xei xou ??! apyEi a auv,r\at].
'E,apar| yvExai xav oo dor xa xpa yEixoviK ?????|??? axnnatiouv 01?9????, xxe Kai x xpa p xrj auvCripT] yvovxai pa auXXarj, ttcoc ax axxo :
Kunagicravio vaega ?' voTripa aiixcovei,
Kai xoGxo" ytaxi x oo ????????? xfjc &1?9?? yo axripaxiouv pi Kai pvir auXXarj.
T ? a p ? o, oxav pE9oGv 5u q>avr\sv-xa yEixoviK, Eva iaxup Kai va ovaxo xo-viopvo, xxe Ttoiqxrjc; XXoxE kvei auvin,-Ki' XXoxE xi. Zxo ?????????? axxouc;
KVEI :
?? ?????? caxia p' auro, ?' ygia xa pu'
gcoSta.
Av Eivat Xyia 4X A,E7tic.
Zuvr|9axpa opu ???????? xrj ouv[n,ar|, -?????; oxo axxouc :
IIaiijJETE ?' ,Ti fra ?? ev' dxgif| Arjfrsia. Htpvou ?? ?? athj ??? ouvo xi rUo
?? otoKei.
Mli ev' eroi Suvaro "Egcoia xi' X-
go ?.?.?.
? ? ?? x ?, xav p9oGv Kovx 5o uvaxa ?????|??? xoviapva Kai x 660, ????-???1 xrj auviriar|, otcco axoc; axxouc :
"HaxaaE xa y_ive 51o rjouxa xa ??????. "Oiico aTO eivai frso, ??? xaroixoOv ??'
????.
"???? ??? nooo.Xe rj ayf| xa zXvfooav x'
aoTgia.
"Oxav opco piropE v xrjv ?????6?1, ??-?????1 axryv ??0?1??), Stccoc; axoc; axxouc :
Ma xrjv ?????^??? p' ???-?? tv xapo ???-
paTivrac.
"Oiico xovtcx oTTJv xogaai ??? ?" ???1^? x'
xgsi.
Ki1 vE ??' ayxXeq p' pcoxa xai p ????1-
vcoovri ?.?.?.
Ki" c ???? TcpitEi v ??????? uo ???-paxriprjoEir; : ??????? ?????; x yEixoviK ?????|?-xa axfiv TtapaTcveo TCEprcxcoaq tco ????????-ve xjv axoxEXEi XOU, slvai prixa, r|Xa-5fj ai Kai , oi ??1 si , ?????? tco ??? exvei ?????; Tcoirixr|q 9Ecop iaxup x prixa ?????(???? xav xoviovxai Kai x 5o, Eaxco Ki' v vrJKouv ox uvaxa, Kai exe-po ?????;, ???? xr\v TtEpTcxcoar] axrj, ??[????1 ??-9ap ?????;, Tcoir|xric; xr)v ?'?9?1??| xryv ????-p^Ei p p9oo pEXExripvr), irxcovxar; q>avz-p v' ???????1 ??| ouvir|ar| o porixcov $avr\vxav xoviapvcov Kai xv o, tco xrj scopEi xpaXEia.
E x x o, xav pE9o0v uo ?????|???? kov-x, Eva iaxup ?' Eva vaxo xoviapva Kai x o, xxEr;, ???1?|??|?; XXoxEt; kvei ki' aX-Xoxec; v kvei auvtriari Zxv ?????????? oxixo v kvei :
Ms aSgaxvE xai p' xave ouxv v" variTrjoco,
ve axoc; ?????????? kvei :
K' 'xaaa arir ?? fre'ix ???????? yi ?????
???.
Tiax nouya ?? iitci tii paa ??? ???-
frix ???.
Zxf)v TCEpTcxcoari axr| ???????1 Kai oxr)v ??8?1??], ?????????????; ?????? v kvei auxv 0uvir|ar| p ^covfJEVxa xoviapva, ??????; oxoc; axixou :
??? ?????? ??? xcga ?' ??-? xr\ xi) uvapt)
ngoaivEi.
c<0 axgoyialiEC xai ?? ouva p' Ooe ??????
xi v Exav.
"E ? p o, xav p0oGvE Kovx uo $ovr\vxa. iaxup Kai xova Kai x uo, TCOir|xr|(; XXoxE kvec ouviCriorj ki' XXoxE xi. Zxo ?????????? xr)v TcccpsyEi :
?? ??1??? aTriv ???????) xi' Oavo ctv-
TTJxav.
'O Ogavoc XxAtiqoc ygoixaE oaotiopva. "0 ogavc xi' rj frlaaoa x' fj axgoyiaXia
x' rj ????).
Na 'Eaxiay> Xgiarovysvva 1957
3


34
'H oTixoupyiKrj Txvri ??? . ZoXcopou
Zuvr|9aTpa kvsi auvir|ar|, ??????; otoc; ?????????? :
Ma ifjv ????'? noi) ?' ?????? tv xapo rca-
QaTCvrag.
T xTpiiio pvongouve xapog va-
iivoc.
Kai tcga prcgc ffjv sSaiis' YgtJYoga
aaleGsi x.n.
Zrfjv TtEpLTTTCoor] aTrj, ?????? ??,?????????, 5v ????????? ???? aTrjv ??9????|. Ttoiec; ??-8?1?1?;, ?' kel anvia, kvei pvo ??? ?' ExEOLOtopa tcov 'EXe9epcov rioXiopKripvcov,
TtO K' KEL KOXouOEl OXeSV TTJV tSlCX OTl-
Xoupyia ??? ????????.
"? ? 5 ? ?, ???? BpEBouv kovt 5u axo-p ?????|???, tco ?? Eva ????. tov^etoi, X-?.????. kvei auvi^riori, XXotec; oxi, ki' uXXotec; ????????1 aTfjv ??9?1??|. Zuvt^nan ??.?- kvei otoc; ?????????? :
'Ey ii xeivT) ti) otiyht) 6sv ex< nki xb
.Xpi.
Toi3 8v8gou xai toG IotAouSioG n voiyEi
xal Xtjyoei.
2?? pria tris t XLiauga xai at %qvo&
\xaXXia Tris.
K" f) %???? 8YIV8 vag no lofle laiircug-
t^ei> n.X ti.
Ztv ?????????? Tfyv ???????1 :
?' cpcva|ei : ?? fre'ixi mi' oXt] aijrara ??-
??8?
Kai otoc; ?????????? kvei ???????, :
?'???? t nXi\ifx.' agyouve xai ?.?? t rto-
xoipoOdE.
'Exoraa, x' fjrave imxpu xpa ?' xgo-
Yii.
Ktijcciqusosvio, vsgo ?' vacripa arixcysi.
'???? ????? TcpTCEi v or|picbaoup ?????; tcoiti-Trjr; ottjv ???[???????| arrj kvei auv^nari orav t Eva tc t ou iaxup ?????|????, ??-picoq ?? Toviapvo, vrJKEi o \r;r| ????????; oripaoiar;, ??????; ?? ?????, oi pioTEc; vrcovu-pEc;, oi Ttpo9OEic;. '?????]<;, Kapi ???? ??-?????1 ???|? ???????), ??????; ??(???1 tc toc; otxooc, tco ???????????. "Orav opcoc; Kai ?? ou vrJKouvE a Xt;ic; ???????,?; or|pa-oac;, ttec; 6 ???????; ? ???????1 rrj auvi-
?|??|, fi KVEI ??9\1??|.
"Evaio, ???? BpioKovtai kovt 6o ?????)???? iaxup Kai Toviapva Kai ?? 5u, ttec; Ttoir)Trjc; ???????1 xr\ auvi?r|or| ou-???|???1?? Kai ???????1 aTfjv ???????, ??????; otoc; ?????????? otxouc; :
????'????? ?' 8,u d ?? stv' xgiSfi ???'??. ?' sBlErta x' aargo x' oljpavoO pEaongavig v
XllHEl>.
Kav t' ovsigo, orav il' e&geipE t yXa xr\q
prp;g? fiov.
'Exf>Ei, alia pori, XX' axouoa toG Sxguou
rric; gavtioa,
Tgia atgorcElsxia itoavE, Iva |orcioto ax'aX-
lo> X.X..JI.
'E5c Tcopa TcpTCEi v or|picooup Tccbc;, Tcoinrfc; TcocpEyEi auaTr)paTtK v BpiaKov-rat ou iaxup cpcovfJEVTa yeitovik, tco Etvai Toviapva Kai r Bo, Kai rie; Tcspc-'aTEpEc; cpopq tco oupBaivEi auto, t Mva tc T Suo iaxup Toviapva cpcovrjsvTa, vrJKEi o SsuTEpTEpr) Xc;r|, otccoc; cpaivETai ali toc; otxouc; tco Tcapa9aapE. Auto Xoitcv eTv' Mva oirpavTiK otoixeo Tfjr; TcaXfic; arixoupyiaq tou KpriTiKoC : TcoiriTfjr; cppovxii^Ei, KaT Tfjv KaTaaKEufj tou otxou, v pf| |3p9ouv kovt 5o iaxup Toviapva cpcovfJEVTa, tco Kai T 5uo v' vrJKouv a Kpisq c;iq.
A e k a t o, orav Bp9o0vE kovt Suo epeo-vfJEvta paa OTfjv i!5ia Xc^ri, icpopo v Eivai iaxup r] Svara, orav sivai Kai T 5o rova, oxe&v Tcvra kvei auvlc^riar, otccoc; otoc; TcapDKTCo otxouc; :
'Exoixaa, x' qravE paxgu xiia x' xgo-
Yili.
'O ogavc lxlingo? YQoixaae aaariapvo;. Ki' arc x nXao jto rcaTEt xeoge; v t oqh-
cpgcvEi.
Av eIv' nSvi xgrjTix, rco rcaigvEi tt| Xa-
Xw tou> x. X. jt.
"Orav Tovii^ETai t npeTo ait r Suo cpcovfJEv-ra, XXoTst; kvei ouvii^riari, otccoc; otoc; Tca-paKTeo otxouc; :
Bollila, frE, t rguepEg xlcovgi livo vxco. Ki' ctJticova xlaiovrag, xac' arf| x Xgia p
xapgi,
ki XOTEq 5v kvei, oiccoq otv irapaKTCo _
Knrcagioavio vcga varripa arixcvei.
"Orav opcoc; tov^etoi t SsTEpo cpcovf|v Kai t TcpcoTO 5v sivai tc ke va tco oxn^octi" c^ouv Sicp9oyyo, 5v kvei Tcor auvi^r)ar, Stccoc; otoc; TcapaKTCo otxouc; :
K' f| XT015 e'yive vag, reo lo5f>E Xapixu-
gi^Ei.
Kv a va tJcoYgacpioTfi p f>aupaan jte-
gioao.
KvE Trjv 8lx8 gcoTix rcoiijaei loviopc;
pori.
"Htove pvrjpr] jtalaiij, xi" oroxicpvric;. "Opcog acoi elvai 8co, xeo xaxoixoGv
jt' onou,
Av slv' jtvof| aiv ogav, orf| fllaoaa epu-
ocvrag x. t. X.
ZTfjv TCEpiTCTCoari aTrj ZoXcopc; TcocpEyEi Tfj ouvi?r|ar|, yiari xfj 9copsi rpaxsi, 8tccoc; Kai TtpaypaTiK Evai .
"Orav opcoc; t TcpcoTO ait T 5u at yEiToviK cpcovfJEVTa eTv' arc KEiva tco axr|-


"H aTixoupyiKrj t/vr) ??? ?. ZoXcopou
35
pati^ouv 5[?9????, eotco ki' v ?? ??????? Tovic^gTai, Kvsi oxeSv Ttvra auvicjiarii ??????; otoc; otxouc; :
Mf|v eTScue trjv ?????10, Ttov rf|v KoiXdSa
dyia^Ei.
Tr)v xoiraja aguoiwigoc, p xotci^e ?' -
X8LVT1 X. X. ?.
?' Sc TcpTtei v ar|picaoup ?????; 5(?8???? axnpaT^Ei 6 ???????; i tov ???????????? dXXou ?????|????<;, ??????; ???????, Bcopi, paXXi, yXuKEi, *potco, yicopa-, yipiaa ?. ?. X.
Ec;aipor| kccvei Kapi ????, rav fj 5 t-?????? pioKETai ??? ?????; ???, ???????? fj ??? OErspou rjpiaTixou Tto vaXEi Trj 5[?8??-yo ??1 ?? Suo ????; ????????? ?????????? Suo ?^?????????; auXXaeq, ??????; otoc; ?????-????? atlxouq :
Kcvu ????? puaifiyTo otevetIie xrj wvar]. 'Exotcie x' aTgVa xi' bxeTvoi dvciYCilidaav. 2 ??????? odxotK; xi' uyoovq, ??' e'xei xt)
????? ???.
'Eulariq c;alpEar| kcvei ??? Xf;rr, Bekc;, Seiki, tto ??1 t Suo ????^???? Tfjc. 51-???????; ????-aTl^ouv Suo ?^????????; auXXa-et; ??????; atout; otlxouc, :
"?????? x Spoaio ??? oxrj t)6xi fhogi
IT|C.
K' 'xaoa auro x ?????? ???????? yi ??/Ufj
tuga.
?1 ?????'?^? : *f t}e'l'xi xi' oXj] ?????? ??-
xgSa x. X. ?.
'???1??|?. Elvai ???????? auro v ?? ??????? fjpt-oTixo ??? ?????????????????? teXelcvei o
?????)?? Kai T SETEpO pxl^El p ?????|??,
??????; otoc; otIxouc; :
????????? ?' 6,xi f} ? ev' dxgif] bjfreia ?????, v SfjxB x xal aeg xi' 6, ti ode;
iwi^EU ?.?.?.
"Opcoc; a' aTfj xfjv ??????????, Ttoir-yrrjc; TcpoTipi ?? yEiToviK aura ????????? vdvai prixa, ??????; otoc; otxouc; :
'Exoiiaa x' fjxavE itaxpu xiia ?' xgo-
Yili
Tga doTQoreeXxia naa\e va |??1??
??' aXXo
2t ???|1?? ?? Suvax ???? xfjc; ???-
8ig xr|c;>.
Av slv' ?????? x yXm ???? x' yoi-
xao pvog.
"Iococ; 8 oc^Exai ???) y4 ??? v xo
(loidt^ei. x ?.?.
'Atc ?? ??? ????????? ???; ?????, ??1?-??? ?????? ?????; a' aTfj Trjv ??????? ? 2?-Xcopc; Se BecopeI TcoxpECOTiKrj rrj ouvlc^tjari, Ttap pvo aTfjv ??????] ??1 SsTEpri ??????????-
or[, SriXaSrj^ orav ??1??????? kovt 5o S-vara cpcovrJEVTa ?' sivai rova ??1 ?? Suo, fj orav BplaKOVTai kovt Suo ?????[???, Eva laxup ?' Mva dSvaro ??1 ?? dSvaro Elvai drovo. 2' oXec; tlq dXXsc; TtEpiTCTCasic; ?????-Trjc; ???????; Kdvsi ki' ???????; 6v kvei auvl-c^r|ari, dvdXoya p ?? kouotik ???????????
TTO trjTEl.
'??????|(;, orrjv evarri ????1???????|, orav Elvai Kovr ??? Toviopva laxup ?????|???, Sv kvei auvl^nari p auxv ???????1 orfiv ???????!, ki' orav Ecvai Suo ?????[???? ottjv iSia Xc,r|, tto Tovi^ETai ?? 6etepo, 6v ??-vec tcot ouvl^rian-
'Atc t TcXfjBoq tcov TcapaSEtyprcov tco TcapaBoaps ?aLVE?al ?????? ?????; ZoXcopq a' aTrj ??]? ?????? <^?|??? vdvai oi otixoi ??? yEproi cpcovrjsvTa. Kal BBaia a' piap-vec; TcEpiTCTUaEcq ????1?1????1 Trjv ???????], p' arrj Sv ?? psTaXtpl?Tai yi v Xiyo-????1 ?? ?????1???, p yi v ???????? rie; tpaxEtq ??1 ?????????, auvc^noEic;. K' Sco ????-nsi v oripEiaoupE ?????;, ?? ?????? ????^????, orav SiatrpoOv ir\v aTOTXEi Tour; poa or oxixo ???<-? BBaia v ??????? Trjv ????????-pr| xaapcoSla, ?????? tco p rxvr] ???????? SoXcopg, ??? lvouv psyXriv rJxnTiKrj ????-????|??. "Eroi, ? io v tcetxei ZoXcopc; rf] ?????????| SuvaTrj rJxnTlKrl ??!?????]??, ???" aipoTcolr|a Trj ouvl^iior arie; ???????????; tco ?? ????^???? ivai ?????? ??1 p xfj auv-vcoarj ????; a pia ouXXaBrj Sv uapyouv rjxo ?????, ??1 rrjv ????1??| arie; ???????????; ito ?? ysiTOViK ?????|??? p xr| auvvcoarj Tour; B Sripioupyouaav rjxo ?????.
"Eroi, otoc; otxouc; ??? ??????? fj aco-TepiKf| fjxniiKrj ?????6??|?? ????1 ara ????, Kal apiypvr] p pia pXTrypvr| ????'?0710^" air tcv rjxrip>v aupcpcvcov Kal 6uvapcopvr| p rrj i^euyapcoTii 6poioKataXric;ia, Sr|pioupy pia yEviKf] ??????1????|??, tco ????????????! ov TcKpouan Trj 6iaSoxr| tcov eikvcov Kal tcv voriprcov, ?????????????| paa aTrj veoeX-Xr|ViKf) ???1?)??]. Tt rrj pouoiKTnra arrj tcov otixcov ??? ZoXcopou, Kvsi Xyo N. Mv-t^apoc;, p yi' aTrj B piXrjaoupE ??????????, ??1 tco B c;sTaoup Trj aTixoupya ??? ?' ZxESiapaTor; tcov 'EXeBepcov ???????,-pveov.
Toc; iSiouc; vpouq tco ????????! otv ??????, toc; ????????! Kal ara dXXa Tcoirj-???? Tfjr; KEpKupa'iKrjq ???????;, tco Elvai ypap-pva o ???????????????????; p i^EuyapcoTrj ???10??????]?;1?. "Opcoq a' aura, Kuplcoc; ar B' ZxsSlaopa tcov 'EXeBepcov ??????????-vcov, XXdi^Ei fj pouaiKf] SiBEai] ??? Tcoir]Tfj Ka S i^riTEi ma v SripicupyfjoEi sva yEviK PeXcoSik auvaiorripa p toc; otxouc; tou, p TcpooTcaBE ol otxoi p toc; fjxouc; tcv Xc;Ecv ????; ??1 p ?? puBpiK rouq pSiapa, v ??????^??? pouaiK ?? vripa tco TCEpi-Xouv, v TioPXouv rfjv Ktvr|on tco TCEpiyp-cpouv, v Slvouv ??????????? tv fjxo fj rfjv elKva tco ?????????.


36
' ] . .
' 5 ?1 |?1? ; 1?; ; ?1?, 5 1 , 11 ?11 ;, ; ??11??1 6 ,.; ? ; |11?; ;, & 11 ^;, ; ' 2>1: ' |?.
2 .' ] ¨] ' ] ¨. ; ;, } 1[)| , 1-^, (?, , ?11 ?-?1?| |?. , 1 ^ 4| . ,, ,-, [||, ) , ?] ?1?1 ; ;. 8' ;- 5[, ! , 11, 9? ' ; ; ?1-; ;, 9 -. 2 :
" ! .
) ;) 11 ) 111' ) ,. ' 1,,; |; 51 ] (, ]1 6|) ) |; , 1' 6 ; ,; ' 16? . ?1 , 8| . ?,| | . -, 6 [; ,; ;, ' ?. ' , . ) ', ?? ' ! ;?1.' 6 ; ; ?1 '' ' ; 66)) ] ; -
'; 11 1 6 ; :
'|18, 8> , \<

' ] ;) | [; 6]., ) , -, 1 6 ; ) ' ,
1] ; . ?1 | ; | 66- 111 , 1' 6 [; ; ;, 1" ; 1 1|31 , 1 ) [, ?^?1 ' | ,1. "1 ;| ;61 66)| | ) ; ., ; 6 ; ; 6' ' (. ) ) ?| ) ], ,? | | . ?1 ) , 11 ] ?(. '1|^ :
", ^' 1 \ oBvcopEvr|,
] ;1 ?^?1 6| ,; |;, 1 | 9?] ) 6[? , . ^? ^ ), 1' ; |31 1 ?1 [, 6 ; ?1 ' 5? ' ) ) ; ], ?1; ; ?1 ' ?!-[ ].
2'; ?1^ ;, 1 ( ?? 16 61, 1?1 . 2 ?1 | 11-0'10111 ^ 1]; ^; :
21 6 21|.|; 6 , , !
11.
", | ) ) 6 1|; ?1' | ;) , ^ 1 ]; -,;, i5] ) ) ]; ; ]; , -; [ , 1 ; 5[?1 ! 1 ^ ?1 211, 9?1 .
' .1 ?1 ,-1 ; | ) [- , [. ] , ] ] ?10-10 ; .
IV
' ' 25( ?- ; ; ;, ' ?] .;, ; ; ! ?01 1, 1844 ?;?-]1 1| rjv ; 1;. ' ) ] 2 ?11 ^ 1 . .16].
] , 6 ; ; [; ; -,;1, | [?] ' 1 ' -
| , ^^, ,:10 1|. ' ) ; 56 -1 ^ | ' ;| ! [^?1 , ^ ^; -¨;. " ; )- , ' | -(, ??1 ) ^,]. 1-; ; 11 ?;, 1 - ; ??1 1; ;1; ?1 (?. 2) -1 ?1 ?,| :


'? ox'xoupyiKfj txvr| ??? ?. ZoXcopoG
37
Ki* iizoua Jio leyeis : TlovXi, yXvxei nov\'
fj cpcovf] oou.
'ETtior|c; oxv ?????????? :
T" vEiQoij [idxaia 'iu-0'ufit, y.i ovsiyo arfj
v' ff i'ia,
axfj Xec;r| pdxairp kovei auvt^riori. Kai ??? axixo ax kcxvsi ETcioric; auvi^rjari pe x yei-xoviK 0covrjsvxa ???? piaKovxai dvdpEoa axic, Xe^eic. vEipo ??1 axrj, evc ax teXoc; ??? axixou ?? 6u yixoviKd oporixa ?????|???? i5! lia axnpaxii^ouv 56o dvf;dpxr|Xc; auXXa-Ec;. 'O axixoc; axoc; Eivai 6 povoc; oxo ?* ZxsSiaapa, ???? ???????1 xouq axixoupyi-????; vpouc, xoG B', Kai yvvai xfj XoyiKfj UTtoipia ?????; Eivai TtapEiaaxxoc, ??? X '????-artaapa xoG ?' ZxE&idapaxoc;, ?????; dv xv eixe rcdpsi 6 ZoXcopoc; ???? xo B' Zxsiaapa Kai o' auxfj rfjv TcapaXXayfj 5ev touxe coei ????? xrjv opiaxiKrj xou pop$rj. ndvxa 6ev dKoXou9si xrj axixoupyia xou ?' ZxfiSid-apaxoc..
?' ESc npETiEi vd or)picoaoup Ttcoc; Xec; oi XXEc; auvi^rjaEtc, ???? piaKovxai ??? ?' Zx5iaapa, axripaxi^ovxai ?? ysixoviKd ???-vrJEvxa ???? ttoteXoGv 6??9???? Kai ??? ??-aioXoyiKd dTtoxEXouv eva ??????, ??????; ??? axixo :
a&yvov oy.iQiov oi ?????????, ?? ??????
x oi ydxoi xkn.
'Ec,aipar| yivExai axfj ??^? Bec'kc;, ??? p' ??? ??? xd ??? yEixoviK; ?????)?\'?? Eivai Kai xd 6uo dxova, axnpaxi^ouv ndvxa ??? EUxcopiaxEc. auXXaEr;, ??????; Kai axfj XEr| puaxrjpio, ???? xav piaKExai ??? ?????; xoG ???????? rjpiarixou, xd ??? xsXEurata 'ETtiaric., ?^?????????? Eivai ?????;, ???? 6ev xeXeicovei xo ??????? rjpiaxixo ?? ?????|?? Kai v1 dpxi^Ei ???? ??????? Kai xo SsxEpo rjpiaxi-Xo, Ttpdpa ???? iSap ?????; yivxavE ouxvo-xaxa oxo B' ZxsSiaapa xoG iiou Troifjpaxoc; Kai Kupicot; axov ??????.
Zx6 ?' XoiTiv Zx5iaapa xv 'EXe9e-pcov rioXiopKripEvcov, ???(??? ??? xd ?,??-XEpiKd axoixEia, xd pEXcoSiKd, ??? eIxe ???" oipoTroirjaEi cor; xcopa, Kai 5? 5iaxrjpr]aE Ttapd xd ???????1??, ???? xd tcXoutioe axov ????? a9po, Kaxop9cvovxar; Exai, ?? ?? ???????|-Xo diapa xoG axixou Kai ?? xrjv fJxniiKf| xv Xe^ecov, vd ??????^?? TtapaaxaxiKd fj 6pa-paxiKd ??1 ?? ???1???????? virpa. '1??? xi ????1 axxiKd 6 ???????; axd ???????-pvd xou:
Eic. xd 6Xiya EupiaKopEva dvopoioKaxd-??)??? ???????????? xcov Ttoiripdxcov, ???? ? ZoXcopor; ????????? ?? veo 1??????51??? au-oxr|pd ???, ??1???1 ?????; dn xrjv XEXviKf) ?????? xcov ????????? ??! xcv ?????]??????, ???; ???? xair; 51?????1???<; ???????; Kai ??-vour; psoa Eir; ??9? axixo, ki1 ???? ????, ????-
psxiKor; ???????; xoG K9s oxixou, ????????1 fj dppovia xfjr; ??9 asipar;, ???????? p ??) ???1 xoG TTOiriTiKoG vorjpaxoq, Eir; oXour; xor; ???????;, dir xf| ooPapxEpr) Ecor; xfjv ?????-pxspri 6id9aii xfjr; ?????. *Evco Eq ax ??? ??1???1 Xapnp nXaaxiKc; voGr; Kai fj TiXouaia ??????(? xoG ZoXcopoG, ??^??1 dXXo xao fj XaaxiKxirxa xfjr; TtXfjc, (6r)po-xiKfjr;), fj Ttoia ETvai 6XxiKfj xxoiac; dppo-viac,, dv p9 vvor|9ouv ??1 ????? xr|pri8oGv oi vpoi xnc; Eq xor; ypappaxiKoc, Kai ????-???1????, ???????;.
'???, Tipv TtpoxcoprjaoupE, iv' dvdyKr] v oripEicaoupe ?????; p xfj ?????) dir xor; 5?:????1????, ???????; xoG ??9 axixou, ? ???????; kvel x paaiK X9oq v vopii^Ei ?????;, K9s ??????????????????, xoG ZoXcopoG dTcoxEXExai dir ??????????; ???????;, ?' ????-pvcoc; ki1 dir txoikXouc; tc5ec;, evo axixoc; axc; dTcoxsXEixai dir Eva Kai pvo pu9p, ki* dna Eva Kai pvo ????, xv xovik iapPi-k. M tci5f| ? ??????; axc; 5Ev diraiTE v xovii^Exai Kai k9s xou ??????;, Kai prcopEi v pVEi xovoc. ?' evac; Kai Suo tcsc, axf) oei-p, ???? xfj ouxvf| axfj ??????1??, xoG xvou, ripioupyExai TtoiKiXia xoviapoG dir axixo a axixo, Tto ? ???????; ??????^???? yi tcoiki-Xia pu9poG, Evc ? tovikc; pu9pc; xou oxixou Eivai aaxrpr; lapPiKc;, ek-iTvoc; SriXaSfj tco xovii^Ei pvo xic; i^uyc; ouXXapc;. Ki' ax xv xoviop xv exouv oXoi dv;aipExcoc; oi xoviko iapPiKoi axixoi, xoo tco pEpiKoi Ms-xpiKoi ????????)??? ??????, ?????; oi xoviko iapPiKoi tcSec; ?????????? ???? SmoSia, ????? Evai pKEx o Kd9s ScrcoSia v TipxEi evac; xvoc;. Ax axsxcK p xfj ?????) dir xor; 5???????????; pu9por;, yi v pfjv ?????????-vr)9i peXEXiixfjc; Kai ????????? ?????; So-Xcopc; pEraxEipi^xav oxoc; SeKaTcsvxaaX-Xapoq xou tcoikXouc; tovikoc; pu9poq ki' oxi tv iapPiK.
BPaia, (?????? v ?????1 ZoXcopc; air) axixoupyiKfj arf) ??????^??, Ka9var; ????-XaPaiVEi t xEpaxiEc; ????????91?;, ???????; KTeouq Kai aoPapc; peXxec; ????? ETcvco oxv xovck ??1 ?9?????????? ???0?????( ttjc; yXaoar; paq. Kai axsxiK ?? xic; ?????-Tc9ic; axt;, i6o x ????1 Mvaq XXoc, oxevi; ?(??(; xoG ZoXcopoG, ? Kouapxvoc;, axv ixaXiK ???????? ??? ???????? ox ixa-XiK Ttoirjpaxa xou ZoXcopoG xfjr; ??????)^ ??? 1859.
riaxi, dv ????????? v ?? ?????? ??? ????, ?' ????, 9' Koovrav facoc; ???????? iri-?????? yi ?????; toc; dXXouq, ec;co dito toc; 'IxaXoc;, oXEXiK p xoc; kteouc; Kai p xiq pyaaiEc; tco ????? floirixrjc; paq nvco oxoc; pu9pouc;. 'O axixoc; xoG pxxav a9p-?????; ki' oxi ?r]xr|pvor; (fjxav vr;vxXrixoq auxoox6iaaxfjr; ???? TcaiSi), p yi v pEivsi Exapioxnpvoc;, xpEiai^xav xlXieq Suo 5oki-pc;, EKEivsr; SriXaSfj, tco ??????; poXoyoGv oi ????????????????, ??????? x veoeXXtivik axixo ax ????; xou dpxaiou. Ax fjxav fj ps-


38
?? oTixoupyiKfi t/vr) to ?. ZoXcopo
ydXr] ??? $povi[Sa, cct fjrav psydXo ycbva ??? ZoXcopo.
'H TsXsuTaa arf) ?????????'? ??? ???-aprvou, Tto fjxave a Bear] v pei, exei pEyXn aripaoa, ?1 Epxsrai v par; oiacpco-TLCTEL teXecoc ?????? p t TtpooTtaBEiE ??? ZoXcopo, tto ittooe ax TEXsuraa ??? Xpvioc pia TXvn Tto vdvai ?' SXa ttt X-XirviKrj.
ZxETiK p rfj oTixoupyia ??? ZoXcopo oripavTiKCTEpEc; ??! ma vaXuTtK ?????????-p[ par; ivsi ????1???1?6????? NiKXaoc Mdvrapo. At ott|v 8, 9 Kai 10 Ttap-????? piar; auvropri ?'??????? yi ?? ???' XTTJpa to ZoXcopo, tto peBriKS ypappvr] LraXiK ??? yapxi ??? ??! ??????????^?? oxr\v ??????, PacpTvr], ZdKuvBo 1880, tto mpEXrjBriKE Z. AsiaCric, ????1 ?? ?????-????? :
8) Zrfjv ???10??|?? tcv ?????????? ??? pyvcov TtoiEi xr\ 9) 'EirEiSf) ?????? TtoXX cpop v ??\-pioupyE 'toi, KaraXaa Ttcb oxripatiCe rfjv TioiriTiKriv ppova p xr) taooxn tcv pouoi-kv ???????? (vte) tco ar pBpcovE, ???" aipoTcoicvTar; pi Baupdata ??! ppoviKc-????| TtoiKiXa puBpcv, ???' ????? eyaivav X-yia ???????????, ?? pva Kav v ?????-aouv ?? puBp, Tfjv ia ??! rrjv dppova to otxou.
10) "Orav po iiayyeiXE pspiK ????-????????? dir Mva vo ?????????? Bvik Ttorip ??? ???1? ???????????? (??????? (pavsQ yi ?? ?' %e.iaapio. r>v 'EkevdeQcov JloXioQKrmvmv), tto pia pepa B eEei o tcoi ???? fjrav Kavc v' dvEdaei Tfjv Txvr), po-???? TTOiav vrTtcoari f\ psTptKfj ??? (6rXa-6r : fj aziyovQyixf) ???? fj teXecoc; va ??? aT ??? oxETiK p t fJXTyuK ppovEC ??|?, o v ??! ????? p pETptoTtdBEia Ttcb Tt-
OTEUE TCC0 exe ????????1 ekevo ?? pTpo
(rjhatf : ?? axlyo), ?????????]?? v ??? ???-paTripfiaco Ttcb v fj,Epe ?! Eixe KdpEi, ??! TtapaKivripvoc; dir pva v TtpoaEi Kvr| ??) pETpiKT] {6r]Xaor ri) ozixovQya), ????? v auvir[TOTcoi ?? 'pyo ???.
"Air' aTrj xr) pETpiKT] (????? ???????????1 va teXecoc; vo ??! vc;vTXr|To eToc; Ttotr|-?1??, dppovar;, Tto TtapouaiCEi prtopE ??-vec; v TtE, ????; t TEXviK ?????? ??|? ???-aiKTi pTcaroTa oxetik p ?? puBp), oX4~ paTovrai vs puBpiK rJxriTI-KOTriT, Tto TtpopxovTat Tt to ma texviko auvSua-apo tcv paKpcv ??! tcv paxEcoT-, ????? p tv tti ppovtK rpTto TtotriTrj ??? vappoviEi p itoXX rop to tovou to
otxou, Tto tvouv ???) ?????| Trjv TtpaypaTi-Kfj rjxr|T4 'Ec ????? TtpTtEt v aripEicaoups Ttcb aura Tto ?????1 Mdvrapo arrjv oy5or| ??! vatri ??????????, Evai oirco rjTtoTE KoXovr|Ta, ekeva pco tto ????1 oxf] 6-????|, ?????????? Ttcb Bdvai 6uoKoXovr|Ta ????? Ki' arto TtoXXo eiko. 'H uaKoXia cb Too Tto Ttapouotouv 6v ??[????1 pavo otv ????????? TpTtO Tfj 8?????|?1??]? tou iatUTtcoari, p ??! a o aoapec TtXvE oxETiK p tv tovik iaptKO puBp to e-KaTtEVTaauXXaou. 'H 1??????| Evai poia p to ?????? tco TtoTEUE Ttcb ???? SKaTtEvra-auXXaoc to ZoXcopo ????-aTiOTav p ??????????? puBpo. 'O MdvTapo auro ?? c;avaXi ma vaXuriKd, ????????? Ttcb paa oto OEKaTtsvTaauXXaouc to ZoXcopo axn^atiovrav voi ttoSe TtoXuauXXaot pt pvo rJxnTiKTiiTac, dvdXoyoi p to pxaiou XXrivtKo, r|Xar| p to ovBe-tou TtoE Trj dpxaia XXr|vtKfi xpovtKri orixoupyia !
'H TtXdvri aTrj, ottco ??! to ??????, TtpopxETai ???? xr\v ???????????, otico ETta p, tto exei ? iaptKOc ToviKO puSpo v pv tovetoi TtoxpEcoTiK a ???? ??? Ttoa, p v pTtopE v1 cpivEi drovou ki' Mva ??! ??? TtoE ???] oEip. 'H ?????1????|?? avxr) vei Trjv VTTtcoori Ttco Eva ToviKO tapi-ko arixo oxril-iaTETai rt ??????????? TtoE, Tto pspiKoi ???? ?????? slvai ??! TtoXuauXXaoi, vc v TtpKEirat Ttap pvo yt pi ouxvrj ??????1??| to tvou oto iapiKouc TtoE, tto cb ???? v itripEaEi KaBXou tv iaptKO puBp tcv otxcov, ytari at oxn^aTCETai dir tv roviap pvo tcv uycv auXXacov. Ki1 ????| xr)v ??????????? to Toviapo xryv exei ripioupyrjoEi fj '? TtXvri aTfj to MdvTapou, v Ttap-VEi Tfjv TOviKfj XEUTEpia to iapiKou puBpo yi vou TtoXuoXXaouc ttoe ?.?.??. tv KvEi v XETtEt ??! vs puBpiK fJxnjiKO-??|??, Tto TtpopxovTat n to tti texviko auvuaopo tcv paKpcv ??! tcv pa-Xcov, vc arfj veteph arixoupyia, rf|v tovi-Kfj, o TTOioi auvuaapo! Evai teXecoc v-TtapxToi, yiar v Ttpxouv Ttap pvo ??-viapVE ki' drovE ouXXaec.


'H aTixoupyK) Txvri xo ?. ZoXcopo
39
"2 Too fj nXvri to Mvxapou v Xa-toi. axo xoviko oxixou ?????? Kai pa-XEe auXXaec, npopXExai mo xrj ysviKfj nXvri xcv cpiXoXoycov, Tto ????????91 ??1 afjpspa, ncb fj xoviKfi oxixoupyia r|pioupyfj-9?|?? n xfjv vxiKaxaxaari xcv paKpcv auX-Xacov p xoviapvs, ?' nopvco a Ktoiov xpno auvsxisxoa fj xpoviKf) oxixoupya, vc f| VExepri xoviKfj oxixoupyia TtpofjX9E ait xfjv xoviKf) ouv9sar| pLapvcov XP0VLKWV axxcov Ka v e'xel Kocpiv noXxco oxaq p xf|v cxpxaiac XXr|ViKi XPviKrl oxixoupyia. ??? x rjxrip1 ax piXfjaapE nXaxEi axfj psXxr) ??? rH xoviKf] oxixoupyia, axixoupyia pxaia X-XriviKfj, 'ABfjvoc 1952, ??! axf| pXxr| ??? 'Apxaa XXnviKf| pExpiKf) ??1 uCavxivf) ????????[?, 'A9fjva 1955. Zvxopa pvo c 9 aripELcbaoupE ncc, xxc n ?' pxaa X-XqviK TtoirixiK KEpEva, ???? npxouv Xoi o VECXEpoi xovLKOL axxoi, xeXeco vEc;pxx|-xoi ano x xPoviK xou pxpo, e'xoupE Kai u aoapec uCavxivec poXoyEc, no ???; piXov yi xfjv upoXEuai"! xo SsKanEvxaaX-Xaou. 'H pa slvai xo Eax9iou, no a pi xou oripEcoan, ax riapEKoXai sic "???,-pov ??? XsEi ucb SEKansvxaauXXaoc br\-pioupyfj9riK n xfjv xoviKfj av9Eari piap-vcv xpoxaiKv Exppsxpcov xo AiaxXou, ?1 fj XXn, Evai xo Maipou nXavourt,, no yp$Ei axv riepi rpappaxiKfj AiXoyv xou nco, axixo axc n,pioupyfj9r|K n xf|v xoviKfj av9ar| xv iapiK<3v Kai xpoxaKcv xExppExpcov xo AiaxXou, xo ???????}, xo Epmiri ??! xo '?????????,. Kai ????,??-pcvxac xf|v ???????1??1 xfj xPviKfj oxi-Xoupya axf]v noxn xou, npoaxEi :
E ys fjpcov pv eho Kai xpipsxpov ap-ov onQ pfj ov pxpcp npoEVyKEiv axo xoXpfj9r|, x Se iapE xe Kai xpoxaa rsxp-pExpa oov 5sivv eoev, k xo pxpou ?1-XcooaiEV Kai oo ofj, ?? ?1?? ?1?????, pfj ixoXE Ttpoovxe Kai xv xvov, ???; x prjSv vxa, i'Xiycopiav noifjaovxai, Kai nv xiov Xyou kcXov ???1?????1 oxxov Evai. ??,-Xafj : Kai v xv fjpcoKOv pexpo Kai xv lapiKO xppExpo 5v xXpriaav ????? v yp-???? ???1? Pxpo, x iapiKa pcoc Kai ???-XaK XExppExpa Se 9cpn,aav ??????? ???-pEp v x yupvcaouv n x pxpo xou. K' npxEi ?o, co ?? ?1?????, pfjv npoxco-pfjoouv Kapi ???? ki n xEpnEXi 9ecopfj-aouv Kai xv xvo X^P-C. ia, Kai sxxov yi axxo noiaofJHOxE ??????.
'Ano x napanveo ??1???1 pKsx ??9?-p nco, o Buavxivoi no 5n,piopyr]aav xf|v vEcxEpn, xoviKf] axixoupyia, 5 Xenouv a' au-xfi Kapi XPovlKn ov9eori, p pvo xovik pu9p, no npopxExai n xfjv xoviKfj ov9e-ar|, ??! pvo n xfjv xoviKfj, ptopvcov XP" viKcov axxcov.
Eavayupiovxa Xomv a' ax no yp-?1 Mvxapo, Xps nco, v Eivai ?????-pfj fj 9coprixiKfj xou oiaxncoori aXExiK p xfj oxixoupyia xo ZoXcopo, Sv Evai ????????
???????1???; xapotXtrlPQ(~ x:r|;, ?' Evai ????-aripEcoxri fj ????????1? xo Mvxapoo, nc; SoXcopc; Sripioupyoas x pEyaXxEpo p-poc; xcv axxcov xou, axoaXEOiovxac; pEX.co-tsc;, ???? Kouxav fj npaypaxiKfj ???????! xo noirixiKo xouc; vofjpaxoc. Kl1 ax eaia 5v x Kaxp9cov p x v oxipaxiEi vouc; nEc; ??1 pXiaxa noXuauXXaouc;, ouxe p xo auvuaopoc; xcv vnapxxcov paKpcv Kai paxscov auXXauv, p p x ????????? pu9piK aoiopa xcv axxcov, no ???.?????' xai p xfjv KaxXXriXri xono9xr)or| xcv xvcov xo iapiKou pu9po, p xfjv KaxaXXriXti ???" aiponoiiari xcv xopcv, axa9pv Kai Xoyi-kcv, ??????; ??! p xf|v ??????^??) fjxnxlKr xcv Xec;Cv, no EKavav oi axixoi xou v k-??????? napaaxaxiK fj papaxiK x vripa no nEpixouv.
M xfjv ??????, Xomv xfj ????????-Xr]c;[ac;, nScoas ax pu9p xfjv KupiapxiKfj xou 9ori paa axo oxtxouc;, no npiv xo xfj 01??1???1??0? fj Kpivfj xou opor|Xa. Kai v Evai yvcoaxo nco fj ??????????)-f;a KvEi v ??[?????1 ????????! Kai oxxoi aSvaxoi pu9piK, vc ???11? axfj, yi v axa9 oxixo, npnsi vxi pEyXri pu9pi-Kfj XEXEixT]xa.
Enior|, p xfjv Kaxpyriari xfj auviq-or|, noScooE oxo ???????? xfjv axox-XEi xou Kai axo acoxEpiKo pu9po xo axixou xfjv vEt;apxnaia xou, no npiv xo xrj 5??1???1??0?? fj ouvvcoari xcv ???-vnvxQV xfj pi auXXafjc, p x ????????? xfj XXri.
Kai xXo p xrj xpr|aiponoir|ar| xfj 'k9Xi-??|?, ???????? Xr| xf|v nXr|9copiKxr|xa xv cpcovrivxcov no auvavxps axv KpnxiK ??! ax ?' ZxEaapa xcv "EXE9pcov ??-XiopKripEvcov, no ei VE axo oxixou xou xf|v ^aipExiKf naXxr|xa. "Exoi ?????????? v ScoEi oxo oxixou xou 5Xr| xf| pcopaXfi-xr|xa Kai ppEvconxrixa, no ?'????? vx*i noripa fjpcoKO.
"Onco Xenoupe Xomv, x veo oxixoup-yiK aaxripa no ??????91 SoXcopo a" axfj xf)v noxn, Eva xeXeq vxiGsxo n kevo no ??????????? nporiyoupvco. 'Eke j9eXe oi oxixoi xou vvai naXoi ??! pEXco-iKO, Kai x ?????????? xeXeco. 'E5c ?|9??? oi axxoi xou vvai pcopaXoi Kai ppsvcono ??9??? Kai ??????????, Kai x ?????????? xeXeco. O u ax Kips pvo a' 'va poiouvE, oxf|v npoonBEia v' noiouv oi oxixoi p x aoiapa xo puBpo xou Kai xf)v fJxr|xiKf| xcv Xecov xou, x nEpiEXps-vo vrip xou. K' fj npoonSsia axfj, vc ax ?' ZxE&aapa xS>v 'EXsuBspcov ?????-Kripvcov 5v fjxavE yEviKfj, p ????? ??-nou, axa ?' ZxEiaopa ?'????? ax vcxEpo or)po xr|, yiaxi axrj xfjv noor] xo vofj-paxo p x puSp, p xi xop Kai p xo ???????? xfj auvavxpE oxeov a ???? axxo.


40
ch oxixoupytKfi Txvr] xoG a. ZoXcopoG
Zx TtoaTtapaxa pXiara tco TtoTEXoGvTat arc TtepioaTspouc; oTxouq, fj KCppaariKf| otxfj oxixoupyia cpaivETat KaSocpTepoc. Moo e va ttoio TioTtaopa :
Mg oca xaypaxa ou/vd, xa pg aia peon,
pgia,
xa a doAeoouv l vsg, xa x' atga ov
7tXr|f}ijvoin',
|epvou ojcirjxoCv 01 dxQOYialic, t jtXaya x'
oi Bgxoi.
Ztoc; 5u Ttpcxouc; oiixouq tou napaTtvco nooTtapaToc;, TtapaxripoupE TtpGxa pia rta-paBETiKrj TtXn,9copiKxrixa, Tto TtoxEXEtxat dir t xpoviK xcpiapa tou fjpEpovuxxiou : XaP-paxa, pEonppia, Bpua, vxxec;, Kai tco vacppvovxai x^piapva, yi v ocaouv ma 'vxova xrjv vTUTtcoari cxtc Kart tco yivExai dKaxTtauxa. Tcpa, x xpovrc x^piapa xou fipspovuxxiou, dTto5i5sxai Ka xpovira, p x tao pyEOoc; xcv cppaEcov tco x Ktpp-ouv, Ka6coc; Ka puOpiKa, p xrjv &ia Bor\ xcv xvcov ax fjpiaxtxo xcv 5o axcv axxcov. "Exai, k8e ppoq xou rjpEpo-vxxiou, Kcppd^Exai Ka p" Mva fjpiaxtxo, k' o xvoi xouq TtcpxouvE povxova axc; i5tC; ouX-XaBc; : xxapxr|, 6y5or| SEXEpn,, EXxr|-"Eroi, p xr)v axpovr| Ka poipu9pr| aTrj TtavdXrnjjr], oripioupyExai Ka foci" xiK fj vxTCcoori dir Kri tco yvErai did-KOTta Ka povxova x io, k' sxai TtoSiE-xai Ka ixapaaxaxiK x vripa Tto Ttspiyp-cpouv oi axxoi.
Zxv xpro axxo xou Ttapaitvco Ttoand-apaxoc;, tco sivai rj dTt5oar| xcv &o Ttpori; yopsvcov, p Tx\ B.ar\ tio exei rj Xc;r| cp-vou, KaGcbc; xovit^Exai arrjv TcpcTr] auXXaBrj, Ka p tv TtapaTOViap xrir; OTtc^Ei tv Kavo-vik iapBiK puSp, pETaBXXEi TCxopa xrj puOpiKr) povoxova xcv Suo TtporryopEvcov oxixcov, Ka 5ivi rjxx|TlKd, TtapaoraxiK, xf|v vxTtcoan xoO Tcxopou c;EOTcapaxoq xou KavovioBoXiapoO.
'Eiranc; axoc, axxouq :
T t}A.co 'yw, v xxco 'yc,v x xgarc xXe-
opva,
8c n' dydrrr|5 xqxouvb figliasi; xaQUC0M'vec,
cO TtpoTor; axixoc;, p x axpovo Kipipo xcv cppdaECov, K9s xaaEpic; auXXaBc;, p xv npovo Toviap xfjc; xxapxr|c; ouXXaBfjr; Touc.Ka p xv prixo roviapvo cp9yyo xfjc; auXXaBfjc; axfjr;, ivsi k'vpyr|xiK,5papaxiK xf|v 'Kcppaar| xfjc; axa9spfjr; 9Xr|ar|r;, vc 6eu-xspoc; axixoc;, pExaBXXovxac; x pu9piK xou Biapa, Ka Ttaipvovxac; pia ToviKfj TtoiKiXia, ditaXavEi Ka fJxnxiK Trlv aaxripxrixa xou TtporiyoupEVOu, oxxou, KCppdc^ovxaq Ka rjxn-xiK x xpucpEp auvaiaxr|pa xfjc; yarcrir; tco TtEpiypcfiEi.
'Opoicor; or axxo :
'Avdxouaxoc; xt'XaiSiapg xa lircofrupiapvoc,
p xfj xaXdpcari xou pu9pou, ivsi Ka fjxr|-xiK x vr|pa xfjc; XiTto9up(ac; Tto TtEpiypd-cpEi. S' ax x axxo 5v iipxouv Ttap pvo xpEc; xvoi, vG 9dTtpT[ vdxi x Xi-ycxEpo xoospouc;, 5u a k9e f)pioxixo, ki1 axo ev1 'xai xoiTo9xripvoi, Tto v' dcpivouv oao x uvax TtEpiaaxEpEq drovEq auXXa-Bc; ax ipeaa. Zx Ttpfixo f|poxtxo exei Sua xvouc;, Mva oxf| 5XEpri auXXaBfj k Eia axfjv yori, cpivovxac; dvpsoa ttvxe dxovEc; ouXXaBr;, Ka ax 5sxpo fjpiaxixo e'xei sva povxa xvo, xv dvayKaaxiK xfjc; exxtk; auXXaBfjc;, Tto Evai xeXeuxoioc; xo oxxou, cpivovxac; maric; ttvxe dxovEc; ouXXaBr, 'xot Tto XKXripo t f|pioTixo v Kpps-rat ait xv xEXEuxaro xou xvo, Ka Tto oao v Ttporpp9i, potssi a v o|3vei, a v XiTtoupE fj cpcovfj xou dv9pcTtou. Ka x Xa~ Xdpcopa ax xou pu9pou cpatvExai dKpa psyaXxEpo, p xfjv TtuKvxrixa xo roviapou Tto Ttapouat^st TtporiyopEVoq axixoc;, Tto exei ecU tvouc; :
Ka pc oxfj oxi, no tpouvtcooE ua xXeT, Sgooi? xa poxouc;,
xpEc; r)Xa5fi a K9s fjpiaxtxo, vo 9dxav pKET yi xv iapPiK xou puBp vdxsi xoaEpour; xvouc;, Sua o Ks fjpiaxtxo, p KTtcoc; piKpxEpa x 5ipoa dxova 5ia~ axfjpaxa.
'AvacppapE pEpiKoc; tto xoc; ui xxuitri xoq oxixour; xfjg KrppaoxiKfjr; axfjr; axixoup yiar;, yi v yivoupE EKoXcxEpa vonjoi, opcoc; 8 9 auvsxiaoupE yiax, dv 9 c^r|xo-aaps v' dvaXaoups oXour; axoc; xoc; oxi-Xouq, 9 TtriyaivapE TtoX paKpu.
K' 5G TtpTtsi v aripEtaoupE Ttct;, fj k-cppaaTiKf| axf| oxixoupyia, p x pouotK xa-paxxfjpa xtic;, e'xei 6Xa x oxoixsa xfjc; dp-Xaiac; XXnviKfjc; axixoupyiac;, xfjg auvucpaap-vr]q p xfj pouoiKfj. Ka x dc;ioTtpaXxo sivai Ttq ZoXcopc; 'cpxaoE a' axf| a9pprixa, xco-pie; Kapi maxripoviKf| Ttposxoipaaia, yi v x Tti^rirfjaEi, Tti5f| 6v eixe Kavsvac; Me-xpiicc; c;xoEi Ttox xf| 9ar| xoG xvou axf| XEypEvri XPviKfj axtxoupyia. 'H iacpop pvo xfjc; axixoupyiac; axfjr; xou ZoXcopoO ir xfiv dpxaia XXr|viKfj, Etvat Ttg KEvr) Ttxai^E ouxvxaxa xoc; pu9piKog xvouc; oxf]v KCppaoxiKfiv dvdyKti, Ka yi1 ax oi oxixoi xiir; auxv Sv exouv kovovik xovik puBp, vG xoG ZoXcopoO, xxc; Xaxaxcov c;aipacov, ito psxaxEipitsxai vptpouc; Tta-paxoviapoc; (vxtoovvxoEc;), ki' axoc; epu-atK ait KcppaoxtKfiv dvyKii, exei Ttvxa KavovtK xovik pu9p.


"H axtxoupyiKrj x/vr) xo A. ZoXcopo
41
V
'O ZoXcopo o'axrj xfjv TtepioSo, xxo ???? x KaSap axtxoupyiK oxoixsa, x axExiK p x ?????, Sr)Xa5f| xrjv ???????)??) ???????-????) xo xvou paa axa axxo, xfj Xpr)oipoTtoir|-ar| xrj; ouviiiaiTi xrj ????????? ??1 tqv xopv, yi v TCXUxsi ?????? KcppaoriK ????????-????, ????7??0?1:01?^ ??????????? ??1 x ?????-Xr|Xa aprfcova. Zt ?????????? ??????????? :
Bagcvrac ygco Ayuga, Xyvoa xai ????, tv ?????? xgitijpiog -/tai jaregov ga-tXo iiaxgu ogvei laUd, av ?? tceciolisv'
dargo,
tguvrj XaXi, ?????? AaXi, orxr\ ???? ?? x-
argo,
p xo fjxou xv Xcov iix v' Ttocooi rai TtapaaxaxtK xv fjxo xrj; x&piKfj aX-myya.
"ETtiotic; xv ??????????? oxixo :
Ziv vKvo t| pougLiougis tt)v xXdrjia Trj ???
ycova.
p xo fjxou xcv Xcov r]xe v' Ttocooei Kal TtapocaxaxiK x xixiiapa xo xpuycovio.
'ETtiari axv ?????????? axixo :
"Exe ooe '/' fj dvatolf) xi ooe ex f| Suor),
p xtj auxvrj ???????????) xo xi, tco Evai KUptcxspo jxoq xfj; XCric x, K-vei v' KousL x' axi pa 'va TtXfjOo e-X, a vccxe c/Dcxt/viK TtXrippupaet axixo p' axfj xf) ??,?), BupiovT ??? oXou xoc; Xaipsxiapo tco Xve oi vOpcoTtoi xf]v ayfj p x auvaTcvxrip xou Ki x paSu p x Xcopiap xour;.
K' 5<5 TcpTCi v aripeicaoupE Ttcb ZoXcopo XP4c,4L0'n:0LS auxv xfjv ???????)??| xo tou ypppaxo paa oxo axixou xou yi ?????????; Xoyou, ???????1??6?,, Tcapaaxaxi-ko, vccpvriaTiKou,, fj Kai ??????? pXcoSiko, ottco axv ?????????? :
T pria f| TtEva pagios' aia pana f| [id
va pvEi,
TCou itipvEi oxfiv ????????|??| xo pi, tco ?????? Eivai KUpicTEpoc fjxo xrj XcT|c pria, SiaxripEt arfjv Kofj pa oiapxn arf] xrj X,r|.
Zxv ?????????? axxo mpvEi axr|v ????-????|??| xo xi>> :
???? fjxo exe xai %???, xdf}s xap xi* dyd-
???>.
Zxv ?????????? empvEi axijv TtavXr?r) xo yapa :
tloXX ???)??? x' eyXxavav yiax' eotu|e dyio
pQO.
Zxv ?????????? TCipvEi aTrjv ????????|??1 to p :
'H iiapri yfj axiard co xx^ .ll or vsg noil
ga^Ei.
Ztv ?????????? mpvEi arrjv ????????|??| to ????? :
KdvE aip ?' elvai ijnX, xdvs agsiec xai
???? ???.
Kai auxv mr|T ??????? ??????? tco piaKExai ??? ??????? rjparixo, v piaKETai Kai ??? ExEpo, otcco oxo ?????????? :
XilidSe fjxoi ??????|??1, noXii aHeid or) xr-
ot).
"?^????) ??; Evai ?' ovEigo ?' ??? ?? pdyia
????1.
?????? ??????? nolii ??? Togxon xai ?"?-
gnr).
?? ??????????? ?? navi HEge tpcovrj xivoiiEVT] ???? ?? ??? pilooE
???.
Kai auxv pa axv io axxo TtavaXa-aivEi xrjv 5ia Xr), onco oxo ?????????? :
Fiati ?? jtvEip.a.
Ki' XxXing' r ?????????, Sralj agSEoc
'vai.
Tv rjlio Trj Xniba rou, fjlio p Sixco yv-
?1.
T pana r) rtEva paugiO,ot pdtia fj pava
pvfEi.
Zio ??? tfj xaXoauvr) ???, ??? ??? rfj )iog-
?1?? ???.
K" snlaoE t' aorgo ttj vuxto xai ?' otgo
ifj f|pga.
cKoira, lie ???? trj Aapngfj, p ????? to
BacvE.
??? pgr) Taa ?avov?al xai pgr) 'vai xgup-
pva.
'??? ?? pago oyvE?o xi' ??? rf| iiapr) na-
aa ?!?.
"OX' ax x XEXviK oxotXEa ZoXcopo x XPI01!107101-^ ?1? va Kpsi xo axixou xou ???????1?????????, TtapaoxaxiKcoxEpou, fj Kai OTtXc pEXcoSiKcxEpou.
* *
Ka xcpa, Kpoups pi ovxopr) va-??????????) ki' coaoupE p Xya Xyta x ??:?????)??? xcv ???????? Ttspi5cov xfj oxtxoupyia xo ZoXcopo.


42
'H OTLXoupyiKfj xxvri ??? ?. ZoXcopoG
ZTrjv ???????] TtEpioo 'xoupe TtoKiXia ot-Xcov, no to oavEETai Ttoir|Tfj sirs tto rfj ??|?????| par; Ttoinpr), ete ait ?? Xptar-?????? Kai ?? BriXap, ete ???? xryv TaXiKrj oTixoupya. T texvik paa ito xP1alU" TtoiE, ?? avsiETai ki' aura ???? ?? pEyXa TtoiryriK TtpTUTta Tto yvcopias, Kupirj Tfj TaXiKrj yXcoaaa, Kai x psraXEipiETai aToaXEOiaoTiK, ???? psXsTripvo ???????-TtiK ??????, ???????? av rj TtXoaia pouaiKtj ??? i&ioauyKpaaia vei ara oTtxoupyrjpaT Tou rrjv TtpoauTUKfj ??? ???????.
Zrrj EUTEpr) TtEpioo TtpoaTta9sL auvi5r|T v ??????1 ??? EpaynaiK ittceo t] VEosXXr|-viKfj arixoupya, Kai avsisrai ait ke ot-Xou, ??????? Kai TEXViK paa. Zrrjv TtEpo-5o aurrj TEXvTr|c;, XWP'-. vxEi pEi ????? rrjv TEXViKT) Tto 9 raipias tXeco arrj pou-aiKrjv iioauyKpaoia ???, exei ma ouvEtrian, tV texvikcv pacov tto psTaxEipiETai, ?1 auro tto nrEi ?? KaTop6cbvt.
ZTrjv Tpirri TtEpioo yuptEt ??? ripottKo par; OEKaitEVTaauXXao Kai p rrjv texvikti, XPIcipctorian, tcv TtoXXv cpcovrivTCv, r|-TEt v toG cooi va taXo Kai peXcoSik XapaXTTjpa, vXoyo p ?? aiaSripaTiK 9pa
TtO 1???1?????1.
Zrrjv ??????? Kai TEXsuraia TtEpioo, n,-TUEi v cOEt otv Koiv par; KaTtEvraoX-Xao ????????? Kupico xapaxrrjpa, beavo v ivEt TtapaaraTiK Kai ???????? ?? TtEpiypa-?????? vripa, vn p rrjv ???1????| tv TtoX-Xv Xo ??? Trj ??????????|?? Kai appsvcuTcOTrija, Tto ETtpETtE vxEt Ttoiripa rjpcKO.
'? ??????? TTjv XiEr) arr| rrj OTixoup-yia ??? ZoXcopoG Trj oripEicvsi p ?? ?????-????? avTopa ??1 ysviK Xyia :
.. rj puptKrj ??? uvapn. . avTixntiKfj Etc; to o "Ypvou, vEpyr|TiKfj ???' oxrjv sic tv ApTtpov, psXcootKr) Kai oxsv pou-aiKOEtri tv Kpr]TiKv, ?????? ?? ???? tfjc ppovia ?? uatEpa TtotrjpaT ???.
TsXEtcvovTac rrj ??????) arfj, va yaivst o ysviK aupTtpaapa, Ttcb ZoXcopo, 5tico TtfjpE xryv Tt8ar| tv TtoiripTcov ??? rt xr\ ypco ??? corj, ivovra axr\v Ttoir|ofj ??? mKaipiK ????????1 ?? io ????? Kai p rrj arixoupya ???. ?? ????? ??? ?? Ttrjps arto ?? Xa'tK XXtivik TtsptaXXov, ir ?? ripoTtKrj ??? rtapaoor), Kai ?? ?????? a ?????? TtpoocoTtiK r]pioupyfjpaTa, ivovra tou Trj psyaXTEpri uvarri, teXeittto Kai iarripcvra tou \r\ xryv XXttvikij tou ti-?????, ???????? p tv tovik Kai ?9???????1-k xapaxrrjpa ??? XXriviKrj yXcoaoa. "Erat ZoXcop r]ptopyr|oe pt rxvr) tXeco TtpoacTtiKri xai auyxpvco a9urara XXrvyi-Kfj. Kt' ???' arrj rryv TtXsup TtoX TtspioaTE-
PO, Ttap yi T TtaTptCTlK TtSptEXpEVO Tfj
Ttoir)arj ???, raiptsi or ZoXcop ttXo toG 'EvikoG rioiriTrj.
???. ZflATAAAZ


OAIONYIIOIIOAfMOI KAI TO rAQIIIKO ZHTHMA 2THN IT A AI A*
Av pKEL va Xp piata oxi ZoXcopc; aTtou&aoE Ka popuaiK tci cpavEpq TtapaXXriXtapq pxac; ttveu-paxiKrjc; ycoyfjc; xou ZoXcopoG Ka xaXiKGv ypappxcov BpiaKExai ax (jHXsXEuGspa Ka TtaxpicoxiK aaGrjpaxa, axrjv c;ioTtpTtia xf|v f|BiKri Ka xfjv TtaxpicoxiKrj, Tto TtapaaxKExai axv ZoXcop a TtoiaBrJTtoxE ar]pavxiKrj no-pa. r>axao BTtXa a' ax x Kupapxo axoi-Xo, psyXoc; "EXXrivac, ekXeioe paa xou, 8xav Kpr) oTtoBac^E axrjv MxaXa, Ka x rjxn,pa xfjc; xaXiKrjq yXGaaac; : k'va Gpa Tto TtapaKvnaE TtXouatxaxa TtvEpaxa xfjc; xo-Xnc; KEivrrc; v axnpaxaouv GEcopiEc;, v Bia-kivBuvijjouv mxEiprjpaxa, v kvouv TtoXX yvipa acpXpaxa. Ax x Bexepo cpBio xou ZoXcopoG Evai Xxiaxa yvcoox. "Av Ka ait xv Kaip xoO floXuXa vayvG-axrrc; 6 KOivg auvfjBioE vxrr OxxLpSL xou xfi,v Kaxaxaor| xGv xaXiKGv ypappxcov x XP0" via KEva xou ZoXcopoO, povxa xwpa p x KECpXaio tto E. Kpiapac. axrjv Ttpacpa-xrr, KaXrj xou povoypacpia, ', tpiEpuvsi ax yXcoaaiK xaXiK i^rjtripa, BXttei auyKsvxpco-pva xpfjaipa oxoixsa yi x irpaxo xxe i^fjxripa. 'Qaxao 6 pnopoGoE KavEc; v TtXa-xvtt xf]v TTEpiyparpri xou xaXiKoG -yXcoaaiKo n,xfjpaxoc; tto Biapaaps axv Kpiapa' Ka pia TtpGxn, 'pEUva KiXar; a xoxri xfjv Ka-XEGuvan oexvei uoXXoq vXTtioxa yvipouc,
* T dgfrpo auro Paat;sxai os EQEriva ito xdvco roijg xaigoc; arito? yi |ii 8ixcxgr| \ieXxr\ Jtdvco ar Solcoii xa xf]v Traila, |e-xivvxac; dir xc; yXcoaaixc; dvxiXfjipic; rcv xa-Xc-v ouYYpacpcov xa xo ZoXcopoO xa rpxdvov-xac ac jTgopXfJLiara {Srpous xa aafrrixixfjc onori poipaa xaxX,nj;e 6 reoir|ir|c;. 'H heIxt] aTjtfj, yi tt)v itoia iticpuldoaco 5Xo x Pago? xiv itagajtopjicov, rco 8c fra fjxav cpopxixg, fra 8r|pooiEi)xfj italixd, axrj NeartoAri.
npoavaxoXiapog. 'ApKE v Epvoups xrjv epEuva par; xoG kkXou Tto axExiaxriKE ZoXcopc; Ka pococ, 6 Boups oxt Bioc; Mvxi a Ttpoxcopripvri fjXiKta, xf\v Ttoxrj 5r|-Xaf) Tto xv TtiaKETtxxav ZoXcopc;, axo-XrjGr|k vxaxiK p x yXcoaaiK ^rjxrrpa. 'O yapTtpq xou kvxe IlEpxiKpi axGriKE svac, Tt xoc; Ttpcoxaycovtaxc; xfjq Siapxric, Tto 59r|KE xxe t;aiTar; xfjc; yXGaaac,. M Kpr) Ka 'Icoarjrj) Movxvi, Ttiaxc; tpiXor; xoG ZoXcopoG, Tto sypaips p xari yirr] Sva TtoxaipExiaxrjpio ypppa ax 1824, pnaiVEi itotfiaoiaxiK ki axc; axv yva.
M Ka Ttpa atto ax x Ttpacoita xa xrjv yvcoaxrj xour; auvEiacpop ax xaXiK yXcoaaiK rjxr|pa Evat cpuaiK ZoXcopr; vBt-Pai^E Ka oXout; xor; XXouc; Tto Kxi x aco-ox fj XavGaapvo Enav Ttvco ax ^fjxripa. "Ac; Gupr|9oup Ttr; Ka x 1831 ZoXcopr; r]xouaE xoG MiiEKapa x PiPXlo Ttvco ax urpoc;, Tto exe SiaPosi rjri -nptv, oncoc; Kaxa-XaPaivoupE Tt x Xyta xou J.
Ti v KaxaXPoupE &ixcoq TtapavorjaEic; Ka TtpoKaxaXrjipEtc; tt\v Ttipporj xGv ixa?u5v axfiv iappcpcoari xfjc; xopiKfjc; axaiiq xou ZoXcopoG TtvavTi ox XXinviK yXcoaaiK ^rjxripa cpEiXco v TtEvGupioco rtc; o uip-poc; ysviK 5v K5r]XGvovxai pvo p xfjv rcpia ULo8xr|ar| xfjc; yvGpn,c; KTtoiou XXou, oCxe povxa p x v ttfj kovec; kti tto k-TtopEETat ir kttoio Bypa fj GECopa c,va a' arv, XX Ka tcc; rtippoc, vayvcop-c^ovrai Ka otc; yvGpEc; Ka tc; ardoEic; rto vG cfiavovxat vc;pxTXc; Kai oxspEc;, Ka-x pGoc; si vai vxGexec; Ka Ttopvcoc; a ipuxoXoyiKfj f^pxriorj p xc; TtpcoxxuTtEc;. Z1 va xoo itXax tteSo pascov Ka vxt-poscov tto psyaXGvsi xc; Tti9avxr|xEq m-paEcor; axv ZoXcop, Ttoin,rf]c; 5v pyatVEi Xapvoc; yiax par; Evai eukoXo v iaTtiarG-aoups ori arf| GXaaaa tGv BeGv Ka tiixei-pnprcov Tto x6r)k oxc; cpripiepiSsc;, ax Pi-pXa Ka xc; cpuXXBEc;, 6 ZoXcopr; vx?Jios rtoXX, XX x Xyias oxf) BiKfj tou aKOTtip-Trira pETarpTtovrac; rfjv XEiroupya touc;, Ka vaBripioupyuvTaq ra.
"Exco Kpn v TtpoaGaco, TtpoKaTaPoXiK, Ttc; ZoXcopc; piraivovrac; ax yXcoaaiK


44
'o AiovoToc, ZoXcopc; Kal t yXcoaaiK t^rJTn,pa arrjv 'IraXa
'Qf^?k: 7i?J&i ^-f^L 4i^'>f7Z r^?^fqp^
CH dvaYpcxtpi1) Tfq fiaTiTtascc; tou SoXcohou ara |3tf3Xia Tfjq 'Ayiocc; napaoKEufjc;. (T |3i|3XCo aco^Tav npiv n t ?3 ot 'ApxecoqjuXaKElo ZacKvSoo). Zio nepi-Bcjpio (6v oianpivETou ari] qjcoToypaipIo:) ; 'louvlou 8.
i^rJTripa tcov XXitvikcov rjrav Syi pvov cpco-5iaapvoc; p mxEiprjpaTa Ka p Bscopa Ka YVcari XX Ka ori TcpooKpit^E pa^ tou Ka KaTtoiav cbpcpTriTa tou ^rvrrjpaToc,. T yXcoaacK atrjv 'IraXla 5v exe yi tckev-Tpo t pcTTipa av tcptcei v ypacpsi koveIc; TaXtK (SripoTiK) fj XariviK, tco rjrav r\br\ Xupvo otv XIV alcva, tv KaXv ava, tv xpuav otccoc; tv TtoKaXouv oi TaXo ouyKaipiKo tou ZoXcopoO XX TtspiaTpe-cprav ypco a TcpoBXrjpaTa Tto o Dorarr] vXoan, slvai aia8n,TiK, sivat TcpoBXrjpaTa ucpouq.
T yXcoaaiK rJTn,pa, Ka orav KaraX-yiaos Xlyo rj pEydXrj TapaxA tco Ttpovn,a AvTTTc; p t 5n,pioupyiK tou 'pyo Ka t BsopriTiK, tcot Sv ETcauoE v TtaaxoXf toc; TaXog XoyoTxvEc;. Tv XVI ava o TaXo KoiTa^av p ^rjXELa tv acva toG AvTn,, Ka tv vpaaav xpocv alcova Tfjc; yXcaaaq touc;. Auto rjrav t TcpcoTO oiipt Tfjc; eXEtic; tco aKoGaE fj yXcaaa toG AavTir Ka tco rjrav poipalo v TcapaTa8fj yc ac-vsc; Ka v cpTaEi a auyKpouan, p T veco-TspiaTtK KivrjpaTa tco KaT Kaipoq EKavav aiTTCEipa KaivoToplaq arfj yXcoaoa Ka ot XscrXyio. T 1612 ByaVEi t TtpcTO auarr|-paTCK Xec;ik Tfjc; TaXiKfjc; yXaaac; (tco aTBr|K Tt&Eiypa o X;iK tcoXXcov aXXcov EpcoTcaKcv yXcooaGv), tr\c, KaSriplac; KpoG-aKa : ouyKEVTpcovTav eke p 5i8ari pxat-
c^ouaa 0X0 t Xfi^iXyio tco xPral-lloTtolrao(v ol pEyXoi toG XPuooO alcva. Auto t Xe,i-k OTBiiKE Tcr|yf) TcapE^ryrjoECJv Ka SouXsiac, yc KpTcoaouc; aicvEc;, yiatl auxv ouvBaiVE v KaTaKpiBf BapEc Kavvac; auyypacpac; tco XPrloll-l0'n:0^rlo Xcn KaraxcpiaTTi a aT, rj tco tt)v xPlocpoTtolriaE avripa c;vo tto t KaBiEpcopvo ot Xe;lk. O pxaio-XTpEc; Ka KaBapoXyot Trjq ETtoxnc; toG Zo-XcopoO TtocpEyavE Kpir tc; KaKOTOTcc; tcov Xc;ecov tco 5v fjTav vayvcopcapvEc; ot Xe-;ck Ka pvo Xyoi air' aTouq, ov tv Aeo-Ttp5i X. X-i 5sxvTouoav tcc; pc X.rj pBri pTcops vxn, c;cpuyi otoc; ouvtiktec; toG Xe-c;lkou.
'H cpuaioXoyiKrj t;XL^r) Tfjc; yXcaaac; Ka cpuaiKCTaToc; TcXouTiapc; xr\c, BpoKav Xoltcv Kpti Ka a c,TaTa TtvEpaTa Ka-TavTiTri aripspa vT5paar).
Tv Kacp tco ZoXcopc; BpLOKTav otrjv 'haXa T 5uvat BviKiaTCK aoBrjpaTa tco vavcoaav ttjv TaXcKrj XoyoTsxva Exav Tti tcoBXel tto ttjv yXcooa Toq yaXXiKiopoc; tco Exav eooei uTcouXa tv SKaTO oyooo acva.
'H ouvsi5riTOTCoriari ttc; SvcKfjc; TcaTaar|c; EXE opcoq v vxipETQTctoT] Trjv vavcoari Tr|c; iTaXcKfjc; yXcaaac;. Iloi 8 fJTav T Kpi-Trjpia ;
T Tclpaxo c^rJTtipa Tcpoi;VOuaE SicpopEc; OTosic; : arc Trjv pc rcXEup o Ka9apoX-


Atovuaio ZoXcopc, Kai ?? yXcoaoiKO ????? oTfjv 'IxaXa
45
yol., Tto Ttoaxrjptav xf]v TtaXi yXcaaa, v-xtpoaav axo auy ypacpE tto ????1?-" Tcoioaav Trjv ayxpovn, yXcaaa, ???? yi1 axo fjrav apapr]. 'Arc rrjv Xkr\ tiXeu-p vai KSvoi tuo TtoaTiipiouv rrjv txaXi-Kfj yXcaaa ar avoX ???, ??1 tto 'xouv yi vxnraXou, ooou Ttoaxripiouv trjv yXcaaa Tto yrjKS arto xfrv ToaKvr]. S' arf] rrjv ??????) ???????) o TtspiTtTcaEiq Siaaxau-
pcvovxat Kai TtoXXaTtXaatovxai p yscops-xpiKrj Ttpo&o : va tto fjrav p rrjv uvxa-vfj yXcaaa ???????? v ????????^? fj rrjv ToaKavLKr] (Mavxvt X. ?-) ? xfjv ixaXiKf] (Mvti X. x-). "Eva tto f\xav p rrjv ?????-viKX] pTtopooE v ???????|?1?? T1lv KXaaatKf) fj xfjv ayxpovn, ?. ?. ?.
"Oticc. Etvat tpavEp, oi ??????????, p x ?????1?? yXwaaiK ?????? xfj, ??????? Evat
1
/ ?*'*> *f>%* ./.i '*. iti .V*. ft* h '*'' ?** r> f.....,
r'f ;f^> w tj.ti
f** v', sMife lili liLA
/ 1 ,i>/m {O' tirt'iy**'>i'fe D-
. :!:: ::::: ? *
, ' ??. f1 Al* ICI .
4
???
'<..' h'f filiti hr%iH
* o S *
^t1 /U/4 rAfhh
?- Ta TtpTO ??1?????? ?0" 2?????? ito ou^etai. Etvai inorof] itp rij ??????? ??? ana rf]v
Kpenva, 4 Noeiiplou 1815.
(Mouoeo Mtcevckit)


46
'? Aiovcuoc, ZoXcope; Kai ?? yXcoaotK ^rJTripa arfjv 'kaXta
??5?]???; : itola yXcaaa Elvat rj pBrj, rj naXt ??????! tto toc; ???????????; toXxiotov
(KaBaprj) fj rj oyxpovr) 5t]poTtKrj ; M ti ????? aoXcoptarc;. '? Mvti TtoXX ppr) ??? 'pyou
??????! Kavec; v c;uyviori Trjv SripoTiKTJ ; ????? ?? eIxh SripoatEUaEi ??? TtEptoSiK Po-
*0 ZoXcopc, etuxe v ^rjaii ??? ????????? ligrafo ??! ??????? ?? eIxe ypappva a
??? xpvia paa o' Eva UEpiBXXov Tto ava- ?????) StaXyou, (??1 ???? ??? cpaivErat m-
BEcopoGasT yXcoaaiK ir Trjv pi^a- ??????- arie; aripavtiK).
ycoviaTrjc; ??? yXcoaaiKoG ??]??|?????; 5v slvai 'O Mvti Ttoarripi^Ei p Xiya Xyia Tfjv
pvov 6 MavT^vi, tto ?'????? tv kkXo toG ayxpovfj ??? yXcaaa tco Trjv piXouv a 6Xri
?)??|?????, Kvovrac; v TCEpvtKrjari arv tce^ xryv 'IraXia, rrj yXcaoa Tto vpEaa a
Xyo rj ???????? roaKavtKrj yXaoa. 'H urt- ?????; taXKrouc; Etvat rj pvn, Tto ???; ???\-
????) ??? Mavr^vt Elvat rj ra yvcoaxrj acoc; vei v oovEvvor|8oGp......, yXcaaa oute ????-
Ttt5rj Buppaars rrj Spar) ??? av vc, pEvrtvfj, oute Tfjc, Stva, out Tfjc; ?????'??,
???????????? vtKriTfj. ??????????? ati'iv 'Ira- XX tTaXtKrj ????... oXot p1 Eva BaGpa
Xia TtoXX vpara site vtKripvcov, eite tio- Tfjc; ????]?;, Sixcoc; Kapt TtpoaTtaBEia, Trjv ??-
OTtioiKTCov Tfjc; acoaTfjc; Baric,, Tto fjrav opcoq raXaPaivoupE, veo vTiBsra, v ptXrjaoupE
TtpcoTEpyrEq TaitEivoi Kai Tto p tv Katp, KaBvac; Su^opETtKfj ???????, 6 ??????^??,
Xvovrac; rrjv TttKatpTr)Ta, xaavE Ka rrjv Bdvai ppPapot; yt tv MtXavt^o... (Propo-
Ttpoacoptvrj ????| ????;. ?????????, X. x, va sta, I, a. 105).
???? Tto auyKEvrpcopvo ???????? ????? '?????? rj Bear) ??? Mvrt, Tto ??????; rrjv
??????, pataapvouc, pEractj ??? 1817 ??! tarTtcoas TtapaTtveo pott^Et pBfj, ??????????
1826: rj Proposta di alcune correzioni ed uokoXec; otav Mvrt TtoKaXTtTEt Ttcbc;
aggiunte al vocabolario della Crusca, 'pyo arrj rj yXcaoa rj iraXiKf] Elvat Kotvf| a oXoug
ar tioio ??1????? ???????????? ?? coptpa oxt arfjv ???????1??| TtapSoorj ??)?, XX Eroi
Xpvta ??? Mvrt, ??????????, ??????, PXettete, oticoc; rfjv exouv KaBtEpcaEt ara PtpXia ????;
yveoar arv SoXcop. T pyo auro, Kai f] oi ??????????; : Mvrt BXETat pvo rrjv
vXoyn opon, roG Mvti ???' iKEtva Tto ??????) yXcaaa (Proposta, 1, ?. ?1?)" Elvat
c;pco, ov exouv rrjv vXoyn Bear] arie; pEX- ?????? Xontv Ttcbc; Mvrt 6v 5sxrav rrjv
tec; tto oxoXouvTat p rrjv ??????????, toG ptXoupvri yXcaaa ??? XaoO, XX TfjvcJEU-
ZoXcopoG, yt v prj ??? Ttcbc; 'xouv vTEXcc; yEvtapvri ara PtpXia. fi' auro Kai TtooTrjpi
?????????? ??? ZoXco^ou ?? vaypctifij KaGirnEpivoD ???????????.


"O Aiovoioc; ZoXoopc; ??1 ?? yXcoooiK ^????? orrjv ????'?
47
?, KoXou9cvxa<; tv ??????? ??? tv nepxL-Kpi, tcc; Kai vTric. 5v ?'????? axr\v ??-poTiKrj ??? KaipoG ???, otjv ??????????) 5i-?????, XX aTrjv kXekti $XcopsvTivfj (volgare illustre), 5?)??6?1 pia ??????? t;Euyvi" opvr] KaBapsouoot.
Zkottc; tou Mvti eTvou v 5et;ri ?????; o 5i-Xektoi si vai rtoX f\ Xiyo 01?9??????;, ??! ???-pi v pnopsi v Tipri rrjv 9on, Tfjc; ???????,?-(illustre) Koivfjc; yXaaac,, Tto, Ttvco arto oXec; rie; x 'O Mvti 9Xi Xoinv v vavEcoBfj r) yXcaaa, BXsi v ????????) toc; yaXXiKi-
pr|va Ttou5ivs or Avrr] ???????? '? riEpTixpi, ??(??? v TiEvBupioco, fjrav yap-Ttpc; ??? Mvti Kai oi ou ????. pai^i styav oxrparioEi Eva koiv ??????? oaov ????? ?? yXcoaaiK. ^Hrav ???1?? Xoitiv, Mvti tco fjrav rjBupoc; (r Ttv9upi^i Regaldi) v Bupcari ??! v ?????? orv ZoXcop Kai v toG Ttfj ?? yvcoot Xyia, orav ?????? tv ZoXcop v ??????? p tv ????????
'? riEpriKpi ?? 1818 ?????? Eva BiBXio, Degli scrittori del Trecento e dei loro imitatori Ttpc; TtvTr|ori toG Antonio Cesari tco r 1813 SripooiEuoE rv AiXoyo [??! rcXi yivErai Xyoc; yi 5iXoyo]^Ti'vco ott)v poptpi ??? TpETOEvro, L,e Grazie p ?????]
UHI
T ?????; xfe; i5ixEipr<; ???^??]^ ??? NiKoXou ?????^??, ??????? ??? ?????|??]. (Zco^Tav aTi*i ??)??-
ola ??????^??! ZaKvSou.)
apoc, (??1 ?' auro BpiaKErai vrlBETOc, otv Cesarotti) ??! v TtXouTiari xx\ yXcaaa vpi-pa, XX BXei Kai v KaBapioir rf) yXcaaa. 'H oroii ??? Mvti BXTtoupE 'xei cq ??????? Kivrirpo rfiy vavcoair, rrjv Avikt) ????-TtpTtEia, XX Evai ??????????? eoe; Ttpc; ?? TtoSsiypaTa (oi ??????????; Kai oxi Xac;).
Zt yveoor TtEiaSio Mvti ZoXcopoG, Eroi OTtcoc; ???; Ttapa58r|k ait tv Regaldi Kai oxi ait rv rioXuXa, TtpxEi pia ainpav-TtKfj XETtToppEia Kai auro cf>stXETai orv
i5lO T ZoXcop TtO 5ir)yrj9r|K T TtElO&lO
otv Regaldi. 'Evc Mvti ejupt^Tav pTtpq ??? Ttap9upo, ZoXcopc; toG SiBai^E pt p-
??????^???1??) ??1 TooKavtKrj. 'O EpriKpt TtoarripitEi rrjv ??9??????? Tfjv vrtapxat-ouaa, p KXaaoiKf) ?????1????)??, Kai ?? lto KvEt Kai pyTEpa o XXa 5o 'pya ???, Tto TtpoKXEoav Ttvrr]ari toG 0copaeaiou (9???) Tfjc; ?????????^?; oyxpovr)c; yXooaq 1825 26). 'O rispriKpi opeoe;, eotco Kai Kai a' arr] rrjv ???????) arari ???, e'peive Ttvra TtooTripiKTfic; ?????????? toG viKi-???? ??! Tfjc; 9viKfc; yXcoaac;, Kai 9sX ??? EiayEt arrjv 'IraXia rie; 9ECopEc; toG Ray-nouard ( ZoXcopc; Ttt9avv Elvat v ??????-????|9?|? yi tv Ps'ivoupSo, Tto ??????1 ?????, arto tv Perticari).
Tcpa Tto 5coapE pia pana ar ??????-


48
'? Aiovaioc, ZoXcopc; Ka ?? yXcoaaiK ?^????? arfjv 'iTaXia
???5? tcv vavEcorcov xfjc; ixaXiKfjc; yXcaaac; p Bar| xfiy ???????) yXcaaa (xfjv ????-psuouaa eie; Troupe) Ka9ispcopvr| a' 6Xr) xfjv 'ItocXcx, BXTtoupe ne; oi TtaSoi a-Tfjc; Tfjc; pSac, BpiaKvrouaav a psyaXri auyxuori ibecov, rfjv ariypfj tco 6ia5i5xav pcopavriapc; ??? x BviK Krjpypaxa. Z' axfi xfjv ayxuan paa ????????????? iSec., TciXipf\paxa, XEXvdapaxa, Tto ZoXcopc; x TtapaKoXouSouaE Kai tco x ???" atpoTtoir|a rfrv ??????????, axiyprj, axv ? t X ? ? ??? fj Ka pyxEpa.
??(?????, X.x., axv Cesarotti, Tto x ? ? ? i pi xou yt xfjv ?1?????(? tcv yXcoaacv (1785) x TtEvGupiitEi yEviK N. B. ??????????; cor; ???? tto TtripaaE xv ZoXco-p, Eva arjpavxtK ?????.
'? Cesarotti, tto Eivai 'vac; TtpcoxoTtpoc, axfj SECopia xfjc; vavcoariq xfjc; yXcaaac;, v-xtapxa'taxfjc; Ka axc, av xv Mvxt Ka xv FlEpxtKpt, Ttoaxfjpt^E xv TtXouxtap xfjc; xa-XtKfjq yXcaaac; p yaXXtK ?????????. 'pB 6 E. Kpiapc, BpiaKEi ori xxoto ???? 5v pitopE vxn Ttr]poi xv ZoXcop : caxao taBc^oopg x ???????? ????? ox Mpyo ax.
'H 6??10?????| avxac^, oi KaxaXrjt;ic;, x koiv TtXfjBoe; xcv Xc;cov, fj taxfjpriari xcv pit^tKCv axotXEcov, Elvat 5?:?????1?01 ????" KxfjpEc; ptc; iSiac; yXcaaac; : oi ???????; X-f^SLq, oi TtapotptEq, Kitotoc; Stcopaxiapg ax ppn xfjc; piXiac;, Ka TtpoTtvxcov ???? Ttpocpop TtoxfiXouv rfiv lXskxo. Aoniv, a k9e tiXtj rfjg 'IraXiac; KupiapXEi ?? 5io a-???]?? KaTaoKEufjc; Ka SiaTrjpn,aric; ?????] Ka ar ????? toG XaoG. Koivc, Evat Ka oi tte-ptooTEpEq, Ka koivcc; vorixc,, ???? oi pic^Eg Elvai l5iec; eIxe auyyEviKc; psxac, xooc;. H ??????, ooo yt ax, BpiaKExat pvo axfjv KaxXri^ri. 5
T ETttXEtprjpa ax, tto Baai^Exat axfjv potopopcpia xfjc; pic^ac; xcv Xc,COV a oXri
Xf]v XaXlKfl TtEplOXfj Ka Xfjv KOVtKf| ????-
p Tto ??1???1 axfjv TtoiKiXr] ???????, x BpiaKoupE ax ? t X ? ? ? xofj ZoXcopoO, EKEt Tto riotriTfjc; TtOTtaipvEi xv Zo$oXo-ytcxaxo p x Xyta: Koixa pf] a Ttaxfjori fj ??????? xfjc; ?????????;, ve KpivEic; re; Sta-Xekxouc; xfjc; 'EXXSac; Ka Ttpa.
Z' ax x airpso ZoXcopc;, poXovxt voc;, 5v uioGxrias auvEtSrix x TtpoyEvaxE-po Tttxstpripa, opeoe; Evat ?????? Ttcbc; auro eIxe 5tto5ai paa ??? Ka Tfjv ??-TXXriXr] aTtypfj ?????10??|? o pia ?????1 vteXcc; XEBspr] Kai ,vr] Tt ?? avoXo ???? fjrav TOTto8Tr)pvo pxiK ?? mxEipir pa (Cesarotti.
M TV l5lO TpTtO OT TtOOOVEiSriTO ???
ZoXcopoO TtpTtEt vdxotjv TtOTapiEUTfj iroXX XXa ??????????? (ko p Xtyr] Ttopovfj Xitic^c v ;xcopioco pspiK) Tto Ttpopxov-rai n toc; TcoaxriptKXc;, av xv Cesarotti, xv Monti, xv Perticari, ptac; GEcopiac; vxi-
?????; p x yXcooaiK ????^???? xoG Zo-?????.
* *
"Oxav TtEpaoups ar vriGETO ??????????? Ka pii;oup pia paria aroq- TtpaypaxiKoc; VECoxEptaxc;, pTtVEuapvouq ir GviK aioSrj-paxa, ???1??, XX Ka ir xc; pcopavxiKc; 8scopc; yi x Xa, G BpoopE TtoXX axot-XEta oKEa p x ? i X ? ? ? ??? Zo-Xupou.
Oi 6tXoyoi xfjc; ???????]?; yi vavcoar] xou Xecjikou xfjc; ??????? Tto 6r)poaisu ???? Kaipoe; Mvxt, Ttpoc;vouaav evxovec; 5iapapxupEc;. cO Mvxt TtoaxrjptttE Ttc; fj Xpf|or| xuv Xt,cov TtpTtEi vdvai ????????] p xfjv XoytKrj. Tou TtoKptvxav Pagni p ??????????, axfjv Biblioteca italiana:
H ?????- v exei ?????? vvai ??????-vr\ p xfi XoytKfj, ytax ? ????? Evat pyac; ?????????; Ka ??????; 5iKaaxf]c;, 5ixcoc; xfjv noxpcoari v ?^? Xoyapiaap a Kavvav. M ax xv xpTto x ???????? TtvEpaxa ??????1^?? xc; BECopEc; Tto ?[???????? a-SaipExa Mvxi. ?? ax 6v B ?;???1?-?????? v SiaBaoupE x ????????, a pia voiKxfj TtioxoXrj xoG ?????(???? Tpxt 6 Ttpc; xv iaoripo ixaX Ttotr)xfj :
Zec; B BXaxE v KaxavxfjaETE xfjv yXcaaa ???; pia vEKpifj yXcaoa Kai oxi piXoup-vr\, pia yXcaaa p oripia ypappva Ka oxi efeovc; tco ???????????, pia yXcaa ????-???????? ax ???(? xcv ??????????? Ka tto 5v ?????????? ax axpa xcv vBpc-tccov, pia yXcaoa xXoc; Ttavxcov Ttvxa piro-??????? ir xfj ????- . "Eroi Xontv ????? oec; v ??????1?? u' xc; c^covxavc; yXSa-oec;, av xfj 6iKf) paq, xfjv iaxupfj ???[5???? xfjc; ??????;, tto xrjv xponoTtoiet ??! xfjv wv-xavEEi 5ixcoc; v xf]v XXi^ri... (???. 1829, ?.396 7).
Elvai TtEpixx v UTtEvBuptaco 6xi x Xyia ax ???; 5rryo0v KarEuBEav orfj BaaiKfj Q-or\ xoG ZoXcopoO, oxi ?????? paBaivsi KavEc; xf]v yXcaaa oxi ???? x Bi|3Xia Ka xfjv v-??? xoG TtapEXBvxoc; XX ait x oxpa xoG XaoG. Axfj x^v XfjBEta xfjv 5iaxTtcoos p KpiBEia G. Montani oxfjv Antologia. T 1829 ('????????,?;) al ???1???? Ti pXo ????-pE vaxi Xac; ax ????????? piac; yXcaaac; : XX Ka Ttpv ???:?1 ax ??????????? ax, x 1824 KiXac; ox t5io Ttpto6iK ????-axfipii^e, Eoxco p XiycxEpq ????|?1?, xf)v i!5ia Baii. Ka vcopfxEpa, VECxaxoc;, oxav oxExii^-xav xv ZoXcop x i6ia B ????????. "ApKE v pBoups oxi Movxvt oktieue x 1815 v 6????1???) p xv ?!?? xou beoni Eva TtEpiooiK ???? B XsyxE ??????? xf)v ? p -x a a ? toG Mvxi Tto xfjc; ?????? TtoXX ???? 9.
MoG ??(????1 5xi Evat Ttapaixqxo, ax oirpsio ax, v TtoupE oxi Movxvi, tco eIxe x ????????? tto 6aps, ?^?????? pia EvotKf] mppofj Ttvco ax ZoXcop Ka ???? TtoX ?????????? n KEvo Tto voptc/xpE


' Aiovoioc; ZoXcopc; ??! ?? yXcoaaiK ^?????. arfjv TraXa
49
????, ?????. nvTCOt; ????)?? pica onpocvTiKrj ??????? rjXiKac; p tv ZoXcop, or|i.iavTiK-???? ????? av ????????? xrjv vsocp fjXiKa toO ZoXcopoG. T 1815, orav ZoXcopc; 'pTtaLVE ar TtavTtiaTfjpio Tfjc; TlaBa as fjXi-Xa 17 rcov, MovTvi oktteue v ByXn ?? TtEpioSiK Tto pviipovEaocps ??! fjrav fjn, 26 rcv, Av ,pco ?????, Sripioupyfj9n,K fj TtapE-i;TJyr|an, ????? Trjv Ttoa Movrvi fjrav ???? auppa9n,Tfjc; toG ZoXcopoG. cO ???????; 6v vvoe TTOio Ttpypa ??? Xya Xyia Tto toG ??1?????1 ??? ripoXsypEvoc. '?????; ?????; arc Tfjv Sicwpop fjXtKtac; tto sivai oripavriKfj, Ttpxst Kal Eva oXXo ysyovc;- Movrvi, ???? tv ??????? tto pvnpvsuaa, ?? 1808 fJTav ????????, KaXcov ypapprcov ??? ???-Xyto Tfjc, Lodi ??! Xiyo pyTEpa (XyEi ????????;) ??? eScoaav rfiv spa ?1?????!?? ottjv tta TtXr]. Etvai XotTtv itoX ???1?? Movrvi v TtripaaE tv ZoXcop 6xt av ?????8???\?;, XX av psyaXtEpoq ??! ???-apvoq (?? 1817 ????????1 ??! pia ?????-yfj TtotnpTcov ???) p pan Tto vayvcopi-
???]? OXt pVO ETtElSfj MOVTUVI &OKtpr|-
a (???????;) aTrjv KptTiKrj, XX ??! TtEt&f] Epaas Tttpova av ????????????; TtoXupa9fjq rfjq SrportKrjc; iraXiKfjc; yXcaaac; l0.
Apon, TtapXXr|Xr| p rf) yXcoaaiKrj marn, roG ZoXcopoG eIxe ??! Gcopa^atoc;, XX 5v TtiatEoupE arc; v ????????? v Ttripsari tv ZoXcop pia ??! ?? ??????? ??? ???? vav-tov toG Perticari (Perticari confutato da Dante) Eivat toG 1825.
T yXcoaaiK ?????)???? ??? Qcopa^aou, ??? ?? pavTEEt vayvcarr|c; ??! ait ?? yEyovc; Tto arc; ????????; ?? 1842 ??\-poaua XXr)viK 5?,???1?? TpayoSia, sTvai TtoX orjpavTiK XX 5v elvai 5c ??????, yi v oxoXr]8oCp.
QBsXa opcoc; nplv teXeiuoco arfi rfjv etci-????????) v Ttv9upiaco tfjv TtEpiTtrcoar| toG Alfieri, ??? rpaycooou Tto rao Gapai^e ZoXcopc;. 'O Alfieri 5v fj,pE iraXiKa, Ka ?? ??????? ??? ???? yaXXiK ?? ??????. Kai arc; BpfJKE pEyXo pirSio orfjv pr|TpiKfj ??? yXcaoa ??! pvo p xr| v pEXrn, vtKr]aE.0 Alfieri ?????; ait rfjv OTtouSf] rcv iraXcv ouy-???????? ??? xpuaoG alcova, TtfjyE ??! psivE arfj ???????1?, v p9r| xr\ yXcaaa atto ?? ????? toG Xaou : ???? ???; Xei ??! fj a-????????!? ???. '? ZoXcopc; prcaivovrac; a pia vXoyn, TtixEipriar] Elvai Svaro v pfj 9uprav ?? anpaiaK TtapEiypa toG 'Ira-XoG rpaycoSou.
Zrf|v 'IraXia r yXcoaaiK ^firripa fjrav ??1??? Sspvo p ?? aa9n,TiK : ?? TtpBXripa Tfjc; yXcaaac. fjrav ?? TtpBXripa Tfjc; txvtk;. "Eroi ??! ar ZoXcop fj yXcaaa, ?????] ??! ??????; vripETCOTci^srai ar A i X ? ? ? ??1???1 ori tv TtaoxoAE atro Ttotr|riKfj TtXsup. Tt'ar ??! ycb tuoteco ?????; t yXcoa-aiK ^fjrripa toG ZoXcopoG TtpTtEi v pXTri-9fj TtapXXriXa p rfjv iroiriTiKfj ???, ??????? Tto TtixEipc XXou. 'E5co fj9EXa povxa v UTtEv9upiaco ori ZoXcopc; ???????? arf|v cEXX5a TtXtapvoc; ???????|?? yi ?? ????-BXrjpara Tfjc; yXcaaac; ??! Tfjc; Txvr|<;, ??! ori auro $EXrai arfiv Eruxfj ?????? Tto eIxe TtpEt t iraXix yXcoaaiK i^fjrripa ara Xpvta rcv anoucv rou. T riporiK rpa-youSia toG Fauriel viaxoaav pyTEpa rfjv Ttiorr] ??? axiq SripoTiKc; pErq rfjq yXaaac; ??????; ??????1 ait tv A i X ? ? ? XX ZoXcopc; fjrav r\br\ copipoq yi v vtip-rcoTtiari rfjv 01?????(? rcv 'EXXrjviKcov ypap-prcov.
MARIO VITTI
ZHMEIQIEIZ
1. E. Rgiap, Atovijoioc; ZoXcopc;, S05 x gvo, OsooaXovixri 1957, 6X. oeX. 55 60.
2. A. rioXitr|, 'O SoXcoiig ora YQapLiat tou, 'Af}f|va 1957 osX. 30.
3. G. Rigaldi, 11 Conte Dionisio Solomos, Ginova 1855, teina aia SonLiia Storia e letteratura, Livorno, 1879, aeX. 314.
4. "Oreou sitveo oeX. 59.
5. Cesarotti, Saggio sulla filosofia delle lingue, x8oor| Seceqti, 1822, aek. 153 151.
g, "O c'QrtvHcJxog TQti t 1818 8r)iioaEuaE t Solitilo II purismo nemico del gusto vavtiov ttv xaflagoXYOv x?'1? v %xon.{\ax[ tv Mvti. "Otav oncoc; vtiXrjcptr|he noia f)tav
xyiScc; f| otdori tori Mvri, tv %rvnr]aa 8i-cpoga Soxiiiia xai ygpirata icori onYXvtQCOOE t 1829 p tv titXo L,JAitipurismo.
7 L,' Antipurismo, oeX. 395 xa asX. 397.
8. BX. t BioYQacpo xai cpiXo tori A. Van-nacci, Memorie della vita e degli scritti di G. Montani, Cnpilago 1843, oeX. li.
9. Kat tv 1810 BioYgcpo.
10. "Ori Movrvi Yvcgits xaX t cpgovfj-para to ZoXco[.ioO Mai p xr\ pEYaXn, x.tiuriari jto to eix,e ^riYErai fj aoiTigtatri BtBXio-jcgioia oc!'; Rime improvvisate jto tov Yga-t 1824.
m- v-
Na 'EoTa XgtaTovysvva 1957
4


? IOAQMiKOI 1????11??! TOY XPEOYI
'Ekoct XPVIC( Ttpaoav dna x Bvaxo xou Aiovaiou SoXcopoG Kai dir xxe ecoc; afj-pspa ooo ?????????? ????????? x Xiyoax o Tcoaxnxa XX vEKxprrxo o Tcoixrixa ???? xou, oo ???????? yvcopi^ops Ka x 5io x ???? Ka xv v9pcoTio tco x 5r|-piopynaE, xao psyaXcvEi Baupaapc, paq Ka Ba9uxpa auvi5rixoTioioGp xi xou ??(-Xouv x ypppaxa Ka fj Tcai&Ea ???,. "??, TtpooTtaSrjaopE v TtpoaSiopoops arie, psyd-Xec,, ?????, ypappc, xnc, axrj xfjv ??1\?\.
?????? o iropiEC,.
???????; Ka arc pxovxiKrj ???(?? xfjc, ZaKuv6ou, TtvEupa ?????^? Ka ??????? ???-XiEpynpvo, 6 Aiovaioc. ZoXcopc; ?^??? o XpvLa Kpioipa yi xfjv axopta xou rvouc,, Xpvia yspxa arc Bapuafjpavxa, apaxnp Ka ev5oc;a ysyovxa. 'A XX' vco fjxav Evac; arc xoc; Xiyouc, tco evicoaav xfj oTcouSaixn-xa xfjc; ???????. yi xv 'EXXrrvcap Ka xrj poi-pa xou, tco ?????]??????|??? yi xv rjpco'-ap xcov ycoviaxcv xfjc; Xu9pac;, Ka xpa-yo5r)a x vo ?????, xfjg ???^?; p ar\ 56-vapr) Ka ????? &v x ekove coaxcpa koveic;, vxoxoic; 5v X Kapiv vpiEji axfjv ???-vopyta itoXEpiKfj Ka tcoXitiktv iaropa xfjc; XcopaQ, tco apxi? axoc; xpvouq xou p ev-xaar] XX Ka p BEBaixrixa. AOTav9r)K paa xou BaGi xv dvxtXaXo xcov yEyovxcov, tcveoe xv tcvo xcv papxupcov xfjc; XEuSspiac;, 6v Xpc;e opcoc; v ycoviaxE ax TiXsup xouc;' EyivE ???????; xou EKoaiva, oxi evac; dir xoc; paxntc; xou. Ka dpyxspa, oxav ax9n,-ke mxXouc; x vo ??????; ox dvaxa tc-5ia xou (ec; UEiapa x8pSv Ka cp(Xcov) Ka Baaavi^xav v TcspTiriorjaEi x c;coTpiK Ka x ocoxEpiK pirSia xfjc; ???1?^<; fjXi-Kiac, xou, tcuXi MpEivE paKpi (x 'ETCxvnaa dTcoxEXouaav xxe dXXriv ???????????) ??'? oxi uvo 5v ????????? xfjv TcpoacoTUKrj xou BoriOsia yi v p9co8c Ttvco dir x psima x vo oKo5pr|pa, XX ouxs TrxriaE ?? ttSc xou ax XfiBEpa xcpaxa, 5v etclkoivcovtioe, 5v auvspyaxr|K p xoc; xayoc; rou "EBvout; ax SaKoXa EKEcva XPvca. "Ec^rias eoe; xfjv uoxe-pr| ???? xfjc; ^cofjc; xou iroxpaBriypEvoc;, ???,-piKq, Bu9capvoq axf|V diria tco xou 'Scoe
pc TtoX SuVrpfj OKOyEVEiaKfj TCSpiTCEXEia,
axq ???????; Ka oxe; ixoyoriTEaEic; xou.
"Eva SsxEpo ysyovc; fj ????????) xou v ????1 XXinvcK. Evai yvcoax x 9pa, Xiyo opcoc; v TtpoaEc;sc kovec; oxe; Xetcxoppeiec;, 9 ????????? oxc 6ev e'xec c;Ka9apcax. '?
STtupScov TpiKoTiric;, ypa?ovxac; 5o XPOVLO< etceix' ???? x Bvaxo xou Tcocrixfj oxv ???-aicopvo xou ?(?? 'IkcoBo ??????, iaxupe^E-xai 5xt axc; ?????? ??? ???)9?? xv vsap ZoXcop v ?????? axf]v XXr|viKf| yXcoaa x Tcoifjpaxd xou :
T tcoitxik aaq xXavxo 9 ade; ??;?-??????1 Xapirpfi 9ari axv xaXtK riapvaa-a, p oi TcpcoxEq 9aic; kei exouv TciaaxEL 'o riapvaaac; xfjc; vcxpr|c; 'EXXSac; Sv e'xec ?????| x Avxri xou.
'Ekxc; opcoq ???? xf| papxupa xou ?????-Bikou Zxpvi] oxt 6 SoXcopc; Tcpv dir xf| yvcopipia xou p xv TpiKoTci ?????????? k9e ?pov?c5a yt v ????-axiasi xfj veoeXXt)-viKfj yXcoaaa ??? ????1 fjii a' axf] xf| yXca-oa Tcoifjpaxa, pia xao an,pavxiKfj ????????| 5v TtacpvExai ????? Ka pvo p xfjv ?????-xpuvar] vq dyvcoaxou Ecoc; xf|v pa kevt] dv9pcnou. riaio exe ????? yc xfjv 'IxaXa. KvEi ekeI ????????; yupvaaiaKc; Ka TcavEirc-axripiaKEq aitouSq. 'H ????????,, fj c;uTtv5a, x yoGaxo xou kp6iouv tcoX veopee; xfjv ????-???? ??1 x ????????, ?????, ??'? ???????^ matres xcv xaXiKcv ypappxcov, xoG Mvxri, xou Mavxavc. "Exsi TcXooia ?????????? TcaL-Ea, ix pa9irxfjq BpaBsExat yi xf|v etc&o-arj xou axfjv ixaXiKfj yXcaaa, axooxEi^ec ??????? axxouc; ?? EKTiXriKXiKfjv EKoXa, c^c xXoc; Tcvxcov Ka vanvEc dvsxa paa ax ????? ptdc; TcaXaidc; Ka pEyXinc;, TcXooiac; XoyoxExviac;, xfjc; 'IxaXtKfjc;. Ka a'c^viic; ?????-vec xfjv ????????] v ????1 oxc ??????; ??????). dXX ???)?? Ttor]ari, ??????; kecvoc; xf|v vEipsuxavE a pia yXcaaa tco xf]v ????-oe BBaia ???? xfj pva xou, dXX &Ev xfjv -pEi Kptj, o pia yXcaaa ????????| Ka dSo-Xeuxt), cpiXoXoyiK oxeov vTcapKxri, Ka v SiEKiKTjaEi 9???| (??????[? pXiaxa) oxf) ypap-paxsia vq Xaou tco axv ??????????? 'vxe-Xvo Xyo xcpa pXiq dpx^Ei x ??????? ??-Xapaxa . ETvai xouxo ekoXo ; Ka pnopE v Ec^riyri9 dir x yEyovc; 6xi yXa cEXXr|-viac; B^ac; Tcoir|xfjc;, fj dir x 9aupaop tco ypiaE xfjv ???? xou, oxav c;a?vl? e!5e tccoc; fjc;Epav o dvBpcoixoi axfjq xfjc; yfjc, v TCE9avouv yi xfj Xeuxepi; "??????; 9scopi VTEXGq KavoTcouixiKEc; axc; xc; c;riyfjaEiq, XriapovE ????? ??????? Evai poa ax yv-vripvo Xoyoxxvr] fj ETci9upia v iaBaaxE Ka v dvayvcopiaxEi ???? ??? yivsxai m TcXax Ka tci KaXXiEpyripvo koiv 6iapsaou pidc; ???????; tco xfj 5caBpuv ??'? xf| yp-


'? SoXcopiKc; isaXiopoc; to XPou
51
cpouv iroXX Karopppia vBpcTccov ???! tco to vei rfj Suvcctttitcx v pirs ??? v yco-vlots oTv TtayKapio ario rcv ypappTcov. ????? XPvia pyTEpa, tocv exe Tti ?????? ??????; XXnviK ??1 Koivcovia XXiviKri ??! Trainar) XA.riviKr) ??! yXcoaa XoyoTEXviKf) eXXitviktj, 'I avvine; naTtaiapavrOTcouXoc; yKaraXeTXEt Kai na-rpia Ka yXcaaa pq-TpiKrj Kai vopa, ??! yivETai Jean Moras rfjc; yaXXiKfj ??????-Xvia. '? SoXcopc; (nvEpa ??! vapn, ???? vcrepri n ke-vov) pvEi Ka nocpa-aiei v ypipsi XXn,-
vik.
'H npc;r) ????) Kpi-vpevr] p prpa rjGi-?? xi avapciarjrr|-To pEyaXso. MfJHCoc. pcoc aiua ??? rv KpSias fj 'EXXba, XX rv 'xaoe fj tcot,-ar) ; 'lo pia rprr) aoapr] ??! arEvxcopri nopia. NEcraToc;, p t npTE, KiXaq ?????,-????? auvBaEi rou ZoXcopc yErriKE rf| cprjpn, Ka ?? Baupaap. Ka rav or]poaiTr]KE "Ypvo Ttpc rfjv 'E-XeuBepo, r ??????? ps-yXo rou Ttoiirpa, fj vTTKoari iro ??????-Xeoe fjrav a0ia' Xoi ???????? ori eIxe ysv-vnBs pEyXo ??????; to 'EXXriviopo, arc; tco 8 BspsXico-v rfj va XXriviKfj Ttoir|ar|. Ka TCEpipEvav vunpova ?? ???????,-KTiK ripioupyfjpaTa tco 6 xpi^E or "E-Bvoq vTric; ???. Oi Xiyoaroi ?(??? tco ooav ar otev TCEpiaX-Xov ??? ??1 tco Exav yvcopioEi ??????????? pEpiK oxsSiaapara, Eocicovav ti pa Xo-???)?????1 ?? ???????????? ?'???, B ??????-vis to Tciaroc; rfjc; Trainarle; paa ?' ?,?? ir rfjv 'EXXa p ?? ?????? ??'? ?? psya-Xeo ???. Kai opco ttoio ???? xi pvo v eISe ?? ???, Soo kevo ooe, XX Ka Tav TcBavE, ????????]???? ?[??? ??'? ?????-???? ocaTcarcoaav ore v rcfjpxE paa ara KarXoiTc ???. '????? ??? Xiyoor 6?????]?? Ka TcoTEXEicopva Tcocrjpara, ?? XXa py-?? ??'? apia (?????? ?.?. oi 'EXeBepoi ??-XiopKripvoi, 6 ????????,, ???????;) pi-vav ?????????????, ??????? aauvappoXoyirra,
"ste
Ait xf\ ZriKuvBo Ttpiv n ?? 1953. ZtcIti OTriv ??? tela Poya (18o aiova.)
acaia ouXEpva ot'i XsTCToppEiEc;, XX ??1??, cxteXeIcto, p xapara psyXa ax-??????? tco ivav rf|v vrTtcoari ori Evai pXXov xaXapara arc svav aaio va ??-TaKEppanopvo, ????? XiBpia TtEXEKripva yi rf)v oiKoSopfj tco v TtpoXaE v yivEi. Ka arBiTKE varo v ?????1 KavEc Sri ?????-????? 5v exe ouv-
TXeOTE T 'pyO TCO
Xeitce. "Apxiaav Xoi-tcv oi EKaoiEc. : B X8r|KE, fj ktcoioc; n xBprr|ra 8 ?? ???-te Kpuppvo, fj 6 r f^vioE . Ttcot' air' aT. Zrjpspa ,-pop ma ti r pya
EpyO tco TCEpipEVE TTO tv TCOir)rfj rou "Ypvou ?? "EBvoc;, 5v 'yiVE, 5 pirpEOE v yivEi. "0,ri 'psivE ora xPl0C par;, auro Evai Xo ki' Xo. XpuaaKovri, xi TCEpipaio.
Aura Evai ?? yyo-vra' Ka r yyovra npTCEi v r SxErai KavEc; Stcco /ouv yi-vi. "ETCEira, v ,r)-yovrai XXipovo Xa r Tcpypara o' auro rv ?????. 'I5GJC, Soa axETovrai p rfjv ????????) corj ???;, p XX] polpa ???;. T pEyXa ?????? r TtaipvEi KaBvac; pa-i rou arv ???? . 'Evtotoi pvov Tav vriKpiEi KavEc; co-TEpiK ??! rciTcXaia rv vBpcoTco ??'? tv Ttoir|rf| SoXcop, vo-xXErai n otevxco-pEc; ixopisc;. Apa Be-v EoxcopfjaEi ????? n rrjv TC^vEia, ??? aBoc; arfjc; rfjc; ttoX kXe-Krfjc; ?????????1????|??? Ka aro ??? ???????-???? ttoX aTcviou 'pyou, B 'xEi evteXcc; XXs vTUTTcboEic;. Beaia v ETtfjpE ?? ????-?(?1 v XTUTtrjBE p toc; ????????; ora Eko-aiva SoXopc;, ekove pcoc; p ?? oik rou rprco vav c;iaou ?????? ??! fjpco'k ycva yi rfjv TCEXsuBpcoari to "EBvouc; air' rfjv TCVEupaTiKfj oKXaia, Kai Xoi yvcopiopE ???-ao Ka arf] f| ouXsia Evai npcoTiKfj av rfjv XXr), yi v pfjv ETCoupE ??1?????? Ka tuo TCiKivuvri. '? vBpcoTTOc; tco aravE p-oa arfjv ???? ??? Trj covravfi XaXi to X-XqviKou Xao Kai ???????? ao Xiyoi yi v
\r\oEi ??! (airopaei


52
'? ZoXcopiKO iSsaXiopo xo XPoU
xfjv ??????1 as io ?????????? pyavo xfj TtvsupaxiKijc cofj xo "EBvou, iKaioXoyn,p-va xiprjBriKE ??1 nvxa ??????? v npiai pa-i p to ycovioT to E'iKoaiva c 8spE-XicoTfj Tfj XXryviKfj XEuBEpia. '? ???1??]??? AiXoyo to TtoiiTfj p tv ????????????? kXevei p ax 5c x ??????/???? Xyia :
Mo ttove fj ???? pou" oi 61KO pa Xvouv x apa tou ????????? ir x 2xau-p yi v p Kpouv XeuBepou ??! xo-to Kai aoi xo opotouv TtoXspov yi' avxapoifj v to otikcooouv xfj yXcaaa.
"Eva TaXoaTtouSaapsvo x ????1 ax, va Tto n x paBtjTtK KioXaBpavia yvco-pist KaxaaBoc xfjv ixaXiKfj yXcaaa Kai Xo-yoxEXvia. To 5xi oxi pvo 5v TCEp^povnas xfjv BviKfj pa yXcaaa, XX aaaviaxr|ke v v xfjv ouaioEi Kaiiiv yKaiviaaEi a' axfj xfj > Xcaaa pi Ttoiiron, vcbxEpou ?????, BEpsXico-pvriv axf) xupcSn, Kai covxavf) AaKfj Moaa, ax slvai pt Ttp,r| Tto Bv TtpTtEt Ttox v xfi XrrapovfjaEi x "EOvo, v BXsi v yvcopi-si Eyvcopoavri Ttp to TtpcoxEpyxEc; xo nvEupaxtKo xou TtoXtxtapo.
???? aBta exe 5??????1 paa xou Zo-Xcop x psyXo xoxo rjxripa, xt auvEior|ari X xfj ??????]? Kai xfj aripaaia xou, x
OEtXVOUV O pX ?????1? TtO taXUTtCOVt
ox ypppa xou Ttpo xv ??????? TspTOTii (1 'Iouvou 1833 ??. fj.) : Xaipopai v Ttapvcov-xat yt t;Kvr|pa x qpoxtK xpayoSia, 8-BEXa pcoc ?????? psxaXEtpCEtai xfjv ?????1-? yXcaaa, v xf| psxaxEipiExai oxfjv oaia xry; Kai xt axfi ?????) xri, p vtcoBsi ; Kl' 000 yi xfjv Ttor)ar|, Ttpac;E ????, ??????, ???, yiaxi eata ???? vai v pxvx| kove'i xi Pe xou Ttvco a' ax xxvpta, v s-vat pcoc; ???? v axapax ke' TtpTtEt v ?????.??1 ??????????. Av spco, v avpco-aa ???? xf] ?????| pou xai iaoxiKa tto yp-???. H ?????1?1? Ttoirjari Evai ??????, ?' v-?????????, ?????? ?' axfj v Tcapaaxrioav vE-TtixijSEUxa o ??????? xf| cofj xou, xi oe xou Kai x aaBrjpaT xou. Av 'xei ?? oio vla?pov ax iko pa a.xpa' x "E8vo Cqx ir p x Bnpaup xfj Siktj pa i-voia, xfj xopiKfj, vxupvov BviK. "Av axfj xf|V itXuxa acoaxf| pxfj xfj XPnaipoTtoi-ooapE co xpua Kavva yi xfj pBpiari xo yXcoaiKo pa rjxfjpaxo, Kai Kupico v fj va AoyoxExvia ??? KoXouBoas ???? t-axaypo Kai auvTtEia xfjv TtoBfJKn, ??! x TtSsiypa xo ZoXcopo, ??! fj ??????????? & 8 exe ????1??1 xf|v TtvEupaxiKfj pa cofj, ??! 5r)poxiKiapo 8 exe ???????1 x Ba-vaipa acpXpaxa Tto 5ua?X?av ??! ?????-Xeouv ?????] xf|v TttKpxrjafj xou. Ka! pvo Tto xpaCE x Sppo yi xfjv vTtXaori xfj BvtKfj ??? TtaiEac, ZoXcopc yivE io v pvripovEExai p xfjv ia xipfj pai p xo XeuBepcox xo "ESvou, ki' cx pfjv TtoXapii-a ax TtXEup xou. "Oxi tcco vai Ttvxa Xi-
yxEpoi o ??????????? SaaKXoi n xo fjpcKo axpaxiuxE, XX yiaxi pt TtvEupa-xiKfj pxn ^isi TtEpiaaTEpo fj xouXxiaxo x S10 p xi oXXe xcv koivv TtoXpcov.
"Oao yt xi a'txE Tto criyov xf|v to-OTtaapaxtKfj ????? xo ooXcoptKo pyou, TtoXX ??! tioikXec Evai o ppr|v Tto Xouv TtpoxaBE eco xcpa. ?010 Evai, XfjSEia, KEvo tco xv pTtoio v XoKXripcoast xi axEiaapVE ouvBoei xou ; MfJTtc x vxi-oa TtEptoxaxiK xfj cofj Tto oKoxsiviaaav xfjv ???? kevou xo KaXopaBnpvou ??! Eai-a8rixou ETtaxpiri, Kai iSico fj ?? yi xfjv KXrpovopi p xv XXo yi xfj prjxpa xou, xv Tivvri EOvxapKri; IIsvxe xpvta, Xyouv aaxa^E ??1 ox 5iaxT]pa xoxo ZoXcopo Ttviyr]ke*aTt TtKpa ??! anSia" piarioE xf|v 161a xfj pava Tto xv yevvqaE, ???? KaxaxxqKE virpEiaT tKaaxfjpio ?Exl?ov ???? yiv ??????10?1 p xfj biKfj xou ?????????? x uaxE-po TtaiSi tto KavE ????? p xv pcopvo xq. MfJTtco TtXt Sv xv ??^?? v aitoxs-Xeioei x pyo xou fj ppcaxta Tto ExpcoyE ir Kaip x SspXia xfj ysia xou Kai xv eoxeiXe Ttpcopa axv ???? ; "Av ????????? xv ??????, B fjxav va eio yxou tto EK5r|Xcovxav p ???????? 01???1??1? Kai ys-viKTj KaXEc;a : Zuxv alaBvExo va ysviK EXtaapa ??! yi v x Ttaari, coote v x MfJTtco ?????) a'iTa TtpitEi v BECopfjaopE ?? , puaX ???, ?? TtBo ??? yt Tfjv ts-XEirrixa, tv Koipr|to KpiTiK ??? sXsyxo Tto v ????^? EXEBspri Tfj SripioupyiKfj tou ?av?aaa ox spyo xir ; 'O Mvxi xv sxs KaxaXast ir TtoX vo. Av TtpTtst v ok-?????1 xao, TtpTtst v aiaBvEoai ! 'AXX ZoXcopo co xfjv xsXEuxaa xou copa SoXsus xo axixou xou av xv ???????, xv Tto-XvSpio oxeov XETtxoupy : T axoaxta noifjpaxa xouv ^a, xav pvouv OTtco x yvviioE fj axiypiai ??????!?, x' XXa opco xouv vayKT) Tt ????? xTvi Ka Xipa 1 MiTtco tXo TtpTtsi v TtoBaopE ti pya ppo Tfj eBuvit yi toto ?? ???????? ?? ?pvsl fj yXcaaa ; 'H uoKoXia Tto co ?? TXr] Tfj cofj ??? Ttoiryxfj aioBavxav, aaa-viaxiKfj ??! ktioxs avuTtEpXr]xr|, v-ouai-oEi ax x irXaaxo ?????] ???????1?? pyavo Tto aX6r)K v x axipaxosi Kai v x ??????1 co xfjv uspicoTtfj xcov iSscv xou ; Tfj ????? xou ttSj SiaxTtcovs auvfjBc (???? paKpv s'ri ??! ycoyfj) ixaXiK' xfj psx-


c0 ZoXcoptKO isaXtap ??? xpsou
53
?????? XXriviK, a TtpCa, Kai KarTttv ?????-8e to otxou. "Eroi p ??????????? ?. ?????vXXric, Tto TtfjpU va Katp ?(??? ???' kevo mpvEi orfjv ??????, ti arf| fj 5u-?????? Kai ?????? ???????? cerc Tfjv pxi-Kfj MpTtvEuan SXr) rf| 6poai Kai Tfj ???????-TTjT Ttr. Ti' aT Kai ?? tsoSo ??? tXo.
T TttSavTEpo Evai 8ti xi pia, XX Xs-; pai oi airEc ot EpyarnKav yi va pouv ?? ???????????. TiaT ?? ??????? ToG ZoXcopoO Evat ???? ?? ????????? Tto EXOUV xt dTtXrj, XX TtoXXaTtXrjv amortira. Kai arfjv ?????????] pwc tto ???; TcapaS-
6?|?? t SpyO ??? ??1?]??| TSXECOTO, ?1??,
TtaoTtaapaTtK fj ia ??? Evat oyKpira psyXri. 'Avt Xonrv v TtoXuTtpaypovoOps p rc TtiBavoXoyE Tto auvaycoviovrat yt v p riyfiaouv ?? KoppTtaap ???, Ttt ????1?? (ytari Ttt XPTJotpo) Evai v ??????? Ttvco ??? p aEaapo Kai ??????], yt v SextoGpe t prjvup ???. Mrjvupa 8Epp pt aBEVTiKfj Ka ?????]? Ttoiriari.
* *
'H pEyXn, fj XnBiv avEKTprjTn iSaxfj Tto vaoivETat ???? ?? 'pyo ??? Aiovaiou ZoXcopoO, Evat ti rj Txvn, ysvtK, Ka ei-?? rj TxvT] ??? Xyou, fj Ttotnan, ????????? pt TtapaTtoX aoapf)v TtBEan rfj cofj, pt apsia arc eBve TtvEupariKfj irpr], yt Tfjv Ttoa aio yivsrat'o vBpcTto Tav poatcvETai ??? 'pyo ??? p oXs tI; votiti-K, XX Kai t fjBiK ??? SuvpEi. "Av Sio ypfjyopa ????????1?? ro aToaXE&ia-apo Kai ?? ??????? TtatxvtiapaTa, toc; poospo XX Kai eukoXou arixou Tto EKavav aioBriari aro ?(???? Tfjc; vEaviKfj fjXiKa, ???? Tfjv ???????, Zuvia ???????? ???????^?? Kai rupavvi-???)?? p ?? TtpoXfjpara aura, p toc; ??-vvec Tfjc; av8or| Ka ?? TtpoXrjpaTa rfjc KaXXtTEXViKfjc; pyaaia, ao ZoXcopc. 'H psyaXri TtvEupaTtKfj ??? KaXXtpyEta Tto Siap-k Tfjv vavcovE pt ??????^ 61?? yt p-8r|ori (Sv toG ??avav oaa io StaaCs arie; EpcOTtatK yXcaoEC; no fjc^Eps" ea^E ????? ??? Ka ??? p??paav ait rfj yppa-viKf) ???? ?1???????; Ka ata8riTtKfjc; vopa-
or orv Katp ???), ??????; Ka fj ???? Eai-a8r|Oa ??? ara ?????? rfjc; popcpfjq 5v ??? ?r^vav fjauxia. TpiE Ka avayptfi ar puaX ??? t TtopEc; Ka p TtipXEia or)-pEcovs t Xast ???, yt v t exei tto-ypapp arfj SouXei ???. Mt parta aro Zroxaopo ???, tto ouvo5eouv ?? ????-????????? tuv TXeBepcov rfoXtopKripvcov, Evat Kavf| v TtEoEt tv KaBva ort Sc pt-Xe 'va TtoX Ttvco n x Kotv prpa OToxaartKO vBpcoTto, p auvsi&riari KaXXt-TEXVtKfj, p ypuTtvo ?? atoBripa rfj eBvit : ?????? aBta Kai ???9??? (pt ???? yt Ttvra) rfj ????| rfj 'I&a, Ttptv ?????????-Ttotfjor| ?? Ttoiripa. "A EpyaCsrat (?? tcoltt-pa) StKOTta yt rfjv aXi^Bivf) ouata, XX e ipTtov coots v pfj ?? KaraXaouv Epfj ? i voE o yupvaapvot Kai aBstc. Mia pEarq Ka raa oinpoKpaTa oeov, oi otcoe v Ttapaaxaivouv rv e t aiaBfjaEi paro Movpxrj. Tote Evat XriBtv Ttotipa. '? ??-vpxn, Tto pvEi Kpuppvo yi t aaBr)-oe Kai yvcopi^ETai pvov ???? ?? TtvEGpa, p-aa e t ttoov yEvvfjBriKE, Evai eq atro rfjv ????1???1? ??? KatpoO XX pia inpo-Kparia ecv vEpyE aa8r|T paa e ?? opta toG KaipoG. ?? ??????? a xei o-????| ????, fj Ttoa rcoppEi otto tv 0e, Ka ???? ??????????1?]?? e r pyava KaipoO, rTtou, 8viKOrr|To, yXcooaa, p ro 5???-psrtKo oroxaapo, aiaSiipara, kXoei ? . ( yvr) va piKp ????????? ?????? Ka-vo v Tfj ?????????), teXo ???1????1 e tv 0e. .
MEpiKO piXr)aav fj6ri yi pi ooXcopiKfi ??????1??, ki' XXot pwvUxr)Kav, ?????-Tt9r)oav v' ottoSeouv Sri oi ????1? roG Ttoirirfj Evai ovEis, vE, Ka v p Tta-pouoiaouv va 2oXcop x^pi? pTa$uaiKfj. MaraioTtovia Oute TcfjpE, ours fjrav vy-Krj v svat ZoXopo ?1.???????. 'Ekevo tto paprupoGv oi oToxaapoi ???, Evai ?? Ttao tv aaaviCav ?? TtpoXrjpaTa rfj T-Xvq Ka Tfj TEXViKfj ??? Xyou, ?? Ttao ???|?? tottoBetoGoe rfjv Ttotinori Ka t Ttoripa Ka Ttao ypuTtvo ca ypio fjrav poa arfiv KaXXiTEXviKfj ??? ???? r aoBiiua rfj eB-vr|v Movo psyXoi, TtoX pEyXot ripioupyo piXrjoav p TToia ooaportraa yt rfjv Texvii. "Etoi ^riyEirai (eco va aBpo) ?? vtKavo-Ttor|To, fj avqauxia, fj yvoia ??? v ?????1 Kai v avayp^Ei, v oxeoioei Ka v a-vaoxsoiEi xaP TsXEicop ro iou ori-Xou. riapEiypa : ar oXEiaopa B' rcv 'EXeBpcov rioXtopKripvcov TtpxEi kevo cbpao sTEpo orixo :
AaXs novU, naQVE ojivq, ? rj flava r CrAevsi,
Zr ????????? ??? ZoXcopoO auvavToG-pE TtoXX OKtp, SiaruTtcooEi rfj Sia ?????,-TiKfj Sa, ?????????? TtTtEipEc yt pia ????????????) Kai ???|??????) ???????) :


54
"? ZoXcopiKc; fsaXiopc; ??? XPouc,
'?????? ???????? yXvxqxavo novXdxi'
fj fiavgr] flava r qjQovei ng r\bg' va anvgdxi.
?????, ???.????\?? yXvx novX nov ra^idsvei, ??? anvgi x nfjgs ro, x' f) ??? r tjqXmei.
Move Savoiyw xal (fOovm novX ar ngaefid rov, xal or anvgdxi nogr\xe xal orr) yXvxid %ag rov.
IToXvv xaig r (Sdorala fiaa arr)v ??? yxdXt],
x' iqjdveoa fiixg novXi, novftgs envgl x iXdXei.
, . . orfjg fidvag xr)v yxdXrj, xi afirr) (pQovsl jivxg novXi novfgs anvgl x'
ldXsi.
BBoacc p Toti ??????????, u ttoio to' pavva ?? ???????? 5v tsXsicvei tcots. ('0 Ba" Xep ????1 ?????? oti ???? 5v tsXsicvei kcc vva Ttoinpa" ??* TeXsicvops OTav ?????????-ps, fj oTav 5v pq 61vei aXXn vaBoXrj ??-STtic;...). "Etoi opcoc; pvo pocoTopeuovToa ??-TtXrrKTiKfjc; ??????????; KoppOTEXvrjpaTa av ???? Sc (tto ?? Sio Ttoinpa) : .
M fiixQv laxiov ayvaQov nai^' ?) nExaXova, nov '% evmSidaei rg vnvovg rrjg fiaa arv aygio
xgivo.
'AXaqiQolaximae xaX, yid ng nips ri 'Ssg' Nv%ra yio\idry\ dav/,iara, vvyra anag/ivrj fidyia.
Kal pvo yi' aTrj Tfjv TtoGrJKr] : oti oxfjv Txvn TcpTTEi va Svetcci kccvelc, ??????; ottj ??????, XKXnpoq, Ka TcXi v pfjv Evai ???? bcavoTtoiripvoc;, fj ??????) ???; ?????; tv ZoXcop ELvai tcoX pEyaXri. ??? ?????|?1-???; TrapaXXriXiapc; Tfjc KaXXiTEXviKfjc; Xe-Toupyac; p ?? XEGEpo dir ????? Xoyfjq Ss-apEasic; TcaixviSi yvvr|a ???? Tcavpxaia xp-via Tfjv TtXavri oti KaXXiTxvnc; 'xei ?? (?????? ???? ?? ????) rcpovpio v Evai X-?????; Ka vEGuvoc;. "O ZaKuvGivc; ?????; TCoiriTfjc; paq 6i5ac, oti K8s aoBapfj ??1 ?????-5al Ttpc;r| Tfjc; ^cofjc; (tstoio svai fj ?????, yi Tfjv sXsuQspa, ??????; Ka fj ??????] ee; ycvac; yi Tfjv TtvEupaTiKfj uEXsu8pcoar| ??? v-pcTcou) Etvai aTfjv acTEpn, oaa ??)<; ?????;?| fj8iKfj Ka yiVETai p Xoyiap Ka s8vri.
T xpoc; Evai. yi ?? SoXcop fj pEy-Xr) Xc;ri no ?? kXsvei 6Xa paa ???;. M Tfj ?????) Ka p ?? aa8r|p ??? auvsx^si Tfjv Ttapoari ??? alcva t<3v Ocotcov ko tuv ps-yXcov KXaaiKcv Tfjc; 'EXXrivtKfjc; 'ApxaiTr)-???; tco Eva pvo Sscopouaav ao5vapo Tfjc; ??10??)???; : Tf|v pETfj.'O i'6ioc; ????1 a'eva ypppa ??? ?????; tv ?. ????????) : Tte t pXXov ???; 8 Elvai pEyXo, OTav 6Xa ???\-piXTouv ??-fjv fjSiKfj, OTav 8pLapBai fj ?\.-? Kaioauvri, 6rav ?? ypppara KaXXiEpyr|9ouv 6xi yi ?????? T[6sic;r|, irap yi ?? ???-???; toG XaoG, tco exc vyKn ???? ???????? ??'? ???? ????????) ??? axoXaaTCKfj. Tte 8 'xoupsfj pXXov 8 sxouv ?? ??????? ???; pc fjGiKfj vayvvr|ari Kal t pXXov G sT-vai psyXo.
"Orav Eva 'pyo pTCVETac u totiv ???|-?????????! (Se; spEivE KoppaTcaapvo ??1 ???-Xecoto), c;IJ;ei v ??????? Goriv c;xouaa paa aTfjv ??????? Tfjc; Ttai5Eac; ???;. Kal Ksi otcol' 5v Tfjv TcBXXouv ?? ?????????????, Tfjv Tcaipvsc 5iKaccopaTiK ???? tIc; TcpoGaEcc; ???. Zv ??????) ki' aT aGsvTCK ??1 ???)?? fjSiKfj.
ricq pays aloGavTavs, ?????; ?????????)-ks Tfjv '?????? ??1 tv "EXXrjviap ? ZoXco-pc ; Ka ?????; ps tv ????????? ??? ????? (??1 ??;???????1 v 6vec, yLaT ?? 'pyo ??? Evai cTcovTav) Tfjv sKaipa ??? "EGvoc; v ???-Xcspysi Ka v BaGavsc Tfj ouvSr|aii toG auToG ??? ; Tv eItcov Ka tv Xps Gvlk Tcoir)Trj. Ti ???????; toG ????1???1 fj TtaiSEa ???; ???' aTfj Tfjv ??????) ; AriXa5fj Tfjc; aTO-ouvEl5r]or|c; ;
"Otcococ; Evai ???????; c;ocKSicopvoc; p t aoXcopiK 'pyo 5v G SuokoXeuteT v TtavTfjaEi. Ti t ZoXcop '?????? ??1 'EX-Xinviapc; 5v Elvai ??????; pia oTopiKfj ????-????1????)??, vTnTa ????????^ fj kkXoc; tco-XcxiopoG p piopva ??????^?10111^ XX dvT^yyiapa piaq fjGcKfjq 6 a c, tco TcalpvEi aTopiKf|v uKapc;ri orav TcpaypaTcvs-Tai p Guasc;, 5nXa6fj av x P ? q. '??????-veoe; TcaTpccoxiapq, ??????; Kal f| sXBEia (t oaiaaiiKTSpo ??1 ??)?????? nEpiEX-psvo Tirq vGpTcvriq ????^?; Evac fj ?????15? ??'? fj ??????), 5v Evai ?????????? ???1??0 evotktou fj KoivcoviKoO Giopou, XX ??????-???} ????????| vc; XPouc;, 5r)Xa5fi .p s ? fj. M ?????? TEKpfjpia puopEi KavEq v' TtoSE-c^ei Tfjv ??????)?? axfjg Tfjc; ppr|vac;. ?????? Ka ???????? : Ttoinrfjc; ipXXEi otv "Ypvo ??? xl Tfjv '??????, XX Tfjv 'EXEuGEpa. FIouGEv 6v mKaXETai Tfjv '?????? fj Tfjv ???????, XX TcvTa, OTav Xei o, v-voe Tfjv 'EXEuGspa :
S ?v(oq i^a> n rr)v ??? rov OTtadiov rrjv tqo/????)
XaiQE, c5 %aiQB 'EXEV&EQld,
Ka aTfj ??????) 93 fj 'EXEuGspa TcXi c;e-TtETiTai Ka aTfj yKcopi^ETai otq ??????-vec;, ec;oxec; ???????; 94 ??'? 95 ??? "Ypvou :
"A r cpmg nov ai otoXbi av r)Xlov cpEyyojioXr), xal /.laxQdEv amvQr\gtC,Bi, bv elvai, 6%i, n rr)v yfj.
Ad/iipiv E%Bi oXr} (pXoydrj %B~iXog, jircono, ?????/ig' tp&g r %igi, g r ndi, x oXa yvQco aov elvai cp&g.
'???10?|?; upvoc; eie; t GvaTO toG ???? Mnipov p Tfjv 'EXEuGspa px?i' fj'EXsu-


'O ZcXcopiKt; ISsaXiapc; toG XPouc;
55
Sepia KaXsxai v nXiraiaei Ka v KXipEi tv Bpcova, 6/1 fj 'EXXSa :
Aevrsoi, yi Xlyo ntps v yxvng fx t cnaBi' roga olfimae xai y.Xips elg rov Mn'ioov t koqu'i.
"Oti axfjv vTiXnLpri axfj npxEi kti t nepispyo, t 'vicoaav oi naXaixspoi ppri-veutc, toG ZoXcopoG, XX 5v pnfJKav Ba-6i ot vnp tou. 'O t. KaXoayoGpoc; X. X-napaTnpsi : H 'EXsuBEpia toG "Ypvou 5v Elvai KaSauT fj 'EXEuBspa, XX f) XXn-viktj 'EXeuBspia rj KaXTepa rj sXeuSspcopvr] 'EXXSa, Ka noinxfjc; tco Kpr) vspyou-os voTiypariKcoq, 5v vavorjStTKE xfjv ar|-pavTiKriv arrjv svaxaaiv no pnopoOas v yivir. "xi rj 'EXsuBspia, XX rj XXnviKi, 'EXeuBspia Byaivsi n r KKKaXa xfiv 'EX-Xfjvcov, onou fjxav Gappsvr) ait acovEc;. 0 XXait rfj Siaxncoari arfjc; rfjc, naparfj-pr|aijc;, yi v cpavs KaBap fj npBsan, toG ZoXcopoG : 'H 'EXsuBspa toG "Ypvou slvai fj KaBaur 'EXeuGepia, f| 'EXsuBepta av fjBiKfj iSsa' fj paxpevr] yi rfjv unapcrr 'EXXSa yivsrai p rv irBo Ka rv ycva rric; aera arfjc; Tfjc; 'EXsuBspiac;, Ka pvo n rfjv anorpr) arfj pnops v rauxioBEi pac^i xn,<; : fj 'EXXSa aoBvExai paa xrjc; rf|v 'EXsuBspia ee; XPoc;, f| 'EXEuBspa npaypaxcvExat paa arf|v 'EXXSa eoe; iSaviK.'0 Fivvric; 'Anoaro-XKric; irXriai^Ei ar vripa TCEpiaaTEpo : "Av fj TtpcTn arpocpfi ypcbsi Kipp^Ei rfj Xap rou vBpcnou yEviK yi rfjv XsuBEpa, fj Erspr] c()avEpcvi rf| XaP Ka rfjv nspricfi-vsia tou "EXXqva yi rfjv aropia tou. Ka tuo Ttvc. Zxfjv 'EXXdSa Xdrpeipav yi rcpcxri cpop o vBpcoiToi xf) Xsuxepi. 9 eXeye KavEc; nebe; fj popcpf] rfjc; XXnviKrjc; i^cofjc; slvai fj Xeurspi. 'EXXSa Ka Xsurspi Evai t Sio Ttpaypa. K' Sc S XXai^a rfj Siaxncoar) (n vroXoyiKfj u rfjv 'Kava SEovroXoyiKfj), yi v vicoops KaXrspa t aa8r)pa toG ZoXcopoG : "Ac;ia popcpfj Tfjc; XXriyiKfjc; ^cofjc; npnEi v Evai fj Xeurspi. T sp KKKaXa xfiv 'EXXfjvcov no vKa-9ev c;puv v nsGavouv yi rfj Xeurspi, pc; Svouv rf|v Trepidaveia Ka t SiKaicopa v Bscopoups rfjv 'EXXSa Ka rfj Aeurepi r '5io npypa.
Aerepo reKpfjpio : Zxoc; 'EXeSepouc; ITo-XiopKripvouc; eixe Scaei aTfjv pxf| ZoXco-pc; tv ttXo T XPoc;. 'AKpiBcoc; av
XoKaurcopa toG xpoug 'BXene t MeaoXy-yi. ripc^ri perfjc;. ZKonc; rou fjrav v Sec;ei 6xi t pvog toG narpicoriapoG, XX rfjv fjBi-Kfj c;a rou : fj vyKn, Ka nvoq elxav Kvei tq ijjuxq xeov fjpccov KEvcov v' vB-aouv Ka eroi noKaXuipav tv ipr|X rvo Tfjc; peTfjc; touc;, t fjBiK xouc; peyaXeTo. Aura Sv evai Sikc; pac; noBeosic;' r yp-cpei Sioc; aroc; Zroxaapog tou : Eie; t noirpa toG Xpou; paKpuvfj npnEi v Evai fj cppixxfj ycovia paa ec; rfjv Suaruxa Ka sic; toc; nvouq, oncoc; ekeBe cpavEpcoBfj nEpaxrr] Ka yia fj SiavorjriKfj Ka fjBiKfj napSsiaoc;. npayparonoTae Torr) rfjv'ISa: 6Xoi o vBpcmvoi Ssopoi narpc;, SsX-tpoG, yuvaiKt; pii^copvoi e'lc; rfj yfj, Ka p arog vBouaiaapc; rfjc; Sc^ac;' roc; pn-i^ETai fj yfj, Ka Toiourorpncoc; vayK^ovrai v ,EaKEnaouv eoe; r BBr) riie; xfjv yioavr] Tfjc; ipuxfjc; xouc;. Ka napaKarco : KTrae; v axntio KEvoi o MsyXoi...... "OXa aura, oao pEya-
XTEpa slvai Ka nXov Sicpopa, etq xao i(JriXxpo axuXonSi oxaivouv xf|V 'EXEuBspa, psarfjv n XPc.. SiiXaSf) dn' oaa nEpixsi fj 'HBiKfj, fj GpinaKeia, f| FlarpiSa, fj rioXiTiKfj k. a. ripoac;ete rv cbpao xaPaKTrlPLaP: 'XsuBEpa psarfj dna t Xpoc,. Ka ensira rf|v nc;fjyr|ar : Msorfj dna oaa rcEpiXEi fj 'HBiktj, fj 0pr]aKia, fj FlarpiSa, f\ FIoXiTiKrj, k. a. MaXXouc; Xyouq : 'EXEuBEpa psaTfj dn' 8aa nEpixovrai paa arie; acpaipEc; Ka ara ouaTrjpara rcov cpriXcov Secov.
Atc; KpiBcc; Evai BaBc; SeaXiopc; rou ZoXcopoG. Flvco n' 6Xa pnah'Ei fj 'eXeu-Bepia parf| dn t XPoc; Ka uarEpa 'pxov-rai 6Xa r dXXa Kpn, Ka fj 'EXXSa. Tiar Ka arfj ( rnoe; pac; Ka fj iaropia tou) dv yivsrai aKonc; xfjc; t,^^, ftxc;, Eivai yiar p xc; BuaiEc; xrie; dnoSExvEi ori ax8r|k c,ia v npayparonoifiaei paa ec; r opta roG Kai-poG pia pEyXri fj8iKfjv Sa, rfjv 'EXeuBepio pEarfjv n t Xpoc;. ZuvSuoete p rie; epp-asic; arq Ka t nEpcpinpo ncpBsypa xoG ZoXcopoG : T "EBvoc; npnei v p8r| v Becopfj eBvik o,ri Eivai XiiBiv, Ka 8 Be-BaicoBETE, Xnti^co, ori Evai psyXo dnKxr|-pa yi xfjv naiSsia pac; XoKBapoc; Ka pa ysvvaoc; iSsaXiapq xoG psyXou nxa-vfjoiou noir|xfj.
E. IT nAFIANOYTZOZ


? E0NIKOZ ?01???2 ZTON ESQ EAAHNIZMO
? ?01???1, ? AAIKAAOI.O ?????1????1
2?1? 14 Magiiou 1957, oi "??????? Tfjc N.'Ygxn,; vigtaoav t xaT/gova ??? 2o?icoiioij p uiv cbgaia auv^vipcooT), ??? tt)v gvdvcoaE ?? 3>iXix Tfjc x. Magiac BpucoviSri axr\ ue-yaXx] aWouaa 8iaX|Ecov ??? |evo8oxeiou Barbizon Plaza. 'OiubiTfjc ? ?. Bdooc BXaSiavg, vvcoatTaToc; vopoiiaf}f|c nal KgooEimxc nvEuuaux? ???>?????, itoli uvbi n /gvia otc 'Hvcouvbc IToXiteiec; xa ??? ?? 1947 8i8axEi ???????????? or New York University.Me ttjv iuXia ???, ito ??) SinuoaistouiiE XxTiripr), ?'????? xun Eva iiXoyo xgiTix xeiisvo, XX xa (ila oaiaaTixf) ?????????] ??? ?|?? "E)Ar|viaiio6 or cpigcOLia tojto.
H NEA EETIA
ToO BviKoO ??? fjpcoa tco ????? ?? Bvryr ??? ppoq otv ???? ???? Kocl koct Xpvia e!vai ???? peyXo ?? ???? ??1 5uoe-psuvriTO ??1 ????? n ar)paala oaps ??1 tic; ma piKpq ??? ETtToppsieq, ????? B fJTav daBeia ??1 v ??????? KavEq oti ??????? v ?? TtapouaiaaEi, ????? ??1 nEpiXrinTiK, o pia ????. T pvo Tto pnopoOpE v ?????? paa ??? aTEv opia Tfjq anpepivf]c; piXiaq slvai v pic;opE pspiKc; paTiq ??? ???? ????, ki-pvoi n Tfjv TtiBopia v TtpoaBaopE tv 6ik ???; EXaBiK ???? Tipfjq ??? ???? nor ????????1 nXi ??????; p Kor)Xcaiq nvsupa-TiKg ???????? ?? 'EXXriviK eBvoq otv tc-poyo pvr|TT Tfjq 'EXsuBEpiaq ??1 Tfjq ????1-???;. Tic; paxiq arq B q ple;oupE n TpEic; nXfiupq ???! ??????????? slvai, pno-pi v ??? KavEq, ?? ???? ??? ZoXcopou??-yo ??1?|??|, ???? ????????, ???? EnavaoTTri.
BBaia rj nolnari Evai noXXq ????^ 6i6a-????1?. 'AXX 5v Evai nvxa. Av XPl-i^ETai v Eivai 6i5aaKaXia. "H texvt) Elvai aToaKonq' xal fj 6i6aoKaXia pnops v Eivai aa aa 6,ti t m vTircomriK. Oute Elvai pixpTEpoi nvTa oi noitiTEq, no 6v slvai pai^ ??1 ???????? 'AXX vs-?;?????? n' ????, Evai ???????????? oTav pnopEasi KavEq v ???????? ??? opia Tfjc; psyXnc; Txvnq KvovTaq pa pEyXn, 5i-SaaxaXa.
'Eniariq pnops v ns KavEq oti kuBe na-vaTaan Elvai 6i6aaKaXia' XX 6v XnBsEi kocI t vtIBeto 5v Evai kBe 6i5aaKaXia EnavaTaon. "Dote, orav ???????? pnop-ai v ????1 n ?? opia ??? xpiTOu va-paarjpaToq ??? XTq xa v' yKaXiaEi ?? ???-pa ??? ???? ???1? v: BuoiaEi Tq acviEq t;iEq, no Sivouv vnpa xa ??? apio, xa ??? arjpEpa, Ka ??? Xtc, ??vl a nnfiSa BfiK, yvETai npaypaTiK Snpioupyq.
rioX Xyouq exei v 6eic;i fj nayKopia
ioTopa p TETia ????? 6r)pioupyiKfj naTa ar\, vco noXXo Evai oi noir|Tq xa py" Xoi ????? no 6v fjaav EnavaoTTEq xa oi nai6aycoyo no 6v fjoav noiriTc;. "ote fj 8a npvoia evtioe npaypaTix Tfjv 'EX-???? OTav napouaaaE otv 'EXXr)viap Eva too pEyXo vTpa yi v Tfjq 6ec;ei t 6p-po npq Tfjv nvEupaTixfj xai Tfjv fjBiKfj va-yivvriari KpiBcoq Tfjv ???? no t EBvoq eona-tfi ?? Eop Tfjc; ooXfiiaq xa c;avaKEp5ic; Tfjv noXiTiKij ??? ????????) Ka vc;apTr}ola. Kai ?? ???????? 9 fJTav noX pEyaXTEpo v eTxe pnopoEi t eBvoq v' KoXouBrjoEi X"" pq ?????????] ?? ????? no ??? e6Eic;E ? ZoXcopq.
Tuiq ???1??^ ??? ?????? NiKXaou ZoXcopou Ka Tfjc; 'AyyXiKaq NkXti, no fJTav EVTsXcq XaKfjq KaTaycoyfjq, noinTfjq yEvvfj-8r|KE oTfj ZKuvBo ??? 1798. 'H KaTaycoyfj ??? ?????? ??? fJTav n Tfjv KpfJTri n onou fj oKoyvEia tcov ZoXcopcv fj ZaXapcv exe pE-TavaaTipEi OTfj ZKuvBo pac^ p noXXq X-Xsq KpqTiKq oKoyvEisq 'nsiTa n Tfjv ??-????]??| ??? Xv6aKa n toc, ???????? ??? 1669. 'H ??|???? ??? fjrav n xi\v oKoy-VEia tcov NikXivcov Tfjc; Mvric, no Eixav pE-?avaa??l oTfj ZKuvBo acoq ????? xpvia npcoTTEpa n toc; ZoXcopoq. 'O Kpnq N1-KXaoq tv ????????? ??? 1807 navTpETT]ke Tf|v 'AyyXiKa ki' oxi pvo EvopipononoE ?? ??? ???1?? ??? naiSi, tv Aiovoio Ka tv AriprJTpio, no exe yvvr|9t ??? 1801, p Ka p 6ia8fJKr| toc; ?????? ?? pEyaXTEpo ppoq Tfjc; oripavTLKfjq nspiouaaq ???.
"Aq pfj c;sxvap oti ?? 'EnTvnaa 5v yvcpioav ToupKiK i^uy. H 'Evetiktj ????-?? ?? exe yXuTcoEi n Tfjv ??????????(? Ka ?? exe KpaTfjoEi kovt otv noXiTiap Tfjq AuTiKfjq Epnrjq. Tfjv Enoxfj Tfjq ????-Biaq oTfjv aXXri '?????? oi EnTavrjaioi, o ou-VEXn niKoivcovia ??1 ?????^?? p Tfjv XXr)


60
'O noirjTfjc;, ????????, navaoTTric;
Kai auprcXiipcvEi Tfjv eIkvo ?????????? :
???? cufia ogve, gsi' k nal bxeQev f ifvxt), n ?? fiao noi xrv xaei, nosfiaei v ????%?
Ovgavo yC avxov v elvai, ov nkayo, ov yfj' y ? avrov okov, ?? nv elvai liaujfivo vxdua bxe.
pcoEi Trjv pxaia p Tfjv va 'EXXa ns-piaaTEpo n Suo xiXiSc; xpvia Tpiavo-c/i ioTopia..
Mar; nyE 'nEiTa a va ???].
'H 'EXeuOEpia, fj BavaTii, fj Bsia tco o,ti BXa fjpnopE, cpo ????????? paTcopvri otov ????? Tfjc KopvOou, ni Kai ??? Me-aoXyyi.
xr)v r)iega xov Xgiaxov, /lga no> avdiav oi kyyoi yi ?? xxvo rov Oeov.
'Ano Tijv "??9???| 2?\????0 ??? ???????????? GeooaXoviKrii;. Mia ????9?|??] [iE Tic irpTE KooaEi
ToG "Y^vou Eq tt]v 9E\Eu8Epav
Tor f ivrra xal r) ,kr, nov oxo%,saai, ir) nm n lia lEgia xal n akkr v iEvr va vxavo.
M aBu Baupaap XeTtEi ???????? ncoc ?l^?ov oi fjpcoEc; KEvoi Tfjv ???????1??1??| piBpriTiKfj ???????? To xBpo Kai vaXoyi-etoi ti fj nEpuppovriar] aTfj Evai ???????-??| 'EXXriviKfj TrapSoor|. Mfj 5 ?? Sio Sv yi-VETai n Tfjv ?????? to ZnapTiTr) AscovSa;
rO xgaxaioi ???????? xal |avA0t ' ec ?? naiid ??? ???' ifjxs ???? fioiCovve ib o.
???? nappiXXa ???????? noiiTTfjc; pe ?? aXxioTo Xik TEaapcov otxcov v ???-
Z totov tv [???????? ttco Tto oupo-XCel too corp Tfjv ????????) Tfjc; Buaia, Tfjv TcoSxETai fj BprioKEia p' 'va ??????. Na apEta Kai ispcTaTa oupoXa, no ovEi ???? ????|??|?; p tv ycva Tfjc; BvEyspaiac; yi v TrXaTUvEi ?? vr|p ???.
?? BpinaKEa XEi :
a' avr ... ?? %>ia axdaov kgdr], '???????1?
Kai prravouv OTfjv KKXnoia ??????? Tfjv copa Tto oi TopKoi Kvouv va n ?? yioupo-aia tou yt v npouv ?? ??????.
'H 'EXEuBEpia naipvei tote Xo t psya-Xeo Kai xr\ ????? no Tfjc; exei Scoei f| v-????| npo ?? Bsa Kai fj EXoyia Tfjc; BpnoKsia :


'O TtoiriTfjc;, SaKaXoc;, Ttavaaxxric;
59
TuXiniac;. Z Xyo 6\r\ fj ZKuv9oc; rpayou-Souas Tfjv Eav9oXa> tco &v &pyr\oz va yivE Eva air xa m 5r]pocpiXfj TtoifjpaTa toO ZoXupou.
Zyxpova oae5v sypatps ki' XXa Xupi-K. "OXa (pavepcvouv tv Tcpopr|9k ycva tou p xfj yXoaa Kai yi Trj yXcoaaa, ycova otv rcoco Ei/E Tfjv Tcpcir] psyXn TCiTuxia orav pirpEos tv Mdio toO 1823 va yptpE paa a' Eva pfjva tv "Ypvo q xfjv 'EXeu-9pav.
Ta 158 TETpatixa tto tv cxtcoieXoGv Sv pvouv pvo Trjv 'EXEuBspa. 'YpvoGv Trjv 'EXX&a, Trj GpriaKEa, rfjv fj9iKrj, xfjv 5AXrj9ia, xrjv AiKaioavr), xrjv Eyvea, xfj XeBevxic, xv v9pcoTtiap, xv 'Ayva xoG 1821, xfjv yEprr] ycbvsc; Kai 5,c; Maro-pa toO e9vouc. pac;, r rcvEupa xfjc; Buaac,, xfjc; pvoiac; Kai xfjc; yrtiiq, k9e vcorep-
' ra adega v0v/xr0r nov rr)v eSevav xal avxrj.
"Av Ttpxouv Kai xBpo, tco xrjv piaoGv Kai TcpoaTta9oGv va rrjv BXcpouv, touq tcepc-cppovE :
Zv xv 5g%ov, nov iplve xOs xOagxo vsg eIq xa nia xov v yyvr\ EvxoXaflvoxov cpQ....
Topa, xrjv KaXxEpr) TcvTripr] a" aroc; &vouv ra iroXEpiK KaropBpara tcov 'EXXfj-vcov. Me anvia TtiKrj vpyea TcoiriTfjc; tce-piypcpsi pspiK cxtc' ar : rrjv KaxXrupr] xfjc. TpiTtoXiraac;, xv TcoKXeiap xfjc; Kopv9ou k.X.tc. Z Xiyouc; axxouc; Karop9cvc v ira.
luvaWay^axiKt1) yi 150 Ko\ovia [i xr^v Sixeiarj Ttoypcccpij tou SoXco^oG.
('Atc tSicoTiKf] auXoyi5))
xiira Kai k9e KaXcoovr|. "OXa Tcpvouv vea Ttvofj Kai vrjpa Kai pEyaXso drrt x exve-TEpo cpoc; Kai tv isp v9ouoiaap roG Troir]xf|, TcoToqp x peyaXoaio xoGxo Kai orpav-tik KaXXixxvripa Tcapouai^erai ira Kai av pEyXoc; Kai pTCVEuapvoc, oaKaXoc..
Tfjv 'EXEu9spa paparxat TcoiriTfjc; v ByafvE air ra sp KKKaXa rcov 'EXXfjvcov Kai os oXov xv "Ypvo xfjv xaux^si p xfjv 'EXXa. Tfjv yveop^st air xf|v Kipr] roG aira-9loG xfjv xpopEpfj, kl' rt xfj |3a p xfjv reoa pExpsi rf| yfj Kai rfjv xalPExa p v9ouaia-op xcpa tco, vxi v i^r\T Tcapriyopia a psyaXEia TtEpaopva Kai v TteXTi^Erai TCEpi-pvovrac; Bofj9ta rt roq XXouc, Ttapouai-^srai vxpEicopvr] av Tipcra eke tco vri-TtaXsEi kGe rKvo Trie; p ppfj Kai Kar-rauara yupEEi fj xfj vkt] fj xfj Bavfj.
Tv xaLpsxLap tou Ttoir)xfj xv TtavaXapB-vei K9 XXr]viKfj yfj XX Kai k9e cpiXsXs-9pr) xwp Kai irp Ttavxc; rou OuaiyKTcov fj yfj tco :
pouaiaEi oXri rfjv varpixiaariK) cppKr] roG TtoXpou r
'Axova> xompia xa vxovyxia, xovm a/ii/io anaOiwv. xova) vXa, xovm neXxia,
xovoy TQ^ljXO OVXICV.
"A I t vv%xa fxav ixeivrj, 7io\ xr)v xofie 6 XoyiOfig ; "AXog vtivoq 6ev yve nget Qvaxov mxgg.
Tfg axipjg f &ga, xjiog, Oi xgavyg, i) xaga%r, ax):t(jimyog XQnog xov no/oo, xal oi xutivo,
xal o (govxg, xal x oxoxSi, onov rxaxo(pxe f (poma, jiagaxaivav xv "Adr noi) xagxgeie xa axvXi.


58
"O TtoiriTTc;, araXo, TtavaoTTn.
Kve pia ????? ???????????? ??1 tsXik v viKfjaei.
?? TtpTO "???????? TtoinxiK oxeoiaopa tco ZoXcopc, Tcapouoiaas otv TpiKOTtn f]xav f\ EavBoXa. M tic, oxstik Xiyec, TXXnviK, Xei, tco fjoape TcoiryTrjc, M-110" peos v 6cosi o ???????????) yXaoa p XupiKfj XsuBepia ko ????????? trj OKnv ??? TtoxaipsTiopo pi va tco pTtrJKE oxfj ????????? v tcsl ottjv Ceviti.
'EfovaxmvE r gi Xsvxoxaxa navid, &av ?? mgiaxQi noi) nXcbvEi x (pXEQ.
'Eoxxovxav oi i/?'??? M Xnrj, jj, %ao
Kai avxr) fi x fiavxrh Tovg no%aiQExa
Z" kiyo a' liyaxi v ???? v ?? av efana navvxi i) xov nsMyov cpq.
Kai fov navv, iavxf)h
E%6r) OX VEQ,
ioxQvaav o (ploi dxQvea x' ym.
Kavva qmaoSi, rappi pniopEcc. ?????. KaBapfj, p tfiv yoriTEa TtiKfi ????? KOt
f. fA* / ?,.
..? lJ i,'<*. f' ->..,";<
~r.s<,.. fa .((-
/
T OTEipavoxpTi x? [??????? ??? TCOir)x 'AyyXiKa ????; ?? tv (6eu-????) vTpa ??)? MavXii AEOVTapdcKri- ??????????, iUKUpcouvo ano ????-?????? ??'1 aippayioE ??? 1836 (tt\v rcoxil t? olKoyEVEaKq binile;). ('ApXEo 2??????? ZEpouSn)


'? Ttoiriirjr;, SdoKaXoc;, navaoTTnc,
57
EpcTcn ??1 iSicoc; u rfj yEiroviKfj 'IraXia, auppETEixav arfjv ksi ?????????? vayv-vr|ari. "Ac, pfj ,EXvp ????? ori fj 'Avayv-vnan atfj KaBs XXo rtap ,.vr\ fjravE Tfpq xv 'EXXrivtap. EIxe c;Ttn5fjoi n rfjv CEX-XnviKrj KXnpovopia ??! arsv SEpvri p Tfjv TtapSoon ??? Bu^avTiou, eixe ??????1 p xr|v ????????? tcv 'EXXrivcov Siavooupvcov. ????? x Tcapc;vo, Xontv, Yv ?? '?????????, 5???? ???????? Elxav ?????6?1 "EXXqvsc; dir TtoXX ???? Tfjg 'EXXSoc; ([Sicoc; n rfjv Kprj-??) ??1 Tfjv ????????????), EByaXav raouc; c;aipTiKoc; vTpsc; p 5???? ??! ????, Tto f.ETCEpva TtoXXq ?????; ?? 'EXXrjvtK opta. Ti-????? ?? Ttapc;Evo dv ?? '????????? auvBa-Xav too ???????? arf|v TtvEupaTiKrj va-yvvr]or\ ??? e9vouc.
'O ZoXcopc; TtpaaE ?? ??????? Sra xp-via ??? ??? ZKuvBo, ?? ???? ??? AepvrE. 'EkeI TtpcaTdpxiae fj ?????????? Ka fj aioBq-TiKfj ???????? ???, ke TtpcorpaBe 'EXXq-viK Kai 'haXiK, ke TtpcTvoic;E rj ???? ??? ??? 9e ??(, ??????; Xei dTtappiXXoc, ????????; ??? ????????; ???????;, ????????-????? rfj ?????????? Zx 1808 6 ??????????, ??? ?????; Msaaa-Xc; KoXouBcvxac; xf] auvfi9ia oXcov xcv tcXouoiuv '????????!??? tv eoteiXe ottjv ???-X[a yi v aitouSuoEi. Tv ????????? 6 5-OKaXq ??? 'APPc; Zvxo ??????,. 'ESc, ??? Akeio xfjc; 'Ayiac; AiKarEphric;, ????? TtfjyE axfjv ????, sxapE ?? ??????? ,EaTtapaxa ??? TtavaaxaxiKou ????????? ???, ttoioc; 5v ????????? v &exte aXXov xaXi.vv Eipf) ???; ???????;. T Ttapaitova xcv SaoKdXcov ??? dvyKaaav tv ????? v tv irpei kovt tou ottjv KpEpva, ????? ????????? axf]v 'IxaXiKfj Ka AaTiviK-q ?1?????!?. ?? ??^??????? ??? 1815 TtfjyE axfjv riaPia yi v oTtouSasi vo-piK.'AXX ektc; ???? ?? vopl??[apa?oXo8? o '?????1?? ?1?????!?, ????????? ??1 dXXa paBfjpara dir ??????????; ?????????;. Zxfjv ?????? ??????; ?????? ?? ??????? ??? oxtxoup-??????, 'IxaXiK ??1 ??????, ??! ??????]-?? too yi" ???? ??? ??1 yi Trjv KavTqxa v' ???????91^?1 ??! TcayyXXEi psXco&iKtraTa orixouc; tcv KXaaaiKcv tto^tcv. 'H c;aipTi-Krj ??? ?????????????? rv porj9qa v yveo-piorsi p roc; oirouSaiTEpouc; ???????; 5ia-vooupvouc; rfjq ???????; ??! v ouvSe9e OTEv p tcoXXoc; air' ??????;. T yveoar tceioSio tto eIxe p rv Siaripo ?????? ??! ???????-arfj ??? 'Oprjpou Mvri Elvai ????? 'va Tta-pdEiypa ??? TravaaraTiKou ????????? ???. nveo ah pia &1?????1? yi ????????, orlxouq ??? NrvTE, Mvri, irEipaypvoc; dir rie; ToXpripc; TtaparriprjoEic; ??? VEapoO Zoku9i-vou, rou eItte ori 5v ?????? kovec; v auX-Xoyii^ETai rao TtpTCEi v alo9vTai, v ao9vsTai. *0_ ZoXQpc; dTtvTriaE : ripnsi TtpcTa p ?????? v ouXXpsi vouc; ?1 ettei-
?? rj Kapi GEpp v aio9av9s o,ti vouc; ouvXaPE.
"Orav ypiaE orrj Zkuv9o ora 1818 c;a-?????9?? orr|v ???? v ????1 orixouq ???-Xik, Sicoc; aToox5ic^ovTac; a ?1?.1???; auy-KEvrpcaEic. ???? xuv auxv ????????? ol otxoi auro! ?'????? tte ??&????; tcov ???????;, ?????; tv ????? ????????, arv ????? roc ??1??????, qote 5 piropE v ???????1 Kavsic;, Ttap pvov dv ?? s!5s oncog ycb, ori roc; ?????? ?????????; p rfjv Ttvva ar ???'1 ^ Trlv ???????? p xrjv nota yp-??1 kovec; ??? tco t;aipi ir Kaip. 'AXX Zrpvric; Ttpoa9Ti ori ?? aTOOXESiapara aura ?? e'kove 6 Tioirirrjq yi v ExapiorEi rrjv Ttapsa rou, rj ?????? ???, opeoe;, ????-??????? fjrav ????; v SiairXaEi rf]v ???????-vikt) yXcaaa. Aura ????????! tv 'Iavoupio rou 1822 pai^l ??! p rrjv ?????????1? ori eIxe ????1?0??01??1 ?? 6 TtoiqTrjc; Trjv ???????! 'EXXqviKrj yXcaoa a otjixouc; a ????? tto 9upi^i roc; KXaooiKoc;. Av toc; ixapouaia-oe, opcoq, rot; orixouc; aroc; orav ???? ?? ???? tou 1822 ouvavrrj9riK p tv TpiKouTtr). riEpiopiaTriKE v roG dTtayyEiXEi 'va itaXi 'IraXiK. rou Ttoiripa. ????????? ??[???1 ??! v ??? ??????1 ????? ?? ?0????1?? ??-Xoupyrjpara.
T ovop ??? rjrav tte ar ????? ???? roG ?????? ?????1 6 ZttupiScov ??1??????|?;, tto fjrav ???? &??? xpvia psyaXTEpc; ???. "OXoi piXouaav yi rie; ????????; tou 1??-???????;, yi rv ???1??????? ??! kkevtpik ????????? ???. ZoGoe orfjv ??;??? ??! Sv EXTavE Kavva. ?(??<; ???... p ?????????? av slxa rfjv ?x? v p SexteI, v rou piXfj-aco pvo yi tcoutot]... nfjya or ,oxiK rou OTtiri, piXfjaapE yi roc; "AyyXouc; TtoiriTq, Tto roq ?????^? ??? ?' ycb ??! Tto toc; aoBavrav TtEpioorspo. Tfjv ???? pepa ??-rPriKE arfj x^pa Yl: vo: t100 vraitoSuoEi rfjv ????????. ???? rfjv ouvopiXla poG ndy-ystXE r 'IraXiK ???(??? 'USfj orfjv ??????) siToupyia . 'O ZoXcopc; tco eixs ttapa-rqpfjoEi Ttcbq psr rfjv dTtayysXta rfjq 'OSfjc; Elxa pEivsi oicoTtriXq, ^rjrqaE rfj ?????? ??? yi r Ttoinpa : T ??1??1?? aac; rXavro, toG ETta, ode; ????????1 copata ???? otv 'IraXiK Flapvaao. "Opcoc; tic; TtpcTEc; BOEiq tou 'xouv TtiaEi dXXoi. 'O "EXXtrviKg ???-vaaac; Sv exei ????? r Avrr] ???.??! orav 6 ???1????; ??? Ttaparfjpr|aE ori ttoX Xiyo fjc^EpE rf| va ???; yXcaaa, Tpl?o?t?c; ??? ????????; CH yXcaaa tto ode; 'paBs fj piiTpa aac; Elvai fj '?????1??\. ????????? ?? axfj ????? aac;' Sv Evai SokoXo. "Av BeXete ode; ???-Be ?' ycb oo ???????. Kai Ttpypart tv PofjBr|a TtoX TpiKourtqc;, ouvrEXcvrae; eroi orf| Baupaoxfj ,Xi^ ??? ???1???.
''Hrav ?????????? rtrvEia fj TtpoairBEia Tto EKavs ZoXcopc; yi v e;ouaioi rfjv BviKf) yXcaaa. Movo pia ?????? KapSi ki' ????? ?????????? ?????? B ???????? v


- - Jo ??? bv j,ju^ tf / / ? /--
l a jukf f^0tr<>f cfc*' /??* t 7r*vj>
T ?
*f 0"-
VH ti

("EeviKil ???.??^??, ?238, 239)
Rossi.


62
'0 notrixfjc;, ? ????????;, 6 ????????????,
"? x ????? nov a axoXi^ei, av fjXiov ipeyyofioXfj, xal /mxxq6ev anivQr\git,ei, dv elvai, o%i, n xf)v yfj.
Adfipiv e%ei oXrj ipXoydr] XelXog, /??????, ????????' q>S>g x X&Ql> 9"*>c T0 ^i, m' oXa yvgm aov elvai tp&g.
????????? ZoXcopc; ????1 xrjv TtoEriari yi v Kccvei 6i5aaKaXla npq xoc; noXspp-Xouc; Tto XXriXoxpcyovxat p kv6uvo v ??-?????????? tv ycva. B^si aia oxpa xfjq 'EXEu9pla<; ?????????; aupBouXc; yt' axouc; :
IlaXXrjxdgia [iov I oi noXjxoi yi aag 0x01 elvai yagd, xal x yva aag dv xgfiei axovg xivdvvovg /xngoaxd.
'??' saag noiiaxgaivei xd6e Svvafii %Bgixfy XX' vlxrjxr] fila nvEi nov xg 6q>veg aag fiadei.
'H Aiyvoia ??? (aaxdei e,va axfjnxgo fj doXegr)' xadevg %????????1, ???' ?? Xyovxag, xal ai.
Ksi x axfjnxgo, noi aag deiyvei %ei XrjQeia mgaia diogid. Mfjv x nidaexe yiaxl glyvei eo ddxgva ??????.
''??? axjxa ???? cpdovdei, IIaXXiixdgia, ?? jxf\v nojBfj, ??? x %gi aag xxvndsi xov deXqiov xi)v xeyaXrj.
Mr)v e'movv axv ???%???? xovg x giva bqv] XrjQivd' bv [iiaovvxai va/???? xovg, 5bv xovg ?????? iXevdegid.
'O "Ypvoc; ????????? yt ??????? ???? ax MooXyyt ax 1824 ??1 ????????? ysvLK vBouotaop, oxt pvo atrjv '?????? XX ??! ??? c;coxEptK. ????????????? pacoc, axeov 'iTotXiK ??! FaXXiK ??1 pyxEpa o noX-Xc; XXec, yXcaasc;. "Oncoc; slxs npoelnst TpiKoTcr|c, oi c;tot vayvcaxEc; xou "Ypvou tv 'Kpivav 6c;av xfjc; '???????; ytaxl o Kavva Kaipv Kal sic; Kavva ESvoc; fj Xsu-9ep[a 5v ???? ipXxnv cicxepov.
'arto xfjv Enxvr|ao 6t9papBoc; xou ZoXcopou psxeSSn, axpanr|5v axfjv '??????. Aia Ttavxc, oxpaxoc; ???????? x naxptcoxt-?? KEiva ????? ????1 ZaXoKcaxac; ??! x'i^av xfjv ????? tto 9ppaiv xic, ??????; xcv paxopvcov. '????????1 ????? oxi x ??????????? xou Aovivou Tto vayvcpto xfjv 'EXXSa av Kpxoq ??????]? n xv KvvtyK urt xfjv ????????) xou "Ypvou xou ZoXcopou.
Elvai, uaxao, xnpaKxrjptoxtK oxt taap x 1849 x 'pyo xou ZoXcopou fjxavE ????-axEpo yvcoax ??! vayvcoptapvo axfjv 'Ixa-Xta, axf| TaXXta ??! axfjv aXXri EpcTtr], ???? axf|v 'A8rjva. T ntaripo ?????? pXtq ??? 1849, oriXaSfj Eva ??????? ??? alcva p-yTEpa c;nvr|a v 8cai va napar)po ??? ZoXcop. Tfjv c;fjynari ytaTl pyijaE vX9st aTf| fj pepa, Tfjv BptoKops ??? ????????? oti ZoXcopc; eTxe kvei Tfjv navaTaar) v ypipEt aTfj 5r]poTtKfj yXcaaa, ?? ????^?? v KaTBEt ??? Xa Kal v Kr)pt;Ei navTOu ??1 nv-TOTTf|v Xf|9ta, Kal oncoq oXec; ax&v Tl^no-Xc; etoi Kal tte ?? ????1?? puaX fJTavs alx-pXcoxa ??? Ka9apEuouaavtopou. Av vvoc pvo Tfjv vTiSpaor) aTfj yXcoaoiKfj vayvvri-ari ??! npo&o p XKXiipT Tfj vooTponta, n Tfjv nola ByaivEt fj vxt5paor| axf| ??! f| nola Kr|XcvExat ??! p xlXtouc; XXouq xpnouc; axf[ neoXXr]viKfj ???; xf| 5tavr]ar) ??! xfjv noXtxiKfj.
Elvat xapaKxriptaxtK oxt xfjv noxn KEt-vr| StavoopEVoi ?????; X. X- 6 'AXc;. Zouxooq no psooupavouaE xx ??????? yt xv notrixfj :
'0 KdXfog xal 2oxw/j,g oonoio /eydxoi (x co ile fiya ?????????) ????, ?\???, nagmiX^aav xfjg yX xdXXrj.
'Ideai, ?????, nXovaiai ???%? vEdv/ivai Av slvai di' awviov g~mr)v ???????^??).
'??' v Elvat BBaia Tpavf) n6tc;ri xXeioc; ???????? no 'na9av x notfjpaxa xcv PayKaBfjcov, Zoxacov ??! SXcov keIvcov no npypaxt : napnpXriaav xfjq yXcaaric; ???; x KXXii.
Tt ??????9?]?? ti 9 fJTav ZoXcopc; v eIxe ????1 x 'An' x ??????? ByaXpvr| ???. oxfj yXcaaa no' rj9X 6 ?????????-atavtapc; xfjt; noxfjc; xou :
e| axiv vvv viovaa evxXe&v xfjg yalag dia %wg ndXai ???' evdagaovaa %alg', & ??~? 'EXsvdegia *
'ideai, 8jMg, nXovaiai ???%? ivdedv/uvai av elvai di' alviov g~a>r)v ???????[levai.
????] xpaytKf) e'tpcovEta yt kevov no xoc; ?????? kXeIvouv axo oi oxtxoi, kcxI.tc-orj npnEt v elvat fj syvcopoavr) ???; yt xv peyXo 'Enxavrjato no KaxXa|3s notq fjxav ppoc; xfjc; Xfj9etac; Kal eIxe xv v-xpiap v xv nopsuxE Kal v xv Selcisi ax e9voc; ;
"Oncoc; Etnaps, x 'pyo xou ZoXcopou 5v Elvat pvo notrixtK XX Kal 'pyo psyXou ????????. 'H npoaconiKxr]x xou 'xei noX x tEpanoaxoXiK.
Noptc^co oxt xou npaypaxtKoO ???????? x
* ?? ?????????] Etvai ??? Romily Jenkins.


c0 TtoinTrjc,, ????????,, ?????????????;
63
Kuptcbispo ?????^??1011*0 elvai fj Xaxrpa v ,aKpiBcoi tfjv XrjSsia ??! v Tfjv ???-occasi ??1 aroc; aXXouq. Zrv Xnoiv 6-????? sivai Koiprjrr] fj Xaxrpa aifj ??! SKSnXvsTai xa ol TtapapiKp. Zr ZoXcd-p ??????????? KiXac; ???? ?? tcoX veaviKa ??? xpvia. ZTiouSaoTrjc; tcpa OTrjv 'IraXia 5v a0nvs sxaipia tco v prj kvei 5i5aaKa-Xia. E'Saps TcapaTtvco ti eItcs toG Mvtt yi Tfjv TcoiTiar|. Mia XXn ???? a' evav mKfj6Co tco EByaXs eItcs ????? ?? ???? Xyca :
Noi ?????????&??; pBETS Trjv TCarrjpri Ka xr)v pErf) Slxcoc; v ?????|???0??' Ka 6v 6 tcpr)cj)avEEaT av ?????????? p9-T Trjv Tcarrjpri ??? xryv psTfj. 'AXX prj rea-paxapr]X(ivTE ????? Trjv ??????], yiar 9 BpE-9ouv ?????? ripa ??! xpsia xpia sroipa v aac; Tfjv 9?????...
"Orav ypia arfjv ??????? exe v' vripE-TCOTt'iaEi ?? ^rjrrpa Tfjc; yXcoaaac;.
Trjv ?????? ??? ZoXcopoO oi XoyorxvEc; tco Exav roXprjaEi v' KoXou9fjaouv rv oco-ot Sppo fjrav Xxiaroi. 'O Bpaxvq rfjq KaBapEouaac;, eIxe ?????9???1 v tcotc^ei ??' ?????, ????? 5v TcioTEuav a' arfj.
Ti 9 Kvsi rebpa 6 ZoXcopq ; 0 ???-Xou9rjai ??| yvcpr) rcv Ttiarjpcov yi v prj ouaapEarrjaEi ?? TCEpiBXXov ???, toc; Kprj-tec;, toc; psyaXouaivouc;, toc; iaxupoc; ; K9s XXo Zv yvfjaioc; ????????; 9 ??-t\ei ??????? v Eupei ?? ????? ??1 av v-????;, TcpoiKiopvoc; ??! p alpa iravaarTri, & 8 Scarasi v ?? 5iaXaXfjai. M, eltcove, ZoXcopc; ?????? rfj yXcaaa ??? XaoG yiar &v rjc;aipE KaX rrj yXcaaa rcv ypappa-Tiapvcov. 'Avoitocec;. 'O ZoXcopc; eIxe 5ia-?????1 arrjv 'EXXirviKri ?1?????!?. rveopit^ov-???; rrjv pxata tcoX ??9???? ???? toc; tce-piaaTEpouc; Ka9apUouaivou<; Tfjc; ?????? ??? fjrav tcoX tci Kovr arf|v ??????????? ???? 6,ri arfj yXcaaa ??? Xaou. Me TtoXXfj XcycrEpo ktco ir o,ti ?;?&? yi v p-9ei Ka v KaXXiEpyrjaEi. rfj SriporiKfj ???????-oe v ecxe yivEi ,?????1 arf|v Ka9apcuaa. Oute fjrav ruxaia fj Tcporipriofj ??? yi rfj yXcaaa ??? ????. ???? eIxe pEXsrfjaEi ?? ^rjrripa ??! ????? ripia r exe ??????? ???/?-rai arc rv ???[??1?? AiXoyo tco ?????? ara 1824. ApiTEi ?' 6G o ???? aXi5a, a K9s ypapprj, a ??9 Xn, ??? ZoXcopoG fj nvEupariKfj ??! fjBiKfj ???????1?.
Zt ???? ??? auro, ???? TtocrrriK pai^i Ka SiSaKTiK, XoyoTEXviK Ka TcarripoviK, ZoXcopc; ???????1 ????? Ba9c aia9v-rai rfj aripaaca rfjc; yXcaaac; yc rf|v TCVEupa-TiKfj vaywriari toG e'Bvouc;. Mfjyapic;, Xec, EXco XXo ar vou ??? Ttpsc; Xu8Epia Ka yXcaaa ; M anvia SiaXsKrLKfj KavTnra, ????|?1? ??! Ka9aprrira ??9??1 Xfj9ic;, tc; tcoie'; orjpspa vayvcopi^a ???????? m fj TTiarripoviKfj yXcoaaoXoyia, Ka Sexvei a ri TCoXup9ia, ???!? Kai EauvEiSrirr] psXrr| tcov Tcpayprcov ???[???)?? fj yXcoaaiKfj ???
TCOTll.
GupcbvEi, Xei, tco 'xei v E;avaTCE 5ixcoq ??????? ?? ????????? tco ETcav Tagq ??-pc; r XXa e'8vii. Oi TXXoi slxav rf|v 5ia ?1???1?1? yi rf] yXcooa Ka reXEicoaE rfjv rcoxf| roG ??????????. Exav Ka o l~p-pavo ??? "Onirc; ?????? r TcapSEiypa xfjc; cxXfj9iac;' arfjv MraXia fj ?1???1?1? 'yivE p too Tcstopa tco ???????? Kaip Sv asB-orriKav oute rv psyXo rouc; Tcoir)Tfj rv Dante. 'Haxaaav tXoc; tcvtcov ?????????; rfj yXcoaoa toG Xaou ????; ?? ???? ?9??), ??! vr KEivEc; o XEEivc; vriauxisc; v ???; s-voi TcapSEiypa yi v ???; ???????????, ????-aaps sic; xEipxEpa ????????.
Tic; Xctsic;, ??????????; 5v re; 5i5-okei ... re; paaivsi n toG Xaou ?? ????? aura r c;pouv Ka r natola.
Mia aTiypfj tco 2??????1???????;, ??????-???????; toG Ka9apsuouaiaviapoG Tfjc; ???????; Kvr]c;, tco Sv Evai orf|v oaia ???????-kc; ano xv aripspiv, ??????1 rv 2???????1, 6 Tcoi.riTfjc; rv aTvEi,p r 6ia r Xyia roG ???????. Aei ?????? pa9r|rrjc; : ?????? e-vai Kavo v ???; SiSaKouv oi ttoXXo ( ????;) Ka r XXrivi^Eiv irap rorcov ?????? epa9ov Ka 6 2???????)?; ?????9??1 : ????????; Evai ?????; SoKaXoq Xac; Kai SiKaicoc; TcaiVErai yi' arrjv ??? rfjv 5i5aoKaXa.
??????????? Xyia, Xei 2!??????1??-?????;.
??????????? vnpa !, tv 5iop9cvi TToirirfjc;, vovraq 5Xr| rfjv Tcaraari tco x^-pii^si rfj pia voorpoTcia ir xryv XXr) rfjv TcXfj XoyoXoya ???? rfjv vofjpova rcoTcrEia rSv TcpaypTCOv. ????????? BpiaKopE ?????] pia ?????????) ?????| tco ?^?^????^81 Trv voorpoiria ??? Tcoir|Tfj : KEvo tco Xei B-kcov yi rfj ????|, SrjXaSfj ircbc; ?????????; yi v xryv ???????1 TcpTcei ?????? v Tfjc; tco-?????, fipTcopE v r tcec Kavsc; Ka yi rfj yXcaaa" ????????? ??????? arfj yXcaaa toG XaoG, Kai, v saai pKETc;, ???(??? xryv.
M rv AiXoy ??? ZoXcopc; Sexvetoi Ka roG tcec^oG Xyou pEyXoc; texvttic; p ??! fj8cKc; ??????????; tco Tca9aivrai yi r acjor Ka ????????????; tco 'xei rfj Svapii v TtEi vri9Ta arc rie; ????????; Sec; Tfjc; Tcoxfjc; ??? Ka v oTcasi rEScoXa p ????-Tcvrcov ??????????; Ka ?????; ????????; tco exi rfjv Kavrr|ra v iaKpivsi Ka v ??????-oiasi xfjv Xf|9ca.
ZTcavicTaroc; Elvai ouvSuaapc; 6Xcov a-tuv rcv xcxpic'paTcov o pia ?????????1????[??, ??' ????? aTcavicTEpo v EupEC Kavdq Tfjv TcavaoTariKrriTa rao ppoviK auv6uaap-vr) p rfjv tci ????????] aroTCi9apxia Ka tco-rayfi ar fj9cK ????????. "Eroe Evai Ka fj t-Xvri ??? Tcavaorarripvri paCi ??'? ???????? iappoTcr]."OTCcoq ypacpEi ? i6io<;: 'H 6?????(? rfjv Tioia aa9vrai ? ??????????; 6v ar-KEi Eie; r v 5ec;i ??????(? Kai ??????;, XX Eie; r v TCor^Ei aura r ??? ????????? p Kaip Kai p ktco siq r vr]pa Tfjc; Txvitc;. Tfj 6i9eor) 6i6aaKaXiac; 9 BpoGpE ????? arfjv


64
'O Tcoin-trjc,, 6 BdoKaXoc;, 6 Euavaaxdxr]c;
'Q5fj Etq xov AopSo Mudi'pov. To uoinpa auxo, uou 5ev e'xel BEBaia axo auvoXo tou ou-te xfjv Ka8ap6xr)xa xfjc; spuvsuaECoc;, ouxe xfjv dpxioxnxoc xfjc; popcpfjc; uou exei 6 Ypvoc, Kai tcou 6 tBioc; 6 uoirrxfjc; xo exei pe^iXeijjei pE anpEtcboEic; etc; xo uepi8copio xou XEipoypdcpou xou Kai Bev eixe dcprjaEi Kdv vd 5r|poaiEu8c, Eivai opcoc;, ypappsvo oxo iBio dvoxEpo ucpoc; Kai Eivai yEpdxo BiBaoKaXia. 'H SiaipEan axrjv dyavi^opEvr] 'EXXdBa eTxe cp8dac ok ar\-pio dTCEXTttaxiKd Kai 6, ZoXcopoc, Be puo-pouaE vd xrjv dyvofjaEi. Ae pTcopouaE vd 6tco-cpEpsi : dXXoc; vd uBpi^t tov KaX6xpo, dX-Xoc; vd axEKExai 6Kvnp6c; Kai dXXot vd ue-cpxouvE ax6v d5X(po Kai vd uaivEucovrat 9appcbvxac; ucbc; EKxuTtr|aav,iEx8p6. 'AcprjvEt, Xoiuov, xov Byron, xov pEydXo VEKpo Kai pe-ydXo cpiXo xfjc; "EXXdBac;, vd xouc, cpcovd^Ei :
"Q I Ti xdvExs ; Uov naxs ; Fia (pEgdrjxs Eigrjvixd' yiaxl dXXi&g de vd ftgEdfjxe fj /ie t;svo fiaoiXid r] 8d xaxaqjaviadrjxE dnd %Qia dyagrjvd
tic, oupBouXec, xou xcbpa xic; Bdi^Ei oxo oxopa xou pEydXou cpiXou xfjc; 'EXXdBaq, xou pyd-Xou VEKpou, xou Byron.
To evBiacpepov xou uoirixfj yid xfjv uoXm-Kfj Kaxdaxaari axfjv 'EXXdBa fjxav dKoipriro. rioXu dpyoxepa, ypdcpovxac; oxov TEpxoExrj, EK&r|Xcbvi TtdXi xfj oxEvoxcopia xou pe xd Ec;fj<; aiipavxiKd : ndvE eikooi xpovlot 71:00 adv arjpEpa fj 'EXXdBa eauaaE xic, dXuoiBEc;. !H ppa auxf) xou EuayyEXiapou Eivai ppa ytd xapa kotl y<-a BdKpua. Xapd yid xd pEXXoupEva, BdKpua yid xfj oKXafSid xfjv uEpaapEvrp Kai yid xo arjpEpa xi vd eiuco ; H 8iacp8opd Eivai xoao ysviKfj k' exei xoao BaSEiEc; xic; pCc^ec; tcou as Kd-vei vd oaaxi^Etc;. Movo oxav oi dtpoppec; xfjq BtacpSopac; si;oXo6pu8ouv upa cog uepa 9d puopeaoupe vd exoupe pid fj9iKf| dvayEvvr)-ar|. Toxe xo peXXov par; 8d Eivai pEydXo, Sxav oXa oxinpixSouv orfjv fj8iKrj, oxav 8piap-Beuoei fj BiKaioouvri, orav xd ypdppaxa KaX-Xipyri8ouv 8xi yid pdxair) Tci5ic;ri xtapd yid ScpEXoc; xou Xaou no6 exei dvayKr) drio Ttai-&ia Kai duo poptpcoorj oxi axoXaaxiKfj. Ae BaTtpsTCE vd yivouv xd Xoyia auxd EyKoXrtio yid koGe dyvo tcoXixiko, "EXXriva fj 'ApEpi-Kav6 d&idcpopo ;
=H BiBaoKaXia xou bkv TCEpiopii^Exai axf|v 'EXXdBa. NouBexikoI Eivai EiriarK; yid xfjv 'AyyXia, oi axixoi axfjv 'QBfj xou Mndipov, axoug onoiouc; ps TtiKp6xoXr| auoxr)p6rr]ra 6 noir]xfjc;. npocprixEuEi oxi fj x^pa p xfjv d8d-pTtcoxr] 86c;a 8d ec;ou8evco8eT dv &;aKoXou8rj-oi v* dXuaoBEVEi XaoOq Kai vd xoOc; Ttaxei axd Tt65ia.
o[x(og ddfioovvb svxaioia vd rr) (pdeioovve oi tiaigoi,
hal vd Idei to qiih6 tijc xaqd>g eivai r) xaTayvid, noil slg to xklfjia to dixd tyjq xqv^ei Tr)v aotqoipsyyid.
IIov elv 6d Xeve aaoTWfiEvoi ((to AeovTagi to 'AyyXixo 1 slvai fj %fjTr] tov neapievrj xai to fiovyxQiapia fiov^6.
'AXX' fj 'EXXaq vd t-avag~fjgrj
tjtav aia, xal vd i3fj
6 EQXOfiog vd TTjV Tl/xfjCft]
tov vyirjXoTaTov noirptfj.
"Iacoc; yid vd EK5iKr)8i yid xoOc; oxtxouc; auxo6c; 6 Bidaripoc; "AyyXoq iaxopiKoc; Arnold Toynbee SypaipE xfiXeuxaia xd ecjjc; dKaro-vopaaxa yid xov ZoXcopo :
'H araBioBpopia evoc; oupBarucou 'Ixa-Xou noirixfj Aiovuaiou ZaXopovE, tcou e'yive 6 TcpcoTOTurcoc; "EXXriy TcoiriTfjc; A. S. Eivai Kva duo rd UEpiEpya xfjc; ioropiaq pETaBiBd-oecoc; TcoXiriapou.
'H pEyaXocputa tou supfJKE rfjv EuKaipia v' diroKTrjoEL XoyoTEXviKfj ruXHi XP1 ax xu-XEpo Buaruxiiiot tou on fjrav v68oc; yuioc; pidc; ZaKuSivfjg 'EXXriviBac; uur)pxpiac; Kai evoc; ZaKu8ivou yaioKXfjpova pe uoXixiapo Kai Kaxaycoyfj BsvExaidviKti.. . Kai uapa-Kdxco: . . 'O ZoXcopdc; EycvE UEpicpripoc; ouv-BETOvrac; orfj prirpiKfj rou yXcbaaa oe 'Ira-XiKa psrpa, AuriKfj uoir|ar|, oxo ucpoq xou Byron Kai eusixa oxou Schiller*. "Exai ypd-cpExai uoXXec; cpopEc; fj iaxopia dud xouc, ps-ydXouc;* iaxopiKouc;.
To fj6iKo aio8r|xrjpio xou uoir)xfj bkv sp-Bii^Exai povo duo xov uaxpicoxiapo. ria8aivE-xai yid xfjv BiKaioouvir, xfjv ur|yfj aOxfj Kd8 dpExfjc; Kai xEXEioxirxac; ;
To xdgafia Enfjga tov fjXiov to 5g6jj,o xgarcbvTag Tfj Xvga xfj dlxairj orov Sifio ...
"Exai UExdxxqKE vd uupaouiai xfjv dGcoo-xr)xa xfjc; cpappaKopevric; Koprjc;, uou, pe Tfj auvriSiapEvr) dauXXoyioid, KaKoXoyouos fj koi-vcovia xfjc; ZaKuv8ou. Plaoiyvcoaxoi Eivai oi axixoi xfjc; OappaKcopEvnc; uou ouvBudc^ouv duapdpiXXa xov Xupiopo Kai xfjv vou8Eoia:
rQ nagBsva, av fjfmoqEiav ol xXdyisg nsda/iivov vd dcbaovv t,ayfj, xoaeg exa/xa xXdipsg yid asva noil OsX' exeig xr)v ngmxt] nvofj I
((Tixveg, ftgfiaxa, aocpia, xrjve xdvovv do^aaxfj,
* A Study of History, roil. 8 (1954) oe\. 679.


'O uoir|TTJc,, 6 SdoKaXoQ, ETtavaoTTric;
65
Kapis ipEvxrj, xg xgsg xg fiavgeg xaxaxgxEig oao slv' t,covxavg axXrjg xajis, xal dv xoig Xvnaai xr)v xij.ir)v oxav evai vsxgg.
Zna, acna 6v/xr)aov nmg xeig dvyaxoa, yvvalxa, dsXcprj. stona fj fiavgr] xoi/ixai ox /ivfjfia xal xoifixai nagdva ae/vr).
'o ZoXcopq elxe Tfjv TtpcTr| cpavspfj vkii
VavriOC atfjV TtOTaTtTT]Ta TfJQ KOlVCOViaQ p
t Ttoiripot auto, Tto yprjyopoc dviiKatraTrioe Tfjv KaKoXoyia a' 8Xa T aipaxa. "H Kot-vcovi auvfjXSE Ka acTtaas. "O/t pvo auto. AioBvBriKE KTtoia eyvcopoavri Ttpc, tv noirrtri. MtKpoi, psyXot Tpsc;av v xv auy-XapoGv. rioXXo Xyot koivcoviko fjyTSc; Ka fcpa Xiytspoi TtotriTc; sxav ttot tat] rj8iKfj m&paar] ar TtsptBXXov Touq.
'HBik slvai Ka t poTBo cbptapvcov tto x ZartptK tco ypatpE TCOtr)Tfjq XX Ttp TtviQv vc; XXou ouvGspaToc;, Kpa Tti oripavTtKoO Ttotr]TtK Kai yXcoaaiK, to ApTtpou.
2x TtpocoTto tou Apirpou ZoXopc; paq ^cvxccvset Iva uvax Ka Ttpoxyovo tutto TtoXeptoTrj Tto 'xt Xsktoei tv fjGtK vpo. 'H popa, psyXoq aTc; OKirvoS-Tty; ottjv v6pcTttvr| c^cofj, tou Ttapouata^st TtvTS XXa TtpacoTta, Qcoa, Svapa, Tpoc-yiKa, p t Ttoa 6 SiSaxTE t Sppa tou dcpavtapoG Tfjc; ^cofjc; ait ttjv papria. T TtpacoTta elvat fj Mapia, pt Kpri EKOCTtvTE Xpovcov, Tfjv Ttota AapTtpoc; TtTriaE, ekcc-ps pac^i Tire; Toaspa TtatSi ki' cpriaE etteito oTECpvcaTri. T tptot TtatSt, x' pasvtK, Tfjc; T TtfjpE Kat T pi;e a pefavorpoepsto. navav pyxepa. T TTapro, Tfjv Kpn, pitpEOE v Tfjv o6oEt fj pva Kai v Tfjv it>uya5i|jt. "YaTEpa n Sra tcvte xpvta 6 AapTtpoc; TtoXEpouas p auvTpcpoug tou tv 'AXfj riaaa. Zt aTpaTTtEo irapouat-t^ETat evaq voq ToOpKoc; Kai toc; sioTtotst oTt oi v8poTtot tou 'AXfj riaaa toc; 'xouv oTfjaEi KapTpt. "EirstTa, c;9apspvoc; atto toc; TtpooTaTEUTiKoc; Tprtouq toG Apirpou, tv TtaipvEt TtappEpa, tou KpuaciipEETai OTt slvai Kpr] Kai tou ^rrTst v Tf|v BacpTioEt. Tfjv pcTEETat Kai KaTop8cvt v Tfjv TtXa-vaEt KaScbq eTxe TtXavaEt Kai TtoXXc; X-Xsc; fj payEUTtKf] xptl to Tpirou Kai Tfjc; ptXtac; tou. 'AXX pt pepa vaKaXTtTst ait KTt aripta arfjv TtaXpri Ka ot Xat-p tt|c; Ttcoc; auro tou t 8upa Evat fj tta f| SuyaTpa tou. 2pvt cpcovfj cpptKT|c; Ka fj 5uoTUXi.opvri va pa9aivt ait t aTpa toG TtaTpa ttic; Tfj ouepop. ncpTEt aTfj Xipvri Ka TtvyETat. 'O AapTtpoc; yupit^Et aTfj Ma-pia. Evat ^qpspcopa Tfjc; AapTtpfjc;. 'H TaaKt-opvr| xou otpr) tv TtpoSVEt Ka Tfjc; cpavEpc-vt t X Kvt. Tte pvouv cpcovot Ka oi 5o aaps tto fjp8s v toc; Tapt^Et fJXoq tcov aripvTpcov Tfjq AapTtpfjc;
Kavvac; TtotriTfjc; o Kappt yXGaaa 8v pTtpEOE v Scast paiTEpr) TtEpiypac[)fj toG naxa, p oXr) Tfj payEa Tfjc; cpuaiKfjc; pop-cfitc; Tfjc; Ttoxfjc; toG 'touc; ko toG pEyaXsiou toG KripypaToc; Tfjc; yitiic; Tfjc; XpiaTtaviKfjc; "OpSoSo^ac;.
Kadagxaxov rjXio ngofirjvovae
xf/g avyfjg x dgoadxo vaxego csxgi,
ovyveqjo, xaxaxvi, dv negvovae
x' ovgavov a xavva ano x fiqri'
xal n xel xtvr]fivo gyoipvaovae
xao yXvx ax ngaiono x' gi,
nov Xg xal Xsi jig xfjg xagdig x yXvxei r) g~cor) xal dvaxog /xavgiXa
Xgioxg vaxrj 1 Noi, ygoi, xal xgeg, oXoi, jxixgol fxByXoi, xoi/j-aaxrjxe' [xaa axg ixxXrjaleg xg daq>voq>geg /u x fpcbg xr]g %aoag av/j,/j,a^(oxdfjxE' vol^exe yxaXig sgr]vo(pgEg dfingoax axog 'Ayovg xal qiiXrjdfjxe' qjiXrjdfjxe yXvx xe^v t*i t^Xy], naxe Xgiaxg 'vaxrj, ixdgol xal q>lXoi.
AcpvEg Eg xdOe nXdxa exovv oi xcpoi, xal fgcprj cagala axr)v dyxaXi ol fiavvsg' yXvxfpcova, xoixcovxag xr)g t,toygaq)i-o//,vsg eixvsg, yidXXovv ol yjaXxddeg' Xdfmei x arjjxi, XjinEi x xQvodcpi, n x epeog noi) xvvovve oi Xa/xndog' xdOs ngocono XdjxnEi n x' yioxgi, nov xgaxovv oi Xgianavol ax %gt.
Ztv ApTtpo Spcoc;
Kaveg dv xov jaiXe xal dv xov dive'i x cpiXl x yXvx nov (fgvEi Eigfjvrj.
'H Mapia ByaivEt v Ttpei Xiyr| 8pbot Ka payEpvn ait Tfjv TtoBXriTtKfj popcpt xfjq vxtoc; TtcpTEt a KOTaari Ka o Ba8st TtpoaEuxn, veo AapTtpoc; oxfjv KKXtioia, Tto pvEi, exei Sva TpopEp 8papa. T Tpt y-pta tou Byatvouv arto tv tcdo Ka tv kovt]-youv v toG TtoGv XptaTc; 'AvoTri Ka v tv cptXfjaouv ot OTpa. 'Avt Ttj yXuKEt Ka TaTtEtvfj Ttpoasuxfl Tfjc; Mapiac; pExpoc; Ka a88riq ycotapc; tou TtpoartaSEt v u-pt paa tou Tfj 8vapq v' vTipTCOTt[at Tfj aucpop Ka a' va Ttapocujp pyfjc; cpouXTc-vEt pEptKc; 8cpvc;, T opBoXa Tfjc; xaP^ tou riaxa, T tcetS otv STaupcopvo k1 K-oTopt^Ei BapTaTEc; Bptotq yt tv nXaTr).
Kai x ngocono ygvei cov xr) dsidcprj, xal ^a^tJjAd xovxa x Xyia gixxsV Kovcpoi, xtvrjx' ol 'Ayloi, xadwg xal oi xcpoi. Elna x' Sxga^a cbg x' fiygio piEaavvxxi. "Avxgag (x f\ fiolga S,xi xi v OXrj g ygdcprj) xov avxov xov slvai 0sg xal oe/^rei oxr)v axga dvaxvxCa' [ta' axr)v yvxrj fiov xddov xgvnixvrj, neXniai, xal xot/Mov>y
Na Eoria Xgiaxovyevva 1957
5


66
' TOinTTJc,, ????????;, 6 Tcavaaxxric;
KXaai ; xr)v marevco' elvai xif ait-dvei, xi oXrj cpXoyooXdei ara acoQixd jxov. 'Anyie KnoiOQ, ???> ,ri fXei xdvei, 10 axeiXe dna r vfja r naiid flou. Xwglg v xr) yvcog^co xtq ov dvei z) Qvyaxga aoxg axr)v yxaXid /nov. a Xemei xcbga ???? v xa^-aTt xv 'Eavx xov, yiax sxei nXdasi.
??????? Elvai ???? r\ vapri Tto tp/vei v pfj poa ??? 6 pxavr|xoc; papxwXc;. Av pyeT v ????????? ??? ??????? apoq tto Tti^Ei xfjv ???? ???. Kai ??;??6???? ????????. p ????? Xvoixxo, oxc e'ic, xfjv v-????? ??? Kupiou. Kavsic; S pioKExac v ??? kXecoec ?? pxia. 'H Mapia eXeitce. Eixe tcec ?????; xfj ipvr] ??! KEc XETCovxac; ?? ??????? vTiKEipEva v' vxavaKXcovxai ora yaXtjvca vEp sItce p ?? ?????????? XoyiK xtjc; oxc ekelvoc; eaia 6 slvac ??????, ??-Xxspoc; ait toOtov kc' yc 6 ????????? v Tcco EKEt.
Kal elg x xva, ???) $??1 &g xv xaOgcpxrj Savaxoixdei, xa)'e^ael xai nq>xei.
"Etoi kXevec fj Txn toG ????????, xrjc; Ma-piac; Kai tv Tcacoicv ????" ??'? otv ttio tto irpaaav
. . <5f efieive r\xe va xXcovdgi cpiXegrjo novXdxi v ???(?? x gdv, xr)v avyr), v xeXatrjor].
0 ZoXcopc, Sv 5XTat xi pitopEi tcot v slvai ec; toG auxoG ??? kecvoc; tco 'xei ????????????? duo tv fj8iK vpo. *H polpa, ?? Beov, S viktjoei ot xeXoc;. T p-vo tco Elvai Soapvo otv vBpcoTto Ecvai xt v yiVEi Bsc; toG ?????? ??? XX v ????-OTcaSrjaEC v QETCEpoEC, v viKfjasi tv ????? ???, p xfjv vTaar] ?????; ???? ??,?? otto xv ?????? xou ??'? ?8???? sycoiap, ?????; va ???,-X 'ISaviK, ?????; ??????? fjBiK FTp-rcEi, ?????; ?? 1610 ?? Beco.
ToOto Taipcc^Ei ??? p xfj aBuxaxr) 8pri-oKuxcKxr]xa xoG ?????]??). "OXo ??? ?? 'pyo slvac TcoTcapvo p aTrj Tfjv TciaTri ??? Be ??1 a rjBiK iSaviK.
M Tfjv ???????|??1 'QSfj sic; Movaxfjv, ??-vspcvEi pac^c p irj ?????????????|?? ??? Tfjv KavTT|xa v 5r)peoupyi ?????????, ?????; p 8pr|okUTiK ?????? ??? v ?????? ??? tcXov ???????????, vorjpaTa toG XpiaxcavcapoG.
rxvx elvai xfjg ????????? N eXexg x xdXXn. Ilixg) 'vai r) cpoegoxaxrj xov xoaov dveo^dXr], ov co ifdvei vriXaXog, o cpedvei fj xgixvia,
??????? ??! Bsog, Elvai ????????? aup-iaaxa ???; ????. ?? ???(?|?? Tcoppsi n x Be ??! ?????????1 Eie; x Be.
Ki' XXoG : T ooiaoxiKXEpo ??'? ??^??-
Tspo TCEpcEXpEvo xf]q Xr)8ivfc; vBpcmviic; ????]?; Elvai ?) ????(6? Kai fj Hioxic;. Kc' xav ???????; xv pcxr]oe p ??????? v TtpxEc Bec;, eixe Exocpri xfjv irvxriari : "Av v TcpXEC Gec;, xi Xoctcv TtpxEc ;
v aipc v Kavvaq ir xoc; FlaxpEq xfjc; 'EKKXinaiaq tco sevac ???(??|?; ???????? TtoiryiiK TcvEpaxa 'xec coei tuo smypap-paxiKfj Kai tuo ??????????????) -rcvxriari : "Av 5v TcpXEC Bec;, tc Xoctcv TtpxEc ; ????????? v ???????? xfj ?????| axfj p peyXa ypp-paxa a Xec; ???; xic; ?????????;.
* *
'? SoXcopc; ???? ?? 1828 ???? pETocKrjasi OTfjv ???????, Tfjv TcpcoTEouaa xfjc; 'ETcxavfj-oou, Tcou supfJKE BEppfj ???????? ??'? tuo e-pxcopo TTVEupaxiK ??'? koivqvik TCEpiaXXov. 'Ekec psivE caapE x xXoc; xfjc; c^cfjc; xou ja-pic, SiaKOTcf) oxev v ;aLpac Kavsic; pEpc-?? ?????? oxfj ZkuvBo.
M xv ??????? Tioirixfjc; siXe ?????? a va ???| KaXXcxEXvtK Ka fjBiK. 'AXX 5v axapxr|oe ??? x aveaapa ?????; xic; ???????; xfjc; ???????;, xfjc; xxviiq ??! xfjc; fjBiKfjc;. S Xiyo ????? xv KprixtK, XXo c;atpExo Tcoii"|pa, ax tcoo p orcvia yXcoaaiKfj pou-atKxrxa c;i5aviKEovTai Tcaxptcoxcapc;, ???????; Kai fj moxin ax 0s.
'O ZoXopc; ???? xc;i axfj ^cofj xou vcxa-xouq ??! oKoXouq okotcoc;. Mac7i p xfjv it-????] v ?????? oxf|v 'EXXrjviKfj yXcaaa, eIxe pxiasc fj va^xriaii yi xfjv oaia xeov spycov xou, fj TCoia ETcpETCE v Ecvac Kai aarf] 'EXXr)-viKf). 'H ????5??? ??? 5v fJTav v ??????-psc OTfjv "EXXoa ttjv 'iTaXcKfj ?????) XX v ???????1 p ????? vcxEpr) ??'? ao x Suvaxv tcc TEXEioTcoctipvri isc; ppovtap-vsc; p xq TcpoXEc; ^vasic; xoG 'EXXtivckoG TCVEpaxoc;, xfjv Tcapooij xou ??????? ??1??5?-t\r\os. v auvsxioEi. Zxfjv va^rjxr]or| axfj eitaXacE paa xou fj pcapavxiKfj p xfyv ????-oiKfi ISioauypaota, ?? ??????; p Tfj yaXfjvr), fj ppfj ??! ?? auvaioBr]paTiK c^sxsiXiapa p Tf|v XiTTriTa ??! Tfjv ??????????. ?' ?????????-BoGas v ?? auvSuasi ?? ?????????? ???? ??! v SripcoupyrjoEc va vo stoc;. "akkr\ iravaTaari aTf| aBopurj, XX ?osprj.
'Atto tv ZsTCTeppio toG 1830 ?????? otv rscbpyeo ??????? : EIvai ????? OTfjv fjauxca toG piKpou oou ???????? v ???????-vr|c; o,Ti paa Xsi fj KapSi . ???? xc_ popai tco S a aoavi^si ?????????; ??-vsvc; v ? ? e i 6 ? ? ?. "E, Kan,pvoi pscc; "Av fj ???? BsXfjari, fj SouXEi 6 Tcri ????' v oxc, ao ki' v XXcji Sppo ??-vec, 5 8' XXf;r| ????? ?????? ?????5????0>. KaBap ??!???1 c fj SpapaTiKfj ????????-Bsia toG Tcoir]Tfj, OTfjv itoia auvavToGas ???? avuTtepXr)Tc; SuokoXec; coots v ???1???? dcrc tte cv B pitopoEi ????? v viktjosc. Nopi^co tc arc KEt yaivEC x ????????? papa, ??? ??????1 v' ava^xriBsI fj c;fjyr|or| yiaxi ?????? ???????1?? piaoxEXEicopva x


"O TCocrrTfjq, SaraXoc;, ?????????????; 67
onouSaiTEpa spya ??? koc ???? Sv rjavE ot B9oq vTEXcoq sxapeaTTipvoq air ?????-toc ???' oT ???? elxe ??????. Auto tto ,r\-xoaE fjxav ???? av xfjv TcpoaTcBsia ??? te-TpaycoviapoG ??? ?????? koc, oTtcoq fjTav ts-XseoXTpriq, 5v pnopoGas v' vsx9s. ttcote t TcapaKcmocv. ATfj fj ?????????, Kod yco-vic&nq oiaXXa;a p tv ?????? ???, axfj fj SiKonn, vaTJTr]ar| ??? KaXTspou pat^c p ??: SuapsoTa eTxe ??? ?? ???? Ttjq. Mea ????) XeycTspo TtXoata ??? SripcoupycKfj 9 Tfjv EXE ???????? vTEXcoq. Tv ZoXcop tv pirSiOE, BBaia, va ???????????? ?????? ts-XEccopva TcoiripaTa XX ?? Kuvrjyripa ???? tcov aTpcov tv cofjyriaE TCcoa6fpTOT aTq ?????????, ???????; xrje; TtvEupaTiKfjq ??? rj9c-Kfjq oripioupyaq.
'Air Tfjv ??????] auxfj ?? ???? ??? Ecvac ?? X ? ? a XoKXr)pcopvo. ??????1?? m XoKXipcopvo Ka rao tXeio, OTtcoq 9c 6o0p Ka ??????????, ???? ?? spyo kecvcov tco pTcopsT vcxouv ?????1 TEXsicop-va TCoifjpaTa xwp'lc. pyaviKfj ??????????, Ka Xcopiq Tfjv ;ioXoyeKfj vTr|Ta ??? TsXsccoari tco exei ?? KoppaTiaapvo spyo ??? ZoXcopoG.
Zriq 5r)yq tco Scvei otv auT ??? av EiBoq npoXyou axoq 'EX9poq ????????]-pvouq ????????? Tq TcacTfjaEiq tco exei ???? Tfjv Txvri ???. Kavvaq Tcoir|Tfjq Sv exsl c;ecasi TCEpiaaTEpa fj m ???,??. 2????? Ba9i ypcpEL Tfjv ?????????| ??? TCOKEipvou ??? xf ????? Tfjq Txvr|q.. "Aq pyc^sTac ?? ??????? ????????? yc Tfjv Xn9cvfiv ooa, XX q TpTtov coote v pfj ?? ?????????? Epfj o vEq o yupvaopvoi ??? 8a9cq ... "??? ?? Tcoinpa aq ?????^?? ?? Nnpa, coq evaq aTOUTcapKToq Kapoq, ??9?)???1?? Ba9-poXoynpvoq, TcXooioq ??? Ba8q. Maa q ???? ?? Sppo povxa auyxcopEiTai v ????-E;vfjaii Kavsq, p ?? ??????. . ??????????, Tq tcXov pEyXEq ??? ?oBpq vTUTecaEiq. At Bv syivs ????? ?????? ????. "Oaoc So-Kpaaav v ?? Kvouv epsivav ;co ???? Tfjv Tosa, ??? oTcoioq s'xsi voG ov ?? ?????????.
fEpToq ano aupaap Tcoirvrfjq yi Tfjv fjpco'cKfj vTOTaan tcov 'EXXfjvcov ??? Msao-Xyyc BpcaKSt ke t 9pa, p ?? tcoco 9 pTcopoEL v ??????????? Tfjv fj9iKfj ??? vT-????| pETaxEcpc^psvoq Tfjv m yvfj ??'? te-XEiOTiotripvn, ?????| Tfjq Txvr)q.
T fjBiK vr]pa svac fj vki Tfjq 'Iaq, f| TOTCo9Triof\ xr\q, fj ?????9???]??1 toG ?????, ???-vco ???? ?? ?????? ??????????, ?? ;Ttpaapa ??? v6pcTcou ???? tv ????? ???, fj vKn, ??? auToG ???. cO ApTtpoq ?????????? yiaT 6ev tcoteus o ttcot' XXo ???? ?? ye ???. MXcq ?? ?????? KSvo ycb vTcpsTcmas Tfj Motpa 'ycvs auvTppca ???
. . v efieive ??? Eva xXwvoi
0imorfio novkxi v xabr\er\ . .
O fjpcsq toG MsaoXoyytou 5sv 9 ??9?-vouv ?????. v lxav ye. T ye Touq ??
Ecxav pETOuaiaEi ot pslq, t Exav cpcEpcaEi aTfiv 45a. T slxav toutcoei p ttjv Ta. Tfjv '15a '????9???, 'I&a ??-Tp5a,^ T5a GpriaKEa. Kappt Bca v ??????? v 9avaTcat Tfjv Ta. T ouvaT-TEpa TTjXEBXa, o pEyaXTspoc TtEipaapo, ?? ??1?????? BaaaviaTfjpca sevac vtoxupa v KaTaBXouv ??? Tfjv ???????) i6a."OXa ???? pTcopoOv v pETaBXouv, v' tpavaouv Tfj ?????? 6Xr[, ?? acopa, oxi xr)v T5a. '???? Tfjv TeXrj p ?? OTocxsa ???? KEvri ByavE ?????? qvaxr\. Ma^ xr\c, yyci^ouv Tfjv 9a-vaaa kecvoc ???? ?????????? ?? ye Touq o' aTfj.
Stoq 'EX8pouq IloXcopKripvouq Tcoir|Tfjq ^????????^?? oXsq Tq 5uaKoXq tco Exav v TCEpBoGv kecvoi o MsyXoi ot MsooXyyc yi v yvouv f;ioc Tfjq ????????-vnq Sqaq. ????????^?1 fcq pop?Lq Tfjq ????)?, ???? TcpKEirai v xaouv, tv tcvo, tv tcei-paop, Tfjv TaXaiTccopa Tfjq TCEvaq ????.
"Axga rov rcpov ??? arv xfxno fiaoixsvel' AaXe novX, nagvu anvq, x f flava r rXevei. T paria r) Tieva fiavgiOE' ara fiara f fiva
XVEl'
Stxei ZovXubrrQ xaXg ????/???? xa xXasi : "???? rovcpxi axoxeiv, ri a' e%co ytb ar %Qt; "Onov ai) fiovyiveg (ag) xi 'Ayagrjvq r gst.
'O 'AngXrg ?? rv "Eqtoxa xoqevovv xi yEXovvs, ?? oa' avdia fiyaivovv xal xagnol xa' ag/iaxa a
xXeiovve,
Aevx ftovvxi ngjara xivovfiEVo }sX.,ei,
Kai fig rfg X/.ivt]g r vega n icpQaoE i ajzova, "Enai^e /?? rv Xaxio xrg yaXt^ia nexaXova, ???) Evo'jSiaae xv vnvo xrq fiaa arv aygio xgvo'
T axovXijxxi (qaxexai a' toga yXvxei x' xelvo.
'???? Tfjv XXri pspt Tcapouaic^ETai ?? ovsipo Tfjq 5;aq ??? f| ??9?????] KavoTcoinari air tv 'Tcaivo xfjq pSTrjq.
'???? ??? ?? %gvaxsgo n x vslgax fiov Me ? ?????? oXa Igvx^aa xvtpXg xov xnov
Xfiov.
0mvri 'ne: 'O dg/?? aov yXvxg xal loaxofio-
Xio/ivog'
Sxr)v xetpaXr) aov xgjiexai fXiog /.laye/ivog' aXXrjxag xal logtpovi, yei aov, xak, xaq
aov 1
"Axov 1 vrai, axegig xfjg yrjg, efiadav x' ovo/i
aov
Tovxog, &x nov 'v oljaoxg x r) Oexi 0co-
g rov ;
Ka 5v sva pvo o vTpsq, XX ?' o yuvaiKEq ???? ????????? 9??????? ??? vxc-pETCOTCcouv oXsq Tq SoKcpaacsq.
'Axivrsxeg, axvaxxsg, XmQl? va gSovv Sxgv.


'? notriTrjc,, ????????;, Tcavaotitiq
"Ocav 'Apnrig rpariypsvoc; n xrj pupcoi no oKopnoGas ?? 8??(???? nXriai-1 ??? Tel/oc, Kai ?????^???? 5 pnopsl v' -KouoEi TiTtoTa:
tj) vvyxixfj yaXrjvrj v avxiaxoE rjxs qxuvfj, frxs ??????, rjxs avaaxsvayog' fjQeXe ??\? dxi elye
navasi fj l'airi'
ol fjgaieg ehai evcoevoi xal eaa xovg, Xyia Uve Fi xfjv alowixrjxa, ???) Xig x ymoasi. Ex dxia xal ox ngavmo (palvovx' ol axo%a-
Oo'i xovg'
Tovg Mei eydXa xal noXX f\ XQiaaOrj ???!%?)
xovg.
'?????] x EQOxag xaXov x ??????? xovg xivd-
Covv
l ankxva xovg x' f\ QdXaoaa ??? dv r\av%-
foW
rXvxi xC ???????? fj ximyr) a vxavs yaX/???, x' vipmvav u %aoysXo xfjv ?? xfj cpdaQEvrj.
"OXa aT, ????1 noir)rf|c;, ooo peya-Xrspa slvai Kai rcXov ???????, ec; too 6??|?.????? aruXonSi araivouv tt\v 'EXeuGe-pia, psoTrjv n ?? Xpoc,, yi rfjv Ttoia E'xouv Ttdpsi Tfjv ????????] v GuaiaaToGv. Kai ????????? Sivovrac; \r\ Tfjv ??????! tco pnopEi v npEi ?? vTipa rfjc; Guoiaq rcpo-oGetei. :
Kps coots piKpc, KkXoc;, poa ec; tv tcoIo KiviTai fj TtoXiopKripvr| nXr], v e-OKEir^el ec; Tfjv ????????? ??? ?? pEyaX-Tspa ?????????? xfjc; 'EXXaq, yi Tfjv Xi-Kfj Goii . Kai yi Tfjv fjGiKfi Gan,, ?? psya-Xrspa ?????????? Tfjc; 'Av8pconTr|Toc; .... ToiouTOTpTtcoq dir Tfj piKporrrra ??? rnou, nooc; naXaisi p pEyXsc; evvtiec; Suva-pQ, GXei syouv ot ???????, Ooec;.
MsyXEq aiEc; yaivoov Kai n Xa ?? XXa axEOiapaTa Tfjc; pipinc; fjXiKiac, ??? noiirrrj, tv ???????, Tfj yuvaiKa p ?? payvSi, To Carmen Seculare ?. X. n., ?? noia Sv 'xoupE Suaruxcoc; Kaip v ps-Xerrjaoups va sva Sc.
MspiKoi orixoi n r aXEiapar aura slvai pvoi touc; ???????? noifjpara, n. X- n rv ??????? :
'Avor/x ndvxa xC yQv?va
x dxia xfjg ?pvxrg ov
fj XXoc; :
"???????? q>cg xal yvd>Qiaev
vig xv avx xov
*H n r yvcoaro nanaapa :
xal xdaxga ' 0X0 xovg x (p&g xvxxovv E EQcoxeveva
xal qo eaa ov noXv, xgivog ????)? vvi&i.
'Eniarjc; n ?? Carmen Seculare .-0|co aveoxaxeaivs x axfjdog, XX eaa
'Av6iei fi xovg xglvovg xov
naoQEVixg S xa/iog.
"H:
T ZEQaqeifi syvihgiaav x [????? xfjg ?????/? ?? XxXrjQrj fj TlaodEico mXf] ???????? 'vai.
Tnior]c; n r niypappa sic; rf|v ????-?!??? ?????^?? :
?? av yi x ndia aov, KaXf\,
xC av ? l xfjv xEipaXrj aov, Koivovg 6 Xldog EpyavE,
XQvo axEtpv' fjXiog, Aiooo dv exovve yi o xal yi x fiaa nXovxog. "Of.ioQ(pog xauog, ffiixg, yysXix nXaoiivog ???. ???.
OoSoupai 8ri ???; ????????. Ti tv Zo-Xcop pnopEi kovec; v piXEi Spsc; rEXEico-tec;, ??! v exei navra ??? v npooGOEi. T 'pyo ??? slvai too vcrspo, rao |3a8u, rao ?????1??.
'? Gvarq ??? eIxe 'npoKaXoEi ??????-???) auyKivriori. '? ZnupiScov Apnpoc; no fjrav tte pXic; Mc;r| xpovcv Siriysrai ori p-vo pia ~kZj\ ???? ???????; ??? orav ????? ???^???; ar anin Tfj GXiBspf| Enpr] : 'An-Gavs. OXoi fjc;aipav Ttoiv vvoouoE yiari 6Xri f) Koivcovia Tfjc; ????????; ????????????-o p ycovia rfjv nXri T0U r 8varo. MXic; ??8?? fj i5r|ar) arfj BouXfj, SiiiyEiTai 'ApioroTXr)c; BaXacopirric;, vrmpESpoc; AvSoXoc; &1???? rfjv auvEpiav iq 'v6ei-S,iv nvSouc;.
Tf|v XXri fjppa ??? syiv Kirsia nv5r)pr| p ????????? 6xi pvo tGv arcv XX ??! nXfjQoc; yporuv Tfjc; KspKupaq. "OXoc; Kfj-poc; ?????? rfjv KoXouGia ??! f| pouaiKfj Enaii^e nvGipa pBarrjpia. ???&?? voi ofj-Kcovav r ??????? SiaoxiK ??! ^r| a|3-apioi ypovrEc; Kparouoav rie; toivec; ???.
Av f]Tav BBaia ? p r\ <; Aiovuaioc; SoXcopc;, no EKriSEovrav rfjv fjppa ^ke-vr\. THrav vGpconoc; no eIxe kXeloei paa arfjv ???? ??? ??! eIxe ???????1 TEXsirEpa n KGs XXov oyxpov ??? rfjv 'EXXriviKfj Tsa, texvtiic no eTxe noraxTE arfj yXcbaaa toG XaoG ??! rfjv eixe ???1???1, navaarrriq 5??????<; no Kfjpuc; ?? ?? EGvoc, npnsi v pGEi v Becopel GviK 5,tl slvai Xr)9iv, pvrirfjc; tcov psyXcov !5a-vikov,' ?? noia vKaGEV auyKivoOv BaGra-?? ?? eQvoc; paq. Arfj Elvai fj noXripri ???,-povopia no ???; ???]? SoXcopc;.
fi rfjv ???^ toG MEyXou kevou ????-Xcq r m noXripo XiBavcor G elvai v KGs nvsupariK pvijpauvo ?????; ?? aripspi-v eSive ??????! v ?????1?????? roq au-toc; ???; ara pEyXa'laviK, ?? noia ????-


'? TcotnTrjc;, ????????, uavaaTcVrrie,
6.
vo kipue : AiKaioovr), 'EXu9epa, 'AXrj-9sia, GpnaKEa, '??????|, Xpo. Xpoq ????? xv eocuT pac, XPo Ttpc tv TtXav pac, Xpoc; Ttpc irjv 'Av9pcoTCTriTa.
????? 6v ei vai Eia Xyia yi v Exa-piatoOv pvo t' aT. Elvai ?????????? uv-pi, Tto XXouv xrj cor) tv vBpcoTicov ca tcv Bvcv Kai Svouv ????????? yaXrjvr], iKavoTtonori Kai ??????? xav coXioouv airjv KapSi. M' ai ????????????? vra-
6ev t 'EXXrjviK eBvo. "??; ?? TtpoaupE aT. M ????? pvo 6 pnopaEi v psya-XoupyrjaEi Kai TiXi, ????? Kai v 5v exei Trjv XiKfj Svapr) tv pEyXcov ??????. Kai ZoXcopo, yi v pExaXEipioTc iktj ??? TcXi ?????|, ??? ?? aaiXEio Trjc; 'AXrjEiac; Kai Trjc; 'Aynric; tcou piaKETai 6 ????????-9e TtvTa v p kvei ???? a ,ri ??????
Ttt EyEVIK.
BAZOZ BAABIANOI
) ? j-ttfju 'Jet/6- c Mi uo rl teXotcie ????????? to ZoXcoiio {????? tv OE\cp ??? ?????|??1?, ?????????? px^C ??? 1855).
('EeviKfj Bi\io9iJKn)


ZOAQMIKOI EYrENIIMOI
*
"Exouv TtoaTr)pic;ei TtoXXc; ?????;, ??1 ?? vayvcopii^ouv oi TtepiaaTEpoi art' ooouc; axoXouvTai p ?? ???????? Kai tIc; xxvsc;, oxi yi xr)v KaXXixEXviKfj Sripioupyta povxa ol Snpioupyol 01 'l'Stoi 'xouv v TtoGv aGevxL-??, oaiaaxiK Ki 6iacpcoxiaxiK ????????? oxav GXouv Ki pixopoGv v ptXfjaouv (Ki ol kpixlko ?????), oi yvfjotoi, oxav BpiaKouv v (potvspcaouv Kxi ooiaoxtK ax ???? Tto vaXouv Kai Kpivouv, e!vai ax B9oc, Ki'a-xol v9pcoTtoi xfjc; xxviic;). Kai ETtEiSfj ???????? oxt si vai acoaxfj fj yvcpr] axfj, 9 ???? iacee Ttapc;vo, oxt av9pcoTtoc; oxi xfjc; xsxvric, XX xfjc; Ttiaxrjpr]c; TtpoBaivsi rtips v ptXfjasi yt xv Ttpcxo ???; Ttoirixri svav Ttoir|xrj Tto slvai axrj psyaXcoauvr] xou ayKpiToc; Kai ffipsq cSpsc, aio9avpaaxs oxi exei yvcopioEi ir x A ecoc; x Q x noirixiK TtpoBXfjpaxa.
'O Tcoipivc. ptXiTxfic. ?????; Sv spxsxai p xfjv ???????] iosa v ????1?1 xxoia TtpoBXfjpaxa. JAXX raaxsEi, oxt fj ??????! xou ZoXcopoG, fj uTtapc;fj ??? Kai pvrj, &v pnopEt v cpiaEi Sicpopn ??1 xpaxri xfyv maxfj-??' ouxe puopsi xfjv ??????) xou Zocopou v pfj xfj auvavxfjasi ??????? f| raoxfjpri, av slvai yvfjaia TtvsupaxiKfj vpysia ??1 oxi 6iavorrxt-Kfj Sst;ioxEXVia fj ??????????. Av 9 psivsi arc xfjv auvvxriar] axf| ouxs ouyKlvrixri ouxs vsuEpyxr|xri. Alo9vExai Xoittv Kai fj Tiiaxfjpr] ?coripf| xfjv ppfj v ????????1 ??1 v ????9??1 xf|v Eyvcopoavri xr\q axv rioiri-xfj. "EpxExai XXcooxE ?????^??; piXrixfjc; ait piv Tiiaxfjpri, xfjv Eaxopia xfjq (pxatac;) xxviic;, ?????, oooi xf|v KaXXispyoGv, ixoxxouv ypfjyopa xf) auvala9rior|, 8xi fj xxvn Elvai xfjc; itcofjc; x pya ???? ??1 Ttpcxo ??1 axf|v XPEcooxouv v TtripExoGv p xaTtEivoauvr).
Kai oxf[v TtpiTtxcoor] xoG ZoXcopoG, fj ?????-xapxiKfj 5vapin Tto B^Ei a Klviiar) xv aco-XEpiK ???; ????? slvai kxi ixavpxato ??1 TtavxoxEiv : fj ???????????] ??1 ?????????; Tto 5oKipouv ol c^covxavol v9pcoTtot yi piv v9pcTtivr, TtXi, 6r]pioupyia Tto xfjv aa9vovxat ov ?????? ????^ Iravfj, ????? TtapouoiaoxE, v ysvvfjoEt sSatpovia (9Xq v Ttco oxi ?????1???]??, XX ?????? Eipo-pia). "Oxt xxoia Sripioupyia, EoaipoviKfj, Eivat fj Ttotrjari xou ZoXcopoG, ait TtoiaSfJTto-xe TtXEup ??, 5v exSL ????? ?????^??^??. Oi pxa'Koi "EXXitvec; ?????????; Eva 'pyo xxvnc; Sv KpaxtoGvxai v pf) ???????????
ttukv xv v9ouoiaap xouc; Kai ??????? auxv itvco xou TCEptKaXXc; yaXpa, Tto aripaivEi ?????????? Kappt ??1 xap. 'EpEc; xr| SiKfj ???; vayXXiaari n xfjv Ttoiriaii xoG ZoXcopoG 5v 8 ??????????? v xfjv ??-pops KaXxspa aia9rp:fj Ttap facoq ??????-vovxac; orv ttoir|xf| 6u Sikoc; Xou axixouq :
EvxvxiaLiQ a ah ehm r Oav/? rfjg qxovrjg aov xaA arfjv yfj v avQiae axv ovgav xavva.
9 aia9av9oGps opcoq, ???? oKipoops x BaGpa, Kai xf|v Tti9upia v TtpoxcopfjaopE a c;aKptBcoEic;. Mac; kivei BBaia a' ax Kai f] pEuvrjxiKfj Si9Eari Tto Elvai ???????) p xfjv TtioTfjpx]. 'AXX ???; koXe! a' ax KaxavKT]xa ??1 x 1610 x ttvEGpa xoG ZoXcopoG, 'x ?1????>? ttvEGpa xou, ortcoc; x XEt ???????; (????. ?. 11 ek. rioXixri) ??1 oucoc; x ala9avpaax o k9e oxoxaap Tto ???; ???|?, XX ??1 o ??8 oxlxo xou oxeSv yiaxl Ka9vac; xoug eoe; oXXr^n Kai cor ?????-ar\ ??1???1 Kt ir pia ?????????]. "Opcoq 8 fjxav dTtXo'iK v ^r|xfjaop v ctaKptBcoopE x BaGpa x 5io xfjc; Ttoltioiic; xoG ZoXcopoG (tcoic; Ttox ???????? xfj yvvriari xoG Bapa-???; ??1 ?????? fj eIe e ysvt^si p TfjV TXVT) TtOtOrJTtOXE XlK fj
uXo Ttpaypa tj9eXe Bp9si paa axf|v Kivriofj xou.
T TtpcoTO ??1 anouSaiTEpo vTtKsipEvo toG 9aupaopoG ???; OTfjv Ttoiriori toG ZoXcopoG 9 slvai, &v ptropEi v Elvai aXXo Ttap EKEtvo tto p' auro aTKETai Xp9r| fj ?????1


ZoXcoptKq syEvtopq
71
?] Ttoinari : fj p ? p ? fj, fjyouv fj yXcoaaiKfi ???????! tto 'xei- ?? 'i5io KpiBcq TtEpiypappa p ?? viipa XX TCEptpiaro ???1??? vri-XaXo. "O ioioq ZoXcopq eroi aiaBvErat rfjv irolriori Kal stai rfjv TtpaypaTcvEi : oXri rfjv oaia rfjq Ttoiriafjq ???, ?? 8pXic5r) oToixsa rtiq, ?? Koiv Kal ?? Kpio (Proprio), r BXei ouppi^copva Kai rauriapva p rf] yXcaaa (Zrox. 'EX. ???. 4). Arfj rfiv pprj-via Sivsi arv aur ??? ?????????, ?? ?' Zxsoiaapa rcv 'EXsuBpcov FIoXiopKripvcov, ara XPvia 1833/4 '. 'AXX pvo fj Kaipia SiarTtcoari vfJKEi a~ xpvia ard. T viipa ???; opcoq Kai fj BEpfiXiaKfj aiipaaia ??? yi rfjv Ttoiriari fjrav fj eyvota Tto lv ara-pcovE TtoXX xpvia ???????????. Me ???? Sia-rTtcoari, XX m dTtXfj, rfj BpiaKopE r 1828 9 a pia ar]psicoari rfjq ruvaiKaq rfjq ZicuBoq : Kai fj ?????) ??; si vai r vrpa yi ?? Xr|8iv BaB viipa ??? ???? Ttpdy-paroq (e la forma sia l'abito del vero senso profondo d'ogni cosa) -.
T ZoXcop, vai, rv arapcOvE fj eyvota arfj a'oXir rou rf) ^cofj. 'Epslq opcoq SiaBdtpv-raq e ? ? i p ? ? ?, roq arixouq ??? anvia aiaBavpaare ??? dir roc; irvouq ???, ???-Xdxiaro drt rv ?????? ??1 ?????, dTt ?? 1833 ??1 uarspa. 'AXX ki auro t xpovik avopo Etvat iacoq aBaipEro : yiari, XTq dTt TtXEiara ??????? TtouipTcov rou m TtaXiuv, rfjv i5ia ouyKvr|ar) dir rfjv e ?-?????) tto n tu x ???; pEraSivEi Kai TtE^c; Xyoq xrjc; vXTpr]Triq rovai Kaq Trjc; ZKuBoq. ?????? v iraps arie; uspi ??)??; TtapaXXayq, Tto a' oXir ??? rf) cofj ouvEuav rf| Sripioupyia rou Ttoir)rfj, Kai axfjv aroKpiHKfj rcov aipEicoprcov rou, yi v ?????|????? rfjv ycovia roG 5r|pi.oupyo0, Ttoloq ki ???? pEiq, fjauxoi, xalP\io:axe kBe ???? rfjv 5aipovi dn piv mruxia ??? ekeTvoc; Baoavi^Erai via ? fj v ir t ? u-x t a, rfj pia Kai pvri. Baaavi^Erai rao, Gote oxi pvo ?????????^1 Xova rie; Xc;Eiq fj rfj Bari rouq, dXX Kai 5v tar^ei yt rv i&io orixo v &OKip^',dTt rfj pt TtapaXXayfj arfiv XXr], ??1 X;tq p rfjv dvriBErri KptBcq oripaaia. Zrv ??????? rt.x., copipo epyo roG 1847)9, voq "AyyXoq tto KoXupTtsi dKoEt ?;???? ?? KEX'iSiapa vq TtouXtoO Kal Xei : Kovr 'vai ?? ?????????? ??1 ???? Sc yuppvo ??' & rfjc; SoKipc^Ei, fj eIxe SoKipaEi, arie; TtapaXXayc, prJTtcoc; t vrjpa eyaiVE e^co KaXrEpa p rfjv ?????????! slKva : y t alspo, ki arfj f| TtETpoKaXapfjBpa- Kal TtXt : ebav Bopidc; arfj, ?' ycb av ???????????'[8??.
Kal opeoe; 5v rcpxEi srEpr) yvcpr) yi t ori Ksivri rfjv n [ t ? x i di trj pia Kal pvri, xr\v ?????????? aTtsipsc; ?????;. Mi-XrjaapE TtpcoTrepa yt roc; Eroipouc, otxouc; tou p rfj ouvirBiopvr) aiipaaia toG ??????-Xsicopvou. 'AXX B pTtopouas v 'xsi Kai xfj aripaoia, on roc; pfjKE ?????? sroipouc;. Xcopic; Ttapa&ocpXoyia, auro Elvai acoc; p-yaXTEpoq ETtaivoq Tto pttopEi v toG yivEt : ???????] rao Kpta, ????1?, KXvrirri ??1 TEXeicoriKfj, Kal Spcoq rao ?????? ??! ???-nlaarri, ysvvd rfjv ????1?8?1??1 ircoq ??? x" plarr)k "AvcoBev. ???? dyvcptarrj exei yl-vt fj yXuaaa paq axoq arixouc; rorouq Tt.x.
"EXeya nie, rfjv Xa '<5ei noXvv xaiov nieai xv a va loyoarpiaxr] /x Oav/.iaa/x nsoiaao nave rf)v elys gmrix noirjOei ????/wg piov xv t' oveiqo, rav /?' e'gsye ?? yXa rrjg ?-
TQg /j,ov. (Kgr]Tixg 21)
rioX acoar pEpiKoi KpinKO paq psXETCvxac; r ZoXcop BupfjBr]Kav tv po tto dXXot a-BevtikoI ripioupyol roG Ttoir)TiKou Xyou ps-TaxEipiarriKav yi roq arixouq KEtvouq Tto fj aiviypanKfj ??????^?? rouq 5v Kai pai^i p' arq riq iiTtiTEq, Tt-ar] syvEta, nan pxovrtKfj dvEor] ??1


72
ZoXcopiKq Ey&viopq
???????, KaTopGcvsi v Slvsi atq X-cjeic; fj xxvq toG TtoiriTr|. Z'-.???? G. Ttpoa-oteGe, ?????? ait tv KpnxiK 1833) Ka ?????, kocI ?? ???????? pGoq toG XyoU : fj ???????] slvai ??? FloXuX, Tto Tfj pstaxsi-pt^stai yevtKcTspoc cbq yvcpiopa toG ????-poG XXr|ViapoG 7. Katyeiai opcoq fj etutu-Xn^vri autfj vvoia Ka fj ???????, Tiiq dir piv yaTtripvri sKva ??? ZoXcopoG, Tto aupBoXt^ei yi' axv t eSlk ypaq toG XXriviKoG ttcou. "Exoi ??.?. aToq 'EXeGe-pouq rioXiopKTjpvouc, : XX OTfjq Xtpviiq ?? VEp, ti' Kvrvr 'vai ki onpo,kviit' ???? ki v 5eq ??! ????????' coq tv ?????, p piKpv iokiov yvcopov ETtait;' fj ?????-Xo5a ... (?'. 6. 11 13). Ka TtaXi axf| rovaKa p ?? payvt : Ka pq ??? TtXouToq cjaTEpo c;ayvvTuq ?? pGoq, OTicoq pq ??? BaGi vp toG KaGapoG TteX-you Tfjv ?????' Kivr|Tri GcopEic; p xXcopa-ai VTopvri (??????. KaXooyopou). "Exouv Kpsi oTOq vecTepouq xpvouq ????| ????-????? toG yvcoptapaToq Tfjq Siauysiac, yi v XapaxTTipaouv ?? spya toG eXXtTViKjOU tcve-paroq, coote ?? yvcpiopa ???? 'xi Xaoei oXeov KQs xPI^lM-ttitcx. AiayEta exouv Ka ?? ???? vsp Ka fj KoivoTOTta. Movxa otov fj oiayEia Eivai yvcpiopa toG BGouc,, pvo ?? ?;????? BGoc; xapaxTinp^Ei Ttpay-???1?? Tfjv oa toG XXriviapoG. Ka Elvai aT ?? ?;????? pGoq toG Xyou ??? Zo-XcopoG tto kvei coote v aoGavpaoTE, oti t pari ???; Ttst BaGi coq Tfjv ooa toG Kapou, vco, pai, vayaXXti^ops p Tf|v ?????? Tfjc; Txvnc, av v BXTtops ottjv TtpTri fjppa Tfjq Aiipioupyaq Tfj q"cofj Tto ?? TtouXl ptaoTtXaapvo ????? exs ???????-Tspa aaGavGE p tv KsXa'iSiap ??? Ka tv pa xTTtouvE p ?? eot ????? ???8.
Av 'xouv ?????1?1 pepata o peXett)-Tq v TtpoPXouv Ka v pvfjaouv 6ircoq toG q4si ?? ??????? KaTpGcopa toG ZoXcopoG OTfjv ???????- ?????1 opcoq, Evai yi paq ocoTfjpto, v Gup^opE c;av ??! c;av Tfjv vuTtoXyiOTr) Ka, Kpii af|ppa, vfic;vTXr|-tt| or|paaia ??? 5????|????? ycva toG ZoXcopoG p Tfj yXcooaa, tco, pa p ?? vr|-pa Tfjc; Txvriq, ypioE Tfj ouvsoriofj ??? ?' ???| ??? Tfj ^cofj. Ka kvei TtpaypaTiK ??-??????]5?] p Ttari EGucopa ee ko p ir-ar\ 6uvapr] ouvXoPe Tfj oripaata Tfjc; yXca-oaq ??! ?? PGoq toG yXcoaaiKoG TtpopXfjpa-Toq voq tcv 26 XPovav- ???! 6v Etvai TtEpPoXfj av TtoGpE, oti ????????? ?? pyi-??? yXcoaaiK ?????????? toG ZoXcopoG |3pi-OKETai, Ka cbq TtvEupaTtKfj ????)?1? ??! cbq pGo5oq yt Tfjv TtpaypaTOTtotriofj ???, otv vuTtoXytoTriq aripaataq AlXoyo ??? 1824. M ?? XPvia TtXoTrive ??! pGuvE Pepata fj yXcoaotKfj ??? prteipia, XX oute Gor] ??? yXcoaaiK c^fJTripa XXac;s oute SavtK yXooaq. 2?? 1856 Tommaseo, TtvsGpa icpt-tik Ka EaoGriTo, ?'????? : ?? SokoXo elvai (oTtcoq ???? Xei SoXcopq) v Tt-
psiq ir Tfjv Koivfj auvfjGEia Toq fjxuq, v Toq KpEiq v c;riyoOv ???????? oxi koi-v, Taiptc^ovTq Touq coote v Xv 8,ti Ecoq ???? 5v etie KavEq ??! opcoq oXoi v Toq KaTaXaPaivouv ??! v Toq aloBvovTai. MiropE pepata fj SiaxTicoari aTfj, Tto pap-Tupe PaGEt pitsipa toG ???????, v Pyai-vei ir au^r|Tfjoeiq Tto EKave Tommaseo p ?? ZoXcop ??? xP0Via 1849 1854 oxfjv ???????. OoiaoTiK 8pcoq ?? Xyia ???? 5v Kvouv XXo Ttap v ?????(^??? tic, aEXEq KEVEq ??? AiaXyou, Sitou Zo-Xcopq p ?? TtapSetypa ??? Dante c;r|ye, Ttcoq peyXoq ?????????? EyEvtc^ei Tfjv Kotvf| yXSaaa. 'AXX aTfyv Kptpuq Tfjv TtotoTiKfj ????????1 exe aaGavGE OTfj yXcoa-oa toG ZoXcopoG fjri TptKOTtriq ax 1825 KpivovTaq tv ?????? 5r)poaiupvo Ypvo otiv 'EXEuGEpla : f\ Epuxcopa rfjq ?????-oaq toG ttoititoG ????????? Ka aura ?? ote-v opta Tfjq Koivfjq paq yXcoaoaq, Tfjv itoav Ka vpaoev q ?? ???| tcv ecv tou. Ka t 1610 KpiPcq 5avtK 5taTUTtcvt, irto ovGeto, TtotriTfjq t 1833 ??? ??1??)?? ypppa ??? otv ????????] : xapopat v TtapvovTai yi c^EKvripa ?? 5?]???1?? ???-yo6ta, 9 'QsXa opcoq oiroioq pETaxstptc^ETai Tfjv ?????1??| yXcaoa v xfj peTaxeipc^eTai aTfjv ooa Trjq Ka oxi OTfj ?????] xr|q, p vicGsic; ; Ki oao yt Tfjv Ttoriori, TtpoE^e ????, ???????] ???, ???! pepata ???? evai v ptXVEi Kavsq Tq pc^Eq ??? ttvco a' ???? ?' xvpia, 6v Evai opcoq ???? v ??????? EKEt' TtpTtEi v ????????1 ??????????. Av pc av ????????? ???? Tfj ?????] ??? etoi PiaaTiK Tto ??????. 'H ?????1??] iroiriari evai ??????] ?' ??????????? KaGcoq p' aTfjv TtapaTiiaav veTttTfjeuTa o ?X??eq Tfj c^cofj Touq, Tq 5eq Touq ??! ?? aoQfjpaT Touq. Av 'xi ?? 5io ????????? ??? 6ik paq ?????' t eQvoq tx\xo\ dir paq t Griaaup rfjq 6iKfjq paq oivoiaq, Ttjq TopiKfjq, VTup-vov Gvik.
Evai ??????, 6ti 6 ZoXcopq ?????? t-Toia aiipaaa ??? XPoq ??? Ttpq Tfj yXGa.-aa, Tti6f| TtoX vcopq ????????, oti p a-Tfjv fj Tcouiofj ??? fJTav auppi^copvri Ka TauTiapvrp' fj yXSaaa XoiTtv paql p t vripa Tfjq Txvriq itoTXEoav ?? 6u o-????????? ??????1?? Tfjq TtoiriTiKfiq ??? (aq 5caop, TtpxEipa ????????? ??! pTtei-piK, ?? ovopa TtoirTiKfj ??? aviK fj ??? 6aviK tto ex 6 ZoXcopq yi Tf| ????^ ??! ?? ????????: Tfjq Ttoir)afjq ???). Elvai aXXr) pia ???? ??????]??1?? Ttao vcopq ??? 'pyo toG ZoXcopoG aaXeui airpoq Tfjq Ttoir|TiKfjq ??? ortcoq paq Evai yvpipn ti t copipo 'pyo ??? ??! dir Toq aToxaapoq ???, ??! p Ttar) auviteta Tfj ???????? v ???????? ??! v pXaoTavei TtXoaia ir tv TtpcoTo Kevo oirpo. *H vapri toG ott-pou ????? Xi yvsi vpyEia irta fj5ri aTfjv TtptXXr|TT aripEicoari Tto ?????? 6 voq tcv 26 27 xpvcov ??? Ttoir)pa Eq t GvaTo


ZoXcopiKq syEViopq 73
??? ApS Mirupov (1824)5). OXr\ xnq xfj ar\-paoia Spcoq Tfjv ??????? fj anpsLCoaq axf) p-vo Sv Ttpoac;ope, 8ti ????????? Ka ttkpi-ar\ ???? xfjq Txvnc; xoG pvopsvou ?????-pov : Mirupov Tcappoiai^s q ?????? Ttpapaxa xv MXtov... 'AXX ixouxo x poi-aipo Sv x EpiaKEiq ????? ????? Mudupov x jjBXnas, yiax MiXtov peXsxouaE tcoX Toq OTxouq ???. 'H SuoKoXi xfjv Tiocav a-oSdvsxai ?????????? (piXc yi x psy-Xo ?????????) 6v otekei sic; x v 5sc;ei cpavxaaia ??1 TcSoq, dXX sic; x v Ttox^si ax x Suo ????????? p Kaip Ka p ktco sic; x vripa xfjc; Txvriq. 'AXX fj iSia Kpi-Bcq XsTtxfj axfj auvEinari, pvo, TtXouaicTEpri ??1 BaBuxspri, Eivai tto pyxspa ax xp-via xcv 'EXsBspcov noXtopKnpvQv ppnvssi xv aux Tijq p xv dKXouSo oxoxaap : 8X0 x rioiripa q ??????^?1 x vr]pa, cbav 'vaq axouTtapxxoq Kapoq, paBripaxiK Ba8-poXoyripvoq, TcXoaioq ??1 BaBq. Maa sic; ax x Sppo povax auyxcopsixai v ????-t;svrjasi Tivq, p x ??????? ???????? ????-pxjpaxa, xq tcXov psyXsq ??! ??????? vxu-TtcoaEq. Ax 5v syivE ????? dpKEx ????. "Oooi SoKipaaav v x Kpouv (cbq Epi-TcSriq, ??! p' axv oi TiEpiaTEpoi tcv vsco-xspcov, o Ttooi slvai TcaiSi xou), 'psivav eco duo xfjv 'ISa, ??! ?????? 'xsi voG Sv ?? ???????1. Ka dvpEaa ax 5u ax KEps-va x ????????|??1.?? xouxo xaPf tto x 'Ey-????? xou ?????????, ax xXr\ xou 1827 : . . ax TcounxiK ????????? . XPlo:?Exai v auXXBops p x pao Suvaxcv ouv&ua-apcov x dXriBiv, KBovxaq x ??????? ppr), coaxE [x Xr)6iv] v pEVEi ax TtVEupa xou dXXou ????????^?? (ax tco vopc^sxai oxox^EoBai), Ka TcXaxavovxq xo v x ??-xaaxiioopE ?????? p ppSiEq ??????; (??1 ax Evai fj ??????1?), Ka v 'xops xfjv ???-Si ??????? oxq svxuTccaEiq xcv vxiKEipvcov axcv (ax s vai x aaBdvsaBai) ... 10 Zx Xcopo ax Ttoir|xf|q, 29 xpvcov, TipoaTtaBsT v vaXasi xf|v TtvsupaxiKfj XEixoupyia tco SnpioupyE x Tioiripa Ka tto xf)v BXei av-8sxr| dito axoxaap, ???????? Ka aaBripa. "Ac;io Ttpoaoxfjq slvai, oti yEVEaioupy Tcupfj-va, ??! ??? axaBEpfj syyriari yi x Tcoinpa, BXei x axoxaap, xfj oXXiqi|ji'| xou XrrBivou. 'AXX Evai Ka XXicq TtoXxipo x ???1 xouxo : ir xfj pia pEpi, Evai x airppa xou axoxaapoO xcv "EX. ???. tto ESaps' Ka n xfjv dXXr|, dvaKaXsi ax voO paq Ka xfjv tce-?1????! dTtdvxriari tto eScooe, 19 xpvcov, axv Monti TcpsTcsi irpcxa p Svapri v auXXBEi voOq ?' sTTSixa fj KapSi Bspp v aioBav-Bsi 6,xi vouq auvXaBE, Tto BsBaicvExai sxai ki n acoxspiKoq Xyouq oxi slvai a-BsvxiKfj Ka oxi 6sv slvai yvvripa irXoG ttei-apaxoq. T io ??????, 26 xpvcdv, ax Aid-Xoyo, yi xq 5o ??????! pia ax vou, aXXri axfjv KapSi, tto sivai dvappvsq ir Tfj ??-ar| siq Kiroiouq vBpcTiouq' Ka ???) aripEco-an, ??? "Ypvou Tfjq 'EXsuBspiaq yi xfjv ppo-
vta xoG axixou tto Sv slvai ??????? oXo pri-XaviK, dXX slvai E;XEXiapa Tfjc, ????^. Ka pyTEpa, copipoq doioq 8 Xarpsei TtvxoxE, Sq ?? TXoq, xfjv fjSiaxrjv au^uyiav xoG XoyiapoG Ka xoG vsipou.
Oaico&axaxo TrpBXripa xfjq copipnq Ttoir)-xiKfjq xoG ZoXcopoG, Ka sva ???? x tti 5-?????, Evai itcq fj xxvr), ????'11? va cisuxsXi-i^Ei xfjv ^iOTtpiTEi xiqq Ka xwp^ va duioxs ax ik xriq ??????, xv aanxiK, B slvai Xpfjaipr| ax fjBiK ?????????? xfjq vBpcoiT-xnxaq. Ti' ax axapaxoGps, ',a rsviKCxEpa, oTcoioq psXsxfjasi xfjv Ttvsupa-xiKfj xopiKxrixa xoG ZoXcopoG, paa ax 40 TcspiTcou xpvia tco Tcpaaav ???? xxs tco dp-Xios v ripioupys Ecoq x Bvax xou, cq dSiKOTco yiyvEoBac Ka oxi cq ???????????-vo Evai, Sv pitopE v pf|v ??????????! BXTeovxaq ????? fj Kcvtrari xoG TCVEpaxq ??? oxi pvo slvai ??????? XX Ka Sv XX^Ei KaTEuBuvor) ??????? tco Sv ????????1 ??-BXou, oxi oxfjv TtopEa xou axfiv x ypu-Tiva pxca xou yvcpioav Ka npaECiav ????-X Kaivopia ?????????. Av BXco ??????? v dpvr|6c Tq TcSpasiq tco 5xtt|K So-Xcopq, 6aq sivai arjpspa Ka oosq ?????? B yivouv aupio yvcooTq. "Ec;iaou oinpavTiK 5poq slvai, 8ti t Sppo xou xv 8pis, coq eva |3a6p xouXdxiaxo, iSioq' Ka 8xi fj Kpi-xiKfj xou Svapri EprcaivE dpocaq o vpyEia yi v Xyc^Ei xf|v Kaivopyia piiEipia Ka v Kpaxfjasi ax xXoq 8,xi axq ????^?|-xoGoe. BBaia, OTtcoq xvias floXuXq (???-Xfiy. 26 ekS. ???.) fj ??1?1? xcv anpavxiKCo-xpcov ??????????? paxaicvsi Tcdvxa Tcspia-axspo xf|V TcpoaTcBsia v KoXouBfjoopE tv Tcoir)xf|v iq Tfjv dSiKOTcr)v TtpoSov toG tcve-paTq ???. Ka 8pcoq, ????? ?? ?????? toG ZoXcopoG, ete ?? vKaBsv yvcooT, ete 8,ti dyvcooTO ???????1????|?? pyTEpa, fj ?????| ??'? pEpiKq aBsvTiKq ?cXrlpo?opiEq, pdq tcc-TpTcouv v yvcopaopE Kiroiouq OTaBpoq toG Sppou ???, ?;???1^????? pXTcovTaq uvra Tfjv cSca KaTEBuvor]. GappEL Kavvaq ircoq ZoXcapq, SiaPi^ovTaq, aTOXac^pEVoq, yp-??????, piXcvTaq, dXXo Sv EKaps ????? Sc-itfjaaTO auTv, av tv 'HpkXeito. 'H tccv-SapiKf| xf| y v ? ? ? ooq aoc p a -8 co v (???. 2 131) oTtvca TcpaypaTorcoifj-8r|k p tot) ????|????)??.
0 pTcopouos sSc v TcapaTripriSEc, oti pi-


74
ZoXcoptKq Eysvtapq
Xcvrag too TtoX yi Tfjv TtoirjTiKfj toG ZoXcopoG c;eLiaKpuvau.s ti Tfjv Ttoir|afj ???, Tto Etvat ?? TtoX tuo airouSao Scopo ??? a pag. *AXX, ycpls vc5c ^avaTuaops Tfj oucjj-Tirar] Ttoi dir ?? Suo svEpyoDos TtpcorrEpa ??? ZoXcop, fj TtotriTiKrj ??? Gecopt fj fj Ttoin-ofj ???, vopl^co 6ti ??????! Kavvac ????? v UTtooTr]pie;i, 8rt ??? ZoXcop TOXxtaro Sv Tcpxei dc;ioor)picoTr Ttaraori xpvou Kal ?????????] oatg dir Tfj pia arfiv aXkq. ElSt-??????? ??1 aGEvriKCTara ZoXcopiKfj Elvai fj ?'??????] p Xoyiap koc p ovEipo, ot Bua TtoXTipEq Xcic, ????, t^EuyapcopVEg TtvTOTE SrjXcvouv ?????; ?? SriXo puaTiK ??? viaiou TtvEparog |3.
'AXX Kal fj TtoiriTiKfj Kal fj tioitioii ??? ZoXcopou TtporaXoGv Kal yi svav ?????] X-yo ?? Gaupaap : g auXXoyiaroCpE itao ?? XXrjviK TtvEupaTiK ?&???? fJTavE oxe&v Xpao yi tt]v eISikti ???????) KaXXipysia, yi rfjv TCola fj ????} sTxe Ttpoopiasi ?? tiveG-pa ??? ZoXcopou, ??1 ?1 ?????????? arg v PydXsi dir ekeivo.Zt rspono yXcoaoiK tou ?????????? piKpfj PorjGEia ????????? v exei (pEGoSiKfj fj TrpaXTiKrj) dir rog ???????????? ??? ?!???? rfjg yXcaaaq toG XaoG, ??????^?, XpioTTtouXo, BnXapd' Kal yi ttj yXcaaa tcv BnpoTiKcov rpayouSicv yprjyopa eISe Ttcg fjra-ve XapTtp GEpXio, oxi 8pcog 8X0 ?? Kaivop-yio xtlpio. Kal ?????; ????????? Kal xpioE ??? sGvog ???; yXcaaa tto Evai fj ???' t;o-Xf|v Kavf] v ?????^?1 Trj ????????? cof| toG nvEparog Kal oxi c^Epg XoyiKg prixavt-apg, 'iKavg coav ?? paGnpaTiK ???????, v TcnpETEi tv voG pvo (???????, ???-Xy. 15 ???.). Movo ait ?? ZoXcop Kal ?????? aloGavpaoTE, oti pxi?i fj ?????? Tfjc; Koivfjg XoyorEXviKfjg Kal TtVEupaTiKfjg yXcaaac;, orfjv uola oups Kal arjpEpa. ZTfjv ??????], TtXi, aloGvGnKE pepata pacog ??1 TtEpiooTEpo dir KBs XXov ?????????1????? Ttriyq XupiopoG vcTEpou Ttfipxav ??? Siipo-TiK rpayou&ia ??1 ??? TcoirjpaTa rfjg Kprjrr|g, dXX ki' ???? fjrav yi ?? ZoXcop fj pxn pvo, oxi ?? Tppa. ? l ?????? vo sTSog tv eoTtpcoxvE fj ????) ??? v poxGrjaEi' Kal ot ?? vo slSog tv paoavt^si too, coote tt-te piXsi ElpcoviK yi' aT??????; ?? 1828 arlg aijpEtcoEig Tfjc; ruvaiKag Tfjc; Zku-GogKal tcte p vaarsvaypog ?????? ?? 1830 ?' va ypppa ??? Ttpq ?? rscpyio ???????. 13 "??1?? ???? Suaruxiav, XEi -??????? (???? 21 ???.), toG ZoXcopoG fj p-?xcoor| ir TtvEupariKOq vGpcTtouq p-???????| Tto ZoXcopg G Tfjv ETtatpvs p-vog ??? ??1 ???? Tfjv dvTtGEar) ? ? p a p w v poTxvcov ???. "Av t;atpoopE ?? MvT^a-po (tco ??? 1850, ?????? ???? yvcopipia 22 Xpvcov, ?????? p EataGriala ??1 c^uSp-KEta Evav ttoX Xetit ???????)???? ??? ZoXcopoG) ??! acoc; XxtoTouc; dXXouc; ??? ??-??????? ???? xt xpvlt ??? ????????;, 6Xov tv Kaip ZoXcopc;, povaStKt;, fJTavE Kal povaxtKc;. ZTViTommaseo XsyE : Etpat
OTfjv ???????, Sv Etvat opcoq Sc fj t^cofj ???. 14 OXo eSive, Sv 'TtatpvE. Tt ?? Gau-????? toG ZoXcopou ???? Etvat ouyKXovtaTt-k' yiarl Etvat SokoXo v ?????????, OTt fj ?????????| aTfj pitapEt v EvofjaEt Tfj br\-ptoupyta. 9 eIxe tacoc; pvo, ???; copEC; Tfjc; Sinptoupylac;, KTtoisq aTiypc; SuvaTfjc; x^pS^ ???? Tlq psptKc; TttTuxlsc;. Miropst Kavslc; v ?????????. 8ti tacot; tetoicov OTtypcv fj ESat-povla o9r|K OTOg ?rlXoc; keIvouc; otixouc; tou yt Tfjv ???? Tfjc; Aripioupytac, toG ?????? oTtou Sv TtfjpxE Kpri Kavva otI v Ko-at Tfj Poufj ???, Kal ??????)?; Xopvaxoc; dyptKaE p xaP, otIxouc; Tto (ppvouv ??? voG ?? topato toG 'EpTtESoKXfj yt tv Z?atpov : povtij Ttsptriy'i yatcov.15
'H KptTiKfj vdXuor tcv Ttotripxcov toG ZoXcopou, dir' tv ?????? (tto KaX tv
ElTtaV TtpCTO Kal TeAeICOTIK KptTtK tou) l6.
eoe; tc; fippEg ???, ?? exel dvEpoEt o ????? OTuXoTtSt yt Tfjv Esalata TtotTr)T ???? ??1 ????? vapyoTEpa ?? oTotXEta Tfjg dSo-Xrig yoriTslag ????. Kal fj aoPapf| TttoTripovt-Kfj 'pEuva tcv ??????????? Kal dXXcov Ttriycv EXEi ????1??1 TtoXXg TtXsupg Tfjg ???1??? ??! TtvEupaTiKfjg 1????1?? ???. Elvat TtiGav, 6ti G ylvouv Kal dXXsg ????????1? OTfjv ??-TEGuvar] aTfj Kal G ?????????? tacog v p-GopE ????? pEptK OTotXEta yt Tg TtvEupa-TtKg Ttryyg air' oitou Sexttike TtapoppfjaEig Kal ETttSpdoEtg. Atap^ops, ??????, ktiote Eva ??1?? Tto ??? ???????1 p Tfjv ?????? pTr|Ta ??1 Tfjv ?????????? ??? :
Haiioi yaQoi teal aiyavo na fivQtayanrjfivoi
Kal G Ttalpvape ???? Ttcbg Etvat toG ZoXcopou, K.al opeog evat Tfjg '?????1??1? 17 '???-aric; ??????^???1, oti G Ttaouv ?????) psptK aTEyav ???'????? paa ??? ???? ??! axfj e^cof) toG ZoXcopou tco otkouv ?????] opOta dito ouvfjGEta ??! Kvouv, fiate, xwPk v ?? GXopE, XXrivtK ??! IxaXtK ?????? ??1 pto-TtK ysyovTa Tfjg IStag ??????? toG ZoXcopou v ?? ???????? ov Koppxta ????? ????;? ???? poXovTt ??1 ????? aTfjv Tfjv ?????-Guvar) fj 'pEuva exsL KpEt oTtouSata pfjpaTa. "Etoi G auXXPopE tuo Kpta Tf|v TtvEupa-TtKfj ????? ??? Kal G Tfjv a'taGavGoGpE Beppf] OTfjv Klvriofj Tiig, oTtcog fjTav ??????? fj aicovt-????? ??? Gavxou pETaPXst tnl ?????? tv TtotriTfj otv auT ???, ???? tv yvcooT ox'txo ??? Mallarm.
v G pTtopsaopE ?????? v c^avrXrjaopE rlg alrtEg ??? GaupaapoG ??? Ttpg ?? ZoXco-ptK pyo, TtEtSf] Kal fj ???? ??? oteveei ??1 TtpoTtvreov ol t;lEg ??? TtvEpaTog etvat ov ?? KXXii toG opavoG Tto ppr] raa ??1?????1 ??! ppr) 'vai Kpuppva. T XPog rcv dvGpcTtcov rfjg Ttiorfjprig v peXetoOv StKOTta ??! ooPap tv Ttoir)Tfj sivat TtoX ptKp rlpnpa yt rlg TtXoaiEg EEpysalEg Tto EXouv v SsxtoGv dn' arv, dv pepata fj tu-arf|pr) sivat TtvsupaTiKfj vpyEia. "Exouv


ZoXcopiKc; EyEvtopc;
75
??????? TtpcTOc v Ss/touv xrjv 5atpovia tco ysvva rj Ttotriari p ir) 5vaprj ??|?; v pc; ?;???????1^?1 Ki v ???; ^avayac^Ei ??????-vikoc;' ir\v ?????????| no aia9avpaaT Tt ir) auvvrriari vc; yvrjaio'j TcvEparoc;' rrjv EOyvEia Tto psraoivEi f| Ttoiriari ??? ora oca9rjpccTcc Kai ara volpara Tto 'xouv x^veu-tei poa ir\q : air)v yirri ???, EXEuBspcac; Ka Tfjc; 'EXXSac;, arrjv i5a roG '9vouc;, air)v eIkvo xoG v9pTtou. "?????) pTtopsi ri etu-axfjpr), v psXExa x ZoXcopiK 'pyo p y-Ttr), v BXTtst ?;?????? Ka psptK ????????-pva 9spaxa 5iK ir\q v Ttcxipvouv arto rv Ttoir)Trj Katvopyta ^????????? : c; eTtixpaTtsI ??. ?- v aripEtcoco ????, ort peXettittjc, tcv EiKaaxiKcv texvcv, Tto <;pEt Ttot Ttpcoxapxt-??) vxtvopia TtpxEt vpEoa oir)v opaci] Ka air) a ? e ? r] Ka irao ????????) arjpa-aia EXEt oir)v ixvr\ f\ vxtvopia axrj xao yt xv KaXXtxxvri 8ao Ka yt xv 9saxr] xfjc; xxvr]t;, 9 XaPE~l XaP pEyXri iaai^ov-xac, oxrj yuvatKa xfjc; Zku9oc; : Ka pxtaa v auXXoyiarco.... Ka x pxt, TtpoaiiXcopvo axv ????????), ???????????? arto x Xoyi-op. 'AXX KoXoBcog 6 Xoyiapc, piro-5toxr|KE Tt x pxt. ;H 9aupata Tta-pax>ipr)ar|, p ir) XaxpEuxrj ??????????], auy-yEVEEt p r Xyta roG ?????? : axoxa-apg Etvai tuo vbiaippav ait ir) yvcar], XX oxt Ka ir rrj 9aor].
"Exei opcoc; xEXoq r) Tttaxrjpn v SexxsI ir xv Ttotr|xri par; pt EEpysoia tuo apu-rtpr) ococ; Ka Tto 9 ???; EyEvtaEt oxi Xi-ycxEpo : xrj StapKfj Ttapouata xf|c; rj9iKfjc; xoG TtvEpaxoc;. Ttax x ? a X , Tto psc; auvri9iCopE v x vaXops a ?'??^???] Xap, yvcoariKT] ??????? Kai riKr) ????????], yaivEt ???? ?? spyo roG ZoXcopoG pptaro, Koppxtaoxo, ???????????; ara pxa'K X-XrivtK xpvta. EiiKrara r) irtaTiipri 'xei v Ttpoac;t rrjv ppivEta tto ???; epxExai Ka ir xrjv Ttotriari Ka Tt x TtEC^ Xyta xoG Ttoirrrf] ???;, tto ?(???? xv covpaaav rj9iKrj ????????'?? 18 1 Zxiypaxii^el ekevouc; tto exouv EityyeXpa ir\v TtoXup9ia oxt ee;
pao ???!?? (sapienza) XX eoe; okotc. ('???. ?????. a. 189 ???.) Kai Evat tXXa-Xxoc; x9pc; xfjc; TtoKptaiac;, xfjc; ?1?????????; Ka xfjc; ???????????;, (???????; 24 ????.) i" Ka Kxt Ttt ????????? ????? : ????????; Tto, v<5 ??;???1^ Xoug p ir) pova5iKfj EKoXia XX Ka ir)v ??\?\ TTotTrira rcov ?????????-apcv rou, pvtrat OKXiip arv aux xou xfiv xEXEtcoxtKfi 'yKptar], Tto TtpoaTta9Ei 6iKOTta v ????????1 oxt ????1 Ka 6ripoati X-Xtaxa, 6tvt 6to<; auyKXoviaxiK TtSEtypa ir\c, fjtKfjc; xfjc; OouXsic; Tto 5v ,psi xXoc; 20 Ka pXtaxa BouXstac;, tco 5v if) 9oXcvt ouxE ?) ??????????| itoTEXeta, Tto ??????????? Triv ???? Tto ytvETat v Kparrjast ?????? Ka ir\v i5a ????? toG Ttavou 21 "
"AXXcoote, Ttotr|Tr]q ??! ?? uvsGpa ??? c^oGv, Exuxcc;, poa or spyo ??? Ka K9s rao ata9avpaoTE tv ?????? ????. Etvai 5pcoq eXeyxoc; tio ri paysta xfjq ?????]? KvEt v rv ?????? ov Eva yrirspa, Tto paq koXe v vEaivopE nvrors arie; Ka9apq Ttriyc; :
'EyvQies rj Ttag^Evr) tov xepov ra^ievrga jioms fi delo xaiiyeXo geevo va dxov : xxj)' ?? vsq a x f] d v a ? ? v, nda' ??
or nsgioi, ar jiEQiofa ?? y!v%fjq x oaxavaaxrjevo
(EX. ???. ?' 10)
"Evaq aXXoq psyXoc; Ttotr|xric;, Rainer Maria Rilke, ??? pe9riKE pia pepa ???????? a' Eva pxaK yaXpa ?????? or AoGpo aio9v9r)k arto ?? ??????? ????! v roG 'p-Xsxai ??? ov Ttixayfi Ka ir) ?????? aio Ttoirip xou : TtpTtEi v' XXt;ic; xri incori oou (du musst dein L,eben ndern). Ax x kxi ov ETtixayii aia9avpaax v yaivEt Ka ir x ???????????, axco, xoG ????? xoG Zo-XcopoG. MaKpi oi "EXXiivec;, Ka oxi xeXeu-xaioi oi ETuaxripovEc;, v xv yvcopii^opE Ttv-xoxe 'yKaipa x ZoXcop.
x. 1. KAPOYZOZ
xf\<; '/\.?????.1?^ 'A8r|vuv
ZHME1QZEIZ
* 'OiuXia azr)v 'AxaSriiiia 'AUrivcv, ori? 16 NoEpgior) 1957. "?? ar|ii8icot>e, ort yi ?? ZoXcop ptXctEi s8c evac av&gcoreoc xr\q rti-arripnc, Tto ????? 5v slvai eixq sgeuvriTric; Tf|c; vecte0t)c; e%Xr\\ixf\q ^.oyotsxvoic oure TtoXv nsQiaaTEQo^Zo.coiiicrtiic. ?1???????1? yi ?? Zo/icoiii>c ?>?????, pionei xaveg ar xaXo^uYicriivo i^io ??? Mav. Kgiarja, Aiovtj-oioc ZoXcopg ( io? ?? ????) 1957.
1' "Yndgxouv ar)iidi8ia ??? Seixvouv, vopit^co, ori o Ztoxciciiio 7fJci?ov?al 71? ?? ?' oxe-8iaapa ai jteiveo ???? or)YX0va ii' ac. 'AXX, divr v xdvoiie Elxaoec, vunopovoiipE
v ?^??????????? t-srix ????\?,?? ano xr\ SripoaETjari rcv ??1???????^ ????1???.
2 Zrjp. 8 0rf)v 2x8. IIoXitti, ZoXcopoO "Aitav-?? ?' 1 (1955) 54. 66. ???? oriiiavTixr) elvoi ?? tovc>v Z. AogsvT^roc, Aoxlho I (1947) 21. 43 . Ti tt) xQovoXoyia X. A. IIoXTr|,cH ywaixa Tfjg Zcxxuvxloc (1944) a. 35/6.
3' BX. xa ???????? 6,1: ?? airpEicoas R. Levesque, Solomos, 1945, 94.
4' K. Airiiagcic, Ariponxioiic; xa KgiTixr] (=Na 'EoTa 26, 1939, 1498 .) aeX. 65 e. ??? cIvctutcou.
5' ?. '??????????!, ???????????; xa ??


76
ZoXcopiKc; yVlOU.C,
??????? rgayouSi (1937) a. 67.
6' Sroxacruc 3 at Saugix ??? 1833 (1x8. ???1??| 6, ?.?. ?' 1, 283 xai 353)
7" '0 xatlapc, '?????????. orxerai sic, tt) t^coviavri ???], eie ?? cjeiiv xAAoc, Tfjc, ??0??)? xa eie, ?? ?????? Bfloc, ??? Ayou (??. ???. 19 'x8. ???.). Donna Velata : e in tanta dovizia chiaro vedevi il fondo, come in fondo alle acque chiare e profonde del mare vedi l'immoto sasso vestito di verdura (ex8. ???. ? 205).
9' ?? ???? ??? ??????? vavE(f)"nxE ile rf) ????? ??? ?. ???????, 'AyyAoeAAt|v. 'Enif}. 3 (1947/8), 274 . ? A,, xai Mav. Kpiap 5. ?. ?. oeX. 54 . 71 . (????. xai ???. ?????] ?' I, 287 290). '? Tommaseo ym ?? yAcoaaixf| flecogia ??? ???????? : Ilagvaoac 16, 1893, 533 [=Mav. Kpiaga, 2oAcoiic, a. 74 ex8. ??-Bityr) a. 291/2]. ?????? ??? 2??????? arv ????????) ???????????'? ??? tv ?. ???1??|, 2oAcopg ora ypitLiar xov, 1957 a. 32 I. ???????}??, AA (?????. ?(?????1 or xeiusvo) 8v ??????-cvco v Bpc ????? ofjaiaauxf] A-Aayf] ano tic, aeAiSec xevec ??? ??????? ??? an^r|ToOv ?? IMiia Tfjc. reiaToXfjc, SinAaSfi ?? ri ?????? xai regreei v xaTopflcaei fj xoivf) yAcaaa ora %gia xov ??1?)??) xai ????. eyevi-f^eiai are' arv (????. aif|v xSor. ???. ?' I, 29 ??? ?? ????????? ??? ?????? axeSiou xov ??????? ?? ?????? ? l r 2?1|??)? : reav-????? 8v yvopi^e ???? rf| yAcoaa ??? ???? ???, xai ?'????? ??? ?? a ? A x v a tri; ? A n v ? f| v fj A n v u rfjv noiav exaiie xai xvEi too vatgixiaoua ere. ?? eflvoc ???), Ka ??? ?????? ???; tv ????????] itprtei v ?????^???, ori 6 Ayoc elvai yi tt)v ??1?\?? xai yi ? yAcaaa ??)?, ??' ??????) va ?01?1 pa ??? ????????| (tf| yXtTjaaa tcv net,&v ???, Aoyiciepri, rf|v xaraxpivei). 'H ??????|??]??| ??? TpixoimT) yi ??) yAcoaa ??? tjlivou (?? apf}go ??? |ava8iiuoci.8upvo arf)v ??8. ????-f^r| a. AB A'C, xai ???? or 2oAcou., x8. Sxoxaarfi, B' 196 .) ?????? v ????1 ile ?1-AoAoyixc. ???]??]?-?1?, ???) ei-^e xiiei u c 2o-Acoit aia 1822. "Tome xai 'AAec, ???^??? ??? ric. xouBvrec. xevEc. fmdpxouv ar gf}po ???, ??- fj ?????^????) ori fj depprrle rrjc xap-8iac ??? ????????! nvroxe rf]v ?|?>?????1?? Tfjc Muf}oAoyiac (xai ???????, ora ?????-ypsva 8v Sivei AXt] ???)??????? yi io arev ??? rofj SoAcopoO TraX Xyio Torti ?????? fjrav nppaxog xr\q axoAfjc fj noia, vavriov eie rf) yvcrir) xai et? ?? reapSeiyuu ??? Mvtti, elogile ??? rf|v vav noly\or\ ifjv ?????? ??-doXoyia).
10. ...nelle cose poetiche, per le quali si chiede di afferrare per mezzo di forti combinazioni il vero, risecando le parti false onde resti nell'altrui mente inoppugnabile (lo che si chiiama pensare), di ridurlo ampliandolo animato di convenienti forme (e questo immaginare) di avere il cuore obbediente alle impressionf di questi oggetti (il che sentire) ... la imitazione cosa
impossibiIe>. SBuopvo ??? ?? SoAmu (?????, xai aXXa ??????? ??? Xyon, ete yi v anv-
T0p\j)El t XQVO ??|? ???????|??|? ??? ete
Viari Sv slxav ????? axor) p ?? ???? Dpa) oTipoaieerai iivo arfiv ??8. ???,??| ?' 1, 196 ot|ii. 1. 2r|iiaoia exsi oxi rao fj xgipeia fj pf) xeov piopiv ooo f| Stivapri rrjc oxi))ric xai xxAoc. tcv iSecv ???? xivelrai. ????, xai (a. 196) La mente d'Ugo procedeva dal concetto dell'arte sua a quelle esterne apparenze.. ??? rie SuoxoXiec ttjc; ???????|?, SoXcop? ??^???? ov v duparai ?? 8ix ??? Bacava iiiXcvra? yi rie ?11?^??, otevoxc-git-c; ??? ???????? orf|v 'AyyXia p ttjv ^vti yXcoaa (o. 198 e,) : e gran danno, de fa apparire di se medesmo d'assai minore l'uomo, quel direle cui forme non escono col pensare, ma dopo>).
11. BX. ex8. IIoXtti ?' 1, 285 xai 303. Zyxpive arcc, 'EX. ???. totjc. SioxaOLios 4 xai 11 ( yi tt)v tjthxfi t>ori, ?? peyaAijtepa oup?pov?a ttjc. 'Avf>pojntf|Toc>), '??? ?? 1827, ayXQiVE or 'Eyxciuo roC ????????? ??? Aei yi tt)v ???????] rfjc. TXiriSac xai ??? Jacopo Ortis (x8. ???. ?. ?.?, ? 188 ?.) xai tcv ?????? (?. 196 ?.), SriyxgivE nianc, tv reXeurao 2??????? tcv 'EX. ???. (ax-i|)ou rfiv iaot^nyia tcv Suviietov peta| v-8pcv xai yuvaixtv xelvoi... ??????;. ) ?? ??) anp. 24 Tfjc. Tuv. ?? Zx. IxS. ???. ?. ? ?. ?' 1, ?. 66 xai 68.
12. Kgriuxc 21. 15 | 16. 'EX. ???. ?' 1.
13. BX. arf) Tuv. Tfjc, Zxufloc, anii. 77/8 (????. xai ????. 9) ??8. HoAitti ?' 1, 61 . 71. ?????? or ??????? ??????? : A. IToAitt] 6 SoAioiig r ???????? ??? (1957) ?. 29. 2vy-xpivE xai, ??? ?? 1827, ar '??????? ??? ??-??????, ?? ??????? yi ?? MixariAyyeAo, ???) |if|v xoAonflcvrac xoq ??????. ?????? or ???)?}01; tcv xuAAitexvcv t vfjpa xf)g xpior)c, nov noTEXetrai axeSv Hvra ??? auyxgioeic' ve oi Aiyoi xEtvoi ???) elxav ????????|??1 noA poa atfiv x%\r\ .. ('1x8. ???. ?. ?.?. ?' 1, 194. Tv iavaf>uiirai ?? MixanAyyeAo yi' ar ar ypdppa ??? or raA|3vr) xrjc; 25 3,1834: Nt. Kovpou, SoAcouoO cAvx8. ypupaia, 1950. o. 72), 'AArifliv XPVcicogiJXEci elvai ?? 'Eyxciuo yt xf) SiEperivriar] ??? ?veul??lxo? (f|f>ixoxaAAitexvrxoC) xapou ??? ????????, ??. ?.?. arie aeA. 195/6 ????; Siaiu-?^81 rfjv xpiori ??? yi rf|v lxvrjv riv r?tov.
14. Ilapvaaoc ?. ?.?.
15. Ol orixoi aroi ??? eie Movaxfiv T 1829, ngocrr}TOijv Eva xaivo6gyio, oriaiaorix, aroixelo ott|v vAoyri ????????^ Tfjc Attiu ovpyiag ??.? Sivonv r 1824 oi ??????? 711 ??? Eie, JyLtcupov.'? '?????????)!; yi rv 2??1??? : Diels Vorsokratiker 5 I 324 (31 ? 28).'H ?????) ??? ???? rf) pova|id, yi %aor\ rf)5 Snpioupyiag, slvai xi arfi ???????) (???? rcpiv ??? ?? ???????? ar Mapxop, A. ??-Xirr) SoAcouc ara ???????? toh, 29 .) : ?? 1824 ?????1 or AiAoyo : ??? ageae ndv-tot8 fj yaAfjvr] [=tfJ5 fMAaaaac] ???? ??????-


ZoXcopiKc; syevioiic 77
iai xad-apcTatT)' rf]v 'frecogo'uaa av t|v etx-va 10C dvffpcbnou rcofj crnouaxpaivei ??? r vtiauxE ??? xoapon xai li tUixpiveia ????-p)VEi 5,ri 'xei Liaa ???.
16. ???. 'Af}avacnr|, Aiov. Zo^uo (1951) a 5.
17. 'Ivteguoio A' 73. '??? ?? 1893 ??-Xaud, ai]v t'Eaua, xet ar||ia8\|>si atv ?? 7X11x4)1010 aux0 Tr '???????|? (????! ?????? A', 1928, ? 42).
18. ???. 'AH-avaaictSiri 5. ??.
19. ????. ??? '???. ??? ?????. ??? Xei yi ??) aopagTJ xai yi rf|v ??????^?????) ao-??? xfj K6(ir] rrj BEpevixii ??? ?????-Xov ('x. ?????) 189 ?.), ?? Xyia ??? pei ??? ????? ??? ???????? rf|v ??? ??? ?????-vei (ar 2C5 ?.) ???.
20. 2i 1826 xiXa ?????? ?' eva ypir-ua toi) . . ????? oxoXouai u xdu vteXc ????????? x' ycb |pco va xupiapxffl rf|v 'u.-?\????\ ??? u. xupiapxe (A. ??????), '? 2o\. ?? ypdupiar ??? a 21). Nouitei xavei ou So^cop %Ei Swaei ??????] at xXouflu Xyia, ??? ??>?1,???????1 Sc yi ??) uyiau-vt] tou iatntooT) ??? ??????????? xaXXiT8j(Vi: La rigueur des refus, la quantit des solutions que l'on rejette, des possibilits que
l'on s'interdit, manifestent la nature des scrupules, le degr de conscience, la qualit de l'orgueil et, mmemeut, les pudeurs et diverses craintes que l'on peut ressentir l'gard des jugements futurs du public. Ce st eu ce point que la littrature rejoint le domaine de l' t h i q ? e : c'est en cet ordre de choses que peut s'y introduire le conflit du naturel et de l'effort ; qu'elle obtient ses hros et ses martyrs de la rsistance au facile; que la vertu s'y manifeste, et donc quelquefois l'hypocrisie (P. Valry Lettre sur Mallarm, Variet II 228 s.).
21. ?????? or ?. ??????? ?? 1830, ?. IloXTri 5. ??. ?. 29 ???????? SxeSiaopa . . se si fossero spalancati i mondi secreti all' intorno per piovegli corone [=ol xafroi yripco v' dvoiyav xopvec v ??? piouv] l'avrebbero trovato indifferente, come il pensiero che l'opra nessuno mai la sapr [= . ???? ???? xavei tl ?? u,df>si]. Immacolata e santa spesso l'ispirazione dell' uomo ... (xS. ?????) B' 1, o. 235). '??? xdreco 8ia-????????] ?^???? ?^???????? f| vUpcnivri arfi Suvaiua or '???. ??? ?????' ??8. ???. ?' I, ???. 191.


? "?1?????!,,
'? Aiovoioc; ZoXcopc; 5v elvai povxa pEyaXTCvooc; TtoinTrjc, tou TCEpaapvou alcova Ki 6 pvtTTfjc; Tfjc; 'EXXrVCKfic; 'EXsuSeplac, tco tv Gaup^ouv "EXXitvec; Kal voi. Av stvai povxa sGviKc; ???; TcoiriTfjc; tco ?????; tv Tpavsouv ???) 9pirofj pac; ?? 100 xpvia ???' Tf] Gavcj tou. ^Tav, axv ????? ???, Kal ?????-TOTtpoq toO ycova yi Trjv ETTiKpTnari Tfjc; eBvikjc; pac; yXcaaag. "??????; t;poups, ???? ????? ???? piKpe; ??? otcti ??? ??1 otv ttco ??? Tfj yXcaaa ???; pal p ?? ??????? ypp-????, ??1 Tfj piXoOas, ?????; ??1 ?? TaXiK, tco fJTav tte fj yXGaaa tcv ???????????? ??1 tcv sysvcv Ki fj sTclaripri ??? 'Iovou ???-????;, auvxsia are' Tfjv ?????? Tfjc; BevetcSc;, EKxpovoc; ufjys aTfiv ??????, auvoEupvoc; ???' ?? ??????? ???, ???????? ??????? Po-ac, Ki ???? ?????? paBriTfjc., ????????? ??????? vopiK ??? navETcioTfjpca aBac, ??1 ??-pvac;. Tv ????? ekeivo avocas fj ?????)????, ??? ?????, Ki ?'????? ?? ??????? ??? TcoirjpaTa, ??? TaXiK.
rupc^ovTac; ??? vria ??? ?? 1818, ??;???-XoOrias oTfjv pxn v ????1 1???1??. Zt vapsTac; auva 5?|???1?? ????????? ???1 ??? ???? ?? ?????, SiBac^E kl ??????)?? tcv auyKacpivcv ??? ?? ????, ??? ??]???5? ??1 ??? ?????????????, ?? pxioE v kvec yupv-????? a ???????; XXtrviKoc;. Z ???? xpvia paa ?????? v ?????? Tfjv TpsXXf| pava ??1 ?? ??? ?&???1?. "?????; fj ?????????? ttec; fJTav e;avapvri ??1 ppcc^e ?????????. TI ????? ????? a ???? ?? ?\ ?????? "EXXSa t;EariKC9n ????????) ??1 ??????! ????? ??1 PopEXrj ??1 vrxn ?????, Bouv, ??????? Kal TcXaya. 'H ???? ??? noiriTfj, OpEpvr) ?? ?? Tcvsupa Tfjc; XsuTEpcac; vayXtaoE ??1 Tcpcoas ??1 a' sva pfjva paa ovBeoe tv "Ypvov sic; xfjv 'EXsuOEpav, tco vTiXXr]a ????; ???????; tcv 'EXXrjvcov, ????????? ???????-????? ??'? tco tooi ??1 ????? tv Baupaa-ve, Ki' ?????; Bp'iXac ?????? yi' aTv oti fi XupiKfj Tcolriaic; 6i ??? Opvou totou ?'???-oev sic; tv ???)?6???? aTfjq BaOpv.
Tfjv 5ia Tfj xpovi ?'????? ?? tteco XXiiyc-k Kspsvo, ?? iXoyo, avBsaii ypappvri p ??9?????]??, XX Kal p TcvsGpa paxnxi-k. Kfjpuypa yc Tfj yXcoaaiKfj Xsu9pia, tco, ???? p tv "Ypvo, auvaTcoTEXoGv ?? Stctuxo tco ?????^?? Tfjv viKfj ??????) ??? noirytfj. ?? Xsi mypappaTiK p pia ToXpripfj cppaori, paa ??? ??????? : Mfjyapic; sxco ??? vo ??? SXXo, TtpEc; XsuSspla ??1 yXcaaa ;
T vaTtvTSXO, tco 6sxvi ????? pEyXoq fJTav ? ?????????; ??? noirvTfj, scvai, oti, p ?? AiXoyo, vTipETcTcios oXouq toq ao-?????????????; ToG"E9vouq, oxi povxa aTOc; tco Lc;p XX, ??????]?1??, ki aTOc, tco TtapouocoTriKav Tfjv KaTOTCivfj ????1? ??? ;avaysvvr]pvo e9voc,, Kal ????51????? ??? ???? Tfj yXcaaa eoe; ?????? ??1 ??????????|-Kav v' vaoTriXcoouv Tfjv 'Attckj ????????.
Eia v ??????????? v vicaoups ofjpEpa ?? yXcoaiK ??1?? tcv Kaipcv ekevcov Kal Tic; ETci5poEic; ??1 ?? aToixsa tco avBsaav ?? yXcoaiK tcioteco toG noir)Tfj Kal 5iapp-?????? ?? TcoiriTiK ??? opyavo, upTcsi v auXXoyioToGps iroi fJTav fj yXcoaaiKfj yscoypa-??? Tfjc; 'EXX5oq tte : "Oti t 'Ivio ?????-yoc; fJTav t) ScaxcopioTiKfj ypappf] 6o 'EXX-6cov' Tfjc; vaToXiKfjq, tco GficopoGas xu6ala Ki ???????????| yi ?? ???????? Tfj yXcoaa toG ???? ???; ??1 riToGoE ETcpova v ava-yupaoups ottv pxaia yXSaoa ??! Tfjc; UTiKfjc; toG Tovou ???????;, tco KaTSxav ttsc; o BpsTavo. Kal ??1? 5u ????????; Xaq, ??'? OTfjv KaQripspivfj ??? ^cofj ??1 ??? ???????? ???, oxi povxa ?? TcaXi, XX ??! KEiva tco 6ripcoupyo0as IToiriTfjc; ????;, TtoXspcvTac; Tfjv Tupavvla toG ???????, psTa-XEipi^Tavs Tf)v Koivf| 6r|poTiKfj, Tf)v Xr]9ivf) XXriviKfi yXcaoa. "ETtsiTa, Evco ??? veo EXs-Gspo ?????? o ???????????; paaTpsuav Tfjv KaQapEouoa, ??? 'Ivia virola fj Emaripr yXcaaa fJTav pv fj TaXiKfj, XX oyKaipa Ka TcapXXriXa o Tovikc; pxq ?????|-?0" TcoioOoav Ka Tfj XaKrj ???; yXcaaa.
"Opcoc;, oi ???????1?????1 XXa TcioTSuav. Ka prjv i;sxvapE ?? ?????????? tcv ???????? ZoTacov, TUTccopvo ??? NaTtXio ?? 1833.
?? KXfioc; ??1 2??????, coSotcolo ^EyXoi,
?? oi 6o itapr|nXr|oav xfq yXoooatjt; uaq ?? ?????|.
????? ????; iiouocai, ??????< voEBuiivai,
6v Elvai 6i' aiuveoev ?cof|V icporapiouvca.
Ki av pit;oupE pia paTi OTfjv OTopa Tfjc; Tcoripric; yXcaaac; ??? '??????|??, c;skivcv-???; Xyo Ttpv n' ?? 1800, uo EyivE fj Re-publica Settinsulare tco o '???????????^ XpqKav tote ??? ???? xpvia Tfjv 'EXsuBEpa, etceit' ???' Tf|v "AXcoar], ???; ?? 1835, 9 5o0p Tccbc; Tf) yXcaaa toG XaoG pac;, Tfjv pTaxip-i^ovTav TcapXXriXa ?? ???1?????? p xf|v TaXiKfj.
'O kXextq ??????????; ????51??1?; ?. NKTjc; riippric; 5ripoauo ?? 1935 ????????-


'O AidXoyoq
79
8ik 'EXXnviK va onuavTtK 'yypacpo, xfjv TCDOKrjpuc;r| toO 'AppipXiou NXaov, epvrri xfjq BaaiXiKfjq ppSaq yyXi^iKriq (eroi p-X^si) Tcpq xoq ["aXXoKpaxopEvouq 'Ecpxavfj-aiouq, axaXpvr|v dir' xfj NTtoXri arie, 9 'Okxco-Bpiou 1798, ixaXiK ki' XXriviK xuTccopvrj, xq fjppeq tco ;epTcpKapav ax vnai xouxa PcoaoxoupKiK axpaxepaxa, Ka TcpocpepE, 8-Ttcoq Ttvxa EKavav Ka Kvouv o Bpsxavoi, aaxaviK xfj BorjBsi xou exoi: 'EXBaps -8nar), Tto Eiaaaxs dyavaxxnapvoi dTt' x Baava xeov Opavx^^coy, Ka Sia xouxo Tta-paKivrjGriKaps v xp^oups Eq xoOxa x Tt-Xaya, eie; 8orj9Eiv aaq. .. kXti. Ka x Stco-xiK aupBXaia ypacpvxouaav cpuoiK axfj yXGaaa xfjq Tcoxfjq, p vaKxspa Ka IxaXi-kcv Xc;cov. T aupcpcovnxiK vapsxacx) xcv cpxavfjaicov TtoXixcv ypacpvxouaav, epuatt, axrj yXcaoa xfjc; Ttoxrjc, "Exoi, a' va auptpco-vrvxiK xou 1815, tco syivs axfjv KpKupa, yi x c;Extpcopa Ka x p^spa xcv Xicv xou MapKavxcovr) Flippri kcx BpioKExat ki ax ax dpXEo xou k. NKii nippri, "ki exei xlxXo T Kpixfjpiov xfjq Eipfjvr]q (SriXaSfj fj ,acCpd-Xian xfjq pvoiaq vpeaa axoq voikoku-paouq Ka xoq KoXXrjyouq xwptKOq), pxi-q"i 'xai ;T Kpixfjpiov rfjq iprjvriq Ttpoar^Et Kd9 5r)patov "Av9pcoTtov, Sri vxapcoq p dvSpcixouq TcpaKTiKoq (8r)XaSf] ESiKoq drc5 x ixaXiK pratici) v Ttdv acopaxiKcq Ka-x xtcov Eiq xaq Xiq, tco TtXEpcvouv Tt-aqq Xoyfjq pEpxiK kXti:.
'Etc BpExavev, r\ ricmpri cpr|pp[Sa, K-pa x 1818, fj Gazetta degli Stati Uniti delle Isole Ionie fjrav ypappvr] ixaXcK, Ka pac^ ByaivE ki XXqviKf| pExeppaari axf| SripoxcKfj, p xv xixXo 'Ecpripepq xcv veop-vcov ETtapxcGv xcv 'Iovuecv Nrjacov.
Troca Xoitcv fjxav fj yXcoaacKfj xpoocpai-pa xou Kuipou kelvou cx 'Ecpxdvriaa, Ki a-xfjv dvnvEE noirirfjq.
npooXxiKf| dvXuori xou AiaXyou pdq Sriyei ax' KXou9a oupTCEpopaxa. riprr Ttpcta, Evai SoKipio dpxio ypappaxoXoyiK Ka XoyoxEXViK Soapvo o yXcoaa Scxcoq ipsyd&i. AsxEpov, TcoxE^e ipuxiKfj Ka tcveu-paxiKfj c,opoXyr|ofj xou, p psyXri axxaari dppoXoyripvri Ka p dnocpaacaxcKf| ycoviaxi-Kf[ SiBEor) Ka cpXoyspfi TtoXEpiKri,. Tpirov, Tca-pouai^Exac p x eipevo xouxo rioir|xf|q TcpcoxoTtpoq xfjq yXcoaaiKfjq epEuvaq. Ka 8v evac TciBavo v exe cpraEi cq axv fj cpfj-pr| vq psyXou ayxpovo xou aocpoO, tco, depou 'paSs x aavaKpixcK Ka rcoXXq dXXsq yXcaoEq, ypaipe TcoXX auyypppaxa, ki y-KaivcaaE, Ttpcxoq axq, xfj auyKpixiKfj yXcoa-aoXoyca.
"Opcoq xq i8q xou ZoXcopq, tco Evai BaaiapVEq a' TuaxripoviKq 9Copq, 8v xq TcpoBXXEc 8oypaxcK, dXX p dTcXxr)xa Ka aacprjvEta 9aupaaxfj Ka p9o8o ScaXexxcKfj. Txapxov, p x 'pyo xou xouxo Sexvei cpiXo-XoyiKfj Ka cpcXoaocpcKfi Kaxpxcari aripavxcKri. BpiaKOupE paa KEi yvGpsq Ka TcoaTcapa-
xa drc' xv "Opirpo, xv 'Haco8o, xv niv8apo, xv nXdxcova, xv ZcKpxri, xv NxvxE, xv PaKva, xv TKacxE, xv Zaic;Ttr]p, xfjv 'Ayia Tpacpfj. Ka v auXXoyic^Exai KavEiq, oxc 8v Evai paKpi fj Tcoxf] xfjq TcvEupaxiKfjq paq i^ofjq, tco Krcoioi TtoXuBiaBaapvoi itiaxEuav 8xi ZoXcopq fjrav pv Tcoirixfjq pTcvEuap-voq, dXX yXcoaaiK Kaxpxiaxoq Ka p Xei-ip Tc9pa dir yvcoEcq cfiiXoXoyiKq Kai cpi-XoaocpiKq. npTcxov, p xfjv iT9ar| Kax xou ZocpoXoyiQxaxou Ka xv xpiro tco xv vxi-pETCOTCi^Ei, cpaivExai XocpvEpa fj c;xr|Ta ki fj EpcoviKf] BiBEar) xou xapaKxfjpa xou Floir]xfj tco xfjv c,poup 8 dXXQaxE n x itEpi-axaxiK xfjq vsaviKfjq xou ?cofjq ki drc' xoq aaxipiKoq xou axcxouq.
"Eva 8ypa xofPOKtlP101^0 to Sexvei Kai xf|v TtaxpicoxiKfj xou cpXya, slvai fj tcepiko-Txr] xoxr] Aei or ZocpoXoyicoxaxo: N' X-Xc;iq xf| yXuoaa vq Xaou! Zps Xoitcv xpi-ypias xf|v 'EXXSa...' dp vdBpsiq xoq tco-Xsppxouq, ipriXdcpr|o xouq xq XaBcopaxiq Ka Tcoxouq oxi npTCEi v xq Xeve xpapaxa... GXei dXXo, Tcap Xc;eq BcaKovepveq, Sia v cpEXrjaEcq sva Xav tco TcoXspei 8i xfjv XEu9piav, oTtou sxaa ir aiGvsq.
Ki dXXo xou Xi, av irpocprixiK uapaX-XriXi^ovxaq ki aopexpvraq xfjv xupavvia xou TopKOu p xf|v yXcoaaiKf] xupavvia : 'Exe-?^ecoc x BaaiXeiv aaq p xGv ToupKov x BaaiXEio. 'ExeXeicooe, Ka cocoq vaSEpaxcoEXE xf|v copav xfjq Tcavaoxoscoq. "Oxi, oxi, n EpcTcr], Tto xei Tcpq pdq TtpoariXcopva x pxia xr|q, Sia v &ei x Kvoups xpa, tco auvxpi|3oup xq dXuaEq xfjq aKXaBidq, 8v BeXei pq iSsI irox v Tcoxax9oups a xpivra xupvvouq ;Xivouq.
Tq yvcopq xoB noir|xfj yi rfj yXGaaa xq t;poup ki n' x evxovo pfjvupa iro eoxeiXe x 1824 ax Mouaxot;8ri, oxfjv TxaXia, Ka xv TtapaKaXoOae v pf|v xutcuoei Ttoifjpax xou, tco exe TcpEi pai^i xou vaq cpiXoq xou, cpEyovxaq yi ekec. Xpei^ovxai dXXa irp-ypaxa xupa, ypdcpsi, yi v 8c;oup xq Ka-vxr]xq tco e'xei fj yXGaaa.
"ETCEixa, axq aripEicaEcq xou yi xoq 'EsBspouq rioXiopKripvouq, npxEi Svaq 9aupaioq aaBrixiKq axoxaapq yi xfjv rioiinoT Ka yi xfj yXGaaa. '0 9EpXic&riq puBpq xou Tcoirjpaxcq dq Evai, u' xfjv pxfj> eoe; x xXoq x koiv Ka x Kpio (proprio), ouppi^copva Ka xauxiopv'a p xfj yXGaaa.
'Ac;ioaripcoxri dKpir Evai paa ax Ai-Xoyo pia TtEpiKOTcfj, otcou noir)xfjq 8iaxu-TtcvEi ao9r)xiKq OKipEiq BaBxaxec Ka Ttpco-xapXiKfjq aripaaiaq.
Evai Suo cpXyEq, SiSdaKaXe, pia axv vouv, dXXri axfjv KapBid, vappvsq arc xf|v cpaiy Eq Knocouq vBpuTcouq, oi tcoToi, q oicpopEq noxq, SiacpopexiK paa pexaxEi-piiovxai 8i v iroXaaouv x 8ia Tcoxs-Xapaxa Ka ir xfjv yfjv nExiouvxai oxv opavv Ka dir xv opavv TtExiouvxai oxv "ASriv, Ka coypaeptt]ouv EKvEq Ka


80
'? ????????:
TtOri, Tcappoia p' klvcc tco svai allappava ???? xrjv ???? axv ?????. Kai aya-TtoGv Kai asovxai Kai Xaxpsouv xr|v xxvn, xou, coav x tcXov aKpco ??????? xjc; cfi, Kai poicvovxai p x aupn,KOxa Tto ????????????, Kai Kvouv xo XXou v ysov, Kai KXaiouv, ??! Xtcouv, ??1 ??-ouvxai, Kai siXiouv, Kai varpixiouv, Kai 5v ivouv vaioBrixs ????? ??? ???????; Kai as.
H TcpovopcaKfj ????, xoG Aiovuaou SoXco-poG, f) aOsia xou ????????,, auyxpoviapvr| p xf]v ?????? T0Ui ol yrapoiE TtvsupaxiKc; axoeiq xou p peyXouc; 'kaXo, Ttoir|xq, f| aBxaxr] 9viKf| xou UTcspncpvsia, oxf)v Kpi-eia TOpn^veia xi fjxav "???????, sKapav v auvxsOe paa xou x rcpxaxo auva-oBqpa xfjc; Xsu8epiac; xoG 'AvBpcTcou. ToOxo
?xav x auvaiaBripa tco xv kxsxe ??????. "Exot ?????? Kai ??????? ax Evai xou rjpcoiKc, vxiXaXo xoG psyXou 'Ayva, tco ekivoGoe ??? x vxiKpuax 'Ivio, Kal tcXi-xspo air' x kovtcv, t* Bvaxo MiaoXyyi, tco xoG vaTcvsuae x apiaxopyrip xou, to 'EXsBspouc; ????????,??????,. ????-axxsc; xou oyKacpa oxBriKav oi anioposcc uvotv oxoxaaxuv Kai tccotcov ?!???: ??? TspTOTrii ??? Suupou ?????????), toG Map-Kop, ??? Topao, ??? PsyKXvTi.
Ki EToi ?? ????? xfjc; ptcvorjq xou 5uv-pcoaav ?? TcXc9n,Kav ?? ???????? xpavc; 6?,-pioupyq, ??????? Kai Bapaapa xfjc; "EXX-Sa pac ki ecoXo xoG XaoG ??? Kai Kipu-??? xfjq 'AXriBEiaq Kai ??]? 'EXsuBspia xoG 'AvBpcTcou Kai xr\q Xn,8ia Kai xfjq eXeuBe-pcac xfjc; yXcoaac; pac;.
AriS 0EPOS
'Atc Tf]V "EkBechi SoXquo ot navEiucmiuio 0EaoocXovlKr)(;. Mia Tcpo9iKr| u ???????; toO Zo-Xcouo (arc xf] ui ^epi) Kal muvrinauvouc Xyouc (to x]v ????).


KAI ???1 ? IOAQMOS
"? XPovoc. 1X00 ???.???, xpvoc; ZoXcopou vopdoTriKS. Ki= fjtav, Xf|8ia, xpvoc; ZoXcopou, ???1? ????? vxei Tfjv ????? ????????? tco exouv airjv ?????? ????, oc ???'??????; va-Spopc; otoc; peyccouc; TtvsupaTiKoc; v9pco-?????; tcov TtEpaapvcov. 'OXoxpovfc;, ?' vop tou, ?? 'pyo tou, ol aicxoi ???, fj povaSiKfj ??? TcspcTCTcoan, BpSriKav ??? ??????? oXcov. TouXxcoTov oXcov oaoi exouv eatco ???! pc pocKpuvn vpvnan dito ?? ????????? ????? ?????? ki' arc ?? xpvia tcv yupvaaiaKcv 9pavicov, otov TrpcoToyvcopci^ovTav poa dir ?? veoeXXnviK dvayvcopocTa p toc; otc-Xouc, tcov TcoinTcv ???;. Z peyXec; ??! piKp-?????; tcXeic; Tfjc; 'EXX∾, ?? koiv ?'????;? v' ??????? SiaXcJEic; ???! piXrjpocTa ypco drc ?? ???? ??? psydXou TcoiTiTfj c,tuXcxtt|kocv dTccpeiq, ?;??????8?1??? oTrjv ripepiioia SiToc-?;? ?? KXaaoiK ZoXcopiK ???????, ????????? TcXi Xyoq ???! ??????; ret pouaiKc;, ra ????????; Tfjc; yXcaaac; ???;, va acoSr|-poc pTcaToouvriq yupco dir Tfjv Ttocriari c/xva-yevvfj9r|Ke poa ???;. Auto tco vop^oupe TtouTTCKi Kplari Tfjc; Ttoxfjc; ???;, ???????, ??????????? yc Xcyo poa paq : ???????, oxi, Sv sevac 6uvax v TXEicoas fj ????????] ?!?; fjppEc; Tire;, ZoXcopc. Eivai too kovt ???;, tco 6 pTcopsi, ?? ????? 8 E;avayivt. M yi v ,avayivt va ????? ?????, 9au-pa tco ?? TtavXaBav otv Kaip ????; ???????;, ZckeXiovc;, ???????;, ??????! vEcoTEpoc, TcpiTEi v Bori8rjaoup ki pecq. N BotjSfjooups ciavapEXETcvxac; Tf|v Tcapd5oar| p ?????? c^covTav, yvcopc^ovTaq arc Tfjv ???? ??! p va aioBnon, ?,?? a xpvia vsa-???? ???; ????????? ?????; fJTav ?? ???? ??! ?? copya Tfjc; Tcoiiraric;. 0,?? SfJTCoTE ???????- v ???; ccxvaauvSaEi oripioupycK p ?? ZoXcop, ???????? v ?? ????1?-??01?????. K6e t tco Ecvac oXETiK p ?? 'pyo ???, ???????; ??! m-KatpiKc; papxupiEq, TEKpfjpia Kacvopca, ????-????; vEc;, TcpiTEi v pdc; avaKEVTpiaouv ?? ?????????. Ki' irvou air' oXa, fj XXriXo-?????? ???, tco ?? ????????? ????? XPOVLO( ??????? Xova a ???;, ??! tco ???????? v ???; Bor]9fjoc v yvcopcooupE ???????? ??! m dpEaa Tfj pydXr| ??? ??????????????|??.
??! ?? ???? ; ?? ???! kovelc;. ??????? yt ?? ???? ; M vopc^oups ?????; ?? ???? ??? ZoXcopou, e!vai XKXr)pOq 6 ZoXcopc;. Av ecvac povxa oda Tcfjpav Tfj ????? ??? otxou. Z' aTv tv oTtvco ?????????, oXa fJTav Ss-
pva ?????;? ????. p Tfjv ma ?????????) ?????]-xiKfj oai. "0,ti tv ?????, Tcpvec dpocoq pia puaTripic&ri aripaaia. ??! ?? tci Ttapapi-???, ????(^????1 arc tv i'Sio ??' oaov eivai ????? ???, ??! Tcpvouv ?????? vr)pa. "Oaoc &v ?? voicaav ax ?? Tcapc;vo cpacvpEvo, pEivav ?????? dir ?? ZoXcop. "lacoc; ???? v c;riyECTai aTfj fj XaBupivBLaKfj o Xetito-ppEiEc; ??! TcapsKBaEiq ?1?????!? tco ouo-???????|? ??! auoacopEExai Xova yupco dir ?? ???? ???. 'H Tioiriafj ???, XiyoaTfj, XxiaTri a ???????1??, ????????? Tf|v ekoXio a oXouc; v Tfj p9ouv ypfjyopa, v Tf|v ???-poicoouv p ?? a'iaBrjp xovq. "Etoi ???????-ps v ??????, ?????; fj ????^??] aTfj Sv exei TcXov vyKri too Tfjv KpcTiKfj, ???? ????-?? v Tcspasi dir kBe a!a9riTiKf| SoKipa-aia, ??! Sv fJTav ??????? Xiysc; 0! Soki-paaieq axc; poa otv aicva tco KXriaE. "???? ??! ????, ??! ?????? psyXa ??! ???-???????? otv Kaip ????, ????????? a ?????? ???1 ?????; Tq SoKipaaiEc;. "? pEivav pEiTccopva, ???^?|??? ov toc; ?????????-apvouc; tcov TcoXpcov, tco ??????? v ??????-aav arc tv 9vaTo, opeoe; S pirpEoav m v |rjaouv ????? ar ?????????? Tfjc; i^cofjc;. Ti-tcote tci TpayiK dir xr\v ????????? ??! Tfjv TCBLcoari ??? KpcoTripcaapvou. "Opcoc; ?? ???? ??? ZoXcopou, dv ??! dKpcoTripiaapvo k yEVE'Tfjc;, v fcoupE, c^Ec ofjpspa av ???-????; pyaviapc;. 'Atc K8s SoKipaaia, ByatvEi tci Kpaio, tci KEpSiopvo. '????? p Tfjv ??????, x ??????? ??? ZoXcopou, Xi-yoaTEouv, piKpaivouv, ???????????? "Atc tv pcopavTiap, Tcfjpe 6,ti m yic; eixe ????-KXuopq KEvoc; : Tfjv ????| Ttpq ?? ISecoSec;. Ka! p Tf|V tSa pirXiaos ?? aioBripa ??? KXaaoiKoG, SivovTq ???; ???? ?? piKT dX-X vpipo eiSoc; tco Ecvac ?? ???? ???. 'Ano tv ????1?? OTixo, TtfjpE ?? Xycopa ??! Tfj ????1??????. 'Atc t 5????1?? TpayouSi, tv ocoot prixaviop Tfjc; Xa'iKfjc; yXcoaac;. 'Ait Tf|v XX?vl?? p9o5oc;ia, ?? tci v9pcmva ??! ?? tci vBpcomvcoc; ???1?? aToiXEa ???;. 'Atto Tfj ???? T 'Iviou, Tfjc; ZKuvoc;, Tfjc; ????????;, Tfjv ?????? o ????? TtpoBoXrj. EISe ?? ???? av ???? ??? 0eoC ??! o Xlkvo tou v9p6Tcou. Kc' ???? Tfjv 'EXXSa Tfjc; ???????; ???, TcfjpE Tfj ?????? vSpcmvr] TCEpiTcTEia : t^v TCpcjri, ?? 9uaia yi xfjv XEuBspia.
M' 6Xa ???? tco TcfjpE, ??[???;? v tpxi-cjsi pia ???1??? tco v elvai Txv? ??! pia
Na 'Eozla Xo 1 ozovysvva 1957
6


82
Kc uXi ZoXcopc.
te/vikt) tco v svai nonon. Av xcpioE axo-XaaxiK xova ali t* aXXo. GXrias xfyv Ttoin-or) aav KaT 10 uXuxa KaSap oucoc; x ypEipav pyxspa oi psyXoi Kuvnyoi xfjc KaBapfjc; Ttononq, MaXXapp, BaXsp, MupEpv. Aiot pac; BoijBrioav v aKSuaou-ps x xopaxa xcov xXEicoxcov fj pXiq pxi-apvcov spycov xoG ZoXcopoG Ka v KaxaX-Boups tccoc; ktcoxe puopE Kt1 Mvac; axxoc; po-vxa v ekkevcvei poa pac; AKXripri xfjv
TtOllori, V TCEPIkXeVEi OUpUUKVCOXlK xf|v vp-
ysia Ka xfj Svapn vc, Baupaox auvBsp-vou Ka KXExapvou o uooxrjxa Ttotr|XiKoO pyou. H anpEpivfj, f\ povxpva Ttonon, px-^ovxac; u xav auppEaXiap, p ZoXcopiKc; axiypc; povxa 8iKaivsxai Ka Kax k-Tcoto xpTio, xxoiec; axiypc; euiickei. Tfjv povaSiKfj KCppaar), xrjv ekvo, xfj cppan uo oKsi ov axpo fj av p6i Ka yiopc>i pe XpcpEiq Ka Kpucp vofjpaxa x iaxripa Tfc; cpuxn?- rsvvripvoc; ZoXcopc; axfjv rao prixo-pi*f] noxfl roO VETEpou Kapou, xrjv Ttoxfj tcov PoBeompcov, xv Mipapuco, xcov OyKcb (p oXn xouc, xfjv pEyaXcoavri BBaia), oxriv noxrii Kpa, xcov psyXcov pr|xopiKcv 5ecv, p yEvvaa UExypaxa KaxpBcoos v ^EUEp-oei ax x XEpaxia cppypaxa xcov pnxopt-apcv Ka v axaBs pixpoax axfj Bpa xrjv Xxpuan xfjc; uavxoSuvapac;, oucoc; x1 asp-TtXava E;etcepv5v xr\ pa xcov ouvvcpcov Ka tcov BueXXcov Ka c;avaBXui kovec; ano poa XoKBapo xv opav ko xv fjXio. A-xq svai pyaq pXoc; xfc; uoirixiKfjc, popac. xoG ZoXcopoG : ox iaviK cpn xfjc, Xoyoxs-Xvac; paq, v 5iacpuXi vcpsXov uavxoxfiiv xv opav xfjc; Ttonanc;. "Exal 'xoupE Eva Kaxacpyio povaStK, xq psc; up uavxc; KEvsc; uo Ayoc; pac; cpaVExai v piyv exei Tti Kappi uaxaan.
Eavayupioup ax Bpa uo Bi^apE u xrjv pxrj. T uvxa axv ZoXcop KXivoBo-XoGv uoiryriK. TfiXEuxaTa Kokxco kuou eI-ue ucbc; Ttoinxric; TtpuEi v Evai Evac; yLoq. Av c;poup v ZoXcopc; ufjpc;e yioc; axfj (corj xou p xfjv Evvoia uo vei axv yio 'va ovoXo uayopEuxiKcov Kavvcov, oxao v fj yicoavr) 'xei xfjv ixnxa v xpucps-pavEi, v paXaKVEi x upypaxa, v x t;avayupEi oxfjv uai5iKf\ xouc; Kaxaxaari, a' KEvn rrjv yysXiKTi xpucpspxiixa xfjc; Bco-xnxac, av r) yicoavr] ov Evai aKiixiapc; Ka pvnarii XX yysXiKrj BnxEa Ka xaM-" yEXo ax uvxa xfjc; cofjc;, xxs ocpaXcog ZoXcopc; Evai Ivac; upaypaxiKq yioc;. Ki' ax ByavEi xt povxa paa u xf|v uoirj-of\ xou, XX Ka u kBe xou K5fiXcoar|. MfJTicoq Ka xf|v xpayiKfj, xf|v xoo pEaXioxiKfj Ka KoXaapvri TuvaKa xfjc; ZKuBoc;, 5v xfjv UEpiBXXEi pia yicoovr|, 'vac; cpcoxoax-cpavoc;, oucoq Ka xfj Oviaoa xoG iiauaSia-pvxr| ; Ki axfj f| vaa, fj Bppri, fj payEa xfjc; yicoaviiq, xfjc; uaXxr|xac;, xoG axo-cpxpcoxou avBouc;, ByaivEi Ka u xf|v XXrj-Xoypacpia xou kxc; BBaia u xfj yeviKcxE-
pr| oripaaia uo exei ofjpEpa Ka uo Ttpuei v exei fj XXriXoypacpa vq psyXou uoir|xfj av xv ZoXcop.
'AvpEaa ax1 aXXa r) uoxn pac; 'xei Ka-xaXftei BaBEi xfj oripaaia xfjc; XXr|>ioypa-Cpaq xcov psyXcov vGpcoucov ouoia ki' v Evai fj KSfjXcoafj xouc;. 'H uiaxfjpri xfjq ipu-XoXoytac; uo xoo exei upoKijjEi xoxouq xoq Kaipoc;, pac; Boiis! v KaxaXBoupE KaXxspa xfj aiipaaia xfjc; XXriXoypa-cpac; axfjc;. Ka, axsxiK p x ZoXcop, upuEi v xpwTO^E psyXri x^PH 0 oaouc; KaxauiaaxqKav aoBap p xfjv uo-Kaxoxaori xfjc; piKpfjc;, ococ;, XX uoXu-xipxaxriq ZoXcopiKfjc; XXinXoypacpiaq. Zxv ZaKvBio Xyio Nxivo Kovpo, uo up X-ycov xpvcov vaKXuipE o oKoyEvsiaK pXEia xfjc; ZaKvBou 5u auXXoyc; u ypppaxa xoG ZoXcopoG Sripoasuos pspiK o pExcppaari u x MxaXiK, p oxXio. Ka axv BiaKEKpipvo Ka8nyntr xfjc; veoeX-XriviKfjc; XoyoxEXviac; ox riavEuioxrjpio Gso-aaXovKr|c; k. Avo FloXixri, uo Evai pai^ Ka aocpq ZoXcopiaxfjq. 'O k. Avoc; noXixinc;, ax 1949, uapouaaoE u x uspioiK 'AyyXoEXXryviKfj 'EuiBEcpiiori 6Ka uioxo-Xc; xoG ZoXcopoG upc; xv cpiXo xou TECpyio 5 Pcfjoari, ax 'IxaXiK KEpEvo, Ka o psx-cfipaar|, p SiacpcoxioxiK oxXia. Ka pXic; xcpa, pc; 'Scooe uXi k. Avoc; noXxrjc; Eva uoXxipo xeGxoc; p xv xixXo 'O ZoXcopc; ox ypppax xou. 5E5c, pac; uapou-aic^exai svac; Kaivopioq ZoXcopc;, opoia oripavxiKc; p xv ZoXcop xv 5c8r| uo Byavsi av SaviKfi vpcuivii popcpf| pa' u x Spyo xou, opcoq Kaivopioc; a xoGxo : 8v Evai yEviKEupvoc; u xfjv ipriXfj uoir|or|, ZoXcopc; XX ouyKEKpipvoc; vBpcouoc; xfjc; icofjc;, x oxopiK upacouo xoG Aiovuaou ZoXcopoG, svac; ZoXcopc; KaBinpE-pivq pai^ p Ka ipiiXovr|xa uvEupaxiKc;, vEuiaripoc;, XX Ka opoia aBpprixoq, aa-cpr\q Ka oaiaoxiKc;, ur^yala vBpcuivoc; Ka cbcoxEivc;, Kaipioc; Ka vEuixfjSEuxoc; oucoq fjxav Ka ZoXopq xfjc; vxiKEipEviKfjq va-ycoyfjc; xcv pspiKcov ox uXuxo, ZoXcopc;, ,acpavLapvoc;, av 'Eyco, paa ox pyo xou. Maa ox Mpyo xou, uoXxcoc; xi-uoxe 5v pag upoBXXEi fj 5v pSc; Bioypa-cpi XupiK, u xv aux xou. Z x UEipa-op BioypacpiKfjc; UEpipysiac; pac; Bc^ouv xxoia spya Ka p uari Siipa, p uar| Xa-Xxpa upooxpxoups a kBe x uo 8 pc; cpavpcovE Mvav xxoio uoirixf) ov avBpcouo oucoc; oXoi o XXoi av vBpcouov pax u xXouc;, Ka oxi paxo paa axfjv XupiKfj xou pEyaXcoovri !
Ka v x ypppax xoG ZoXcopoG, ua-pouaiaapva u xv Avo rioXixr| Ka 5siy-pva Ka ov XoyoxEXvfjpaxa c;aiaia, p Ka av axiypc, u xf|v pEor] OKLpr], u x psaa aiaBfjpaxa, u xc, pEO<; vxuuc-oeic; Ka uapaxripfjaEic; Ka ouvfjBEiEc; Ka ox-oiq xoG uoinxfj. Ax x ypppax, pac; epa-


Kai TtXi ZoXcopo.,
83
vspcvouv xfjv ?'?????, rtXov, Xsixoupya axo xo Ttpoxou TtoinxiKo Kal vBpcTiivou pai, prixavtapo. Kai Ttpcxa ??????, Kvoups pia Ttapaxiiptiari ???? Tfj vopcoupE aatKrj. Z' Xa ax x ypppaxa, ??1 x m ?????, Kai x tuo Ssuxepsovxa, v TtoGps, aiaBav-paaxs x iKOTto Kupxiapa vo eaxo ???1??0 pu9poG. ITouBsv 5v oiaxpivoups ?? ?????????? oKnvoBsaa, xao ouvr)8iapvr| oto Katpo kevou tj pstyKOxa Kai xfj Ttianpri TcvsupaxiKrjc; xiKxxa tio xao KaxaaaaviCe Kai ????????????? kBe XXn-??????1?. 'H TtXoaia ???? xoG ZoXcopoG, ???? a9sia Kai TtaioiKrj, ;exvovxav ix TiavxoG Kavva x^Xivpi v vsxovxav ????? air xv BsXouaio TcscBavayKaap ox ???????? vripa Tfj xxvnc.
Zxfj cjfj xou, ZoXcopo fjxav, xai xou-Xxioxov yaivei air x ypppaxa xou, va vBpcoTto sopEuxo Kai BusXXcSnc;, ?????-io Kai ????????, xovxa Ttvxa vayKn v Xsi xfj yvcpn xou ???' EBsav, xwp>lc. Xo,o-yupiapaxa Kai auptaaxiKec iaBasi. 'H ????????? Kai fj mypappaxiKxrjxa xaP(xXlT\' piouv ax x ypppaxa, tio Ttvxa xoG x Ttaypeus fj vyKri xi Tfj GscapnxiKri, v TtoGps, TtiKOivcovia p Kirotov XXov, XX Tfj auvEvvnanc p ?(???? xou yi B-paxa Kupic TtpaKxtK, Kai Spco xao oaia-oxtK yi xfj cof] ????? Kai xoG pEyaXxs-pou v9pcTtou. Z pi ???? Kai ??????? pa-i aupouXfj Ttpc xv ?1?? xou ??????? Tsp-xaxr), ???? Ttpcxa xv itiKpivsi ?????? yt xfjv TtpoSoxtKfj xou, ?????? xf|v tuoxeei, Xo-ytcoxaxoovri, opco slvai pt TtKpiari ???-pvr) air Kpaxa ymi xou Xeei : "?????? Kai vva, ????? ??? ?????? yi' ax x fjxripa (x rjxripa xfjc; yXcaaac) Kai yt xi-Xia XXa' Kai Koixas ????????? v pfj aCsic pavtKsxta, Ttap v plxvEi axa ??11 XEUBEpa ,xt ooG pxsxai, a v ???-svxtaCaps. '????? arto xf|v oTtvta ps-xf| xfjc; TtvsupaxiKfjc; ????????? tto yupssi ZoXcopo air xv ?1?? xou, TtpoacjoupE Kai xfi ?????| ????? ??? Kai yt x'Xia X-Xa. BXTtoupE Ttao ZoXcopo ??????-povxav yi' ax Tto B Xyaps x xlXia piKpoTtpypaxa xfjc; cofj. "Av ypEUE pt Ttoir]or|, pt xyyr) yEvtKEupvEc;, exe votxx x pxta xou Kai Xa xou x ataBnxfjpia Ttpc; xf]v Xyupa cofj xfj oGas Kai xfjv KxtpoGas Kai ox TtapaptKp xrjc; ?????????-xa. ??' ax aco pTtpEas v tte x psyXo oxxo v xoXuiCa vSvai fj cofj pya ???? Kai Ttpcxo. ???? Kai Ttaa TtoXxtpa ty-paxa, oxaBEp av x tioXik oxpo, v cJETtETioOvxai ???? xao ???? ?? ypppaxa a-x xoG ZoXcopoG. Z' TttaxoXfj xou Ttpc; xv ??????? ???????, xv Ttaxpa xoG ???????-xou Ttotr)xfj, ????1 xoGxa Tto poa a Xlys ?????1? 8XOUV cu Katpta 9paxa, x 9pa xfjc; vayrala povac xoG KaXXtxxvrj Ka
x, ????? oTtouSaixepo Kai xao TttKaipo, Bpa xcv XEyopvcov viiouxtcv ??! va-tixfjoEcov axfjv ??????? xfjc; ;xxvnc; ??1 xfj ??????^?;. AEt oxv ??????? : Kai o xt Kvstc; ; ????1? xtTtoxa ; Evat ????? oxfjv f|ouxia xoG ptKpoG oou Scopaxtou v ???????-vEt ,xt poa Xeei fj KapSt. '????? Kai fj ia xoG eitaivou, xav uapouataCsxat ?????-oXtKa, xapast axfi xfjv fjovfj ??1 ??????? aTtpcoxvEt ??1 axa ????????. 'H fjovf| axfj TtpTtEi v Evat KaBapfj. ?000 xatP0!-1011 ?? 5 a aaavlCst axoxaapc; Kavsvq v ? ? E 5 ? ? . "E, Karipvoi pEtc; "Av fj ????] BEXfjaEt, fj ouXst B TtEi ????' av xt, oao Kt av XXEt 5ppo koveI, 9' XXEt Ttap xpito TtapacxppoG. Axf) fj psyaXo-???? XX ??1 xpaytKfi pal Biamaxcoari, p BpioE Kxt vxlaxoixo vc; auyxpvou psyXou 5r]pioupyo0, xoG ???????. Z' va ????????? pBpo xou, EpcovEupsvoc; ???????; xoc; 9Ecopr]xtKoc; xfjc; xxvric; Tto 6Xa x va-Tto9xouv axfjv TtEpicpTiptri vafjxriari, et : Kax a9oc;, oxf|v xxvr), 5vTtapxi varj-XTian. EGpEaiT povxa TtpXEt.
Kal x cbpato Evat, Ttcbc; aBuvorjxoc; axc; axoxaapc; xoG ZoXcopoG Trac v f\ ??-ar\ v EvofjaEt, yupEovxac; pEtc; XXo 9 Kvoups Ttap v XXoupE ?????? ?????-appoG, pxExat poco oxspa ait pt tte-piKOTtrj, ax 'lto ypppa, ???? Ttoir)xfjq ???; TtapouatExat o pt TtpooXf) Kaptc; Kal aBoppiioiac;, ????? ??1 ?????, XxeXo Tcai-iKc;. ?????? oxv ???????, caco yc ??-Ttoio yyovaKt xou : 'Ekevo x TtaiaKi p x pao ??1 ToXprip ?????1 x ?????????? u pepa a pepa axf| okoteiv] ????1? ??? ??1 ?????|9??? tto p' yXaas fj X.Ttta pou' p'poEt pcoc; v tccoxeco ?????; B p ysX-ast pt ???? tto ?????? ??' ax. MoG Evat yt xoGxo ????????, ??1 ? ??????????? xou ??1 fj ???????? Tto oEtc; B xoG cooexe. MoXt ????????; c (?? ??; Evat ??????? !) axq Kai fj 'EXsvtxaa BpBouv v p lov ??'? B 'pouv Kt' XXa TtataKia Kal B ??????? Xa Kal B Kvouv xpXXsc; ooe BsXfjaouv, Kt' yco vpEo xou N pt ElKva ???? tic tuo TtapaoxaxiKc; Kal xl ra ????????????; auvpa Tto pac; vei ZoXcopo, yt pL tc xi cpaixEpEc TtXEup xou auxoG" xou : yt xf)v ????????? ?????? xou Ttpc x "natola, yt xf| Xupucf| xou ??????, B Xyaps, p x Ttatia, p' axv xv cJEXcopiox ????? xfj poai, xfj payEia Kal xfj TtapBEVt, yi xf| ???????????? ??????| yi xo opa-vo xv pavvcov, otcco ????????? va XXo ??01???? pa xv ???????1?? ??1 pu-9ik TcaiKoapo. Kl' xot apprixa fj ok-??) ??? TtEi ox esalata Ttotrjpaxa Tto yfj-Kav rt xfjv ???? xoG ZoXcopoG yt x natola ax x Ttoifjpaxa Tto soKETtaouv co ?? aBoc Tfjv ayysXiKf) TcXEup xfj; ???1?-af| ???. T Ttait, Kl' ycb vpsaa tou,


84
Ka! TtXi ZXcopg...
v ZoXcopg o' ???????? auvraipiaapa p' Eva ano xa cpala puarrjpia rfjg ???????.
Z' XXo ??? ypppa ????? ?? TtaiSKi toG ?!??? ??? Aiovaiou BoXraou, Tto ?? ?????? Ki' Xag Ttoir|Trjg, aTXvovTq ??? Scopo Eva poX'i, ??? ????1 : ????, itav-????? yopKi ??? ?!??? ???, ?? piKp ???-?? prixvnpa Tto ????? yi ???; rog 6vn-Tog ?!? pg xrjq EruXiag ??! ???, Buaruxiag. Ka! B 8 KaKotpavsI toGto otv ??????? ???, ???! t;pEL ????? ?? Xei f\ SpriaKEa pag v xa-pc^ei Kavsg ??? TtaiB Tto ????[?^?1 kti yi SupiTTiK. Ka! toto ?? prixvnpa 8 aoO Et-vai Kpta pi pepa, ytari yc Bv t y-paoa Tcpa, Ttap Evai ???? XPvia Tto ?? e'Xco irvco ???' ki' ao ki' v B ?????)?? yi pva Ttap TtoX XtyEg xaPpEVg copsq, ?????????? p oXn ??? rfj Bvapri rf|v Txn v rie; pETprjoEi X.g yi ava. . ???? aXXa Separa rfjg c^corje; ??! ??? crorepiKoG ??????, yyi^ouv ?? ypppara ??? ZoXcopoO p tv ma Ttrryaio, ??! pai^ p tv irta TtpooBKriTO ???????1?? ??????. MspiK art' aura, paa arijv aroaxEBiaaxiKii rouq auv-ropia, eroi p ?!? yopyg XX ?^??????; pa-Tig Tto pixvouv a' ,rt Xeuouv, ??????????? ??! ?? Bsiv ???^?????1?? TaXvro Tto slxs ZoXcopg. ????????1??1??| slvai r) psaXiortKrj ???1?????1 vg TpsXXo, o ypppa ??? ????? tv NtKXao Aouvr^ri, ???????????? ??! ira-pouoiaopvo orfjv 'AyyXoXXr|viKf| 'EteiSec-pr]or| Tt rv Avo noXTir. M rcpa Kai-pg B ???; ????????1 Ttap v ???????? a' Eva otipavTiKcoraro aXXo ypppa ??? ZoXco-??? Ttpg tv ????????|, Tto, ?????? EUOTOXa
orpstcvEi ?. ??????)?, Sexvei too na-axoXoGaav ?? ZoXcop ?? yEviKTEpa ????-Xfjpara ??! Ttari TtoyofiTEuari ao8avrav yi ?? Bppo Tto ??????????? ?? ???????? XXitvik ?????? per Tfjv ?????9??????|. ?? TtovEpvo auro p ??! ?????^??? pac, ypppa Xei ToGra : riavE ekooi va xpvia Tto av arjpEpa fj 'EXXSa ??????? ?'?? Xuao-Beq. 'H pepa aurfj toG EayyEXiapoG, slvai pepa yi xotp Kat YLa SKpua. Xap yi ?? psXXopEva, ?????? yL rfj oKXata rrjv ???-paopvr]. Ka! yi ?? orjpspa ?! v ettco ; CH ??????? elvai rao ysviKr) ?' exsi rao a-8ig rig p^sg Tto a kvei v aaarcig. Movo rav ?! ??????? rfjg ???????? cpXo-8pu9o0v Ttpa cog irpa S ??????????? v ????-pe pia r)0LKr) vayvvrior|.TT x pXXov ??? 8 Elvai psyXo, rav Xa orrjpixSoGv axr\v r*|SiKr, rav 8piapEUat fj BiKaioaovri.Tav ?? ypppara KaXXipyr|8oGv oxi yi prairi sttl-Beicji Ttap yi ?? ?????? ??? XaoO, Tto XEi vyKri dir TtatBsa ??! arto ????????] ??? axoXaoTiKrj. Tte 6 ?????? f\ pXXov 8 EXOuv ra TtaiBi ???pia fjOiKfj vayvvri-ar| ??! ?? pXXov 8 slvai pEyXo.Arf) fj ????????1? yi rf]v TtvEupariKfj ??? vayv-vr\or\ .Tto o TtoXX Trig TcpayparoTtoif|8r|ke pyTEpa p tv 8r|poriKiap, Sexvei ?????) pia ???? Ttao pyaviK f]rav BspvEg o! pu-????? 'yvoisg ??? ZoXcopoO p ?? TtVEuparc-?? TtETtpeopva toG "E8voug ??? ??? Ttotryrfi Tto ?1???1^?- dir tte yi rfjv rtarpiBa ??? : ycb a danopai sg ?? pXXov VTupvr|v p TtEtpTi Bc^a.
ANAPEAZ KAPANTQNHZ


Hil11?? I??????
?1??????? ??? TON IOAQMO
'Ev BEXfjooupE v vaKaXaoupE aifj pvij-?? pa va n ?? aaiKcoTEpa iypara Tfjcj noifjoEco TOO ZoXcopoO, aT aco 6 Evai f\ vTtiTa rfj ouvEifjoECo.
2??| auvE5nari too ZoXcopoO iipioupyrj-BnKav pi ? l TcvTa ????????? Ki tcstcoi-SrjoEic; Ki pxsc, tco nappsivav vaXXoico-te a Xn tfj cof| Tou Ka popoTroirjGnKav oTTjv TioTiai tou, ki' air1 auxfj ?????????-OEovTai a' p.
???? ????????|?; to ZoXcopoG v 8 psl iaTtaor) ??1 ????????? tv vTiXrj-iJjecov, no ????????? o otxoi tou. Zr noirj-???? xou ?? io tcovtote fjiK vnpa kivei-Tai ??????????. 'H cofj aro otxou toG ZoXcopoG Evai ???? Ki paia, tcai f\ moxt] OTf]v ???? Trjc Kai otv Ttpoopiap ??? Evai ?????????^. 'H varJTnari Trjc; XfjBeia Evai auvExn. Kai fj iKaicoaf| ???; xei TXsia tct-teuxBe.
50 ZoXcopo exvei noi npayparcoEic yyurai fj Tinyaa uvapn toG TtoinTj. ??-XvoGpE ??????? TTj anpaoia ??? npyparo aToG. '? aBunaraToc, ??????????? 5?-pioupyc 'pxETai p 5?? ?? x^PoV01101 T "Ooe nipaEi ki1 v poCps arri Zo-XopiKrj noir]ori, Se B ??????????? ttot v pvriBoOpE tv iiovra rvo ???, rf] tKrj rq XPola- Auto oupaivEi, uEifj ZoXcopo nyerai aro noiriTc; no nXrpoGv rfjv tco-?? roue;, tco ?????1?????1 orriv ppoouoa ioTopiKf] ariyprj.
'O Bviko naiaycoyo, no ?????????? orrjv noir|or| toG ZoXcopoO, oKE piv aTo-ysvfj unoXriTiKOrr|ra otv psXsTriTrj ???, ???-?? Ka otv nX vayvaTri ???. ;0 Bviko noiqrrj, no Evai Ka Bvik naiayco yc ttoio Evai ZoXcopc, exei rrjv ????????] vapr) v fj arrjv ?????????] Bep-poKpaaia ????; ?? peyXa SaviK. Fi' auro, Ka o ni vriBETEc; KareuBvaeir;, XoyoTEXVi-
kc; fj KoapoBECpiiTiKc;, orav npKEnai yi tv ZoXcop, onco Ka yi kBe noirirfj toG eouc; ???, EyKaraXsinouv xr)v urrir ????, ycvovTac oiaXXaKTiKEc, ????????????? ?? pnops vvai Tuxao aT. A ira toG ??1??-pvou aToG Evai rj ???? rfjc; noiriTiKfjc; o-aia, no rcapTEi ?? pyo rv XriBiv npovopiaKv arcv nouirv.
?????, ZoXcpc, npnEi v ???????? 61-???????? tcv noir)rv. Aiookei p tv runo Tfjq noirjaEcc; ??? Trjv nipovr) Ka Trjv ???-ori. KvEi rrjv piaTOKpaTiKj arrjv nvEupa-?????????) anpaaa rjc Xec 8?????|??) tcv npoXripOTcav rfjc; noirjaecc;. 'Ekecvo BepeXic-VEi rrj vsosXXriviKrj vrior], ?????; arrj ????-poOoE v kSiiXcoBe aTrjv noxn ???, Evai noir)rrjc; pic; nvEupariKrjc; vaouvBoecc;. Kai noraaoETai Kai nEiBapxs rj noiriori toG ZoXcopoG, ke no ??????; Kai ?? ??????; Kai r\ ipavxaoa arrjv iioauyKpaoia ??? Evai xa-Xvcora ??????.
"YoTEpa, Evai ??????) rj 5ianaTCoar| ti ZoXcopc; Evai vac; noaroXoc; toG Bvouc;. To iaviKO to XXr|viapoG ZoXcopc; ?? SiaiaBvBriKE Ka ?? auveXaE Ka ?? KaBi-peoae p rrjv noiriori ???. '????????, onco oi psyXoi notr]Tc;, tv ?????????? ?????'????: rrjc; BviKTiiTac;, no ?????? ?? ropo auvEi-5riT noXrr] piSq poioysvoGc; rioAiTEac;. ????-??|?; to auToG ???, noirirrjc; ??? Bvouc; ??? ica noiriTrjc; rfjc; noxrjc; ???, Evai kBe va n1 aura Ka Xa pai, yiar aura auvioroGv tv XinBiv Bvik noir|Trj.
'Enaric;, ZoXcopc iSaKEi noiKiXrpo-na ?? ?????. Z?p?El rrjv ??????? ??? a rjBiK ^E apETaXrjTEc Ka araSEp. 'H aCioXoyiKn rjBiKrj EvaL psiapa toG noirjTiKoG ??? 'pyou. Arrj XXcooTS siayEi arrjv rxvr) Ka orfiv moTtjpri Kpirrjpia ??????) Ka vri-KSipSVlK, nO v ???1?0???1 n tv xpvo, no v Baovrai Srav pia XXri ????? p-BcoBe vripTConr] npo tt)v ????? no nap-ysrai va ttoio pyo.
"A npoaTEBE ????? Ka ?? ori p yupv pan ee ZoXcopc r yvriaia aToixEa no-XinopoG rfj Na 'EXXa. Ka ?? OTOi-XEa aura r ouvXe no^rrjc; n Tfj XaKrj tou kox) ??? ?? napxsi ?" pS aToaia. 'O ZoXcopo v nasi v wipaasi rf] ?????? np tv Xa. Zrv Bvik puBp, no naiTE yi Xa, ??1 no tv napvE n rf| XaKfj yXcooa Ka ano rfjv ???? ??? ???????? rpayouioO, pnopoGpE v poGpE rfj yvijaia XXqviKrqra no inei ?? pyo


86
AiBypaxa u tv ZoXcop
tou. 'Ekevoc; uXi ucc koXe oxfj Biaxfj- 01 ueyakoi r (xeydla,
priori vc, BiKouou eBvikoG noXixiapoG, noi) ???)? poi&vve, yanovv. no vavscvExai Kai vaysvvixai p x iBio
upcoxapxiK onppa xou. ZxoiXEa ??????, no............ .
x oGps o pia Bviki aTiypfj ???, Bv slvai
xiuox' XXo uoXXq ?????; nap f\ iBia fi na- Ehai r) gwij mgaia arr)v ????)
paSoan, uo nic^E. Srav (povei kevOegid. Z pia Kpiaipn Kapnfj piac; ? BviKfjc; na-
XiyysvEalac; ZoXcopc; ekove xf)v npnooaa.............
Kxipiiari xfjc; uapaBoscoc;, no xf)v ?????????
p x napv. 'AuBei^s oxi fjxav ??????; IBscv EyEvcv, p xc, noiEg BXrias v ??,?????1 T0V uvrga no rgxei u xnovg
xv avBpcouo Kai xv eXXiyva. rfjg ????? rog vofSarovg rnovg,
"O uoiriTTcj Bv vai;iTxi pvo xf)v pop- m' 0 ?1?, XX ??! xf|v XfjBEia. "YndpxEi Kanoia ^ ^dna, ^ %eilr] nixgd. ??????? xfjc; noXixiKfjc; ppfjc, p xfyv KaXXi-
xEXViKf) Sripioupyia. Ti' ax ox pxxuno Ka\ g^Xa ISixuixa noonapaxa : xfjc; noXixEiac; noiiixfjc; Eivai XXoxE npo-
?????, dXXoxE noXEpioxfiq, dXXoxE ???????- "OXa veigara otv xafio,
xfjc, ??1 nvxoxs paxrn; auyKivripvoc., X- vait xai 0 Qdvarog r Xvel. xpr\c, xoG XaoG xou Kai xfjc; Bvxrixc; xou,
no pEXXEi oxfjv noxn xou ki' n' axfj........
nspv Kai axlq npsvEc;. 'AvriBsxa upc; xv
moxijpova, TroiTyxfjc ?????1 ISEq vxsXcc; 'Avoixr ndvra xi aygvnva ?? vana rrjgyv-
npoocouiKc;, KaxEuBvovxac; xf| ouv5r]or| xoG ^g jU0U_ gvouq. KivEixai opcoc; uvxa n xfjv iSia
vrrixa xfjc; BiKfjc; xou auvEiBfjaEcoc;, yi xf]v.............
noia piXriaa oxfjv apxf| xou arjpEicpxoc,
auxou. Svxv ?? arrfiia xogaoa, ???? rriv xaXwavvri.
'Ano ???? ????-fi piprior) fjxav Xuxpcopsvoc; ZoXcopc;. KBs ?????????;, xaipiaaxoc; upc, xfjv npcoxoxunia xoG noirixfj, sTvai ;voc; dna
x 'pyo xoG ZoXcopou. Tinoxa x XEXpaxcBsc; vvaur) aov nlayo, xi fi ekriafi uov Bgdxog.
Bv ???????????1 xfjv uoiriaf) xou. Eivai c,- " oxE'pri, Biauyaxaxri, p Bpaxa yvf|aia ???-xik, x^P'1^ Kappiv vEBuvn ??^???].
ETvai ^ioonpsicTa a kBe Bfjpa^ xfjc; "Ouog ??????(???1 CTXoq, fj VEpynxiKxrixa xfjc , -
?????;, n Koipnxn ??0??1??. 0 ^oXcopoq stvai KEivoc. ??? ??? 5i5a-
"Yoxep' n xfiv BviKf, ^yEpan xou Eko- aKl wvexaq oti tItoto 6ev toetoi vavai yv-
oiva, ZoXcopq VEiponXnaE x ??????, vn^ xtic; ??????, XX oxi oXa npeitei vavai
op$cova p xfiv yEXiavfi ???1????, &q evav Yl0t vj^ypy ?????? ki ?????????-
fjBiK pyaviop no npaypaxonoiE xf]v nBiKf, va- 9 ^,L0^ a^ R aw ,PY? ????????;
5a. Eivai voaxaXyq xfjc; ??????????????; X0',^ sKve, KXnpovopouc; evoc; acpBovou Kai
xfjc; XXriviKfjq XEuBEptac;. Txoisc yvupsg Kai cxkevcoxou SiSaypaxoQ: ???; npoanaBEiac;. Kn-
oupBouXc; B pnopooapE v noonaoups PuaaL, P? la ox5iaopaxa xcoy noinpaxcov
n x 'pyo xou noXXc;. 'ApKopsBa a ? ?? ? <>? xou avBpwnou Bev Eiyai xinox
X(yr aXXo ???? ? pxBoc;, ??? ki oxav ????? Bev
npaypaxvEi, Kai nXi yi xoc; pexaysvoxE-
'An orua dnoi, yqovei Pout^ ^oxEXEi ???? ???????? napaBsiypaxoc;.
naknxqia, g ur) 'model, ZoXcopc; vfJKEi oxoQ TtvEupaxiKOc;
??? ?? xgi aag xtvnaei naxspEc; xou eBvouc;. Eivai Ttpuxog, no
? eXmov r-nv ????? '???? QviKf Boir ox 'pyo xou, ?????????-
' Bcovxac; x oyxpov xou pspaxa xfjc; ?1?0-???1??;. 'Avf|KEi ZoXcopc; oxv alcva xfjc; vanxc;Ecoq xfjc; BviKfjc; auviBf|OECoc;, ?????;
, xPaKxripic;xai 19oc; alcvac;. 'Ekxc; n
???? ? vixtj, av vcobfjte, T ISEaXiaxiK oxoixeo, no e'xei alvac;
ndvra iag ?' xolovQe. axc;, xEivovxag upc; x uEipo Kai x
aXXr)uxo, uBcoas ??1 dc;la oxfjv xopiK-............. xrixa XX ??1 axfj ????????] xfjc; BviKfjc; ouv-


AiSdypaxa arc tv ZoXcop
87
ECfjOECOC;. "OuCOCj ZoXcpC; pTXl KCX
Ttpc; tic, KaTu9vaic; toG 18ou alcva, tto tv tcoto TtaipvEi ?? KpiTiK TtveGpa. 'Ait tv alcva aTv toG ?????????? pa8aivEi v' vTipsTCOTcic^Ei ?? Ka9sxl p Tfjv ???????]??-????????? ???.
TScaiTspa, ri 9pnaKUTiKrj 5i9ari, Tfjv Ttola ????^1 fj Tcoiriari toG ZoXcopoG, 'XEC kti dir tv XEiToupyiK Xupiap Tfjc; ?????-vcoavric;. 0 9pnaKUTiKc; tvoc; ottiv Ttoinon toG ZoXcopoG 'xei tv !6io TtvTa oupBoXiap, slvai lioc; TtdvTa 9ppq Xyoq. 'H ??????) paq p ?? TpayoSia toG ZoXcopoG pdq 5r|-y air\ ouvaio9nari ?????; f\ Xrydivr) Tcolnan otkei TtcoaSiTtoTE ???????? ki' dir tv pTicTEpo tce^ Xyo.
'YTtdpXEi otv ZoXcop pia KXaaaiKfj aup-pETpia, pia dvaXoyla tco p Tfj 9ia ???????-?? ttic; ??1 p tiv ????????????? ??????????-afj ???; Exsi t;Ttpdoi ?? opia K9s xXapc-oecoc;. "Etoi 5v ?????? ???????????] TC T ?????? ??? KoivTOTto. ??????? tv poBp Tto dvTaTcoKplvETai air\ 5i9eafj ir\q. Av ??-paivETai ????? ottv ??????????.
'H ????????? Tfjc; ???????????; Tfjc; t-Xvric;, oTfjv poTcpTcfj ?????????) ir\z, Eivai aTa0Eprj OTfjv ??????) toG ZoXcopoG. 'H ?????-Tt9i ??? ??1 eoe; iar\ ??1 ???; p9o5oc; slvai ??8?|???1?? TtoXoyiopvr), p ?? ????? t.fjc; vTXEiac;. ?? ?????? ???, ???' ???) Tfjv ??9?-XiKTr)T touq, Sv exouv ????? oTEpr|Bi dito Tfj Scops Tfjc; XiTTriTac;, klvr|c; tco TtpooSio-pi?i Tfjv ?????, Tfj povaiKfj SiaTTicoari otv Xyo.
'H 1??????1?, dir Tfjv Ttola ppdTai fj Tcolriari toG ZoXcopoG, Sv exei a)(ar\ p tv TCoKEipEViK pcopavTiop. nXoaia acoTEpiKfj ?????????1????|??, p ????? ?????; ?? ????????, p vTriTa TcoKEipvou ??'? vTiKEipvou, p
OTtayia Suvapr) Tfjc; ??????(??;, ZoXcopc; TcoTaoEi ?? Xik ot TcvsupaTiK, ???????? p ?? lEOKpaTiK ?????)???? tco noSlvouv TcvEupaTiKr cjia otv ?????. Evoc, XXnvi-otijc; piXcvTaq ??????? yi tv ?????? ??? ZoXcopoG laxupioTriKE oti ZoXcopc; auyyE-veuei ISEoXoyiK p tv nXdTcova. ?? ???-TcoviK aTOiXEia aTf|v Tcoirior to ZoXcopoG 5v Ecvai ???????; ouvavTijaEic;... ???? Tfjv al-o9riTiKij ??? Bscopla, fj Ttoiriari 5v Eivat dXXo Tcpdypa, ???? TCEXEuBpcoari arc ?? ???9?). Ti' ???? vopc]i tv nXdicova tv TtoiriTiKc-???? ?1??????... 'H ETCpaori BBaia otv ZoXcop ov TCEpiopii^ETai pvo aTfyv Tcr|yfj ??? nXTcovoc;, XX ???????1 ??1 ??? VEcTEpa 1??????1?? auoTfjpaTa. ??? dir toc; ????-vaTEpouc; peXetiitc; tou ZoXcopoG SiarTtco-aav mypappaTiK tv ZoXcopiK l5aXiap. '? ???????; tovic^ei : "Ooo ZoXcopc; dv-Baivs ??? ????; Tfjc; Tag, too ao$apcTEpa aa9avTav Tfjv ccoTcpTCEia Tfjc; txvtic; ???. Kai 6 ???????; Tclanq c;aipi : T pEyaX-????? laviK ??? ZoXcopoG dvoiyouv ???????; ??? ????????????; opavoq dir kecvouc; tco toG Seixvouve ?? ????????? yupeo ???.
ZTfjv ???? toG ZoXcopoG auvou^ETai ?? l6aviK piaq ????????????????; p ?? ISaviK vg Xaou. Gappslc; Tcq ycvovTai Eva fj yco-yf) fj 9viKf| ??1 f| KOivcoviKfj paa ??? ?1?-X.u9pa Tpayouia toG ZoXcopoG. ETxe t 9vOTcXaoiiK xdpiapa Tfjc; ????????????; ??????-???????;, tco Ecvai fj 9sla Scops otoc; Tcoir)-tc;. nep^povriT-ric; Tfjc; ??????????^, ettiSlc-kovtoc; pvo xlq alcviEc; cjlsc;, ov ??^?? xeo-plq TCEpiEXpsvo Tf|v I5a Tfjc; ?????(6??;. ????'? ??? laviK toG ZoXcopoG Eivai ????????????; f| 9viKfj, fj KOivcoviKfj ??1 f| dTopiKf| i^cofj. "Etoi dv auXXBoupE tv 8viop ???, ?????? ????????? ?? virpa ???.
GEOA^POZ EYAHZ


H e E I H TOY I O A Q M O Y ITO ???????? THI EAEYOEPIAS
EuXasia Kai o, KopnoBvouv %r\v ???? aou av BXeic; v uiXrjaei yt t ZoXcop. EuXasia, yi tv vBpcoTto Kai Siavonir], tco OTCEpviKnaE tv KoivovtK auT ??? yt v yivEi ???????? to Bvou ??? QiEppnvsuTri,. Ao, dir ?? aa xouv ???1 yi tv ????? ToG iaviKoO Kai ??? ???????. 'Ait ??????; ps-??????? Kai BaraxTOuc; pEuvriTc; tco Bev exouv ctooei Xyo yi Xyo, tco v pfjv tv TtoGv. Tao, ???? ,ti ki' v tce,, v kivSu-veeic; o koivo v tcoei totcou,.
'Qarao, Eva XPo ????'?1 rfjv EKTtXrjpco-pcoarj ??? : Tcpa tco oXoc pcXoGv yc tt pop-??] Kai ?? ???? ??? ZoXwpo, dvdyKri v TCopvnaBs f] ?????? Kai ????? Kai tcv Bu oaia : "H pxn yi ttv 'EXsuBEpia. Xpoc;, Ttpo, tt] pvrjpri kevou, tco ????????????; ??1 XKapBoq, va Kai pvo opapa oas : ToG E;eor|Kcopvou rvou rfj XeuTEpi. Xpo, ????? ToG ayxpovou vBpcTtou rfjv ycovia, tco ?? iBio a TsXsuTaia vXuar, TtpoXnpa vri-KpEi : To TcpoXnpa Tfc; EXeuBspiac;. "?????, ??' ??, xouv kotv ???? xpvia Tcspasc, ???? tte tco Tvias ZoXcpc ?? yspTfjpia aaX-TcapaT ???.
?? ??? ??????? aToO xpsouc rfrv KTcXrjpw-ori, ??????????, TaTCEtv ki1 pE v ?????-??????? Xtya ?????? to ????????? XouXo-5ia ??? pvfpa ??? 'EBviko ??????,.
??????] ??\? 'EXEu8epiac;, vpaaav ?? Zo-Xcop. 'YpvcoB xr\ 'EXEuBepca. Kai ?????| Kai apBo Tfc XsuBEpia, tv sTtav XXoi. '???-??, ottv KOivfi vTXrnJjri, ZoXcopc Kai 'EXsu-BEpa, eoe; EvvoiEc;, auvSovTat ????, cote o X,Eiq KaTavToGv oxeov ouvcvupEC,. "Oxi, eaca, cxBiKa. '????, ??? iou ??1 to ????? ???, TCEpTCTouaa scvai ?? TcpoXnpa rfjq Xeu-Bspcac;.
"Eva TcpoXnpa TcaXi, ao oxeov ??'? fj auvscBn,on ??? vBpcoTcou. "????? ax avoX ???, XX Kai irvTa, ?????????; XupEvo. 'Sic, yvcan, Trjc; vayKaiTriTac; Kai XP4CTlPOTConar| ??]?; voporeXscac;. 'Qq, Ttpooappoyfj Kai ETtto-Xf|, ao TCTpsTCT, Trjc; v8pcTtivr]c Ttapouaia ??? TtEpeyup ????;. 'le, auvEBrraric; Kai vp-yEta. KocvcoviKfjc; ??'? TcpoacoTttKfjc;. 'EBvcKfjc; ??'? TcoXiTiKrjc;. 'YXiKrjc ??'? ???????????|?. Z
pia ??????????? ?????????], tco tevec arrv KaBoXiKT ??'? ropiK] Xrpcoorr, arc toG Mf| 'Eycb ??'? to 'Eycb r Bsop, arfiv poiaia roue; voxn Kai aXXriXsCaprriari, vaXXayfj Kai ouvruTior], eie; ?????????? ??????/ pi Kai t.r\ aurrje; ouatt;, ?????? vo Kai toG a-??? vopiopaToq.
'AXX Kai TrpoXripa iBiaTEpa arjpspa tcl-Kaipo. Gpa Kai ?????????], Bear) Kai Xor), tco KavE Tcoiov ?' yyiEi. 'Sic, aupoXo yEviK Kai wc avBripa elBik. 'Sic, vvoia Kai XECti, ??????? arfiv Tipcci, ???????8?)????|. Zt' -vopa Trie; EXsuBepiae;, pxovrai yi rf|v ????-TXEi rou o TcBouXoi ?????) BviK Xao. M Tfje; EXEuBspiae; ?? Xaapo ipcopvo, yco-viovtai o pcoBoBopiEc; ra,Etc; yi tt\v koc-vcoviKri tou cvoo. Tfjv XEuBEpia rfj KUptap-Xac; roue;, TcpoaaTciouv o apxovTEc;. Tf|v XEuBEpia v Kupiapxfjoouv, BlekBikoGv oi voi a-BvTsq. ??? ropiKfj XsuBEpca, pcXoGv oi ????-roi. Ki' vvooGv, pvo Tf| BiKri ????;, pvopE-voi tcv XXcov Tfjv ropiKf| XEuBspia. i KOivcoviKf| XsuBepia, piXoGv oi Betepoi. Kai pv.oGvrai rfjv ????????????) EXsuBspia. '???? pcoq, ??;???????? Tcpor)yopEva rfj XarpEa ??? ??????????? ????;. FIXEpoi ki' ETcavaorasie;, OTfje; XEuBEpta ?? vopa aTcoXuovTai, Bi-???? v, arfjv mo cbprj, KTriveBri, iair), -TcavBpcTcr] ??????????? ??, 8r]yov. ???;, Xoi-Tiv, v pfj 8iarr|p ?????????) xfyv TciKaipo-??|?? ???, ?? TcpoXripa xfj; 'EXsuBspiae; ; Kl' f] vsKpfj toG ZoXcopoG ?????, tccc; v pfj ???|-Xqvetoc oXouvravr] ???????? ???; ; M va-or|KCopvo ?? ?????? pTCOTto ki' auaTirpf) tiv ???|, p TpopEpfj toG Xyou Tfjv ????) ; ????; v pf]v pBoaTEi vpea pac, yt v' va-atriXcoEi tv yKpEpiapvo, a' 'AvaroXfj ??'? Avar], va tfje; EXsuBspiac ;
"AXXec;, Eaia, Erav rfje; ???????; ??? oi auvBfJKEc;. Aev roG TtcrpTtavE v auXXaEt ?? rtpoXripa a' Xec; tic; tituxc; ???, at ??????? Kai ouaXETiop p rfjv oKovopia Kai rfjv koivco-viKf| Biaicoari, tc rfjv aropiKfj Kai paBiKfj ?????, erat irr Kai e;EKa8apiapva, Kaipia Ka TttraKTiK, ??????; ?? 6rouv o airpEpivc; ouvBfKEq ??1 ?? vripETCTtiouv o aripsptvoi vBpcoTtoi. 'Ekevo pcoc, tco toG ive rfj u-varrriTa ?) ????? ??? v auXXaEt, ?? ouv-XaE Kai ?? ??,????, ???? ????? povaiK


'H Son ??? ZoXcopoG ??? TtpoXnua xfjq XsuBspia
89
yt xf\v 'EXkba. M apuvouaa, Kai yi tv rtXonro EpcoTtaiK ?????, anpaaa. Tao apuvouaa nate v' vayKaei vav b-Kxopa ????? v vaepcovst : H va Trainar] xpayous xfj vsa EUTspia.
??? Evai ?? Ttela, ????? ?????? v ????-6e ?) TTOTCTEa yi v vsupsi TtGq xiBsiai x TcpoXn,pa xfjq Xeueepiaq ax ZoXcop. T Ttpcxo, KaxaXapdvsxai ???? xriv irapouaa xou, cq vBpcTtou. Ta sxEpo, dita x p-yo xou.
??????? 8 ????????? Kavsiq v ???????-XouBrjoEi o' Xr| xr oKuraXoSpopa xrjq ??-BoXiKfjq ??1 xv So pvoXoyaq, xoq Siayc-viCpsvouq ??1 SiayKCoviCpEvouc, arc ????-Spaq ??1 rti axiou, pvriTq xou. 'AXX Ka SaKoXa 8 ????????? v aupcpCVfjaEi p xoq piKpTtpETta ???1?????? TciKpixq, tto V pvriBov TtoXX tto KEva tto KaraXyiaav ??1 v ??.?1???? ke ????? ???????, ucoq B EXeys, v ooe, paKapxriq riavax 'Iaxpxi.
Av xoO Xv arjpEpa or ??????? v Evai ??1 oxpaxtcxiiq. 'Qoxao, axq Sv Exav povxa Snyq. Ei'xav ??1 oxpaxioDinq. 'Ai-???? v Sv KpaxoOas x ????????'????? xi, p xo Xyou xriv TtXa ????????), ????^?? ??????? axoO paxpsvou Bvouq rlq ypappq. riplv ir x Xyo Evai f\ ?????,?|, Xei ???1-TE. 'AXX pffncoq Ttpcji Sv Evai Kal X-yoq ; Ti XXo dir irpari kove 'OXpmoq, xav ??????? vaq Kal pvoq Xyoq xou yi v TtixEvsi pi voar]pf)" ?????????) ??1 v SnpioupyE ???? ????????? aroKxovicv ; T XXo, Tiap ???????, kove ZoXcopq, orav, xi KaxoTTiv, k xv axpcov, XX xrjv pa Kpinq tto paxrav x Bvoq xou, xpayou-SoOoe xoq ycvEq xou, upvoaE x fpcoiKd xou ????????????, axirXirtus xf) Sixvia, Sia-KfjpuaaE xryv XeuBspla ; T XXo, ????? ort aupTtoXspoGae pai xou ;
'AptoxoKpxriq Exav ZoXcopq. Kprjq. 0 ????????? Ki' axq v svai vaq ???? xoq KprpEq Mdxxspvix xfjq Ttoxfjq xou. Av x BXtioe pcoq. 'AvxiBExa, ytVE apSoq xfjq XEuBspiq. Ftax ; MovOTiXEupri B Exav fi ecjjyriar], v BXaps v' rcoSaouue x ysyo-vq, axiq vxiKEipEVtKq pvo auvBfJKsq xfjc; Ttoxfq xou. Zuvu?aopsva p' axq, SpaaE f| ISiOouyKpaala xoO vBpcOTtou. CH TtpoacoTtiKii ISioouaraaa xou. Arfj iraie xv TtpcorEUov-xa pXo. ???? a' axfjv, f\ Kapi Kal voOq xoG Ttoii-ixfj ??1 oxoxaaxfj, SxBriKav xoq vuypoq Kal xoq Kpaaapoq rfjq Ttoxfjq ki' yivav oi ??paa?q xriq. Ki' oxav xai xei x f|xr|pa svai xouXxiaxov tto^X oxnpa-xik v xv ???????????, ????? ??1 ?????, BvLKOTtotripvo piaxoKpxri.
Zx ZoXcop, x TtpoXripa xrjc; EXsuBsplaq T8r]K ait xf|V Sia xou xfj ????1. TBtiks upv ???' Xa, coq TtpoXripa Xrpcoariq, ait rv &io xou xv aux, xv koivcovik Ka xopi-
k. 'Ac,ei v TtpooExBoGv ax aripso ax, o ?????????^, Tto TtapxEi 'IaKcooq IloXuXq. "EKXatys, pq Xei, ox Bvaxo priXKOu xou Kal ?1??0? x xpi EEpyxou ouppaBrixoO. Zx ysyovq ax, Ttpa atro xv ouvaioBrjpaxi-ap, TtpTtEi v SoGpE Ka xfiv TtaXXayf] ???? va ppoq xoO xoptapoO, Tto ETttxpTtEi xf)v vayvcpiori xoG ouvavBpcTtou. rito ?????, rioXuXSq xv xocPCCK;TrIPLL wq ppr|xiKfi Kai $tXEX8pri ????, Tto ki1 arq opioxoq yt xf|v XEuBspia ddq Pcoariq vayKao-xav. v ouyKpars. Zx Xkeio xfjq "Ayiaq Al-KaxEpivrrq fjxo Svaxo v Ttoxax8E Eq xr\v aaxrioxriTa xoG oxoXeou voq, ?|5?| pa6r|-pvoq v pf)v aaSi^rai XXov xXivv sipi] xfjq yitriq. Kal Eq Xri xf| cof| xou Sv kXive Ttox xf|v ?????^? Eq XXo vBpcTttvo J?oq pf| rf|q pExfjq. Av SlaxaE v KplvEt ???? TtpacoTto xv Mvxi. '"" -. ?????|???? Ttappoia p xoG ????^? Mov4; 1 KpEpovi-xrj, Ttooq ?????????? xi .v x Kpov xrjq Kaxaiaxvt]q v Kaxaaxai""r) xtvaq x ypppaxa pyava vavSprrq SouXEaq f) pavt-Kfjq KoXaaiaq. _Kai axv ??????? yt' axv ettv ZoXcopq : Mf| Ttapaxapr|Xcox Ttox xf|v ??????|, Sixi 8 EpEBoGv TtoXX xtpa Kai xpsa xpia xotpa v aq xf|v ???????-aouv. "Av TtXi xoXpf|oouv o vavSpoi v aq piaouv yi v oKEiraouv xoq TtoXXoq ?ouq, o rtooi ?????]????? pq xfiv ???? roue, xxe, vai, ar|Kwaex xf)v ?????? p oXr\ rf| Svapt 'TtcbxEi, Ka 6 iSfx ori B ?????] EBq KEvri f] aBSsia, TtEiSf] Evai piKp-???? aBSEa.
'???????.?) xoG SoXcoxou xf|q ?uxfq xou Evai Ka x yEyovq, xi poXovxi KTtaiSE-??]? axf|v 'ixaXia, Siaxf|prOE cooxoo xf\v X-XinviKTiixa xou. Ka vxl v yuplaEi ke, Ttcoq OKTtEus, pElVE axfi uCaoipa yfj, itcoq Xei IloXuXq, vcoxiCpEVoq x Ttpo-pr|vuxiK xrjc; vKpa\oxaor|q xoG Tvouq TtvEpa, yi v ylvEi SiaaaXTtiaTrjq xou.
'AkoXouBoGoe, B ttexe, x psOpa xfiq ????-Xf|q xou. PimCxav ???? xf|v vayEWr|XiKfi xoO vspxpEvou xxe axiapoO irvori. 'EvoxEpvi-Cxav xiq ?lXEXE8pEq ISsq, Tto TtXcvov-xav arto x Eva ???? xfiq EpcTtriq coq Ttpa axoG BaiyKxcov xf| yf|. "EXXr|vaq KaScbq Exav, 5 ????????? v pfjv ??????????1 ki1 Stoq x auvaKXouBo irpq xfiv 'EBvEVEpola Kvr]pa xoO ?1?????|?1????. 'Eiropsvo Exav, x TtvsGpa xou v 5?????????1 ???????? p xv Stxuxo xf|v ????? eKEvrj ISEaXiop xoG ISaviKoG ??1 xoG ??^???, roG "?????? Ka xo ZXXep, rv vpiKTO dna KXaaaiKiaxiKf) pxaioXarpEa Ka popavxiK ?1?????8?????, vcopvouq a pia ???????) f]8iKo XPouq.
"OXa ax svai pB. 'AXX ax dKpt-Sq dTtoSEiKvouv tl TtfipE KaXq SKxriq. Fi' ax Ka dvaSx8r|k a ???? ???????. Kxi TtEpioaTEpo : a ???????????. Av Exav dir xf|v Ttdaxa xcv opaycv. Exav n xf| proa xcv TtpcoxoTtpcov. Fi' ax Ka Sv dvfiKEi axoq xpoaooupouq xoG TtapX8vxoq. 'Avf|Kt axoq xpayouSiaxq xoG Ttapvxoq.


90
"H Bear) ??? ZoXcopoG ??? ??.?|???? rfjq 'EXsuGsplaq
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Toospsq Elvai ???? Boariyapic, BBaia, v' TtoKXetovTai XXsq, site pEosq site ????" vsuriKqol nriyq n rie; nosq pnopst v avTqoEi KavEq xr) Oan ??? ZoXcopoG ??? TtpBXnpa rfjq XsuBEpiaq. T npoXsypsva tco ?'????? ??? ???? ??? ????????, ????-Xaq. '? "Ypvoc sic Tr)v 'EXu9spiav. Oi 'E-XsBspoi uoXiopKripEvoi. '? AiXoyoq noirj-? Kai ??????????????. 'Ac;l^l v psXsTrvBoGv Xcopiar rj k6e pia.
??????????? otv ??????, nstSfi arq pnopoGos ???????? n k9e aXXov v c,spsL Trjv ???? toG ???????? Kai ?1??? ???, ???1?)??|. Kai SsxpaaTS oaa pvripovEEi n rv ZIX-Xsp, nEiSrj oroG psyXou aroG Kai ?1?????-Opou ISsaXioTfi Trjv alaGrvTiKfj Gtiteel Zo-Xcopq.
'Atto tv ZiXXsp 8 kooei ?? too Kai orjpEpa ?????| Xr|8tvvqapTr)Ta, BBaia, n tv ysviK EOKpaTiap ?????1 ???? ???????? Xyia : ...arjpspa BaatXsEi rj XPLtx Kai Eie; tv rupavviK uy rriq apvsi SEpvrr Tfjv c,napvr] vBpcourriTa. ToG psyXou ysppavoG Trjv pxn yi xr\v Txvri toG ISavi-???, 8 vcotioBeI : Npoq atfjq Elvai v' ???\-osi Tfjv ????????????? ??1 p ????? aspvrj v 6????1 ???? &v ????????? rj XpEia" Slti rj Txvr] Eivai ???????? rfjq XEuGEpiaq Kai 8 ??????^???? Elq Tryv v~> ??) toG uvEparoq, oxi iq Trjv Bla Trjc; uXr)q. 0' Koosi ????? Tir; ??????????, 5r|yiEq ??? :
Aicoypvoi n ??? ?? ??????????, oaa Svavrat v Scaouv pia ???1??| ?????????? toG ata8r|TLKoG vGpcnou, ???????????? sic; tv KaTapxryrov npyov xfjq rjGiKrjq paq eXeuSe-piaq Kai ?????????? piv ????????) Kai Ttsipri ???????, ve ???)????? Eva anXcq oxetik Kai npoacopiv TtEpomopa poa sic; ?? tce-Siov tcov ?????????? 'AXX pXiora yi toGto tl TtpTtSL v pq nXaKcoasi ?????] fj ???1??] Bi, oncoq vayKao8oGp v ?)??|???? Bofj-8sia sic; Trjv rjGiKrj paq ????|, Ssv prtopoOps v ???????? sic; rorri rrjv ???? ouvaia8r|or| Trjc; XEuGEpiaq p XXo, nap p ?? nBoc.
Kai oncoq p8 rovina ???????;, ?' arrj rrjv XXr]Xouxia n8ouq, rjBiKfjq Kai XEu8Eplaq, EaraivE ZoXcopq roq 'EXEuBspouq noXi-opKnpvouc;... Ttoiripa siq t tcoov 'npsTts v ????1 ???????; vSpconoq ??1 v Ssc^ei rrjv ???????? toG nvsparoq ???????? ec; oXa ?? Ec;coTpiK vvna.
M ?? TtvsGpa auro noXuXaq s'BXstcs Kai pprjvsuE ?? spyo roG SaaKXou ???, ?? ap-?????) ???????? Kai toG iSlou Trj yvcpr], av pfj Kai rrjv npoTpoTtfj.
'Enripsaapvoq BaBsi KaBcbq Eirav Ki' iSioc; ???????; n rv ?????? Kai tv ZiX-Xp, poa n ?? npapa rouc;, Kai p rf\v nEipr] ciynr), ?????| ??1 ????1????) or ?1?? ???, KaXunTEi noXX n ?? KSv ??? vpc-nou Kai toG spyou, Kai SripioupyE Eva ???? ?? pXXov fj rJTTOv, pricopvo nspiypappa. M ?? nEpiypappa auro, ??? ????????1 or
npBXripa Trjc; Xu9piac;, no c;Tc^oup Sc Sriyst a' vav, aXXors pEoo Kai XXorE p-pao, ouoXETiap Trjc; 'vvoic; Tire;, p noXXc; XXsc; evvoiec; : Trjc; vSpsiac; Kai Trjc; yKapT-prioric;, toG n9ouc; Kai Trjc; Buaiac;, tcov at-aBrjoscov Kai toG Xyou, Trjc; Xrj9Eiac; Kai rfjc; rj9iKfjc;, roG Bkoiou icai rfjc; ipuxrjq, Trjc, ^corjc; Kai toG 9avTOu, rfjq yXaaac; Kai roG Sia-cpcoTiapoO. Elvai Eva nEpiypappa iSsaXiariK. 'AXX poa a' auro, npsnsi v poXoyr|9e, vanvsi Kai Sripioupystouts, cpuoiK, pno-poGos v yivEi SiacpopsTiK iSioc; ZoXcopc;.
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Flspa opeoe; n t nspiypappa Kai poa n rrjv iSsaXioTiKrj tou rpocpaipa, npoBX-Xei or spyo tou, Mvac; ZoXQpe;, no ouyKE-KpipEvonoisi Kai KvEi XEipomaoTrj, n noXXc; nipsic;, rrjv vvoia Trjc; XEuBspiaq.
Ztv Ypvo siq rrjv 'EXsuBspiav aBvsi XrsXa, pnops KavEq v nst, rj [SEaXioTiKri Bear) Kai vaSsrai XoapKri fj KSiKrJTpa 9viKrj popipfj rfjq XsuBspiaq. 'EyKaprEpriTiKrj, XX nipovr), BsXripaTiKri Kai nocpaaiariKfj, ycovioTiKrj Kai ppririKrj, noXspxapri Kai ra-rBXriTr|.
'O noirirrjq papari^ETai Tqv XEuBspia nXiopvr| p onaBi, no exel Kipr] rpopEpfj, paxpvi"| v KijjEi r Ssop rfjq aKXaBiq, onou yfjc;, piq Kai p Bia psrpsi rr| yfj, av v BsXsi p piaq a' XKXripri v' nXcoBs. Ili-oteel ori BEpsXicvETaL ot) Buaia, ori n' arrjv TpcpETai Kai vTpsiEEi, piaq Kai rrj pXnsi v PyaivEi n' r KKKaXa tcov 'EX-Xrjvcov r p, ncoq Kai npera vTpsicopsvri. Trj voicBsi KXsiopvr) orq KapSiq tcv vBpw-ncov, Ttpoopvovraq v ^snXvsi rf] vrponrj Kai rr|v niKpa toG cpaviopoG, p t ,avaK-Xsap rr|q arrj i^corj rouq.
AoKoXri Bscopst rrjv KaTKTr)orj rriq, nEiSr] rj oKXaBi KaTaTtXaKcvsL roq vBpcnouq Kai yEpfi^Ei rppo rq Lpuxq rouq. M BXiipri va-XoyiTai r npoyoviK pEyaXEia kl nsXmSa SianiarcvEi ori praia npoopsvEi t KXsop Tinq n roq KrjpuKEq toG (piXsXsuSEpiopoG, rcpa, no KXipsq, Xuosc, epeovq, yspios Kopoq. BXnsi Sri nXfjBoq aipa XXrjViK TtoTti^Ei t ayio poGxo rr|q, ki* etoi aipar-Bpsxrr] rrjv BcopEi v yupssi siq r c;va XXa xpia Suvar v rrj auvrpcjouv. Kavsq Spcoq Sv napaoTKEi. Movaxn TTIYaivsi Kai povaxrj sniotpcpEi. Av siv' suKoXEq ol Bpsq v rj xpslo Tq KoupraXfj.s
"Iacoq arjpspa v 'xouv noX XXc;Ei r npypara Kai KavEq v prjv ToXpsi v ns voixr arri XEurspi oGps vauprjq r nai-Sia oou. 'AXX Kai arjpEpa Kpri, noXXo rrjq tc^ouv BorjBsia.Kal cppiKTtrjv i;anaTo0v. "Eroi no SiarripEL Kai arjpspa, 6Xr| tou rr| SpapariKrj, a' 'AvaroXrj Kai Aoii, vayKai-Trira, yQVioriKq Sppoq rriq, povaSiKq no rfjq cprjvouv voixr, piaq Kai 5 pno-poGv v rv kXeoouv ki' arv.


"H 9an toG ZoXcopoG ??? ???????? Tfjc; XEuGspac;
91
Nat XX roga vxmaXevei Rde xxvo aov fi ??/??) ??? xaxnavaxa yvgevei "H rr) vlxr], ? rr) davf).
"Etoi, p Tfjv ?????????????) ??? Pfjya ????-yf) t;eanKcopvri fj 'EXeu9spia ouyKivst tv k-opov XKXnpov, dir ?? Eva ??? ?? dXXo fjpi-apatpio??????? xtponoifj9q, Ka toG B-aiyKTcov fj yf], ??????; 9upTav ?? aSspa, tco Tf|v eSevav Ka aTfj. '?????^??) dir ??? MTTSpvix Ka Tfjc; Tspfjc; Zuppaxac; ??\ p-vr|Ta, Sicpopn ade; Bpioic;, av ?? Bpaxo, tco 0f|vi ?? ???9???? vsp, eie; ?? nSia ??? v xGvsi sKoXBpauoTov ????, ??;???-Xou9eI Tfj OpiapBiKfj ???; TtopEa Suotuxi ???, 5?????1? ???, noiavoG Xei ppsGfj, ??? paxatpi aou ait ????? ??! a' KEvo vTi-??????.
Zrfj ouvXEia toG TcoifjpaToc, oxi pvo k-Ti5a 5 BXtcei Tfjv XeuBeplo, XX Ka Tf|v TtpoBaXXEi dpsta aTfj ????? Ka ???? ????, poa tto auvExn TtoXEpiKf) ??????, v Siek-6ikeI Tfj SiKacoafj ???;. v Tfjv Tpop^ouv oute ?' ??????, oute ?? nXfj9o<;:
MeyaXyivxo ?? /??? Aei%vei nvxa ???? vixel ?? ?? eh' ?????? ye/j,dxrj Ka noXptiav %????.
'Atto Tfj pxn Tfjq TpmoXiToac;, nspva aTfj pxn Tfjc; Kopv9ou.
TQ xgaxoioi ????????? Ka ^avXOexe a ?/??? T naii aag QX' idfjxe ???? /???^??? ii aag.
Ka av ddvaxrj, eoi) Bela IIov ,xi OXeig ???????, Eig xv ??/???, 'EXevdeqia, Maxcofivr] negnaxeXg.
'H TtapEpPoXfj Ka fj ???1????? tGv pa-Xcv, ov ytVETat yi napaypiapa. Tivetoi ouvEi5r)T, yi v 6eixBe p Ttar] ?????? pxi ??????1???1 f| Xu9pa. 'Ano pxn a ????. naipvEi ????? Ka ???? :
Z" avx iqxbva^e, x x^ua Sxaov ??????], 'EXevdegia.
"Etol ?????1?? npoBXXfii ZoXcopc; Tfjv eXu9pa. 'XX Ka morsosi ottj 5vapfj ??<;, ??9???, moTEEi Ka ??? Geo. 'Ano Tfjv ????) ??? Geo, vtXe ???? tv noir)Tfj, Tfj vapfj ??)? fj XEu9pia. ???? crrfjv naTri aTfj :
Adfxipiv exei oXn (pXoymdrj XelXog, /??????, yBaXiig' ??? x XEQl> &g.
??????? ????? noiriTfjc;, oti poa ??? vripa Tfjc; SiSaaKaXc; toG ??????, BpioKE-Tai Ka x vnpa Tfjc; sXsu9Epiac;. Too, cots BXnsi tv ?????, p ????? Toq ???????; ??)? v ??????[1. Too v Tfjc; ??????????, coote :
Kdnoiog fjdeXe gmxf\aei Tov 6v/0v xov elaai ?????? ;
'AoupBBaaTri p Tfjv Xu9pa 9copi Tfj Sixvoia :
'Ev fiioovvxai vduea xovg Av xovg ngnei Xevdeqi.
'AnapaTr]TTi 5iaKr|poai Tfjv ????????
VTr|Ta :
??? gxiim yxaXiaedrjxe Ev gyia yxaqiax
BBaioq oti fj pvoia SrryE aTfj vkii :
Iluvxa fj vixrj, av vmdfjxe Ilvxa aag 9' xoXovdfj.
"Etol noXspiKfj npoBXXEi ZoXcopc; Tfjv Xu9pa Ka OTf|v cfj yi ?? 9vaTO toG Xpou Bupcova, no ... BpxviaaE fj piXi ???, TpayouScovTaq Xunrip, nebe; otv fjXcov n ?????, Evat Xiyr) XEuBspi ??! ??' aX-Xa narpicoTiK noifjpaT ???. Ki' aTfj Elvai fj pia n Tq nXEupq toG npoBXfjpaToc; Tfjc; Xu9piac;, no Btei ZoXcopq : 'H nap-??????), paxiTriKfi napaaXEUTri, 'E8viKf| 'EXu9Epia.
* ?
'AXX ZoXcopc; 6v pKELTai pvo a' a. Tfjv. M ????]?1? Tfjv 9viKfj Xu9pa, ???' XcopEi a pia EpTEpa v8pcmvr|, 'vvoi ???, tt\v 'H9ikt| 'EXsu9Epa. Z' aTfjv BXei v vax9s ??! aTfjv niXEips v npoBXsi p toc; 'EXe9epouc; ?????????????;.
Evai Xfj9Eia 5ti !;KivEi n Tfjv vTi-Xr|ipr| toG ZXXep ? l Tfjv uvEupaTiKfj Xu9-pia, ???? Tfjv noa, ??? ?????????] p tc; vTi9TEc;, tc; XiKq, Suvpeic; ?? XsSEpo nvEGpa ByaVEi vkiico, 9oaii^ovTac; Tfj cofj OTfjv niTayfj ??? XPouc;, oncoq 9Xei pia KaTiiyopa Tfjc; KpiTiKfjc;. Ka Xfj9ia, fj vTXr^n toG ???|???, Evai 5saXiaTiKfj Ka nXuTr). Au ?????; arjpEa 5v c^ExcopictEi fj KaTriyopa aTf] Tfjc; KpiTiKfjc;. ?? ?????? Evai oti otv ZoXcop, fj SsaXioTiKfj vTiX^n ??? ???|???, v ????????1 aTOaia. M Tfjv n-5paar| tcov vTiKEipEviKcv ouv9tikcv no VT-Kpui^EV nouiTfjc; ??! ???? OT0 noKipviK ??? SuvapiK yi Tfj ??????? ????;, fj ???!???? aTfj ??10????1 ??????1?? pETaXXayfj, ????? Ka ??? ?????? 9?????1?? naSo. TpcpEi otoc; oToxaapoq ??? ??????, :
Mia psoTfj ??! copaa 5?]??????1? ecov, o TtoEc; v napaoTavouv ooiaaTiK tv ec ???; alaqoEc; ?????? ???????--- (no) Evai


92
'H Beor xo ZoXcopoO ??? npoXqpa xfj EXsuSEpiac
c,co caio xrjv ???1????1? ??? Kaipo' XX, pia BripoKpaiia eqv iEpyEi atoBnx paa e'l x Spia xo Kaipo.
ripooKoXXripvo, cpaivExai o Ttotrixfj axfjv isa xoO noXxou, xv eq n ir\v tce-pipEia xoO KaipoG, paxo MovpxH- 'AXX, ????? p xfjv xeXeuxoccc ????????], ???????1 xfj npoKpaxicc xv Ssv paa e x pia xo Kaipo, KaxEaCEi xfjv ia xoO noXu-xou n x ovvE0a Ki xf|v xotioBexe paa axf|v iaxopiKfj npaypaxtKxrixa.
"YrcapxEi opw ??1 pia XXri, tuo oaiaaxi-Kfj ?????, pexaXXayfj. Zxf|v npc auxv ni-xayf\ xou, ZXcpc npoiaypEi xi ???-Xou8e koxeuSuvoel yi xfj ouvSeot] xo 'nou xv 'EXeBepcov FIoXiopKripvv :
Koixas v ??????^??? aBpiioov av pav avaaBpa n uokoXe, xc ttoie, v TtspoGv kevoi o MsyXoi, p aa o a-aBrias ??????????? ???? x coxEpiKa.x iroa fj xo xpauoOv p x ?????] xou fj xo ia-ouv p xf|v vyKri Kai p xv irvo, ec e'i xfjv Eaioxrixa xoO Bavxou, XX aipxco p xfjv EvBupnari xfjc; nEpaapvri oc. "OXa ax aa psyaXxEpa Evai Kai TtXov ????-pa, Eie; xao ???1????? axuXonoi axavouv xfjv 'EXsuBspia, pEaxf|v tto x Xpo, r|X. n' aa TtEpixsi fj 'H8iKfj, fj ????????, fj ????[-Ba, fj roXixiKi ?.?..
M xv oxoxaopv axv, ixoiTixfic; v ???????1 nXo pi BoXf] Kai auyKEXupvri iEaXLaxiKfi ???1??|??| yi 'EXsuBfipia Kai XPo, ???? 8 rjSeXav pspiKoi. ripoxcopE ma ke, axfjv vyKri xoG TtpaKxiKoG ieaXiapoG, ??? KaxaviK x coxspiK pirSia, xfj ia, Ki' axv ????? x Bvaxo. ??? p pvri xfjc; ???^? xf|v fj6iKf| uvaprr, XEuBspvei xv v-Bpcono n k8e sap Kai xv KvEi Kava v ???????1 nvc n xf|v npaypaxiKxtyca Kai v xf| 6iapop$vi onco axc xfj vol-Bei, p xfj auvEiotxfj xou 6par|.
'O npaKxiKc axc; EaXiapo, Kai xav v KoXouBE XiaxiKf) 6EcoprixiKf| ?????), nxsi noX n xv ?????? iEOKpa-xiap. 2?????(???1 p x npypaxa, yvExai io nxf) npaypaxiKxrixa. OuaiK, piTO-p oxav Eva Epvo p xv ????|?1?? isa-Xiap, v nat^Ei xi npoco8r]TiK, XX vaaxs-xik xfjc; vSpcniaxiKfjc; vXiri, pXo. 'AXX auvfjBco, Kai iiaixEpa xav auvnxsxai p xo SviKo yovE v noouXou Xao, pExaaXXExai a Kivrixfjpia xfjc; iaropia -vapr|. "Exai.fj isaXiaxiKf| ???(??]??| xfjc; fjBiKfj XsuBEpia, no auaxExiExai p uoXX X-Xs nvEupaxiK Kaxrjyopisc o ?'??????. Kai KnXfjpcoari xpuc;, ????????1 n x ??-pqpva nvEupaxiK, ar auyKEKpipva iato-piK nEio xfj BviKfj Kai vBpconiaxiKfjc; npooou :
KpE ax piKpc KkXo, paa sic; xv noov Kivixai f| TtoXiopKripvr] nXi, v ;aKnCEi Eie; xfjv ????????? xou x psya-XxEpa ?????????? xfjc; 'EXXa, yi xfjv Xi-Kf| Bai no iEi xao y l kevou, no
no BXouv v xfj aaxac,ouv, oo yi ke-vou, no BXouv v xfjv pnouv Kai yi xfjv rj8iKfj Bai, x pEyaXxspa ?????????? xfjc; 'AvBpconxrixac;.
npav pwc; axoG, Kevo no exei nixE-?? oripaaia, Evai xi ZoXtfpc; 5v ????-o6x|ke a' axfj xf| eEcoprXiKfj npooXfj xoG npa-kxikoG lsaXiapoG, XX, n noir|xiKf], ???1-??, ?????), xv SKavs np;Ti : TpayotroE Kai upvTioE, xi ???)??1?????? XX xo ?????-Kptpvou rjpeose; xoG MEooXoyyioG Kai p-Xioxa, xi va fj ??? xopa, XX, o avoXo oxfjv KnXfjpcoori xo ouyKEKpipvou, yco-viaxoG, yi xfjv 'E8viKf| 'EXEuBEpia, XPou. Mnpoox axfjv npooXf| xv ?????? axv, fj iEaXiaxiKf| ?????| noxp, iEOKpaxiapc; CEBcupiaCEi,axvoauapevoc ax a8oc,CEXViexai. 'Ekevoi no pvouv Xoovxavoi, Evai o nxoi rjpcoEc;. Axoq Bupxai kl' axo pvo npooXEi ??????, kl' n' axo vxXe x psyXo fj6LK vripa, no ivsi axfjv XeuSe-pia, npaKxiK iSEaXiopo xou : 'O pax-pEVoc; vBpcono,, naXXaoExai n oXa x Eap xoG nEpiyupou, ao uvax kl' opaa ki' av svai, XuxpvExai n xo XXou Kai n tv io xou xv aux, yvExai Kavc v KnXripaEi x Epxspo npc xf]v naxpia ??! xf|v v8pconxr]xa xpo xou, npc xv v-Spono yEviK, Ka 5l' axoG, npc xv io xou xauxxpova xv aux.
"OnoioQ nsOaivei ?^/????, %i.ie, ipoge. neQaivsi
Xei noirixfj. Kl' opc : O MsooXoyyixEc v iaxouv v nsBvouv. ???? pnopE v BEcopriBE ni Xsu8epo n' axo xo no-XiopKr|pvou oKXaouc ; "Exouv v' vxipsxco-nioouv xfj oKXripfj Kai nXrjBouaa cjcoxepi-Kf| ia :
'Agcmi an, TXkov vov, oki Tovgxi, xn
"Ayykov
TlXay.o /.lya noXs/u, agei ?? xaXvaxi Ki' XXid o Xyo S-?????? ?? Xya axria ii-
vovv.
Ki' pcoc. Ta Xya ax aKEna oxfjBia, iaxouv v' vxipExconioouv xf| ia Kai xsXiK v xfj ?????1????. Av Evai opco pvo axf|8ia n VEKp opKE Kai ???????. Maa xou, yopyoxxunoGv v8pomvs Kapi. 'AkoGve xo oyyouc Kai xo 8pfjvou xv yuvaiKv. Ki' axoi piXoGv pi XXrj, oxi XiKrj XX fj8iKj, iac xf| yXoaa. Bia acoxEpiKfj, no p opco ov vvxia kl' axfj np xfj auvEriori xoG XPou i;coxEpiKfj ia e xfjv Kapi xv noXepiaxocuv, Kai axf| svai f| axEpivfj c,coxEpiKf| vapi, no xo KaxanoXEpsi, n xfjv noia, o n' 6Xe x XXs, axoi yaivouv sXeSepoi. Evai ????? psyXo lEipaopo, f| pop-?? xfj ????!? Kai xfj cofj, no xoKpaxEi spvou pai xou, p x ma axup yi ??-8s vBpcono eop :


"? ???? ??? ZoXcopoO ??? TtppXrjpa rfjq 'EAsuBepaq
93
"Eaxra "?????? yog /te xv avOv 'AngXr
'Avxovoxog xEaidiaug xai XinoBvxiaxvog
Nvyxa yio[xxr ??????, vvyxa anag/.ivr /xyia
01 rpsq aToi oxxoi, Ttou exouv ?? YIVL TtapoipicSsiq, Ssxvouv 6x0 ?? pyEBoq ??? TtEipaopoO, ???? fj KaravKi-iorj ??? 8' ??????-???1 kocl ??? ?? peyaXsLO rfjq fjBtKfjq ????-Xrpcooiiq. "oxt, o fjpcosq 5v Eva qeo. Av pvouvrat rfjv fja rfjq c^cofjq koc tcov aya-9cv Tirq:
?? iixia oeyvovv sgmxa yi xv nvov xaixo Kai ???) ??? xov eIv ,iogipo x (pwg xal
[laye/ivo
Ta 8uotq"ouv ??? aura yt v ?????????-aouv ?? xpoc, Ttpq Trjv TtaTp5a Ka v pet-vouv XEBspoi:
"Eg/xa v ?? xxia noi) xaXelg %qvoe t,(f\g ga
Kai ??? ????? rfjq Buoaq, Tto ???1?^ Trjv fjBtKfj XsuBEpa, rouq KoXouBouv rcpa Kt' ???? ?? yuvaiKTtai5a :
Kai BXnm ???? xa. naioui xal xg vxgoywaxEg Fvqov axr cplya ? avaipav xal OfaBeq xr
Oqipav
M' yanrpiva ng/,i,iaxa xal xe OE.iv xqsBftxia 'Axvijxeg, axvaxxsg, Syaig va g^ovv xgv
"Exal TtposToip^ETai fj teXikt KaTavKr)ar| rfjq Baq, fj vkx\ Ttvco ??? BvaTO :
Elv exoijxa axfv aanov8r nXrji/xvga r&v g/xxmv Agxo v e%aovv x anadia, xi eXevBsqoi v
xelvovv
'ExelOe xe xovg degcpog, edatOs xe x %go.
'o TEXEuratoq arq artxoq ???????6????1 tv auaxsTiop Ttjq XEuBspaq Kai ??? Bav-tou p viKnTTj, oxi aTv, XX KEvn : Kai pe ?? Xpo ????? XeBepoq, TtvTa Xe-8spoq B pvei.
????) evat fj BaBTEpri svvoia rfjq 'HBiKfjq 'EXEuBEpaq, orccoq 6 tarum vErat arc ?? Zo-Xcop.
* *
'H xpxr\ rXoq TtXEup rfjq XeuBepac;, fj TtveupaTiKrj XeuBepa, ToiroBsTELTai u ?? ZoXcop, p ?? AtXoy ??? vpeoa otv Ttoir|Trj, tv ?1?? ??? Kai tv ?????????????, Ttvco ot ouoxsTiop XeuBspac Ka yXca-aaq :
Mrjyaptq exco XXo ot vou ???, npe; XeuBepa Kai yXcoaaa; 'EKevn pxioe v Ta-rfj x ?????? ?? TopKiKa, ????? BXei ???-Trjari yXfjyopa ?? ???????1????[??1??.
. Kai ETteiTa yKaXiaapvec; Kai o 5o BXei Ttpoxopiaouv siq tv ????? xr\q 5;aq,
xpiq ???? v yupaouv Ttau v Kavsvac, ao-????????????; ???^? f] Kavvac, ???????; BaS-tx\' 5iaT 5i p elva opoioi Kai o 6o.
zt Bpa Tfjc; yXcaaac, ZoXcopg 5v eva ????? ????????; ?????????? ??? Vux-pr\. Elva ????????; ??????; ???? ??? Kivrjpa-???; ??? 5npoTiKiapou, ???; KivrpaTocj XeuBepac;:
"??? pixeq 5t xeubepa ; o tcou 'xeic; xuocopvov tv voO aou arc ????; ?????????-pvec; ????????? n Tfjv ????????? xr]q, xuxio-????1?<; ????; ????, au pixetc; 6i XeuBepa ;
zuvoei Trjv 'vvota ???, XeuBepac;, oxi p Tjv TUUiKrj svvoia Tfc; yXcoaac;, XX p Tfjv ???????? svvoi ??, ??, poou ??????????? ??? ????, ???; poou ???. yt Trjv ??????????-arj ??? rt ?? ??????! Tfjc; pBetac;.
??????]???; AtXoyoc;, Tto ?????; Kai pvo B ??????? yt vs vayvcopiaBe pey-Xoc; ZoXcopc;, evat Mvac; cfjtxitttttkc;, yep-???; XfjBeta, i^covTveta, yavKTriori, ppfj, ????; :
??1?)??[?;:... Zo?oXoytc?a?e, ???? etvat ?? paBfjpaTa Tto ????; 5vtTe Kai ?????? v Toq ????[????! Tao Kve v ????; ????1?? Kai p pt ?????? ??????) ??? pTia. Zc; 6vco opcoc; xi\v 6r|aiv oti te-Xecooe t BaatXEt oac; ec; Tfjv '??????, p tcv ??????? ?? BaaXsiov. 'EteXecooe Kai acoc; vaBEpaToETE Trjv copa Tfjc; ????-vaoraEcoc;' oxii oxt, fj EpcTtri, rto exei ec; pac; TtpoariXcopva ra ptta ?? 6t v 5fj t KvoupE rcpa, ????? auvrpboupe rq Xuosq Tfjq oKXaPtq, 6v BXst paq i5f ???? v ttotaxbope eq rptvra c;Xt-vouq rupvvouq!
? X o q: ZcTta, 5iari pa^eerat Xaq.
? o t ?) ? f| q: av p pXst, q pa^coxBfj" p-Xtara q pac^coxBfj Xaq rfjq cEXX5aq 6Xr)q 5t v ??????] Zo?oXoylc?a?oq Ttcoq ptxe- q pacoxBfj 5t v tv ??????-t\co oao 5vapat 6uvarTpa Ttaov Evat 5tKTipvoq Eq ?? aKfJTtTpov rfjq yXwoaaq r Ttotov ??? e6cokv fj ?otq''>.
av exouv Ttap v kooouv ?? m ???? yt tv Zo?oXoytc?a?o Xyta ??? 'EBvt-ko paq riotr|Tfj, oaot oxoXoOvTat arjpspa p ?? tfjrripa rfjq 'EBviKfjq ftat5aq :
? o i ? ? fj q :... yvcptoe rfjv 5vaptv a-rou ??? oKrJTtrpou zcokprnq, Tfjv yve-pto KtKpcov, rfjv yvcptos zitepvirq, rfjv yvcptaav oXot o ????! KBs eBvouq Kai ???? Katpo, Kai roroq BXst v 5p-,ri Tt ra xpia ???, v ?? ToaKori Kai v ??? 6cori XXo bpukoxaktaopvo I
ZoifoAoYitaToc:: 'AXX, KptE. ..
? o t r\ x fj q: 'AXX, KptE, 5v BXet ?? ??^?-


94
'H Gear) ??? ZoXcopou ??? TtppXiipa trjq Xu8piaq
koete ????" o v5pioi bxsi ?? psTaxsi-piaSoGv sq Tfjv ??????? aaq, Ka8coq '????-aaq peTocxsipio8r|KS ?? 5ik ??? sic; Tfjv TcXTiiy ??? 0spoTou.
Ka TtoiTiTfjc; auvsxc^si ?? ??????? ??? ???? TUV ??????????? :
... "AXXri eyvoia sv exsts napv ?????-vssTS Xcq p ?? ????? aaq, ??1 ?? ?????? aaq Evai axaxa Kai ,???, cbav ?? Kpava tco koipoovtai ??? ?^????.
i~i v c;EOTcoi ?'?????? p KEpauvcoTiKfj pyfj :
... kpakoi, oxoi KpaKoi xribivoi Ka xeiptspoi ir tv ??????, tco pyfjke ???? Tfjv kiBcot Ka ?????????? ???? .?? ??????? ???? exe ??101 ???????????; ??? ?????? ...
Ki* ???? OXoq ??? ouviotS v 8upr|8 ?? xyia Tfjq "ayaq ?????)?; ko v pfjv opyiq"-xai, ??? ottavta :
... kuBe ???? tco ?1???1?1??? p aTOq Toq ???????????????;, o tcocoi ????????-boov v ?????????? ?? fvoq, ????? xyca poo byaivouv xtexa tc tv voG ...
"Etoi ZoXcopq ttoxepoooe tv ?????????? ??? rvouq. 'aycovii^pEvoq yi Tfj yXGooa, kabayiac^E ?????????? Eva ppoq Tfjq Tcvsupa-TiKjq xeubepiaq. T ra ???????? Evai oti ekave tv kabayiaap arv, ??????), otti 5i-ttxfj ????? ??? : autpcopvoq 5ioq ???? ?? ????? Trjc; ttaiseuarjc; ??? OTfjv taxikfj yXcoaaa Ka ???? ?? ????? Trjc; ??????????-ipcopvriq ttapsoainq, ??'? ?? yXcoaaa XeuBspcooe ???? 5op ??? ???????????, Ka coq opyavo bvikoo ???????????? ttj xpnolPOTtoiraSi
???? ???' aTq Tq TpEq bspexiakq tcXeu-pq, 6 ZoXcopq Betei, 'ppEoa, ????????????, ??' TC'xxeq ???????? ?? ????????? Tfjq xsu-bepaq. autpcopvoq 5ioq ???? tfjv KaKa ??? ?????? Ka ttv koivcovikj ????????????, bxsi Ka Toq XXouq ???? ?? Ssop Touq v xutpcooei (4>appakcopvrj). ztoq aatipiapoq toG PoSn, 6v TcpiTEi v Soups pvo tv p-yoxoXo ??????????., tco OTci^si ???1 p' Eva pcarpsxxo VTOTpo, xx ??'? tv xutpcopvo ???? tt ?????????? ???????? Tfjq yexocotcoiritikfjq etcapanq. 2t "ovscpo, ^sysipsTac ???? ??? vrjbtkou ??????????? p Tfjv ?????????? ??'? ??????^?? Tfj bvauon p Tfj pa ????????. ???. tsvck f\ aTtp ??? slvai pc aXXn ?????) ???-pikfjq xtpcaoriq, xx ??'? tcov XXcov ??????-Tpcoonq, ???? xoyfjqxoyfjq, KoivcovcK Ssap.
m ?? aT Tcpiapa ???????? v SoOps, arto Tfjv ?????? xrjc; sxeubspcaq, ??'? Tfj ??????? Trjc; zkuboq, ???? ?? baupaco pvr|psto toG XXriviKoG tceou Xyou, p ?? ??????? Tcoir)-tik ????, tco otnxttesc ?? 5uai5f ?????] Ka ???????] ???? ??? ??????????? ????????],
???? ?? TtvTa iTKacpo Ka ?????? vayKao, ?????????? ????????.
TXoq, ??????? paKpuvfj kolvcvik vTf\-????, ppoKoups ??'? ??? yvcoaT irtypappa :
Avaxv%iolive fiov Xa, ???? xal ?\??????, Tlvxox evxoXmaxe Hai ndvxa jiQodofive
??????, p' axq Tq ????????????; ???????^, fj Gar) tco Tcaipvsi ZoXcopq 5v fjavTXsc ?? TcppXnpa ???, XsuBEptaq. OGts, pepata, ELTav 5uvaT v ?? sc;avTXr|OEi. Mvsi oTtcoq ETav Tcpsvo, t;voq Tcpq tc; &u ???????? Tfjq XEuBspiaq, tco too oiaaaXm^ovTac Ka ???? saTc^ouv otv vBpcoTco Tfjq ???????; paq : Tfjv koivcovikj Ka ???????] XsuBspia.
'O oyxpovoq TcoiTiTriq, tco too aaTnp exec KpcvEi ?? ?????) ??'? ?? 'pyo toG ZoXcopoG, TcapaXsTtEc ttv TopiKr ??'? TCoonpsicvsc pvo ttv kolvcovckt TcXsup Trie; XsuBspaq.OuacK, sXsccps ? TcXsup aTf), p xr\v aripspivf Sv-voc Ttiq, ir Trjv ???[??1??| ??? ZoXcopoG. Ote SLTav ??????, otv ????? ??? ZoXcopq v auXXPsL Tfjv koivcovikj gvvoia tfjc; Xsu-Bspiaq. 0 etov Tpapr)ypvii ???? ?? paXXc, kBe ???????????? tco 6 tjBeXe v tv ???-pouoLaEi coq ?????????? Trjq. '???? ????? Ka OTq ppsq paq, fj vvoi ???, Ttapapvei BoXfj ??'? ??????????|, yc v ????????.???1 OTfjv Tcpt;ri fj ooia Tnq a kocvcovckj pia, tco oKEitac, oxl pvo ait Mva ???????????? KpToq, XX ??'? ???? Eva ?????? fj ?????-tlk, ????????????? prixavcop, Ttocoq, auxv KaTaXfjyEc v Tcapa6ivi ?? ??????? ???? Tq XEipTc5q Tfjq XsuBEpiaq, ??? X^Pla pcaq KXKaq Tpcov, fj ????? ??' vq ????-ocTCou. 'Otcte, ppaca, yi tcov vBpTtcov aTuv Tfjv ??'????? XsuBEpca v 5uva-oteouv, pTcopE KaBvaq v vac ppacoq. 'AXX Kai 5v ??????? v pfjv ????????? yi tGv XXcov Tpcov, ??? Tfjv ToptKfj, XX ??'? Tfjv KocvcovcKfj Xu8pia.
?? ????????? itiariq ZoXcopq v ouX-Xpc ?? vr|pa Tfjq TopcKfjq Xu8piaq '????? ??'? ?? vripa tco eIxe OTfjv ?????? ???, poXovTi ???? ???????) ??????? Kai tv auT ??? ??'? Toq XXouq vrKpuc^E Ka po-Xovtc ??? ?? XPvia tfjq oTiKfjq Tcav-OTaariq, 5 puopoGaE v ?? 8ai. 'ETti8fj Kstvo tco ???????^? otv ouyKEKptpvo XXr)-viK xpvo Ka xcpo ????? ^oGoe, etov ?? vnpa Tfjq 8viKfjq XEuBEpiaq. AtoG toG vofjpaToq KfjpuKaq koXeIto v yivEi. IloX TcspiaaTEpo 6 pitopoGas v ouXXpEi ?? oiy pspiv vripa Tfjq ?????????1??? eXsuSspiaq. '???? ??'? afjpEpa ?????], toti ???????) irp-XEc ??'? KaXXiEpyETai ypco u aT. Mia ayxuor], tco tevei v toutoei pai^i ???, Tfjv vapxa, Tfjv au5oaia Ka rfjv TCipoXf\. Tfjv cjaocpaXiari a Xiya ?????????? Tfjq Tipo-acoTcKfjq EXsuSEpiaq v ??????? oaiaaTiK tSv tcoXXcv Tfjv TcpoacoTccKri XeuBepo. Tfjv Tcapayvcpion toG tci ??????????? otoixeou Trjq, Tfjq olKovopiKrjq 6riXa6fj Ka KoivcoviKfjq


'H Bear] xoG ZoXcopoG ax TtppXripa xnc; XEuBsptac; 95
5uvaxTnTaq yi xfjv &aKr\ar\ xfjc; TtpoacoTtiKfjc; XsuBEpac;.
'Eitpevo nioriQ eirav, v TtacpapvEi vsc,E-pEuvritr) dir xv SoXcop, rj ar)ppivrj 'vvoia xfjc; TtvEupcmKfjc Ka fjQLKfic; XEuBEpiac;, cbc; Xyou Ka vxtXyou, pxpi xoG anpsiou xfjc; psxaXXayfjc; Kai Tfjc; dvaavBsanc, paKpu ait KaBEOTOTiKd TtXaoia, Tto exouv KBE Xyo v TtpoaoTti^ouv xf|v Ttooxcoori, paKpu Kt duo povoXiBixc, TtopEEc;, Tto auxv 8-Xouv v BXttouv t vBpcTttvo Saoc;, xUPLC. v ,E8taKpivouv x dvBpcTttva 8v5pa.
'AKpr| Kt tto tv 't'6to tou xv acux, o TtoXX oripsta S pirpeae ZoXcopc; v XuxpcoBs. Kal tocot; axoG v BpioKExai fj alila yt xrjv TtooTtceapaxtKxnxa Kt x xs-Xelcoxo xou epyou xou.
"OTtcoc, xXoc;, poXovxt auxv aio spyo xou TtEpvtK x Bvaxo p xv fjpcoiap, xfjc; XEuBEptat;, S pTtpEas auvoXtK v auXXBet xfj StaXEKXtKrj dvxtXntpri xfjc; ^cotc; Ka xoO 9a-vxou, cbc; popcptKcv vaXXaycov xfjc, vaa Ttpxouaac, vxiKfjc; oaac;.
Jvat opcoc;, xoXxtaxo TtapXoyo, v ,r\-xoGpE xxota Ttpypaxa, dir e va xoG 19ou alava TtoiriTrj, tto dvxtKpu^s Xoc/vxavo ki' X-cpXoyo pTtpoox xou x opapa xfjc; 'EBviKfjc; 'EXEuBEptac;. Ax KaXstxo, ottcoc; EtixapE Ka Ttt Ttvco, v auXXBst Ka v Kcppaei. Ax Ka auvXaBE. 2' ax 'Scoke apKa Ka axd. M xfjv ouvaTtatxopEvri yt xfj opKeo-
afj xou, rBtKT Ka TtVEupaxiKfj TtpoKxaari. Ti dXXo KaXxEpo, 8 piropoGae v Ttp,t ;
'EBvEyEpxrpto Kuptcoc; aXTttopa XEuBsptac aaXTt^Et ri cpcovrj xoG SoXcopou. 'AXX xaux-Xpova ceSiuXcvei va xpitxuxo XEuBEpiac, : 'EBviKfjc;, TtvupaxtKf|c, 'HBiKfjc;. Ki' axou Bpi-OKExat fj psyaXcoovri xou. Ttaxi Evat 'va xpTtxuxo, Tto Ka afjpEpa Ttapapvei voixx. ri* ax Ka SiaripET. o\r\ xou xf]v cjia. 'E-BvtK Ka o TtayKapta KXtpaKa. F~t v Ttet-oBoupE, Sv sxoups Ttap v vxtKpaoups xv ycva Tto 5ic;yi f\ Krtpot; yt xrjv aToSiBEarj ir\c,, xfi oupTtapaxaan xoG 'Bvouc, XKXripou yt xfyv EScoafi tou. Tri pxn Tto Stvouv 0X01 oi it xrj pia f\ xiy XXr) popeprj, TtotKtoKpaTopsvot Xao, yt v TtoKxrjaouv xrjv BvtKrj xouc axoxXEia. Tfjv vxtoxaori Tto TtpoBXXouv x eBvii yt v5 Ttocpyouv xv BviK xouq oxpayyaXtap, ait xc, dpTtyEc; xoG SieBvloxikoG Sopucpopt-opoG n xrj pia, xfjc; axpaxtcoxiKfjc; ait xrjy XXr), XXr|Xc;pxrioric;. Av Sxoups Ttap v dcfouyKpaoxoGpE x auvxapaKxtK, a' 'Avaxo-Xfj Ka Aor|, pspaxa xqv pa^cov Ka ile, Suvtpc; xcv XsBEpcov vBpcTtcov Kpauyi;, yt Knoia Qar\ Ka xoG vBpcTtou, Kxco duo xv fjXio.
Ka xxe B voicaoups, ytax Ka afjpEpa x xptTtxuxo xfjc; ZoXcoptKfjc; 'EXsuBEpac;, KaXs oxfjv vyvcoofj xou.
MnAMnHZ A. KAAPAS
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('An ttjv "EK9eor| ZoXcouoO or TaXXiK 'Ivotitouto 'Aeinvcv)


TA TEAEYTAIA 1???1????? TOY 2 O AQMOY*
ZcouaTSo uvsuLiaxiKO Kai ???????? ?? 'ABrivaiov BEcopnoE XP T0U va ????? ki' auro xr\ pvfjpn too pEyXou uoinTfj. Eva p-yXii pou f\ auyKvnoT tco yi ?? ????? a-tv ??? ?'???? Tfj psydri Tipi) v pe ?????? v piXrioo G ??????' Kai yvETat f\ ouyK-vnari ??? psyaXTEpri Tav BupoGpai, npv ????. ???? aKpiGc xpvia, ?? ?????? rjpaTa ToG vEapoO ocopaTEou otri ptKpfj aBouaa Tfj o 'AKaripiq, Tav ano Toq TtpcTOuq ipuTq kl' yc, EKava pt asip paBfjpaTa yi ?? pyo uXi toG pEyXou Ttoinrfi tco ti-poOpE ??????.
Moa ??? TCEpiaXXov vq TCVsupaTtKoG Kai ?????????? SopaTEou Ttcoq ?? 'AB,-vaiov, pirpq a' 'vo, siSoTtoir|pvo koiv, tco Evai ?? koiv ???, yEvvitai r\ Tcoxpcoari v Tcpr) Kai opTaapq aTq, oo ycvETai, ????????? TcvEupaTiK Kai ???????1??' ottv copa aTri tco ??????????? axf\ pvrjpn Tou, Ttpa ano ouyKivnpva ??1 optoipa Xyia, v ???????????????, ao ?? ?????????, v TcXnai-aoupe ?? ma aKpco tco pq ?????, Tfjv ??'?-orj tou, v p9oGps KOVTTEpa a pEpiK ???? ?? puoTiK Tjq noinan, aUTrjc, v vicaoypE Tti EVTOvn Tfjv TtoinTiKfj Tcapouaia.
Aev ?? yupssi aT povxa f\ TtvEupaTi-?????? toG ScopaTEou, ?? yupssi, vopico, ys-viKTEpa fj ?????? ???; ... 1 'H rcavoTaari ???; ayxpovriq tcototic; ??? ?? ZoXcop kov-TTEp ???. 0 ??? ?????? ??1 kti XXo : coq yi ?????? ???? ?? TsXsuTaia aT 8?,-??????????, ???? ???? v pfiv ??? 'pBei ote yi Trv ?????? ???; ????? ?? TcXripcopa ??? xpvou' v Ecvai Xya 8aa pac; (pavov-Tai (9 Xsya : ???; ??!?????1 ?????,) aiviy-paTiK Kai ????????????1??' ?? ??????????? xrjc; Ttotriaric; a ycoviq ?????) m ?????????? toG XupcKoG, acoq ???; ??????????, Kai yi aT ??????? ?? puoTiK Touq.
Ti' aT ?? TEXsuTaa ????????\???? ??? SoXcopoG SXco v aq piXrioc ?????? : Ttoi,j.
* AiaXEr] -??? yiVE otv ???????1?? ZXXayo 'ASivaiov otic 23 cDEpouapiou 1957.
1. ??????????? oco UEpiK ElaaycoyiK yi ??*| ox-ati xr\ Ttoyfjc; ua, ???. Ttotr)TiKc Eaionaia ??? ariUEpivoD avSpUTiou, ce tt^v nair\ar\ ??? ZoXmuou, Tto ?? E"xQ vccTCTUEi Kai aXXo (X. co SoXquo Kai o oyxpovoi tou, ??? texo ????, oeX. 211).
????, XXr|VLK f) Kai haXiK, Kai axEiapa-?? TaXiK, tco ?????? Eivai ????? yvcooTa Kai ripoaEUTa (yiaT Evai XfiBEia Ttcbq ????? xpvia psT ?? 8vato toG tcouit} Tcpxouv ????? KEpsva vKOTa, Kai ??)-pavTiK, Kai xi Xya !), pEpiK oripooisTii-Kav pXiq ????????? (otv ?' ???? Tfj; ko-oEcoq tcv 'AirvTCOv), v pTtopG pcoq v tcG Tccbq ai ?? ????? yvcOT' Kai eaca Ttpxouv Kai ?'???? tco ?? paps ???? tte tco ?? ????????)???[? rioXuXq.
Maa ottv TcoiriTiicri ;Xi^r| toG SoXwpoG, XX Kai paa axr) cori ??? yEviKTEpa, vaq pEyXoq OTa9pq Evai ?? 1833 ??? 35 ??? Xpvia. "? Kpr|TiKq tcoteXe (oTccoq ?? -??? Kai rioXuXq) xr\v pxn Tfq vaq ?????-TLKfiq Tcoxfq iou' Kai yi pi sKasTca, ???-vco ??? vso ?????????? pao, ?? ?????????-????? ???]?1?? ioTiXo, tco too ??1????1 v tv yonrsr), ouXee Kai avaouXEsi xr psyXri ov9saq Ttq Ccofq ???, Toq 'EXeBe-pouq rioXiopKripvouq, ?' ????????????? (q iopBuaoupE : Tq XupiKq vTn,TEq) tco TcapTouv ?? ?' ZxEcaapa. "Opcoq ?? 1844 vaq Kaivopyioq ??pao?lKq Tpiroq tv KupiEEi XKXr]pov, ??????? xr\ ouXsi ???? Xpvcov Kai avaxvEi ?? ia Kai XXa Xu-piK ????????????? ottv Kaivopyia tcoittik) ???????' otv Kaivopyio otxo p xr) oikt tou auBTcapKTn. pouacKT, XUPC Kavsva co-TspiK otoXi, svav otxo ????,?1??, povaxi-k, XWPL T11 BirXuKii yoriTEa Tfiq ????????-Xniaq, ???^ xrlv ??????? ???????) Tfiq ??-vir|an,q : OEKaTCEVTaauXXaoq, tco f|Tav yc TCEpiaaTEpo ???? XLXia xpvia ouvtjBi-apvoq, KaBripspivq, xLXioXPnartPOTi:ol-rlPvoq oTxoq, pETapopcjicvETai p pia aBUTaTir, oco-TEpiKfj, XXayfj, Kai yvETai ?? tuo ????????-??? Kai TcpoocoTcK ?????????? pao yi v ???????) tv aBu, puotiK ????? piq ????? TLKfjq pyaXo?ucaq.
riapXXriXa opoq, Kai tuo ttoX arc ?? 1847 ki1 ?????, Tf|v teXeutoo ekoeto Tfjq Ccofjq ???, ZoXcopq, tco ?? TcporiyoupEva Xpvia oXeue ?????????1?? Toq 'EXe-BEpouq rioXiopKripvouq, ouXeei ???? a v tv ?????? pia tcoititiki ?????[?, ??'? pq vei va TcXfiBoq ???? ????, ???????????-


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