For alumni, students, and friends of the University of Florida's
Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation
Vol. I, No. 1
Patricia A. Werner, Chair
Welcome to the first
edition of WEC News!
Inspired by the ideas
and suggestions of alumni and
current students, WEC News will
provide a medium for better
communication between WEC's
alumni, students, and friends.
Many changes have occurred
since 1994, when the Department
of Wildlife and Range Sciences
became an independent unit
within IFAS, separate from the
School of Forest Resources and
Conservation (SFRC). After much
discussion and strategic planning,
the Department changed its name
to "Wildlife Ecology and
Conservation" to better reflect its
goals, academic programs, and
Student numbers, both
graduate and undergraduate,
greatly increased. Undergraduate
curriculum was revised, with the
major in Wildlife Ecology and
Conservation now offering four
Resources, Wildlife Conservation,
Preprofessional (Pre-vet), and
Biology Education. New faculty
members came on board, some of
whom you will meet in this and
future newsletters. A new Student
Services office was designed and
built to better serve WEC's
Additional laboratory space
was acquired outside Newins-
Ziegler Hall for WEC's faculty,
staff, and graduate students. A
new phone system with voice mail
was installed for all WEC faculty
and staff. WEC computers were
updated and networked, and
e-mail became available to WEC
faculty and staff.
Effective Summer 1996,
programs offer a Bachelor
of Science (BS) degree, Doctoral
(PhD) and Master's (MS) degrees,
and a new non-thesis Master of
Science (MS) degree that replaces
the Master of Forest Resources
and Conservation (MFRC).
Now that WEC's transition is
complete, we have the opportunity
to focus more clearly on wildlife
ecology and conservation as
academic disciplines and
professions. We hope that WEC
News, scheduled to come out in
June, October, and February of
each year, will help achieve this
Currently, we are looking
for articles, photographs,
and blurbs from alumni to
include in the Oct. '96 issue.
Submissions must be received by
Janna Underhill by Aug. 15; late
submissions will be included in
the Spring edition. Essential to the
success of a newsletter such as
this is the participation of its
readers: the alumni, students, and
friends of WEC. We've received
several contributions already from
WEC alumni and students, and
some are included in this issue.
Many thanks to the contributors.
We hope you will enjoy WEC
News, and we look forward to
hearing from you.
Alumni Letters.............................. p. 2
Endangered Species Update......... p. 2
Faculty Spotlight .......................... p. 3
Jane Goodall................................. p. 4
Surfin' the W eb ............................ p. 5
Student Information...................... p. 5
International Items........................ p. 6
Local Notes................................... p. 6
Crested Caracaras......................... p. 7
SNAC .......................................... p. 8
W s Alumni Letters
Friday, 16 Feb. 1996
Hi y'all in gatorland. We're enjoying one of the last snows of winter here in
Volume I, Number 1 Cincinnati.
Summer 1996 Want to send a special hello to the class of 1980, and hope everyone is doing well.
I've been very happy in the environmental consulting business for 15 years now
Department of Wildlife and have visited some of the most wonderful waste sites on the planet. I'm
Ecology and Conservation: currently in a lull with the Federal Budget Crisis since the funds for the Innovative
Dr. Patricia A. Werner, Chair Technology Contract for EPA are tied up in the "controversial" portions of the
Editor: Janna L. Underhill budget debate, hope you all are not suffering a similar condition. My free time has
Layout, Design, and sent me back to school at Xavier University to work on an MBA, thanks to my
Production: Janna L. Underhill lovely wife Dottie, who is a professor of Biology there, and I'm spending more time
with our almost 2-year old Willie who is the joy of our lives.
WEC News is published tri-annually by
the Department of Wildlife Ecology and I've also begun a push into the alternative pulp fiber arena by initiating negotiations
Conservation, College of Agriculture, with Inland Container Corp. to consider using Kenaf grown by the local farmers as
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences a partial replacement for recycled container board. Hemp was almost used last
UNIVERSITY OF year, but the governor's initiative in the Kentucky legislature to legalize industrial
FLORIDA hemp was sent to the waste cans before it got to the floor. Any of you that have
expertise in the use of alternative fibers or are connected with a paper production
Send comments and letters to: group interested in alternative pulp fiber sources, please drop me a line at 5946
Editor, WEC News Belmont Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45224, call my voice mail at (513) 881-0860, or
Dept. of Wildlife Ecology & Conservation catch me on the internet at ENGLEONE@aol.com.
303 Newins-Ziegler Hall, PO 110430
University of Florida If you are in Cincinnati, please give me a call at my office (I currently still have
Gainesville, FL 32611-0430
(352) 846-0633 one) at PRC Environmental Management, Inc. (513) 241-0149. Best wishes to all
Fax: (352) 392-6984 Gator Alumni out there. Take care.
Scott Engle, Wildlife Management 1980
Endangered Species Act Update
Excerpted from Wildlife Law News Quarterly, Vol. III, Issue 3, Fall 1995
The US Fish and Wildlife Service if proposing to exempt small landowners, low-impact activities and habitat conservation plans
from the Endangered Species Act 60 Fed. Reg. 37419 (July 20, 1995). A pet project of Secretary of Interior Bruce Babbitt, this
regulatory change was proposed to help alleviate antagonism toward the Act and [to alter] the perception that the take provision of
the Act is inflexible and too restrictive to private landowners. Under the proposal, incidental take of threatened species would be
legal for owners of residential property of five acres or less, low-impact activities (commercial or non-commercial) resulting in
disturbance of a total of five acres of less, and other activities that have a negligible impact on the species. This last category could
include low impact activities on more than five acres but would be determined on a case-by-case basis. In addition, regional, state
and local habitat conservation plans like California's Natural Community Conservation Planning Program would be exempt from
the Act's taking prohibition.
Published by the Center for Wildlife Law, Institute of Public Law, University of New Mexico School of Law. Reprinted by
permission. Special thanks to Mimi Wolok, Editor and Attorney, WEC Class of 1987.
Send comments or letters to: Editor, Wildlife Law News Quarterly
Institute of Public Law
1117 Stanford NE
Albuquerque, NM 87131-1446
Dr. Deborah L. Miller, WEC Assistant Professor at
West Florida Research and Education Center
University of Florida Milton campus
Dr. Deborah Miller, Assistant
Professor in WEC, received her MS
degree in Rangeland Ecology and
Management in 1987 and her PhD in
Coastal Marsh Ecology in 1993, both
from Texas A&M University.
After two years as an Ecologist with
West Florida University, she taught as a
visiting Assistant Professor at Texas
A&M University, lecturing and
coordinating labs for several courses
including basic ecology, rangeland
ecology, and range management.
Miller came on board as WEC
faculty in June, 1995, to support the new
UF/IFAS off-campus program in
Natural Resource Conservation. Located
on the Pensacola Junior College (PJC)
campus in Milton, Florida, the program
offers students the opportunity to
receive a Bachelor of Science in Forest
Resources and Conservation (BSFRC)
degree in Natural Resource
Conservation from the University of
Florida's College of Agriculture.
Under the guidance of Dr. Larry
Connor, Dean for Academic Programs
for the College of
between the University / '
of West Florida,
College, and IFAS ,
students to take the
majority of upper
division courses at
UF's Milton campus, .
taught primarily by UF
completion of required
courses, a BSFRC a
degree in Natural
(NRC) is conferred by UF.
Dr. Peter Linehan, with the School
of Forest Resources and Conservation
(SFRC), also teaches at PJC in support
of this program.
The program shares two buildings
with PJC, and these house classrooms,
two fully-equipped laboratories, offices,
and a computer lab with GIS equipment.
As part of the program, Miller
teaches Wetland Wildlife Resources,
Terrestrial Wildlife Resources, Natural
Resource Sampling, Wildlife Ecology
and Management, sections of Individual
Problems in Wildlife, and co-teaches a
course in Geographic Information
Systems with Linehan. Courses are
offered during the day and in the
evening, by demand. Other required
courses include: Forest Economics,
Integrated Natural Resource
Management, and Natural Resource
Policy (taught by Linehan); Dendrology
and Remote Sensing (taught at PJC);
and General Ecology and Soil Science
(taught by University of West Florida
faculty). Both Miller and Linehan
Begun in January, 1995, the
program currently boasts 9 matriculating
students, another 6-7 preparing for the
program by taking prerequisites, and 2-3
non-degree-seeking students taking
various classes. Miller anticipates that
10 more students will apply to the
program in the near future. She is also
working to establish a WEC minor for
the NRC students in the program,
computer networking to provide
students with e-mail, and Milton student
involvement in WEC/SFRC student
In addition to her teaching load,
Miller also conducts research. One
recent grant has her working at Eglin
Air Force Base with UF's Department
of Environmental Horticulture on dune
restoration. In the aftermath of two
hurricanes, Miller is looking at different
techniques for dune restoration,
including dune building and dune
During the last two hurricanes that
blasted the panhandle, Miller's home in
Navarre, Florida, was situated right in
the middle of the big red "X" that marks
the areas in Florida facing the greatest
possibility of hurricane destruction.
Amazingly, both times the house
Despite her busy schedule, Miller
finds time to enjoy her family, which
includes her husband, two children, and
The hardest part of her job,
according to Miller, is driving back and
forth constantly between Milton and
Gainesville, a five and a half hour trip.
Here at the WEC home office, we're
happy she makes the sacrifice, and
we're even happier to have her on our
Jane Goodall Visits UF
Dr. Jane Goodall, renowned expert on chimpanzee behavior and conservation, spoke
at the University of Florida on Wednesday, April 17, 1996.
Organized by the Department of
Wildlife Ecology and Conservation,
Goodall's lecture was held at UF's
Center for the Performing Arts, and was
free and open to the public. The lecture
was attended by close to 2000 people,
and many who came late were turned
away when the Center filled to capacity.
Goodall spoke about growing up in
England in a time when little girls didn't
become field researchers. As a child, her
mother once caught her playing with
earthworms in her bed. Instead of
scolding her for getting the bed dirty, her
mother told her that the worms would die
if she did not return them to the yard.
It was this strong support from her
mother that allowed Goodall to freely
develop her interests in science, and
later, when Goodall had the opportunity
as a young woman to travel to Africa
and conduct field research with
anthropologist Dr. Louis Leakey, it was
her mother who volunteered to act as
chaperone so that she could go.
Dr. Goodall's lecture included slides
of many of the chimpanzee family groups
in Tanzania that Goodall has studied for
over 30 years. She accompanied each
slide with names, histories, and family
connections, as well as anecdotes about
individual chimpanzee behaviors and
Later in the lecture, the subject
turned to habitat destruction in Africa
and the plight of orphan chimps.
Hunting, land degradation, and black
market sales all threaten the survival of
chimpanzee populations in Tanzania.
Because of these problems, Goodall
founded the Jane Goodall Institute for
Wildlife Research, Education, and
Conservation (JGI) in 1977 to aid in the
conservation of chimps, to involve local
peoples in their management, and to
educate the public about wildlife and
wildlife issues in general.
One of the Institute's more recent
programs, "Roots & Shoots," is designed
to educate school children about wildlife
and conservation issues and to instill an
After the lecture, Goodall spent the
better part of two hours signing books,
posters, T-shirts, and magazines. Despite
her demanding day, Goodall greeted each
person individually and smiled
patiently when children held up the line
asking questions. It was not only children
who were captivated by her presence;
even UF's Vice Provost, Dr. Gene
Hemp (above photo, left), stood
patiently in line for an autograph.
It was evident that signing books and
meeting individuals was something that
Dr. Goodall very much enjoyed.
Later at the Center, Dr. Hemp and
Dr. James Davidson, Vice President for
Agriculture/Natural Resources (photo,
right), hosted a reception honoring Goodall.
Before her departure the next
morning, Goodall held a graduate student
forum to answer questions from UF
graduate students, many of whose
research involves primates, vertebrate
ecology, tropical conservation, or habitat
conservation. Graduate students from
sponsoring units such as WEC, the
Florida Museum of Natural History,
Center for African Studies, Psychology,
Anthropology, Zoology, and several
other Departments attended.
Goodall's visit was a great success,
attracting students, faculty, and
administrators from across the entire
campus as well as members of the
Gainesville and surrounding
communities. The Department of
Wildlife Ecology and Conservation is
proud to have been a part of bringing
such a notable and broad-reaching
speaker to the University of Florida.
Anyone interested in finding out
more about JGI programs or in becoming
a member should write to: JGI-USA, Box
599, Ridgefield, CT 06877.
WEC Leaps into the 21st Century
| Wildlife Ecolo
File Edit View Go
I r-.-i -m n- r
gy and Conservation at the Univ...
Faculty and Staff
WEC's 20th Century History
WEC Undergraduate Majors Enrolled
S E 0
1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
Spring Semester Only
WEC Graduate Degrees Conferred
Projected for the Decade
1950's 1960's 1970's
Yes, even wildlife biologists can surf.
Check out WEC's new homepage on the World Wide Web.
There you can find information about our academic programs
and see our new Undergraduate Handbook and current
Graduate Handbook (under construction). You can also read
about our research, pull up a current list of our faculty, and
link to other related sites, both here at UF and nationally. Keep
on the lookout for changes, as we are constantly updating our
information. Soon, you'll be able to find individual faculty
homepages; the most current editions of WEC's Handbooks;
each issue of WEC News in its entirety on screen; and much
more. From the WEC web page, you can e-mail comments or
suggestions to our "Webmaster" (AKA, Joseph Gasper) at
Also, you may want to check out the Wildlife Cooperative
Extension Services website, maintained by acting Extension
Secretary and current WEC MS student Geoffrey Gowan, at
http://gnv.ifas.ufl.edu/~wildlifeweb/mdex.htm. You can link to
this site and to UF's website through WEC's homepage.
WECs spring graduates were honored at the 1996 joint SFRC/WEC Graduation Celebration
Wildlife Ecology & Conservation
PhD: Lisa C. Naughton-Treves, Justina C. Ray; MS: John J. Arana, Martin C. Funes, Mary A. Reed; BSFRC (old curriculum): William J.
Barichivich, Michael S. Cherkiss, John F. Costello, David S. Eiselman, Felipe Feldmar, Cory R. Morea, Melissa L. Peagler, Jennifer H. Pyecha
Mark A. Romagosa, Leonard Santisteban, William C. Saporito, Audra A. Serrian; BS (new curriculum): Christopher T. Altweis, Stefanie K.
Barrett, Maria B. Bengtson, Norberto J. Fernandez, Susan R. Geisler, Keri A. Van Wormer
Natural Resource Conservation
BSFRC: Michael T. Randall
Janet Haslerig, PhD student (Advisor: Dr. Larry Harris), is
headed for Tanzania this summer to conduct research on
developing sustainable agriculture through community-based
management of natural resources. Haslerig is also President of
the UF chapter of MANRRS (Minorities in Agriculture,
Natural Resources and Related Sciences), selected in March as
Outstanding Chapter for the southeast region and National
Chapter of the Year.
Dr. Lyn Branch just returned from Argentina, where her
collaborative research with scientists from the National
University of La Pampa on the plains vizcacha and its impact
on scrub ecosystems is ongoing. Branch usesGIS technology
and radio-telemetry to examine vizcacha dispersal and
Susan Walker, PhD candidate (Advisor: Dr. Lyn Branch),
has received grants from the following organizations in support
of her research on mountain vizcachas in Argentina this year:
the American Society ofMammalogists, Lincoln Park Zoo
Scott Neotropic Fund, and Sigma Xi's Simons-Monroe Fund.
Andres Novaro, PhD candidate (Advisor: Dr. Lyn Branch),
will also be in Argentina this summer conducting research on
Argentine foxes. Novaro is a recipient of the Marjorie McNeil
Memorial Scholarship, the Compton Foundation Tropical
Conservation Scholarship, and the Tropical Conservation and
Development (TCD) Graduate Fellowship.
Dr. Katie Sieving and one of her MS students, Heather
McPherson, recently returned from Chile. Their research
focuses on the impact of forest fragmentation and use of travel
corridors by endemic, south-temperate rainforest birds.
McPherson was a recipient this Spring of the William & Elyse
Dr. Richard Bodmer is in Peru for the summer, conducting
research on the ecology and management of game animals in
the forests of Loreto. Study subjects include the lowland tapir,
peccaries, deer, primates, rodents and carnivores. Dr. Bodmer
will be featured in "Faculty Spotlight" in the October issue of
Robert Godshalk, PhD candidate (Advisor: Dr. Wayne
King), is going back to Bolivia this summer to continue his
work on caiman conservation. Godshalk was the recipient this
Spring of the Wildlife Graduate Student Association (WGSA)
Award for Outstanding Service by aPhD student.
Ligia Rocha, MS student (Advisor: Dr. Susan Jacobson), will
be in Brazil this summer conducting research. Rocha was a
recipient this Spring of the Compton Foundation Tropical
Dr. Susan Jacobson was in Belize this May with some
students from her graduate Environmental Interpretation course
comparing environmental interpretation in various parks and
refuges in Belize with that of the United States. Mallory
McDuff, PhD student (Advisor: Dr. Susan Jacobson) and Geof
Gowan, MS student (Advisor: Dr. Joe Schaefer) accompanied
Jacobson. McDuff was a recipient of the William & Elyse
Jennings Scholarship this Spring.
Rafael Hoogesteijn, MS student (Advisor: Dr. Mel
Sunquist), is returning to Venezuela this summer to finish up
his research on the effects ofpredation of large cats (jaguar,
puma, etc.) on cattle ranching in the Llanos. Hoogesteijn was a
recipient this Spring of the Compton Foundation Tropical
Conservation Scholarship. Sunquist will also be traveling to
Venezuela this summer.
Scott Berish, MS student (Advisor: Dr. George Tanner),
studies the efficacy ofHexazinone as an aid to the restoration
of Longleaf Pine sandhills at Eglin Air Force Base. Berish was
the recipient this Spring of the WGSA Award for Outstanding
Service by an MS student.
Christy Steible, PhD student (Advisor: Dr. Ron Labisky), is
studying the interactions of white-tailed deer populations with
the Florida panther. She is developing a home range estimator
with statistical information based on field research and on
longitudinal population data gathered byLabisky over the past
ten years. Steible was a recipient of the William & Elyse
Jennings Scholarship this Spring.
Craig Allen, PhD candidate (Advisor: Dr. Wiley Kitchens), is
investigating the relationship between ecological processes,
landscape structure, and biological invasions and extinctions
using GIS technology. Allen was the Spring recipient of the
WGSA Award for Outstanding Research by aPhD student.
Gary Williams, MS student (Advisor: Dr. Peter Frederick),
studies the relation between mercury, growth, and food intake
of great egret chicks in the Florida Everglades. Williams was
the recipient this Spring of the WGSA Award for Outstanding
Research by an MS student.
Dr. Jim Sanderson, visiting professor in WEC, is helping to
create a computer model that can be used to predict how
wildlife in the Florida Everglades might react to change. Called
ATLSS (Across-Trophic-Level System Simulation), the model
will be used by researchers to predict the effects of various
restoration plans on the hydrology of the Everglades.
Crested Caracaras a Conservation Success Story
The Crested Caracara Project is under the direction of
Joan Morrison, a PhD candidate working with Dr. Stephen
Humphrey in the Department of Wildlife Ecology and
Conservation. A cooperative effort between ranchers and
scientists, the project focuses on understanding the biology of
the Caracara and documenting land management practices that
are compatible with its survival. Morrison and the ranchers
have forged a unique bond of trust, working together to
increase awareness of the Caracara among Floridians and to
discuss how ranches can maintain
sustainable, economically viable activities
while also conserving native habitat and
Crested Caracaras are raptors and
scavengers, hunting for small mammals,
reptiles, amphibians, and insects as well "
as carrion. Adults have a four-foot wing
span, with black feathers on the top of
their heads, bluish-white bills, and bright '
orange faces and legs. Juveniles are yellow
and black, patterned to provide camouflage
to protect them from predators such as
raccoons, crows, and other raptors.
Crested Caracaras reach the northern :!
limit of their distribution in the southern
US. Populations occur in southeastern
Texas, southwestern Arizona, and south-central Florida.
Florida's population has been isolated since the last ice age.
Caracaras also occur in suitable habitat in Mexico, Cuba, and
throughout Central and South America. They prefer open,
short grassland habitats with scattered trees for nesting. In
Florida, they nest primarily in palm trees and are found almost
exclusively on cattle ranches.
Using ground observation, banding, and radio telemetry
with weekly aerial surveys, Morrison is able to keep track of
individual adult Caracaras and their movements, as well as
monitor habitat selection, feeding ecology, and nesting
success in the population as a whole. As of this year, 227
Caracaras have been banded and 61 radio-collared.
Breeding pairs of Caracaras are territorial, and juveniles
are only allowed to stick around for, at most, ten months. At
that time, juveniles become nomadic, and often band together
in large groups until such time as they claim their own
territory and are able to breed, probably at age three or four.
Caracaras are primarily threatened
by habitat loss, especially the conversion
of cattle pasture into urban landscapes.
Young Caracaras are also at risk of being
Ihit by cars as they scavenge along the
However, nesting success has been
fairly high, with only 4 out of 62 nests
: failing in 1996. Breeding season runs
from September to early June, although
most Caracaras lay eggs in January or
February. Early nesters may even go on
Sto produce another brood in the same
year, although this is not common.
Crucial to the success of this project,
most local ranchers allow Morrison and
her assistants access to their property, and
report Caracara sightings back to project scientists. Because
of this cooperation and trust, and because minimal
management of cattle pastures (such as preservation of nesting
trees) is needed to sustain Caracara populations, the
Caracara's future looks a little brighter.
The Crested Caracara Project represents just one success
story where landowners and scientists are working together to
conserve one of Florida's rare, indigenous species for future
generations to enjoy.
WEC Alumni and Friends:
Please send this form to: WEC Alumni Projects, PO 110430, Gainesville, FL 32611-0430
Use this form to notify us if your address changes, to help us find alumni who are not receiving WEC News, to provide
ideas or articles for future editions of WEC News, and to contribute to WEC's programs.
What would you like to see in WEC News?
(attach letters, articles, news stories, etc.)
Yes, I would like to contribute to WEC's programs. Enclosed is a tax-deductible gift of $ made out to "UF
Foundation/SHARE": please specify that your gift is for the Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation. If you
wish, you may also indicate how you would like your gift to be used (e.g., Student Field Experiences, WEC Alumni
Projects, Scholarships, Unrestricted). Thank you for your generosity.
@gO Society for Nature and Conservation 8
The Society for Nature and Conservation (SNAC) was
formed in 1993 by Natural Resource Conservation majors from
both WEC and the SFRC with the assistance of original faculty
advisor Dr. Katherine Ewel (SFRC).
The Society seeks to promote an understanding of, and
respect for, all aspects of nature. Members believe that natural
resources and environment should be conserved for future
generations. In particular, SNAC works with other active
conservation groups within Florida by inviting them to outline
their goals and needs and participating in their activities. The
Society also establishes its own conservation activities, such as
promoting recycling on the UF campus and organizing field
days both for enjoyment and experience. A hallmark of the
Society has been to establish a debating forum, where speakers
of opposing views on environmental issues can have a fair
platform and audience participation is encouraged.
Currently, SNAC boasts a membership of around 40-50,
including majors in Wildlife Ecology and Conservation,
Forestry, Natural Resource Conservation, Zoology,
Environmental Engineering, Fisheries, and even Business.
SNAC is open to both undergraduates and graduates.
Faculty advisor since 1994, Dr. David Wigston (Botany
Department) brings a global perspective to SNAC. Newly
elected president for 1996-97, Joni Williams is a WEC major
with a 4.00 GPA. She plans to attend graduate school and work
Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation
303 Newins-Ziegler Hall
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611-0430
with mammalian predators. Vice-presidentYael Teutsch-
Marcus is a Natural Resource Conservation major with the
SFRC. She wants to work with indigenous peoples in Africa to
help them become more economically independent. Secretary
Dixie Owens is a WEC major who plans to attend graduate
school. Treasurer Galia Ely, also a WEC major, is spending
this summer working with the Student Conservation
Association in Alaska.
SNAC's short term goals include design and production of
a logo and brochure, continued corroboration with other
organizations such as the UF Student Chapter of The Wildlife
Society and the Environmental Action Group, and further
promotion of Project WILD (all SNAC officers are certified
Project WILD instructors).
Long-term goals include completion of various service
projects (community and professional), networking with other
schools and professionals in conservation fields, hosting and
traveling to conferences involving conservation issues, and
eventually becoming a national organization.
Interested parties are welcome to attend SNAC meetings,
held every other week on Thursday evenings at 7 p.m. in 222
Newins-Ziegler Hall. For information about arranging to guest
lecture at a SNAC meeting or starting a SNAC chapter at
another institution, write to: President, SNAC, 118 Newins-
Ziegler Hall, UF, Gainesville, FL 32611.
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