Title: Labor market trends : Key West.
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 Material Information
Title: Labor market trends : Key West.
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Florida Industrial Commission. Florida State Employmment Service.
Publication Date: May 1951
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089401
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

Florida Industrial Commission


LABOR MARKET 1

Florida State Employment Serv


May 1951


KEY WEST


EMPLOYMENT
DECLINE
MARKS
END OF
SEASON


CONSTRUCTION
DOWN
TEMPORARILY








FURTHER
CUT-BACKS
ANTICIPATED






SKILLED
WORKERS
NEEDED












$ 3 ;^4
r:,*I5" <* V1 If -'*


End-of-season cutbacks reduced employment in non-government report-
ing establishments 9.4 per cent below the February peak level by
mid-May. Losses were largely concentrated in the service industry
because of the closing of a resort hotel and layoffs in other hotels
and motels catering to the tourist trade. Continued brisk activity
in wholesale and retail trade kept employment relatively high with
only restaurants and food stores showing a seasonal decline. However,
a substantial increase in government payrolls, added to small gains
in transportation and food processing, almost cancelled out the
losses in all other industry groups.

Some indication of a slow down in building, caused by federal con-
trols and high costs, became apparent with the 12 per cent decline
in construction employment and the fact that building permits for
March and April were :37 per cent under the valuation for January
and February. Plans for the next few months, including a large iT.:.y
housing project, additions to military installations and extensive
street repairs, point to a marked pick-up which will absorb all
lbcal building tradesmen and probably will necessitate outside re-
cruitment of skilled workers. The currently tight housing market
will present a problem in such a recruitment since rental rates onthe
few available units are generally too high for the average worker.

Forecasts for the area indicate a continued decline in tourist-
related business, service and trade, and a decrease in manufacturing
employment which will be centered in food processing as a result of
smaller demand for shrimp during the summer months. The over-all
decline in non-government payrolls should approximate 8 per cent by
July, but will be counteracted by expansion in government in-
stallations. Navy personnel and dependents represent about 37 per
cent of Key West's population and contribute more than any other one
factor to the city's economy.

The local labor supply is adequate to meet any anticipated replace-
ment needs caused by turnover among clerical, sales, service and
unskilled workers, According to the active file of work registra-
tions at the FSES female clerical and sales persons represent the
largest part of the labor surplus which is smaller than it has been
in more than two years.. Job occupations in short supply and for
which recruitment is being conducted in other areas consist of
marine draftsman, combination welder, ship carpenter, joiner, pipe
coverer, radio, repairman and radio mechanic.


--











KEY WEST'S
ECONOMY
EXPANDING


Employment in 40 representative firms scored an aggregate gain
of 14.4 per cent during the past year, supporting other business
indicators which prove Key West's growth. Tourism is rapidly
becoming an important industry partially because of President
Truman's visits and partially because of the development of the
Overseas Highway as' one of the scenic wonders of the nation.
These factors added to government expansion, an active con-
construction program and the new shrimp industry have had marked
effects on the area's economy.


BUSINESS SHOWS PROGRESS DURING YEAR


Business Indicator. I April 1951 April 1950 % Change
Telephones in Service 5,127 ,379 /17.1
Residential Customers of Electricity 4,899 4,598 / 6.5
Commercial Customers of Electricity 816 767 / 64
Hotel Rooms 2,000 1,800 /11,1
Post Office Money Orders 12,574 12,006 / 4.7
Post Office Receipts $ 19,128 $ 16,963 /12.8
Post Office Deposits $1,592,145 $1,7l4,802 8.7
Building Permits $ 225,256 $ 136,500 /65.0


May News Letter
Released by:

J. H. Knight, Jr., Manager
Florida State Employment Service
Key West, Florida




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