University of the West Indies
I. GENERAL INFORMATION
1. Definition of the Institute
The Institute of International Relations, as provided by its
Constitution, is a regional and autonomous academic institution
affiliated with the University of the West Indies and is located on
the St. Augustine Campus of the University. It is dedicated to the
teaching of International Relations and to the conduct of scientific
research on the international problems of the Caribbean area and of
the contemporary world. Its academic programmes are conducted at the
postgraduate level and its basic regulations are in conformity with
those of the University. The degrees, although administered and
conducted entirely at the Institute, are conferred by the University
of the West Indies.
The autonomy of the Institute permits greater flexibility in
its functioning and in its relations abroad. This combination of
autonomy and affiliation with the University constitutes an original
feature in the status of the Institute.
2. History of the Institute
The history of the Institute of International Relations has
evolved from a national institution for Trinidad and Tobago to a
regional institution for the entire Caribbean area. This evolution
was realized in two successive phases:
Phase I The Trinidadian Institution. Following negotiations
between the then Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago, the late
Dr. Eric Williams, and the Government of Switzerland, which culminated
in the signing of a formal agreement between the two Governments on
7th January, 1966, the Institute of International Relations opened its
doors in October 1966. At that time, the two Governments entrusted
the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva with the
academic direction of the programme and with the responsibility for
administering the funds provided by the Swiss Government. The Institute
was formally inaugurated on 1st February, 1967, by the then Chancellor
of the University of the West Indies, the late Princess Alice.
But, if the initiative of creating the Institute was. taken at
a national level, the intention was, at the outset, to extend it to
the entire Caribbean area. This was one of the reasons for its
affiliation with the University of the West Indies.
Phase II The Regional Institution. This vocation of a
Caribbean institution became a reality by means of two significant
steps: The first was the adoption, in July 1972, of a new constitution
for the Institute, emphasising the regional character of the institution.
The second was the decision taken by the Governments of Barbados,
Guyana and Jamaica at the Meeting of the Heads of Government in
Georgetown in April 1973 to contribute to the financing of the Institute
(although the Government of Trinidad and Tobago still bears the major
portion of the budget), thereby making it formally a joint enterprise
to serve primarily the community of people of the nation-states of the
At the same time, another significant development occurred.
By virtue of the new Constitution, the Institute, as a self-governing
* institution, assumed fully the responsibility formerly vested in the
Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva for its academic
direction and general administration. This was reflected in the
constitution of the Board of the Institute, the 'West Indianisation' of
its staff and the introduction of a new curriculum of studies in
September 1974. This trend, however, does not signify an inward
orientation; on the contrary, the Institute has taken care to widen
and diversify its links abroad, as is evidenced by its programme of
courses, the composition of its staff, the membership of the Board, and
by its relations with similar institutions in different parts of the
3. Objectives of the Institute
The main objective of the Institute is to enhance the inter-
national relations and the understanding thereof, in the Caribbean area.
To this end, the Institute is both a teaching and research institution
geared towards graduate teaching, research, and the advanced study of
international relations, with particular emphasis on the Caribbean and
Latin Amrican regions and the Third World in general. The courses
offered at the Institute are structured with a three-fold objective:
firstly, to educate and train the public servants of the area to staff
the Foreign Services of Caribbean States, as well as to train students
who wish to enter the Foreign Service of their respective countries or
to serve in the international organizations of the area; secondly, to
provide a purely academic and general education in the field of inter-
national relations and, thirdly, to engage in other activities, including
the organisation of special programmes, courses, seminars and workshops
for the public servants of the area and to provide consultative
assistance and research for the Governments of the area and for regional
organizations and agencies.
The Institute offers two programmes of courses and supervises
research leading to (i) a one-year Diploma Course in International
Relations, and (ii) a two-year course (started in October 1970) leading
to the Master of Science Degree in International Relations.
The programmes of courses emphasise the multi-disciplinary
approach to the study of International Relations.
II. ADMINISTRATION OF THE INSTITUTE
1. Board of the Institute
The government of the Institute is vested in a Board comprised
of the following members: the Vice-Chancellor of the University, who
is Chairman of the Board, the Principal and Pro-Vice-Chancellor of the
St. Augustine Campus of the University (where the Institute is located),
the Director of the Institute and one representative of the University
nominated by the Vice-Chancellor; the Directors of the following
institutions Graduate Institute of International Studies, Geneva,
El Colegio de Mexico, and the United Nations Institute for Training and
Research (UNITAR); the Secretary-General of the Caribbean Community
Secretariat; two representatives of the Government of Trinidad and
Tobago, and one representative each of the Governments of Barbados,
Guyana and Jamaica. The Board meets at least once a year.
2. Direction and Secretariat
The general administration of the Institute rests with the
Director who is responsible to the Board for the proper discharge of
his functions. The Director assumes responsibility for the direction
and furtherance of the external relations of the Institute. He is
assisted by a Committee of the Institute which is comprised of all
members of the academic staff of the Institute, such members of the
academic staff of the University and representatives of the student
body, as the Committee may co-opt. In the administrative and financial
management, and in the implementation of the general policies of the
Institute, as well as in its day-to-day operations, the Director is
assisted by an Administrative Assistant who heads the Secretariat.
III. LIBRARY AND DOCUMENTATION CENTRE
1. Library and Documentation Centre
The Institute has its own specialised library with approximately
12,000 titles and subscribes to about 220 periodicals. When the
Institute was established in 1966, a special grant of US$4,000 was made
by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisa-
tion (UNESCO). A gift of UN documents was also received. Since then,
every effort has been made to rapidly increase the resources of the
library. Particular emphasis is put on material concerning the
The Institute is a depository library of some international
institutions (EEC, GATT, IMF, OECD), and receives the current publica-
tions of the other major institutions. In the case of the OAS,
documents are also available in Spanish.
The library may be used by students of other Departments and
Institutes of the University, by Government officials and by other
persons interested in International Relations. Opening hours during
terms are from 8.30 a.m. to 10.00 p.m. Monday to Thursdays, and from
8.30 a.m. to 4.30 p.m. on Fridays and Saturdays. Readers who do not
belong to the Institute can obtain a reader's card from the Librarian.
Students registered at the Institute are permitted to use the library
facilities of the University of the West Indies,
A documentation centre for unpublished and restricted material
was created in 1972 and is developing steadily. It receives daily and
weekly newspapers, newsletters and official documents from most of the
Caribbean territories and a few of the Latin American countries. The
collection of clippings at the centre has substantially increased.
The centre is consulted by researchers in the field of international
relations of the area and it has relations with other centres of research
in the Caribbean area, including non-Commonwealth Caribbean islands and
countries, such as, for example, the Haitian Research Centre in Social
Sciences (CHISS), Centre D'Etudes Regionales Antilles-Guyane (CERAG) in
Martinique, Guadeloupe, French Guiana and the Instituto de Investiga-
ciones Sociales de la Universidad Autonoma de Mexico.
2. Translator/Interpreter/Manuscript Editor
For a number of years the Institute has found it necessary to
employ the services of a Translator/Interpreter for the business of
translating documents and interpreting at conferences. In recent times,
however, with the increasing volume of publications of the Institute, it
has been found necessary to have someone on the staff with editorial
skills to assist in the preparation of manuscripts.
1. Teaching and Research Staff
The teaching and research staff of the Institute consists of
three categories: (i) the permanent members of staff resident in
Trinidad and Tobago; (ii) regular members of staff who commute from:
within the Caribbean area, and (iii) occasional visiting lecturers from
(i) The permanent members of staff of the Institute, as
provided in the establishment, comprises the following:
Category A 3 Professors, including the Director
Category B 2 Senior Lecturers and 1 Senior Research
Category C 3 Lecturers and 2 Research Fellows.
(ii) In order to diversify its teaching and emphasise its
regional character, the Institute has secured the services of competent
scholars who travel from various parts of the Caribbean area to
participate on a regular basis in its programmes. As regular members of
staff, not only do they give lectures and seminars, but they are also
required to advise and guide the students throughout the academic year.
Moreover, their presence at the Institute permits an exchange of views,
possibilities of meetings and co-operation, which all contribute to
make the Institute a dynamic, regional academic centre.
(iii) The Institute welcomes visiting scholars from universi-
ties abroad who are available for a short period of six weeks of
intensive teaching or for one academic year, generally during their
sabbatical leave from their own universities. Special agreements have
been concluded with foreign universities to provide for exchanges of
this kind. The importance of this category is to afford the students
an opportunity to be exposed to the teaching of eminent scholars from
abroad who otherwise would not have the time nor the possibility to
come to the Institute for a longer period.
V. ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS
1. Diploma Course
Admission to the prescribed course of study for the Diploma
in International Relations is normally restricted to University graduates
holding a degree in such fields as Law, Economics, Political Science,
Government, Sociology, Public Administration, History, Humanities, Spanish
or French, or persons holding equivalent qualifications from approved
professional bodies; however, possession of a degree does not
automatically entitle a candidate to admission. Candidates for admission
may have to pass an entrance examination. Students desirous of being
considered for scholarships must take an examination. In exceptional
cases, candidates who do not hold a University degree or have not been
accorded equivalent status, but who have had considerable professional
experience may be admitted to the course.
Applications for admission should be made on the prescribed
forms which can be obtained from the Secretariat of the Institute and
should be submitted to the Director not later than 31st May.
2. M.Sc. Degree Course
Admission to the prescribed course of study for the Master of
Science Degree in International Relations is normally restricted to
graduates of recognized universities with at least second class standing.
Applicants holding degrees in such fields as Law, Economics, Political
Science, Government, Sociology, Public Administration, History, Humanities,
Spanish or French are considered .for admission; however, possession of a
second class degree in the foregoing subjects does not automatically
entitle an applicant to admission.
Candidates will normally be required to follow the course for a
period of two years, but those who can provide evidence of previous work
at graduate level in appropriate subjects and of a satisfactory perform-
ance in relevant fields may be exempted from part or all of the
examinations for the first year.
Applications for admission to the Master's programme should be
made on the prescribed forms which can be obtained from the Secretariat
of the Institute and should be submitted to the Director to reach him
not later than 31st May. Admission to the Master's programme is subject
to the final approval of the Board for Higher Degrees of the University
of the West Indies.
Before an application is considered, either for the Diploma
Course in International Relations or for the Master of Science Degree
in International Relations, a detailed official transcript of the
applicant's entire university record must be forwarded to the Director.
All applications must be supported by letters of recommendation from at
least two faculty members under whom the candidate has studied and who
are in a position to assess his potential for graduate studies and
research. These letters of recommendation must be sent directly by the
referees to the Director of the Institute.
Candidates for admission should note that the two programmes of
courses offered at the Institute are full-time.
The fees fOp the Diploma Course in International Relations are
as follows: $(TT)
Tuition and Examination ...................... 290.00
Students' Guild ...............l............-.. 120Q00
Caution Money (refundable at the end of the
year less any debts owing to the Institute) ... 120.00
Identification Card ........................... 4.00
Postgraduate Fees ............................ 10.00
The fees for the Master of Science Degree Course in Inter-
national Relations are as follows:
First Year $(TT)
Registration ......... ...... ............... 10.00
*Tuition ...**,* .. ..*i* ......*.. .. *.*..... 145,00
Examination .........**.. ...r.*,.4.*,. ....6. 100.00
Students' Guild ........... ................. 120,00
Caution Money .............................. 120.00
Identification Card ....................... 4.00
*Tuition ..................... ............. 145.00
Examination .................................. 100.80
Students' Guild ............................. 120.00
**Caution Money .............................. 120.00
Generally, scholarships and fellowships are awarded on the basis
of academic standing and demonstrated potential for advanced study and
research. Unless otherwise stated, awards are for one year only and no
student may hold more than one major scholarship or fellowship in any one
year. If it should be discovered that a student is unqualified for any
reason, the student will be called upon to refund to the Institute all
monies that he has received.
*For students from territories which do not contribute to the annual
recurrent budget of the University or of the Institute the tuition fee is
**Students registered in the Second Year of the Master's Programme are
not required to pay Caution Money if they have not been refunded this
amount at the end of either the Diploma Course or at the end of the First
Year of the M.Sc. Course.
Candidates from the Commonwealth Caribbean territories are
usually awarded scholarships or fellowships by their Governments. The
beneficiaries are mainly civil servants on study leave or young
graduates who wish to enter the Foreign Service or any Ministry dealing
with matters relating to international affairs.
Candidates may apply to the Institute for a scholarship funded
by foreign Governments and institutions, such as those offered by the
Government of Switzerland and the German Foundation for International
Development. Candidates from countries which are members of the
Organisation of American States can apply to that Organisation for a
fellowship to pursue studies at this Institute. Graduates of the
University of the West Indies are eligible for a postgraduate award
of the University.
Candidates from outside the Caribbean area are advised to seek
financial assistance from their respective Governments or from any
private foundation or international institution as the scholarships
available at the Institute are reserved, by priority, for West Indian
nationals. This does not, of course, preclude a student from coming
to the Institute as a private student. On the contrary, private students
who satisfy the admission requirements are welcome in both programmes.
VI. COURSE REGULATIONS. SYLLABUS AND EXAMINATIONS
The curriculum of studies for the Diploma and Master's
Programmes is structured so as to provide teaching of a high standard
in order to appeal to the students and to stimulate their interests
through the possibility of in-depth analysis, specialisation and
relevance to what is expected from an Institute which is the only one
in the field of International Relations in the area.
The academic year is so arranged that there will be examinations
twice a year. All examinations are held in January and June on dates to
The curriculum of studies for the Diploma and the First Year of
the Master's Programmes is structured with various objectives in mind:
(a) to offer a set of basic general courses in the field
of International Relations;
(b) to emphasise regional and international problems of
the Caribbean region without relinquishing the broad
scope of International Relations at the world-system;
(c) to consider specific topics related to the international
problems and policies of the Third World;
(d) to concentrate, in some of the teaching, on policy-
oriented and practical aspects in International
(e) to integrate and co-ordinate the various aspects of
the subject areas.
I, Diploma Course
Candidates are normally required to follow the prescribed course
of study over one academic year which is divided into two semesters -
the first semester covering the period September to January, and the
second semester covering the period February to June.
International Politics .......*........,........
International Law ..............................
International Economics I ......................
Theory and Practice of Diplomacy ...............
Methodology ........** ..........................
National, Regional and International News .......
Seminars .. *........,. .... .... .... ........ ....
Foreign Language ....................,,,......*..
---- --- -M -----
International Economics II ......................
International Relations of the Caribbean ........
International Relations of Latin America ........
International and Regional Organisations ........
Theory of International Relations ...............
Seminars o...oo ...,,,,,,,,o..,*......,,o,...*,,*
Foreign Language ....*..*...........*............
--M- --- ---
(i) International Politics
History of the modern world system; factors and instruments of
foreign policy; inter-state relations; contemporary problems of inter-
national politics; case studies.
(ii) International Law
The nature and sources of international law; subjects of inter-
national law; state territory; international economic law; law of
the sea; law of the air; international treaties; international
responsibility of states; international organizations; peaceful
settlement of international conflicts; the use of force and collective
(iii) International Economics I
Basic concepts in international economics; international trade;
international payments; international economic institutions; the
Caribbean in the world economy; economic institutions in the Caribbean
area and in Latin America.
(iv) Theory and Practice of Diplomacy
The art of diplomacy; evolution of diplomacy, ancient and new;
methods and techniques; functions of diplomats; categories, status,
privileges, immunities of diplomats and consuls; administration of
foreign policy; the art of negotiation; structure of Ministries of
External Affairs, Embassies, Consulates; drafting of diplomatic
documents; protocol; the diplomacy of development.
A general introduction to the different methods of research, and
the rationale of analysis used in the field of International Relations.
(vi) National, Regional and International News
An analysis of national, regional and international news in the
Each candidate follows one Seminar of his/her choice. The
available choices are made known early in the first semester.
(i) International Economics II
Foreign aid; foreign investment; the transfer of technology;
development finance; analysis of development projects and preparation
of loan applications.
(ii) International Relations of the Caribbean
Historical evolution of international relations in the Caribbean;
foundations and conduct of the foreign policies of Caribbean States;
the Caribbean in the international system (regional, hemispheric, world-
wide); contemporary international problems and issues of the Caribbean
(iii) International Relations of Latin America
Recent diplomatic history of Latin America; foundations and
conduct of the foreign policies of the Latin American States; inter-
American relations, structure, evolution and problems; specific
conflicts and co-operation between the Latin American States; Latin
America in the International System, place and role in East/West and
North/South international relations of today.
(iv) International and Regional Organisations
The objectives, structure, authority, operation and political
processes of the United Nations and other international and regional
institutions IEhe World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the
European Economic Community, the African, Caribbean and Pacific
Countries (in Lome), the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries,
the Caribbean Community, the Caribbean Development Bank, the Organisa-
tion of Eastern Caribbean States7
(v) Theory of International Relations
A simple introduction to some of the relevant theories in
International Relations for the understanding of Caribbean and the
Third World in general in the contemporary world-system.
Each candidate follows one Seminar of his/her choice. Choices
are made in the first semester.
Each candidate is required to have a reading knowledge of a
second language to be chosen from among the following Spanish, French,
Dutch or Portuguese. Special courses, adapted to the needs of Inter-
national Relations, in both French and Spanish are available at the
Entry to. E.aminatio
Entry to the examinations will be made at the same time as
registration for the course. Such registration shall take place during
the first week of the first semester. However, in exceptional cases,
and with the consent of the Institute, a student may register after the
third week of the first semester.
Method of Assessment and Examination
M- M -----------eeeee en f ------- M-M
Candidates will be assessed continuously throughout the year
and will be required to sit examinations as well as to submit a Seminar
Paper by 30th April.
A. Assessment and Examination of Work in Basic Courses
At the end of each semester, examinations will be written in
prescribed Basic Courses. The final mark allotted to a candidate will
take into account the candidate's course work and general participation.
In no case, however, will the mark for such participation exceed 20%
of the total mark.
B. Seminar Assessment
(a) Candidates are required to submit a research paper by the
30th April. The theme of each paper shall be chosen in consultation
with the Lecturer in charge of the particular Seminar.
(b) 20% shall be allotted for general contribution to Seminar
discussion and the presentation of a Seminat Paper Outline at a
prescribed date, and 80% for the final Seminar Paper.
C. Language Assessment
A reading knowledge of a foreign language is assessed by
examination at the end of the academic year and candidates must reach
the standard required by the examiners.
Requirements for the Award of the Diploma in Internatioagnal Relations
Candidates for the Diploma in International Relations must
fulfil the requirements for both semesters.
A. First Semester Requirements
To proceed to the second semester, a candidate must not fail in
more than one Basic Course, provided that the candidate has not made
less than 30% in that course.
B. First Semester Supplementals
If a candidate fails to meet the above requirements, the
candidate will be allowed to write Supplemental Examinations in not
more than three subjects in which the candidate has failed and/or
submit a paper. A candidate should pass the Supplemental Examinations
in order to proceed to the second semester.
A candidate not meeting these requirements may be asked to
withdraw from the rest of the programme upon the advice of the Board
of Examiners communicated through the Director of the Institute.
C. Second Semester Requirements
The requirements for the second semester are the same as for
the first semester. In addition, the Seminar Paper must be subscribed
by the prescribed deadline and must satisfy the language requirements.
D. Supplementals for the Second Semester
Candidates who have attained an overall average of 50% in the
second semester programme but have failed more than one Basic Course
and/or the Seminar, will be required to sit Supplemental Examinations
in those courses and/or submit a Seminar Paper. Candidates who have
had to take Supplemental Examinations, .~, the discretion of the
Board of Examiners, may not be eligible for the award of a Diploma
beyond the Pass Grade.
Noificati on, of- hesul ts
Candidates may, at the discretion of the Board of Examiners,
be awarded a Diploma with distinction.
The results of the examinations shall be published in a
separate list in which the names of the successful candidates shall be
arranged alphabetically in the following categories:
(i) Distinction (two-semester average of 76% and above)
(ii) Honours (two-semester average of 67% 75%)
(iii) Pass (two-semester average of 50% 66%).
Award of Diploma
The report of the Institute's Board of Examiners shall be laid
before the University Academic Committee for approval.
A Diploma in International Relations under the seal of the
University shall be sent thereafter to each successful candidate.
2. The Certificate in International Studies
(i) Regulations regarding the course of study, syllabus and
scheme of examination shall be as for the Diploma Course.
(ii) Non-graduate candidates whose level of class participation
and understanding of the main elements of the curriculum (as ascertained
by their performance in classwork, examination and research papers)
have been of a standard that is satisfactory to the Board of Examiners
shall be awarded a Certificate in International Studies by the
Institute of International Relations.
(iii) Notwithstanding (2) above, a non-graduate candidate whose
performance meets the requirements of the Diploma shall be considered
for the award of the Diploma in International Relations under the seal
of the University of the West Indies.
3. The Master of Science Degree in International Relations
Regir events for the M.Sc.I
The syllabus and scheme of assessment for the first year of the
Master's Programme (M.Sc.I) are the same as for the Diploma. A
candidate must attain a minimum overall average mark of 65% to be
considered for entry into the second year of the Master's Programme
(M.Sc.II). Final selection will be made strictly at the discretion of
the Board of Examiners which will take into account the candidate's
ability to do research, inter alia.
Requirements for the MSc.II
The programme for the second year of study leading to the award
of the M.Sc. Degree consists of the following:
(i) Theory, Scope and Method of International Relations
Each candidate must follow this course aimed at making a
critical evaluation of the main theories of International Relations.
The candidate will be required to pass an examination which will be
held at the end of the first semester. If a candidate fails this
examination, the candidate will be allowed to write a Supplemental
A candidate will be required to take the necessary tutorial(s)
in the disciplines) in which the candidate is writing a thesis.
The candidate must submit a thesis in partial fulfilment of the
requirements for the M.Sc. Degree. The preparation of this thesis
shall proceed in the following stages:
(1) A thesis topic shall be submitted for the approval of a
Thesis Committee at the beginning of the academic year.
(2) Under the direction of an Academic Supervisor, the candidate
shall prepare a detailed and well-structured proposal for submission to
the Thesis Committee not later than three months after the beginning
of the first semester. The Thesis Committee shall decide within two
weeks of such submission whether the candidate will be permitted to
proceed with the preparation of the M.Sc. thesis or be required to amend
the proposal for re-submission.
(3) Submission of four copies of the final draft of the thesis.
Award of the M.Sc. Degree
"- M e------------ ---
The Master of Science Degree in International Relations shall be
awarded under the Seal of the University of the West Indies with the
approval of the University Academic Committee.
The Institute edits and publishes the Caribbean Yearbook of
International Relations, Chronology of Events in the Caribbean, research
findings, bibliographical notes and documents about the international
problems of the region.
The publications of the Institute are distributed in four series.
The first series comprises books, written by members of staff or any
scholar, which have been accepted as publications of the Institute,
taking into account the quality. The second series is composed of
proceedings of conferences and collections of annotated selected
documents. The third series comprises occasional papers on matters
relevant to any aspectof the international problems of the Caribbean
area, and the fourth series is composed of research work, the findings
of which are deemed worthy of publication.
The following is a list of the publications of the Institute:
1. The Caribbean Yearbook of International Relations 1975.
2. The Caribbean Yearbook of International Relations 1976.
3. The Caribbean Yearbook of International Relations 1977.
4. The Legal Aspects of Caribbean Integration: A Study on
the Legal Aspects of CARICOM.
5. Contemporary International Relations of the Caribbean.
6. Independence for Grenada: Myth or Reality?
7. The Legal Regulations of Foreign Investment in the
Petroleum Industry of Trinidad and Tobago.
VIII. EXTRA CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES
In order to familiarise the students with, on the one hand,
the international current events and issues, and, on the other hand,
the practical aspects of decision-making and policy-planning and
implementation in international affairs, the Institute organises at
least twice a semester, in the afternoon, a "Special Lecture" for all
students. One of these lectures deals with topics and problems on
which attention was focused recently on the international scene.
This supplements other work and permits students to keep abreast with
current international affairs. The second lecture is given by a
practitioner, such as a decision-maker or a responsible senior civil
servant from the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of the various Caribbean
States, a key technocrat from the regional institutions serving the
cause of Caribbean integration, a diplomat or a former diplomat who has
played a leading role in general or specific Caribbean affairs, and a
church-man, businessman or union leader who has been involved, at a
level of responsibility, in specific matters relevant to international
problems of the Caribbean area.
The Institute, convinced that a wider knowledge of international
affairs is vital for the survival of small states such as exist in the
Caribbean, organises from time to time seminars in International
Relations throughout the islands of the Caribbean. So far, seminars
have been held in Antigua, Barbados, Bahamas, Belize, Curacao, Dominica,
Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guyana, Haiti, Martinique, Montserrat, Saint Lucia,
St. Vincent, Suriname and Tortola (British Virgin Islands). The primary
purpose of these seminars is to facilitate civil servants from these
territories who are unable to be released from their duties for a year
to pursue the Diploma Course in International Relations at the Institute.
The seminars have the additional effect of addressing a much wider
Since the academic year 1970/1971, the Institute has been
conducting a programme of International Relations at the secondary
level in schools throughout Trinidad and Tobago, on an experimental
basis. After the first two years of the project, the Ministry of
Education and Culture released four teachers, all former graduates of
the Institute, to implement the programme, which is the first step
towards its desirable extension as an integral part of the curriculum
of the secondary schools.
IX. EXTERNAL RELATIONS OF THE INSTITUTE
As a Caribbean institution specialising in the field of
International Relations, the Institute maintains contacts with similar
institutions and international organizations abroad as well as with
foreign Governments. These links are vital for the functioning of the
Institute and the objective is to increase such links.
At first, the relations with similar institutions abroad were
mainly informal (the only exception being the Graduate Institute of
International Studies in Geneva), such as meetings, staff exchanges,
occasional visits and joint publications in the latter case, for
example, with the Institute of Caribbean Studies, University of Puerto
Rico, Rio Piedras.
Members of staff of the Institute have participated in the
teaching programmes of the Law School of the Netherlands Antilles in
Curacao and of the Centre Universitaire Antilles-Guyane in Guadeloupe
and the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva. The
Institute is eager to develop relations of this kind on a regular or
even institutionalized basis. In this connection, a formal agreement
between the Centre Universitaire Antilles-Guyane and the Institute to
provide for a regular exchange of teaching staff has been concluded.
Other instances of co-operation are illustrated by the
relations with El Colegio de Mexico. By virtue of an agreement with
that institution, a scholarship is awarded to a graduate of this
Institute to pursue further studies at the Centro de Estudios Inter-
nacionales del Colegio de Mexico. The Institute also receives books
and other publications from El Colegio de Mexico.
The Institute is a foundation member of the Association of
Caribbean Universities and Research Institutes (UNICA) and actively
participates in the programmes of this Association.
SWith the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, an arrangement
exists whereby Ph.D. students from the Fletcher School can be attached
to the Institute while carrying out their research and benefit from the
research and other facilities at the Institute.
Special links have also been developed over the years with the
United Nations Institute for Training and Research, UNITAR.
personnel have in the past participated in the teaching programme of the
Institute and the Institute has agreed to co-operate with UNITAR in some
of its ventures.
So far, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace has
manifested a keen interest in the activities of the Institute. The
Endowment has co-sponsored with the Institute two seminars on Diplomacy
for senior civil servants of the Caribbean area and has awarded scholar-
ships to students from the Lesser Developed Countries (LDCs) of the
Eastern Caribbean to read for the Diploma in International Relations at
the Institute for three consecutive years.
Links are also being developed with many institutions which
have expressed a willingness to co-operate with the Institute, such
as, for example, Institute of International Relations, Cameroon; The
School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University,
U.S.A.; School of International Affairs, Carleton University, Canada;
Centre for Latin American Studies, University of Florida (Gainesville);
Universidad Central and Universidad Simon Bolivar, Venezuela.
DIRECTOR, SECRETA,AT AND SERVICES
The Acting Director of the Institute is Dr. Anthony T. Bryan.
Dr. Bryan is a Trinidadian with extensive academic experience,
particularly in the field of Latin American and Caribbean Studies. He
has also served in an advisory capacity to the Government of Trinidad
and Tobago on matters of Caribbean regional co-operation (1971-1974).
He has been a Faculty member at the University of Rhode Island, U.S.A.
(1969-1976) and a Visiting Professor at Indiana University, Bloooington,
U.S.A. (1971-1972) and at the Graduate Institute, Geneva, Switzerland
(1979). He was appointed to the staff of the Institute in 1975.
The post of Administrative Assistant is filled by Mrs. Norma
Ferreira, who has been on the staff of the Institute since its
inception, heads the Secretariat and is also Secretary to the Board
of the Institute.
The members of the Secretariat are Miss Cynthia Baptiste
(Secretary), Miss Jeanne Callender and Miss Jacqueline Roberts (Clerical
Library and Documentation Centre
The Library is headed by Miss Yola Alleyne, B.A., B.L.S.
Miss Alleyne has been Librarian at the Institute since 1966. The
other members of staff of the Library are Miss Wendy Sealy, B.A., Dip.
Library Arts, Assistant Librarian, and three Library Assistants -
Mrs. Dawn Bowen, Mrs. Hazel Narine and Miss Brenda Mayers.
Miss Joan Darcheville, B.J., Dip. Inter. Rel., is the
Documentalist and Mr. Kenneth Lewis, B.A., M.A., is the Assistant
The post of Translator/Interpreter/Editor is held by
Mrs. Margaret Blenman, B.A., M.Trad.
LIST OF TEACHING AND RESEARCH STAFF
Anthony T. Bryan, B.a., M.A., Ph.D. (Nebraska) Acting Director
Herb Addo, B.A. (Reading), M.A. (icMaster), Ph.D. (Carleton)
Anselm Francis, LL.B., LL.h. (London)
Aubrey Garcia, B.Sc. (U.W.I.), M.A., M.B.A. (Toronto), LL.B. (U.W.I.)
Henry Gill, B.A. (Dublin), Dip. Inter. kel. (U.W.I.)
Ramesh Ramsaran, B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. (U.w.I.)
Rosina Wiltshire-Brodber, B.Sc. (U.W.I.), M.A. Ph.D. (Michigan)
Lennox Ballah, Permanent Secretary, Ministry of External Affairs,
Government of Trinidad and Tobago. (Non-Residential).
LIST OF SPECIALISED SEMINi~S
Legal Aspects of Foreign Private Investment and the New International
Economic Order (Anselm Francis)
Project Analysis (Aubrey Garcia)
Third World Conflict Arenas and Superpower Interests (Henry Gill)
Transnational Corporations and Developing Countries (Ramesh Ramsaran)
TERRITORIES FROM WHICH STUDENTS HAVE ATTENDED THE REGULiA COURSES
OF THE INSTITUTE DURING THE PERIOD 1979-1981
Trinidad and Tobago
4 VISITORS TO THE INSTITUTE
Professor Chadwick Alger, Mershon Professor of Political Science and
Public Policy, The Ohio State University, Ohio, U.S.A.
Dr. Euric Bobb, Deputy Governor, Central bank of Trinidad and Tobago,
and formerly an official of the World Bank.
Professor Gunder Frank, School ofDevelopment Studies, University of
East Anglia, Norwich, England.
Professor Johan Galtung, Director, United Nations University, Geneva,
Dr. Gerard Mangone, Director of the Centre for the Study of Marine Policy,
College of Marine Studies, University of Delaware, U.S.A.
Dr. Bryce LaPorte, Director and Research Sociologist, Research Institute
on Immigration and Ethnic Studies, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.,
Sir Fred Phillips, C.V.O., Chairman, Cable and Wireless (West Indies) Ltd.,
and a former Governor of St. Kitts-Nevis.
Professor Roy Preiswerk, Professor at the Graduate Institute of Inter-
national Studies, Geneva, and the Institute of Development Studies, Geneva,
' Professor Ransford w. Palmer, Professor in Economics, Howard University,