• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Index
 Introduction
 Main
 Acknowledgement














Group Title: Bulletin New Series
Title: Beautifying the home with trees, shrubbery and lawns
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00089062/00001
 Material Information
Title: Beautifying the home with trees, shrubbery and lawns
Series Title: Bulletin New Series
Physical Description: 97 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida -- Dept. of Agriculture
Publisher: State of Florida, Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: 19441
 Subjects
Subject: Landscape gardening -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Ornamental horticulture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
General Note: Cover title.
General Note: "July, 1944."
General Note: "Reprint."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00089062
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltuf - AMG4292
oclc - 41792263
alephbibnum - 002458940

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Index
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Introduction
        Page 3
    Main
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
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        Page 17
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        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
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        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
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        Page 95
        Page 96
    Acknowledgement
        Page 97
Full Text





New Series No. 106 July, 1944


(REPRINT)


. WITH ..


I I
STATE OF FLORIDA
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
NATHAN MAYO, Commissioner
TALLAIIASSEE


-New Series -No. 106


July, 1944


B[BUTIBIRGG THE HOME









INDEX


PAGE

Introduction 3
Acknowledgments 98
Foundation Plantings 77
Illustrations 77-97
Home Beautifying 4
Borders 5
Hedges and Wind Breaks 7
Humus 8
Lawns 5
Low Ground Planting 8
Natural Gardening Style 5
Ponds 6
Roads 5
Rock Clumps 6
Shade 5
Showy Plants 8
Use of "Crow's Nest" 4
Wild Gardens 6
Lawns 68
Chinch Bug Control 75
Dusts 76
Liquid Sprays 76
Fertilizing Before Planting 72
Fertilizing Established Lawns 74
Grading 72
Green Lawns During Winter 74
Mowing 74
Preparing the Soil 71
Sowing Seed 73
Treatment for Old Lawns 73
Varieties 68
Bermuda 68
Carpet 69
Centipede 70
St. Augustine 71
St. Lucie 69
Watering 74








I N D E X-Continued


PAGE
Shrubbery 57
Australian Tree Fern 57
Bread Fruit Plant 58
Crotons 59
Cherry Laurel 59
Florist or Winter Blooming Gardenia 60
Golden Feather Palm 61
Hibiscus .62
Hydrangea 62
Oleander 63
Pittosporum Tobira 64
Severinia Buxifolia 65
Star Jasmine 65
Yellow Bell 66
Yellow Plumbago .66
Plants or Vines as Screens 67
Trees 9
Common Name Description 27-56
Conifers 52-56
Index of Common Names 12-13
Native Trees of Florida 14-26
Pruning 11
Utility 9
Varieties 11

















Introduction


According to history, the discovery of Florida by Ponce
de Leon was on Easter Sunday. The mass of bloom that
greeted this early explorer compelled his admiration and
he forthwith called the new land "Pascua Florida," which
means the "Feast of Flowers."

Further exploration disclosed blooming and ornamental
plants in great profusion and the early settlers were so well
pleased with the floral effect that the territory soon became
known as the "Land of Flowers."
Since that time both naturalists and botanists of world-
wide reputation have visited the State to study the unusual
variety of plant life and numerous books have been written
describing the exceptionally wide range of trees, shrubs,
flowering plants and evergreens native to Florida.
The settling of the State together with the growth of in-
dustry, however, has had its usual effect and a great deal of
the natural beauty has been destroyed. As a result new
arrivals to the State question the feasibility of growing the
plant life so necessary for "Home Beautification." Many
hundreds of varieties of flowers and plants can be raised
very successfully in Florida, if the same attention given in
other states to soil, rootstocks, varieties, cultivating, ferti-
lizing, spraying and pruning is observed. Climatic conditions
in Florida give the State a very distinct advantage over most
every other State.








DEPARTMENT OF AGICUI('.TUREI


HOME BEAUTIFYING WITH PLANT LIFE
When constructing a new home a very careful study of
the existing trees, plants and shrubbery should he made
before removing any of them. Denuding a tract is often a
serious mistake. In many instances it is futile to attempt im-
provement on the natural conditions as they exist. The great-
est landscape artist, Mother Nature, will never he equalled
by human plans and only through a study of Nature's plans
can new ideas relating to planting be improved.
There is a vast meaning back of everything created and
placed by this Supreme Intelligence, so much in fact, that
human intellect is slow in grasping its full import. The
rhythm and harmony in growing things needs to be learned
to be appreciated. Natural conditions used as a foundation
or central idea, when embellished, will bring out the maxi-
mum beauty in the home surroundings.
It is best to carefully analyze the entire landscaping plan
before any clearing is done, any roads or pathways cleared,
or foundations dug. Nature's green bosom is read to
receive any structure to he built and if "correctly dressed"
with green "garments" it will merge into its surroundings
with such pleasing effect as to appear a homogenous part
of the growing things around it.
"Repose thyself at the feet of Nature and learn."
Use of a "Crows-nest"
A portable "crows-nest," built about 15 feet high, consist-
ing of a light weight frame or scaffold made preferably of
1x3 materials and that can be moved easily, is equipment
that every home builder can use to distinct advantage.
On one side the strips serve as steps and a platform at
the top with a guard rail will enable the builder to obtain
a birdseye view of the grounds. When placed on the spot of
the contemplated building site a map or plan can be sketched
of all the natural surroundings, elevations, streams, etc.
This assures scientific and natural procedure.

Natural Gardening Style
Nature is the only natural planter we know. Single trees
have been set like lone sentinels by this great architect-gar-
dener. The effects of lavishness, profusion, massiveness and
solidarity are all parts of the Natural Plan, which reflects
harmony in all its perspective and nearby effects. The plant-
ing that gives lasting satisfaction in home-landscaping is that
which uses the natural laws of where, how and what to plant.








lBEAUTIFYING THE H()ME


The more intensively this master plan is studied, the more
certain the success will be. The dwelling rightly should he
considered an integral part of the landscape, the same as
the roads, bridges and planted vegetation.

Lawns
The open spaces and meadows found amidst forest, on
mountain tops and in the valleys gave the first concept of
lawns.

The shape of the lawn may be left to individual taste.
Severe, straight lines of the formal type or graceful curves
that blend into the general layout may le achieved. If the
greater part of it is visible from tie dwelling it will produce
a more pleasing result when compact.
An open space in front or at the side of the dwelling
should he the location of the lawn. Florida's climatic and
geographical conditions are such as to demand that they
le fully taken into consideration in any landscaping if mis-
takes are to be avoided in the final result.

Shade
Shade is needed as a protection against the continued
direct rays of the sun and plenty of sunlight is likewise nec-
essary to prevent dampness within the home. The growth
of mildew must he guarded against. Every side of the dwell-
ing should receive its share of sunlight. All surface water
should drain away from the house. Puddles and very moist
places are breeding places for mosquitoes and other insects.

Borders
The border planted around the lawn and the plants used
for this purpose are important steps in producing natural
effects. Such plantings are more satisfactorily done after
the house is built; then the views from different positions
inside the house may he obtained as well as those from the
outside, and from the top of the temporarily built "crows-
nest."

Roads
The first winding road was the outgrowth of the path
made by wild animals in their avoidance of natural harriers
in their path. In laying out a winding road or path the exist-
ing trees, plants, and other natural conditions should deter-
mine the direction the road or path will follow.








DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


Natural Guides in Landscaping
Rock gardens, cool-retreats, ponds, vistas of lake or
stream in their natural state furnish a safe guide for these
phases of landscaping.

Ponds
A small pool containing top-minnows and native fish will
prevent the breeding of mosquitoes. Bank the pond with
trees or well selected shrubs and an individual beauty will
be added.


A POOL LIKE THIS MAKES A DELIGHTFUL SPOT IN THE LANDSCAPE

Rock Clumps
Any mass of rocks that are to be covered with plants
should always appear as natural ledges or formations, their
location properly being on the side or edge of a slope. Un-
less certain of where and how to place them it is better to
eliminate them, as much skill is necessary to set up a rock-
ledge. Loose material carelessly piled together serves as a
foundation for this kind of planting.

Wild Gardens
Native pine forest land can be converted into a wildwood
garden. The wild shrubs and flowers growing thereon may
be added to by others to be had in the neighborhood and
the planting thus completed.









BEAUTIFYING THE HOME


A ROCKERY WITH PooI.


A ROCKERY IN A IROPICAL SE'rTTING


Hedges and Wind Breaks

To get a garden started in some locations it is necessary
to plant wind breaks of trees or hedges of shrubs to pro-
tect the garden against wind and frost, this being particu-
larly true of locations fronting on large bodies of water.








N DEPAl'IMENT OF AG(;I('CULTURE


Huunns
Much of Florida's pineland, which is generally so loose
that it fails to retain the fertilizer applied to it, needs humus.
Anything which, when decayed will make mold, should be
used to rebuild these soils. Make a compost heap of leaves,
grass from the lawn, rotted limbs, old wood and weeds, and
when fully decayed it can be used as a dressing for the land,
the trees and the plants.

Planting
A very little knowledge of plant life teaches us that plant-
ings made in dry, hot or windy weather are most difficult to
grow. A cloudy day with little wind and a liberal supply of
water will protect tie planting.

Showy Plants
Some landscapers advise against the use of plants with
showy, variegated foliage such as Crotons, Acalyphas, Pan-
danus, etc., but a study of tropical vegetation shows that
these plants with such gorgeous colors were developed under
the influence of light and heat. Many sections of Florida are
adapted to their cultivation, and these unusual specimens of
Nature's handiwork are as much a part of the landscape
garden as the bright feathers of birds. The colors of the
spectrum are alike found in the gems from the mines, the
flowers in the woods, the minerals of the mountain fastness,
the animal life of the plains and forests, the fowl of the air,
the fish of the sea, and the soils of the earth, clearly indi-
cating that they belong to plant life in the landscape of
Home Beautification.

Low Ground Planting
In designing walks in lowlands better results are obtained
by laying them out, as far as possible, on the higher part of
the land being landscaped. In marshy spots a liberal use of
broken rock, bricks, tile and concrete blocks will furnish
a good foundation for the path.








B EAUTIFYING THIE I OME


TREES
The growth of trees is a marvel of the ages, in the con-
templation of which our thought is carried back to the
period of greatest antiquity. Some trees, namely, the Mac-
rozamia of Australia, are reputed to be over 12,000 years
old.
From the small well cared for tree in the grove or orchard
to the mighty trees in the Western Forests, there is a sym-
metry and grandeur found in no other growing things.
The towering, massive Redwoods in Sequoia National
Park are some of the oldest growing things on earth. Some
of these awe-inspiring giants were stalwart sentinels growing
mid Nature's green-clothed parks when the Pharoahs of
Egypt were establishing their kingdoms and probably before
pyramid building became the obsession of those early rulers.
Within the long span of life of these grand old patriarchs
of the forest they guard secrets that would be riddles to a
Sphinx.
A comparison of this marvelous plant life with the short
period of human existence is all sufficient to give man pause
in his concept of the order, the expansion of growth, the
deep mystery of these mighty monarchs, truly the rightful
kings of this globe.
Utility
The utility of trees is almost unsurpassed. From them we
obtain shade from the sun and shelter from the storm; fruits
of almost innumerable variety; material for building ships,
business houses, homes, for making articles of clothing, tan-
ning material, dyes, saps, gums, sugar, medicinal properties,
chemicals, insulating material, charcoal and when the tree
decays it forms food for other plant life, and if burned the
gases arising are put to use by Nature's laboratory, and the
ashes enrich the soil.
A beautiful story is found in the act of Judge W. H. Jack-
son, former Chief Justice of the Georgia Supreme Court.
On his plantation there grew a white oak tree on the crest
of a hill. A view of his plantation could be had from this
point and it was the habit of Judge Jackson to climb this
hill, rest beneath this grand old tree with its symmetrical
branches, and there, no doubt, ponder some of the mys-
teries of growing things.
In the will made by the Judge he gave "to the tree, the
land on which the tree grew, because of the great love he
bore for it." He wanted to protect this tree against the on-








DEPARTMENT 'OF AGRIICUL'TURE


slaughts of "civilization" and this deed recorded in the civil
court at Athens over 117 years ago is still a matter of record.
A tablet has been placed on this 350-year-old monarch
by the people of the district, stating that the tree has title to
the land which it occupies, because the former owner of the
land loved the tree.
Thousands of visitors visit this unusual tree and pay
homage to the tree and to the memory of the man who had
grasped some of the meaning of Nature's love for man.
Oliver Wendell Holmes is quoted as saying: "What a
strange underground life is that which is led by the organ-
isms we call trees. These great fluttering masses of leaves,
stems, boughs, trunks, are not the real trees. They live
underground and what we see are nothing more than their
tails."
In the determination of the life of trees or plants, water
is perhaps the most important single factor. Plants are prin-
cipally water, the chemical analyses showing the water con-
tent to be from 55 to 95 percent. Plants take up enormous
quantities of water and for every pound of water remaining
in the plant structure 95 to 99 pounds of water are tran-
spired or evaporated through the leaves. To make a pound
of dry matter or solids in plants there will be taken away
from the soil between 500 and 1,000 pounds of water, or
from one-quarter to one-half ton.

Native Trees
The species of native trees in Florida are exceptionally
large, and the number of those introduced from other sec-
tions of the globe is perhaps larger. This gives a very wide
range of selection and makes possible good plantings for
every type of landscape.
Trees native to the temperate zone and the tropics are
alike found growing in the different localities of the State.
Transplanting of trees from the wild usually is not suc-
cessful and for this reason nursery propagated trees are best
to plant. The trees raised by a good nurseryman will have
better root systems and development than most trees taken
from the woods.
When the trees are planted they should be placed at the
same depth as when growing in the nursery. Good manure,
well decayed leaf mold, with small quantities of muck, if
available, mixed with the soil placed around the roots will
assist in the growth of the trees. Steamed bone meal and
tankage is also used, the application of commercial fertilizer








BEAUI'IFYING THE HOME 11

being used after the tree has begun growth in its new loca-
tion. .
Use only the top soil that is removed from the place the
trees are planted. The subsoil should be discarded.
Covering the trunk and larger limbs of large trees with
Sphagnum moss, which is tied in place, will protect the trees
that are transplanted. This moss should be kept damp for
several weeks to assist the root system to resume its natural
functions. Spanish moss may be substituted but it does not
retain moisture so well.
Deciduous trees are generally transplanted during the
cooler winter months or when they are bare of foliage.
Plants moved to new locations during the summer months
should be kept shaded.
Conifers are usually transplanted with their original ball
of earth adhering to the roots.

Pruning
The art of pruning must be acquired through practice.
Trees should be pruned to assist their growth as well as to
attain the desired shape and symmetry that brings out the
harmony of the planting. If in doubt it will be best to em-
ploy some one skilled in the art. All cuts should be clean
and without ragged edges. Covering the cut portion with a
tar preparation to exclude micro-organisms will protect the
tree and give greater assurance of a healthy tree or plant.

Varieties
The list of trees available for Florida plantings is very
large. Only a portion of these trees is illustrated, but a list
of most of these trees will be found at the end of this
chapter.










DEPARTMENT OF AGH IC('ULTUltE



INDEX

COMMON NAMES OF TREES


Acacia ...
Agyneja ..... ..
Alexandrian Laurel .
American Elm ....
Anatto
Australian Pine .


Bamboo .
Banucalag .. ......
Baobab .. ..
Bead 'free ...
Beefwood ......
Bischofia ...
Black Olive . ....
Brazilian Pepper Tree
Buttonwood ..


Cajeput .. .. . .
Calabash Tree
Camphor Tree
Candlcnut .. ... .
Candle Tree ...
Cannonball Tree ......
Cape Chestnut .....
Cape Pittosporum
Carob
Cassia-Bark Tree
Catalpa ... ... .
Catesbaea .....
Chaste Tree ..
Cherry Laurel ......
China Berry
Chinese Pistache ..
Circassian Bean
Citrus . . .
Coral Tree . ..
Crab Apple .... .


Dalbergia .... .
Desert Willow ..
Dogwood (Flowering)
Dombeva ..
Dwarf Elm


Ear Tree . . ..
Empress Tree ...
Eucalyptus or Gum .


PAGE
27
. 27
27
27
27
27


. 28
. . . .. 28
. . ... 28
28
28
28

. .. 29
29
S. 29

29
29
S 29
29
.... 30
30
.. 30
30
30
30
30
31
.. 31
31
32
. 32
32


Floss Silk Tree
Fountain Tree
Fringe Tree

Geiger Tree
Glossy Privet
(;U1111 .

Hackberry
Hayata
Heliotrope Tree
Hemp Tree
Hickory .
Hinau '1 ree
Holly
Horseradish Tree


35
35
35
35
35
35
35
3.:5


Indian Bean


Jacaranda
Japanese Varinsh
Japan Wood-oil Tree
Jerusalem Thorn
Judas Tree

Kaffir Bean .
Kapok
Kentucky Coffee 'Tree

Linden Basswood
Loblolly Bay.
Locust .


... 32 Madeira l Redwood .
.... 32 Madras Thorn .
. 32 Magnolia .
Mahoe
33 Mahogany
33 Maidenhair Tree .
33 Mango ..... ..
33 Manilla Tamarind
33 Mock Orange..
Monkey Apple .
Moreton Bay (Chestnut
33 Mountain Eboln
.. .. 33 Mulberry
.. 33 Mu-oil Tree


Fat Pork Tree . ....
Fig Tree ..... ... ...
Flame Tree ...........
Florida Maple ... ....


Oak ...
Olive .
Old Man's Beard
Orchid Tree .


. 39
39
. 39
39











BEAUTIFYING THE HOME


INDEX

COMMON NAMES OF TREES-Continued


Paper Mulberry
Parasol Tree
Pecan .
Physic Nut
Pink Cassia .
Plane Tree
Poonga Oil Tree
Poplar ..
Pudding Pipe
Phoenix Tree
Pride of India
Punk Tree .
Purging Nut


PAGE
S. 39
40

40
40

40
40
40
tO
40

to40


Queen's Crape Myrtle
Queen's Flower .....
Queensland Nut

Rain Tree
Redhud
Red Cedar
Red Cotton 'Tree ..
Red Maple .
Red Sandalwood .
Royal Palm .
Royal Poinciana
Ruhher Tree ..

Sacred Bo Tree .
Sandbox
Satinleaf . .
Sausage Tree
Scarlet Maple
Seagrape
Seaside Mahoe .
She-Oak
Silk Cotton Tree .
Silk Oak .
Silk Tree .
Silver or Soft Maple
Soapberry .
Southern Magnolia
Southern Sugar Maple
St. John's Bread
Stopper .. .
Sugarberry
Swamp Maple
Sweet Gum
Sycamore ..


40
t2
42
42
42
P2
42
.... 13
43


PAGE
Tallow Tree .. 47
Tamarind .... . ......... 48
Temple Tree . 48
rexas Umbrella Tree 48
Traveler's Palm 48
Traveler's Tree . .. 48
Tree of Heaven ... 48
Tropical Almond .... 49
Tulip Tree .... 49
Tung-Oil Tree . 49

Victorian Box . 50
Vitex ... ............ 50

Water Elm ... 50
Weeping Willow .50
White Elm 50
Wild Black Cherry .. 50
Wild Olive .......... 50
Woman's 'Tongue Tree .51

Yellow Elder .. . 51
Yellow Poplar ... 51
Ylang-'lang 51

CONIFERS


Arbor Vitae .. ..

Bunya-Bunya ...

Chinese Fir ..
Cypress .
(Cypress-Pine .

Florida Yew .

Indian Cedar

Juniper and Cedar

Monkey-Puzzle
Moreton Bay Pine

Norfolk Island Pine

Pine .

Stinking Cedar

Yew . .


52

.52
52

52
52
. 52

54

54
5t

54
54.

5t

55

55

55








NATIVE TREES OF FLORIDA*


SECTION WHERE FOUND


Florida or Southern sugar maple..Western
Southern sugar maple ... Western
Soft, Silver white maple .Western.............
Red, swamp maple . .All except extreme south .
Box elder. Sugar ash...... ... Northern .


Poisonwood. Hog gum.
Sumac. Dwarf sumac
Mango .. .. .....

Pond, custard apple.
Pawpaw ..


American holly. ...
Hybrid holly .
Dahoon .. .. .. .
Myrtle-leaved holly. Dahoon holly
Krug's holly .. .. ..
Yaupon. Cassena ..
Deciduous holly. Possum haw
W interherry . . .


.Extreme south
All except south ....
.Southern . ....


... Southern
SNorthern


.All except southern.
Walton county
.A ll sections ................
Northern ...
Extreme south ...
Northern . .....
Northern
.Western


Hercules club. Devil's walking stick Northern .

Hornbeam, blue beech, ironwood. Northern half.
Hop hornbeam . ...Northern half.
River,red, black birch .... Northern
Sweet, black hirch. . Western
Smooth alder .Northern


BOTANICAL FAMILY

ACERACEAE





ANACARDIACEAE


.. NNONACEAE


A Q UIOLIACEA E


A RALIACEAE

BETULACEAE


CoMMON NAME


* Sudworth's (heck List of the Forest 'l'rees of the United States.


BOTANICAL NAMJi:

Acer floridantim
Acer floridanum villipes
Acer saccharinitm
Acer rubrum
Acer negundo (Negundo Negundo)

Metopium toxiferum
Rhus copallina
Mangifera indica

Annona glabra
Asimina triloba

Iler opaca
Ilex attenuata
Ilex Cassine
Ilex Cassine myrtifolia
Hler Krugiana
Ilex vomitoria
Ilex decidua
Ilex decidua Curtis.sii

A. rali spinosa

('arpinusa caroliniana
Ostra zvirginiana
IBetuila nigra
Ilenla lentrios
Allnsa.1 rugosa








NATIVE TREES OF FLORIDA Continued


('(IMON NAME: SECTION WVIIERE FOUND

Catalpa . Western
Black calabash tree . Extreme south

Geiger tree. ..... Extreme south .

Strongbark .. . ....... Extreme southeastern

Gumbo-liimbo. Gum elemi ... Southern coastal


Cinnamon-bark. Wild cinnamon Extreme south.

Caper tree. ................Southern coastal ... .
Bay-leaved caper tree.. ........ .Southern ..

Florida elder. ............... All sections . .
Florida elder. Florida elderberry.Northern half .
Southern, rusty blackhaw.. .....Northern.
Small Viburnum .. ..... .Northern half .

Papaya. Pawpaw ............ Southern

False boxwood..................Keys ..
Wahoo. Strawberry bush .........Northern ..
Rhacoma. .. ................ Extreme south.
Boxwood. Florida boxwood......Extreme south.
Maytenus .... ...............Extreme south

Black olive.. .... .............. Elliots Key .
Tropical almond ............... Southern .
Buttonwood .. .............. Southern coastal
BIuttonwood. White buttonwood..Southern coastal


BOTANICAL FAMILY

BIGNONIACE AE


BORRA GINA'CEA E



BURSERACEAE


CANELLA EA E

CA PPA RIDACEA E


('A PRIFOLIACEA




CA RICA CEA E

CELASTRACEAE





COMBIRET ACEAE


BOTANICAL, NAME

('Catalpa bignonoides
Enallagma cucurbitina

'ordia Sebestena L. (Sebesten
Sebestena)
Bourreria ovata Miers

Bersera Simaruba (Elaphrium
Simaruba)

(anella Winterana

(Capparis jamaicensis
Cappark cyanophallophora

Sambucus intermedia
Samhbucl Simpsonii
ITiburnrum rufldulumin
I'iburnum ohovatum

('arica papaya

Gyminda latitfolia
Euontymus atropurpureusr
Rhacoma Crossopetalnm
Schaefferia frTitescens
.Mayteniun phyllanthoides

Bucida Bureran
Terminalia Catappa
Conocarpmu eredta
Lantgunclanria raremosa







NATIVE TREES OF FLORIDA Continued


SECTION Wm]I':I FOUrND


Groundsel tree ... ............. All sections.
Clustered groundsel tree. ....... All sections


Flowering dogwood. ..

Roughlea!f dogwood . .
Blue dogwood. Dogwood
Cornel


.... Central and northern...


BOTAN-IC.\L FAMILY

('031OSITA E

(CON.ICE. IE


.Western
Gadsden county
Northern


Iroinwood. Red titi. I.eatherwood Northern.
Titi. Black titi. . ...........Northern


P( rs-,ilnlnon. Possulinwood..
Persimmon . .
Mountain laurel. .....
Sourwood ...
Xolisima. Titi .

Whitc wood. Guiana plum
While wood, big Guiana plui
Crahwood. Poisonwood
Malnchincel .
Otathieite gooseherry
Saxia
Tallow Irce ...

Milk- Irce

hiee lh .

Chiinlapiii


S All sections. .
.I)Dade county .
..... W western . .
..... W stern
.... Northern half.

Extreme southern
n Keys
xtr eme south
S. Extreme south
l'xtreme south mainland
S Keys .
o.Northern. .

SExtreme northwestern

Nurlhcrn .
Northern
.. Northern.


CYRILL.I CE IE


EBEN. ICE. IE

ERI( I.CE II:




El'IPHOI? BII('l IE


F.I .I(I, C IE


(COMMON N'AMI:


BoTANICAL NA E:

Barrcharis halimifolia
Barcharis !Ylom rulifoliff
('ornus florida (('i/no.vilin
ftoridlu )
( orotus asperifolia
(Cor n us alternifolif
Cornus slric(a (Szidah slricfa)

'f rilla racremiflora
'liflonia monophi ila

I)o.s/pyro.s virfinii na
I).iospro's virtiniana .l sii
Ki/mia la/lifolia
O/yde(ndrum aerborei m
LqiomI ferrfiinea (Xolitsma
ft rrn;finca)
1) rb te.'s lafferifora((
DrIqpefcs dizversifolia
i(tin iit/Ihes / h ida
Il ppom, nfn Mf.linll'I
S'ic'i di., tichai.
Navia bahamensis
Nap(liim. ebiferunmt (Triadic.
shbifera)
SN
lPay ( 'sfmt '<. pftm n ft
C(P asm'd alnifolia floridana







NATIVE TREES OF FLORIDA Continued


CoaMMO NAME

Black oak
Turkey, scrub, blackjack oak
Hybrid oak .
Red, Spanish oak
Swamp, red, swamp Spanish oak
Swamp red oak
Blackjack, barrens oak
Hybrid oak .
Water oak
Hybrid oak
Willow oak .
Laurel, willow oak. ..
Blue jack, turkey, cinnamon oal
Oak
Hybrid Oak ..
Hybrid Oak ..
Hyhrid Oak . .
Hybrid Oak ..
Myrtle, scrub oak ..
Live oak ... .
Live oak, twin live oak .


Live oak.
Chapman, Chapman white oak.
White oak .
Post oak . .
Post, small post oak ..
Pin, bastard white oak
Overcup oak .
Cow, basket, swamp chestnut oak
Chestnut, chinquapin oak.


SECTION x WHEIR FOUND

.Western
Northern half.
D'uval county
Western and Central
.W western .....
.Western
Northern
Levy county
Northern .
.Okaloosa county
Northern
All except extreme south
k.Northern to Lee county
..Orange and Volusia counties.
Alachua and )uval counties.
.Columba county
SSeminole county.
. Northeast
All sections
.All sections
.Peninsular and northern .


Central and southeast. .....
Near Gulf and in Central
Central and western
.Northern.
SCentral and western ..
Central and western
.Northern
.Northern peninsular & western
Western


BOTANICAL FAMIIIY

P, GAl CEA LE


BOTANICAL NAME

Qiierrus velutina
Qrercus Catesbaei
Quiercus IWalteriana
(,terrus irubra
Quercus rubra pagodaefolia
Qipercns rubra leuiiraphflla
Querrcus nmarilandica
Quercus Bushii
Qnerrcs nig(ra
Quercus veniflosa
Q(rrrus' I'hellos
(Cerru, laurifolia
Qaercous cinerea
QurrcPs cinera deintat tlobatan
Queret"s raduca
Quercvus subinrtegra
Quemrcns oviedoen.is
(Ouircius dubia
Quercus myrtifolia
)Qu errcts virgfniana
Quircus geminata. (Q. virginiana
fgeminata)

Querrous virfiniarna virest'ens
.Quercu.s (Chnapmanii
Quercis alba
uOercus stellata
Querrcs stella'a Margaretta
Qiererus austirna
Q)uercus lyrata
Querric Prinus (Michanxii)
Querers Miuehlenibergii








NATIVE TREES OF FLORIDA Continued


COMMON NAME SECTION WHERE FOUND

W itch hazel .... .. .. Northern .
Sweet gum, Red gum. . All except extreme south

Red buckeye .. .. ..... . Northern .. .... ...
Georgia buckeye . ........ Escambia county.
........ . . D ade county. .. .. .


Walnut, Black walnut....
Bitternut, swamp hickory.

Water, swamp hickory
Water, narrowleaf water hickory
Shagbark, shellbark hickory.
Mockernut, bullnut, red hickory
Mockernut hickory.... ..
Pignut, paleleaf hickory ..
Pignut hickory. ..
Florida hickory


. W western. . . ..
W western ... ..

River swamps .
SRiver swamps ... .
Western . ..
.Northern half .
Northern. .
W western ... .
.All except extreme south
East coast ..


Red, sweet bay. Fla. mahogany.. All sections


Sv.:,imp, swamp red bay.
Lancewood
Sassafras, Saxifrax
Misanteca .. .
Camphor. . .

(at's claw. long pod
Julibrissen. Silktree .
Woman's tongue tree
Wild tamarind .
lItisache, Opopanax


S. All sections
S.Southern coastal ....
Northern
S.Dade county.
....... Peninsular. .

Extreme south .
.... Central and northern
Southern .
. Extreme south
All sections


BOTANICAL FAMILY

HAd J1M ELIDA CEA E


HIPPOCASTA NA CEA E


JUGLANDA CEAE


.... LA URACEAE


LEG'UMINOh IE


BOTANICAL NAMNI

Hamamelis macrophylla
Liquidambar styraciflua

Aeseculs pavia
Aesculus georgiana
Talisia pedicellaris
.Juglans nigra
iHicoria cordifornis. (Carga
cordiformis)
Hicoria aquatira. (Carya aquatica)
Hicoria aquatica australis
Hicoria ovata. ((arya ovata)
Hicoria alba. (Carya alba)
Hicoria alba sbrcoriaceae
Hicoria pallida. (Carya pallida)
Hicoria glabra negaracrpa
Hicoria floridana

Persea Borbonia (Tamala
Borhonia)
Persea pubescens. (P. paluistris)
Ocotea Catesbyana
Sassafras officinalt. (S. Sassafras,
.Misan teca triandrai
('iananomonlit caln phora

Pitherohlobhinm ,any nii-cati
A /bizzia iulibrissiin
Albizzia lebbek
Lylsilomna bahaimnsis
Iacria Parinesit(na. ( J'i(chellia
Parries iana)






NATIVE TREES OF FLORIDA Continued

CoM3oxM NAME SECTION HIIERE FOUND BOTANICAL FAMILY

Leucaena ........ ........... Keys LEGUMINOSAE
Tamarind ... .................. Extreme south .
Red-bud. Judas tree .... ... . .Northern half .
Honey locust . .............. .Northern ..
Water locust ........ ... Northern .. .
Jerusalem thorn. Horsebean. .Peninsular.
Royal Poinciana ..... .. Southern .
Australian corkwood..... Extreme south

Jamaica dogwood . Extreme south
Erythrina Southern coastal ...
Dalbergia .. Southwestern .

Corkwood .. . ...... Apalachicola basin . LEITNERIACEAE

Spanish bayonet ...... Northern LILIACEAE
Spanish dagger .. .. . Northern

Crepe myrtle ... Every section .. LYTIRA CEAE

Magnolia . .... ... ..All sections .... MAGNOLIACEAE
Sweet bay ........... All sections
Cucumber tree. Large-leaved
cucumber tree .. ..... Northern
Southern cucumber tree Western
Tulip tree. Poplar. Yellow poplar.Northern

Locust-berry. ..... ... Extreme south M. I LPIGHIII CEAE E

Seaside mahoe Extreme south ILVACEAJE
Mahoe ... ... Extreme south.


BOTANICAL NAME

Leacaenia glauca
Tamarindus indica
(ercis canadensi.
Gleditsia triacanthos
Gleditsia aquatic
Parkinsonia aculeata
Poinciana regia
Sesbania grandiflora. (Agati
grandiflora)
Ichthyomethia pijcipula
Erythrina arborea
Dalbergia Sissoo

Leitneria floridana

Yucca aloifolia
Yucca gloriosa

Lagerstroemia indica

Magnolia grandiflora
Magnolia virginiana anstralis

Magnolia marrophylla
JMagnolia pyramidata
Liriodendrona Tulipifera L.

Blrsonaima lucida

T'hespesia populnea
Hibiscus tiliaceus. (Parilinm
tiliaceum)









NATIVE TREES OF FLORIDA Continued


COMMON NAME:

T'ctrazygia

Chinaberry. China-tree
Mahogany. Madeira

Red mulberry.
White mulberry.
Black mulberry
Paper mulberry.


SECTIONx WHERE FOUND

Extreme south.

All sections
Extreme south


All sections
Northern
Peninsular
Northern


Wild fig. Wild rubber Southern
Wild fig. Golden fig. Wild rubber Southern
Horseradish tree Southern

Myrtle, wax myrtle, candleberry All sections


Odorless wax myrtle

Marlherry .
Myrsinec
Spanish, surgeon stopper
ShIpper. White stopper.
Ied stopper
lied stopper
NaIked stopper
Stopper


Northwestern.

Southern coastal
Southern
Southern coastal
.Southern coastal
Keys
Keys . .. .
Southern coastal
Southern coastal


BOTANICAL FAMILY

MELA ST'OMIACEAE

MELLI CAE


.. MORA CEA E







...... MOR I I C'E I E

1 MYRI(CACEI E




IMYRISIN.ICE.I E


MfI}'T '.1)'i'. IE


BOTAN ICAx N AI;i

7'Ttrazcygia bircolor

Melia Azedarach
Swieten'ia mnlahl(ton

Morus rubra
Morns alb(
3lor.us nigra
Brou.,sonetia pa]yirifera. (Pappri.,
papPrrifera)
Ficus brevifoJlia
Firus alurc(
M3orina M3iorintga. (31.
ptery!gospertna)
MIqrica cerifera. ((' erothai nun,
ceriferus)
My.rica inodorfi. (<'erothml 11
inodorus)
Iracorea puanicuflatf
Rapanea gfuian nsis.
/Euyenia hbnifolia
IEulnia adillhffrris
1Eu1'ni(a rhlconifni
E geia coifust .
Etu.enia discrmUa
Eu! Sinpsonii)
Eugenia lonyipes.. (.I nlaiomis
longipes )


S opper . Keys






NATIVE TREES OF FLORIDA Continued


COMMON NAME

Stopper ................

Cajeput . .
White spicewood . .
Spicewood ...


SECTION WIIERE FOUND

........ Extreme south .. ..


BOTANICAL FAMILY

. MYRITAC(EAE


........ Southern ......
.... Extreme south
........ K eys ....


Blolly. Porkwood. Pigeonwood Extreme south


Tupelo. Black, sour gum
Water, swamp black gum
Sour tupelo. Ogeechee lime
Tlupelo, cotton gum .


.Northern
.Northern
.Northern
. Northern


White wood . ............ Southern . .
Hog p1lum, tallowwood ......... Southern and central

Water, pop ash .... ........Northern
Water, swamp ash. ...............Northern and southwestern
While ash .......................Western and central
Green ash .................. Western area . .
Pumpkin ash . ...Western area
Swamp privet .. Northern area
Fringe tree. Old man's Ieard .Northern area
Wild olive. Devilwood ... Northern and central

Co('conut .e . . . . . Exreme south .
Buccaneer, hog cahlage palm .Few keys
Royal palm Extreme south
Saw cabbag e paln. ... ....... Extreme south
Silver, thatch )pah ... ... Extreme south


X I('TAGINI 'EA E

X YSSA CEA E




OLACACEAE


OLEA CE. I E


BOTANICAL NAME

Eugenia bahamenysis. (Anamomis
bahamensis)
M1elraleri Icr leradendiron
('alyptranfthes pallensi
('ap/ 'DrIon tZi/iz, fiqllu il
('alyptranthes Zuzrglium

Torruibia longifoliaI

N.issa siylvatica
Nyssa biflora
Ny.ssa Ogecrh
NyVssia aquatica

Schorpfia rhli ysophylloide as
Ximenia aimeriranti

Fraxin its ('arolinia(in
Fralin us pauciflora
PFraxin u aimericanat
Praxinuis ipennsiii ilvanica lianrieolat(
Fraxinus profundac
Forestiera acumrninata
C'hionantlHus viryiniciir
Os)rI0ntnl ht s (l.s rti ca(n(t .s


('ocos IlliferoC
PlYsci phi oeni vin ',',er
lioy.slon.ea, regi'(
.coelorraphie wrightii
('orothrina.r rfrycnlirt. ('.
J1tcrulfdf )


PA ILMA IC'EI E









NATIVE TREES OF FLORIDA Continued

COMMON NAME SECTION WHERE FOUND BOTANICAL FAMILY
Cabbage palmetto. ............ All except extreme western.
James palmetto .......... .... Extreme south .............
Thatch palm....................Extreme south.... ........ PALMACEAE
Brittle thatch, silver-top palmetto Extreme south ... ...
Thatch palm ................... Extreme south .............
Key thatch palm . . .... Keys .. . . ....

Loblolly, oldfield, meadow pine .Northern ................... PINEA CEAE

Pond, loblolly, marsh and black
pine . .. .. . .. . . .. ... N northern ........
Sand, spruce, oldfield, and scrub
pine . .. ... .. Coastal ......... . .. .
Shortleaf, yellow pine Northern
Spruce, white, lowland-spruce
pine . ......... ... .. Northern .. ...
Iongleaf, southern, yellow pine .All except extreme south
Slash, swamp, saltwater pine ..... Near coasts, including keys
Bald, deciduous cypress .......... All sections .....
Pond cypress . .All except extreme south
Red cedar . Northern . .. .. ..

Southern red, Barbadoes cedar Peninsular. .


White cedar, juniper
Sycamore, Buttonhall

Sea grape
Pigeon pl iii

Australian silk oak


Northern

Northern

..Southern coastal
.. Southern coastal .

Lower peninsular


IPL. I ',I N.,4 (' E',

POL )ItON. I ('E. .IE


I'IuOTE,'lAI ''1.,l Il


BOTANICAL NAME

Sabal palmetto
Sabal Jamesiana
Thrinax floridana
Thrinax microrarpa
Thrinax Wlenmdlandiaina
Thrinax keyensis
Pinus Taeda


Pinus serotina. (P. rigida serotina)

Pinus clause
Pinus echinata

Pinus glabra
Pinus paslutris
Pinus caribaear (P. Elliotti)
Taxodium distichum
Taxodium ra.iendens
Juniper us viryiniana. (Sabina
virginiana)
Juniper Itucrlayana. (Sabhina
barbaden~sis) (.1. barbadensis)
(Chamarycl/paris Ihoid.es
PIlatani ii ofcitdeintlis

('occolobis i. ifera
('orrolobis laIurifolia

(Irevillcn robusiti








NATIVE TREES OF FLORIDA Continued


COMMON NAME

Darling plum, red ironwood.
Black ironwood
Yellow-wood. Indian cherry.
Soldierwood. Nakedwood .
Nakedwood . .......

Wild coffee. Nakedwood.


Mangrove


SECTION WHERE FOUND

Extreme southern. .
.... Extreme southern
Central and northern..
Keys . .
K eys ... . .

S. Extreme southern ....


. ..... Southern coastal ..


BOTANICAL FAMILY

R114MINACEA E


BOTANICAL NAME

Reynosia septentrionalis
Krugiodendron ferreum
Rhamntus caroliniana
(olubrina reclinata
(olubrina rubehni.i (


('olubriuI arborseerns. (C.
Colubrina)

R1I )YZOPIIORA(EAE Rhizophora Mangle


Crabapple ... .... . Western
Crabapple. ........ .. .. .. Gadsden county
Pear . . . . Northern
Service, shad, Juneberry Northern .
Haw. Hawthorn ... . ..Most in northern
Wild plum. Sloe ...... Central and western
Wild plum ..... .... ........ Wakulla county.
Chickasaw, yellow plum ..... Northern
Hog, wild plum. Sloe. All hut southern
Wild cherry, wild black cherry...Central and northern.


Cherry laurel, mock orange

West Indian cherry
Coco-phlum
Coco-pluhm

Fever tree, Georgia bark
Princewood.
Bultonbush .. .
Seven-yea r apple))


. All except extreme south

. Dade county .
S.Southern coastal counties
)Dade county.

Western ..
Extreme southern
All sections ....
SSoutlhern


ROSA('EA E


IiUIII. I('I .I


Malus anigustifolia
Malus bracteata
I'yrus fcommunis
Amalanchier ranadensis
('rataeynu (Nearly 50 species)
'Pruni i atmeirican a
IPranis amerricana floridana
Irunus angustifolia
Prunis umbrellata
P'rinlus serotina. (P'adts vir-
ginialn)
I'ranu s (arolinion(a. (Lali rocerams 0t
caroliniana)
I'runus myrtifolia
('hrysobalanus irtiaco
('hrysobalannsi i(rr'o Ipllrtarlmp

I'ncrkneya pubetns
Eroste 1a (arihbau(II
('ephala(,thus rocidentalis
(lenipa clusiifolia








NATIVE TREES OF FLORIDA Continued


Hamelia ...... ........ .Southern . .. .
Velvetseed .. .. ........ Keys . .. ...
Balsamo . Southern. .
Wild coffee . .. . . Southern coastal ... ....
Bahaman wild coffee. .. .. Keys . .


Hercules club. Toothache tree.
Prickly ash ...... .. ...

Wild lime .. .

Satinwood. Yellow-wood ..
Hoptree ....
Balsam Torchwood
orchwood ... ..
Sour, Seville orange ..
Sweet orange. ..
Florida rough lemon

Southern cottonwood. River and
necklace poplar
Black willow.
Black willow.
Black willow.


Soapherry .
Soapberry
Inkwood, ironwood
White ironwood.
('i.pania
I)odonca


.All sections . . .

.Southern coastal .. ..


BOTANICAL FAMILY

RUBIACEAE






RUlTACEAE


.Keys
.Northern
Extreme south
Extreme south
Peninsular
Peninsular
Peninsular


.Western.
Northern
Western
Western


........... SALICAtEAE


N. 1I'IN/I ('EA E


. Extreme south
Pelninsular
Extreme south
Keys
K eys


COMMON NAME


SECTION WHERE FOUND


BOTANICAL NAME

IHamelia patens
Guettarda elliptica
Psychotria nervosa
Psychotria undata
Psychotria bahamensis


Xanthoxylrum clava-Herculis

Xanthoxyluinm Fagara. (Fagara
Fagara)
Xanthoxylin flavnin
Ptelea trifoliata mollis
mlmyris balsarmifera
Amyris felemifera
('itr us A1 ra n tin
Citrus sinens.is
Citrus Limonia


Popuh111ts dfllofidets virginiana
S!'X r nigra
Sal8i' lonlyipes

ap:nds ponalfria
S rtlpild 11" mar inatsl s

EI.'ol he(I pmnic (i lal
f (pe'ft h'trifolifatfff
('1upania /lfbru'a
I)odoaca mrif'rro'rarp







NATIVE TREES OF FLORIDA Continued


CosMMON NAME

Satinleaf ..
Massic. Wild olive.
Bustic
Tough buckthorn..
Gum-elastic ..
Buckthorn .. . ..
Saffron plum
W ild dilly .......... . .
Sapodilla. Dilly ....

Paradise Tree. Bitterwood
Bitterbush . .
Tree of heaven ..
Alvaradoa ..

Potato tree .


Parasol tree. Japanese varnish
tree .

Silverhell
Silverhell .
Little Silverbell. ..

Snowdrop tree. Two-wing silver-
hell
Styrax


Bay cedar


SECTION WHERE FOUND

Southern coastal .
.Southern coastal ..
Extreme south
Northern half ...
Northern ... .
Northern . . . ..
southern coastal.
K eys . . ... .
.Extreme south

SLower coastal ...
Extreme south .
SNorthern . . .
. Extreme south ..

Southeastern Coastal. .


Northern


Western
Western
Northern


Gadsden and I.eon counties
Restricted western .


oiouthern coastal


Sweetleaf. Horse sugar Northern


BOTANICAL, FAMILY

SAPOTA CEA E









SIMA RO BJA(' EA E1




SOLANACEAE


STERC1ULIA('EAE

STYRIIACA('EAE


SIR-IANA('EA E

SYMPLOCI('EA E


BOTANICAL NAME

Chrysophyllumn oliviforme
Sideroxylon foetidissimum
Dipholis salicifolia
Bumelia tenax
Bumelia lannginosa
Bumelia lycoides
Bumelia anqustifolia
Mimitsops parviflora
Achras sapota

Simarouba glauca
P;erarnia pentandra
A ilanthits glandulosa
Alvaradoa amorp)hoides

Solanum verbasrifolitmin


Firmiana simplle.r

lIalesia earoliniiant
Holesia 'ra rolinilna nollis
ITl!<'fia porvifora


Iflesli diptera
Stlyrrta ftrandi(oliat

Sirianla nuiritima

Syl, in plo r's inct oria








NATIVE TREES OF FLORIDA Continued


SECTION WERE FOUND


Stinking cedar. Torreya. ......... East bank Apalachicola river

Florida yew ................... .Liberty county . .
Loblolly bay ...... .... ...... Northern .. .
Joewood. Sea myrtle. ........ ..Southwest and Keys ..


BOTANICAL FAMILY

TA X.I ('E E



THEA CEAE


BOTANICAL NAME

Torreya taxilofia. (Tumion
taxifolium)
Taxus floridana
Gordonia Lasianthus


THEOPHRASTACEAE Jacquiia keyensis


Basswood ....
Florida linden. Basswood ....
Basswood ....... .
Wahoo, White basswood .. .
White basswood
White basswood

Basswood ......
American, white elm
Wahoo. Winged, cork, red elm
Slippery, red elm. .
Water elm. Planer tree.
Sugarberry, hackberry

Small's hackberry
Georgia's hackberry
Florida treima .
West Indian trema
Farkleherry. Tree Iucklcherry

F'iddlewood
Blackwood. Ilacli mangrove
I ignuiivitae


. Central. . .... .
SWestern ..
Northern ....
Leon and Gadsden counties.
SGadsden county.
. Gadsden county.

.Central and western ....
. N northern ... ..........
S.Northern .. .
. W western .. . .........
.Northern
.All sections

.Western
. Western
.Extreme south.
E. extreme south .
Northern

Southeastern coastal.
Southern coastal
Keys


TILIACEAE








ULMA CEA E










I'.I ('C IN t'. Ii

I B IS 'N. I t'I. I E


Tiliai crenoserrato
Tilia floridana
Tilia floridana oblonigifolia
Tilia heterophylla
Tilia heterophylla nivea
Tilia heterophillla (imphiloba.
(T. appostia)
Tilia geor! iana. (T. pubescens)
UlTmus amerirana
Ulmuis alata
UlmuIs fulva
Planera aquaticia
('eltis Laevigata
((. miissiissiplienslis)
('eltis laer'vigal Smaillii
Cellis pumIilh !eor!ilana
Trerna iollis. (T. floridana)
Trema I(fanarkianta
Ial odendron airlboreriium.
( I'ae(riaiini arboreum )
< 'itharei'!lloti frildl ieos
. vice' inia(' t nitidaf


COMMON NAME


ZY'(i01'11 I'I ,.I'l'.I E (t aiarum sailinoum









BEAUTIFYING THE HOME


COMMON NAME DESCRIPTION

The following list of evergreen and deciduous trees grow-
ing in Florida has been arranged alphabetically according
to their common names. The botanical name follows.

We believe this arrangement will prove more satisfactory
to the home owner.

Only an abbreviated description has been given.

Before planting, unless a complete knowledge of the trees
to be planted is possessed, it would be well to consult a
reliable horticulturist.

The Department of Agriculture, Tallahassee, Florida, will
gladly co-operate in either supplying further information or
directing the writer to the proper sources for obtaining it.
Acacia (Acacia auriculiformis). Southern area. This
species of acacia is of medium size, thick-foliaged and sym-
metrical. The tree has few pests.
The species (Acacia longifolia) is an erect shrub adapted
to dry and exposed locations in the Southern and Central
areas.
(Acacia macrantha) is a low spreading, small tree with
foliage of a bluish or steely color and is adapted to the
Peninsular section.

Agyneja (Agyneja impubes). This upright, small, decid-
uous tree is found in the Northern, Central and Southern
areas; reaches a height of 25 feet and is adapted to sandy
soils. It bears very small flowers.
Alexandrian Laurel (Calophyllum inophyllum). Southern
area. Native to the Southern Coastal region. Of medium
height, bearing small, white, fragrant flowers.

American Elm. (See Water Elm).

Anatto (Bixa Orellana). Central and Southern areas. A
tree that grows about 20 feet high and is a source of dye.
Bears attractive rose-colored blossoms. The pulp from the
fruits is used to obtain orange-colored dye for coloring rice,
soups, butter, cheese and other articles of commerce.

Australian Pine (Casuarina). Also called Beefwood and
She Oak. Central and Southern areas. Adapted to a wider









28 DEPARTMENT OF AGRI('ULTURE

range of ornamental uses than any tree in Florida, including
windbreaks and hedges. Grows well on acid and alkaline
soils, sands, calcareous rocky soils, muck, etc. The species
are numerous, the flowers showing some variations.


AUSTRALIAN PINE (Ca nuarimili 'Clunilinilf lmitimtii)

Bamboo. Very good for mass planting or wind-break. Will
grow throughout the state.
Banucalag (Aleurites trisperma). A member of the same
family as the Tung-oil, having similar characteristics and
hearing large flowers.
Baobab (Adansonia digitata). Southern area. The Bao-
bab tree is of interest because of the immense diameter of
the trunk when advanced in growth. The white flowers are
borne in mid-summer.
Bead Tree. (See Red Sandalwood).
Beefwood. (See Australian Pine).
Bischofia (Bischofia javanica). Central and Southern
areas. Is a fast growing, tall tree with foliage of a bronze
hue.








BEAUTIFYING THE HOME


Black Olive (Bucida Buceras). Southern area. A native
tree that is resistant to wind damage, growing about 40 feet
high.
Brazilian Pepper Tree (Schinus terebinthefolius). South-
ern, Central and parts of Northern areas. Small evergreen
which bears clusters of small bright red fruits.
Buttonwood. (See Plane Tree).
Cajeput Tree (Melaleuca leucadendron). Known also by
the name of Punk tree. Southern to Central areas. Grows
to medium height, producing white and pale yellow flowers
that attract honey bees. Resistant to effects of salt water.
Calabash Tree (Crescentia Cujete). Southern area.
Medium size, bearing dark brownish-purple colored flowers.
Camphor Tree (Cinnamomum camphora). Northern,
Central and Southern areas. A large tree with round, spread-


BAMBoo


ing head that grows to a I
with inconspicuous flowers.


eight of 50 feet; an evergreen


Candlenut (Aleurites moluccana). Is a member of the
same family as the Tung-oil; has similar characteristics and
bears a profusion of large flowers.








DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


Candle Tree (Parmentiera cereifera). Southern area.
Grows to a medium height, producing white flowers. The
fruits resemble long yellow candles.
Cannonball Tree (Couroupita guianensis). Southern area.
A large, erect tree bearing unusually large flowers that are
reddish-yellow on the outside and crimson within.
Cape Chestnut (Calodendrum capensis). Southern to Cen-
tral areas. A large evergreen tree bearing large lavender-
colored flowers in the spring.
Cape Pittosporum (Pittosporum viridiflorum). Northern
and central areas. Rather rapidly growing tree that attains
a height of about 25 feet.
Carob. (See St. John's Bread).
Cassia-Bark Tree (Cinnamomum cassia). Central and
Southern areas. The bark of this tree is used as a cinna-
mon bark substitute.


BLACK OLIVE:--(Buida Bnuera-,.ucaro)
Catalpa (Catalpa bignonioides). Also known as the Indian
Bean. Central and Northern areas. This native tree is round








BEAUTIFYING THE HOME


headed and attains a height of nearly 50 feet. The flowers
are white and purplish-brown splotches and stripes of
yellow.
Catesbaea (Catesbaea spinosa). Southern area. A spiny


CAMPHOR TREE (Cinnamon Camphora)
Suitable for any Section of Florida
evergreen that grows about 15 feet high, hearing creamy
white flowers.
Chaste Tree. (See Hemp Tree).
Cherry Laurel (Prunus caroliniana). Known also as the
Mock Orange. Northern and Central areas. A native ever-








T)DEP1m'AR'EN' OF AGRICUTI'URIE


green thriving on well drained soils and attaining a height
of 35 feet. Deep green foliage and hearing small white
flowers in early spring.
China Berry (Melia azedarach). Known also as the Pride
of India. Northern, Central and Southern areas. Attains a
height of nearly 40 feet, producing a dense shade. The
variety known as the Texas Umbrella Tree (M. umbraculi-
fera) is more symmetrical, producing lilac--colored flowers
in late spring.
Chinese Pistache (Pistacia chinensis). Northern and Cen-
tral areas. A broad, round-topped tree with short trunk and
heavy branches.
Circassian Bean. (See Red Sandalwood).
Citrus (Citrus). The many species of citrus are described
in a separate bulletin published by the State Department of
Agriculture at Tallahassee, Florida. Such well known species
as the orange, grapefruit, lime, lemon, tangerine, citron,
kumquat, and others are fully described.


Cocos PALMS--(Coros Australis)
Not Affected by Cold Weather; Has Blue-green Curved Leeves
Coral Tree (Erythrina Poeppigiana). Central and South-
ern areas. Grows to a height of about 35 feet and bears
bright red flowers during late winter.
Crab apple (Malus angustifolia). Northern area. This








BEAUTIFYING THE HOME 33

native deciduous tree bears fragrant pink blossoms in early
spring.
Dalbergia (Dalbergia Sissoo). Central and Southern
areas. Resembles the Popular, somewhat; grows to a height
of 75 feet; bears white flowers.
Desert Willow (Chilopsis linearis). Northern area. A
small, deciduous tree with willow-like foliage. Bears trumpet-
shaped flowers that vary in color from white to pale purple,
with yellow splotches.
Dogwood, Flowering (Cornus florida). Northern and Cen-
tral areas. This native tree, when in bloom in early Spring,
is truly a thing of beauty.
Domheya (Dombeya Wallichi). Central and Southern
areas. The Dombeya attains a height of 25 feet. Its flowers
are pink. It grows rapidly.
Dwarf Elm (Ulmus pumila). Northern and Central areas.
Fast growing to a height of 45 feet. Round top.
Ear Tree (Enterolobium cyclocarpum). Southern area.
A huge, wide spreading tree with fern-like foliage. Bears
small white flowers that have a green tint. The pods pro-
duced resemble the human ear, accounting for its name.
Empress Tree (Paulowina tomentosa). Northern area.
Rapid growing, reaching a height of about 45 feet. The
flowers are pale violet, marked by two yellow hands.
Eucalyptus or Gum (Eucalyptus). Central and Southern
areas. There are several species of this genus in Florida.
Some of them are known by the common names of gray
gum, red gum, blue gum, desert gum, and red mahogany,
swamp mahogany.
Fat Pork Tree. (See Monkey Apple).
Fig Tree (Ficus). Also known as the Rubber Tree. Cen-
tral and Southern areas.Among the hundreds of species of
this genus there is a wide variation in their foliage and
fruits. The Department of Agriculture at Tallahassee, Flor-
ida, has published a bulletin on Fig Culture for those who
are interested.
Flame Tree (Poinciana regia). Southern to Central areas.
It is considered Florida's most popular flowering tree with
its finely cut foliage and scarlet flowers which have an upper
petal that is tinged with yellow.
Florida Maple. (See Southern Sugar Maple).
Floss Silk Tree (Chorisia speciosa). Southern area. The
trunk and branches are covered with heavy, sharp spines.
The pink flowers appear in early winter.








DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTUREL'I


Fountain Tree (Spathodea campanulata). Southern to
Central areas. An evergreen attaining a height of 70 feet;
the large, scarlet flowers being very attractive and account
for its growing popularity.

Fringe Tree (Chionanthus virginica). Called also by the
name of Old Man's Beard. Northern and Central areas. This


E TCAi.vY'rs
native tree hears greenish-white flowers and attains a height
of 30 feet.

Geiger Tree (Cordia Sebestena). Southern area. This
small, slender, round-topped tree is a native of the Keys;
Iears large orange-colored flowers.








BEAUTIFYING THE HOME


Glossy Privet (Ligustrum lucidum). Northern and Central
areas. Used both as a shrub and a small tree. Bears white
flowers in the spring.
Gum. (See Eucalyptus).
Hackberry (Celtis laevigata). Known also as the Sugar-
berry. Northern, Central and Southern areas. Its broad.
spreading head reaches a height of 75 feet.
Hayata (Koelreuteria formosana). Northern, Central and
Southern areas. Bears small yellow flowers in early October.
Heliotrope Tree (Ehretia acuminata). Northern and Cen-
tral areas. Derives its name from the odor of the small,
white flowers which appear in the spring. Attains a height
of 15 feet.
Hemp Tree (Vitex Agnus-castus). Known as the Chaste
Tree also. Grows to a height of about 20 feet, producing
small lilac-colored fragrant flowers during the summer.
Hickory (Hicoria). Northern, Central and Southern
areas. Two species, the Mocker Nut (H. alba) and the Fig
Nut (H. glabra) grow extensively in the Northern area.
Hinau Tree (Elaeocarpus dentata). Southern to Central
areas. The tree produces a mass of creamy white, saucer-
shaped flowers that resemble a spray of lilies of the valley.
Holly (Ilex). Northern and Central areas. There are 13
know native trees of this species in Florida, seven of which
should he classed as shrubs.
Horseradish Tree (Morigna Moringa). Southern area. A
small tree bearing sweet scented yellowish white flowers.
The roots of the tree have the odor and taste of horseradish
and have been used as a substitute.
Indian Bean. (See Catalpa).
Jacaranda (Jacaranda acutifolia). Southern to Central
areas. The lavender blue flowers and the delicate fern-like
foliage borne by this tree make it a favorite. Attains a
height of 40 feet.
Japanese Varnish Tree. (See Parasol Tree).
Japan Wood-oil Tree (Aleurites cordata). Is of the same
species as the Tung-oil and bears numerous large flowers.
Jerusalem Thorn (Parkinsonia aculeata). Northern, Cen-
tral and Southern areas. Grows to about 30 feet high and
produces small, bright, yellow flowers in early spring.
Judas Tree. (See Redbud).
Kaffir Bean Tree (Schotia latifolia). Southern to Central
areas. A small tree growing about 30 feet high and produc-
ing rose-colored blossoms in early spring.








DEPAR'TMEN'T OF AGRIICUI.'ITURE


Kapok (Ceiba pentandra). Also called the Silk-Cotton
Tree. Southern to Central areas. This huge, massively but-
tressed tree is one of the most distinctive found in the areas
where grown. Bears great numbers of pink or greenish-
white flowers.
Kentucky Coffee Tree (Gymnocladus dioica). Northern
and Central areas. This is a large attractive tree, the seeds
of which were once used as a substitute for coffee.
Linden Basswood (Tilia floridana). Northern area. Native
























JI ERUSAEi1i 'r'lORN--( Pa rk ist in I J cller (I)
upright growing with broad head. Honey produced from its
flowers is stated to be of exceptional quality.
Loblolly Bay (Gordonia Lasianthus). Northern and Cen-
tral areas. This native tree grows best in moist soils. Bears
large, white, fragrant blossoms for nearly three months
during the summer.
Locust (Gleditsia delavayi). Northern and Central areas.
The Honey Locust and the Water Locust are the best known.
Madeira Redwood. (See Mahogany).
Madras Thorn (Pitecolobium dulce). Also known as the
Manila Tamarind. Central and Southern areas. A spreading,
thorny, quick growing tree, free from pests.








BEAUTIFYING 'IHE HOME


Magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora). Also known as the
Southern Magnolia, the (M. virgiana) known as the Sweet
Bay, and the (M. macrophylla) known as the Cucumber
Tree, are all native to Florida. The large, creamy white,
strongly scented flowers are borne from April to June.
There are other varieties introduced from other countries.


"<,


-A-.

MAGNOLIA ( Youn g T rec)-(.MU1I(tynlUU(wea')


Mahoe (Hibiscus tiliaceus). Southern area. Attains a
height of 30 feet and grows well near the seacoast. Bears
hibiscus-like flowers of pale yellow. The Mountain Mahoe
(Hibiscus elatus) produces some flowers in summer and
masses of red blooms during the winter.








DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


Mahogany (Sweitenia Mahagoni). Also called Madeira
Redwood. Southern area. This native mahogany does not
exceed a height of 50 feet, neither does it make a dense
shade.
Maidenhair Tree (Ginkgo). Northern area. A slender
tree that produces fan-shaped leaves which drop off in the
late fall.
Mango (Mangifera indica). Southern to Central areas.


MOUNTAIx EuoNYv-(Bauhinia)
This evergreen is_ generally planted for its fruit; makes a
very satisfactory ornamental tree.
Manila Tamarind. (See Madras Thorn).
Mock Orange. (See Cherry Laurel).
Monkey Apple (Clusta rosea. Known also as the Fat
Pork Tree. Southern area. The flowers have fleshy petals.
Moreton Bay Chestnut (Castanospermum australe).
Southern to Central areas. A tall evergreen that produces
large yellow flowers.
Mountain Ebony (Bauhinia). Also known as the Orchid
Tree. Central and Southern areas. The flowers of these trees
are large and resemble orchids. They appear in the winter
and spring months. There are several varieties, each bear-
ing different colored flowers.








BEAUTIFYING THE HOME


Mulberry (Morus). Northern, Central and Southern
areas. The native Red Mulberry (M. rubra) and the two
introduced species, the White Mulberry (M. alba) and the
Black Mulherry (M. nigra) make rapid growth and are
adapted to all sections of the State.
Mu-oil Tree (Aleurites montana). Belongs to the same
family as the Tung-oil. Produces large flowers.
Oak (Quercus). Northern, Central and Southern areas.
Florida is credited with 30 native species of oaks, many of
which are planted for both shade and ornament.
Olive (Olert europaea). Southern and Central areas. These
























Livi: OAK-(Quercus)

trees make satisfactory growth in well drained soils but
rarely produce any fruit.
Old Man's Beard. (See Fringe Tree).
Orchid Tree. (See Mountain Ebony).
Paper Mulberry (Broussonetia papyrifera). Northern
and Central areas. Grows to a height of about 40 feet; pro-
duces orange-red fruits which are liked by birds.








40 DIPAIWIMENT OF A(;RICUTI.'lUL

Parasol Tree (Firmiana simplex). Also known as the
Phoenix Tree and the Japanese Varnish Tree. Northern and
Central areas. Reaches a height of 40 feet. The trunk and
branches are smooth. The flowers are small.
Pecan (Hicoria pecan). Northern area. While this tree is
planted for shade it likewise produces a supply of nuts for
winter use. A bulletin on Pecan culture is obtainable from
the Department of Agriculture, Tallahassee, Florida.
Physic Nut (Jatropha curcas). Also called Purging Nut.
Central and Southern areas. A small tree bearing green-
colored flowers. The fruits contain seeds that are purgative,
but poisonous.
Pink Cassia (Cassia nodosa). Southern to Central areas.
Small tree that bears rose-scented, pink flowers in pro-
fusion. There are several other species, all of which bear
attractive blossoms.
Plane Tree (Platanus occidentalis). Also known by the
names of Buttonwood and Sycamore. Grows to over 100 feet
high in the Northwestern area with heavy branches.
Poonga Oil Tree (Pongamia pinnata). Quick growing,
medium size tree having thick foliage that is resistant to
heavy winds.
Poplar (Populus). Northern and Central areas. The
native Cottonwood or Necklace Poplar (P. deltoides), the
Lombardy (P. nigra) and the Carolina are planted in the
Northern areas.
Pudding Pipe (Cassia fistula). Southern to Central areas.
Small tree producing an abundance of yellow flowers.
Phoenix Tree. (See Parasol Tree).
Pride of India. (See China Berry).
Punk Tree. (See Cajeput Tree).
Purging Nut. (See Physic Nut).
Queen's Crepe Myrtle (Lagerstroemia speciosa). South-
ern to Central areas. Also known as Queen's Flower. The
pink flowers appearing in early summer are produced while
the tree is quite young. The common deciduous Crepe
Myrtle (Lagerstroemia indica) may be had in pink, purple,
red and white flowering varieties.
Queen's Flower. (See Queen's Crepe Myrtle).
Queensland Nut (Macadamia ternifolia). Southern to
Central areas. A tall tree with dense foliage hearing flowers
about the size of the leaves. The seeds or nuts are edible,
but a very hard shell.
Rain Tree (Samanea Saman). Southern area. Gets its
common name from the fact that the leaves fold together
in darkness or cloudy weather. Attains an immense size.










BEAUTIFYING THE HOME 41


PUNK OR CAJEL'IJT TRI:n -(,I( la uc( Leucadendlron)








42 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICU'I'ITURE

Redbud (Cercis canadensis). Also called the Judas Tree.
Northern and Central areas. One of the first native trees to
bloom. The rosy, pink flowers are borne in profusion. The
species alba bears a white flower.
Red Cedar. (See Juniper and Cedar).
Red Cotton Tree (Bombax malabaricum). Southern to


ROYAL PALM-(Oreodo X' I Re!qiO)
Growing in their wild state in extreme Southern part of Florida
Central areas. Large, heavy buttressed tree Iearing red
blossoms.
Red Maple (Acer rubrum). Also known as Scarlet and
Swamp Maple. Native to all parts of Florida. These trees
grow upright and form a narrow head; will grow well in
the shade of other trees. The deciduous foliage turns yellow
and bright scarlet in the late fall.
Red Sandalwood (Adenanthera pavonina). Also known
by the names of Bead Tree and Circassian Bean. Southern
area. A moderate-size evergreen with small, feathery foliage.
The flowers it bears are yellowish in color.
The Royal Palm is one of the most striking of the Palm
family; adapted only to the Southern part of the state; are








BEAUTIFYING THE HOME


grown in the Central portions to some extent along the
Atlantic and Gulf coasts.
Royal Poinciana (Poinciana Regia). Southern and warm
sections of Central areas. A small tree that is prized for its
flowers which are produced in large masses. Should be
planted in protected locations.
Rubber Tree. (See Fig Tree).
Sacred Bo Tree (Ficus Riligioso). Southern area. A mem-
ber of the Fig Tree family; grows well on poor soils that are
well drained.
Sandbox (Hura crepitanis). Southern area. An upright
deciduous tree bearing small red flowers. The dried pods
produced by this tree were used at one time for containing
sand to blot ink, prior to the introduction of blotting paper.


ROYAL. POIINCIANA-(Poi, ciana Regia)


Satinleaf (Chrysophyllum oliviforme). Southern to Cen-
tral area. This native tree with its coppery-colored leaves is
very attractive.
Sausage Tree (Kigelia pinnata). Also known as the
Fetish Tree. Southern to Central areas. A small tree bearing










DEPARTM ENT' OF AGRIICULT1URE


SACIlcmi B oTIE-: (Fic i Relig(ioso)


SEA (JRAPI -(('O (0(0l b t li.Yi ~viJ r


*4h
J..-iB








BEAUTIFYING THE HOME


fruits which strongly resemble sausage suspended by cords.
Bears brownish-red flowers.
Scarlet Maple. (See Red Maple).
Seagrape (Coccolobis uvifera). Southern to Central areas.
This native tree is best adapted to the coastal regions.


SILK OAK -(Greilluea Robuhsta)
Recommended for Southern and Central Sections

Seaside Mahoe (Thespesia populnea). Southern area.
Native tree of medium height with yellow flowers that turn
purple with age.
She-Oak. (See Australian Pine).
Silk Cotton Tree. (See Kapok).
Silk Oak (Grevillea robusta). Central and Southern areas.
An evergreen that grows upright, the leaves of which have








DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


a white, silky appearance on the lower surface. The large
golden yellow flowers appear in April. The species, Grevillea
Banksii, produces red flowers.
Silk Tree (Albizzia Julibrissin). Northern, Central and
Southern areas. Has fern-like foliage with flowers of pink.
Silver or Soft Maple (Acre saccharinum). Native. North-
ern area. Is a large deciduous tree with heavy branched
head. The branches are brittle and break in windstorms.
Soapherry (Sapindus marginatus). Northern, Central
and Southern areas. A novelty that attains a height of about






















SToI':lH-(Jamibolan Plum)-(E nuecnia Jambo(lan1a)
30 feet. The pulp of the fruit contains saponin which will
form a lather in water. Has been used as a soap substitute.
Southern Magnolia. (See Magnolia).
Southern Sugar Maple (Acre floridanum). Also called
the Florida Maple. Native and found in the richest soils of
Central and Western Florida.
St. John's Bread. (Ceratonia Siliqua) also called the
Carob, which is referred to in Bible history. Southern
to Central areas. An evergreen of slow growth.
Stopper (Eugenia). Lower Peninsular and the keys. The








BEAUTIFYING THE HOME 47

common names of some of the different species are: Red
Stopper, Naked Stopper, Spanish Stopper, etc.
Sugarherry. (See Hackherry).
Swamp Maple. (See Red Maple).


SWEET Gum- (Liquidambar Styraciflua)


Sweet Gum (Liquidambar styraciflua). Northern, Central
and Southern areas. The native Sweet Gum grows vigor-
ously and the deciduous foliage turns to beautiful yellows
and reds during the fall.
Sycamore. (See Plane Tree).
Tallow Tree (Sapium sebiferum). Northern, Central and
Southern areas. Free from insect pests; grows about 30 feet









DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


high. The wax coating on the seeds is used both for making
candles and soap in China.
Tamarind (Tamarundus indica), Southern area. This
deciduous tree is large, round topped, with low hanging
branches. Desirable where a large tree is wanted.
Temple Tree (Plumeria). Southern area. A stocky tree of
low height hearing very fragrant purple flowers. There are
several other varieties that have different colored blossoms.


TEXAS UMBRELLA TREEI:-(Mfi(a .Izeda rtch Umii>railifera)
Texas Umbrella Tree (Melia Umbraculifera). Northern,
Central and Southern areas, except in sections where Citrus
Trees are grown. The citrus white fly attacks it. Bears lilac
flowers in late spring.
Traveler's Palm. (See Traveler's Tree).
Traveler's Tree (Ravenala mradagascariensis). Southern
area. This tree is closely related to the Banana and is also
called Traveler's Palm. Derives its name from the watery
fluid stored in the base of the leaf stalks, and which is sup-
posed to be a substitute for water. It has the appearance of
an open fan.
Tree of Heaven (Ailanthus glandulosus). Northern area.
A large, deciduous tree of rapid growth, with large, spread-








BEAUTIFYING THE HOME


ing branches. The odor of the flowers and foliage is objec-
tionable to most persons.
Tropical Almond (Terminalia Catappa). Southern area.
This large tree grows tall and is adapted for planting along
the coast or inland. Bears almond-like fruits.


Tulip Tree (Liriodendron Tulipifera). Known also as the
Yellow Poplar. Northern and Central areas. This native
tree is one of the largest that grows in America; has a
straight trunk and bears tulip-shaped flowers with greenish
white petals that are orange colored at their base.
Tung-Oil Tree (Aleurites fordi). This tree is grown com-


TRAVLLER'IS PAI.I31-(1?az,'(m)(,1a








DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


mercially and also used for ornamental plantings. Produces
an abundance of large flowers.
Victorian Box (Pittosporum undulatum). Central and
Southern areas. Has attractive, (lark green foliage; grows
to height of about 30 feet.
Vitex (Vitex quinanta). Northern and Central areas.
Reaches a height of 30 feet; bears purple or lavender
flowers.


WaOMAN.'s TONGUE 'TRI':-(Albizzia Lebbek)
Water Elm (Ulmus americana). Known also as American
Elm and White Elm. Northern and Central areas. A long-
lived tree that attains huge size on fertile soils in bottom
lands.
Weeping Willow (Salix babylonica). Northern area. The
trunk is short, the head spreading with long branches. Grows
to a height of about 35 feet.
White Elm. (See Water Elm).
Wild Black Cherry (Prunus serotina). Northern and
Central areas. A native tree that grows well in sandy soils
to a huge size.
Wild Olive (Sideroxylum foetidissimum). Southern area.








BEAUTIFYING THE HOME


This native tree has a heavy trunk and reaches a height of
nearly 70 feet. The yellow, olive-shaped fruit, when ripe,
may be eaten.
Woman's Tongue Tree (Albizzia Lebbek). Southern and
Central areas. The tree is adapted to a wide range of soils;
has a broad top and spreading limbs. The flowers are green-
ish-yellow.
Yellow Elder (Stenolobium stans). Central and Southern


*1


V',.i T is j

vAJP x? 10


-. -7



ARBORVITAE AUREA NAAA-(Thuja)
Coniferous evergreens have a wide number of uses, especially in
Central and Northern Florida


areas. This native grows over 20 feet high
bright yellow blossoms in the late fall.


and produces


Yellow Poplar. (See Tulip Tree).
Ylang-Ylang (Canangium odoratum). Southern area. A
fast growing tree bearing long, greenish-yellow flowers from
which perfume is made.








IDEPAII'TMENI' (OF AGRICULTURE


CONIFERS
Among the Conifers grown in Florida are:
Arbor Vitae (Thuja). Aromatic evergreens of which there
are several varieties, some of which are native.
Bunya-Bunya (Araucaria bidwillii). Northern, Central
and Southern areas. Not affected by heavy frosts.































BuNYA-BUvNYA PINI:(A (,rltrI(ic[ Bidwillii)
Chinese Fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata). Northern and
Central areas. An evergreen with whorled branches. Slow
growing.
Cypress (Cupressus). Three species of Cypress are
adapted to the Northern area; the Italian Cypress (C. sem-
pervirens), the Arizona Cypress (C. Arizonica) and the
Portuguese Cypress, sometimes called the Cedar of Goa, (C.
lusilanica).









11FAUTIFYING THE HOME


1 I


ITALIAN CYPREsS-(CIPr-eSSluS Sempervirens)


; i;lz


--
"r,~.LL~T








DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


Cypress-Pine (Callitris robusta). Lower parts of Northern
and Central and Southern areas. Rapidly growing and
adapted to a wide range of soils. Has an appearance some-
what like a Cedar. Other species are also planted.
Florida Yew (Taxus floridana). Northern area. Native
to the eastern bank of the Apalachicola River.


INDIAN CEnDAI--((edrTu Deodara)


Indian Cedar (Cedrus deodara). Northern and Central
areas. Grows with a regular pyramidal outline and has a
blue-green color. Makes an ideal living Christmas tree.
Juniper and Cedar (Juniperus). There are two native
species (J. lucayana and (J. virginiana), both of which are
commonly called Red Cedar.
Monkey-Puzzle (Araucaria araucana). Symmetrical and
pyramidal in shape. Planted in all sections.
Moreton Bay Pine (Araucaria Cunninghamii). Has a
tendency to turn rusty in some sections.
Norfolk Island Pine (Araucaria excelsa). Used exten-
sively as a potted plant.









BEAUTIFYING THE HOME


Pine (Pinus). Ther are seven native species of Pine in
Florida and although they are seldom planted, those that are
growing on a building site are generally left to grow.


-



STINKING CEDAR-(lorreya Ta'ifolia)
Photo of Tree Growing in the Grounds of the State Capitol

Stinking Cedar (Torreya taxifolia). Northern area. Found
in a very limited area on the eastern bank of the Apalachi-
cola River and in one county in Georgia. The leaves, twigs
and wood, when crushed, give off a fetid odor.
Yew (Podocarpus). These evergreens are found in the
Northern area and will grow in shady places. There are sev-
eral species.


i










DEPARTMENT' OF A(;GRICULTURIE


JAPANESE YEW-(Podocarpu1s Macrophylla Sinen.is) (Sheared Specimen)
Very desirable for formal plantings at entrances or corners. May
be sheared to grow in many shapes. Also used as a tub plant.









BEAUTIFYING THE HOME


SHRUBBERY
Only thrifty, robust looking shrubs and bushes having an
abundance of foliage will produce harmonious and satisfac-
tory plantings. Most of these plantings are made with the
expectation of their permanent location in the place they
are planted, and it is poor economy of both expense and
satisfaction, to plant second-class plants because they may
cost less. Good plants need not be expensive unless the
variety is a rare one and difficult of propagation.
Florida offers such a wide range of color, shades, sizes,
shapes and styles in the plants available for landscaping that
any effect desired may be attained. Beautiful plants are
found in every section of the State.
The proper time to transplant shrubs and bushes is
between December and March first while the plants are in
a dormant state of growth.


AUSTRALIAN TREE FERN--(Alsophila Australis)


The Tree Fern should have a shady protected location as it is very sensi-
tive to wind and sun. Requires a moist soil. This beautiful fern will more
than repay the home owner for the time and care given it.










DEPARTMENTS' OF AGRICULTURE


BREAD VtRIrIT PLAINI-( 11onsfera I)elirjosa)


Tropical vine with large lacy cut leaves. Requires shade and should be
grown near a tree or some kind of support.









BEAUTIFYING THE HOME


CHERRY LAUREL-(PIrunus CTaroliniala) (Sheared)
An exceptionally good plant for hedge or specimen planting as it can be
kept almost any desired shape by shearing regularly.



Crotons (or Codieums, as they are popularly known in
America) are beautiful plants with many forms of hand-
some and odd foliage of the most brilliant coloring. The
different varieties of distinct coloring make beautiful speci-
men plants for jardinieres for interior decoration, as they
are used in Florida both for interior decoration and land-
scape plantings. As exhibition plants they are very effective,
and may be grown to specimens 5 or 6 feet high or even
larger. In smaller sizes Codieums are much used as table
plants. The narrow-leafed varieties are most used for this
purpose. They are also attractive in window boxes and for
mantel and table decorations.









DEPARTM ENT OF AGRIC~ULTI'URE


FI.OIIST OR \ INTER BI.OOMING GAIUE NIA--(G(M rdeIli( IVfitlhii)
(Grafted)


It has been found by grafting the Gardenia Veitchii on a root-knot proof
root stock that it produces a plant for landscape uses which otherwise
could not be used; has a blooming period of about four months.










BEAUTIFYING THE HOME


(;OI.lUN F:EATHEI PALM,--(A rlcrT LutscenIs)


Requires a semi-shaded location; makes a bushy, compact plant. Very
desirable as a pot grown palm for interior decoration.


L "









62 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


HIBIscus
Is a fast growing shrub and has many uses in the landscape scheme.
Among the newer introductions there are many shades and colors. The
plant is tender and easily frozen hut generally sprouts from the root and
blooms again in a few months.







pi i -


HYDRANGEA
A very showy plant during the spring and summer with its large bloom
and rather heavy foliage. Is adapted to shady and part shady locations,
and when severely pruned about mid-winter will produce an abundance of
bloom and new foliage in early spring.









BEAUTIFYING THE HOME


r I -~I


OLEANDER (or Nerium)


A most effective shrub adapted to Florida. May be used as a hedge
plant or for mass plantings. They bloom in profusion in a wide range
of colors during the spring months.









DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


PITTOSPORUM TOBIRA (Sheared)
Very good for hedge, foundation planting, or specimen. Will grow well
in most sections of Florida and stand considerable salt spray, making it
desirable for coastal planting.

--.as mamplM


PROSTRATED J UNIPER--(JIUiperuls C'hinnsi.i Pfitzeriana)
This low spreading Juniper is excellent for corners or borders. Grows
well in central or north Florida.










BEAUTIFYING THE HOME 65
-0------------------~---------------v


SEVERINIA BUXIFOLIA
A dense, slow-growing, hardy shrub of the Citrus family, is very good
for foundation planting, hedges or specimens.


STAR JAS-MINE-(Jasminum Pubescens)
Almost indispensable as a foundation or landscape plant. It has periodic
crops of star-shaped white flowers and can be grown as a shrub or vine.







DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


I


YELLOW BELL.-(Bush Allamanda)
May be trimmed to grow as a bush or trained as a vine. It hears its
wax-like yellow flowers practically all year. Freezes easily, but generally
sprouts up from the roots.

F'/.ac., ^ "I


YELLOW PLUMBAGO-( Thryallis Brasiliensis)
Bears beautiful yellow flowers profusely during the summer. Suitable
for Southern and Central sections.


"~


r;


i`P
c~









BEAUTIFYING THE HOME 67

Plants or Vines as Screens
Either plants or vines will serve to hide unsightly build-
ings or views but they should be planted to serve as the
background for lawns or plants that do not grow high and
varieties adaptable to the region should always be employed.
Yellow jasmine, honeysuckle, and Virginia creeper are suit-
able for North Florida, and for South and Central Florida,
trumpet vine, wisteria, honeysuckle, jasmine, allamanda,
bignonia, and thunbergia are among the plants recom-
mended.








DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


LAWNS
A properly designed and correctly planted lawn in its
emerald beauty adds ornamentation to its surroundings and
it conveys the impressions of peace, repose and tranquility.
Beautiful lawns may he had by any home lover in any
section of Florida. The building of a good lawn involves
proper soil preparation, good grass seed, plenty of water
and sufficient attention and care. Grass needs plenty of
water and if the soil is poor, plant food must be added
through fertilization.
VARIETIES OF GRASS
The varieties of grass generally used in Florida are: Ber-
muda, St. Lucie, Carpet, Centipede and St. Augustine.
Illustrations of lawns planted with these varieties are
given herein and descriptions of them follow.
Bermuda Grass
This makes a very attractive lawn when planted on proper
soil and under good care it compares with the Blue grass of
Kentucky. Loam or clay-loam soils are best for its growth.
It also grows well on some sand soils or muck. Soils having
a heavy subsoil that retain moisture are necessary when
Bermuda grass is planted in light soil. Ample moisture
supply must be provided.
When Bermuda is allowed to form seed heads it will grow
to a height of 6 to 12 inches.









amG








I.AWN Of' BERMDA GRASS








BEAUTIFYING THE HOME


Lawns planted with Bermuda grass should be cultivated
at regular periods to assure a vigorous growth. Should the
lawn begin to thin, spading it up will prove beneficial.
The grass will not grow well in the shade.
Bermuda grass may be grown either from seed or the
setting of the plants. The growth is through rootstocks and
surface runners. Seed requires about three weeks to germi-
nate. If soil and other conditions are good germination may
take place within two weeks.
St. Lucie Grass
This grass is a strain of Bermuda. It does not have the
underground rootstock typical of Bermuda and is easy to
eradicate should any change in the lawn be desired.
The leaves of St. Lucie grass are coarser and when grown
in shady places it becomes lighter in color.
The same class of soils suitable for the growth of Ber-
muda grass will produce good lawns of St. Lucie.
The sod will remain dense for a longer period of time
than Bermuda.
The only disease which seems to affect St. Lucie grass is
leaf spotting which has been prevalent along the East Coast
of Florida.
Carpet Grass
The spreading of Carpet Grass is by means of surface
runners only and under good conditions will produce a


AWN O CARPET RAS

LIAWN OF CARPET GRASS








70 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

dense sod, but it should be planted in good moist soil. It
will grow to a height of six inches and if allowed to form
seed the stalks will grow over nine inches high. The ten-
dency of the stalks is to bend and if allowed to grow with-
out frequent mowing considerable difficulty will be experi-
enced in cutting. This grass is one of the best pasture grasses
raised in the State.
With good supply of plant food and ample moisture
Carpet grass will grow on any type of soil. Drought and
insufficient moisture will cause the grass to die out.
Carpet grass seed will germinate within fifteen to twenty
days.
Centipede Grass
The short leaves of medium fineness of this grass grow to
a height of three to four inches, spreading by means of
surface runners and under proper care will form a very
dense sod.
This grass was introduced in 1918 from China and is
better adapted to dry, sandy soils than any other lawn grass
grown in Florida. Drought will cause the grass to wilt and
become dry, but it regains its normal strength and vigor
quickly. Its vigorous growth has crowded out all other
grasses in some localties.

















LAWN OF CENTIPEDE GRAss
Centipede grass does not require the attention that other
grasses do, thriving with less water and mowing. After
becoming established it will remain a beautiful lawn for an
indefinite period, if given ordinary care.
High, dry sands and heavier soils have produced many
attractive lawns of Centipede grass in every section of
Florida.








BEAUTIFYING THE HOME


St. Augustine Grass
Lawns of St. Augustine grass are more common than any
other in Florida.
The plants with their coarse, tender leaves, when kept
well watered and fertilized, will put forth vigorous growth
and make a very satisfactory lawn. If the grass is permitted
to grow without cutting it will attain a height of nearly
twelve inches. Proper care given to the lawn assures a dense
sod, the grass growing equally as well in the shade as in
locations receiving abundant sunshine.

















LAWN OF ST. AUGUSTINE GRASS

This grass will grow well on practically every type of soil
found in the State and can be maintained in good condition
if moisture and the necessary plant food are supplied.
The grass spreads through surface runners.
The desirable dark green color is obtained only through
proper fertilization, and, being resistant to cold, these lawns
frequently remain green throughout the winter months.
Chinch bugs attack St. Augustine grass. The methods for
their eradication as given in the last pages of this bulletin
should be carefully followed. Chinch bugs multiply very
rapidly and strenuous effort should be made to control them.

PREPARING THE SOIL FOR MAKING A LAWN
An underground watering system should be installed, if
possible, as no other method of watering a lawn assures
such an equal distribution of moisture. Plant life contains








DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


from 55% to 95% of water and ample moisture supplied
at regular intervals is necessary for continuous, vigorous
growth. When installing such a system it should be done
before the soil is prepared for the grass seed. Trenches
about twelve inches deep, properly spaced, are dug and the
water pipes laid in the bottom of them. These pipes if laid
level will give a more equal distribution of water. Uprights
or outlets are placed at regular intervals.

Grading
The entire plot to be seeded should be thoroughly
spaded, the soil pulverized and raked smooth. Then the soil
must be well watered so that it will settle and become firm
for planting. Grade so that there will be a slight slope away
from the house.


LAWN OF ST. AUGUSTINE GRASS
Dwellings of this type should have formal foundation
most satisfactory results.


plantings for the


Fertilizing Before Planting
If the soil is deficient in fertility or is very sandy, manure
or rich soil must be used. A clay subsoil about a foot below
the surface is ideal for retaining moisture and for perma-
nent lawns it is economy to take out the poor soil, put in a
foot of clay and a layer of rich soil about six inches deep
on top. There will be little, if any, difficulty in maintaining
a lawn so prepared, in perfect condition.
Before seeding, about ten pounds of super-phosphate, two
pounds of muriate of sulphate of potash and two pounds of








BEAUTIFYING THE HOME


cottonseed meal applied to every thousand square feet of
lawn surface will supply the needed plant food to the young
grass when it begins to grow. This fertilizer may he broad-
cast and then worked thoroughly into the soil.

Sowing the Seed
Before planting any grass seed find out the grade of
purity and the germination of the seed. The seed you plant
should be free of weed seed. Good Bermuda or Carpet grass
seed will germinate in about three weeks. The young grass
grows slowly at first and if weeds are present it will be nec-
essary to weed the lawn. Weeds can be controlled through
mowing after the grass is well established.
For every thousand square feet of lawn about two and a
half pounds of Bermuda or Carpet grass seed are required.
The better method of sowing the seed is to scatter the seed
across the plot in one direction, north to south, and then
follow by broadcasting the seed from east to west, using
half the amount of seed for each seeding. Rake the lawn
well to cover the seed, water thoroughly and keep moist
until the grass has obtained a good stand.
A lawn may be obtained quicker by setting the plants.
They will grow faster and there will not be the difficulty of
weeds. The soil is prepared in the same manner as for
seeding.
Small trenches are made about ten inches apart and the
runners or plants are set every six inches. Each plant must
be covered with soil when planted to prevent drying out and
they should be planted deep enough to protect them. Water
thoroughly after planting and keep the soil moist until the
plants are firmly rooted. The grass plants may be purchased
from nurseries, or seed firms. Some farmers in the State
raise plants of these varieties of grass. Two pounds of run-
ners are sufficient to plant one hundred square feet of lawn.
They are broken into five-inch lengths. These plants must
not be planted upside down.

Treatment for Old Lawns
The first thing to do to restore an old lawn is to cover it
with muck, rich soil or manure which has been pulverized,
to a depth of about a half-inch. The grass should not be
completely covered. Following this treatment with plenty of
water, the grass will take on more strength and within a
short time the lawn should show decided improvement.
Some bare spots may have to be replanted but this will not
be so expensive as to make an entirely new lawn. Neglect is








74 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
<^-----------------------------------^

perhaps the cause of most unsightly lawns. Plant life needs
food and moisture just as humans do.

Mowing
A fast growing lawn needs to be mowed every seven to ten
days. Mowing too close weakens the plants. The mower
should be set to mow about one inch above the surface run-
ners. Mowing will keep down weeds and assist in the spread
of the grass. Leave the cuttings on the lawn as they will
supply plant food for the grass. With such care at stated
intervals the lawn will keep in the best of condition.

Watering
The soil on which grass is growing should be kept moist
and this is accomplished more satisfactorily through the use
of an underground watering system than any other method.
A thorough wetting two or three times each week is better
than light sprinklings daily. This system of watering per-
mits the application of water at night when the loss of mois-
ture through evaporation is lowest.
During the rainy season, from June to September, very
little watering is necessary.

Fertilizing the Established Lawn
If the grass cuttings are left on the lawn when it is mowed
very little fertilizer will be needed. Nitrogen fertilizer ap-
plied every month, and two pounds of sulphate of muriate
of potash spread on every thousand square feet of lawn
surface, with five pounds of super-phosphate applied once
a year should keep the lawn in a vigorous state of growth.
The nitrogen element can be supplied through the use of
cottonseed meal, castor meal, nitrate of soda, sulphate of
ammonia, leunasalpeter, and other nitrogen fertilizers.
Whenever the grass begins to lose its dark green color the
nitrogen fertilizer should be used.
The lawn must be watered immediately after applying
the fertilizer to prevent burning the grass.
A very good treatment in addition to fertilizing is to cover
the lawn to a depth of about three-fourths of an inch with
good manure or muck once each year.
Green Lawns During Winter
Italian rye grass is used for winter sowing where green
lawns are desired during the winter months. The lawns must
be kept well mowed until the advent of warm weather when








BEAUTIFYING THE HOME


the winter grasses will die out. If the grass is not cut fre-
quently the winter grasses will choke out the first planting
of permanent lawn. The winter seed should be sown when
the top soil is applied. Two and one-half pounds of winter
grass seed will sow one thousand square feet of lawn. Ken-
tucky Blue grass seed is also used for this purpose but the
cost is higher than for Italian rye grass seed.


Pt~~*L2:


LAWN OF ST. AUGUSTINE GRASS WITH WELL GROUPED SHRUBBERY
Plantings of this type are used for corners or screens as the Shrubs can
be kept at medium height with very little effort.

CHINCH BUG CONTROL
The Chinch bug has a disagreeable odor and when full
grown is about one-fifth of an inch long. The body is black
with wings that are nearly white, each wing having a black
spot in the center. The young are reddish in color and are
wingless.
The insect does its damage by sucking the plant juices. It
can be killed only by contact insecticides, such as dusts or
liquid sprays.
Dusts
Dusts may be purchased ready for application or the in-
gredients bought and mixed at time of application.
A dust containing about 2% nicotine, known as Snuff
Number Two, has proven effective. It is harmless, easily
applied, will not burn the grass and valuable as a fertilizer.
In applying it select a dry day when the sun is shining.








DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


Twenty-five to thirty-five pounds for every thousand square
feet of lawn is the usual treatment. The lawn should not be
watered for several days after treatment.
Coarse ground tobacco, which has a lower nicotine con-
tent, and costs less, if applied during the early stages of
chinch bug infestation, will prove satisfactory as a control
measure. If the coarser ground tobacco is mixed with
hydrated lime of an equal weight its effect is increased.

A sulphate-lime dust containing 3% nicotine is a good
insecticide. Seven pounds of this mixture should he applied
to each thousand square feet.
An insecticide made of fifty percent free nicotine in fifty
pounds of hydrated lime costs less to apply.

One of the strongest contact insecticides known is cal-
cium cyanide. It is highly poisonous and care must be used
in applying it or it will burn the grass. It is always applied
when the grass is thoroughly dry, and the lawn is kept dry
for several hours after application, or the sprinkling system
is kept running continuously to keep the grass washed down.
If this insecticide is used, take an old broom and sweep the
lawn immediately after it is put on the grass so that it is
spread evenly. This will also brush the poison down among
the stems where the bugs are eating.

Do not let the dust enter your mouth nor breathe it. The
fumes must be kept out of sleeping quarters, and the cans
containing the material must not be opened inside any room.
This dust, when used as directed, will destroy chinch bugs,
crikets, moles, and other pests that attack lawns.

Liquid Sprays
A liquid spray is made of 100 gallons of water to which
has been added one pint of nicotine sulphate and about five
or six pounds of whale oil or laundry soap, or as a substitute
for the soap, a pound of calcium caseinate. To reduce the
cost of the spray certain oils acting as nicotine sulphate
activators may be used and the amount of the nicotine sul-
phate is correspondingly reduced.
Other liquid sprays are made of derris or pyrethrum
compounds.

Do not mow a lawn that is infested too closely, and keep
the lawn well watered.









BEAUTIFYING THE HOME


FOUNDATION PLANTINGS

The following pages with illustrations show plantings for
different types of houses.
Plants have been selected to harmonize with the size and
architecture of the house. Substitutions may be made. It is
always best to consult a recognized landscape gardener be-
fore planting.

With the use of a variety of plants careful attention must
be given to proper fertilization, pruning, thinning, and
replacements will be found necessary.
Good effects are not obtainable unless the plants are
robust, and thrifty in growth with abundant foliage.
The purpose of planting grass, shrubs and trees is to
make a harmonious unit of the buildings and their sur-
roundings.


SuIPested Plantings for Different Sections of Florida


NORTHERN
1 Jasmine Primulinium or
Abelia Grandiflora


CENTRAL
1 Foundation Planting of Plumbago
Capensis or Blue Leadwort


SOUTHERN
1 Jasmine Simplicifolium or
T'hrvallis Braziliensis









DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


J. % 6 ,









SIuIse Plntngf 1ri'" or SetiosofFo i






Suggested Plantings for Lrr ,, .r Sections of Florida


NORTHERN
1 Arizona Cypress
2 Arborvitae Aurea Conspicua
3 Abelia Grandiflora
4 Ligustrum Lucidum
5 Pittosporum Tobria
6 Palm (Cocos Australis)
7 Podocarpus Sinensis
8 Cherry Laurel
9 Cedrus Deodara
CENTRAL
Arizona Cypress (Cupressus)
(Arizonica Oblonga Glauca)
Arborvitae Aurea Conspicua
(Thu.)a Orientalis)
Codiaeum (Croton)


t Wax Privet (Ligustrum Lucidum)
5 Golden Dew Drop
(Duaralnta P'lumieri)
6 Palm (Cocos Plumosa)
7 Palm Coconut (Cocos Nurifera)
8 Palm (Washingtonia Robusta)
9 Indian Cedar (Cedrus Deodara)
SOUTHERN
1 Ligustrum Lucidum
2 Podocarpus Sinensis
3 Crotons
4 Acalyphia
5 Duranta Plumieri
6 Palm (Cocos Plumosa)
7 Coconut Palm
8 Palm (VWashingtonia Robltsta)
9 Podocarpus Neggi








BEAUTIFYING THE HOME


~ ~i''S.
ii4-II e\


Suggested Plantings for wif I' l Sections of Florida
NORTHERN CENTRAL
1 Iigustrum Lucidum or 1 Acalypha or
Nandina Ligustrum Lucidum
2 Spiraca Vanhouttei or 2 Crotons or
Ahelia (randiflora Phyllanthus (Joseph's Coat)

SOUTHERN
1 Mosaic Plant (Acalypha)
2 Codiaeum ((rotons)


1 1.^^ J









DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


-'Ia

,a 1


-'al~


*)F~ a-~~
,..r-


Suggested Plantings for Different Sections of Florida


NORTHERN
1 Pittosporum Tobria
2 Ligustrum Lucidum
3 Jasmine Primulinum or
Spiraea Vanhouttei


CENTRAL
1 Pittosporum Tobria
2 Wax Privet (Ligustrum Lucidum)
3 Jasmine (Jasminun Primulinum)


SOUTHERN
1 Pittosporum Tobria
2 Ligustrum Lucidum
3 Jasmine Simplicifolium









BEAUTIFYING THE HOME
< ^----------- ------


Suggested Plantings for Different Sections of Florida


NORTHERN
1 Climbing Roses or Wisteria
2 Flowering Quince
3 Vibernum Japonicum
4 Ilex Vomitoria (Sheared)


CENTRAL
1 Bougainvillaea (Crimson Lake)
2 Acalypha or Plumbago
3 Crotons
4 Eugenia (Myrtifolia) (Sheared)


SOUTHERN
1 Bougainvillea (Crimson Lake)
2 Mosaic Plant (Iralypha)
3 Codiaeum (Crotons)
1 Australian Pine (Sheared)
(('as ariana Eq nisetifolia)


PO R C1+ L





oC3 2


~- Q..~ A .










DEPARTMENT OF AGII'ULTU'RE


Suggested PI'lntings,

NORTHERN
1 Arborvitae Pyramidali
2 Abelia Grandiflora
3 Cedrus Deodara
4 Spanish Bayonet
5 Bush Honeysuckle


for Iifferent Seclions of Florida

CENTRAAl
s 1 Arborvitae Pyramidalis (Thuja)
2 Jasmine (Jo.s inoim PrimJuliui)
3 Palm Cocos Pluniosa
I4 Spanlish Bayonet ( 'cca A.loifolia)
5 WeIeping or Trailing I.antana
(Lantona I) icatiisi nia)
SOUTHERN


I Podo('arpus Sinensis or
Shared Australian L'in
2 Jasmine Simplicifoliunl
:3 P1alm Coconut
1, Spanish Bayonet
5 Trailing I.antana


7J
~ --J

C^9


-g
. ,

~


r








BEAUTIFYING THE HOME


Sulgested Plantingsi for differentt Sections of Florida

NORTHERN CENTRAL


1 Arborvitae Aurea Conspicua
2 Palm (Cocos Australis)
3 Nandina Domestica
4 Ficus Repens


1 Palm (Cocos Plumiiosa)
2 Palm (Phoenix Roebieleni)
3 Carissa Grandiflora
4 Bougainvillea (Crimson Lake)


SOUTHERN
1 Coconut Falm (Cocox Nucifera)
2 Dwarf Dlate Palm
(Phoenia' Roebcelenii)
3 Mosaic Plant (.lcalypha)
4 Bougainvillaea (Crimson Lake)


j








84 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE





















Suggested Plantings for Different Sections of Florida



NORTHERN CENTRAL
I Climbing Roses or Ficus Repens 1 Iougainvillaea (Crimson Lake)
2 Azaleas or Ahelia Grandiflora 2 (rotons or Azaleas

SOUTHERN
1 Bougainvillea (Crimson Lake)
2 (odineum (Crotons, assorted
varieties)


PORCH-

0 0 D0 -
^\ ^-^ -^^^-









BEAUTIFYING THE HOME


Suggested Plantings for Different Sections of Florida


NORTHERN
1 Spanish Bayonet
2 Flowering Quince
3 Sheared Ilex Vomitoria
4 Pittosporum Tobria
5 Abelia Grandiflora


CENTRAL
1 Spanish Bayonet
2 Crotons
3 Podocarpus (Sheared)
4 Century Plant
5 Duranta


SOUTHERN
1 Spanish Bayonet (Yucca Aloifolia)
2 Codiaeum (Crotons)
3 Australian Pine (Sheared)
(Casuarina Equisetifolia)
I Century Plant Agave
(Americana Varigata)
5 Golden Dew Drop
(Duranta Plumieri)


^i ~ iT-- -iFJ (^\
17 1 5~~=~


4-X-"










DEPAR'IMEN'T' OF AGRICUI.'T'URE


Suggested Plantings for Different Sections of Florida


NORTHERN
1 Ligustrum Nobilis
2 Hydrangea
3 Ficus Repens (Sheared)
Cherry Laurel (in parkway)


CENTRAL
Hibiscus (Sheared hedge)
Hydrangea
Ficus Repens (Climbing Fig)
(on pillars, side of house and
awning)
Cherry Iaurel (Lauro rerasus
Caroliniana) ( Sheared-in
parkway)


SOUTHERN
1 Hibiscus (Sheared) or Acalypha
2 Dracaena (Assorted colors)
3 Ficus Repens
Coconut Palm (in parkway)










BEAUTIFYING H-IE HOME


SituqgesIed Plantings for Different Sections of Florida


NORTHERN
Arborvitae Compacta
Vibernum Suspensum
Podocarpus Sinensis
Abellia Grandiflora


CENTRAL
1 Arborvitae Compacta (Thuja)
: Codiaeum ((rotons)
3 Japanese Yew (Podorarplus
Macrophy/lla Sinensis)
1 Golden Feather Palm
(Areca Lutescence)
Climbing Fig (Ficus Repens)
(On wall and front of house)


SOUTHERN
Ligustrum Lucidum
Crotons
Podocarpus Sinensis
TecomaI Capensis








DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


I


Suggested Plantings for Different Sections of Florida


NORTHERN
1 Ligustrum
2 Vibernum Suspensurn
3 Cocos Australis


CENTRAL
1 Wax Privet (Ligustrumn Luciduim)
2 Jasmine (Jasiminumi Primuilinumin)
3 Cocos Plumosa Palms


SOUTHERN
1 Ligustrum Lucidum
2 Jasmine (Simplicifolium)
3 Royal Palm


D,^ ^ :^ 01 10^.

-^ L ]


2 CD









BEAUTIFYING THE HOME


51 .-


Suggested Plantings for Different Sections of Florida


NORTHERN
Climbing Rose
Flowering Quince
Spiraea Thumbergi
Cocos Australis
Arborvitae (Tall)
Jasmine Primulinum


CENTRAL
1 Bougainvillaea (Crimson Lake)
2 Mosaic Plant (Acalypha)
3 Codiaeum (Crotons)
4 Zamia, Cycad (Coontie)
5 Arborvitae (Aurea (onspicra-
Thuja)
6 Jasmine (Jasminum Simplicifolium)


SOUTHERN
1 Bougainvillaea (Crimson Lake)
2 Mosaic Plant (Acalypha)
3 Codiaeum (Crotons)
4 Zamia, Cycad (Coontie)
5 Arborvitae (Aurea Conspicua-
Thuja)
6 Jasmine (Jasminum Simplicifolium)










DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


SuggHf/ested Plantinygs for Different Nertions of Plorida


NORTHERN

Abelia Grandiflora
Cocos Australis
Podocarpus Maki
Bed of Annuals


CENTRAL

1 Mixture of Crotons and Acalypha.
with Ficus Repens on house
2 Palm Coeos Plumosa
3 Native Pine with Alamanda
;4 Bed of Annuals


SOUTHERN
1 Mixture of Crotons and Acalypha
2' Royal Palm
3 Coconut Palm
I. lied of Annuals


Ia~TY


~-~L










13EAUTIFYING THE HOME


Suggested Plantings for Different Sections of Florida


NORTHERN CENTRAL


1 Spirea Thumbergi
2 Vibernum Suspensum
3 Flowering Quince


1 Golden Dew Drop ()uranta
Plumieri)
2 Crotons (Codiaenm)
3 Bougainvillaea Purple
(Sanderiana (Glbra)


SOUTHERN
1 Golden Dew Drop (I)uranta
Plumieri)
2 Crotons (Codiaeum)
3 Bougainvillaea Purple
(Sanderiana Glabra)










DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


Suggested Plantings for I'ff. ..r Sections of Florida


NORTHERN
1 Jasmine Primulinum
2 Abelia Grandiflora
3 Abelia Grandiflora
4 Pittosporum (Sheared)
5 Spanish Bayonet


CENTRAL
1 Jasmine (Jasminan, Primulinum)
2 Crotons (Codiaenm.)
3 Golden Dew Drop
(Duran ta Plumieri)
I, Arborvitae Compacta (Thuja)
5 Spanish Bayonet (Yucca Aluoifulia)


SOUTHERN
1 Jasinum Simplicifolium
2 Crotons
3 Duranta Plumieri
4 Podocarpus Maki (Sheared)
5 Spanish Bayonet


-I







BEAUTIFYING THE HOME


Suiigsted I'lantings for Different Sections of Florida


NORTHERN
1 Severiana Buxifolia
2 Abelia Grandiflora
3 Podocarpus (Sheared)
4 Cocos Australis


CENTRAL
1 Jasmine (Ja.sminum Primulinum)
2 Wax Privet (Ligustrum Iwata)
3 Yaupon Holly (Ilex Vomitoria)
4 Palms (Cocos Plumosa)
St. Augustine
(Stenotaphrum Scrundatunm)


SOUTHERN
1 Carissa Grandiflora
2 Cbalcas (Orange Jasmine)
3 Eugenia Hookeriana (Sheared)
t Coconut Palm


02
I



LPORC r
n -^ 7 1-^ r ~









DEPARTMENT OF AGRICUI.TURE


SutigeIsted Pltntinpgs for Iifferent Section.s of Florida


NORTHERN
Pittosporum (Sheared)
Vibernum Suspensum
Confederate Jasmine or
Climbing Rose


CENTRAL
Iigustrum ILucidum
Crotons
Bougainvillaea (('rinson Lake)


SOUTHERN
I Mosaic Plant (.Aclypha)
2 Crotons (Codioeuim)
3 Bougainvillaea (Crimson Lake)
Lawn of Centipede Grass



= n t7 2









B~EAUTIFYING THE HOME


F\


S/uggested Plantings for Different Sections of Florida


NORTHERN
Pod(ca rpus Sinensis
2 Climbing Hose
3 Abelia Gralndiflora
4 Azaleas
5 Japanese Priniulinium
6 Ilex Vomitoria


CENTRAL
1 Podocarpus Sinensis
(.Japanese Yew)
2 Bougainvillaea (Crimson Lake)
3 Palm Areca Iutescens
(GUolden Feather Palm)
4 Azaleas
5 Jasminum Pubescence
(Star J.Iamin(e)
6 Yaupon Holly (Ile.r Vomitoria)


SOUTHERN
1 Podocarpus Sinensis
2 Bougainvillaea (('rimson Lake)
3 Palm Areca
!i C'halcas Panictulata
(Orange Jasmine)
5 Carissa Grandiflora
6 Palm Phoenix Roebeleni









9( DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

ILLUSTRATING THE RESULTS OF GOOD LANDSCAPING













BEFORE P.ANTIN


EIGHTEEN MONTHS AFTER PLANTING

8%~ RSJ


Six YEARS AFTER PLANTING










BEAUTIFYING THE HOME 97
0-----------------------------^.
















ACKNOWLEDGMENTS


Acknowledgment is made to the United States Department
of Horticulture, Agriculture Experiment Station, Gainesville,
Fla., and Mr. John Gennaro, Landscape Consultant, Tampa.


FLORIDA PRESS
ORLANDO, FLA.




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