Title: Labor market trends : Key West.
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 Material Information
Title: Labor market trends : Key West.
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Florida Industrial Commission. Florida State Employmment Service.
Publication Date: March 1952
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089401
Volume ID: VID00004
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

Florida Industrial Commission


LABOR MARKET TR ND4

Florida State Employment Service


March 1952 KEY WEST Letter No. 11


T -LOYMENT
HITS

TIGHI







C i S'T'R ACTION
'iEl-.I S ALL
I,-,'I' hIS


"15,000,000




10,000,000




5,000,000




0


33 1 _
rF- (I$4
u'


A banner tourist season, added to Key West's huge building
program, pushed employment up to a new high mark in February.
Reports from 47 representative firms indicated an over-all
increase of 22 per cent since October, shared in some degree by
every major industry group in the area. The effects of tourism,
which has gro',,n steadily in importance since the completion of
the Overseas Highway, were reflected in a 45 per cent addition
to employment in service establishments and an 1.8 per cent
increase in wholesale and retail trade. Gains in manufacturing
were centered in firms processing sea foods and in plants
producing building materials.

The construction industry made dramatic gains during the past
four months as several large projects got well underway and
pay rolls more than doubled. Millions of dollars are being spent
to increase the local housing supply, improve streets and sea
walls, and expand the city's public utilities facilities. Work
started in 1951, which was Key West's biggest building year
measured in terms of building permits, will extend well into
1952 and provide continued employment for hundreds of skilled
and unskilled workers.


BUILDING VALUATION ShYROCKETS IN 1951


i15,000,000




10,000,000




5,000,000




0


1948 1949 1950 1951






-2-


WIDESPREAD
GAINS
MADE
DURING
YEAR







HEAVY
DEkIA iND
REDUCES
LABOR
SUPPLY




GRADUAL
EMPLOYMENT
DTLCL I'E
ANTICIPATED


Current employment exceeds that of February 1951 by about
36 per cent, largely as a result of expansion in the con-
struction industry which now employs more than h times as many
workers as a year ago. An accompanying growth in other
industries, generated by increased business activity and
additional tourist accommodations, raised employment levels
18 per cent in trade, 12 per cent in service establishments
and I per cent in transportation, communications and public
utilities. Government installations also showed a substantial
increase in the number of civilian workers. Manufacturing was
the only industry group to report a decline during the year.

Judging by the FSES active file of work registrations the local
labor supply has contracted about 24 per cent since October as
a consequence of higher employment levels. All occupational
groups decreased but the largest decline was among skilled and
unskilled workers, principally because of heavy demand in
construction trades. Labor demand is still running high in
restaurants and private households for waitresses, maids and
domestic workers.

Hiring will slow down after the February peak and by April
total employment should be off about 3 per cent from present
levels. Trade firms will suffer the heaviest percentage loss
followed by service, construction and manufacturing. By June
the summer tourist season will be starting and trade firms will
have a slight recovery, but service establishments will continue
to curtail. As the large building projects approach completion
employers will gradually lay off workers so that construction
employment will probably drop about 17 per cent by mid-summer.


March News Letter
Released by:

J. H. Knight, Jr., Manager
Florida State Employment Service
Key West, Florida




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