the NEWS FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA COLLEGE OF VETERINARY MEDICINE
UF veterinarians treat life-threatening vascular infection in horses
BY SARAH CAREY
T wo horses at risk for life-threatening bleeding caused by an uncommon
infection of the internal carotid artery were successfully treated recently by
University of Florida veterinarians who used cutting-edge technology to
resolve the problem faster and less invasively than traditional surgery would allow.
"The problem both of these horses had involved a disease called guttural pouch
mycosis, or a fungal infection in the guttural pouch," said Herb Maisenbacher, V.M.D., an
assistant clinical professor of cardiology at UF's Veterinary Medical Center. "The
infection can eat its way through the tissues in the back of the throat, potentially
rupturing the arteries."
Typical symptoms include bleeding from the nose, Maisenbacher said.
UF veterinarians treated the first horse in October 2008, and the second in May.
"One horse's red blood cell count was actually dropping because of the bleeding," he
said. "The other had just one nose bleed. The owners knew they needed to do something
before it became life threatening."
Lynne Kimball-Davis of Wellington recalled the late October morning during which
she went to feed her horse, a Dutch Warmblood named Upper Class, and discovered him
in his stall bleeding profusely from the nose.
"It looked like he had been massacred," she said.
Kimball-Davis rushed her horse to Palm Beach Equine Clinic, where veterinarians
determined a referral to UF was necessary.
"He was stabilized for two days and then Sunday morning, we got him up to Dr.
(David) Freeman," Kimball-Davis said.
She added that Upper Class returned home after about a week at UF, and has made
steady progress since then.
"I'm getting ready to show him in the fall again," she said. "Everyone has told me
he's perfectly fine now and not to give his problem a second thought."
Freeman, an equine surgeon, collaborated with Maisenbacher's cardiology team to
treat both cases. In each case, a device known as a vascular plug was inserted to occlude
the at-risk artery. Before that, surgeons access the carotid artery through a small incision
in the neck and use a contrast agent to find the damaged vessels before blocking them
"The affected area is difficult to approach surgically, but it's been done before,"
Maisenbacher said. "Another approach has been to place multiple metallic coils inside
the vessel to block the flow of blood. What made our approach unique is that we were
able to make the procedure go more smoothly by using newer devices to achieve the
Freeman, who has used all the various techniques to treat vascular occlusion in horses
with hemorrhage from guttural pouch mycosis, favors the new approach.
"The minimally invasive introduction of nitinol plugs seems the best to me," he said.
"It's also a nice example of teamwork between the small and large animal hospitals that
allows us to make use of leading edge technologies that benefit many species."
Maisenbacher said the vascular plugs are made for use in human medicine, and are
believed to have only been used at Purdue University's veterinary school to treat gutteral
pouch mycosis in horses. Because of the success UF has had in treating dogs with the
devices, Maisenbacher felt a similar result might be achieved in horses.
"Once the animals wake up from anesthesia, they are almost back to their normal
selves," he said. "The other advantage is that the devices offer the ability to access
vessels that by traditional methods are very difficult to get to. Plus, there really is no
other medical treatment for this condition."
The procedure takes between two and three hours, he added.
Anyone seeking more information about UF's Veterinary Medical Center and
treatments currently available for pets and horses should call (352) 392-2213 or visit
L ii, n I' K rnri, cI I ['sir d.- r rk,, r L' u hI' Ja~rflLI j Ijd pp~ri.-a, r 2 I T -,?r 'l I LI I Ir Ii l nIa
Dr. David Freeman Dr. Herb Maisenbacher
Morris Animal Foundation honors two UF veterinary students for research
BY SARAH CAREY
T wo University of Florida veterinary
students were among 11 veterinary
students nationwide who were
honored in Morris Animal Foundation's
annual research competition for projects that
improve the lives of companion animals and
Courtney Varney, a senior student,
received second place in the equine division
and was awarded $2,500. Santiago Diaz, a
junior student, received third place in the
wildlife category and $1,500.
Thirty veterinary students whose
projects were funded through the
foundation's Veterinary Student Scholars
program participated in the competition.
Members of the foundation's scientific
advisory boards judged the competition.
Vamey's project examined the cardio-
vascular effects of N-butylscopolammonium
bromide (Buscopan), a drug used to treat
colic in horses. She performed her project
during her summer vacation in the veterinary
college's Island Whirl Equine Colic Research
Laboratory under guidance and supervision
from Alison Morton, D.V.M., an assistant
professor of equine surgery.
Diaz's project examined the use of
elephant-specific monoclonal antibodies and
recombinant antigens of Mycobacterium
tuberculosis to improve an enzyme-linked
immunosorbent assay, or ELISA test, to From left to right are Santiago Diaz, CVM class of '11 ;Tobie McPhail, director of scientific programs and advancement for Morris Animal Foundation; Allen Byrne, Veterinary
identify elephants infected with this disease- Student Scholars Program coordinator for Morris Animal Foundation; and Courtney Varney, class of 2010.
causing microorganism. His project was
performed under the supervision of Ramiro
Isaza, D. V. M., an assistant professor and "The future of veterinary medicine Olson, D.V.M., Ph.D., the foundation's while they are in veterinary school, we hope
zoological medicine service chief at the depends on these outstanding students and president and CEO. "By giving students the to encourage them to consider a career in
University of Florida. their fellow classmates," said Patricia N. opportunity to work on MAF-funded projects animal health research."
CVM professor receives Distinguished Veterinary Parasitologist Award
Ellis Greiner, Ph.D., a
professor in the University
Sof Florida College of
department of infectious
diseases and p.iil, h ,.-,,
has received the American
Association of Veterinary Parasitologists' Distinguished Veterinary
The award consists of a plaque and $1,500 and was presented
during the AAVP's annual meeting, held Aug. 9-14 in Calgary,
The award is made to honor the outstanding contributions of
an AAVP member to the advancement of veterinary parasitology.
Recipients are nominated by association members and the winner is
selected by their awards committee.
Greiner has served on UF's veterinary faculty for more than 30
years. His research has involved reptiles, birds, livestock, domestic
pets, animals, but most has turned to the parasites of sea turtles and
marine mammals. Earlier in his career at UF, he worked extensively
with bluetongue, a viral disease affecting sheep and cattle, and with
a devastating neurological disease that affects horses, known as
equine protozoal myeloencephalitis, or EPM, caused by a parasite
known as Sarcocystis neurona.
Greiner chaired the UF Committee on Committees and the
veterinary college's Academic Advancement Committee. He recently
served on the UF Student Conduct Code Committee and is now on Er Ells Grer enle r is lnoi,,,oirn Eir -ndre~rPeregrinae ell ciarmanol mle -AI -.,ards Comrrinee and Er Do.u
the same committee for the Health Science Center. He is in his third canirlhr- gii i r.lUerial r leri.l lunal lie a..riard Grei.ne reui, ed
year on the UF Senate Steering Committee.
Burrows honored by Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons
C olin Burrows, B.Vet.Med., Ph.D.,
chairman of the University of
Florida College of Veterinary
Medicine's department of small animal
clinical sciences, has been named an honor-
ary fellow of the Royal College of Veterinary
Burrows, who also serves as chief of
staff of UF's small animal hospital, is a board-
certified veterinary internist, specializing in
the study of canine and feline gastrointesti-
nal, hepatic and pancreatic disease. His
research focuses on canine gastrointestinal
motility in health and disease, and on the
relationship between diet and gastrointestinal
He has delivered continuing educa-
tion presentations in more than 50 countries
and is an honorary member of both the
Austrian and Russian Small Animal Veteri-
nary Associations. Burrows also serves as
executive director of the North American
Veterinary Conference, one of the world's
largest veterinary conferences.
In addition to his work with NAVC,
Burrows has helped develop programs for
other world-class continuing education
programs, including the World Small Animal
Veterinary Association. He has helped to
encourage such programs in Eastern Europe
and in economically challenged countries
such as Bosnia and Herzegovina and Peru.
Among his many awards are the
WSAVA's Award for Service to the Profession
in 2006 and the AVMAs 2008 International Dr. Colin Burrows, chairman of the UF College of Veterinary Medicine's department of small animal clinical sciences, is shown with Jill Nute, then-president of the Royal
Veterinary Congress Prize for his contribu- College of Veterinary Surgeons, in July during the RCVS's annual meeting in London. (Photo courtesy of RCVS)
tions to international veterinary medicine.
Shelter veterinarians, volunteers, directors and staffers all should benefit from planned presentations
at upcoming Maddie's Shelter Medicine Conference
Shelter veterinarians, directors,
technicians and volunteers will be
exposed to the latest knowledge and
learn new tools for success during a
University of Florida-sponsored confer-
ence Oct. 23-24 at Paramount Plaza
Hotel in Gainesville
Organized by the Maddie's Shelter
Medicine Program at UF, the 2009
Shelter Medicine Conference will feature
experts from the UF College of Veterinary
Medicine and elsewhere sharing
information about a variety of cutting-
edge topics, including the use of t 4? R .,L, w64%
veterinary forensic science to fight
animal cruelty, how to improve the
outcomes of impounded animals by
controlling infectious diseases in the
shelter and strategies for ending the use of euthanasia for population control.
Presentations will also be given on feline upper respiratory infection, managing disease
outbreaks and understanding how to deal with ringworm and dermatologic disease.
"New this year will be a day-long seminar presented by Maddie's Fund and featuring some
of the nation's top animal welfare leaders addressing ways to help your organization achieve its
lifesaving goals," said Julie Levy, D.V.M., the college's Maddie's Shelter Medicine Professor
and program director. That seminar will address creating a pet evaluation matrix and building a
thriving foster care program.
Continuing education credits will be available. Only 200 slots are available, so early
registration is encouraged.
For more information about speakers, topics and presentation schedule, go to http://
conferences.dce.ufl.edu/sheltermedicine/. For specific assistance with registration, contact
Cathy Gentilman at 352-392-1701, ext. 238. For questions relating to content, contact Rachel
Michaud at 352-273-8660.
Maddie's Fund, The Pet Rescue Foundation, (www.maddiesfund.org) is a family foundation
funded by Workday and PeopleSoft Founder Dave Duffield and his wife, Cheryl. Maddie's
Fund is helping to create a no-kill nation where all healthy and treatable shelter dogs and cats
are guaranteed a loving home. Maddie's Fund invests its resources in building community
collaborations where animal welfare organizations come together to develop successful models
of lifesaving; in veterinary colleges to help shelter medicine become part of the veterinary
curriculum; in private practice veterinarians to encourage greater participation in the animal
welfare cause; and in the implementation of national strategies to collect and report shelter
statistics. Maddie's Fund is named after the family's beloved Miniature Schnauzer who passed
away in 1997.
The Veterinary Page is the UF College of Veterinary Medicine's internal e-
newsletter Story ideas are welcome and should be e-mailed toSarah Carey, editor
The UF College of Veterinary Medicine is sitting in the splash zone
BY LAURA MIZE
Though located a few hours from the coast, the college's Marine Mammal
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medicine, as well as offering clinical diagnostics and treatment of marine
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