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Title: Nea hestia.
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089411/00004
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Title: Nea hestia.
Physical Description: Book
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Bibliographic ID: UF00089411
Volume ID: VID00004
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Frontispiece
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    Back Cover
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Full Text
NEA E5TIA




02 EIKEAIANOS STA 1937
'NSA E?TIA,,-XPlSTOYrENNA I9S2


NEAEITIA
tomo! NB'
A0HNAI, XPI5.T0YTENNA 1952
TEYXOZ 611
ENA2 EAAHNIKOZ XQPOS
IlcptEt xXyjpo<; |3ap<; a' IxeTvov tco 0 TipooTiaG^ast v|juau [jivo ^pvo arc x 9vaxo 10O "AyysXou SixEXiavoO v x|iei [u upwxY] xorco9i:7ja7] xoO Ipyou iou laici) xat (i va TCoXuaXi5o cpcptjxa. Kt ag Tcpoioi|i.ai7jx (lyjves XxXyjpoug io Me x qjtepwjiaxa xfjg Nsag 'Baita? Sv sxou[i io lto TcaviaTCoiXsajj.a.2t)xv'> ot Xoyoxxve?, tco l y|ouv (jt. iyjv Tta-pooata xou?, xsptouv xfjv ixptiy; p.yvr/ jx io xpvo."AXXox TcXt pYavouv yj|AtW|Jivoi, ytax tcoX Yp^yopa Sei^vouv oxt Sv [jitto-pouv v xaX'^ouv x xaP ^o vo[xt^a[i Tito; 7)iav 5iy.q xou;,o5i x x&P y? ^tEpwjiaioi;. M lv 'AyysXo StxEXtav 'Xouijle ju TCEptTcxwaYj SiacpopEitxY] xat p.o-vaStxv) : A xwPaet 0X0 Te0XS ioO cpt'pwaa|j., 5a? xt av Evai oi ceXiSec; xou. cO tcoiyjiyjc; xoO AupixoO Btou xXei-vsi aio IpYo xat aiy] Spay) xou ipE? xou-Xxtaiov v9p)TC0U5 xat xplg xa|i.oug : xtj [AY^AYI ^Pl^ "c0 'AXa^potaxiwxou, x
opajjta x^g AsXcfuxTJs 'lia; xat itjv xapax^ xtjs 5pap.aitxfj? nox^? tco oO|j,e.
Bata, xxo) arc xt? xpsc; ax? no-pEtej, tco cpalvovxai Xy ^ tcX v[i.oiEg, (ivet x fto Tcavxa xat p.iaxivy)io s'Sa-cpog. Mevei yj eXXtjvixyj y^ ^ sXXyjvcxyj auvetSyjavj, eie. rjpE[jioi xat EiSuXXtaxot Et-vai ol xaipot eIxe aiEv^ouv arc aujicpo-pcj, arc nuSuvE? va^yjx^aEt; 3) arc xpa-Ytx? TtXvEg. 'O "AyYXo SixsXiavs Sv 'Y ivs Ttox svag ^Ept^w^vo?, 'vacj vEa-cpixg. "Oao xt av rcpaas axtg TcpoaKaBEtEg xat axg IxSrjXwaEtg xou x vsipo. e0 av-GptOTtoi; |i7topl v ?x auYxpxyjxou? v-Bouataaixoui;, [i TiotTjirji; Sive pY aipEO. Kat io pY ai Etvat ait iyjv. px^j .io xeXo; x&P0? X v i -
'EBw, Xoikv, ax xeuxo? xoOxo auYXEV-xpc8y]xav rfaXto! xat veoi cpEXoi xoO tco;7]xt] Yi v xa0optaouv x X^P x "AyyeXou SixEXtavoO. Kat Yla va Se^ouv ntc, IStog axg X^P? [J-Tcopet Etvat xat Xxtaiog xat npaviog, vXoYa [ ig StaaxaEii; xfjg ^ux^i; xat xv)? xapSog tco 9 xv nX-aouv xat 9 xv 9p[ivouy.
nETPOZ XAPH2
1


????
0ecopG xv oux ??? TtoX Xtyo ac;io yit v Ttpoxwp'naco o Ttoia5f|TcoTE Kpi-tik^i tou ????? toO "AyyEXou ZiKsXia-voG. 'EXxiaxEQ Elvai oi ??????; ??^?; vaq ????; 'EXXSaq Tto c^xcopaav poa erra TsXsuTaia 130 xpvia, ZoXcopc;, KXpoc;, riaTiaSiapvTric;, ???????;, ??|3???|<;, 2???-Xiavc;, pXtc; c;TtEpvav ?? ??????? toG -vc; ???; xePlUi ??????; Tto f| kGe pia ????; ^?????1????1 p ?? afipavTpa Tfjc; I-6iac; ??)<; ???????????????;, vu ayxpova Ka ????? slvai ?? koiv touc; ariPEto AXTivoPoXoGv oXec; xf|v 5ia cEXX6a, ottiv TtpavTri TtoiKiXta tc3v TtpopoXcv TriQCfTv TtoXiTiapvo ?????. 'AvpEoa a' ?????;, f| ?????| Ki'f| (pavq ??? ZikeXiocvoO Tto GapTtcvEi ?? ncTict ???; ??1 9 Poutc^Ei ??' aTi ???;, touXxiotov airi ysvi xf) 61-Kri ???;, tcoteXe Eva ?????? tci 5oc;a-aiiva ??1???^?, ?? ma ?????????, tf\q Ttoi"iofi<; paq.
'Ektc; ait ?? auvaa9r|pa ??\<; vac;i-?????; tio ???????, Ka Tto tuotem 8 aunpEpit^ovTai ki aXXoi ov tu' ipva.a-a9vopai ???? ^covTavf) rf\v ??????;?| Ka ttiv Ttapouoia toG ZiKEXiavoG, Gvaxoc; aiv o ???XaPs, Tto Sscopc d5vaTr) ifiv Ttoia5r|TtOT ?????| ??????????) auvoXtKoG ????? toG TtoinTfj. K9opai Ka
TtEpipVCO. IlEpipVCO ?????1 KCCTt, KTtota
auvXEia tco 9 Ttpoa6aEt Ka 9 Ttpo-Xcopriaet o XoKXripcoor). Ka 5v Ttovoc 6tXou xf)v ??????) Xyou ??? vKSoTcov Mpycov ???, f) Tf] SrjpoaEuari toG '?????]-TtioG ???, ???? Ka o fipiTEXfi ??????'?-TtovoS kti TtoX ret uXo ki3 aXXr)TtTO, Tq puoTiKq vaTasic; ki'vaXapTte; Tto Ttapouait^ouv ???? Ka ???????^????, Tto ??????? vxovxai xf\v evvoia Ka Tf| ????? ??? 9avtTou. Mt auvXEia puaTi-Krjq Sriptoupyiac; Ka Ttp' aTt tv ????, M-va c;Ttvrina toG XXr|viKou KotvoG Ka toG XXriviKoG ???? ???? ti TpiTO ??????? yt Tf]v TtoiaofiTtoTE ?1?????1??-??1?1??) irpooyyior ??? Etvai f| qiiXa Tto u ovSeoe ?? tv "AyyEXo 2t-
'Ev vekpoIs X.E9epo(;
keXiov u tt^v ???)?1?.?| ??? fjXiKa Ka Tto Musive Ka nvsi ?????], ???????????] Ki aTri ait x 9avaxo, ?? tlo appayi^-Kpaxc yt Tf)v ????] ??? tic; ^piEc; dva-)j.vr|atc; Tto Pp[9ouv Ka tiXoutl^ouv xf| ^cor) p.ou, alt' ????) Tfiv ???????? ?tX[a. Q x 8copoGaa EpouXo v KotvoXoyiiaco ai ?? (ipia ???????????, ??????????? 6Xa ?? ?? (^???| ???;. ??????? v tiq tic; t-tiote 5 8 oKOTEtviaEt ??| ?1?1?ytaT f\ ?1?1?, airvto Scopo, 5v MxeL v ???^??] ttiote. ??????.? a ptc^iKg 51?????;, ???|??? ?????) Ka otv ttio XyovTac; tc; yvc3p.Ec; p.ac;, ??????; 9appoGas Ttcoq EtpaaTE vTtTtaXoi, XX ??????? Xsstv. 'Eke XotTtv Tto r) yitri Xt 9poviaoTt ???? TttTaxxiK, ov pnopE vXEi 9ar] (TouXxtaTov Xeitcei ki' fi Ttapap.iKpf] 5t-BEari) yt KptTtKT).
KvovTac; vtotoic; ???[???) SXcov a-xcv tcjv aTotXEtcov Ka tcv Ttapayvicov, ??????? XPoc; ??? v ???????? p[t ??? pvo 5iaTt[aTcoar], Tto xr\ pXTtco Ka t^v ata9vopai ???? ppatt], ???? yt p.va v' tioteXei ptv ??1??????|? Xr9Eta : p xoq 9avTouc; ??? ?????? Ka toG ZtKEXtavoG TtGavE fi ??[?)??1 otv ttio paq. 'E^XtTts fj Ttapouata toG Ttotr]xf. Zc Ka XtYytG ???????? ??? kev Tto ???)-Kav. Av UTtpXEi, o6te YEwri9riK, oCxe -vayYX9riK ait Kavva prjvupa fi Sta5oxf| xouq. Av t;po av TtaxoGpE f\ ???????-????.9? Xyovxac; Ttcbc; Pp[9ouv ypeo ???; ?? va ?????? ????????, fi ..Xfj9ia ????; Evat Ttcbc; Ttoirixtkg ???; ??????; p?vE?E ti' aT tto p9apE v aa9a-vpaaTE ov Ttotnori Tfjq 'EXXSac; Ka pacp Tfjq 'EXXSac; oXou toG ??????. (Ka StXou ?? vTGETo).
0 TEXEtcaco p pia ???????????] ??? TtapaTf|priari, Tto 89Xa TtoX v peXe-Ttiav ait eikoc;, Tto 9 pTtopoGoav ococ; v ETtiKupcoouv Tf| Sikt ???, Ttapop-priTtKfi pvo, pprjvEla. Ki' ??????, XX Ki* 5u Ka Xyc; pXic; ppEt; Tto Ttapa-???9?1?? a ptv XXnvoEXPEXtKfi auyKv-Tpcoari yt pvtpri Ka ttpf| toG StKEXiavoG, ???) TEVEUr], ????????; ?lXXX?vac; Za-pouf)X ?????-?????? SiaPaaE pEptK Ttotfi-


'H nocvocYoc tfjc; 2??.????)?
3
???? ??? ZikeXiovO, pai p' ???? ??) [iovaiKf| ???????, o yaXXiKfi ????-?????) ??? ?. ?????. ???????)??, ??? Kai ???? Siapas ???? ??? XXriviK kepevo. O vaX^iK ?????????1? (Tto pnopoGv va 9copr|9oGv ???? t tci TtiTUXripVE) Xcopiq v ?? SXsi Kavsi 9up[ouv BiKTp ?????? Kai Aapapivo, 5r]Xaf| kti a) na-pcpxHPvo Kai P) ??9??? pcopavTtK, ???) oi's9viKr| arjpaaia, Kai i5iaTpa xr\ yaXXt-??|, ??? pou, 9Xco v ??? yaXXiK ptapav-xtap. Oi ioi otxoi, pXt ??????????-tav aTv XXnvLK tou ??????, napvav pia yorjTEa Kai pia ??????) ???????|??, tXelo vr Tip ?? aToiXEa Tto v-???, Kai Liiv acoTEpiKT] ia Kai apoc; oyKpiTa LiEyaXETEpo. THTav. f| 9vaTr| eXXtivik ?????? Tto ait tv "Opr)P0. tv AtaxXo, tv nivapo, to Buavxivoq vaSist Tf|v 'EXXoa oTf|v ma LEpanKr) Tri ??5???|. Mr|Ttc ax ?? ??^?^^?
??? SuapoG or)pa(vi Tto 6 ZiKEXiav; vai "EXXr|va, Kai ?? puoxiK t-ou Ttp-?? Kai Kpia ?? ????????? oto "EXXnvE, p tv TpTto toG TtXuTOU ?????, Tto KpaTtTat nipova poa oTf|v ????, Kai 5v iaTtOLiTtEETai Ttap TuXiypvo paa o TtoXXoq TtaTtXou ec ait ?? 9pa xr\c, ayutic ??? ;
Kai p Tf)v EKatpia Tfj pvEac tcv ??????????^, povxa [ita ???????????] ??? 9?????? &? ??? ?????????) v ?^?????? : ????; va Exoco t TtoXopriVE vxte Tfj ??-?????, ito, KaGiou.voi p tv Poepxo ????? ??? ??????? ???, Cexvwvtoc ???-????? Kai ?????? ??1 EpEUVE, ???????-aps ?? Ttpoxo ??)??1? ????, avacov-????? p Tf|vyTtr) ???, ?? TpayoG5i ???? Tfj VLKriQ xr\c, ?9????, ?? povaoiK oxXto ??? pr|TO KaTETt9ri 9vaTo veko;
???? ETvat ?? aa poG ?????????? or)-pEpa f| yTtr|.
?. ?. nAflATZQNHZ
H nANAriA THS 1?????1
To' affatalo eifi*\trw F d rh ara.' ??? ??? A*f**, oer'&'Xfl fMA K"f"<>yn.
fcctfiA 'fKKbhiri. Kai filtra. B-trk u%/tw lf lajoapv Afro ri%i>A) irv^icva. I kafuFcives iie>v ?? o^t/rt u -irarifa,
HtZ^ftl rf /?1??&? y Kotlajpiev UoCrlk
Ki' atr^ 1? a-a^ivp, ho ?? ir is~Kia.noj Bcu>\!\pwya. K^ffvtrlJ^-??. ^* rciAfueu, Kai ?? Kab-ya.) yuy(. 1lv\e^rlptil "
????????? too "AyyeXou ZikeXicxvo.


? ??, H MNHMH, H ?01???
THtav va paou XEipcoviTiKo to 1949. "? "??????? ZiKEXiavc eTxe ???1 tcoX, ??-Xooe, mvs, ??????? p &xopxaat, XEy e. t-OTopEC. E'paoTE pia pixpr) auvtpocpia ??? ouTi pa, Ki' Xoi XeirapE, 6xi XaPK vr\-auxa, cct ?? cmaopa Tfj cofi.Tji Sio-vubiaKV] ????????? ??? ZiKeXiavo. A pv-TE8 eaia ????? Kavsi tote tcco a Xiyo pEXXs v' pxiaf) j uoKoXr) upa ???, auto ?? ????? xaPOTtaAetlo: tco '??????? p TcpaOETO psyaAEo Tri corj ???. ?? ???????-?? ???? Kavva v ????1????] ax tco ol poaTiK cfcov ?? sTxav vayyEXei otv ZlKeXlav, ????? 8vaTo epxTav. Kai tcco 5,Tt fjxav v ????) ?? kove, ki' ,ti fjxav v Cibari ?? ooe, yia 9varo p-Xxav. 'Ekevo ?? paou ZiKEXiavc ???? ?????, ???? rjiue, 6???|?? v 9upr|9i ??! 9-XrpE v' aTcayysiXr] otxou ???. ?????? v ????] ??? ??????? xpvia Tfj cofj ???, v u-9iotF p ??? ???? ???. Z ttole tcoXti-pE cipE, iav aula yiviav p tv ZiKEXiavc eTxe, t ao9r)pa ????? ?????? ypco ??? ??;????1????? ?????? oXo, ??? ypco ??? yvovxav pr)pi, ??? ouTcaivav, yi v pEvr) aT povo ??? cm) puoTiKrj ??? auv-Evvr)ar| p ?? OToixEa ?? ??????, y ?? ????, p ?? VEp, p ??| ?????. 'Ev Lr)yoxav, evo itavxoOas Kapi ???? o kcti tco tv iKOTtTE yi v tv pcoxiiari fjaouv e-aioc : v irfipxec yi' aUTv, TTtoTa Sv -nfjpxE, fJTav povo. T xpia ??? Tppocv r ?????, f| ?????) ??? povToOaE, r| oK\r)pf| ??-Ti ??? ??????????? otv toxo f) ??? a-9o. M TTCoxa yivTav yi to aXXou, pvo yi tv auT ???. '? ZikeXluvo exe tiv ??10??]?? Ti^v ????????] v ?? Kr]pxvEi otv Sio tv aoT too : ????? tcoteue at TCETCpcopvo ???, ??? ???? tco xoQ Tcpoop-??????. ri* ax ki' ???' ,ti pco ?????? ?????? B yvoiOTr|KE oaiaaTiK yi Tfj yvcbpr] xv XXcov yi ?? ???? ???, Kai yi' ???? tcot 5v ????6?|?? oaaaTiK yi Tti pox9ilpia tcov cA.Xcov itp keivov Kai ????? ?? >yo ???. 'H povaiKii vECiKaKa ??? v fJTav ?????? ?????[? ?????. 'HTav vTavKXaarj TciaTri.
Mi OTiypr), kvo t paou, kctcloc tv 51????? yt v ??? CriTi^ar) ve etriEai-????) ???1. '? ZiKEXiavc tv eTSe. Kai :
T' pKCoupai OTiiv uvEupaTiKrV ??? Tiprj, eTtce.
'AXX E09 paco iop9coae tv ????, tv aupTtXrjpcooE. Kai eTtce t Xyo :
'O 0Ec v Tcar] ?? ???? ???, v...
"Oxi pia Xyia. 'AXX Gsc ??! ?? ???? ???. fiaxl xoi ?? aa9avxav : pia ap-
aar) ??^??), vtoXrj ???' ?? Geo. Kl' v ee; &v ???]9???, fic tv ?????????? ???) iiar) ??? Sppu.
T Xeys ekevo ?? SiovuaiaK paSu, ?? XeipcoviTiKo ; "EXeyE yi ?? TcapeX9v, yi tq piec; ???. THxav, p ??? ???????, va piKp prixvripa f|XoXr]i(Ja. T prixvr|pa TcaipvE ?? Xyo ???, ZiKEXiavc v t rEpE Kai XyapE v too KvoupE ??????]^. Zv tXelcooe v ???1??1??1, Tav exTcyyEi-Xe Kai OTapaTrjOE, tote ???????????? T puTiK, aXapE t prjx<5cvr|pa v tce ,fi eTxe KataypjjEi. '? ZiKEXiavc c;a?vlO?r|-??. Kai KoyovTac Ti"! poviepfj ?covl!| ??? Tf|v lia, yi ???????) ????, Koyovrac; to otxou ??? ???' tv i'io tv ????? ??? pa-?????]??. ?????? ki XXo Kpao, kl XXo ??-y, ?????? v avaKooar) t) ?????) ???, y-???? v ATcayyEXr| Cava. Kl' Xr) ekelvti ? vxTa pEivE XriapvriTr) : ZiKEXiavc v Xr| xv AiyEvi, v Xr| tv ????? oti P6-pr). Ki' ?????? v ??9???1 v' ??????) ?? Ai-yv, ?? ????? OTrt Ppiq. Kai v avapxi-el p' fiXXou otxou, kl' XXou.
Ca aoi 0EO, KEvri fj Taivia p il) ????? ??? ac9r)KE. le aitaviE cope, a <5pE vyKr) t ?????, Ttapveo Ti'iv ????| pou Kovi pou, ?? TtaiSi yupiEi t Koupix ??? prixvripa, ZiKEXiavc pxiEi v piXri yi Tic pie t ???????? Kai v Xr\ otlxou. "OXa tote yvovtai Svapr] Kai ipneia. A.vapr)Kai ipKeia XXr)viKi.
'Ano ???? tco ZlkeXiovo TtGave, r|-???.?? v' KOaoupe ????????? jf\ q>cvr\ ???. TiaT ZiKEXiavc Tce8apvo yive -
tCEpC TTL COVTOVO, fjp9E lTEpCO TCL KOV-
?? ???, 'Htot .Kai' aT TcpovpLO iko ???, ?? TCpovpio t5v XaxoTcov : e9 poXi f] yfj Tv KXeoe, yive pal ??? va, itfpE Tf|v aicoviTr)T ??]?. "EyivE ki ZlkeXiovc pat ??)? :??01??1?' va, ov ?? oToiXEa ?? ????-?? to tcoteue : ?? VEp, i*| ????1?, ?? x^f0-* *
"ETvai. ????? ????? tcoXXi, voyco v' -Koaco' TcXi xi) ?????| ???, ???? tco SXco v ?????? ????) co ??| asXioa. "Oxi, ttco-t v Ttpxi vaTpixiaoTiK, aTf| ri ???-vii SvpxTai ???'tv ????, Evai ????/?) Tfj cofj. Kai piX yi ?????? Kai yi ???1?)??| : AEi ri ?????| :
...'ETcfjya aiipepa ????? otv Koirav. 'Eke fJTav ?? OTtTi Tto ?????? r| 'IaavTpa Ntvkv, Kai tco iiEiTa ??9?? i] ??????) pou, Kai, yi Xyov Kaip, i) Ea. '???! itpc>-ToouvavTii9r|Ka pai xr\q va paou Tcriya-vovTa v lo triv ??)???????). lfjya, Xoltcv,


'H yr\, f] pvfjpn, f\ Ttoiricrri
5
oiipspa oTv Koixav Kai 9Xr)oa v pco ?? OTCTi. Ai ?? auTi fJTav tote o pripi -???????). 'AAX ?????? ycb fjpouva tte t-ao vo, Ttf|yq.iva TCETcbvTa, KaSpouv KaLu ???? Tri vX^a, CTCvaya ?? xpapa ki' e-?????.
ETvai xcpa TcpavToc auvoKiapo eke itou fJTav ?? OTCTi, TcivE Aov tv 'YpiycT. BpfJKa ?? arem, aTO ?? atrTi yivE ????? Eva pirp-'H Aupa. Kaocb avaiytoOoa v ?? p,EToa ?;???!?? ?? ????????? ???, ?' &tyr\oav ?????? fjcav ttec, t' vayvpiaa Kai ttfjya.
'H ???^ to ZiKEAiavo ??????? Ayo. ???.1 avapxiEi :
"Hpouva eKoai %povQs TcaiS. Tote ???-ya ycb otiv AyuTCTo, Tcfjya oti^v pr]po,Kai o pi TEVTa paa ?????? tv '???????-OKicoTO o pi Sopaoa. lTpv ????? OTr|v pr]uo Elira ott)v Ea. "Hpouv tcoX yvo, uoX Tipio ???? v ????9?> -rtvavTi v ?????????? tco 9 SiapKar] ao ki' rj cori pou. Trjc; Xco : N TcavTpEUToOpE ; "????-??, Tfj; Xco. 'Eycb ????? yvcopico ??) cor), ???? poAL Tr|v vauvco. KaiaXaaivco tv auT pou Ti 6 xvco ?????? ????????? tco aco v pri o' paouv. NoiCco ???.?-???? v ptv iravTpEUToOpE. Kai tt|v ???]-era kevo ?? ?^???? Kl' ?'???? yi tiv A'yunTo. 'ETtrjya, ?????? tv '??????'?-okicto, ki Tav ypiaa ????? Kai yL x)v Eua Kai yt tiv ??????] ???. "?????, ??? XVE, ?) illv Kupa Ea ????? yi ti) ???-????, kl' f| ?5????| oa Tcrjye yi Xiye p-pE Orr) ???????. Ki' ycb tote ETrfjpa ?? Kapai v Tcco oti ???????. Zt oppo, ???) ???????, XETrco arc ??) ?????? ??? ????? KapaioO, tco Ttrtyaive ????? xf\v ??-???, Tt^v ??????] ??? Tqv ??1???????). Mou ?.??L :
N 'xl? T1iv EXoyia to Geo, ???|-y'aive y ta v poup v o r)ar) arri ) yuvaKa. ; ,?? '
Ki' ycb Trfjya. 'H Eua ex8' nei ??^'???-???? ov ????? oTiiv AyuTCTo, eTxe rroEi ??? yvaTa ??? ??????.? pou ??! ??|? ????-pa ??? Kai to eTtce : 'Eycb 8 peivco a ???????? aa, ??????? 9EAr]ar] Kapi ????, p o ????, p o ekooi xpvia, v yupiar|. AexQfJTE pE v pEtvco.
Aoiirv ??????, ????^? ??!? xtco ri copa ?? TtpuL. 'H Ea eTxe yivei ttetol Kai ???-????. "Ew tic; vvi eTxe Tta)(vi, eTxe iroxTiioEi ?????, pi covxvia TCpavTri. Kai ???? Tic 5??? itriyape axv Aaicova Tfj ???????? ..
'? SiKEAiav ???9?|?? Xyo.
: Auto rJTavE li coii, ETCE.
"YoTspa pxioE v piX yi ?? paXXi Tf) Ea, tlo fjxav, Xei KoKKivcorr, Kai ??? Kaxeaivav ???? ????? n' ti) ?????? ???, Kai Truc ?? Xoue ?? paXAi. Ki" -OTEpa, oxeSv rcropa, ?????? v' itay-yXXr) ???' ?? Aiysvr]. T Aiyfcvr) ?? 5ik tou, 9XovTa au v auvSor) xr)v pxr] pxf| ???to xpvouc Tfj 'Epiuou Kai ??? -?????????1????? irou tv eT)(e ???-rii ri pviipi] p to ????????; XPovouc; ???.
r^vcoae ^tpvou ?? ottccG
Kai TToia ?????| e/E xu9i
??? or] Xettcc ???, tco ??? 'ApxyyeXoc;
t' Tic; ??^???; Tic; ???????; EKaTEaiVE
v iaXaXiiari aviav voii;r)
KpocTcoVTCc LiuyfaXic; ????'1 K\wvpi ... 1
'H v)(Ta Evai ?????.?|. Ki' ri ?covri ??? ZiKEAiavo p artiv ijauxri vXTa Evai o v ar|Kc9iiKE ypa.
HA1AZ BENEZHZ


OI ? ???? NOI
'? "AyyeXoc; ZiKeXiavc; yevvjSriKe paa axf|v TtXr) xfjc, ????????;, oxc; 15 Map-tou ??. ri. xoO 1884. T otcti tco yEvvfj9r|kE fjtav toO 'ETtapELvcbvSa AeoXXa Ka ???? ??? ?????[?? ????????), TtvavTi Ka ppela ???? ?? Nao ??? 'Ayloo NiKoXaou, ax ??????? xfjc; ????????;.
??????? xoO Ttoir)xf fjxav 'Icovvr|c; 'Avtcovou ZiKeXiavc;, ????????? Tiav-vcktic; TaixoiXiavoc;, ?????? rv eXeyav o ??????1???;. ????????, Tfjc; yaXXiKfjc. (6v fJTav SiTcXcopaToOxoQ Kapific; axoXfjc;), axe-5v oapvTa xpvia, ?????? ??? ?????-peOov ZxoXeov Tfjc, ????????;, ???' ?? 1864, Ttpiv ???" xf|v "Evcoar| Tfjc "??????????, ????? ax "EXXr)viK ZxoXeIo ??1 ????-inv at Fupvaio Tfjc; ????????; ft; ?? 1905.
'? otKoyvEia xQv ZiKeXiavuv TcfjyE oti ??????? ???? Tf|v ????????1??. ??????. xfjc; otKoyEveag tco TcfjyE oxr) ??????? fJTav riavayiTr|c; ToiTaiXivog. '???????)?? otoc; Bevetoq ?' ^r\oe ke peto;u ??? 1725- 1740. Zxf) Xric;iapxiKii ?????^ ??? 9?-vxou too oripeiuvETai : riavayfjc; 'Apay-KivouiToc; TitiXic5cvoc;. 'ApayKtvouxoc; eTvai PayKtvouToc;, 6r|Xa5ii Tapac;. 'O x-xXoq xou auxc; ar)pEtcovexai Kai ??? ?????-?? ??? TCypappa.
"? navayc; ZiKeXiavc; ??????????|?? axf| ??????? xf| Bevexoiva Bevepvxa ZaXp-TtEv (xf) ??????? ??1 Salimben ??1 Saliben, Salmiten ??1 Salimfen), tco fjxav yj]pa xou Kcov)vou ZitavoO 1 ??! 6uxiKf) ot 8pfjaKEU-pa. ????. riavayfjc; axq eTvai ???????; ZiKeXiavc. tco fjpe axii ??????? ?? ouv-tcyops ki' ait x. 6ti axf| Xr|c;iapxiKii ??????] 0avxou xou 6v aiipeicovexai ?* ovopa x'ou ?????? xou, tco 5exvel tccc; ?????????; xv ayvooOoe, ??! ???????????? ???? ?? 6xi axf)v ???????? ?????? xou vopc^ETai Ke-???????[??)?;. Zx 1745 tv PpioKoupe oxriv itiTpo.itt) pcvou yi xfjv votKo6pr|ar) xou NaoO xfjc; 'Aylac; Mapac, paa ox ????-pio, tco eTxe yKpeptaxfj ox aeiap xou 1743. (???; ?. Maxaipa 'H ??????; ???1 'E-VexoKpaxac. 1684-1797 a. 94).
"H Bevepvxa av Bevexaava tco fjtotv
1. Ti tv Kcov)vo Zuavo 5 BpfjKa ttcote ???? ???? Ttcbt; ??? 1727 kgcteIxe ???? ????? axf)v ?????;1-tf|> iva otti, tco npv avrjKE ce tTtoiov ZacjiElpr) 2 ?? ????.
eTxe TtapEi ???? Toq Beveroc. ???????; X?0" ???1? ???????? ??? ?????? xf]?; ????????; Ka ??? ???10: ??;??6xi Pepala TtoXX^-Ka aitTi paa ??? ??????. Axa Ttpaoav ?-TtEixa otoc; ZiKEXiavoc;. "Exai f\ ?1????-VEta xQv ZiKEXiavOv 5v ???9?)?? ????? ot-KoyvEia TcXoaicov yaioKTT]pvcov ????? ?-TtaXXfjXcv Ka v9p6Ttcov tOv ??????????, 'O riavayiTric; TaiTaiXivoc; Tt9avE ax 1777 ??! fjxav 76 xpovOv. 0????]?? ax Nao xfjg riavayac; ax| Tupa ki' Tcvco ???? xf|v ?????? xoO ?????? ???, tco ETvai paa axf)v '?????|?1?, 6iapi*oupE :
Pana'gioti] Ciciliano Nobili Cephalinie vito in arci Snete Maure Publico arcario perifia honorove pleno omni accepto et optime familie merito ob deplora fum interitum niaesti heredes tumilum hunc lapidem dedemnt ad posteritatis memoriam maxime amore et grato animo impulsi obist aetatis sue annorum LXXVI Februario anno domimi 1777.
?????????? xf|v ??????^ p xriv pGor ????!? xriq. AtvoupE ????? Kai pia ???????-afj ??)<; :
?? riavayicbTT) ZiKeXiav
EyEVE Tfjc; ???????|?1??, v6p[, v ?? Tfjc; 'Ayac; Mapac; ?????[? Aripoocp Tapia pTCEpcp Ka Tipfjc; ????????, TcavT <5cpe-??? ??! xfj oiKoyEVEcc ??????? a;cp, Slot Tf)v 8XiPepv TtcbXEiav Ttev8ouvT6c; ot KXripov-poi xpPov xv Xi9ov xoOxov ??????? eg pviipr|V xQv myyvopvcov, yanri ?????? Ka EUyvcopoovr Ttpoax9vxeQ.
'ExeXETT]aev exei ??? ??! 70? xfjc; ????? Ccofjc;, pr]v OePpouapio exei Zcoxr)p[cp 1777cp.
'H BevEpvTa o0ae xouXxioxov g ?? 17702.
'H otKoyvEia xOv ZiKEXiavcv ?^??? be; ypeo x 1800 paa ox ?????? xfjc; eukcjc-???; ??! xi oxriv tcXti xf]V icopivr). "Exai PpiakoupE xv 'Avxvr) ZiKEXiav, ???????-Xr] xoO Ttoir)xfj, va ???????) ax 1819, 10 'Iavouapiou, oxi exaas f| otKoyvEia x p-
2. MEpiK TtpyiiaTa yt3 aTfiv itcopel va ppf) KaVEc; ??? cpKEXXo Tfc; olKoyEVEag Tv ZiKEXiavcov ??? 'ApXEiocjjuXaKEov ?????&??^ Kai atoG K. Maxai-pa . oeX. 277.


Ol Ttpyovoi
7
Xeio rriq ??1 Toq tItXouq xQv ????????? ??)?. otv TtXEpo toO 1798, otccv xa8n,K KCCt
t pXEO TCV oIkOVO(jIKCV Ttripeaicv TCV
BevetOv tco fJTav Ttior|q poa ??? ??-????. ?????? vvoei Tfjv TcoXiopKicc ???'????; ?????????????? iuv TXXcov Tto el^av ???-pEi Ttpv ait Eva xpvo ?? vr|oi.
Ka fjtav icpEvo v pvoov ol Zike-Xiavo ??? ?????? [????, ???? ke epEivav Kai ol BevetoAvikec. 'Apxq. 'O MixatiX pa-???? SiKEXiavg TtfjpE ??? 1793 Eva xeop-?1 piKp ?????|?? ??? ?????? ??1 ???????? cttv ?????? ???, ScopEv ???' Toq Beveto-vouq. ?? tv toio Xyo Ka ol ZikeXiovo 6v ETxav TtaTpiK ???? otcti ???)? icopivfj ttXt] Tfjq AEUKSaq. 'H olKoyvEta eTxe -???? ???, ?? 1796 Tfjv TtEpiouoia tiic acf|v ?????????1?, ttte Tfjv ???? XAac; p eva Zitupo Aiovuoiou Movteovto ??1 ???]. p ???" aTv eva TtBpiPXL oti AeukSo, ott Oor| ??????, X[yo ec;co ie" Tfjv tcXt] Tto ?? etxav ol ZiKEXiavo ut; ?? 1948.
'Ait ?? ypo ??? navayicTri Ka Tfjc; BsvEpavTag yvvf|9riKav 6u Ttaii, ??????; Ka 'Icovvr]? BaTtuaifjq. Ztiv oKoyvEta ZtKEXiavcv, fJTav auvfj8E.io, 6-Ttcoq Ka oxq uXXeq pxovTLKq fj pxovTO-????????? oKoyvEiEq ??? vtiaiou, v 61-vouv ??? TcaiSi ???? 6u Ka Tpia vpa-?? co? ?? TEXEoxaia xpvta ?????. Movo yi tv TcoiriTri 5v pco v Tifi, av eTxe &EUTEpo 6vopa, yiax 6 ???8?]?? XinE;LapxiKf] ???6<;?| oOte Tfjc; yvvr|or]q oute Tfjc; pacjm-ofjq ???. 'O 'Icovvnc; ???????)? ZiKEiavq TtBavE cyapoq.'O ??????; ia6XTriK av TcXXiiAoq tv ??????? ???. '?????????1 ki' aTq uq 'ApayKivouccToq ??? 1784 Ka ??? 1795 Ka ??? 1811 tv ??????? te-soriore (Tapa) Tfjc; ????????, v tvri p VToXf) Tfjc; ??1??|??|?; veio ???] Movii tuv 'AocopTCOv. '? T5ioq ??? 1810 fJTav pXoc; ??? '?????????? ZupPouXiou ????????. '? ??????; ??????????]? ttv 'EXvti Ziyoupou Ki/????? p'aTfjv ttvte ypia, tv MixafjX, tv ?????, tv "AyyEXo-KpiXXo, tv Ni-????? Ka tv 'Avtmvio, Ka 4 Kopuoia, xfj Aoypixc^a tto Tt8ave piKpii ??? 1784, Tf|v 'AvT^oOAa tco TtGavE ox 1795 ??1 Tfjv Pa ??'? Kipa3. Z ?????, Tfjv ???????? Kupicog ol ZiKEXiavot StaKpivovTai ov cev-SpeoTcoi tOv ??????????. AvaKaTEovrai axtiv TcoXiTiKfj, Ttapouaia^ouvE c;aipETr| 8vi-
Kf| Spor| Ka 6VOUV OTV Ttxeu9pCOTlK
yOva ??? "E9vouq Ka xpfjpa Ka alpa.
'O MixatiX ZiKEXiavq, tco fJTav 5ikt]-ypoq Ka &1???18??? Ka av TtoXiTEOpE-voq Ka av ?????????? otjv 'Ivio Bou-Xfj, fJTav ???' toq TtpcoTouq Ka tuo or|pav-TiKOq o ?????] Tfjv TtEpioxf) xfjq AimKfJQ 'EXX6oq OiXiKOuq, punpvoq ???' ?? 1817.
3. ?? tc; &o ?????????? Tfiv TcX^pocpopia tf|V TiaCpvw ???? ????? ??? ?. 8. ^65?]. 2?? Xq^iapxi-?? ???? Txota voiiaTa 6v TtavTov.
S' atv TtEu8v8r|k p ypppa ??? ??? 18,19 '??. '???|?????|? yi v ??? yveopior), ori eTxe vaXpEi Tf)v 'Apxr)yta Tfjq ?1?1-Kfjq 'EraipEa ??! v tv Et5oTCOifjor| v pari ???????]?? pXiq 5o9fj ?? ov9npa Tfjq EypoEcoq. 2tv io StKeXiav, ??? 1620, Tav fJTav ypappaTaq Tfjq 'Iovlou BouXfj, TtoppiTCov, TCEu8v8riK ???' xr)v ?????, ot 28 ??? '???????| ??. fj. 1820, ???????? ???????? yc v ??? yveopar] Tijv Ttopeia tOv TtixEipf|OEcov tOv ZouXico-tv yi xfjv ??????]??1 xfj ??????, otX-vovTaq ??? Ka toq oTcaopo ??? ????-?????] ??! tcov tcXoitccov ZouXicotOv. Z'a-tv TCL>6vovTav ?????q ???' Tf|V ?.1??? otc 31 '??????? 1820 ??. fj. EyEvoTaTE "Apxeov tv ???????????? Ka rEvvaE "EX-Xt^v tv ixoKaXoOv, yi v r)Tfjaoov xf) auvopopf] ??? ol NTtiq MitToapriq, Niko-Xo TapXXa ??! ToOaa ZpPa. ????? Xa elxvouv Tf|v ??????^??) ??! ?? kpoq tco eTxe MtxaiiX ZiKEXtavq otv ????? ekevo tv f|pcbcov. Ztv io ZcKEXtav KaTtoSloTpia, poAi fjp8E, ??? vOEafi ?? '?????????? AiKaioavriq. "???? ?????-????? liEppaiPq TCEo9ov8r|ke oto Aeu-Ka<Eq ?^Xl?oq Ka to fjtt]a v vl-axaouv oiKovopiK tv yva, vpfiaa oto TcpcoTou tco ??????????? fJTav ??-???? ZiKEXiavq, ??????? ??? Mtxafj^. Auto? Evai fjpcoaq Tfjq olKovvEiaq. MXo Tnq ?1?1?^ 'etaipa ??? Nnoi, pXi ??-??????? f| 'ErtavaTa jr) yivE ouvioiktiti tOv AEUKaSicov (853 8EXovTq) tco ????? ?? ????? tcov "AyyXcov tcpaaav OTf]v '????-vava yi v Ttpouv ppo otv lEp yva. Ol "AyyXoi ??? 5?)???:? Tf)v ??????-aia. 'O FlTpoq TcoXprioE o Xe xi ^Ey-Xq pXEq oTf| AuxiKti ZTepE coq ?? 1825 ??! ??????8?|?? ???] pEyXri KEvri ei;o5o tcv TcoXiopKOupvcov ??? MEooXyyi, TCO 'ytvE pEovuXTa otq 25 MouXloo 1825 ??. f|. Ka eTx rcoTXEopa Tf|v ???????????) ??? ??????? ??? ????????"1.
'Ait t' XXa Ttait ??? ?????? Zlke-XiavoO NiKAaoq Ka "AyyEoq-KptX-Xoq Tt9avav ctyapoi, ???????? OTq 30 ??? PEvpri ??? 1877, 85 xpovOv, Ka oete-po otc 10 ??? '5iou pfjva ??? 1877, 80 xp0vc0v- 'O MixatiX ???]?? |.ivo pia
???? TCO TtaVipETtlKE T ?????????) 51??|-
ypo Arip. Kvxapr) Ka Tt8avE cctekvt].3A-Ttyovouq ????? povxa 'AvTevioq. A-Tq ttavtpetnke ??| Mapa ?????? ait tiv 'AXaaTa 6 ki' ????? p' aTf]v ??????? ypia. ?? ????? -'EitapEivva (1827-1849),
4. K. Maxaip ?????? ??! AeuKoioi et 'AyyXi-??? ????????[??; a. 9, 91, 92.
5. ? ?????????; ??^?; ?????? ???? 0?????????)?; ??? SoXe^ttepyk ???1716 ???? rr]V ????? Trq ????????. atpo^e kl vav ?&???? ??]?; 3Av5pa, Tto TcoXprioE ???) ???????? (HBii). "Eva 9co(iq ?????? stvai ???????? ??? 'Icovvou ZaLiTcXtou ??? haXiK ???? ??? 1800' Evat uiSavv ???????? ???.


8
O Ttpyovcu
tv "1??????-???-???1? (1831-1910), tv ??-Tpo-'05uoaa-ecovi8a (1833-1913) ko tv ?????-?????-?????????? (1829-1832) ??! ??(? KopLTCTLCt tto Tt9avav uiKpa. 'Atc t' y-pia u^noav ?? oo, 'IcovvriQ-AriLiriTploc;, ???????? toO TtoiriTr), Ka ??????-'????-aac.-Acovi5ac;.
'O 'Icovvrtc, ??)?.?|??10(; ZiKEXiavc, TtcxvTpETrjKE cttc, 30 'TtpiXiou 1872 ??.?*|. tt|v XapiKELa ??????[???) ki' ??????^?? ???? ???; ?? ??;??; Ttai&ia : Tv "?????? MixariX- 'A9cxvoio (18731919), tv Mev-???-??????? (1884;), tv AyysX.0 (1877 -1884), tv Aiovaio (t 1884), tv ?????? (15 MapTiou 1884-19 Touviou 1951), xr\v cE\vr| (;) ??! ttv ririVEXnri (;) 'H XapiKXEia, ????, ??? nvou 2?????1???) ?1'?????? ??? 5ia-KEKpiiivou tte tKriypou ????????? Zte-???1???| Tto ?????? ??? ?????.?? ko ?? ayypappa ??? Tcowou Pcoy.avi^r| ???! ??? 'ATtoEiKTiKou ???? BEBatTr]-Toq 6, fJTav arc c^aipsTn ?????, oKoy-VEia, ????????????) ??1 tcov ypapnTCOV, tto ???? aLtTttcoari ?????? kl' axr) ??-???????? arto xf\v ??????????. Zia 1727 BpioKops 'vav Ttpyovo xfjc; oKoyvEiac p x ovopa Z-???? ??? ???? Ziap^ Tt Nr|o ????????1?,<'????1?? tcoXXoc; XPvouc, ott TtapoOaa ?"?? ??)? '?????-Kfjc; (????????;), noXX ??????? Ka -Xattv, v ??1??????| ttv Ttspiouoia ??? ??? MovaoTtipt tcov 'AacpaTCov Ka v Ttriyaivri keT KaXYEpoc; '. "Eva? vecte-poc, Ttpyovoc; xr\c, otKoyEVEioq fitav 'vac; ??????; : yiaTpc; ??????, ?. ??????'????,. ETvai Ka spTEpa yvcoaic; ycovtOTiic, ??? 1821, Tto ????9?|?? Ka ??????????; Ka TttaTT(iovac; KaXq Ka Xyioc, Ka sEp-????|<;- ???????? ??? ????, ??? Msao-Xyyi, a' oXec tc, ttoXiopkec., ????? Ka lpcoiK dycovtaTriKE Ka ??1????5???; ????-????? tc; TtriPEoEc; ???. N t yvcuri sl-Xav yi' aTv o Tti pEyXoi t^pcosq : 'Ev NauTtXcp tv M'iov ??? 1826 o ZTpaTn-yo ??? MEooXoyyou fjoav auvriypvoi, ycb 5 ( TcotriTriq riav. ZoOtooc;) v TfJ -??|???? aTfj ?????-????, 9Cpouv ???, 6-?1?; tcov vcov ripcov toG TpcoiKoG rtoX-ppu, NTnc; ????????; TtfipXEV 'Aya-(ipvcov, Kltooc; Tt^aBXXac; 'AxiXXe:;, Tpcov ??????????; NaTCop, ?????-yioc; Ktooc, 'Iolcevec;. Flpq ???????1? aTcov fjXSov ???' pxc, ECpytoq Ka-pataKaKric;, NiKrJTac; ???????????;, Gscopoc, ??????., 'Avpac, "Iokou Ka KaTTttv ?)X9ev 'Av5p. MiaoXric;, 'Avp. Avtoc,, 'Icocvvric; ????????,?; ????????,
6. '? tItXoc. ??? BifiXiou eTvai ???1 noSeiKTiKOu (jetu |3E|3aiTriT0q, ????????? ??? ?????? No(Jo6i6a-?????? 1. ?. Ptonavi^in ??????????? tc ??? ????|-ypou ??????. ?. 2????[???|, v ???????: 1744. ??? Tfjc; ????????????; ??]?; KupepvriOECq.
1, ???|???????? Movfii; 'Aocou.Tcov ?. 17 'ApxEtoif. Aeukc5(6o^. Ki' ctXXo ??? t5io |3ipXto.
Aviav. 'O Ntric; BTaapnq tte ?????-XoeiktSv tv taTpv ITTpov Z?E?av-toriv, eItisv: 'Io c;icTEpoc; Xcov. A-tc; EKapEV ??? 5v Kapaps pEc; 6Xoi : '???????? Ka ctpeue 8. (rtAvvr) BXaxo-ytwn. <;'1????1??| 'AvBoXoyta oeX. 163 s'k. 1927). Tv ???????1 Ka ZTtupopii-Xtoc; ??? 'ATtopvr|povEuu.aTa ???. Kt'a-tc; eIve ytaTpq, tto ZTtupopriXLog 5v eupaiat a' rXXo oripsto tGv 'ATtopvri-povEupxcov ??? v' ?????????) vopaaTiKt. 'O lloc; aTq Z?E?av(?ar|c; tpuas Ka 5i^9uvs ?? TtpGTO ottv 'EXXaa Noooko-pslo, ??? NaTtXio. ^HTav ?(???; toG 'Ico-cvvn, KaTcofaTpia, e!xe ????|??????1? pac^t ??? Ka c&coke ?????? ???' ?? 9d-???? ??? KuBepvitti ttv ????)??????1? ??? a Toaspic; tlouc;. 'Ec^coke ???(??|?; Eva TOLttto p ???????????;, tio tc; ???|?? ??????????; ??? MovoaTripi toG 'Aytou ripritpcou tfjc; ZaBpac;, ??????; yupvoGaE dn' ??) ???? toG ????. Zia 1881, Tte9ai-voviac; axi]v 'A9r|va, ????? tf|v Ttsptouota ??? ott) Pi^dpsto ZxoX.
"OTtcoq ???????? ??1 r) oKoyvEia ??? ?????? toG TtoiriTfj Ka rfjq pvac; ??? ??-TdyovTav dn' Ttiv ?????????1?, f]p9av tce-ptnou tv tto Kaip axr) AsuKda Ka f\-xav uoipato v 6iaaTaupco8ouv 5<3 uote-pa dir 150 Taa XPvia, yt v ???; 5c-kouv tv "AyysXo ZiKsXiav. Ka9cbc; ?????, Ka ? pva ??? ????????, toG TtOLriTii f|Tav dTt ??) ZKuv9o, f\ 'EXvti Ziyoupou, Ttoir)Tfc; Eaepvs Ka KTtoia KXripovopi dir toGto t vnai. 'H 'EXsvr) pXiaia tr-Tav dna ttv oKoyVEta toG 'Aytou Aiovu-aiou. "Etol, XoLTtv, uoi XtyTEpo Ttot TtspiaoTEpo, Ka ?? ??[? vr|at auvEpy-a8r|K.av yi v ???; caouv tv TtotriTr|.
'O TtaTpac; ??? fiTav evac; Xetitc; ??! KaXXtEpyripvoc; dv9pcoTtoq p ?1????? otri ?????, Tto dKpa ??????????? vKoTd ??? s69upa Ka ???????^?. ZT9riK ??????; 01?????1???? ki' ????? ????1???1?? dya-?????? p ??) yuvatKa ???. Kac; ? ?"? yi tc; oKoyvEtEq Tfjc; ???????; xio dpxov-???????? ????? Ka ypco ??? 1900 fjTav pia ??? ??????) aia aaXvta, ????????; ??? ?01??? otc; &siavc; dit' ?? oxoXelo copsc; ??? tc, tcepvouoe iaBc^ovTaq, ??. picoq TtoiiipaTa, ????????? p xr\ yuvaKa ???. "?????? ???1????? kl' i&ioc; ki' '-Kave Ka ??????????; ???' ?? ???????. TroiEc; ???????1?; ??? ^poupE ??01???-tcv ??? ????? (Prati) ??! ?????5??1???? (Guadagnoli). (???; ?. Maxatpa '? Aeukc. etc 'EvsTOKpaTiac; oeX. 312). OatvETai ?????; ki ???' ?? ?????1?? ????????^? ??? 1??-XiK. Ki ???? dn ?????? ?????&????? pia ??? ????????? toG XepouBeikoG ??<;
8. fil ?????? yi'aTv oq TtpxEipcc ???? ?. Ma-Xocipct AEUKq ??! Aeukuioi Eni 'AyyXiKfic; ???????-ala? oeX. 94 ?. t(,.


01 Ttpyovoi
9
MEyXric; nu.TtTr)c; ToO Asitivou aou toO liuotikou af|u.spov, vie GeoG, Koivcovv u.e TtapXaBs...... Ka tt)v Tcapa9TOuu.E :
De la tua cena mystica oggi o figliol di dio un degno compartecipe fa ce divenga ance io* Non di dar quel bacio del traditor tuo vile ma al buon ladron' simile col pentimento in cor prego di me sovengati nel regno tuo, Signor
Ka fJTav Tcovvriq ZiKEXiavc, Mvac, v-Tpac, KaXocpTiayu.voc, k' ELioiat^E, Xve, u. tv TtotriTii. Ka f| pava tou TtoiriTrj fj-xav t;aipExiK cbpaia ax VEixa xri<;. EIxe pxpio vaxr|U.a, Xeuk TtpacoTto Kai 9aup.aia u.aGpa u.xia Ka u.aXXi. EIxs u.opcpco8fj ox 'ApaKEio, ottv 'ABfj-va, Ka f)c,EpE piaxa x yaXXiK Ka x xaXiK' fjxav TtEpi^rixnxr) auvxpocpi axq auvavaaxpocpq Tfjc, Tioxfic, Tric,. cO 'Apiax. BaXacoptxriq fjxav svac, 9auu.aoxf|c, xric; Ka x Tto(i-|u. xou 2xri XapKAEia 2., etc xfj Tcpoacpopa tcv TcoiriU-Tcov u.oo Evai ypau-Livo yi' aTfjv. "lacoc; u.Aiaxa v TtfjpxE Ka oxv TroLriTTi Ka Knoio Xettt ki yv a'ia6r|Lia, oncoc; TouXxiaxov 'O ydpoc; xoG 'Icodvvri SiKsAiavoG Ka xfjc, XapiKAEiac; fjxav pia TCEpiTtxEia peo- = pavxiKf] XX Ka KTtcoc; SpapaTiKii. 'H XapKAEia, oxav OTtoSa^E ar 'ApaKEio yvcopiaxr]KE p' Eva auyyEvfj xfjc; 'H/rTEipco-xiKfjq oKoyEVEac; Maxpa, ie' otcou fjxav f| prixpa xric;9, Ka Tcap xc, vTippiiaEic, xcv otKoyEVEicov touc, oi VOl Txavxpuxr|-Kav. T KaAOKatpi ou.coc, tco x c^Euypi
9. CH oKoyveia Motpa r)TOtv ki' ccOxri ??? ????-uxcv. e0 ???. ???????; elvai yvcoaiq Xyioc; kcc ypauuocxiKq tou 'lyvTiou "????|^. ????? Kai ????-Xoq auXXoyrq vomouTcov. Aq ???????? ????????? pxaiQV vouianccTCOv 'EnTaviioou ??? ?????? Auitpou, 'Afjvr|ai 1866,
fjpBs v TiapaSEpiar axfj ???????, f| Xa-ptKEia yvcpias ki yitrias xv 'Icovvri ZiKEXiav Ka x vo eAAio ???????;? a exepo yu.o xfjq XapKA.iac; axe; 30 'AupiAtou 1872. "O Kaxoiiivq coxao e-TUXiau.voc; aut^uyiKc; Boq xr|c; Ka x oxi paq ecooe xv Ttoirixfi t;ayv[^ouv xf)v npc;r| xriq. '???1 x TtaiSi tco ywfi9r|Kav Tt xoGxov x ????, x 5o Koptxaia, 'E-Xvr) Ka FlrivsXTtri, 'xouv ar)u.aa[a yt xf| ^cof| xou TtoiriTfj. CH Ttpcxri anouSaas oxf| 5paLi.axtKf| axo\fi xou XprioxoLivou Ka a Lu xoupv ?? ??? c;oxEpiK yvcpiaE xv Pu Mvxo NxouyKav, ?????? xfjq 'I-oi&cbpac,. 'Air' xfiv $fj xr\q 'Evri yve-piaE xv NxouyKav, f\ VEXEpri ??????) xoG TTOiriTfj, fjTlrivETtri, Ka xv ??????????|??. '???' xoc; NxouyKav fi ririvsATiri, tco. fjxav ttoX ???????????], yvQpiaxriKE u. xf|V Eua ??????, tco to^ieue xxe axriv E-ptiri. 'H FlriVEXTtT piXriaE axf|V Eua yi tv Ttoir)xri ?????? xrjq tco eleve axfi ?????&? Ka f| Eua Tcfjys ax vria Ka xv yvpia. Txe f] oKoyvEia xoG Tcoirixfj e-|ev ax artTi xou ;^XXr|, xcpa ?????,, ??; 150 ????? vaxXiK xfjc; KsvxpiKfjc; TcXaxeiac; AEUKoq Ka Ttvco ax psaalo oxev &pu.o tco c;EKivi ???'xf|v TtXaxEa Tipc; x1 vaxoXiK, ??! fjtav oxlq tci 5o-koXec, LcpEi; Triq. 'E&co, a' ax x otcxi, elceive Ka fi Eua oxav TcpMxofjp9. 2' 6Xo x 5iaxriu.a Ttpv ait x y|_m xric; u. tv Ttoin,Tf|, f] Eua ????????? vp9r] a' Tta^f] [ik TcoiorJTioTE XXo c;o n' xriv oKoy-VEia TcpacoTto 'E5c f\ lia u.9aiVE Ka x XXnviK. Xapou.Evr| fj u.va xou TioLri-Tfj eSeixve otoc; yvcooTOq xr|q x ??????? BfiLiaxa xfjt; Euaq oTf| yvcari Tfjc; 'EXXrivi-Kfjq, ?? Ttpcxa ?????? xric; tco XEyav : "AyysXE, a ???????.'O Tcoirixfic; fJTav tte aia EKoaiTpa ??? xpvia, fj Eua u.e-yaXTEpri 10.
"Etceit' tto t yu.0 xou, Tcoir)Tfjc,, -??? ??????? eu-eive u. xr) yuvaiKa ??? Ka KaxTtiv Ka ?? x TtaiSM ??? ??? ????? ???' ?? ?????? xfjc; AEUKaac; vriaKi "A-ytoc; NiKXaot;, ????????????? ??? ottti xou 'AvaoTaaou ZoX&xou axriv ??????? xcv AiKaaxripiCOV kl' kei elieive ebe; xfiv -piaxiKf) vaxcbpriori xouq dir xf) AEUKSa. Tfjc; Euac; xfjc; pEae xTCoq ??! ?]9??? v ???????????] LtviU-a ax vr\ai, yi'ax ^f|Tr|aE v' dyopdari xf\ ???? ?'???1?? ?? vrioKi "Ai NiKXa, ?? 5v xfjc; x gcoaav.
CH Eoa u. xf)V dpxaiOEXXriviKf| v5uu.a-oa Tric, ??????????? xfi ysviKii TcspipyEia axv ttxo Ka x KoxaoirTioXi. Tfjc; Exav KoXXf|OEi x TtapaxaoKXi fj ZpKa, f| yuu.vfi 5riXa5ri. '? ??1?|??|?; fJTav Eva yspo-Kau.cou.evo ?????? itati. Ki' ???' ?? u.a9r|-TiK ??? ????.? XPvia, TtripsaaLivoc; dito
10. Tte slvai tio ??1???](; ???

10
Oi Ttpyovoi
?? oKoyevEiaK ??? TCEpiaXXov, Siaa^Ei Kai ?????1 KiaT, Tcoif|paTa. 'Et; XXou Ttpxei uvaxo ?????|, iaxuTO ?? TCVEpa ??? BaXacopTr|. ToG TtoLnTfj rj Tcapouaafj-Tav TtoX covxavf| ??'?????? ???? TtoXX XpvLa ano ?? Gvax ???. 'YTcrjpxs opco ??? vo ZiKsXiav Kai pia Krcoia puoxi-KOTt0ia, Tto Evai axa aco Kai yi va Kitoio oiraipo ottv vxriT ??? Tto v-??????? p xf]v cjcoxEpiKf] ??1???] ??? v-opoTtpsirrj ???????). v ???? ??? ?????? v TtriyavE vXTa ??? ??????????? yi v voic9n, ??) ouyKvriari toG OXispoG kevou TtEpiaXXovToc;. Axfi f| u.uaxiK0Tt8i.a aco v fjxav Kai ???. va oripEo KXripovoiu ???? ?? yovi ???. Aiys, ???? Tcpiv TtsOvouv ?? Sua piKp ??????? toG TtoiriTfj, axi 8 Kai 12 Eppouapou 1884, ???? 51?8?1?1&?, Aiovaioc; ??1 "???????,'tto ecoke Kai x'ovop ??? otv TroiriTf] tco yEvvf|-BriKE xfjv ia xpovi, ????????; ??? eTxe KaXoEi pia ??????? v ??? ???) tri polpa ???- tcoteue OTq ????????. ???????? rj ??????? toG ?????|???? ?? avTopo OvaTo tv 5u Tcaiicv ???. Ki' Tav ?-?????? ???? Xiysc, ppE, TtSavE ?? ?????? Tcaii, Tao ????????; toG TcoiriTfj TtiateuE ma ottv ??????|??1? Tfjc; ????????, cote aXXo,, ov tv TcapriyopoGaav, ????? tcc, &v Eivai tco ?'???? ?? Eva p tl 8 Xcor| Kai ?? XXo. MoG ttie f\ ?????-aa ???????. "ETCEixa tott| f) puoxiK-TtaSri oi8sari ??? ???????) Ttpitsi v ??1-Xexai Kai err) oTEVxopri oiKovopiKfi ??-??????? xfjc, oKoyveia,. 'Qaxao, f| ??-oTiKOTc8Eia fjxav pia yViKXEpr| ??????-????) ?????????| yi oXov kevo tv k-apo, tco kXeiou-voc; ??? ????????, maco ???' ???; apEiec. KoupxivEc; ??! yvocvxac ?? psyXa, tco f|Tav ki! ????????? ???, psyXcovE ?? ??????? tco auveaivav y-pta ???, a'va ?"? ????? rj ????|?.?) fjxav pvipa 8poviaau.vr|, yi vav ????? veo-
XeXtj, tco yi'axv fi TrpaypaxiKOxrixa fjxav pia ouvXEia xoG vEpou, tio t Xl-Kvtav oi fjxoi ??? itivou ano syEViK p kl'oXEUTa Xpia. NopioupE ?????; ???? xoOxa, art' XXo XiyTEpo kl' air X-Xo TtEpiaoxEpo, KpaxEL KELvr] fj puaxLK-Tta8ri iSEori xoG Ttotrixfj, f\ ixuxri a'??? x spyo xou. Ka xv KoXouSEi ano x Ttpcxa Ttoir)TiK ??? ripaTa. ??'?????? noiriT-ric; ???'?? paGcixLK ??? xpvia. 2' M-va TtaXt XEKCopa jTav Eva tcpotXelo toG TcoLr]Tfj, ??1??????? as pi paKpuvfj auyyvioa ???. T exe ypipsi ypeo ??? OEKdcri ??? XPvLa. T AEKCopa x9r|K, p ?? Tcoiripa ?? ????????|? f| u.vfjpri ekel-vri. tco Tfjc; fjTav ?????????. T ???????-poGps. THTav X^PU xixXo :
Ka toG opoonayou exuoe tt|V Kpav vaTpixiXa,
Z a KauXia ?????, f| ?????? ??? Bopi
Kai i uapuapvia aovaba ???, ?????????. ait uiv
[axvn.
2 SiauavTvia Ttxvn u1 Xaxvn xf| 9copia.
K' Itol pu9uc, tco ???????? ??? X'oviauva ???? ??? ???? ??? Siaa, v txt ?????? v Epn ??????.,
Kpa ??! KEpvia ????? ??? ui ?????? ????? xvel Kis oXoaxvE Tic; ot^vei u uvauEc; ??????
??????? u Trig Mouoac; ?? Tcpoxo ?????1 TtayvEi yXi-yXi Tiiv ???? xvf) ?????|
ki' dit' ?? ????? ??? ???????? ??^?; ???^?? ?? ?????? upa Kai vox TtXTTEi KTtoia opnaKEa ?????|.
'O TCOLnxiic; pXLOE Kai teXecooe xic; pa-BnxiKEc; oTtouSc; xou ox axoXEa xfj AEUKac;. T AripoxiK x xXeicoe ox 1895 Ka xf]V lia XPvi ?????]?? oxf] 5e-XEpri xn xou 'EXXriviKoG SxoXelou, tco x teXelcooe ox 1896. T Tupvoio x xe-Xelcoe ax 1900.
riANOZ PONTOriANNHS
? H ? E Z '
"AvxXr)aa yi ?????, Tto ??????? :
1) 'Ateo t ??????? tj oxoyveccc tcv 2i5tE?aavc5v, tco gioxstai aio 'AQxeiocpuAaxeio AermaSo.
2) '??? ?? ?.1^1.?.?>?1?? i^ia ??? Naoij xrj ravayccc oxf] Tuca Kai xov 'Ayov NcxoAou tf) Tco^eco AeukuSoc" '???????-????? AetixcSo.
3) '??? ?? pxsa ??? rniivaoiou Aedxcxo.
4) 'Arc ????????? ?(?????.
5) 'Ak x uo 'eya xov K. Musaica,
???! ??'????? oxl axexiH ??????.????? j.iou.
6) 'Ait ?? ??????? ???) x. 0eoocqou EijSr| O TtQyovoi xov SiJEXiavo otiv ecpi)|.iQ8a Na>, 5 TouAiou 19.51. 'Arc' cuit ?????,?|?)???? ??????? va o%exix (?? xr\v ???? c&Qiauvcov (teX.uv tj oijcoyvEia.
2HM. T XniapxiK iXia tv 6o Nav, tio napa TcvG) dvcpepa pEvnoE ???? ??????????| ??? AiEu8uvTiic; ??? '??????????(?? ???????? ?. ?????. flapianc,, ??1 tv ExapioTc.


ROBERT LEVESQUE
????? XPONIA TOY ZIKEAIANOY
Sto vr|o Tto yevvti9r|Ka, ti ???????, 6ir)yeTai "AyyEXo ZikeXiovc axo ?[-Xou ???, ot oEiopo Evai ouxvot. "Oxav Epouv ptKpo xo ????????? yiCCTL TtL-oteuoc Ticb axo Gpupo |3yaivE ??' ir) vxouXtta, AX eG poXt pa8a Ttcb fj rfj fj ita xopoTtnSooE, ri xaP& Pou eTxe Tti opta- fjQEXa v ppfjaco 'c, yi v ?????????? xrj xaP pou p xfj XaPe xfj pva yfj' pTtopoOoav v p ouy-Kpccxiiaouv. 2uv|3rjKE ??????? v CuTcvrjaouv x pcop p oxii vxxa' x okettoouv p'Eva aXi Ka x Ttaipvouv co. ETxe ttiuoel ???-xt ox ??????? oxcixi. 'Ait' SX' ax x TtaLl v Txfjpe r]aii' Kapi 96pr]or| v xoupeivE- povxa peivs yi Ttvxa p ox pxia xou. pExXXaxxr) ki X -k e p ?, ri EKOva xoD oxpoxvxr}xou 9Xou. '? ZikeXiovo, Ka orjpEpa ?????, o 6XEi v' vaKaXoEt va ????????? axEpcopa, eG axii Kat pvri xf|v ???????] KEvr) v-Xxa
???????????????. qXiou.
?????? ox TtaiiK xou pxia, Ka xfjv Ttpcbxri xou ???????, ?????????1 ox vo xou.
Je vous salue, Enfants de la premire nuit, Heureux astres divins...
xpayouoaE XXoxLv Povop Ka v Tto ETtETixai axf| yfj KioXa xfj 'EAXa, oxi 15 xo Mpxr] 1884, va Kaivoupyio xpa-youtoxfj, tto Xyo xou 9 ????????? xo Gso Ttvco oxf| yfj.
* *
'H AeuKUa v eTvoi va ?????????, yeXaox vr|oi, ?????? li Zuku9o r] f\ Kgp-????, Tto x ?????? xou vxvei p Kp-axaXXo XKEpo x pyo vo ZoXcopo. "Q ?????-rtEt ??' pxaa 'AKpOKEpavia 6pr|, xoxo x vriai ETvat pi ??????????) xfj 'Kapvavla, ix" Sttou pi yXcbaoa GXaa-oa x x Ka yEpxT] KOXTtou, fj AEUKa vcbvEt, 9ap-p, xi uo ?????? xfj XXriviKfj cofj : ?&\???? ??\ pouv aptyouv ?' axfj- ????-e Ka PookoI, tcco ???????, auvaXX-ouvxat oxf] AEUKa. Ztivia ???? Y1' au-xv tco pEXXs v' vupvr|OEC xfjv XTlVlKli Tf) Ka xf|v XXtyviKf] OuXf|, v Ppe9e ????? ie' x pxta xou iti pLKpoypacpta xfj 'EXXa;. "??????, pXaxr|or) Ka pouv oo-poipouvxai K- xtiroxa Ttt 01?????1?? ???' xi u vx9exec; pEpi xo vrioio. 'H pt Tto KotxEi Ttpc; x^v 'A9iiva, vat xa-poyEXaaxrj- paXavii Ka TtXaxvta 9paoo-pavov ti 9Xaaaa, 't'ia ov va pEyXo tyLpvT OTtappvo p' va ??????????? pxt-TtXayo, c,aTtoaxatvt axriv iiavEpt. "H fiXXr) ppt, xfjc; 'Ayta Mapa, Xkvo xo ZiKEXiavo, sTvat xpaxEt, ???9??????|. 'Av-???? ???? oxaxxtc; Xt Ka a v' vaE-xai ???? pXxou, ii ??????????) xfj "Ayia MapaTcpcoxEouaa xo vriato????????-vExat, ???????????| p x pEVExaiviKO ??-axpo XT^. 'O loKto xv PouvOv xfj 'Hitei-poo, f| yELXvtaar) xfj Acocovr], piouv a-oxr)p x ???????????? ?' f| GXaaaaf] pxata ZikeXiki GXaaaa KuXEt, ???? xf| Aar), ox otTCEipo, ouxv ????????1??????! Tt ??????? TptkupE.
????????? Ttcb OTf)v teXeutoo ??????!? Tfj 'OaaEta, 'Eppfj or)ye otv '???????? AEipcva t ????? tv Mvr|OTf|-pcov ??! Ttcb ?? Ao ppxta '???????|?1, tco fj ??????) ?????? ??? airpEUE Tf|v Eaoo xo 'QKEavo tcv okicov, ETvat va ???-Spo aTO ??? xatto.Ot oxoXiaox xo 'Opfjpou, ox'XiiSEta, ?????????? axf|v xo-??:?8???|??1 xo '???????)???, XX x ?????? xiipt xfj AEUKa.opcticova p xf| yvcbpri xo BiKTp MitEpp, ic^E oyoupa x' vop xou xfj "??????]? ?????? p ti) ?????1??] ???????|?? xtSv KGercov Ppxcov ???. Xpr)oipEUE ????? Ka yi lxxr) axo SaXaoaoTCOpou tco, oxo pripLKo xpovou, pXTtavE o' axo, x io x xppa xo tjXiou tco paatXeuE Ka Tf|v Eaoo to BaaLAsiou tOv veKpQv. K' itEiTa, v Evai ???? fj pT)ptKfj Ttap-oor| Tto pitpeoE v TtpoacfpEt pi' itpoa-OKTixii EKva xfj Gavaoia a' va Tcail, 600 fj KaxajtXriKTiKii ???????????? ???? to vEOTtuGayopetou xo ??)6?)????? xfj Aeu-Ka Ka't xfj ioxopia xfj 2??????. 'H Za-???? v eTvat Ttt yt" axo fj Ttotfjxpta Tto OTtapxxr)KE Tt' xv pcoxa, aXX fj EKOva xfj XoKXripcXiK purpvric ???^?, tto v toxEt, xfj axtypii Tto 'AttX-


12
??????? Xpvta ??? ZikeXiovoG
Xcova 9vaTO Tfj irXcovEi ?? xPl> v Ttaei, ????????? iravco ait' Tf)v uaao. 'AppaTcopvr) p Tii Apa Ti) ooviapvTi ie' Tf|v ppovia xv Kapcov, irpo^opel, ??9?-opvr), Ttpa ait' ?? pcbpiKo oAo Tfj v\r\q, ????? ?? 0e too "????, yi v Pix116! OTfjv yKaXic ???. EpaoTE paKpi ait' ?? ?^?" p prjpiKv "ASr), ??' aTO to okiou Tto eMouvTca ???! cpfjvoov Tf| yfj Kal Tto ?? XaKO XXnviKO ???????-5i to Katei yi ?? papo pimo. 'O ZikeXiovo TtOTiopvo a9eta ait' t a-K Ttapa5ooEi, Tcoivovr tou pi ia oXaXr)9ivrj, poXoyE cboTao Ttcb v vlcooe tcot ?? ??|?? too EAAiyviKoO Xao ???????? ??? vaTO' ?? ????????? Tto ?????????? ???? ?? ?o, ???' ?? ??????-?????? vitoc too ?????, too xTUTtooav ??????. At pya TtayaviaTfj ETav ait votixto 9pqoKEUTiKii ????), Kai ?? 'AKpcoTrjpt Tfjc; Ku-p, Ttcoc ??V XvE ????? ?? paxo ol xw-piTE, KCXTtoie TtXoK ???????1??, poa ??' ????????|????, Tto uapaOTatvoov t) ?????? p ??? paXXi ???? otv ocvEpo v KpaaivEi Tf| Xpa tt) ax<\v ????| ??? pa-???, ?? XV4 vo UpoO ??? 'AiroXXcova Ttvco ??? 'AKpcoTtpi, xT0TtTlaav e9 ???) ???????? vo tiaiio tco eTxe kAoii ??? puoTfjpio.
'EO Kai Ttvc ???? ????? XPvta, f| l-oTopia Tfjc AeOKa Evat ??????] ???' ?? vopa ZiKEXiavc. Ztv TtoXspo Tfjc; 'Ave-?????]?1??, ?????? Kai arf|v TeXsoTaa ???? Tfj 'AyyXtKfj KaToxfj ??? 'Ivia Nnai Tto ?????|0) tcc eTvai yvcooT o ?? 1863, pioKoupE aT ?? vopa ????? art'-Xe tc TtpEi Kai paa ?' ??? ?' ?????-vripovEpaTa. "Etoi, MixXri ZiKEXiavc ??????? too Tcaito ??? Tcoinrfj ETav -Ttoupyo Tfj AtKatoovp too Karco5aTpia ?????? a' aTv v9saav v Kpet Tiiv -vKptori yt Tf| ????????? ??? Kupvf|Tr|. ETav ?[??? too ????????? Kt ???' ?? ?^?? too Tcpaoav ol itpcTE XoyoTexviK oki-p to ZoXcopo tco ??? tc ivE -?????? ??? teXeotoiou, aac ??????. 2????????? to, eTxe ??????????1 v yptjJEi pi ioTopia too TtoXpou Tfj 'Ave- ??? TO TtOUpyoO, TtfjpE ppO OTf|V TtoXiop-
Kia toG MEaoXoyyio Kai ??????????, vo ?????, OTf|v oo tuv FIoXiopKripvcov, Ka&Xa a' va Kavvi. ???? ???^ fjpcoa ???9?|?? xao ???????, ????????? ooi Tcapape9r)Kav ??? 9vaT too, ki aTf| f|
?????, yivE itapoar) otiv otKoyvEia, fj -Ttota e pvrjp.riv too pXou tto itaiav ?? pXr) tt) otv TtXEpo Tfj 'AvEf;apTn,aia, TtfjpE ??????? ?? Ttpovpio v pvei p ??? io ?? ?????? Tfj AEOKSa. 'O piKpTE-po ??????? ??? MixXr| Kai ??? ??????, 'AvTcbvr] ZiKEXiav, Ttano too Ttoir|Tfj, itpOEpo arf|v ??????? too 'Ivioo AiKa-???)?1??, ?????? ??? rivvr), ?? yi too, pia TEpaTia iXio9fJKr| Tto kovt a' aTf|v ?-r|OE, ???'? v<^ ?>???1 art' tf| ???????, p povaiKii too axe&v TtaaxoXr)ar) TfjvTcotr)-ari, ????????????? AvTin, taaCovTac to pxaiou, Kai, ??? ???????????, to Kaf|-TEpou povrovoo ??????????. 'H ??|???? ??? Fivvri ZiKeXiavo, ZaKuBivfj ???????-yfj, ETav ?? yvo Ziyopou' pi otKoy-VEia uCavnvf| Tto va ??]? ??????, -OTEpa ie' Tiii/ X.coor| Tfj ????|?, pETav-?????? ??? 'Ivia Nr)ai ki aXXo oTf] TaXXia p ?? vopa ZEyKp. '? "Ayio ??-vocno, TtaXio 'EtiaKOTto Tfj Ayiva, ??! TcpoaTTii Tfj ZKu9o, Ttoo anoTpafj-???)?? ?' iiae priplTir, si'rav ???' Tf|v ot-KoyvEia tv Ziyopcov ??! ????????? e-AaiKa n' aTv, ari) ???????, oTf|v oko-yvEia to ^TKEtavoG, va ??1????. Mi ???? ?? xpvo ?? Ttiiyaivav, p ???????], OTf)V EKKriaia ?' oiEpa f| otKoyvEia exotov Tf|v KOivcovia to vrjaio ??? ottti, pi ao-v9poiar| 8??|?????1??| ??! TtaTpiapxiKii pa, ko f) otKoyvEia yiopTaE to fjpco ??)? Kai tv ayi ???.
'? ZikeXio:vc p ????????? ???? va-9opiTai Kvca ?? TtaTpiK ottti, ?? ?????-p xapyEXo Tfj pva too, Tfj XapKXEia ZTCpaviTaiT kl vopvE p aEaopo Tf|v ??-???????? p:TioToovr| tco aatXEOE kovt oto iko too. Kavva ???????? Tfj AEUKSa v exe Krroia EXcopiaTii iti-paar) ??? Zi.KEXiav, opco ?? io ?? ottti tco tv yvviiaE E'rav oxoXei. '? pxnY0C Tfj oKoyveia oovae p Tf| pEyXri too KaX\ipyEia pi iaTCEpaaTiK>i aovE5r)an tuv Tcpo\r)paTcuv Tfj 'EXXa. Av too etov ?????? tco iTOTvac;E f). X&Pa xou T0V TopKiKo uyo- aTf| f| eXEoGspia ??? ??1-vtav rt^avEiaKfj. "???????? ????? f| '??-\a v SiaXEi pi yXcbooa ??! v' vTi-???????|??1 i:f| ???)) iAsKTo tv axoXa-otikv ??! tv iX.icov, KXripovoiu TUvu-avTivOv KaXapap'Jv, p Tf|v anXfj, oo-pspij ??! covTavf| yXcbaaa Tto piXooe Xao p' /.Xa Xyia v' vayvcoptoEi yi Ttiar|ur| yXaaa ??)? Tf| 6r)iioTiKfj. 'O Tiv-vp ZiKEXiavo vavTicovOTav ot'i ypappa-xiK XETCToXoytE ??! Tf|v ????????&?| avTa-r|. KaTaicvc oto oxoXaoTiKo tco toX-poov v piXov yi XEo9Epa, Tav p -Xoov XooooSEiivoo p t! TtEpiOTtcopevec I ?????? XXo"E ZoXcopc.1 'AXX ?? yAcO-
1. 'Ait' ?? ? i X ? y ?. nOIHTHZ : ... 'Eoo uiXc yt XEu9sp(a ; o tcoO 'xeic; ???????????-


nouiK XPvia ??? ZiKsXiavo
13
atK Cernila v etav xcapi va ???????. 'H '?????? TCXu9Epcopvr| arc pia ????-ia atvcov, E^e ???? ???????? oxv Kai-vopyo ????? Kai ???1??8?)??, ??????? auA-Xyiaxa, air' xv iTEipaap va ??????! ??? Kipa xti, Xou xo xporcou aio xoO ??????. E'ixav Kaipc icpa v xcopiaXE f] fjpa ??' x oxpi. ???? f| 'EWa, tco eT^e pEVEt co ???' xtiv Kvr)or| Tfj 'Avayvvr]-ai], 9 ????????? v avaTtpcxpxaaEi xrjv l-axopiKfj xr) ??9??????|??) ; '???????, xi caia p x v ?????????1 axi yvooei xr| pEpix XXEc, oxriiia ????????????, Kai v oSexoEi. ve, paKpiv auvriOEte. 'H 'EXXa 'xEi pc a9Eia ?????????)- axriv TcpTCEi v avaKvEi ????? Trl! ???'?? ???' tic; vxEX coxEpiK mpoEi Tfj E-pcbfcr|, yi v Cavapei ayxpova x ????-Kapio TivEpa xn. 'H 'EXXSa v 9 prco-paEi v ?????1 (t xpTto yvipo Kai v apiEi xi) ????, xr) axf|v EpcoTcaKii auvau-Xia, Trop p xr) povaSiKti ??????????? v Evai XXriviKt1) axri ri ?????) ki OKpic Xao, li Ttor\o-r) xou, ev' ti vyKf) v' -KOuaTE.
'H XaKii Tcapoari vaapKcovxav Xo-Cvxavrr ???????? ???-VEop ZikeXiov Kai xtiv ??????| xou rir|VEXrtri,Xiya xpvia pE-yaXiixEpti xouoxti puxicopvr| ????^ Tfj ypi- ayiac, xou : "Opco xi exavE yi ??? a-x t TupacTto o kevo xv Kaip Kai xi ???-oxavE yi ??? o keve t aBuxaxec pu-xe, Gxav ??????? Kai xpa v x ???, ?????? ox 1942. "Eva psyaXEio oiuXXiKo vivE axti fj ia av xf|v Koupaia Zi-uXXa xo MixaiiXyyEXou, xcopixiaaa Tto, XCXE-TCXE, x paoia, KaGiapvii, p ??? lioxpcopa, vpEoa oxv "AyvEXo Kai xtiv ??|???????|, pxiE v xo oiriyixai x-Xicxe iaropE. Kai ixco &XXo, oxfj if|-???? EKELvrj aio9avpaaxE Xoi xxe ttco -Tcpxs Kxi ????? a9uxepo t pvti xi ????? Kai xrjv TtEpa vc xpou, Ka ?????-XE ??" ???1? ??? ti ?????, xr] ??? ???????? ne eyaivEV Xioa ???' xf|v ior iia ?ti yfj. 'H ??)???.????. ?????????) ano ro.p-9aive x povt, xo x^P'^tlkouc; xP Ka TTpoxtQVTO x tiiroTiK xpoyodia Kai, Ktroia pioia, BiaaCE ???) SaoKXiaa xr), av yi' vriScopo ax oa xfj p9aiv, pspiK oxa ????????????? ???' xfiv KpixiKf| ???[?|??|, ???'????? piKpo "AyyEXo v ???)-VE v xo ?>????1 Xr).
"Ottco TtoXX cpxovxiK oKoyvEiE xcTjv Nrjaiv, o ZiKEXiavol ETav xf|v ??????-ota xou v avEpExai Xyo-Xyo' XP610-axriKE v TcouXfjaouv KoppTi-Koppxt xf|v TcpoyoviKfj KXripovopi ??(, axEpa ???' Tfjv TcupKayi to ttaXio otcitio tou, f| oko-
vov Tv vov oou ciTt ????; -nepiaTtcouvc; ??????????, ano Tf|v cpeupar| ??) '??8?????[?; Hat; ?????, o 6-uiXec; yi Xtu9Ep!oc ; (Zr|ii. t. Met.)
yvEia tipETTE v oXEUTEi ?' ya otti tco voiKioavt oif|v 'Ayia-Mapa, oTf|v ?????-Xia. 'AXX o TcspiouaiaK vaTcoSi X-???? ?????????? ?? veo ypi, tco ???-Xovxa cb ?'ke p ar vr]o, o Xyo e-ruv ira, TcavTo icou fj9EXs pE9i ?' ?)9??? oiagt, av ??? otcti tou. Ka9co ??????? ???? KTcXtnr) ?' IktiXitit, va rco Kfj-tco, va vioyvvtnxo Oo, p tco x" vaK-?????? p OTtiv ???????), xo ?????????? -Xa x puoxiK xo optravxo. KaxaXaai-v arc vaxtxco xfj aBsia xou voxtixa ki ax l'io Sv tto9ooe xtcox' ????, ?????. v' ?????????? p x flv. Ka-x irai-XviSia xou ????? XP1atPEUav ??? Pr)of] xou. KioXa, o' piopvE axiyp, xo e'-Tav ekoXo v ;avayupCi axv ????? xfj Mva rfj, v xauTETai, Kvr]To ki -piXriTO, p ti)v l'ia Tf|V vaaaipi ??)?.
eQq ??????? ?? EtXl
y KpEucovTac; ??? ????????? ???, ????????? Tcait,
o Xiyapic; KXoul ?? ypXo,
reOcova ?? vo ???, tote,
??? cc9ia ??? ?????? vaaaau !
Ktcoia ???1??) prjar|> opoXoyExai ZiKEXiavo, 6v ?????? v xv KuEpvEi a'-XKEpr] xfj cofj xou Kai oyoupa, paoi -?????'?, Ka9r)pEpiv, xf|v xei ??? oxpa xou : ET(jai yi xfj yfj Kai xo ?????????? o-pavo- v ycaxi fj cj)uXf| pou Evai 9avaxr). "Av vo Aiovuao, ???? xvNvvo, ???-paxripooE ???????????? xri oxpoyyuXSa rv oxEpiov xfj ?????[5?? xou, ?????? ZiKEXiavo, ???? vaxixxo avKavE xi xei-povopE xo 0o. Ma xou f| puBooyia., x pu9iK TcapX9v xfj 'EXXa, 9appE avayEvvioxav. 'OXKEpo "???????? xa" poyEXooE TcXt. 'O 9iaao xcTjv 9ev, trou XAoxiv eTxe avayupiaEi ??? ouvo, p-Xvovxa ?.ic 9Xippvir paxi oxo xpi-oxou vSpcTtou, TCiocoSpopie. floioi e-axpaxiapvoi 9aXaooivo pitpsaav v' ????-aouv v iaXaXixai K-Kovx oxti Aeuk-5a, Trcb Tc9avE Mya Flv ; 'O 9pXo vaoxaivxav oxv TtayavcaxiK ??????? T SiKeXiavo. '? io, pyxEpa, ?????????? xv aux xou yovaxiox ???' x TcaiBLK tou KiXac xpvta, av Kxr) ptrpoax axf| ???? Kai i;avaX.eTCOupE xv piKp e-XaiKO ?????? xo ??????? tco xei yovaxiox x piKpv 'AvaKpovxa, p' afjxa Xe-ixr), xi TcaXpe voixx, ox TtBia xo Aivuaou, 9piapEUXiKa yupvoO, tcoo to x^vi ?? ?????? p ??? voiXT a' k-?????| ????? ???.
'? ZiKEXiavc TcpoaSipiaE Tf|v ???^[? ??? va yv pipSpapa oxv ????? xfj ????|?. '???' Tf|v pxfj KioXa 9-XrioE v auvTovioEi ?? pu9p xfj cofj xou p x pu9p xuv Kapcov. Ei5oTcoir|pvo u' xf| puaTiKioTiKfj xou aa9r|ar], Xe ???????-
XCOEL VTO TOU T KEV, yi v EXTE TfjV


14
??????? XPvia xo ZiKEXiavo
ia Tf|v Kvorj Tfj r|pioupyia. Kl (t>T)vTCtV a'aOTf|v TiKouo. "A ? r\ v a ?? ?? p y-p a ? a v pitaouvs ? i y a i-y p OTiiv ? ? xrj pou ?? -5iaTep tou f, ???' io xa-X ? i b p tv fjXio ? i c> u ?' & a ? p a Kai ? 9 p i a a v ?' vepouv ??' ?? vepa pou, o X i, ????? ?? Xxvo to Ttap9vou a9ppr)To pou X o y i a p ? Ati) f) ????????) p-povia p tv Kapo, aTTJ fj ?????????] picc ????? ???' Tf|v TcaYKapia i|)uxf|, ??????]?? ????? OTii uvaTOTT)Ta p i & p e a n au,poXoTcoiriari ?.'H ????, exe ???-paScboEi SXa ?? puoTiK ??)? otv ???^?^' eTxe aX9eiva xopsEi yupvi ???????? ???, ???????? p ti"| ??|??, ??? 2??????. ?? v-OTIXTO to eTxe ??????6??1 Tjv ?????????,-??- ??? ??????, ??? ar)pEo tco k9e ????-????, K9e vaXoya, 6? pxTav OTfjv ?-TticjvEa aTcpopEvn, ???????? ?????????-???,, poias ??? fj TcooTcaapvr) ???'tv io tv ????? Tv MtiTpcov ZiKEXiavo exe avayupioEi p OTf|v KoiXi Tfj r|-pioupyia Kai ?&?? oKpae KiXa pai tt) ?? ?????? fjpaTa vo 5i9upapiKo0 Xopo.
O f|Xoi a xTU7Tv OTO Kopu ??? XoG8e
??? ?? acpupi tco TcXSe ?? ???????????? ofju ???????,
'Atto ttv ?????????| vuxTi
aOTTiuEvoc, ?????? ??? t'i uaaxAEc;,
?????????, ?? apoc, uou a xPia tco 6 yvapia,
TtETCOVTOCq UTCpO XPlJTlK TO TTOl,
ETcpGuToyfJKa, ?? Uou ?? bpiua opy aou.
T X^^a ELTOCVE TEVTCOUVO,
?????'??; ?? Toupi ??? oioG ??? ????????, yi uvoc tco &OKuaa uovxac tote u TT1) ??????? ?? PuSu !
T povoTcTia to vou ETvai yvcoaT XEi fj ?????, XX ?' f| ???!? ????? to ?????)?1????), 9 ????????? v ??? or)9f|-OEi v ??????? ??? i'xvr) tcTjv povoTtaTiv i-vc ???^?? TCOir|Tf, v poupe to Op-pou tco to otSas f| yicn ; ??? v tv KoXou9fjaoupE ????, ???????^??? ??) aup-ouXr) to ????????, ????????1 itvTa to pEyXou popou;
, ????????^?? aicoTcnXc; Kai yXtyopoc;, 5 yfj uou,
?? ueyXa aou KXEiauva uovoTtTia T Eva ?? 8eo oou vua, tco u KpaEi ku8e upa to ayri, ;
rivco ???' t KoiXE, Tcvc ???'to ??????, poipETai ?? ?????)???? Tfj va-yaXXia tou ki ppEi- pi' avECayTXiiTT] Tivoli tv tyuxcbvei. ????? povaxiKc, ki a-Tao p ti) ouvoEi Tpiypa ??? tQv ???-
Tpcov, KuXiTai Ttvco otv ????? Tfj Kue-Xr], yiaT
...la terre est nubile et dborde de sang.
T vi ypipi anKcovETai icvco ?' fj 9e'ki cTCOKOTi ??? ?? ?????1 p ??? xiXixpo-vov Xiuva Tfj AEUKa, TCou ol tciotiko, ???' ?? pripiK ?? xpvia, 5 oTapTiioav v aaXayvE ?? KOTcia tou, ote v' X-Xouv okio k9e ????, yia aipouv ????? aKio
5v Etvai t5io ????? ???' oXe Tic; Xlc.
'AvpEaa ???' tv aripviov aKio, ??9? ???.?? p xXia ????????1????? ovtoi Kt vo OapTccopvo voiyEi iicXaTa ?? ????????? ???
yi v uf]V TCOEi ???? ?? ??? ?? uya ote ui ?????.
'H vaoaipi Tfj ETUXia tv yyiei, f| pxaiOTT|Ta ovei ?? oTfjBo^TOU ??1 cjcovacEi :
Kai x"9ti uoa uou t ???^
fi pxaa tco u t uXi ??? ?????????
Ol ooKol, KOVT ???, youv 01???????1 0Tf|v piXla tou TcavapxaiE Xei, tco fj pla tou ETvai BcopiKfj.Kai tco pvouvttap-9vE, ?????????? ???' Xr) Tii Spooi Tfj yfj. T vo ypi to koei EuXaiKa. KioXa ??? itaTpiK otcti pETaxsipiovxav pvo Xsi Tfj covTavfj ???????, XX p to TCiOTiKO yivTav ?' ol XEi vt-vovTav Eva KpcoTyovo 9????|???, ???? ???-?? spvo p ?? ????????1??, tco ??? ????? tv oaKv ????????? ?? vTiKEpevo XKEpo, p Tf|v iKpSa ??? ??1 Tf|v ??????] ??? vapTi. 'H Ttotriar] KupTis axf)v ????-pf| ?????) TT),TTvco oto ?????? Kai ?? XEiaSia Tfj AEUKa. '? ???^?? v eTxe ???? v Tf|V op;Ei- 9piE oiTcr)X t XEL t Tel Kav yi v ????????? a-pio Tf|v ia Tf|v Kapi tv TcpaypTcov.'H Xt;r| ???????? ???, yivTav va p ?? vTi-Kpvo- evico9e Tf| payiKT) ttj vapry ?' fj ia fj ????] KioXa iTOKpivTav OTf| ????^ ???. '? '?????? TCOTaE, cxXXot, p Tf| X-pa ??? t' ypipia- SiKsX-iavc y. Tf| -vapri to Xyou, ?^?? ??????? v {,atyvia-ETai, yiari ooe Ka9rippiv Tpiyupiopvo are' t TtEp Kai vva o&i ??' tSyyi^EV
t uya, ki ebo ?!?1
5??] ??? XyaE if\v KOlXi,
?? ?????? ??? vpEaa
??? OKXia ??? ???????, K'i.eXETtE
ott Xapa ??? okot&i,
??? uTia t ?Xa ecpovTcoaE


???&??? xpvioc to ZiKsXiavoC
15
Kai ta OKOivi Eixe kiJjei va ????????|01 ??? ?????? ti Kpa cpcvti uou, CaxEpn, ?? aXtpiaoE, ?? ?????? av okio, ??|? ?????????
pUrj TOU EIXE VTlOKOljJEl.
T ypi otoo iiEycove, xa'ioepvo luv 6euv. SotcvoOoe k9e trpco, oav ??? ??-Tcbcpi to TtapaEoou, Kai pi' TcpavTri vaTpixXa cfiavpcvs vTO ??? Triv ???,-Eia, XA xi p o pi ? ? e v tj ? p -? y Euav, 8?|????? pyTEpa, pi Xo Ka ??6?)????| arciKOivcovia p ??) ????) Kai pi' ?????????) SuvpEpv ?????? 8xcoc opta rco BLaTpXEi ?? aprtav prcaivE vTc ??? yi v eTctiSiiaEi ait ke ?" v8Er| ?????]. Zt a9oc roo otuTo ??? vico9s va r\-t v ??????????? ??????????????? v' p-TcaEi Tri ????? ??? TtriyatvovT Ttiv cb ?? opvia. ??????????? p psyXa tqpaTa, AaxaviovTa, 9apTrcopvo ko KopiEup-vo ???? va ????? ??????. Zoxv Evo Xei-aBi p" ????????, tco ?? Biaaive ov okio, Sixco v ?? tocckel ??? ??????? ???, ??? KoivcvooE ??) ?1?????) eprvn ???, Kai Bpoaie ke paa ?? ?????????? ???.
Ktroia pepa vo ????9?|?? vpsaa ??' ???????? Kai, ???[? v0: oTapaTtioEi rcouSEv, ??????????? pEpi a' va ????, Tcvw ???' Tf|v 'Aya ?????, ????? pScbvov-Tai ????? kokXcteioi paxoi ioxop ooy-?????|???? atra ?????? TpaXEi, xl^loXP0va TExr), tco Kavav tv [iaoaavia v ?? ??_ vei, yiaT, Xei, Ka9Epi air' ccr Tic ???-???? exet TTOtov ????, tco va Eoypi pouXpia Sv 9 ????????? Kv v kouv)-oei oute Ttiv tria piKpt) too.
H TtEtva UOU 'oKOue ??\? ??? UEaitupi OTtopa^E ??! ?? Xaiuv Xuyae ?' Xn Ttiv ?????? avTua...
T peairppi ?????? ?? ????- para titkio: xTUTroav ????????? ?? ????? ????* ??? ?????????. riEtva, &1??, ?????, Xopc, Xa pai ps9CavE tv ????^?, tco Eiav ps9r|apvo arc vtnoTEa ??1 ?????. ????|, 5v 8 tv Xottti9e ; Oi ypo9i ???, ?? vTia ??? ??1???????? ?? pria ??? Sv EXOUVE ?? ??????. 'H ????, ti Xriapo-vi, t 9 ETav tco 9 ????????? v 1??-votcoiioei aTti Tr)v ypia oper] ; M ?' aTti Tt^v ptrpi, vpsaa a kev t ?; trpcoTyovEt; ???????, AirXAcova v ti ?????] oou- povxa aTti ???????1 vpEaa ??? paxo Kl vo pXTi^KE Kioa Tivco Tri1 ????????????? yi ti ????&?, BayKcvei tv io tv ?????, paaaEi ?? oKoupoTcpaiva ?????, ?' ti oaapvri TCiKpBa, Ceoti u' ?? pEar)ppi, xv KvE ???????? v koivq-vrjoEt p' XKaipr) Tti ????? "Eva ????????? XUVETai p ??? aTpa too, tco ri ppti
too ?????? pETpiCsTaf o xttcoi ??? ???-5i too KaTaXayioov. 'H TcoXXcbvia ?????|, ?' ????) Tt]v ypia ?????^??), ????-r]KE p a9Eia too ??? to cjtXyEi ?? ???]9??.
???? ?? 1900, pxaavE ????????? ??? pl TcTjv kokXtceiov teixv ?' ri Mopa, pia pepa, ????????? ?? vo v itEi v t 6e. 'AKpiuc KEvr) ??] oTiypii poXi Exav vo;Ei vav ????. '? ZikEXiavo TpxEi KovT, OKUsi Kai v, arpa-triaa, rcapou-aiETai ?????? ??? ?????????, Caitupvoc p ??' appara too
?'Xa ??? ?? BvTia ??? aayvi ?????????.
tci ???????? n' \a aa Xpuave vay-pco, va TToXpiarri ?0 ?????? KaipoO. T ????)?? too ypa ???????? yi ttvTa ttiv paoi, XX Kvri ti EKva pEiV ?????1-vrj, a xapaXi, p ???) pviipr) too ???1?|??|. '? ZiKEXtavo eTe p ?? [jTia ??? vav pxao. 'Apxao ki io Kai tco fi-aicbvEi KopaoTa Tf) ouvXEia, av co ???? xpvo, Trj eXXtiviKf]c ????^?, ????? auyxpovo 5v iraei v' trXcbvEi xEpi Ep-?1?? arv vtvopo ?????????) tco ??????-aioTT]KE ?????? ??? pTia ???, o pi' -tc5ei;ii avaoac.
'H oKoyvEa ZiKEXiavoO, to pfjvE too ?????????, vokioe ?? axeBv pr]po vri-aKi too "Ar| NiKXa tto eTvai vpsoa AEOKSa Kai ???????, Sio av oTcia pix-pvr] ???] 8Xaaoa, tco TcaXi, tv Kaip tv Bevetoivcv, t xPiatpoTcoioOoav yi X.oipoKa9apTtipio. "Eva xapr|X otcti, pia KKX.tiaoXa, Xya ??^???? Kai TcpoicavTO paxia tco KppouvTai Tcvco ???' ?? vep, aura ETav Xa ki Xa uo ypiav tott| Ttiv pr|ui. "Otov KEpvoaav ol pEyaXs ocE, o yovE avaypiav OTtiv TCX.T), XX vsapo eTxe ?????9???1 v too ???-??????? v pEVE povo, yi ?? ?91??????-??, ?' aT ?? piKp aalXeio- va itirp-??)? ???????? TtTE TCIE, p ti) apKa Xlya ????|?? Kai ?? pyio Tfj XeoGEpia ??! Tfj pr]pi ????????? v' pxOEi.
aianKa Triv TpioaBrj uou tr\or], Kai OTpia Tri boKuaoa vuEoa ??? TtXaya, o ???????? puoviioi.
0aXaaoar)TO, TcXavfjTE ???-vco ???' ?? vrja, ??????????? Kapi ???? ??? vEap toCtt) va ?????? Be-ic v ?. '? ???????? Tfj oKoyvEia exvo-o TtvTa ??? p^pr|Trjpio pepiKO ??????, tco vo to cxvoiyE Kai to kXeive TrXi. "AXX TcpoTcavTo UE9oapvo, ???-yopEVO Bixu ??????, ??????????? t) ????? too copcbvTa ti ???????. "Av tv pcoToOoav v TtpoaBiopioEi Tic pova-
Na 'EoziaXgwxovyEvva 1952


16
Xtx. doxoXE ???, 9' ???????/????, ?? i-Xco AXo, tcco ZaTcopirpiv va9upo-pEvo tv Tipyo ??? : Tv ??????????? icaip &v EKava tlttotcx. tQ yvipil pa8u-?? 1 Movai tco Tr]v TTA.n,pnpie va -???????. "OAupiro it tx9ou 'Ait' tT,v rao KOvTivii 'AKapvavia,
On entend les dieux rire; on voit leurs vagues trtKS Resplendir au-dessus des monts Acroeraunes
riTE-TtTE pixvTav OTii ????? ??? vo ?' ByaivE aTrjv ???>? vaaivE TtXi t apcopa Tfj yfj' ???????????? p ??? TtepipXia tco tv ????????? pi' ??????, ???????,
R i massa ni parfois dans 1' herbe Des fruits mordus par les dieux.
Zv avaypie ??? vr\o'i ???, yEUTav !3a9Ei ?ri aicTcry ii ?????, ??? yivTav 6i-????) ???' T^v uoXXii povai.
Ka"co ?? cpii
TtyAuipE otv Grcvo, ????? dt' ?? oVTpo, ??? aocpo ?? aTi,
va Ka8apioEi TEia ii ????} ??? dit' ?' dvSpcoTtou Tf| ri uiXioi ????????? ?? vo uou. cpeavri
Ta xaXiKia to yiaXoC,
TEXEicuva ???' ?? Kua av ay TtEpiaTEpio.
t6v iSoKav p tv ?????? tou. KTtoiE piKp TtTpe; tcoX yuaXioTEp Kai yXup-ve ???' Tii 9Xaoaa, Kai tco ?? Tcai&i Tfj AEUKaSa ti vopavE i ? e vouv pi Tcapaio9r)ar) Spoai. tov, pii xovTa ?1???? ????^????, t'i BAei ??? ?????, Kl ZiKEXiav, av to yaBpiOEC., c>5(-???? p' aT.
Kai Tri (iaBEi oKuaaa Tri ovaur] ???. '????? ??????? ri 0upr|or| e'pxETai
Kai ??? gco&Ei ?? ?????* \a ?? adpcoaE. c. eH 0Eia aou ????
av va OEUTEpo fiui p' 'xei vaSpipEi.
rtvvripvo 6u6 ????? ??????. Aivuao ???? iirA paE ??! |??????????. Ki-Xa ???) ????1? ti ???????. pps tco yEv-vr|9r)K,
'Eue, XEXcva f) pava pou oTrj UTtpa ?ri papTiCXTiKn ito '?? ?? opvia dvoiEi, ??????? Kai p TtfipE oti^v ??????) Tri, tv TtpcjTo KEpauv yi v po Seiei !
Sv eTxe ZiKEXiav, yi v ???????]-pcboei xri P-tiOri ???, pi ??????] rteipa.
MaKpi ??? ??????
Xoupouva Epripo.,
av toG TtEou 8ett)...
OTav v tco Tp/Ei ypco ???' ?? vo, ??1-ovTa ?? Kpara, va ???????? Kai ???)??|??? KOTtL ??????. ATii xr) ???? ii auyKtvr|ar] ???9?|?? tcoA BuvaTfj. 'O a^viK pxop. Ki 9opu|3cbSiKO xop tOv ??????? ??? Koivcovoaav ???) OTiypti pi' |3 ? ? a a -Xa ? p i ? i ? ? r|, tco p pEyXo ktco Tii oapaEi yi v ?????????1 TtXi, Xo ?' ???????], aTliv ???? 'A ??' a ?? ri ?? ?????? KoapiK ?????? ???-??]?? Txvco ?' ??? ?? opa ??? p i 6 -????) vTayeia, ia p' aTii tco vicooE Tcvco ???) ????? ??? vEap Aivuoo 6tov ??????????? ???-papEpa Ki vpEXo ?????, p ??? VEp ?????????? o. 'O ZiKEXiav, vaoTaTcopvo; ir vEiiTco-to ayKpuo, ?????????????;, ??????????-??? OTiiv ????), ???|??????? p otv ????? ??? piv ?????????^? XiiGEia Kai ???????-oe ????, vicoBovTa tv ????? ??? ?????? 0, p oiyoupo |3fjpa v (BaBiaEi Ttp Tiiv ?????].
??????. ANAPF.A2 ANAPEOflOYAOS


O ANBPQnOZ
Ztfiv 'OXuu.Ttta ktcots pioKOrav u.-aa a ouvxpocpi "AyyEXoc; ZiKsXiavc; Kai auriTo6aau.s. nave TtoXX XP0VIC(' Ztt auiiTTiari Ttfjpav TtoXXoi npo;, u. Kupiapxoas y.ayiK Ttdvc u.a eke-vo. Tpco t epo tu-evoc; u x 9eu.-Xia tcv vacov Kal to acopiaau.vou kove, t TtEUKcpUTO Kpvio, oi taXo-Ypau.u.01 Xcpoi ki ee; ttpa t TtXaT plia to 'AXcpEio, Xa GapE Kai ira-paaxekav cpiXiK Kai yvcpiu.a otv roiri" trj. Ki oi pxaoi 9eo ki oi fjpcsc; cuv-xtVEUav p-ttpc; u.a u.o' ait t Xyo tou. 'Hxav etai dvetccotri Xri ttv cupa ri yX-Ka tcouu.Sc; KEpvoOae t XEipcoviTiKO ya-Xiivio tottto. Z u.i atiyu.fi aaiXEipE f] aiconii. 'O rioiriTriq ipcooe tte t TtXaT, cpUTEiv u.TCTto ki cpriae t Aeu.u.a v'd-TtXaEi vEipOTtappvo ttpa iiakpi. Zt' Xu.ttio KECpdXi tou t u.aXXi TttpTav TtXoaia ttpc, t niaco. (PaivTav ttcbc; -kouys ktcoiouc, ixakpivoc; dir' to aieovsc fixou tto cptvav ot' aTt tv cx-xcv. Ki va cpiXo ttjc auvTpocpi, tto tv dycttriae kai tv tiloteijje ao Xiyoi, BEpu.ii kai aSuaTOxaaTr) ipuxii, aKuipE -keivr] tt] atiyu.ri auykivrmva kai p.S u.oup-liopioe alt' t Rilke :
'ekevo, ttou tfjq cfj t ttoxx dvtlvopec cju.ttvoa ki eyvcpova auvexae o pia trapaoxr]...
Ztt oicuTtfv tto u. e'cve, oi otxi aTo rixnaav ov ttpocpr|tea ka yuptaa-lie ka koitdaue kstvov, tto otekotov KvriTot; kovt ki' fJTav ayxpova too liakpid u.a.
ripayu.atikd : vedptiita n' tri XP0" vlkt ttpootttikri tto xp^etai yi tt aXXrtpn lua TTia TtpoacoTtiKTriTac, tio u. aKETtdEi dKu.a foKio trie;, Eivai TtoX okoxt) ifj vottik dcpaipeori yi v ou.e xcpo tv "AvpcuTto. 'O "av9p-tto, otv Kd9s tou Xyo, otiv Kd8e tou Tcpn, ka Kvriori, f\iav xcopiato dir t riu.ioupy, ki tooto TtdXi, ipuxr] coo-ttoloaa, v aia9ritottoitav ttap u. t auvoXiK pyo tou, tto Xova t ttp-aXXs u-ttpc at u.tia p.a ka, kopu.1 dcp9apTo, u.a dplias ttiac tou. 'O Zike-Xiavc aT9r|ke ttdvta pia evtiita ka u.i oyaotti TtKXnori vtiitac. "Etoi, TtEpaTEpo dir K9s dXXov, f)xav a 9ari
wer seines lebens viele widersinne vershnt und dankbar in ein sinnbild fasst...
rainer maria'rixke
vd XETtsi otoc, uoXXoc; ypeo tou q>pa-yKiivTa dv9pcTtcov."Eva puotik iiovai-k kvtpo ad v extov u.aa tou T nvTa, ki aT vTiopouoE ka p9pi?e u. tiv lia Ttvori t TtdvTa. "Eva Kvxpo u.uaiiKfc; apuTriTac;. 'H payeia tri; fJTav otoc; TtspaTEpouq aiaBriTfi kl f\ euioXri xr\c, dKaTaLixiTtri yi Xouc; dKu.r| Ka ot SiaaTiKO tt|c; TtEpaaixa. Mopcpri a-9tata ttvuu.aTiKri, yiaT tiv vTr)ta 6v xriv diroTEXouaav cpuaiK ka ipuxik otoi-Xsa auvxayu.va av d9poiau.a, u. p-yaviK auykpottiu.va a 8ip9pcoor) kal 5idtae;ri dctioXoyiKii. T TtvE0u.a fjxav t\ eaittouoa. T TtvEuu.a 5iaTtTit^ paci u. t alu.a Xa tou t kttapa ka 5i-cpEyyE aT xspl0( kotl ax TtpacoTto ki d-KTivooXoOae duo t (iTia. '0 vouc; p.ou slvai yuu.vrTr)c;- slvai t lto u.ou koppi,
Eins KTtOTE.
rioXuE&piKri li aiKEXiaviKf) vttito 5v enaBe ttot iottaari. Movxa ,Xie;ri yvwpiOE, iatpTiar ka vtttut;r| aToO rto ttfipxe implicite dir tiv ttpctri vtT'r). T f;ek[vnpd tou fJTav u.i ^coikt] pu.i) ttpctoyevrig ka d5du.aatri, 9psu.u.vri a-toata dir t oirXdxva tfjc; yfjt;. "Evac, vsapc;, cpoepoc;, vuktxloc, Aivu-aoc, Ttai tfjt; Arju.ritpac;, 5ripf|ipioc;. Liber natura cerealis 'AKpicc; u.' aT t'o-vocia, uai dKu.r| at 1903, Ttapouaiaas ot Nouu.5 Kxi okoteiv, kdti dixpoa-ipioTo, av eva kou.u.ti yf|q, tto y.oa oti aosia vXTa Ka tt) aicottri Ttatpvsi xriv ttpwtr] kivriari ka yivetai Taupi, sva raup u. dka9piato axnna. Ki xoOTO ttepttatei dpy oc; ttv dKpoXiu.vid, x"^" vi t nia tou ot KaXauaa Ka t 9d-icva ka Ka9nXcbvETai TtdXi KEi yi TtoX-Xri cpa. Ki uaTspa, t TtpcTO oepo u.ri-
vulid tou :
ki dn' t poubovia irivovtac typia tou oaou polpa.
t vepa tou xa exxovioe tio vatapxtn f) xipvn ka x^tt^6 t hoykpiopa'oti'iv f]auxa tpiypa av xol Tty secov ol axo ka tcov vepocov oi
[upvoi.
EriLiEpcvEi li escori kal, u.aa dir Svav ttio Aivuao, TtpodXXsi XepcoToc; svac; etpriiKOc; 'ATtXXcovac;. cpari Tcpovou.iaKii, u. ysa TtXri9copiK-fi ki Lioptptd, u. TtXa-


18
'? avSpGjTto,
atiK yEp ????! ??1 u Suvax yXio ???????|?1 pripiK. '????????? duo ?? ??? Tfj &riu.ioupy[a ki ??????1??? ???? Tfiv ????1????]?? ki puovia ??? iou ??? ??????. ? cori tv TtXriu.|.iupi paa ??? koc ypco ???. XapsTai ?? XXriviK ??? ??1 tc ?'????? ???, tc xpoyouSdsi ki 6-Xova dir' ?? Tpayoi ??? vTiTCETiTai, EUpcooTri kl ??????????, ki dito ??? SiKfj ??? ?????|. Nupi rj Liopa ???, ???????] ?&????, tv koXe dit' ?? vrioi ??? ottv 'A8rjva ?????? ottv vri ????]. "??9??>, ypcpEi rj lia, dna ?? Baitpi tceo. ZT-tjke ottv aXf|, Xetctc, avG, xXwuc otv rjXio ??? AyoaTou. Ki dir kevti tiv fiupa co ?? tXo Tfjc; cofj ??? f| Ea ZiKEiavoO TtapuEivE u ????? a-Xeutti ki ????[????] 6pr)OKUTiKfi f\ lpEia ??? riu.ioupyo ??1 ??? ????? ???. Tv ?'????? ?????^??, yi Tf|v 'EXXa ??! tv KOU.OV XKXripo, ki dpyTEpa, otc 6eX-?1??? ??????, ??? ?????|? ????????, ???-TcapdoToan KaXXiTEXviKf] ??1 okovouiktj. 2?? 1909 f) 'A6fjva vaTapsTai dt' tc TtpcTEc; 5riu.oiEc; ouiXe to aiaiou -??)???. Maa a ????????? ?????,?1??? UTtoBXriTiKf TtapouaidgTaL ?????? 'A-????????????? ??? Bouvo Ka ??? yia-Xo, ?? TtapSvo aT Ttii, tco e'xe XopxdaEi t OTfjGo ??? du' tt uvaTii pupoui Tfjc; yfj ??! ??? dvoiXToO pi-?????. Ki vTriXE va ????????????? dv-??????, vitoeko, ?????????????, ?????-viotiko. Xap Tfjc; cofj lvai ixaauc Tfjc; ciktj pufj a poViKO ??! a Gry ???? OTOixeo, TEU.aXiau.oc; ??? 'Ev, ??-oa or XPvo.o ?????? ??! a TCEpiypau.-u.va ????????. Tfj ????, Xoitcv to Zike-XiavoO ttv eTxe ?????[??1 'AvTpiauq ???? (a ui aiEpvia ?1??????| BoXriori, Tto TtPaXXE tv ????? tt a Ttuovri ??! OKXripf) ?????\ : vappixf|ai a ??????, KOXU.TCI ??' dvoiXT, LTTTcaaE vu XTEpiv, f] ??? Tfjc; KaTaiyia ica tcv dvLicov ??! Tfjc; TpLKUUta pour confronter les lments, tcco ?????. '? aToGau-?????? ??????????? co ir\v ta ui Su-vaTfj Gavaota ???????^? !
'Qotoo Tcfjpxs ayxpova yvo ??! Ttriyao ??! uvauiKO pxyovo io-voaiaKc "???????. BoyyoaE ???? ??? KXsiaiivoc; Aivuaoc 5riuf|Tpio '? BX-ain raBpuiXiori ot npcTE keve ta-Xei eTe Tti ???? va ?????? x d ? TcapGvou VEOEXXriviKfjc; ?????. ???????)-Xa Xomv u. tt ????????? ??1 ff|v XXr|-viKf] ?????????! Tfj TCEiapxriPvric; u.op-??)?;, ejTivio ki VEpyr|TiK ?? pyoc; Tfj axpovr)c; ??! u.uaTiKfj 'EvTTiTaq. KpuB-Tav u.oa ??? va ?????? ?????? ?1??-TriTOc;, ???? iaaTaupcvovTav ?! dvTivo-u.Lec;. ??! ??????-??????? ol ?????? ????-acoTTiKc; dvTiGoEi, : fj ycoKEVTptKf) Ttspi-
ouXXoyfi u.at u.' iva doTEipsuTO, ???????? cJXXiau.a K.aXcoovr|c;, f\ tci TtXaTEi koi-vcoviKTriTa icai ii xr\ 9oGpnu.ova aico-Ttri Tfjc; novaid.. 'Et; XXou f| p&3TiKf| pu.f| Tfj Xau.TTEpfj ??? viTriq 5v ?????-?!???|?? ????? ??? ????, ?? ???????, ??! tte ??! ?????, ovriar) ???? ??? ??? ??-vai diatpETa. Ki ?????, irspa : Xova ??! tuo ????1?? to yivTav fj ittoTti, ?????; ?? YEVETriaio u.voc;> TipOEKTEUTaV Kl ?-f;co ???? ??| BioXoyiKr TCEpioxfj. ?! TgaOE-p ???????? Z ? v e i 5 f| a e i q or|U.a-eouv Tf|v ????|?[? ??? cjdvoiyu.a aT to acTspiKo ??? poVTa. T voTiKTO rXafi Tfjc; vTriTac; tv ?'???. v Xa-?????1 ?? 8n,XuK oToiXEo a' ??? ??? ?? ???????!?????, ???) TuvaKa, oTf|v 'EX-Xa, ??? Aa u. to dnXoKOOc; ??? vGpcTcouc; ??? xcopio ??! to TcaiGpou, ott u.r)Tpa rfj, oTf) ????| XKXripri- KL ?' oo dvTpiaiJc;, ????) ki fj ??????? ??? dKpa^vf| ??! Kuptapxoc; rcavpcTiau.oq tco KpdTnaE Sbc, ?? TsXsuTaa. Ka! v ??! ?? itcX u.uaTfjpio Tfjc; KoaLUKrj ??! Tfj OTopiKfj vOTn,Ta! ??????? ??? oTtiTdKi ??? Tfj ZaXaiiiva,, TrapdiCEiVE XKXripr) u.i vxxa u ir\v TravaXrivo, ??????1??? ??! ??????????????; ?????-?????? uvoc; ???, ??????; ??? ????????? XouXoi vo, ???1?1??? ?????? ???? dna ?5 dyKdQia, tco o Xyxsq ?? TpiypiaV ?? ????-Xeuko XouXoi ????????? dpy-py koi-TdovTac; ?? ??????1 ??! ?? ???????? ?-TOI ?' ???) TriV opdvia Tpoxid ??? co, ?? ????????. ?? koolciko ?????? icvEpa, auuTtuKVQpvo ??! ??? OTfjGoc; ???, ??-vicoae v iaTpxsi uaa dir tc, TCEpiic-teis tcv Xacv Ka ?? aTopiK yyvEaGai-"Etoi c;dvoic; ?????, ??????; oTfj ??????-aiKfi uopa, Ka ?? GtXuk ?????????? Tfjc; rfjc;. O ?????'1 ?? 6??)????lk sp ???-6r]Kav aTf|V TtopEav aTfi ?? arpEio, ???? ?? aTopiK nvELia ppfjKE Tfiv irXripaTEpr] XTpcoaf| ???. 'Eke dKOyETai EKpiv-????? dir ????? dXXo xtttoc; Tfj ???-5i Kpiou to TiXavriTin. ETvai totco, ????? auvavTtiSriKav ScopiKO 'AttXXco-va u Tfj iovuaiaKfj u8r| Tfjc'AvaToXfj, fj dvGpcTHvn, cori u ?? utcepBotlk Mu-aTiipio, XXr)viKO fiXio ?? ?? ?????? Tfj xpovri Mdva Nxxa. Tttoi Ka ai-cve Tpiyupouv aT ?? oyKEvxpo Ka Ttapdyouv ?? Ziuspa. Ztv ????????? ??? dvGpcTtivou uXXovto xuv v ?????-?????? 6Xoi oi uoTE du' Tf|v ?????????) dpxaiTTiTa ??! co to vectepou Mu-otiko, tv Durville, tv d'Alveare, tv Rosanof, tv Merejkowski, tv Chestov, tv Kierkegaard. 'Qotoo rcoKpoETai ypco-Xa, o an' aTO, KQs Toiuri ?????-TiKf| KaTriyopta. "O ZiKEXiavo vcoxiETai u Tf|v 5ia TaaxiKfi eXBeio t Xyo vq TaoTtvri to riapvotoao Ka tc


'O dv9pcoTtoq
19
npocpritsiEg xcv Ttavpxaicov ZiBuXXcv.
AiiTTEi ri oTiypri XoaTpyyuXn aio vou pou av -
[rtcpa,
Xei va tou TpocyouSi yi t Bicoua a-xfjq Tfjc; XEpoxiaq KoainKrjc; Ka LOTOpLKfjc; vxr]xaq. Ka uaa dcKuri ax ovopa xfjq XXriviKrjq iaxoptaq p9cvxai f| Da-yayta arri ZTtpxri ki vEipoTtoXExai x Ttoxa xcv 'EXXtjvcov ki Ttoirixriq p-XaLoXTprjq yvExai xpi"tiavq ripxo-poq axr Pcpri kl 6 Ai>Evr]q iroXEUioxrq ax auvopa xfjq MsaoTtoTauiaq. rEViKCXE-pa x oiKsXtaviK Spyo TtspiXEi piv dv-xaxoixri ki ax acoxepiKt vxivouia Ka vxrixa, ixo yi' ax iraiTE K.a Siacpo-pexiK uxpa yi Kaxavr|ar| Ka xotcoB-tti ori dir Kelva, Tto KpaxtiaauE Ka Kpa-tSue yi x pyo tou ZoXcol.oO f) xou naXaua. 01 pxq xou svai dpiaxoKpa-TiKq, u xrv TivEUuaxiKrj ar)u.aaia xou o-poupioxoKpaxiKc, Kur) Ka axr auv-Ssori xou Ka axr PaGri/l UTtET:o|3viKri pouoiKii xou, dTtpaixr) ax" dur]xa axi. Ka oucoq, cjaipcvxaq xv 'A X a Ka cjcpvou l dKaxoXExri Ka TcXr]9co-piKr KEivri pun xfjq KoivcoviKxrixaq us-xacppExai TtpoaKnxa Ka a' iva dXXo tcltteo u xr| AEXcpiKi npoartBEia. 'A-vaTrvxExri u.xTtxcoar| yi [xi axooia XupiKi cpar) av xou ZiKEXiavoG, rto Tia-paixsxai dir x uaa xfjc; xxvriq xou Ka KaxaTtivExai u. x Kiipuyua, u x vor)oiapxiK axrnaxa xoG Xyou Ka u tt) por).
Ka a yiopiaeiq vtoXt ttjv xa0E pia aou cpXfja, pEOTq ir upvo Sctvaxo, pf)v Kaptepetc;, KaifSa.
'AvaSExai xxe o iroXXq auvEiSfjaEic; pia Tcavpxairi pviipri: x TrpcoxapxiK uoo-aio xou Tcoirixf u xv Tcpocpr)xri-u.uaxayco-y Ka xoG TCVEUpaxiKoG f)yxri u xv tco-Xixlk riyrixr, uuoxikc; Ka XXr)Xy-yuoq Eapq xoG oTtopa xfjq yfjc; Ka xoG oTtopa xou TtVEu.axoq. 'O ZiKsXtavc; tci-axsEi, Tccbc; svai asvxiKc; cpopac; xoG iaxopiKoG Ttvu.axoc;, tco t^r|xdEi ui Kai-vopyia Ttpayuxcoori uaa ax ayxpova dxou.iK Ka KoivcoviK TcpoBXriuaxa.'AuaY-yXXEi a Xtyouq KaXEouvouc; xou axoq AsXcpoq x Ttpcxo xou Kripuyua. BpaKE-xai axr)v dvGiari uiaq 6XoKXr)pcouvric; cpL-Uxrixac;, dBXrixiKc;, Trc|3Xr|XiKc;, Tcdvxa
paloc;. M cpcovr Bpovxepi, dppEVCOTtr, r\-pcoi.Krj, TtpoaKaXE yi xf] ouTcr|c;ri vc; d-vayEwiixiKoG Ttupiva dpiaxcov ki dKoEi dna xc; OaipidEc; ouvETtapuvoc; v xoG noKpvovxai o cpcovc; xcov acvcov. "Av ki o sXcpiKc; yiopxc; k ri TcpoacoTtiKi xou KXivoBoXia c;Ear|KCvouv Ka auvap-Tt^ouv Ka ouyKivoGv xoc; TtoXXoq Ka Uoa ki <;co dTt xiv 'EXX&a, ucog f\ ipu-Xpx) XoyiKr) 5xxr|KE xc; KKXiaEiq xou p aKETtxiKiau. Ka cpuaiK t) TtpayuaxiKxri-xa 5 UTtopsi v x^psoEi xxia usyaX-xtvoa puaxa, oousva pXioxa u dp-8pa Ka axia, ottou x von,xiK axruaxa ki o ec; Ka x auuBoXa kuXSvs Ka auuTcXKovxai uaa a' Mvav aKpaxo 5io-vuaiaou. 'O "Epcoq, x Kupiapxo Ttvxa riuioupyiK oxoixeTo, aruaivE dKpiBcc; xrv KaxXuar] f), KaXuxEpa, x c;ETipaaua k6e Ayou c0 nXxcov, axc; usyXEc; cpi-XoaocpiKc; dvac^r|xr]0iq xou yi xrjv v-paan xoG Acovou, scpxaoE TcoXXc, epope; ax dKpxaxo keivo opio, tcou t) lia r) aaxripi iaXEKXiicr xou ax9r|KE pyavo axoKaxaaxpocpfc; xriq, dKpiBcc; ax Spio KEivo, dTt1 OTtou Tti ri ipuxri uvn xr\<;, Xcopg Tri XEipaYcyrian. toG voO, cbcpEiXE aicoTtriX Ka dusaa v kuei t teXeu-Tato pfjua. "O SiKEXiavc; cotoo 5v Tia-pTrioE TtoT tc; Ttpo9aEiq xou, v ki oi okovouiko Ttpoi xou 5v xoG nxpETiav v Kusi xtcoxe ma uvoc; xou ucoq uptv. Zx dpxsio xou BpBriKav va,KiTCq Tipa-KxiKWXEpa, axsiauaxa, ypaupva, u xf] poiiGEia ki dXXcov, Xiya uXiq XPvia Tipv x 8vax xou. CH TtOTri tou otv fiysTiKii dTcoaxoXr toG Tcoir)Tfj Ka Tfjc; pyaviKfjc; vTTiTac; toG 9scopr|TiKoG Ka tou iipaKTi-koG Biou 'ueive didoEiaTri fJTav aTq t&ioq XKXripoq !
riiKpauvoq ot B9oq tou, uvei yi Kaip dTcoTpaBriyuvoq.
Siriq KapTEpac; Zou d-noap9r)KEc; tt afpapa,
OTtcoq Xei ioq Ttpq xv KXBo. M v dpyrias Ttvoq ki f\ acoxEpiKi uovacjl v xv ejavaeppouv oxv uaXi, x yvii-aio yi1 axv, KCppaoxiKv xpixo. M xriv Kaivopyia OEip xcv XupiKcv xou cpxdvEi oxiiv Kopcpfi xfjq nuioupyiaq xou : M s-p 'O 6 6 e, Z x' o a i o u A o u k S x li o v a o t r| p in, Carmen oc-c u I t u m... T Ka9va ki dTt ui ricpai-axEiaKi 'Kptiejr|... 'H Kopepn xoGNi-a p o u, A i X C 9, A a i 5 a X o e;..-BpiaKExai UTipoax uq X^P1^ dXXo ito-Xiq 'AXaeppo'oKieoxoq : Xinrouv oi pop-cpq XyXucpEq ki daxpaTtriPXEq Ka xcpa, oTicoq Ttvxa, yi x Xxpriv axv xoG XXriviKoG cpcoxq Ka xfjq dpfq ypappfiq. M ayxpova Sva uvax dXXxpio cpY-yoq u TcXfj9oq opBoXa pcpiK paq cpp-vt dvaycoyiK x psxaepuaiK piyoq. M-


20
'? v9peoTto
??? dir to ????????????,????? vte-KaauXXaouc pa BaOnvort ouyKXovioTiKi pouaiKfi TtoKpoExai, no 5v Evai k toO ?????? totou 'O FloiriTiKc Ayoc Ttatpvsi avTovcxaxo tv Ttavpxaio 6pri-okeutik ???????? T0U- Maa a' ax ?? vEOTtivoapiK pvripea, Tto v ex out e Kotv ???????? TtpoTrTEpa f\ ???????,-
VLKf) MoOoa, TtpXOUV Kl pCOTlKOi pEpOL
koc ?? TpaupaTiapvo Se\0ik vEipo Kai ???????) TtvTa ri ?????) otv TtvEupaTiK Kauo ??! ???\? 9avaaia Tfj, ?????p ?????) ??1 pia TeXEUTaa ????????, icoari : XPovo pEXiKTO ouvsTtaipvsL Kai tv oiov ??? pepa ???. ?? ?????? > tte ?&???? to 'Eyc ???, tco c dito kvtpo xdpac,E ???????? otv ????? ?!? UEy-Xe ??1????1??; ??? ???????? ??! ??? -OTopiKo y[yvEo9ai, OEiTat ????? duo ?? Ttia ???. Triv aaBriari ??? xr\v ecooe Uta Kaivopya ?????1??] ouyKvriori, ki f] ??????, Suvripr] p.oXoya piaKETai ??? ? 9 i v ?? ?? ? ? 1 936. ZupoXiKO ???? Tpripa Tfj 'H auvGETiKifi ???? to ZiKEXiavo v vsxTav Kavsvc eouc vXuori. "Otov tv TtapaKaXoGaav v' ??????? fj v' va-TtTcJEt, poiaE' u piKp TtaiSi, Tto TtEi v' p/toEi ki eB ?? xvsi ki XXCei 9???. Ki cotoo ?? ????? ??? aio9n,Tfi-pio fJTav Xv9aoTO ete yi TtvEupaTiK pya e ite yt TtpacoTta. 'H ???????) ???, Tav v xr)v ?????????, fjTav XiyXoyri, auYKpaTriuvri, TtoXX ????? mypappa-?i??] ??! u Xlpop. Zv ?'??????? ???; ????-PoXe ?? XeppaTa ??? Ttvco ???, '-vico9e, Ttcb ?????????? v ????>?1? art1 ttv ???????) 5taia9r|ori ??? ttv ???????1-Kii aou ?????????) Tfjc; aTiypfj. "AXXe ????? ev9ouoiacxav atro Eva ??????????, TipoaXXovTac; a ?????, Xyo ri TtoX, ??! tv auT ??? ??! tte tv ???????? Kai U ?' TEta ????? ??? tv otkcve a TTia ???1. Tto v Exap Ttpiv ?????-a9, ki occ; fJTav yi tv ?????? ?] tv ???????[??] rj ?? BiCur]v M ki vusaa a vBpcTcouc koivoc; f\ Ttapouaia ??? to KavE ??????????, a v to ??-??????????. ?? ?????? ?? ?????????, -
Ttou oTEKTav ] TtVEUuaTiKii ??? i;ioTtp-TtEia, 5v ???????? Kaui ???????????|??. Ztiv KaKa eeixve vEyeoiOTiKfi ???????-aori ??! otc ni9ai ETtpoaXXE Tri aico-Ttr Kai ttv KaXcoavri ??]? Xr|9ivfj pxov-Ti. rioXuioi, Tto slxav KToi;Eai irp-tteie uicaBe, etuxe Xiyo ???????? v pEBov ???????? ??? Kai tte ZikeXio-vc TtpcTO to xlPEToGoe u ??) ouvri-8iouvr| ??? ?????010??1??, u. ?? t;viaoTo fixnp yXio ??? X^P- v TtpoaXEi, Ttcb aToi oTEKVTav apcouvoi ov Ttaii tto Exav KuEi ???^?.
T TEXEUTaa xpvia AeitoupyiK GXco ??] cpTcxELa va viaco, eiToupyiK GXco ttv TCEva ??? v ??????.
M 5v Elvat uiKpTEpri ki f\ &\\r\ ??? itoXXPovri oKiuaaia Tfj ppcboTia. E-TiauE, Ttcb f| uEari UTtEipia ??? pxuE-vou GavTou tv exe auyKXovioEi ti Xpvia Ttpiv. M ?? acopaTiK pyiaua ki f| Ka9iiXcoar| tv teXeutoo Kaip axOKpE-aTi f|Tav XriGivoi ??1???? yi kevov, Tto f) cofj ???, 9appE, fTav itXaauvri yi tiv TtXuTri puovia ??? ?????? ??! Tfj ????? uoa ?' voiXTO ?ual?o -Plovte, 'Ovri Svri ???? a9ia, ???? kooulkT, u Tto yi' ax OKpicSc u.TtopoGa v Lcf)v fJTav Tiuipa yi ui pe-yXri ocoTpLKf| ???????|??). ????! ??1?|-tt iaTiipriOE ?? TtvEGpa co ttv teXeu-Taa oTiypr ????????? Kai p xf\v oy-KpiTri EuaLo9riaa ??? ??????!???]? ????-Xc Tf|v XoKXfjpwori Tfj ia ??? vTri-???. Ee v tv TtapaoTKEi ???????? ttv TTavayaBTT|Ta to GeoG, t aicvio GriXu, tcou cb Ttpc oTxo Taov Kaip etc;U iKOTta f| oTEipEUTT] ayTiT) ???, ???-pio 'AvTpiapo ???. ?! yaTtr)pv ??? ?????? iaXovxai aiy-aiy yi v X"-vsutoGv paa axo 9eo ????:>, Tto Xo-


'? avBpcoTto,
21
va TrAcvsi. Av UTtapXEi tuo aXoc xo nevc-Kal Ntoe, u ri ?????????, ki ait tic ??????, u.t exei TtoUEvsi, yXuKEi Ka ????????? too '????????? ??????. Zio vxtio ???????? vaaiVEtat ata6sp ??
tioXlk oTpi Tfj xpioTiaviKfj, ???????,. Movxa TOi ???????? v XsuBEpcBE ???.' Tf) oiKEXiavLKii ???? ???????; Aiovuao, Tto oyyoOaE OKXacou.Evot; uoa KE ?' vecv XKXrjpo io.
TAKHZ AHMOnOYAOZ
STTYPOY BA2IAEIOY
EAAHNIKOI NEKPOAEITTNOS


??0???01 ?? THN ??1?2? TOY ATEAOY 2IKEAIANOY
"Oxav p ?????????? v ???????? pia TtXaxEi ??????) yi Tfjv Ttoinori ??? "AyyE-??? ZikeXiovo Ttpoopiopvr) yi ?? vapvr)-otik xexo Tfj Na 'EoTa, XTfJKa-pe ???? va cuvir|TOTtoiriaouiie, KEvri Tfj OTiypf], ttv ??????) xfjc; 96vn yi va ??-xoio yxpr)pa. 'Avapexp6vxa axf| t)v EGrjvr). ????????? Tcbpa ????? av fjp9e ???-pa fi copa yt va KpiTiK piXripa tco v 5iaTtpayuaTu9E ???' e9eoc 6xi, yeviKt, ?? ????, p xf]v Ttor)OTi Kai xf|v Txvrj ??? "AyyEXou ZikeXlovou. Av poupE Kl ???? v aia TToia KpiTiKi 9 TtpaypaxoTtoiriBE oxi rippE ??? fi B eTvai ???? pt X-Ari yEvi, tti copipri, tuo appaxcopvri Kai mo fjauxri ait xf|'5iKfj ???. Ao, Xoi-Ttv, p KupiliE ???????? a' va TToiov ????. ?? 5O pEyaXcoo tav ouXXoyiaxr]-???? Tii OEaaTf) TtXsiBa tv KpiTiKv ??! tOv Xoycov Tco tjiipcuoav ??? ZiKEXiav tooe pEXTE. "Opco, r) vpvriaf| tou, p ????? v ouAXaoupE pi SiaTctaTcoar) Tto voptoupE Tccb viaxui Tf|v ???????) ???. ??? ?? ????, auvoXiK, ??? ZikeXiovo, ?-Xouv iaTOTtuo9e TtoXX ki* viacppoua ???????;. MEXeTf|9riKav oi Ttr)y too, o ????-Boel ???, o TaEi ???. 'Er|yf|9r|KE ?? TtEpiEXpEVO ??? ????? ???. 'Avaop9n,Kav ???? to xElpppou tv otx^v ??? ?? ?????? Tfj EXcpiKfj ??? BEoXoyac, o pxyovoi p9oi ???, o[ 9??,????1??? ??? vopaoEi, o Eapoi ??? p ti"|v Tcpoaicbvia EcXoXaTpiKii Kai xpioxiaviKii ???????-??), TovioTriK f| TcXr|8copiKfj Tiapouaa Tfj ?6??,?, aio9n,aiaopo too, Eaipovi-opc too, f| aaiooia too. IipoXij9nKE atro to KpixiKoC ??? ?? ?????????? f)pcoK otoixo ??? ????? too tco ??? tv ??????-aiaCsi vav XtiTfj Tfj ofj ki' vav ?????-TOTcaXaiaTri evavTov too Xpoo.
"Opca. ????????? v oiaaaapE tcot KTiyi Tf|v ia Tfjv Ttorjor] to ZikeXiovo, yi Tfjv txvt| TOO, TfjV TCOiriTlKfj TOO Kai Tf| ?????? ???, tco v p KavoTtoriaE ????????. Av xoops tc' ipei pa oeXe tco v fiiaXyoov, v ioXoyoov Ka v aooxEToov aa8r)TiK ?? TtoifjpaT ???. 'H cb ?? ????? KpixiKii yi tv ZikeXiov, tce-pioptoTriKe ??? v ppr)vi|JEi ?? TCEpiEXpEvo too ????? too X^pl Trv yvoia v ?? ia-$opoTtpifjaEi KpiTiK. Aixco^ apcpioXia, ??
??? yp KipOOUpE V OOOUpE KTCOlE t;T)yf|OEl
aToO ??? cpaivpEvou.
"Oooi ypipapE cb ???? yi tv Zike-Xiav, Xoi oxeBv, tv yvcopaapE Kai av avBpcoTco teo tcoX kovt, ki' ???8?)???? v KuptapxT|9o0pE ???' ???? ?? ????????,-ktlk cpaivpEvo xfi cofj Ka tfj tcot|ot| tto ouptrXKovTav axf|v ?????????????|?? ???. Ti p, lo fJTav f) KaXTEpn, ri
Tti XapTtpri Kl' f] TUO TTELaTLKf KpiTlKti EKO-
voypariori ??? ????? ???. Ki' vToToixa, ?? ???? ???, p 9piE Xova tv "Av-?????? ZiKEXiav. K9e ??? otxo p tv avaTpve ???????? ??? XouvTavo p Tf]
1. 'Ektiuoue a9utaTa Kai SEcopooue TcoTipEc kl' ????????????; yi pi ??????? ?'??????? ??? Slke-Xiav, ?? avTopa, pcoq fiuoEpKfi Kai ??????]-TLK KptTLK ????10???? ??? "?????? KapTcvr|, Tit; Xoyfjc; oLatpcoTiaTiK,, pEuvnTLK Ka TcaXXpEVEc; dir ???????? povoypacf)Ec; ??? ????????? z:&n, Triv cbpaa peXtti to KXcovo ????????, ?? axXia to ????] ???????????, t auaTOxaaTEq ditoipEiq ??? EoyyEXou riaTcavoTaou, Tic; dvaXuTiKq ?????????^-OEi Ttt, "????? AapTtpiSn yi ?? Mii,Tnp 6eo, ?1 ????? ??? ?. ??????, ??? ?????? Aypri, Kai pEptKv _XXcov. Zt yEviK TtXaiaio tv p-yaaiv aTv, ?? dvoTnpa ??? TcoirjTfi iaypd ????1 peyXo, Kai ?? ???? ??? e-navaTtpoaX-XETai a TtoXX arjpEa ??? ? eXe i ??? l ? cpcoTiapvo Ki' ;tiyr|pvo. AiiiXa ??' p9pa aT ??^?; KpiTiKtc;, ????????? v TcpoaOaoupE Ka tcoXXcv ;vcov ?? Bau-paoTiK onpEicpaTa Kai tic; dvaXuTiKc; pyaaE, Ttcot; ??? ??????? AseK, ?????; ????????? v oooupE i;EXCopioTT onpaaa otc; ???????????? vTuitcoEic; tco ???? Kaipo 5r|pooiETr]Kav yi' aTv, ???? cpiXou ??? Kai yvcopipou ???. Aexvouv ki' ?????;, ???? Tf|v TtXEupd Tout;, Tf| fEyXn,, Tf| a9uraTn vTTCQOn Tto TtpoEVooE 6 ZiKEXiavt; o' oaou tv TtXrioiaav.


23
ouEpr) (pcovrj too, p ?? pAnp ??? tio ?-poias TCEpiaoTepo p XPrl0i-lo^0Y'o: Ttap p aioxaap, p tv cok ??????????? ???, p' aT ?? exEAiapa tOv cpuoiKv 6ov-pecov Tto fJTav ?????? ??? Kopp ???, OTtiv TtEpTtaTrioL ???, ??? aipaTOE ??? ????-???????, ot xEipovopE too, ???) aian too, ???) tjicovr) too. OaivpEvo ?? ????, cpaiv-pEvo Ki' vSpcoTcoc. Kai ?? caivpEva, air-via yvoovTai vTiKEpEva KpiTiKfj- fj pXXov TtpTCEl v TtEpaoov ?????? ???? ??) ????? Tfj 9??????1??)? TCEpiypa$fj. ????) ??) ????] KaXirtEt cb ???? Xn, oxeBv rj ypco ???? tv ZikeXiov KpiTiKrj tto 9EXr)OE, poXo-ycbvTa ttotti ?' atv, v EaKETtoEi Kai v ???.?'1??0?1 ?? Tcoir|TiK too pooTiK Kai ?? pr)vpaTa too ????? ???. '? "????-Xo ZtKEiavo ??? ????????? Kai tv ya-TtfjaapE. Ze ?????] vpEa ???, kivetci, ??? Kpr|EVi p ??) (pavA too, p ti)v ??????????)?? ???, p ?? 9eko too ????, p ?? Koopyio too, p Trjv ?????, too ???? -9avaaa, KOvToXoyfj p' Xov aTv tv k-TtAr)KTiK ????? tco tv Xe Ttvxa paC
TOO, OTCC KEVOl TtO p ?? ???1???????
TTiXEOKma, p KaXoov v opE xav evoi ?1????? o vxxe, ?? ??????1, Kai ?' ???? ??????? pooTiipia too OTEpEcbpaxo. T 5io iravpapa EXoXiyExai ti' ????] ?' ????) paa ??? ???? too, x^P' 9XEi v Kp-??1 TiroTE ait ?? puoTiK ???. ?? ???? aT, ETvai pia Ttoir)xiKf| Sripioopya ???" -oxf|v aTOEc;r|yr)pvr|, va okeOo i-???? tco exvei ait pi pxfj ?? TiEptE-XpEv too, pia ????1) Tto auxoTcoypapp-exoi Kai xvei TtXr)9copiK paa ??? Ttor)-pa ?? Xik tti. M9oi, aupoXa, ekvec, privpaTa, aov9fjpaxa, Sypaxa, xeAeoXo-yE, TTpo9aEi, ttoxoxE,Xa piaKouv-Tai oxf|v ??????1? too Xyoo, acopiaapva, ????????, ???????????. "??? itXrippup-oov co ir ?? KaXGi. T uEipaapc yi Tiiv KptTiKTJ v' irXcbvE ?? XPla ??? Kai v ptiEi X^P1? ?o TfiXEtcopoO ???' aT ?? TTpo'vTa, ?? too Kaivopia, ?? ???? ??-?????], ?? ???? ???.????)?? yi v ????????-9???1 fj Ttorian o ?1?????1??) ?????? I "OXoi ??? pEvapE ?' ???? ?? ????? xfj KpixiKfj XEixoopyia, KavEi 9Xr)OE v x^OEi ?? Xpi too mo a9Eia paa ??? KviaTpo, ?? Oapa Tfj ZiKEXiaviKfj ouyKopi&fj fjxav Kai Evai ?????????1?? yi ?? pTia Tfj KpiTiKfj. Q TtpitEi kove v ?? oovriioEi Tipa TtoX, yi v' pxioEi v ?? XeiTEi. Ki' aco 9Sxav KaxEpa v pr)v ?? 5o0p itot, v pvEi KE, axt)v ??????) tv ypap-pTcov pa a pi aicbvia XaoTT)ar|, vavai va XEpappo yi ??) OTyvia |ia Kai Tfi ?(?? ??? Ki va Sao atro pTOEVTpa yi xr)v TtEva pa. "Qote Xoitv pi ixo t aTEc tco fj KpiTiKii yt tv ZikeXiov 5v ETtpaoE ????? Tti ????) Tfj 9aopaoTiKfj ????1?????]? (Tf| ????) Tfj vapETaSooECO tv aovnpTCOv too) eTvqi t lo ?? ????,
? ETtiXriTiKOTr|Ta ??????????? Kai f|9au-paoxf) TtoXoxpcopa xfj ??????1?? ???.
?? EOiEpr) aTa, oTjpEivoupE ?? yEyo-v Tico ZiKEXtavo, ov ???1?)?1?,? fJTav -??????, fj Kai ???????, texvtt], vco ?? KaXTEp too TtoifjpaTa Evai arto ?? tci ???? tco ExoupE oTf| yXcboaa ???, ???? ?? tuo TXEia. 'H ????) tv TtpoKiaE p ??) OTtvia xpr|. v pf| xpeieTai pyaOTfjpi. T TtoirjpaTa too, yaivav ???? paa too, Toipa, otcq f| 'A9r)vt tto ?? ?????1 too Aia. ETvai ki' auto va eo ???????????, XX vopioupe tcco otcc Kai v irpoopE ?? ??|??)??, ?? TtpoTprip' ???? ????1 yi v ???????)??1 Tf|v vyKT) too toit)ti-TLKOu ???????)???, t|Xovti ti ttv v-voia TToiT|Tf|, v auoEi Tf]v vvoia ??? TEXVT4 Kai pXiOTu to ovIot)toO ??-Xvtt). T TtapaOEypaTa too ZoXcopo, to ??????, too ??^???), too ???????), ??? MaiXr), too 2????) ???? to ayxpo-voo v Evat yi v ?? ?capaX?El ^-Tip6pT)Ta Kavva TcoirjTri ekto povxa v fitvai ZiKEXiavo, r)Xa5f| pi TtpTtTcoar| OTtvia 6xi povxa OTf| 5lkT) pa p Kai oTfjv TtayKapia Ttor]aTi. Ma v poupE v 5 r)pico9r)KE ki' io ???' ????) ir\v ia-???1? ??? yi ?? pyaoTfjpi, tco aoxv Tf|v ao9avTav Kai ov ???1?????)??). tHtov av v Xfiyfi KOTa to Kat)pvoo a-to, TtaXEoov p tf| Xr), Tf)v ????????-ouv, Tti yiaXioov, Tfj XXoov 9ar) paa ??? otXo, oovoov ???????? ???) payEa ??)?, evo ycb 'X" popiE XEi poa poo, -TOipE, aXpevEC ki' 6Xa ??? ?????, ?? otxo Kai ?? po9p, toipE V ckoooov Tf|v TtpooTayii Tfj pEyXn pitvEoor), a-Tfj Tfj pTCVEOOT) tto Epai ycb IO.
"Etoi ??? ????)?? v aio9avOTav Kai v ????????? Kttoia ???? tto tv ?????|?? Ttcb eXETfE tv ????????). MXic eTxe TtEO-VEi iroiT]Tfi Tv ZKapaaicov. '? ???)-[ivo, fJTav va ????? texvtt| Kai ttcot' XXo, aT fJTav f) TcvTT]afj too, tto 69t)ke ?????? p' va tvo ?????????)? ooyKaTaaoric. Ki' Tt xf) pBoo ?????^? tv TcotripTcov too, ki'atto to OTOxaapo to OTtappvoo ??' ??9?? too Kai t p-????? too, ki' atto, tc 5iaXc;i too, ki' ait tc ???????1??? too yvpE, KaTaXaaivoopE rtcb ZiKEXiavo oOoe co arc Tf|v tce-pioxii tco 9 Tf|v rtOKaXoaape ??????-XviKT) cofi. Av tv ??81???? ???? aoy-KEKpipvo xopa xfj ?1?????1??, xv ?????????, xv eXETtE aco oxev, -rto-KO(jpvo ir xf| coti, itpoopiapvo yi to eSiko Kai ku9e ti trappoio, ?? tce-?1?????0?? yiaT x 9opoo av ?????-xiaapa xoo oovXoo, o OTcaipo xo xe-poxioo kkXou xfj oovoXiKfj Kai xfj aop-TtavxiKfj UTtap;ri. Av Eixvfi Kapi ????-x5a yi x aiariTtK ??1?????? xfj xxvr) Sv 5v TcfjpxE Kttoia 9??)????1??) ??????-ya tcoq too, KTcoia Flo9a, ??????? ????-


24
Zxoxaouo yi xriv ???[?|??| ??? "AyysXou ZiKEXiavou
Xc.. ???1?????0?? xf) auvEi5r)xf| KaxaaKEufi xoO ttoititikou Xyou, tic; KaXXiTExviKc. Xe-TtxoLcpELEc;, x ???????????????? ao9n,xiK ???????????. Av ao9v8n,KE ????? xrjv yco-via xou XEXvixn, tco TtaipvEi ax X^pcoc xou xfrv ????????? uXri Kai xr) ??????????? a KaXXixEXVLKti pov8a U Kaip Ka ?? k-tco. T Ttvuua xou, eueive ecxo tto xc; KaXXixEXViKc; vatixfjaic; xuv xeXeuxocov Kax xpvcov, yiaxi fjxav upoariXcouvo ??-xcou XXou, axf|v vEpEor] xfjc, ????1???; Xf|8Eiac, tio xf|v ?]9???, xrv tioteue Siap-9pcouvr| ypco teo xv &t\ova xoO '??? xou. Av TtoXuEKXiuouas xc; XexcxetclXe-tcxec; KaXXixEXViKc ??????????;, vc, v-xi9xa, ??????^? xc; ??????????, Ka ?????-xyovEc; 5r)utoupyEg tco cpaivouvxai ?????; 'xouv ?;????1 uovouig ait ?)??[???1? ?????????? ki' 6xL ???? x pyaAEa xuv pyaaxripiQv. ??????, Xoitcv, TTOTtvixxiK x x^po xou xEXt, xou tcoiou&ittoxe ceXi- axv x X^>P ~no^) ?1?* Evav ZoXco[i, yi xv ????????, yi xv Ba-Xep, yi xv ??????), ????? Ka xv ??-????? ???????, ouvuac^E Ka x pya-oxfjpi Ka xr)v rjcpaioTEiocKf) 'jiTCvEUor] fj-xav ????. xOpoc; xfjc; oKOucrvric;, yiax ekeI ???? ??????^?? va 5coaouv ax Xyo xrv ???????? tcoutxikt) xou SiKatcoan, xiiv ??????????) xou axovouia. "Av tipxEi -vaq Tcoir)xr)g arr) yXaaa Liete;, KuptoXKXLKdt, ki' ???? k9e uspi, oLiEuxoc;, aTtEL9p-?????. ouvuvuteoe; ?? xv ?????, XE8E-pog va eTvoi 6,xi 9Xel 'toc; k9e ????, ??????; piaxoupyriuTcov ???? x vanita xou nXaxcoviKou ???????, eTvoi "Ayy-Xoc ZtKEXiavc;.
''???' axf] xrjv ??????, 6 poic^Ei ?? ??-vvav ait xoc; ??????. ???; Tcoir)xc;, |_ii)te Ka ?* axv. ????? xv BaXacopxr) tco ??? ki' fiv f]xav oiaxpf|Xaxoc;, OyKiKc, xu-???? pcouavxiKc;, 5oXeue xc; ??????; xou ouvBoeic;. "Av 6 ZiKsXiavc; uiXouoe auxv yi xrv apxaia xxvr|i yic x ????????,?1? x' ????????, yi xoc; vaouc;, fiv o0oe ku-PIoXektik: uaa axrv ????????? xauq, fjxav yi ti u.u9oXoyia xouc; ki' oxi yi xiv ??????? KaXXixEXviKfj kl' ao9r|TiKi xouc; TtXEUpcc. "OXa yt' axv fjxav U.O801 Kai ???????, fjxav x ??????????? ??????? xou x^ouc; TfJQ Koapoyovtaq, x ??|?????? Kai ot ariymaEg ?????????^???; xou TtEi-pou. '? ???????;, ???????????, Bt^urj-vc;, BXaxoyivvr)<;, KXBoc; yi xoc; -itoiouc; ?1??)?? Kai xpayo5rio, 5v fjxav yi' axv vxtKE^EviKc; XoyoxEXviKc; ????-axoEtc;, XX auBoXa Ka pvo ??????? tio x' apTta^E ?? xf)v TtXaxEi ??? ?????? ait xv ?????? xfjc; TCiKaipxr]xac; Ka x ???????????? a uavxiK rtouXi, taTtoX-ovxc; xa ?? xxvp ???????????????? (iTtpoox a' iva ????????|??? ttuvxoxe ????-axfjpio. OaivExai Xomv Ttcbc; ol vxeXOc; irpoocoTcKc; axc; SixriXEq xoD ZiKEXiavou,
9 Ttripaaav, aouvaio9r)xa, Ka xiv ebe; x xcbpa KpixiKi yi x ???? xou : eT6e t) Kpi-xiki xccbt; x ???)???? xou, ????? Ka x tuo xXEia, 5v ?????????????! axfjv dt-vXuar, axrjv aa9r)xiKf| vac^iixrian,, 5v pur|VEuouvTai KavoviK, yiax TtoX TtEpia-axEpo ppTiveuouv xv '6iov. Av ??????1-xai ??????, ??? xxoia pyaoxripiaKi Kpi-xiki vXuon, xfjc; KaxaoKEufjc; xout; Ka xou ato9n,xiK0U xouc; Xyou, v XxxcovE xf|v ?????1? xouc; Kai v x okxcove xfj oxiypfi xfjc; unpxaxr|c; itoir)TiKfjc; xouc; vpyEiac;. Tiax x TCOif|u.axa xou ZiKEXiavou fj vEpyouv ?\????)?? fj 6v vEpyouv ???????. "H OKi^Ei x BXfjpa Ka yKpEUouv x xeIxi xfjc; 'IepixGq, fj, li^xe Kaitvc;, ??)? ?????, prjxE Bpvxoc;.
"Otccoc; 6v vaXuovxai x irpayuaxiK ?????? xoitEa a a[a9qxiKc; [????; Ka o ????????; avBEoiy;, Exat 5v vaXovxai ??! x TtEpiaoTspa Ttoif)paxa xou ZiKEXiavou. KaxaTtovxic^ouvxai uaa axf|V vXuar). ????????? ???? x xpiaxou vaxuou, yXu-aipouv ???' ix x ixxua xfjc; KpixiKfJQ o SaXoaia xpaxa, Ka ?;?????1??????1 TtrXi ???? ??????, yi v ???; mBXriSouv u x avoX xouc;. FIoic; 6 ????????? Xyou XpT) v'vaXoEi x GaXEp fj xv flava kxq av 6v fjxav yi v ???1????1... ?? ????1?????) ; Ti 6 ????????? ui vXuori oxi Mr|Tpa GeoG ?????; ait xf|v itiSavr) 6iXuon xfjc; i;aiaiac; TtapaXnpriuaxtKfjc;, Kai, auxv, uuaxiKLaxiKfjc; uouaiKfjc; xric; ; '???1-BXXouuE fiv 85xav nox 5uvax v' vaXu-9ouv aoBrixiK6x>. uuSoXoytK fj f|8oypa-?1?? oi tcvxe ZuvEi5fjaic; xou yt v Bpe8e Evag TtVEupaxiKc; Eipuc; TtXaoxiKfjc; vXic;ric; xuv ????? xouq Ka ui ??1???? ko v ?1????????11 xf| ui ZuvE5r)or| ir xf|v ????, uote x x^V1-01 v& X^P1061 ???? x vp, ki' f| ???^ fj x ??????? -rt xrv uXr|. Z' aux x itoif|U.axa xuv irEipo-TtXr|9Gv ekvcov tto xc; ar)KCvouv Ka xic; axpoBLXiCouv ??]?? Kaxovx5Ec; ??????-?????? ???????^????, ??????????????? ax TtoinxtK ?????????? xfjc; TcXaaxiKfjc; t5ac; xou f;

Zxoxaopo yi tiv Ttoiriari xou "AyysXou ZiKEXiavoO
25
oe v KvEi xtcoxe ccXXo icap v pupouX-kt)9e tc xrv KEVxpiKt Svapn kl' n ti) pvn TtpocypcxxLKTTiTcc Tfjc; -noii-ioric; xou Zike-XiavoO, r|Xa5r -rc xr) xric;. Ot Kpi-
XlKOi XOU ZlKXlaVOU TIOXEXoOv XIV ETClBXri-
xiki auvo5Eia xcov BaKxiScov tco TroXXa-rtXa-ai&t,ovv ir) p9n Kai SiaXaXoOv x auv9r)pa-xa xou eoo xouq. 'AXX, l'acoc;, ait 5c3 ki' p-rcpc; 9ocTtpET:E v BXei x x^pi xou ki' 'AxtXXcovac;. M tcou ETvai ;
'H TipcoxoxuTcia vc; Tcoinxfj, eTvoi pia ov9eoi xt xq iatpopg xou p xoc, aX-Xouq xou Kaipou xou r] xou s9vouc; xouxfjq yXcbooag xou, 9 XyapE, tuo ocoax. Aiacpo-pq, vopoixuTCEc;, vxi9aic; Kai tioxpo-Ttiec;, oov9xouv xtv Tcpcoxoxuxua pac;, x u-cpog pac;. 'O ZiKEXiavc;, eTvoi pia xxutctiti ov9eoti ir x oxoixEla xou e'Souc; axoo. Aiyo Tipiv, piXr|oaps yi pia oaicb&ri 8ia-tpop xou ir xoc. aXXouc, : v 8r)pioupyE Ttoir)TiK xXyo^co ait x pyaoxfjpi. "Ac, TtpoxcoptaoupE a' ccXXec; var)Tf)oEic;. 'O tiaXapac,, pEXsxcbvxac xv KpoaxaXXri, cJe-XcpiOE xoc; TCOUixc; a cpiXaocpouc; Kai a c^coypcpouc;. ETvai Eva EEXcbpiopa, tco x axxjpa xou p-rtopoOpE kotcoxe v x XP1-atpoiTOioupE, Kai tco 8 pac; stvai axpnoxo oxrv TiEpTtxcoor| xou ZikeXiovou. "Av irapa-pEpiaoupE xi pE9uoxiKf) ^d>vr\ xou ZiKsXia-voO, v TcpoxcoprjooupE Ttpa it' axrjv, v XT)opovr)aoupE pia axiypi) x xEpoxio acopa xfjc; ttotiotc; xou yi v ouXXBoupE x TtvEupa xtiq, 9 BpoOpE ticc; ZiKEXiavc; yEvvr)9riKE yi uoiriTic; cpiXoocpoc;, tuo cju-Xaocpoc, 'acoc;, tcoitxic; pac;, av 'iacoc; p xv po cpiooocpia vor)aoups xi xao xrv ycovicbSn, SpEUva xfjc. Xfj9Eiac;, XX xr)v KaxaoKEUt picce; ocpaipiKfjc; Koopo9Ecopiac,. KavEVg TtoirixiKoO pac; 'pyou acoxEpiKc; TtvsupaxiKc; okeXexc, 8v Sxei xfjv vxnxa Kai xf|v irXr KaxaaKEur tco exei x 'pyo xou ZiKEXiavoO, xrv mKivSuva TcXi 9 XyapE, yiaxi ircoc; eTvoi yvcoox yi v kq-TaaKEUoEiQ pia KoapoGECopia, 8 xpEt^E-oai TtEpioaxEpo n pia 6pBXi5r| I5a. T Suoxxripa sTvai, tcc; axr) Tr) 9epeXi-8r| i8a, ZiKEXiavc; 8v xi)v TtxxrioE Ttox. Aia9v9riKE pcoq irvxa ki' evxovo, xr)v vyKT) xr]c;, ki Xec, xou ot Trpooit9EiEc; fJTav v xrv pTcc;Ei Kai v tt)v TtpoocppEi oxoc vGpcbTcouc;, tccoc; G poipat^E x ipcopi xou. "Av opcoq 8v ouvXaBE tt)v 'i5ta tt)v i-Sa, Kaxp9caE v SiapGpcaEi x oxfjua xinc;,Kai yi' ax KpiBcc, E'ifcapE ticoc; Zi-keXiovq ysvviGriKE yi cpiXaocpog iroiri-ttc;. Kai tccoc; r) acoxEpiKi OKaXcooi xou Ep-you xou Kai xfjc; cicorie; xou, GStcpetie v TtpoaGaoupE Tcapouoi<^i pia vxtiTa, pia ouviTEia Kai pia uXr KaxaoKEUT|.
M xcbpa, cpxvoupE OTf\v tuo Ttapcxvr] i5ioxuTtia xou : 'EvO ZiKEXiavc; cbpiLiaaE av tcoit]xic; Kai voxikxwScc; XX Kai Ge-
Xr)paxiK cpiXoocpoc;, vO 8v ETcailts irox v papaxic^Exai av Kvxpo xou pyou xou xv pcpaX xfjc; yfjc;, ve eTxe kodei p xr) puaxiKT) Kor) xou xv KaGoXtK puGp, poXaxauxa Tt x TtEpioaxEpa TCoir)pax xou Xeltcei KEivri l Mk8t)Xt| TcvEupaxiKxrixa, KEivr) l upiKt) oxoxaoxiKxr|xa, kevti f] popiaKi) pEXirXaor] xou vaou Kai xoO ouyKEKpipvou axoxaopoO o ttoititiki ek-cppaor|, otccoc; aupBalvei axr)v Tcoitior] xouZo-Xcopou Kai xou aXapcc. Ki'pcoc;,itiaco ait kGe Tcotrip xou Kupicoc; ait x xgXEUxaia xouTcpopXXEt Evac; xEpaxioc; iokioc; : ETvai papaxiaxr)c; piac; otjjaipiKfjc; Xr)-9eioc; XX tco ki axi), exei x axfjpa Kai xi)v Tcoxaori xfjc; okiSc;. Ti oupBaivEi, Xoi-tcv, 8c; Ti pTciaE xv cjnXaocpo poa axv ZikeXiov v' vaTcxux9Ei Kai v oupcpi-XicoGeI p xr)v KaGapr) Tcoir)or| ; Ti xv vy-KaoE v psivEi Kai v SEixvExai poa o K-8s xou TCoir)pa, av Eva TCEpcpuaiK uaiSi ; Nopic^oupE, 5u axiEc; : "Evag xsXrc; tcveu-paxiKc; prixaviapc;, icpcxa, ki'SiTEixa Svac; TtXriGcopiKc; ata9noiaKc; avGpcoTtoc;, svac; yi-yavxag xeov ato9iaEcov, svac; itpaypaxiKc; Aivuaoc;. Zx spyo xou ZiKEXiavoOKai Ttp itavTc;, ax tcec^ -rcapaxripoupE pia aoBapr XXEii)Jri KpixiKxtixac;. GappEg, tec;, xav SiaTtpaypaxEEXai Eva tcoio8t)tcoxe Gpa, 6 ouXXoyic^Exai, 5 XsixoupyEi Ka-voviK vouc; xou. ETvai iroppocpiipvoc; -rc x paiaa Kai arc xr)v vyKT| c;a-ycoyfjc; aupBXcov tco 9 EtKOvoypacpioouv xr oxnpaxiKi cpiXooocpia xou.
Oxe yv6pri. eIxe KaX KaX ZiKEXiavc;, oOxe yvcopiKi okiJjii. Oavxc^opai, Tube; ec;oxoc; 8iavorixr)g k. riaTcavoOxaoc;, 9 piropoOoE Baupoia v oupirripcbaEi xv AiSaxxiK KaBcfri xou, p xv 'Avxiia-XXiK ZikeXiov. Maa a pia EKxaori -ppaxoc; tco xeivei v' yKaXiosi 6XkXt|-po x apuav poi^ p xrv t8a xou, voi-yExai Eva vxiaxoixo TcvEupaxiK kev. Z K9s XXr) TCEptnTcoori ktq -rc xr ZiKEXia-viki), x Ttvxa 8 Kaxaitovxic^ovxav o' auro x kev, Kai 8 G oco^xav xtcoxe tco v 8u(.ii^Et Kai tiv Xxiaxr) t&a TcoirioTic;. M 8CO, aupBaivEi x vavxio "Evag X-KXr|po<; Kopoc;, pia XKXirpr) ^cor), x axoi-XEa vc; opTcavxoc; u xoc; yiyavxEc; Ka-xoiKOug xou Kai x aupai xou, irpoSX-Xouv n x B9oc; axou xou kevou, Kai xpayouSov axiv Kor) pac; TcpcoxKOUoxEc; TtiKoXupiKc; oupcpcoviEC;. "H TOCpvEia oxou xoO kevoO eTvoi OKETtaapvri ait xr) cpuxiKr) TticpvEia xfjc; XXriviKfc; yfjc; iroXXTcXaaia-apvriq ir'-rtEipov, Kai x ocoxEpiK xou o pya p9oq yEpi^Ei -rc BuaaaXEg Xupi-kc; KpauyQ, ki n yyXouc; tco vEBoKa-XEpaivouv ti) OKXa xoO 'IaKCp Tcoi^ovxac; ScopiKq Kai icoviKc; ppovisc. TEpl^Ei x ke-v tc sva xpayouSi ^coiKfjq ESaipoviaq, KOovxai puBpiopva a Spoc; axixouq 5i9upapBiK Exapioxr)pia yi xr) C,ai), o{


26
Zxoxaapoi yi xfiv Ttoinar] ??? "AyyeXou ZiKEXiavoO
p09oi n Xec; tic; AXqviKc; ?????????; ??-poKoirav ???????; ???; ??????????????? v ???-pouv va ayxpovo vripa, Kievag ccvTpac. yupvc; ki ???????????;, Xova yupeei ?? Xpo yi v ?????[??1 pa tou Kai v xv viKrjaEi.
Maa a' ???? x KoapoyoviK x^oq, 6" Ttou TtepLaaTEpo ait KSs ti aXXo, t) ??-aiKt ???? sxsi TtpEi ti ???9?????|?? xou
UVTlKEipEVlKo KOpOU Kl' ETvai VXULlvn p'
oXri xr)v XXr]viKi ?????1? ??, 'va xEpoxio Xpua opcopo TcriyaivopxETai pu9piK Kai pa^EEi 6Xa x oapiia Kai x' TtoBAfjpaTa xfjc; Ka9r)pEpivfjc; cofjc, tco TtoTEXouv ir\ Blcoxiki OXn xOv xaTCEivcov irXaapTcov. 'Atc xv ZikeXiovik Kouo, oapcbvEXai k9e xi tco 9upt4"i x ??????????, x -rcopovcop-vo, x avaria ??????. Kai axt 9or) ????; vELiic^ouv xpuo ????? tcouXiuv, tcetouv -yXpaxa eOv, fjpcoEC, Kai xpaxa, yiyavxEc, KaxaTTOvxic^ouvxai Kai yiyavxEc, vaouvxai Kxi tto 9upii xi ZxEpvi Kpiorp xou MixariXyyEXoup x^Pk xf| 9?1??) Kai xv Ttvo Kai xf] paupiXa xfjc; KXaaric;. Zx ??-opoyoviK x^0? T0 ZiKEXiavoO, KXaarj 5v npxEi uovxa TcapEiaoc;. BaoiXicic; xoO ??????????, eTvoi l'ioc;, KUpiapxoc., E5ai-poviKc,, ????????1???;, ???????????????; tc oXoug xoc; fjXiouc; Kai x' uaxpa xoO ax-pEcpaxoc. Ki av TtpxEi Kxi tco v paopi^Ei KaxavT)xa ???? a' axi Tf| iovuaiaKi ouv9eot|, eTvoi, ?????????, ??-tcoieq okoxeivq ouvoSeiec; XaQv, l'acoc; rj pa xfjc; f;5ou xcv 'EBpaicov, r) pa xuv ????????, xOv xupavviapvcov.xOv OKXBcov xfjc; yfjc;, exai ticoc; eTxe ouvt)9(oei v BXtiei ZikeXiovc; ???? ???? x apBoXa xfjg ?????^?; ??1 xoc; ??????, xOv MivcoTkuv xpvcov, xiq ayxpovEQ KoivcoviKc; 4"upcboic;. Pia xtv -papaxiKfj xou paxi, tco 6,xi eBXetce, tou fiXXat^E pococ; xf| xnP-LKf] ouv9eot| Kai xf)v ????????1?1!| ???|, sva oyxpovo, ????? pyavcopvo Kai UEGoiK nyripvo ????-vaoxaxiK auXXaXr|Tr]pio, fjxav Xac;, ?1????????; yi XEUTEpi, 9aopoio Xik yi ir) ov9Ear) ??????? ?????, EiXiKpivuv KavaoTaT/lKcv xpayco5icv ??????; Xpi-oxc; ott Pcopr) Kai Svaxoc, tou Aiys-vfj. A ????????? v oupBE ????????? ???? ?' ax x TcpavTO ZikeXiovik Zpitav ?'???? 6v eTxe pia, ki' tcou ki' axr ?) '??????, 6v pi^Exai ic xf|v i-oxopia xric; XX ???? xr) pu9oiroir]pVTi ??-ar) ???; Kai xoc; 5ioTtapxou<; Lioa ???? xoc; aiOvEc; 9??]?????1????; xric; poug.
BXETtoupi. Xoitcv ircc; r| ??????? itoir)ar| xou, sTvai r| ??????????? ^??????1??) ???, ?????; TrXr)9wpiKc;, ?????????)?, ve-c;vTXr)Toc; Kai itvTa vaBpuoTiKc; i^coyp-???;, 5 ?????????? XTEXa tv ?1??????, av TV TCEpiplOE o pia ?????1??) c^cor), tv ????????? ?' eva OKOTEIV TTyElO, ??? TTyeio ??? ttoouvei6t)tou. "Opcoc; ?????????; ???? ke poa, ki' XuaoSEp-
voc;, ki' xpocpiKc;, ki' iroTurcSnc;, cpcovci-
C^El yOEp, TTipVEl, KEVTpCEl, pTCVEl Kai
TcpoiKc^Ei p Xoyfjc. axtpaxa xv 9Ecopr|TiK ZiKsXiav. "Av TcXn9copiK<; ccoypc|)og eT-vai f| EKoXa tou, r) TrXrjpppa xou, f| aicb-via &voii;r!| xou, fi apKa xoO Xyou xou Kai x xPUJOKvxr|TO vxpa xrjc; tcotiotic; tou, cJuXoocpoc; 9XEi v TcapapvE Ayoc; tou Xyou tou, r) pavTiKtj tou iraTaari, okotcc; Trjc; Ccofjq tou Kai k9e tou vp-VEac;. "Etol, cv 8ev vei apEan TrvgupaTiKf] TtaTaan otv tcoititik tou Xyo.ToO Ttpoa9-tei opcoc; Eva pEyaXElo, pi vapcpioPrTriTri TcvEupaxiKii aVyXT]. AuotuxOc;, t Tcou'ipaT tou, 8v cpcOTCouvTai tc t cpcc; xf\q 6ia-voiac; tco c;EOKETrc^i Kai TcpopXXEi o-oec;, tco 8VEL ot) coypacpiapvn EKva KTi TCEpiaoTEpo tc kevo tco Ttapa-OTaivE, piv Tpocpaipa i|tuxikt*| r] TtvEupa-TiKrj. "Oitcoc; ctc x UEt^ xou KEpEva Xe-ttei x OKETcxiK, air xr)v Troriar| xou Xe-tcei pExouaicopvoc, a Xyo XupiKc; oxo-XaapQ. 'AXX, f;avaxovoup Kai TtXi, Tccbc; air x ovoXo, arc xr^v xari, ti ri) yEviKf| oip9pcoor| ki' it x apBoXa Kai xig XXr|yopEc; xoO Epyou xou, aTva Xo-cpvEpr) i) vc)Tpr| KOopo8EcopTixiK)>| Kai v aicvcov.
"ApayE, xi pitopE v yvE Svac; XeiijJc; d>iXaoc|)og tco xv XEipaycoysl Kai xv cpp-vei pTtpoox ox pEyaXTtpETTO 9apa xfjc; cofjc; Evac; E5aipoviaxf|c; coypcpoc; ki" Evat; AiovuaiaKg tco xuxovei ki Xac; v xi-pcexai xf| yXiboaa Kai xf|v xxvn, xdov ax-Xcov o pEyXog itoirixfjc;; T iriBavTEpo eTvoi v yvfii irpo({if|Tr](;. "EyivE ki' Zike-XiavQ. Maa OTf| VEOsXXTiviKfi Tcor|ar|, eT-vai t TcXT)poTpo TC8Eiypa tou Tcoir|xf-Txpocj>Txr. "H iSioooTaar) Tfjc; cporic; xou, f| papaxiKrj xou cpavTaaa, f| Koaiio9Ecopr|-tik tou 5i8EOT), f| Tari tou v ETva p-XnYc; Kai XuTpcoTiic; XaOv, f| Epc]>UTr| oup-BoXoTrXaoTtKT) tou kovttito, ouyxpcoTi-apc; tou p Tic pxaEc; pTiaKElEc; Kai p tv ptpiap, tv KpavE Ttoir|Tf| paxr|, iioir)Tf]-Tcpoc|)^Tr]. 'O noirixric;-Ttpoc|>f|Tr]c;, tco x pxTUTc tou t BpaKOupE TEXEicopvo otoc; BiBXikoc;, eTvoi a v pf)v exei xo-piK yci. Av xpayouoa, 5v rcavaTtaExai oxic; TCoKEipEviKc; xou axiypg. Sv s"xei TtpoacoTciKc; iacpopc; p xoq v0p6Tcouc; ypco xou, 8v Koppaxi^Exai a XupiKc; po-vSEg Kai TCoBiaipoEic; i|;uxoXoyiKc;. "Exei fiovxa pt yEviKf) iacpop, pi yEviKf| 6tt9eot| p xf| ?cofj, ouvf|coc; pvrixiKfj,


27
tu' aTiv 9XEi v Aliasi u Tq ???????????; ???. '? ?????^???, Bpc^Ei paa a' eva oo-vaio9npa Ka9oXiKfjq papiiaq Ka i;TCopou tuv TtavTCov, vEipEEiai Ka TtpoBXTCEi xr\v teAikt ?????????^ ??? ?????????? yvooq Ka, Ttp' ???' atm)v, papaTi^STai ti)v 'E6p ??? ?????, tv ????? tuv XutpcoptvQV Ka tuv paKapicov. ?????? ??????)??1? fjrav BiKTp ?????? 2tt)v '??????, f| ?????????? Tcoirjori kvei ?? ??????? ????????? Tnq p xv ??????] ???????. Tvai ???????; paq Ttoir)Ti<; tco exei Ka ti 6i9Ean, Ka ti) 56-vapn, v xpnauo't,1crEl TtoiriTiK. 'AA itoinTiKc; icpocpriTiapq ??? ??????, 5ia-????1 ooiaoTiK arc kevov tou ZiKEXia-voo, yiaT ??????? Sueive ??????^???; ??? "E9vooe, ??? povxa. T 6pia xfjq ??????-Kfjq ????????1?(; tco eTvoi tcoX tci ?????-Kpiuvn ait ti) SiKEAiaviKrj, xaPaCouvTai arc ?? TtapESv, ?? Tcapv Ka ?? pXXov Tfjq OuXfjq pag, ov "EGvouq. "Ooo ki' v ouxv ??????? TCOTEtvETai otv ??????-apio uv9pcoTto, ????????? uaa ??? ???? ??? ^EXcopc^Ei Trjv v9pcoTcTr)Ta ???? ?? "E-8voq ?? 'EXXtivik, f| S ???????1? ??? ay-yKEiTai ?????? ??? v Tipooiopic^Ei ku9e ???? ti 9ar) Ka Tf] potpa ??? "E9vouqpaq uaa oti yfiviKr) laTopia Ka vr)v cjXtcji Tfjc; v8pcoTCTr|Tac;. "Etoi, fj XXriviKf! ??\?), 6v Elvai yi tv ?????? pia ouyKEKpipvr] OTopiKi ????????1????|?? uovxa, XXKa pia 6a uuoTiKfj,Ka cjpouue, tccc; ???1?. puaTiKq i5EC, 5 iiTcopE v vot|9eT ??????-tiki Tcoir)ori.
Ztv ZiKEXiav pcoq, fj puoTiKi [6a, Elvai "Av9pcoTCOc, AKripo ?? 'AvBpcbm-vo rvoq XX a pia ??????| yEviKTriTa Ttapuvo. ETvai Xaq, TCpcorapxiK B-Baia AXriviKq ????;, XX aTq Xaq ??????? v ouvTauT?ETai u X-????? ?? v9p6mvo yvog. fi'aT E'TcapE TcapaTcvco, tccc; uaa ??? spyo ??? Zike-Xiavou, 6v cJEXcopic^ouvTai u ????)?1? ?? 6pia Tfjc; XXriviKfJQ OTOpiag, Tfjc; XXriviKfJQ viKfjq poipag ???? ?? 6pia ??? v9pitivou auvAou. 'Ait pifiq pxfJQ ZiKEiavq, Tcp TcavTq 6pcoq ait ?? 1920 ki' 'TCEiTa, ycovi^sTai v kXeioei otv kkXo Tfjq Boue-pfjq ?????^?; ??? ???, t)v v9pwrcTTTTa. ??-peEi Ka 5i5oKi Tf]v vTT|Ta, Tf) oova6X-?????, ??? v9pTtou u tv av9pcoTco, Tf| X6-Tpcoi ??? ???? tq uaTaiTT)TEc; Ka Tfjv
TEXElCOOf| TOU ypCO TC UEpiKc; KEVTpiKQ,
Ka9oAiKq pxc; Ka 6c; ???1??]? ????-ycoyfjc;, oxe6v ??????? ?????1?; ??! ???-uaTtKc;, TtpaKTiK vTEAuc; ??5??1???, Ka UOUOEiaKc;, u tco exouv eva UEyaXEio Ka pia ???^??^??? a apBoAa povxa, av icoiriTiK ouvGfjpaTO. ???????1??, ?????, ???????? a pia &\\r\ ??????????) ISioTUTctac; Tfjc; ??????)?1??!?; ??? ????????-pac; : av ??????^???;, r^Tav ???????? ??! ????|????|???1?? atai5oc;oc;. A ??????-?1?^? Tf| OKOTEivi ??? TtapvToc;, p itp-
Bai\vE Tfj xPuor KOt' p6ivn paoi ??? pA-Aovtoc;. Av tv ouvTcaipvE f| pyf| yi tv f;ETCEop tuv v9pTCCov, oo tv vGouaaCE fj ?????) Ticbc; pTropouaav pia pepa v ??????-oouv oAoi ouyKEvTpcopvoi o t5EaT0g AeA-????, KoivcovuvTac; ???? ?? Kpaa Tfjc; p9r]c; tto ????? tv '6io v Tpayou5i Tf|v e-Tuxia ??? ????? ??! ??? ?????\1 ??? 9a-vTou.
Ki" 5c BpiaKETai fi, ???) Tfjc; ??????|?1-Kfjc; ??? atoio6oc;iac; : ??? 5aipoviK Ka ?????????1?? vETCTuypvo '???? ???, tco 6xi povxa ??? Tcapouaa^E Tf| C,(i) a pia auvExfj ?????????], p Ka tv Tcapoppouas puaTiK v ????????1 ti^v c^ouata aTfjc; Tfjc; Eaipoviat;, v 6p0Ei Eva ????????? BaaiAEio ?????10??|???;, ????? '5ioc; 8 fj-Tav Ku|3EpviTr|c; Ka tpxoc;, 6i6-??????; Ka ?? ?[5????, ?? ????????? ?????-5Eiypa ??! ? ouBevtikc; vopo9TT)c;. M Tf|v TCoT)ori, p ?? TCEc^, p tq Tpayco6c; ???, p xfj ???1??) ??? TcpooTcsia, p Tic; pi-Aec; ??.?, p ttj Ccofj ??? Tf|v T5ia Ka p ti) ?????] ??? TcvavTt ar 9vaxo, ????? v 5nuioupyrjaEi Iva ?????????; ?cofjc SiKEAia-viK, pia OTBpri Blou av tv 5ik tou, piv ??9????????)?? ki' vav a tco 9S-Tav pocop ??? \A Ka yovaTiaTc; ?????]?; ???. "Evac; ??????????; yaJKEVTpi-apc; p Tcavav9pumvEc; 6iaaTaEi<;, ???? Elvai ?? ???????1??-???1?]?1?? ????? ??? Zi-KEXiavoO, TcAaapvo ir toq arlxouc; tou, arc Tfj cofj ???, ???? Tf|v itapouaia ???, ???" ?,ti ??????? ????????????1?)0, air' 5,ti ???)?? oTf| por) ki' ???' ?,ti ???[?? p v-?? povxa Ka auyKExupva oxfjpaTa 6ecov Ka Koopo9EG3pr]TiKiuv ooAXf^Ecov. 'Qatao, vopit^oupE tccc; 5v TipiiEi v TtEp^povfjoou-p ??????? arf| Tfjv ??????? Tfjg ZiKEXia-viktjc, ???????)<;, tco Tav ??? 1927 ??????-9?)? Tcvco ???? toq ???????; ki' ?????? ?;??09?|?? ??' ????? ??? ??! otc; TcpoariXu TiaTiKg ??? piXEc;, 6????|?? Tf|v vfjXET) -ni9OT) ??! Tfj OKXripi Epcovta 6Xcov ???; tuv 5iavooupvuv, ir toc; tci (????????, c; toq ???????? paTEpiaXiorQ.
'YTcpxouv TCoir]TQ, ????? ??! ????????-?01, tco ov TcpoacoiTiKTTjTEQ 6 ^ripicbvouv-Tai ??????? tv ???????? povxa a' 6,ti ???????? TcpaypaTOTCoiroav, cxq ETvai ki' ?-va piKp ???????? ??? ???? touq ?pyou. Ma SiKEXiavQ, 6v vfiKEi o' aTf| Tf|V ????\-yopia. 0 pKpaivE tcoX uv 6v tv ??????-pE ov eva ovoXo ait ????????? ki' arc ?av?apa?a, ??? ???? ki' n oKig, n KopouQ 9aupaat TcAaapvouq ki' utc xar ???????????????, ???? ox5ioc yiyavTialaQ KoapoyoviaQ ki' ???? xv ??!??? 9eiSv, v-BpcTCcov Ka TEpTcov tco paQ ?? ?????????, ???1?????, paa ???? tq ??????^??? ?????) ki' vat;ioXyriTEQ Tpayco5EQ ???. Auto t avoXo, KOiTaypvo ix Krcoiav ?????????), Xi pia pEyaXoTcpTCEia BiBXiKfj, 9priaKEUTi-Kfj, va ???? pvrjpEiOEQ, titovik, pia -


23
ZToxaopo yi Tfjv Tcoiriari tou
"AyysXou
ZiKEXiavou
9Xr)TLKi rcapouoia, tco, yi oaouq yvcpiaav Kai f|aav tv TioiriTr), Tf]v tovcvei Kpn, TtEpiaaxEpo ti vpvriori tou, c;EXcbpiaTa ma ELivn p tv peXXovtik p9o tou Ep-you TOU.
M Uva TcoirjTLK pyo, S pTcopE vc t BXrai kocvec. Xova teo KlTOiaV tTC-OTaori. "Av aTf) ti TcopKpuvort, xPEi^e-Tai ouxv yi vc auXX|3oupB t pyE9oq Kat tc; Ttpo9oEic; vc gpyou, 5 pac Bon-9e 8pcoc Ka9Xou v t c^fjaoupE. 'O itpay-lioctlkc; x&poc. T0U TcoiTiTiKou Xyou 5v eT-vai ti pxtTEKtoviKii cpavTaoia pac XX f\ XuptKfj tjjuxrj pac. 'O Xyoc, pu9pc, otxoc; tou TcoirtTfj, tcc|)touv poa pac Kai v aioGfjoEv pac Mac arcayopEEt v TiovooupE oTav KoOpE tv otxo tou, KaTapyoupE tv tc-vo, 6v tv sxoupE tela vyKr|.
Ki' pcoc tcovoc ki* SXn, ti rcEipoaT 8ia6a9piapvr| KXipaKa tOv ijtuxoXoyiKCOv KaTaaToEcov tou ocoTEpiKoO pac Kapou, itpxEi. 'YTtpXEi Kai ETvai kot' cpxiv Tpocpo8Tr|c TiSv tcouitcov Kai Tfjc Txvrig yEviK. Tv vaKaXTCTOupE tv tcvo Kai Ttiv TopiKii pac ^ux, pAic rcopaKpuv-GoOpE arc Ttiv TtEpioxti xpc ZiKEAiaviKfjc e-8aipoviac, pXic psivoupE povxoi pac fi pAic Koaoups pia ccAAn, TtoiriTiKti pouai-Kti, pouoiKti tou 'Eycb tco 5v TcpoBAETai av fjpcoac p tco ouppat^eETai yupco tou Kai KoppaT?ETai Kai e Tf| escori Tfjc v8p6-Tcivr|c ijJuxfC. Tote, vaKa\6rcToupE pia Tpi-Tt] 5ia<()op toO ZiKEAiavoO n toc aAAouc pac TCoiriTc, tco 800 Kl" v ETvai pElOVE-ktikt) yiaT Tcapouai^ETai ov ri vTioTpo-q>r) oiftq tfjc tBioTuruac tou, v sTvai Mvac aSitiTcoTa Tcoir)Tf|C TcpocpriTiic, aupBA-\ei OTf)v TcpcoTOTUTtia tou Kai pac c;r|-yei 6piopva yvopiapaTa Tfjc ata9r)TiKfjc tou. "Ac aTapaTf]aoupE pia OTiypii o*
ax T yvcopiapaTa. 'O ZiKEXiavc, ETvai i-vac TCOir]Ttic cpvTaoTa pEyaAoTopoc, Bouspc Kai XEipappcSric, AA pu9piK povTOvoc. Kpto yvpiopa toO cpooc t)v otxcov tou, eTvoi pia peyaATrpETtti povo-epcovta Kai pia pvco8iaKf| povOTOvia, tco 9 fJTav vurccpopn, a'gvav troiriTii aaovoc; tvou, p tco 8c ti occ^ei t vBpuapa ai t KaraKpucfjo vBaopa Tf)c cfcovfjc, irouToc xfjc EKOviKfjc cpavxaoiac Kai fj TTXaaTiKf] SpTpTa Tfjc yXcbaaac, Tio 800 povTOva ki' v BvETai atoc otIxouc Kai tc aTpocpc, fiTvai TcvTa pia otivia ir-Xauar) yi Saouc cjpouv v BiaB^ouv ot-Xouq.
"Opcoc f) EXXEiijir) pu9LilKfjc; KXipaKac or 8pyo tou, sTvai XocjtvEpr), Kuplcoc oT pEyXa tou auv9ETiK TtoiiipaTa, KEl 5rt-XaStj tco t TtXfjGoc tcv otxcov, rciBXXEi tfjv TcoiKiXia Kai Tf|v vaXXayf| t<3v ocote-piK&v puGpcv fiv 8x1 Kai tv oxixoupyi-kOv. Zv spTric Kai vavEUTfjc aTixoup-yiKcov Tprccov Kai ttccov, ZiKEXiavc ETvai pTpioc. ripoTipa piapva pTpa, pETpn,-pva oca 8XTu\a, yiac 8v prcioTEETai otiv XXayfj, yia 8v ataGvsTai '5ioc Trjv vyKn Tfjc XXayfjc 8tccoc ttjv aiaGa-vTav.tx. X- 6 riaXapac. Oi ttvte Zuvi5ti-oeic tou, xupvsc a' vTEXQc XEGEpo ot-Xo, Tcap T sc^oxa c^coypae|itK ppr) touc, ETvai oxe8v SiBaoTEc ir xfjv noi|;r] Tfjc TcoirjTiKfc Kofjc, Sv ETvai ttap pia ttoir)TiKf| Tcpta TutcoypacpiK pvo ouxoup-ytipEvri tco yi v xf| SiaBaEic apepeova p tv arixoupyiK Tr|c puGp, Xaxavit^Eic, TcEpiTcXKEoai Kai orapaTc K9E aTiypti, yiaT Sv a SrtyEi o pia Taceri TcayyE-Xiac Kavvaq acoTEpiKq OTixoupyiKc puGpc. T T810 oupBaivEi Kai p t ccf>r|-opvo TXEicoTO teo tv i'810 iaxa tcv 'EXXfjvcov, tco poXaTauTa ETvai x^P-vo o OTpocpc arc EKatcEVTaaXXaBouq oTaupco-toc p SEKaTETpaoXXaBouc Toviapvouc SXouc OTf| Xfjyouoa. 'ApiaToupyripaTiK -TcoanapaTa, sc;oxec OTpocpc 8iOTcaptEc SO Kl' KEl, otxoi txpoxoi, ekvec Aap-tepe XX t avoXo ; 'EcjavTXtiTiK po-vtovo, SiXXaKTa pcpcovo, pu9piK poi-popcpo n Tfjv irpcjTri iic Triv teXEUTaia OTpocj)f|, av TtoXcopo Tptjipo Tpaivou o -rtpavTO Kpuo. "Av ZiKEXiavc riOE TXsicoTO Kai xaapaTiK t floxa tQv 'EXXtvcov, ETvai BBaia yia 8 pirpEaE v' pTtc;Ei arc paa t TtvEup Kai t v-rjpa tou xpiOTiaviKou pGou, slvai Kpa yiaT tou eXeuJje trvTa f| TcXaoTiKt ouvGe-tiki KavTrixa, 'iococ 8pcoc Kai v Koup-ott]ke 'Sioc teo t vTipouaiK Kouapa aTfjc tfjc otixoupyriuvr]c povoToviac;, tco poXaTauTa S pitopoDoE v Tfjv TtXouTiaEl, v Tf) OTcaEi a KXipaKEC Kai v Tfjv tcoi-kXei pu9piK. npa arc Tf| ov9eot|, Xiy-otixcov, axETiK, TCOtTipccov, toO SXeitce r\ [-KavTr|Ta Kai f| mpovr Tfjc paKpTCvor]c tcXa-


ZTOXaapoi yi xtv Troirian, ??? "Ayysou ZiKEXiavou
29
OTiKfjq oovxEiag, vco vT9Ta ??? ????(?-oeoe TtAn9copiK f] ?????] Tcvofj, Kai ri Ccoypa-?1??| $avTaoia. ?????????? ?????? TIV e" ttaioia ?????? GeoO, t tel auv9spvo TtoiTiTtK pccKpoTixo Tcoirip ???. "Av ???? ?? Tfoiripo: ???????? v SripioopyrjoEi pia v-????????| oovXoo, ETvai ??? ri oaiaoTiK -TtapTi^ETai n 6iaTixa, filvai 5r]Xa6r Eva ovoXo ???? TioXXg piKpg ????????? pov-5ec. tco vaBpi^oov XEg ait Tf]v i.'5ia Xu-piKf) 6i9Eor|. T ?5? ????????? v ?????? Kai yi tv ?????? Ayo, ????? ?5? li Tcotrior), sTvai ???????????1??|, ??????????-tiki, ?1??????|?1??], ???! Kpiog ??????? ??? ???????? ETvai TcpoirayavoioTiKg.
Triv ???) Tfjg pEyaXirpETTrig povoTovtag Kai Tfjc; poToviag tQv popOv ???, 9 ????-TCEi v xri ????????? ???) oxe6v tcvtote vWaxTT) Kai a pia yi irvTa K0up5i-apvr) TCOiriTtKrj ??? 5i9Eor|. 'AvoiyEi t ????? ??? ZiKEXiavg v Tpayou5f|a6i, Kai li 6uvaTii ?????] ??? vE|3aivEi povopiag ??? Bianaacv ??, X^P1^ Tcpor|yopEvr| poo-oiKf| KipKcoor]. Otvei eke, ??? ???-????? Tfjc; XopiKfjg ?<^?]?1??]?, ki' ???? ke ?-TuXiyETai fj pccXXov ETnpriKUvBTai ????? ?? ar|pEa vg ?????????? ??????, 6txcog v" -vE|3oKaTEBaivEi. M9ri vopoapE ?????-rcvc ????] Tf]v Tcyia tcoititiki ?????????| ??? ZiKEiavoO. Mccg Tcapooai^Bi atrj f| p9r) tv TcoiT|Tfi v tcvei t Kpaoi ??? ???? va Kai pvo ??????? : tx)v ????????) yco-XaTpsia ???, Tfjv aTo9EOTCoirior| ??? 'E-ycb ???, ???? Tfjv Tcoia ????????? Ki Xag f| ??????|?1??) ??? ?????] poa ???) Ccorj. "Av TCVEopaTiKc. ??? pn,xaviapg TcaoKi^Ei TcvTa v ooXXABei ??! v 5iaTorcaEi t axfjpa pific ???1?1???. Koapo9ecopiag, ??-aiKg ??? fHog slvai ??1???????? ???????1-pvog OTrjv KaXXipyEia, t TCTiapa, xr)v -v5Eit;ri, Tf)v ni5Ei^r) ??! Tf|v ??????|?1?^ -tjiOTCoir|or) ??? E5aipoviKoO '??? ???.
?&??? ait ttoiec; aov9fJKsg 9o:Tav tcoX ??????? v EiTOupyrjaEi paX Kavovi-Kg, ???1?? v9pTUvog acoTEpiKg k-opoc, p Tg ppiBQ ??? vaXXayg, Tg -?????)????? ???????????; ???, Tg ???????1-??? ??? KXipaKasig, Tg aovSasig ??? ??! Tg rcoaTtaaBiq ??? ???? Tf|v Ka8r|pEpivf] ????????1????)??, Tg ????? ??? ??! Tg ???-??????? ???, Tig 5paEig ??? Kai Tg vTi-6paEig ???. "OXoi ol TtoiriTg, ??! Ttp Tcav-Tg, ol VE<>Tpoi XupiKoi, exoov 5iKg ???? ??????? TopiKg OTiypg, ????? xatpooV-Tai, XoTcoOvTai, TtA.fJTTOOv, Ev9ooaioovTai, pyic^ouvTai, va9EpaT(^oov, KaTaoi^oov-Tai, pcoTEoovTai, voaTaAyoov ?? ??????-9v, vaoKaAEoov Tfj pvrjpr| ????. '???' a-Tf| Trjv TtpavTti TioiKiXia t>v ???1??? -vaXXayuv ??! ???????, ???|??^?1 ??! f| TcoiKiXia ??! pu9piKg ???????? Kai f| Ev-????] fj r) TCTaari Tfjg TcoiriTiKfjg ?????]? Kai 5v ?????? ????? v 8opr]9oop tv ?????? yi v ???????? a' Mva ???? ??
TcAripaTEpa ????????? ??? E'6oog. 'AXX ZiKEiavg, t irapc;Evo I Mf| AEiToopyv-??? ???1?? ?????? oi aXXoi ??! Tpayoo66v-??? TcvTa Eva Kai pvo okoti, t E5ai-poviK ??? ???, fJTav ?001?? v nEpiopi-oteT oTtjv fixitiKii ouvfj9Eia ??? Tt^iT^iKa, tco Elvai t TtpTOTio Tfjg 5iKfjg povoTO-viag, Ti pccg Elvai ????? ar|pavTiK ???-vKTT|pa, BaaiKii aiTa ??? yEyovTOg ????? fj TcoiTian ??? SiKeXiavoo ??? aovEitaipvEi Kai pccg i;aTcoXEi paa OTf|v anpavtr) ??-ori, 5 ??? aoyK\ovic^Ei ????? ??????, ote ??? niBXETai o XopiKg ?????????. Ki' MpXovTai ariypg tco ooXXoyi^paaTE ????? "??????? SiKEXiavg, fj Elvai ????? tcoX pEyXog yi v xcops iroiriTiK^ paa otv ocoTEpiK Kapo Tfjg oyxpovr|g TopiKfjg ???????1??, fj ETvai 'vag 9EiivEOOTog ????-??|??|? Tfjg vpcoTiivrig E6aipoviag tco ait t troX v KOit^Ei ?? aicovta, XrjopvTiOB tv v9puTcivo ????? ???.
"Opcog, Kai ????? oo.Xoyi<^paaTE, ?????? avaTcoXoOps ?? ?????? ???? ????, ayKpi-?? ??? ????? ???, aTf|v ooia ???, oti ??-vrj ???, oti OT)paaia ??? yi ?? ???????? ??? : TiaT v ?? ????????? ??? ait ?-vav TCOiriTfj tco, ??? ??????, ?????? tv ???-??? ??? v tv voi69oops Kai v tv tci-OTEoupE pEyXov ; TBXsicovovrag Tg ?????-TnpfjaEig ??? acg tco Eva ppog ???? ETvai vTippriTiK, ??????|?1??, ato9avpaaTE ????? 5v Exoov Tf| 66vapr) v ?1????????? tv ???????? 9aupaop pag'yi tv "AyyE-Xo ZiKEXiav ??! ?? ???? ???. OtAvei v 9upr)9oop tv '??????'??????, tv flav-?????), tv flava, ?? QaXEp, tv riv-vri KrJTg, ????????????? ???? tig ZuvEifj-aig ???, Tf)v ???????? ?????? Qeoo ttv KaxavoKTiKii ???? "??? ??! ?? BiBXik "??????, yi v fjaoop OTiypg ??9?-pfjg TcoiriTiKfjg E5aipoviag ??! v oovBaoo-pE ???) cpavTaoia ??? eva"vaTr)pa psy-Xoo Tcoir)Tfj. Mia ?????????????) ?????1?, pia 5vapT] vTpiKTJ tco 9op(?Ei pxaia itaXai-???? Kai pia TtavTo66vapr| ??????, Byaivoov ali ?? ??9??????1?? ovoXo ??? ZikeXiovi-??? ??????. 'H ?????1?, ?? pEyaXTEpo y-yovg yi Tf| ZiKfiXiaviKii TiolTiaT), ????????)-9t|ke arc tv Tcoir)Tf| p 6Xfig Tg ???^?? Tfjg ????|? tco tv ecove, Tfjg ????|? tco fJTav '5iog. Mia TToir]ari tco ?;?????1???1 Tf| ????) p Kopcva tv ?????? Kai 5ovaT avTpa, tv fjpcoa ??! tv Xetepo, 6v ETvai tcot|-ar| pyXri,Tcoir|ari 9piap6EUTiKri ; Arf) xf|v ??????) ??????? ZiKEXiavg ki ????? tv ????????? okotc ??)?, XX ????? evav av-??????? KOppvo ??? ????? tfjg 6iKfjg ??? 6vapr]g, pxovTiocg ??! ????????????)?. ZtGtike T5iog Evag 9Xr|Tfig Tfjg Ccofjg, ???? ttv pxf| ??? ?? ????? Tfjg TcopEiagTou. 'Atc Tf|v ???????????) ??? &9Xr|ari BXccoTai-vci a XE'pcoviTiKo xPTpi ki f| TcavTo8-vapr) XTcia. "?????? ottv teXiktj vkii ZiKEXiavg, oTf| vkt) ???? ??? 9avToo ??!


30
???? Acov tv 9avrcov ito ?????? tv avOpcoTco ??? aKOTBi. 2??9??? va ????-??]??|? ???????????, va LmvTEUTf) KaXv, ???? ??'????? oti ???????.?????) Tfj ?????-a Kai to ??????, Kai ttv TpayortOE ll Epii ?????????]. "??? ??? uTia ??? ??-Liuouv xpaa, piva, yaXia, av va ??-uTi avoiiaTiKTi 'EAXa KoiTayuvo ???? ??????????) rj arc ?? ???? ui Ttavav-Bpcbirivrt ia. '????? kl Bvato ??? ??????? cbpao, tcte av AArtviKO Geo Kai tcte a AcyEvfjc, otcc ??? TvTpayo-5naE OTiiv uvuLin TpayCiiia ???, ??????-aiovT tov uaa as Liiv xva uCavn-voG ??????????. "Ooo yi ti) SvaLin, Tf|v ?????????? SnuioupyiKii uvaur), ???????? ??? Tf|v ????????? fj npvoia yi v ti) ???,-oiuoTtOE o ???? Tcart lie t vTioE ??-
TaoToEi Tfj cfj Kai ???? TcavT o ???? SriLUOupyiac. '? io fJTav ti ???????????????-ar) Tfj vauri, ki f| ??????? ??? kl otlxo TOO KL f| puli TOU KL f| Troiriarj tou> tv ???????? ??? Tf|v vTaari, Tfjv ???????) Kai Tf|v vpyEa Tfj vaLcti Exav KpLO yvupLOLi tou. 'O ccv9pcoTCo, vAoya p. t'l OTiyLi ??? Kaipo ??? Kai Tfj cofj ???, xEL vyKtl ???? ??8? Tcoir)Trj, [l itv-?? 9 Tcpooei ?????????? to uvoto Kai to A(?10???????. Kl oc, ??????, ttolou TCOiriT v irortT TCEpiaaTEpo TaXaLTCcopriLcvo ??????. Kl lle, 8 -ftp-TCEi vpaoTE ?????|????1, tco ???? TOrti Tr)v ??????? ycovi Tfj yfj, ?????? otv k-??? p tv ZiKEAiav pia va ???| Tfj '?????1??, Tfj AovaLiri Kai Tfj 'EXitl-a.
ANTPEAZ KAPANTQNHZ
TAZZOY
XOPOZ TYNAIKON (??? ton "xpisto sth pqmh. )


O 2IKEAIAN02
EINAI MESA 2THN EAAHNIKH FIAPAAOSH
0 y.ac, xpsia^tav Tcpiv art1 oXa Svaq piapc; : v unopaouus v piaouuE ti slvai ri \r|ViKrj uapoori. Zupcpcova 5v TtdpXEi- yi ttv wpa ar ^ixriua xoxo: Bapio Xyoi axopiKo &riuiopyriaav iiiv 'vvoia xqq XXriviKrc; Ttapoaric, TtoX oxe-vrj, TTOia tco v cpfjvEi air' sc;co svav -XKXripo XauTip XXt|vik kou-O. "Yaxspa TtpXEi. Ka [ii xari, tco KEvri UTtaivEi TcXuxa uoa ottv XXriviKfi Trap5oar|, ri Ton, q ttv TtouuE yi xr)v copa, Tfjq utaaXXoocaaq : vx v Epuvouu.E xqv-voiEq axq noisq uetxouue, mSiuKouu.E v tic; OTEVEOUU.E wq t opt xouq. Ti x teAeutocTo toto 9u.a,. Ttaipvco sva tcoc-pEiyua, tco 5v Eivai t KaXxEpo, XX tco t TcpoTiLic yiax oXETic^ETai ueoa u tv io tv SiKEtcxv: aKTCTOuai oxi o TcpacpocTri Tioxn oooi fiSsXav v uovo- TtcoXriaouv tv 9vikiou, Xyioi f) &icTEq, pviovTccv tv 6viKiou. tou ZiKEXiavou' 8-nou iroXX Tcpyuaxa 9 LiTcopoGoE KavEq v tou KaTriyoprjoEi, TcoXXq acpaXEpq to-tco9ettoeic; Tfjc; 9pufiq tou Kapiaq u.-itpq o 8u.aTa ot tcoTcx 9 etcpette vouq v 'xei t TipoBtaua, XX uvo yi uouaia r\ uecooti Tfjc; 9viKfq ouve-riaiiq tou v 8 Taipta^s vyivsi Xyoq. Atya XP0VIC( Ttpiv, sva UEyXo tcoitik Kuua, 'vSocjo Ka tco c^aas ttv cEX-Xa, eTxe KaTaXrjcJEi v ickei u t 'y-KXriP-a Trc; axxriq ixpo&oaiaq oaouc. v auucpcovouaav u xrv ttoXitikt tou. Attv vuaaa tti irvco uiaaXXoo,ia : xfiv xoTi v ivoups oc9a[pEToc o Evav opo tt ariuaaa tco paq BoXeei fj tco uaq auucppEi, Ka v tcokXelouue e'xoi tc t TtEpiEXUEVo tou pou Eva TcXfjgoq aXXEq Mvvoiec; tco vriKouv pyaviK o1 aTv 'vaq piauvoq 9vi.Kiauq spXExai v Ka-XcpEi aKpia ttv ETiLcpvEia toO 9viKi-auou, ui iroiliri Tfjc; Tiapoariq xauxc^E-Tal u Kpia ttv icapooari.
T TEXsuTao touto auyKEKpiuva, a-t t oxVEuaxfjq 'vvoiaq, 'xei axv xtto uaq 5u cpExripEq vxEXcq tacpopsxiKq XX cUaou ariu.avxiKq' xq vacppco ottv iaoxiKT xouq asip, ariUEicvovxaq Ka T oriUEa Tfjq Tracpfiq Touq. Fil TcaXi,
ETav 6 TtXriycouvoq XXnviKq 9viKiauq, oT xpvia tco KoXonaav tv 'Ayc-va* t cppyKiKO eItcv yi ekeivov uiotit :
Hi) 5Ex9fjT H8r) ,iva .
Ki otav XoyapiaouuE uaoi tcoXXo Ka icpopoi Xyoi uaq X^P^av Ano Trv Auan, KaTaXaBaivouuE oti t Tari axr) e-BpiaKE vTaTCKpiari atq cpuxq UEpiKcSv ir Toq KaXTEpouq "EXXriVEq. "H iraXi ioTaari Tfiq 'EKKXnaiaq uaq u ttv u-tiki 'EKKXr|Oia v eTxe Xriauovri9, oircoq v 'xei Kuri Xr)auovti9 Ka oToqKai-pouq uaq- ki aoi v if\v EVio9av Ttt Kuaa otiv ouvEiriar Touq, KpatoGaav auxv uiv auvEiriTri uaiciOTa irpq x uTiK TcpyuaTa. ATiXa a' aTTv ttv ioTaan, ixs Tcpa TipooTe9si Ka fj Sua-TtioTia Ttpq T KivipaTa tcv iauapTupou-vcov, T TCoa ti tv 'Aycva Ka Tipa yi-vovTai tioX aia9r|T ot XXriviK ficpri. "Etoi, tc ttv BpriaKEUTiKi TtXEup, o o-Ttoia TCEpioxc 9 BpaKauE Kpaia 9pr]OKU-TiKTTjTa Ottv 'EXXa tcv xpvcov ekeivcov, f o Tcoia ixEpioxf 9a BpaKauE Kax.-- XoiTia ano Xav9vouaa 9pT]OKUTiKTrjTa, t TipoyvcooTiK Eivai v ouvunpXEi Ka Kiroia ori c^EvocpoBaq. Tfiv c;EvocpoBia, XXcoaTE, aTf)v, ttv Exav KaXXLpyioi yi T ouucppovT Touq, TouiK r] Ta,i-K f) EoXoyiK, KtXaq Tipv ii tv 'A-ycva oooi TcoXEUouaav Tfv ixpoo Ka EiTav EUvoi ottv ouvTTpriari : kevoi p-Xc^ouv v TcpoKaXouv tiv ayxuari vuE-aa otiv Ttapoor) Ka a icpopsq ouvi-Beieq, KocXc, r) KaKq.
"Ei,a~ ir x 9priaKsuxiK upyuax.a, v 9uuri9o0u xfiv Kivriari ttv ico Ttpo-kXeoov o 9ECoptq toO OaXuEpusp K.a <;uviauvoq 0iXEXXr|viauq tco ypi^E [x yopy xpvo Ttpq tv uiosXXriviau : oKa-Xc^ouue uaa aT itaXi f\ T Ttpacpaxa TTEpaauva uaq Ka TiouovvouuE texvtv x 6,ti 'pXExai SuEoa Ka noKXEiaxiK ait xoq pxaouq- aua v cpavExai oxi 'p-XExai ix xoq pxaouq, x kvouue UEiq Ka tpaivsxai : TcapEiyua f| yXoa y.aq. Z xxoiEq UEpiTcxcaEiq v apcpEPE K-9Xou v axoXri9 KavEq u 8,xi 5v eI-xav aoxnp XXriviK uoa axfiv Ttapo-
vNa 'EaxiaXgiorovyevva 1952
3


32
'? SiKeXtocvc, eivoci uaa axf]v sXXr|VLKTi TtapSoar)
ari : fj8r|, '8iua, yXcaaa, axoiXEta Tt xfiv pxiTEKTOviKr] fi Tt xiq TtapoipiEC,, 'tcpetce
v HVriUOVEETaL uvo 6,Il ???, e&eve u
ffiv pxattrita. TXoc,, x ypppaxa' ???'1, ????, Kai a TtoXX XXa, pa'ipouSiap Ttaioxuvxa. "??; ????????? u Ttari Ttspi-cppvriari ?????????????; v piXf|aouv yi tci pyaviK 0aivusva, ??9???; Elvai ol t-xaXiKq TtipoEic, nvco ox Xe,iXyi ???;KaxEKa^av oi Xyioi ooec; ??????; 0aivovxav v Ttpopxovxai Tt vxtaioi-Xec; yaXXiKc, r\ x vxiaxoixa 'Siuai ??-8<>c,; ETvai TtXnSuvxiKc; xfjg suyvsiac, r) x ?????1?? vxuaipaxa. ?????????, ia-BCovxac, x yaXXiK TtEpiooiK fi pEpiK BiBXia Tto xxaiVE v ??????? eoe; 6c ?????, oi ?????[ ???,, oxoc, TtavsTuaxri-piaKoc, Siaycoviopoc, f) oxv tutto, psx-ypapav xic, ??????, auvxayc, fi xq 65r|-yiEc; yi xf)v ???????????? voariuxcov vTiapKxcov axf|v 'EXXa. 'Avpsoa axic; tiyec; axc, TtpcoxEouaa 6ori KaTExav x Kripuypaxa tto xvu^av xr)v vyKri ??)?, upcoxoxuTtiac;, xf)v ???????? xeov pipfl-oecv TtXi, Xoitcv, kl 5c, pf| 5sx9fj?? fi9ri tjva : ufi 5ex6elxe xitxoxe XXo ???? xf]V ????? xou pxaiou r] xoG vscTEpou XXr]-
ViaUOU OTtCOC, xf)V eIXE TTOTUTtCOEl ox
Xapxi evac; ??????, KXaoiKiopc, f) Ui ?1-aXXr|Xr| TtaxpioXaxpEia. Axf|, Xoixcv, Elvai f| BaoiKii, f] TtcxEpri ???????
'H oexeprii Kai XP0VLK pxayvsaxpr) ????|?[? xfjc, TtXvric;, auoXExi^Exai u xfiv Ttpcxri ano x viuEao xfjq ???????1-Krjc; Tuaxf|u.ric;. *H ????????| axf], eTxe yvvri8l poa axv Bvik naXp, poa axfiv va^fixriari XE^vcov xoG pxaiou ?????? axic, UExayvaxp<; 8viiKc; pop-???, ??)?, 4"???<;- opeoe; fjpBE NiKXaoc, ??-Xixrir; ??1 ???????????? xf|v ?????10? xfjc; ???????????, xou axit; spsovEc; axc; Tto EXav cor; xxe Evav ???????; UTtEipiK, Kai-piK, xapocKxiipa. Me xfiv Ka6of|yriafi xou, oi XoyoxxvEc; xou KaipoG ?????????? ixpooEKXiKoi ????????????;, ?????; xf]V Xa'iKf| ]cof|, otewc; xriv fBpiaKav yvf| ?$?? arto c axLK Kvxpa, oxf|v UTcai8po Kai ax X?3" pia. Tfjc, ??????? x ??????????? x [3X-????? v ariuasEi u ?^????; ????????, xf)v UEtayEvoxEpri Xoyoxsxvia ???,, ax Xpvia 1880, ox xpvia xfjc; yeviac, xou 1880. 6 stvai x f|9oypacpiK oxoixeo oxf|v ?????? uac; Kai axfiv Ttoir)of| uac;, 9 Elvai f| ?^?????-? xeov XoyoxEXvcv u? ax GxtaiQpo, yi v TrXouxiaouv x XE^iXyi xouc; u Xc;eic; Kai ????????; ???? xf|V -ypoxiKfi creoli, YL v TrXouxiaouv xriv ?1'??? xouc; Kai xfiv ?avxaaia xouc; u ekvec; xfic; lcac; ^cofjq. "Exat ?????? \xi ???? axriv 'A8f|va, Ux xtv ?????? xoG 1880, Ttou oi XoyoxxvEq ???; yi v Kpaxf|aouv UKpia xriv ?????1?? ?????????), ???????-xouv oxf|v vuKXEpivf] XotptoTtai^ia xfiv ???-pf(aia ???151?6??? oxoc; ???????; xf)q.
TtpcoTEouaac; ?? pia ???[??? ax ???1-T pv?P^a xoG ripoxiKoG xpaypuioG, xoG TcapapuGioG Xoyic^ovxai yi povaiK ??????? xfjc; ?????1??^ ??????????;' ? ??-?1????? ??? naiBpou, xeov f|6cov Kai 8i-peov xoG ?????? tcoteXe ???????????? ??, ?????; yviiaiac; ?????????; ??????????;. B-Baia, a xoGxo, ???????? p xv Kavva xeov TtoXXaTtXcv aixicov, ouvxeXei ttoX Kai ??????????; ????????; vaxoupaXiapc;, tto 'pixvE irpBupa xoc; tcpoBoXec; xou ?????; xf|v ???^??1?? ?cofi" vaxoupaXiopc, '-yiv ????(???<; yvcooxc; axv xteo ???; ??! viaxuoE, p xriv Kaivopia ppf| xou, p xf|v Tcvxa ???????? ???????? ??<; p-???; ???? xoc; "???????, Xoyoxxvsq, x ?[???? xfjq ?????1???; ^?????????; : yi ??????? ???? paa a Xiya xpvia BX-TtoupE xf]v ?1??|?? xcv i;vcov pEupxcov v pTiaivi axf)v ??????(? xoG tcXov axsvo-??????? Kai axsvKapou 8viKoG xotciki-apou. 'Qaxao, ax I5ia xpvia, ox x-Xoq, KpiBoxEpa, xr\q ????????; ??????????; TiEpiou, evac; EiXiKpivaxEpoc; "???????; xoG c^coxEpiKou, ??'????;, ?????? x ???????? : T fipxEpov koivv fipxcas, v XyopEV v' r|5i^i XX v ???0:^? xc; axvag, xc; oxpouyyac;, x rippia, xq ????????;, xoc; ????????;, xoq XeBv ??)5??;, xc; c^nXEpvac; ?????;, x poipoX-yia, x' ???????????? Kai xoc; Kspaxi-?????; xeov xpycov. Movo Tto 5v slpai BBaioc; v TtpaypaTiK ??????; ??^????^? Exat xf)V ?????? xoG ripExpou koivoG, ??! oxt xfjv ?????? ptaq TtoX piKpf|c; ????-??????;.
G ??????????? p xv tio ?????? au-vsxt^ovxac; v Ec;oupE Kai a evav aXXo kkXo vEpyEicv xoG ?????????????? 8vt-KtapoG 'vxovr\ xr)v 6uxtKf) ????????' ???-Ttxopat xf|v ypappf] ? Ttota vcvsi xv Apa-yopri, xv ???1??? TiavvTtouXo, p x Kiipuypa xoG Barrs. ToOxo 8 eIxe iiai-???? ??????? yt xoc; oxevoc; sopoc; oi TtoLOi ouvsaav xv SiKEXtav p xoc TtpcoxooxxEq Ikelvouc; xou ??????-koG 8vLKLapoG. ??????????, ?????, icpoxcopcvxac; Xiyo Ttpc, xf|v ?????? paq, v
Elc^OUpE xf)V ????? TtO VEl X BVLK
Ktipuypa xfjc; xsxapxoauyouoxLavfiq iKxa-xopiac, p xv ysppaviK SviKoaoaiaXi-op. "Opcoq ax ?????? ???10 kolo eI-vai v itavX6oup, ??1 ox exepo, TcpoKELpvou yi Tiap5Eiypa, eIvol tie-pixx v TtipELVoupE. rii ???? Elvai axf)v t5ia ?????? ????|??? v ?????????? pia Kai [ivr\ ????? ?1?1???????, axsv auvu-??????? p xf]v ?????? paq, xr)v TtEpi-Ttxcoari xfjc; ?????1??<; yXcboaac;. Zx f|-???? xoGxo 5v tcpttei ????? v c;exvoGpe xr)v ioxopiKfi ?????!? xoG Kivfipaxoc;.
T TtaXi, x TtaXixEpa axta 5v ?????????? xcpa xriv 'pEUv paq- XX Ux xv Fauriel, px xv ZoXcop, p xv


e0 SiKeXtccvc; sTvai paa axr)v XXrivtKT Tcapooti
33
Vuxpr), riP-OTiKtopc; Ttapouai^ExaL pyaviK vcopvoc, u x riuotiK xpa-yot. Zxc; tuo TtaXtc; tto xc, Tteptouc; ocTc,, xrv aoXcopiKii, c; ttouue, KaT8;oxtv, Tipoxsi ??? StKaioXoyE xrv Tpotiri r\ yoq-teoc xou 5riu.oxiKoG xpayoutoG" axirjv vew-XEpri, u tv ????????, ??????, ?????] KaXxEpa, ttv TcpooTtBsia yi ouaxripa-xiKT) ??????) xou KotvoO Xa'KoG opyvou, XX ri XEKpripicoari l ???????), 9 ttote-?????! oxeov TtoKAEioTiKa atro x ri-?????? ???; xpayouia' axcov f] yvcoori 9 iroTEXOEt xf)v 6or| yi xrjv yvcor] xfjc; VEOEXriviKfic; yXcaaaq, Ka axcov ?) yXcaaa 8 cjcttoxeXeoei xf|v Boari yt ttv ta-???????) xfjc; ypaTtTrjc; paq tipoxiKic; yXcoaac;. 'H xeXeuxoo axi TtEpTtxcoari TipTtEi va yvEt vxiKEuevo fUxcopiaxfjc; pEXxriq, ri Ttoa c^ETTEpvEi x opta xoO p9pou ????/ coaxao 6Xr\ n f;Xi<;r| xcv yXcoaaiKQV uac; Ttpayuxcov, ??1 ???; ?-vav Ba9u ri ??????????) xr\q UExayEv-axEpric; TtVupaTtKfc; uac; ^ojfjc; ????????! ox TCEpiaxaxiK ax, axTv TtiSpaari xfjc; yXcoaac; xoG ripoxtKoG TpayoutoG ????-vco axrv Xyia yXcaaa ???,. O Xoyox-Xvsq paq, 5?|????|, Ka 6xcXa a' KEvouc, oaoi dir toc; tavooupvouc, uac; fi9sXav v XPiaiuoTtoiriaouv ax ??????? ????, xr\v SripoTiKii, 'BpioKav yi xrjv ???????| xouc; Eva opyavo tcoX TtapaaKEuaapvo yi v oiaxuiicaEi ouvaic9r)paTiKc, 6ta9aEic; -ttXc; ??1 BaaiKq, yi v ??????????1 tv ?????? ?????, 'va opyavo ???' ??;???? XupiK, XX vxeXcoc; KaxXXrjXo yi v iaxUTTCaEi tic, Xetttc, ttoxpcoeic; xfc, ?????|?;, xrv TrTcovr) TtopEa xoG oxoxa-auoG Ttpt; xrv Staysta. ToOxo ecooe axTv Xyia yXcaaa uac; piv evxovri XPOi ouvaio9npaxiKT|, Xupiau, prixopiKxrixa, 5,xi oxoix irpxEi tto tuickel oxt v TtEaEi XX v TtapaoupEi' Ka u xv xpTto axv ii;Xa9r|Kav XXsc; uaXai-TEpEc; maEiq Tfc; yXcoaac; paq, ????-OTr9ELc; av ??? 2??1???0 r) xoO Kaxap-xfi, yi v TcapauEvei Ka ait xiriv a-rtoipri axrv f| vxUTtcoari oxt xf)v yXcoaaiK) Ttapoari paq xiv KTrpooconoGv ttokXei-axiK ??????; tto Trpopxovxat tto xf|v Xa'Kf| yXcooaiKT ?????????]. riapXXriXa Xriopovii9r|KE ri ????1??| taaKaXia xoG ZoXcopoG : v t;TTpaouuE yXcoaoiK x rjpoxiK xpayoi.
"Exat, Xomv, Ka vsoKXaaiKiapc; xeov TtpcTcov u.EXETtavaaxaxiKcov XPvcov Ka f] uExayEvaxEpr ??????) ?????; xiiv Xa'-? cori Ka yXcaaa, Ka oi 5o axo tcoX oriuavxiKo oxaBuo axrv TtoXixtoxiKri uac; TTopEa,iiyrioav yi Xyouc; ????????????; ax ico oxVEua : x vriua ??\?; ???????-or|c; xauxia9riK u ui Ka uvri tto tc, ??????; ??|?;, ??^?????? ef;co ?????????; ??-toeic; XXriviKfjc; ?????1??; Ka iraiEac;. TiaT tto ?? TtaXiTEpa xpvta, oao Kav
TioXiTiKc; Tto9aEic; UTtpEaav v ???^" aouv Toq o ????????; ???????;, tv XXriviK Ka tv utik, ???? ttv ito-Xitiotlki ??????] oi vTaXXayc; uExa-, xouc; ax9r|Kav iKOTtEc; Ka i-KOTta yviUEc; Ka npc; xiv pia Ka Ttpc; xf)V aXXr| KaxE9uvar)" n xtv uXEup tto ??01????1 utc; co, ????? v ?????? 6 XXnviauc; v ?'??? ?????? oauvri xf]v EKXiKxrix xou ?????; xrv ????| : Ba9i Uaa ax Bu^vxio oi ioxopiKo xfjc; Tiai-siaq xou BpiaKouv ouyKiviiaEic; aTaXuvEc; u tv utik kouo, ??????? Tto jekl-vcvxac; tto xrv XXrivtKi vaxoXf] Tcriyai-vouv Ttpt; xrv uari, Ka Siaaxaupvovxat axv 5pu.o xouc; u psuaxa Tto ??????-9oGv xf|v vx9xri Kax9uvor). Zxfiv iki uac; ???????, axiiv TtEptoXH xeov ???????)-vikcov Ttpayuxcov, v exouue Ttap v ????????? axrv Buavxivr| TtEptoo x sp-????? ????????????, p xc; uxtKc; xouq ixrixiiaEic;" ?????], 8 9upriBouuE xfiv ??-TipiaKi TTOtriari, fi x 01????? ???? ????? avayvcopouu p 6sBaixr|xa xf)v uxikt Titpaon- Fil Kovx ???, 'xouuE ox XP-vta xfc; ToupKOKpaxiac; x ??????? Kptixi-k aviapa, xog Kapiroc; xuv iaaxau-paEcov vpsoa axrv XXriviKfi TiaiEa Ka axv BEVExatviKO TtoXixiap, Mrivt-xr|c;, "AvGri EXaBEac; Ka pyxEpa xc; ???????; p xv yaXXiK 01???????? poa ax ???????????? ??(??- TXoc;, oxoc; Kat-poc; ????? exelve aatpsxa XXrivtopc; v Ttapatxri9t ali Eva pEyX ppoc; ???; TTaTptKfjc; ??? ???????????;, TauTt^ovTac; ttv Ttapoari ???; ???????????? [x tiiuotlk xpayot Ka [ik xr\v t,ar\ toG tiuotikou Tpayou&toG, ZoXcopc; yi XXri pia- ???? KaTp9cov v ?9???1 otiv exatata av9ari Tto Etvai Kapcopvri u XXrivi-?? oTotXEta paci Ka ait c;VtK a Eva piypa KaT;oxrv XXiivtK. ?????? Elvat f\ XXriviKri Ttapoari, iixX ????1???\'?| ???? x i;vtK ?????????, ???? poa ottv tta ttv oota ttic; rtapXEi ? ??????????) toG c;evikoG, kl ????, ?????, ?????????] ???????-pec toG ;vikoG ouvavTipE o-rtota axiypfi xoG XXriviapoG ki av peXetiooupe. v Evat ???? Tto xao py ?!??]??????)9?|-???? x ;va ????????? xcv ptaxoupyrip-xwv xoG KprixLKoG xPuau aicva : exoi ??????9???? oi yEvic, v ^apouv x-qv -???1? XXriviKxi-|xa xeov epycov axcv, v vaXuaouv x XXriviK xouc; ????????1" axiK, v taKiripu^ouv 5xt ke va

34
f0 ZtKsXtavq stvat uoa aTfjv XXriviKfi Ttap&ari
a6c;r|c/s, vxi v xfjv XaTTcboEi, aTf]v ouve-sriari uaq, ttv oataoTiKf| ??? xxnvik-
TT]TCC.
kl v slvai v ???????? ???! ma Kovt, cq oToq Kaipoq [iac, TOiuc]ovTaq etol piv u.Eor| ?????? u ?? ???? ??? zike-XtavoG, 5v 'xouue Ttap v ?????????? tv ??????. ch ????????) tcv opeov Toq Ttoiouq oriUELCoauE ???; ?????, ?6??|9?? v ????-?????! o TtaXiTEpa xpvia rj vt-???? oTi ?????????;, bu9iouvoq o Vq vayvcaEiq, ??????; otv ????? ????; Kai ?!.??)?11?'|? p-aa aTfjv tcveuuoctlki \xaq escori Tfjq K9s Kaivoupiaq e;vric; vrouxotc;, &ia-OTtouaE ?? ?? Epyo ??? xr\v xxr|vtKf ???-pSoor). Sruspa ??????????? otl ???-XaoTiKq TtoiriTtq, u Trv Ttiu.ovti ??????] tcovc;vcov xoyotexvlcv koi touc;vol) ???-?????? eueve vtexcc; uoa ottv xxiivl-ki Ttap5oar|. ka ttv cpa ????? tte, 8-Ttcoq Kai otuspa, OTtcoq ??1 TtvTOTS, ui ?? ???' ixLyvcooLv 9viKO0poauvn etelve
V TtOELC^El OTL TLTtOTE c;vo v TtXoUTL-
oe ???? tt)v XXriVLKT ypauuatEia, ??-xapfiq, auTtcoq TtapaoKEi)c]ovTaq tiixel-?????? yi toc; LteXXovTiKoc; ?????^???; ???, ????????????? v c;EKa9apioEi Tq a/E-TiKq evvoisq, v iaKpivEi, v elEXcopiaei ttv ?????] evcoari li ttv f;coTspiKi ???" ??]. kai oi o, ?????1 yt tv ZoXcou Kai yi tv 'axc;avpo zoutoo, TtripE-Tfjaav tiv txvii, u ?? lia, ?????? iq v ttrjq, iaviK. Ka oi ??? ?? ???? ttavou ????? ?????? xpnc^p-ortoirioav. Ka o o EiXavE yupiapva ?? pTia Ttpq xr) ???-xri ???????????? Ttoiriari xoo EpeoTiaKoO ttoxltlouou... "Oucoq co exvetoi Ttcbc; ????? ait KGs ia v9pcTttvoq vogq bpi-aKETai Tto Tfjq vel c;ia Ka ????' av xeltiel 6 vogq, ??? ??? ?????. zt zootoo EpcoTta'iaLiq, f;coTpiKq, c;cpuoq, OTEpoq, yEvvg ????? ?????? oTixoup-??????? Ka uiu4TLI< c;E9eopiouaTa. zt zoxcou EpcoTta'LOLj.q, ?????? ??? ba9iog ??! ??? copaiou.
t Xyia ???? Evai tog 1901. aiapap-Tupia yt tiv 9XriuaTiKr] TtapatTiiari ???? pia UEYXri uspia Tfjq TtpoyoviKfjq Lj.aq KXripovouiaq. Tv io xpvo ?|????;? ????? ??????? ?? TtoiruaTa tog zoxcouog, otv TtpXoyo tcv Ttoicov t;avaTta[pvt vXoyEc; leec; yi xr)v ouvvTriori Tfjq ??-UOTiKfiq Ttapoariq Kai ttjc; EpeoTta'tKfiq iaoKaXiaq ytaa axr\v ooxcolllk Tcoitiari. eltav oi Kaipo ottou "AyyEXoq ZiKEXia-vq oKiLLat^Tav, ??? ??????? ??? atixoup-ytuata, c;ia ?????. yi v cpiuaEL ???????? uaa o xiya xpvia, ir tv ouuboxiou tcv TtoinuTCov ??? ??? riuo-atEovTai otv Aivuao tog 1902, coq OTOq cpaiouq aoXcoLj.iKoq atixouq tog '???[?? ??? 1905, kl arc KEi TtXc otv '??????????????. "??? ???? a ???? ov-
???? ???????? v euelve. ?iv??oq, v -?1??9??? o ui pvo ????09???? : viou-Xoq, LaiaBvETai, tipv Tq yvco'pLosi, ttoiq evac o vyKEq Tfq TcaLEiaq uaq, lol-aBvETai troa Ka ????? TtoLKiXa xue -TcapTic^ouv tiv Ttapoor paq ??! ?? va-t^riTEL. "etol ? ??????? ??? KupaivETaL Ka mLCKEi Tq vTi9oLq vpEoa ottjv ????? ko ottv oaia, yiaT ? ???????? v eivol ttcote XXo arc ?? pxiK ????-oiaaLia Ttpq ttv ???????.?'? ????1?????-tcoi otxoi ??? xovTai ???.??? teo tiv UOVTpva ???(???, ive r) 'uTcvsuori tog 'A-?????1??1?????, rj ??9??? ????????, ? &e-???? U ?? ?????1?? uTcaL9po Ka u ttv ????????) escori, ??????????? Toq Kaivopiouq OTLXoupytKoq TtELpauaTLOLi.oq. ka oiia-aTaupuoEiq vouv Xova Ka tcl u-aTOq Kaptroq: itpxoyoq ott zcofi ait tt)v iu uspc, kl tc ttv ???? t ????? tcv cexxr|vcov fj f| MiTtip geog.
eltov ti ?????? ????? ?????????? aTia EiXav ????????1 6????1?? xr)v \\r\v\.Kr\ ouvEiriori, a 8,ti KaXTspo eixei Ttpq ttv ???????|??1 Tfjq 9vtKfjq e^cofjq : ?? kvtpi-opa tog 1897, ?? acoTTjpto, ??? ki v u-vrip, Tto 9 uaq Tva^E e,co ait ttv uaKpia prixopiKi Tfjq ???????; 'laq, ?? ????????? tog ntoe yt Toq a?X?poq avTpsq, ?? ???? tog Barrs.'? riaxauaq, tuo coptuoq, ouvEXt^Et tv puo ??? uoa OTiq auxx^Etq ??? Ka aTtv KTXEOi Touq: AcoEKXoyoq tog ??????, ???-ypa tog baoixia. ETav ?????? ?? brjua ??? Ttpq ttv ???????, ? ??????????? ??? bu^avTtvoG ?????? otiv va uaq ??????-xva" <; xxou, oi ?????????? ?????), oi -tKOTtoc ????? yXcoaotKo ycvEq, ua-KXEuav tocoq ut tuo ????????1?? Ka tuo TttELKTtKT ?????? ??? Ttpq ttv p-??10???? : ?? KXaatKiOTiK iaviK ei-Tav TtoX euvo u ?? ouvGTJuaTa Tfjq ????????!-?^ ????????;??;1 ki aq ttEicoKav 9?????1?? v ?? TtEpiXBouv ox ouv9rj-???? Touq Ka oi Ttao Tfjq ripoTtKfjq. 'AvT9Exa, UEpiKo vot Tfjq Ttoxfjq. Xiyo fj TtoX ??????????01 ti tiv ?[???? ??? ?????? Ka teo Tfjv yXcoaatKi ??9????;[?, Tfjv Ttoia EKEtvoq ??????????????? tte Ltito-poGv TtoX tuo ?????? v Ttopu9oGv ttpq ?? KXaaiKioTiK iaviK. Kopu?atoq Touq 6 nspikxfjq riavvTtouXoq'kovt xou Zi-KEXtavq. 'axx ottjv ???????| ?????? coe-KasTta ??? alcova iaKpivouuE otv xupi-oli tcv vcov pia evxovr) ?????? Ttpq Tfjv ??????????, lacoq ??1 ???? dir Tfjv Ttpaari Trjq ???1??????^ ???????????? ??????? tog moras : "AptaToq KaLl??v?q^ KcooTaq bapvax?q, Mapivaq ZiyoGpoq, ki axxoi ??????- '? ZiKEXiavq tov^el ttv ???? ??? Ka ttveo a TTOiouq aKOTtoq, Ka lvel etoi UEptK i;aiata XuptK ???-uTia. ktxaq 6ucoq exei ?????????? f] -????? ??? yt uiv Xova ???????? ino-


? ZiKEXiavc, elvai ???? otiv ?????1?? Ttap&oorj
35
TtoTtieta: ?????????? u xrv Ttc;Epyaaia xcov epycov axcv cjekivei ?????, xrv Kax-Kxriari xfjc; uxtKfjc; BioGscopiac;, vco vxi-axoixot 6 SvLKiauc; xou TtaipvEi Eva tce-Piexuevo 0X0 koc m KaGoXiK vGpcoTti-axiK. "Avsxoc f| iaxupfi Ttvorj xou 9 ????-poEL v casi cor) o 6Xa x ?????????, 5r|uioupYcvxac; exoi Mvav ????? ????? Ttoiriaric; ???? aui-Youv oXec; o ?????1?; xou vGpcTcou. T XaK oxoixeTo, p-XaToc; Kauoc;, 6 xp^oxiaviauc,, x 5uxiK puuxa,6Xa ???? va5uovxai uoa oxtv
???? XOU KOC KIVOUV xfV EUTtVEUOri. 'H X-
XriviKr TtapSoori, Kai oxrv ????????1? xrit; Ka axfjv XEixoupyiKfj xriq ??????, tco slvai ??????????) Ka vavcoari, eXei Xo-???]????1,
Z Eva xxoio 9Copr|xiK ?????, vx-??? 9 ????????? KavEc, v BXEi Ka -????????,, TtapaSEYpaxa dir x ???? xou ??01???. 0 ????????? koveic,, ?????! Uoa
TTO X ???? XOU, EXE X 9??0???1?? EIXE
Ka xf|v Ttoiriari xou, v va^xiaEi Ka v Bpet ????01? Tto v ??????????? 5xi a-xr) ? ???? ?????; xf\v ?????1??| avQs.ar\ ??-xav vxeXcc; auvsirixri, ??????????? ????-?????? xou tto^xtj. 'Avx yi' axrj xfjv v-????????, pvovxac; uaa axf)v ??????1??1 ?????? T1v TCoia sxac;a axv aux ??? aXEOitovxac; x p9po xoxo, ???????? v 8i,03 Eva ????? otiuelo oxexik ?? xtjv .vEosXXnviKfj ?????????) Ka xv ZiKsXiav. Fiax voutc^co oxi ?????'? cjC^et v ,ap-9ei ?1? ???? ?????? xou liou 9??????; : av, ??????, ttioteuco ki otccoc; UTcoaxfjpic;a -G, l ?????1?? ????????? etvai ?(??1??, KaGcbc; Kvriari Eivai k9e ?????????. c;sxco-pic;ovxac; a xouxo ic xrv ouvxf|priar|, xxe 9 TtpTtsi ? ????????? axrjv ?????-oari v ?????^??1 oxi axaxiK, XX ?? ?1????, ?? ????????? axfjv ???????1?, axv ?????????, axf)v ????????? xfjc; 'iaq xfjc; ??????????,. "Evac;, Xoitcv, ????? TP-????, ???, ??????????1 exoi, arc xrv pia ??1? v ?????;???? xiv ?????? tou Zike-XiavoG axiv Ttapoori, Ka dir xrv ???? v ??;???1?????? a ixoi ??|?1? ?????-??? vavcoaE, ????????? xf|v icapoar ???;.
'Ano x ma axa9p ???????1???? xfjc; ?????1??<; ????? vacpopiK ?? xiv ?????????, Eivai f\ xari ?????; xrv isu-puvori, irpc; -xv ??????????? : fj ????????? v yKaXtc]Ei Ka v ?????1???1 Xova TtEpiaaxEpa axoixsa, ?? ?????-????? 01?????1??|. Zxfiv ??????) axf)v TraipVEi xiv ari xou KaxEctoxrv ZiKEXiavc;, xou ttoiou ???? x ??????? xou p-Ya eoe; x xEXEuxala, f| ??????????? slvai oxa9p ? lia, v yKaXiaEi SXo Ka tii ouvSsxiK x aviK xou. Kax ia-oxiKoq ????????;, ?????^?????; 6Xa, ??-9??; ???1??^???1 etcvco ?' ax, ???1?-???, xevei ?????; xfiv ??????????? l0a'
vikoO xou. ?????1??????, BBaia, G x ??????1???? x aviK ax, XX X-???1?????? axr]v m TiXaxi ?????1? xou opou. Noc;, KEVxpiau-voc; tc evapuoxiK ?[?8??1????, yvcopiitEi x ?????1?? Ttai-Gpo, xv ???1?? ????^?? ?????, xv ????-ei ???? oxoc; axixouc; xou, 6???? ??! ?????1??, ?????; ????? Ka ????1??) Evai ? e^TTVEUori tco xoc; TtpoKaXE' ?? ? p-?1?? TtriYri ???; ?'?????????, auxrjc;, KaGcbc; Elvai ??????? ?????1???? Yi xv XupiK ??1?|??|, v BpiaKExai ypeo xou XX ???? xou. T yc xou ???; ????1??1 u ???1???|?;, x ????? xou, xc; vxipoEir; axou xou yco ???????; axv ??????, xv c;coxpiK ?????' Ka Evai ????1?? oxav ????????? xv ZiKEXiav, v exouue Tcv-xa ?????? ???; axv xv ??????????? x" ??????? xfjc; ???[???|?; xou, yi v etuic-????? v vayYouuE xrv kGe etc ??-pouc; KiiXcoorj ??? axrjv ????01??) ooia xriq. T ???? xouxo xou ?????? ?????? Evai ???? x tii BaaiK yi xrjv ?????1?[? ?? xv ZikeXiov' 6 tioq axv ??????? xou AupiKou Btou ???; ecooe ?1? ouvap-TiaoxiKr ?????????? xuv oxoecv xou ?? xf]v ?????? Oot : rj isa xfjc; ????? v vuTcfjpt;E ???????? ????? yi ?? Eva TtXai-aio fj ???1?????? fj ?????? xfjc; ???????????; ^cofjt;, XX'f| acvia ??01?????? ox Kvxpo xcv ??????????? oXcov, ????????1?? a-aGavxiKi ????, tco BaGxEpr) yi xouxo ki art' xoc; louc; opavoc;, tixe vEKX-???? ?????????> tcxe Trpavxa XEoGoa, tcxe Kaipia ?????????), ???????? v Elvai ????? ? ????????? tceikviot] 6Xqv xSv MEyXcov???? a1 oXouq xoc; ao-vec; Ka ???, a' oXouc; vt;aipxa xoc; x-?????;Gsaivv, XX ?' fj ??|3?1? Mvva oXcov KEivcov ????, ooo ???; ????????? ve-?;?????? v ??????? Ttcbc; Bait^ouv u xoc; aGXouc; xouc; uaKpi ir\q, v c;exvouve ????? eaxoo xfiv aicvia tco x vei ?????; keivti aaGavxiKi Ka puoxiKfj ???????-yf|. BBaia, oxav ax ??(???? xouxo Txoirixfjc;, ?? ?1? ???1?? XEixoupyi vxs-???; ???^?????. va0pi ox ?????? ???-Bik xou XPvia xf)v ????? xou Ttvavxi axr\x

36
'? ZiKEXiavo slvai u.aa atf)v XXriviKf| Ttapoori
"Opco ottv uon, to kouou ????? ???????1 oio TtoiriTric;, TauTiauvo, tico EiTtcxuE uai tou. 'Avtlotoixo: TtpO Tfjv Ttope'ia yi xf]V ,iavKuar] tv Xi-kv ???????????, Tfj oitoia tv Kpao ?????? ???????! ?? keuevo tto ??????[-?????? tuo -rtdvc, 6 BpouE ui TtopEa Ttpc tv Ka9oXiK dv9pcoTco, Ttpc xr\v ooia to v9pTtou u.aa ait Tfv UTteipia Triv iroia XEi ??????|??1 yi tv eocut tou Ttoir)Tfi U- Tf]v XupiKri VOOKTtriar|. 'O puoc aTc 9 tv ???1 Ttpc Eva Ttavav9pwTuvo iaviK, Tto Evoti ki kevo KaT,oxiv ??????? u xriv XXriviKfi na-poon,, tico KriXcvETai ottv TtoXiTEa Tfj OKOUUEViKfj 'EKKXtioia TtvavTi oto ?????????; ?????????? Xao, tcw ????)??9?)?? ottv ??????????? ??? vou XXr|viouo yi ttv iTVuu.aTiKt ????????-?????| ??1 aTOvuriari tv lioouXcov Xav kctc ???? tv ?????1?? Cuy. ??6-??), XoiTtv, Eva ?????. Koc ??????, o evo teXeutoIo BfJLia, o va teXeutoo vBaoua Ttpc; xr)v ?????? Tfj Tioir|TiKfi vpaaric, ?'????? tt)V vcoon, tv o k-aucov, to ??????? koc to v9pcTtivou, tt)v ??????????, Tfj ????????? oov9on-
"Etoi Liaa o 0X0 ?? pyo to Zike-
Xiavo, ete T taBCEt KOtVE TtOOTtOC-
????1??, ete TtapaKoXou9i xr)v Kiviiari Tfj ioa ??? iccoxlkcc OTaia Tfj riuioupyia tou, kevo tco Ttpoxi Evat f| Ttapouota to auvAou, Tto dico Tfjv ???? to TtotriTfj upoBdXXETat otv ypco Kouo. ZuvoXiKfj, auv9TiKfi f| XoTpa tou, Kt yotTtocEi v XyETai ???1??), Ki cc UETaXEipiETai auxv ?? ouBoXa to ???????, TtapyETai dir Kpia Tijv XXnviKf| ??(???| tv aivcov. ZuvoXiKfi ??! f) Baori Tfj XXriviKfj loTopia, ????
OUyOUV CVETOt O pXOCE UvfjUE Ll ??
?? ???????? ????????????. "OXa ???? v Evai, BBaia, vT9xa u Tf|V Ttapd-oori, ??1 9 LiTtopooaLiE Ttiori va ttolie oti v, Elvat oute Kaivopia : u.aa ??? pyo ??? ?????? u ttv ia 0109???| oauva ?? avaBp[oKOULi' ?? Kaivopio eo Evai oti xouv yvsi pcoLta, oti 'xouv C^ETCEp-OEi tv oTOXaau. ???? ?? exe totco9e-Tf|OEi ???????, Ka xouv ?9??1 ke ????? Tti vo Tfjv t ?] kXc-t a e i,
koc Xec Ttpr] koc toto v yevEL.
'O vo Tfjv Tn, ????????? Tf|v c;cote-piKf| oidTan Tv Ttpayu.dTcov, Ka oxi ??-Xv ?????? TtEpKouia ???;?], puova. "AvT9ETa, LiXiaTa, aTf|v ?????????| aTf]v Ka ????|?1??????| dpLiovia to vo u Tf|v Tipari, a' aTf)v TtoXX ????? ????9?]?? v
?9??1 ZiKEXiavo, TtioTEOovTa otl toi uovxa XoKXripcvETai TtvEUuaTiKO v-9pcTto, riyc, Ka XokXt|Pcvei Tf)V ???????? xo XPou tou- Xyo TCO aapKvETai a Ttpdc;ri. '???????? dpuova, aoppoiTa, r)Xcvouv ????? o iaoxiKc ??????? Ttpc Tf|v vpYEia, tto ???????-ouv ??9? Tao Tfiv cof| to ZiKEXiavo, dir ?? ??????? KivrjuaTa ????? otv Tiav-vtxouXo fj otv Apayouri, & ??? 'Avoi-Xt 'Yuuvr|Lia ott MEyaXEiTtiT ???, u tv TtoX xPo;KTr|piaTiK usaiaviau ???, Ki dir KE atfiv 0??1?? TtpooTtd9ia Ka otiv pdari ??? tv TEXsuTaiwv etv. "OXa Byavouv dir ?? SiEpuvari Tfj p-XiKfj TtapdoTaari to vpTtou, ti Uiv TTOTtTEia Xova ?????????, f| itoia pxias dir tv "EXXriva yi v KaTaXfj-t;i teXlk oTf|v ???????r) KfiXcoori to XXt|viko dv9pcTtiauo, u^a a ui ??-ouiKf) uuaTiKT dpuovia :
8 3???? ????? ttot, 6 v 'pTEi f] ??? tco f] cpuxri Tfj pKOSccc, Ka ??? ??????? ?' ?] ????) ???, tco Muripvr] tt\ve Kpco, ?? ytopTaouv pa ;
'???????, uiXcovTa yi ttoir|Tf|, 9 Tai-piac^E v kXeoouue ?? p9po toto tcXt|-oioVTa TtdXi otv Xyo, tco stvai fl ooia Tfj Ttoiriori. 'Eke c5cc;Cel v ???-paTT]pri8 Ttao ZiKEXiavo, Ka ????? auvEioriT, ??????8?|?? Tf)v yXcoooiKf) v-??|?? Lioa otiv XXr|ViKT Ttapoar). 'iSico Uoa ??? pya Tfj copiLiTriTc ??? BX-????? u TtoTi avEOT] lutXoutCei ttv yXcaoa ??? u axoiXEa Ttapuva dir TtaXiTspsc TtEpiouc ttj yXcoaaiKfj ???^ ioTopa, Ki duo Tfiv dpxaiTT]Ta, ki dir ?? BudvTio, ki dir ?? UETaysvaTEpa Xpvia. AEyua ?????1?? oti ?'?? ?????1-ai Tfjv XXriviKfi Ttapoori, svai ai-ao TpTtoc u Tv Ttoo vTdaaEtai Uoa otv uVTpvo Xyo ??? ?? TtaXi Xik. Ki u Tfiv puovia TtETUxaivEt, xr)v XcvEuari ???? ??? Ttpoaicviou Xiko o Ui Ka diaipETT) vTriTa. Ka evteX dvc;pTr|Ta arto ?? ????? xfj Ttoir|OTi, vteX vEdptriTa dir TtiTc;Ei t tcoe f) oia f| ooia tou uoipaa ????-OTaivEi ?????????? Ka oyKpiTE, vo-pico oti v uovt) ufi TtpoacpEpcav f| yXcbaoa to ZiKEXiavo, f\ c^aioia axr) ovOeo] to koivo Kai to iicouaTiKo, to Kaivopiou Kai to dpxaiou, ?????? n ??9? ???????? piatiK Ttveua, pvri fj TtiEic;ri ??? Xyou ?????, tco oc;oXo-yE tv Eva dKpio XXriviou uaa otv Xpvo Ka uaa otv X"Pi 9 sTav toto ?????? yt v ?????????? Ka yi v ?????? oti ZiKEXiavo Evai uaa ottv XXriviKfi Ttapoari.
K. 0. AHMAPAZ


O ZIKEAIANOZ KAI O APXAIOS MYGOZ
'Ev UTtpXEL TtoiriTriq otti vscTEpri 'EX-Xa, Tto va^cooyvriOE airiv uotriori xou tv pxaio u09o, axc, svai "AyysXoc; ZiKEXiavc,. "OXr) f) pxctta XXriviKrj uu8o-Xoya vavECvsxai axoq axxouc; xou. Apar] Kai Tt9n 9ecv va^rixriaE yi v x u-ETacppEi KpiBcc, axrv v9pcTtivri pari Ka ax' v9p Mat]l u x Bicuaxa Tfjc; Lpuxfjc; xou, x cpaivuEva xfjr; cpaECoc, ko x vxa xr)C, Ttapxouv Xik, Tto yoviuoTtoiEi xr) uu9o-TtXaaxiKri cpavxaoia xou ZiKsXiavoO, rj -Ttota TtoXXc; epope; 6v x^^-^c^YwyELxai arc Kavva oc,.
Tv uu9o Ziketccvc, xv e15e av EVCt xpTio KCppaECOt; ijjuxikou TtspiEXou-vou. M xv uu8o etuickei k9e cpop v KaxaoxrioEi 'uipuxo x ipuxo.
TV OXEXlt^El xv u09o Tcpc, xf| uExacpu-aiKri Ka irpc; xfiv oxopta. MXiaxa -riEi-r r| uu9ikti auvEiriari axr)v -rtoiriaii xou Eivai ouvocycvioxri, Kua Ka ax oxo-piK yEyovxa exvei xrv Ttpaori, Kax va xpTto, xou u9ou.
'Eniaric,, caoTTapaxiipriTO Elvai oxi i-vei 9pr]OKEUXiK UEpiEXUEVO oxq uuSiKc; Uoptpc;, tto EoyEi ox 'pyo xou, Ka9cbt; Ka oxt Ttat^ouv ariuavxtK pXo axrv
Ttoiriori XOU f\ 9priOKUXtK) XEAEXf) Ka l
XaxpEia.
"OXa x Etri xcv u0cov TtpXouv oxf|v Ttotiiori xou ZiKEXiavou. Ka oi ko-auoXoyiKoi, Tto auvovxaL u xr yvEari xou Kauou' Ka o BEoyoviKot, tto slvat axoptEC, xcv 9e<3v Ka o acoTripioXoyiKoi, Tto cpavspcvouv ee; Xuxpcoxt; toc. 9sog xr\<; BXaaTiiaEcoc/ Ka o aTioXoyiKoi, Tto f;riyouv cpiauvo tutto XaxpEac;. cO rip-Xoyoc; oxf] Zar) Elvat KpiBccq auvapuo-yr) xxotcov uBcov ait xrv pxr ecoc; x tXoc;.
'H uu9oXoya Tf|c; XXriviKfic; yfje; Ka xf|c; XXriviKfic; cpuXfjc; ^fj oxv ZtKsXiav. T XuKauyc; xfjc; oToptac, uac,. "Exouue xf|v vxTtoari ttjc; ri Tto(.riori xou ZiKEXiavou TtpoatppExai u aotpa yt xf)v ipuxo-
I
XoytKi pEUva XOU TtEpiEXOUVOU xcv u-9cov, Ttcoc; axoc; UEyXouc, Ttoiirxc; auu-BavEi ax, ki' otccoc; TtaaxXriaE xoe; cpiXoatpouc; Ka xoc; toxopiKoc; ri xxota vac]rTr)ar|.
Mt tioa BiaoTiKr vapouri axf|v Ttoiriari xou ZiK.iavou tisOei uacoc; yi xnv 'KTaori ito Xi u09oc; ax spyo xou, Tto Evai c;Xcpiaxoc; -rt xrv 'uTtvEuar xou Ka Tt x vriua xeov oxixcov xou.
Zxv 'AXatppoiaKicoxo (1909) BpoKou-U ttoXaoc; pxaiouc; u9ouc; auuTtAEyu-voug u ayxpovouq Xa'iKog 9pXouc;.
Zxr soaaXa (1910) OoBoc;, 'A-XiXXac;, Kvxaupoq Xeipcov.
Zxv Ai9pauPo (1913) l TcpiyvEia, f) MaKapia, f| Evri, nv9ac;.
'O ripXoyoc; oxi Zcofi (1915 1917) Evai ri Tto9uor| x5v pxaiov uu9cov Ka xcv vcov oc;aaicv. 'AvacpEpuaaxE uvo o Knoia xunuaxa tc xoc; Tti/XE t-pouc; tou TtoiiuaTOc;. A'. 'H Zuvsiriari Trjc; rfc; (aou (I. TajiEuco u tv Aivuao, V. cHpaKXfjc,). B'. 'H ZuvEiriar] ttc; OuXfjc; pou (II. "Yuvoq OTfiv "Op9ia 'ApTuia, III. Kputpr 'IXia). P. 'H ZuvEriari ttc; fu-vaiKac, (V. AioTtua, VI. 'H 'EaTia). A'-'H ZuvEiriari xrjc; naTric; (II. Eoyova, VI. Aivuaoi;-'IriaoOc;). E'. 'H Zuvsriari ttc; ripoocoTtiKfic; Ariuioupyiac; (III. 'AtcX-Xcov AiovuooToc;, VI- T Kaxop9couvo Zcua).
cO pxaioc; pu9o<; ^ XXou vaTtxo-osxai xXEia oxr\ pauaxiKi pari tcv xpaycpicv tou ZiKsXiavoO. Ztv Aaia-Xo ottv KpiTri, oxt ZiBuXXa, axv 'A-okXtitu, Ka9cbc; Ka axv Ai9pauBo xou Pou, x BXtiouue ax. EiTiar|q Ka axv 0vaxo xou AiyEvt e'xouue xv LuaaicoviK uuBo. 'O Ttoirixriq c okiu-c^ei xfiv vavcoar) xou u9ou o UTay-voxEpo ETtoc;. Zxv Xpiox oxf) Pcun u09oc; yivExai ixutcoc;, n xr cpari xou 9uaxoc;.
MiKpxspri svai ri TcapEuBoXr xou [l-9ou ax TToiriuaxa xou ZiKEXiavou u XP1" axiaviK TtfpiEXuEvo. Tiax pia Ka np-Xi XPlo,tLOtVLK 9ua, auuBaiVEi TcXripric; ri iXuari 8xi T0 pxaou u9ou uvo, XX


38
'? ZikeXlcxvc, kc pxaoc; ?????;
Kptl xou p9ou yEViK, cpou ax xxoia Ttoifipaxa ????????? ri auvEiriari xfjq ir-Xuxric; TtEpBaxiKxriTac; xou GeoG, Tto ri-piopyriaE 6 Xpiaxiaviapc;. JTapEiypa ? Mf]xrp 9eou (19171918).
?? psxBaori arto xv pxao pG9o ax XpiaxiaviK ??????? xfi iaTtiaxcvoupE ax ?????? xcv cEXXf]vcov, ????? ax xpta Ttpcxa xpfipaxa (I. 01 Ka9appo(,
9 TtpoBoGpEyi xf)v TtaXri9Uor) xcv; axupiapcv ???;axfiv vXuar] kxco xa~ paKxr)piaxiKcv TtoiripTcov xoO ZiKEXiavoG,
TtO 5iaTt0XLt]0VXai KUptoXEKTlK Tt xv
pxao p09o, Ka x Ttota nyovxai a piv pa 21 Tcoiripxcov p xv ysviK xixXo 1?????(??1?; Opaviac,.
T Ttoiiipaxa ax ripooiExriKav ???? xv lto xv Ttoir|xrj, x 2 Ttpcxa ax 1914, x 4 tcpEva ax 1915, x TtpoxEXEUxaio ax 1919 Ka x TEXsuxao ax 1929. ???-XouGoGpE c oxt xf| aEtp, p xf]v Tcoia x xat;tvopEi ?????^?; axv A' xpo xou AupiKou Biou (1946), XX ??????; xpovo-XoyiK Tiapouoiaxr|Kav. AtaXyoups x kxco ax ???1?]?.???, KupicxEpa BBaia ait x TtEpiEXpEV xouc; Tto vyExai axv pxato pG9o, XX Ka ytax 'xouv Kttoiav vxrixa pxac; xouq, ito xfiv mxEivEi pXtaxa pia pExpiKifi poiopop-?(?. O axxoi sivai Xoi apBiKOi. 'H Bari xou lou Ka ??? axixou ke ??????]?; eI-vai apBiKc, 15aXXaBoc;, p xfiv Xsu-9Epia v1 ??????9?? a laXXaBo <;xovo r] TtpoTtapoc;6xovo r) Ka v xoEi pia auX-XaBf| Ka v yvsi 14auXXaBot;. '? 2oc, ??1 4oc; sivai ptKpo LapBiKo oxixoi, Tto Txvxoxs poioKaxaXr|KxoOv, Ka ttoikiX-Xouv u xv ???????? ecoc; xv lloX-XaBo.
'Avtkouv axfiv Tcpcxri Ttoriari xoG Zike-XiavoG, xri pouaiKUxspr), xr\ auppsxpiKc-xsprii vc r) pExayEvaxEpri, f| xEXsuxaia, sivai iti pEaxf) n oxoxaop, Txoirixfic; Kopic^Et aupTtOKvcopvri xfiv TtEipa xfjq cof]c;. 'Atc x 8 ax Ttoiripaxa, x 6 'xouv x-xXo ???? vopa. Av sivai ??????; vaico-XfyoEic; x Ttoiiipaxa ax. T iaKpivsi Eva TtXaaxiK evotikxo. 'O pxaoc; p09oc, si-vai TtavxoG. Tv iKaicovEi opcoc;, cbq tcveu-paxiK axripa, f) auvXf]c; vpyEia Tfjq ?????..
9' ???????????? Ka ax TtoifjpaTa ax??????; a Xri xf]v itoii-iar xoG Zike-XiavouEvav KXExapvo tiokeipevik ??-Xiop, Tto v sivai auBaipExoc,. "Yixsp-Bavsi iapKcc; 6 ZiKsXiavc; xfiv piTEipa ??! ?????1 axfiv a. "Exoi x Ttoiripaxa ax, vc sivai ????????????????; ir\c, tiaq iaBaEcoc, xoG ??1?]??), ???; vouv ??; xao xf]v vxuTtcoar) 5xi Ttoirjxric; xsv-
II. 0O "Ypvoc; axf]v 'EXvri, III. T xpayoGi xcv 'Apyovauxcv) vtTtvEi pxaoc, pG-9oc;, vc x ETtpsva ???????? (IV. ??????? EayyXio, V. 'H ????, VI. Zxv ,Evcva xfic; BnBXsp, VII. 'H rvvriari, Vili. 'O Aco-EKasxiic;, IX. 'O 'IrjaoGq oxf| ?^?????, X. MayaXnvii, XI. "Ypvoc; oxfiv riavayia) Elevai c;ioxpr|OTi xf|q TtyEiaq Ccof|c; xoG Xpioxou.
II
xcvei KitoiEc; puaxiKc; KEpaiec; xoG sivai Ttpc; KOopiKOc;, ??????; xoc; vop^Ei o TtoXX pEXEXiipat ???, okotcoc;."Ac; oG-ps ix Kovx ax x 8 Ttoif]paxa:
1. 'O ITavxpKric; sivai Eva ano x Ttoiiipaxa, ax Ttoia Txoir)xr|c; oxi pvo auXXapBavEi xv ???1?? ?????, XX Ka TtEpiaaxEpo xv yEsxai. ????????1 axv '??|?? FlavxpKr), xv ttoio 6 Oei-iac; eIxs nEiKOViasi vpsaa o XXEC, irXaaxiKc; itapaaxaEic; xoG 9pvou xoO yXpaxoc; xoG '???????? Aia. 'O Flav-xpKric; viKriaE.o itaiiKoc; ycvEc; xfic; 'OXupTtiac; ax 437 ??. X. '? Flauoaviaq ax 'HXEiaK ??????1 oxi Ttioric;. eviktoe Ka a TtTtopopiEc;.
Zx TCOLTipa Ttapouoi^Tai Osiaq v py^Exai axriv 'OXupTtaaxf)v Ttoa e'peive TtoXX xpviayi x pioxop-yrip xou, xv 'OXpTtio Aia, Tto ???9?1? n xv KaXXixxvr) a' evav TtoEiypa-xlk xTto. Oavxt^Exai ZikeXiovc; xv OEiia xfiv ???? ito BXtcei xv copalo riavxpKT|, ki' EUTtvExai dico xf) 9copi xou, ax pyaoxfipi xou, Tto Eivai x yvco-ax pxao Kxiapa npc; x SuxiK xou xeixouc; xfjc; "AXxECoq, ????? pyxspa ??-xaaKEuaxriKE But^avxivc; vac;. '? ???-aavaq ????1 : "Eaxi oiKripa kxc; xfjq "AXxecoc;, KaXEixai pyaaxf|piov ??1?[??, Ka 6 Osiac; ??9' ??????? xoG yXpaxoc; vxaG9a Epy^Exo ('HXEiaK^', 15,1). Ki' XXou : Tv axv xaivig xfjv ?????^? vaopEvov oiKvai x eoc; ITavxpKEi Xyouoi, pEipKiov 'HXeTov xv riavxpKriv -rtaiiK Elva! xou Oeiiou- vEXEXo Ka v uaiav Flav-xpKric; uXr)<; vkt)v XupTtii ekxti ?????; xalc; yofiKovxa ('HXsiaK, A', 11, 3).
'Apx^Ei ZiKEXiavc; p pia TtEpiypa-??) xfjc; 'OXupniac;. '? ????? xou Kpoviou, o vaoi, x ??????, x upa xcv vpcv, ox tcvxe Ttpcxa XExpaxixa xoG txoit-paxoc; auvaycovic^ovxai yi v t^covxav-???? x {Uxcopiox 9Xyr)xpo xoG xoxtou, KaGcbc; ??1????????1 dir xv ttoirixT.
Zx XExpaxixa 6o Ka 7o EayExai ??|???; ax iroiripa, o oXr| xriv XKii xou. ????????? Eva oxupxaxo BXoc; ao9r)-xoTtoiE Eva xXsia KaBappvo Ttoq, tco


'? ZiKEXiavq Kai pxaoq p.9o:q
39
ETtavaXau.avETai vEia a Xo ?? TtoriLia.
"OXa ?? TtuEva TETpoxixa ?????-povxai axf) oriuioupyiKf) vxxa xo Oeiia Ks axrjv 'OX.uu.Ttia. Oi TtxiKq Kai oi -KOuaxtK vxuTtcaEic; svat ???????. Mia upKEia u.avTiKfq, 9 ir) ??????, ia9-OEcoq ivst xf)v Ttt TtpcoxxuTtri Tioaxaari OTOq axtxou, xo Ttotrixri :
'???' ?? pETaivi toO EVTpoG toG voTiapvou v-nvEEv EcoSia,
o v KpEpvTocv Tipc ti) yr\ p3 ?'????? yvcopr] ot o-toG Aia. [oTpuxoi
Elvat aicbvioq Kau.oq xfjc; nuioup-yiaq. Ztv ????????) xr\v aa9avu.aoTE Ttxri ottiv v5u.uxr| TtupETiKiiv puovia Triq. Eivai a v \xr\v eoiariKE Ttox f| TtoiT|xiKfi uEptoot; yi xv vBpcono. Al-aGavpaaxE axot; oTxouq axo x KXaaotK axot/Eo xf) OTiyuri Tto Kaxavi-kei x pcLtavxiK:
lO EtpHiKoc; ????????^?^?; ivEUEV pyc.
??' Aprno pTi, vpEa' dir' ?? ovEpya, yupvc, ???????? du' ?? ??l-ToG XuxvooTTr|. [cpAoyo
Mt; ivet vav xeXeolko xptto k-???????? ax x Ttoiriua, Tto cxkoXouBe pia TtpoosuTiKT) ??????|, ???1? taKOTtrj. Mia aTtaixTjxLKT] ??????1????|?? Evai i) te-Xikt) ????.01????1 xcov Xcov. '? ????????; eo-XcopE axoq Xoyiauoq xo koXXixexvii.
Oi aLiurixoi aio9rioiaKTv EapaKEia uvo 9piaKav axot; TEXsuxaiouq axxouq xo navxpKti :
To XEppa, Ttou Tfjc; fiovfjc auvr|8io iT ?? oppo,
KaTEaoE ??? ???|01? ???, ??? xpia, oto. ayvEc otv copo, [???,
Ki' vaAoyoTr) : 'OApmov, co Aia, v vaoTiaco 2e,
oikt] pou a ev' f) xdpTi v ?????? pvo ???? tcoio aou pi ycoviv : Eiv'
6 navTpKT| TiaiKpi [opoptpo
"Oucoq Ttoirixiic; vaKaXTtxEi vu-Eaa otv KaXXixxvri Kai ??? itpxun ??? ?? ????? KEVO Tt9oq, tto Liaq 9uliel xnv TtXaxcviKtiv purivEa vq 9????0, -ttooc; yivExai ?????? EUysvcov Tipq xrjv pExf) xaECv.
Zxv ????????? TtoxooExai x r)Qi-k ox cpao, ki' vxiOExa. r0 ni-iioupyi-Kq TtpcoxoyoviaLic; xo TtoiriuaToc; v -Xi vyKri yi v uq TtiXri9i ???? ?????? ???????,???|??. Oute xvoq v Ttp-XEi Tt Tf|v TtXaaTTiv pOTrixa xo etiti-i-Eupvou. 'H ????? LiEXcpia exei ??????91 piaxiK.
2. "OXoi oi axixoi xo TtotTuaxot; nv Evai ? EKva luq KpoyiaXiaq, itou pi-OKExai va KOTti yiiv. To Ttoixipa s-
vai ???????1?? xfjc; aXXriviKfjc; ttpoeXeoe-c Tto eTxe 0q Flv.
"OXe o iixr|Xr; xo 9eo ekevou BappEt; a v aaXEouv ox Ttotiua. 'E-KEvri f| oc;aaia yi xv a'^viio ?????, Tto xxa poEi axv nva yi v ta-oKopTtitEi x fiauxaoLiva itoiuvia Kai xfjv ?????] ????] :
Tqv cupa Tto ?' ??1???|?? ??????1 Tv oiSptKCOV yiLCov 'poo\a.
'Ekevti ri LiEpiuvrioia, oxEpa :
co ????/MoavE yopy ?? yiSia Kai tv v9pcoTto ?? ??????? ?'?? Ttpet.
'Ekevti f\ ??^??) ????1?, Ttion :
Tote EapEapxo Kai Tayt;6 Tpyo v otiKcbvETai povxo.
riavxo Eivai ri ??????] Xri no auu.-ttXkei ?? ????????????. ?? Ttoripia ???? pq or|9aEi v vvoriaouUE tite Tauxiov-xai o poi Ttoriar) Kai ???????. ?? KaBExi stvai niaxpaxEupvri xp^i Tto v TtixpTTEi xriv TtpoaTt9ia, uo v aia9r|-xoTtoiE xiiv KOTtoar), Tto iroKXEEi x TtVEULiaTiK 5OT0K0.
Me xi TtXouxisxai x iroripa xo Zike-Xiavo ; To ????1 ii ????? xou. Av p-XExai Ttox a u.i 01??????10? ??^ wfii yiax ZiKEXiavo Ttox v dtucpiaXXEi yi tt]v ???????1??1 vau.ri xo Xyou. M5q ioKEi Ttp' ait x a9oc; xrjv Eua9uv-ar|, Ttp' -rt xf)v ??????| xir; ????????1?;. ?? ???1???; uvapiapq to ZikeXiovoO e-Xl KVTpo KTl Ttp' ali ?? ???10??? -???. 'Avaivi ???? ?? ?????? xo tto-
OUVr)X0U.
Zx ??????? nv 9 irpTtsi v 9???" ????? x ttBeto to navc ???????. 'A-Tt xi] auvii9ia xv oaKcov v Kaxsai-vouv ox yiaX yi v Xoouv x Ttoi-Ltvi xouq va fj EKva Tto covxavEUEi pitpoax uaq iKEXiavq. '? ?????,?[-VExai 9ec xrjq ZaXauvaq, ? iroa va-?????1 che, yaXia ??^??-
Ao iaBOEiq xo navc 9 itpTtEi v' varixriGov ??? Ttoriua : ekevti ? X?0" pi ???.?1? ????10???? ????????? tv -ya9v Kai ?? ?1?????[????? xotP10^0110:
'H 9?????1 to TtoLriTr) ?????-oETai oto aTXouq, ivovTaq va ?'(?9??? ott|v ito-?????????????? ?1?9??? ??? pxaiou ?.6-9??.
3. ?? Tpayoi Trjq ????????, pxi^Ei u u.i ?1??1????? xfjq airriXi Trjq vu.-??? oTiv 'Qyuya, Tto "??????; tf)v va-???1 aTTiv 'OooEia, e 57-75. 'H iTEpiypa-?? to ZiKsXiavo sTvai ???9??, eki. vcbvra eaia ???? ttv opiripiKii triyriar|-
'Ati Tiq 24 ??????? to Ttoir|LiaToq, oi


40
'? ZiK.sXiavq koc 6 pxatoq u.09ot;
TtpcoTsq 10 Elvai f] vTucoati dir ?? ???-YoOSi xfjc; ?????|?, oi TtusvEQ 13 slvoci o EaaycoyiK ?? lio ?? Tpayoui ??<; 8edq, koc f| teXeutcclcx ?????? Elvai ri ??????????-Sa tou TcoiriuaTOc;.
MuOoXoyeei ZiKEXiavq yi v ???????????? ?? ????^?? pfjy.cc ??? Ttotri-??? ????. 'H Xr|8ivfi Txvr] arc tv ???? TtriYccc^Ei. riaxt ????? yevvt^ke ??? atpaipoc vq 6?????|??? ?????????. Zuvu-irpxouv ?????????; Ka ?????,, tcoo? Elvai ??????? air) incori Tfjq X^Osiocc; koc axf] c^cof| ??? ???????????. "AXXcoote koc tcv ipcov f| ycoviaTiKf] yvETai voriTf| oc; ?????;. fi' ax iaXyEi ZiKEXiavq ?? Tpayoui Tfjc; ???????; : slvai ?1? yy-Xa tco TipopXTai ??? pia Kivror) Tfjq UuOiKfjq ?????;.
T Tpayoui Tfjc; ??????; px<^i, ??? Ilo TETpdoTixo :
???????? 9vr]t, o ??1?????...
... o xpr|k&(; p' XETEprj KccpSi, p atpiTr| pxi,
xf] ??'???] ??? ????? Tto c. ????? yXiaTpa aliava oou, ki' 1) vooTaXyia
yi piaq 9vtitt<; ????? ; [a' tttei
Tv ??????? Bvr)T ??? ZiKEXiavou, BpoTv vpa tv vopc^si f) ??????? ('Oaasia, e 129). T TpayoGi ??;c; Ka-Xotpcq, oiicoq ??? ri OEip iGv TtoirmxcV tou ZiKEXiavou, Elvai ?????; aTfiv dpxfl tou : otocv dTCEuOuvTav ??? ?????, Ttpo-??? Tcpc;i Xaq. T ????? auto 8 t ?????? dpyTEpa v ?? ????????1 ZiKEXiavq otv Xa. 'AXX Xaq aTq ???? ??? ????????? ??? ZiKEXiavou v svai ??? ????|?? ???????? xr\<; ???^??;, ??? TCTtEo riXafi ekeivo tco v ??????? v yvvr|8E aTopia Ka tco oute ????? ax-ouv. "AXXcoote f) yXcoaa, f\ oxopa, ?? f)8r, ?? tKaio, aT c^EXcop^ouv tv Xa dir ti [lt^a.
"OXo t Ttoirma 0afvTai v nriy^Ei dir Tf| ?????) xr}q ???(?10??;. ???? xf|v yaX-Xaari, tv ??????????? ??|?; 0povriaECoq, tiv ????????? Tfjc; ?????????????;, axf\ Tf|v Ec;ou8vcoar| ??? ????????, Kripoosi. ?? TpayoOi Tfjc; ????^?,. '? "?????? ?? eItce aT ('Oaasia, e 227):
TEpTca9r|v cpiXTtTi, ????' XXriXoioi pvovTEq.
'O ZiKEXiavq ??? ????? Tfjc; ?????|?, 'Xei 'toi tx]v ?????????| Tfjq ???18??[??; :
v o TtoxioEi 9vccTin ki' oTpEUTrj pia vitt] Trjq ???????; ??? f| q>f|.
M ?? Xc;ri ??? ?? ???????????? ?? Tpayoui Tfjc; ?????]?, "Opripoq ('Oa-aia, e 61) :
f| 5' vov oiSi^ouoa.
Ka ???????)?? loc.
'O ZiKEXiavq TcfjpE ott)v ?????? ???; ?? ??????? Tfjc; puGoixXaoTiKfic; ???????, ??? vpcTcou ??1 v ?? ?????? ?? ?? voO ??? i' ??????????;. BpfJKE ???? Tto y-??????1? veircoTo "??????;, ki' ecooe ???? otv ??8?, Ka ?? aTf| ??^?????? ?? xpayoui Tfjc; ?????|?,.
???? ????????|8?]?? dir Tf)v ?????? ???? ?? Tpayoui; ????.'AXX ?? aXXo Elvai Xyoc; -rtap Mvaq ????1????<;, tco Ttoir)Tf)<; tv ixpoBXXEi ????' ir tv Xpvo Ka TTp'ir Tf|v ?????????-'? ?????] KEivri Tfjc; '2yuy[ac;, tco u0aivs Ka ???-yououaE, exs xf] ??????! v KvEi toc; vrjToq d8vaTouq. "Etoi xr) ????????|? Ka 6 ZiKEXiavq ??? TpayoOi Trjq, tco Tq a?po?q Tq iKq tou Tq ?? ??? XEXri Triq. Tfiv eTe aTq atiypq, tio ?'??-v tv dXo Trjq: v 8Xi v itoTcceJEi tt escori otv ????. Att) Eivai Ka f| ??????? ??? TtoiriTfi : v ????1 ?>iI?coq yivsi t dv-t8eto. Mf|Tccoq uuBoq ?????????? otiti ?^???-
4. '0rivvriq KfiTq Eivai XeyeTo otv yyXo TioiriTii tou i9' alcovaki' ?????? ??? rffjpcE f) ???1????| ??? ZiKEXiavou otv ???? ??? ??? ????- "Oxav iaBd-?^???? ?? ???(?|?? ?^?????? tv X"P t ??1??)??|?1?0, yiaT TcoiriTriq ?5q iTEpva. Xcopq oq, ??? ^oq ??? SavdTou. Ea-BdXXEi f| Eaia8r|Oa ke tco f| ????????-??|?? ????^1.
T ???'???? TTOTEXETai dir 15 TETp-axixa. T 12 ?????? &va TiaTi iaXyEi iroiriTiiq t toc;ii ??? ????????? K.a ??? MvTopa otiv ???? ??! ?????? tou TriXpaxou Ka ??? ???[-???????, ??? ???? ??? NaTopa, ??? ZnpTri ; 'H <;?????| eIv' ?????? : Kf|Tq Elvai TtoiriTriq, ito ri TiXaaTiKf] ??? 1??-?????? ???????? dpxaa ??????, tto ouveoe tiv yyXiKfi ???????1?? iSsan ?? tt]v EyvEia ??? ????????? TtoiriTiKoG scouq.
T ???1??? aT v ?? 8????^??? o 8aTq Tfjq 0avTaaaq, dXX a ??????? Zcoypa?l?q 6pa?a?la??q ZiKEXiavq, tco v ????????????! ???????, ?? ?? ??????? tco v Elvai yi' aTv vor|Tq TTtoq f| ????? evvoia????1 a' ?dq X-????? tv ?????????? Kiaa toG ?????1??0 Xyou.
0 ???????? a KnoiEq dvTiaToixEq ??? 'OuooEiaq Ka ??? iToifmaToq. Ztv ZikeXiov :
npc; t 9povi v |3aivop ?? nxpiva, tio Kaipg Ki' 6 Xaq Kpav Xeio,
tv ????? v' vTiKpooupE, tco Ka otiv ???? yEVEv ??????? Ku[3pva...


'O Ziksaicxvc; Kai pxaoc, ?????,
41
Zxriv 'OSaaea, y 31-32:
Tlov 5' c [TuXcov dvpcov yupv ?? Kai eopac. 'v9' upa NOTcop tjoto ouv uiaiv...
01 ait/OL, tto va0povxai otc, xpscjK-peq ??? NaTopa:
v' ????????? T| pi Kpauyi, Tto opavE oi TpEcc occ fJo'iOE ?? tceXki [?????. tou
eIvcci otoc, ox/ouq Trjq 'OSaoEac,, y 450-451 :
ai 5' XXu;av
?????????...
Ootxoi Trjr; 6riq ??????|?; ???? ??????? ttv ?????????), tt ???????? ??? Noto-??, Tto ???|8?,?? tv ??|?????? ??? Xou-??? ???:
?' d-rtpSEV ??? ?? ?????? av ????????) tv ??????
r| dy-rtri ??? XoyiaTr], avTac yupv 9 o5 eXou^e Kai p' opoptpo 9d a' evtuve
XiTva i) ?????????]
Eiva TtriX4orl sTtariq n tv "????? ('OBaosia, s 464-467):
????? 5e l'T}Xpaxov XoGoev KaXi) ?????????], ?????????. ?????????| 9uyTrip NT]Xri,T5ao. ????? etce XoGov te Kai expiaEV Xtc' Xacp, ptpi 5 piv cpapoc. KaXv fiXEV v)5 xir^va.
O axxoi ??? ZiKgXiavou:
tt)V upa vd pf| xdvopE, t^Epvov dcfoG ???????????? ?? cpcoTEivv pf;i-
vd KufiEpvdpE t' dXoya tcou 6X0 oecoGve t uy ot 'va Kai ??' dXXo irX'i
slva n tt|v LiripiKfi Siriyirar) yi ?? ??-E.C&u ??? Tr|Xu.axou Kai ??? ??????????? air ttv ???? ???) 2??????| ('O&aaEa, y 481-485):
"Av 5' dpa TrjXpaxoc TCEpiKaXAa 3i]aTo cppov--???' 6' upa riEOTOpSirq ??1???????, opxapoc.
[ dvopcov,
c 5ic|)pov t' dvpaivE Kai tivia X^ETo xpa, paTi;v 5' Xav, ??? &' ??? dKOVTE tcTo9iiv c; tceSov...
"YaTEpa r ?????[8?.?]??1 ^ou kcvei Zke-Xiavc, yt ?? ??????? ??? MeveXcou : ZtoG MEVEXou ?? ??????? 9' dTcoc>xvicovTav ot
Kai ??? ??????? xPuacpi [?????
Kai 9d TT]pdyav ??????, |3u9ovtc. ?? a |3u0v
dypiOTO OTi) pVTpT], ?? KEXpcpTcpia ?? papi, ?? ????? fi, ?' ??????
?? oTopiopvo daf|pi [cpXvTioi,
slva aToq aTxouq ??]?; 'OSaoEac, 5, 71 -
73 a o|aoia ????????;?|, etccou-vt] -n ??
XEXr) tou Tr|Xu.axou otv ??????????,
a aTiyu.EC, ????????? :
????^??, MEOTopiSin, ??? p KExapiopVE 9upG,
?????? te aTepoTciiv ??? ??????? tixrjEVTa,
?????? ?' |XKTpou ?? ??? dpypou ?\?' XcpavToc.
Kl' ?????? f\ ??????? Tfjq 'EXvriq:
-LTOx^opouv, o oK|3ovTac ??' aT, 9 ooXsya cpcovri xapri^-^fvri : [p' dpyf]
?KpTEL ?? ????? oou, ?? ????, ytaTi oe Xyo 9d cpavE ??? pTia pac; ri cEXvrv>.
'? "??????? ottv 'OBasta 5, 121 -122 ttjv Trapouaic^Ei etOi, Ttapou.oiitovTq ??] Kai lie ttv "?????| :
'?? 5' fEXvr| 9aXpoco 9uco5eoc; ????????? fXuBEV...
Elva t XaTpEa Trjq ????^?, ????) ?] ??????? ???? ???? ttv ,pi ??? ???1?|?.??? ??? Kttc,. Me ????| tt)v ????????) ????-arXcoori otiv KaXXipyEa Trjq ??????, c<-tvioe ?????; tt)v TsXEiTriTa. 'H 'EXXtivikt &pa ??? Kttc; ^exeiXei air ttjv xar\ aTi.
'H 'EXvri I5c3 EioyETai -n tv Zi-KsXiav ???????????, tteiSt Kttc; q pvri Tci5co,i ??? eTxe t aaBriua ??? ?????. 'H 'EXvn slva ?? vOpcorcivo ???-Xoc; aTf)v TEXsiTriT ???. '??????????) ??? ???????; OscopooE Kttc; tiv iroriori ki' aTi EKavE ?????? tt auyyvEi ??? ?????; ?? XXriviK TTVEu.a. Kai ???? ????? Kttc, exei aripEa ???????; u. tv Ziks-Xiav : Kai otoc, Su ?????????? auv-&uaau.q ??? KXaaaiKoO u. ?? vewtepo TtVEUua.
'H c^uyiau.vr| -rropEa ??? ???1?????<; ???? i;Kivi ???????? -n ?? ??|?.??, ??' TTLKaXELTai ?????? ?? TiapX8v, ???? a'svav TipcoT'au., ????1 o lilccv iooppo-Tta, ottv Tioa TEXEiouxai Xioolievo t Tioripa.
rH auBaari ??? koivou ?????? 5v -????1???? Ttou6v. 'H XsTCToupEa, ?? k8e uuotik ???, tcote 5v eIvol or-?????.
'H ttoit|tikt Xr|8ia iroBavE vuiu.ri Ka8ipcjor|. "Eva -napaBaoTO ycb k8e
???? OTtpCXvEL TTV ???????) BoXtIOTI OTf]V
viaa vxXr^n ?0 ??????. Kai tote f] aio8avTiKTT|Ta ???????? xfi XoyiKi v-????? BaoTa Kai ttjc; ???????oovTai 6Xa ?? 5i6yuaxa, ?? ??????? ???? ?? 5ia-votitik, ?? r8iK, ?? KaXXiTEXViK tte5o.
'? ???????; ??? ZiKEXiavoG TtEpvEi vu.Eaa air tt BioXoya ki' ???? ??] ouve-5riar|, c;uTtvvTaq ki' ???????????????; ??? Tior|u.a ?? TcvTa, ?? u.iv EiSoXoyiKi ????-??], ???? tt)v Ka6opEi sva yevetik a-??????.
'O Xyoc; slva auvapu.oXoyriu.Evoc; u. ?????. Elva Xyoc; ekXektckc;, tto 5ev ???????1 ???? ?? ??????????? Bpoq tv OVTCOV. T U.0VT0V0, ?? koivtutio, ?? -
TravaXau.Bavou.EVO &v exouv 8ari ??? ???1?)???? ??? ZikeXiovoO, ??? Ttoia exi auvxauTiOTE f| -nuKvTriTa ?? t) Siaysia. Ztv rivvr) ????; ui ????????????)


42
!0 ZikeXiovc Kai pxao uiBoc;
pTtVEuari to ZiKEXiavo p SiaKEi tt f) ???) ?????1? elvai Ksivr) tco sTvai veCaviAriTri as acoTEpiap.
5. ?? v auveinTOTtoiTaouus ttjv 'A-vaSuou-vriauto ?? ?????? a XaP4 Kai a puu TtoripaTtpTcEi v' vaTtoXiioouu-S yt u.i oTiyu.f) tv TtvaKa to '???????], tco KOOU.OOE ?? 'AokXtitcieo Tfj KG, Kai tco TtapioTavE tt 8e v yaivEi tc xf| GXaoaa, vG ?? pia Trie- aGpa fjTav paa ??? vsp.
T KaXXiTEXviK puoTiK to TtvaKa aToO f\xav ti ???????? eTSe t aGpa ??)? 9s vpsaa axr) 01????1? to ve-po. 'AvXoya, ZikeXiovc napiOTvEi ttjv 'Avauopvri '?????[??| v' avEaivEi co Ttv yKaXi to "HXiou. Toico opco, TtpTtEi v 9upri9o0p tv ???????? iip-pu9po 0pvo Tfj '????01??,?, ?? ???-TtTiK pyo Tto qxETETai p xr\ yvvriari ??|? 9eS.
Zt Ttoiripa ri ????|?1? Evat p xr\v
TtOtriTlKT] yEVKEUOr), Kl' 0X1 U xf)v vvoio-
XoytKii XETtToppEta. Autt evol f| XXrivi-????)??, p Tri oripaaia xr} vvoia to TtXuTOU Gc; auGuTtoaxaTric ?????)?.
'H ????? Tfj 9eS v Evat ekoviki. 'EaipETat oyxpova li eoqtepiki ?????,. "Etol, eo Kai fjGo; oripavouv ?? lto, paa aTiiv aTOTXEia to TcoitipaTo. Zt Ttoripa vairvEi ri yupvri cori, pai p xr\v TtpataSr)Tii Xr]9Eia to ??????.
AuvaTTriTa yt xr) yvori, to ?????? Xcopi, 9C3priTLK paa. Zt Ttoripa to ZikeXiovo ?????? voripTcov Evat f\ ta ri ???1??] vpyEta.
??1?|????, ????? r) 'Avauopvn,, va-KaXov oTii pviipr) ??? ?? ?????, onco ?? ooe pxao eXXtivac : G vvoia ?????-???1????]??? ??'? XiiEia. ?? ???? Evat Tao ?????? OTEpo ?????????? arc tv TtoioriTcoTE otxo to ZikeXiovo.
Zttiv 'Avauopvrp, TtvEpaTa to ??-Xo, ri ????9??] ri ???????? to Nrtpa Kai T)?, AwpiaKai li ??????)ti pu9o-XoyiKf) 9e Tfj GXaoaa tto ???????-TtEi pxoVTai ott]v TtKXrior] to -iroiriTfj :
????? ???????- ?? KupoOn,, ?? ??????? ??????, ?????? ?? ?^?1?? cxTc'Tri ???????], [???
yt v ???, 9upaouv ???? ?? taitspo: ti k9e pETouaicopvri ta Etva ?? ov pi nptscoc. "Av ri ioTopia xei G ????? xr)v ???????????) pETOuaicoTCov eGv, notriTti p tv p9o Cfj tv ???-?? aT G ia.
Kai ti ??? tt|v noia ?????^?! ?? Ttorina, ?? Too ???,????]??, svat tcTti : r) TtXri9cpiKti XaP Trj cofj, tco ??????-XvETat. a uo ianXaTvoEi : to Gpi-
OpVOU TtOllipaTO Kai TTJC TtOtliOEQ y-
viK.
6. '???? ?? 7 TETpoTixa to TtotripaTO 'AxeXGo>, ?? 5 ??????????? o'va vei-
PO. "IO O OTXOt TO TtpTOU :
riAripppCC 'AoTcpOTCTCCpOQ, Ki' y6, OTtiv ???-
KCcTccpEai aTrjpvoc; [tcEprj ??? ppti
Kai o to ????????? :
kl' Xo Tfi TcXaaii ?? ?????? Kai tcov ouvcv ti ??? ??????? ??? x6r|. [AEEVTia
?? Ttoriua ???? xotPotKTrlPLTO[l av- tv ???1?|?1?] oTtTiTXo: "OvEtpo.'Ava-??????1 riXaoii ???] 9????1?? To'Ovsipou, tco Evat ??????? to "Ytcvou Kai to GavTou, ???? to pxaiou, kl' ????? ??????????? to Aia oto v9pG-rtou Tri vXTa.
'? "Opripo Too ???????|???1?? tv ???????1 ('OaaEia, t\ 495):
Bec; poi vUTCviov r|X9EV vEipoc;.
'EG, ??? Ttoripa to ZiKEXtavo, u-TtnpETE ?? ovEtpo ???? Ttiv UTTEpaTlKTl ?????????), tto Too Evat o'tKEa otv ZtKsXtav. Kt' ???? ?? vEipo a Xri Tf)v Ttoriar] to ZiKEXtavo 'xoupE ti^v ia Tfj ETtiiGoECoc Tti ipuxfj a X ripTtEi v' vTiiaaTEXoupE ?? vEipo aT SGkl'ttou XXo ?? auvavTtiaou-pE axtiv Ttoiriori to ZikeXiovoait xr|V vEipoTtXriori, tio viiKEi aTiiv ?????????, Tfj ??\'???1????, Kai trou Evat vapKia-aiKii ?????1?9?1?(? Kai paTaiottovo pEp-aopoc.
Tv auT ??? tv TtapaXXEi at TtpGxo TETpoTixo to TtoiripaTo Zlke-Xiavo p 9e vavTicopvo. Tfjv siKva xx\ ??????????? ?? uo teXeutoo TETp-oTixa to TtoitipaTo, tio ??????????1 axriv TtXri to '?????? p tv 'AxeXGo :
"q, Ttao pou fjTav ?' vEipov ait tv ????? opTEpo
??? ipGeou tco ot x^pi pe Tccpou vpTtaae ?????) tv ??????? -rc' ?? ??????, KpocTcvTac; ??? KOcpTpi,
???, avoVTac ?? yva ??? ??? 5ltcXcot ??? ????^??,
??? ovTpcijJ3 ???? ?? va-Ki3 aTq ?????^??, ?????? toG tcvou, peg ??? ???????,
pouyKpc^ovTaq Xova.
Etvai f] TtXr] Tto tt)v ???????1 ZTp-cov (? 458) : ...' '????????? ?????????-ptioavTo tv 'AxeXGov Kai vsyKaiivou Tfj vKri 9Xov tv Ari'iavsipa ypov, Tfj Oivco 9???????.... Kai Aioojpo (IV, 35): ...Tv ???????]? rtpc tv 'AxeXGov ??????1 pxtiv Gpoicopvou to ???-????? ??????....
Toc ???? ZiKEXiavc otvik ??? yGva p ??) ????] tv 'AxeXGo Tto tv TtapaoTavouv ?? 5 ?????? ????????-


'? SikeXicxvc, ??1 pxao ?????
43
Xa, Ki' ????? ??? 2 TsXEUTaa Tto cov-tavEouv tv ycva ??? '??????) ????? tv io ??????, exe Tt' ???) ??? ?? ??-piK arc tv ZooKXfj (Tpaxlviai, 507-522 Ki' XXo). '? '??????? ???? ?? va ????? ????? ?????? Kai 'HpaKXfje; tto ?? XXo ???;? Kai Xyxac pixaXvxE Tiva-acov TtEpiTtXKovxai a' Eva Oulicolivov -ycva (517 K..) :
???' fjV xEpc, ?jv tocov ????????, Taupecov ?' vpiya ???????? fjv 6' ptpTcXsKTOi
kX paKE, f|V & pETCOTCCOV XEVTa
?????????, ??! otvoc. pcpotv.
Kai a ????????? : t ??????1 ?? TTOriLia 'AxEXcoq ??? ZiKsXiavo ; Tf)v (pQov'\.a Tf) oia, ??? ?????,- ???1 u-8o kevo, TTJc; TuXric; to '??????) ?????; tv 'AxeXo, tco eTxe ???; ???????????
V' TtOOTTOEl TtpTO, TTO TV EUTEpO
?? Kpa xfjc; 'AiiaXBEac; Kai v ?? -oEi otc; 'Eotiepe,, kl' keve otti 8e-???? TTJc; '??8??(??;, ?' ???? aTteXETTE : ot|v cXEiKOviari ??|?; c^Bovia, otiv ?????-?????] Tfj TcXriaiiovfic;.
Atv tv TcXriBcopiaLc, aTTi xr)v ????-??????????,, Ttiv aTpKEia iaTtiaTVEi ZiKEXiavc; otv io tv aux ??? ?? xv ycva ??? ?????; tv iroXvEpo ?????-??, tv BEOTtoiriu.vo oto pxaiou, tv io 'AxsXo, lie tv tcoo ?!???1? f\-u-Beoc; '?????^?.
7. ZuvXEia xfjc; LaBOECOc; ??? ???????-??? nv Elvai ?? Belo Tat;6i. Elvai ?? ???' oxfiv Tcoirjua Trj BaXaaooypa-?(??. ???????? ???1?|??|?, av tv ?????-aoiTpo, ?? irpavTo yp otoixelo-
Z' Eva ait ?? TETpaTiXa to Ttoiiiua-??? EpvETai f] ?????] Luc; c'XXriviKfic; OTtEpavTcoavric;. 'H BaXaoaivfi TiaTpia :
M k9e vavTiov vEpo, ???? tcvot^, aiXaa,
yaXr)vr| ri, TpLKupt, a' va xopv BvaTo v Caco tf|v eEXX5a
p piv ETtiBupi !
??????|??| kctioicv auvaioBtiLiTCov el-vai Xo ?? TioiriLia. 'O tcoltitt|c; piaKETai a ut TXsia pu.ova Ttpoc tv auT ???, BuuiovTc; ??? Tt f| Ttoriari Evai f|
vTEXOTEpri TXVT|.
T Tcoiriwa ???? Buliei tv nava tv VEOTtXaTcovLKCv, tco tv BEcopoOaav cb TcpoocoTCOTTOriari Xcov tv ???1??? uv-LiEcov. Etvai Mya nv, Ikevoc; tco kvel v i;EKivi ?????????] fi, ???? a u.i ??????? :
Tv flava, TXo, voia>9oVTa tv ??????????? cb paa ???5] pia tv cppEvcov.
T ???01 ???? Elvai ??1????? ??? Ttoirjxf), Tto ?? piei va Aiovuaiaau.c;.
TiaT f| iiuBoXoya Xei ?????, Aivuaoc cooE ?? voLia nv otv 'ApKaiK Be, tto fjxav air) auvoEa ??? Alovoou Kai ouxv ????1???)?? ?? aTv.
Me ?? 0Eo toc;li aiaBavuaoTE Tf]v OXri oTf] LiuoTTipicori ?????????| Tri.' tcoi-riTic; ??? ????1????1 ??? ??)<;, yiaT a-tc Tf|v ee aTf| payiKf] ttic; ???|. ATq Eyiv TioXTrit; ott lcuBikt) X"P t"v Bev, tco v eIv' XXri ir xf] ????,. Atc; icTtpEOE Tai v' vaKaXipsi KnoiE [lu-otlkc; llttitec; axf) ????|. AT tco ???; tc; ?????????? [u ?? ??????????? ???.
8. '????????? otv "Ylivo to ????-Xou voTou. 'O Lj.yXoc; vo?oc; t) m-?????? to Ttoin,Tf otv TTpTov auT
TOU. ?? TtOrllia, TCO vf|Kl oto oTpi-
ko LiBouc;, t iaXEUKaivEi ?? teXeu-Tao ??? TETpatixo :
TiaTL t ^peo- tcc aGia kl' ???' ?? tct]xtv oTpcpcoq,
KpuppEVOc ov ?????, p TcEpipvEi, KE tco Tela Beo, pxlEi cpoc,
TcpTO pou auTO.
CH TtXf|pri<; ??????] [i tv ????, ?? ?? ,iaXuTO ltuottplo. 'H ?????] vou.o8e-aia Tfj Ctafjc;, tto TtriyaEi Tt tt ????-?????? ooia. Mia ???????1? Tto v
TtpOTtoBtEl XoyiKf) Kai LaXEKTIKf] ito-
pEa.
"H ???????? to Ttoif|Li.aTot; Evai a-VEiauvr) ???? Tf]v ????????) axr\v ?????(?? tjv fipccov tuv 'Axaiv. 'Eco f| TtaXivv-oTTjar Evai pxiKQTEpri. T ttoir|Lia Eivai iiayKoopiTEpo : Ttoiriu-a to vaoTpou o-pavo. 'Eke tto Elvai f\ pa tv Bev. Mac; 6VEI oXri ??| ??11??????1?? vTUTtcoari to opviou BXou. Kvxpo Evai yi t^v ?????????[? ????????????' 'Eo Evai TtoLTiTrii;.
"A 8??.?]8?0?? Ti v 'xel XiKf|v -????????) opav. '? TtoiriTf)<; TtapvE to aTEpiapoc; ?? ?? ovwaT tou atto xfj u.u8oXoyia, u. xr\ axori to ???????? tou ????? ?? riXouu.va vpaTa. ?????-te'lvel ?? ??????? ???? tv opavicov ac-LiTtav, toi OTccc; ?? ??????(??1 u ??\ ??-8iKf| Ttapaoari :
Zv XiKn ?) riavoXrivo ??? Kopcpoouvia aitavo npoaivEi pyr], TpavT...
KuX cpcoTi 'QpccovaQ' kl' Aia Ev'va Spovo* Ki' ti rioXia ETvai cpcoXi...
nf|yaooq eTv' ????????? ??? XoyiopoG pou ?? ti...
"OXec; o ????????; iaXEyuvEc; : "A-XiKTi riavoXrivo. Evai f) ?????1????; ZsXtivTi, Tto ????(?1 tt yfj Xri xfi vXTa.
KuX ????1??; 'Qpcovac;. 'Eke ??? vTia Tf)<; '???????1???; kuXei o TtpcTOU ?-???????; Kai tcvte eutpou UEyBouq ???[, TtXoaia a pac,, ?????, ?? Tiriv Ttoi-


44
f0 zikexiocvc Kai pxaio u09o
KiXa tcov u.60COV ???, ???? xr)v '???????? co ttv 'Hc.
cO Aia Ev'va Spvoc. Etvai ????-vitt|c ?? ?? xeok ??? ?<3?. ?? orjyc tv u.uaTtipLCcv iaaTriuaTCv yi to Ai-yotttoo. Gpvo tv xapaKTirpCEi Tioiri-???, ???? ???????? too 9eo0 Aia.
CH rioXia etvai ??????. ?? ???? ?-oTpia kovt otv Tapo, Tto aTtoTsXoGv u.iv oTpiKri ????????). "??? ual ?? XsTtEi ov TtouXi to vtiKouv ottv 'i'oia ???????.
??????? ?????????.'O ?????? ??? opavoO, ?? TETpTtXEUpo Tto dcTtxouv ?' ????? ??? ?.????;? ????, ???> TtapaaXXE-Tai u tv Xoyiau ??? TtoiriTfj, tco kl' o u ???? slvai TiBaaaeuToi.
M toec tipoektooei pac napouot-ei Ttoin,TT ?? uooTiipio ??]? Nxta-'H cori too 01?????????? no ??????? tv Xpvo. atotexi i-|u.ioupyia f\ troriori ???, variTria ?? ????? ??? opavo. ??-piaTri tcv ioTpcv Evat Tcoir|Tfi ??? "Yuvou ??? usyXou votou.
zttv '???1??] Gsoyova, f\ NXTa Evat ???????? tog "??????, kl' xt Ttati t Moipsc, tv Opav, tt rfj Kai x' "?????. Evat ri ?????? Xotirv tcv "AoTpuva Tto ,aTou.iKEETat Kai TtapvE TtEpiEX-u.evo. zttv Ttt6uu.[a Tfj uXrj ouxeei uvo ri xlkt ????- ?? ??? tcv ???????, OTtc ?? ttiKaXEtTai ??? Ttoriu ??? ????
??1?|??1? Tao ouxv, KpaTE ?? uTia voiXT Ttpo tv opav. M ?? ???? ????; ?????? ?????? v usBaivEt :
T Tti p KpCei pEXixTn, ??? voG ??? f| TtvoiiXn, \$r\ ?????. ?' ????? v' dvEco...
Tv aTpcov XEt ditvco ??? ?? TtEpioXi yElpEi Kl1 ?????? Xoyiapc....
Bpoxi ?????????1? ypco pou kls doiKOTta oTaX^Ei ?? dTpavTO yopy...
cO TcoiriTic; soco cf ?? 'atxuto ???? ??-Totov TpTto, ???? ?? yc, Tto Evat X-?????? ??1 XoytK ???????, v KuptapXE Kai v toKEi ayxpova tl v TtpXEt ?????? XWPL. ???? ?? yco.
O ioi '???1??1 ???????????? xr) N-??? a u.t vauri eepyetlkt, ysuaTri ait ?1?(? yt to v9pcuTtouc, tto u UavTEE UETataCEt ??) ???? xv bev. O oTxot tog ZiKsXiavoG 5v ?? xaaav ote aT :
toG ?????? i5) pavTiKfi ????1?, Kai ypa pia yEVt Beuv auppaEpvri p KotTaE ?????1??|.
'ekelvo tto taTttaTCvouuE ??? Tton,ua Elvai Tt ??????? iaoTtaouvE XEiToop-yEC tog TtVEuaTOc; ????????1 u tv 2t-KsXtav ottv vTriT ????. Mt uaTt Tto auvsvcvEt Xouc; to optovTE.
???? ?? TtotriuaTa Tfj TEXsuTaia ???-???????? tog StKEXtavoG v xstel ???? pxaio uOBo. "??? ?? Ttoir)TiK BX-????? tog pBou svat ki' eo TcXcouvo. Av TtaEt ???? v utXEt xr\ uoBoXoyiKTi yXaaa ZtKEXtav u ttv ??????] ??? UBou, OTtc ttv Kavav oi pxatoi, ??. ?- flivapo, fi o TpaytKoi itotriT Tto tv HETaXEipiovTai ??? xoptK yt v ????-Xcopiiaouv o ??????????????? ok^v. ztitiv otKovouia tog K8s TcoiiiuaTo tog zlke-Xiavo ????? elvol otolxeo aaiKOTa-To. "exel ouco ??????????Kai aupai-VEi aT o Xa ?? TtoiriuaTa tog zlke-xiavog ???? ?????? tixutok9e xvo klvvou Ttapaoi;oXoyiac p. ttv took-TETaLivri ???? tog pxaiou pGou a' aT.
M Tiqv aia6r|TLKii ??? uviui zlkexlo-vo ???????1 ??] cof) Tto tv kukxqvel ??-?? ????, Kai TtapXEL ??? v slvai Ttpiv air1 aTv ETtQUva. ??1 ???? Kai tv pxao ug9o tv vaKaXE ??? lk ??? ?????, tv Ttpocu9 ottv ioTopia Tfj ???-Tpia ??? Kai Tfj ???^? ???.
ztiv Ttotiari ??? ZtKEXtavoG v ????-[XE ttv aKvriTri ?????, xx1 vaXXaast -TtEipia ???1??3? Ttoxpci)OEC0v. ft" ????, ???
iii
texeutolo ??? ??!?????, TtX otv p-Xato lj.G90, UETaXELpiETac ttiv XXTiy.optKf] yXoaa tog aupoXou, Tto exei TXun UsyaXUTEpr) Kai ???????? EpTEpo. ?? tetlo ouuoXo Etvai aia9riT otilceo \ TtapoTaori, Kai riUioupyE Tcoriar) TtEpio-aTEpo aKEU-uVTii ???1?; v iTC9LTai ?????? ?????.
ZT TEXsuTaa ??? TtoiriuaTa zlke-Xiavo u VEi ??? ?? ??????? Tii 9uui-Kf| ?1?????1?? too, tto pxi^Ei KOpico ?? ??] ????1??1 Ta Kai EixvsTai ??? KaTOTtiv TcoiriuaT too, v Kai ???? v TTpooEXasv ???????? v irpoaXaEif| 9oulkt ?1?????(? too ti oooTirLiaTiKi ??-9???| Kai tv xoylk sipp tog tceog Xyoo.
zt ?????? TtoiriuaTa too ZiKsXiavo ?? TtEpiaoTEpo TpayoriaE. 'eke tv c&riyoGoE tte ri vpYEia tog Tcoir|TiKoG ??? ??????????. M uiv vioGaa, k9e ????, oiaa9uiari icpoxcopE ???? ?? cbpaa ??????? o ??? ?? yvcopouaT ????, ki' tr' ???? otc XETtTOupEi too, ??-pi Kauuiv ?????????????. Zv tv yX-????| tv vayXcpcov, LauoipEi zike-Xiavo ??? ???????? ??? ???? u.i ait-via auuuETpa, ????? ri ??????1????)?? e-


!0 ZiKEXiavc; Ka pxaoc; u.G9o<;
45
vaiu-cpcxvrc; Kaif] vaTOUiKi tcottcooti tcv uoptpcv slvai Travia o TrXripri vaXoyia.
'Atto t TEXeuiata tcoltilioctcx toG Zi-keXiovgG, Tto TtpoxcopoGv ir tv uG9o aio auBoXo, vacppouuE LispiK : Tv Xop xoG ITivapou (1928) u. xf\v f|Xaia oicoTtri, T BpcpoQ (1932) u. iti uxn tcv 'HXecov Ka tcv 'ApKcov, tiv rIsp cO (1935) u xf\ Mva (Aiiuntpa, 'AX-Kuiivri f] navaya), ttv Kopcpr) toG Nia-pou (1937) u Tf) BaKXa, xr\ AtX9 (1937) Tto Etvai XKXripo svac; ouyBoXtauc;, tt MeXtti GavtTou (1939) u xr\v "HBn, t MyioTov MBriua (1942) p tv Atvuao Ka ttv 'ApiSvn., tv 'EXXtivik Nekp-Etnvo (1944) u tv Aivuao "Ar), tv Atvuao Tt XtKvcp (1945) u tv Atvuao Ka tv XpiaT.
Av TtpiTEi ki, XXou v TtapaXtcp9Et
oTt ott|v Ttotriari toG ZiKEXiavoG t au-BoXo stvai u tt ariuaaia toG Xyou Ka ttjc; uuotlktc; Ttpi;Coc; Ka Tfjc; vp-yetac;, onuc; auuBaivEi otc; puoTTipiaKc; 9pr|OKtEq. T uuoTTpio svat aT Troiri-UaTc tou, tccoc; a' kevec,, cppriTO Ka TtKputpo. ETvat uottic., otv ttoo r) XaTpsta svat icpoatTi yi x ttotriuaT tou, Ka9><; auuBatvst otc; puoTripiaKc; gpriaKElsc;. "Etoi otv 'Opcpiap u tv puoTtK xapaKTrjpa tou, otccoc; Ka ax AtovuaiaK uuoTiipia aT Ttota uaTric; c;ouotoGTat Ttpc; 9e, Ka aT 'EXsuaivia aT Ttota exouue vairapoTaori tcv tie-piTTETELcov Tfjc; AiiuriTpac;, napouoia^ETai ZiKsXtavc; puriUvoq, Evac, aXr|9ivc; 'Ie-pocpvTric, Tto KVEt ttv Ttorior tou \xu-
OTIKT) TsXETOUpyta, EpOTEXEOTtKT Tipoo-
tpop.
IV
T 'OptplK OTOIXEO OT1V TtOriOr) toG
ZtKsXtavoG Ttfjpi; ficp9ovo. Etvat vair-OTtaaTOc; Tt t 'pyo tou 'Opcpiauc;, u ttv Tcoipri toG vouaiaoTiKoG Ka toG KOTaTtKoG otoiXeou, utac; ouveXoGc; 9eo-uavTEtac;. 'H Ttorior tou 9appstq Ttq k-Ttr)yc*i ir tv XP1P- tcov 9ecv, KaT Tf|v pcpiKT vTXr)tpr).
"Av 'Opcpac; slvai uu9^Yik Ttp-ocotio, ucoc; oi fxot xr\q Xpac; tou Ka aiuEpa ovoGv cbc; Ttapoori. Tv ripcoa KO TV TCOITITT u?. tv ipuTfi tcv uu-oTripicov 'Opcpa, axv covTavEsi otoc; oTtxouc; tou. 0' vacppouuE TtpcTa Ttcbq tou cpipcoos tv TeXeutoo 'OpC))LK Ai-9pauBo fi tv Ai9pau.Bo toG Pou (1932). Zttv Eaaycoyr ^fiys" ZiKEXiavc, Sti aic T pu9iK auBoXa tcov ai-cvcov, 'Opcpiauc, TtpoxcopE u Tpta tto-oTaTiK ouBoXa, t Ztxu, t KXfua Ka t Po. Ka tuo ktco: '0 'Opcpticc; auuBoXtouc; iroCvaL TtayKautoqixo-kt5 ttv TXEta svvot tou, xpi ot \xs-yXo vuo ttjc vaXoytaq, tto TtavaXau-pvEt uoa tt' oXouc; toc; BaBuoc; ki' -Tt toc; TTtouc; oXcov tcv vBpcirtvcov ito-XtTtaucv tc; Visq TtvTa uXc; XX' tiE-ptptoTa yvtUEc; AriutoupyLKq 'Apxc; xfic; pTtac; Zcofjc;, tc; pTiaq Tvcceoc; Ka ttjc; apTtac; Txvric;. Mia yaTtriTf $par| tou ZiKEXiavou, otv TtpocpopiK tou Xyo, fJTav t 'Opcpa'iKv uooaiov- 'Avtkel aT Fragmenta Orphica, Ka t 'xei t -noTtaaua aT cq ttpoEioayoyiK prjT axv Ai9pauBo toG Pou. Zt iaXo-yiK aT TTOriua o ua9r)Tc; toG 'Opcpa TcoTsXoGv Eva ipuxiK avoXo, vc o 0X0 t uKpoc; toG iaXyou 'Opcpac; uXc-vei Tf) uuotikt iaxn T0U- 'lo KTtOlEC,
X;eic; ot aTua toG iiou toG 'Opcpa:
Ki' ii upa ToO 'Opcpa vavai a aaq, yia Tcvxa,
rco a!pa KaL TCVEpa Ka ijiuxti Ka apKa
Ka Xuipcopc; tepaoTioc;, G occ pTcc^ei
axv kkXo, Stcou ki' f| tcott] Tcspiaasuei,
xl Bccvai tt0ti1 li tLa escori, axf) pci]
xric; Kap&cac; aaq, yc Tcvxa dvaoxTipvr] !
cO ZiKEXiavt; otv Ai9pauBo toG Pou fiXcoas oxev XKXripri tiv p-tpiKf) auu.BoXtKf|. Av Tiast a oXouc; toc; otxouc; toG iaXoyiKoG aToG TtoiiiuaToq v tv TtapouoiEi, Ka9cbc; irpoatppEi otoc; ua9r)Tg tou t TtVEGua Tfjq aTo-BEBaicaEOc; Ka Tfjc; aToyvcoaac,, xf\v -KTivoBoXa xf|c; Ba9siac; oicoTtnc;.
FIcc; Kpi|3cc; pcpiKc; auuBoXiauc; vEB^EL aTf]v Kopucpr tt<; uuriTiKfjc; kX-UaKaq, t BXTtouus ottv Tpaycpa toG ZiKsXiavoG 'O AaiaXot; ottv Kpr|Tr| (1943). Ztv iXoyo tou AaaXou u xr\v naaicpri, yi tiv ttpctti, xt) ETEpii Ka ttv TpTri Nxxa Tfjc; uutoecc;, iravaXau-BvE pxaioc; texvttic;, itavTcvTac; a a/ETiKc; pcoTiioEic; Trie; :
M' puiOEv 6 'Opcfac; otri Mxxa axriv tc Kaipoq...
Ka tuo ktco :
cO 'Opcpac; pac; etce TcXi x' Svop xpc;...
Tpslc; ptpiKO vaBa9uo Evai oi tpeTc; Nxtec;: f) TrpcTri cpopa Tri oXTiKTT)Ta Tfjc; v9pciuvric; Scorie;, f] ETEpr) vyETai otti, auvEXf vair|Tr|or| u xr)v itoa ip-VETat irvEUuaTiK Ttvco tto T XtK e-ouva xr\c, oorje;, Ka ri TpTn, cppvEi u ttv aTOauvEioriaia otiv ijjriXTEpn v-


46
'0 ZikeXicxvo, Kai pxao ?????
BpcTtivri psTii, no evai f\ iKaioauvri.
cO '??????, svai yvaai ti ?????? oto 8puXou ??? Tii MuBoXoyia ??? "Ari. ????) Tto TcpXEi ouvexcoc; ??? lie-yXa i&coc; ???1?????? ??? ZiKsXtavoG, X-X ??1 no 5v Xettel ki' duo ?? auvTo-??????. 'H '???1??) Koauoyovia, u tv aBpa Tto TTEpiKUKXcvETai n ?? xo ??1 TT] vXTa, ki' ?????? ?? ???? Tto Sia-axiovTat; tv aBpa ????(?1 ttv ??(??|, ??? Evai oKEiOTaTTj. T loto yveTai Kai U Tf)v '??????) 0Eoyova, Tto TtoX ttv
EXEl Tt' ???) TOU OTTV TtOTlOT TOU.
Tri BEOupyiKT vTaari ???'?????, Tto ??????|??|?? v CuirviioEt ir) 0??????1?? ???? TTJ 'EXXdac; u ?? ??????????? aToiXEa ???, Xr|8ia, ?????? ??? exei irapaoBE Tt Xyoc ??? 'prraiVE ??1<; ??????; ??? XXrivtauoG p xr| uriori, a-ttv ??????? ??????[?1 ZiKEXiavt; otv ????1?? Ayo. 'H iaoKaXia ??? '????? yi tv dyv io ??, XXou.yi tt ?????10??)?? pide, dXXri crjc;, too ud-???? Tto v TtpodXXETai ?) ????? ??? ??? to ????????? xpioTiavo, yi v auuoXiaeEi U ????) XpiOTc, pioKEi auxv ????|??|??1 ottiv TtoriaTi ??? ZiKEXia-voG. Ztv ????1?? Ayo, ui acTpiKri ????? KaXE tv tcoititt :
..."Opoia yupEco v' dvEEic yEp Kai pETpr|pva, av 8q ???)8??? ???|? ?????] v' vTapcoSE. ?? pva.
"Eroi ette* Kai a vdvoicoaa ???? ?? t titoGoe, ?????? '??????, tco XaTcovTac tv opav ????????
pia ?????? ???? ??? isp ??? x^P1 poia OEpva ?1 ???? ????? EKivtioa ?? tipaTa dXXaypva.
Z Xo ?? 'pyo ??? ZiKsXiavoG ?? p-?1?? TtvEGua, Tto ????&?????? tt XaTpsia toG Aia ott ?????), Tto oriutoupyriaE ?? AiovuoiaK MuaTiipia, Tto TtapaaKEaoE tt]v XXriviKi vTriTa oto AeXcpoc, u tv 'ATtXXcuva, Tto lpuaE' xr) XaTpEa ??|? 'EXEuaiva, elvai ixuTO. "OXo ???????? ???] cof) iairoTeTai. duo ?? TtvEGua ????. M ???'?????? ZiKEXia-Vc uTtavE ??? a6r| toG XXriviKoG u-???, ????? OXei v pst ??? ?????| ttj TtpooTopia ??? 1300 ??.?. totcoOetoGv tv '????? ttv XXriviKr ?'?????? 'cric; Ttavapxairit; ????? 8????(??.
cO ZiKEXiavt; stvat va ???1???, av KEvouq to ???????? 8??????1?? ??-oTiKOTtdOEia TtoiriTc;. ?? ????????1?? otoi-Xeo o KairoiE ???1?????? ??? ZikeXio-voG TtXouTtETai ???? r|8iK e. "? ???-Ttoc, u tv Ttoo Eladystai oto otxou ??? f\ 'vvoia xfjc; ouvEpyac toG 0eoO, 8-Ttcoq idoKETai ir ttv ??????????? OpriaKEa tcv ???1???, Eivai TtoX Ei-??????. ?????? yvETat ?????? 8ti ZiKEXiavt; 'XEi xr)v Ttipaari tcv 6??1???? ooyuTCov. Ztt ???1??1 "Evcoori (1932),
Sxav xapaKTr]pii cbt; yv OsuXia ??-Ttoicv TtpwTcov koivcviv tc; BeSikc; 'Iv-oe, TTjv pxaia AlyuirTO ????., TtpooGTEi Ic ttv '???1?? 'EXXda (oeX. XI ??? TtpoXyou ???). Kai ??? keuevo ir\q liat; UeXettic; ???, Tto tt xapaKTripiEi cb va TtpoavdKpououa, v TtapaXETtEi v tov-oEi, OTav uiXEi yi tv ????????, 8ti a' axv ?????????, TEXEicoTiK f\ '???1-KTi Kai f) riu9aypia Ttapooori (oeX. 11). "Exei Tt' ???) ??? ???1??, UETacj tgv dX-Xcov, 8ti nXdTCov ????'?????'??? Tic p-?1???; iEc; TtEpi ?????;, u KTtoiEt; ??????-Xayc; eaia.
Ztt ouvxEia Tfjc, XXriviKf)q Ttapa-OEcot;, ottv Ttoia v Tiauei ???? V' va-TpXEi ZiKEXiavq, ???????????; to UEyXouc; ????????; ???;, ????? ??????1 otv '?????. Ztt ?.????1 ??? '? ????-???; oKr|Tii Kai uuotit (1936), ???? ui-XEi yi Tiv a6VTiKf| riuioupyiKr ai-a8avTiKTr|Ta ??! ir)v TXEia doKriori KpiTiipio, oriUEicbvEi : ... 'ApxivcuvTac; dTt' tv MG8o ki' yKaXiaovTa pai ??1 ??-KXtK ???????? Tf]v MoTopa. '???????? ??| atto TTiv ???? vt; TpiTtTXEUOU, vc. '?????, vc; ????????,... Kai vdaTE e-aioi Ttc; ????1?? ayxpova ??? ????? aat; ?' ???(?? Xo ?? ???? xfjc; vBpcTti-??<; ????. Zt UEtafj ??????1 tv ??-8aypa, tv 'EutceookXtj, tv ???????? ki' XXouotoc; tioouc; ?? ???1?? yua-?? ???1???; irpaaav?????????????? ote-?? ??1 a TtvEuuaTiK ??????? XXcov ??-cvdir dXXri oKOTti 8ecpouuev.
'"Ac; Ttpoo8aouu ti ??1 ??? ??(?-?? ???????; (1943) a o otxouc; va-KaXe poia if)v ?????1?? ?????????, p-XtovTac; ???? tv '????? :
'??????, ??????1???, AiaxXoc, SoXcopc; ttv #yia bxovTat ????1] t^v ???????????.
Zt TtoiriuTou AiSupauoc;, tto yp-???? ??? 1913, riXai 19 XPvia Ttpiv dir tv At8upauo ??? Pou (1932), ???1?' xf\q dTtu8vETai ottv'EXXda ??1 ?????-Xe tv TtaTpa tcv uuotcv, tv '?????, tv TtapduiXXo uouaiK, tto f\xav ????-??|?1??? ?????????; xcv v8pcTccuv u ?? ???????? Tfjc; pEXcoiac; :
'??????, dppoaioc 6 ???????, Ki Eivai ??????? 6i-
[kc aou!
flaaixapo, av ????1??? ??????, ????????, aou 1
'???????? ??????? toG ???????? toG AupiKoG ?'?? ?? a??El ZiKEXiavt; 'EpcoTiKT Ttoriari. 'Eke vvooGue t d-8o, tco vei ??? ??1????? ??? ????, Tto aTyovTai ???? dir tv opo aT. T TtoiiuaTa ???? ?? TtoypaupiEi ???; ????????; axr)v ??1??? ???, toc; tcoouc; Bsoops TtTE 8i8upauiKouq Kai ???? ???-yiK vaycviouc; ?????; ttjv ????????? dvy-


? SikeXiocvc, ??? pxao pG9o
47
??? piS KoaptKfjc; ko ?????^? ?????????, ????????? toO stvat p tt\v pcuTtKr nvot toC GeoG tcv cvtcv. 9app Kavva tl ri TtoiriTTc TtpoxcopsL cxTt tv ?????? UTtOKEipEVtap ??? ??????? TtoiiioECDc; ????? tv TtoXuvr|Tov EKELVOv '???1?? pG9o Tfjc; variTriaEC Trj ?????????;, tco Evai aupoXiKCuTaToq, Kai ti ????? ttpoekte-vTal Ttp' tto ?? aveaapa ??? Epui-???? ???\ cot, ??????????; tv '????? a ??????, Tto 9Xei v ???????? to v-????????, p to Ka9apyo Kai tc X-oei ????? tv i;ayvtap Trjq ?????-
?? aripsicaouuE ????? ti pia aEip arto 8 Ttoiripax ???, otv ?' ???? ??? AupiKoG Biou,Ttou irpTO Elvai '0 Xop ??? Flivpou Kai teXeutoo ?? 'Attik, Kai ??? Ttoa aupTtEpiXapa-VETai ?? EXsuatviaKO kelvo Ttoirip ??? MEp '?????'XEt tv ysviK ttXo 'Op-?1??.
ripTCEi, TEXEUtaa, va ToviaouyE ti a Xri Tt oiapopri tcv .pEXsTripTcov ??? ZikeXiovoc v ?????? tcot v rcoypap-piCsi tt\v aTrapaXr|Tri arjpaia ??? pu-
9ou. Sttv 'EXEuaivia Aia9f|Kri, Tto ripo-aLEBrjKE a ouvxeie (TtEp. T Na ????????, 1936), TtoaTripiEi a' Eva-ofi-Peo ou Kai f| noiriari xt ???] popa Tfj; Tri tKii Tri TtavaTaarii Tav 9Xei v yivEt vcTaTr) pu9piaTpia Tfjc vvota ??|? carjcj yi v TipoaXEi tv v9pcoTco cbt; vTriTa pai Kai ????????, cb pov-a Kai ???????. Kai yt v ttitxei ???? Evai vyKri v ???1 ???' tt]v ???? Xec toG ?????? tc ??? ?????? air' ?????
EXaVE TtOT vaXCpiiOEt fi, taOKOpTUOTE,
oXe pai t'l TtapaooEt ott)v ?????????, Ttapoori ??? v9pcTtou, oXou to M-9ou a' va MG9o. 'Etcotic, otv ???-???? ??? AupiKoG Bioo (Ttsp. Na 'EoTta, 1942, ????- 366) aipEi ti yi v yvcopi-OEi Tiiv XXrivtKri Ttapoar] ??? ootaoTi-?? TtvEupaTtK ??????1? ???, yi v xoG yivei ??????? icopa, ????????? Xa aa vfJKav axf\v ????????? ?????????? ? ????-pxovTav ????????????? ir tiv patKii ?????????? Kai ?????? cori toG ?????1-koG XaoG, pKE povxa v' ???1?????? ottiv ??? tou tt)v iaxupf) Kai puaTiKf] ?????????? ???; aicovtOTriTa toG M9ou.
0EOAQPO2 EYAHZ
dNa 'EoTta-Xgioiovyevva 1S2
4


ANEKAOTA ?01?????
ZTON KQ2TH ??????
Eurcvc /} ???^ J-s oTsvayjA, xai ??? rcXsup ty] pioxst OfAa, vujjivatou cSvstpo, too MvTpou to xavaxt !
Xopc cnpta, as xpucpYj TcapaBstao, yuptljst
T' ypto fJisXt'aat [iiaa ???, ?? np>'i\o ??? oiCst.
IlXt cpwXtast ??? avT y) xapSt, o' atcpvcHa y&?r\ IlXt varcvst, vtoyvvYjTov apvxt ?? TsvapY).
Kai yw, ????[?'??:' ?? yvva [???, av ?? Tpavv Xacpt, Ts 'ApxaStx ouvaXacpo, nob ?) \xolpa ??? ?? ypcpst,
N opvet cxoxapt, tyjv tcXvjyt^, {jls ??' ?????? too Xyyou, Ms ??^?? ?? caAcppwiUa, otv novo ???, ouS oyyou,
?? ???? t yapyaps nvjysc, xl ???????????; v Tct'vsi, 'Exst Tco Xsrtst ?? apia ???, v psst ???^?? poupvTrivt,
SsjiaaxaXco ??? SevTpo tyjv yiav ptopcpaBa Kai ao TYj oTXvco o ypacpirj, a yiopTivrj ??????? !
Ttcots Sv xaTacppov. ?' slvs ?1013 ^ovo
??? icvsaa, fi> ???? v ????? ircpoaT ??? XavOoc; xXfvoc!
Kiepiaid, 0-11-917
AnOXAIPETlZMOZ
Sxv NCuo KaCavxoxr
???, "At AYjfATJTpYje, too "At ??????? tv Tp)(7Xo yxaXtCst,
xaGtb, tou vs6aivovTa os tyuyzp cpapt,
?? ????? ???? [lupCstai [???^ xi' vayaXtast,
xai Tova stvat atSptxo xai ????? slvat (bapi,


'AvexoToc TtoiiuaTa
49
8aota x' ycb, co cjexvaya yi ?? AsyXo Sp_to
xai a 'aouva ??? rcXyi fAou yi' cXXo ?????1 v rt,
x[ia rcvco arc' ?'????? ao yxaXiaoa tv copio
x' sirca: '0 0sc ot ??????? aou xai o v \i' yarc!
ZTON KYKNO MO Y
Fuvaixa, xxvs, rco p[Asvisi rcXa oxi) coy) [aou Ttbpa, pya, a ??^ yaX^vyj [At Xi[XVYj, rco arc' ?? aGvj tyj ysXst, ????' svat dprvrc bp\ioc, x' svat xXvy]'
XaTpst'a rcXaTi. Ki'v ??????? cpuaVjas!. acpoBpc; yspa xai tyjv rcXa xsiVi] Tapc^Et arc ?? 6j,sXa, [???? Foot xai xpioi, ???) ?^-?? xai otyjv Buvyj,
xxvs, yuvaxa, as ?????? avoiyj,vo ?????? G v ?? pytaoufAs ?' yspt too AY/tou, xai G yvsi suXoyYjiuivo.
Kt ????????? rcsTcbvTa, rcvTa Tapi, aso' ??? oopvta aGia, ??? AoipajAsvo, ??? ???? [??? G ???????[?? ?' axpi !
14-5-1935
ZTON YnNO SOY
Stv rrvo T^aouva ???? uGtafAsvYj
xai ???? ao YjTav fouyr y) tcvoyj,
nob r xapSi aou a 'Gcpsi, io XaTps[AASVYj,
Vs vaaaivst ?? ???? n' tyj Cooir).
Ki orcto xpta aoo YjTav oty]Xiojvy oTYjV avaa aou arcavo) y) xoVj, cjopvou [aou 'cpvYj ypa aou yy\vr a [AuaTtx&v cpTspouyta|Av oyj.
Styj Suvaxrj rco (Aoucpsjsv y/riSa xai wvTavr} xai rcsGa[AAv7j a sa. M' av urcvo sV ??? OvaTou Sspcpo,


50
"????????? TtOLriuoaa
arc ?? Gso aou rcpaiorco BoaAvo rcpcoTYj Ttopa cpop [AsTaXaat'vw tyj KaGapfj 'AvaTaavj ?? ??? !
29-8-1935
"? ????!,,
Taya v' axoto, ?? [Aaxpuv ouYjTO ?? rcsXayEao ??? ???^??? [is ? xouajAa, xai tyj xapSt aou ??????? ; Styjv axpyj arc ty GXaaaa, v [As Tcpoajisvst (AY^rcio ; "Q yprcvta, oas aou cpTsp v reato, v ayv apy/jaw !
'Arcos, rco otyj axYj aou o otsxsi yVji'voc purco, Ms StaxsXo pyayysXtx yt v tv Tptyuptbto! N tv jav6p) [At tpop, xt' [at)v tavayupt'ao) "? ????! tyj 'AyrcYj [lou, osv sv'auTO, ? Kfjrco;
AsyYJTS J.S, Xa[ATCpo xopj,ot, rco ???? s'yio ayarcYJast !
Kai S Tpav, rco ??????? at[i Tyj, xurcaptaai,
My a' pvY]6st, TYjv rcpoasuyY], ?????? rcuxv Sou xXwvia!
T, Y] xoupaa[AVY flou ??????, rco ???? syst ???????? Ty vyTa aTYj, Tac"iBss xpucp, v Sou ??????? "Orcio Sou aTaOjxs TctaTYJ, v T.Yj axsrrastc acvia!
19-10-36
PER ROSAM AD CRUCEM
Suyv oxr ?????] [Aou Gwpto, ?? Tarcstv cjooxxXYJat rio tyj ??????|? Sou j,' scpspsv r taGsY] 'QAAopcpt, Tt v [ao Ssicst ?? XptaT, a otsxsi v' avTtxpast ?? EXo, re' aupto as rcixp 0 xapoptoGs xapcpt.
Msaa ??? [jiTia ???, Y] aTspvYj au[AJtaCs[AsvY] xpt'ay, IIujcvTsprj arc'tyjv ret [AouyyYj rcuxviovst auvvstpt, Tao rco vo aou Ss oXst [???????? ??? v ywpast ?? IlGoc ?? rcpoa[JisTpY]Tov, arc ty ooypacpta.
M 'Ea, ????) ??? ????? [aou, xopcpYj tyj axYjOYJ aou, ??? ypa arc ?? rcSta Sou, tyj xpucpta ai'aTYayc aou, S a>cXa6o)xsvoc rcoTajAO, oyyast, Gvjaaupoc,


'AvsKoTa TtoiiTu.ocTOC
* 'AvxSoxoi axtx.01 YPa?^V01 ax P16X10 xtjj (nxpfjg xou tptXvis "Avvas .HXa Bevjr].
Tya 8-sv cjpstcj, tciocj sxs? rco axGYjxa [xat^i Sou "OXocj Xayxpa [xiXy]xyj ax ystXoc; xyjc; 6uaaou, 'AXXo Ss [xvsi reca yi [xs rcap rcXaxcj Sxaupc; ;
Q EZY
"Q 'Eoo, rco x Gavaxsp [x' av6stcj Xup'.afx Ki' x[xa 8s)(0[xai v yt v ^avayupiasi
'Ax[xa fxt cpop as Ss xo Xayysfxo [xou vj ppuaY], Tya Gappslcj xal xyjc; ^wtjcj v xcbco x 8sa[x
ToO at[xxou [xou y) [3a0st rcXy/yY) rcbcjrci- SsvG' vaSpasi Ki' arcava) are' tv rcvxsyo rco xpsftsic, yaXaajx As G aTaGst a [ipxupac x [xya xortapiaat, 'Arcava) n t vaTo xi' arcavo) are' x aE'.a|Ji ;
HA THN ANNOYAA TQN BENEZHAQN *
HapayysXt arc xocj ypuaoc; yoviouc; aou rcYjpa, v pXo) aT axapi yi asva, 'AvvouXa, [xi [UxpouXav XarcpYj xpsyavxyjpa... M syo) paGt [xou [xuaxtxi xpsjxoXa,
Ti ty] GXo) xpavYj, revco are' xyj Motpa v' pjxsv^si, xpaxcvxag [xi rcaiSoXa vt'xYj, tyjv 'Sta sava, [X'. avOoXa vt'xYj v xpayouosi a v 'vat, Xupa !
Kai yt'aT xapxsp) xyjv ytav tpa,
rco yj vsixy] aou, (frej [xsaxwas!, 0 aYjxcbas:
\iovayji tyjcj x oxyjGy] rcpc; xyj [xrcpa...
nacStTtxo rcatyviot, rco Sta6aivst,
8sv [xou rcsi, v aou cpxtc*(j), yarcy)[xsvYj.
Movo, c^X7] cpxi[xat rcovxorep'a !...
1946, Kpcfiiai


52
'AvKOToc TtoiriuocTOC
TA KPYA TA SAZTEPA NEPA
T xpa x axspa vsp xoXoaavs Jtxcpoax [too.
M y apxa noi) itsptjjisva Ssv slxav v cpavs.
T xpa x axspa vsp Staaivavs jjtpoax [???...
T/a v'TcoxaptoGyjxa rc ax 8ia yvax flou; Taya v xtapaSGyjxa, a0sta ax vspax jiod ; ??? ??]?? aou cpavovxav ???? sxav, olopavo!
M [???? ??' ?????????[?, ax^v TCvoccavxaat [too, Scpvou av xrcoto xpijtfio, ax rcSta jlou, xfj a\x\xor>. Kt' to votja x |ixta,|J,ou, [xt ??[?,??], s'va xcav !
Kt'to, ?to oytoaav jacpva, xovx aou. ch oupavo EAENH ????????
21 ?????????? 1944
MvVjoByjxi, Kpis : Tt xtjv topa nob r Xsra'Ba xo cpovi ???????, xi''8Xo 6 6so xyj Tpaytocx'acj scpvYj.
MvYjarjxt, Kpts.Tt xyv topa nob jacpva x'oi vvi Bspcps;,axo^av v xyj aXouvs xtov atuvwvxo axscpvt.
1950 ?????02 SIKEAIANOZ
[T vxioxa ax 7Xoi)(iaxa npBuiia ?? tStooe yi x Tip.y]xtto xoxo xs^o i? ?. "Avva "AYyiXou EixXtavoD].


????????
ANEKAOTA KEIMENA
? 2 ? ? H ? I Ol
??????01*
T "EYjvix lepa xatapYYjOVjxave xyjv ??????] ??? ????????????? t Staxypaxa xv Suo Buavxcvuv Axoxpaxpwv, too 0oSoaiou A' xa too ???5???? ?' ax 394 xai 426 ???? Xptax. Movo t 'AaxXyj-Ttuo xvj '?????????? ?x lesivet to tte x7iepa)(TO, xai xataoito^TOc rcoxAEi-axcxc xv pptoaxwv ????, 'AaxXyjrctc.
'O NC TOO XtV TEUTaO art' XYjV
rcaXyja ?????8?, tb tco axv ??????? atuvo:, [JLTcy]X, axptc a pt attyp-Y] tco -ao6oae ypa xtvSuvo, y yt tv xatp xelvo veoaaxaxy; Xaxpeta to 'ItjooO, avo oXyupa rpocpouaave x1 ot XEXeuxatot rcu-pyjvec x6c OTcoXstToixevYj 'EXXyjVtxvj v-xtaxaayj.
'H ??????? 'EXXSa ex yve oXr tote Iva ayxoiu.yxyjpto, pu axXEttoxYj oetp ???????, tco }] ypa PtopaVxy) x|xacpat-pa vappEixte aGeta xyj xyv ~qbi 'Exelvo xacpo Xotrtv vxarcoxptVExai a oaa varcxuaaet Vj rcapaxxio xpaytoSta, ???? auvxeXexat, rcplv arc x xeXtx tcec-oSto, TtavSTju., r xeXsoxata Xtxavea xo 'IspoO, av ???? TcpoataGYjLia pt xsXtxyjc ??????????)?.
Evat tcoX xaipc Xoircv rco r ?????] poo Xyupa axYjv Eaxopa xo "EGvou pa ???? acpvoo tb atpxtxo xptxYjpt xyj ?? axoptxo ax ayjpeto. Kt Xyupa a
* ???????? axTiv vKooxi xai teXelcotri xpxYtSa xo "AyyeXou SineXiavoO '?????)-rccg sUYEVinfj xapaxc&pvjaifj xo AieuSuvxoB xo TaXXixoD Tvoxixoxou 'A8rvc3v ?. 'OxxaSou MepXi, oxv rcolov 7xoit]xt It.21 ispcioet x 'pY T0U-
Kai 5o pat; tceito ????? dit' -Ae t 6SVEC tco yvoptaavE o yu-vaLKEc Ti^ apsia ??]?????!?? to dcv-opo.> PA'I'NEP-MAPIA PiAKE
xoOxo x avipslo, rco zly^e. tb xvxpo xou xYjv 'vvoia xyj TyEi'a, vaTcx)(0Yixav x ESix xEcpXata xyj avSeavjc axoo pou xoO pyou.
T-?j Tyeta, ^i tb [xt xoptxfi tc-Eayjc, x_i av ???? xXtVixyj, XX t&ixt ayExyj KOppota xyj Ttvup.axtxf] xetvo tv xacp xai xfj xotvwvi/Yj xaxaaxaavj xo SXou ???? ???.
"Exat ???1? Y' H-' T^v ??2?-Lxyj, pt vaGet&pvjayj xyjc SXyj rcoXtxtaxtxfj iTOSoayj xyj pxaioxYjta xt xXeuxat xyj ixp. Tevix, x ????? xXetvEt aGeta xou 5tcco xovtei ax p.yXo pyo xou Yung, Suo TtoauyEByjxa. T 'va, ??? Etvai a^Extxe p xj axev TtpoatTctxij to)yj too, OTCto axy] TtpoaStoptCExat arc ptaix-VYj xXYjpovoptxxTjxa xai p aop6axtx xi TtEpcaaxpc cpop TEEptwptapva tcbpaxa' xt Iva aXXo tco pxexat &K0 vapiGp,yjt cjoTcfatc) xou ysvE, xai tco TCEptxst |xt xaxsuGuvayj auyjxyjxa UTCspaxoiiixirj' rco cjTCpv aGeta xou xrv pvyjpovtxiQ, iaxopt-XV] Sixacy] xtov XPvtl),'' ^XY auvavxyjav] XotTcv xooxYj xyj axtyx7] xai axyjv aovst7-xy) vxtpextrctayj tv Suo aoxtv Tioauvet-Syjxtov rco Xova ixSyjXtovvxavs asta Lxou, ?x axijv ??/?) pou pxtaet v' va-Tcxaaexat pt xptxtxy) tco rcXtvovxav tb p xyjv Tceptoxyj xat xfv Scxtov p.a y)p.ptv. "Oao yt x aGpo, tco yp-/_zxa.i, ???-rcavxtv oxv IIotYjxy), y Svap-Y] axyj xyj xpixtxy], axyj a9poXoyT xai xijV oata-axtxy) Syjptoupytxy] xou c^ta xai xv tcyj-yaEa |vxaay) xf] |?????]? StaXexxixyjc xou.
Xpetaexat rcpaypaxtx pt GXYjayj Iv-xeXto c^EXCoptaxT] yt v' ??????????? xaVEt v p-Exaxpa^et xYjv xaGcep(j)[xvyj Gsibpyjayj xuv Ttpaap.vo)V. Xx p.xac; 1???)??1?? 8Xot


54
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??) auvYj0Eta v' vaTcaptaxoOps xyjv pyjxi-xyjxa av xuXtypvyj rc va avvscpo ai-aOyjxtxyj pxtxyjxa, XWP>1? *a0Xou v -xoup,, [i axotxEiibSy] ao6apxyjxa orcto ?????????, (b nota oyjiieTo ?? vcpo ????? p ????????????? tato, XXa rcEipa oyj-p,Ela, tco xt rc ttjv YjBtxyj xt u tyjv 6-Xtxyj TtXEup rcapaxtbXuav rct0av xyj auvo-Xyj pyavtxyj vrcxucYj ??? XaoO p,a.
'EXax'cnoi eV exsvoi tco ???? rtpay-paxixyjv ??????) xou axv v0pti)rco xai axyjv rtaxptSa xou, 0xav xyj Svap-yj v' xo-XouByJctouve a xouxyj xyjv ???????????) xyjv vSptxxaxyj ivxoXyj xoO p-syXou Mcaxt6tx : yrca xjV naxpESa aou-, XX' yrca xyjv Xtx. npayp,axix, ? IIotYjxyj TtpOTtvxiov Etvat ovaxo axi pips pa v vovjOei", av Sv sxei cpxast axyj fiapEi ?.?)??6??)?? tto Xt 6 Pt'Xxs, av SvjXaSyj Sv Xi xpet ???&?? EJavxXvjxtx, x paavo xoO 6Tcoxetp.vou xou xai Sv e-vat Ixotpo, ??????? rc pt xXEta vExyj rcvu) ax yt) xou, v axpacpel rcp SXou xou v0pWTCou, oxt [Jiovo axi pcpaxtx 5o"aaxtx rcopEe xou, XX xai a' SXe xi pocpata p.tovxxix axtypi xou, tto yjxxyjuivoi yt xv va Y] yt xv XXo Xyo, ov axi cpuXax, axi xpuyXE, ax voaoxop,a, ax ????0???????]???, yj ???-Xeuouv av o eaxaxot rcapEE yt xyj wyj xou.
"Av cpuatx, orcto ????????????? 6 Bachelard, TcoxpstvExai ?? xEXeoxata a-x xoat xPvta, rcaxoovxa axi rcapop-pyjaet xyj ETctaxYjpovtxfj rcpoSou, v' va-0topyjaEi SXs xou xi yvtoaEc xai v "ava-TcXast av rcs xyjv pxYj oXxXyjpyj xy^ coyj xou, rcoao TtEptaaoxEpo y) rcopEta xyj taxo-pEa Sv urcoxpEtbvet a pt vxtaxoixYj u-?????????] xv IIotrjxYj Kappt rcoxYj -acpaXu Sv p-rcopEt vvat evotxxeprj axo v npoaScoptaet xi Ttpaypaxtx euve io Tcveup,axtxo0 vBptrcou rcvavxt xai xoO lauxo xou xai xuv XXcov, ??? rcoxY] axyj tco opE aY^pEpa. Ev' oXocpvepo nw axi y]pp pa, xai a (3a0p rctaxEu-xa TCto 'vxova rc' SXe xi op.Xoye |x xYj StxYJ pa inoyj], xa0w rj 'XXrjvtaxcxYj, r\ xxsxva xoO MEaattjuva, yt TcapSEiytxa, -? rcapaSeytivvj c& xi&pa YjBtxYj xoO xap,ou auvoxYji oXova StaXexai pircp ax p,xta
p-a, xai Y] auyxpouayj rcEpcwptapvLOV aup,-9povxoXoytx)v ????????? p x yevtxxaxa Yj0tx acxYjp,axa xoO v0pti)TCOu evat xxota, rco Y) Sta y) urcapcYj xou BotYjx^ xorco0-xelxac (b va vo xtco rcpo6Xyjpaxtx6-xYjxa xai TCEptypcpExat rco xi rcatTY]-oec tco exei arc' axov Vj oXova ypto pa psxap.opcpo6p.EVY] taxopa.
Oi npaypaxix vYjpepcopvot ??]??? axY]V rc p ? 6 X yj p a x t x 6 x '(] x a auxY] (xt axoi v' XxtOT0Oi pouv /.aX tcw t y) vc XY]0tvoO axi u-pE pa IIotY]-xy^ Sv prcopE vvai ????? x Tcapywyo rco auyxEvxpwvsxat no xyjv ep60uvay] -KEtptv op-aSixtov |3iwpxtov, ???? rco p.tv AEa0avxtx6xy]xa, cpeiXxiSa ???' xi pcE xYj a' xpatY] xyjv v0p)TCtvy] 'Iaxopta.
"Oxt tcw xo yEyovo axo Sv ?????-????]??] rc pEyXs tcoiyjxixe TcpoatOTCtxo-xyjxe xi a7c Sta xcvyjtpa ax rcapEXSv. TTcpxst yt xo aEuve xai yt oXxXyj-pY] xyjv v0ptorc6xr]xa IIpopyjBa ?????-xv] xou ????]??] xwv rcotY]tt>v,xoO ???/????.
Kai 67capxt rcoX pyoxEpa yj 'lpyj|xop-cpVj xoO XXvxEpXtv, rco pxVEt t15 x PT xou '0 Gvaxo xoO '?????5????];> axyjv t-axopa x&v Xauv, pt axt rco rcpvEt xi StaaxaEt xoO axtou xo Xptaxo. Trcp-Xt xopa 6 0o Ki]x, tco p xv Trce-ptwv xou yyil^Et x Sta avopa. Kai y-vtxxspa, uupxouVE ot XyjGtvoi Dotyjx, tto y) Buaia xou, tcco ypcpet Sainte Beuve.Etvat oataaxtx caxtpy] p xy] Ouata xoO 'Iyjao.
SxyjV xptxtxyj p60uvay; xou 'EXXyjvixo EaxoptxoO uTCoauveESYjxou, x ????????? tco ????????? v cptoxtaBove tvat rcoXX. T -vtato etcEtceSo ax rcoto BXave v ???)-aouv xyjv cEXXSa oE AsXcpoE, no laxyjpt-vxaVE ax TtVEpa xyj StatxyjaEa, axyjv xaxaSExy] xyj SouXEt'a, axyjv taoxyjxa ???-Xtxtxtov Stxattopxtov yuvatx xai vSp, axyj aocpEa xuv rc AeuxaXEtovo aEiov, axyjv jxpavxvj Tcpoacorctxxyjxa xtov ??????????-xtxtov, payEexat a pxpyjxa xoppxta ???? xyjv p.TCiptxyj XXyjvtxyj ?? ? X t x i x yj.
T XEpaxta xapaxa tco rcpolpxovxat arc' axirj, pnoSEouv xBe XTCtSa psya-XnvEuaxyj vxYjxa xai i] IXXyjvtx^j toyj ycovEexat v auyxpaxyjat xv lauxo xyj


'AaKA.riTti<;
55
o pia ouvoyjj, xwpk v xaxopBtvec v' -rcootbaec va rcveupa avirio xcv peyXtov Y)6oTcXaaxcxiov xyj; rcpoaTcaBeitov. T ye-yov; xo yiva yt xyjv erctxpxy/avj pia? tcXyj; Tcvw a p.tv XXYj, E'xe ax yo-pt^exat fjyepoya, auvoixiap.;, auv-xXeta, aupTcoXtxea, vxarcoxptvexat Ttpaypaxtx a auaxvjpa tco xet axY]-ptypa xv vpo xyj; xoivcoytxYj; oouXeia; xa xpsxaXXeExai arc rceipe; rctjjet; x va pipo; xoO "EBvouc vavxtov xoO X-Xou. MBexe 'Xeye 'lto; IlEptxXYJ;, rco xv BecopoOpe rcvxa co; xv xopucpalo, vop.to; xi ax xat xyj ax(|)Tj p.a; -p-Ttet-ptx tcoXitixp-Bexe, Xeys, rcoxetvu-e-vo; axoc, aupTcoXtxe; xou rco xo; rcepi-otptyye x TcevBo; xt Yj ytovia, reto; 6 Trco; pa; yzi jtoxxYjaei pt peyXYj Shja paa axoc Bvvjxou;, xat reto; xaxxxvjae io; p aYjp.epa pt Suvap-Yj rco yj u.vyju.yj xyj; B Ttapapvet atcbvta xa ax peXXov, ytaxt, "EXXyjve; epe!;, 5caxY(pop.e pt Incuoia -rcvio a' XXou; "EXXyjvec;, TtoXupiBixoue,, rco xyj otaxvjpyjaapE p SuvYjpxaxou; reo-Xpou; vavxtov xoO xaBev; xt vavxtov oXcov, xa 7tcb? xaxotxope a pia x^pa t-ayupfj xa yep.iop.evYj are' oXa x' jaB.
Movo SetXc, yt* ax, TtpoaBxEt, B prcopoOae v p.; '|c;L. 'AXX o vOptoito; xyj; rcpijYj; B BeXyjaei v IcjtawBel pat^u p.a; xt v Sv cpxaet a vXoyo ayju.e'o p x 5tx p.a; yaB, Bxet x XP0S va cpBovaet. Ti ayjpaaca e^et, v piayjBoOpe Y) v xaxo6Xercpaax ; 'H polpa axyj ecpa-vepcByj are' SXou; xo; xatpou;, a' SXou; exevou; rco eJxave xyj BXyjaY] v xuptap-XoOv nva) axoc XXou;. Movo ax; rco cpxvei a peyXa rcpypaxa re p y_'e t a x y) v X i\ 0 e i a. T utao; Sv xpa-xsi xaBXoo. Av 6rcpxt rcap Y) XpcJjY] arc x aYjpEpa, xa yj Scca rco rcoppEt arc o,xt Etvat Bvaxo.
M xy; auvorcxtxYj axyj xa au^YJxvjxa aaBYjxtxvj xoapoBEiopYjxtXYj rcoxtpyjOYj xyj; Ccoyj; xoO lleptxXvj, ib; "EXXYjva tcoXi-xtxoO rcvavxt SXtov xv cEXX"/jvwv, xou-pe xa xyj StaxrcwoY] a ypaxoc; xcoXtxt-xoO xa xfjc, oouXetac;, xa, a yEVtxcbxaxY]
* BXtte AuptKc; Bioc. Tpoc; B', oeX. 98 kXtc. 'H ouvE6r]OTi tt^c cpuAr^cj pou. 'MTcpc d?t, tv TiqX tri; yfjq pou.
ypappY), )c; |ie9ou pic; TcoXtxtxvjc;, rco 'Stot; xe ecjaaxrjaet, vcj appexpou prceptaXtapoO. Kt v xxotog yjxav tp.TCEpiaXcap.oc, xcv 'A6YjvtI)v,p XXa X-yta E|jtrceptaXia|icj orcou patet xou e-xXstae x ret Xap.rcp ^apaxxTjptaxtx xoO pxatou 'EXXvjvtxoO TcoXtxtap,ou xa rco rcap' 6Xa xou x acpXp-axa xpexaXXeuxyjxe Xtyxepo tbptapva yevtxixaxa aupcppovxa xouxou xoO TcoXixiap.oO, xt B pjcopouaape v rcope xxaxe yt xyj axXYjptyjxa |itcj tprceptaXtaxtxYjs Staxu6epVYjato; SieuBuvo-pvrjc; arc x? auyxpov? xouc; tj xXYjpov-pouc; pYjxpoTCXetc;, orew; Yjxave yj ^rcpTYj, Y) 0Y^6a, YJ MaxeSovta, of Supaxouaecj ;
T yjBtx xev pt; xotvtovtaj rco faat-l^vxave xaB); a xpytovo XtBpt, oxyj SouXeta, eytvvxave, axarcetxta, xep-axta, xxa) n va xptxtx venTjpaaxo (iXppa. Of otxaaxtxcj, ibc, va rcX rcap-SEtypa, rcp6atcj urcp xoO Et'Xtoxa, axrj STipxYj, irjtav evxeXwc; aupaxtxs xt na-xyjXcj. 'Acptvoup.e x otxattpaxa tco ilrcapttxYj; ercepvev rcvavxt xoO et'Xcoxa, U7coXoytl^ovxa; xpa xa xyjv 'iSia xou ^tofj, tb; va pao 5iaa*ESaaxix rcoXeptxYjc; xou yupvaata;. 'Acptvoup.e xpa Tccog yj ano xv et'Xcoxa xaXXtepyYjpevrj yfj Sv xou vayvto-pt^ovxav uxyj tSttov SouXtov, tco pxtvv arc x ptaoc; xcv cpevxtov xou; xa xaXXtepyouv xyjv rcXvj oXcov xtov axtyp,tSv xyj; ^ioyj; xou;, yt v rcepvtxY^aouv xo; ixpaypaxtxo; xat xo; cpavxaaxtxo; xtvSuvou; tco icoppouv ?c xyjv xaxaxaaYj axrj. CQ; rcp; x rcveupaxtx, YjBtx xa taxoptx xv, rco axY) YJ xaxaxaaYj yXt yXt SyjptoupyEt, rcpaypaxtx ax Etv' vuTcoXyiata. Kt oxav pyxspa YJ 'EXXSa urcoSouXcvexao axrj PcpYj, v rcpxC'UV, |36ata, xa aie-XxYj rco xpaxoOv p,; oxyjv tyuyri xouc p-


56
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Bta TYjV 'EXXSa, ou.to ypa arc to -yevcaSe, SXot ixEtvot tco uaaove ?? ???? tou pxupivo pi tjv xaTacppvta, 8v elv' XXot rcap oE Tcpvot, xoXaxs, paevoxoi-xe y) arciYOvot xai rcapatxoc, rco xspS-ouv xj w/j tou pEaxovTac ptaB oxjv TtsptcppovYjpvY; ???????) tou.
"AXXo VjXYjpa av reap' SX' ax yj BeEa CtimxTYjxa xo Xao ?-a piaxet rcvxa SttjoSo rcpc x xaBoXtx xa xa ?????????? xt av p. xi] 5vapY p,t rcaXtYYveata, -TcpoaSxYjXYj Y'* T^ ouvByjxe tco tyjv tce-ptwvouv, rcpvec jacpva xr Boyj rcavav-Bpi&rtivou SyjyoO, xet ??? tEtcote 8v xyjv ixpoExop-aoE y l, xv axorcv ???? arc (lpo xv rcpaYP-axcxv utceuBvwv. 'ExeTvo -rcvw xx) xv xaip Xocrcv tco oxetEe-xat xai \x' ax x ????> axwpt yaXi ayXt axYjv rcaXyj 'EXXSa ????? xoO Xptaxo xai y xaxarcXr/xxcxyj Ttpoatorctx-xYxa xo IlaXou ixo eI^e xtXac 8Y]p.ioup-YYjaec wvxav xotvxYjxEc Xptaxtavtapo pi x 7copcTcvoo Tcvspa xou. Kai a xoxo x apelo tyj StaXEXTixYJc ??? aaBvBYjxa cjacpva x ?????? p.t rcXaxuxepYj xwayj v p-eyaXouvEi xa v axt^Et piaa p,ou 8Xr
XY)v TCpOYYOp.EVY p.ou XpiTlXY} ?? ?? al'XYj-
p- XYjj. 'H TcapaxpYj vc xap.ou (??????? xtXac arc ????), Evac va axoix^ tcv-Toxtv xawVo y'*, ^va Xa ; y u-Yjtclo Eivat XyjBcv y] xXcvv], xacpo, ????? auvxsXet-xat puaxtx Y) yaXcvYj pYavixyj xou p,sxa-ppcpwaY] Yl [J.CCXV xpacpaipa vt&xepY), IvepYYjxixxepY] p xv xaip ;
Kai 7????? x Sexepo : ?????? arc' xy]v ppiaxYjV 'EXXSa p-YjTtto Y) vBptTCxYjTa qXxXyjpy) ?????? 8v vjxav ??? ???????? xoO Bavxou xyj ; M' 8av Efya 5uvap,Y axa voO xai ax xopp-E pou rccpepa arc' xf/v YWvia tco p.o0 IBexe ax x pibxYjpia. "???? waxao rcio y) 'EXXSa TcptxYj u-??????? x Ayo to 'bjao. ????????-l,0VTa ?? ?????? tyj ScaXuarj ?^? SXtj wTixxYjTa tyj xai ????????? arc tyj a-BTepYj xocvwvixYj TcapSoaifj tyj ?,?? 8??-vtxtTspo xc ???????? eixi yj?Pa nP" XiopocjE Scxcc 8??????.? otjv rec pyXr XxpwaYj, xa tcyc y'' ???? t Ayo axv oaca "EXXYjva unYjpCje arc xv xaip xslvo 6 Ttt YVYjoto Xpiatcavc. Kai ????? STipoBexa, tco ???' vayxY] vxxXYjTY], y^
'EXXSa xc 8Xy] "?j vBptTCOxYjxa pa xa-Xexai vaixnEC [Ji axf;v rec u.eyXy ??????? xy^ '??????]?, tco rcpou.YJvup, xyc svac x 8io aa6vjp.a xyj TpaYtxoxYjxa tco p xaxxsi XxXyjpouc, xai 8v prcopei v u-TcpjEt s6aca p- axv ?????????????^? ???.???????? tuv ???????? rcoXpwv, XXiv vp-??? too TCoauvscSYjTOu ???%???? tyj xaBapy^ 'AX^Beca, xai tyj AcxatoauvYj, xai ty] 'Opopcpc, ?????6?)???. tcw ????] Yj acpapa Sv ?,?????? vvac XXv] arc tyj apalpa ??? IlapxXyjTou.
Kt' axYj xpiSio TYjV noxv}, UTcaxoov-xa a p-i vvSoTYj atuTEpcxY] Ttappp.yj-aYj pxcaa v auXXoYou-at, av IpYO Be-????, tv 'AaxXYjTct.
AiaBavpouva tcw y) vaXuxtXY) jcaxo-pYjaYj xy^ iwyyj axy^ ????? 8 8 jitco-poa v' ????8??? xyjv oaia xvj ???????-xYjxa, -{lari o taxopexoi rco ?? ?????^'?^-aavE aXXoxE, r xc' xpa xcpa x rctxsc-poVE, sevat vBpwrcoc xv yY0Vt)v xa-
tffiV TCc8Yj.
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Kt' ??^???? a' auxYJ p.ou xyjv ????????] v Stbaw p- ?? ?????? pt avBeaYj, I6oy-BY^BYjxa xt' arc tyjv xzyyixr TcXacatwa-/] too pYou rco vaX6atva xai oY]8^6Y]xa arc' TYjV tSta ataBYxixYj auYxvxpwoY] rco 5y-ptoupYOas x Tonto xrc, 'EntSapou, xai ?? ?????? xo IIoXxXetTou.
?? ?????? ????? toO oXxXstTou pt-?????? ito arc ?? TepEVO, otj SuTtx] ????-Yt arc x Kuvpxco Spo, nob Tcvw tyj oxoSolivjGyjxe xai x tep xo 'ArcXXcpva MaXexa p, a pt xap8pa tco ExoXa axYjp.aTta8Yjx x xotXo rco XPtaC8vxav v xotto9sxy]6ov ax pax x SiiXta, xai povax axi xpE, Xiye rcxpE tco rco-xXeaav x ?????? yt x rcapaxxw Sco-Xta. ?' tvat axpap,pvo XxXYjpo repo ?? oppex xai Xtyo rcpo tyj 8ay, ???? xs-vot rco xaBvxavE ??? xolXo txav ^Tcpo-??? tou ?? Xao xo 'AaxXyjrttetou p.' 8Xa


'AaK..ri'ruc,
57
tou z p,EyaXrcperca p,VYjp,eIa xa yevtx SXt] xY)v rceStSa xo 'IspoO p x Xyupa xaxcpuxa (Souv.
T 9axpo are' oXa x o^oSoprj'iaxa xo 'AaxXYjruetou etV xelvo rco SiaxYjpYj-tyjxs axyjv rec xaX^j xaxaxaav). CH xeXetio-u-vv] vaaxaepYj xou u? eyvtpiaE rcvco rc' 8Xa t' XXa rco p,; ipeivav arc xrjv pxatxyjxa, xyjv ret acoaxYj p.opcpy] xoO p-Xatou Osxpou, rcepiaaxepo are' Sxt xXXa pExarcotY][Jtva are' xo; Piop.atou; 6axpa Ixetvou xoO xatpoO.
Maa axYjV xXeta xuxX:xy]V pxYjaxpa exetvou xoO expou prcpeoa y auyxev-xptuato xrjv ecxva xyj; paStxYj; ioyj; xoO 'AaxXyjrctctou, xa v cravattato o p.t -vxvjxa eatoxeptXYj x; xeXeuxace; rcp rcv-xtov cpaet; xyj; ,0}v\z xou, xa x; rtap-Xe; xYj; xpaytxYj; vaxoXYj; pia; va;. At-a9rjxtx (axYjV ret rcXaxet xfjc; Xcjyj; ev-voia) x axSco xoO Oexpou xoO IIoXuxXei-xou p xr^v TcscXrj pxtXEXxovtxr] xou xu-xXixyj 5tu9TYjavj, rcpoxaXec, orcio; ypcpet xao xaBap V) ia SixeXcavo, ax; xtc; xaaepi; arcouSace; auvrcete; : IlptJxo, ot-xovop-tex X&pw Yt!* T0 xpoaxyjpto rco ep-XExat are' axT) xvjyxXeta xuxXcxyj 8teu9-xyjoyj. Aexepo, xa9to; x xpoaxY]pto x-9ovxav xptypa xa 'jjyjXxepa arc xo; Yj-9orcoio;, v pXrcee xyjv rcapaxaaY] tcoX xaX, a |3z6ocj, rcXxo; xa QiJjo;. Tpxo arc va xsvxptx ayjpEto, y^/o; cjarcXcve-xat a xpaxa XXercXXYjXa, coaxe XWP'S p,yjXvtxY]v srcpaaY] v'rcoxeXel Iva pxto u.ey^iovo. Ka xexapxo, Suvapix; pa-yVYjxtapc evo; pEyXou xpoaxYjptou v p-^jv elvat orcio; ax aYjpEptv p.a; 0axpa oxoprctapvo; ax' votxx rcvxoxE xpa rco eptvouve of aetp; xiov xa9tapxtov, xi exat r} Tipoaoyj] xSv Yj9orcottov, xP0 v-ai xpoaxYjptou v auyxevxptovexai a' va aYj-P-eco, axYjV p x "h o x p a, xa v axvjpa-xcl^Ei xpaxa arc 8vap.y] rco aijvouv a 'vxaavj, xa0cb; x Sppa cJExuXtysxat.
"Exat, xa p. x; auvrcete; ax;, x pxato Gaxpo Sv Et'vac ayxpovo t'Spupa rcoXtxiapou rco rcpaae, XX y^ ret cp9a-ap-vvj popcpyj yt xyjv rcapaywyy) p.yXwv epycov SXtov xttv xatpv. Kt' axo; xo; 'pou; xo; rcXYjptoVE tStatxepa yt p.; x Oaxpo xoO IIoXxXeixou ytax 5taxY]pY^9r/XE
axsSv vrcaepo are' x 5t6a xiov xatpcov, xa9ib; XxXYjprj fj pxYjaxpa xt' ol |3a9p.t-5e; xou axercaxYjxav are' x x Sxapaxwvxa; ax ayjpEto aux Srcou xa-xp9coaa v auyxsvxpwato xa v xveo pila rcuxvY^ vaxorco9xYjaY) xtv tjtiov rco fj |3orj-9o0aav, yj ipreStc^av xY^v 5p9vj ptoXoytxYj vrcxucjY xoO "EBvou; pa; cpoO Y) ev-vota xyj; ppcoaxta; axoO xoO l 8 t o u Sv rcoypapp.t'^xat rcap rea xY^v EXxxtoaY] SXtov xtv SuvaxoxY^xtov xou, oxo-vop-txiov, rcvupaxtxcov, rcoXtxtxcv xxX.,ax v vavsitOel xaxX^cja axvj Sta-XuxtxYj rctSpaoY] rco ex ax "E9vo; pac Staxtoptapt; ,v|Jiaa a 7cXouato xa ^xtox, X9po xa SoOXo Xa, xa ax; auvrcecE; axoO xo Staxcoptapo rco yt-vovxav Xova xa papxspe; ax rcpaapa xiv atcveov.
"Exat pEXEXtvxa; xr)v rcaXYjv 'EXXSa ax; popcp; rco vpo; xy^; SouXEt'a; xyjv xa0urcxaj xa ax; peyXE; xptast; no xax xatpo; zyz rcicppet ax Stcpopa rctrceSa xyj; ioyj; xyj;, xxExa va (36ato xpTeo yt v prcw ax auvoXo p.uaxYpio zf\c, Taxopta; tyj;, xa y'vaxQco ax; rcp)-x; pti^s; xcv peyXiov Xtxiov xa vj0tx(v xyj; xpaytoStiv rco xyjv 6aaavcaave, xr co; aYjpepa xr/v paaavtt^ouv paa arc xo; taxoptxou; xyj; aEwv;.
CH Xa^ovEta xa yj pta ^xav arc x rcavpxata y^pvi'x ol auvrcete; xou xotvco-vtxoO StaxtoptaixoO rco rcpoavcpepa. CH xarcetycoay] vo; 6rcep6oXtxoO ptBpo v-9pcretviov rcXaapxtov a' va pXo pyviov vxeXio; xucpXtov rcvavxt xtbv XXtov, V]xav '^uatx v rcpoxaXet ax auvoXo auvicete; xpaytx;. cO x6e xuptoc SoXwv ytvexat Yj yevvtxac va; xupavvo;, xi' 'Aptaxo-xXvj; axtaypacpEl (v xa 0topY]xtx urcp-paxo; xyj; SouXeta;) p L^ioYjp; ypap.p,; xo; xptou; xaPaxT7PS Tv eXXrjVtxioy pcaxo>cpaxi>v. Etvai euxoXo, aYju.et

58
'AoKXriTt.ic;
Xaovs xai yEptot TiepicppvYjcjY] yt x ?????^???, xa yt v itops ?? atoat, p-ptooTatvouv ???'tyv 8ca tyjv arcxTYay ??? tcXotgu tco to xvEt v ittatEouVE tcio 'Xa piaxovxat at /pt tou. Av Eivai ttcote tco v pyjv svat atyjv xttpyjayj attv tv toccov Stxacoji tou, xai rcapa-r/jpnvTa Tcao o aXXoi axoXovTat oXy] tou tyj.ioYj ??? v' ?? ?/? T) ao ? V S,ti past xpt6n a' aTO to iSiou, Tccpxouv ??-???? aTYj 8iacp8op xai axf [leyaXocpavTa-
atVj YjXtGltYjTa.
"Etat YjYETai xi' r ???????; ??? 2i-[itovi 8y toc rcp ??] Stacpop aocptov xai rcXoatiov : "Otav ~\ yuvaxa ??? Tptova tv eptot v 9 rcpoTtpoOae v Evat evac 009e; f sva rcXoato' "Eva uXoooio, TtavT, ytati aliava ESa to aocpo v Epipvouv tarcstv ???????? ot Bps tuv TXouaitov, xai yiaT '1 itXoatoi Osto-poOvs tv lauto tou 4o v SiaTasi, xt' )(ouv tyjv 7iTco6yay Sttxat}(ouv oXa t ?????? tco to xivouv v/ouv y1* to aAXou t Stxaitopa xfj ???????^?.
Ilpoxtopnvta 6 xaip pi ti rcapaooi i5toppu9pt Tco,)(pvo pi t Xfvo' attiva pi tv acva, ptaxEtat totoptx, "EX-Xyjva xXECVEtat ???* aiy p a' Iva x-apo tco tatptEt aty(v TcaXyj iStoauyxpa-aia tou grosso modo xai tv xvouv v' -rcavt atotEptxo auyxpovto xt' jioTept-xo xivSvou rco xXovtouvs XxXyjpyj tyjv ??????"?) ???. 'atao yj tyuyj] ??? IX-XyjvixoO Xao ot rcstX at ov pVEi XteXa Tca9yttxy. 'AvBtatatat ???? Ivatt-xto xi' Ttoyjtaei p (ita Tcoauvetoyjty) 'v-taayj aGpiaiac ?????>??]? v "ava6pl tv lauto tyc xai rcao^iEt v' rcoxtyjaEt p.
?? ??^???? too TcapeX9ovto tou va-psaa at axpTCta ????? tyj tatoptxfj tou tofj, [it oataattxy] ?????] vTac;ia tyj IptpuTYj Tcvsupattx^ xai Y9ixyc tou tjia. NotiGei [ita ???? svotyjta xai (it Xyj-0ta tco v" ac"tt t Sco yt SXou to v9pu)Tcou. Ki' v Sv tyjv ptaxEi ??? TCEptyup tou, tyjv it a ttopa xai otyjv TEpaTta Svapirj tou v' avarcX0Et paa tou ?? M80 orcto tv ????????]0?/?? arc
pEcpOC.
c0 y]'ptoa too spyou 'AaxXyjTcto Etvat sva.rco exEvou rco t urcoauVt8yt tou xXe t ?????? 'tf/ itXatutspyj Tcoty;-ttxfj atjtcoayj tco yupEEt v' vax9t a-9toc tou oti Tcyjy xrc nptbtyj tou 'EXXvj-vtxy] yvotyjta. Asttoupyet at a9v] tou, to aiatavttxtyjta tco TcpoxaXst atyj ?????; tou pt SiaxoTCY] atoxpittxy], ???? ????-ps rcXoatatec, orcto t xvst atv Ttce-pttov tou l'va Tiawr^ Kyjt, tav yjret ty 9say; tou atv xapo, taTcXtopvoc prcp at rcSta tyj ytyvtEta Mvypoayyc xai intasi tyjv ta v yV SExto at va tyj.
"H yjtaEt v rcXyjatasi exEt'yy; tyjv &tce-po]{~f) peXIty] tou 9avtou arc t PEXxe, Tcovat xa0apy Guaca at Guataaty^pto ty] v9pi)7uv/] 'Evtyjta, xai tavst reta at atto tf; Ttptatyj topp,avayc, ????? ~r potpa, av0ptO7to, yj xoivtovta xt' 6 x-apo auvavttovtat a' sva aprcav Ivtopvo xai auv9touV 5Xa |iaiu g va rcXi^ptopa y-ptoupytx.
'AXX xwP' XXo, x9e Xyj9tvo Ilot-yjtyj xpstaEtac Iva 81x0 tou Sppo yt v cptaEi, Iva oix tou 9vato, Iva Gvto rco, xaGto TcXi Xt ? t'Sio PcXxe, etvac xaprco Xyupa arc tv tcoov atps-cpETai t Tcv.
?????02 ZIKEAIANOE


MIA ?01???1?
'? "??????? SixeAiavo, rtQO/.oyiovTa ia?^^t) tj; 'Aihiv Tapaoufo) ctcpiEpcoiivr] ot)v Atpda 2???. Arpvi], xcoi yiVE ??? ????? Ktvtpixv axi 13 I>ef5(jOTiugoti 1944, Ru-piaxT) jcqm, fiuii?? a/eSv /.gvia sjieit' arc x Odvat ??, fixe ?? ???????? yi t] veiti] Tcni'iTQia :
H 'NEA ETIA-
KupEC, Kptot. Oup.ap.at : oao xi' v 7] 6pva7 aTYj eivat paxpuvYj ?????.??? pTia paOpa a yaXTYj xi' ?'???? BravE ?? pTia tyj ?????&?, rcuxats PaBt tou ??? xpucprj pEyXvj ?????. Mia ???????-Yj aoXjTpiSa EepYj, Ivo pxaiou vao, auy-xvxpcopvY/ oXyj oto xatpto pXo rco ?? [eXeto^e xoip.Y]Tcx, Y' v ?? ???? v-????? ps TY) AstToupyia ????? tyjv Ixatjev yj Mopa.
????? xvTpo puaTcxf/ papTYjTa aEpvTYjTa ?????????; xa ??????;????-veptovvTave otyjv oXyjv ???] tyj, otyjv SXyj tyj YpappY). Auto ?? ?????? tyj paptvj-???, tco 14vvYc Kyjt ?? Xei papo; Bavaaia arcvct) axyjv xapSt xa tco eV '<] ??'???] xat y) aaTYjpij Staxova tyj IIoYjaYj, y', to XYjBtvo:?????? tco potpaGYjxav ttcoc rc= tvjv xpuvj psyXYj AvapyjIIoiyjte. Kc' aT C)(VVTav ?-???????? ??? ?????????, ?????? etocv xa xpuppvo pi ??? ????] tyj ???^? tyj At-ptXia ?????).
lIcaTEco XTjBcv reto; xarcota paxpuvyj xXYjpovopt 1?????????? axi ?????? tyj, ap.rcto vpxVTav ???? xpvta ???????????, tco Scxw XXo Tavitufte a [iuotcxjv ep-?????? v tyjv xuXtyouv xa ?? voaxaX-YoOas Xyup tyj Stapxw. Av Ecxav oyj.srccopaavj arc xjv p/aca ?/ikoXofix. ETav ?? Sto allia ???, tco vayjToOae ?? ix tod xap.0, xapo rco tv yjaav tato TiXpia xnoiot Tcpoyovot tyj xa tco avav6aiVE ??? axYjByj xa ??? Tcvsppa tyj ??????????.
3?????? Xap-rrei opavc; p ?' ????? TcXouptopvoq, Ka9cbq yiyvTEou iraycovio f\ xpuoopxa op. cO ZarcipiKc; KEa'ioiapq ^eT kctcou bio Kpuppvoc, ox cf)u\a, ax vEpa... Z -noia 'EXeuaivEia, ????????? ?? tviocp Sou
?????1?,
N/Ta 'ABpvaa, ?????? v9o vEpcov, -??? 6Evi, ??????; TCEpvc; ko ypa Zou Spooit; SiapvTia
OTcpvElq,
KaScj, peace ??? ???????? tcov Kpvcov tt\v KEpvc;; KaXoKaipiccTLKT] vu/Ti r| pcoTEpvri Qoifr] aTaX^Et cpXTpa, x"Ta. TtavTO dpyupc; xvc;. GappEc; Ttcbc. ???? to SpupoO TTko,pi vtpr] Kpu^Ei, Ttcq oxL o ypXXoi, u o aXo payEouv to riavc; Ma tetlo vxTa ???????? v' pSoGv ?' dyaftnpva toG riapvaaao ?? TcvpaTa, av TtTaaa xpoaf]. 'Eava, u Kpivva, ? Mupc, ????????????] 'Eava, rXaKq, XiyBpor] "Hpivva, Tfjc Ai'jXou iiSvi 'Ea !
S' aiYj ??] OEtp tyj Kpivvac, tyj Mu-???, tyj rXaxvjc, tyj ????????????)?, xrc XiYBpovj "Hpivva, xi' arcava) rcJ Xa aTYj no apVEt arc acuv ???????'? tv 'AtcoXXwvio tv Mouawv xP> ??, fu-???, ???] aecpv aTj pi EpYj tcoiyjtcxyj 'EXXyjvixyj aiwvia XitavEa, xoXuGsE vTaiia y] AptXa ??????).
T xpayoSi tyj AtpiXia ?????;, Etne xa TcpoXYiaE -(l ????? ? IlaXap, evat ?? aspvTEpa ???????1??, tco axp-TCta auTYj tyjv upa i NeoeXXyjVixy; ????, xivYjpvYj ???? YuvatxEta xpta. ???? avaXoyo etce xt' ? TpuTcpYj. KaTt v-???? vaTCTuie ???? xpiTtx ???, ??????' ???' ?? ?????? tyj "?????.
Ka ayjpEpa, pt ????; ??????; Yuva'" XEta xapSi vpEa pac, y xapi tyj 'AGyjv TapaoXyj, rco 6 ??????? tyj Eva rcvTOTE TOtpo v y^cxpiaxsZ a' o,xi tep xi' o,Tt pEyXo, vaXa6atVt v ????????-aTE arc ?? 'HXata, orcou Tpta xPvta TWpa ~ AtpiXta ?????) OtaaxEXtst tv ?????? Xetpuva ???????1? p t ya-TCYjpvE tyj pxaE 'EXXyjviSe TtoiYjTpte, tco IrcixaXovTaVE oto rcaparcva) aTt-Xou Tco S etna, tyv sfxva tyj, xaBw xav aTYj ooYj xa ?? 'pyo tyj.
Av etvai oapvo a piva v piXYjaw


60
0Yu.pa rcXaxia, 8 ?? to; 90sXa, yi xyj wtj xal t pY at.'Apxety; p.o0 efvai yj xip.y| v' vaYY^AW TYV iitXEa tfj 'Aovjva Tap-coXy, rcvup.axtxYj ecppoauvY) Y0* SXou pa xal aXaapo aty ??????; avxpocp ttj, v' vaYYXw ???'??}?, xyjv rcaYYeXia arc xyjv TouXca Tepvxcuo piaxoupYYjpa-
ttxwv TcoiT)|ixu)Vi orcto yj Fuvaxa, KaX, ????????;, yj aupaaxYj npoTcvxwv Acxaioavy>> xal p. x cpxd)y4xaxa ax 8ia Xyia, v xaxaaw cty u.vyu.v ty] c"xiopiaTYc aoxYJ 'EXXyjviSa. rcotYjxpcacj, soXaixa, ?? cppo tyjc. xiu.yj pou, xrc, ???-tcyj pou, xo 9aup.aap.oo pou.
AfTEAOZ ZIKEAIANOZ
O Z1KEAIANOI ?? TOYI AlfYriTIQTEZ
Z xpvioc vEaviKv v9ouaiaapv pi paa vOpUTCcov p vEipa OXiiaE v ya-Xei Mva XoyotExviK TtepioSiK. ?? ??????.-5ik Pyf]ke ?????, ?^??? ????????, Kai to ???????? tav ?????) ouCriTOaavE yi tri ypappfi ??? Kai yi to auvepyTe.. "Eva, ait' ti"|v pocc, UTtocpatvpEvoc, ypaijjE tote ??? ZiKeXiavo yi kevo t aXEio. Too ??|??)?? 5u Ayia yi ?? ?????-&???, u Ayia ait' tv ??1?)??^ tco ????-te ????????|? OTfj. '??????, ?? ?????? ???????? ??? otxou. ?? u AyLa, v apyi^aavE v p9o0v. T ivco ar]upa oti SripooiTriTo: :
0uu.cxu.ai Tcvta ?? Cecu ?^??^? tco tv Koap xf] ??????? velttic u.ov rjpGe ???' tv TCVEUu.auK ?[????????| 'EXXnviaLi Ka [i' ???????? v yiop-xaoupie p.iv l'ia '????^??) ocvoiti ox ())XXa xv 'AXEavpivv ????.-u.xcov Kai xf\c; Nia Zcof]. 0uu:a-
u.ai t pyTEpa pEaa uioO ????????? f| covxavr ETCoxi ??? Kai ??????
a8Eia ?:?? ????????} t) [vf\\xr\ ??]? 0EppoKpaaia xr|. T veo ?????????? p;f)vuu;a uic va aCpun-icnc to tcveu-uiatiKoO AyuTCTicbTT] 'ETiviau:oO, \s
piOKEL TCVTOTE OOVOjIEVO UTC' xflV
TcpoaSoKa uu va av9r|ot|c;, tco -vXoya \xk xi a0Eiec icOEi to KaipoO p:a 0 ??? KaOopiaEi ?????? tcl arcocpaatoTiKa ??1 tcl Ivxova xv
???)?? TCpOOpLOU-. "OXe OEx U.OU
Ki' ???] ??? r) Kapia, ?????? Ka axv Kaip xr) ???????|? VEioxnc; \iov, Evai ofjuepa iiai ???... ??????? ikeaianos
AT ?????? tte "AyyE\o ZikeXio-vo yi Tt\v AtyuTtTiTiKri 6iavr|ori. T pr-vup ??? fjTavE pr^vupa Ceot. Zeoc av Tf|v xapia ???.
'AAEavSpEia
MANQAHZ ?AAOYPAKHZ


????1 EAAHNIKOY ZQIIMOY KAI H 2IKEAIANIKH ????1?? IAEA
a'
???????!
'o yevsxioq ??????; Ppxoq ???;, f\ ????????? ?????) xxrivikfi ycovi tco ttvco ??)?, Yvvr)9r|KapE Kai katoikoops, s'xei. kcxti ttepioatepo, Tt va alcova Tto ????? ??? ????; ???; Xeutepicc;, uotep'dir ?????? Kai paKpxpovr) ???????. "Avotc;av tte iattxata, ?? 6aptccopva n ?? ps-ya ????;, ptia ???; Kai KTTat;av Xyup touq. Elav p ???????, Xaoc; tco Ppt-??????? oip ????;, v xaipouvTai a pu-8piapvr) iapicoari ?? ??\? ??? Xeutepicc;' v' cxxtioPoXcve TtvEupaTiKfi vcoteptrjta ??! v KuPspvcvE Tic; koivcovec; ????; Kai xr\v ???????| cor| ????; p ????????,, iacoc; ???????, ttepitcxokouc; yi tt|v ???1???? tcv 'EXXrivcov tco pXic, Elxav ???|??1 ??| cof] ??? ???????, XX tco xcpit^av o kevouc; toc; Xaoq, tfiv cvsor) kai tt|v npoo. ti Tti ???1?? ???? ?? v ????????? oi "ex-XnvEt;, p ??) 01?? Ttpoou tco toc; 5ia-KpivEi, ttpc; tic; xaprcpc; aTc; koivcovec; ??! v ^ritiiaouv p6r|ori kai ????????; ????-konrjc; ;
"pXsTtav ?????; povaxa ?? ??1??????, triv ??;????1?? tcv Xacov kevcov ?????|3?-Xa ???????? kai 6v f|Tav o 8ar| n xf\v ???????? vpipri kai ElXiKpivfj ??????? rcpOKoixfq tto toc; ovooe, v oxaSouvE ??! v psuvi'ioouvE tc; acotspikc; va-u.oxxeuoei<; kai ?? Xoc, otoc, Xoyiapoc., Ttpoxcopripvo, dir tte Kpri> o otipeo vr|ouxaaTiK. ????[, arc tiv ?????? Ksi-vri, Etxav Tti ot Autiko xaoi ouvEia iapei ?? ??????1 picce; ???????; ???, ????-piac; tco iarpavcvETai ?????, yi v ????1 ?????? ??? ouveitit ????????? ?rjc; *. b|3aia, toc; tte, kaveic, 6 ??????-
* BXrtE tceplo5lkti ??????] Aivou Kapc^f AeXtlo, cpXXa 10-25 Matou, 10 'louviou, 10 Mouiou 1919. ??-pioSixo Koivir|c. 1922, cpXcc 6, 8, 9, 12, 13 ??????, 'AvyKr) ttveopatikoo tcupfjvcc Aivou Kap,f\ Oi "EX-Xr|vc TcXSouv ?? vo ????; pG8o, Na '?????| 1947.
ite v ip,ei yi xf\ ??????? TtpoKOTtfjc; Kai ??????? tto toc; ????^?. 'axx, ??????; vepaivoups, psq oi Tcopivoi, ?? pepa ??? Xetepou veoeXXtivikou alcva, px-TtoupE ctc; xTic; ??? ocopoc; koivcoviktc; Kai TopiKTJc; KaKoatpoviac; Kai 9xitr|' ???;. 'h yfj ???; r| XXtivikti, p xkxripo ?? ttxrpcop xr\q a vxaoE toc; t*|9ikoc; Kai TtvEupaTiKoc; ????????????????; ??|?; Kai TcapapvEi Kuppvr|Tri. ???? tc; ??-pioiKc; vaxaptcsq tcov <;???1??, pnpo-??? otv cpEoo kvuvo xo^oitovcopvcov c^coTtpcov ??? ???? ???;, ouvteXeottj pEy-xcov katopbcoptcov, Ttapaappc; i;avap-xic^Ei ??? ttxayo xr}c, cxyvoiac; ??? ????-vcv tcpooavaroxiaiicv ???; ??! rj paTairi ycovia papaivEi pepa p ttjv ppa kote-paivovtac; otc; pi^Ec; ???;, eoe; ki'????) irla ??] c^cokt) ???; iKpa. 'h pa9r|TEa ???; otoc; Autikoc, tprcouq puopiaiiou xfjc; teore; ttoeixtrike, ???? ???, ?????? ???-???? ??! 5?? ????? ???; ppovtokpi^ouv tv kvuvo x:u-ou u pic^ac; tcov aicov-|3icov c^coTtpcov ???, Kai tf]c, ?????????;, ??-tpaq ????????1??? ttitsuyptcov, ??9???-piac, ???,.
'? autikq v9pcotcoc; c^ei Kai vspysl ???? tpttov xtexa ????????1??? n ?? ?????? ??! Ttavpxaio ik ???;. a 8 pTiopooapE tcot, 5ao ki' v, arto ????? yvota ??? '?????1??? ^co'iapoo ???;, ?? tci9upooape, v' ?????10???? TOq Autikoc; ????????; ???????? ??<; ?????;. '? ??) ???; ?? pvEtai, l'i OTopiKr] ???; ouvei-???? vTipc, f] f|9ikri ???;, ottv ????-tei TtvEupaT ikt) ekox ??^1 to ano-kpoei, ?? tcoXitikokoivcovik ???; ???????, cxv ??1 ????????? alcva axi)v p-veia TcspipvEi p ?|3?10???? Ttq, aco-?????????1 n' tc; ???????;, 9 ?? c;ava-i^r|T^oouv ??????? ????, oi "???????,. E'i-????? Xoittv Kocpioi Kai otEyvoi ??????;


62
'Eotec; '?????1??0 Zcoopou Kai ri ZikeXiovikti ????1?? 'ISa
,vcov, ??????????????? a ????;, ?l yr\ ??? ??1 ?? itETcpcopvo ??? Tprteov Ccofjq. Kai 6 u.evouu.E, a pipriTc;, o itopevoi v1 ?????????? a ???????? KOTricpopi Xao Tto yivav u-ocec; TupayvtapvEc; ???" ?? TtvEUU-aTiK ???? Kai tv Xtyyo ??)?; navOpcoTcric; Ttpoou.
"Ac; KCXVOUU. Cava, yi TtoXXooTT) ????, Eva TcpXEipo ??1 TTEpiXriTCTiKv anoXoyi-ou. Tfjc; AuTtKrjc; toBECopiae; Kai ??? -?????? XaaToO ???; Kou.nouviou.oG, a ????????) p tc ikc; ???; aicovoiEC ,.
Autlkt] ? i ? 9 e q p ?. '??8????|-?? ?????; t] v e ? ? ? ????| Kai TtpoaTt9ta v xr)v Ttota^Ei.?????????,. '???????;? avETric; corjc;.Zrtaatpo Tfjc; viatTriTac; xfj; vBpcbmvric ?????????]?; p ?? iaxco-ptap Trie; a Xik Kai ?????? Ttapyov-??.'YXiKTi TcavTOuvapia'AvE^XsyKTri Kai ??118?????? eAEUTspia, eoe; avTppOTCo oToq pvipouc, kSe Xoyfj EOTtoTiapo, Tto to KaTaniouv.MriXaviKii. vxtXri" ?? corjc;.--AtotKriTtKt; ZuyKEVTpcoTtopt;. Kupiapxa tcv pacv.???????; tcv t-ecov.Kupiapxa ??? 'ETttoxripovtopo Tto ????????]?????; aoiCei ouxva vav-tov ??? ripioupyo ??? v8pTiou Kai p Tr)v vEXEYKTri, ?????) Kai Tti8ap-???? ????) ??? piTopEt v Ttpoc;svr|ai tv ?????? Tfje; cofjt;. Ekeuot|. 'AvXuori-
'EXXnviKc; z i ? ? Zuvu-????.?? ??? v8pcTtou p xf\ ?? a a p ?-T p a Ooir.AaTpEta oTriv ???????.At-???????. 'EvtatxriTa Trq v8pTtivric; tt-??????;.'ETCttcori ????????|???, Xikcv -ya8cv yt okotioc; TCVEupaTiKo. FIei-????????? XEUTEpt.'Auvapicx ???????? a Ttotac; ?????? ??????????. 'Avtio-????????;.'OvToXoyiKf) ???1??|?? cofjq. ioikittikoc; 3 Air ??? vT ????????;, KoivoTi-apc,'????????. '????????;. XEipa-ycyrior ??|?; TtioTripovtKfie; ???????- ?????] Ttpt; ?? "OXov. Zuv8etiou.c;.
Mia ttovxa patta otv ouyKpatKv aTv iroXoytap tcv o io8copinv KvEt pacoc; ?????] ttiv vT6ari Tto -Ttpxst pETa ????;. 'AvuSEori piinri Kai ?????????1. Av Evat PoXetc; ?????-paopq. 'H taXuTiKf] ????| ov ????100?1 poa a auv9sTiKri ??????|?? Kuptapxst Kai xr)v e;ou9evcvi. 'H auv9TiKTr]Ta, Tto Etvat f\ irto ??????) Kai ???????? Kav-???? ??? vBpcTtivou eoou ytaT tevei oxr\v vappvtori oiotitcov tco ????????-6o0v v Kuptapxiaouv r\ pa Ttvco axf\v ????> 5 SvTEXE, yt TtoX, a iaAuTtK ????????.
Mo Xotrtv pEyaXo kvuvoc yt toc; ouvSetikoc; "EXXtivec; ???'??] ???1??, Kai tc; ??????????; ??)<;, to6copia. Ktvu-voe; xapo rto TtvEupaTtKfi Kai f|6tKT) p-coori Tto 9 ???1 ??????? pipr|Tiou.c;. TtaTi pvo av Kotpioi Kai otyvo pi-
priT ????????? V OUVEXOOUpE Tr)v ni -
XKXrjpov aiva ??????????1??] Tpoxi ???.
Z' auro ?? oripEto 8? ?????????, Kai 8ctTtpTt, v pcoxTasi ???1?????????, arto ayvoia ????????????; ??? XXr|viKoO au-ToG ??? : Ztt)v ??????? ????) ??????? tcv
AUTIKCV, TtVEUpaTlKCV Kai KOtVCOVlKCV, Ttt-
Tayv p tt)v ???????????| vavcoori ????; ???8??? kovec; v'vTtSpoEi Kai irXi-opvot; p ??? paKpatcova'EXXr)vtKoG Zco't-apoG tc; cjEc;, covTavc; ????? Kai 5r|-ptoupytKc;, Tccoe; X, v ?????? vxLta-Xoq Kai f,UTtvcvTat; ??? XaoG ???; ?? ??-9apyiopva coTtupa v ,avaKvi vEp-yoc; to ouvteXeotec tfje; oiKfjt; ???; ira-vpxataq io9coptae; ;
??)???(??.? covTavcv ????? tcv cort-pcov u.ac; rcooeixvouv vap?oXa ot KEp-tapvot pEyXot ycvec; yt xr\ taxripri-?? ??]?; XeuTEpte; ???;. Zv oi ,voi, ? Kai yXcpiot ????? AEOTtottapot, Kivv p OKOTt v petq otpf|oouv ?? ??????tp?e ?? yi tv cxv9pcoTTO yaB, xr\ AEUTEpt, ?????? ??9???; Etvai ? Ttp8ai ????; ????-KaXEt xr\v ouriTtiTri Kai por| auvvcoax] tcv 'EXXivcov Ttpc; ttoicpouari. Oi TtvTa oc^aopvEt;, vikt|Tipiec; ????? ????????-8etec; yt v TcpaypaTOTtoiri9oGv XPtaov-xai xf\v ?????????? vpyEta ??^?; ??????-?????; tcv coicpcov ???;. ?? ?^??????? ????; arto xi] ??9???1?? ?????????), Tto xr\v -TtiaXXEt ? ??????????! ???? ?? 01????-?? ??? Xetepou ???????????? aicva, oKOUpt Tfjc; ?????^?; vcov Kai ????????-pooTcov vTtXrulJECov Ccorje;, TtpoKa^EtTai ait tv apEOO Ktvuvo Xapo to Tvoue; ???;. TiaT TtvTOTE o emopopeq aT tcvAe-aTtoTtapcv TttXEtpoGvTai p TEpoTtEc; u-vpEtc; Tto irpotKouv Tfiv aoia ????; ??^???- "Av noTUXaivouv, ????? xpcooTt-Tat ??? ???????? '1???????? toG "?????? v KaBapiEt p ?? ??????? peuot uo TtapyEi f| auvvcoori, a u.atKri ????????-9sta ToptKOTriTcov, xr\v ??????????? ????-pt Kai v c^avaKEpiCEt ?????? Kai ???-TtEp ?? CcTtup ???. EIvat ekoXovtito ti ????? oupaivEt oov ?????| f\ ????-pi v EXEi TtpoxcopriOEt co toc; TtuprivEe; tv coTtupcv. MXit; cteoe; oiaet viKrip-voc; kvuvoc;, f| pa oiaXETai. ???1 ??? ???????? ??????? ? TtEvapYEia Kai ^avapxtEt f| ??????9?? ??|?; Kaivopytat; oKoupte;. 'Ec pqtei ????????????? : TtaT v taXuBE ???? ? patKfi ?????-n9Eta EcooE ???? TtpXau.Tipa ????????-?????;
ATta Evat ????????; tco ??????-TtXaatETai ???' ??? yvoia tcv ?????-ycov ??? '????????? cotopoO. 'H ?????-?????? Kai Xova ??????????? sittpopri tcv Autikcv vTtX^Ecov tto, ait' tv v-?????? u.TaxptaTtaviKv aicva, ????????-8e v ??;????[?1 ?? Zco'tKv 'Aya ???;, 9 eTxe TtETXEt ?? okott ttjc; ocv Kai yt pt oTtypf) ? 9aupota ?????1??] ??????-


'Eoxteq 'EXAr|vi.KoO Zco'opoG Kal ti ZiKEXiavtKi ??????? 'I5a
63
yiKxr|Ta ETtaue v vEpyst. Ztv vxa-tov alcva ??1???1 rtcbq oTtaoav x ??-?????? Tto Etvav auyKEKptpvn, ouvoXt-? ?.???? ax t^cTCup paq. 'Evvoc Tq pxaeq ??????;. M 9q pacoq ol "EX-r)VEc; |3A.6r|Kav v KaxaoKEuaouv x Kat-vopyta ???????? Touq ax Ttpi9cpio ??? Buc^avTivoxpiaxiaviKoO ????????, ????? n' xf)v ortia Tfjq 'Op9o5o[aq.
Me x Katvopyta vEOEXXrivtK, ???]?? ?????), KaXoTtta axiv yKaXt ov x TtoXuxipxEpov ya9 xouq, Ttpaaav axT]v '08cou.avtKr| AEOTtoTEia. Me Tq ?????<; a-rq Tto ox9r|Kav ol TXetEq, otrcoq ??1 ol pxatsq ouv9otq ??? CcoTtpcov xouc;,
XEXEpOt Ttt n KBE CJvO TtVEUpaTIK
??????????, Ttrjpav OUV[r|Or| xou Zcot-apoG ???. M' axv TtpaypaTortoiriaav x ???????????? 9pa xou pEyXou Zr|Kcou.ou. 'H Xaxxpa opcoq TtpoKOTtfjq Toq pixvEi OTlq iraytEc; xfjc; AuTtKfjq TtvEupaTtKfjq Ae-oiTOXEtac; Kal xavouv ?? auv9xtKT] ????? xcv CcoTtpcov xouc; u. ?? rpioupyripvo Tt' ??) ouvuTtapc;r| XXr)XoouyKpouu.vcov |3to9coptcv xdoq.
Kal KavElc; Pp8tikev cq ?? ????? v al9ptot ?? OKOTtapva puaX tcov 'EX-Xrivcov ; 0 pcoTtoEt av slpcovtK Au-TtKTpoTtoq. ?0??01 Etvat kevoi tto t TtpooTr9riaav ??1 aTtv Tupayvtapvn, ???-psta Touq 6 oxaToq, aTq tto ????1 ???? co.
???????; tto Ttapouott^ETai paa ottv Buc^avTtvT| TtavoTtEpu-ta yt v tovcoei tt riiatoupyta tcov EtTUTccov veoeXXt|viki3v KaXouTttGv ??? Ttota 1] auviOTaLtvri tcov Ttavpxatcov t^coTtpcov paq 9 TtpEt tt va ?. ? p ? ? ??|<;, Etvat nXr|9cov ??-piaTq. NoGq Ttpoxa iiutoupytKc; ??1 9pppvoq p tt NsoTcaTCoviKi ???(?, -???? ?? TtpoTtpyio tou Buq"avTtvtopoG, tr) BaoiXsouaa, Tto fJTav r) yEVTEtp tou ??1 ????|??1??, ???? ?? TXoq toO 1?' alcova, ott vsoooTaTT) dir Toq ????????; TtXr], XTiau.vr| axiq TtXayiq xou TauyE-???, ?? ??????. 'Eke, ??? Mcopti, eTe t sTToto ???? ???, v ripioupyoGvTai, paa ??? Iiavatpvio tcov c;vcov ????? tco ????????^?? vEu.uiaTa tt)v ???????-xopta, oi vot ouvapu.ovtau.ol tcov yr|yvcv tKavoTTTeov ??1 pau. Por|9c; Touq.
"Av oi ?????; TtoEt^Etq tou eiaaKo-ovTav fi eTxe t^v dTtaiTOu.vr) ?????? Tto tVEt ti t;ouaia v Tlq mpXXEt, t'ocoq or)-u.pa ti ????? Tfjq EpcoTtr|c; vdtTav ????-Petlkt|, u. 9auu.ata dvTpcou.vo ?? veoeX-Xr)VlOU., ??????] ??? TtETtpeoLcvou tou ko
9 Zv ?'?????? li ?????? "pa Tfjc; '09co-(aavtKfic; Kupiapxlac;, ol c;voi ertotKot ???-yav fi ?;???9???????, ol Tttppoc; ?'??????, ??[, ol "????'???; itvco ottv ???????-???1, ^covTavii ?-?^???, yrj ????;, TtoXtopKri(avot dn'tc; pc; tcv '?????????, UKouyav m yt aicvEc; tc; ikc; ???; ????????. ??1 ov-sTav a ????.???1?? ??????? tv '????-vtKv ????? ????;. Av toc; XPEtd^ovTav, ???? Ttotc;ic;, o6te riyr|Tc;. CH 'Avy-?? ??1 f] ??) ????; fJTav oi dXdSEUTEc; 65?-ytjTpiEq. 'EKEtvsq av9oav ?? ttEydXa TtpTUTta Tto Kpiaav Tf|v ???????????????? TtpoaTt9ta xeov alcbvcov : Mt ?????? ??-\r\VEC; v Xuyiaouv zr\v '09cou.aviK/| Ato-KpaTopia.Tpu.o.TTEq'AvaToX.fjc; Kai AariQ.
Kai va, XETepot ??1 01????.?01 yt TtpoKOTtri Tto ???????? OTlq TtaytEq tcov ????????9????0?. '? Zcotau.q ???? ????-oKTiTETat, (iESotK ??1 ???????, du' Triv Tttpou.ri ??? iaXuTtKoG AuTtou.oG. CH ui-????? c;vcov TtpoTTtcov Toq PuBi^Et ??? nvEuu.aTiK xdoq Tto 9 ????? Tri ?????-notriari ????. ZT c^cOTtup Touq dpxic^Et v'dttXcvETat li oKoupi. 'H ?????? '?????" tcov OcoTioxcv ytvtTai ??????????. ?'???-p?q^ nsptKXfiq rtavvTtouXoq, "Icov Apa-you.r|q, iravaTaari 1909, ZoKXriq, AeX-to, KotvoTtau.q, ZtKEXtavtKii ????1?? 'I-a, dTtoTEXoGvE xr| tcaKpt aEtp tcv tu-payvtau.vcov ??? ?? ? v, ?? tv ?????? ??? Kavaq, ??? XXrivtKoG Zco'iapoG.
Zuv?op? ????????? cJTaar| tcov ?????-Tca9tcv Touq 9 paq 65????1, p ?? XPEca-^opEva ???01?, ???) ?????? Tfjq ZiKEXta-vfjq AX?lK?q 'Iaq Tto ditOTEXEi pt drt' Tq uaTaTsq TtvEupaTtKq TtpooTt9tq ???-????? xoG Zco'iau.oG paq.
?
EZTIEZ EAAHNIKOY ZQTZMOY
nXr|9cov TEptoTq, eIxe xf)v ?????. ???????? dir' Triv ???????? yt Toq TtoX-
Xoq ???1?? Kai TtvsupaTtKii TtoauvEiriTn pyaata, Tto auvxEXouvxav poa oxr\v
5


64
'EcmE 'EXXriviKO Zc'iapo Kai ri ZiKEXiaviKr] ???1??] 'la
TtoTaori tv Pcopr|v xfjq Kupcoq 'EXX-aq, yt if] n,ptoupyia xv vsosXXriviKcv KaXourunv, Suo XKripouq aivEq Ttpiv, v oiaKripcjsi, ???? ?????????, OToq xtppaxouq to oveSvlkoO XpioTtaviKo taviKo, 6ti, pvExai Ttt v Evat Bu-Cavxivq, Ttq 9aupaia ?? taTUTtvEi ??? pyo to NOEXn,viKi Kotvcovia Kai OKOvou.a vaq aipEToq, auyXPOYOq u.aq ????????. Ar]u.oo6avr| Aav^Xioiiq. 0X.i v Evat "EXXrivaq, ????????. N linopoEi v ?????? nvco otv XXri-vtKv aut to Kai v auvtn,TOTtoiriai ?? cTtupa, Tto OTpitaaav, ????? ait1 x va t) ?' XXo TtpoacoTcso, Tf|v xspoTia aTf) BuavTivf| ATOKpaTopia. N Eia-Xsi pa' ait' ?? xoq tv XXn,Xoauy-KpoupEvcov, ???? Xoyfjq, ioBECopicov, ???? Tf|v Tti TtpcoTyovri oq tiv -???????? pE-?????1??|, ?? ??????? \Xr|viK ???????? Kai v ?1 ppovtOEi o Xov. Kcti, n,Xa-ri, tco 8 u.Ttopoo ote v tavor|-9e kcv, Xiyouq alvEq Ttpiv, 6 Tlarptp-Xnq ?????? ov TtvaE ?????????? otv ????, pai p tv ??????? Kai ?? Sciapa, ??) EaiQar) Tt f| 'AvaToXtKn Pco-pa'tKTi ATOKpaTopta f|Tav oataaTtK A-XriviKii. Kai u.' aT 9 vvoooe, va e-oq MTa\c;avSpivfq KoivoTtoXiTEtaq Tto SxovTav oToq KXitouq Trjq k9e Xoyfjq ???1???? cofjq, r\,oev opcoq v Tq tto-Tt;t, ToXxtoTov ??1?????1??, otv X-AnvtK xpTto tafjq Kai tt|v TtyKoiva v-yvtapiopvr) XXrivtKfi atEta. 'O XXrivi-opq to ????? fJTav auvEKTiKq e-opq ???????????????? vopoiOTiTtov. Av puopcoE v auXXaEi, yiaT v sxav tptpoEt. oi Katpoi, Kirota aupirayr X-XrivtKTiv a9vxr]Ta poioyEvrj tio v ok-TtTovTav Kai v vEpyoae p Ttriyatsq Kai a9ppn,Tq ????????.
Auto ?? tavriTo ??????? v iaKri-p,t ["spioTq. GXc v Epat "????,-vaq. TXpn ipuhkti, yiaTi ??? -rtavoTtep-ptK BuvTto "EXXrivaq aripaivE eco-XoXTprjq, 'xBpq to v9vtKo XPLOTI-a-vtKo t&vtKo auvEKTtKo Tfjq ???????-Toptaq, TtoiOTtop-rtatoq. 'O TEptOTq ?????-Saovraq xv ????1?????|???? NeoXXtiva u-o' Tt' ?? Ttpopa ??? pxatoEXXrivtKfjq toOscopiaq yivETat TtEXEu9EpcoTf]q to TtvEpaToq ait tv uapavoripvov 'Apt-OTOTEiop to SxoXaoTiKtapo, rtcoq tv EXE ???.??????1 f| oypaTtKf] Xpi-oTtaviKT] ??????? Ttpq ??^?? Tirq. 'H va t&axri to aotCeTat, oxev TtoKXstoTi-??, ??? CTtvnpa tv Xr|9apytapvcv X-XrivtKCv cTipcov Kai ottv npoatcvia ut-???? Tfjq yv9Xtaq yfiq paq.
Sttiv TtovKptaor] k9e t ???1??0 ito irpooTet ii XpioTiaviKi vtoXt, p ???-oq ??] BaatXsa tv Opavv vTiTtpo-aXXst ??) BaatXEa Tfjq Cafq, riXari, ??| yapa xSv aio9r]acov, xr)v Epxrixa xo
vBpcTtivou axoxaopo, tv ???????, x oEaapo OTfi,v v9pcTttvri, vxTn,xa tto pvr] ripioupyEt, xriv Euvri xo -????? Ttvavxi ??? ZvoXo, ??\ auvvwari ToptKOTiitcov Tto KtvovTat Tt Tq SiEq yEoooiKovoptKq, TtvEupaTiKq Ka r]9iKq TtiTayq anoxEXuvxaq E9voq, tiv ????] Ttpq Triv ocoTEptKriv EvTrjTa Ka ppo-v'ta, Tto 6Xet v TtEt ????| Ttpq ?? -v 6 X e 9 p o, ytaT ,Tt v xst ????? Kai vaXoyia oTq axoEtq ???, xt pvo p ?? pXr| ?? ik tou, XX Ka p ?? avoXo, tcou paa e pyaviK av va ??? pXoc, oTEpstTai acoTEpiKTq vxTi-Taq, v piropst v tapKaEi, 9 tioei, Etvat KaTatKaopvo o X9po tiv rtotTTiTa Kai xt ?????????, ?? ????? ??1 tt auppETpta ito vTtpxovTat ?? ap-?????, ?? ???9?????, ?? py9oq.
?? Kipuyp ??? TtEpiXEt ?? aatKa oToiXEta Tto iroTEXov, a' Xouq TOq aicvEq, tv XXn,viK Zcotop. ?1?????1?? 9EpXitvETat ??? NEOTtXaTCOviap. Kt' -vc p Tq 9aupatq noEc;Etq ??? ????-8aptei otto Tq oKoupiq ?? XXnviK w-Ttupa, Tao TaXatncopripva air ttv -Ttv8pcoTtr| ouXsia otv dvaToXTtKo &oy-laaTiop, v yivETat KaTavotiTq tt' ?? Xa to KatpoO ??? ito pyaExat p ?? ik ??? tpTto v XuTpcoEt, yt v t\a-vapEt tv TtpaypaTiKv ????? ???. "EXi eata ???????? li taoKaXia ??? Kai ????????? ??????. OToq pop?cpvouq p tiv pxaia ???(?, o' 'AvaToXf] Kai rtp TtvTCOv ??? ????. Ma8?xq ??? Elvai MavouTX XpuaoXcopSq, B?oaap[cvaq, 'Eppcvupoq XapiTcvupoq Tto ??????-Taq ottv MTaXia eaXav ?? 9pXta Tfjq AuTtKiq 'Avayvv?a?q Kai toto Elvat Tto uoExvEt ttv TEpoxta aripaaa to ??pypa?q ???, ?'??? ????????????? o TtpTtoXXa aripEia ??? ir roq Auti-Koq. 2??8??? ri ????????? aupoXii ??? ripioupyia to EpcTta'tKo rioXiTtapo.
'AXX OToq 'XX?vq ?av?al itcbq fj-xav XxtoTn, ? Ttipaari ???. '? Xaq tto paa otv KUKECva Tfjq BuavTtvriq TtavoTTEppiaq TtpooTta8oo p xv voTi-XTCrr TpTto ??? v CavapEt tv upay-paTiKv auT ???, pnopooE v Ttapa-KoXou9r|OEt Triv pyaota ???, ???????? aTiv pxata yXaoa Kai, ?????????, v ??????1 ??) psuoTiv ????? ?????????-paTtKri ??? ????????? ??? ???????????? Ttcoq-Ttcoq ??????? tv ?????????1-kv ??????, ???? ?????????? ki1 ,EUT-Xtopva xXta ???????? XPvta air' ??) e-aiTCouaa XP^aTiaviK] vtoXi.
Tiv Katvopyia ????? 8 tt|v cast ri ov8or) tv CcoTtpcov, Tav 6 uTtvr)-aouv ptoTtK, air' ?? Xr|9apy Touq Kai 8 paouv, yt TtoX Kaipv, XETEpa. ?? ??????? xv io9coptuv v Evai Xpia au' x TtEptEXpEv xouq. Elvat f)


"Eot 'EXXn.viKoO Zcoapo ??1 r] ZtKsXiaviKti ????1??) Ma
65
??????? tco axnpaTiETai ot Cctepik Tf\q ouaa av8Eor) tcv conpcov av yEt, XoKXripcopvri nia, otv pa xfj, Zcofjq. 'H ouoa av8Eori yvExat paa a kGe ?????. ?? KaXoGnt tco 6 r|-pioupVoEi ri ??????? vat ToptK. "O-xav ti av8Eori tcv TopiKcv Cconpcov slvat TtEptTtou ri 'ita a'Xa x ????? rto TtoTEAoGv xtiv eviKti pa, xxe kcx ri u.otxr)xa tcv KaXountcv 8 ocast xr]v ia xfi auvoXiKfi ?????)?. T aovSEXa axotXEiot axf) po'tKti tou ?????????,, ov X080V a' sxotpa ano nplv KaXonta, 8 VEKpcoBov, onco x Eppua a noX np-???) yvva. "Av npoupE upia Kai ansp-paxocoptaytax kcti xxoto Evat axv vBpcono x nvEupaxtK, ???1?? Kai ???-paxtK ??? cbnupaKat ?? yaXoupE an' ??\ pvn, Qor\ no -pnopoGv va-auvx9oGv, ??) ??|???, a Xyo 9 vKpco9oGv yiaT ii av9Eori tou 9 pnopoEt v npaypta-Tonom,9, ????? ki v ??? oxeo no 9 x avapE EXotu.s tc npouno9at pt ??????. Tao ?????) Eivai ?) n,ptoupyia nXtipcov vTiXr^Ecov cfj. Ki' u pioKE-Tai ?? ?????? tcv ????????? ?????????-tcv. Totpouv oxsta ???? ?? okoGv Kai rixv v kXeoouv paa tou ?? ???-yy.va cnupa xcv v8pcncv, npv auv-te9o0v. Kai ?? ?????????? stvat f\ v-Kpcoaii tou. ch ???????] Tpaycia toG iou KEt xst tc pe tti. Ka8 Kai f) Kqu. cuia.
'H auvELrrTonoinori tcv conpcov pa XoKXripcbvsTat tv Katp ??|? oKXatac. Aaaivouu.e yvcoan, tcv uvaToxr|TUv no kXevei auTO pac. Notob8oup ?? p-puo Trj NEOEAXr)viKfi to9ECoptac v aa-Xeei paa pa. Kai ri ??????1? ??? ???-noG KpaTEt Mc ?? MEyXo ZriKCop ??? 1821, no f\xav f\ oKXripri nposTotpaaa yt v yt otv XETEpov fjXto Trj cofj ??????.'? TXEia, n,Xaii, ovBeoti tcv conpcv ???.'? NeoeXXi-iviko ????????.
E'tnau. otv npXoyo aTfj Trj pEX-Trj nc p8r|Kau. nXEypvot ??? tXTua ??|? vT8ETn, AuTtKrj to9Cuptac no t\s-KtvwvTa n'Tfiv eXXriviKii vTXr^ri, cofj, ???? xf\v 'Avayvvnan, ??????, n' xf\v nXuTa vayKaaTtKf| napeu.aar] tv conpcov tcv Autikcv Xacv, ???? 01???-pETtKCv ???' ?? XXrivtK, o v9a noTE-???????, teXec Cava otv ??9???? Zcot-oy. u.aq.
'? npiXau.npo pyaou.c no npay-u.aTonotria ?? [iovatK otv Kau.o9u.a toG XuTpctioG u.a n' ??\ aKXata Kai fi ytyvTia aTonnoi9nori ot tKavTriTc u.a, ptoKOVTat ?;???1?? ?.?????? oto tiEyaXou ??1 ^cTsptK tpavraXTEpo XaoTOUq Tf) Aari. Kai li ??????(? p-XExai v pi tv pyaau.6, v u.r)eviai Tf)v aTonnoi8riori u.a. T u.nopt, Xotnv, vSvat av ywr|6 lkc aaq ?????? u.a' ???) aKXata ntaou.va, XaaTOc; Tt-noTvio eata. "A tv ?????????.? nplv v tv oGpe. CH ??|??? Evat yEpfi ??1 9 avantoEt ??1??)?? Kapn p to cb-paiou apiyovTa vou. "Etoi to ei-nav XXtE ????? o EVoonouaxTOi ypap-paTiopvoi tou. 0opo 9voKTvo Xa9o. !H av9or| tcv t^Qnupcv vo XaoG Etvt aTOOvapn ToptKii XEiToupya. ETvat nap9Voyvvn,or. Zv 9ap8Et ??? ???? 6 XaaTOc 9 Xa?TEt ano t;VtK nt-paEt, no, oev Tic pEt ??? pEOKEl ???, pnopEt v tc ??????! ????????? TEC ??? acpa ???. O ouvouoe p ^vou pvo v8a onpvouv, ????? Kai vTponii tcv yovtcv. T v9a nXriGuvav ???) yn ???. Tpxouv nxtavEovTa ontoco oto naTEpOE no ?' ????)???, ytarl f\ pava tou Evat ????? Kai povxn- Kai f\ nap-9voyvvrior| EiToupYEt nt. Xcopia-??) ?? cbnupa 9 VEKpcoGv. T v9a 9 ?????(???? ?? navra. Kai f| ?????,??1 vy-??, norixEt av yt xf) ?????)?[? toG Tvou tcv XXiivcov ? ?? x t ? x xo ZcokoG ??? '??????. 'H ??| ??? to yev-vS. Ka9va n' aTO 9 ????[?1 p ?? ik ??? ????.
Aya OEKxpova fJTav ?????? v' XX-;ouv tv "EXXrva p tc ??????t Kav-??]??? no yf|Kav ??? ???? Trj auvEon,-aii ??? ???? ttv 'EnavaTaari Kai npiv n' axii, o xa>oiKo auvov96XEupa aou-Xia, pvEia, vapxtapo, 9Epicopsvou yctapoG Kai ??!???? u.atpoutapo tcv Autikcv Tpncov ttcorj. 'O OpayKoXsavTt-vtapo, oi c;EvoanoaXToi no xaaav tv auT tou, ?? ;avavappva TKta Xpn,c;av p ?oEpfl paoTriptTiiTa v e-OTpaTtaouv ?? Xa, c^EtnXuvovxa xiari,-paE xfj xxa ??????? Kai xcv larpuv, ???? n' x noa piaKovTav f\ ptprior] k9e t utikoG, a' 5Xe tc Kn,Xcoasi xf| cfj. Kai ?? nTuxav npa o Ttpa.
'h KaTvTta pa aTfi ????? ?? Tpayi-KOKCoptK 1897. 'H Aori pa XEEivoXoyst Kai pa puKTtrpiEi. O "EXXn,VE eytvav BaXKvtot, xwpi tc expeie no. exouv o XXot ypco n' tv Alpo Xaoi. !H MX-?1?? ?????? Kai ???? psyaXoupyoG na-PeX8ovto, onc ?? 'EXXrjvtK, Elvat ?? pya tou npovpto. 'Ekevoi pnopov v pyavco8oGv Snco to oXst, site Auti-??, e'i'te ??8????????1??. Kai o BoXya-pot p TUOEtCav noXX ?????. 'EpEt -pco Kai nvavTt tcv c;vwv Kai nvavTt ??? nvTcov ??? auTO pa, npnEt v pEvoupE oi "EXXn,v.
'Ano pt TTta oEtp auXXoytopcv e-nTtTat ??? ????? ??? nporiYopsvou alcva ?? XXr]voXaTpiK Kai ???????? -?!??1-OTSto: nEpiKXfj TtavvonouXoc. 'OjnpcTo ?? psTEnavaoTtKii pa Ttepioo ???1???].?. Tv enav TpsXX Kai otontaTTi, peopav-TtK Kai ?????????????,, o anioi vekpo-


66
'??????, 'exxrivikoo zcoou.ou Ka ri zikextavikfi, ????1??) 'la
9?????<; ??? ?????? ???. ka fJTav ???????; dvdu.Eaa a TTiouq yvcoaukouq. elve tt)V @????? ?????? ??? zacova av sanpco-xve Toq 'a9nivaiouq oxr)v ?????????? ???? Trjq zaxau.vaq.ricq xxoicq 9 ,uuvo-aav o ??10?1????<;, KCou.ikq u.a'iu.ouq ??? kaipou, av oxi u. u.axaipiq, u Evapori, p ?????? ??! ?????.????? ?????? tcv kxektcv tpaikuxcov ; 'h otopikfi, -TtOTXTEia noi) u.dq uapouai^si ott\v "ek-kxriari npq ?? fiavexxtiviov koivv 5v elvai t,epr\ upayu.ata dxxd, baaeyeq, d-TOU.IK ??? ptcou-a.
nou.Ecq nq 8' yy(;iq u. ?? xpl aou, av ?'nxcoeiq, av kti ?? ??????!-x xik, tic, xxrivikc, uoxq Ka ??? iccsaa, arc ??????? o ???????, aa-TupiK ?.?????????? tgv rpaikxcov tog kaipog ??? atabveoai ?? Ppcou.a Trjq d-uoouv9on,q tcv neoexxiivcov. ?? [.???? aT ???? ??? Elvai t) ????????????), ??1 yi* aT Ttpoxa covTavii, nouTEa tcov Kpicov aTiyu.cv Trjq u.akpa(covn,q ioTopaq u/aq a iapKfj ???????| ka vtiuapapo-M u ti ???1??|. kti uo ???????) ???? aTq ????-?|?? ka u. ????| ????|??1? -cooe ExvovTaq Tq ??????????^ vTi9-aiq tco x^p^ouv tv 'exxtivik kau.o are' tv aotik.
tv pptokoov tiepPoxik????????? Elvai f| dxr|9Eia o ??????????? u.y9oq oti ?????? ??? ???? tcov autikcov ??! ???)? evapori uo tv ouykxov^ei luxcv-Taq yt o,ti xxrivik, o 5fj9sv u-ETptiu.-voi, xoyikoi, npayu.aTioTq 9voKTvoc, 9e-ai9ipEq ??1 kxaksq. Ka Elvai. "eupeue v slvai li ????? tio ??????[1 ke ti oduio.
etvai ???????, u.aq xve oc iioi, li v-9ouaiaaTiKii yvcu.n, ??? yi ?? bu^vTio Ka rj ??????) Trjq ?????^ tcov ctxxrivcov upq tiv'avaxoxii. k9e ?????? tog'ex-xn,viau.og upq xf\v 'AvaxoXf] f\ xf\ ????|, EtTE yi' ??????? Tfjc; xxn,viKfjc; riaieaq uo Evai rimopyri|j.a tog ituuou zco'iau.oo u.aq, ??????????? du' toq ax-xouq xaoq, eite yi ??????^?^????; ???-uoq, ???9?)? ????? u.sydxo ??????, u. tspatiec; pxapepc; ouvusiEq. ?????,?? tv yuxpri, ??? kattiyopouv, yiaT 5v fj-xav a 9or| v ???????1 Tr)v TEpaTia onu.aoia ??? ?????????? ^????????; ??? ??? upaar| ??? ??? veoexxtivik uoxi-Tiau. evav duo toc; ???????? uo co-aav u.tv ????????| ???09????) ??? neoex-xr)vio|a. ka 5 xoyapic^ouv 6ti 6 tioq Poii9rio tv vuxpn,, ?? ti 9???|1-???1??] yxcoaaikri dvapxa uo u.etaxipctovtav ??? ??????.?? ???. 'axx ti u. ?????; 'h KpiTiKT) Tfjc; oTopac, ytvetat ax auou-saotiipio. 'h ????? ou.coq uo ^covxaveei tc; taTopiKc; uspiouq, ?????????; ??? ????; tc; u.yxc; ka copaEc; oTiyu.ec; Touq, elvai ouxet tcv'???????????, tcv suo-
OCOpEUTCV ecv uo pxovTai ? u.i utoco du' Tfi,v xxri, odv ?????? o ???????-viaou.vri 9dxaaaa Ka uo texiku nvyouv otiv pu.ii Touq ki' auToq Toq ctouq 'o-pau.aTioTq. t ,pL ???? f\ 9xaaoa Tf|q saxau.vaq.
rioiriTriq uo ???|??|?? jr\v kaxxiueia, aTopiKq uo upoTu.n,a v ????????1 vEKpq uoxqi UEpvcvTaq ??) 5iki ??? ????? ?' atq, vT v ?????1 ????????? v ???? ?? u.eiovKTiiu.at Touq, oaTupi-Kq, up udvTcov oaTupiKq, uo f\ dpxix-xia yxcooa ??? <;ou8vcvEi Toq ti-avoq, 8?,???????1,?, ecv Ka KaTsu9v-oecov otiv txvr) Ka ???) zcoii, Ka, uvco du' 6xa, ? v e ? ? a ? i ? q "h p q a q, ?\?-akxapcottiq tog uvEp:aTq u.aq, ???? fjtav nspikxfiq fiavvuouxoq. v ????????? ?? ????????????? ??? xxrivikog zco'iau.og uo 9 tv ?????? a yevpxn Trjq veoex-xnvikiiq kaxxipyeiaq. "eoupcoc^E ou.coq u. piaii, Lxaxaipiq Ka xaia, Toq ypaiK-xouq upq va^riTriari Trjq pc^aq ??? zco'i-au.og u.aq.
ch utpaari ??? u.yxr] : "icov ???-you.riq> "ayyexoq zikexiavq, k. zokxriq, 'ayyexikii xat^r|u.ixxri. m ??! ?? ????-ticotik KvT)u.a 1909 xel kcti du' rrjv dva-yvvr|TiKii pu.ri ???, uo 9 yvovTav u-pa uoxu, av ?? c^uuvriu-va du' ?? xr|9ap-yo ?^????? paq ??????? Toq ???????]-xouq texvitec, cofjq uo ?&?????? ???) ov9eoi Touq. Asv toq r)cpav.
'H riavvououxiki ????? v eoPuoe. oc dycovcaTq u. ? a ar xpl ??^??????-8ouv tv yu.aT0v u.uia pu.o Touq 5-vovTaq uplv uoouv ??) a ??? auvex1-" ???| touq. 'h dva^tiTriori tog ?????? av-9Oiiq tcv xxr)ViKCv c^coupcov uepvel ????? otv "icova ???????.??,, exVTaq ??? uxeup ouvaycoviaxii tv "?????? 2ike-xiav, ?? tiv dktivopxa uom,TiKri ??? yxcooa, ??) ljeoti xupikf) evapori uo ??? xapi^Ei 6 ouvu?ao?q ??? u. tt^v xxrivl-kt] yfj Ka ??) oyoupn, iopaTiKfi u.aTi.
'axx ??? xpia ??? payoun, ?) ????? xattcvstai. '? ????????? ??? ????-Tiau.svoq ?? toq iaxutikoq siioaupoq trjq autikfjq kaxxipyeiaq exei ???????1 u.e9oik xr\v xokxripcoari tog ?????? ???. '? ixaau.q Trjq vxtritq ??? ???????-ys xdau.a dvu.oa ???) 9Ecopa Ka aTT|v upc^ri uo upoouabet a' sxn, ti ovTOLcri escori ??? v ?? ??????1 ?.' au.aTn,pq 9uaiEq. 2dv ;aipToq uvEUU.aTiKq dvbpco-uoq uo slvai, xeutaio8n,Toq Ka Kavq v' dvaxoei Ka ttv ?????????] eocotepiki ??? 5vr|ori, Lidq ???????1, ?? ?' pTE-pa ???????, ??? xoyotexvck ??? pya, tv ????.???????.0 uo Paoavic^Ei ?? x-Xr\viK uvsgna, Ka9cbq ypvei ute otiv uxsup tog yvr|ai.ou ?????? ??? Ka ute otiv dxxq tiv uxoutiou.vr| |i ti xau.upr ??????? u.taq vT8tn,q uouteaq trjq


'???????, 'EXXriviKoG Zcatouou Kai ti ZiKEXtaviKT] ????1??| 'Ia
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Scorie;. ?? ????.??????|?.?, yEViKq tua Kav-vaq ??? ???????? Kai otiv Txvn, uaq, aTtpvEi a' aTv ttv ????????. 'An' tt)v ic;uu.vriar| tcov veoeXXtivikcov kovotttcov TtEpvasi c;a?vl? otv TtXov vTiq"coiK un,viou. Baoavic^ETai ???? svuuxq ??-??&???????; Tto auvuitpxouv uaa ??? o tapicfi ?????????,. 'H 8coprion, Trjq Scorie;, OTtcoc; ttv PXttei uaa ???' ?? ??????? Tfjt; TtXooiaq XX' vT9Tn,q otv 'EXXtivik Zco'iau u8iiar|q ??? vspys rtaveo ??? ov fjAioc; KauTEpq, Kai xi ^cooyvoq,koc toO uapaivEi ?? ^cuupa. 'H ???????? ??? axr)v ????<;?|, ottv vpyEia, Elvai ?? u -ycovia KaAsoua ??? vspou v tv ttotosi Ttpiv XTEXa cJpa8. Av slvai ?? q"co'k ,EXiXiau.a tto ?????? ttv Ttpa;n, ytc v ETUKupaEi ?????????? tv TtvEUuaTiK ??? Kou.0, TUTtcovovTc, tov, ac u ????? ois-po, ??? uuaX tcov aoyKaipivcv ???.
Zt ???? ??? '0 'EXXriviauq uou ??? oi "EXXrivEq itpXEi uia TtEpiKOTtT, Tto ttv vo^psi KiXaq veiktik Kai KXcov ????????; ott] ueXtti tou "Iqv ??????-Uiq ttv tuo auyxpoTn.LiVT-| Kai ouvoXikt tto ??????|?? oc; ?? ????? yi' atv, tce-Pikotct piyuvn, ??? XapT a aTiyufi e-???!??; ??? ^coiauoG ???, o ???? tco t ekkpeu.ec; ??? TtvEuaTq ??? PpiaKovTav Ttvco n tv pyaou tcv yvriaicov i^co-Tiupcov ??? : Ti uvaTT ????] Elvai f| XXr|-vikt Kai t 51?????1?? ????????????, ti ????????? ???????-|???1?? exei!--- Oi i-???^1^01, oi tpeXo "EXXn,Vq, oi TtpcoTOi tSvpcoTcoi, ccvSpcoTtoi 8eo yiaT ka-Tpaoav Toq Ssoq ott yfj Kai Toq ???-uav ouoiouq u tv ????? ????;...
??????? v tv Elixav tpeXX ekevov tco ?? ?????? (tv ?. riavvTtouXo). Kl' oucoq slvai irto acoaTq Kai tuo yvcooTtKq ait k8e "EXXn,va ariuEpiv. 'H ?povtu.-5a Etvat tcov TtoXXcv, ott ucq ????? Kai uaq TpcEt. Ttv ?????? 8Xco, aTT uaq KaBaptc^Ei arto ?? Tpiq Papt Kai Ppcouia ??????8(????? Tto ?ivt uaa uou iiEp-vcvTaq f) auyKatpiVT, TaTtEivcouvn, XXn.-vikt c^qt Kai u ?????????1. *H ?????? EXEl pctTia Kai PXttei. 'H ?pov^ua Elvai ?????. TpeXXo ?Tav oi ????????^ Kai yveo-??1?? ?? tXETtou.va TtXriri. Kai ???????-???: 0Xo v Sinai cpato Etyua v8pco-???? "EXXrivoq. N.aKOTiq uicq tcofjq 0-Xst v slvat topato tyu.a. TtaTi v u.rv Elvai ; ETxe Xec, Tiq kovttiteq Kai ???? ttvtcov ttv ?????? tcv cEXXr|vcov Kai 8 ?cvov?av Eva art' ?? patTpa e-????? TtXptaq ^co'tKrjq XoKXripcooriq v-BpcTtou, av ?? aayriVEUTtK ???1?.??? xfiq AuTtKfiq KipKnq v tv EOEpvav kov-t TTiq too auxva. Tte 8 evoicoSe ??? ?? ??????????? ttjc; ouyKatptvfjq, TaTtEt-vcou.vnq XXriviKfjq ^cofjc, xpcooTtoOvTat ottv ttav aTt ?????? tco ??????????.
cO Ttavpxatoq Kai TtvTa voq t^coiau.q
Ltaq v ???? tct v KuptapXToEt (ioa otv "EXXriva u.t u.ovTtXupri vTtXr^n, ^cof|q tco 8 c;EXcptc^E ?? ????????????, KpaTcvTaq ?? ottv Ttn,poia ??]?; ??1 9 iticoxvE ?? ???????????. TtaT c^pst ??-X rtcoq u.aa ott xavri Tfjq v8pcTttvr|q ?????????? auvuitpxouv o tapKfj Ppaou.0 6Xa KEtva tto 8cvai auvTEXEOTtK ??? 8u.a ttjc; ^cofjc;. 2 ???????????? Kai -?????????? t;EXcopi(^ovTat oi XtKq ??1 ??-XOTxvEuuaTiKq svpyEtEq rto ?? ???? Tto 8 ptc;i Ttavco ????, Kanota ???(??|?? Scorie; paotau.v^ o u.ovou.pEia. ricoq 8 KpivEt KavEiq tuo Elvai ???? Kai tuo ????, ?????1?.? ?] pXaPEp, Kai o Tt; Zt ????? r\ ottv 6????|?? : T 'votixto Kuptapxiaq v ouyKpoETat ?????????? u ttv koi-vcovtKT TUTayri ; ???? Elvat PoXsTq p-uovtouq Touq X^piq ?????????! ??)?, uva-utKTTiTq tcov r] tv rcEpioptau, uxpiq ?-TtoTtviyuoO, Tr]q uttq f\ cXXriq, ouvu^aou-vriq u. tt ^co'kt vTTTTTa, vyKnq ;
Zt pcoTTuaTa ???? XXrivtKq Cco't-auq TtavTcc ??????????1??. K8e ti Tto TtapXEt uaa otv av8pcoTto Etvat, ???1-?? Kai ????????????1??, vayKato Ytt t Sauuotov ycova Tfjq c^corq. Xcopiq ttiote v' Ttoppic^co TtpooTtaSco v' puoviaco ?? vavTta yi v ??????)???8??. Kai yt v t TiETxco xPla?ouai ?uxo?tvEUU.a?t?l OTtovuXcoan, Ka8oXtKnq u.opcpfjq, txcoq uo-V0U.pEtsq. "Evaq TTOtoq uvo Ka8oXtKq puoviouq u kovottcie t otv XkXtpov avpcoTco Kai etutptcei ttv vEUTttoTr| Eiopof] otv ????? uou Tfjc; TtayKautaq ???^ Tto ETot vav8pcoTtic^Tai, vu ycb ayKaipa TtXaTaivouat ??????????. '? ??-8oXtKq puoviouq slvai f\ piaotri auv-????) 6Xcov tcov coTtupcov uou. 'H uva-uia v ?????? coq tv puoviau aTv, yiaxi ?l?opq TtiTayq, u' uTtoiq'ouv, Tac;ivou6vTaq Tq vuuXEq TtapopuriaEiq uou o KaXq Kai KaKq, 8aXi X8piq auvTCEiEq. 'H txvt] Tfjq ?cofjq, tco uova-ik okott TT]q TtpicEi vaXi ?? auvapuo-vtau, ttv Ttriyaia ov8eoti tcov t^coTtpcov tou tuou o auvpTriori u ttv ua rco ou^eI, ttv Ka8oXiKT, riXari, iaoppo-Ttia, tv v tv TtETXEi, tte ?? ???????,-ua a vTic^co'iKq KaTaoToEiq, u ttv -?[?????1? KaTtoicov.^coTtpcov Kai ttv ???-via f\ 01???????] tcov aXXcov, v 9 ?' -???????1. Z TTOisq 8XiPEpq KaTaaToEiq ?? ????????? yivsTai ipaTa ????????? Kai v?ia?po?a. T' vETtvTEXa ????????-?? tcov 'EXXtvcov a ???| ??1 ?? ?????? ??? ppa8pa Tto ouxv ?? iaxETat, ri 8saTtaia ?????? Tto Apayouriq Xa-????????, e'toi uvov c;n,YoCvTai. Oi "EX-Xrivsq ^oCv iappoTtn, XoKXripcoori ??? XeSepou auTou tcov. 'ETtiicoc;ri ??????? okoXti ki" tukvuvtj, ???! unopEi v ?;?????1 ?????? a KTrivcoia, cXXte o TtEpTtVEUuaTiKv ?????????????? Kai X-


68
'Eotec; 'EXXrivtKo Zcoopo Kai ti ZtKEXtaviKri, ????1??1 'Ia
???? o ????????????). Kai yi' ???? av TflV TETXOUV kep&ouv ?? vTaro na-eXo Tfjq Zwfjq. "?????? ?? ???????????, -?????? a aapcoTEq, yt' cXXEq ?????, ko-?????. Arq Elvai Xyoq tco t vt-?????? rfjq ycoviaq paq 6 UTtopE, ote TtpTtEt, v sTvai n^avEiaKO. XpEtaETat u9tapa rrjq KpiTtKfjq paTtq q Tiq pis; too Elvai pac;. Kti to ????? v ouvte-?????)? XX TtpTtEt vayKaaTiK v ouv-teXeoSe- AT pTtotaav ?? Apayopn, v ScooEt teXlk artavTiiaEtt;. Mac ?????-?PEV pcoq, ???? tv TtXaoTiKTEpo ???-Tto, ??1????? ??? TtvEupaTiKo ??1 ?rj9i-ko Xaou Tto paa ??? pvETat veo-XXn,vaq, ytarl aaaviCovrav Kt itoq art' ????. Kat p rf) pari ??? TtposTO-paoE ?? TtpcTO, pEt tiv ???????????), ???????????? tv aXXn,viKv coTtpcv Tto ctcXcooe ??| yrj pat; q ?' ???? ovo-p rriq. "Av ri ????? Tfjq aq ??? x" pta ??? ??????8?,??, eIxev opcoq pEyaXE-tpr) tpKEta Kai ????? ???????????; ??-Tastt; ??? Zc'tapo ???.
Ol ??????; aTq Tto v??r|?av ,-^vou aTifj XriOapytopvri yfj uaq Ttpcoaav ?? puaX, or|KCaav vpysiE, ????? c^aTtaa ?? arpaTtcoTik Kivripa to 1909. 'O Apayopiiq pTXt XX' 6 acoTEpiKq txaopq ??? tv ????? Ktucoq ???????. "Evaq aXXoq, p ?? c;av9tapva, xi pcoq ppovtK ouv9epva, tiup ???, 'EXeu9. BEVtXo puCEt ?? otKt toG KapatoG ??1 p tv rtptpov avEpo tto orjKCaav oi ?????? ?? ?pVEl, Ttiio ?^?107-1*!^ ottv TtXaTEt ??? TtEirpcopEvou ???????. Z' aTri tt]v avXmoTri, pEyXri E?op[a tv QTtpcv pac, "??????? ZiKEXtavq {;XVt tv TtpTtXouTo Xuptop ??? ????-9avaTovTa tc aipETE OTtypq.'H e-???(? tapKet ???; tc; pxq ??? A' ???-Kaptou ???????, p pxsTat ri ????1??] Ttaycovt to tXaapoO v ???1 xr\v Ttp-pr) v9taii. "Erat 9 Kaov, av TtptpEq v9Otq, Tt' rie; ?;???1???; tiaycuviq, Xsq oi aTEpiv, ????????; to coapo ???;, yiaT v ???????[???? v aouv ?????, v ouvte9oGv. Mvov f] y vasar] toG ???-TTOU ??\?, auvBEaiiq tcov 9 puopoaE v tc; KparrjaEt saTq ??! aTrpooXriTEq.
Oi ??????? ???; Etav tv pyaop tv cTtpcv, 'Kavav TiEtuxripsvEq tam-OTCooEtq to TopiKo Kai 9vtKo Zco'i-apo, UTtvriaav Xr)9apyiopvEq tKavTn-tec;, v ????-oav pcoq coq xf) yvori ??|?; vyKriq tto eittaXXEt Tr)v iiOTUTtr], pvo o pcq oXETii, av9Eor| tv okv Kiviy Tpcov-
Zt aTio pa va ???? Ttapouots-rat ?????. "? ?. ZokXiic; p ?? ???? ??? ATOKpaTopia. ETvat ormavTtKfi ?????] xric; ioTopac; ??? Tto peXetoei ???????? Kai p auvTtEia pt TtXEup -rrjc; Ttawo-TtouXtKfjt; TtoTtTEaq : Tii BuavTtvri ve-
GvtKri XPtTiaviK] ia-
Octei va ??????? ?????? tv'EX-
XliVQV TtO T TtpOKXEOEV f| AuTtKii Tt-
Etc^ri, Kivripvrt, tt riq tEq Ttpo9OEtq Kai Ttit.siq tv 2????????1?? Tto KaTaapa9pcoaav Triv 'EXXrivtKfi ???????-Topa. "EpXEtat v' vTtKpoaEt pytouva tiv ia tv 'E9vtKOTT|TCov, too ooXo-yripvri art' Toq Ttpor|yo6pvoq ??? ???-TtaTq. OEppavEt av p p mXEtpfi-???? Tri pEyXr) 'Ia to Buavrtvtapo Tto aoiCovTav otv KuoXtTtap tv ??-XvpeXv Trjq AUTOKparopaqi p tt)v e-prjvtKri ETttoXri Trjq XpiaTiaviKfq TtoTriq Kai Tf|q pxaioEXXrivtKriq KaXXtpyEtaq, Xcopiq v TTttc;Et tcot ????.01???? f] otaaTpEXoari tv ?????1??? itOTtiTCv Tto c;EXptav tlq ?uXq atq Tri pt ???' ttv aXXri.. T optipo tocov ????????-kv pvX&v Kai ii Epr)viKT] (;) oupicoori rouq ???? ???' Tf)v ??????? ??????????) KOtvfi TtioTrii ???9?)?? ?? pya' ?????????? Trjq ATOKparopiaq. ?? Autik ia tv 9vo-tt|tcv, Tttcjta EoovTaq p tti or|8ia tv ???????????????? XXr|vcov ???? t|v 'ETtavoTaar) ?????????? ??) oioitaor) rfj vTriTaq tv rtoouXcov ot|v '09copavtKii OEOTcoTEa, Pcopr)v, Kt ?????, irpq ?? aup?pov tv Autikv, ?? xcopiap ku9e ???^ o itaTEpn, 9vOTr]Ta. T TtapEi-ypa irpTot cooav oi Pcopinoi Trjq Kupicoq cEXXaq Tto, Ttapavavraq ?? yEpTiipio Kripuypa to Piiya ?????? Kai Tiq np-TEq Koivq tv BaXKaviKv Xav Tcava-OTaTtKq, ???? Trjq 'OBcpavtKrjq Kuptap-Xaq, TtpoaTtaBEiEq, Xapaxtriptaav ?? pE-yXo Zr|Kwp ????????] ?????? veoeX-XtiviKii.
Oi XXEq ?uXq TtEpicopaTriKav tote, ??0? ut OTri tKri Touq Gvikti itEptoxil Kt' pxtaE tiv TtpooTt9ta auvEtr]TOTto[r|-atiq tv uvaToxr|TQV Tiqq, ap?cova p ?? XXriviK Ttapostypa, XBpto yt Xouq Toq Xaoq Tto TtOTsXoaav Ttpiv Triv -vcopvri Kai itavtaxupri, v Kai otv Kotvv yva XvovTav ii auvoxii rouq, Pco-ptoavr)."Av f] XXrivtKf) ????) voicGe Toq ??9 Xoyfjq Eapoq no exe Kt' xst ?? Triv 'AvaToXii, Kai ?????????? ???' tti ??-tikt taXuTtKr) iuppori, 9:pxovTav ii ??????????1??] taTtaari tv Xav Tfjq ATOKoaropiaq Kai f| dvaicoor) Tfjq Bu-avTtvrjq KoivortoXiTEaq p ??) XptoTia-vikt] TtioTti o auvEKTtK Eopo, xt pvo ??????) vapri ??! iax ?&?? yvavria ???) ?????) ouXtpia, XX, Kai XXr)Vi-apq 9 piaK av va ?????????? te-io pariq ??! c;v9tar|q- "lacoq pcoq Kai ????? 9 f|Tav ?????| uvarf) ri ripioupyia BaXKavtKfjq KotvoTtoXiTEaq, ???? Tt' ?? epXripa ??? 'AX??rl?aq Tto p ????) ??????? tpvEt Kai ii Aox] oiipspa yt v aco0. Axq Evat nuprivaq Tfjq Zo-KoXiKfjq KptTtKfjq.


'Eote 'EXXn,vtKo Zcoopo Kai ri ZiKEXtaviKii ????1??) 'la
69
Kai Eva f| eniKpcoori, p 5pa, Xr|-Beia, ???????????, ???, riavvoTtouXiKfc e-apari, tto ooAoys, av va pya ?????? toO 'EXXriviapo, xr\v ?????????-pia. 'AXX v vxXEi aio aSUTEpov e-????? Tto 6 TtriyaivE u xl pe too IXXriviKo Zcoopo, TttriTCvxat; xriv rtn,-yata vaouv8oii xou.
Oi "EXXtive, o ui aTiyur] rcriyatou Kai yvrjaiou puoviauoG tcv cortupwv ????, ?????????| TtoX airvia y. tic u-okoXe Tto irapouaiasi Kai KaTavr|Tri axo XXou Xao xo TtXavrixri, Ttpa-????? atri Zci x ???? xfj pxata ???-XtpyEia. Zv X9n,Kv, yi x vayKato ,EKopaoua ti'tv ??????? ?????, p-povLopo aTO, o eXXtive ?????????; ?? eraTEyuax xou KBtoav ???] oKt ???, Eut; ???? 'AXEavxpo pxtos v ?? ???1???1 otv tte yvwoT Kouo ov t EpcoxEpE Kai ?,?????1??????, yt xr\v teXecoit, to vSpcTCou, vtoX.
'H yonjEa Tto KptCs oto 01??????? Xao oT8r|Kv ETtpaaxri,. 'H ZripiTiKr) ????|??| TTJc; tafj, too TtoXEpripevri n' ??) taoKaXia to ??????? TtpaypaxiKo "EXXiva, Xptoxo, ????1??????| Kpucp uaa ax 'AvaxoXtxtKO, ?????? ???????????, XptoxtaviK oypa, v Kai ????????????, u iypia ????]????|??, v auaEt axr\ ??) ????,-TEa, v ?? ??????????. Oi "EXXr|v ??\-ptoupyo ??|?; Koupaauvoi Sv Tiiv porBri-aav Tiiv upa to ??????????? rin. THTav rouxoi yt ??] ovapr ??,?. GptoKEV -Tttpoo yoiiTEupvou; ???' xriv Xri8ta Kai Tiiv TXsta covTvta xr\q, ?????????? v tt^v TtEpaatuoTov. EaTcX8n,i to, XXriVEt; pSot;- 'ATtoriTooav ???? va Kaivopyiov ppovtop. 'H pxaia yori-TEa, ????????) yt to ??????????, e!x yVEt apETiq Tti oto vou eXXtive, {;-vri Kai ????????- T cjUTtvripva ??????????? p tt vea ppii Evotcoav Kav v co-aouv tv Kaivopyio ppovtop. T p-Xata KaXoTtta Exav irta tiaXicbaEt ait' tt uaKpacovn. ?????|. KtTi Tto 5v KaTaXaE psyXo vo to ???????. Maa ??? BuvTto ri va ripioupyia 5v fJTav o-????|. T vaKTCpa p xi cXXec ????? Tfj Buavxivfj TtavaTTEppta ?????????-oe ???????] otv XXr|viKOv aux. Ooov-Touoav tv >pyKcov ttv ovTWTiKri ??-aiTOTEa. Kai Ttrjyav OTf|v 'OScopavtKri, p ????? EatOTriTa ????? xav TtvsupaTiK] XEu8pia. ByfJKEV Xr)8ivri. 'H ia xti XXrjvtKfi 8vOTr|Ta yvvri8r|ke ???? ????-ta. cO pEyXo ZriKCopo Etvai pyo ??^? Kupico 'EXXSa Kai tcjv vn,otc3v. Ta KX-??1?? Kai ?? 'AppaTcoXKt Tto KpTnoav ???? XPvia tiXepo Kai vKn,aav, t5 v-8iaav. Kai ?? vr]ai to Aiyaou E?ayav xi 'AppE. cO Ptiya, Pcoprio ??)? 'EX-Xa, irapaKivtavTa to BaArviouc v ar|Kco8ov sXsTts XEUTEpcopvri xr\v ???? p'"EXXr|va ???????????. Oi BaXKvtot, p8pr|aKoi Kai ?????1 v K0uvr]8n,Kav iXou. O "EXXtive Tfj Aari, p ?????? tv Kopafj, v iyKpivav, occv Ttpcoprii xf\v 'ETtavaTaor). "Eva tpeXX EXXn.va, tEpa Kai TtoXsptaTiic av tv AtoxXo, ????????????, p Xr|8Et Kai ipEUTi ?ov?coa xr\v XEu8pcTpa ?????. O "EX-XrjvE ?'??????? TtXt v uaEUTov Kai v oxupcoSov, Xetepoi, oTvauT xou yt v riptoupyrioouv t\av tv Katvopyto, t T ? ?? o, pvo au' aTO ????????-T, ZcotKv ppoviap.
MtT 1919, li 'EXXa, p i;av8tapva ?? CcTTup tti, Evat rj X^pa xcv ttevte 8aXaaav KtXEi TtpEt ?????? tfjc; 'Ava-ToXTtaoa yrj ???. T ovop ??? pi-oKovTat otv Apo, ottv ???? Kai ??? Maiavpo. ?????????! tte, p Ttv8tpo-??? ???????? Ttpi9cpto, ?? AeXto, ???-pioiKT Koari tto eIxe okoti v ptsi TtriYato ???? Ttvco ??? riptoupyripvo, ir' t 01????? TtoiTTEE, xao. A 8 Kpt-8e tS, cev f] TtOTtTEa Tto TtapouaiaoE Kai oi KaTEu8voi Tto 8Xn,aE v xap-ei, f)Tav ocoot. 0 e<;c pvov KEtvo tto iaaKE. Zr xoaspa ????? xou, Tto ?u?Xo?pr^loav ???? xr\ SptaptKir, KEvri xo XXrivtapo axtypiii n,xoa, p ? p a u-y TTOyvcoori, xf] ???????, ? v u-H a t t ? ?] 'EoTa tto 8 Ka8cbpiE ?? aatKa oTotXEa to "EXXriva Kai 8 rtEixvE tv ???????]????? (Ttriyao Kai yriyEvfj) Tpirov vaouv8sori ??|? NeoeX-
XrivtKfi TtVEUpaTlKfi Kai KOtVCOVlKfj vt-
??????. Xcopi tt ov8an, axr) xv aa1.-


70
'Eote 'EXXriviKo ZcoouoG Kai ti ZiKsXtaviKr] ????1??| 'Ia
KCV Ua OTOIXEIODV, KLVUVEOUUE, ?????,
v oGue, aa c tt usyXn, KEtvri axty-uf) Mxouv ouvteXeoBe, acoptaouva dett vETtavpBcoTOV XeBpo. KuptTEpo ???-tco Tfjc; 'EoTia Evat v or|Briat ??? au-vsiSrjT KaBptaua Tfj oKOupt tto f) AuTiKri ?\'?1??|??| cofjt;, vTtBETri atri tKri ua, ??????? ??? cOTtup ua v ? ???-
VOEt.
Z ut avTOuri, aXETtK u if\v Ep-???? TtouXE ?? 9ua, TtoTtTEa Tvoriuav-TiKQTEpcov ktiXoecv corjc;, otco Etvai ti &1????? UETa Tf| cEXXn,viKfi Kai ttj AuTtKfjc; ?????????|?;, ???' oXe t TtXEup, YECotKOVOutKti, Bikt, TtvEUuaTtKti Kai TtoXi-tikt, TtXEUp c;ETaauvt; o ovtoue XX TtEpiEKTiKc usXTs Ttvco ??? ????-???? Kai ottv Txvri ua, ??? vTKpuaua Trj ??????, ottv "??????|??), ??? 'Eurpio Kai ott Biourixavia, ott cpuotoXoya Tfj TuvaKa Kat tri ????? Tri uaa ??? Kot-vcovtK avoXo, TtpoartaBE v eei ttv uEori vayKr] v' TtOKTtiaouv oi "EXXn,V KaBapii yvan, tv cukv otoixecv Kai tv uvaTOTf|Tcov Tou.yi v Ttpoxwpriaouv ?????? ott ovBeoti toG 'EXXriviKoG au-to tcov. "Av ytvovTav ?????? ????-voriTti ri vyKri auvEtoriTOTtoiriari tv -TtiTayv, Tto iaTUTtcvovTat ???????1?? art' ir) coKii, TtVEUuaTtKii Kai ioTopiKfi -TtoTaoii ua, BecopoOoe eato tv pxo-u toG XBpou.
'H TtvEuuaT 1??) OTta B ??????? ut ua 'Or)yrt,Tv Tto, OKOpTitouvot uaa OTfjv 'EXXa, B or]6oGaav ?? Xa v TtpEi TtXpia auvon,an, ??? ?????? ??? a KpiTiKTj avTtTtapaoXii u t Autik vTtXf^Ei Ccofjc Kai ?????? v ????1 if) ovBEori toG XXrivtKoG ??? yc. Kai aT, xt u ???,??,?^??, ????1?? Kai ue-?????????? priTopEE XX atyaXoia-????, yt v ??????1 itaua, u ??????-TtKri aXEv itti;r| tv qkv ua -TttTayv, KuatuaM.
"ETtpETtE v uBouv oi "EXXr|V Kai ri yvan, aif) v yvEt ala tou, otic tv Katp tt] aKXatac Tto avBETav Ttriyaa ?? Ttup tou, ir) ????????? tou, tc otK.TOU Ttavpxata KaBcoptauvs, ttveu-uaTtK Kai ??????? ????????> Tto e-vat ?? ???1?? Kai ????????? e;vBtoua tv iotttcv tou Kai v or|VirTOTtotri-
oouv to kvouvou TtO TtptKXtVt f| ETtt-
tqktikt] yt' aTp av BXouv v f|-aouv Cava av XXitve TUtcf,n, co't. Kfj taopoTtta.
Kt ????, xt uvo ysvtK XX Xettto" UEpstaK Kai ??????|-^? o kBe ut-??????????? Tfj KaBriUEptvfi cofj.
??? ?? oyuaTtKO v xei Bari ??? TtVEua tv 'EXXtvwv. Xpt^ETat Xetcto Kai mtao XEiptauo ??? Toutouo tcv, usyXo ik tou Ttpovuio, TtO f] auvETfj ??? XPnc'iy0Ttor|ari B ?? kvei 9e-
uXto yvfiata Ccofjc;. BXovTa v otpf|-OEt ???' to OpayKoua9riU-vou ?? up-XEipo ????01, 8ti TtoriTS ?? yuptou tcov 'EXXf|vcv a TtEpaauvE uox, p-XaiOEXXriviKTi ri BuavTtvii, KTt ?? ?????-vn,To Kai yeXoo, Tto u novript ?????-ve TtvTa, Tao ???69???, a'OTtotou Ttpoo-TtaBoOvE v avaoTriaouv tv "EXXiqva p-9 Kai TtXpto, ?? eXto tviCe, u ke-?????? ??,?1?, ??9??? Kai ?;??????, ttv ????????? vyKri Tfj ov9Eor| tGvotoi-Xecv cTtpcov ua ava ?????). ?? 9??????? napX9vTa toG 'EXXrrvt-auo 9 u ????????? yt tUiaXEyua, Xwpi ?? ?o v ??9?????, tv ?????-pcov ua, Kai tittote itEptaaTEpo. "Ioc ?????| B vaTav ut iiEtc;ri Tfj Ttavp-Xata XXriviKfi ueBou tto oi 01?????1 TtoXiTtouoi ua avBETav ?? coK otoi-Xsa. 'ApviovTav ouc, ??)??, ?????????| a rtEpaauva ???????? fi uur]ar tou. cH -XE8spr| ov9eoti tGv Ccortpcov v fjTav SuvaTv v uf| ????1 oif) or)utoupyia Katvopyta auv9ori u va uoptprj. 0TtpiT ouvTOKTriC toG AeXtou v urv xei Kv ia toG 'EXXtivikoO yiyvE-a9ai, ito Evat f| ^EKOpaaTri TtopEa trpo ?? vo, u Tariv ??????) Tu9uua yt' ???? ote auxv v kvei ????????? ??????????, yt v TtooTripisi TvvTtE-Xr|vtKCTaTO MiaTpiCuTiau Tfj ?????????)? oTf)v pxaia ?????) fi tv uoto ??? '??-KXriataaTtK ua BuavTtvtauo. Moa ??? ik ua EpyaaTfjpt, tto Evat ri 'EXXa, TrapauEpiovTa oXe t ????????? fi -TtoTUXn^vE riuioupyE, 9 ouv9aouu., u ?? tta XtK Kai ttv tta texvikt, ???-vopyto oriuiopyiua. Auto ?? Kaivopym eo, tviCei v fJTav, ote UTtopoGoE v Evat, EKEtvo Tto voutav av ????????? oi AuTtKTportot. T TipTUTt tou Evat ??-ucouvo u 01?????1??, ???' ?? cEAXn,vtK, XtK, Kai fi texvikt ??? ???????????)- 'H va av9ori tGv crtupcov ua irpitEt v Evat iiOTUTtn, Kai uvo o u oXETri.
???? tte ktpue t AeXto, XX ?? TtvEuuaTtK Kupapxo xo, ottc -?????????? ttv ????????????1??| tqv 'EX-Xtvcov ????????? ???? ???' Tri Autiktv -Tttpaor], vKrroE. 'H ??9???]??]?1??| 'EoTta v sytVE. 'H yvota tv aTotXEtcov ua -?????|8?, u if\v TEpaxta MiKpaataTiKTi ??????????|, if\v ?1????1?[?. Kai o EXXr|v c;avayptoav u Koupaauva ?? Ttup tou ???) AuTiKf) TtvEUuaTiKfi ????-ta rto u tTtatvTi TtpoBuua pxtaE v acoptEt uaa tou oKoupt ?avtauoG.
EuaaTE Ttt uaa otv vETtvTEXo yt to yvooOvTE ??????. 2?? oupKto-UEva, ???' Tf| apta ?????? dKpoytXta ua, c;paCovTai o ??????????. ycovia, ?? KUvriyiTueva 'IcovtK KOTtta.
'? KotvoouXEUTtauoc, Autlk ????-OKEaoua, TtoXriK TtoXtTEtaK a-


'Ecmec, 'EXXriviKoG Zu'iopoG ??1 rj ZiKEXiaviKft, ????1??] 'IBa
71
?????? vtKoevo, yiati elvai ????????????? ottjv XXriviKfj yfj ??1 toc, kotokouc; Tire,, v KuPspviicrEt Tfj x^pa- Mia pBa tte, 9pEUUvr| art' Tq yvn,aiUTEpc; vosXXr|Vi-kc; Ttriyc;, u opyav ??,<; ?? pouaiaio ????? Koivtttc;, ?????1 otv, vata-payuvov Tt' tiv yuvia, XXriviK x"p Kai TraiTE, u ???? UEXsTriuva Kal -p TuXEipnuaTot, Tfjv vTtKaTaTaan, ??? KoivoPouXeutiouoO u Trjv ? ? i v ? ? i ? rj ? ? X i ? e i a, CH Katvopyia ????) ????-tiotikt ,pur|an, otv KTSTauvo 9vik ????? Tfjc; iaKuPpvriaric; ??? ttcou, p-Xetoi ov va eISoc, ouvxeia ??? ???-tiou xa XokXipcooti tuv yevikuv tc-ipecv tio iaKTJpucJE Xiya XPvia itpv atfjv pa uetxei li' vBouaiaau Kl' ????????; ??? AeXtou.
'H Koivotikt uaa TtoaTfjpic; : ria v unopasi EXXnvac, v ^avafSpEi tv a-t ??? Ka v' vTipoEi ?????????? otti, Autikt, TtvEuuaTiKT pia, tco ou9VUVEi
T C^UTTUp TOU, TipTtEl v KEpiaEl Tt u-
vaTTTiTa v ^avatrpEi Tt9uva ??? x-pia ??? tt iaKuPpvr|or| ??? ?????? ??? uoa ott uikpt uaa tcv kotokuv vq XupioO fj ??) UEyXri uitc; ???????;- T op-yavo tio 9 toG uoei aTfj tfjv ex-pEia Elvai rj KoivTriT ???. CH, ixuc; Kappt KpaTiKf) Ttppaoii, aToioiKo-pEvrr, KoivTi-|Ta tco ol pxovTq ??)<; k-XyovTai ???1 tt Tevikit ZuveXeuoti tuv KaxoiKCov, oTtcoc, yivovTav n' tv Kaip Trjq KKXriaiac; toG Atjpou, xiXtxpova irpiv, Ka ???? Tt' ttv BupaviKTJ ????????1? Ka yiVETai Kurr otv 'EXXriviap ??? u-
TEpiKO.
'? eXXrivac; Bv piropst Ka Bv irpTiEi v' TToyupvuvETai ???' Trjv eBvti, Tfjc; ia-Kuppvrioric; toG ttcou ???. EIxe ouvriiaEi, ???1 ?? navpxaia XPvia, v PouXeetoi ??! v' ??????1^1 p tt)v ????????? ??[??| ???, ???????????, Tfjc upaKOTiTriq Xei-Toupyac tuv i^UTipuv ???, yi tv au-t ??? Ka ttv pBa poa ottjv Tioa ?? av ??????????? Ka TtoXoyiq'pEvov ?????. Maa ???) aTOtXELUn,, VTTiia ??-XiTEiaKriv aTtiv pyvoan., Tto Elvai tj KoivTriTa, PpioKEi ti BuvaTTTjTa i;v9i-ar\c, tuv unupuv ??? Ka ouvt8n,TOTtoir|-af|c, Touq. 'Eke Ka9vaq 9 UETpf|aEt tv Topiap ??? Ka9q 9 PpeeI KaTvavTi tuv aXXuv TopiKOTr|tuv o BiapKfj ????-aTt9ia TTOOTipic;r|c; tuv Bikuv tou Ka tuv paiKv aup?pv?uv. Zt uikpv auto ????? Tfjc; paBiKnc; oupPiuan.q ???-piKOTTJTUv, TtoXiTEiaK ????????????? Tfjq yvrioia 'EXXriviKfjq KpaTiKrjc; 'Opyvuoric;, ?? ????? kotxei if] 9ar| tto tou pp-c^ei. Mvov KEi Elvai Buvarri fi ?????|??-TTiori toG ?????? ??? Ka f| av9af| ??? ???? tv tcXov a9ppr]TO, ??! yi' ???? yvriaio, ??????.
'H ?"?? ???; piKpf) ?' ?'?????], p Xiyri
Ka TtETpuBiKia yfj, oav KupiUTEpri ?????? GXri eIxe Ka exei xfjv ????;?????[? ? ? G v 9 p ? ?? ? ?, E I v ? i x a X-keio vBpuuuv, ?????; 9 mpE-vei v t' TtoEcEi pyTEpa, paa a' 6-?????)??| ttv TpiaKovTaETa tco ???????, [x ?? 9upr|TiK, Tivu otv KoivoTiap Ka tc; 9aupoit; uvaTxriTc; ??? yi Ttv vaav9ori tuv t^UTcpuv ???;, ?'??? ???, Tfj MaKEBovoaXaPtKr KoivTriTa ?? 'AypoTiK Ttv Koivotikt FIoXiTEa Ka aXXa, c;aipToq ???????????-??; ??? 9au-pvou ???? tt' Tfj Autikt aKoupi, Koi-voTiapou Ka yt' ???? yvTaioq utiottjc;, ??????; Kapapiaq.
MXic; eIxe teXeioei MeyXoc; Zn-kuuc;, p' Tta9Xo yt tt vkt] Tfj Xeutepi piKpoO KOupatiKoG Tfjc; 'EXXac; Ka fj -TttBpopfi tuv 0payKopa9ripvuv TttPXXEi t KoivoPouXvEutik c;evik ???????? p tv auyKEVTpUTiap ???. KPei p uiccq art' tt pta ??? t Koivotik ???; ?????]-pa, Kai, arc ?????, psTapXXEi toc; ??-Xtivec; o paa, viKavri v PouXeetoi, p ouvTTEiEC, Tto 9 yivouv pyTEpa Bu-vrip aioriTc; Ka auvia KaTaioxvri yt v PapaivEi toc; 6i9Xiouc; aTOc; ??????-psic;. Kavva ????????1?? Bv sxouv v TtpoTcXouv yi TCEpoiuoti ????;. '? I. ?. KoKKUvriq, ??? 1828, BripoaiEEi ??? ??-piot, KoiTiBa tuv ruBpopuv, ?? ???! noXiTEtuv ayypappa ??? ??1 a ekte-Tapvo TtappTrip ??? p ttXo np toG Ttoiov EiBoq ???1??????? ppc^Ei Eq ttv vaysvvuHvriv cEXX8a Ppovto-Kpc^Ei oTi Elvai vayKaiTaTov v auv-Tax9caiv q oXouq toc, XEu9pupvouq TTtouq ?? ? ? t v a Tto&Eixvovxac; ttv TtpTaorj ??? p ????????. puEipia.
notq opuq Tt toc, ?lOvtapVouc, v?po9?TEq Tfjq yfjq paq ?UTtKTpottouq 8 TtpoEXE ?? XEypEva ??? yvtjoiou ottv Kptari EXXtiva Kokkuvti ; ATq Ka oi oyxpovoi paq KoivoTiaTq exouv np-yov Touq tv 'ABirvalo ZXuva, 9epe-Xiutt Tijq Ttavpxaiac, KotvoTiKfjq Ttap-oariq, KTt avario npoaoxfiq Yit toq Xavouq auvov9uXEUTq ZuvTaypTOV tco niau xouq Kpuppvoi piropoGv v aitt9o-PoXtv ttv voKTva KouTOTtovripa Touq ?????????.
'H teXikt ????????1? ???? v9putxi-vrjc; KoivuviKfjq av9Eariq XP"0115101 Ttv-tote ottv ????????????????? Tptv otoi-Xeuv, toG ?????1???, toG tioXitiotikoG K KupicTaTa toG ysuoiKOVoptKoG, Xei KapaPiaq. 'H TtEruxnHvri Ttpoaappoyrj touc, ??? too TtoiKXa Ka ?1????1?????? TOTtEia tv eXXiivikuv ????? ?'???? ???) ?1????????| eikv, Ttavpxatuv, ottv 'EX-XBa 9opuv, tcv Koivotikuv, Tto e'xouv tv tutto Tfjq Xr|9tv c;ioXoytKfiq (????-ouTtiKTJq, TopiKfjq, Ka xi KXnpovopiKijq) ptoTOKpaTiKfjq ripoKpaTiaq, Ka Tto fj


72
'Eotec; 'EXXnyiKoG Zco'iouoG Kai fj ZiKEXtaviKf) AeXcpiktj 'Isa
dvBlOfj TOUC; OUVETtEOE u tc; to/upTEpEC KXauipEic; xoG ttoXitiouou uac;. Movo .01-Ttv uaa otoc, kXtcouc, Tfjc; ^avavaaxn-uvric; yvtjaiac; vsoEXXr|ViKfjc; xwpiKfjc, Kai oTiKrjc; Koivxr|Ta<; UTtopsl v1 viaouv ,av Ko v ouvteBoGv atri v a u o p-

r|c;, Ttpoc|)opr| a kBe AEoitoTtau, 8 yvEi fj Ttsi8apxi.Kfi vxa^ri a Beouoc tio tu-
PXXsi ti BXnar Tfjc; Koivotiktjc; uac;, Ttpooapuoauvouc; axc vyKEc; ttc; auu-Bicooric; Kai Tfjc; yECooiKovoutKfjc; ETtiTayfjc,. TsXoc,, a' aTc, Kai uvo rie; kyXec, u toc, yriYEVEtc; KoivoTiKoq 8auoc, stvai uvott ri oc a k r| a r\ Tfjc, usyiaTiic, pETrjc, tou v8pcTUVOU eTouc, : Tfjc; XE8pr|c, i-aopporciac; tv c^coTcpcov toO v8pcTcou, pETfjc; tco tv vEPt^Ei ot iprjX TEpo aKaX Tfjc; ,Xic;n,c; xoO eouc,, XX ki' EOKoXa UTtopE v tv pic^si 0 npoou-TpriTri cpauXTTTTa, too yvpturj uac; arjuEpa.
"EKpiva napaiTriTri Tfjv ktccoc; uaKpi TtapvBEori xv 'Eoxiv toO 'EXXriviKoG ZanauoG yt v urcopao u' aT tv TtpoiEaou v vTc;co, uaa aT ecoc; Tcpa iauopcpcouva vsosXXriviK TtXaiaia xf) ZiKEXtaviKf| TCOTCTEia.
H IIKEAIANIKH AEAOIKH IAEA
EIxe a' 0X0 t TtXxoc; xr\c, XauTcai-oel f) rcavvoTcouXiKf) cpXya Ttpoairaev-Taq v vaXucaEi tc; TUKaStauVEc; ot C^cTiupa tcv 'EXXrjvcov Autikc, OKOUpic,, orav yvtauvoc ee; T TpiaPa8a, dir t prco Tf,c; xotvcoar)c;, tcTXTr|ke UEoaS-Triq, a v tv vvviioe f\ XriviKrj uac; "yrj, pooEpc; XuYEportTric;, cbpatoq, "Ay-YeXoc, ZiKsXiavc; u tv 'AAacppoaKio-t tou (1907),
npcTvotcooTr] poot vaivovTav dir t TtoiriTiKv aT spyo, gvac; tcepepyoc; Suvautauc;, coptKq, Xuyepq, fiXioTtEp.i-Xuxoc;, ut yaXrjvri Tto ivst axv :v-BpcoTto uvov ri pEPatTriT tou ttc; t-tpta ri aia8avTtKTr|T tou Ppoketoi o'-Ypf|Yopor] uoa a acoua tto xaiPs' Tat ti c^covTvia tou. AT T ttoi-f|uaTa, u tt XauTtEpfi Kai XEta, o pToaXo 0' KpoytaXi, X,r] touq ouXe-uvri dir Ttavpxoua EwXoXaTptK k-uaTa, c\vr\ teXeoc; Ttpc; 6,ti, uxpi tte, 8ECpouvTav TtoiriTiKi YXcoaoa, Kai u tv ipuxiK Kpaaou Tto TtpoKaXouaEv f) vr\-tpaXia Evapori touq, uaapsoTri otc; xpc; Kai ToiupoTtEc;, are1 tv ioXutik peo-uavTiou, u toc; Kotptouc; prjTOpiKoc yaXPaviauoc, tou, Ttp(;Eiq, c;afiKcoaav va Pousp Kuua EKTcXr|c;ric;. Aiyooto n' toc; Xr)8apyiouvouc, toG KaipoG tou Ka-u>8r]Kav Tccbg voicoaav t urjvuua tto kuic^ev voc; TtoiriTfic; Kai PouXcvovTaq x1 aTia T0uc;,v uf|v koGv T Xyta touq, Ttatvoav u' lv8ouataau ttiv Ttpoatpop tou."OXoi oi aXXoi, XTEXa cpavtauvoi ii'Tc; oKOupic;, Tf)v Ttppii;av tKaioXoyri-uva, occv KaTavriTr] Kai vTtTtoir|XiKr Ti ?jxav x urjvuua, t too i^covTav Kai
u UETac^vio xLt|Sva irXooia vtuuvo, rto, uac; s'pxovTav ; THxav fj 8auuaia napouaia uiac; urtapc;r|q ouvutpaouvric; u Tij r5)oa unrpa xXriviKfi cDor], tco B-XovTaq i;av8iauva, a' o\r\ touc; ttjv 6p-ui, T c^cTTUp Triq, vaaiVE otv aiSpa xfjc; wKfj<; XeutepiSc;, uEUTri tr' tc; KaTaxvic; toG ioTaYU-ou Kai T Tpsuo-TtaTrjuaTa ttjc; aToxaoTtKfjc; vco8pTr)Taq. THTav fj Ttapouaia utfic; KaSauT XXrivt-Kfjc; 5Ttapc;rq tto v uTtopoGas v TtEi a auvvTriari xcv v8pTtcov xoG Xaou uac; Kai ivovxac; cpiXiK x xpl va axa8 aiu xouc;, yiari SPyaivE tc1 tijv tta i-ktj touc; yrj 8' vayvcopit^ovTav av t' q-paiTEpo syua toG auTou touc;.
MTtopEi ucoq t pxao poGxo Tto t 8auuoio acua Tfjc; Ttapouotac; (popouoE, v UTcit^E Tfjv duEari cptiKij Kf|Xcoor| fj v' icouKpuvE Kur] t Xa, t ouvr]8i-auvo ot ik tou poGxo. T sit^cao Xa'-k voTiXT, pycvTac; Ttoauvr|Ta yi Tijv vaav8Ear) vac; uopcpfjc; Ttoppixvsi kSe ti tto 8 touive Kai Tfjv icoipa eotq ne; UTtopoGoE v t Xoc;opoufjai ie' Tri cpXoyEpfj tou XaXTpa iiuioupYiaq. CH XaXTpa aTfj dv Kai Pait^si otv -X8pio puo Tto 8 tv cppEt o ppa-8po v TtaEi v Elvat XaXTpa. "Etoi dir tijv TipcTTi KiXac; Kf|Xcoafj tou -t|jc8r|Kav Xyupd tou pXoaupo xSpo u.' oXa T OTtXa tto Sutikc; KuauXi-auq toc; eIxev dpuaTcaEi, xr) vcoBp-TiTTa, Tf)v ayvoia, xr\v KaKoXoyia, Tiqv Ka-KEVTpXEia, t ulooc;. EtV dXfjBEia Ttc; f| tpouoTavXXa Kai t oiyKovi stvai uid TtapaXXayfj toG x^va i

'Eotec '????????? Zco'topou ??1 ij ZiKEXtavtKij ????^? 'Ia
73
uaGni-ivouc; ?????? ?? ?????1?? PpaKt Ka veKpovT0?|? u toc; auppoq Tto Kuu^ev fj ?6??|, TtoxauvcvovTc; tov.
NTpTtETOU ma v y5u9et, ktc; Sv rj '??????? ??? x BeXtjoel. Zdv axoxctctExai KavEc; 8xi Ka orjuEpa ?????, ?????" air1 tic; iravcoTc, TtpoaTt9tEq tcv ??????????, ?? a9potapa tcv 'EXXtjvcov Pa^et u Au-TiKg TtapcoTtEc; ??? pria, volc9ei u dTtYvcoori ?? Xyo Tto rj ZtKEXtavtKij
tto^TtKlj ????????? ETtEOE TTE ??? KEV.
'Evo pia pXtc; YEVE Ttptv, rj pcopavTtKij AutikitJ KEvooyta, iaXuTiKfj tcv q"coTTpcov ??? dv9pcnou, cJEatJKQVE ???? pava sv-BouotaapoG Tto 5v ???|?? Tpixot otijv ??????) ??? vekpoO TtottiTri ???; 'AxiXXa ????????. 'H ??????] aKOupt upoxcopti" uvn, dvr|ouxaoTtK otc; tcXeic;, TtEtEt u d?avtau Ka ?? Xa tcv xwpiuv. '???-5r|U.tKfj dppcoTEta tto 'pxetou VTUuvri ??? TcXavEp payvt Tfjc; ???????1???; irpoou, 5v c;Ept^cvETat ???? Kai otc; ?????????; dKun oTtypc; ??? XaoO paq, OTav c;UTtvriuvcc ?? Ttup xou xv ???-vouv a Koauo'toxoptK ???????????. Aou-???;?1 yt Xtyo tu' ?????? pAic, ??????-9e rj purj tcv c^coTtpQV (tava?ouv?cVEt tuo KaTaoTpETtTtKij. 'H ?????????] [????(? uac; ?? 5iaTttoTVt. cO ?????^????????; pypouc; ^?[;) ylaTi T0{j XEtTtEt rj auvEt-5r|xifj ??????) av8or| tcv t^cottpcov ???, 5v vTipa Ka TtoKTtTSt. T oTEpiv notriTiK 'pya ??? ZiKsXiavou, -ttouovco-pvou a ?????????? kkXo vpcTtcov tto oi'iiEptaaTEpoi rtOKpivovTat ?????; Tv9au-pc^ouv, v xouv ????? XdxtaTriv ??????" or] ax XXriviK Kotv, u' 0X0 tto ax ??????? Topita ??? ????????; atf) escori (1915 1917), ????1????1 u ?????????; et-KVEq, k-rtcog ????9???1?? ptypvEc;, coote v prcoic^ouv Tfjv auari ????????? ??? vofjtcaToq, auypc; Tfjc; yvrjaiac; Ccofjc; tou XaoO ???;, ptoTOTEXviK ouvTatptaopvEc; u Tijv dpxaia corj. ??????? ti, ???? ?? auvTatptaaua tcov o 01?????1???? uop-???? Jcofjc;, Evat rj aTta Tto uttooc^ei tirjv niKoivcova xou u ?? uEyXo koiv. ETv' dXrj9ta 6tl dir ??,?????1 oKOTtt ETtoTtTEovTac; tijv XXriviKij C,af\ 6 TtoiiTTijc, 9eqpoGoe ???1?? Ka vuiuo ?? auvTa-ptaaua oXcov tcv tcoxcov aevav aBpa acovtxriTaq, ??????; ?????? ?? iaTUTtcvsi, dXX ETtpETtE v ????????? oti rj ttpoo-???? ??? ivovTav a dv9pcTtouc; paoavi-opvouc; dir ocoxEptKij ?????| utac; toG yvijotou auToG ????; Ka xfjc; ^EviKrjc; TtvEupaTtKrjc; Ttipaoiic tto too ouxv tv ?^??????(^1. "Av otrpEptvc; "EXXn-vac;, tco piropEt oute Ka ttpiiet, v PXTtEt tv auT ??? u' dpxcxtTtpETtri ?????), auv9ai ttj va popeprj ??? tt-pa dir ttjv dpxata Ka ??| AuTtKij, v TtpKEtTai v ????1 otv npoopiap ???, tto Evat fj SriptoupYta Tfjc; vac; ??? ???-
XtpyEiac;. Maa tc x arjpEpa, eIv' d-vdYKTi v' dvau9t ?coxtapvrl ??????????-TtK yi vdvaouvxE9t ij vOEXXn,vtKf] TtX-pta vTTrjTa. Ka9 ?uxo?tVupa?t?v ycb exsl P^Eq, Ka ???? auvTtEia toc; xupoc; ???, ??? TcapX9v, dXX o XeopoxpovtKc; auvBfJKEc; iro 9 ouvavxfj-OEt ax psYdXcop xou 9 Ka9opiaouv xr) va xou ????'?] Ka ????????1?. 'H dta-???!? ax PaaiKv ax t;tcopa TtpotK-1 Ttjv ???? ???? PtcoTtKfjc; Ttpoau9Eiac;. 'H TEpaTta pYaoa ??? nXrj9cova rspt-????, TtO OTEV ouyYeveei p ttj 2tKE-XtaviKfj, a' aT tv ????? Ttjc; ???????-vtKfjt; 9Xaaaac; vaudY4aE- Met tv ??????? otij Zcoij iaKoXou9i rj TtXo-ota TtapaycoYrj xoG ZtKEXtavoG p x Mij-??? 9eoG ??1 ?? ????? tqv 'EXXijvcov tco aripstcvouv ?????? Ttpc; Tijv Xpt-aTiavtKijv v?lXrl??, ?????; ?????????9?? poa ??? rtXaota tfjc; cEXX?vl??c; Op9o-oc;tac; Ka ?uo?opoGv?al ?? ????????? Tfjc; OEtpdc; tuv TpaYCotuv ??? itvco a dp-Xatouq Ka Buc^avTtvoc; p9ouq. 'AXX' d-Kpri, EtuaaTE tua ??'?; napapovc; Tfjq MtKpaataxiKfjc; ???????????;, v exec c;u-TtvrjoEt paa ??? fj ?????? v otuXcoBeT KaTvavTt ax pepa Tfjq Autikji; Ttipa-???; tto TtapaapvEi ?? Xa ???;, ????' o-Xec; tq dvaToEtc; ??1 ?? TttTEYpaT ???, ku9e tco 9 ppsT EKatpta, otv oXe-9po. Ka v ????? u TtYEtouc; ?????-apoc; Tto ?!??????^??1 XYup ??? TtiKipVoc; ????????; atou.c;. ??????-ptc^ovTac; Ttpoacoptv xr\v TtotriTtKfi riptoup-yta, ???????1^?1 p ?? dvotXT ttpvripa ott] MEYaXEiTriT ??? (1922) tv Baat-Xa KcovaTavTvo, v TtoEtc;Ei ????????; oxt pvo ???????? air' tv XeBpc p Ka v xapcJEt ttjv iropsta Tto Od-rtpette v' dKoXouijasi f) 'EXXa y^ v ??????-pcoEt Ttjv ?????? otv Kapov ????-????? ???;.
flopEta TtoXtTiKfj p^?Xou?^apv? p toc; ?????????; tco ttepikXeivei rj XX?v^?f| -????????), 8?oaupoc; ?ouPaX?pVOuq ??? alpa ??|?; duo ?? Ttavpxata XPvta.
'Atto co ka npa, dcptjvovTac; Tijv t\-xaar\ ??? itotriTtKoO ??? spyou, Tto 9 ????tpVEt dvayKaoTtK tijv ???? ??? 9e-ptopou xfjc; vac, yvfjataq ?????????(??, tcv veoeXXtjvcov, ttote Ka dv aTfj p9> yt v ^exoei ??? TtvEpaTa tijv ?????(??-??, dir orjpspa ????? yi oaouc. slvat o ???? v cpco9oGv ebe; aTij, ????(? ???;, 9 ????????? ?????????tK p Tfjv pya-ata ??? ZiKEXtavoG aav ?????^-????!-ottj Ttjc; yvf|otaq XX?vt??c; Pto9Coptac; ???;. T 'YTpvripa axr\ ??????????? ???, TtpcTri 6?????1?? Kf|Xcoaij ???, ???-pixl ixoXX ????????? Tfjc; UEXovTtKfjq ??? TcvEuuaTiKfjq dpTtcoariq Ka pt TtoXt-Tiktjv TtEt^ c;atpTtKtjq ?????(??. 'Y-TtoExvst otv BaotXa KcovaTavTvo Tfjv


74
'eote 'EXXriviKo Zcoopo Koti tj ZiKEX'iaviKf] aex0iktj 'I&a
vyKn, v xepu.ati.o9el MiKpaaiaTiKO TtAEUot; u pia xou vETtvxEXn yi xtjv Aori Ka arcocpaaiaxik ka9opioxiktj xfj XXriviKrj 'Hysaiac oto 'AvaroXiKo Xao, XEtpovoua, ito 0 ??????????? xf] BEppfj kai tuia vcooij pa u to iou paxBpo to ????????. Tfjv ??????-tri vyKn, atj xfj, XlPvou.ia, icpai-eei u pi oeip a9uaxoxaaxcov ouXXo-yiopcv tco yKaXiouv, KaBcb ?????-UEpEiaK paoiCouvxai, ariuavxiK ppo xou XXn,viKo yyvEoBai. 'H 'EXXa -????????? ??????,?? ?? avaoxriua xtiq vavtia otij Aan, yiyavtquvo arc ttjv ????????1??1 vapn, tv piaTiK utcvr]-uvcv ttavpxotiwv coupcov to Xao tt| u pBupri auvavsari kai ttykoivri XXn-viktj ????' ???????? axr\ yfj ??? ?? BaaiXa KcvoTavTvo, oicoyuvov an'rov 'ex.bevi-??. 'H a'yXri ??1 fj aiipaaia xqc; aykpi-??? arijv iotopia ??? ?????? epfj aTtj aTiyufjt; evai ???????. ZripEicvEi fj ????-n. atfj piav vayvvriari, pi rtXpia tu-??????| ??? yvijaiov TA9Xo, ???? Toviap-vr) oTfj iattaacv xv vepyeiv tti ????, pa, XEu9pov Xa x oxoiXEa xfjc ipuxikfj; pa TtEpa yi v pu9pio9o-ve vpeoa ax TtXrj9o xv ???????????? ???? xfjv tcpcotyovrrv Xu9pia tto Ttsp-PEVE ar)Xr| ax kevxpo xfj; auveoriainc to kobevc Tfjv rjppa xo yupiapo ??? fj 'EXXa etxs ???11 pioxik ait' xfj Aari kai ?? covxavo ??,? ?????? ttapaitvta tijv XTtj rcou T'&xav EopEUaEi taol aivE, ?????? ????????-vov 0x0 p" vtox ???????????? kai eb-ve, ????? piav cXXn, BEa 9epptpn,v x-Tfj. Tfj ppa axfj fj 'EXXa exe vikijoei xv aux xr), exe etiepoei ???????? ?? tcape\9v xrj; ??! xpiypco xrjc; ??????-KOTtooE ixco ????? ???????, fj Ka9pia kai pEyXn, iotopikfj ??,? Mopa, ????? kxeitoi Kpia o pia pvri Xri ANATO-??M tfjv ?????&???,??, atfj ??????) tj 'EXXa yi v te9el t ?????^? ????????? xfjc; "AvaxoXfj vvtia axijv ????), tco TTOEIXVE ZiKEXiav, oXo
pi ????? yopy uvappvn ittfjv ia xfjc; ???????????|? ???? ???????? ???-tto, 9' pxis pi va yi tfjv v9pcoit-??|?? OTOpa, tco 9 ktjputte tt) pfj,r| p ?? TcapEXBv ??,?, 9' ????????????? ?1?-vita ottjv ?????????^? pati xfjc; Aari, tco ???? ?????^? ?? yupiap ??? (to BaaiXa KcovaTavTvou tco a' atv tceu9vetai ?? UTtpvripa) ttjv ayyvcoatn, fj9ik.fj pikptrit ??|?, vTipTCOTcn ot ai-vicov piCvTCOv UEyaXEo piac; ??????? fj9ikfjc; ????????|?; ??? kl vToXfj,.
attj fj ?????? ttpc; tfjv 'AvaToXfj tto 9 yKaiviovTav xfj oTiypfj xfj; eipfjviic; kai auppaxia ???; p to ????????, 9 TtoXXaTtXaaiaE ?? ?????? tjc; 'loTopia
a a9pov ????????? ??! veo ??! B ??????????? ttjv avotaari ??? ?????? an' xfjv KoiXa to 9avtou rcou tv ekxeivev fj Aori, xfjv ?????|??1 Xou to TcXavfJTri ?' va ???, nepou ripioupyiac;, fjpcoapo, xapoc Kl v rj evtoxtj tco TTEpixovTav ottjv ??|?? to Aao pa yi ?? yupiop to BaaiXr|a, piypvri tceiapa-tik kai ???>1?; ????, ?????? oTifjv irEiXfj tfj uvoTtXri Aari, fjtav prixfj kai t\-?????, eipfjvri ??! BaoXriaKcovaTavTvo, t ??????9?|?? ?? 9eo atv yva ko tfjv katriyopripatikfj tupnyopia to Aao, yi tij piiKijv tcoaxiorj ???, no ?? Ttp-?????? kevo TiapEX9v ??? ki ??? ??-to tto trpootcaoaav v c;avaauv9-oouv x vuttxaxxo ??! yvrjaiov svaxi-XT ???, ttpc. ?? TcapsXBv auro ; mia TaTtEivij pipritikfj ttpoaappoyij ottjv ia c;eutexiotiktj kai a poipaa, XXoipovo ttpotiyouevri ypapuij.
'H rioXiTiKfj 'Hysaia v skoue xoitiv Tfj ofj Tfj oKOupvri ???? ?? Xyia tco okopixiouve xv ttavik arijv otopla rj fjXEKTpiouv ave^avrXriTo ?? 9ppo ?? ??????? orjpEpa Ka9va, ?? kotxei npto, p ki texeutoo xfj; yfj ; 'H tepotia ???????????! XXnXoiraBEia xi PTtoEi Kpia tijv ttooxaofj pa a' va ?.??????[???? koopoyovik Xouxp... ?? oKoxEiv Xaxrjpia xv xaipv auvxpiov-tai a9ia ???. ?? oKOTiv XaTijpia tv kalpv, ?? KaBopc^ei etoi zikexio-v : eon kai aive f\ Aor\ xpioe xfj ?????, kai tfjv tcp,ri ???' xfj yvipri ki ai-vta auvoxfj tou u. tfj avoXri 'IoTopia. ???????????|?? ottj Bori Tfj pyavtKfj E9vr| va rcXfjBo opavv ??! ?????" pvcov Trtcv, va Kopo BECOpriTlKV fj BEatpiKv fj yopaicov excov, ??! ????-ao tv "AvBpcoTco a pyavo, a poo. Tv ekave Eva oirpeio oKipaaiac, tco-XPECopvo ikotta v ????1 tfj BECopia t.fj uuoxiKfj ??! avsCEpEUvfiTric ???????-yfj ???, ixco v ottipei atfj tfjv peu-va ??? ttpcottutto, uvapik, BsoyoviK
evotixt tou, tv ???????|?? pia ttepttxo-
??| XX' vaXoiuri ??? ?????? .ouvbeto t4 m ? x a v fj. "?????? v evai a k&be tttceo ?????? fj ??????? va ??????? axvopo okott ka pyaviapo, uXrip-uupiopvo air' x. 'vaxixxo xfj ripioupyiac, xfj 01?? xfj ????????????????? ???, yi v taxavteetal otv tivto tv vo-poiotfjtcov, auyxiovta oxe ri ^ie tco tcte xi kpivei p x ????? ?????-pvcov TUncv Ka tcte t iocovei ???-tik p vskp priXaviK TtpoXijpaTa. An-apvrioe fj Aan, ircb rj cofj Kai fj vtti-?? Tfj TaTopia, evai paa otv ?????-apiov TABXo ki xi ??? pikp iaropik irXaiai ??? ??! ncb pvov kevo kto-ttiovta x piroia ??! xo ?????? ??!


75
??? xpvou dvayKd^Ei ???????? ?? ???-PeX9v v ouvTpc;ei a' vtaa ????????-Beia tcv v9pcTtcov Ka tcv ttccov Ka tcv noxcov. "Etoi taipEOE Tq cpuXc, Ka Tq TtouvcooE (yl v tic; Puc^atvEi), -nopovcvovTaq ??1 tv ????? ??\?, art' tic; Ttnyc; Tfjq n,ptoupyiaq. 'Avanauvri o'oc-ttj Trjv KoauoTtoXiTiKT iaoTTcoan, toG uaviJTri Ka Tfjv ???????? ??? OTtj unxa-vcktj TcKpTnarj Tnq> Paaiauvn axfj ua-Siktj Ka ucpippoTcn. ???????? Tfjc; c^cofjc;, 5 8 uTtopoOos v cpavTaaTEi kocv uiv ava-????? tcv Xacv Tto 6 Ka9vaq 8 e|3Xe-tce ?;???1?? tv av8pcoTco aav "OXo Ka 8 ^rjToOoE v c;avauTCi ??? TtayKoptov d9Xo.
'Ekevo opcoq tco ?????^????? au-v[3r|. Tcpa Tci ZXaGoq Ttrisi eXe9e-poq ki vaTap^ovTai oi 'AvaToXtKo Xaoi. "Av fJTav BaoiAidq KcovoTavT tvoq, ??-9cbq ZiKEXtavq ?? tcoteue, Eva? oup-
TtUKVCOTfjq TCV TEpaOTCOV pEUUTCOV toG
kouou KEvric; Tfjc; aTtypfjq, ???????? v iicXEipf|OEi ?? UEYXo TXpripa ouvSiiko-??????^ Ka auppaxiaq u Tijv ?????(?. '? ????; ???, ????; uvpst paaiXcov, eIxe KtXaq u Tfj axar\ ??? TtvavTt ???) Aan, ?????????! ?????, fJTav vT-c;toq irosKTriq ??? Katvopyiou pyaapoG, ETotpoq v ???8??1 ?? PaatXiK ?????-pa tco 9tav f\ ???????????????? Tfjc; ????????; u Tfjv ???? ??? VToXfjq-
TiaT Ttpoatuvioq, upEop^q Ayoq tcv 'EXXrjvcov, ypuTtvoq ??????? Kptaq Tfjq OTopiKfjc; Ka Tfjc; TtvEupaTiKfjq rc-OTaafjq paq ouXeei tKOTta yt tv ????? ?????? ??? kouou. noia Eivai fj auEoti vToXfj tco taTUTCcvsi Ayoc; tcv 'EXXijvcov SiaTr|pr|uvoq ??? vuu-Xov slvai ??? EpoO Ka ?????????? XA' oTopiK Ka 8?1? TtoXiTtapvou Aaou paq, pxavpiKoO OTcopa ??? ocpaToq Tfjq yfjq uac, tto elvs TtaiSpioq fjpwaq ??? tceXou, ??? ???????, toG PouvoG ; 'H ??-8???? ?????1?? vToXfj ttjc 'I a ? v ? ? ? a q. 'EvToXfj tco exei irpc;Ei cXeluto k-????? Tfjc; iaTopiaq paq, Tfjc; 8????1??; uac;, tcv texvcv paq, ????????????????? ottjv ooia ??? TivTa, XX nspioocspo n' Tfj ????, ??? 'EXXaq, ie' Tfjv ayia ????] tcv Pouvcv ???,, tcv vepcv, tcv XcouTcov, tcv ??? Tav etoi Lu Ka8oXiKij ?????????? dvayv-vriari u TtpcoTOTtpa Tijv cXXa. Z' ???? ?????1?^??1 fj ??????? ??? ZiKEXiavou ti-yr|TiKij ????|?????-
M Tifjv ????????? TtoXXcv oriUEcov toG ZtKEXiaviKoG keuevou ?????? v stico Tfjv puf) Ka ????? tco tv ovoGoe. T tiXooiov u?oq ??! Tfjv ???????? Tfjq etco-nTEaq ???. Av xouus ???????? uaq ????? ?????????? ?????? tco v c;etuX-Yel ?????1?? Ka vTiKELUEviK xoq ???-Xaaiaoq ekevou tco ???????. 'Ec ??-Tioioq tco fJTav ??aauvoq a ui ????? uiXst u Tfj ?????? ????) ??? tco Trjv TtoXXaTcXaai^Ei dvTXaXoq tcv ypeo ??? Pouvcv, yi ????????? Tto rj TtoXu-??????????? Ka fj ??????????? TtEpicopt-????? uaTi dir' ?? Kuvfjyi Tfjq EiXfjq a-?oouv??p?otq uTtotc^Ei tv kXeiouvo OTq uup???o?coXtq ??? dv8pcotto ????? v ?? pXTtEt. 'H ????? ??? Elvai ????? ?????????? Ka riytJTpia Xacv.'EKEtvo tto ttelxve otv "ApxovTa tte Ttjq ?????1??? yfjq, dv fJTav uvaTv v ???????????????? a'oXo ?? acoTepiK ??? Kupcoq TtXToqKa ?'???? vvoc Tfjv voTaan,, ???10?]???????? Ka vaov8ar) tcv XXriviKCv t^coirpcov, cote u ???10???? XXr|Vtauq v fjyr|8eI Tfjq TEpdaTtaq, Tto too ??8??? aXEaaE, vaTtpooapuoyfjq, 8 fJTav afjuEpa 01???-pETtKij fj ???, Tfjq Zcofjq. M noXX Ka dtJETtpaaTa unta pScvovTav Xyupa a' "ApxovTEq Ka Xaoq v Toq KpaTdvE pavtpcopvouq ottj ???????. "Aq t;Eta-Xc^oupE ?? PaatK vof|uaTa Tto TtEptXEi ?? '???????-? ottj ??????10???? ??? yi v ?? KptvouuE. Oi "EXX?vEq ??????-Kav vdvTta otij Aar| p tijv ??^?? irt-?????^ toG BaaiXa KcovaTavTtvou. 'H ?????) Touq Paatc]ETai otijv ?????????? ??? PpiaKovTat irta auvetriT tioa otv ???-kouiov ^????. "Av ?1???????? p Toq ToupKouq Ka auppa/fiaouv pac^i Touq, 9 6o8fj ?? ???9???, p Tfjv ?????;? Touq a-Tfj, ?,???????? tcv aKXaPcopvwv otij A-or\ 'AvaToXiKCv Aacv. 'H ???1??1 9??? Tfjq 'EXXdaq PptaKETat otijv 'AvaToXij. CH ta ??q Maovopaq slvai '?????1??|. 'H 'EXXa etoi i;av dvacpTtEi Trv TEpaTta ?????? MHXANH, ?????? a' 6Xsq Tq K?XcaEtq q"cofjq. Oi Aao XuTpcouvot dna Tf|v dixai-ata Autikij MrixavtKf] ??????? ptraivouv otv riayKaptov TA9Xo. ilupfjvaq Xotitv ?X?q aTfjq Tfjq xpopaKxiKfjq ypa?q tcv 'AvotoXikcv Aacv 9 fjtav ? ??????[9??? toG ZtKEXtavoG ??? Aaq paq e'xec Ttt, XuTpcopvoq dir' Tfj AuTtKfj Ttipaari, tte-poEt poa otv FlayKaptov '????, 6-Ticoq toov topata Ka ????????10?(?? -voud^Ei ekevo, uo pstq drtoKaXoups e,v9tan tcv ?????1??? CcoTcpcov> dva-ov9af| Touq Ka ???????? Tfjq yvf|oia ETOt pyavQpvriq vTTT|Tdq paq p Tfjv TtayKauta Motpa.


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???? SuoTuxa kevo tto 9ecope oav Eopvo ZiKsXtavc;, v Evai.Xpsi-etoi v' TtoEiXTE- Ki aTo fJTav X-yo Tto vyKaaE ????] ttj ??????) v ???-piX|3i ?? ????? ??????? tv 'Eoticv 'EXXr)viKo Zcoopo. 'Eke ytvsv rj pEU-va Tto tiSeicUv ti o XXriVE, u' 6Xa
?? ????????? KOOUOOTOptK ETCtTEyUotT
tou, ???? ????1?? OTEpErj, Kai ouvEt5r|Tfi av6Ear|c; tcv coitupcov tou, v Evat o 8on, v taTT]pr|9oGv pvipa ??? TtXaaia ??? ????????? "A9Xou. 'H auxvtj irav-??,?? ttj, tctcotic; tou, tto ptapPiK vaToEi ??? |3pa9pa ttj A utik v-?????, otaTcioTcvEt tv ioxuptap ???. Tcopa, ?????? arto TptvTa XPvta Tto pci x^ptouv arto ttj iaTUTCcoari ??? 9??-paiou aToO ?' ?????? Kai ppi) Zike-MaviKOu KE.UEVOU, ??1 Tt sXicjsi; tto ???????????1?9????, 6 Ttupf|va tto ypco too pyvcoaE ?? ?????? ??? axto ????-ExvETat ????????. '? BaaiXi Kcov-oTavTtvo yt v TtpootJEi, peXettjoei Kai ??????(??1 Ttjv TtpaypaTOTtoirion, ??? ??-yaXTtvEUOTOu axtou, ETtpETts vxe ypco ??? uuriuvouc; ??????????? ovoue-vou ???? t ???????? ??? ????????? "?9???, tto vaxav auvE^TOrtoirjoEi ??-9ap tic uvaTOTtiTEc; Tto tcepikXevei fj vToXoyiKrj ???????? corte;, tKavTJ v' va-????1 k9e utiXavtKfi ???[????> YLa v ue-Tacoaouv otv v9uvo tv utce9uvov v9ouaaou ????. ??? pco Tav f) 'H-yETtKTJ Tn, tcv 'EXXfjvcov ??????? av-??1??????? ??? Autikij X9pta ruppoi] opvEt, BAovTa Kai utj, Kai ?? Aa otf] SiKT ??? vooTpoTta ; ?? OTtyutato ?????-???? Tvayua ??? AaoO, o KpiaipE cpE ir ?? Kava Tfj Autiktj TtvupaTiKf| OKXaPic, a KtrtoiE ???????? cofj, XPEi-etoi ?????????? auvgfJKE auvTEAaTpiE picc va Picotikjc tto 9 kvei ?????? ??) ???? ??? a' KEtva ?? ???|. "Av v TtpXEti vayKaaTiK 8 KuXrjast Xa aTf| yvcpiun,, uaTuxiapvri otco, XX [xvr\ ttjv ???? ????? uvaTrj Picotikij ??? : ??) AuTiKrj. A ??? TtpTtEt ???????(?. 'Q-XoGe ypco ??? aTtj ertipXA.Tai. cO Top-ko ooXoytTai, Kai ?? ??????? Kt aT KauapcovovTa, ?????. trpaos tua OTrj p-???? XPEa tcv TtoXtTtauvcov, ?????? ??-mauvcov, Xacov. CH ?????????????? ??? oto Autiko ???????? cofj 9 tv ote-pf|OEt tt' T-fjv Too cotKOt ???1?? eniKoi-vcovta, ???? tv ?????? ??? pepata, u ?? nayKouto ??9??, ?????????????; yi' v-???????? ttjv tti Ttv9pcoTta oTEvrj Kai ???????????? ???(??!??1 cofj.' ZXao, ??^??????-voc; ki aTg atro ttjv ???? TxpooEUTtKT pEpta Tfjc '??????????????;, Xcopi v ?? pt, ??????????? u pt 9Ecopta va yopottov EtcoXo Autiktc; KataaKEufjc; Kai cxvyKn,c; t;oou ait' ?? ioo xaXKEEt pt va OKXaPt, otoc;
vTTtoEC-tou yvrjoiou nayKaptou "A-9Xou.Oi 'AvaTo\tKoi Aaoi XaXTapcvtac; t-yXutcop touc; Tt' tt) AuTtKfj XtKTj pia, Etvat Exotpot v Ttpoaxcoprjaouv oti^v TtvEupaTiKtj Tric; vTtXrupri Kai toc; iKOq Ttic; TpTtouc; pu9ptapoC toO piou yt tv rtXooTaTO Kai toov v9pcTttvo Xyov : OTt Etvat KptPcq poaKtipaTCriq. 'O cv-9pC0TT0c; TEicocjs TtvTOTE ttjv tjooova TtpoatraBEta otti c]corj tou. 'H TtveupaTtKrj vo too ouvteXetTat rtvxa p Paptq 9uatc; rjauxtaq Kai Ka'XoTcpaaTic; Kai pa-Kp px9o. napXXtiXa opeoe; auvTpxt Kai Xyoc; toO ZuyxpovtapoO. 'O Kopoq ma Elvai ptKpc; Kai f\ XXriXETti'paari -tpyaTr|. 'O iaxupTEpoc; Tttpa otv aa9svoTpo Tto 9 ^tiTT|0t acv Ppe9eI EKaipta ki' aTq p tt) oEtp tou ,v" -TtOKtriOEt TtXa TtiPoXfiq r] StrAa K9E Xo-yfiq tto 9 tv tpaouv eoe; tv SXXote dtepvTr|. Oi 'AvaToXtKoi Xaot, Ka9uoTEpr)-pvot, rteoe; xapaXTripic^ovTai air5 Tfj Aar|, Pt^ovTat v AuTtKortotri9o0v, EtTE KOT ttjv Xu9pri Aari ete KaT Tijv Koppou-vtOTtKij, ve fi Aar), oxt, Kpn Pepata, f) KoppouvioTiKfi, ytaTi v Tfjc; XPEtoTriKE a va (;) Tto Etvat, p yopy pu9p ip-Xvei Xaxavtaapvri v PpEt i^oouq Ttpe; tv nayKoptov TA9Xo. Moa otriv Koapo-KaTaXuTtKf) toTr] yvota, a' aT t Ku-ptapxo Xoc;, Tto v Elvat ni9avov v c; e te e t i Krtota Ka9oXtKrj aTOKara-aTpocpT Tfjc; Zcofje;, ticc; 9xav uvaTv v ar|Kco9 r) 'EXXa, ri Na 'EXXa, 'OBri-yfjTpta Xacv ;
'H taPEOTTi yotiTEta tco 6 XXrivlKc; ^co'iapc; p xf\v pxaia u.optpri tou tcoX-Xog atcovEc; ETttpXriTtK aKpTct^e aToq Xa-oc; Kai v ETtacpE Kpr| v toc; KOTaoi-^Et, cpEppvn ottiv XEu9pcopvn, 'EXXa air' toc; cppayKopa9Tpvouc;, gyiVE t p-9po ttc; MEyXric; 'Iaq. T c;avaaTriotpo Tfjc; But^avTivfic; KotvoTtoXtTsiae; 9Xc^Ev ococ; tKatoXoyripva, otc; Kopepc; rtou PptoKovtav, Kai t ZiKsXtav. 'AXX f\ X-XnvtKrj Motpa oTfjv oKAripfi Ttavxoyvcoota tri"? Kai p Trjv aotpaXTri ax9piari tcv riTtpQ|avcov Tto kotxec, EKptvsv X-A.oicoq. T 'Yrtpvripa, v Kai v ir-
TUXE T psyXo OKOTt tou, CpCTtOE pia
TtXaTTaTn, TtEpioxfi toO Zco'iopou par;, p Toriv Evapori Kai ^covxavr) yvean Tto XxioToi pece; npocpEpav Ocotiotc;. Ki -ktc; ait Trj cirovTavf) yvcar] f\ TtoXiTiKrj Tto TtspiElXEV Tttc;ri auppaxiac; p toc; TopKouc;, TrpaypaTOTtoiripvr pyTEpa (1930) Tt' tv *EXeu9. Bsvic^Xo OaupaoT rtpTUTtov NfioXXriva, exvei cpavEp t TtpoepriTiK xcptop tou. Ki' eixe Pa9 Xyov f) pyoTtopia. "EirpEiiE v KuXripc9 fi utTayf) xfjq Moipac; u xfj MtKpaoiaTiKfi KaTaaTpocpfj, TtiKpTaTa auvT\aTiKf] ot v auvaXToOv oi "EXXr|v<; otj priT-pa yfj touc;. fiati pvov etoi 9 yivouv


'EoxUg 'EXXtvikoG ZcoiauoO kai rj ZiKEXiaviKij ????1??] ????
77
cjav ?????????? uoa axg ikg xoug ???-vpxaisg kyxegi 6 volcoouv tic, rnia-yg trjcj ??????? XXr|viag yfjg uag Kai ?????????? u tv kaip, tv ?? 9eXij-osi ij Moipa tu' ueic,, ki' air' ttjv 'AvotoAtj ki' arto ttj ????? ?????????? ttj va ????? ??? OiTUTtou Zco'iauou touq. JH uvri ???-y[5a ETOiuri v tog pn;i ??1 v tog ;ou9vcaei stvai rj tepotia ??????????] tcv Xacov a BoaKriM.aTcstg uac^eg, Tto tuxeipstai otv Katp uag.
"Ortcog evav v9pcorto, Tto xXXt uoa ??? rj 5Xo yEa corj, v UTtopEt v tv oTauaTfjoEt atfjv ttticoc;n, tcv oko-tccv tou ???????, ?'???? Kai ????????????!, uoiuxia, ZtKEXtavg c^ekivel ??? tiei-oua toG TtoXtTiKoG AaXTCovtouoC, kai tfjg rcavioxupa c;avaatn,u.vn,g Aoing ???? x ue0otcxeu.O, v'TtoKaxaaxfjoEt aTg uov-Xog tou, 'xovxag ??? ttXeup tou ttjv tii iavikti auuttapaottpta tto 6 uttopogae ????? v exn,s kavetg, ttjv 'AuspiKavta tto ?????????] XX TtXouxtouvri u oXsg tg XXn,viKg ??????? Kai ttvsuuattkg v-8????(?; EOa, v' ???????????|??1 ttjv iri-koivcovia ??? 'AvBpcTtou u tv ?????-autov ^????-
?? Mar) tou 1927 eyKaiviEi tg ??\?1-??? '?????? no ????? n' ?? vBaaua, u ttjv TttuXsia xfjc; 9aoua0tjg Eag, utcg Tpaycoiag tou AiaxXou, ??? ???-un,9a Aeoutti, TtpoasXTtK iaXsyu-vr|Cj. tg-???????; XaiKrjq XEipoxsxvag kai tog pxa'ikoc, ycvsg, TtspiXuBavav ??????????1??] utXa xou ZtKtXtavou ox
epuxaxo eoxoyik ttepiexuevo TCV optv ekevcov-
AiXi;ev, aTEp1 arc ttpooextikrj ue-XTti Ttvco ??? pxata isp tto iaxr)-pouv ????????? KTtvoBoXia, xog AeX-????, ?? otBotcv ???????, ?????? ?????1, ytat TtoXTCog XuTpcouvog are" ?? XP-vo, ano ???? ata txoyvcoutag ko pu-9uiag, kai ?????????? uova/ ?? ???(??-yo uicg kevtpikfjg ttveuuatikfjg KXtipovo-uiag, TtoG uot 2?1? ^ayyEXEg tuv optv tto ku-?????????? KaBcbpiE ttoi uBoo TtpoT-uttoe v ????????|01 yi ir) pu^ikfjv va-iopyavcoari Tfjg oyxpovrig ttveuuatikfg cofjg : aTij slvai tj 'ApEia r\ '???1??) tta-poar), u Tog ??Tg xrig ????????, tv ???????????, xv Ttpovor|xik Kai tv p-
ouio. Kaivopytoi Kai ?????????????! yi ???? ur)toug oi poi ato, xp'covTav v purivEUToOv. Auto SyivE u ttjv uiXia no ZiKEXiavg 'kove UET TTXogTTJg ??????? irapoTaorig ??? ???????? Oi xpEig ottoi okoteivo Kai aiviyuaTiKoi -pol viariOKpivovTai o kauoieg vyKEg no, ????? ?? ttioteoo, ?'????, Eva oi Ba-??????? kai BiaoTiKc'xepeg yi xfjv ????? xou TTVEUuaTLKoG LauEXiouoG uoa otv ttoov c^oGue. Oi vyKEg ????? eivai rtpe-to : 'h vykt) v c^utivi'ioouue uTai; tuv v9pcrr.cov, ttj UEyXri ????????? uvrjur] Tfjg yfjg. Aetepo: 'H ??????, v BEBaic-oouue ttjv ??;??????9?.??| tcv UEyXcov TTVEUuaTiKv ttpootta9tcov ottjv iotopta ??! tpltov rj vyKri v 8iatr|pr|aouue ttjv epapxia kai ttjv t;r| kcuoicov atcvi&ov i<3v yi v utcopaouue v ka9opioouue kai upayuaTOTtoiijoouuE- UEyXoug ???-txog eig ?? uXXov. M ttjv ttapotaari ??? ?????)9?? tto elvai ??????)???1??1 itoiriori yiax ayKaAitEi ?? TtapsXv ??1 ?? ttapv ayxpova, c^avaivovtag Tfjv a-ueot] Kai TcXrjpri axari uag u ???? ????-uog Ttjg TtayKouiag Kapiag, kai ?????-Xpova u' atfj xr\q ttjv ttpc;ri Eva iKavfj v OTiari ?? sou ttjg ????? ttoiorjno-t cv eivai ?? Bpog ??)? ??1 ?' vou ??|?, ttoteue 5ti 9 ktixr|p6vovtav rj avyKri v c;urcvrjai rj ???????????| Uvijuri Tfjg yfjg. 'AvyKri ??????????) yi tg ??????? tco -???????? ???? x iiaixEpa TtpoBXrjuax ????, yi xg ????? tco slvai 9auuvg oxij ????] xou auxoG ???? yiari 9 evai ij XTpcoarj ????, atro tg XuoiEg toG a-9aipTOu kai iukoivcovia TtaXXuEvr) u ???? covxavoug Kai xog vsKpog, u x irapX9

78
usyaAri ??1 avETtwTri tj ayia ripioup-yia v TuXyEi ta uvat Kai TtovEuva VEpa trie;. 'EKOiu.r|8r|u.ev ???; TiTvE' rj-ypSriHEv ee; BKXoi. Tcpa fj p 9 ? ? fj TtvEUuaTiKfj vTritac; ? ? X t a t i epXeEcuac;. ATrj ??) auvErion, toO ?????? Kai AuvauiKoG 'AyaoG cpEi.Ei v vaapKcoSE f) veotcvsu-uaTiKrj piaTOKpaTa Kai tc ?? oirava aTij yvcoari to koouikoG KaXoG cpEEi v u o p ? co a t tv ?????????,? ?? ? p fj V a. Mtcope v Evai piKp ao pi uiKpfi Tcuioa a' va usyXo Kapai KUKXcouvo ir veuikc; Kai xpiKupEc;. "Etoi tte ?????1? ZtKEXiavc, xr\ ???-cpiKifj TcpooTt9El ??? pnpc, a" va 5iE9v KpoaTrjpio ?????? v9ouataopvo ait' Tijv ??????????| too ????????, tco ??? atfjv Ea ?????????? v' TtocoEi 5?? ??? TEXETOupyiKT) uuaTaycoyia Tfj Tpaycoia, ????????? u ?? xop.M Ttor] Xap, pio Xpvo Tcpiv v yKaiviaaSoGv oi ??????,, XaipTia Tfjv ???????1??????| Tto co tte 9 fJTav uvaTv NEoArivac; ????-oTf) v ????????1 icpooTtGeia. "Eypa-?? ??l KEvo tco u' v9ouoti vEt^p-???? ???' ??) ??????) fj ??????? EoXoytKij KaTE9uvar| tto xpaE rj ????????????, Evai aTrj Kai ???? j ?????? Ttp9ar) ttjc; ycovicouc; ????????? ol paou ??-aov TupavviKv ????????? ptc ??????-TfjoECO Trjt; coij ypeo ait Ttupfjva Tto v uTtEpiXEt eppucoococ oXe tc uva-???????; pt ????????; ???????????? auv-9aEC0t;. Kai tte tv varJTriaa aTv tv Ttupf)va, ??) utKpij TtuCa Ttcot; rtpo-Xa Kai utypauuaTtK tv xapaxxrjpioEv StKEXtavq. Kai c ?????????? 9 Tijv ?????????? Cava.
CH Kartota ????1? ito ????????1?1 ??9 TtVEUuaTiKij vpyEia toG ZiKEXtavoG u uoxpecvei v aoiCco TtpooEXxiK -vuEoa or TtUKv ??????1?? Kai TtEpa-tik TtXyua ??? ????????? ???. 'H a-?1? ??? ???????? 51?????????? ait' tv ???????? ito toG ?????????? fj uviuri oxev ????????? ?????9????1??? Kai Ttv'EUuoTiKrjc; BaKXEa otjv Ttotav pi-oKOVTav iapK, u'unoiaE v' vaKaX-
??? OTf)v ????? UOU TTE, Ttpv xqv op-
xeov ??????????, ???? xfjv ?;??????1?^ ueXetti tcv cxpSpcov ??? TtpoEaauoG, xf| OTtEpuaTiKij ???? xfjc 'OptpiKfjc; ??? io-9copia. Aua xpvicc ?????? ait tc; e-TEpEq ??1 TEXEUtasc; ???1??? opxc; ??-
TCCOOE Ul TtEpiEKTlKfj TCOV ?????????? ???
??????) u tv TLTKO 'H ????1?? "Evco-or) (va irpoavKpououa) ????? ???????; tuo yaXijvia, uaa ottj BaKXEta toG ??)?1?, ?????, ??????????? tc '???????; pxc; xfjc; ????????9?(??; ???. 'Eke 9?????????? ???-vovTac; yt xfj OTtEpuaTtKij ????- '? otoq ZtKEXtavc; Xei tl XPicETat v p9st, yiaTl kai o Xao Tfjv avaCrijoGv p Xa ?"
ypuitva TtvEpata Tto kXevouv otoc; kX-ttou Tout;, ??| ???!?1?? ?????????? ptc; vac; cofjc;. ???1?1??, ito ????????, ????-?9???? yc, ioopEpfj ????????? ir va KVTpo ito aT Etvat rj OTtEppaTiKij p-??- ?????? XotTtv ?????1?.? taTTtcoar) o KOivcovtKot; Pu9poc;, t;icopaTa Kai 'Ap-Xc; pta aatKa TtayKOopta o'iKovoptaq, ??1??(0????; Kai ?1????????;, xpiq ox itota v OTripiouv tv ???????????????? v9pcoTttop ????; o a9po ?????)??)?? Ka9oXtK. Evat ?????? f) ?????? tcv -ypoitvcov TtveupaTCOVi tcov fjpco'iKUv Kai vt-ioteXcv 01????? ol TtoXlTtKOi KatpOOKTtOl Xcov tcov TTtCOV
p t" yopaa, ?????? Kai ???????? Kpi-xrjpt xou, ?????1???? xoc; ?????;, ??-caCovTac; a TtXaoxf) vTr|Ta Tfjv [???-pa, Tfjv '????????), Tf) Zcoij.
rioXXo 9 pcoToGaav: Ltfjircoc; aTrj fj ????|?? Evat TtEptTTij TtoXuiXEia fj Ka o-xoTTa, ofipEpa Tto ?? ppa xfjq v9pc-?????; ??????? xsi ?????????? Kai ????-???????????; tuei ??????????? ?? ottj-9? tcov Xacv ; '???' OKpioc; rj Kvrian. a-Tf| 9' ???? ?? Sppa v ?????1 a ???? ?????1?? p ?? ????? ptc; ???-KtKfj i-iaLKfjc; KavOTto^or],,\\ 9 ?'??-anpcoxvsv yKapcoc; oTfj auvEOriari X-?????? toG Kauou, toc; ????????? npoaic-vio, ito TtpTtEt v Xu9ei p pia ????????) Ka9oXiKf) 9???????1?? ????????! BioXoyi-?? riveupaTiKT). ?? itpoXripa Evai ??-kXik Kai v pnopE v Xu9e pvo p oaorJTtoTE ?????????????) Koivcoviktj ttoXi-?1??. 'H a90Ta^ axfj toXoyiKfj ?(????) 9Tav iXou ouvst v ,Ktvijat arto tc oyxpovEc; TtEptox, XX' ait ?????)-pa ???????|?? Ka yi oXou to Xaoc; TtpaypaTiK ouv9tlkij Kai KoaptKf|. Kai f) ?????1? aTfj 5v pitopE v ????????-9e rtap otc; itpTEc; Kai oXEc; 'Apxq toG Ko:9ptou '?????1??? FIoXiTiapoG. O vcTEpoi 01???????, ???? ?? Zielinski coto OpEtEpTto NTOE,vayvcopiouv ti f) ????-oiKij riaiOEa Evai ?? toXik oTpi Tto ??9????1 OTfiv TtvEupaTtKTJ Kai f)9iKf] xe-??10???1??? Tjq ?????????????;, ????? ??! v o ??1?????1??1 okotio svat 01????01 o ????? ?????? Kai pitopE v ^?????????, Xcopiq Kpioq aTq aKOTtc xfjc; ????-paq, orpi tioXik, v yvcopisi or) fj ;ttop. M Tijv TtpoorjXcoari ??? iravp-Xaiov aT tioXikv ?????, Kai ?? Koivco-vik ?????? 9 Xu9e, vTETaypvo otij va ioXoyiKfi TtVEupaTiKfjv vanpoaappo-


'Eoxec, 'EXXnviKo ZcoopoG Kai r) ZtKEXiaviKij ????1?? 'I&a
79
ytj. ??? Xoitcv 9 aoiaEL ij ioXoyiKij aTTJ ??????????? 'A6,tv Kai Ttvco a noi 'Apx; Av pioKovTat axv ???-Tcova Kai tv '????????? tto 'co atjuE-pa ^cvovxav oi ??0??????1??1 ????1 Ttpc pt ????1???? ttj Zcofjc;. 0 tic poOuE ax Kvxpo KEvo, Ttpc; x tcoo TcvEuuaxiK Ka iaxoptK ouyKXivouv Xa ?' XXa dt-voxEpa TtatEUTiK Kvxpa, Ka, x iroto tEUKpiviCei Kai ouvBexei ????1?? xrj ue-ptKT) ????????;? Ka ????0?? tv XXcov Kai Tto xv Katp xfj Kpfjc; xou, (Eoopo icoc Ka ???? aiva), t Ttapouoittet axTJv TtXripaxEpri Ka pyaviKUTspri, 'H9t-ktj, TtoG Ttox v yvcptoEV Kauoc, otjv psyXn, 'ATtoXXvta exe ????^?? 'HOikij, itpayuaxiK Ka moTripovtK kXei k9e ?????????? ??! ?????????? axot/Eou Tto ?????????|?? oto aivE pxatoc; ?????^???; TtoXiTiapc. Elvat px nc; Ka ???????????1???; tto aaiapEvEC ??? Ttpoaicvta, KoauoXoytK, ???????1??, ???????1?? 9uXia ttjc; cofjc; xou v-pcTtou, UTtopooav v ???????????? n xrj ????? axrjv ??????] a 9sapoc; ??1 pu-?????; riutoupyiKo. Kai oi 'Apxc; axc; tto ottoxeXoOv ttjv 'ApEa fj 'OpeptKij ??-poori Evat :
i)'H '???? t fj ?; 'AKTtvooUac, '???? Tto KuEpvfi ouyxpvcoc ttjv ????-? ?, TTJv ????? Kai ttjv '?????????, tv p-9oi;cov ???1????, ytax ij pia ir\q nap-xt oxti ???????? xou 'Avptrou u xv "HXio. ???? TTJv tj9lkt ???, purivEa rj 'Ap-?? aTrj Elvat tj pyavtKf] nptoupyiKfi, -?????? ???0? ?????? ? XaoG v uETayytast ttjv vpyEta, xrj ?????, x TtvEuuaTtK Ka XiK ??????1? xou, eoe; Ka tv novo, ttj Xap, x MuoTTJpto, ?' oXou xoc 'Av-OpTiouc; tto ov KpaxfjpEt;, xottoOexe o'-Xa x xpattta Xou xo ?????? aicoTtr|X tj Zcofj.
2)'H '???? ? rj ?; e ? ? 9 ? ? Tjc; UExaoTiKTJ pu9uta u ttjv rtoa ????-yuaTOTTOiEtxai rj UExaiaori tv covto-vv 9eXtjoecov ko pu9pv ttjc; 'Av9pcoTt-xrixa, TtXouxiapc; ?fj?; ysvtKfj ouvet)-oric; Ka ????????. xoG Kouou Kalo pxioc; TxXouxtouc; toG Ka9svc;.
3)'H '???? ? ? ??????????, xTJc; ocoxEpiKfje; rtEi9apxac; tto avaXuCEt ait ?? ?????? tv xucov Ka pacov yt v xoc; ooei n' t uaa ki' co xopavvEc;, u tapKfj ????? Tto Elvat fjpco-auc; Ka tXeio ux9oc; Ka Tto ?????? 9 yvEt irapOEtyua ocxEptKtjq irvEuua-TtKfjc; ???(??????; Ka pyaviKjc; ???????? ???????.
4) 'H '???? x rj q vayKatac; 'A-TtXxrixac;, e^co u xuittK TrXaiota, tto KvEi v KiVEtxat eXsuxspo Ka v-???? x TtVEua pac; TtavxoG, ax vuipa Spia xou.
5) 'H '???? xfjc; aaiKtjc; auto-
vopac; k9e ? ? x ? i xpou ? XaoG, ??????????? p xfj ?????? xfjc; koivcovik-xrix ??<;, yt v ptoKExat o auvEXrj X-?????10???? p oXe tc; ????? Ka xap-uoviK axoiXEta xoG ??????. 'H ???? a-xfj ??????.?????? axfjv ?????? KaXoGvxav noXLxiKTJ.
6) TXo, f| auvSETiKCuxaxri 'A p-x ? ??^ Mvijunc xv TtpoacTtcv p-Xv Ka Tto tpcVEi xopa ??1 Xaoc;, -Ttou TtaKOouvE o ?????, o tcoXtec; ttjc; 'IoToptac; yEvtK ??1 ????? ttjc; uayKoptaq ??????-????.
O 'Apxc; aTc; ???????9???? ???' ?? Ttavpxata XPvta otoc; ???????. ?? -paTso ??? KoXoaoiaou ????1??? '????-viapoO, tc; pxc. ????? exe 9at cbq a-?? xfj; noXtTtKfj ???. ?? pyava tto TtpaypaTOTtotoGaav aUTijv ttj ????1?? FloXi-TiKTJ fjxav :
a) To ZupouXto xv ?????????????, v auyKEVxpvEt x uvEupaxtK pEpaxa, Ttvco ???? ??9? ???????? ?????; ptv pij oypaxiKTJ axa.
) To ZupouXto xv '???1???????? v-TtirpoocoTtEUTiK ????????? ??? 'EXXaa.
?) ?? TOTcK ?LKaoTtK ZupouXto.
) 'EirtKotvcovia p Toq Xa'KO purip-voue; ???????; Kai ;vouc; ????? ?? ?????? ?????????????; vpyEiae;.
e) AiaixriTiKO Eapo EpuxcopTaTot TTVEupaTiKTJc; ??????????,?; Xcov tv Xav Ka iaiTEpot yt ttjv 'EXXa, rtcoc; o TivEupaTiKol Ka ?9???1??1 yvEc;, 1????-?? TtoXixtKv iKatcopOTCOv yuvatKc; Ka vpc;, noXxpcoori xv ouXcov.
??) cEopx -tto yKXtaav p ttve-pa yvoG '??????????, t yrj'tvo MG9o Ka viav Xa ?? TtvspaTa toQ Kapou.
Q 'H TtpoaiT9Eia TtpaypaTiKTJ ???????-???)?; 'AvaToXfjc; ??! oric;.
Axsivat o aoEic; Ttvco otc; tioiec; OTTipiETat tj ZtKEXiavLKTJ ????1?? 'la.
Av TtpKEttat v Kpi9st ij pxato-XoytKtj ????10??)?? tv pxv rto Otei ZtKsXtavc;, Ka v pEUvr^E v ???????-xtK TcoxEXoGaav xq aoEic; xfjc; ????1-Kfjc. TtvEupaxtKfjc; Ka 9???????1??? 'Hys-atat; ottjv 'EXXa, ote ????????; ito ??1????1 v tv tuoteei ZiKEXtavc;, ??.????? ???????, ttjc; ????????; nvEupa-TiKTJc; TUTayfjc; u. ?? '???1?? KEXsuapa-??. TtaT. Ka rj ????1?? ???1???? corjc, Koouo9ECopta Kai to9copia Trie;, ,co ait KTtotEc; tocoq orrpavTiKEq, OKOprtiEq tioe-cJEiq uq Evat yvcooTtj ?' ???????? tv kkXo ???- Ka '??????? ?????; arto ?? 0pr|okUTiK ??? pG0o, ov KXstOTfj, puoTi-?? Ka ??????????? ???' tic; XXnviKq ???-XtxEtEq 9???????1?? ?'1??? tto fJTav, ?? tto. 9 extoGue Ka 9 KpivoupE ttj AeX-?1?^ 'Ia o ?????????? toG ZtKEXta-voG, o?9?pvou art' xrj 01????? ?' 5?? xfjv pxata '?????1?? flatOEa auuyia 9??-
Nia '???1??>XQioxovyevva 1952
6


80
okeiocc Ka ^cofjc, BdBpo dvTsprjC Ttvsupa-TiKxriTac; Ka dir' ttj ia[a9n.orj tou, iKavrj v slasi ora tEauTa. Qcjte t 9-pa Eivai touto : O ZiKsXiavo-'OpcpiKc; p. Xc; Tto vacppauE, 9 pnopoGoav v XPH" aipipov ov vToXc; pi^iK vapopcpco-Tikc;, 6xi pvo xrjt; XXn,viKfjc; XXKaTfjc; TtotyKopiac c^cofjc; ;
01 ZLKEXiaviKc axq pxc; Tto auvo-i|nL>uv TtXaoxiK vpYEisq BaOxaxcx v-pcTCVEq v cpavovTat va Ttn,youv Tt pia oTtEppaTiKTJ pxrj. 'Atc pia, riXarj, BaOxaxri ax vpuxo eIvcxi tou v9pc-Ttou ttjXoyEpij ^coiKfj oTa Tto v KotOopi-i^Ei BtoXoyiK Ka TtvEupotxiK itoi eIoc^co-rjc.x dxopa Ka, Kax ouvoXKtj.OTtcoc; 9dX.ye ki' KEivot;, t e9vt), v KoXou9ouaav 9 MXuvav x XEpaxia TtpoBXijpax xouc, Ka 9opiyav cpiXiK. O 'Apxc; axc; Evai ti i y v p e v a Tto vaTtr|5o0v Tt pia pt^a Tto pac pvEi dyvcaxri. "H XXeiujti. axfj yayK^Ei x ZtKEXiav v x Tta-pouat^Ei TtapaxaKxiK Ka oxi ocpai-piK, riXarj, Tto v ,aKTtvcovovTai n va Ba9xaxo ^co'l'k fj prj ^co'k gatto kv-xpo xout;. Ka oatpaxEpa: TtpcoxapxiKrj -vaYKTi yi xr) ripioupyia cpiXoaocpiKOU ou-OTTJpaToc. fi 9pn,aKEac; fj TTOiaafJTtoTE Bscoptac, ttjc, teore;, Eivai Ka9opiouc. ax TtvEupa xou ripioupYoO xeov piac, BaatKfjc, pxfjc,, vq Ttupfjva, tto vXoya p tc, uvpsi TtEpiEXpEVEq a5 axv lxr)-xec, Ka KavxrixEc; 9 caicxivcasi p ouvtTEia Ka aopspcot; xv TtXrjpn, Kapn, TTEpiEXpsvov KtXat; uvapiK a1 axv xv Trupfjva. O pxc, Tfjc; KXivoBoXaq, Epu9pa;, ocoxEpiKfjq TtEi9apxac,, TtX-TTixac,, axovopac, Ka pvfjpri,c,, Ttpoaiop-^ouv KaxaaxaEic; tapopcpcopVEc; ait K-Ttota Ba9xEpa aixia, Tto piropst v slvai ttpopa Yid ttjv kcx9e pia, fj, Ka x lto yi SXec,. Touxo x iaia9v9ri.K ZtKsXiavt; xav gypacpE, Ttcbc; oXec; axt; o 'Apxc,, x t;tcpaxa ax, 9 Bon,8ouaav xoq puopEVOUt; v auv9aouv xv Ttupfjva. CH gXXEiipri tou Ttupfjva, Tto. fj unap^rj xou Elvai BaaiKcxaxri TtpouTt9an,, Ka9ioxa vaxo xv KpixiKv eXeyX tfjq 9Copac;, yiax oaiaaxtK 9Etopia 5v upXEi. 't\a ano 'aKpniet; iaTtiaxcosic; Tto fj a^su-,fj touc, o. aupTtayc, oXov 9 Tiapouoa^E vopoixriXEc; Ka uokoXec; axrjv Ttpoaap-poyrj. "Aq x psuvfjaoups Ka oxa9p[aou-ps Xomv x c;icpaTa ax Sttcoc; ade; npoatjpovxai, TtapaTaKxiK, yi v ou-pE o ipuxortVEupaxiKc; vyKEC Tto k-cpp^ovxai Tt' ax slvai a 9ar| v yi' vouv puGpiaxpisc, xfjc; TtayKapiac; i^cofjc; ; niaxEco 6x1- Kupicxaxa yiax 9 irpooK-ipouv E9C; pacot;, adv ipuxoTCVEUpaxtKq Tto Elvai, a atopa Ka 9vr) iapopcpco-pva dir yscooiKovopiKc, Ttixayq, dTt axoptKg TtapaoEic. Ka rj9iKfj taTtaia-ywyr|ari iacpopEXiK x Mva dir' x dXXo.
BBaia, oi tpuotoXoyiKc; txrixEt; xou dv-9pciTou Ka x voxixx xou Elvai Koiv ax dv9pcTtivov eIoc; ki Kvac pu9ptapc; xfjc, TtayKoptac, ^cofjt; tto 9' dTtBXsuE axfjv TtXTjpri tKavoTtotriarj xou<; lacoc; v yi-vovxav dpacoc; Ka9oXiK dTtoEKxi;. 'AX-X xxe 9 Exaps pu9ptopv Ka9ap t]co-cr], BoaKripaxcri Sticoc; TtEpttppovr|xtK ki ZiKsXiavt; xv TtoKaXE. T' dc^icpa-xa Tto Xyxovxat, xevouv Ttpq Sva, dvcTEpo TivsupaxiK pu9piap, uipioxo Kapir Ka XEXEcoari xou dv9pcTttvou ei-ouc;. M xtjv 'AKXtvoBoXta Tto 9xei, eoe; Tiavav9pcc>TtEia Ttpcxri Kax.aEip, dpsxfj ZiKEtavc,, x TtpKeixai v pExayytaET Tt dv9pcoTto a dv9pcoTto ; Elvai pf|Ttcoq fj XPioxtavtKf)'Aydnr| Tto Tiriy^Ei ano too iacpopETiKc dir tc, XXriviKqTiriYt;, Ka oute oxtjv "AvaxoXTJ, o5te axr\ Aor| Tt-xuxeTtOT Ttjv dpTta TtyKoivri tpappoyTj Ttic, ; "H slvai fj dToptKfi.ToG Ka9svt; (01-ktj dKTtvoBoXa, pf|Tpa Tfjq dvapxtac;, Tav Xetiei fj OTtoia oteptitikij Ttji; XEUTEptac; Sa ; M Ka fj 'Apxfj Tfjt; Epu9paq 9 vdBpiaKE TtoXX piria- 'H pETaBBaori (^covTavcv 9eXtjoecov Ka pu9pcov xfjq dv-9pcoTiTn,Tac, yt v Ttpc^ouv TtpTtEi v r|pioupyn0oOv, v yvouv BitpaTa Ka OaTspa v' dpxosi fj pETaBBaan,. Mia ^cov-xavfj 9Xr|or| t aripaivEt dv v Ka9oplt^e-Tat cpuaioXoyiK, ipuxiK TtvEupaTiK noia 9 Elvai, fj TtvEupaTiKTJ auyKpTr|ar| tou dTpou Ka o ^co'tKq TtiTayc; fj Ka koi-vcoviKt;, ktco dir Tq nolEq 9 TtEi9ap-Xfjasi ; =H acTripa tou Tpou Ka tcov Xacv dir tc; acoTspiKc, Ka c;cTEptK<; Tupavvsc,, p fjpco'iap Ka px9o, Ka t Kpiopa pyaviKfjc, appoTtr|<; yaXrjvric; adv, dpTfj Tpou.p aKoXri Ka dvETt-teuktt), pvov dir' toc, eXXtivec; 'yivE au-VEitiTfi Ka TtpaypaTOTtoirj9riKE, Baotapvri o TeXEcoc; TtVEupattK B9pa Tto fj ti-XUTtn 9Ecpr|or| xfjc; Ccofjq xouc, Ttpoptj9Etp. "AXXoi Xao okoXo Ka paXXov dvaxo v xfjv TTpaypaTOTtotfjaouv dir EXXEiipri TtpouiTo9acov. 'H Tiapapovfj XsTSpou Ka dvcpsou tou TtvEpaTc; pac, ora v-pipa ptd tou, 't\a dir TuttiK TtXaaia, tto otipaVEt 't\a dir ko9e oypaTiap, aTfj Ka pvri fj pxfj xfjc; 'ATtXTriTai;, ticoc, ttjv vou.^i, TtpouTto9TEi auyKpTri-ari XKXripric; oocp Ka Ttt]ia ouvBe-pvric; Bio9copac., dXXoiot; Elvai daTfjpi-Xtt|. 'H ipuxiKf] aTovou-ia tou dTpou ouv-uaapvri p xf) yvcoari ttjc, KoivcoviKTri-Taq Trp;, v c;aipco Ttcoq 9 ptiopoCaE v Ttpc;i, xav v yvcopi^oupE oOxe x koi-vcovik ooxripa Tto 9 xfjv TtxpEirs, oute Tq ouvtteiec, Tto 9 eIxe aTij tj a-Tovopa adv 9 TtoxpECpE v viETtriPE-oei ax x oaxripa. "Iococ; ZtKsXiavc;, Ka9coq daatpcoq auvyExai ano xfjv xeXeu-xaa xou 'Apxfj Tfjt; Mvfjpn,c, tcov dupoco-tccov 'Apxcov, v 9Xr|OE v Tq ppr|vipEt


'Eote 'EAAriviKO Zcoopo Kai j ZiKEXiaviKij ???1?^ 'ia
81
?????????, aaiCovTac te ai p,pa-?? Kai ????????? GEpXia, yi v ?????)-OEi ypco tou ????? puoTrjpio. "H aco, yi v fcjavayKoEi to vGpnou V -Tovfjaouv, u yvcooTn ai p pGoo, ?? navavGpmvo evotixto ?????1????!???)? tv vonuToov, Tto uvov EToi yivovTai ?????????; Oi XXrivE Exav ????1 ottjv vTAEia ax ?? evotixto. ???, pno-p v vonOE uvrjuri Kai ouvGeoti. uoa OTrj uvrjun TtpacoTtcov nvEupaTiKv vTO-Xv, Tto Gxavav eroi ?? iiEpiypuuax tou, tto Evai va eIo ansiKviori-???? tto ?1 Xo tv nXavrJTn, TttXEpnaav, u ???????, yt ttjv vGpcuTuvri KaXXip-yEta, ouvnEiE, uvov oi 2ril-itTc.
0 TJTav UTJTtco, iiEpaTspo Kai KaXX-TEpa TtapaoKEuaauvot oi NeoXXtivec; v' tioOEXTov tc ??????? ????? u tc Zt-KEiaviK vToX ; "aco, GXEya, eko-XcTEpa Kai u ?????1??? ????????? ???? noiovijnoTE XXo Xa. M1 Ivav -pco po : TTJv ??????[??)??| ava5sti;r| to TTUpfjva tto ????????? pt Kai rpioup ???? Tic ZiKEXiaviK, 'Apx. '???????? t\ TtponyouEvn TtoiTiTiKT] Kai OTOXoTiKTj to pyaaia, oi aBUTaTEc ??? yvaEi to pxatou TtoXiTtouo pa Kai Ttp nv-Tcov fj cokij ??? TtXripOTiyra, Gauuata ?????????? u ????????????) ppfj svat ?? TtXoata xvyua Tto uS Eaicovouv yt TTJv TtapCn Ttupfjva, aTrj ttj ttoXu-???????? anEpuaTiKrj pxfj- 'H ???????-??" tou 9 p MtvE ttjv ????????? ay-Geot tv NEOEXXnvLKv conpcov, aan oioEtoTn Katvopytou yvrjaiou noXiTi-auo pa. "Av ??????? yi tv Ttupfjva Xontv aTv ??? ????1?? p fj otv '??????, tto v TaToTiKav, trap' aa Xet ZiKEXiav tot ; 'H 'AnoXXvta ???1??1 GpT)OKEa, tto ttjv ????? Tto ?? f I Epa te to tti GXr]OE v Tfjv ?????1 ai uvn Ka6o5riYf|Tpia tv XXrjvcov, peGriKE ottjv fyKn, TtEpvvTa ai ETEpti Qar\ tv TTEptopiouvo ??? ???? to nGcova TOTttK uGo tt], v niXipf|ai ttjv ???-TtOTtoiriori to YEVtKO Ttavpxaiou Xti-vtKo MGou, tto fJTav rj uXaaTiKij, u t! TTpac^Ei tv 'OXupnicov Gev, ???????| to aivtou ytyvEoGat. Zttj ????1?? TpoTtOTtoiriori aToO to KaGoXtKO pBou u ttjv ??? aatXEta ??????? ?? yi-yvEoGat vayvcopiovia atvia ??! ?????????, xf\ BaotXsta to ????. Auto onuatVEt 'EvoGe'ouc tto ??????1 ZiKEXiav. 'AXX' fj ??1?????1?? nXrj TpoTtOTtoiriori G TtpoKaXoEi tepotie ou-vttele Ttvco ottj cofj i TicoKrj ???????? Tto rj pioTiKrj eiuo-Xrj Tri G EaTpaTtE ???1 xfj Gauuaia tte-pioxf) to Zwouo, pta tj avGiari xou, ?? Tvo tv "EXXrjvv.
Z iiaTspri, r]uoaEUTr|i ?-?????) uou u ttXo Atovuoo 9uueXiko, -cjriYETai rj TpoTtOTtoiriori to ysviKo MGou art' ?? ????1??? MEpaTEo, rto ????-Xr|c; oTij n,uioupyia to ????1??? ????????. 'H Ttapt;r| ouco ????????, ???-kXei xfjv uoa ?' ???? vaiJTriari to Ttupfjva tto i^aKTvcooE tc ZtKEXiaviK, pEuvouEVE 'Apx- "OXe ????? exvouv v KTtopEovTat rt TtvEuuaTiKfj pia rto v UTtops v slvai Ttap ??-vatiK xGptKTJ Ttp kSGe ?????????.
MiJTtco GrtpEiTE KaXXTspa v ????-????? Ttp ttjv '???1?^ Ttapoari ^a ZiKEXiav Ttjv auvEt u ?? ???????, oav ??????| Aitia ??????????|? to va-tr|TouEvou Ttupfjva ; EirauE ti '???1-ou, o uuoTtKij XaTpsia tto fJTav, uf| avayvcopiauEvri ???'tI XXr|viK rioXiTE-e, EOTCo ??! v fj taaKaXla ??? Ttrip-aoE ?? 010???? 'Isp ??! ?????????? to uun,u.vou ??? MuoTfjpia ???, v ?????-GcooE ????? v TponoTtoifjaEi Tijv XXr)viKf| GpnoKsia, TUTtvovTa KaGoXiK tij ????-yia ??? Ttvco oto XXr|ve.
Oi uuaTiKiaTiK Gptiokee otijv eEX-Xa orjUEicovav pyaau TtoX Ttpiv an' tv "Ouripo. '? ?????????? tou an' ?? 'OuripiK "Enn ??! fj n,uioupyia ut va ???(??|??|? ofj, Ttj 'OuripiKrj, too C,t\-XTUna KpaTT|Uvr| ??! o^aouEvri n ???????? Tijv 'EXXriviKij IlaiEa, ov ?? KupixaTO nXo to "EXXriva vavTov tv vaToXTiKCov ntpouv to Muoti-kiouo, ???6?|?? ?? i;io6auaoTo ???? to 'Oufjpou. Kai f| Gscopia no oiaKijpuCE, aaiouEvr) ai K&noia p GEuXia, ti ?? 'OutipiK nri v ????????? n Mva Ttoir|Trj, XX Etvai XaK Tpayota tv 'EXXtjvcv, aco v' c^iEi uEyXri ???????, v 9upr|9ops ?? ???????1?? tiuotik xpayoia Kai ?? ouyKptvouuE. Kl' n' a-?? yaivEi fj ?????1??| v?X??? p-
?????\'? l-i avunep\r|TO ??????? ????-vavTi to 'AvaToXTtKou MuoTiKiapo. '? '???????, Xotnv, no Evai pi avaicoan, to MuoTiKtapo, ot'i KpiE ypapp ??? iaKEi : ?? utap, Ttjv niyvcori Ttj papTa, Tijv vyKri to KaGappo ??!
tj noXTpCOOri, ttjv ???1???????| to
aparo ??! ttjv ??^?????? tj ?????, tv ????????, iaypaTa ??????? vxtco'iK Kai yi' ???? niKvuva otv iappono Zco'iop tv 'EXXrjvcov.
??? ntoTEco ti G unopooE v pi-aKETai ?? anppa no UnTaE xi Zike-XiavtK 'Apx poa ottjv '???1?? urJTpa. Ztv vTtcoKO oypaTiop ??? Gtav uvaTOv v psi 6???> v nopE, t\ '???? xfj rii6apx!a, no avaXuCsi n ??


82
'eotlec; 'exainvikou zcol'auoo ka ij zireatavikt1] aea<|mktj '15a
eykocto; tog iuou, yt v t ocast u' tc; uoa Ki* eo TupavvUc;, vTiusTCOui-c^ovtc, tec; rjpcoiK, yt v cptost ot ko-pcpcoua tfjc; vpyr|TiKfjc, lappouric; yaXfj-viic, Katoxaar| uo etvoci t Kopcpcoua too Zco'iauoG. 'AXX ka oi XXc, 'apxc. ara tta uc, Sriyouv ouuuepauata ov tc, upooBXi|jouu a' at t upoua.
'H uoetyuvn, tti, 9appc, XXsupr| uu-pfjva Elvai rj kupitspri ata tto o Zt-KEXiaviKc; 'apxc; v uuopov v upouv Ttj acpaipLKfj tatucoan,, tccoc, ttjv tto-^r)ToGa. 'AuXcvouv uvco touc; usyXn, aacpEia. npoocppovtai a' eckoec, ua-pspuriVEcsc,. 'Acpfjvouv ttepauata v ta-Bouv o K6s A.oyfjc, BtoGECopsc, uo vt v tc, tovcvouv ka toc, ivouv uayKO-autttita, tc, ko9iotogv juoutec, or' -ypuTtva ttveuata tco u ycova va^ir-togv ut va p9utati Tfjc; Zcofjcj.
'H aTtouaiTEpri uveuuatlktj kvriar] uo rj Na 'EXXa tcapouoiaas, xdpn, ot 2i-KEXiaviK t^EGyoc,, u tc, AscpiKc; 'Eop-tc;, c;co ait iva otiuaviik ukttiua, ttjv ttpoatt9ia vaBicoatnc; tog pxaou 9etpou, kat t yvn,aictepo, 5ao t u-vatv, tptto ka tv vTtXaX ttiq ottj auvEXi^uevri arc t uuexik 9aoo eko-axpovri upoau9ta ka9q ka otc; X-xec; epcotcaikc; XcpEq, u toc; cpoitritc. tfjc; ZopBvvn,c, ka tc; AEAcpiEc; tco tp-9r|kav u' t AauxoutEV, v katp9coa v TtpoKaXoEi ttjv uXaTTaTn, 'AvayEvvn,-
tiktj dvappiutan, tcov uveuutcov ka Ttjv ka9orjyr|orj touc; upq vap9utor| Tfjc; ka9o\ikfjc; ^cofjc;. Ka togto, yiaT ttjc; '-
\ettte kcctl t UOX BaOlK. "H otepefj ov"
9ar| a oXov tcv veoexxtivikcv e^coupcov. "EXsupn tto c;aKoXou9t v rtpxt et] atac; tog xdouc, tto upoKaAsi rj auv-uapE;r| uX'i aio Zcotou uac; ttjc utikfjq BtoBECopac;. m t upaoua tog ZtKEXta-voG n' t uvfiGua ka ttj cotj uac; uaa TtXoTr] uac; acpriae T uotriTiK tou py, u ttjv vavscoan, tjc, uotritikfjc yXcoaaac;, ttjv vctepn.c, cpfjc; uveuuattktj xou ttoltt|Ta, tv cktiXtjktik ^cotou tou, ttj 9auuota uotn,ttkfj uoar] tog auvu-tpaouou tou u tij caa ur]tpa yfj uac;, 9 uetvet ov fj yvr)ottpri ekcppaori tcov AXn,vikcov- t]coupcov. CH vaucpEUXTr) u-vaua tou v pyavcaei o TtXrjpr) ka ocpaiptktj XTTiTa t veo.Xn,vik zqiou, uvaua tto ka nXfj9covac; teutotc;
v uttpeoe v ttepviktjoet, uetcvel
iAou ttjv uytattj tou i;ta ee; Ocoti-ot.fj. ZT spya tou tco upayuateetat vaysvvriTiK ttjc; x^pa^ Uac; suata, -ttpxst eya tspoTio Xik tto cpcott^et ttau.TioXXc; ttxuxc; ttjc; ooteptkwteptic; ka yvriotcteptc; tpuxfjc, tcv 'exxtjvcov. ete ka9ap tc; vti9oic; tog AuTtouoG rtpe; tv Zcotou uac. Ka TtiBEBatcoaE kat t cpcotetvcotepo tptto, tto uvo u ttjv XauTTptriTa tog at|uotikog uaq kkaou uttops v auYKpi9t, tijv vcotptn,ta tfjc; XXriVLKfjc; vTXrupric; ^cofjq.
eniaoroi
O /\.XTtXXriXc; rtOTUXtEC, Tacov epeo-TtaTCv v ouXXBouv tv Ttupijva tto ouyKpaTEl ka itapyEt c;aKoXou9r|TtK, XKXripec; xc^iettipieg, t Zcotou uac;, c^avacppvouv uotep' n tptvta xpvia, ysuaTa u TpayiKc, UTtEtptsq, ttjv vy-kr)i Toviouvn, u ttyvcoori n' t aex-to Tfjc; 5tiutoupy(aq nveutjtatikfjc; rE-otac;. Z' aT t tpto tog acva, u tc; rtavcoTc; c;poic; o TtavtpriXEc; 01-kc, Koptpc; tco tc; koxou9ogv BaGTaTsc; tttcoetc; tog XaoG uac;, yivs ttttakttkfj f] vyKri ooBapfjc; spsuvac; tog autou u.ac;, yi v ka9optotogv o aTisq ttjc; u-vauac;, v aTa9o0us ktrou oxspe Ka v rmioupyrjoouuE. av AEt^av, BBaia, o TOUtKc, ttpoon9tE(; o TtoXXoq touetc, Tfjq c^cofjt; uac;. 'AXX v UTtopoGv, okp-TttEc; ka9cc; slvat Ka yvcoaTEc; auxv ue-Tacj touc;, v1 XXriXoBori9r|9ogv, v auu-TtXripwaouv fj ut ttjv &XXti ko v' iroTE-Xaouv va uoioyevc; ka oXETiK rtXfj-pec; vayVvr|ttk Kvrjua. 'h aoTaor] riveuuattkfjc; 'EoTiaq atto kevouc; uo slvat Totuaouvot, tcpa Ttt, TtVEUuaTLK
v' vaOltijaouv yvtua toq Tptrouc; p-uovtouoG tcov t^cottpcov uac;, o.juaivs ttjv ttoepaatottktj, yt irpctt) cpop, Tpo-ttrj tfjc; 'EXXac; upc; ttjv 'AvaYvvn,atj ttrc;. 'O katpc; uac; Btt^et. Kuoia kat-vopyta sc;apar| rto 9 ttjv iaxovTav va titcot), fj, ka ut vETtvxEXn, ouu-cpop tto 9 etve ttjv ekatpia otc; ta-XuTiKq uvustc; uo KapaoKoGv tv cpa-viou uaq, v uac; c;ou9evcaouv o cpuXfj, ut yt uvra, tacoc; v uac; eobuvev pt-otik. H uott) otc; KarXuTEc; ka uv-ta vtkticppec; uvuEtc; uac;, v Saot-otei o dopa, ouveirit 9susXta, upxsi kvuvoq v t;aveuia9t usaa ottj 9XXa too uvfiuuaTiKoG xdouc; uo pvsi tv uXavfJTr).
'Atpou oi okputec; ka duouovcouvEq dtoutkq upoau9eiq udpxouv,"ka dva-cppeo usptKc;, pa KoivoTtaTcv (KaTac; KapaBiac, kXu.), uda Ar)poa9. Aavtri-
Xfr|, FltKLCVriC;, ottjv 'ApXtTEKTOVlKtj, ZuO-
poc, BaatXEou ka aXXot ottj ZcoypacpiKij, Icoofjcp rKPKac;, T. KcoaTKr|c;, Natiq Tia tpac; otrj MouaiKfj, 'AyyEXiKTJ XaT^ripix-


'Eotie, 'EXXnviKo Zwauo Kai rj, ZiKEAiaviKTJ AsXcpiKTJ 'Ia
83
An, 'ABriv TapooXn, ??? FlpiKa, oxrj AaKfj Txvri, yiaxi va prjv duoxEXaouv xv Ttupfjva uic; 'Eoxiac; 'EXXnviKo Zco-auoO Tto B Beasi xi axEpss. Baaei, ?' psuva Kai uaBnu-axiKrj oacprjvEia xfj varjxriori, xo ??????? puoviauoO xcv cuupcjv ua, ;
Av TtpKSttai, saia, yi aaxaon OpyaviauoG tco 9 nxrjosi upoiKOoxn-
ar| au' x Kpaxo, Axa, svai yi kevou uo 5v 'xouv Ban a xxis evBspu.sc; Kai covxav upoauBsisc;, xo u o v e-KpcoTt;.
"Ac; BsopnBEo uiKpc; xoGxo ui\oyo, uo pioKsxai ????? duo xfj oKi xacov ysvvaicv Kai uapxuptKcv vayEvvnxiKcv upoauaBsiGv, o uic ? ? ? X n a ?.
AIMO! KAPZHZ


? OPAMATI2TH2
ZuvnBtouus v tuoteouue, oil Xn-Bivo TtvEuuaTiK nuioupyo, Kai uXi-axa kevoc tco, u tcoiov ??????, otkei ?????? ?) ??????? tj ?????????? Zk-???, ???? ??? ???? ???, fj u ?? ???? ???, ckoouSe ?] vTiXaXE Kuoia BECopa, ?1-?????1??), e'lt ????? \oyfjc;, rj irpoaXXEi yua ?) ???????, TtaXai fi vo, fi iauop-??????? uvco o ????????? KaBiEpcouva. 'H ???? Ki rj usXTri, fj 'psuva ki f| u-TtEipia ETvai Ttvta oi rcpxoi ixoi -Xcov, Kai keivv tco ??????? v aouv,
OTV Kaip tou, otv ttto tou fi OTf]v
v6pcTxOTr|Ta, pya aia yi v rjaouv-
"Ouco yt tv "?????? ZiKsXiav, UTiopoGuE v TtouE Kai v'TioEc;ouu ti ??????8?|0 piauvri axoXf] fi yua, o-T ti ouvTaipiCExai fi noTETai tj OTxaaTJ ??? ysviK o ????? r] Keivn Tfjv atoBriTiKij BEcopia- ???? ???' Ttjv ????-Tri ??? KTivooXia, pBcvETai Xetoc, ausuTo ki vuirTaXTOc Ttouytric; Tfj uysia Kai Tfjc; auoXEUTric; aXXriviKfj au-VEonorit;, KXaaiK ??? vou 'EXXr]ViKo Aupiauo ki OToxaaTfjc; aBuyvcouoc. riiOTEEi 6ti nonari ??? ???1? ??! ????? Evai ? TpiaSiKf) ??????? tco cocotei ?? puo ??? TtvEUuaTiKo ??????. Kai ???-okei v ????1, onco ?? Xei ??? te-XEUTao ??? ?????? Tfj ??????? 'Iouvtou 1951, ke ????? rj ??(??? Evai ????16? ki fi ????(5? ??1???.
'? ZiKEXiavc ?????? ki XXo, 5v Elvai uovxa ???1???|? Bviko, va ??'?? ????????? TptrtXEupo ZoXcouoc-ria-Xau-SiKsXiavo, tio TtpXEi ? 6i;a tv uo teXeutocov aivcov ttj TtonjaE ua. Evai ???????????? ktj-????? Tfj 'EXXa, Tfjc ???????????????? uva ??? ????????? ??1 ??? ????????, ??(, uai ki ?????, aBuyvcouoc vBpco-tuottj, ttotiouvo ???????? Kai ????-?? u TTjv ?????? ttj yfj ??? Kai ??? XaoG ???,???? ??! tv Xav ??? ?????? ????, Kai u tv novo tv totceivv ??! tv ?????????????? Tfjc cofj. ?? ?????-ou ???, Bvik, XPiaTiaviK, TiavavBp-Ttivo, i;EXvTai arto ????????? xXKivEc ouspec, ki dvTiou'iCEi yiyvTio ua' ???' ?? ???? ??? XKEpo.
'AvTiKpovTa ???1?? ??) ????1?????? ????? ??? UEyXou ????? ???, vaBuu-uai ouxv to otxou to 'Avpa KX-Bou :
?? KpCC 'VIOV TtpCTOV
??[??|?? ?? acopa, ?????01 ol 'VIOL cpupoi xaSeijjav ?? oTfjSo..
Auto ?? ???? 'iviov ki aToi oi 'lvioi ??????1, EKivvTa ui upa ?????????? an' ?? uoaKooXiauevo vnai ??? ?01??? tv 'EXEBspcov ????????????, ????-aavai TtEpiyiXi, Tfjc; ?????&??,,??1 uaa ????? vaTtaXuou. tou, ???????? ?? ????-???1?? ZoXcouik uf|vuua, ki aunoToavE u' aT ?? Elvai to vou ZiKsXiavo -Xxopoo. "Etoi, arie, ???????. tou ?Xsc; ?????????? tc vojpc; ?? Xayap aBUTE-po ????? to pyou to usyXou ZaKU-Bivo. KnoTE tco uiXooauE ??? ????-?????? yi Tfjv ???[?1?? to ZoXcuo,uou '???? : Krjpuyua, ?? viBco, 6xi uvo -Bvik, OTtco Xoi ?? ????????? ??! ?? ooouv, XX ??1 ????????? vBpTiivo uaL Ki exe kio. TiaT, xapaovTa, io ZoXcouo, ???? ?? auvf|Bi ???, KavovE; ki ???????? otv auT ??? tv Bio, yi v auvBoEi ?? ??????????-?? ???, to 'EXeBepou ?????????????, ????1 ?????? :
KuE, ote uiKpo kukXo, uaa otv ttoo KiVETai ? ???????????? ??-Xi v c;EOTiai e xr\v ?????????? ??? ?? UEyaXTEpa ?????????? tj 'EXXa Kai, ?? ? yEViKTj ????, ?? UEyaXTEpa ???-??????? Tfj ??????????????. ?????????-????? rj ???????? vsTai u ?? ????????? ???????.
???? ij ??????????? xo ??????? ttj TtoXiopKa to MiaoXoyyio, ???? fi TtXa-?????? Tcaycoyfj ki ??????1? Ttj TtEpav-Spnivii ycovia tv XiyooTv, tv tcei-vaauvcov, XX SauuaoTv kevcv yev-vaicov, ?????1 ?? ZoXcou ua Kai o o Txoiv ?????? ????????? tj ia Tfj TtayKOauia XEuBEpia ??! Tfj Ttay-Kauia ????????, Kai to otXo ke-vou vrpE, ki aTo ???????? tv oicov aTv Tpavv iaviKv.
To TtvEua toto ?? ?????????????? ?????[??? ??? ZiKsXiav ki ????1??? oTTJv ???? ??? ??! ovBeoe ?? uoa ??? ttXoto. TiaT ???????? ua otkei uvo usyXo XupiKo ki UEyaX-ttveuoto pauaiiKO. Evai ki usyaXoc ?????? Kcxi ??????? ttj ?????????? ???-??? BpnaKEa Tfj 'EXEuBEpia xfj ?'1?^??? ??! Tfj '??????????? ki XpioTiavo, ??? TtXaxxaxo ????? xfj ???;??.
"Exai, auvaKXouBa, ??????? ki pa-uaxiaxfj xv usyXcov pauxcov- Aia-????? Kai OTtourj Ki ?????????????? xo TTiioav x UEoXi xfjv TtpoaoKpaxiKij ?1?????(? ??! x uuaxfjpia xo ??????? ??! xo ???????????, ??! xv EKavav v UEXouotcoEi uoa xou ?? ??????????????,


'? pauaTiOTTjc,
85
'EXsuavia 8ouicx ??! x navpxaio ???-?1?? ???????.
"OXoi axo ot kkXoi, ??????????, u-KEVtpoi r] ixEpKEVxpoi, >Tcxaav v tv ???????? ?1 ayxpiTov ?????????? ??? 'fpatou, ??? MsyXou Ka x' 'AXnSivoO. Ki j Bo-Xnarj ??? tj vxpKia
tv ????? v' VTlKp-
?1,??????-tikcV; u ??????,?? ??. poBXfj ???? ?? ??-
yXa, Tto upBaXa v ??????; atf] a vo X ? v v9pcoir -????? ETtEl-?? art" tv TtpcTo ???-?? ? ? i ? ?????????1 ????????-????? ava-Tt v ? e ? ? KaKupiap-XCv, Bpa-Xvec -????????! a ? ? ???-pa ??? v-???????.
iilil
? ?????-X? KrjAco-?? ??????
tou ttveu-
?????; ????? ? i ????? ??? 1923. 'ETtfj-
PETTE tt|v
??????????-Xta Ka ou-
\'????|9? -
ke ?' ??-?? p ? a co -????? xfjc;
?01???1??|?
vEoXa i a c, TtvTa rj ????? a ??? ki rj
?????? ???, ottcoq ?? tjpoupE, fjrav yi ttj va yEVEKa axEaas OEip arc ekool mXEc; oxrjv aiBouoa xrjc; NopiKfjc; ZxoXfjc; ??? ?????????????, ?? 9??? xoc; rtpop-????;, TtaXioc; Ka auyxpovouc;, xfjq ac; ttjc; ??????????; XEuBEpac; Ka xijq EX-???????? oXcov xcov Xacv xfjc; rijc;. "Ekove
fO ZineXiavc xrjv ??????| tco 'ypaipe tv '???????????????*
tte Suo Tt1 xc; piXEc; aTq, a ????-Xec; ki vBouaicEic; ouykevtpcoeic;, ki eI-Xav vTXaXo 6?9????? otoc; vouc Ka a' oXo tv TtvEupaTiK ?????' XX oxa-???????, ^aixac; xoG 01???????0 axc; Kaxu9uvaiq rco x"PCsl Ttvxa ?" vij-
ouxa vi-?? Ka ttjc ?????? ? ? Tto eTxe pxioEi deva u e a de ????;' yiax rj k9e 6-???? xv iekikoO -oe ????-xiK yi'p-XHY ???;
TtOK X e l -
?????.
'AXX xv TtXax kkXo xfjc; ????????? v fjBE-Xe v xv
????1
????, x rj c; ,
_ Ka yi xoOxo ?-
??1?? "
?????????-???1??? ?? oxEiaopa tto Ttp-XEi ??????, ?? xrj aei-p tGv -??? ? co v tcv ?????-tBouXcov tto Krjpu-cjcev axoq Kaipoc; ?? vo, XX KaTtaXai, EayyXco xfjc; MEy-??^ ????-oKac; xcv v9pcTTC0v.
Axfj fj ????????1-ktj ?[????| fjxav ,ay-YEXa xoG
??????? oxeou tto eIxev papaTi-otl. Etxs vaTcaEi ?? ?????? yi ?? Tpav ?? ????. Ktcote, ?? ???????? ??? 1949, ??? '????? ???/ ?? ????????? ??? ttjc; ZaXanvac;, Tcvco a' vXoyo tcveu-paxiK 9???, ?????? : 'Eo ?? c;pEic; Tccoq ??! ?? ??????? Mxouv psoXi. Ka


86
'? pauatiaxfjc,
u ?? pEoXi at ??? ?????? v kcvco ttj 9????| ??? ???????? koup kpa. "O-Xa t' aXXa ?' ?????[???? ??? koivfjc; 9po-??^ ???????^ ???, ???????;. ???? ??? ????-pvsi fj ????? ??? XiovTapiau ?] ??? kv-oopa. TToia 9???? tv ?9?? ka tte.
"etoi pu9pik, ?????????, auvXaBE ttj ????^? 'Ia. ????(. ixe^e zike-Xiavc; toc; ??????? yi ttco ?????????-ttoiijaecc, ??? ????????; ???, ?? c;n,Y o pia avtopri ttpoktjpucjri ??? 'Iavouapiou
1926, tuucpvri o ttvts yXaaEc;, ????? Xi : "Oao yi ?? otibo tv ??????, tv iaX;ape, yiatl. ?????????; Xuxpcopvoc; ???' ?? xpvo, arc k9e attioc ixoyvopiac; kai ppuBptac;, ??1 ?????????, povax ?? ???(???? piq kevtptkfjc, tcveupatikrjc, KXnpovoptac, tio potssi va 'vai ??9???| ???) yfjv dtkpia, ????????????? ???? pova-xq ??? ottjv Ka9oXiKtr|ta ka atrj oa-?^??? ??? ??????? ???,. Kal ?? ?????? ???????? ???, aXmapa XupiK, fjtav ????1???; Ayoq, tcoiripa ?????????, pa-????????152 iatixa o ?????????????-???????? ?? '????? ???? tv Tavoupio ??? 1927, ka ????????? a 200 vtitutta, o pEyXo ?????, vvupa, oncoq ouvrj9i-e ait TtaXia, ki ottcoc; tiapouataae ka toc; toospic; ??????. ??? ???????? tjc, ^cfjc;. ?? ttpoolpio at, tco t' vopcTi-oe 'H '??1??????|, fjtav ?? ?;kvrip ??? yi ?? ???1?? Kivripa, ????, p ttjv ????-????? kai c|>coteivtj ouvspyaaia ttjc; ????;, xf)g rcepi;iac; ??????????, ???, ktix-9r)k p tic; ttptec; ????1???,'??????;, ??
1927. zt ttoripa ai eupleri tfj prjari tv'exeuoivcov MuoTriplcov; '?? ??????-vou ?'?????, ?? ???????? emov, p ?? otixo tou :
ki fiv ???? tp-rcavo ?????, ki cxv ???? ??????? ^???,
??1 ???; Xei stteita ttc, apxias :
ki eoe; akr|tf]q otfjv ???^??, tco vocyEi eva toiy5i, tv oupav ???1 ?? bsii ??? v bxtcei Kal tv "???.
Ka c;ekivvtaq yi ?? ?????? ?????, XEi:
ki tcvcob ??? xkaipoc; vr^opoc ki bpxoq.
Ka kpdcc^ei papatiotfjc;, kaptepv-???; ??????????, yi ttjv tpaxid rcopeta. Ka vigei v tv kxou9ouv otv ?????-pik t ppo, ????? Bait^ei, nyc; ????-???????,:
kai tcov xacv t\ xxaxor] p3 cxkoxouse coq irdcvco, ov t okuxi tto x^vetai ?;??????? ???' ?? ^rjtivo.
boi*|8a p, ??), ti aaxetpe |3a9i ??? f| ???????] ????;?|. ??? ?????? f| Ttpc;ri elvai kartvc ki f] oki(ir| ???
[etvai i ttpci^t].
borjsa p, rfj. kai o opav, ?? pya ?????? xootov,
ttdcvco ???' ti") yfjv li ??????; v hx;ei tmv piotcjv.
Ka otoxc^etai ma ttc; ????1 ??|?? :
ti ???? f] ???? elvai ????^??, kai nxayo eiv1 ri pvripri, kai mouaa f\ pva tcov mouocov, 1*1 bvati] '??????^??].
tte rj ?????), tto v c;kivei ir ot-pa, ??? xei. :
ki a yiopioeic; vtoxt] tf|v ??????? aou ?????, ??????; ait upvo 9vaT0, pr]v ?????????, ??????.
Kai, ????????; tv ?????????; paa ?????????,?1???; Ayoc;, ??????|, yi v p-c;ei ottI yfjc;, ????? ie' tc; Oaipisc; ??1 TtX'i affjv Kprjvri tco KsXaiE alveg oi-yaXf) porj xfjq KaaTaXiac;, tc; ptc^ec; ??? vtpou ??? MEyXou ?????????.
"etoi, p tc; ????????; '??????;, x-pa^e t iipto ovopo ??? kivrjuatoc; tto ????????|?. '? vTXaXc; ????;, ka otv 'EXXriviK ????? ka ie9vik, ^tccv Ba9-?????;. 'AXX ZiKEiavc; tto etxe paa ??? ?????????1 Trjv ?????????(? ??? 'EX-Xr|vikou M9ou tv KaipvoXcov, v ????-????|??. T eixe knpc;ei :
av elv' otagpq otoo ayou ttiv ??????? mutoc, v ?????? ?' eva ????'? ????????;, v' ??????????.
T 1930 KoXo9n,aav oi etepec; ???-?1???; '??????;.
tte ?^???????? ?? Aopel Delphique, ?? ????1?? KXsapa, ka ?? 'oteixe otoq ????????????; 9????????; ??? 'EX-XriviKou ttyepatoc; ki ???????????; xfjc; riaykapiac Suvspyaaiac;, ottjv EpTir) ka ott)v 'ApEpiKrj.
T ksipevo at ????? ????????,??1??]? vtttcoari otv tcveupatik ka koxxite-xvik ?????. ?? ????1?? KXsapa t-xeicove p ?? ?????? ????? Xyia :
?? piX, ???? pvo a' kevouq tco pirop v toc; ????[??? NsocpiKOq, toc, ttpcotorcpouc; piag vac; OuXfjc;, fj,Ka-XTspa, tfjc; ?????; tfjc; ^avaysvvripivric. ???? pteia, kevouc;, tto, av ki acotepik epvoi ??? ttapv p tt)v ???????^??] ?????????] tfjc; vnc; tco kxevei paa ???, t;pouv opeoe; ka ttjv ??????) oy-??????) tfjc; 'laq p tijv "YXri, ka -trj ????????? vapetac^ atv tco ????-9ouv pi.v ?????? ka ??|?; ???????; tto ????-ttei v TtXaaTEi... kevcov tco vi9ouv |3a-9i poa ????; ttjv ?????^? oaia ??? ??????????;, tco p t 9ppoc; c;uttvi ttj Xap ttjq ripioupyiac;, atrj tco ??????? ???; ki GvaToc; lioc; xvei ttjv tttkpa ???.
Ka ??? TXoq i^r|taei v ttpouv oXoi aTol t ripioupyiK ????1, yi v xtu-ttrjoouv pai^t ??? pu9pik, uvar ??? ??-plvi, ????? Elvai ????? ?? ????? aispo
tv tletcpcpvcov.


'? pauaTtoTrj
87
Zttjv TtpoKTJput;ri aTTJ ??????(6?|??? ta-Xexxoi tcveuuoctikoI dv5pE evol, ???????-voi u ?? tcveuoc toO pxaioo 'EAXn,vi-auo U i Zt'i 14 '???????? ??? 1932 EKavE va TtpoKrjpurr., yt to "??????? toOtti ttj ????, Kai EiLKCTEpa yL toc; KTtaiEU-
TIKO, TCO TtioTEUE
??? ??????) tou d-TtooToXrj Kai otij -vauri tou. THTav ??????? ???? 24 ue-ydXs oeAJe, u
TV ?(??.? ???????)
"Evcoorp Kai tv na-?????? "Eva ?????-vKpouaua, ttou 5tan,X6vi tt)v ????\ ??? ??? ??????? tco itdvco touotti-pcTavE rj AzXcpiKf] 5pari Kai 'HBiktj : a dpx dTtA.ec;, o-Ttco ????1, ??1 ??-triyopriuaTLKc;, Tto, BaaiauVE ??? ????-atcovta KoauooytKd, ???????1?? ??! ??-XoAoytK BELiAia tfj cf); to vBpc-ttou, u.iTopooav v ???????????? ????
ttj ?????, ??? TttUE-
o Tfjc; Tcpri, a 6e-auo Kai a puBuo 5r|uioupytKOq, px dTpvTaxTEc; ki aicoviE. Kai ??????)???1 : 'H ???? exel ariuvEt yt tt|v puar) v otIBou ????????, ku kevtplkj 'EoTa TOTttKfjc; Kai TtayKouia KoivcoviKTriTa, Tto, uaKOovTa Xa ??????? otI Baai-??? Ka8oAtK px Tfj AcopiKfj pBoo-ia, 8 v TTpoaira8o0aav v ??????????, ?' vaXoyiK auvTovtou.6, auyxpvo ?? rj8tKO ??! ?? TtvUu.aTiK TtiTtEo xucov Kai Xao.
TeXeutolo KoXo6riaE XXo Kijpuyu ??? u tv ?(??? ?? ????1?? navETtiaTfj-uio, Ttpooxio, ttou TtpoBdXXEt ouvotcti-k idypauua yt ttjv pydvcoori nvuua-
O ZikeXiccv (pSco)
tlko KvTpou oto ???????, oou oto-XaTav tl tcpetce v XELToupyrjaEi a-tvouo TtoXTtAEupo ieBvtj pyavtou, u KaTu9voEt KoivcovtoXoytK, koXXlte-XvtK ki TtioTriuovtK Kai pori ??????-Lcvri dn KpaTtKO Kai tioAitiko ????-Ttouo, yt v urcop, OTico ????1 : v' dvTAEt cb va vTpo yEVEaXoytK ????-Kauto, Ti coTiK uvuel ??? du -????????] dvc;aipETa Trjv iaTopia ki dira XKAripo ?? ?????? ??? ??]?. Kai ? ta-OKaAia ???, ottco ????1 ??????????, v u.rj axinpiETai a' ????] ? Keivr) tt] uo-vTtAsupri ?????? tcv TtpoB.XriuTCv to ?????? ua, dAX v Becope ov6eto Kai ???????? ?? ???????' ua ??? vGpcTtou anl ttj ???.
2' aT t'i 6s-
UEAtaK ????1?
Ttpooxcopov u' v-DouoLaau ????'? Kai koAXltxve, tco tv dvayvcopiouv TtVEUuaTLK ????.'?-vduEaa a'aTO Gabriel Boissy Kivrj-6?? paoTT|pta, kl otelXe ?' ???????? ???????????????? y-
KkXlO ????1??|,?????,
u-oa o' AXa, Yp-?1 ??! ????? ;
"Eco Kai Ttvco dit' Trjv TtoXtTtKT], v ??! yt to lou vBpcoTctOTLKO ???-
tto tco ETtttCKEL f) rEVET), ? Epcbn), ??! kouo Xo XEt ?????? n 'va KvTpo ???????? TtvEuuaTiK. Kt tiEtf] aT ?? KvTpo v riaTtopEt v ttoelxBe n Kav-va, ???? Trjv ?????????? ?????????? ???, XX itpTtEt v ?? TioEtUi aTTJ f) ta tj iaTopia kl rj Lrayvr|TLKri Kai rjBtKrj ?1?? ???? tio auaacopEETai ??? BidoTnua tcv alcivcov, ui taAEXTij u-a iavoouEvot Kai ?(??1 tcv dvepcncov ?????????) Ttcb Kavva upo to TtoXiTt-auvou kouou 8 UTtops v' vTartOKpi-Be KaXTEpa ??? okott, ir to ???-????.
'? SiKEAiav eIxe BaBEt ???10?1?? ttj ??????? TtoaToXTJ ???, tov, u rfjv
p tv ?. ????????????? 1910.


86
actepikrj xou vpaon ??????? ?' vsipo xfjc; va, ttveuuatikfc, '???1?????(??;. ??1-auaxik pBcovoxav uaa xou 6 'ABXrixtj Ki "Hpcoa xv UEyXcov ycvcov, tco ttaxeue xi art1 to iaXEXTOq, ov ???? ttr)Yn ttavxouvauri, 9 XauiroiE ??????? x cpc, x votiepov, x avayevvriTiK, tio 8 iocokoptue x okoxoia ypco kai 9 uoipas oxfjv '????????????? ?????-Xspoc x usyXa ya9.
'AXX x XPvlk axauaxEi ke. 'H p9pcoar] xo kouou tio TtpoxwpooE ??????????, rj ?5????[? xcv 'EXXrjvcov KEvcov tco etipstte kai UTcopoGaav v a-Xouv x tipayuotxik 9euioc xo UEyXou pyou, Xoi o avpouoi xv ????? kai-pv, ?????? v arioei Kai v' ??????????-vr|9E.
Axo ucoc. EXiaoE ????. FIoxeue ottjv ia tio ????????, kai ttjv xtio-oXooE yp ??? kai ?????, ?/ Xo ??? ?? Eva, ???1?? kai ????.??1??. Kai, vou-
q, TaipiEi yi tv -noiriTfj kai tv pa-uaTioTtj kevo no 'xei ?????1 "Eusp-oov yi" XXo usyXo TtvEua : ?? ??9?-pio ??? ?? atua, ?????????, uiXoos ???
TCpOCUTt TOU, u TOO ????1?? ??????. TCO
litiopooe v ETiEc;, ti Kai ?? ???? ??? ?????, Ki auro ??????????.
?? ?;???9??? an' Xa ???-?? tiuioup-??????. rj 'Ia ki kouoc; ?????, ??-oteco ti XauTtupiEi a ???? otIxou xrj; ZuvEn,l. ^??. ???????????? riuioupyiac;:
?l ??]?? ???? tv xv tcccxiyyevetik Kccrip,
EKEL ITOU 04u.CVEI is) OVTOpT] ??? vOpCOTCOU pi^pi1]
tco xp4V cioTpcfTEi ?????????? ???-?????),
p.oTv ??????????] Tv oc8iv ?????????????,
-rcou 6 ??????|???|?; Kl 6 ?????^?; ??? ?????????]? ??????;
kccxoov tv "Av8pcoTco,
????? ?? Xucopvo ???????,
???] voc ??? ??^????,
v xocpfUc ???1 tr\v pxi]
?? veo ??? p ?1 XKpr tt|V ??????] xvpi !..
ATIZ 0EPOZ
taxzoy
"ANOISH,,


AYTOI KAI H (DYIH
Tfjv TcApia aia9r}TiKtjv KavoTtoir|or] tto ircxpxEi va pyo xxvtic 9 Ttjv va^riTfj-oeic uvo otijv KaBoXiKtj tou BEpinaf] Kai 9 ttjv Be/tec toov, oao puopEic v ouy-XopBiaTEic p tv i|;r|A rvo tou Ka va TtpooappoaTEtc ot Kipa tou. 'H tptXoXo-yiKtj pcoc pETti tou eTvai Kart Sicpopo Ka oxrj p9o5o Ka otijv teAikij TcSicoi;!] : Kxt av Ttjv vXuon, tou cpcoxc tco TCEp-vEt poa cctc' t Ttpopa. T Tpayoi tou psyaXaTopou noir)Tfj tco Tipoupg, c^e p t okott Tfjc s<;aiaiac pEyaXocppocvric tou Ka p ttjv apETtj Tfjc TtXriGcopiKfjc gpTtvEuarc tou Ka e KaTa;icopvo Ka AoKXr|pcopvo, av iva puOTiK KaTopBcouvo ofibpa yi. v pexaxEipioTc tij Sikt tou EK(fipaor|. Xap otov tco 9 t 8exte ot OTfjBoc tou oao Ka 8tccoc.
'O peAettittjc; cotoo, <;aAapcopvoc; -Tt ttjv axpr)oTTi eyvoia Tfjc 6c;ioXytior|c; tou KaXXnExviKou pyou, 9 mBupEi itv-tote v TtEpaoEi paa tr' t -rcpiopa t Ka-9oXik cpcoc Tfjc; ZiKEXiaviKfjq Tioir]ar|<; yi v ouXXcBei tv i&iaTEpo pXo tco Ttai^ou-ve oTtj ovGeotj tou t pEpiK xpcpaTa KEva tco Ttjv BtacpopoTioioOv ait Tijv Ttoi-r|or] aXXcov IkXekiiSv TtaiiCiv ifjq TtoXuTpo-rtr|q Mooac;. ElTta : v auXXpei, v Biatu-orcoEt 6xt v BaGpoXoyfjoEi. Mvov apa ByoupE Ttpa arc tv kkXo Tfjc vymaKrjc, ppoTtiac tco pSc. kvei v t|ixvoupE Bi-UiaXot vptoa otoc TtotriTc; yt v ppcO-ps Ttotq eTve KaXTepoc;, pvo tte G KaTavofjaoupe Ttoo Tito yviprt eTve fj 9eco-priori Tfjc; TCpavTric; trotKiXiaq tOv KCppa-otikCiv pocov tco eTve otij 8t9Eor) tgJv tcoiittGv, Ka tco KaGvaq touc, t x61P'^e-Tai KaT tv TpTto tou yi v poccpwoEi
TIJV vpOiaoTt] Ttp0OC0TllKTr|T tou.
'O tcoititijc; Sitcoq Ka kSe vGpcottoq e poa OTtj cpari, poa a' 'va KoapiK TCEpiBXXov, Ka BpioKETai a pia poipaia BiaXEKTiKtj oxor] pa tt)q. 'H pTEpri Spcoq fj Tii xapvfl Ttapouoia Tfjc; Ooinc; a pia TTOr|0r|, Bv eTve otoixeio tto pKEl aT pvo v tiv KaTa(;icboEt troioTiK. Xco-ptq v Ttjv KaTai;tcbvi opcoc, pnopet v tiv XapaKTTpaEi Kai v Ttjv vTtttpoBXEi o piv aXXr|. 'Yixpxouv Ttoir)TiK gpya tto poi^ouv V yvooOv Ttpa yt Ttpa trj Oorixupc va eTve KaTcoTEpa Spya yi' a-t. Ri' &v xpEi4*ETai iva ttpxEipo ttap-
Eiypa, fj KaBacpiKfj iroLr)ar] eTvg ttoX kovt paq yi v papTuprjoEi.
Sttjv i'Bta ttjv KXaooiKij Tcoirion, tou 5ou ava, otijv fltivai'KTJ Tpaycoia p t' a-TpacfiTEp XopiK ppti, TtSv xPlKWV T1C> ttoo piKp pXo Trait^Ei rj TEpr| Tt' xfj BtKTJ pai;.
'ApKE pcoq v 9aetq pvo t Ttap-Xoyo, t' <;pcopo auto TcpBXr|pa yi v' p-Xoei v o onpcxvEi fj Bia fj iropia oou o Ka9apTpE<; OKijjEtq. TiaT t TtapXoyo TrpxEt o ptq Tto a9aipTa TtpoBX-XoupE o Bicfoptc; tcoxc rj i&ioauyKpaoiEq ov aiTijpaTa, Gopixc; ko TUitoitoiripvEq BiKq paq Ttapaio9rjoiq Kt' i;icovoupE Tijv KaTcpaatj Touq tto G paq Kavotroiouo.
MoXovti 9 fjBsXa v' tcotpyco tv -vor]TTOTOv Spo cpuaioaTpEia, t tca-tr|X aT (JjXpTcoupo t<3v teXeutccov Tpi-vTa xpvcov tto ouptccpTOuv otv ttio paq p Tfjv vttTu^ri tou KBpopiapou, 5 pttoptS v ptj or]pi6oco t KaBap popav-tik KaTXoiTta tto BiaTirpEl. OuoioXTpr)c, otijv Tpxouoa or]paoia, eTve dvGpcoiroq tto 9Eaxat (auyKivtnuvoc;) tij Oar| tcoi CPuar) pcoc; ; Mia cpor) Tto xwpdfii poa ot OTa9Ep ttXaiaia vq ttivaKa, \Xo-you p t titik TteBto tou GEaTfj Ka Tto TtaytcvETat ot xortio ko t TpoocpaipiK, cpuoiK cpatvpEVo Tto KpEUiToi u ttvco tou. Ati ij ar] Gapa, ij Odori -ttivaKac; ko ij vTOTOixij tr)c; ttEptypacpiKrj Ttoitiori, KaSopc^ovTai n pia ototikij ki' XxioTa pyaviKij oxot| tou 9aTfj p t vuKE-pvo tou Saupaopou tou. 'OTtcooBrjttoTE t TTOKeipEvo Ka t vTiKEipEvo eT\e Bua v-t;6pTriTEC VTTT]tec;. T TtEi i;uv OTflV Tt-
PEar) eTve touto: ti' xq 8u axtc. vxxr\-TEq rj BuvapiKij eTve 8EaTtjq Kai xi tj Oor|, tto potclEi o ptv TtpavTT voi-Xttj yKaXi oKcXtopvri ot uppapo, p no 5v Xi ti^v iKavTtiTa v kXeiote o
t^eOTtj TtpTtTUi;r|.
'AvTGETa cpuaioXTpriq 9EaTfjq, v-9pcoTtoq, Tcoiqxfic;, TtXKEi va ouvaioGr)pa-tik ovBfiopo pTtj pappapcopvri TaXTsia tou 9aupaopou tou TtpoEKBXXovTaq a' atrj xfj ppBti, Ttj XaxTpa, t cpBo Ttjc; SiKtjq


90
At ??? rj ????]
??? ipuxfj ??! Ttvco ???' Aa ttj aaavtaTi-Kr ?????? Tfj Ttouepr) cfuXiKfjc; ???????? Tto 6 tv Sextet va tv eKoupaaei. Moi-ei o va Tij eoTaivei p ?? xvto ??? via va Tfj cooei coijKai va ttjv KpaTrjaEi ikij ???. "OXe o uvpEt, yaO q ??\?)?? xopiK, tto p' aT ptcXoutei tij ????) popavTiapo, eTve uvpsiq v-6p6mvE ttoX v9pcbTtivE. 'H popavTiKtj ?????, TcvavTt ??? ????, eve rj ????? to v9pcTtou Tto e p??? ? ? ??' ? rj ? ? i). '? ZikeXiovoc v eTve popav-tikc, TtEpiypacptKc; ?????????? to^tij ttcoq 5v eTve Kai o KXaoatKoi ??? 5ou aiva.
'YitpxEt pco Kai pia ???????? ????|. Mia ???? pyaviKij, ????????, yt xfj yvcb-pq ??? Oeotj ??|?, vEpyn,TtKtj ???????? p ?? BiK tti pu9p Kai ??????? pt ???? tio TtapxEt ??????????? Kai 01????? ?????? tcco Xot o covravoi pyaviopoi p tto ?? ???? ???????]???1?? xrj<; eTve uvapi-apc ??? Kai rj porj- (tj ouX.r|or| 9 A-yapE o ??????1???????) yXaoa). Arrj Ttj ????) Ttjv vaKaXTtTEi avOpcoitoq Tto e Kovt ???, tto vei Ttj corj TOO uni ??|?, tto e itapTtEup Tin ov va IKO TT) KoppTt Kt' mq xijv vTipETCO-TtiEi, Ttjv ttapoiTTipE. OTtiv Kvtnarj Tr|, Ttj voiBei Kai Ttjv ??!?????1 ?oEprj, xSpiKti, ?1\1??} rj ?01?????|XX v Ttjv au^rjTE Kai ttj oeETai a0ia, ao aeETai sva yto tv ???-ftEp ????? ttj pvva ??? ki' ?????; voic9ei tt eve ik tt), x^P' va 10 iaXEi.
'O Ctv9pCOTTO tto plOKETal O lOTlKlj
axari p Ttj ????, v tv voi69ei ?? po-pavTiK ????????1?? ouvaioGtipaxiop ??? paKpivoO paoTj Tri. Kl' pco aT eTve tto TtpoaKoptEi OTTJ cotjkcv pETouaicop-vov Xo ?? ?????? tcOv vTpcov tto otv i'oKio tou ????????? ?? pEar)ppt ?? Xr\ tt pooi tv KupTcov tto Xouoe ?? Kopp ???. 'H vTipopavTiKij aTtj oxar| p Ttj ????) eve ?? Kipa ??? ZikeXiovoO. Kai pco KavEiq TtoirycTJ ??? ?????? ??? v ??????? TtEpiooTEpti ????| OTTjv Ttor]ar| ??? -????? ???" ?? yvrjoio oripoTiK TpayoSi tto ki' aT v eTve tXou ????1????1?? Kai KavE v eTve tteiotiktepo ti maoE ttj ?Aa ??,? Kt' Skouoe tv ttaXp ttj. ???1?? ZikeAiov ?? ??????? aT ao Kai ttco ??? ?? exei ??????1 tj ????????-viKij ??? vapn,. "Av pco ????? air ?? KaXXiTExviK ???????????, psuvijaoops tic apxiK KaTaoXaEQ ttj ???????????????? too, tic pioKoupE too ????????? yvr-Ol, too ????????? picc oupicoor|c p ttj
(puoi), cote eve ???????? VTlKEipEVlK
OTrjpiypvo ????????? ttcb ait" ttjv ??????] Etapppori ??? xP ??? ???[?|??)?, Zike-Xiav TtapouaiEi ?? XiyTEpa ?1?????1??
??1????? Kai ttjv pTicbTEpn, teXecoot) ottj axoti ??? p rrj ????, aTt ??0 XXo TioLT)ttj. To pEyaXtEpo ppo ttj ???1???|? ??? ?????????), ?' Xo Tto eTve ??????-pvo ?1????? ??? ?????1??0 ?????????, Tve popavxiK ouvata9ppaTiK ottj oy^ar] ??? p ttj ????- KavEi ???????? v 9 e-yEXaoT ???? v TtapEi yi yvrjato ????-tik, va tpayoi ??? ?????????). 'Atto Ttjv ?????? aTtj ZikeXiovo eTve attEipco &????1??????r)Xaij, tei kovt ottj ????-
* *
???? ??? v ??1????? ti '??????'?-okicoto ???????? OTij AiuKTJ ?????.????? ??? ??!?????? ax a pi KaXXtxEXviKf| TtCa vo ttXoaiou xalc>pvou pxovr-??????? Ttj ???1?|???. Kai Txouv kti ??-Tota ?' pxovTTtouXa??^?^-' tou. ?????-? ?? Eita otv to. '????????? v ysX-oEi votxtOKapa XX v eTtce ???,?. "?-Tcoio 'xi vTiKpoEi ?? aaavioTtKo xao" tik ???????? Ttj pijpou, xrj oteyvt ?!?? ??? Kai ttjv KOupaoTiKT ??????????? ??? -????? paa ottjv ?????????, aKivtitr] Kai itp TtvTcov ppuBpti ??????, XeTCEi TtsvTa-?????? ti ot 'pyo ??? ZiKEXtavo v TcpxEi xi Ttapouaia, XX oute paKpuvr) vpvrian, Tfi prjpou."Eva ??????????? TtouiTT 9 7\zo.v vaTO v ptj TtEpiyp-??1 pi ??? vTTCcoaq. "Av itXt poa ottjv ????? ?????? otv appo ov ay ?????-9oKaprjXou ?? ??????? tco ??? eTxe ???????-pEi rj pTTEipia ??? ?????? ???, yLcV v etce-TaxTov ???' ???? ?? Xpooa Tpayoia ??? '??????'?????????tte ????? ????-pvripaTiapo ti ???????? ottj AiuKij ???-po XEl ???? oqpaaia, oti ki v Xe.yz : ???????,? ??? ?????1? ??? !
TiaT ZiKEXtavo v ekvi-ioe ????? v' ?????????1 ttj ???? Kai v ttjv ???????-Xeute KaXXiTExviK. Ti' aTv ????) Sv ij-Tav j OTaTiKT] ?????^ ??? tottou Kai v ??01????9?|? ????? yt tv iiaixEpo ????" KTfjpa Tv ????????? TOTticov. "Evico9e ttc yvvrj9r)ke poa ottj ???? ov va otoixeo ??? ki' ti ?????? paa ??? kti ???" Ttjv ?????) vaprj ???? tto ouvtaTiCfi ttj poipa ??? pai ??? :
Kai tuo ?????,
o v ??? dXcppcovE
LpXea vepoG ?????????????
if] 5vtpivr Koppoaraoi ???,
aver|KE ??1??,
?????? ??| cpuXXcoai ???"
?' 9???? ?? ?????? VEp
??1 ?? ?????? ?? ?^??,
Ka tata
ri ??6??|??| ??? Ttvco ???????, ov ?? ?????, ?? ??????)?? p ?? ????????????? ?????? KUTtapaoia !
('? aSuc Xyoc)


Ato ??1 Tj ???? 91
"laco TtapxEi pia oarj vapKiaaiopo, Eroi Tto p ttiKupavEi Tijv ???? ??? yi Trjv o9et| TtpoAEUofj ??? paa arc' ?? OTtX&yya ??)? ?????. 'AXX Evat ???????. va Kaivoopio tovo vTpKiou ???????-paapo. Tav Xet ircb vnoyvvnTO tv oij-kcooe yt va toO i tv ??????? Kepauv rj pava ??? fj tl aripta ??? Koppi ??? EavE oti yuvaKE Tto TtapaoTEKav oxx) yvva ??? Ttcb ?? Ttati tto fj-Tav,fJTav Tapvo aTaou-v Kai oTij ??????) :cX-??) I. '? Ttotr)Ttj vaoXE-Tai tv Ttpooptopvo ??? KXfjpo :
FlOTOTE lie, TCOTOTE (iE,
5v Tppco ycb t] ??????????? ??????],
"Av v Etp'io yic ttjc, v, CrjTco v p xaXaEL !
(O OKpo).
Kt av Evat X'.yo ????-?60?1? o otxoi aTO, ij EKva uco Tfj; pvvac Tto TpaaEt i' ?? ????-? ?? ito ??? Ttaito ???. -yXt vXt TTJ oicpavn itpoocoTTa y ta va ?? yvco-pioi, EXEi pa cuvapna- ||| OTiKij vpYEa. Sto lto Ttoqua Etvai oqpavTiKij
fj ??????????| TOO TtOlI)Tfj
Ttp ?? xcoptTt]
tco cbo yuvaKa aveccaE tt]V ??????] ??? ??]?? ??? ?? ???-
cm ?:
yi Ttjv XiKrnta Tijv Taov vTipopavTiKrjtto' oirpaEEi TT) oxOT] p ttj ????| ??? vSpuTtou tto e ("vai via it a vT a vco-pvoi pai tT).
ETve Tcapacrptiuvo Kt' rj ??????????? ocootij Ttco fj TtoirioTi ??? ZikeXi-avo, oo Ki v TcXaTaivEi rj aBaivEi pyTEpa, -KivEi rcvTa teo Ttjv XaTpEa ??? ??????. ???? 01????? pco tjxe tj Xr aTij ??? ????? to ZikeXiovoO Kai Ttao 01????? ???? Ka?r) (upijaou oQpa...). To opa otv Ka?r) eTve ???? Tto ????????1 xv rjooviap tv aioGrjoEcov Kai tv ???????-paTEl o ijoviKrj pvijur). Zt ZiKsXiavv pco ?? apa ve uAoTtoiqpEvri ???? Kai j cori v Tv vorTij gCco ait' xrj G>or\. 'H ???? ??????? v eTve tcoootikij Xr\- ? ou" Xqaij ir\q, eTve t TtvEpa ??? Kai v 6-TXapXEl TTVEpoc Cexcopo Tt' T1V ???)- "?
* ??????????? : ???? "EXXiyvE AupiKO.
M-ftEpCoviKoc; iTaXtapoc ??? ZiKEAiavo eTve poviariKO. Zpa, ??? ZiKEXiav, eTve rj TcXaoTiKtj ???????) to tou ?????????? tto pitopopE v ?????? coij Kai ????). 'AXX paa ??? aupa vuTcapXEi- EXCo-piOTO Kai ?? TtvEpa.
???? EXiKpivti eTv avoeapc ??? p Tij ????Kai Ttao pyaviKO ??^???1 ???????????? ano ????? : Eia tv I Io:r)ttj pa tj ?6-or| v eve pia Evvoia rj pia ia, v eve tcot-Xsapa vaycoyfj o pi ????????????. Ev pi aio9f]TTJ Kai xePomo:o"t,1l TtpaypaTtKTtiTa : eve rj iKrj xou XXaiKtj ???? Tto paa Tti cxvoie ?? ???? ??? Kai TtijpE ouve-????to auTo ??? :
???? AeukocStlko, ???????? copot.
TiTOcvLcc Copri too KoppLoG ???, ToG lSlou pou to ???1??]???
puaXoG! (Ta xwp.c 'O ZiKEXtavo oTij VE-????? ??? Evat ?????? X-Xaoxappt); TtotrjTijc;. 'f I ypeo ??? ???? ve ???)-povopi to apaTc ???. 'H aopiKij ??? "EXXr|vo.-XaTpEa, ?? 9EXqpvo ??? icopa paa otv pxao ?????, tco ???? ????|?? ETcipaar) ??? kototiiv ???? ???, ToXpc v ?? ???, yiaTi Toi ?? Xettco, Evat ETEpo Ttapycov. Kai EUTEpEcov. 'AXX 9 fj-?1 tve vatpiKc;, v v Ili ???????? ????) arc tv TtpuTO :
?? ???????,
tco p ??????????? ???' Ti1] apca i ??? ???? Tcvorj ,
??????? SIKEAIANOS
(??????????? to 1915)
'H aupicoarj ??? p ttj ????) Tij xXcopia, Tijv Tcavia Kai Ttjv vpyavr], p ??-pico p ?? ???1?? (paivpEvotv tiAout-ei p Tij AETtToppsiaKij ??????^???? Kai p Tijv TcpavTq yvebon tco Ttpopii9Eouv ?? vECvTAnTO XtK tuv elkvcov ???. M -oco tj ??????^ pou v Evat ocootij. O &-TTEtpE kvc; no TtoTEXov ?? pEyaX-TEpo ppo Tfj ZiKEXiavtKfj Ttoir)oqc;, v Evai ttX iaKoapqTiKc TtapopoicoaEi, ??????? ?1?????1??? iiiicoi;qc;. 'O Zik-Xiavo GappEc; Kai pitopEi v ????????! p o Kccv v ??????1 ttap pvo vpE-aa atto covtav, ?????????? ekvec. Zu-Xv 9TEt ???! yi v ?? pEi c9 paco.


92
At ??1 f) ????|
Auto Eyai pia KaOapij AsiTOUpya ??? vo-Kai pco 6 p-rtope va ?? Kve XXoi, napa p ekove :
Mr]5 tco piaKEi 6 voOq pou yvjjr] auyKpiTr] ??? pT oacpvctiuXXo, r)TOvToc ?? av ?? SapXi
tco, pa KOouv STcXa ??? ?? cpXXa ??^? poupt,
oexvel tv tcGo ??? Xo ??? pouKvr]apa,
XX
av ?? vep p ??? ?????????, ????? tjouxa KXeiapvo,
TElXIOpvO X90UVE OTEpE, yi TO OTEpV OKOTt,
TpaaEi v TCOEL otv ????? toG pXou, yi v' XOEi viwiTiipio Tv ?????...
'('???????).
"OAo aT anpaivei : Bv Eipai ?1??????? ko paTaiooo, p ??????? v Eipai TaitEiv Ki* Ttipova awoTEEapaTiKc. Kal yi v e-Tcco9f auto ??????????????? rj vn, ?? BapXi, ?? VEp ??? ?????????... 'AAA t ???? Kvouv "Opripo Kai liiv&apoc Tto yvcopiouv TTj popavxiKtj vaTvian Tfj ????? ;
'? ZiKEXiavoc Bv sTvai copaioTtaGij ('? riepiKXfj FiavvOTtouXoc, fJTav). Av ??-XvEi yi Tijv ?????????? ?????1? ,tl p-TtEi rj paTi v oupaivEi paa OTtj cotj Kai ???) cpari, eve ????, ???! eTve covxa-v, vapy. 'H ??????? rcpxEi OTrjv Kvn-or) Kai OTijv rcXfj Xrj9Eia Tijv Xrj9Eia Tto Bv xeL vyKT| v' Tto8aixte ri, v -' ap9iy yiaxi pKE Ttcb xai t eTBe v oup-BaivEi. Mia TToia Ttapaxrpr|ar) ??1 pia x-Toia $uaiKij Xrj9Eia pitopE v yivsi ap-oXo Kai v x^poEi TCEipn TtvEupaTiKtn-??, v XP6^0:0TE^ 'Alt' ttjv ????| pEpi p BiaTtoTEi p Tij Ccooyva Bpooi tco p ?????????1 is) Ttacptj p ?? ????? ????????. '? ZiKEXiavc ???????? ?? ????? ??! ?? ??-9nuEpiv pvo p ?? v p pTtoei paa OTf]V tpacpaip ???. T ????????) ? QaXE-piBo va ????? 9piapoc ??? ???.?? Kai Tfj ??????? ??????????, uco pov-Xa va vxi-EOxx ????????? v ?? ttetxei' va tto EXEi vaTtTOEi ioTiKrj axan, p Tij cjjari.
MEpiK ekove too xouv va ToXpnp pEaXiopKl' cb Tao yv yiaTi Evai -Xr)9iv. xPElc5tovTav KaTEaxa yi v Ti paBiaEi KavEi, otcco ?? ?????1? tco rj Xapa too pEaiipEpioO atrEi ??? pouBo-via ??? xi) ????? Kai ??????? ?? apa -vKaTO p xv 10?????- ) xrjv Tcpoaxtva ??? vxia ??? etoO tco i) ????? ??? ?????-va Ttcoc ?? yXa ??? TouXopi Tto ????-aCEi ???' ?? ouvo oaKOc fj ?? vairv-???? KEvo yXpo tco 01??????$ ????? ve-p, ???|??1 p9voixTo ?? axpa ??? ?????-xopoxia, f) av aTrj tco ?????????? yi v SeCco tc ??1?)??^? Kal ?? o x 9gcupEi xi ov va BiaKoapnjiK vTiKEpEvo, p
av va KoppTi Tfj Oar| p BiKtj xoo ouXr|OT| :
Zv ?? SapXia to ouvou
tco, cbq pupioTov oik Touq apa
TipooTCEpvcbvTa. -rt' Tv tito Tfc aipayfi,
cpvou poXv pouKvr)pa tppixT,
a poipoXi vriKouaTo,
Kai ??????? &co9e-ke9e,
p oKuppva ??????, a Xo ????,
Kai p apuoVE dvTioo ?????????
qTv v oKaouvE tv v9pcTco, ????? yEc...
f(T apa Tf)q cpuXf}q pou).
Zx poa Tfj cofj; ??? rioinTij Bv Elvai itela ??????^?? ito x^llllv'rPoOaE ij ????]????1???? ov ?? apaxo ????? apa Biaaive XXo ????? ?????????, '? Bio XEi Ttcb Bv Tti9upE TtEi v ??????1 T Xyo too Tcpc ?? 'iio ?? Koppi ???. 2?-y-aiy Tcapa&ivETai a' va puoTiKiap. Ti Ti)v cpij ??? ??????? ??? 6v ??????1 Xyoc ESO. 'AX.X Evai ?????? ???? Bv 'Tcpxsi Kappi oaiaoTiKij pjc;ri p tv itaXiTEpov aUT ???. Movo ito 9XEi v XaEt a9u-???) ouv8r|ari ??? ?????? ??? Kai ??? y-pc ??? ??????. O ekvec too Ttiyyouv TtvToTE uo ?? tcXooio Kai ayoupo ????-9????1?? ???' t)v iraXi oxear] ??? p ti) ????). Axij pco ]j oxean, yivETai pooTiKij' aopoXiKa axxuXlia tv vouv ov p-pauvEc atv ?^?? p pi ????\ tco ao Tti TtXaTaivEi v TtEpiXaEi paa ??)? xi pvov Xii Tijv v9pcoTCTT|Ta, p ??! to 9eo Xou. Kai tijv oxopa 6?????]??|. T X9 Kai ?? apio. "OXe o uvpEi va-yEvvrjTiK Kai KaxaXxpsc Tfj ?9????, ???-Xiouv poa ??? puoTiK vr|pa xfj ??-??|?-??]?. 'H ???????)??) ???? Ttpoito9TEi ?-???)??] Kai eTve ?? ypa tOv piaTcov :
T aupa pvo, tco ???3 ?? 9vaTO v yEL ???????, oXEt v ie Kai v3 VTlKpGEl ??] yr\v aTf] poa a ?????] ??] ????].
(3Attik).
"H puoTiKr, too TcopEa KoXou9E Ttjv pvr)v iEp B Ttpc ttjv 'EAEuatva itpa iTEi -rt Tijv ?????| pTCEipia tcov aia9rj-OEcov, otiv TtaTpia Kai tijv iriiyrj ??? oup-oXou. Atc popo, Eva popo Tfj ????? too :
. ?' f] ??????,
??3 vTKpuoa o pia ????] pic^copvr], 9povi poG cpvT] poLpapvo pou f]Tav ???3 to aiGvE. ?3 tcXeo ?? x^pioc, av ??9??, ??? yvaTa, c;sxvcvTaq v Kvr]oa Tf] pepa aTr] ] v ????? aivEq Tcaco ???? tv &io oppo...
(cp r05q),
'O v9pcoTto Tto yaivEi co ???' ?? ??-


AUTO ??1 f] ????]
93
voTravo arc' ?? xpvo, QapOsi OTLyprj tto 8 yei Ki' co ???' ?? ?0?0- '? ZiKEXiavo 8 TTopEUTE (j)ooc co air' ?? xP ???-TcbvTa ?????| 4"covTavij Tijv vpvriar) ttj, ??????? ??? cofj tto ote ttjv TTpOOOE, ote tv TtpSoaE. 'H ia tv X colonati v ??????) Ttavc ???' aurrj :
Ma t ???? ???, kl3 av fixavE f| siuxxa tco, ????? pu9po cb 0????|? xfq TcXarir;, aTrj, ????????10?? ???]?????? ?? pepa vc ??]? kXovei xppicr|, xx ????
??? ? ? ? ^) ? ? ? ^ ? ? ?????? Tqv pEyXriv vaTpixXa XavoixTr]...
(OeivTtcopo 1936).
'H TcvEupaTiKij Kai koaattexviki] itopEa too ZiKEiavo, etve aTij f| TiopEa ir tv 'EAAaiK, otv ????????? o.O ixpf-te KOTiAcooEi vo KaA.XiTxvn, tv e-Xvouv tloic etve tav piraivEi oTij ?????? Tfj Txvric- Ot OTEpv, ttoio ?????? v yivEi paa oTii cotj. 'H EXiKpivij axan -vpEaa ari So, EXyxEi Ti] yvriaiTT|Ta ??? pyou tou.
riannhz mhaiaahz
TAZIOY
'ymnosl 2.thn ttanafla,


H EAAHNIKH 4>YIH ITHN ???2? TOY IIKEAIANOY
Aiyo Kaip pET ?? 9vato too Ttoir]Tfj ?????? OTij Na 'EoTa : ???? yvcopoEi kccvs Ttjv TtXoata Kai TtoXxpcopr) on xfjc ????????, KataAaaivEt tcoX ????, ait ???? xsi Ttjv TtpcTr) ????|?? ??|?, ?????-Ttopvn ?????v p Trj yvcoptpt oXn oxe-ov ttj 'EXXnvtKfj ???????, fj Xupt*tj Ttept-????1????]?? too ZtKEXiavoO ki' tj pear] a't'a9r)or| ait' aTv to totcou, tv v8p6-Ttcv, tOv vTiKEtpvcov. Ft' aT Kai tv 8u-ptEt too ?' upao vnoi too 'Iovou, tco XatpETat ?? Xa01 Ttj EpcTtaKfi 9Aaa-aa ??????? ccKOupiTCapvo Ttvco ar TpaxEt ouva Ttj rJTtEtpcoTiKtj 'EAXaa. Zt "????????? a youv ??????? Kai 'EX-ASa Kat trt tcoX apyouv arrj AEUKaa. "EXAiiva Kt' EpcoTtao Ttotr|Ttj Zike-Aiav ?????????? ??? ???????? ????????, vo ?????, XAt ??????,?1?? cpipoc Kt' -XoKnpcopvo Ttointtj, TpayouSsi Ttjv cbpop-0ta Tfj TtaTpt&a. Kai ????????? : KV ???? Xa x^P' Kavva TOTttKtop, xuP'c Kappt KaKtj ?|9?????1?, xuPl OTvEpa Kavva. 'A-TtpacuTta, ysvtK, Soapva p ?? a8oc tQv aopoXcuv Kai Ttjv ?????? Kai Ttjv ?????????-pia tv pEyXcov tcivockcv. "Otcco yivETat TtvTa oto aXr|9tvo TtotriT, tco yp OTEpEcopvot ??? ?????? ???? ijtvouv ?? Koppt Ttpc tv TtXaT opav ??? ??????.* "Oaov Katpc TtEpv Kai tj vpvnon Tfj TtpoacoTttKfi yonTEa ??? ZtKEXiavoO XavETat oTtiv ??????? OKtaan to xpvou, fj vaCfJTnari Tfj auvasc to v9pTtou p ttjv 'EXX.nviKtj ???? TtoxcopE ?????? axtjv TtpooTt9Eia vatiTijoEco Ttj uovipOTEpti ouvSoEco ??? TtotriTtKo ??? pyou p ?? ?????? Xt'a. ATtj tiv varjTiiar) ?????-KEt ?? ptKp ????? ????????.
Zuavia, vopio, "EXXiiva Tcoir)xfj; co-????? p too c&pfj ovapr) tv tc9o to yi TTi a9sta yvcopipa Kai xv yva ??? yia tiv ?????^ p ?? ???-? Ttlc ?????!-&a, aov "AyysXoc ZtKEXiavc. "??? ?? TcotT)TtK to ???? TcaXXETat air' aTij Ttjv TpEppEvn m9upia Tfj ??????? p ttjv 'EX-Xr|vtKij yfj Kai a Ar| tiv fjpcoKij iadpoptj Ttj TtoujoEO tou, ????* ?? t;kvt|pa p tv ????????? ekevov '??????'???????, c
' BX. Na 'EoTa texo 577, oeXc, 941 tv TsppaTtap Tt) p ttjv ??????, itpooTt-9Eia v' :itXc9eI otv Ep x0P ??? ???-ycoia, o k69e atiyptj kotccoecc tou TtoitiTij 9 TttKaXEa9E Ttj oij9ia Tfj ytj tou :
Br|9a (iE, rfj ?? ????? Zou ??? [xto ??? axpayyiCa). Zv tv 'Avtatov ttv Xyiaa, Ka9coq ?????. a yy^co.
Ztv ??????? OTij Zcjij, ??? Ttotnpa ????? yvcopipi ??? p Ttj yf pou, rj ??-Xxpa to Tcomjfj yt ?? ?????? ?^^? ????1????1 p. pt vTaor| oxeSv aXXn,, aXX Kai rj ??????) ovot] pai tou p pi yaXijvta EatOTriTa :
Tf yfj pou, yt v a yvcopiaco pq ax OTtXxva pou 5v ????? ??96? aaiXiac; -tfiq yfjc; ??? NeEXou,
XX3 Xoc. tppovTa,
av ?? Xoyo tco, OKaovTac Xova p ?? tcSi tou,
t;c])vou voicooe ????? ???.0 ?? v6xi ???
?? KEcfiaXpt ??6???)?? ??3 vaTcria
??4] a9Eta ?!????????]??]
Ki' ??? tote ttou ?????? OKaXi^Ei
iaKorca vuirpovo,
yupEovTac; v ttie
Xl n TpEXOpEVO VEp Tto ?? eIe fXioq f Tto ypiaEV aXEUTo Ti*] yopva, XX1 ait kevo tio KaTaa9a xcpvo VOIC0EI Tt6 ????1 pvo ????, ??] iipa ???,
????????]?? a k9e ???????] aou
Xoc; TpEppEvo, pupiovTac, pcoTcvTaq,
OKaovTac,
ao, tco ?????? oicpavr] EyivEq yi pva ??????,
kl' pcoq aXXaCovTac ti^v ipt] ??1 ??? tcXotou aou
[?? aSoc
tccoc; opavc !
T Ttao ????????1?? ????? ???????} ??????? yt tv ZiKEXiav tj "EXXr|viKij ????) Kai Ttao 9r)KE p tijv Tto[i"|ofj ??? TtTvta pt] to ?????? pou, to iou ??? ??? ???1??|??? puaXo, to toi ttjv ????????1?? ?????6??1 Xo ?? ???? ???, tto oxeSv o ??:9? otxo tou ipiSLei ?? ??????? ??? aTij Tfj yfj, Kai tco t XapaKTipiEt pt a9UTaTa XXnvtKij ??-


95
cnoXccxpEicc ??? pia ?????????.?|??1?>)] a'io9noT| Tfjc; puaTiKfjc ????????; Tfjc. 'EAXriviKfjc; yfjc;, ?????1?<;, tco TcoinTTJc; ttjv ?????? ano ?? naiiK ??? xpvia kei ottjv uvxa vo-aTaXynpvr) piKpij naTpi5a, Tij ???????, co? ttjv ?????? ???? Tfjc; aiviac; vana-?????; ??? ??? X1^!-101 Trl? 'Attiktjc;.
riaiS axeSv ?????, a keivov tv ????-nAnKTiKv npoyyEXov Tfjq pEAXovTiKfjc; 6n-pioupyiac. ???, otov 'AAacppoiaKito i ?, 9 TpayourjOEt 5?<;???1?? xtj yfj Tfjc; ????????; :
Kal eItcoc, 5Xa yupco ????????? : Nriai
BaaiXEUTri ??? TtXao bt\a,
co pi^copvo
??? ???????? iaTripa
Kai ???? cOpr|pou ?? ???/?
Xouopvo,
BuGiapvo otv upvo !
???? 6Xo 5pu ottv ?????| aou,
oiEpxopSr] vBpa,
tco xviaav ??? aTcXxva ??? Tcvco
??????????? 9elo,
Kai ri ????) aou TppEi o ?????
pacc BpovTEi ????????;
pac^cvETac ri ??????
c^eotccxel pc. otv GeTov Xaicva
TpiKUplc^EL ?? ??????,
virai ???-
????] Gpocfni dir Tri Qpocpti ??? 6 8 Bpc,
???' Triv ipuxri ??? XXri cpuxri XXo Koppi ???' ?? Koppi ???.
Mvov ???? !?xei KavEc; yvcopiaEl Ttjv nXoaia ???????? ??? ????????;, Ttjv naA-A.pEvn ?????????[? ??? Tonioo zr\q, tOv KpoyiaXiuv ??<; ?? naixvi6iopa Kai ??? -Xaiva ???; ?? ???;, ????? ??? Aaicova, no ???? auxv noir|Trjc; pETaxEtpi^ETai ttjv aripvia ???????1? ??? yi v taxic-oei toc; orixouc; ???, puopEi v" vTiXr^9 nAijpcoc;, u noO exei ttjv ?????? nqytj ???, j XaTpEia npc; ttjv AXr|viKij ?????, no 6ianOTii^Ei Ttjv noirian ??? ZiKEAiavou. T AEi ????????? l'ioc;, ne; ?? ?????? noiri-tik ?????????? ??? ?? Svoicooe ??? 9pu-Xik Kpcoxfjpi xfjc; piKpfjc; ????1???; :
Ki' ???' ?? ???????, vTtTCEpa pac^i ki' vpia vBaivav ora yccXccv pEaopava, dvoiXTOcpTpouyoi; riauxa, 9ccXccaacc'c'To TcXavrjTEc;. 'EXoc^avE vEBocivovTac Tf] ????? ????, ??? ????????? ??? uvapou ??? ?????? ot KOCTaXTEq :
Kai oi copoi ??? xTUTtriaav. cQ.o ????????? v' ???????? ??? dypi ri vaTpixiXa, ?? ????? ??? ^yiocaE [3a8i ??? ???? yaXc^io pEoirppi.
Ztc; ??????[??; ??? 'Ioviou 9 ?? ???-
yourjoEi naXi ?? nXayoc;, no 4*6vei Ttjv ????[5?, 9 ?? nspiypdtcjjEi p rrj c^eoti Kai noXnEipT] ???1????1??????? ???, tco, ve auxv 5vei ?? ttT Kai ?? ouyKEKptpvo, ???? 5 yivETai ?????????!? ij ???????1?, XX nvTa 5ovTai n Xuptop kl' ano TpiKpiapa Xq9ivfjc; noiqTiKfjc; ???1?9??1??; Kai nvTa p Tfjt; ??????? nXooiag napo-poicaEcoc; ?? axXiopa, KaTaXtjyEi a ??-????1?? ni^fecKa :
?????? ?? MripuTov ?? &pu 9????? tco yaXavLc^Ei 5 p xvec ???? arri 9ccXaaaav, dadXsuTr] dna ?????. 2!Trj Xipvr] ????????????? av aaTcpoi dv9ol ki' 01
[yXdpoi.
M ?? c;ECSTpi KppETcci a 5u cfTEp koc'i TppEt pq ???) yaX^tav dBuaao, rtq TppouvE &o ????1? ypT'Ppva apcc Cuyi^ouvE pia ouXXoyf) Tcap8va...
Ki e'tcvee payidTLKoq Bopic ???'lvio xt^^ Ki'cpcc ?? ???? Eivai av ??????????, kis ppoq 5v xviCei, ko: Xayapc ki' daXEUToc; ypac. ??? Xaiva. Mr]5 KanvicjouvE o Xiq piv xvr] -rcpq tv fiXio. Kai Xc tco xu9r] ^ 9Xaaaa Tri vxto pc otv ??????? dn' ?? payiTiKo Bopid, Kai ????? -rciaco opxr], Triv ?????????? ?????????? dn' toq ??????; dTcdvco...
T pvr]pvo nXayot; 9 yivEi yt tv noiriTfj naXXpEvoc; pu9pc; c^cofjc; Kai ij yi-toviKtj "HnEipoc; 9 ??? xapaEi ttjv vTpi-Kta Kai Xixrj ??????? ttiq, coote t ??????-5t ??? v eTve nvxa ppoviK oo^uyiapvo :
.......'.......Kai ottv ???? ???
v 'vai puGpq oiyriTOC ??? 'Ioviou. ?????, ov ??????? ypac;, -rcXov yaXr]Vio Kai tcXov ??]?? ?? ???? ariKcvEi ri ??????9????01?, TcXvo Kai Boii ??????...
N ?????????? Xyiaaa p pia |3ouXriv vTpiKEia Kai Tfjc; 'H-rtEipou Toq yiaXoc; Kai ??? 'Ioviou toc;
[cjppouc,
fj ?? KOUTC ??? XpvovTac; ?????, ???'1? dycva, f] yaXiv KoXupTUOTric;, a riXiXouaTa Tac^i&ia...
"YaTEpa ??? ??????? noirnpa n tv ??????? OTt Zcorj ?? ???????, p 6X0 no aT m 5v eTve upvoc; yi Ttjv 6iai-???? ????[??, XX yt ttjv 'EXXSa X-?????, nXi 9 ???; t nE ne; ottj voaTaX-yqpvr| yfj Tfjc; ????????; npcoToyvcbptoE Tfj ???[? Tfjc; noirjOEcoc; :
BBaia,
a KdTtoiav ????] Tfjc; ????????
????? ?? xaXKia eve KaGpia,
TEXEicopva -rc ?? ???? av ay TCEpiOTEpiou
a ????????vcopLaa,
???????????, ????????????] 'A9r]vd !
Ztijv 'q&rj ??? BaXacoptTri, no, ???? pia ??^?????????, XtjBEia, vaXoyta ki' -ni5paar| ZiKEXiave;, ouvaia9r| a BBaia, nXriai^Ei ?????? npq xfj pTiTopiKtj pEyaXo-OTouia Kai npg Ttjv Knoia ekoXootixo-????1? ??? aXXou pEyXou ?????????), 9 ???????1 nXi xrjv ynr| ??? Kai ttjv ??-??]????1? ??? yi ?? vt]ai Tfjt; yEvvtjoEe; ???, pvVTac; tv Xr|opvr|TO Bpo Tfjc;
Na 'Eozia??????????? 1952


96
Maooupfjc;, tco xao ??1??? ???????, a 6Ar] ??? Ttj corj keivoc;, u Tij ??????? :
Kai va- 'Ai ??????., Apyavo, MoSpi, Kapu,
[2???1?????,
69e KaXuBi Kai xwPlo> Hetxi ko keAX,
6X01 TtiaTO toD Ayou 2ou KiviioavE ??????5???;
yi va /poOv Tfjc ?????. Zou tt vav vaToXii.
li, ????? pepa otOcooec, otri por] Touq t Npo,
ki3 eItcec : ???????, ???????) ???'???|^?? ??? ???????.
UEiXia 5 ??'???; poa Zou, 5 8 'xeiq Eyvoia f|
[?????...
M Tf]v Kapoi tco SoG 38???? B pSEic. v'yanac
TXoQ ottj ??????????? ?????51?, ax ttoaTcccapaTiK Ttoiripa, tco BBaia Xoy-pia^E v x irXcoEi TtoiriTijc; iroX Ttpcc ???' ??? ????????? v oapiccbaEi ie' ax oxoc; Aiyouq axixoug xou tco xXEicooE, 6e-XVEi TtoX TCOiTixiKxEpa, icap oxijv 'Q5ij ??? BaXacopixr) Tccbc; ETvai Xr)9ivq Aeu-Ka5tTTiq, GpEppvoq p Tijv ???[?,??| tou ???-teivoO.
"AvTpEq pTO ??' XTpia ???? KaXyvcopoi ?????^??? yuvaKEc tio 6u<;aivovTav p ?? Buccia otv tiXio, oXol OTaSfiKavE v iSouv tv c"io ??????????.. Kl3 oc, otkel vEpo ?? ????, yXlOTpEl ??
[???&???|?1,
??????. TiEpvVE oi yEpavoi -rcvco ???' ?? ??????? ki3 f) pyaTi ??? cpTpiaopa oi-ikcvel t KEtpXi ai xaiPExaEl T oiBa ????. p tiv ????) ttjv cpa, ouoia oi ?????1?&? OTd8r)Kav ki' dyvvTia oi
[^EUyoXTEQ,
v i&ouv ?? vi tco iBaivE ?????? ??3 Xoy ???... Kl coq xPua0TT0UXi TcTETai TcX'i ???? ??????? tv
[????,
Kai tcte ypcpsc ??? vp p ?? ????? aTEcpvia,
tcte ??" oa'TEovTaq tiv TCEXayioia ??????,
opoia TcEpvoGoE Tfiv TtXayi kl3 dcpvic^E tt ??????...
'AXX' av tj ??????? ?????|?? ij ???6??| Tcr)yrj picvEOEaiq ??? ZiKEXiavou, ki' ???? ?? Ttoa8iK xou xPvia xv okecoe too p Tijv ??????1? xrjq 'EXXriviKfiq ???????, ???? v xi}v atoSvETOu c^cvTav ko apsoa ko v xtjv ?????1????1 OTtjv Ttotr|aij tou 6xt -?????????, XX p XupiK ???????? -oovEtGtoTO, rj yvcoptpt tou Kai rj ov8Earj tou p aXXouq 'EXX.T)vtKoq TTCooq ???????-ve Ttj paria ???, tv irArioiao trpc pt KaSoXtKfi troSoxtj 6Xn,q Ttjq EXXr]viKjq cb-????1??, ??? ????????? v ?????????]??1 air' ?? Bouv, TOq ???????? ??1 ?' ?????????-atot xrjq "EXX6aq, 6,ti ????????????? ptcopEt v 8uoEi otv Tcotr|Tij TTCoq ???. ETxev ???????? ZiKEXiavq pia 5aipvia kov-ttjtoc v xaipETai ov uv9pcoTcoq ?????? Kai av TcoiriTTJc; uaxEpa, xfjv ?????1? xfjq ??-aecoq xou xtcou xou Kai v TtoXapBvEi xiq ??????????; xr|q ?????| ??! oxiq tuo Xi-Kq ??????; xcov, ki' exoi v 9r|aaupiCEi ito-Bpaxa vxuTccbaEcov, auyKivtjoEwv, ???????]-prjoecov, pitEiplaq, tco Kaxmv xvovxav
???1??????? or oxixo xou ki' yivovxav TTOiTTiKij EiKva rj ???1????^ rj Ttapopoico-or|, j BaupaoTij Tcapopotcoor|, tco ??????? ??????? ?????1 v otevc^ei kutoj tc t B-poq ??)? ?? ?????6?1 ???. '????;[???? o 8??| oxe6v tijv '??????, tijv TtpiriyTJ9riKE ao Xiyoi "EXXr)VEq TtoiriTq Kai pXioxa xrjv tce-pir|yrj9r|KE oxi ircoq aXXoi oivGpcoTioi xuv ypappxcov p vayKaaxiK -rcayyEXpaxiK Tat^tSia, XX' avExa, pxovxiK, 9Epa, pvo av Tcoir|Trjq, tco petokivetoi yupE-ovTaq Tijv cbpopcfji ??! Tijv ?????????). 'A-c^^ei, Ttpiv itpoxcopijaoupE Trpa ???' Tiq Pa-ipcoSiec; ??? 'loviou, v ??????????? ??? Xiyouq OTxouq ait x iroiripa AETtvoq, yi v ????1 ?????? ircbq fj^epe ZiKX.ia-vq v TuXiyEi p ?? payv5i xfjcj tcouJoecoc; Kai v ?^??????[^1 XupiK ??! ????????? ??! ?? ma XiK ????????? Tijq 'EXXr)viKfjq Ccorjq:
Sto Scopa, dirvco ??? Bouvv, ETOipoc eIv' EiTtvoq. ????? Eivai toG ????? ?? ???^ ov ?? ????? ?????
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M' Ev' aBrioTO x^ityEXo i??? 6q aaq, AeXcpoi! ?? ??????????; dvicpopoq, tco ??????? ??? ?????] Trq vxTac tco dvj3aiva ttv TpopEpr Koptpii, 5v ee, ???3 5te acpiaoE f] aXr| oaq, Txoia Viotti !
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