Title: Manatee livestocker
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089230/00009
 Material Information
Title: Manatee livestocker
Series Title: Manatee livestocker
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Manatee County Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Publisher: Manatee County Extension Service
Place of Publication: Palmetto, Fla.
Publication Date: 2007
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089230
Volume ID: VID00009
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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F UNIVERSITY o
UFIFLORIDA


IFAS EXTENSION


MANATEE LIVESTOCKER


INSIDE THIS ISSUE:

Electronic Newsletter 1

Basic Pasture 1
Management Seminar
Raising Beef Cattle 2
during a Drought
4th UF/IFAS Beef Cat- 3
tie/Forage Field Day

Small Farmer 3
Pasture / Grazing
Management School
Florida Cattlemen's 3
Convention and
Cattlemen's College
Beef Cattle Manage- 4
ment Calendar

SPECIAL POINTS OF
INTEREST:
* Cow Slaughter to Drop
Off
* NCBA's Cattlemen to
Cattlemen TV Show on
RFD-TV
Tuesday 8:30pm
Wednesday 12:30pm
Saturday 10:00 am


As you may or may not be aware the
State Legislature will be holding a spe-
cial session in mid-June to further dis-
cuss the Property Tax issues. With the
impending budget cuts we are trying to
make our department as efficient as
possible. By doing this we would like
to disperse newsletters via email rather
than mailing paper copies each quarter.
If this is an option for you please re-
spond by sending a quick email to
ccarlson@ufl.edu with the subject line
of electronic newsletter. I will then
compile a database of your email ad-
dresses to communicate with you on a
regular basis. This can be of great


benefit to you as I can then easily
inform you in a timely manner of
up-coming events, approaching
deadlines and other extension pro-
gram opportunities that I may be
unable to inform you of via a paper
newsletter should the event occur
between cycles. Your assistance in
this matter is greatly appreciated.
We look forward to serving your
needs in the future. If you have
questions or program ideas do not
hesitate to contact me at anytime.
Thank you again for your support of
Extension Programs.


BASIC PASTURE MANAGEMENT SEMINAR


Manatee County Extension will be
holding a Basic Pasture Management
Program on Monday, June 25, 7:00pm
in Kendrick Auditorium. Topics to be
discussed will be forage (grass) varie-
ties, planting of forages, soil test, fertil-
izing pastures and stocking rates
(animals per acre). This program is de-
signed for any individual or producer


who is new to pasture establishment
and who plans to raise any species
of animal on a pasture. The pro-
gram is free of charge. Please con-
tact Christa, 941-722-4524 at the
Manatee County Extension Office
to register for the class.


ELECTRONIC NEWSLETTER






Manatee Livestocker


RAISING BEEF CATTLE DURING A DROUGHT
CHRISTA L. CARLSON, EXTENSION AGENT II, LIVESTOCK


No one has to listen to the weather reports to realize that
we are dealing with a drought. Everyone has ideas of
how to effectively raise beef cattle during this time of
little water. Many think a drought only affects the for-
ages for the beef cattle to graze; in reality, it affects all
different aspects of the cattle industry, from marketing
strategies, to feeding and managing of cattle onto
healthcare of the cattle.

During a drought, a cattle manager must consider many
things on the cattle operation. He must evaluate stock-
ing rates based on forage availability, culling cattle,
early weaning of cattle, supplemental feeding of cows,
overheating of cattle, shrinking quantities of drinking
water, as well as the increasing number of poisonous
plants available. Some of these things to be evaluated
are easier to manage than others.

When evaluating stocking rates, one must consider if
the forage will be able to recover when moisture returns
to the pasture. If forage becomes scarce every time that
there is a shortage of moisture, the pastures are proba-
bly overstocked. If large quantities of forage are avail-
able following a drought period, the pastures are proba-
bly under stocked. Some sandy spots may appear in a
pasture following a drought; however, the entire pasture
should not become a beach.

A manager may consider culling the mature cattle to
decrease forage demand. Pregnancy rates must be con-
sidered; cows that are open, old or those who produce
light weight weanling calves should be culled. Doing
this will produce a higher quality herd and, more than
likely, a younger cow herd.

Another consideration is to wean calves earlier than
planned. During a drought situation weaning weights
are almost always adversely affected. Some options to
offset the decreased weaning weight are to creep feed
the calves prior to weaning or to wean early and feed
the calves separate from the cows. Cows in early to
mid-pregnancy have a lower nutritional requirement,
meaning they can maintain on lower quality forage with
little supplementation required, if any.


Whether or not the decision is made to wean early,
the main focus is to keep the cows in a good body
condition so they will breed back. If supplementa-
tion is required, a mature cow usually will need
about 1 to 1.5 pounds of grain supplementation per
day plus forage. Lactating cows have a higher nu-
tritional requirement than that of a dry cow. Be-
sides feeding grains, there are many other options to
keep cows in a preferred body condition. Some
other options may be liquid supplementation or by-
products.

It is important that during hot, dry weather cattle
have access to plenty of water. If ponds or other
natural water sources begin to dry up, other sources
of water must be supplied. Some cattlemen have
added ponds along with alternative drinking sources
for their animals. When ponds become stagnant and
low, blue-green algae can overgrow and poison cat-
tle. One way to reduce the algae growth is to aerate
the pond if possible. If not, the pond may need to
be fenced off.

Some other ways to minimize the affects of the heat
and drought would be to make sure cattle have ade-
quate shade to reduce the heat. If animals are to be
confined fans and sprinklers could be available to
reduce heat and stress.

As pastures begin to show bare spots, poisonous
plants begin to appear. With a lack of forage, ani-
mals are more apt to eat plants that they normally
would not. The best way to ensure that animals are
not exposed to poisonous plants is to view pastures
weekly and remove any unwanted plants. Question-
able plants should be removed.

The biggest thing is to ensure that animals are taken
care of and that they have access to adequate feed
sources and water. Ensuring this may require dif-
ferent strategies than normal. Each cattle operation
is different; each must find its own cost efficient
strategies.


Page 2






Volume 1, Issue 1


4th UF/IFAS BEEF CATTLE / FORAGE FIELD DAY
NORTH FLORIDA RESEARCH & EDUCATION CENTER


Mark your calendars and plan to attend the 4th Beef
Cattle/Forage Field Day at the University of Florida/
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, (UF/
IFAS) North Florida Research and Education Center
Beef Unit in Marianna, FL, on Tuesday, June 5,
2007. The field day will begin at 8:00 am (CDT) and
will end at 3:00 pm. Lunch and refreshments will be
provided.

The field day will include demonstrations along with
field tours of ongoing research. Topics covered will
include an update on feed efficiency research, alter-


native fertilization of pastures, weed control in pas-
tures, mineral supplementation of the cow herd, cull
cow marketing options, update on by-product feeds,
ongoing forage studies, and pasture mole cricket
control.

The NFREC Beef Unit is located one mile west of
Greenwood, FL, on state highway 162. For addi-
tional information call (850) 482-9904 or (850)
482-1243. A registration fee of $10 will be
charged.


SMALL FARMER PASTURE/GRAZING MANAGEMENT SCHOOL


The South Florida Beef Forage extension agent group
has planned a Small Farmer Pasture/Grazing Man-
agement School. Under the direction of Joe Ven-
dramini, UF/IFAS Range Cattle REC forage special-
ist, presenters will discuss, in depth, pasture manage-
ment principles. The class will be held Saturday, Au-
gust 11th in Wauchula. Topics covered will include
soil and soil fertility, pasture fertilization, forage
(grass) establishment, and grazing management.
Speakers will include specialists and extension


agents. Following a morning of classroom presen-
tations we will then travel to the Range Cattle Re-
search and Education Center in Ona for hands-on
demonstrations. Final costs and times are still be-
ing determined at this time. For more information
or to register for this class contact Christa Carlson
at 941-722-4524 or check the Manatee County
Livestock Website at http://manatee.ifas.ufl.edu/
livestock.htm


FLORIDA CATTLEMEN'S CONVENTION AND CATTLEMEN'S COLLEGE


The 2007 Florida Cattlemen's Association Conven-
tion and Trade Show will take place June 19-21 at the
Marco Island Marriott in Marco Island, FL. The con-
vention is a great time to catch up with old friends,
make new ones, support Manatee County youth and
learn a little bit about current issues in the Florida
cattle industry. Manatee County will be represented
in youth programs with Jr. Cattlemen members Ash-
ley Howell, Britton Couch and Amanda Gennuso
participating in the Team Marketing Contest. Ashley
Howell, Kelly Davis, Jessica Davis, and Courtney


Wingate participating in the Quiz Bowl Contest.
We will also have triple representation in the Beef
Ambassador contest with Jamie Adams, Ashley
Sabourin, and Jessica Underwood. Once again this
year they will be offering the Cattlemen's College
on Monday afternoon, June 18, and Tuesday morn-
ing. The cost is $30 pre-paid by June 1st and $50
on-site registration. Manatee County should be
well represented at the convention this year. For
more information contact the Florida Cattlemen's
Association at 407-846-6221.


Page 3










































BEEF CATTLE MANAGEMENT CALENDAR


June
* Last date for planting sorghum.
* Check mineral feeder, use at least
8% phosphorus in mineral an not over
2 to 1 calcium to phosphorus ratio.
* Check pastures and hay field for
spittlebugs, mole crickets, and army
worms.
* Treat if necessary; best month for
mole cricket control.
* Check dust bags.
* Watch for evidence of pinkeye and
treat.
* Get heifers vaccinated for brucello-
sis if not already done.
* Pregnancy check cows.
* Update market information and
plans.
* Make first cutting of hay.
* Put bulls out June 1 for calves start-
ing March 11.
* Reimplant calves at 90 to 120 days
with growth stimulant.


July
* Cut corn silage.
* Control weeds in summer pas-
tures.
* Apply nitrogen to warm season
pastures, if needed.
* Check mineral feeder.
* Check for army worms and mole
crickets, and treat if necessary.
* Wean calves and cull cow herd.
* Watch for evidence of footrot and
treat.
* Consider preconditioning calves
before sale including vaccination for
shipping fever and IBR at least 3
weeks before sale.
* Check dust bags.
* Update market information and
marketing plans.
* Revaccinate calves at weaning for
blackleg.


August
* Treat for liver flukes as close to Au-
gust 15th as possible, if they are in
your area.
* Cut hay.
* Apply lime for fall and winter crops.
* Harvest Bahiagrass seed.
* Check mineral feeder.
* Update market information and mar-
keting plans.
* Check for army worms, spittlebugs,
and mole crickets, and treat if neces-
sary.
* Check dust bags.
* Wean calves and cull cow herd.
* Watch for evidence of abortions.
* Observe animals regularly for signs
of disease.
* If cattle grubs were found on cattle
last winter or heel flies were observed
in the pasture, treat for cattle grubs
this month.
* Pregnancy test and cull open heifers




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