1,3 ..... '1'.
VV F All
FROM-THE -ENGLISH VERSION OF
WITH *PICTURES *BY
AND -AN-INTRODUCTION* BY
Printed by BALLANTYNE, HANSON, & CO.
At the Ballantyne Press
T. The Cock and the Jewel.
z. The Cat and the Cock
3. The Wolf and the Lamb
4. The Kite, the Frog, and the
5. The Lion, the Bear, and the
6. The Dog and the Shadow
7. The Wolf and the Crane
8. The Boar and the Ass
9. The Country Mouse and the
to. The Crow and the Mussel
I r. The Fox and the Crow .
S2. The Old Lion
13. The Lion and the Mouse
[4. The Sick Kite
15. The Swallow and Other Birds
A6. The Frogs Desiring a King
:7. The Kite and the Pigeons
8. The Sow and the Wolf .
9. The Old Dog and his Master
to. The Hares and Frogs
I The Dog and the Sheep .
'2. The Fox and the Stork
;3. The Fox and the Mask .
4. The Jackdaw and the Peacocks
5. The Ox and the Frog
6. The Horse and the Lion.
The Horse and the Ass .
The Birds, the Beasts, and the
The Fox and the Wolf
The Stag looking into the Water
The Snake and the File .
The Wolves and the Sheep
The Ape and the Fox
The Lark and her roung Ones
The Stag in the Ox-Stall
The Fox and the Sick Lion
The Stag and the Horse
The Horse and the Loaded Ass
The Dog and the Wolf .
The Fox and the Lion
The Eagle and the Fox
The Husbandman and the Stork
The Shepherd's Boy
The Eagle and the Crow
The Dog in the Manger .
Jupiter and the Camel
The Fox and the Hare to Jupiter
The Peacock's Complaint
The Fox and the Goat
The Partridge and the Cocks
The Tunny and the Dolphin
The Fox without a Tail
The Fox and the Bramble
The Fox and the Crocodile
55. The Boasting Mule
56. The Lion in Love
57. The Lioness and the Fox
58. The Fighting Cocks and the
59. The Stag and the Fawn .
60. The Wasps and the Honey-Pot
61. The Fox and the Grapes
62. The Hare and the Tortoise
63. The Dog and the Cock upon a
64. The Vine and the Goat
65. The Ass, the Lion, and the Cock
66. The Snake and the Crab.
67. The Raven and the Swan
68. The Ape and the Dolphin
69. The Fox and the Crab .
70. The Shepherd and his Sheep
71. The Peacock and the Magpie
72. The Lion, the Ass, and the
73. The Kid and the Wolf .
74. The Geese and the Cranes
75. The Angler and the Little Fish
76. The Bull and the Goat .
77. The Nurse and the Wolf
78. The Tortoise and the Eagle
79. The Fox and the Frog .
80. The Mischievous Dog .
81. The Peacock and the Crane
82. The Fox and the Tiger
83. The Lion and the Four Bulls.
84. The Crow and the Pitcher
85. The Man and his Goose
86. The Wanton Calf
87. The Leopard and the Fox
88. The Hawk and the Farmer
89. The Bear and the Bee-Hives.
90. The Fatal Marriage
91. The Cat and the Mice .
92. The Wild Boar and the Fox .
93. The Porcupine and the Snakes
94. The Hawk and the Nightingale
95. The Cat and the Fox .
96. The Wolf, the Lamb, and the
97. The Cock and the Fox
98. The Fox in the Well
99. The Ass Eating Thistles
1oo. The Wolf and the Lion
The fable had its origin, we are given to under-
stand, in a germ of politeness still lingering in
the breasts of the superior, or preaching, portion
of humanity, who wished to avoid giving more
pain than necessary when pursuing the inevitable
task laid upon them by their virtues, of instructing
the inferior and silent portion how to be-well,
just a little less inferior, if they would only listen
patiently to what they were told. It was also
frankly admitted by many, that there were diff-
culties in getting a frivolous humanity to listen at
all, unless one took a leaf from the book of that
unprofitable rascal the story-teller, a spinner of
webs for the sheer irridescence and gossamer-film
and sparkle of the dainty thing itself, with no
designs whatever uponfat, black flies to be caught
and held in its meshes. And so, with half a sigh,
the preacher fell upon the element of fiction, and
the fable was born. It would have beenpleasanter,
of course, to have told Smith to his face what a
rogue he was, and ones, what an idiot everybody
thought him ; but unfortunately there was no means
of putting compulsion on Smith and Jones to attend.
Again, it would have been quite easy to have got
the Smiths and Joneses to sit round in a circle,
while the theme was the folly of Robinson and the
roguery of _enkins; but _enkins and Robinson
might stroll in, arm-in-arm, in the middle, and the
preacher who aimed at being a popular success knew
that he must not only avoid all little unpleasant-
nesses, but also spin a web whose meshes were fine
enough to catch and to hold, without undue obvious-
ness, flies of every bulk, from Smith down to the
It is more probable that the thing had its roots
in the fixed and firm refusal of the community from
its very beginning, to allow any one of its members
to go about calling any other one a fool or a rogue,
"of his own mere notion." If anybody has got to
he put away for folly, or trounced for roguery,
society has always toldoff some one to do it, and paid
him a more or less adequate salary. The amateur
has never been recognized nor countenanced, and
though occasionally he may score a success for the
moment, and set a convicted people beating their
breasts in the streets, confessing their sins to each
other at the street-corners, and making piles of their
costly books and curios and precious ornaments in the
market-place, sooner or later the old rule asserts
itself the paid policeman moves you on as before,
and the forsaken and discredited amateur comes to
TWhat then was to be done? The inadequate
policeman had to be supplemented, the amateur
must somehow say his say. There was a certain
moral cowardice in the means he hit upon. The
friendly, tactful, unobstrusive beasts around him-
could they not he seized upon and utilised to point
the requisite moral? True, it would be no good to
hold up their real characteristics for the public
admonishment. The moment they were really studied
they were seen to be so modest, so mutually helpful,
so entirely free from vanity, afectation, and fads;
so tolerant, uncomplaining, and determined to
make the best of everything; and, finally, such
adepts in the art of minding their own business,
that it was evident a self-respecting humanity
would not stand the real truth for a moment. But
one could deal out the more prominent of human
failings among them ; one could agree, for argu-
ment's sake, that the peacock was to be vain, the
wolf unregardful of his plighted word, the jackdaw
a snob with a weakness for upper circles ; and the
thing was done. The Smiths and Joneses, instead
of disputing the premisses, fell into the trap ; while
the honest beasts, whose characters were thus meanly
filched from them, instead of holding indignation-
meetings, and passing resolutions of protest, as they
might have done had they been merely human, took
the nobler course of quietly continuing to mind their
But though they acquiesced and submitted, it
must not be thought that they did not feel and
resent, very keenly indeed, the ungentlemanly
manner in which they had been exploited, for moral
purposes, by people with whom they only wished to live
in mutual esteem and respect in a world in which
there was plenty of room for both. When you meet
a bird or a beast, and it promptly proceeds to move
of, in an obviously different direction, without abuse
indeed, or scurrility, or even reproach, but with a
distinct intention of seeing as little of you as possible
during the rest of the afternoon, you may he pretty
sure it is thinking of Esop's Fables. If only some-
body would withdraw and apologise, and arrange
that things should be on the same footing as before !
Some beasts have gone so far as to take a leaf
out of the book of the fabulist, and compile a volume
of their own. Though humanity had behaved in a
way to which they themselves would have scorned to
stoop, that was no reason (they argued) why they
should shun any moral lesson that was to he picked
up, even from Man. A beast's life is so short, so
eventful and precarious, that he is never above
learning, never too proud to take a hint; more than
all, he never thinks that what he doesn't know isn't
worth knowing. I was allowed a glimpse at the book
one afternoon, in a pine wood, when the world was
hot and sleepy, and the beasts had dined well. But
I could not get permission to take it away, and, as I
was sleepy too, I can only half recollect a scantfable
or two out of that rich treasure-house ; andsomehow
I have never been able to happen upon that pine
Naturally enough with creatures who live by
rule and order and inherited precept, the inconse-
quential and irregular habits of man afford much
food for beast-reflection. Here is a fable (by a
monkey apparently) which touches on this puzzling
aspect of humanity.
THE APE AND THE CHILD IN THE
A frolicsome ape, who in much careless ease inhabited a lordly
mansion in Regent's Park, lounged up one afternoon to certain bars, on
the other side of which selected specimens of humanity were compelled
to promenade each day for the instruction and diversion of philosophic
apes. A little maid in a Leghorn hat having timidly approached the
bars, her large fat mother, shaking her imperiously by the shoulder,
ordered her to observe the pitty ickle monkey, so mild and so gentle, and
give it a piece of her bun at once, like a good, kind, charitable ickle girl.
The small maiden, though herself extremely loth, profered her bun to
the ape, who possessed himself of it with a squeal of delight, and bit
her finger to the bone as well: for he had bitten nothing more juicy
and succulent than a neighbour's tail for a whole week past; and tails
are but gristly things at the best. But the large, fat mother, falling
upon the already shrieking little girl, shook and cufed her unmercifully,
protesting that of all the naughty, tiresome, self-willed little trollops, and
that never, never, never would she take her a-pleasuring again.
Parents of the human species have an altogether singular and
unaccountable method of rearing their young. Yet they grow up some-
how, nevertheless, and often become quite good and useful citizens: so
there may be something in it, and it's a lesson to us not to be proud
and think we know everything.
Here is another (by a dog this time) based on
the same characteristic, but written from a slightly
different and more doggy point of view.
THE DOG, THE CHILD, AND THE MOON.
A child sat on the nursery floor and cried for the moon, which was
shining so temptingly through the window. A conscientious dog who
was strolling by, and had been wanting sorely to bay the moon all the
evening, because he had a bad pain in his inside that kept telling him to
do it, only he was mighty afeared of being kicked, sat down beside the
infant, and, with the sole remark that circumstances were too strong for
him, lifted his snout. Then the night was filled with music, till even the
face of the moon wore a pained expression ; and the dog felt the pain in
his inside trickling away through his ribs. Attracted by the outcry, the
mother hastened to the room, and smacked the child soundly for its folly and
unreasonableness. But she patted and praised the dog, who was sitting
severely on his tail, and called him a noble, sympathetic fellow, who
could not see others in trouble without being moved to share their
distress. Then the dog swaggered out of the room feeling good all over,
and resolving that next morning he would dig a hole in the geranium-
bed large enough to bury the moon itself.
You never can tell with exactness how human beings will act, under
any conditions. Therefore when you want to howl at the moon, or do
anything contraband, badly enough, better go and do it and get it over.
You can but be kicked, and you probably won't be, and you will get rid
of the bad pain in your inside.
Then there was that fablle-and the one about-
and the other one where-and then that very
naughty one which-but it is time to pull up, as I
promised faithfully not to. How it all comes back
to me as I write The cushion of moss and pine-
needles, the song of the streamlet hard by, the squirrel
perched half-way up a tree-trunk and chattering,
" Do read him that one about-" and the jay, who
was turning over the leaves, looking round and
saying, 0 you shut up This is my copy he's
looking at, and it opens at all the right places / "
The rabbits sat round in a ring, silent and large-
eyed, with just a flicker passing over their ever-
unrestful noses. They will always come to listen to
a story, however old and hackneyed, and never open
their mouths except to say, Ntow another, please !"
The badger, who, as the biggest member present,
ought to have been doing the honours, and knew it,
sat andscratched himself and looked crossly at the jay.
He wanted to say something cutting, but knew the
jay was his master at repartee. Then the wood-
land muttered its spell, and a drowsiness crept over
us. When I awoke the badger's chair was vacant,
the rabbits were but a rustle in the bracken, the
squirrel and the jay but a quiver in a tree-top and
a glint of blue against a distant copse.
Well The story-teller, the gossamer-web-
spinner, has come to his own by this time, and the
fabulist, who started with such a flourish, has long
ceased to mount his tub. Even while these very
fables were in course of writing, the axe was being
laid to the root of the tree, and a whimsical fellow,
with his tongue in his cheek, was compiling the
" Arabian Nights." In this matter humanity,
though just as liable as the individual to its tem-
porary fits of afectation, knows what it wants and
sees that it gets it, and never troubles to justify its
selection by argument. Did it care to do so, it
might contend that people, by diligent attention to
morals and rubbing in of applications, had become
quite too good for anything, and the fables had done
their work so thoroughly that now the time had
arrived for a little relaxation, honestly earned.
Or it might argue, on the other hand, that the job
had proved too tough a one, that the story which
posed as an obvious index to personal conduct had
got to be a bore and a nuisance, and that it was
much nicer to be frankly bad and shameless and
abandoned, and read fiction. But humanity, in
the mass, never argues-and rightly ; and the
reader can please himself with whichever theory he
likes, sure of this at least, that the story henceforth
will be tolerated only for itself that the fable has
had its day and ceased to be.
But a method may expire, and its output yet
remain that undefined thing, attained by neither
prayer nor fasting-a classic. (Indeed, so long as
you are a part of this earth's old crust, you must
generally wait till you are a stratum before people
will begin paying attention to you and calling you
nice names.) There are in literature men, women,
and beasts, who survive owing to fidelity in por-
traiture to the natural type. There are equally men,
women, and beasts, who live from their very devia-
tion from the real thing-fresh and captivating
creations with rules of their own. These are the
folk who people the world of fairy-tale, heraldry,
and fable; and many such village communities
flourish in classic-land. Vitality-that is the test ;
and, whatever its components, mere truth is not
necessarily one of them. A dragon, for instance, is
a more enduring animal than a pterodactyl. I
have never yet met any one who really believed in a
pterodactyl; but every honest person believes in
dragons-down in the back-kitchen of his conscious-
ness. And every honest person believes that the
fable-people exist, or existed, somewhere-not on this
planet, perhaps, since personal experience must be
allowed its place when evidence has to be weighed,
but-well, the Census Department has never yet
overhauled the Dog-Star.
And this classic is here given forth in the brave
old seventeenth-century version of Sir Roger
L'Estrange, who wrote, by a happy gift, in the very
language (we feel sure) that the Fable-beasts now
talk among themselves in Fable-land. Modern
renderings, with one eye on the anxious parent and
the other on the German governess, have often
achieved an impotence of English that increases our
admiration of a tongue that can survive such mis-
handling, and still remain the language of men.
Insipid Twittle-Twattles," to use L'Estrange's own
phrase. A Royalist politician and a fluent and
copious pamphleteer, he had graduated in the right
school for work wherein one hard-hitting word must
needs supply the place of whole page or long-
drawn paragraph in the less restricted methods
by which the human conscience now insists on being
approached. In the sad case of the Lion, the
Bear, and the Fox, a modern version draws the
moral in these satisfactory if hardly stimulating
Those who fight with each other lose all, and
give others the chance of enriching themselves."
Dear me, do they really ? Lay this alongside
of our politician's, and with a snap and a bite he
has you by the leg.
'Tis the fate of all Gotham Quarrels, when
fools go together by the ears, to have knaves run
away with the stakes."
Again,-" A certain Jackdaw was so proud
and ambitious that, g&c.," bleats and trickles our
modern version. A ADaw that had a mind to be
sparkish," says L'Estrange, saving his breath for
his story. Yet he is not merely forcible, terse, and
arresting. With what a prettiness of phrase he puts
(in his preface) the case for the Fable I What
cannot be done by the dint of Authority, or Persua-
sion, in the Chappel, or in the Closet, must be
brought about by the Side-Wind of a Lecture from
the Fields and the Forrests." And there is a touch
both quiet and appealing in his account of the Tail-
less Fox, and his efforts to get level again with
Society: But however, jor the better coun-
tenance of the scandal, he got the Master and
Wardens of the Foxes Company to call a Court
of Assistants, where he himself appeared, and
made a Learned Discourse upon the Trouble,
the Uselessness, and the Indecency, of Foxes wearing
But, as I have said, it is in his Beast-talk that
our politician (naturally enough) excels:
But as they were entering upon the Dividend,
'Hands of,' says the Lion. 'This part is mine by
the Privilege of my quality; this, because I'll
have it in spite of your Teeth ; this, again, because
I took most pains for't ; and if you dispute the
Fourth, we must e'en Pluck a Crow about it.'" In
the Wolf and the Lamb," "' Nay,' says t'other,
'you'll never leave your chopping of Logick, till
your Skin's turned over you Ears, as your Father's
was, a matter of Six Months ago, for rating at
this sawcy rate.' "
L'Estrange may have had his faults of diction:
faults of excess, of violence, of recurrent effort for
the explosive phrase, wherein we get, indeed, the
telling snapshot effect, but somehow hear the click
of the IKodak as well. Yet his version remains
the one version,, and these are not the times in
which we may expect to get another. It is more
than doubtful whether iEsop would have approved
of it; and yet, for good or for evil, it is the
ultimate version !
Those green back-garden doors that lead to the
trim classic plots-they are opened but rarely now-
a-days For they are a trfle warped, and their
paint swollen, and they stick and jam, and one can
find neither time nor effort for the necessary tug.
But once inside this particular door-if one takes the
pains-how one is possessed by the inhabitants, their
surroundings, their ways, and their points of view !
Emerging, one really expects to meet them at every
corner, to be hailed by them, to put the natural ques-
tion and get the appropriate answer. One forgets,
for the moment, that the real four-legged or feathered
fellows one encounters are sullen, rancorous, and
aggrieved-have a book of their own, in fine, a
version in which it is we who point the moral and
adorn the tale /
A HUNDRED FABLES OF
Zbe Coch ant t|e getoel.
AS a Cock
dary in my
to any Use
was turning up a Dunghill, he spy'd a Jewel. Well
he to himself) this sparkling Foolery now to a Lapi-
place, would have been the Making of him; but as
or Purpose of mine, a Barley-Corn had been worth
He that's Industrious in an Honest Calling, shall never fail of a
Blessing. 'Tis the part of a Wise Man to Prefer Things Necessary
before Matters of Curiosity, Ornament, or Pleasure.
THE COCK AND THE- JEWEL.
4 zsop's FABLES.
,/ FABLE II.
~ /te clat ant the coacu
T was the hard Fortune once of a Cock, to fall into the Clutches
of a Cat. Puss had a Months Mind to be upon the Bones of
him, but was not willing to pick a Quarrel however, without some
plausible Colour for't. Sirrah (says she) what do you keep such
a bawling, and screaming a Nights for, that no body can sleep near
you ? Alas says the Cock, I never wake any body, but when 'tis
time for People to rise, and go about their Business. Come come,
says Puss, without any more ado, 'tis time for me to go to Break-
fast, and Cats don't live upon Dialogues; at which word she gave
him a Pinch, and so made an end, both of the Cock, and of the
'Tis an Easie Matter to find a Staff to Beat a Dog. Innocence
is no Protetlion against the Arbitrary Cruelty of a Tyrannical Power:
But Reason and Conscience are yet so Sacred, that the Greatest Villanies
are still Countenanc'd under that Cloak and Color.
AEsop's FABLES. 5
6 lEsop's FABLES.
V)e aTolf anti tle Lamb.
AS a Wolf was lapping at the Head of a Fountain, he spy'd a
Lamb, paddling at the same time, a good way off down the
Stream. The Wolf had no sooner the Prey in his Eye, but away
he runs open-mouth to't. Villain (says he) how dare you lye
muddling the Water that I'm a drinking ? Indeed, says the poor
Lamb, I did not think that my drinking there below, could have
foul'd your Water so far above. Nay, says t'other, you'll never
leave your chopping of Logick, till your Skin's turn'd over your
Ears, as your Fathers was, a matter of six Months ago, for prating
at this sawcy rate; you remember it full well, Sirrah. If you'll
believe me, Sir, (quoth the innocent Lamb, with fear and trembling)
I was not come into the World then. Why thou Impudence, cries
the Wolf, hast thou neither Shame, nor Conscience ? But it runs
in the Blood of your whole Race, Sirrah, to hate our Family; and
therefore since Fortune has brought us together so conveniently,
you shall e'en pay some of your Fore-Fathers Scores before you
and I part; and so without any more ado, he leapt at the Throat
of the miserable helpless Lamb, and tore him immediately to
'Tis an Easie Matter to find a Staff to Beat a Dog. Innocence
is no Protetion against the Arbitrary Cruelty of a Tyrannical Power:
But Reason and Conscience are yet so Sacred, that the Greatest Villanies
are still Countenanc'd under that Cloak and Color.
AEsop's FABLES. 7
8 AEsop's FABLES.
Ege Rite, tge from, anb tle house .
SHere fell out a Bloody Quarrel once betwixt the Frogs and
the Mice, about the Sovereignty of the Fenns; and whilst
Two of their Champions were Disputing it at Swords Point, Down
comes a Kite Powdering upon them in the Interim, and Gobbles up
both together, to Part the Fray.
'Tis the Fate of All Gotham Quarrels, when Fools go together by
the Ears, to have Knaves run away with the Stakes.
.Esop's FABLES. 9
THE'KITETIHEFROG'AND THE MOUSE
Io JEsop's FABLES.
t)e Lion, the ZBtar, anb t)e fox.
T Here was a Lion and Bear had gotten a Fawn betwixt them,
and there were they at it Tooth and Nail, which of the Two
should carry't off. They Fought it out, till they were e'en glad to
lie down, and take Breath. In which Instant, a Fox passing that
way, and finding how the case stood with the Two Combatants,
seized upon the Fawn for his Own Use, and so very fairly
scamper'd away with him. The Lion, and the Bear saw the
Whole A&tion, but not being in condition to Rise and Hinder it,
they pass'd this Reflexion upon the whole matter; Here have we
been Worrying one another, who should have the Booty, 'till this
Cursed Fox has Bobb'd us Both on't.
'Tis the Fate of All Gotham Quarrels, when Fools go together by
the Ears, to have Knaves run away with the Stakes.
AEsop's FABLES. II
I2 zEsop's FABLES.
&, :- FABLE VI. i2
ZEbe Dog anti t|)e zbabot( .
AS a Dog was crossing a River, with a Morsel of Good Flesh in
Shis Mouth, he saw (as he thought) Another Dog under the
Water, upon the very same Adventure. He never considered that
the One was only the Image of the Other; but out of a Greediness
to get Both, he Chops at the Shadow, and Loses the Substance.
All Covet, All Lose; which may serve for a Reproof to Those that
Govern their Lives by Fancy and Appetite, without Consulting the
Honor, and the Justice of the Case.
AEsop's FABLES. 13
14 'Esop's FABLES.
FA.BLE VII. /
1tfe EMolf anM t)e Crane.
A Wolf had got a Bone in's Throat, and could think of no better
Instrument to Ease him of it, than the Bill of a Crane ; so
he went and Treated with a Crane to help him out with it, upon
Condition of a very considerable Reward for his pains. The Crane
did him the Good Office, and then claim'd his Promise. Why how
now Impudence! (says t'other) Do you put your Head into the
Mouth of a Wolf, and then, when y'ave brought it out again safe
and sound, do you talk of a Reward ? Why Sirrah, you have your
Head again, and is not that a Sufficient Recompence.
One Good Turn they say requires another : But yet He that has to do
with Wild Beasts (as some Men are No Better) and comes off with a
Whole' Skin, let him Expefr No Other Reward.
AEsop's FABLES. 15
Cs,%THE-WOLF AND THECRANE.
16 As op's FABLES.
SC)je 2Boar anb te A2M.
AN Ass was so Hardy once, as to fall a Mopping and Braying
at a Boar. The Boar began at first to shew his Teeth,
and to Stomack the Affront; but upon Second Thoughts; Well!
(says he) Jeer on, and be an f1S still. Take notice only by the
way, that 'tis the Baseness of your Charader that has sav'd your
It is below the Dignity of a Great Mind to Entertain Contests with
People that have neither Quality nor Courage : Beside the Folly of
Contending with a Miserable Wretch, where the very Competition is
sE op 's
18 zAsop's FABLES.
S' FABLE IX.
Ct)e coutttrp @ouse anb t)e Critp souse.
SHere goes an Old Story of a Country Mouse that Invited a City-
Sister of hers to a Country Collation, where she spar'd for
Nothing that the Place afforded; as Mouldy Crusts, Cheese-Parings,
Musty Oatmeal, Rusty Bacon, and the like. Now the City-Dame was
so well bred, as Seemingly to take All in Good Part: But yet at last,
Sister (says she, after the Civilest Fashion) why will you be Miserable
when you may be Happy ? Why will you lie Pining, and Pinching
yourself in such a Lonesome Starving Course of Life as This is; when
'tis but going to Town along with Me; to Enjoy all the Pleasures,
and Plenty that Your Heart can Wish ? This was a Temptation the
Country Mouse was not able to Resist; so that away they Trudg'd
together, and about Midnight got to their Journeys End. The City-
Mouse show'd her Friend the Larder, the Pantry, the Kitchin, and
Other Offices where she laid her Stores; and after This, carry'd her
into the Parlour, where they found, yet upon the Table, the Reliques
of a Mighty Entertainment of That very Night. The City-Mouse
Carv'd her Companion of what she lik'd Best, and so to't they fell
upon a Velvet Couch together: The Poor Bumkin that had never
seen, nor heard of such Doings before, Bless'd herself at the Change
of her Condition, when (as ill luck would have it) all on a Sudden,
the Doors flew open, and in comes a Crew of Roaring Bullies, with
their Wenches, their Dogs and their Bottles, and put the Poor Mice
to their Wits End, how to save their Skins. The Stranger Especially,
that had never been at This Sport before; but she made a Shift how-
ever for the present, to slink into a Corner, where she lay Trembling
and Panting 'till the Company went their Way. So soon as ever the
House was Quiet again, Well: My Court Sister, says she, If This be
the Way of Your Town-Gamboles, I'll e'en back to my Cottage, and
my Mouldy Cheese again; for I had much rather lie Knabbing of
Crusts, without either Fear or Danger, in my Own Little Hole, than
be Mistress of the Whole World with Perpetual Cares and Alarums.
The Difference betwixt a Court and a Country Life. The Delights,
Innocence, and Security of the One, Compar'd with the Anxiety, the
Wickedness, and the Hazards of the Other.
AEsop's FABLES. 19
THE COUNTRY-MOUSE AND THE CITYMOUSE
2o AEsop's FABLES.
S/ '" FABLE X. / ,
f re Crobt ant the Sus teL
T Here was one of Your Royston-Crows, that lay Battering upon
a Mussel, and could not for his Blood break the Shell to
come at the Fish. A Carrion-Crow, in this Interim, comes up, and
tells him, that what he could not do by Force, he might do by Stra-
tagem. Take this Mussel up into the Air, says the Crow, as High
as you can carry it, and then let him fall upon that Rock there; His
Own Weight, You shall see, shall break him. The Roystoner took
his Advice, and it succeeded accordingly; but while the One was
upon Wing, the Other stood Lurching upon the Ground, and flew
away with the Fish.
Charity begins at Home, they say; and most People are kind to
their Neighboursfor their Own sakes.
.Esop's FABLES. 21
22 Esop's FABLES.
Zte for atnb the Qroto.
A Certain Fox spy'd out a Crow upon a Tree with a Morsel in
his mouth, that set his Chops a watering; but how to come
at it was the Question. Oh thou Blessed Bird! (says he) the
Delight of Gods, and of Men! and so he lays himself forth upon
the Gracefulness of the Crows Person, and the Beauty of his
Plumes; His Admirable Gift of Augury, &c., And now, says the
Fox, If thou hadst but a Voice answerable to the rest of thy Ex-
cellent Qualities, the Sun in the Firmament could not shew the
World such Another Creature. This Nauseous Flattery sets the
Crow immediately a Gaping as Wide as ever he could stretch, to
give the Fox a taste of his Pipe; but upon the Opening of his
Mouth he drops his Breakfast, which the Fox presently Chopt up,
and then bade him remember, that whatever he had said of his
Beauty, he had spoken Nothing yet of his Brains.
There's hardly any man Living that may not be wrought upon more
or less by Flattery : For we do all of us Naturally Overween in our
Own Favour : But when it comes to be Apply'd once to a Vain Fool, it
makes him forty times an Arranter Sot than he was before.
.Esop's FABLES. 23
THE FOX AND THE CROW.
svl Il-f 77--M
24 A'sop's FABLES.
be Dl0b pion.
A Lion that in the Days of his Youth and Strength, had been
very Outragious and Cruel, came in the end to be Reduced
by Old Age, and Infirmity, to the last Degree of Misery, and Con-
tempt: Insomuch that All the Beasts of the Forest; some out of
Insolence, others in Revenge, some in fine, upon One Pretence,
some upon Another, fell upon him by Consent. He was a Miser-
able Creature to all Intents and Purposes; but Nothing went so
near the Heart of him in his Distress, as to find himself Batter'd
by the Heel of an Ass.
A Prince that does not secure Friends to Himself while he is in
Power and Condition to oblige them, must never expect to find Friends,
when he, is Old and Impotent, and no longer Able to do them any Good.
If he Governs Tyrannically in his Touth, he will be sure to be Treated
Contemptuously in his Age ; and the Baser his Enemies are, the more
Insolent, and Intolerable will be the Affront.
zEsop's FABLES. 25
THE OLD LION
26 AEsop's FABLES.
l)e Lion anti the iSouse
U Pon the Roaring of a Beast in the Wood, a Mouse ran pre-
sently out to see what News: and what was it, but a Lion
Hamper'd in a Net This Accident brought to her mind, how
that she herself, but some few Days before, had fall'n under the Paw
of a Certain Generous Lion, that let her go again. Upon a Stria
Enquiry into the Matter, she found This to be That very Lion ;
and so set her self presently to Work upon the Couplings of the
Net; Gnaw'd the Threds to pieces, and in Gratitude Deliver'd her
W-ithout Good Nature, and Gratitude, Men had as good live in a
Wilderness as in a Society. There is no SubjeE so Inconsiderable, but
his Prince, at some time or Other, may have Occasion for him, and it
holds through the Whole Scale of the Creation, that the Great and the
Little have Need one of Another.
28 AEsop's FABLES.
I- )e 4tich R3ite.
PRay Mother (says a Sick Kite) Give over these Idle Lamenta-
tions, and let Me rather have your Prayers. Alas my Child,
(says the Dam) which of the Gods shall I go to, for a Wretch
that has Robb'd All their Altars ?
Nothing but the Conscience of a Virtuous Life can make Death
Easie to us; Wherefore there's No trusting to the Distratfion of an
Agonizing, and a Death-bed Repentance.
Azsop's FABLES. 29
30 AEsop's FABLES.
b)e tb alltobt anb otier Birbs.
SHere was a Country Fellow at work a Sowing his Grounds,
and a Swallow (being a Bird famous for Providence and Fore-
sight) called a company of Little Birds about her, and bad 'em take
Good Notice what that Fellow was a doing. You must know (says
the Swallow) that all the Fowlers Nets and Snares are made of Hemp,
or Flax; and that's the Seed that he is now a Sowing. Pick it up
in time for fear of what may come on't. In short, they put it off,
till it took Root; and then again, till it was sprung up into the
Blade. Upon this, the Swallow told 'em once for All, that it was
not yet too Late to prevent the Mischief, if they would but bestir
themselves, and set Heartily about it; but finding that no Heed
was given to what she said; She e'en bad adieu to her old Com-
panions in the Woods, and so betook her self to a City Life, and
to the Conversation of Men. This Flax and Hemp came in time
to be gathered, and Wrought, and it was this Swallows Fortune to
see Several of the very same Birds that she had forewarn'd, taken
in Nets, made of the very Stuff she told them off. They came at
last to be Sensible of the folly of slipping their Opportunity; but
they were Lost beyond All Redemption first.
Wise Men read Effets in their Causes, but Fools will not Believe
them till 'tis too late to prevent the Mischief. Delay in these Cases is
E'sop's FABLES. 31
32 AEsop's FABLES.
l)te JFrogs e hiring a Bting.
IN the days of Old, when the Frogs were All at liberty in the
Lakes, and grown quite Weary of living without Government,
they Petition'd Jupiter for a King, to the End that there might be
some Distin&ion of Good and Evil, by Certain Equitable Rules
and Methods of Reward and Punishment. Jupiter, that knew the
Vanity of their Hearts, threw them down a Log for their Governour ;
which, upon the first Dash, frighted the whole Mobile of them into
the Mudd for the very fear on't. This Panick Terror kept them
in Awe for a while, till in good time one Frog, Bolder than the
Rest, put up his Head, and look'd about him, to see how squares
went with their New King. Upon This, he calls his Fellow-
Subje&s together; Opens the truth of the Case; and Nothing
would serve them then, but Riding a-top of him; Insomuch that
the Dread they were in before, is now turn'd into Insolence, and
Tumult. This King, they said, was too Tame for them, and Jupiter
must needs be Entreated to send 'em Another: He did so, but
Authors are Divided upon it, whether 'twas a Stork, or a Serpent;
though whether of the Two soever it was, he left them neither
Liberty, nor Property, but made a Prey of his Subjets. Such was
their Condition in fine, that they sent Mercury to Jupiter yet once
again for Another King, whose Answer was This: They that will not
be Contented when they are Well, must be Patient when Things are
Amiss with them; and People had better Rest where they are, than
go farther, and fare Worse.
The Mobile are Uneasie without a Ruler : They are as Restless with
one ; and the oftner they shift, the Worse they Are ; So that Govern-
ment, or No Government; a King of God's Making, or of the Peoples,
or none at all; the Multitude are never to be satisfied.
AEsop's FABLES 33
gfTHE FROGS DESIRING A-KING.
34 AEsop's FABLES
'l)e Dite anbt tte I geons.
T HE Pigeons finding themselves Persecuted by the Hawk, made
Choice of the Kite for their Guardian. The Kite sets up
for their Prote&or, and is duly Crowned and Invested with Sovereign
Rights; but under Countenance of That Authority, makes more
Havock in the Dove-House in Two Days, than the Hawk could
have done in Twice as many Months.
Tis a Dangerous Thing for People to call in a Powerful and an
Ambitious man for their Protetor ; and upon the Clamour of here
and there a Private person, to hazard the Whole Community.
LEsop's FABLES 35
TEKITE aND THE PIGEONS
THE-KITE ANDTHE PIGEONS.
36 AEsop's FABLES
})e Hotu anb tl)e Msaof.
A Wolf came to a Sow that was just preparing to lye down,
and very kindly offered to take care of her Litter. The
Sow as Civily thank'd her for her Love, and desir'd she would be
pleas'd to stand off a little, and do her the Good Office at a
There are no Snares so Dangerous as those that are laidfor us under
the Name of Good Ofices.
AZsop 's FABLES 37
T, TIE- SOWAN THE-WOLU.
-ZE op )s
38 A'sop's FABLES
e)be Bib Dog anD bi. ipazter.
AN Old Dog, that in his Youth had led his Master many a
Merry Chase, and done him all the Offices of a Trusty
Servant, came at last, upon falling from his Speed and Vigor, to
be Loaden at every turn with Blows and Reproaches for it. Why
Sir, (says the Dog) My Will is as Good as ever it was ; but my
Strength, and my Teeth are gone; and you might with as good a
Grace, and Every jot as much Justice, Hang me up because I'm
Old, as Beat me because I'm Impotent.
The Reward of Affetion and Fidelity must be the Work of another
World; Not but that the Conscience of Well Doing is a Comfort that
may pass for a Recompence even in This; in Despite of Ingratitude and
zEsop's FABLES 39
THE'OLD-DOGAND HIS MASTER.
40 AEsop's FABLES
S. / FABLE XX.
toite tart anti t froqg .
O Nce upon a time the Hares found themselves mightily Un-
satisfy'd with the Miserable Condition they Liv'd in, and
called a Council to Advise upon't. Here we live, says one of 'em,
at the Mercy of Men, Dogs, Eagles, and I know not how many
Other Creatures and Vermin, that Prey upon us at Pleasure;
Perpetually in Frights, Perpetually in Danger; And therefore I
am absolutely of Opinion that we had Better Die once for All,
than live at This rate in a Continual Dread that's Worse than
Death it self. The Motion was Seconded and Debated, and a
Resolution Immediately taken, One and All, to Drown Themselves.
The Vote was no sooner pass'd, but away they Scudded with
That Determination to the Next River. Upon this Hurry, there
leapt a Whole Shoal of Frogs from the Bank into the Water,
for fear of the Hares. Nay, then my Masters, says one of the
Gravest of the Company, pray let's have a little Patience. Our
Condition I find is not altogether so bad as we fancy'd it; for
there are Those you see that are as much afraid of Us, as we
are of Others.
There's No Contending with the Orders and Decrees of Providence.
He that Made us knows what's Fittestfor us; and Every man's Own
Lot (well Understood and Manag'd) is Undoubtedly the Best.
AEsop's FABLES 41
A S op's
14e ;Dog ant) t)e tzeep.
A Dog brought an A&ion, before the Wolf and the Kite as
Judges, of the Case against a Sheep, for some Certain Measures
of Wheat, that he had lent him. The Plaintif prov'd the Debt.
The Defendent was cast in Costs and Damages, and forc'd to sell the
Wool off his Back to Satisfie the Creditor.
'Tis not a Straw matter whether the Main Cause be Right or Wrong,
or the Charge True or False ; Where the Bench, and Jury are in a
Conspiracy against the Pris'ner.
AEsop's FABLES 43
THE-cDOG AND TIHESHIEEE
44 AEsop's FABLES
T)e fojo anti tl)e tort.
T Here was a Great Friendship once betwixt a Fox and a Stork,
and the Former would needs Invite the Other to a Treat.
They had Several Soups serv'd up in Broad Dishes and Plates,
and so the Fox fell to Lapping Himself, and bad his Guest
Heartily Welcom to what was before him. The Stork found he
was Put upon, but set so good a Face however upon his Enter-
tainment; that his Friend by All means must take a Supper with
Him That night in Revenge. The Fox made Several Excuses
upon the Matter of Trouble and Expence, but the Stork in fine,
would not be said Nay; So that at last, he promised him to
come. The Collation was serv'd up in Glasses, with Long
Narrow Necks, and the Best of Every thing that was to be had.
Come (says the Stork to his Friend) Pray be as Free as if you
were at home, and so fell to't very Savourly Himself. The Fox
quickly found This to be a Trick, though he could not but
Allow of the Contrivance as well as the Justice of the Revenge.
For such a Glass of Sweet-Meats to the One, was just as much
to the Purpose, as a Plate of Porridge to the Other.
'Tis allowable in all the Liberties of Conversation to give a Man a
Rowland for his Oliver, and to pay him in his Own Coin, as we
say ; provided always that we keep within the Compass of Honour, and
zEsop's FABLES 45
THEFOX AND TLHESTOI
46 AEsop's FABLES
e e jfor ant the E)a .t.
AS a Fox was Rummidging among a Great many Masks, there
was One very Extraordinary one among the Rest. He
took it up, and when he had Considered it a while, Well, (says he)
What Pity 'tis, that so Exquisite an Outside of a Head should not
have one Grain of Sense in't.
'Tis not the Barber or the Taylor that makes the Man ; and 'tis No
New Thing to see a Fine Wrought Head without so much as One Grain
of Salt in't.
AEsop's FABLES 47
THEFOX ANDTHE MASK.
48 E'sop's FABLES
E;e 3jac~bato anbt tme peacocht.
A Jackdaw that had a mind to be Sparkish, Trick'd himself up
with all the Gay-Feathers he could Muster together: And
upon the Credit of these Stoll'n, or Borrow'd Ornaments, he Valu'd
himself above All the Birds in the Air Beside. The Pride of this
Vanity got him the Envy of all his Companions, who, upon a
Discovery of the Truth of the Case, fell to Pluming of him by
Consent; and when Every Bird had taken his Own Feather; the
Silly Jakaaw had Nothing left him to Cover his Nakedness.
We steal from one Another all manner of Ways, and to all manner of
Purposes; Wit, as well as Feathers; but where Pride and Beggery
Meet, people are sure to be made Ridiculous in the Conclusion.
AES op 's
50 zEsop's FABLES
Ze cODv ant t) jeftog.
AS a Huge Over-grown Ox was Grazing in a Meadow, an Old
Envious Frog that stood Gaping at him hard by, called out
to her Little Ones, to take Notice of the Bulk of That Monstrous
Beast; and see, says she, if I don't make my self now the Bigger of
the Two. So she Strain'd Once, and Twice, and went still swelling
on and on, till in the Conclusion she Forc'd her self, and Burst.
Betwixt Pride, Envy, and Ambition, men fancy Themselves to be
Bigger than they are, and Other People to be Less: And This Tumour
Swells itself at last 'till it makes All Fly.
AEsop's FABLES 51
THE-OX AND TIflEROG.
52 AEsop's FABLES
Z )e 1t)o e ati the Uion.
T Here was an Old Hungry Lion would fain have been Dealing
with a piece of Good Horse-Flesh that he had in his Eye;
but the Nag he thought would be too Fleet for him, unless he
could Supply the want of Heels, by Artifice and Address. He
Imitates the Ways and Habits of a Professor of Physick, and
according to the Humor of the World, sets up for a Doctor of the
College. Under this Pretext, he lets fall a Word or two by way of
Discourse, upon the Subject of his Trade ; but the Horse Smelt him
out, and presently a Crotchet came in his Head how he might
Countermine him. I got a Thorn in my Foot T'other day, says
the Horse, as I was Crossing a Thicket, and I am e'en quite Lame
on't. Oh, says the New Physician, Do but hold up your Leg a
little, and I'll Cure ye immediately. The Lion presently puts him-
self in posture for the Office; but the Patient was too Nimble for
his Dodor, and so soon as ever he had him Fair for his Purpose,
gave him so Terrible a Rebuke upon the Forehead with his Heel,
that he laid him at his Length, and so got off with a whole Skin,
before the Other could Execute his Design.
Harm Watch, Harm Catch, is but according to the Common Rule
of Equity and Retaliation, and a very Warrantable Way of Deceiving
tEsop's FABLES 53
THE-IIORSE AND THE-LION.
all, I '
54 zEsop's FABLES
Ze)e porxt anti the o2f8.
IN the Days of Old, when Horses spoke Greek and Latin, and
Asses made Syllogisms, there happened an Encounter upon the
Road, betwixt a Proud Pamper'd Jade in the Full Course of his
Carriere, and a Poor Creeping Ass, under a Heavy Burden, that
had Chopt into the same Track with him. Why, how now Sirrah,
says he, D'ye not see by these Arms, and Trappings, to what Master
I belong? And D'ye not Understand that when I have That
Master of mine upon my Back, the Whole Weight of the State
rests upon My Shoulders ? Out of the way thou slavish Insolent
Animal, or I'll Tread thee to Dirt. The Wretched Ass immediately
Slunk aside, with this Envious Reflection between his Teeth.
[What would I give to Change Conditions with That Happy Creature
there.] This Fancy would not out of the Head of him, 'till it
was his Hap some Few Days after to see This very Horse doing
Drudgery in a Common Dung-Cart. Why how now Friend (says
the Ass) How comes This about ? Only the Chance of the War,
says the Other; I was a Soldiers Horse, you must know; and my
Master carry'd me into a Battle, where I was Shot, Hack'd, and
Maim'd; and you have here before Your Eyes the Catastrophe of
The Folly, and the Fate, of Pride and Arrogance. The Mistake of
Placing Happiness in any thing that may be taken away, and the Blessing
of Freedom in a Mean Estate.
'Esop's FABLES 55
56 zEsop's FABLES
Zte Zir3s, tte Zea8ts, anb t)e mat.
UPon a Desperate and a Doubtful Battel betwixt the Birds
and the Beasts, the Bat stood Neuter, till she found that the
Beasts had the Better on't, and then went over to the Stronger
Side. But it came to pass afterward (as the Chance of War is
Various) that the Birds Rally'd their Broken Troops, and carry'd
the Day; and away she went Then to T'other Party, where she was
Try'd by a Council of War as a Deserter; Stript, Banish'd, and
finally Condemn'd never to see Day-light again.
Trimming in some Cases, is Foul, and Dishonest; in others Laud-
able, and in some again, not only Honest, but Necessary. The Nicety
lies in the skill of Distinguishing upon Cases, Times, and Degrees.
AEsop's FABLES 57
THE-BIRDS-THE-BEASTS ANDTHE BAT.
58 AEsop's FABLES
EZ)e foq anbt t)e EMolf.
A Wolf that had a mind to take his Ease, Stor'd himself
Privately with Provisions, and so kept Close awhile. Why,
how now Friend, says a Fox to him, we han't seen You abroad at
the Chace this many a day! Why truly says the Wolf, I have
gotten an Indisposition that keeps me much at Home, and I hope
I shall have Your Prayers for my Recovery. The Fox had a Fetch
in't, and when he saw it would not Fadge; Away goes he presently
to a Shepherd, and tells him where he might surprise a Wolf if
he had a mind to't. The Shepherd followed his Diretions, and
Destroy'd him. The Fox immediately, as his Next Heir, repairs
to his Cell, and takes possession of his Stores: but he had Little
Joy of the Purchase, for in a very short time, the same Shepherd
did as much for the Fox, as he had done before for the Wolf.
'Tis with Sharpers as'tis with Pikes, they Prey upon their own
kind; And 'tis a Pleasant Scene enough, when Thieves fall out among
themselves, to see the Cutting of One Diamond with Another
Asop's FABLES 59
THE FOX AND THE'WOLF.
60 AEsop's FABLES
Ct)e #taqg Looking into tte Mlater.
AS .a Stag was Drinking upon the Bank of a Clear Stream, he
saw his Image in the Water, and Enter'd into This Con-
templation upon't. Well! says he, if These Pityful Shanks of
mine were but Answerable to this Branching Head, I can but
think how I should Defy all my Enemies. The Words were
hardly out of his Mouth, but he Discovered a Pack of Dogs
coming full-Cry towards him. Away he Scours cross the Fields,
Casts off the Dogs, and Gains a Wood; but Pressing through a
Thicket, the Bushes held him by the Horns, till the Hounds came
in, and Pluck'd him Down. The Last Thing he said was This.
What an Unhappy Fool was I, to Take my Friends for my Ene-
mies, and my Enemies for my Friends! I trusted to my Head,
that has Betray'd me, and I found fault with my Legs, that would
otherwise have brought me off.
He that does not thoroughly know himself, may be well allowed to
make a False Judgment upon other Matters that most Nearly concern
AEsop's FABLES 61
TESTAG oo ....oT
TIE'STAG LOOKING .I1oTflE"
te 6nafe anti the -file.
T Here was a Snake got into a Smith's Shop, and fell to Licking
of a File. She Saw the File Bloody, and still the Bloodier
it was, the more Eagerly she Lick'd it; upon a Foolish Fancy, that
it was the File that Bled, and that She her self had the Better on't.
In the Conclusion, when she could Lick no Longer, she fell to
Biting; but finding at last she could do no more Good upon't
with her Teeth than with her Tongue, she Fairly left it.
'Tis a Madness to stand Biting and Snapping at any thing to no
manner of purpose, more than the Gratifying of an Impotent Rage, in
the fancy of Hurting Another, when in truth, we only Wound our
A'sop's FABLES 63
THE* SNAKE ANDTHEEFILE.
64 Azsop's FABLES
Zbe Motbe ant t)e Hzeep.
T Here was a Time when the Sheep were so Hardy as to Wage
War with the Wolves; and so long as they had the Dogs
for their Allies, they were upon all Encounters, at least a Match
for their Enemies. Upon This Consideration, the Wolves sent
their Embassadors to the Sheep, to Treat about a Peace, and in
the Mean Time there were Hostages given on Both Sides; the
Dogs on the part of the Sheep, and the Wolves Whelps on the
Other Part, 'till Matters might be brought to an Issue. While
they were upon Treaty, the Whelps fell a Howling; The Wolves
cryed out Treason; and pretending an Infration in the Abuse of
their Hostages, fell upon the Sheep immediately without their Dogs,
and made them pay for the Improvidence of leaving themselves
without a Guard.
'Tis senseless to the Highest Degree to think of Establishing an
Alliance among those that Nature her self has Divided, by an In-
conciliable Disagreement. Beside, that a Foolish Peace is much more
Destructive than a Bloody War.
XIEsop's FABLES. 65
66 AEsop's FABLES.
e Ape anti tt fox;,
AN Ape that found Many Inconveniences by going Tail-less, went
to a Fox that had a Well-spread, Bushy Tail, and begg'd
of him only a little piece on't to Cover his Nakedness: For (says
he) you have enough for Both, and what needs more than you
have Occasion for? Well, John (says the Fox) be it More, or
be it Less, you get not one single Hair on't; for I would have
ye know, Sirrah, that the Tail of a Fox was never made for the
Buttocks of an Ape.
Providence has Assign'd Every Creature its Station, Lot, Make and
Figure; and 'tis not for Us to stand Correfling the Works of an
Incomprehensible Wisdom, and an Almighty Power.
AEsop's FABLES. 67
68 Afsop's FABLES.
l)e 3Larh antb )er Doung Dnet.
T Here was a Brood of Young Larks in the Corn, and the Dam,
when she went abroad to Forrage for them, laid a Stria
Charge upon her Little Ones, to pick up what News they could get
against she came back again. They told her at her Return, that
the Owner of the Field had been there, and Order'd his Neigh-
bours to come and Reap the Corn. Well, says the Old One,
there's no Danger yet then. They told her the next Day that
he had been there again, and Desir'd his Friends to Do't. Well,
well, says she, there's no Hurt in That neither, and so she went
out Progging for Provisions again as before. But upon the Third
Day, when they told their Mother, that the Master and his Son
appointed to come Next Morning and do't Themselves: Nay then,
says she, 'tis time to look about us: As for the Neighbours and
the Friends, I fear 'em not; but the Master I'm sure will be as
good as his Word; for 'tis his own Business.
He that would be sure to have his Bus'ness Well Done, must either
Do it Himself, or see the Doing of it; Beside that many a Good
Servant is Spoil'd by a Careless Master.
AEsop's FABLES. 69
THEIARK AND HERYOUNG
70 AEsop's FABLES.
)te stag in tot ODr tall.
A Stag that was hard set by the Huntsmen, betook himself to a
Stall for Sanctuary, and prevail'd with the Oxen to Conceal
him the Best they could, so they cover'd him with Straw, and by and
by in comes the Keeper to Dress the Cattel, and to Feed them; and
when he had done his Work he went his Way without any Dis-
covery. The Stag reckon'd himself by This Time to be out of
all Danger; but One of the Oxen that had more Brains than his
Fellows, advis'd him not to be too Confident neither; for the
Servant, says he, is a Puzzling Fool, that heeds Nothing; but when
my Master comes, he'll have an Eye Here and There and Every
where, and will most certainly find ye out. Upon the very Speak-
ing of the Word, in comes the Master, and He spies out Twenty
Faults, I warrant ye; This was not Well, and That was not
Well; till at last, as he was Prying and Groping up and down,
he felt the Horns of the Stag under the Straw, and so made Prize
He that would be sure to have his Bus'ness Well Done, must either
Do it Himself, or see the Doing of it; Beside that many a Good
Servant is Spoil'd by a Careless Master.
lEsop's FABLES. 71
THE STAG IN+THE+OX- STALL.
72 zEsop's FABLES.
ll)e jFor anb tlet ~itct ,aon.
A Certain Lion that had got a Politique Fit of Sickness, made it
his Observation, that of All the Beasts in the Forest, the
Fox never came at him: And so he wrote him Word how Ill he
was, and how Mighty Glad he should be of his Company, upon the
Score of Ancient Friendship and Acquaintance. The Fox returned
the Complement with a Thousand Prayers for his Recovery; but
as for Waiting upon him, he desir'd to be Excus'd; For (says he)
I find the Traces of abundance of Feet Going In to Your Majesty's
Palace, and not One that comes Back again.
The Kindnesses of Ill Natur'd and Designing People, should be
thoroughly Consider'd, and Examin'd, before we give Credit to them.
AEsop's FABLES. 73
THEFOX ANDTHE SICK-LION.
.ll.... ... !. ...
74 Azsop's FABLES.
Zte ')tag anti the Porat .
U Pon.a Dispute betwixt a Stag and a Horse about a piece of
Pasture, the Stag got the Better on't, and beat the Other out
of the Field. The Horse, upon This Affront, Advis'd with a Man
what Course to Take; who told him, that if he would Submit
to be Bridled, and Sadled, and take a Man upon his Back with a
Lance in his Hand, he would undertake to give him the Satis-
fa6tion of a Revenge. The Horse came to his Terms, and for the
Gratifying of a Present Passion, made himself a Slave all the days
of his Life. Stesichorus made use of This Fable, to Divert the
Himerenses from Chusing Phalaris the Tyrant for their General.
This Horse's Case, says he, will be Yours, if you go on with your
Proposals. 'Tis true, You'l have your Revenge, but you'll lose
your Liberties; Upon which Words the Motion fell.
Let every Man take a True Measure of Himself, what he is Able to
do, and what Not; before he comes to any Peremptory Resolution how
to Proceed. He is a Madman, that to Avoid a Present, and a Less
Evil, runs Blindfold into a Greater; and for the Gratifying of a
Froward Humour, makes himself a Slave All the Days of his Life.
AEsop's FABLES. 75
76 E'sop's FABLES.
e)e i)ors anbt the Loabeb .21o.
AS a Horse and an Ass were upon the Way together, the Ass
cryed out to his Companion, to Ease him of his Burden,
though never so little, he should fall down Dead else. The
Horse would not; and so his Fellow-Servant sunk under his
Load. The Master, upon This, had the Ass Flay'd, and laid
his Whole Pack, Skin and All, upon the Horse. Well, (says he)
This Judgment is befall'n me for my Ill Nature, in refusing to
help my Brother in the Depth of his Distress.
It is a Christian, a Natural, a Reasonable, and a Political Duty,for
All Members of the same Body to Assist One Another.