th e NEWS FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA COLLEGE OF VETERINARY MEDICINE
Bear and cub released successfully back to forest after care at Disney, UF VMC
E very now and then, natural disasters
have a silver lining.
The return of two Florida black bears
treated at UF's Veterinary Medical Center and
Disney's Animal Kingdom to the wild June
19 is surely such an example. The sow and
her 3-month-old cub became known as the
"Bugaboo bears" because of their May rescue
in Columbia County from the so-called
Bugaboo fire, which was the name officials
gave to designate the Florida portion of a fire .
that originated in Georgia's Okefenokee
Swamp and later crossed state lines.
The mother bear suffered from third-
degree burns on her paws. The cub, found
high up in a tree above its mother, was
dehydrated but otherwise unhurt.
Coverage of the bears' plight reached
national proportions, with stories appearing
in media outlets including the New York
Times, CNN and USA Today among count-
The Bugaboo bears became a symbol of
hope for many when the fire, which con- The adult bear races from its transport cage into the Osceola National Forest on June 19.
sumed approximately 125,000 acres of Ph... by Tr -".. S.
timber, swamp land, grass and scrub in
Florida alone while firefighters struggled to
gain control and residents feared for their
homes, even their lives.
"When the Georgia fires and Florida fires
all burned together, (Bugaboo) is probably
one of the top three in terms of Continental
U.S. history," said Ralph Crawford, assistant
bureau chief for the state's Division of
After their initial rescue by Florida Fish
and Wildlife Commission biologists Jim and
Elina Garrison, biology technician Don
Wainwright and FWC veterinarian Mark
Cunningham, the bears were taken to
Gainesville and treated by members of the UF
VMC's zoological medicine service.
Adrienne Atkins, D.VM., the third-year zoo
medicine resident, was the clinician who led
the care team from UF.
Also weighing in with a consult was
David Mozingo, M.D., head of the Shands at
UF burn unit and his team of wound special-
ists, who visited the bears in the zoo medi-......
cine ward at Atkins' invitation.
"We went over one time and looked at the
burns on the bottom of the adult bear's feet,"
Mozingo said. "We thought they should heal
fine and nothing more really needed to be
done other than what they were doing."
Mozingo and his colleagues have visited
the college on several occasions over the
years to provide consultation relating to
See BEARS, p.3
FL IORI I ID A John Haven, left, and Disney workers push the bears' crate up the ramp and into the VETS trailer, while David Johns pulls.
The bear cub takes a look around its quarters at Disney's Animal Kingdom while veterinarians work on the cub's mother in preparation for transport.
Dr. Mark Cunningham, biologist Matt Pollock from the FWC's Olustee Field Office, Dr. Scott Terrell and John
Haven discuss plans for the bears' release.
Dr. Mark Cunningham, left, Dr. Scott Terrell and two Fish and Wildlife Commission biologists wait while preparations
are completed for the bears' release.
The release site was located 22 miles inside the Osceola National Forest.
Paw prints from the mother bear's leap to freedom are clear in the road.
BEARS, from. 1
"They were relieved when we said we didn't feel surgical intervention was necessary," he
Six days later, FWC's Cunningham picked the bears up and drove them to Disney's Animal
Kingdom, where they were kept in a quarantine facility and fed a diet consistent with what
they would normally eat in the wild: blueberries, heart of palm, and cabbage. Disney veterinar-
ian Scott Terrell, D.VM., (CVM class of '98), acting director of veterinary services for the park,
and UF's fourth-year zoological medicine resident Christine Fiorello, D.VM., then assumed
primary responsibility for the bears' care.
Once the mother bear, whose bur injuries had been veterinarians' primary concern, was
deemed ready for release, she and her cub were transported to the release site by the State
Agricultural Response Team/Veterinary Emergency Treatment Service from the College of
Veterinary Medicine, complete with a law enforcement escort.
The VETS vehicle consists of a 4-wheel drive Ford king cab truck purchased with funds
from the Florida Veterinary Medical Association Foundation. The truck towed a 24-foot utility
trailer equipped with a 15,000 BTU air conditioner which was purchased to haul response team
equipment to disasters, then to be used as a bunk house or office on the scene. UF purchased
Years-long collaboration with Shands burn
specialists has benefited clients from tigers to
bears at UF's VMC
When an adult bear with burn wounds to I
her paws came to UF's VMC in May for
emergency treatment, UF's zoological
medicine veterinarians and technicians
immediately went to work. Fluid and antibi-
otic therapy were part of the treatment plan, as
was the use of Acticote bandages.
Those bandages are just one example of
how human medical expertise has made its
way to the veterinary world to improve -e
animal patient care.
Dr. David Mozingo, professor of surgery
and anesthesiology at UF's College of
Medicine and head of the Shands Bum
Center, said Acticote bandages also were used
to treat Freedom, a Siberian tiger cub who was
a patient at UF's VMC in 2002. The cub had
suffered severe damage to her back and ears .
when she was mauled by another tiger.
Then as now, Mozingo and his team were
available for consultation and happy to be of Freedom, a Siberian tiger treated at UF's VMC, is
service. pictured a year after being sent home to her owners
"I believe they started using Acticote at Thunderhawk Enterprises. Note the absence of her
when we brought it over when we were outer ear covering. Despite this, Freedom's hearing is
treating Freedom'" Mozingo said. excellent.
Acticote, made by Smith and Nephew, is dressing which consists of three layers: an
absorbent inner core sandwiched between outer layers of silver coated, low adherent polyeth-
ylene net. Nanocrystalline silver protects the wound site from bacterial contamination while
the inner core helps maintain the moist environment optimal for wound healing, according to
the company's Web site.
Mozingo made one trip over to the VMC during the bear's stay to provide consultation
relating to the bear's wounds. What he saw was that the wounds were healing properly and no
surgical intervention was necessary.
UF's veterinarians "were very relieved," he said.
As far as his relationship with the veterinary school goes, "We just go whenever they call
us," Mozingo said. "We're happy to help out."
He and his team also have treated a bat, some monkeys and even a turtle over the years.
"We initially went over with the tiger, and since then we have kind of established a
relationship with that group and they feel freer to call us," said Robert Nappo, a nurse practitio-
ner with the Shands bum unit. "It's pretty rewarding for our staff members here and we're
always willing to give our feedback on new treatments and therapies we have with people and
accommodate them to the animals."
Nappo said the burn unit staff's visits to the VMC always offered a fresh perspective.
"When we deal with people, we're interacting with the injured person and the focus is
different," Nappo said. "We're concerned about the burn, about the person. When we walked to
the doorway (when the group came to see the bears), there was this sign: 'danger: do not enter,
dangerous carnivore.' They were sedating the animal and you could see the caution they were
using, bringing the animal to the table and knowing this animal lived in the wild and it was a
good thing it was asleep or we'd all be in trouble."
Nappo added that for his team, the sense was, "This is your life, and you're walking into the
"It's also interesting that with animals, the pathology is so different, like the thickness of
the bear's paws," he said. The different make-up of the skin makes working with these
animals interesting. The difference is subtle enough that we can still manage the wounds well
enough, but it's interesting to see the variation" he said.
In the case of the bears, "the bear was healing naturally and that put everyone's mind at
ease," Nappo said.
As for Freedom the tiger cub, who was treated intensively over several months by UF zoo
medicine veterinarians and also received weekly visits from Mozingo and his team, her
owners, Sharon Farrar and Ray Thunderhawk, report that she is well adjusted and doesn't
seem to have any psychological scars from everything she went through at an early age.
"She's all tigress, but she does very well,"Farrar said. "She lost her outer ear coverings
due to her wounds but she hears perfectly. She and her enclosure mate come into our
garage every night because they're so spoiled."
the custom-built trailer for VETS with funds donated by the American Kennel Club's Compan-
ion Animal Recovery (CAR) program.
The new rig had never been used to transport any animals, much less wild animals, but
when state agricultural officials asked for help with the bear release, VETS was ready.
On the day of the release, the VETS team, including college director John Haven and
security coordinator David Johns from UF's VMC, left Gainesville for Orlando to pick up the
bears at Disney and then transported them upstate to the release site in the Osceola National
Located across a sandy graded road 22 miles inside the forest, the site was within the bear's
original range. VETS team members then worked with Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission
biologists and Cunningham to determine the logistics. The decision was made to remotely use
a winch attached to the handle on the bears' crate to lift the latch and enable the bears to run to
And that they did, racing from their tarp-covered crate into the Osceola National Forest.
In seconds, the bears were gone, hidden in the deep palmetto brush.
In this 2002 photo, Dr. David Mozingo changes Freedom's bandage while zoo medicine technician Elijah Rooney,
right, assists and former UF surgery resident Dr. Jason Wheeler, left, looks on. Photo fo UF arch
Former UF veterinary student Lenny Lairio, class of'02, offers a food morsel to Freedom in 2002 during her stay at
UF's VMC. Photos from UF arch
Blood donors serve patients in need
BY MEREDITH WOODS
W hen critically ill patients large and small arrive at the UF Veterinary Medical
Center needing blood products and transfusions, clinicians are readily equipped to
handle the situation. The UF VMC maintains a canine blood bank stocked with a
variety of blood products, and feline and equine blood donors are housed at the college on
standby to donate to needy patients at any time.
The canine volunteer blood bank began in 2000 in response to increased demand for blood
products to treat canine patients. Previously, blood products were supplied by a group of six
retired racing greyhounds owned by the VMC. As the demand for blood products increased,
however, the internal group couldn't keep up with the demand. Several other veterinary
schools, including the University of Pennsylvania and Virginia Tech, already had similar
programs in place when UF began its volunteer blood bank. The UF program has grown
annually since its inaugural group began with 20 donors. Currently, there are 77 donor dogs
participating, and clinicians hope that number soon rises to 100.
The canine volunteer blood bank works similarly to human blood banks. Potential donors
must be between one and 7 years of age; must meet the 50-pound minimum weight require-
ment; must be neutered; must have never been pregnant; and must have a spleen. Volunteer
dogs donate once every eight weeks. The same amount of blood is drawn from dogs as it is
from humans 500 milliliters and blood is prepared and collected in the same manner as
for humans. Each unit of blood collected is used to make three or four different blood products
(such as plasma, whole blood, and packed red blood cells), thus each donor has the ability to
help up to four canine patients in need. Many of the donor dogs belong to students, faculty,
and staff at the UF College of Veterinary Medicine, although some come to the program
through veterinary referrals or by word of mouth.
While the blood donor program occasionally produces surplus blood products that are
sold commercially rather than being discarded, Dr. Cynda Crawford, medical director for the
canine volunteer blood donor program, said the program is not designed to be a commercial
"Our main mission is to provide blood products for our canine patients. We are not a
commercial blood bank," Crawford said. "Even as enrollment in the program increases, we are
still using more and more canine blood products here. Once the critical care specialty service
gets up and running, we anticipate an even greater demand for blood products."
UF's canine blood bank program is on the cutting edge of such programs nationally,
Crawford said, because of the thorough screening process all donated blood undergoes and
because of the variety of blood products made from donor blood.
In exchange for their participation in the canine blood donor program, donors receive a free
wellness exam and routine vaccinations annually, as well as flea and tick preventative,
heartworm preventative, a 40-pound bag of premium dog food after each donation and a free
unit of blood product for every unit of blood donated in case of emergency or illness.
In addition to blood products for dogs, UF supplies blood products for both cats and horses
in need. The college houses a closed colony of eight blood donor cats in the small animal
hospital. The closed colony ensures that the cats are "clean," or free from infectious agents,
ticks, and fleas, which could cause illness to the donor cat and contaminate the donated blood.
Additionally, the blood donor cats are larger than most felines so they are more suitable for
Unlike the canine blood bank, blood from feline donors is only collected as needed,
though future plans call for the regular collection and storage of feline blood products. After
their service period the blood donor cats are adopted into private homes. According to
Crawford, they are in great demand as pets because they're very socialized while at the CVM.
"They make very friendly pets," she said.
Members of the equine blood donor herd graze on the various pastures flanking the
college. These nine horses, a mix of thoroughbreds, quarter horses, and standardbreds, are on
standby to donate blood when critically ill equine patients are in need.
Approximately 10 such transfusions are given annually to horses suffering from major
blood losses due to conditions like postpartum uterine artery ruptures in mares, and blood
disorders afflicting foals. Blood from cat and horse donors is drawn only when needed. The
many different equine blood types, plus the amount of space required to store equine blood
products for a blood bank, keep the equine blood donor collection on an as-needed basis.
The presence of on-site blood products for dogs, cats, and horses is another resource that
supports the excellent services available for UF VMC patients.
Candidates for associate dean position scheduled
The four finalists for the position of Associate Dean for Students and Instruction at
the college will be conducting seminars during the month of August. All faculty, staff
and students who are able are encouraged to attend. All seminars will be held in
Lecture Hall A or B of the Veterinary Academic Building. The topic each candidate will
address is: "Veterinary Education and Student Affairs: Visions and Plans for Future
Friday, Aug. 3 at 10 a.m., Lecture HallA -- Barbara B. Welsch, D.VM., Ph.D.
Tuesday, Aug. 7 at 10 a.m., Lecture HallA -- Laurie A. Jaeger, D.VM., Ph.D.
Thursday, Aug. 9 at 9 a.m., Lecture HallA -- Cheryl L. Chrisman, D.VM.,
M.S, Ed.S., Diplomate A.C.VI.M. -Neurology
Thursday, Aug. 23 at 10:30 a.m., Lecture Hall B --Augustine T Peter, BVSc.,
MV. Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D., M..BA.
Blood bank staff members monitor Emily, a pit bull mix owned by Shondra Becker, class of '08, during a routine
blood donation. Pictured from right to left are Kim Seitz, C.V.T., blood bank manager; blood bank technician Alison
Fitzwater; and veterinary assistant Rachel Nelson.
Blood from canine blood bank donors is prepared and packaged for storage the same way it is for human blood
donors. Photo by Meredth WI
Emily is rewarded with a sticker and a meal of dog food after donating blood to the canine blood bank.
Veterinary technician knows horses from the inside out
BY MEREDITH WOODS
S ally Beachboard has been a horsewoman for most of her life. A former horse trainer and
competitor, Beachboard used to tell people she knew horses from the outside in. Since
she began working at the University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine as a senior
veterinary technician in 1999, she has learned about the horse from the inside out.
Through her work as a veterinary technician, Beachboard quickly gained a reputation for
her horse skills. In 2003 when Dr. Maureen Long embarked on a large study about the
effectiveness of West Nile vaccines in horses, she asked Beachboard to manage the horses
used in the study. Beachboard accepted the role of animal technician for the project. Over
the course of the project, Beachboard took 100 head of unhandled horses and gentled them
to the point that even researchers without much horse experience could safely work around
the animals. She oversaw all aspects of their care, from stabling, to grooming, exercise, and
regular farrier visits to ensure that the animals stayed happy and healthy.
Long credits Beachboard with keeping members of the research team safe.
"We owe her our lives because she was that good," Long said. "We were working with
some wild animals and people who didn't know anything about horses. Sally got us through
"Bench work is all about developing skills, and I
had the opportunity to receive training from great
Sally Beachboard is pictured in Dr. Long's laboratory, where she is an integral part of the team.
Beachboard admits that the horses were a bit of a challenge.
"I thought I knew a lot about horses from all of my experience as a trainer until I met
some of these animals," she said.
Beachboard was a 2005 recipient of the UF Superior Accomplishment Award for her work
with the West Nile vaccine project. In her nomination letter for the award, Long said, "Not
only is Ms. Beachboard exemplary in her job duties, she has a dependable personality under
pressure. She is the most patient and toughest human being I know. She is absolutely
entertained by animals. She gets inside their head and figures them out."
After the 2003 West Nile project was completed, Long brought all of the technicians from
the project into the lab and trained them in bench techniques. Beachboard, now a biological
scientist, had excellent dexterity, Long said, adding that she "remained the longest and
learned the most." Today, Beachboard is an integral part of Long's team, participating in
research on arboviral and infectious disease testing and surveillance, among other things.
Beachboard credits her teachers for her lab skills and knowledge.
"Bench work is all about developing skills, and I had the opportunity to receive training
CVM employee recognized in April
by state histotechnology society
Patricia Lewis, a senior biologist in the department of small animal clinical sciences, was
awarded the Histotechnologist of the Year award by the Florida Society of Histotechnology at a
ceremony held April 21 in Fort Lauderdale.
In addition to her recognition at the state level, Lewis also accepted a position as the 2007
chair of the Veterinary, Industry, and Research division for the National Society of
A graduate of Purdue University, Lewis has worked as a histotechnologist at the University
of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine since 1984. As a histologist, she prepares various
tissue samples for microscopic examination. The samples are used to diagnosis illnesses, for
research, and in teaching veterinary and medical scientists. Lewis has been involved in the
Florida Society of Histotechnology for 15 years, and has co-authored numerous papers and
presented original material to both the state and national histology organizations.
"She's become a wonderful resource within the college and university to do very specific
procedures and enhance numerous studies in the biological and biomedical sciences," said
Lewis's supervisor, Dr. Don Samuelson.
In addition to the research she and Samuelson perform, Lewis also helps instruct students at
all levels in histology relevant to their research. She has assisted undergraduate, graduate,
veterinary and post-doctoral students as well as members of the faculty.
"She's a marvelous teacher," Samuelson said.
Nominated by her peers, Lewis was not informed of the award prior to the ceremony.
"I was shocked," she said. "The award is recognition of a lot of hard work, of teaching,
promoting, and helping people in histotechnology. I've been able to help a lot of people."
Lewis explained that her favorite part of the job is working with students and participating
in Dr. Samuelson's research projects. Lewis loves working with ophthalmologic samples
because they're challenging and they require expertise.
"I've got a great job; there's no doubt about it," she said.
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from great veterinarians," she said. "All of the veterinarians and technicians that work in this
area of the Veterinary Academic Building are very willing to lend a hand or help you with a
While she learned the bench techniques quickly, Beachboard admits that she still has
trouble with some of the lab equipment.
"I never used a computer growing up, and when I went back to school in 1997 at Santa Fe
Community College (to pursue a degree in agricultural communication) everything was done
via computers," Beachboard says. "The computer is the most challenging aspect of this job."
Beachboard's hard work, dedication, and enthusiasm have not gone unnoticed. Dr. Eleanor
Green, Chair of the Large Animal Clinical Sciences and professor, said, "Sally is a superb
horsewoman -- among the best -- who has applied these talents with her compassion for horses,
intellect, and dedication to become a very competent biological scientists who advances the
research agenda of the Large Animal Clinical Sciences, the College of Veterinary Medicine,
and the University of Florida."
Pat Lewis stands with the plaque she received when she was named 2007 Histotechnologist of the Year by the
Florida Society of Histotechnology.
Phi Zeta Research Emphasis Day
UF College of Veterinary Medicine
2007 Graduate student awards:
1) Charles E Simpson Memorial Scholarship:
Lori D. Wendland, D.V.M., Ph.D.
Both master's and Ph.D. students currently pursuing their degrees or having completed
their graduate studies in the past year are eligible for Wendland, a graduate of the college's
class of 1999, conducted her dissertation work under the supervision of Dr. Mary Brown in
the Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathology and completed her Ph.D. in December.
She examined the epidemiology of upper respiratory tract disease in an environmentally
threatened species, the Florida gopher tortoise. She improved existing diagnostic tests and
applied these tests to determine the host range of Mycoplasma agassizii. By gathering
health date on more than 1,200 animals, Wendland has established the distribution of
URTD seropositive animals and the presence of the pathogen at both the state and local
levels and has demonstrated that the infection is age-related. Her work will have profound
consequences for the management of this species. She also discovered a new species of
Acheiloplasma in wild tortoises and demonstrated that it is harmless.
2) Excellence in Master's Studies:
Alastair R. Coomer, B.V.Sc.
This award is given to recognize excellent scholarship of a CVM graduate student
either nearing completion of having completed the M.S. degree within the past year.
Coomer is in the combined residency/M.S. degree program in small animal surgery. He
earned his veterinary degree from Massey University in New Zealand His thesis research,
under the supervision of Dr. Jim Farese, involves radiation therapy for canine osteosarcoma.
He established mouse and canine models of radiation therapy and is evaluating the single
and combined effects of radiation therapy, chemotherapy and vascular targeting agents on
osteosarcoma in these models.
3) Excellence in Clinical Science Research
Carl T. Jehn,D.V.M.
This award recognizes excellent scholarship of a CVM graduate student either nearing
completion or having completed a master's or Ph.D. degree within the past year that
involves a research topic having significant clinical relevance. Jehn received his veterinary
degree from the University of Wisconsin and has pursuing a combined M.S. degree and
clinical residency in small animal surgery (he completed his residency in July.) Jehn's thesis
research, conducted under the supervision of Dr. Dan Lewis, focused on developing an
improved method for limb salvage in dogs with appendicular osteosarcoma -- ulnar bone
transport. In this novel work, a piece of the adjacent ulna is moved across the defect in the
radius left by surgical removal of a radial osteosarcoma, allowing new bone to develop.
4) Excellence in Basic Science Research
Sarah Miller, B.S.
This award recognized excellent scholarship of a CVM graduate student either nearing
completion or having completed a master's or Ph.D. degree within the past year that
involves a research topic in basic science. Miller is a student in the department of physi-
ological sciences graduate program who earned her B.S. from UF in 2003 prior to com-
mencing graduate study under the supervision of Dr. Paul Davenport. Her dissertation
research is related to basic science of respiration and respiratory rehabilitation. She is
specifically studying the relationship between state-trait anxiety and human subject
response to respiratory obstruction. Respiratory-related anxiety has a great impact on
human and animal behavior, from exercise dyspnea to ventilator patient response to the
weaning protocol. Her studies are further generalized to the role of affective state in
2007 Faculty research awards:
1) C.E. Cornelius Young InvestigatorAward
Hendrik Hans Nollens, D.V.M., Ph.D.
This award recipient is a clinical assistant professor in the department of small animal clinical
sciences who earned his veterinary degree from the University of Ghent in Belgium and an
M.S. degree in marine biology from the University of Otago in New Zealand before completing
a Ph.D. in virology at UF. Since joining our faculty in 2006, his research program has become
recognized nationally for its contributions to marine mammal virology and he has established
a million dollar collaboration with the U.S. Navy for hunting viruses in their marine mammals.
As a result, he now operates laboratories simultaneously in Gainesville and at the Navy's
facility in San Diego, splitting his time between the two coasts.
2) EA.K.C. Clinical InvestigatorAward
Rowan J. Milner, B.V.Sc.
This award is intended to recognize the outstanding contributions to the advancement of
knowledge in an area of canine medicine and surgery by a faculty member at UF Milner is an
associate professor in the department of small animal clinical sciences who earned his veteri-
nary and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Pretoria in South Africa. His leadership has led to
a thriving oncology service and research program here at UF. This program has led to the
development and refinement of radiosurgery for treatment of brain tumors, nasal tumors and
long bone osteosarcoma, as well as cancer vaccine development.
3) E.VM.A. Clinical InvestigatorAward
Chris Sanchez, D.V.M.
This award is intended to recognize the outstanding contributions of an established investiga-
tor to the advancement of knowledge in an area of clinical veterinary medicine. Sanchez is an
assistant professor in the department of large animal clinical sciences who earned both her
veterinary and Ph.D. degrees at UF before joining the CVM faculty. She quickly established
herself as a world authority on gastric ulcers and visceral pain control in horses. Her work has
changed how foals are treated for gastric ulcers and our clinical approaches to painful chronic
conditions such as laminitus.
4) Pfizer Animal Health Award for Research Excellent
Nancy Denslow, Ph.D.
This award is intended to acknowledge the outstanding contributions of an established
investigator to the advancement of knowledge in an area of biomedical research. This year the
award is given to a faculty member in the department of physiological sciences, who, although
a longtime UF faculty member, is relatively new to the CVM, having joined our faculty in
2004. Her work uses molecular tools in the field of environmental toxicology with emphasis on
biomarkets for and molecular mechanisms of endocrine disruption and other toxins in aquatic
animals and has been funded by NIH, NSF and the Department of Defense, among others.
2007 Graduate student. reterinanl student. and resident competitions
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