F UNIVERSITY o
INSIDE THIS ISSUE:
COOL; What Producers 1
Need to Know
Reproductive Manage- 2
Fall Wildlife Field Day 2
Livestock Producer 4
Compliance with the
COOL Interim Final
Beef Quality Assurance 4
Beef Management 5
Sept 11, 12 Cattlemen's Quar
Sept 18 Longino Ranch Wildlife
Sept 19 Quail Creek Plantation
Sept 26 FCA Heifer Sale
Sept 30 COOL: What Producer
Needs to Know
Oct 3,4 FCA State Ranch
Oct 7 Manatee County
Oct 11 Herdsman Award Site
Oct 15 Weed Field Day
Oct 21-23 Reproductive
Are you battling soft rush or blackberry?
How do you remove sedges from forages
while ensuring forage safety? What herbi-
cides are available for pasture weed con-
trol? Is that weed poisonous? How can
we fertilize economically? How good is
Mulato as a forage?
These are all questions that are asked by
producers, large and small. Every year
Producers are challenged with new ques-
tions, problems, and sometimes new
weeds. It is our goal to help you find an
economical approach to weed control in
This field day will address the optimum
weed control methods for particular
weeds based on species, the environment,
weed age and size, as well as time of year.
Information will be shared on these
topics and more during the field day.
This event is open to anyone wishing
to learn more about weed control in
To register for this event you will need
to contact Toni Wood at 863-735-1314.
A $20 registration fee made payable to
The South Florida Beef Forage Pro-
gram can be sent directly to Toni at
3401 Experiment Station, Ona, FL
33865. On-Site registration is $50 for
those not pre-
Management School 941-722-4524
Nov 14-23 Farm City Week
Nov 19 BQA Program
Pasture Weed Day
Farm City Week
Beef Prospect Show & Workshop \Prize
Sponsors November 15, 2008 Awarded
Needed Check in begins at 7:30am
Workshop 8:30am-12:00 noon
Prospect Show 1:30 pm-4:00pm approximately
Mosaic Arena, Manatee County Fairgrounds
Open to all Manatee County 4-H and FFA Members
Workshop is Free
$15 per Animal Entry
For More Information Contact Christa Carlson-Kirby
The South Florida Beef Forage Program
Reproductive Management School
October 21-23, 2008
This school is sponsored by the Florida Cooperative Ex-
tension Service and is conducted with the assistance of
area large animal veterinary practitioners. It is part of a
continuing multi-county effort to help South Florida
beef producers market more pounds of beef per cow
The purpose of the school is to strengthen managerial
capabilities of owners and operators of beef cattle
ranches. This is an intense school in reproductive man-
agement of the cow herd. Although the topic of preg-
nancy diagnosis is given extensive treatment in the pro-
gram, participants should not expect this training to
make them proficient in that skill. Rather it is hoped that
an improved understanding of the broad subject of
breeding herd management will be achieved. Individuals
enrolled in the school will be better equipped to work
with their veterinarians in accomplishing breeding
The school will be held October 21-23, 2008 at the
Turner Agri-Civic Center in Arcadia. October 21
and 22nd the hours will be 8:00am-6:00pm and
on October 21 the hours will be 8:00am-12:00
noon. The cost of the course is a total of $350. A
$100 deposit is due by October 3rd and is not re-
fundable. The balance, $250 is due October 21st.
The agenda for the course can be found on page 3.
If you are interested in attending the class
find the forms at http://manatee.ifas
agriculture/livestock/index.shtml or by
Fall Wildlife Field Day Tours
September 18 &19, 2008
South Florida Beef Forage Program
S.will be offering two Fall Wildlife Field
Day Tours. Registration at each site
will begin at 2:00pm with the tour be-
ginning at 2:30pm. The tour will re-
turn for the evening meal at 5:30pm.
Thursday, September 18th will be a tour of Longino
Ranch in Sarasota County. This tour site will be a
follow up to last years Quail & Dove Shortcourse. We
will tour the same approximate route to highlight
changes to the habitat that have occurred since last
year. Highlights to this tour will include areas that
were burned and chopped last year as well as food
plots and native plant ID for wildlife. The wildlife fo-
cus at Longino Ranch is Quail, Turkey and Deer.
The tour on Friday, September 19th will take place at
Quail Creek Plantation in Okeechobee. This tour site
will look at the hunting operations of this plantation,
with a focus on their quail release program, the habitat
at the plantation and native plant ID. The plantation
utilizes burning and chopping in their habitat manage-
ment program. The wildlife focus at Quail Creek Plan-
tation is Quail, Turkey, Deer and Pheasant.
Cost for each tour is $15.00 or $20.00 if attending both
Tours. An evening meal will be included in the regis-
tration cost for the Tour(s). Make checks payable to:
The South Florida Beef-Forage Program, c/o Christa
L. Carlson-Kirby, 1303 17th St W., Palmetto, FL
Volume 1, Issue 1
Reproductive Management School Agenda
Tuesday, October 21, 2008
8:00 Introductions A
8:30 Pregnancy Testing e" b e
Qbody of uterus utenne horn
10:00 Break vloun
10:10 Quiet Handling of Beef Cattle "" "
11:00 Pregnancy Testing Video ba
11:30 Lunch (provided) FaloWn tube
12:15 Intact Tracts Lab
1:00 Lab-Hands On Pregnancy Testing
3:30 Heifer Development and Management of Young Cows
4:15 Bull Breeding Soundness Evaluation
5:30 Bull Breeding Soundness Evaluation-Live Animal Demo
Prosmate Recumq \
Wednesday, October 22, 2008 s "Se .,
8:00 Genetic Management for Efficient Reproduction w
8:30 Coping with Calving Problems Pa.r"
9:15 Breeding Season Management
10:00 Health Management-Vaccination Program For Reproduction "
10:30 Nutrition for Reproduction
11:15 Reproductive Implications of Body Condition and Nutritional Management
12:00 Lunch (Provided)
12:30 Lab-Hands on Pregnancy Testing
3:30 Utilizing Performance Records
Thursday, October 23, 2008
8:00 The Role of Artificial Insemination in Beef Cattle
8:30 Herd Bull Selection
9:00 Estrus Synchronization and Heat Detection
9:30 Break /
9:45 Nutrition for Reproduction-Forage Quality "
10:15 The role of Ultra Sound in a Beef Cattle Herd
10:45 Program Summary and Evaluation
11:00 Hands On Lab-End of School
Livestock Producer Compliance
with the COOL Interim Final Rule
By: USDA Agricultural Marketing Service
Livestock producers are not directly regulated
by the COOL interim final rule as livestock are not
considered covered commodities. However, only pro-
ducers have first hand knowledge concerning the
origin of their animals. Definitive origin information
must be provided to slaughter facilities so that meat
covered commodities can be accurately labeled at re-
tail. Presumption of origin by packers and other enti-
ties in the marketing chain is not permitted. For ex-
ample, it is not acceptable to assume that if an animal
has no ear tag and/or brands identifying that the ani-
mal was born and/or raised in Canada or Mexico, the
animal is of U.S. origin.
The COOL law provides for the use of pro-
ducer affidavits to provide origin information to pack-
ers. Thus, under the interim final rule, USDA will
consider a producer affidavit as acceptable evidence.
A packer may rely upon to initiate an origin claim, as
long as the affidavit is made by someone having
first hand knowledge of the origin of the animals)
and identifies the animals) unique to the transaction.
Evidence that identifies the animals) unique to a
transaction can include a tag ID system along with
other information such as the type and sex of the ani-
mals, number of head involved in the transaction, the
date of the transaction, and the name of the buyer.
With regard to what is considered first hand
knowledge, a subsequent producer buyer (e.g., back-
grounder, feeder) that commingles animals from sev-
eral sources is authorized to rely on previous producer
affidavits as a basis for formulating their own affidavit
for the origin of the new lot. Such affidavits must also
identify the animals unique to the transaction. In con-
trast, first hand knowledge would not include an
affidavit made by someone such as a truck driver
whose knowledge would be limited to where he
picked up the load. The driver would not have suffi-
cient information about the chain of custody and
other information needed to provide the origin decla-
ration. The responsible party (e.g., buyer) for com-
mingling the animals would be the attester to the ori-
gin of the newly formed group of animals and would
retain the original affidavits or other appropriate re-
cords, to substantiate claims made about the newly
Other records that may be used to assist in a
COOL verification audit include birth records, receiv-
ing records, purchase records, animal health papers,
sales receipts, animal inventory documents, feeding
records, APHIS VS forms, segregation plans, State
Brand requirements, breeding stock information, and
other similar documents. In addition, participation in
USDA Quality System Verification Programs
(QSVP), such as the USDA Process Verified Program
(PVP) and the Quality Systems Assessment (QSA)
Program that contain a source verification component
is also considered as acceptable evidence to substanti-
ate COOL claims. These examples are not inclusive
of all documents and records that may be useful to
verify compliance with COOL, but they should pro-
vide a strong basis to substantiate a claim during a
supply chain audit.
Ultimately, the packer, as the first handler of
the covered commodity (meat), may require from
their suppliers records or access to records in order to
substantiate COOL claims made by the packer. How-
ever, if the producer participates in the National Ani-
mal Identification System (NAIS), that is considered
sufficient documentation of an animal's origin. Par-
ticipation in the NAIS program is voluntary, but does
provide a livestock producer "safe harbor" for COOL
compliance. The rule specifies that packers that
slaughter animals that are part of a NAIS compliant
system or other recognized official identification sys-
tem (e.g., Canadian official system, Mexico official
system) may rely on the presence of an official ear tag
and/or the presence of any accompanying animal
markings (i.e., "Can", "M") on which to base their
origin claims. This provision also applies to such ani-
mals officially identified as a group lot.
Volume 1, Issue 1
Beef Management Calendar
Heavily graze pastures to be interplanted to cool season pastures.
Check mineral feeder.
Check for mole crickets, spittlebugs, and grasshoppers, and treat if necessary.
Check dust bags.
Wean calves and cull cow herd if not already done. Remove open, unsound, or poor producing cows.
Train cowboys to observe normal and abnormal behavior and signs of disease.
Be sure any replacement purchases are healthy and have been calf hood vaccinated for brucellosis.
September or October is a good time to deworm the cow herd if internal parasites are a problem.
* When replacement heifers are weaned, give them required vaccinations and teach them to eat from a bunk -
then put them on a good nutrition program.
Determine bull replacement needs, develop selection criteria, and start checking availability of quality
Review winter feed supply and feeding plans so that needed adjustments can be made before supplies
tighten and prices rise.
Plant cool season legumes.
Plant small grain pastures.
Check mineral feeder.
Check for external parasites, especially lice, and treat if needed.
Check for spittlebugs and grasshoppers and treat, if needed.
Watch condition of cow herd; maintain adequate nutrition.
Isolate any additions to the herd for 30 to 60 days and observe for signs of disease; retest for brucellosis and
Be sure you have adequate handling facilities, and they are in good working order.
* If you are raising bulls for the commercial market, October thru December is the main bull-buying season for
cattlemen in south Florida and now is the time to have your promotion program fully activated.
Have soils tested.
Observe cows daily to detect calving difficulty.
Use mineral with high level of magnesium if grass tetany has been a problem in the past.
Check for external parasites and treat if needed.
Maintain adequate nutrient level for cow herd.
Calve in well-drained pastures.
Survey pastures for poisonous plants.
Start summarizing your annual records, both production and financial-then you will have time to make
adjustments for tax purposes.
Re-evaluate winter feeding program and feed supplies.
Get breeding soundness exams on bull battery so you have time to find replacements if some fail.
Implement bull conditioning program.
Review plans and arrangements for the upcoming breeding season.
Check progress of developing replacement heifers are they going to meet your target weight by the start of
the breeding season?
Florida Equine Institute
& Allied Trade Show
The Central Florida Livestock Agents Group will be hosting the Florida Equine Institute and
Allied Trade Show on September 18, 2008. The program will be held at the Southeastern
Livestock Pavilion in Ocala. The topic for the institute will be "Managing Florida Horses for
Competition and Pleasure". The program begins with registration at 8:00am and concludes at
approximately 4:00pm. Registration fees for the program are $50. For more information please
contact Christa, 941-722-4524.
Christa L. Carlson-Kirby
Extension Agent II, Livestock