Group Title: Land & livestock
Title: Hillsborough County land and livestock
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089229/00004
 Material Information
Title: Hillsborough County land and livestock
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Hillsborough County Extension Office, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Publisher: Hillsborough County Extension Office
Place of Publication: Seffner, Fla.
Publication Date: Spring 2007
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089229
Volume ID: VID00004
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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UNIVERSITY OF
FLORIDA
ill.,i..uji ..i ,! IFAS EXTENSION
F!, ,I .LI


University of Florida IFAS Extension and
Hillsborough County, FL


LAND & LIVESTOCK
i. t I. i i : t sV I IIIi ,, t , l ,I. : 'hrll il l l . ',


INSIDE THIS ISSUE
Upcoming Events 2

FL Cattle Auctions Weekly 3
Summary

Beef Management 3
Calendar
Weed Alert: Mexican
Prickley Poppy
EDIS Publications 4
Teaweed: A Pasture Weed 5
& Proven Wildlife Forage
Eating Better Than
Organic
Manure Market 7


Dear Friends.


I would like to emphasize a topic featured in
this month's Florida Cattleman's Magazine. It is the new Con-
sumer Web Site funded through the Beef Check-Off program. I
am impressed by this site and strongly believe it answers the
questions that an increasing number of Americans are asking:
where, how and by whom is their food produced. This site gives
visitors a virtual view into the daily lives of the nearly 1 million
men and women who make up the U.S. beef industry. The web-
site is easy to navigate and quite comprehensive, including top-
ics on the beef production process, animal welfare, food safety,
nutrition, the environment, government regulations, cooking tips
and recipes. It even describes the choices consumers face when
deciding between grain-fed, grass-finished, certified organic, and
natural/branded beef! I am very impressed with this site and its
creative way to create informed consumers. The web address for
this site is: www.BeefFromPastureToPlate.org. I highly encour-
age you to check it out!
One more item of importance. For cattlemen and cattle-
women, please be sure to look at the enclosed brochure regard-
ing the 1st Annual Range Cattle Research & Education Center


Extension Tour. This educational program is designed to provide important, timely information to Florida
producers. Dr. Joe Vendramini will discuss current management considerations for Florida pastures; Dr.
Maria Silveira will discuss soil fertility and water quality issues facing Florida cattlemen; Dr. Brent Sellers
will discuss weed management at establishment and for established pastures; and special topics will be
covered by UF Beef Cattle Extension Specialist, Dr. Todd Thrift. The tour is coming to the Hillsborough
County Extension Office Tuesday- April 3rd, 2007. Please refer to the included brochure and register by
March 30th, 2007 to ensure a dinner reservation. We look forward to seeing many of you there. The
greater the turnout, the higher the chance they will choose our county for a tour stop again next year!
Warm Regards,
Steffany L. Dragon oogon ogn
Steffany L. Dragon, Hillsborough County Livestock/Small Farms Agent


i .,,. .


I










Upcoming Events

2007 Small Farms Livestock
Production Conference
March 17
Manatee Co. Extension Office

Ray Kenipfer Memorial Skeet
Shoot
Saturdayv-Narch 31, 2007
Waccasassa Plantation
., Branford, FL

I ,'.1 I N I ", '
University of Florida Range Cattle
REC CoEw'/Calf Seminars Tour
W\ednesday- April 3, 2007
Hillsblorough Co. Extension Office
I i l{~~t t 111 Rl-LcltLL1rIL-" "ccy fl\ "t"
2007 NCBA Region II Meeting
April 19-21, 2007
I ll 121 )- 1 f .," ,,If..
2007 South Central Florida Sinall
Farms Conference
Friday & Saturday
April 27-28, 2007
Sarasota County Fairgrounds, FL


56th Annual Beef Cattle Short
CouI rse
Hilton University of Florida
Conference Center
May 2-4, 2007
[ RcgL tr.1t1,n RII .quI'L1 d, ILL tlh\.r
2007 Aquatic Weed Shortcourse
May 14-18, 2007
Coral Springs Marriott Hotel &
.. .. ..Conference Center
Goat Field Day/ April 13, 2007

The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Employment Opportunity Affirmative Action Employer authorized to provide research, educational
information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap or national origin.
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE, UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, IFAS, Florida A. & M. UNIVERSITY
COOPERATIVE EXTENSION PROGRAM, AND BOARDS OF COUNTY COMMISSIONERS COOPERATING.


Page 2


LAND & LIVESTOCK










USDA-FL, Florida Cattle Auctions Weekly Summary

At the Florida Livestock Auctions (Tuesday, March 6, 2007); Cattle receipts at Lakeland, Webster,
Okeechobee, and Madison totaled 3,359 compared to 3,966 last week, and 3,177 last year. According
to the Florida Federal-State Livestock Market News Service: Compared to one week ago, slaughter
cows 1.00 to 3.00 lower, bulls steady to 2.00 lower, feeder steers unevenly steady to 2.00 higher,
heifers unevenly steady, replacement cows steady.

Feeder Steers & Bulls: Medium and Large 1-2 200-245 Ibs $160.00-195.00; 250-295 Ibs $140.00-
175.00; 300-345 Ibs $125.00-150.00; 350-390 Ibs $117.50-143.00; 400-440 Ibs $115.00-134.00;
450-495 Ibs $105.00-118.00; 500-545 Ibs $96.00-113.00; 550-595 Ibs $95.00-110.00; 600-645 Ibs
$89.00-100.00;650-690 Ibs $89.00-93.00; 705-720 Ibs $84.00-92.00 Medium and Large 2-3 210-
245 Ibs $140.00-152.00; 250-295 Ibs $130.00-152.50; 300-348 Ibs $110.00-133.00; 350-399 Ibs
$105.00-128.00; 400-445 Ibs $98.00-120.00; 450-495 Ibs $95.00-110.00; 500-545 Ibs 85.00-
101.00; 550-595 Ibs $84.00-98.00; 620-640 Ibs $88.00-90.00; Feeder Heifers: Medium and Large 1-2
200-245 Ibs $130.00-190.00; 250-295 Ibs $120.00-150.00; 300-345 Ibs $111.00-132.00; 350-395
Ibs $108.00-120.00; 400-445 Ibs $97.50-112.00; 450-495 Ibs $95.00-110.00; 500-545 Ibs $90.00-
104.00; 550-595 Ibs $90.00-101.00; 605-625 Ibs $85.00-97.00; 655-680 Ibs $81.00-90.00 Medium
and Large 2-3 215-245 Ibs $118.00-140.00; 260-295 Ib $110.00-124.00; 300-345 Ibs $90.00-
117.50; 350-395 Ibs $89.00-107.00; 400-445 Ibs $89.00-103.00; 450-490 Ibs $85.00-100.00; 505-
545 $85.00-93.00; 555-585 Ibs $75.00-85.00; 600-645 Ibs $70.00-75.00


Beef Management Calendar


vPlant warm season annual pastures
vPlant corn for silage
vCheck & fill mineral feeder
vCheck dust bags or apply treated ear tags
vCheck for external parasites & treat if necessary
/Observe cows for repeat breeders
/Vaccinate against blackleg and brucellosis after 3
months of age & before 12 months of age
vDeworm cows as needed if not done in March
/Market cull cows & bulls
/Update market information & refine market
strategy for calves
/Apply lime for fall and winter crops
vCheck mineral feeder
/Pregnancy test and cull open heifers from replace
ment herd
vWean calves and cull cows from herd


VRemove Bulls May 21 to end calving season
March 1.
/Harvest hay from cool season crops
vPlant warm season perennial pastures
/Fertilize warm season pastures
vCheck mineral feeder
vCheck for spittlebugs & treat if necessary
/Apply spot-on agents for grub & louse control
vCheck dust bags
/Vaccinate & implant with growth stimulant any
later calves
VRe-implant calves with growth stimulant at 90-120
days, when you have herd penned
/Update market info. & refine market strategy for
calves


LAND & LIVESTOCK


Page 3








LAND & LIVESTOCK Page 4


If this plant looks all too familiar and you have found it invading your
pastures recently, you are not alone. It was actually brought in
through Central America; anecdotal evidence suggesting via Mexi-
cans crossing the border...hence the common name. It is a winter i *
annual. Plants show up around October and die off on their own
during the summer. They are known to flower and become most
noticeable March through May. At this time of year, they have al-
ready set next year's seed, so chances are you will see them again.
Since they are annuals, they go to seed quickly in order to secure
the next generation. If killed before
allowing to do so, you will be able to
get them under control. Therefore,
scout for them early this upcoming
fall and as soon as you see them
emerge, zap them with herbicide. 2,4 D or Weedmaster (2,4 D and Dicamba) should
be effective if you get them early enough and before they set the next year's seed.

A few more things to consider:
> Mexican Prickly Poppy is found in disturbed areas and old fields. Proper pasture management, ensuring proper soil
pH and fertilization should allow the desirable species to out-compete them.
> These plants are toxic only if large quantities are eaten. They are not considered to be palatable to livestock & the
'prickly' stems usually deter animals from consuming them.

EDIS is the Electronic Data Information
E Source of UF/IFAS Extension


New Relevant EDIS Publications
EDIS Homepage: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu
AN167/AN167: Total Protein Requirements of Beef
Cattle I: Feed the Bugs First
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/AN 167
AN179/AN179: Dairy Business Analysis Project: 2005 .
Financial Summary
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/AN 179
ENH1035/EP303: Native Wildflower Seed Production in
Florida
http://edis.ifas.ufl.ed u/EP303
ENH1049/EP318: Seed Packets: An Economic .
Opportunity for Native Wildflower Seed Producers
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/EP318
FE682/FE682: Southern Farmers' Attitudes and W eanhIngs at the VJ.FHorse Teaching Unnit
Opinions about Federal Conservation Programs and the
2007 Farm Bill
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/FE682
SS-AGR-133/AG268: Impact of Grazing Methods on Forage and Cattle Production
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/AG268


LAND & LIVESTOCK


Page 4






LAND & LIVESTOCK Page 5


Teaweed (Sida acuta L.) : A Wildlife Forage



Believe it or not, although Sida (teaweed, ironweed, etc.)
is considered a weed and a detriment to agriculture,
researchers at the University of Florida have found that this
plant can be a benefit to native wildlife...particularly white-
tailed deer, turkeys, and quail. For example, white-tailed
deer require at least 16% protein in the plants they consume
to reach optimum body size and antler growth. Research
shows that even on areas not fertilized, Sida had over 16%
protein. Studies even show that applying 100 pounds of am-
monium nitrate fertilizer raised the crude protein content of
Sida about 3 percent (Williams, R. & Baxley, T.). Over a period of 2 years, browsing amounts
ranged from 193 to over 1,800 Ibs per acre. Deer foraged between 30% and 80% of the available
Sida depending upon the time of year. These are interesting
findings since Sida is not generally listed as a beneficial wildlife for-
age in wildlife management books.

Sida has all the usual characteristics of a weed: drought
resistance, adapability to a wide variety of soil conditions, and the
ability to tolerate heavy browsing by animals. The fact that Sida
can be combined with clovers to create a year long source of forage
for wildlife is perhaps the greatest benefit this plant can provide to
deer, turkey and quail habitat. While Sida seeds are not readily
available for purchase, you will most likely be able to find some
plants on your property or a neighbors'! Hillsborough
county is no stranger to this invasive weed and while
finding a use for it certainly helps make use of what
resources we have available, if you do decide to plant
this plant as a wildlife forage make sure you control it
from spreading to neighboring sites. When in the wrong
place at the wrong time...this plant truly does become a
nuisance and may lead to economic losses to livestock
producers who depend so heavily on healthy pastures.
For more information, please visit the online publication,
"A Native Growing Season Forage for Wildlife-Teaweed,
Sida acuta Burm.f." by Rick Williams & Tim Baxley at: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/FR1 68.
Additional photos and information can be viewed at the following Web site:
http://www.plantatlas.usf.edu/synonyms.asp?plantlD=2753.







LAND & LIVESTOCK Page 6


Sida acuta, commonly referred to as teaweed, ironweed, or southern sida, is a woody
shrub that can grow to a height of 3 feet. It is classified as a summer annual but often times
acts as a perennial, persisting throughout the winter months in central and south Florida. It has
small yellow flowers that produce hundreds of seeds throughout the growing season. Sida rap-
idly infests overgrazed areas and usually begins its invasion near troughs, gates, or underneath
shade trees. Then it generally spreads rapidly throughout the pasture. The University of Florida
recommends herbicides with the active ingredients: triclopyr + fluroxypyr (trade name-
PastureGard) or metsulfuron (trade name-Cimarron). Cimarron will kill bahiagrass pastures
and is therefore only recommended for Bermudagrass pastures. PastureGard provides ex-
cellent control of teaweed on bahiagrass pastures and 3 pt/Acre is the recommended rate. Re-
peat applications may be necessary as long as you do not exceed 8 pts/Acre in one season. A
non-ionic surfactant (NIS, sometimes termed a "wetter-spreader") should be added to the spray
mixture at a 0.25% v/v quantity. Let's say for example, that you have a 100-gallon tank. Your
calculation would be .0025 X 100g = .25 gallons (1/4 of a gallon) or 1 quart, since there are 4
quarts in a gallon. Many people make the mistake of calculating 25% instead of 0.25% v/v
which would be incorrectly calculated as 25 gallons of the NIS!
While we are on the subject of non-ionic surfactants (NIS), which brand is best? Dr. Jay
Ferrell, University of Florida Weed Science Specialist admits that he uses them interchangea-
bly and advises that any product with greater than 80% active ingredient will generally be effec-
tive. As a rule of thumb, use 1 qt. per 100 gallons in your tank mix (.25% v/v). Occasionally,
you will see labels for .5% v/v but just be aware that percentages above that are not signifi-
cantly more effective. For example, you will probably see no difference between a .8% v/v NIS
than you will see with a .5% v/v NIS. Dr. Ferrell also recommends steering clear of NISs that
claim equal control at reduced herbicide rates, products that 'reduce regrowth', and cocktails
(spreader+sticker+compatibility, etc.). Remember that products that sound too good to be true
probably are. Oh, and Dawn dishwashing detergent is not a quality NIS!


LAND & LIVESTOCK


Page 6









EATING BETTER THAN ORGANIC

"Forget organic. Eat local." That's the headline on the cover of the March 12, 2007 issue of
TIME. The cover story's author, John Cloud, says the best food you can eat may be in your own
backyard. The story is billed as "one man's quest for the perfect apple." You can read the full
story at this site: http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1595245,00.html
Cloud's six-page feature raises some questions about America's food system that confirms a
growing consumer trend. "What's the most efficient way to grow food?" he asks. "How do our
food choices affect the environment? What tastes better?" The debate Cloud wrestles with (he
lives in an apartment in New York) is whether to buy "organic" apples or "conventionally raised"
local apples. When asked whether a consumer should favor local products, one source told
Cloud, "I don't know what local means. Do they use local pesticides?" Much of the article fo-
cuses on produce, but it also describes a 250-mile diet, which means eating food produced
within 250 miles of where you live. Produce, at least seasonally, can fit such a 250-mile diet for
most Americans. Beef and other proteins, however, are more of a problem. The vast majority of
beef sold at retail and foodservice is transported several hundred miles, which means that a lot
of fossil fuel is burned to get it to your table, and, theoretically, it' bad for the planet. However,
Cloud's article does note that there's plenty of debate about the benefits of organic vs. conven-
tional foods. "...it's not clear, for instance, that the low levels of pesticide typically found on con-
ventional produce cause cancer." G.H. Drover's Alert, March 2, 2007

. .. . .


anure


Attention Horse Owners!! "One person's trash is another man's treasure!" We are
setting up a program to help horse owners achieve an economically and environ-
mentally sustainable way to dispose of their mounds of manure while providing
rich soil amendment for gardeners. Aside from making transportation arrange-
ments, manure can usually be exchanged at no cost, since its removal and utili-
zation is desired by each respective party. Please call the Hillsborough County
Extension office at 813-744-5519 ext. 127 to be put on the "Manure Wanted" or
"Manure Available" database. While ma-
nure is in demand, compost is often pre-
ferred, provides benefits to the equine op- OATS
eration (killing weed seed and parasite -
eggs, ETC.), and makes an excellent fertil- '
izer. Composting involves extra work for
the supplier, so most often is associated
with a fee. However, many feel that it is
very well worth it. Please contact me at
the above number for information on how
to compost your manure.


LAND & LIVESTOCK


Page 7







Hillsborough Extension Service
5339 S. County Road 579
Seffner, FL 33584-3334


Non-Profit Org.
US Postage Paid
Permit # 15


Seffner
Florida


2007 Aquatic Weed Control

Short Course
x Aquatic, Upland and Invasive Weed Control;
Aquatic Plant Identification

May 14-18, 2007

Coral Springs Marriott Hotel, Golf Club
1J "'i and Convention Center
F LLJILIA Coral Springs, Florida
IAS Extension
For more information and to register visit: http://conference.ifas.ufl.edu/aw
or call Tracy Nininger at (352) 392-5930




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