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Guyana chronicle
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00088915/00276
 Material Information
Title: Guyana chronicle
Portion of title: Sunday chronicle
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 45 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Guyana National Newspaper Ltd.,
Guyana National Newspaper Ltd.
Place of Publication: Georgetown, Guyana
Publication Date: 12/16/2007
Copyright Date: 2005
Frequency: daily[nov. 21, 1983-]
daily (except monday)[ former dec. 1, 1975-nov. 30, 1983]
daily
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Georgetown (Guyana)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Guyana
Guyana -- Georgetown
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1 (Dec. 1, 1975)-
Numbering Peculiarities: Publication suspended: Oct. 12-24, 1983.
General Note: Sunday ed. published as: Sunday chronicle.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 29013105
lccn - sn 93049190
sobekcm - UF00088915_00180
Classification: lcc - Newspaper N & CPR
System ID: UF00088915:00276
 Related Items
Preceded by: Guyana graphic

Full Text



S I i/ jA ., The Chronicle is at http:/www.guyanachronicle.com


N - our Nu m w1 mmm-w -

AUTHOR OF NASTY LETTERS h,- wrote ro Santa this] ,ear care it the North Polee %hich-l ha a tama until the offender is caught.
ApeT Wl Hi H oil C:nadirjr purial code Rciurn letieri' Ironnifi ________________
FROM SANTA SOUGHT are in i ,-r b. :n 1. 1.00- ,-on arni, o C-,iCnda Pot nm- WITH THE COMPLIW OF
OTJA'r A (Reuters) Canada's post office and po- plo'.ses and -Ilunris
lice'are trying Io track down a "rogue eirf" hp \\e firnmil behe\e there is us.t one rogue elf out there." a Canadj
wrOte obscene letters to children on behalf of Santa Pol i-po..e< ,.man t..ld the paper
C Claus, a ne% wspaper reported on Friday. Canada Post's popular Write to Santa" program which S
The Out..., Citizen said at least 10 nasty letters last year delivered more than a million letters to children in
had been delivered to little girls and boys in Ottawa Canada and around the world has been shut down in Ot- --


"G[ TIVA-t is on the move and
Here is .no turning backA"
-Tourism minister
Page three

Drug Master
Plan for
review in
first (iartert
of 2008
- Minister Rohee
Page 11

Linden Textile
Art on exhibition
WOMEN of the Linden Textile Arts
displayed their products at an
exhibition and sale yesterday at the
Cara Lodge in Georgetown. The group of
women specializes in hand-dyed batik
and tie-dye fabric for clothing and home
decor. The group benefited from
technical assistance from textile design
experts through the Linden Economic
Advancement Programme. In this Quacy
Sampson photo are members of the
group with their batik and tie-dye.


B~c1


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will open today Sunday 16th Dec., 2007 10:OOam -4:00pm


12/15/2007, 11 02 PM


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RESULTS HOTLINE 225-8902







L SUNDAY CHRONICLE December 16, 2007


over

GUYANA'S AMBASSADOR
to the European Union, Dr
Patrick Gomes, has accused
the European Commission
(EC) of a "sell-out" of the


's envoy blasts EU



sugar sell-out"


Caribbean Community's vi-
tal interest in future sugar
exports to Europe by its per-
sistence with "bad-faith" ne-
gotiations.


The Brussels-based envoy's
scathing comment to the 'Sun-'
day Chronicle' came yesterday
as representatives of the Carib-
bean and the EC (executive arm


Call


4'


of the EU) were locked in final
rounds of negotiations in Barba-
dos for an Economic Partner-
ship Agreement (EPA) that will
eventually succeed the expiring
Cotonou Convention.
Amid a glimmer of hope still
being nurtured by the
CARIFORUM group
(CARICOM plus Dominican
Republic) in the final phase ne-
gotiations for an EPA, Dr
Gomes noted:.


"As the situation stood up
to early today
(yesterday), Caribbean sugar
producers have been given a
slap in the face and total rejec-
tion of their position to share
in the so-called "increased ac-
cess" that is supposed to be
made available according to the
terms of the latest EC's offer..."
In the draft EPA position
paper from the EU, said
Gomes, the access quota figure


was given as 30,000 tonnes for
all six sugar producing countries
in CARIFORUM.
But, he added, in a "classic
divisive tactic", the EC represen-
tatives had moved to make avail-
able the entire quota to the Do-
minican Republic and exclude
countries like Belize and
Guyana...:
"What is particularly dis-
gusting", added ambassador
Gomes, "is that this develop-
ment at this late stage has
come when the EC negotiators
are fully aware that both Belize
and Guyana have the capacity
to more than meet this supply"
Gomes said that this move
could jeopardise the very "re-
gional integration" which the EC
claims to be promoting, but now
seeks to disregard by signalling
preparedness to switch from
. (Please turn to page eight)


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SUNDAY CHRONICLE December 16, 2007 3


Tourism Industry hosts


Christmas 'Welcome and Happy


Holidays' exercise at CJIA

"GUYANA is on the move and there is no turning back" -Tourism Minister


By Alex Holder
THE Ministry of Tourism, In-
dustry and Commerce, in col-
laboration with the Guyana
Tourism Authority (GTA) and
along with a few local com-
mercial entities, Friday joined
in the execution of the fourth
annual Welcome and Happy
Holidays exercise in the ar-
rival lounge at the Cheddi
Jagan International Airport
(CJIA).
The exercises, aimed at pro-
moting tourism and Guyanese
hospitality, also stand as wel-
coming exercises for Guyanese
living abroad coming home for
the Christmas season.
According to Tourism Min-
ister Manniram Prashad, the re-
mainder of the holiday season
will see more than 25,000 visi-
tors coming to Guyana.
He said that this anticipated



al


figure added to the existing
number of arrivals for the year
2007. propels the record to
about 230,000, adding up to
about 20 percent more than in
2006.
At one point Friday, the
CJIA welcomed more than 600
persons, from four major car-
riers all of which were parked
on the tarmac.
CJIA Chief Executive,
Ramesh Ghir, has assured that
all necessary security and other
essential measures have been
put in place in order to swiftly
and securely accommodate the
anticipated influx of person for
the next few days.




Specializedin all Steaming
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Rugs, Furniturpe, Settees
& Vehicle Upholstery


He confirmed that the air-
port is prepared and adequately
staffed to accommodate the ar-
rivals.
Speaking with the Guyana
Chronicle, several passengers ex-
pressed their delight at the level
to which tourism has matured in
Guyana.
Customs and Immigration


personnel were also praised for
the efficient manner in which
they dealt with the influx of
people.
The activity, which com-
menced around 08:00h, saw a
team of GTA officers, along
with the Tourism Minister, the
(Please turn to page eight)


I nere nas oeen a disruption of the telephone
services to Demerara Shipping Company Limited
(D.D.L. Wharf). As a result our ability to
communicate with our customers and access
the internet has been affected. We wish to
inform the general public that we can be
contacted at the numbers listed below:
Export: 614-4444
Documentation: 693-5129 ."' '1 ,
Import: 692-3733
Other maters: 624-0133., 623-5812
Tennesse Shipping: 6097257. -
Water & Schumaker Streets, Georgetown, Guyana.


. .. . . . . . . .


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12/15/2007, 10:54 PM


Q)


I


I





SUNUAT UHHUNICLE December 16, 2007


Jium~


Musharraf lifts



emergency rule


ISLAMABAD (Reuters) -
President Pervez Musharraf
lifted emergency rule in Pa-
kistan and restored the con-
stitution on Saturday, in a
move Western nations hope
will stabilize the nuclear-
armed state as Islamic mili-
tant violence spirals.
Musharraf immediately
pledged a fair election on Janu-
ary 8.
But critics say curbs on the
media and a purged judiciary
will remain in place and they
say he can still engineer an elec-
tion victory for his parliamen-
tary allies and secure a power
base despite his unpopularity.
"It's my commitment to the
entire nation of Pakistan and to
its people and to the world that
the elections on January 8 will
be on time and will be abso-


Office Building
6 000 sq ft -
centrally located,
previously occupied
by GRA 01 Middle
& Carmichael Sts.


lutely fair and transparent,"
Musharraf said in a televised
address shortly after lifting the
emergency.
Citing militant violence and
a meddling judiciary, Musharraf
imposed the emergency on No-
vember 3. suspended the con-
stitution and purged the Su-
preme Court to fend off chal-
lenges to his re-election, which
new hand-picked judges later
rubber-stamped.
But he faced international
condemnation for his actions,
with Western countries worried
he would only further polarize
Pakistan and leave a vacuum
that Islamic militants fighting an
insurgency near the border with
Afghanistan could fill.
Two soldiers and three
civilians were killed near a
Pakistani army camp by a


Commercial piece
of land located
between Cummings
& Chorlotte Streets.
Size- 120' x 40'.


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-Must be computer literate
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-Must be between the ages of 25-35
Male preferably

Salary is negotiable upon Qualification and
Experience
Send application to the address below:

Industrial Products and Services Inc.
Let 1 Good Hope, Beterverwagting E.C.D.
Phone 330-2861-2


Pakistani children watch a televised speech of President
Pervez Musharraf as he addresses the nation in
Islamabad December 15, 2007. Musharraf lifted
emergency rule in Pakistan and restored the constitution
on Saturday, in a move Western nations hope will stabilise
the nuclear-armed state as Islamic militant violence
spirals. REUTERS/Mian Khursheed


suicide bomber on a bicycle
on Saturday, underscoring a
growing number of insurgent


APARTMENTS
TO LET

Executive

Apartments
For enquires please
CALL US ON 225.2923, 225.2819
SBE'VEEN THE HOURS OF 0jo.-I. 4 RPM


attacks this year in which
hundreds of people have been
killed.


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lO REASONABLE OFFER REFUSED


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The Guyana/ Suriname
Ferry Service will not be
operating on Christmas
Day, Boxing Day and New
Year's Day. Management
regrets any inconvenience
caused by this interruption
of the Service.


~i~eif I


Celebrating

anniversary,

Hamas warns

of Intifada

GAZA (Reuters) Hamas threatened to launch a new up-
rising against Israel on Saturday when hundreds of thou-
sands of Islamist supporters rallied in Gaza City to mark
the group's 20th anniversary.
"Our people are capable of launching a third and a fourth
intifada until the dawn of victory rises up," said Khaled
Meshaal, the group's exiled leader, in a speech recorded on Fri-
day at his base in Damascus.
The central square in Gaza City was awash with green flags
and dozens of armed, masked men from the group's military
wing patrolled in a crowd estimated at between 300,000 and


A Palestinian Hamas supporter shouts slogans
during a rally organised by the Hamas movement
to celebrate the 20th anniversary of its foundation,
in Gaza December 15, 2007. Hamas threatened to
launch a new uprising against Israel on Saturday
when hundreds of thousands of Islamist
supporters rallied in Gaza City to mark the group's
20th anniversary. (REUTERS/Suhaib Salem)
500,000.
Hamas leader in Gaza, Ismail Haniyeh, said the movement
was growing more popular because of its stance against the
United States and Israel.
"Today is the day of Jihad, resistance and uprising,"
Haniyeh said.
"Those who remain committed to the constant rights of
their people, those who make an enemy of-America and the
Zionist occupation (Israel) gain popularity. This is Hamas."
Founded in 1987 by Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, who was killed
by Israel in a 2004 air strike, the group has a charter that calls
for the elimination of the Jewish state.
Tensions are high between Hamas and Palestinian
President Mahmoud Abbas's secular Fatah faction which
the Islamist group routed from Gaza in a civil war in June.


NOW AVAILABLE
at he


CATERING


CALL US ON 225-2923, 225-2819
BETWEEN THE HOURS OF 8:00AM 4:00PM


The public is hereby notified that
Mr. Parmanand Persaud is no
longer employed by Ishri
Pharmaceuticals & Trading.
As such, he is not authorized to
transact any business on our
behalf.


By order of Management


Page 4 & 29.p65


----


GLE







MJYAIlA CHRIICLE Sunday, December 16, 2007. 5


Shot for Talking


Bullet to the mouth for exposing horn


(TRINIDAD EXPRESS) A
19-year-old girl has died af-
ter being shot in the mouth
for exposing a man who was
honing her dose friend.
Carleeah Leeahyen, also
known as Cassy, had dreamt
that her boyfriend would have
been killed. Instead, it was she
who was gunned down shortly
after midday on Thursday, a
day after she told her mother
about the premonition of death
for her loved one.
Her boyfriend, who
did not want to be named,
was traumatised and
could not hold back his
emotions as he sat in the
waiting area of the Foren-
sic Science Complex in St
James yesterday.
Leeahyen was supposed to
have spent the night at the
home of her older sister, Carla
Cumberbatch. in Diego Martin
after a day of shopping on
Wednesday. but decided not to
because of the dream she had.
Leeahyen is originally from
Raymond Street. Carenage, but
was living at her boyfriend's
home at Jones Street, Abe
Poujade, Carenage. Her mother,
Carol Serries. 50. was on her
way to her home when her
daughter was killed.
"She was coming by me
and she decided to go by her
neighbour first," Serries told the
Express. According to Serries,
her daughter and her boyfriend
would frequently argue about
her going there. It was at that
same residence that she was
shot once in the face by a gun-
man with whom she had an al-


Watch your

business

GROW!

advertise in

the Guyana

Chronicle.

Tel: 226-

3243-9 or

225-4475


tercation.
A family source told the Ex-
press that Leeahyen and the
killer got into an argument about
his infidelity towards a friend of


happened and he never meant
to kill the girl.
Her mother said yester-
day that Leeahyen was anx-
ious to attend a concert fea-


dies she wants a party and for no
one to worry.
The autopsy will be per-
formed on Monday.
The suspect was still on the
run last night.
Port-of-Spain Homicide of-
ficers are continuing their in-
vestigations.


hers. The killer reportedly got
upset that Leeahyen had told her
friend that he was being unfaith-
ful to her. He confronted her and
an argument started. The argu-
ment got heated and he shot her
once in the mouth, after telling
her that "she talks too much".
He then ran off.
The source said after the
shooting, the killer called
Leeahyen's boyfriend and told
him that he was sorry for what


turning Jamaican artiste Jah
Cure today. She added that
Leeahyen was a fun loving,
free spirited child who would
have given anything to make
someone happy.
"Everybody knew Cassy,
she was well liked from
small," she added.
Valine Serries, the sister
of the deceased, recalled how
her younger sister always
told the family that when she


"c "yfffv7 e-

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GLOBAL A I 1; YANA HIV/AIDS PROJECT
GRANT # GYA-304-G01-H
MINISTRY OF HEALTH
HEALTH SECTOR DEVELOPMENT UNIT
Applications are invited from suitably qualified persons to fill the following Vacancy exiting at
the National AIDS Program Secretariat. Ministry of Health:

CHILD.CARE CASE O.RKER
Duties and Responsibilities:
The Child Care Case Worker will be attached to the Child Protection Unit Field Staff working at
keeping children sale by helping families find solutions to problems whether they are social.
psychological or emotional. The successful applicant is also expected to play an integral role in
shaping new approaches to child and family support services. The Case Worker will be assigned to
families with children at risk as well as provide social work services for children placed in foster and
kinship care.
Qualifications and Experience:
A Degree in Social Work
At least one year experience in the field of social work
Computer Literate
S Must be self-motivated
S Must have a passion for working with children
Detailed Terms of Refcrence for this position can be obtained from, and applications addressed to:
I health Sector Development Unit
Project Management Unit
Georgetown Public Hospital Compound
East Street, Gicorgetown, Guyana
Tel. No.: 220-222. 22(-242'5
Fax: No.: 225-6559
Email: mohgpogifnetworksgy.com
Deadline for submission of applications is Monday, December 31". 2007 at 3:30p.m.
Only short-listed applications will be acknowledged.


Z71Y9M, 'nfl' n..


CARLEEAH LEEAHYEN


V -


TEACHERS WANTED
Experienced teachers for Primary I and
Science at Secondary level are invited to
apply.

Very attractive salary is offered

Please bring handwritten application to:

THE NEW GUYANA SCHOOL
"Excellence and Integrity"
(Nursery, Primary and Secondary)
Lot #2 Section E, Middleton Street, Campbellville
(between Dennis and Garnett Streets)


--~---~-







v- -GUYANA CHRONICLE Sunday; Decemiber 16, 2L


GUYANA


Editor-in-Chief:
Sharief Khan
Editorial: 227-5216; 227-5204; 226-3243-9
Sports: 225-7174
After hours 226-3243-9
Fax: 227-5208
http://www.guyanachronicle.com
gcletters@yahoo.com
Lama Avenue, Bel Air Park,
Georgetown, Guyana







Good move



for People

THE GUYANA Government deserves lo be commended
for being first to implement a collective agreement by
CARICOM to facilitate Community nationals with the op-
portunity to arrive and remain in a member state for a
period of six months without hassle Irom immigralnon
authorities.
This major step in the long march towards free move-
ment of people, consistent with the letter and spirit of
the CARICOM Single Market and Economy (CSME), got
unanimous, bi-partisan support in Parliament on Decem-
ber 14 in the form of an Immigration (Amendment) Bill
2007.
Piloted by Home Affairs Minister Clement Rohee, the
legislation is a direct result of a decision taken by
CARICOM leaders in Barbados last July at their regular
annual summit.
For Guyanese who have had and others who con-
tinue to experience poor and even hostile treatment at
some CARICOM ports of entry, they need not fear. As Min-
ister Rohee has quite correctly stressed, reciprocity
would be the norm in the implementation by all jurisdic-
tions that enact similar legislation.
'The Bill", said Rohee, "is to enable other CARICOM
nationals to enter this country without any hassle since
it will be automatic (in its implementation) to Guyanese
entering other Community states with the
enactment of similar legislation..."
In anticipation of a similar Bill being passed by other
CARICOM parliaments, it is to be hoped that their immi-
gration authorities would begin to demonstrate a more
positive attitude when dealing with Guyanese nationals
and help put to rest allegations that have so often sur-
faced about "bad treatment" they have experienced on
arrival for holiday or business.
The main opposition PNCR was quite supportive of
the legislation, one that is designed to benefit all
Guyanese and other nationals of our Caribbean Com-
munity.
It is noteworthy of mention that this significant legis-
lation in favour of reciprocity for hassle-free long peri-
ods of visits to CARICOM states has come against the
earlier articulated policy of the Guyana Government to
make available to Community nationals lands on long-
term and renewable leases for agricultural development.
Together, these initiatives by the Jagdeo administra-
tion constitute a welcome mature response to the con-
cept of "One Community for One People". and one which
the CARICOM Secretariat may wish to officially
recognize.


Fooled by the


myth of the


mean
In begrudging the "well-paid" workers of the Guyana Power
and Light Inc., Mr. Sean Brignandan omitted to mention the
fifteen key management personnel who in 2004 and 2005 were
remunerated (including amounts payable) totals of $211,
344,000 and $172, 477,000, respectively. (Figures for 2006 and
2007 are not available.) These individuals earned on average
Guy $13,000,000 (US$ 65,000) yearly. But we must not envy
them, for as Prime Minister Hinds once said, "If one gets a
manager from the developed world, you have to pay them their
going rates in the developed world; they have to be made com-
fortable and cover all costs internally in Guyana." (GINA Re-
port, May 19, 2003). Managers are paid such salaries because
they, not the rank and file workers, are responsible for the suc-
cess or failure of a company, and when it's time for heads to
roll, they are the first ones who should be summoned to the
block.
GPL's 2004 and 2005 reports can be accessed at http://
www.gplinc.com/AnnualReport_2004.pdf and http://
www.gplinc.com/Annual Report 2005.pdf
From the reports, one sees that employment costs of GPL in-
cludes Social Security and Pension, which workers would not get
unless they suffer illness, accident or superannuation. When PAYE,
VAT and NIS are factored into the equation, GPL workers might
just be a little better off than the average Guyanese worker.
I fear Mr. Brignandan has also been fooled by the Myth of the
Mean. A very high mean (average) can result from a minority getting
stratospheric salaries, while the majority gets tropospheric salaries.
We need to know the salary scales and the number of workers in
each scale before we can make an informed judgment about the high
average in excess of Guy $2 million (US$ 10,000).
In any case, if GPL workers are indeed better paid and are
"living it up" (the Guyanese dream, not just the American
dream), then the rest of us sugar workers, teachers, police-
men/women, soldiers, nurses, and the other rank and file work-
ers should take that as a goal to struggle for until we achieve
it. GPL workers just happened to bhin the right place at the
right time, as the rest of us hope to be in our working lifetime.


M. Xiu Quan-Balgobind-Hackett


Why should

reservists not be

sent home?
It was interesting to see the reaction of the PNCR to the deci-
sion by the Chief of Staff to send home the army reservists.
Their ability to be negative to every action take| Govern-
ment functionaries is amazing.
As I understand it the military types the non technical reserve
soldiers- were sent home. This to my mind is a sound decision.
What role does the reservist play in our army? We are not at
war. Do we need persons who are not in the regular army bearing
arms and securing military locations? What do the regular soldiers.
do when the reservists are on duty? Are there not enough persons
to be recruited as regular soldiers?
They should give way to other persons to serve. If it is that
they are not regular soldiers then they should not be performing the
duties as regular soldiers. It is tax payers' money that pays for their
upkeep. Most of them would have already been in receipt of a pen-
sion.
The PNCR reaction is typical of their modus operandi to pro-
vide jobs for the boys as was evident during their time in Office.
The formation of the People's Militia, Guyana National Service and
the Young Brigade and National Cadet Corps were ways to ensure
their faithful followers were provided for. They were put in uni-
form and paid a salary at the State's expense.
It is time that the PNCR realise that management is not
doing what is traditional, but efficiency and accountability mat-
ter.

EDWARD SIMON


That GPL


wage bill

I do not begrudge another person getting a respectable wa,
and having a better/different lifestyle than I may have or chei
ish.
However, G$2,500m in wages bill for some 1,100 employee
of GPL (with an average of G$2m per worker reportedly bein
spent according to Stabroek News and Guyana Chronicle) is ni
affordable "at this moment in time".
GPL needs to satisfy a variety of needs:
(1) Company Needs
(2) Owner Needs
(3) Employee Needs
(4) Customer Needs
It is clear that the Company Needs (that is a profit of 5% *
10% of investment), Owner Needs (profits of about 6% + on ii
vestment) and
Customer Needs (low/ reasonable electricity prices) are n(
being met. This is because the needs of the employees are prim;
rily being satisfied.
I understand how GPL could have got into this problem.
GPL did not give a good salary increase then its workers would g
on strike leading to blackouts until they went back to work. S
the workers get their needs satisfied.
GPL needs to reassess its priorities. I suggest that it considt
a solution along the lines of:
(1) Customer Needs
(2) Employee Needs
(3) Company Needs
(4) Owner Needs
Reducing the wages bill from the current G$2,500m I
G$1,000m would lead to a saving of G$1,500m which it ca
use to pay its high fuel bills.

SEAN BRIGNANDA


Let's ensure

flood-free

environment
Guyana has experienced heavy and consistent rainfall ov<
the past two days which naturally has led to a build up
water in certain low-lying areas.
Generally the drainage system seems to be holding up well
date, however, given past experiences we all need to be vigila
and ensure we play our part.
Many might say that it is the duty of the City Council or tl
Neighborhood Democratic Councils to ensure that drainage OL
lets are properly maintained. But knowing the culture of son
Guyanese, we have to look out for our own interest because floo
ing does not discriminate. We should all ensure that the drai)
surrounding our premises are not clogged, and that there is no ve
etation; and most importantly we must resist the temptation :
dump garbage in them for we are very familiar with the effect ti
latter can have on drainage.
With the climatic changes occurring globally, we can't be su
of what can happen.
I read in the newspapers today that Trinidad and Tobago i
sued a flood alert. Not only have Trinidadians to look out f,
flood, they have to be prepared for dangerous mudslides whi(
are concomitant with flooding in that country because of its t.
pography.
So in this period, let us be vigilant. Let us all assist:
ensuring a flood free environment'this rainy season.

JONATHAN HALE





Dear Reaciers A opinns
S Tnan ,lo. ep.-. s n e -
rtarouqh wr, 1t Our e., ,3F. er n
Space 'ntatlo oh1, edu h B' rl 1 b cw onr
i tener-- ,, pueti.-' ri *r 3 rn ill 0
ir ailik ng n ;.. a hb f pc, sble ana
th a t y o u da l- 'I h l I -,.0
,--^ -., ..- h .. . -


Page .& 27 p65


I LETERS ETTES LETERS ETTES LETERS ETTES LETERS ETTE







SUNDAY CHRONICL E,PDecebj.riQ -. 7



Scom-- accusation & praise


PI Cf comes from same 'Uncle Sam'


AS THE world's most power-
ful nation, both in military
and economic terms, the
United States of America re-
serves for itself the right to
make accusations against and
offer praise to other nations-
as it thinks fit- in the fight
against narco-trafficking and
related crimes of gun-running
and money laundering.
That's why, for
instance, the US ambassador to
Guyana, David Robinson,
could feel quite comfortable last
week to put Washington's so-
called "seal of approval"
on Guyana's own battle against
the illicit and quite burdensome
drug trade.
It was a sharp contrast to
recurring allegations of the past,
and in the absence of repeated
failures by US authorities to
share with the Guyana Govern-
ment, requested vital intelligence
they claim to possess to enable
effective prosecutions.
This seems okay when the
country calling the shots hap-
pens to be.the sole superpower
and can arbitrarily put any gov-
ernment in the dock while it re-
. mains the world's biggest ccn-
sumer of illegal drugs, one of
the major suppliers of small
arms and light weapons, and can
-dump, as it pleases, criminal
deportees on the doorsteps
of CARICOM states of which
they are nationals.
Nevertheless, officially, it is
welcome news for Guyana that,
for the present, Uncle Sam is no
longer consider it as a
'naughty' link in the hemi-
spheric drug-trafficking chain
anrsufficiently "clean" and
"cooperative" to be rewarded
with financial assistance.
Encouraging as this may ap-
pear, what is yet to be disclosed
either by the USA-accuser,
primary consumer and judge-
or Guyana, as one of the Carib-
bean victims of the get-rich-
quick narco-traffickers, is the
extent to which, if at all, has
there been a response to official
requests for sharing of intelli-
gence information in the true
spirit of mutual cooperation?
The pattern has been for US
authorities to slip in and out of
Guyana, write reports and make
sweeping allegations with the
minimum of evidence, except in
the few cases, and in America's
interest, it is considered expedi-
ent to do so.

The Question
Question then: Are we to
now expect better cooperation,
consistent with mutual respect for
sovereignty, privacy and rule of
law, between the US and Guyana
authorities to smoke out, expose
and bring to justice the criminals
of the illicit drug trade?
There is also the related is-
sue of arms trafficking. This
past December 3, the US State
Department issued a statement
that spoke to a "CARICOM-
US Initiative to combat illicit
trafficking in small arms and
light weapons". It was not a
joint statement, and unless I
missed it, I cannot recall any
similar statement from the


CAR1COM Secretariat.
However, the statement an-
nounced that both sides-US
and CARICOM-agree that
this illicit trafficking in arms and
weapons "poses a serious threat
to the security of the Western
Hemisphere because this thriv-
ing black market provides
weapons to terrorist groups,
drug traffickers, gangs and other
criminal organisations...."
The "initiative", as dis-
'closed on December 3, was a
follow-up to an agreement be-
tween CARICOM Foreign
Ministers and US Secretary of
State Condoleezza Rice on
March 22, 2006. Exactly how
"serious" is the threat we are
left to speculate and trust the
good judgement of those in
officialdom who often show


such scant respect for the right
of the people to information
in THEIR own interest.
This commitment for "co-
operation" to combat illicit arms
trafficking was "reaffirmed"-
we have been told by the De-
cember 3 State Department re-
lease-during the US/
CARICOM Heads of Govern-
ment Summit in Washington
during last June's "Conference
on the Caribbean".
Whatever transpired be-
tween March 22, 2006, the "re-
affirmation" at the June Wash-
ington Summit, and as of last
month in terms of "concrete and
practical measures" alluded to in
the US State Department state-
ment of December 3, remains
known only to the involved rep-
resentatives of both sides.


The





Column-


The Caribbean people are
left to assume that this region's
best interests are well protected
in what's supposed to be a joint
initiative to combat illicit traf-
ficking in arms and weapons.

People's cooperation
Cynics may well observe
that such illegal arms and weap-
ons often originate from the
very sources that provide and
consume much of the illicit
drugs, with our region being
sandwiched between two famil-
iar evils-among them the no-
torious drug cartels of Central
and South America.


The recent surge in the glo- the search for hydrocarbons. for four offshore blocks, has
bal price of'oil has been put- The ending of the maritime also 'agreed to an aggressive ex-
ting heavy pressure on the net dispute between Guyana and ploration programme in- Ja-
oil importing '"cunt-ries in Suriname, which lasted over five maica. 4 P
the Caribbean. years, has seen companies such Barbados competitive bid
Given the price movement as CGX, -Repsol and round will close on April 4, 2008,
of oil, vulnerable and the tour- ExxonMobil preparing to under- and winners will be announced a
ism-dependent countries such take 2D and 3D #sinic over the month later. Ron Hewitt, General
as those in the Caribbean are areas under.their control. Manager of the Barbados Na-
bracing themselves when it There's great optimism that tional Oil Company, is confident
breaks the US$100 mark.' it is only a matter of time- when that the bid round will attract in-
In Jamaica, the increase in hydrocarbons are found in ternational companies, given the
the price of oil which rose a Guyana. interest shown during their road
third from August from US$72 That hope is backed up by shows in Houston and London
to US$96 per barrel, has left the US -Geological Services earlier in the year.
consumers with higher bills to which has indicated in studies Potential appears to be
pay for food, electricity and that the Guyana/Suriname Basin greatest in the.south and west-
transportation. has the largest undiscovered re- em parts of offshore Barbados
Newly-elected Prime Min- source potential in the world. in the Barbados and Tobago
ister Bruce Golding, acknowl- Mean Resourcoa. Estimate Troughs and along the Barbados
edges that his country can do has been put at 15.2 billion bar- Ridge.
little about it as almost 90 per- rels of oil and 42 trillion cubic While countries are concen-
cent of its energy supplies are feet of gas. treating on getting into explora-
derived from imported oil. Jamaica, one of the highest tion for oil and gas, it's equally
The increasing cost of im- energy importing countries in important that they look at al-
ported fuel and its impact, on j Caribbean, consuming ternative energy to satisfy a
Barbadians has also forced the Wr70,000 barrels of oil a day, par- significant percentage of their
Owen Arth&urladministration to ticularlby its "electricity and endy demarids.
consider creating a Memorandum bauxite sector, is hoping for In Port-of-Spain last week,
of Understanding (MOU) with 'commercial hydrocarbon by the it was suggested that Trinidad
the Barbados Light and Power to end of 2010 as a number of and Tobago, the lone oil pro-.
contain residential customers' prospects, particularly offshore, ducer in the Caribbean Commu-
bills, so that the fuel adjustment are showing positive indicators. nity (CARICOM), could take a
cause will not automatically kick Dr. Raymond Wright, Con- lead in establishing alternative
in when the price of oil goes up. sultant at the Petroleum Corpo- energy and could also provide
What is also noticeable ration of Jamaica (PCJ) reported funding for the much-talked
these days is that in tandem at a Port-of-Spain energy confer- about Caribbean Renewable En-
with the increase in the price'of ence last week that some of the ergy Development Programme.
oil, there seems to be an intense largest structures in an area Robert Riley, Chief Execu-
interest among countries to ex- known as the Walton Basin could tive Officer and Chairman of BP
plore their land and offshore ar- contain 28 billion barrels (of oil). Trinidad and Tobago, noted that
eas for oil and gas. Australia-based Finder Ex- there is also a major opportu-
Apart from the traditional ploration PT.Y Limited/ nity for the twin-island Repub-
oil and gas exporter Trinidad Gippsland Offshore Petroleum lic to industrialise photovoltais
and Tobago, where exploration Limited are planning to drill at (solar) panels to aid in reducing
on several blocks continues to *least two wells and Rainville of high energy demand by Carib-
take place, Guyana, Jamaica and Calvary, Canada, one before the bean countries.
Barbados are preparing for seis-, end of 2010. Wayne Bertrand, President
minic and exploration works. Hong Kong based company, of Operations at Trinidad and
Interestingly, Saba, a small Proteam, which negotiated Pro- Tobago's state-owned integrated
Dutch-Caribbean island of just duction Sharing Arrangements energy company, Petrotrin, sub-.
over 500 people, is also joining following the 2007 bid round miWed that Trinidad and Tobago


The December 3 statement
.m11 Ii it the United States "will
,,iii. ways to improve bilat-
.al .in j sub-regional coopera-
iun .1 this problem and make
'..ial.i--le technical, financial and
'.thier distancence, "as appropri-
iile i_, regional partners."
simply put, this means that
the US will establish the crite-
ria for addressing the problem
and determining the basis for
"rewarding" cooperative juris-
dictions in the fight
against trafficking in arms and
weapons-very much in accor-
dance with what IT considers
"appropriate cooperation" in
battling the narco-traders.
The Caribbean is today the
victim of endemic crime with
some countries tarnished with
the miseries of galloping murder
rates, kidnapping and armed
robberies. We do not manufac-
ture illicit drugs nor the arms
and weapons being used in the
crime-ridden jurisdictions.


should take the lead in and also
arrange funding for the
CARICOM wider initiative of
alternative energy.
In Jamaica and in the eastern
Caribbean, there is further devel-
opment for wind, geothermal de-
velopment from volcanic islands,
while Barbados can share its ex-
peRience with solar power. .
Another alternative for the
region rtght be the use of sugar
for energy purposes such as *
electricity generation and bio-
fuels.
Stelios Christopoulos
Charge d'affaires for the Delega-
tion of the European Commis-
sion to Trinidad and Tobago,
noted that the sugar protocol
countries in the Caribbean can
benefit from adaptation to such
measures and cited Jamaica as
an example where sugar is be-
ing -used for the production of
ethanol which is exported to the
United States.
It makes good economic and
practical sense that-countries in
the Caribbean have a mix of al-
ternatives and renewables along-
side the traditional oil and gas.
Energy costs in the Carib-
bean are already, the highest in
the Western Hemisphere and
amongst the highest in the world.
The cost of energy in vari-
ous islands range from as low as
US$0.20/kwh to as high as
US$0.37/kWh. These numbers
however exclude Trinidad and
Tobago, a petroleum producing
nation which enjoys an average
cost of US$0.05/kWh.
These high energy costs
provide numerous business op-
portunities to energy entrepre-
neurs which to date have not
been exploited for a number of
reasons, according to Andre
Escalante, Managing Director of
,Trinidad-based Energy Dynam-


But a lot of lives have been
wasted and countless families
continue to be affected, in vari-
ous ways. by the criminal up-
surge linked to the illicit trade
in drugs and the illegal guns and
weapons being imported and
distributed.
Therefore, whatever the justi-
fied reservations about the quality
of "cooperation" coming from
Uncle Sam, every Caribbean coun-
try, every community, village,
organisation and family unit have
the civic responsibility, the moral
obligation to do THEIR part in en-
abling effective strategies to deal
with the plague of trafficking in
drugs, guns and weapons.
This means willingness
to support specific efforts to
significantly curb narco-
trafficking; illicit trafficking
in arms and weapons, as well
as the degradation and mis-
ery of women and children in
the nightmare crime of hu-
man trafficking.


ics Limited who has been
preaching energy management
throughout the region.
Current energy costs. for
2007 .have revealed that many
islands are currently over
US$0.35/kWh, and the cost
continues to rise as a result of
the increase of fuel costs in the
international market.
The average cost of energy in
the smaller islands is now equal
to between five to -seven times
that of Trinidad and Tobago, and
approximately three to four times
that in North America and Eu-
rope, according to Escalante.
Although the potential for
energy conservation in this re-
gion estimated at US$
242,800,000 annually is ph.l
nomenal;, there are numerous
obstacles that the -energy entre-
preneur must face.
Escalante said that these in-
cludelack.of awareness by re-
gional energy consumers of the
technologies available, lack of
trained technical personnel
within companies and regional
consultants, availability of com-
petent suppliers, poor legal in-
frastructure within islands, dif-
ficulty of dbnsumers in obtain-
ing funding, and high import
duty on energy technologies in
some islands.
Ultimately, energy manage-
ment is something that regional
governments must give active
consideration to, particularly as
they grapple with an increasing
oil import bill.
And.good luck to all In
their search for the precious
alt ad gas resources.


l3t9 'JfVc. InMn ORA











siruoT m I n d u st r


Vo UIs IInlUUtml Yifti


hosts Christmas..


(Flrom page three)

GTA Director and CJIA Chief
Executive. interacting with a
number of visitors and return-
ing Guyanese nationals.
During the activity, a team
of DDL representatives joined
m the serving of exclusively lo-
cal drinks, snacks, and bro-
chures.
Last month the GT \. held a
similar exercise, and according to
the GTA Director Indranauth
Haraisingh, the activities were a
collaborative exercise among the
government, the private sector
and the donor community, fea-
turing a host of locally produced
products offered to the incom-
ing passengers as they cleared
customs and immigration.
Some non-resident
Guyanese coming home for ei-
ther an event or for the holidays
said that they were heartened
by the level to which tourism
has matured here.
Minister Prashad said that
the activities are strategically
focused at the entry points and
it is anticipated that the
Guyanese hospitality and its
tourism products will be mar-
keted by the very persons who
visit the country, following ex-
periences like these.
"This is not being done
anywhere else, and one of the
best ways of welcoming some-
one to your country is by of-
fering them a welcoming drink,"
he stated.
The initiative is expected to
continue through to Christmas
Eve, featuring products from
Banks DIH Ltd and the
Demerara Distillers Limited
(DDL), and the two telecommu-
nications companies -GT&T


and Digicel.
The December activities.
Haralsingh said. will offer both
companies the opportunity to
introduce their brands and ser-
vices to the influx of visitors ex-
pected for the season.

Airline Booking
As awareness grows about
Guyana's tourism and olier
products airlines are in some
case'. -overbooked'. and as time
goes on. the country may need
to grant licences to other carri-
ers in order to accommodate
persons looking to visit from
around the world.
In a brief statement on the is-
sue. Minister of Tourism
Manniran Prashad stated that for
the last few days, carriers com-
ing to Guyana have been forced
to put on additional flights.
He said that the CJIA has
improved significantly, and now
possesses the necessary facili-
ties to accommodate a more sig-
nificant number of aircraft arriv-
als.
He said that the ministry
has already begun negotiations
with American Airlines and Air
Canada, as part of ongoing ef-
forts to further promote
Guyana as a tourism destination
and increase the number of car-
riers coming here.
The minister stated that
though the problems revolving
around baggage transport and
collection has been reduced, it
still exists in some connecting
flights.
He has however assured
that much emphasis is being
channeled into improving the
system, particularly as it re-
lates to the smaller exclu-
sively regional carriers.


4 fvr.


Minister of Tourism, Industry and Commerce Manniram Prashad, greets some of Friday's incoming passengers at the
Cheddi Jagan International Airport (CJIA) (Adrian Narine photo)


Guyana's envoy

blasts EU over...
(From page two)
long-standing reliable suppliers from CARICOM to favour
"newcomer" trade partner. Dominican Republic...".
The Guyanese envoy said that unless a "reversal of this
move occurs in the closing round of negotiations" it would con-
firm what was suspected all along, that the EC officials were
pursuing a divisive policy in negotiating an EPA with the Car-
ibbean consistent with Europe's "own mercantilist interests".
He warned that in pursuing this self-serving agenda, while
talking .weeth about "partnership", the EC representatives
% ere e% idends mni:re focused on the benefits they hope to flow
to Europe b tril..ing "a special deal with the Dominican Re-
public"
The DR iDoninican Republic), he noted, was the single larg-
est market within CARIFORUM (eight million) and the EU
would also have access to the markets under the Central Ameri-
can Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA), of which the DR is
a member.
Ambassador Gomes, who has been directly involved in
sugar negotiations in Brussels between representatives of
the EC and sugar producing countries of the African, Car-
ibbean and Pacific (ACP), warned of possible social, eco-
nomic and political consequences should traditional
CARICOM sugar suppliers to Europe be faced with this
"sell-out" sugar quota offer to the Dominican Republic.


The reunited Spice Girls
have burst onto the stage at
London's 02 arena for their
first UK concert in nine
years.
"Thank God we're home,"
yelled Mel B, while Geri
Halliwell said: "What a crowd!
We love you London!"
Guests in the audience in-
cluded R&B star Rihanna and
Gordon Ramsay as well as
Victoria Beckham's husband
David and their sons Brooklyn,
Romeo and Cruz.
Emma Bunton, who injured
her ankle earlier this week, wore
an elasticated support through-


GLOBAL FUND/GUIYANA HIV/AIDS PROJECT
GRANT # CYA-304-G01-H
M MINISTRY OF HEALTH
HEALTH SECTOR DEVELOPMENT UNIT

Applications are invited from suitably qualified persons to fill the following vacancy:

ASSISTANT AUDITOR INTERNAL AUDIT

The main function is to assist in auditing all projects and financial systems in the Health Sector
Development Unit in order to assess the effectiveness of controls, accuracy of financial and other
related records, and efficiency o operations.

Qualifications and Experience

Degree in Accountancy OR ACCA (level II) PLUS 2 years experience working in
accounting/financial environment

Diploma in Accountancy OR Certified Accounting Technician Certificate (Level Ill)
PLUS 5 years experience working in accounting/financial environment at the level of
AssistanitAuditor

All applicants must be familiar with accounting procedures for loans/grants given by International
FundingAgencies and Government Accounting Systems, Have knowledge and practical experience
with and simple software applications (Word, Excel, Power Point, and Internet).

Details for this position could be obtained from, and applications addressed to:
exmut, aR.,,wt
Meant Bsalwr oewlOAet Una,
Best Btrtt

Fx r1. aes-essa

Deadline for submission of application is Monday December 31st, 2007 at 3:30 p.m.
Only short-listed applications will be acknowledged.


out the concert.
Fans travelled from across
the UK to witness the band's
homecoming gig.
"I burst out crying," said
Linzie Freeth from Devon. "I
couldn't control myself. I've
been waiting for this all my life."
Sophie Bisset, from Sidcup,
south east London, described
the two hour show as "electri-
fying" and "wonderful".
"They were is good or even
better than they were the first
time around," added her sister
Katy.
Tickets for Saturday's gig,
which cost up to 75, sold out
in just 38 seconds when they
went on sale in October.
As a result, 16 further
London dates have been
added, in addition to two
nights in Manchester next
year.


DIAMOND SECONDARY SCHOOL
ADMISSION OF STUDENTS

Applications arc invited from the following categories of Grade 7 and 8 students for admission to
Diamond Secondary School during the Easter Term beginning January 2008.

(a) Students who obtained 475 marks and above at the 2007 Grade 6 Examinations and
2006 Secondary School Entrance Examinations.

(b) Students from Private Institutions.

(c) Re-migrant Students

(d) Students living in the Diamond Housing Scheme and its environs who have obtained
above 60% at the last school term examination in their respective schools.

Students in category (b) (c) and (d) will be required to write an entrance examination at NCERD.

This examination is set for 09:00 h on Friday 28'" December, 2007 at NCERD, Battery Road.
Kingston, Georgetown.

Applications must be accompanied by a written statement fonn the Headteacher of the school the
child is attending, verifying the child's grade and performance.

Applications should be sent not later that Friday December 21, 2007 to:


Regional Education Officer
Department of Education
Region 4
Triumph
East Coast Demerara


Spie irs ak

UK st ge-re urn


I LE December 16, 200


I


Y ADNUS CHRON C


Yl


0


OW






SUNDAY CHRONICLE December 16, 2007 9


Priorities for a university


Dr. Cheddi Jagan firmly be-
lieved that a university is in-
extricably linked with na-
tional development and that
access to higher education
should be available to all.
And so the Government
of Guyana heavily funds Uni-
versity of Guyana (UG). Today,
governments in many countries
have initiated dramatic cutbacks

Dr. Cheddi Jagan
firmly believed th
a university is
inextricably linke(
with national
development and
that access to higt
education should
available to all.

in higher education budgets.
Budget cuts now are becoming
the norm in higher education in
most developing countries.
Today, the public in
many societies demand increas-
ing efficiencies, greater account-
ability measures, and added sen-
sitivity to stakeholder demands.
In simple language, what has
happened is that higher educa-
tion has to respond to the mar-
ket dynamics of a consumer-
driven economy.
Our own UG currently is
attempting to shape Guyana's
tertiary education through de-
veloping a strategic plan; and it's
tempting but inappropriate at
this time to propose aspects of
new organisational structure,
until we know what the ap-
proved strategies are, for struc-
ture always follows strategy.
And so against this background,
it may be worth reviewing some
observations in higher education


worldwide.
Former Secretary General
of the Association of Common-
wealth Universities, Dr. John
Rowett, noted that several chal-
lenges face universities: finan-
cially sustainable enrolment ex-
pansion, equity in access, qual-
ity outcomes, and good gover-
nance in higher education.
Dr. Rowett feels that such
ordeals can only be re-
moved, if governments
at themselves position univer-
at sity education centrally
within their national strate-
gies; but he added that si-
d multaneously, universities,
too, will have to effect
changes in organisation and
curricula, and establish part-
nerships with all stakehold-
her ers, to effectively address
the challenges.
be Let me say that the
Guyana Government has
tertiary education centrally
within its National Devel-
opment Strategy, under Chap-
ter 20, "B. Policies Specific to
Levels of Education." Review-
ing Chapter 20 will clearly
demonstrate this Government's
commitment to university edu-
cation and its recognition of the
university's vital responsibili-
ties in national development,
improving societal equity, con-
solidating democracy, achieving
national unity, and inputting
global peace and security.
Undoubtedly, policy
changes and flexible strategic
plans for universities will be
mandatory in this era, carrying
a record-breaking escalation of
university education in human
history. In 2002/03, UNESCO
recorded 132 million tertiary
students globally; and this fig-
ure is expected to reach 306 mil-
lion in 2025; tertiary student
enrolment in non-OECD coun-
tries will grow from 69 million
in 2002/03 to 255 million in


Carifesta

preparations
PREPARATIONS commence next month on events Guyana
would be showcasing for the 10th Caribbean Festival of Arts
(Carifesta) to be staged here from August 22-31, 2008.
These events include the crucial opening ceremony, Minis-
ter of Culture, Youth and Sport Dr Frank Anthony noted in a
written update on preparations for the festival to the National
Assembly. Guyana is planning to showcase theatrical pieces,
dances, poetry, and fashion.
Also. he said, the government will launch a series of books
called "Guyana Classics". In addition, leading up to Carifesta,
Dr Anthony said a lot of work would be done in the area of steel
pan with the aim of setting up a National Steel Band for Carifesta.
Sixteen countries of Latin America and the Caribbean have
already confirmed participation in Carifesta X.
In addition, Carifesta Chapters set up in the United King-
dom, the U.S.A., and Canada would be bringing down contin-
gents to perform at what is expected to be the biggest staging
of the festival which was first held in Guyana in 1972.
Dr Anthony said fifteen different categories of activities have
been planned. /
These are: Performing Arts music, dance and drama; Lit-
erary Arts book fair, poetry and prose; Visual Arts film
festival, art exhibition; Culinary Arts: Philatelic Arts; Festival
Arts countries' specific celebrations; Symposia on various as-
pects of culture and art; Super concerts; Community festivals;
Fashion focus; Grand Cultural Market and Trade Fair; Activi-
ties of ihe Indigenous peoples; Calypso and Chutney competi-
tions; Steel pan music; Children/youth forum.
Dr Anthony said the magnitude of Carifesta X requires the
participation of all Guya:ese.
Persoi s im .I ,:. can contact the Carifesta Secretariat
located at ''- ', i.'- Street. Georgetown or visit the
Carifesta vib .-, :.' .-.w.carifesta,.net.


2025; results of a democratiza-
tion of access and a clear recog-
nition of the imposing status of
human capital.
Today, this human re-
source factor is recognized as
a critical factor in production
and national development; but
this human factor was always
present among the traditional
economic factors of produc-
tion: land, labour, capital, and
entrepreneurship; but it ob-
tained little recognition be-
cause of the over-emphasis on
capitalism as the dominant
economic system of produc-
tion, where capital (physical)
received prominence. Tertiary
education, today, has to endow
this human factor into its own
with the prominence it de-


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serves; requiring serious policy
changes in access, curriculum,
and placement.
The Report of the Inter
Academy Council Inventing a
better future: a strategy for
building worldwide capacities
in science and technology,
makes the case for the
university's responsibilities in
developing science and technol-
ogy predicated with govern-
mental commitment to bolster
universities.
At a time when many gov-
ernments have cut expenditures
on higher education, the Guyana
Government continues annually
to provide considerable funding
to the University of Guyana.
And according to the UNESCO
Global Education Digest 2006,


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Guyana, in relation to Com-
monwealth countries, ranks
quite well, with 5.5% on pub-
lic expenditure on education at
all levels.
Tertiary education, faced
with escalating enrolments
and the need to assert a criti-
cal and dominant presence
for science and technology,
must develop priorities for
action. And so the Confer-
ence of Executive Heads of
Universities in 2006
recognized these as priori-
ties: access to higher educa-
tion; gender equality; cen-
trality of science, technology
and innovation; renewing the
African University; commu-
nity engagement; university
leadership; HIV/AIDS; en-
gagement with students. We


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Partitions Without End


"IN one hundred days we've
explored almost every hu-
manly known option for
squaring the circle of
Kosovo's status," said Ger-
man diplomat Wolfgang
Ischinger last month, admit-
ting that his three-person
mediation team (one Ameri-
can, one Russian, and one
from the European Union)
had not been able to find a
future for the territory that
was acceptable both to Serbia
and to the Kosovars them-
selves. Last Monday (10 De-
cember), the team reported to
UN Secretary General Ban
Ki-Moon that it had failed,
and the count-down began to
Kosovo's independence.
It will be a bumpy ride, and
many fear that it may end with
renewed war in the Balkans.
"Serbia will encourage a mass
exodus from the (Serbian
minority's) enclaves (in
Kosovo)," predicted Dukagjin
Gorani, chief aide to Kosovo's
newly elected prime minister,
Hashim Thaci. "They want to
win over world opinion, and
they know how bad it will look
for Kosovo if BBC and CNN
are showing convoys of Serbs


on tractors leaving home."
We have seen those pic-
tures before, in 1998-99, ,al-
though that time it was ihe
Kosovars (Albanian-speaking
Muslims) fleeing from Serbian
army atrocities. Even then tie
Kosovars accounted for 90 pdr-
cent of Kosovo's two million
people, but they had suffered
decades of repression lby the
government in Belgrade.iSerbs
see Kosovo as the cradle of their
nation, so when Kosovar guer-
rillas attacked the local, army
garrisons in 1998 they reacted
savagely, trying to frighten the
majority population into flight.
About half the Kosovars
did flee, but after two previous
rounds of Serbian ethnic cleans-
ing in Croatia and Bosnia the
West had had enough of the
Serbian dictator, Slobodan
Milosevic. NATO launched a
78-day bombing campaign
against Serbia in early 1999 that
ultimately forced Milosevic to
concede. The Serbian army
withdrew from Kosovo, NATO
troops took control, and the
Kosovar refugees came hdme -
but almost half of the
province's 200,000-strong
Serbian minority fled instead.


Now there are only about
120,000 Serbs left in Kosovo,
and it is virtually certain that
the Serbian government, which
vehemently opposes
Kosovo's independence,
will tacitly encourage the Serbs
living in the more isolated en-
claves in Kosovo to flee. Tragic
images will fill the television
screens once again, and the
Balkans will be lucky to escape
another round of violence.
But why is there a crisis
over independence now? After
all, the war was eight years ago.
It's happening because the pres-
sure from Kosovo's
ethnic Albanian majority to
break the province's remaining
legal link with Serbia was grow-
ing, and the West misjudged
Russia.
The United States in par-
ticular assumed that the Serbs
could be forced to relinquish
their claim to Kosovo Presi-
dent Bush hailed Kosovo's im-
pending independence on his
visit there last June and that
the Russians would reluctantly
accept the West's lead as usual.
Wrong. The Kosovars,
strongly backed by the United
States, felt no need to compro-


..* ..................................*.*.*.......* *............... .. ............
cut me out and keep me

SUYA








QUESTION

Could you say for how long Invalidity Pension is.




Invalidity Pension is payable to an insured person
for.as long as invalidity continues, or until the .
of age sixty (60) years, after which an Old Age P:
may be paid.


N.B Rn e', new b .. ks are only prep.:
issued upon submission of Life Certific-f-.s
attest to the Pensioner being alive.


Do you have a question on N.I.S ? Then write/call.

NIS MAIL BAG
C/O Dianne Lewis Baxter
Publicity and "l',... Relations Officer (ag)
National Insurance Scheme
Brickdam and Winter Place
P.O. Box. 101135
E-mail: pr_nis(Wtsolution2000.net
Tel: 22./-3461.


mise on their demand for early
independence, but the Serbs
turned out to have equally firm
backing from Russia and were
unwilling to compromise either.
Moreover, the Serbs and-the
Russians have international law
on their side.
Foreign military interven-
tiion to prevent a genocide,
vwhjch is what NATO said it
Was doing in 1999, can be de-
fended on moral grounds, and
may even be legal if backed by
the UN Security Council
(which the 1999 intervention in
Kosovo wasn't, due to Russian
arid Chinese opposition). But
partitioning a sovereign state
without its permission, which
is what is being done to Serbia
now, is against the UN Charter,
and would not be legitimate
even if the Security Council did
approve.
And if you can partition
Serbia, then why can't you also
partition the province of
Kosovo so that the northern bit
around Mitrovica, where
almost half of the remaining
Serbs live, stays in Serbia? Why
can't you partition Bosnia, so
that the 40 percent of the popu-
lation who are
ethnically Serbian (and live
on lands that have now been
"cleansed" of
other ethnic groups) can
unite with Serbia itself?
Why can't you partition
Cyprus, so that the Turkish mi-
nority get their own country?
Why can't you partition Spain
or Romania or Russia, or any-
where that has a restive minor-
ity somewhere on its territory?
This is why not only Russia,
but also European Union mem-
bers like Cyprus, Spain and Ro-


mania, are deeply unhappy
about present U.S. and EU
policy, and at least in Cyprus's .
case will refuse to back it.
There is no good answer.
Should the West leave the
Kosovars in perpetual limbo,
administered by UN bureaucrats
and guarded by 16,000 NATO
soldiers? No. Force them back
under Serbian rule? Unthinkable
and undoable. Partition Serbia
and give Kosovo its indepen-
dence, leaving the NATO sol-
diers there to protect what's left
of the Serbian minority and to
stop Serbia itself from interven-
ing? Maybe that's the least bad
option, but it's still a thoroughly
bad one.
And by the way, what the
Kosovars, or at least a great
many of them, really want is not
independence. It is union with
Albania. As a
Kosovar student leader
said this week at a pro-inde-
pendence demonstration in


the capital, Pristina, "inde-
pendence is itself a compro-
mise."
Gwynne Dyer is a London-
based independent journalist
whose articles are published in
45 countries.


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Register Toda\8


IFAD greenlight

for Agri Ministry's

development

project

Bi Tajeram Mohabir
THE Ministr. of Agriculture $6LtSM Rural Enterprise and
Agricultural Deselopment project (READI Thursda last
received the green light from the Inlernational Fund for
Agriculture Deselopment iLFADi.
The Board of IFAD appro ed the inmiamte follow ng a suc-
ces4ful neuiatlion .ih Agriculture Minister Robert Persaud
o:n Ni-'ember 22 to 24 in Rome. Ital\
Minister Persaud who is currenti attending the United
Nations Conference on Climate Change in Bili. Irndone;ia in an
in\ led cormnent, said the approval of the READ taciliNt ill
complement the rLcent appron al of a US S 20 1 bMilhon l-an
b\ the InterA meric.an Development Bank (IDB) to support
Guyana's Agricultural Export Divcr.-ifi,.iti.hr, Programme
IAEDP).
Thib is the first time that two major financing institutions
are supporting Guyana's agricultural dir ci iiatiaUonr drive with
such massive injection of resources. This type of support.is
(Please turn page 11)


J


10 !


_IIM V ,-PU UIl PI C in ,r.. ,..n- ..


i





JNDAYCHRbMICLE Dece~Wf~~6~''. 11


Guyanese


journalist wins


UN Award
GUYANESE journalist Opheera McDoom has won the
United Nations Correspondent- Association Award for "con-
si-leni, continuing, and con incing coverage of the Darfur
agon% and Khartoum mendacity from the capital and from
the countryside; multi textured and fearless".
Opheera created waves recently when she married Mohamed
Omer Abdelati who runs an aviation services company and the
Canadian University of Sudan. She had to learn 75 dances for
i the wedding replete with Pharonic ceremonies.
UK tycoon Richard Branson was awarded citizen of the year.
Opheera had travelled to Darfur with Branson and The Elders
including Desmond Tutu and Jimmy Carter two months previ-
ously.
She has been covering Sudan for the past four and a half
years for the Reuters news agencies.
She was the first journalist from a Western news organisation
to reopen offices in Sudan after all the foreign press were thrown
out in the 1990s.
She was also one of the first Western journalists also to
cover the Darfur crisis and make contact with the Darfur rebels
in mid 2003, at a time when most had not heard of Darfur.
"We (Reuters) were one of the factors which propelled
it to the forefront of international attention," she said in
comments to the Guyana Chronicle.


Drug Master Plan for review



in first quarter of 2008


The administration
launched the $650M Plan to
foster institutional, participa-
tory and democratic approaches
towards the achievement of a
crime-free and healthy society,
founded on the principles of so-
cial justice, rule of law and re-
spect for authority.


The plan. launched in 2005,
involves legislative requirements
dealing with the Narcotics,
Money Laundering, and Food
and Drugs Acts.
A modernised forensic labo-
ratory and several rehabilitation
centres will also be established.
Meanwhile, Minister Rohee
said he is satisfied with the
work that is being done by the
Inter-Agency Task Force on
Narcotics and Illicit Weapons
and the Fuel Smuggling Task
Force.
Members of the task forces
are sharing information and in-
telligence-gathering in the fight
against drug trafficking and fuel
and other contraband smuggling.
Recently, the Govern-
ment of Guyana and the lo-
cal law enforcement agencies
were praised by United
States Ambassador to Guyana
David Robinson for the ef-
forts being made to tackle
drug trafficking.


MINISTER of Home Affairs
Clement Rohee said that the
National Drug Strategy Master
Plan (NDSMP) will be thor-
oughly reviewed in the first
quarter of 2008 to evaluate the
aspects that have been imple-
mented and the areas that need
immediate attention.
"We are looking at the first
quarter of next year because this
plan is very important in our
drug fight.. .We will also look at
areas that require funding be-
cause that is also important."
Minister Rohee said.
Government has made
progress in achieving several as-
pects of the Plan. including
identifying funding sources lo-
cally, signing and ratifying inter-
national agreements/conven-


P
1'


I.,

'*1 *a




"t..


GUYANESE journalist Opheera McDoom accepts her award for best overall coverage of
the United Nations from Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon.


tions, strengthening health and
family life education, and com-
puterising the Immigration and
Criminal Investigation Depart-
ments.


THE second phase of the Na-
tional Youth Empowerment
Programme, the brainchild of
President Bharrat Jagdeo,
will commence shortly during
which 1000 youths between
the ages of 16 and 25, will
undergo a one-year training
in a number of fields.
Twenty two youths are ex-
pected to commence practical train-
ing in the next two weeks, while
550 will begin in January 2008.
This second phase is expected to
accommodate 1000 youths.
Additional places are still
available and applicants who
would have applied and were
not yet placed are encouraged
to make contact with the Board
of Industrial Training office,
SIMAP building Camp Street.
Over 70 organizations, both
private and State owned, have
offered their facilities to train
youths in over 30 disciplines,
including information technol-
ogy. building trades, industrial
craft, clerical skills, home keep-
ing, videography, heath care
skills and life skills education.
During the training, govern-
ment provides the trainees with
all requisite safety gear, a sti-
pend for travel to and from the
work site, and also pays the
National Insurance Scheme con-
tribution on their behalf.
Organizations which offer
themselves as training facilities
are required to register with the
Board of Industrial Training
which has direct responsibility
for management of the
programme.
This three-year project envi-


sioned by President Jagdeo was
launched in 2005 and is aiied at
providing over 5000 early school
leavers an employable skill that
will serve them for life.
Approximately 490 youths
have completed training dur-
ing the first phase of the
project, and they will be
graduating starting on De-
cember 17 in Berbice. (GINA)


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- Minister Rohee


Youth,-Epowermen


IFAD greenlight for ...
(From page 10)
essential for the transformation of Guyana's economy and en-
hancing prosperity of our farming communities," the Minister
observed.
He added that while the READ Project will focus on the
development of rural farming communities through matching
grants and other unique features, the (AEDP) .project will es-
tablish the necessary infrastructure to facilitate the expansion
of farming communities by creating market linkages to support
the export of non-traditional crops, livestock, aquaculture
among other agricultural products.
The READ and AEDP projects are expected to widen
Guyana's agricultural base by increasing export of non-tradi-
tional crops, thereby providing an alternative for the heavy de-
pendence on sugar and rice for export revenues.
The READ project aims to increase the incomes of poor
rural households, focusing primarily on women and bther vul-
nerable groups. The project will emphasize linking producers
to market demand as a means of increasing agricultural and in-
come diversification.
In addition, the project will strengthen producer.. women's,
youth and local farmers' organizations to support growth and
sustainability of enterprises and the development of the ben-
eficiary communities.
Meanwhile, Minister Persaud has expressed gratitude
to the staff and directors of IFAD for the support provided
to ensure the approval of the READ Project.


f'~


a a A 5 ** : ~ A AR 5 A''0


[O'NN T^.ie uC EC


'






' SUNDAY CHIRONICLE December 16, 200-




Waves threaten Zanzibar paradise


(BBC News) People living
close to beaches on the Tan-
zanian archipelago of Zanzi-
bar fear they will lose their
homes to the encroaching
waves.
"The tides in October were
the worst. All the tables and
umbrellas were washed away,"
says Abdullah, a regular at the
Mnazini guest house on
Matemwe beach.
With each spring and au-
tumn equinox, the new and full
moon tides have been getting


higher and more damaging to
Zanzibar's north-east coast.
"Last month, the waves
were almost four metres high as
they hit the shore," said Kahindi
Kadogoh, a local building con-
tractor who has been based on
Matemwe beach for over 15
years.
Using three large steps, he
marks out how much the shore-
line has receded in this time.
"When I came, the shoreline
was here, and now it has gone
back nearly three metres."


Matemwe's shoreline has receded. three meters in 15
years.


Recently, the head of the
United Nations Environment
Programme warned that
Africa's coastline faces increas-
ing danger of erosion from ris-
ing sea levels caused by climate
change.
"By some projections of
the IPCC [Intergovernmental
Panel on Climate Change], glo-
bal warming could affect one-
third of Africa's coastal infra-
structure by the end of this
century," said Achim Steiner.
"We know that we are on a
course of having sea levels ris-
ing between 20 and 60cm this
century."
Zanzibar's Chief Environ-
mental Officer Asha Khatib is
very aware that sea erosion is a
cause for concern on the island.
"People come to the depart-
ment with their government
representative and say that they
are worried. We need money but
we must find ways to protect
the shoreline as best as we can."
For the moment, all they
can do is warn people not to
cut down trees, build too close
to the beach, or remove sand.
Officials say they are
studying the problem and prom-
ise that a plan will be put in
place when the study is com-
pleted in 2009.
In the meantime, those who
can afford it have started build-
ing up defences, using concrete,
coral or coconut poles.
Mr Kadogoh points these
out as he walks down the beach,
past hotels and private houses.
Stopping at a concrete
slope, he explains that the idea
is for the waves to break against
it, and then roll over. as it pro-


YOUR D DEPENDS ON IT!!

LIFT the refrigerator, washing machine, floor model TV
set, water heater, electric stove, extension cords and
every other electric" appliance/ component off the floor
if your house is pr.- to flood waters.


SUNPLUG first before handling a wet appliance, and
ensure that your hands, feet and clothing are dry
before touching that plug.


j f"DO NOT PLUG IN any appliance that was standing in
water until your electrician declares it safe.


3JDO NOT TOUCH any wall outlet/ point, switch, plug
or other electrical while you are standing in water.


IF YOU FEEL A TINGLE OR SHOCK WHILE STANDING
IN WATER, RETREAT SLOWLY MAKING SMALL STEPS.

Have your electrician remove all electrical
points/ outlets to higher positions if your


house is pronl to flood,


vides a barrier for any sand be-
ing washed away.
In theory, it should work,
but as the tides get higher, the
waves roll over it completely.
A high concrete wall loom-
ing over six-foot tall seems a
solid defence against the power
of the sea, however its cracks


are evident.
"Zanzibar's biggest wave in
over 55 years hit this wall in
October and caused big dam-
age," he says.
"It cannot resist the big
waves because the cracks make
it weak."
Further along Matemwe


beach, the cement wall merges
with one made out of coral.
The jagged rocks jutting out
of the sand in front of it sug-
gest that this is not the owner's
first attempt.
"This is the third wall he
(Please turn to page 13)


Hanes celebrates 1st Anniversary
FROM distribution franchise to retail pioneer, Hanes Guyana celebrated its 1st
Anniversary yesterday. According to owner of the 77 Robb Street business, Ron
Morrison, yesterday's anniversary kicked off a week long celebration to
commemorate both the store's milestone as well as the festive holiday season.
Customers visiting the store today will be in for a generous surprise that's not
necessarily limited to the free drinks, and cookies specially baked by Morrison and
his staff.
In the picture, a young lady examines an item of clothing on display in the store.



MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS


NOTIFICATION

MADE UNDER

THE PUBLIC HOLIDAYS ACT (cap 19:07)

Pursuant to the provisions of section 3 (1) and 3 (2) of the
Public Holidays Act, Chapter 19:07, Thursday 20"|
December, 2007 is declared a public holiday.

EID-UL-ADHA: Thursday, December 20, 2007



Clement Rohee M.P.
Minister of Home Affairs

Dated: December 12,2007


~"~II~~ --







SUNDAY CHRONICLE December 16, 2007 13


Waves threaten


S ..


(From page 12)
has built, and it will last six months. The tides are now so strong
that it becomes temporary," says Mr Kadogoh.
Further along, a property's boundary is marked out along
the shoreline by the trunks of coconut trees driven deep into
the sand.
Planks of wood have been nailed across them, joining them
together.
This is the most successful defence, according to Mr
Kadogoh.
As the waves crash against the poles, the planks %weaken
their force and do not allow them to dredge the sand bac k to
sea.
The problem n iih building defences is that they must run
along an entire beach tI:. be eftecutiec
And to protect a boundary of 20 metres using coconut
poles, costs between $500 and $600.
Nlosi beach-front phtis are no\ oLmned bN foreigners, so
residents of Macnneme Lillage depend o'n them for heir protec-
tion
Hall Mkal Pill. a teacher at MNtrcm\e Schnol, sas the il-
lage itself only open' up onto small area,- of the shoreline
And he 'ays eten these pans are too e\penmae for Lillag-
er< to defend.
Another illager. Hall Khamisi Mua, beheliees mangrove,
are the answer
"The roots of the mangro e trees extend like finger., and
grab hold of the land s i it not %%ept a %,, \\ here mangro-c',
ej'i. the land holds he a,,
For NMr Pill,. h leel- such local dclence attempts are fu-
tile. there is only one -,Oluuton %hen .%our home is at the merc'
from the sea
"if the sea comes. moei up further up from the beach No
problem." he saws.
For the moment, he sees no urgent, but realizes that
Nlatemwe % lagers should probably; start mmoing further inland
quickly before the Iand j, snapped up b\ % eaJ[th) Zanzibaris
in search of a second home
\\ith a ne larmac road being built in the area and
electricity becoming available. he says: "Clever people
from town are already spending millions of Tanzanian shil-
lings to buy and build there".


us


-Ta

(BBC News) One of the po
litical events of 2007 that ha
had, and will continue t
have, a major impact in th
US was something that di
not happen.
A sweeping reform bill faile
to pass Congress this surme
leaving communities frustrate
over how to deal with the est
mated 12 million undocumented
immigrants living in the US.
That has led many to tak
matters into their own hands
enacting tough new laws t
tackle illegal immigration.
Some of the toughest mea
sures have been introduced i
Virginia's Prince Williat
County.
There, a new resolution a
lows local police to check th
immigration status of anyone
they arrest if they suspect then
of being in the country illegal
That person can then be de
trained and handed over to fei
eral immigration officials ft
possible deportation.
"Many residents are vei
upset that people are coming
into the country illegally an
then demanding rights, demand
ing that people speak their lan
guage, and at the same time, ir


immigration

Other regions have taken the
Sf opposite approach to illegal im-
migration, believing that integra-
lIe of tw o cities tion is a better way forward.
In Takoma Park. Maryland,
- acting their community," says wrong?," he reads. "When did the local government has de-
is Prince William's top elected of- people forget that illegal meant cared the city an "immigration
o ficial, Corey Stewart, Chairman unlawful? The pro-illegal sanctuary".
e of the Board of County Super- groups like to draw no distinc- "People who are not US
d visors. tion between a legal immigrant citizens, whether they are in
"We have two hospitals in and illegal immigrant, but there this country with documentation
d the county, both of which have is a world of difference, or not, have full access to all city
r, emergency rooms that are filled "Legal immigrants respect services," says City Mayor
d with lines of what we believe our country enough to follow Kathy Porter.
i- are mostly illegal immigrants its laws. Illegals think they are "It also means that our po-
.d there to receive routine medical above reproach and should be lice department does not co-op-
care. rewarded." erate with the federal immigra-
ce "And the reason they go to But at the Potomac Mills tion and customs enforcement
s, the emergency medical rooms is Mall, not everybody doing their department in enforcing federal
to they know that under federal holiday shopping is happy. immigration laws."
law, the hospitals must treat "I think it's horrible actu- Ms Porter believes that the
a- them if the person says it's an ally," says one young mother. "I federal immigration policy is the
.n emergency, even though it's not. think it's a bill that is not being responsibility of the federal
mn "I think Prince William just to the immigrants and they government alone.
County and the problems that do a lot of work for us, be it "As a local official, my re-
i- we're having with illegal immi- construction jobs to working in sponsibility is to provide ser-
he gration are a microcosm of the McDonalds things that Ameri- vices to my residents," she
ne country as a whole." cans won't do. So I'm very adds.
m Local newspaper reporter much against it." "And I believe that having
y. Keith Walker says the issue has Another resident who emi- an open policy towards immi-
e- dominated the front pages of grated legally from the Czech grants helps preserve public or-
d- the Potomac News for several Republic agrees. der because it encourages a re-
or months, with most residents "It's awful, really awful," he lationship of trust between the
supporting the county mea- says. "Maybe illegal immigra- police department and our im-
ry sures. tion is a problem but you have migrant communities."
ng "These are the sort of let- to be practical. Advocacy groups say the
id ters we've been getting here," he "Once the people are here, growing patchwork of state
d- says, opening the paper. have lived many years here, have and local legislation is not
n- "Since when did it become families, you cannot just kick the solution to America's im-
n- so hard to understand right from them out." migration issue.


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VACANCY ANNOUNCEMENT
Information Technology/Communications and Records (ITIC&R) Clerk
The USAIDiGuyana Office is seeking an appropriately qualified individual to fill the position of
Information Technology/Communications and Records (IT/C&R) Clerk.

Responsibilities:
The Inforn-cm ior T,,,re,:.:,.. Communications and Records (IT/C&R) Clerk will be responsible for
assisting the Systems Manager located in US 'l- Gi.iuyanra Program Office. The ITIC&R) Clerk is
also responsible for the management and administration of USAID/Guyana's unclassified
documents, telecommunication and records management. The incumbent provides assistance'
on communications and records operations for USAID/Guyana Country Program Office located in
Guyana.

Qualifications:
Technri i: -.: ,r: 'leg .11 in Computer Science is required.

Required Experience and Skills:
1. A minimum of Two (2) years of progressively responsible experience in records and
correspondence management is required. The incumbent should have good
interpersonal skills and excellent command of English. Demonstrated proficiency in
correspondence and records management procedures, good knowledge of the multi-
country organizational structure, functions and personnel. Must have the ability to
ccnpl .r igne_-! 1_ i nerl 'ii rik i orrr uri up6r. Su r .inr
2. IT experience is required. The incumbent will operate Window XP; Exchange 2,000:
manages daily, weekly and monthly systems backup; manages daily, weekly and
,ii:n thii systems backup; manages user accounts on Windows XP Network;
troubleshoots network devices such as printers, scanners and other devices connected
to the network, provides user assistance on Mission approved software applications;
administers the Mission telephone systems; checks security reports and corrects
'.*iinf .,rliii, and install and deploys Mission applications. Applied use of many
computer software programs such as all Microsoft Office applications and use of the
internet, will be required. Commitment to continuous learning and willingness to keep
abreast of new developments in the IT field is also required.

Howto apply
Interested candidates should submit expressions of interest (including date of a.i.,bit,).*
curriculum vitae and names of two (2) references to the attention of: Program Assistant,
USAID/Guyana, Embassy of the United States of America, 100 Young & Duke Streets,
Georgetown no later than December 31,2007.


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--







SUNDRY CHRONICLE December 007




The Spirit of Christmas F
*M t^ o*^s^B ChL


A few days ago, speaking with
a friend of mine, she re-
marked that she did not
think she was going to have
a Christmas this year, be-
cause she was not feeling the
Christmas spirit. As I pon-
dered on this comment, I
asked myself, "What really is
the Christmas spirit?"
For some, the Christmas
spirit is the late night, after
work cleaning, polishing floors,
hanging curtains, stringing up
fairy lights. For others the
Christmas spirit is the
crowded, bustling streets,
Christmas decorations hanging
in storefront windows, the
sound of Christmas music blar-
ing in the air. And still for oth-
ers the spirit of Christmas is the
nice cozy feeling of having all
your family back home, joining
in the baking of the black cake.
grating the ginger for the ginger
beer, or cutting up the meat for


the pepper pot. All of this, for
many, represents the Christmas
spirit.
But what really is the
Christmas spirit?
For many others, Christ-
mas holds no fond memories or
sentiments. One poet puts it
this way: "My purse is full of
money; but I cannot buy a toy,
only a wreath of holly for the
grave of my little boy." Christ-
mas is like that for some
people; a time of very painful
memories.
But I want to examine, what
really the Christmas spirit is.
In Luke chapter 2: 13, as
the Angels and the heavenly
host appeared to the shepherds,
they were praising God, saying,
"Glory to God in the Highest;
and on earth, peace among men

Firstly, the Spirit of Christ-
mas'is one that recognizes God
among us. The Angels an-


nounced and brought to the
shepherds' awareness that this
thing that was happening was of
God, and not a man's doing. We
must recognize that Christmas is
first and foremost about God. It
is his doing among men. Men
did not initiate it. In as much as
there has been a secular hijack-
ing of Christmas, it is a God
Thing.
Secondly, The Spirit of
Christmas is a spirit of worship.
The Angels worshipped, Eliza-
beth and her husband Zacharias
worshipped, the shepherds
worshipped, The three wise
men came from afar to worship
, even Herod recognized it was
a God thing and in Matthew 2:2
he indicated that he wanted to
worship too. The Christmas
Spirit is a spirit of worship. If
you are not feeling the Christ-
mas spirit, maybe it is time to
begin worshipping God. Shop-
ping can't bring the Christmas


spirit; Worshipping can.
This then is the supreme at-
titude of Christmas. This is the
spirit of Christmas and it is the
supreme time of worship for
Christians everywhere as we
celebrate the birth of our sav-
iour. This time of all times is a
time of worship. Worship is an
attitude. It is a spirit, something
on the inside. It is an attitude
of the heart that is so filled with
wonder and gratitude at what
God has done that there is not
a thought of personal needs or
personal blessings, only total
abandonment to God in praise
and adoration. It is to be so
grateful and so filled with won-
der at what the lord has done
that we lose ourselves in ador-
ing worship and praise. What
better time there is to worship
God than when we focus on the
very giving of Christ, the sav-
iour?
Thirdly, the Christmas


TRANSMISSION & DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM


DEVELOPMENT WORKS.



The Govermnent of Guyana (GoG) has received financing from the Inter-American Development Bank
(IDB) for the Unserved Areas Electrification Programme (UAEP). Part of the proceeds of this financing
will be applied to payments under the contract for Pre-Qualification of Contractors for Transmission and
Distribution System Development Works Guyana Power & Light (GPL) Inc. serves as the implementing
agency for the project and now intends to pre-qualify contractors/firms for this project.

Pre-qualification will be conducted by the procedures specified in the IDB's Policies for the Procurement
of Works and Goods financed by the Inter-America Development Bank, January 2005, and is open to all
bidders form eligible source countries.

Interested Bidders may obtain further information and specifications from:

Richard Rahghoo
Procurement Officer
Project Implementation Unit, UAEP
232 Middle Street, Georgetown, Guyana
Tel No:592-225-7398; Fax: 592-225-5638
Email: richard.raghoo@gplinc.com
Pre-qualification documents may be inspected and purchased by eligible bidders from the Contracts &
Supplies Manager of GPL, 40 Main Street, Georgetown, Guyana, Tel: 592-226-9598 or Fax: 592-227-2180
and upon payment of a non-refundable fee of Three Thousand Dollars ($3,000). The method of payment
should be by Company cheque or Manager's cheque.

Applications for pre-qualification should be submitted in sealed envelopes and addressed as follows:

The Chairman
National Procurement and Tender Administration Board
Ministry of Finance
Main & Urquhart Streets, Georgetown, Guyana
The top right side of the envelope should be clearly marked "Application to Pre-Qualify for Transmission and
Distribution System Development. Do not open before 22nd January, 2008".

Envelopes must be deposited in the Tender Box at the Finance Ministry before 09:00 h on Tuesday 22nd
January, 2008, and will be opened during a public ceremony at the address given above for submission of
pre-qualification documents. Late applications will be returned unopened.

Quotations from local suppliers must be accompanied by Valid Inland Revenue (IRD) and National Insurance
(NIS) Coompliance-Certificates. GPL reserves the right to reject any or all quotations at anyt time during the
procurement process


spirit is a spirit of peace.
Christmas is a time when we
put aside our differences, politi-
cal and otherwise, and share
peace. The world is filled with
conflict and upheavals. This is
a good time to spread the
Christmas spirit. It is a spirit of
peace.
Finally, the Christmas spirit
is one where God is pleased
with men. In Luke 2:13, the an-
gels declared "peace among men
with whom He (God) is
pleased.
My question to us in this
time of celebration, is this: Is
God pleased with us? Is he
pleased with how we live as a
nation, and as a people? How
do we treat with the things of
God? What about our relation-


ship and responsibilities to our
family and our fellowmen?
As we celebrate this won-
derful time of the year, let us
ensure that God is pleased,
not just with what we do, but
also with whom we are.
Happy Holidays.


Page 14 & 19.p65


Americans

enter holidays

in dark mood

-poll

WASHINGTON (Reuters) Americans enter the holiday
season in a dark mood, with economic worries,, security
fears and a lack of confidence in government fueling grow-
ing pessimism, according to a Reuters/Zogby poll released
on Wednesday.
The Reuters/Zogby Index, which measures the mood of the
country, fell for the third consecutive month, dropping from 96
in October t.:, '4 ) c c',. erw.. ith in ihe number of mericans
disaiisfied iih th, L-corino .ind pesil-mistln about the truure
Prc ideni George- \ Bush reb,..unded slh._h[l from last
ninth's re .rd Io.n iirh ithe num i belo ATielican, v h> ., 2i.c
him' p-)ii e mark. climrin2 t.' 2.s per.viit from 24 percent But
C'-ngret, reni.med stuck %, ith a dismal posiltie rating of I I
percent. t,I ir i s record Iow
For the third straight month. Amencarns hase a sense that
[hings are not getting better. they are getting Uorse., polliter
John Zoieb uid
Rising gasoline prices., a mortgage loan crisis and talk of a
recession spooked the markets and hart Amencan confidence
in the economy. he said. %while concerns linger about a potential
conflict ith Iran. unrest in Pakistan and the Iraq war
"All that bad ne\ks has a cumulatne effect It feeds and
festers." Zogby said "The mood is driven by the economy. but
Amenrcans clearly don't hace much faith in their governmental
insljrunotns either "
The poll found 40 percent of Amencans expect a recession
in the next Near. up from 31 percent last month, and 30 per-
cent plan to spend le percent a month ago
Ratings for U.S economic policy fell,. wih the number call-
ing it poor jumping from 28 percent to 32 percent A big major-
itt of Americans are still confident their children will have a
better life. but the number fell slightly from 63 percent to 61
percent
Meanwhile. the number of Americans w ho fell "very" safe
from foreign threats fell to 25 percent from 29 percent, and the
number %&ho felt "not ,ery" or -not at all" safe from those
threats rose to 20 percent from 16 percent
The number of Americans who believe the country is on
the right track fell from 26 percent to 24 percent in the last
month, with about two-thirds believing it is headed in the wrong
direction.
"A.menrcans are getting squeanush The) are not hearing en-
couraging news or feeling like there is a Light at the end of the
tunnel." Zogbs said.
A majonty of Americans. 55 percent, still rate their per-
sonal finances as good. up slightl.i from 54- percent last month.
and iwo-thirds of Americans say they are very proud of their
country.
The Index combines responses to 10 questions on Amen-
cans' ie'.s about their leaders, the direction of the country and
their future Index polling began in Jul., and that month'-, re-
suts provide the benchmark score of 100
A score above 100 indicates the public mood has improved
since Juli A .core belov. 100 show. the mood ha- soured, and
a falling score like the one recorded this month show's the
nations mood is getting w.orse.
The RZI is released the third Wednesday of each month.
The telephone poll of 1,009 likely voters, taken last
lWednesda., to Frida., had a margin of error of plus or mi-
nus 3.1 percentage points.






SUNDAY CHRONICLE December 16, 2007 15


Film-maker Zeffirelli vows to help Pope with image


ROME (Reuters) Italian
film and opera director
Franco Zeffirelli is offering
his services to Pope Benedict
as an image consultant, say-
ing the German pontiff
comes across as cold and
needs to review his ward-
robe.
Zeffirelli, acclaimed for
movies such as 'Romeo and
Juliet' and 'Jesus of Nazareth,'
said in an interview with la


Stampa daily yesterday the 80-
year-old pope did not have "a
happy image."
"Coming after a media-
savvy pope like John Paul II is
a difficult task ... Benedict XVI
still communicates coldly, in a
way that is not suited with
what is happening around him,"
Zeffirelli said.
"It's an issue I have been
discussing with people who
have key roles in the Vatican,"


said Zeffirelli, who has di-
rected some Vatican television
events.
"The Pope does not smile
much, but he is an intellectual.
He has a very rigid Bavarian
structure," he said.
Zeffirelli, 84, added that
papal robes were "too sump-
tuous and flashy." "What is
needed is the simplicity and
sobriety seen in the other
echelons of the Church, "he


said.
Zeffirelli said he was in regu-
lar contact with the Pope's clos-
est aides and had also made pro-
posals to "defend the image of
faith in cinema, the image of the
sacred."
"The Holy See intends to
pay a lot more attention to this,"
he said.
He said today's religious
films were "a horror that the
Holy See does not know how to


stop."
"I am a Christian down to
the depths of my spirit. I can't
stand by while this disaster un-
folds. I am available to put my-
self at the service of the
Church," he said.
"If they officially give me a
supervisory role, I will do it full-
time."
The Vatican was not im-
mediately available for com-
ment.


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i1W/tg66, 114 lPM







16 SUNDAY CHRONICLE De


Bali





launch


breakthrough





es climate ta


NUSA DUA, Indonesia
(Reuters) Nearly 200 na-
tions agreed at U.N.-led talks
in Bali yesterday to launch
negotiations on a new pact to
fight global warming after a
reversal by the United States
allowed a breakthrough.
Washington said the agree-
ment marked a new chapter in
climate diplomacy after six years
of disputes with major allies
since President George W. Bush
pulled out of the Kyoto Proto-
col, the main existing plan for
combating warming.
"This is the defining mo-
ment for me and my mandate as
secretary-general," U.N. Secre-


tary-General Ban Ki-moon said
after making a return trip to Bali
to implore delegates to overcome
deadlock after the talks ran a day
into overtime.
Ban had been on a' visit to
East Timor. "I am deeply grate-
ful to many member states for
their spirit of flexibility and
compromise," Ban told Reuters.
The Bali meeting approved
a "roadmap" for two years of
talks to adopt a new treaty to
succeed Kyoto beyond 2012,
widening it to the United States
and developing nations such as
China and India. Under the deal,
a successor pact will be agreed
at a meeting in Copenhagen in


late 2009.
The deal after two weeks of
talks came when the United States
dramatically dropped opposition
to a proposal by the main devel-
oping-nation bloc, the G77, for
rich nations to do more to help the
developing world fight rising
greenhouse emissions.
The United States is the lead-
ing greenhouse gas emitter, ahead
of China, Russia and India.
Indonesian Environment Min-
ister Rachmat Witoelar, the host
of the talks, banged down the gavel
on the deal to rapturous applause
from weary delegates.
"All three things I wanted have
come out of these talks launch,


agenda, end date," Yvo de Boer,
head of the U.N. Climate Change
Secretariat, told reporters.
The accord marks a step
towards slowing global warm-
ing that the U.N. climate
panel says is caused by hu-
man activities led by burning
fossil fuels that produce car-
bon dioxide, the main green-
house gas.
Scientists say rising tem-
peratures could cause seas to
rise sharply, glaciers to melt,
storms and droughts to be-
come more intense and mass
migration of climate refugees.

"U.S. HUMBLED"
"The U.S. has been
humbled by the overwhelming
message by developing coun-
tries that they are ready to be
engaged with the problem, and
it's been humiliated by the
world community. I've never
seen such a flip-flop in an en-
vironmental treaty context
ever," said Bill Hare of
Greenpeace.
The European Union,
which dropped earlier objec-
tions to the draft text, was
pleased with the deal.
"It was exactly what we
wanted. We are. indeed very
pleased," said Humberto
Rosa, head of the European
Union delegation.
German Environment
Minister Sigmar Gabriel was
cautiously optimistic.
"Bali has laid the founda-


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tions ...it was hard work and ex-
hausting. But the real work
starts now," he said in Bali.
But a leading Indian envi-
ronmentalist was disappointed.
"At the end of the day, we
got an extremely weak agree-
ment," said Sunita Narain, head
of the Centre for Science and
the Environment in New Delhi.
"It's obvious the U.S. is not
learning to be alive to world
opinion."
Agreement.by 2009 would
give governments, time to ratify
the pact and give certainty to
markets and investors wanting
to switch to cleaner energy tech-


nologies, such as wind turbines
and solar panels.
Kyoto binds all industrial
countries except the United
States to cut emissions of green-
house gases between 2008 and
2012. Developing nations are ex-
empt and the new negotiations
will seek to bind all countries to
emission curbs from 2013.

DAY OF DRAMA
In a day of drama and emo-
tional speeches, nations had be-
rated and booed the U.S. repre-
sentatives for holding out. A
wave of relief swept the room
when the United States relented.


TtugsN C Inot.to


The former Archbishop of
Cape Town, Desmond Tutu,
has urged South Africa's gov-
erning African National Con-
gress not to choose Jacob
Zuma as its new leader.
He said most people would
be ashamed to have Mr Zuma as
leader and that South Africa de-
served someone better.
Mr Zuma, ex-vice president
of South Africa, said Church
leaders should pray for people
and not condemn them.
Acquitted of rape last year,
Mr Zuma is vying for the ANC
leadership with South African
President Thabo Mbeki.
One of the two ANC veter-
ans will prevail during a five-
day congress that starts on Sun-
day in Polokwane, Limpopo.
If he wins. Mr Zuma will be
in line to become ANC candidate
for president of South Africa in
2009 elections.


But Archbishop Tutu, one of
South Africa's most powerful
moral voices, urged the ANC to re-
ject Mr Zuma, saying they should
"not choose someone of whom
most of us would be ashamed".
"We're very worried thai
this leader had relations with a
woman who regarded him as
parent," he told South Africa'!
Mail & Guardian newspaper.
This was an apparent refer
ence to the woman Mr Zum;
was acquitted of raping. She'wa
a family friend less than half hi!
age with whom he had unpro
tected sex while being aware sh,
was HIV-positive.
"Although he is very like
able, we have to ask ourselves
'What is happening in th,
ANC?'" Archbishop Tutu con
tinued.
"'I would like to see these is
sues being taken seriously an,
addressed."


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I







aber 16, 2007 17


TI ihL r :


I I E^ Construction of Parika facility underway


"The United States is very
committed to this effort and just
wants to really ensure we all act
together," said Paula
Dobriansky, head of the U.S.
delegation.
"With that, Mr. Chairman, let
me say to you we will go forward
and join consensus," she said to
cheers and claps.
James Connaughton,
chairman of the White House
Council on Environmental
Quality, said: "This is not a
step taken alone by America.
This is a step taken by all the
countries that the time had
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allega
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was tf
year b
in con
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serve
lead t
respo
remain
well
ceeds


EXTENSIVE rehabilitation
works recently undertaken at
the Guyana Marketing
Corporation's (GMC) Cen-
tral Packaging Facility, lo-
cated at Sophia, have been
completed to the tune of ap-
proximately $13M, paving the
way for its re-launching
which is scheduled to take
place shortly.
The rehabilitation works in-
cluded structural adjustments to
the building and the procure-
ment of several pieces of equip-
ment geared towards improving
efficiency and elevating stan-
dards.


lu uoii a new cnhapteii. Manager of GMC's Packag-
ing Facilities, Celestine Butters,
P indicated on Thursday that the
Sophia Pack House will be
equipped with 13 stainless steel
tables, four expandable convey-
[r Zuma responded by say- ors, three pallet jacks and two
was "the business of the digital scales, all valued at more
rs of the Church... [to] pray than $6M.
ople, not condemn them". Butters was at the time vis-
nce close allies, he and Mr iting another Packaging Facility
i publicly fell out in 2005 currently under construction at
Mr Zuma was sacked as Parika, East Bank Essequibo.
y president over corruption The entire structure of this fa-
tions. cility has been completed and
he case against Mr Zuma work is ongoing to complete the
thrown out by a judge last interior of the building.
ut he could still face charges ing Commenting-on the upgrad-
ing of the Sophia Pack House,
nection with a multi-million f the Sophia P -u
section with a multi-million she said, "The enhancement of
arms deal. this facility will further benefit
Ir Mbeki has already farmers. exporters and import-
d two terms and cannot ers, and enhance our interna-
the country again but cor- tional image in the agro-sector,
indents say if he were to with the provision of a reliable
in ANC leader he would be and quality service."
placed to decide who suc- Marketing Manager of
him as national leader. GMC, Richard Hanif noted,


"The 'new' pack house will be
more user friendly, and will ac-
commodate more exporters. This
is most welcome, since exports
of non-traditional agro-products
are steadily increasing, and as
such, use of the facility will also
increase."
Exports of fresh fruits and
vegetables as well as processed
products from Guyana to the
Caribbean, North America arid
Europe have increased signifi-


cantly over the years. This has
further highlighted the impor-
tance of the Sophia Pack
House. since current Trade
Protocols between Guyana
and several CARICOM coun-
tries stipulate that all imports
must be processed at this fa-
cility.
Additionally, a record
130,000 tonnes of fresh fruits
and vegetables were recently
processed at the Sophia Pack


House over a period of eight
weeks. Butters had indicated
that this occurrence was sig-
nificant, since such large quan-
tities have never been pro-
cessed in such a short period
of time.
General Manager of GMC.
Nizam Hassan. said the move to
upgrade the Pack House is in
keeping with the agency's ex-
panding role in the provision of
quality service for the promo-


tion of the non-traditional igri-
culture sector.
He noted that services be-
ing provided at the Facility is
critical to the growth of the sec-
tor, since it provides an inter-
nationally acceptable site recog-
nized and approved b, major
importing countries in the Re-
gion, for the processing of ex-
ports.
The Guyana Marketing
Corporation is also working
towards the establishment of
similar facilities at Charity
and Number 43 Village,
Corentyne, Berbice, he said.


Some 3,800


young people


homeless in


New York

study
NEW YORK {Reuters, An estimated 3.800 people under age
24 go homeless each night in Ne% York City. but the blend
in so well they are hard for social workers to find, according
to the city's first-eser census of homeless youth.
Three-fourths come troin ininority group, \itlh black c youthss
accounting lor near) half" the total and Ltminu youths repre.sent-
ing a quarter, said the surve'L released on Friday
Gay,. les bian and nisexual youths were especially vulnerable,
accounting ftor nearly a thjrd if homeless, caies
"Young people v.ho are homeless Ltke gTrea care' tc. look like
eterIone elhe. They're unbehelably crealin'e in their aihili to
find wa~ s to make t1 look like they're not hinmeles' at all." said
Margo Hirsch. e.ecuti\e director of the Empire State Coalition of
YoTLith and F'anril Se\nices. which conducted the sur, es for the

While niany homeless youth found tenmpirirv o shelter \v h a
friend or a relatii e, some 1.600 reported spenriling nights on ihe
street, in an abandoned hbuiding or in a bu.. or tr-ni
Selling se,. another 150 spent nights r iti, a :lienit.
The courn was conducted in lul) and 'ir- \eJd jiui under
1.000 youth \ \hoi ere either homele ; r ,r i ,r h.omielessness
Earlier this year, the New York "' -,is ';eartment of
Homeless Serrices reported that 3.73: "c' workerss of all
ages, i.at of a total population of 8.2 iu!,tn people. were
living .vuhouut shelter on an) gisen n',l.t. .,,ii n "anm 4.395
in 2005.


..opiaPak"Hos


.re*bl* *lo *,woksco plte


comlle




SUNDAY CHRONICLE December 16, 2007


What will Increase
j New electrical/electronic appliances, equipment and
toys, e.g. large screen (plasma) television/DVD sets,
additional cellular phones with chargers, video &
computer games, remote controlled toys with
chargers.
If Keeping the cell phone chargers plugged in after the
" phones are charged


~1V~ 4


Cooking extensively with the microwave oven and
electric stove


S Using extra water from the storage tank so you have
to pump water more often


Hace a


q"fft,


,Isi-:


your Electricity Bill?
, Using more hot water from the water heater
I Positioning the refrigerator near the stove or other
heat source
9 Fairy lights and lighted Christmas trees
0' Going to bed later than usual
Having house guests
Children at home from school with new electronic toys
and cell phones


SDon't plug more than three (3) strings of S) If your appliances shows a red light after
fairy lights into each other you switch off, UNPLUG IT!


0 Don't overload outlets


Avoid using drop cords


) Avoid using all the outlets on a power strip Make sure that no outlet, switch plug or
bar or adaptor at one time cord gets wet. Dry it thoroughly before
AC ...- using


SConsult a qualified electrician before
buying or plugging in new appliances.


II


I:r!


,.-Il


764t Saiety

ande /owe!


$ Unplug fairy lights before going to bed


qdzet


P^peS65&6j9SW5


I 11 1 fl I[I]






- tSUmlAY CHRONICE-Deee mber T1, 2007-


19


Hire car China remembers
driver fined $10,000 for .e


disorderly behaviour
HIRE car driver Brian Bakker was Friday fined $10,000, by
Magistrate Tejnarine Ramroop at New.Amsterdam Court in
Berbice, for disorderly behaviour.
The defendant, who pleaded guilty to the charge, used a series
of expletives and caused a crowd to gather, on December 10, when
Police Constable Holder requested him to move HA 7560 that was
obstructing traffic.
Police Sergeant Donna Grant Fraser, prosecuting, said ranks from
a mobile patrol had to be summoned to the scene to arrest Bakker
and take him to Central Police Station.
Bakker, however, alleged in Court that he is a victim of
Police harassment.

At Demerara Assizes...

Stepfather denies having sex
with carnal knowledge victim


DEFENCE Counsel Peter
Hugh and State Prosecutors
Kara Duff- Yehuda and
Nadine Ramkumar clashed
again Friday.
This time, it was over a De-
fence claim that, the victim and
her stepfather, in the carnal
knowledge case at the Demerara
Assizes, were seen speaking af-
ter the former had given rebut-
tal evidence on Thursday.
The stepfather, who had
followed his stepdaughter in
giving the further testimony at
the request of the Prosecution,
denied, under cross-examination
-by Hugh, that, prior to taking
the witness stand, they were
together talking and a Police of-
ficer had to set them apart.


After the witness had thrice
rejected the allegation, following
a Prosecution objection to his
line of questioning, Hugh asked
that the judge hold a voir-dire
(trial within a trial) to determine
the credibility of the stepfather.
The stepfather also refuted a
Defence accusation that he had
sex with his 10-year-old step-
daughter and conspired to put the
blame on the accused, Tion Gill.
At the end of the smaller
trial, Justice Winston Patterson
ruled in favour of the Prosecu-
tion.
Gill is indicted for having
carnal knowledge of the girl
on January 28, 2004 and his
trial will continue on Mon-
day.


dead of Nanjing


Japanese in 1937 and then her
mother had no ability to raise
her children, so she sent her
children to other families," she
told the BBC.
One elderly woman described
how she had been five years old
when a Japanese soldier gouged
out her eyes with a bayonet.
The BBC's Michael
Bristow, in Nanjing, says the
anniversary is more than a com-
memoration of past events, and
remains fresh in the minds of
many.
He says that is partly be-
cause many Chinese people see
history as a guide to the future
but also because of continu-
ing research into the atrocities.
A new monument has just
been unveiled to mark a previ-
ously unknown incident during
the massacre in which 1,300
Chinese people died.
That story came to light
only because a Japanese re-
* searcher persuaded former sol-
diers to tell their stories.
In Japan, the anniversary
of the assault on Nanjing is not


being commemorated officially.
One of the Chinese people
attending the ceremony, Chen
Fubao, now aged 75, had a mes-
sage for the country whose
forces carried out the slaughter.
Holding a photograph of
his father, who was killed in the
violence, Mr Chen told Reuters:
"We hope that the Japanese
government, especially those in
the nationalist factions, will ad-
mit the truth in history and
learn from the Germans.
"They should not cover up
their crimes anymore."
Japanese prime ministers
have apologised for the
country's former militarism,
but, according to the BBC's
Chris Hogg in Tokyo, there are
fringe elements in Japan who get
a lot of publicity for their re-
peated denials that Japan com-
mitted atrocities during its mili-
tary campaigns in Asia.
Some even deny that the
events in Nanjing ever took
place and, our correspondent
says, this frustrates mainstream
historians who try to give a


(BBC News) China has been
holding ceremonies to mark
the 70th anniversary of the
Nanjing massacre.
Survivors attended the re-
opening of a memorial hall, built
to remember an act that has
come to symbolise imperial Japa-
nese aggression in China.
Japanese soldiers carried out
the killings in a six-week period
after Nanjing was captured in
December 1937.
Beijing says 300,000 Chi-
nese civilians were killed, but
some Japanese historians dispute
this figure.
In the city, air sirens were
sounded as people paused in si-
lence to remember the victims.
The memorial hall which de-
tails the violence has been re-
opened after two years of reno-
vations.
Its purpose is "to better
preserve history... to never. for-
get the past... to treasure peace
and open the way to the fu-
ture", Xu Zhonglin, a provincial.
Communist Party chief, told the
French news agency AFP.
Alongside the officials and
thousands of residents attending
the ceremony were a number of
survivors.
Twenty-five-year-old Xia
Lu came with her grandmother,
who lived through tikn. i l I.i:
"Her father w.,. I .. II-.


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Guyana, South America
Tel: (00-592) 225-2138
Fax: (00-592) 225-2268



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more balanced view of what
happened during the assault on
the city.
Younger Japanese are frus-
trated, too, that their country is
criticised still for events that
took place more than half a cen-
tury ago, he adds.
Many know little about
what went on in Nanjing and
care even less.













2 24 3-9o

225-4475l^^


12/15/2007, 11:12 PM


YOUNG LEADERS FOR THE SUSTAINABLE
DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE IN THE AMERICAS
The Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA is
inviting suitably qualified individuals to submit applications to
participate in a new initiative titled "Young Leaders for the
Sustainable Development of Agriculture in the Americas." This
initiative is aimed at promoting young leaders with a global vision and
providing an unique opportunity for young leaders associated with
agriculture and rural life in the Americas to expand their understanding
of global development issues and to assist in the development of an Inter-
American network of young leaders who can effectively transform the
agriculture sector of the Americas. The successful applicant will
participate in a Hemispheric Forum and serve a one-year internship with.
IICA.

To qualify for selection, applicants should:
1. Be between the ages of 25 and 40 years old.
2. Hold a university degree in any of the following disciplines:
agronomy, agricultural economics, international relations,
political science, public policy, gender and development,
environmental studies, anthropology, law, computer science,
sociology.
3. Have demonstrated commitment to international development
issues.
4. Be computer literate.
5. Have excellent oral and written communication skills in English,
Spanish or other language.
6. Be able to work in multicultural environments.
7. Have proven adaptability, flexibility and maturity.
8. Have demonstrated leadership qualities.

Suitably qualified individuals should send their resumes, with 2
references, to the following address, to reach no later than Friday,
January 18,2008:
The Representative
IICA Office in Guyana
18 Brickdam, Stabroek
Georgetown
E-mail: iica@networksgy.com


19









SUNDAY CHRONICLE December 16. 2007


Islam and HIV/AIDS

In past weeks, this page dealt with the response to HIV/AIDS by Christian groups in Guyana,
and as recently as last Sunday Hindu groups in Guyana. In terms of numbers,
Guyanese Muslims account for the smallest section of religion pie chart in this country.
Yet, the Islamic presence in Guyana has been particularly strong, especially in


the areas of business and charity. Islam in Guyana however, has had a limited if
now growing engagement in the fight against HIV/AIDS. Islamic action or inaction
on this issue like Islamic morality is arguably best viewed against an overarching
global Islamic response to HIV.
It is with this reasoning that these pages take into consideration international aIsamic
views. That said, one has to acknowledge the strengthening engagement that Guyana's
two main Islamic organizations have been having with other organizations involved in
the fight.


Muslims, Islam, and AIDS:


Thoughts on the 2nd International Muslim


Religious Leaders Consultation on HIV/AIDS


Amina Wadud
The spread of HIV/AIDS
within families brings up an in-
teresting concern with address-
ing inconsistencies between in-
tent and experience within the
family: How do certain family
structures create greater vulner-
ability? The first part of this
presentation will look at an in-
teresting paradox: the family,
that institution through which
human beings expect and receive
their greatest nurturing, is the
same institution that can create
the greatest vulnerabilities in the
spread of HIV/AIDS for
women and children. When the
structure of family itself causes
vulnerability, critical examina-
tion is even more in order to
construct ways that civil soci-
ety can empower family mem-
bers to challenge the abuses that
occur within families. However,
some see the very idea of chal-
lenging "family" as a disruption
in social well being. Ultimately
my question is: How can fami-
lies empower all members
equally despite vulnerability
due to age or gender.
The first part of this
presentation will examine the
terms and experiences of vulner-
ability to HIV/AIDS for women
and children as members of ex-
isting family structures in the
context of Islam and Muslims.
My objective is to disentangle
or demystify "family" by focus-
ing on both its supportive and
destructive aspects. Family as a
construct must be subjected to
a rigorous analysis as part of
any agenda that seeks to fight
against the spread of AIDS. As
such, combating AIDS will also
contribute to reforms in Mus-
lim Personal Status Laws. One
goal of these reforms will be to
help the family structure func-
tion as a comfort and support
for all its members equally. I
will review some of the under-
lying assumptions about family
in Islamic law in as much as
these historically constructed
assumptions are still imple-
mented in Muslim societies
while allowing undue privilege
for men and male desires. This
presentation uses the HIV/AIDS
epidemic as evidence of danger-
ous and untenable double stan-
dards in the face of modern so-
cial change and experience. I will
consider structural inconsisten-
cies that often go unchallenged
when the word "family" is in-
troduced. While seeking to re-
tain the family ideals of
nurturance and support, I will
also focus on they way some


family structures provide for
particular vulnerabilities.
The second part of this pre-
sentation will begin to think
about theological implications of
combating the spread of AIDS.
increasing public awareness, and
empowering both direct and in-
direct victims of HIV/AIDS.
Some family members have di-
rectly contracted the virus
through abuses and misunder-
standings of other members
while some family members find
their life style and future indi-
rectly affected by members with


HIV/AIDS.

HIV/AIDS and
Sexuality in Islam
With regard to the 80% het-
erosexual women who contract
AIDS in monogamous relations,
a direct look at Islam and sexu-
ality is called for. According to
Shari'ah if a Muslim man desires
intercourse with his wife, she
must comply. If she does not,
she is guilty of nushuz, recalci-
trance. A wife who is nashizah
is no longer eligible for nafaqah:
maintenance or financial sup-


The International Consultaitons on Islam and HIV/AIDS, South
Afnca. No ember 2007

[The Council of the Islanuc Fiqh Academ)] "having examined
the research papers received by the Academy on the subject of
"Acquired inimune-deficienc. S\ ndrome I AIDS i".

Having listened to the debate around the subject which con-
cluded that. in as much as committing either of the two execrable
sins. adultery and sodomy is the primary factor standing be-
hind sexual diseases, most dangerous of which is AIDS (Ac-
quired Immune-Deficiency syndrome). Combating depravity and
properly directing media and tourism constitutes an important
weapon for warding them off. Quite undoubtedly, upholding
the teachings of the noble Islamic faith, combating depravity,
reforming the media, banning licentious films and series, and
keeping a watchful eye on tourism, form the basic tools for
warding off these diseases.

RESOLVES
In case of either member of a married couple contracting
this disease, he/she must inform the other and cooperate with
him/her in all protective measures.

THE COUNCIL RECOMMENDS
First: The relevant authorities in Islamic States to take all
necessary measures to protect against AIDS and to punish who-
ever transmits it deliberately. It also recommends the Govern-
ment of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to continue its intensive
efforts to protect the guests of Allah and take whatever steps
it may deem necessary to protect them against the possibility
of contracting AIDS.
Second: The victims of the disease should be provided with
necessary care. Victims and carriers of HIV must take the nec-
essary precautions to prevefit the disease being transmitted to
others. Also, adequate education should be provided to children
carrying the disease.
Third: The General Secretariat is to commission medical doc-
tors and theologians to carry out complementary research on
the following subjects, for submission to future sessions.
a) Isolation of AIDS carriers and victims.
b) Employment authorities and their stand vis-it-vis AIDS
victims.
c) Abortions for pregnant AIDS victim.
d) Giving the right to women whose spouse is an AIDS
victim to annul their marriage contract.
e) Should the person who has contracted HIV be viewed as
a victim of a fatal disease?
f) Implications for mothers contracting AIDS, as to. their
right to custody.
g) What is the Shari'a ruling concerning someone who delib-
erately transmits HIV to someone else?
h) Compensating victims who have contracted HIV through
blood transfusion or any of its substances, or through organ
transplants.
i) Undergoing a medical check-up prior to marriage as a
means to reduce the risks of contagious diseases, most danger-
ous of which is AIDS


port. In addition, in various de-
grees of interpretation and ap-
plication, the Qur'an asserts
that the husband of such a
woman may beat her. In the face
of this, the vast majority of
Muslim wives, those with gentle


husbands, husbands of po-
lygyny: open or secret, hus-
bands of violence and abuse,
upright husbands of moral
standing and husbands of AIDS,
open their legs to their men as
they are not only expected, but


commanded to do by that
which is most popularly under-
stood as "Islam". Women turn
towards men who have con-
tracted AIDS and open their

Continued on page 21


The International Consultations on Islam and HIV/AIDS, South Africa, November 2007

"[The Council of the Islamic Fiqh Academy] Ha ting exarruned the research papers forwarded to the
Academy on the subject of Acquired Immune-DeficiencN Sridrome (AIDS) and the Shan'a rule-
applicable to it
Ha\ ing listened to the debate around the subJeci

RESOLVES FIRST: Isolation of the patient
Medical data available today affirm that the transnussion of Acquired immune-Deficienc1 S\n-
drome I ALDS; does not take place through cohabitation. ordinary, contact. breathing. insects bile.
sharing of food. dnnk. ,snimrung pools, seats table-ware. or an\ .f the other aspects of ordinar-,
cohabitation Rather. transnussion can ,nl. take place through one of the follow ing vehicles.
I Se,.ual Intcrcourse in anr form-
2. Transfusion of contaminated bloud or of its b% -products.
3. Use of contaminated needles. e'.pecialli among drug addicts. as nell as shaking razor blades
4. Trans Ginen the aboue, t emerges thai. II there is no nsk of Irarijnussion, isolating iciims from their
healthy peers is nt a necessity in the e\es of Shari'a and that the patients can be dealt %ith in
accordance with the approved medical procedures.

SECOND: Deliberate Transmission of the Disease
Transmission of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS' to a healthy individual. in any
deliberate manner is Haram (Shari'a proscribed) and is considered among the major e\il sins and
ltrnsgressions It also calls for worldly puni4hinent % whichh ma\ \ar,. in accordance %\ith the senous-
ness of the act and its impact on the health o indi\ iduals Iand s,,ciety. If the wk ilful perpetrator's aim
is to spread this vicious disease in society, then this act is considered as 'hiraba' a crnnunal act
directed against humanity) and a vicious act of spreading evil, ,shich %warrants one of the sanction,
stipulated in the verse of 'hiraba': "The punishment of those who k age w ar against God and His
Apostle, and strive with might and main or aim for mischief through the land is : execution, or
crucifixion, or the cutting off of hands and feet from opposite sides, or exile from the land. That is
their disgrace in this \ world, and a heavy punishment is theirs in the Hereaitier, "(Swat,-Al Mla idah -
Verse.36)
If his intention is to deliberately contaminate a specific person, and he succeeds then the trans-
mitter is subjected to appropriate "Ta'azir" sanction (dissuasive punishment as may be decided by
Sharia'a judges). In the case of a victim's death, the death penalty is considered for the transgre-..sor
However if the transgressor's intention was to transmit the disease to a specific person but he
was unsuccessful then the transgressor is liable to Ta'azir penalty.

THIRD: Aborting a pregnancy if the is mother affected by Acquired Immunodeficiency
Syndrome (AIDS)
Considering the fact that transmission of Acquired Immune-Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) only
takes place, in the overwhelming majority of cases, at an advanced stage of pregnancy (after the
foetus is invested with life) or during delivery, it is therefore not permissible to abort the foetus, in
Shari'a view.
FOURTH: The right of a mother who is infected by Acquired Immunodeficiency
Syndrome (AIDS) to suckle her healthy child and to have custody.

The current medical research indicates that a HIV mother can keep custody of her child as well
as suckle it. This situation can be compared to an individual who lives or associates with a HIV
infected person.

FIFTH: The right for a healthy spouse to seek separation from a partner who is infected
by Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS).

A wife may seek separation from the infected husband, considering that the Acquired Immuno-
deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a contagious disease which is transmitted mainly through sexual
contact.

SIXTH: Considering Acquired Immunodeficiency disease (AIDS) as a terminal disease.

According to the Sharia AIDS is considered a terminal illness when all its symptoms are present
and the victim is no longer capable of carrying out ordinary living, and death is imminent.

THE COUNCIL RECOMMENDS:
First: The issue of "the rig! :onjugal intercourse" is deferred pending further study.
Second: During the Hajj teaason the need to keep up tight controls to ensure that
pilgrims are free from any cc- "'-us di ease, particularly Acquired Immunodeficiency
Syndrome (AIDS)."


Page 13 & 20.p65







SUlDAY CHRONICLE December 16, 2007 21


Muslims, Islam, and AIDS...


(From page 20)

legs to their own death and
destruction. It matters little if
the men have contracted AIDS
by either legal and moral or ille-
gal and immoral means. By le-
gal and moral means, I refer to
the husband who has contracted
AIDS by marrying younger
more sexually virile women as
confirmation of their masculine
sexuality and then turn to tife
demure and compliant wife of
longer standing. In turn, she
may then give birth to or infect
at birth their innocent child. The
consequences for the muhsinat
and qaanitat are the same: they
will -die because they are
"good". How does a statement,
"la taqrabuna '"-zina" apply to
them?, How does "Islam" re-
solve this problem?

Sexuality
One of the underlying con-
cerns for fully addressing HIV/
AIDS is a hard and fast look at
sexuality in Islam. To do this, I
remind us first about sexuality
and gender in general. My ref-
erences here are to research by
western feminists. In particular,
I am interested in work done on
the tyranny of patriarchal domi-
nation through heterosexuality
or the sexual politic of domina-
tion. For the most part, marriage
in shari'ah is marriage of the
woman's subordination. What-
ever choice she may have in con-
tracting marriage to a particular
prospective husband, her choice
is then limited within the struc-
tures of marriage and family that
prevail once the marriage is con-
summnated. There is a consider-
able lack of reciprocity vis-a-vis
what happens in the marriage it-
self.
"A prime theoretical contri-
bution of the contemporary
analysis of women's oppression
can be captured in the slogan
"the personal is political". What
this means is that the subordi-
nation of women by men is per-
vasive, that it orders the rela-
tionships of the sexes in every
area of life, that a sexual politic
of domination is as much in evi-
dence in the private spheres of
the family, ordinary social life,
and sexuality as in the tradi-
tionally public spheres of gov-
ernment and the economy. The
belief that things we do in the
bosom of the family or in bed
are either "natural" or else a
function of personal idiosyncra-
sies of private individual is held
to be an "ideological curtain that
conceals the reality of women's
systematic oppressionis". For
the feminist, two things follow
upon the discovery that sexual-
ity too belongs to the sphere of
the political. The first is that
what ever pertains to sexual-
ity-not only actual sexual be-
havior, but sexual desire and
sexual fantasy as well-will
have to be understood in rela-
tion to a larger system of sub-
ordination; the second, that the
deformed sexuality of patriar-
chal culture must be moved from
the hidden domain of "private
life" into an arena of struggle,


where a "politically correct"
sexuality of mutual respect will
contend with an "incorrect"
sexuality of domination and
submission". (Sandra Lee
Bartky "Feminine Masochism
and the Politics of Personal
Transformation" in Living With
Contradictions: Controversies
in Feminist Social Ethics", ed-
ited by Alison M. Jaggar,
Westview Press, 1999; pg. 519.)
According to the article
"Sexuality, Diversity, and Eth-
ics in the Agenda of Progressive
Muslims" by Scott Siraj al-
Haqq Kugle in a recent volume
entitled 'Progressive Muslims'
from One World Publication,
Muslim scholars apparently
were already ahead of the femi-
nist here:
"In comparison with many
other religious traditions, it has
often been noted that Islam is a
religion that has evaluated sexual
life positively. Articulating the
integral relationship between
spirituality and sexuality is one
way that the Prophet
Muhammad challenged his soci-
ety. It remains for us, today, to
continually struggle with that
challenge. The system of norms,
rules, and laws created by Mus-
lims in the past (a collective
body we call Shari'ah) does not
absolve us of this challenge. It
may, in fact, create complexities
that drive us to reinvestigate the
topic while presenting obstacles
to a just resolution of those
complexities. Scholars in the
contemporary period have not
lived up to the standards and
frankness of pre-modern Is-
lamic scholars, and much work
has yet to be done'on the ques-
tion of sexuality in Islamic scrip-
ture, law. and society. Many
scholars and Islamic leaders in
the present shy away from
honest discussions of sex and
'sexuality, with all its promise
and problems. Muslims in pre-
modem times certainly were not
shy about discussing matter of
sex and sexuality, so why
should we be so prudish? The
most basic goal of this essay is
to return to us the contempo-
rary Muslims, the "awe and be-
wilderment" that al-Ghazali felt
when considering sexual plea-
sure.
Sexuality is connected not
just to spirituality, but to poli-
tics as well. What is required of
us in political situations is an
acute sense of justice, but we
often ignore or obscure justice
when it comes to matter of sex
and sexuality. We need to think
more clearly about "intimate
citizenship", how personal,
emotional, and sexual dimen-
sions of our lives (which are of-
ten locked away as "private")
actually have very public and
often political consequences."
(Scott Siraj al-Haqq Kugle
,"Sexuality, Diversity, and Eth-
ics in the Agenda of Progressive
Muslims" in Progressive Mus-
lims from One World Publica-
tion, 2003, pg 191.)
Coincidently this article
takes a thorough look at the is-
sue of homosexuality and pre-
sents the reader with various


classical interpretations of the
story of Lut from the Qur'an.
Yet even in the new territory
being forged by this article, Siraj
never manages to disentangle his
compliments of the past and
critique of the present, from the
extent to which even his struggle
to look more affirmatively at
sexuality is based primarily on
male sexuality. What is consid-
ered here as Islam's lack of
prudishness in the classical pe-
riod was still on the basis of the
predominant notion of human
being, i.e. the male human. Fur-
thermore, the Qur'an itself, as
well as the shari'ah is founded
upon male sexual experience. I
have looked elsewhere at how
the Qur'an seems to affirm
masculine pleasure and experi-
ence. In the Qur'an I point to
three specific incidents that give
a cross section of male sexual-
ity and fantasies without ever
responding in an equivalent
manner to women and women's
sexuality.
Foremost however is the
Qur'anic afflimafion of marriage
in general, which can be said to
be gender neutraL The underly-
ing assumption of an over-
whelmingly heterosexual social
order is that women and men
should be engaged in healthy
sexual exchanges. However, the
first indication that there are
some disproportionate elements
in this general gender neutral for-
mula is in the attention given to
men's "right to satisfaction"
from the verse on women as
tilth, then the conditional per-
mission to multiple wives and
concluding in the afterlife with
meticulous details concerning
the 'huris' of paradise. Not only
do no equivalent articulations
exist in the Qur'an about
women's sexual satisfaction, the
Qur'an refers to post-meno-
pausal women as being "beyond
want" despite ample evidence to
the contrary. Following closely
upon this, the emphasis on sexu-
ality in the law is overwhelm-
ingly on male heterosexual sat-
isfaction.
An HIV positive woman is
not an indictment of the promis-
cuity of the woman, since:
"Men are qawwamun" (4:34)
can be seen as recognition of the
unequal power dynamics of
masculine and feminine sexual-
ity. It is not in the command
form implying perhaps the idea
that it is an edict, to be fulfilled
by the mere nature of being a
man. It is stated in the form of
an active participle recognizing
agency and being. A man may
fulfill 'qiwamah'. Therefore
women must yield sexually to
this 'Qa'im', whether he is act-
ing in a manner mustaqim
(straight) or crooked. An anal-
ogy could be made between the
sexual moralities of an HIV
positive married Muslim
woman and pregnancy in an un-
married Muslim woman. Nei-
ther is proof of a woman's in-
discretion. With today's fertili-
zation sciences, pregnancy is
not even proof of intercourse.
Surely evidence shows that
there are multiple causes of
pregnancy other than a
woman's consent. However,
both cases lend themselves well


to the idea that wamen me more
vulnerable inMm-m societies.

Vulnerabiy and
Gender
Much of my imfmmtion in
the following was akien from
the World Heaft Oganization.
Their data was as eId or as re-
cent as Decembcr 2001. "In
most societies, gM and women
face heavier isks ofdE HIV in-
fection than Imm their
diminished omousiiicamd social
status comprunmaisesdauir ability
to choose saIfer hamill iier life
strategies." Gacmdr rifles pow-
erfully inflmuemmakecourse and
impact of the qtepiamic and af-
fect the exitet m wiidic AIDS
affects vulnerability. Gecader in-
equalities, the dfiiifferent at-
tributes and roles assigned to
women and men in society af-
fects their ability to protect
themselves and cope with its
impact. -Rexer;m thlibe spread
of HIV therefore ldeAma&s that
women's ights are ealzed and
that women ase empamaed in
all spheres off llie", especially
sexually. The iluacins that in-
crease the wmerability of
women and girls to e IV "in-
clude social mums that deny
women sm heMaiMh otmmaedge
and practices tuhat p-ett them
from cont ollg their bodies
and deciding llhe iams n which
they have seL" Imn a million to
this are "woamemn' iimiited access
to economic u oMnmiliies and
autonomy, and hOe multiple
household ad cmmmmily roles
they are salBied willkh
The peopimt =of women
living with HUV//AIDS has risen
steadily. Woman ae often af-
fected at an ealilr aage than
men. Girs are tiime ot six limes
more likely to be ifmected than
teenage boys. Tnheire is also
growing evidence that a large
share of new cases ,of HIV in-
fection is due to gender based
violence in homes, schools, the
workplace mand iolther social
spheres, to 'ao noltiLii, of situ-
ations of cwiil disdaer and war
where womeman d gids are sys-
tematically tmaget al flur abuse,
including sexnall abuse- HIV
positive women ane also dis-
criminated against when flying
to access came and support.
Meanwhile the lmmden of car-
ing for ill family members rests
mainly wilh wammen Discrimi-
nation in care support and
women's owIn indispensable
support rdles oliteBm mean that
many -will seek assiisamnce for
their own illness much later
than will posihliive men. With-
out women-specifiic programs
being integratedl wi hll er ser-
vices such as ab-gyn, social
support, subsmtane abuse. nu-
trition and ahe lire, women's
particular needs and vulner-
abilities will not heiig formu-
lated and willil render any
agenda said to teffectrily assist
in the redaetin of the spread
of AIDS hp ,lesdy problem-
atic.
The ila taqalbhna "'-zina"
agenda is mone suli problematic
agenda. It does mamag to in-
crease the.sil"igmaifffl V posi-
tive cases. Midli iawomen who
are described in the Qur'an in


terms particular to their sexual
virtues especially feel the con-
cern for moral propriety. The
significant role played by
stigma in reducing the gains of
a battle against HIVIAIDS
needs its own attention. Like
rape, women are more clearly
the ones most victimized, but
they are also the ones more
likely to be stigmatized by its
occuenre andas such wll me
than likely hideteirexperience
in order to avoid the negative
social and spiritual conse-
quences of such a confession.
On the other hand, when a
woman stands forward to pro-
nounce her opposition to those
factors that increase women's
vulnerability. she herself may be
cast in a negative light with sus-
picions about her noralily be-
ing whispered behind her back.
In this force of stigma. it is no
wonder that women are still
among the minority of those
who have worked comprehen-
sively to help construct a more
compassionate paradigm, in-
cluding the "Islamic" religious
paradigm, to confront such an
issue.
Yet only with women's full
participation andempowerment
can the disease actually be ar-
rested. In this regard, an Islamic
perspective on HIVIAIDS is
impossible without simulta-
neously addressing women's
empowerment, including their
sexual empowment in the con-
text of the patriarchal paradigm
that still predominates our no-
tions about sexuality in Islam.
A new paradigm that promote
women's rights to know (i-e. be
informed to say no (iLe- refuse)
or otherwise determine indepen-
dently the exact nature of their
own sexuality and their re-
sponses to the predominance
not only of heterosexualih t bui
to the tyranny of iL

How does "islam"
resolve this problem?
There are no Qur'anice
verses on epidemics, whether
of the immune deficient or
SARS type. Yet Muslims must
address these problems. Fur-
thermore, if a Muslim is effi-
cient at bringing about a cure,
or resolving the issue of the
spread of these diseases, we
might want to associate his or
her "Islam" with the conse-
quence of their research or
medical findings. If we do make
this association, however, it
will at bet, be indirecL Even if
the sucoessful-researcher makes
an explicit or direct statement
that the wo;k was accomplished
as a result of his or her being
Muslim, it will be impossible
to refer to a specific Qur'anic
verse (or paophetic ahAdith that
can stand as the foundation of
the technical skills, medical
know how or research methods
that could actually prove to
bring about the solution. In a
sense this gives us, as Mus-
lims, the greater freedom in
participating fully and respon-
sibly in the search for a cure.
If we fail, we cannotbe indicted
as bad Muslims. On the other
hand. if we are successful, we
cannot associate our success


explicitly to Islam, even as we
take inspiration from it-
Likewise, we cannot blame
a failure of Islam as the cause
for AIDS. If we address short-
comings within family law, as
conditional upon the safety and
security of those whose lives
suffer from existing family
structures, then we can help to
reconstruct the law to remove
those factors which help the
spread of AIDS. Ahough these
structural problems may be seen
as secondary causes of the
spread of the virus, the process
of reducing the spread of it has
shown the need to address all
causes. Furthermore, these
structural changes have other
positive results in femulating
more egalitarian families and so-
ciety.
As a non-medical per-on.
and one who does not coam:h-
ue to disease research, I anm ce.a
that I cannot propose a soluainr
to HIV/AIDS. My concern here
is to address the ways that hol-
low Islamic theological hbori,
is made hallow or santed by at
thoritarian means. Religmus lead-
ers, scholars and medical persen-
nel cannot resort to these empty
platitudes to excuse tam fhom
The nuts and bobs of any
affirmative action on legal re-
forms will be drawn fhum a va-
riety of sources of Islamic law,
textual and 'ijtihadic-. How they
have been used and can be use
vis-a-vis HIVIAIDS is ut fixed.
yet using them is esse-sial Dif-
ferences in their usage need to
be plainly spelled out, showing
the ways of using the various
criteria and our own sense of
moral imperative to achieve op-
timal opportunities to benefit
HIVIAIDS sufferers and to pi
vent further spread. We miiut b
honest, however, that thi, i ..
process. For sometkiag Nik
HIVIAIDS there is no siT07pi,
precedent. AIDS is a
indiscriminant, equal apPt'
nity killer. it matters fline if vc
pray everyday or never pray :
all. Therefore we will not he abk
to resolve the problem by tl
ostrich logic that patlesds goc
Muslims don't contract AIDW
let alone die fronmit
With respect to legal x
forms I am intentionally 6d
ferring to those experts e
matters of jurisprudence mi
this one important cave-
gleaned from my experitinc
addressing issues of Islam ar
gender for several decade
No interpretation, appiraioi
or positive development can
proceed without every effort
to include the ones whose
agency is most directly af-
fected by the case presented.
HIV positive persons and vic-
tims of AIDS from a sector s
of society must be included 1
the process of resolving ti
problem if we hope to aciie )
effective results. In this r -
spect it is the reality of the
ones who experience it,
which determine not only the
nature of the experience. but
the positive responses o it
for the goals of ed-cabon,
curtailment and comntrA
(This is an edited vxrsion
of Ms. Wadud's paper'


12/15/2007, 11:13 PM
















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Ministry of Tourism, Industry and Commerce ,
Support for Competitiveness Program

VACANCIES
The Government of Guyana is currently working closely with the Private Sector to implement a National
Competitiveness Strategy (NCS) that is expected to boost economic growth and deliver more jobs,
more exports and more investment for Guyana. To this end the Government has applied for and
received financing from the Inter-American Development Bank towards the cost of the Support for
Competitiveness Program. In addition to the setting up and staffing of a Program Execution Unit (PEU),
the Support for Competitiveness Program also makes provision for the establishment and functioning
of a National Competitiveness Strategy Unit (NCSU).

Interested applicants are hereby invited to submit their applications for the following posts:

PROGRAM EXECUTION UNIT (RE-ADVERTISEMENT)

I. Program Management Officer
Minimum Requirements:
A Bachelor's Degree in Management, Public Administration or a related field; Minimum of five years
professional experience at least three of which is in project management/execution; Familiarity with
Donor (in particular IDB) procedures; Computer literacy; excellent command of the English Language;
results oriented and a team player.

ii. Finance and Accounting Officer
Minimum Requirements:
A Bachelors Degree in Accounting or Financial Management, or equivalent level of professional
qualifications (ACCA level II); more than seven years professional experience, five of which should be
in a senior financial accounting position; knowledge of Project/Program Budgeting; a working
knowledge of the procedures of international financial institutions, especially the IDB and in the use of
Accounting-related software would be considered assets and excellent knowledge in use of Microsoft
Office, especially Excel and Word;

iii. Administrative Assistant
Minimum Requirements:
A Diploma in Communication, Public Administration, Management or related field; computer skills in
Microsoft Office and good dexterity in the use of modern office equipment; secretarial and
organisational skills with a minimum of five years professional experience; fluency in the English
language, including excellent writing skills; willingness to work long hours in order to meet tight
deadlines; capacity to handle multiple tasks and a proven ability to deal politely and efficiently with a
wide range of people.

iv. Driver/Office Assistant
Minimum Requirements:
Preferably post primary education leading to some certification; Valid Driver's License, good
background of driving and at least five years driving experience; Good command of English Language
and neat presentation; Familiarity with office procedures and technical aptitude to use standard office
equipment; and Willingness to work long hours and perform multiple tasks.. Applicants who had
previously applied for this position need not reapply.

NATIONAL COMPETITIVENESS STRATEGY UNIT
iii. Economist
Minimum Requirements:
A Bachelor's degree in Economics (or related field such as business management or public policy,
provided the candidate has adequate understanding of economic concepts); at least 3 years of
postgraduate experience performing analysis and/or research in relation to an economics-, public
policy- or business-related field; good organisational, team-working, writing and numerical skills and
fluency in English.

Administrative Assistant
Minimum Requirements:
Same as the requirements for the Administrative Assistant in the Program Execution Unit.

Detailed _!..Jlrs._.._Q.f__.r..e... for these positions may be accessed on-line at
www.mintic.goyv.gyvacancies.html or uplifted from the Support for Competitiveness Program
Execution Unit, Ministry of Tourism, Industry and Commerce, 229 South Road, Lacytown, Georgetown.

Qualified candidates should send one original and three copies of their CV, cover letter, salary history
and 2 references in a sealed envelope for the attention of the Program Coordinator, Support for
Competitiveness Program, Ministry of Tourism, Industry and Commerce. Atthe top right hand corner of
each envelope, the post being applied for should be stated in bold letters. Applicants should ensure
that their application contains their email address/telephone number/postal address. The closing date
for all applications is Friday. January 4, 2008.


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SUNDAY CHRONICLE December 16, 2007
07:30 h Dabi's 16:00 h Bollvwood


I ,' H^- ---l --Hl-^^--- ---- ^_ ^* ^^^ ^ L ^^^
r ,,,, I


DEMERARA HARBOUR BRIDGE
CLOSURE TO ROAD TRAFFIC


MTV


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Our Daily
Manna .
Our plans may be
interrupted by storms,
but God's plans
never are.
Nahum 1:3 ..


- ",,




~~1


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For Ocean Going Vessels opening lasts about 1-1mIhrs


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I "FIREHOL SE DO(," I, 3, o20.30his
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plui 1
"PATRIOT"



S..1
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No one tortures
Syou except your
own nature. Make
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and lovable; then
win the love of all.

', . ..-j


PB- 11 & 22.p65


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IV

' FROM TiH HtAR (HUM INI~ iJY In


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' + + SUNDAY 4 .;- 1 2


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GET rid of evil, fix love.
sickness, etc. Get Dutch spiritual
help. Call 612-6417,220-0708.
220-0708.


PRINTING T-Shirts & Polo
Printing. Trophy Stall, Bourda
Market. Tel. # 225-9230, 225-
1498.
ENGRAVING on pens,
hone. gift items, etc. Trophy
tall, Bourda Market TeL #
225-9230, 225-1498. _ _
Need Refrigerator Repairs
for the best rates, reliable, and
prompt service? Call Omar 641-
943, 683-8734.
CANADIAN immigration
information services refuge,
permanent residency student
visa, work permits. 628-0764
ROXIE'S Royal Hair Fashion,
City Mall, Regent and Camp
Streets. We give you what you
deserve. Calf 227-8538, 227-
7525.
PROFESSIONAL upholstery
guaranteed. Household furniture,
office furniture, vehicles, etc. Tel.
694-7796, 276-3652, 276-3260.


Study in Canada








Acceptance Guarated










Wish to work in the Caribbean?
Want to have your own web page?
Call Nikki 227-3877 or visit
www.primestaronlinegy.com.
HAVE your gas stoves and
ovens service for the Christmas
holidays. Both industrial and
domestic. Call Lawrence # 646-
7400, 627-0720.
F.OR all your construction
repairs, renovations, as well as
masonry, varnishing, plumbing
and painting. Contact Mohamed
on 233-0591, 667-6644.




BUY ANYTHING ON
THE INTERNET OR
1 AS SEEN
ON TV

WE SHOP,
/ SHIP &
DELIVER.






HAB INTERNATIONAL
1 PUBLIC ROAD ECCLES, EBD.
CALL 233-2495-6
rP visit: www.hllint.0 et

CRASHED hard drive? Lost
all your data. Call Recover It
fat/ntfs file sys. Sata/eide and
flash drive up to 500g. Call
Ackeim 218-1582, 689-3351.
ROXIES Royal Hair Fashion,
City Mall, Regent and Camp
Streets. We give you what you
deserve. Call: 227-8538, 227-
7525.
PERSONS available to do
general construction e.g.
painting, plumbing, carpentry,
free estimate, etc. Credit terms
available. Call 688-2965.
POWER HOUSE Flooring
sanding, polishing & tiling
cleaning service. Roy 31
Seaforth Street, Campbellville.
Tel. 227-0819, cell 690-8070.
TECHNICIAN on call. For
all your television, microwave,
DV D, washing machine repairs.
We provide home service Call
Ryan 265-2634, 627-9313..
DAVID'S Electrical &
general Services we specialize
in commercial industrial &
General Wiring. We also
specialize in washing machines,
stoves, refridegerators, air
conditions, computers, services,
repairs & maintenance. At
home service available. Tel. #
222-3509, 692-6127, 609-
0573.


FOR repairs and services to EXISTS for labourers to
washing machines, refrigerators, work for Telephone Company.
clothes dryers, gas stoves, micro Must have a sound Primary
wave ovens, etc. Call Home Education. Apply in person with
Solutions on Telephone 227- a valid police clearance to P&
0060/629-1939/643-6007. L Engineering & Construction
Co. Ltd. 61E '/2 David Street,
Kitty G/town. Tel. # 227-4368,
227-4412.
ONE Secretary, teacher for
business subjects at West Court
Branch.
LOG Truck Driver, Skidder
Operators, Carpenters,
Labourers. Tel: 653-6014.


VACANCY


BINDERY STAFF

Requirements
Ability with numbers
Team player,
motivated to perform
20-35 years
Apply with
application to

EXECUTIVE OFFICE SERVICES
82 Albert Street, Bourda,
Georgetown
Not later than
November 26, 2007

VACANCY exists for
Tractor/Truck Driver. Contact
Lens, Sheriff & Fourth Sts., C/
ville.
VACANCYi exist for
experienced hair Stylist.
Contact Expressions Fuel
Service Salon. Tel. 226-7268.





Two Machine
Operators/Customer
Service Clerks

Apply to:

EXECUTE IVEO ICE

SERVICES

82 Albert Street &
Regent Road
Bourda,
Georgetown

Person to work in record
shop, computer literate. Male &
female singers, security,
handyman. Apply Majestics,
Middle St. Tel: 226-6432.
SALESGIRLS. Boys. Porters
& Security Guards. Apply Avinash
& Ravina's, Water Street, Anand's
& Avishkar's Regent Street,
Devina's & Athina's by the ECD Bus
Park. Call 226-3361, 227-7829.
1 FEMALE ACCOUNTS
Clerk, must have at least 3 years
working experience. Passes in
Accounts and English. Apply at
Alabama Trading at
Georgetown Ferry Stelling with
hand written application. Call:
623-1615.
ONE (1) Female Office
Assistant -Must have knowledge
of Payroll. NIS. Filing and must
be computer literate. Must be
between the ages of 25 and 30
years old. Must have knowledge
of Maths & English and at least
two (2) years working
experience. Apply in person with
a written application and two (2)
references to: Len's, 136 Sheriff
& Fourth Sts., C/ville. Tel: 227-
2486.


I SERVICES I


12/15/2007, 11"13 PM


- -- -------- ----- ------ ---------- -- -- --


I VACANCIES


I SERVICES I


APPLY TO:

DEB


623-3574




LARGE plot of land at 204
Thomas Street Kitty $5.7M.
Call 225-2611, 227-8689.
5 ACRES rice land Golden
Fleece Essequibo Coast.
Success Realty 223-6524,
628-0747.
1- House lot. Guysuco
Gardens. (Between U.G Road
and CARICOM HQ). Tel: 226-
8148/625-1624.
VACANT lot 90 feet by 90
feet, 26 Lyng and Princes Sts.,
Charlestown. Tel. 226-1757, 225-
5641.
GEORGETOWN, Diamond,
LBI, Ogle, Le Ressouvenir, Canje,
Parika. DeFreitas Associates .
Tel. 225-5782, 609-2302.
COMMERCIAL piece of land
located between Cummings &
Charlotte Streets. Call 623-1003,
218-1469 size (120' x 40').
HAPPY ACRES $9M,
Courida Park $12M, Lamaha
Gardens $20M. KEYHOMES -
615-8734/684-1852.
LAND for sale at Grove
Housing Scheme, EBD.
Reduced form $3Mto $2.5M.
Tony Reid Realty 225-5198,
231-2064, 225-2626.
LBI NEXT TO SCHOOL
corner 180 feet x 80 feet price
$12 million. Mentore/Singh
Realty 225-1017, 623-6136.
WELLINGTON Park,
Corentyne Section 'A' near
Ketting Dam 10 rods x 1000
rods consisting of reef,
Savanaha, coconut reef and
rice lands. Call 227-5747 or
226-0200. 1200 to 4:00 pm.
GREIA EBD Herstelling
$3M, Coven Garden $3M,
Supply Riverside land $16M,
Meadow bank $4M. Diamond
$3M, $2M. ECD Oqle $5M, LBI
$3M, Triumph $2M, $3M.
Lusignan $3M, WBD Vreed-en-
Hoop $4M, $5M. Tel. 225-
4398, 225-7337.
C/VILLE land $18M, 90
acres Linden Highway $26M,
72 acres at Long Creek EBD,
Vlissengen Road $25M. Dennis
St., C/ville $9M, Diamond
$1.4M, Vreed-en-Hoop land
$8M, Happy Acres $11M,
Lamaha Gdns $14M and many
more call 227-4040, 225-0995,
628-0796. 669-7070.


KITTY HOUSE $60 000.
.226-1192. 653-9990.
FURNISHED flats for
overseas visitors. Phone 227-
2995, Kitty.
SUNFLOWER Hotel. Long-
term, short-term hrs. Call 225-
3817.


1 3-BEDROOM fully
furnished upper flat. Call
648-9521.
FURNISHED rooms for
young working single females.
Call 226-7001.
ONE 3 bedroom upper
flat, with all facilities. Call
222-4819 or 611-1922.
ONE two bedroomed top
flat apt. at Da Silva Sts., N/
town. Tel. 227-7949.
ATLANTIC, Gardens large
3-bedroom, 'semi-furnished
property. Call 227-0972.
2 BEDROOM top flat.
Toilet, bath dt 21 Hague Jib,
WCD. Tel. 276-3245, 610-
4438.
REGENT, Street two flat
building for business. Call 624-
6432 or 234-0481 at evenings.
ROOM (furnished) for
decent single; working female.
Tel. 226-5035 (08:00 hrs -
17:00 hrs).
1 TWO bedroom
apartment. Top flat at Mc
Doom $30 000 per month.
Call 624-1253 or 265-7182.
GOEDVERWAGTING 1
spacious 2 bedroom apartment.
Rental $30,000. Tel: 663-
6338.
TWO storey building by
itself office ,or residence.
Queenstown, Georgetown.
Tel. 624-4225,:
KINGSTON 2 bedroom b/
flat $35 000, Kitty 2 bedroom
b/apt $25 000. Call 622-
2321.
QUEENSTOWN, Nandy
Park 2 and 3 bedroom
furnished and unfurnished
apartment. 233-6160.
2 2 ACRES on the
western side of Golden Fleece
Public Road. Success Realty
223-6524, 628-0747.
3 BEDROOM house
furnished/unfurnished
US$1500 neg, 2 bedrooms
furnished apt. $65000. Others
call 226-2372.
FURNISHED two bedroom
apt. Ideal for couple single
person US$400 US$25
daily. Call: 227-3546, 609-
4129.
3 BEDROOM house by
itself Hope EBD, flat 3
bedroom house for dwelling or
business Green heart Street,
Linden. Contact Success
Realty 223-6524, 628-0747.
UNFURNISHED three
bedroom top flat with parking,
overhead tank. K.S.
RAGHUBIR Agency 225-
0545, 642-0636.
ONE fully furnished -2
bedroom apartment and one
single bedroom apartment in
Subryanville long or short term
rental. Call 227-2199 or 227-
2189.
FULLY furnished four
bedroom executive concrete
building with all modern
facilities. 642-0636.
BUSINESS place $80
000. Office space $50 000,
Internet Cafe $80 000, Bond
space $50 000, Restaurant
$200 000. 683-0172.
BUSINESS place to rent
at 109 Regent Road Bourda,
next to the Brazilian
Restaurant. Phone 609-1298.
ONE two bedroom
apartment to rent at 27 Hugh
Ghanie Park, Cummings
Lodge. Tel: 698-8876/656-
2080.
LARGE spacious ground
floor for any business.
Alexander St., Kitty. $80,000.
Tel, electricity. Call 225-0571.
OFFICE space/residence
over 4000 sq ft. Queenstown,
Georgetown. Lots of parking-
space. Tel. 624-4225.
1 2-BEDROOM upper flat
and 1 downstairs on ECD.
Contact 220-8105/622-1743.
Price $15 000 monthly.
SUBRYANVILLE US$1
200. Jacuzzi, generator, AC, hot
& cold. KEYHOMES 615-
8734/684-1852.


KRA A


________~~~_~_








- SUNDAY CHRONICLE DECEMBER 16, 2007


BUSINESS space in G/town
centrally located. Call 226-
5718, 621-2601, 686-9800.
C/VILLE furnished one-
bedroom apts. for local/
overseas guests starting form
S$4 000 daily. Tel Anand 227-
3356.
1 NEW 3-storey building
with self- contained rooms,
pressure pump, etc. Tel. # 685-
2434, 231-4589.






FULLY FURNISHED

Executive

apartments

Air-conditioned,

cable, internet,

security, parking






1 FEMALE to share large
house in residential area.
Security, parking available
$14 000. Call 265-1222, 688-
8135.
FURNISHED American
styled apts. Suitable for a
couple or single person -
$4 000/$5 000 per day.
Call 622-5776.
1 2-BEDROOM house for
rent in Parafaite Harmonie. $20
000. Call 685-9701, West Bank
Demerara.
1 2-BEDROOM apt. self
contained $20,000 monthly at
Lot D'Aguiar St., Meadow
Bank, EBD. Call 223-1806,
698-4560. *
3 BEDROOM house.
Ideal for business and living
quarters on Lamaha St.
Available first week in January
233-2968, 613-6674.
3 UNFURNISHED mansion
US$1200 US$1800. AA
Eccles, Kitty & Diamond. Must
see properties. 233-2968, 613-
6674.
STATION Street, Kitty
back cottage 2 (two) bedrooms
tiled bath and toilet, well
secured. $45 000 per month.
Tel. 226-4420.
WELCOME overseas
Guests. We offer furnished one
I bedroom luxurious apartments
and executive houses. Call
Diana 227-2256.
FURNISHED three
bedroom top flat at 80 Albert
& Laluni Streets, Queenstown
opposite Nimbus phone 226-
7452, 226-0178.
QUEENSTOWN furnished
1 & 3 bedroom apartment. AC,
hot and cold, parking, etc. For
overseas visitors, short term.
226-5137, 227-1843.
CAMPBELLVILLE $65
000, Queenstown $80 000,
East Bank US$1000, East
Coasst US$800, and many
more call Diana 227-2256.
SHORT term rental
Alberttown US$50 per day,
excellent accommodation.
Roberts Realty 227-7627
office, 227-3768 home, 644-
2099 cell.
THE Green House
furnished one bedroom
apartments for rent, long term,
short term. Call 227-6586,
227-6646, 227-6587 24 hrs
opening.
One flat 3-bedroom house
located at La Grange, West
Bank Demerara, less than 1
minute from the Harbour
bridge. Call 618-2260 or 643-
2152
ONE 2 bedroom
unfurnished bottom flat
apartment. Toilet and bath, 6'"
St., Cummings Lodge, Greater
G/town. Tel. 222-4913. $20
000 per month.
EXECUTIVE house from
US$750 upward apt. with
AC US$600, mansions -
US$2 000. Phone Tony
Realty 231-2064/225-
5198/225-2626.


APARTMENTS (1-bedroom) -
$18 000, $20 000, $25 000, (2-
bedroom) $25 000, $32 000, 3-
bedroom $40 000, furnished -
$26 000, $45 000. Call 231-6236.
LUXURIOUS apartment
for overseas visitors, close to
Sheriff St. Fully furnished with
AC, hot & cold bath, etc.
Transportation available.
Call 226-8990, 226-2543.
eAPT. with AC for 1 month
US$600. Top flat unfurnished
G$75 000, house by itself
US$700 and executive house.
Phone Tony Reid's Realty -
55198, 62626, 231-2064.
SPACIOUS bottom floor
(2075 sq ft) situated at 77
Hadfield Street, Werk-en-Rust,
Georgetown, suitable for
restaurant or any othe9rtype of
business. Call 227-V929 or
641-2353.
QUEENSTOWN $50 000,
Section 'k' C/ville US$550 &
US$600, Prashad Nagar -
US$1000, Lamaha Gdns -
US$1800, Bel Air Springs -
US$2200 & US$1700 and
many more. Tel. 226-1192, 653-
9990, 231-4228.




Busy junction business spot located
at Cummings & Middle Sts Albertown
with 3 large rooms, full size kitchen,l
large verandah, large Hall way.
$100,000.
Prime 4 corner junction
on Camp St. G/T, just above
popular storeGuyana Store &
Nut Centre. Both places vacant
possession, move in Friday
$100,000
AGENTS
WELCOME




FULLY equipped bar.
Middle and top floor business/
residence, furnished top and
bottom flats, furnished one and
two- room apartments,
furnished four-apartment
building. DeFreitas
Associates Tel. 225-5782,
609-2302.
RENTING third floor with
(5) office and two toilet
excellent locationH! In
Charlotte Street. Breezy place
US$1000 per month,
Queenstown 3 self contained
rooms, air condition, nice
lace. Call 218-1014, 618-
483, Shawn.
ONE large and elegant
American built house, semi
furnished and including six
bedrooms, four complete
baths, large sitting room,
maid's quarters, two car garage,
whole house water purification
system, modern automatic
ower plant and much more.
ocated at 217-219 Atlantic
Gardens ECD. For enquires
please cill 270-4369 or 629-
1617, 666-3237.
BEAUTIFUL homes/
apartments offices (Homes)
Prashad Nagar, Lamaha
Gardens, Shamrock Gardens
Ogle) (Apts.) Subryanville, Bel
ir ark, Section 'K'
Kitty, Courida park, Atlantic
Gardens. Offices Middle St.,
Charlotte St., Queenstown. Call
uptotheminute Realty 225-
8097, cell 684-7229.
ONE three bedroom
independent cottage,
Alberttown $50 000, three
bedroom cottage, South R/
Veldt gardens $50 000, one
three bedroom top flat, Werk-
en-Rust $5 000 three rooms
office for executive clients
US$600, US$800, US$1000
Srime location in Georgetown,
wo executive apts. For offices
$!50 000, $100 000
respectively. Wills Realty -
227-2612, 627-8314.
BLYGEZIGHT: 4 bedroom
US$800 SUBRYANVILLE 2
bedroom apartment US$1000
and a 3 bedroom fully
furnished home US$1200
SHERIFF STREET 3 bedroom
top flat furnished $80 000 BEL
AIR GARDENS large 4
bedroom furnished US$2000
PLUS offices downtown etc.
etc. Call 226-7128, 615-6124
ABSOLUTE REALTY for
"Homes with Style."


EXECUTIVE rentals 1
bedroom 24 hrs security fully
furnished, AC, hot and cold, etc
$550 neg, 2 bedroom fully
furnished from $750, 4
bedroom semi furnished $700
all properties are centrally
located. 233-2968, 613-6674.
HUGE Subryanville home
US$4000, Atlantic Gardens
US$2500, Republic Park
US$1500, Continental Park
US$2200, Bel Air Springs
US$2400, Regent Street upper
flat (huge) US$600, Guysuco
Park US$1500, Bel Air Gardens
US$4000, Bel Air Park
US$1000, Nandy Park
US$3000, Durban Backlands
US$1400, Diamond $50 000
and US$4500, Festival City
(bond with offices) $675 000,
Chalmers Place Brickdam
US$1500. Please call 227-
4040, 628-0796, 669-7070.

4 -12 -0PP e69-
CAMP STREET $50M. 226-
1192, 653-9990.
SOUTH $22M, Durban
Street $22M, Essequibo $25M.
Call 622-2321.
ONE house and land,
each in Grove and Friendship,
EBD. No. 689-6145.
PHASE 1, Good Hope, H/
Scheme, East Coast Demerara.
Tel. 625-0345.
1 CONCRETE, 2 storey
house in Queenstown $45M.
Tel: 218-4218; 649-5649.
C/VILLE 2 family. Wooden
and concrete property on large
land $16M. Tel. 226-1192, 653-
9990.
1 PRIME two storeyed
business property. Must be
sold, owner leaving country.
Call 627-8989, 612-8913.
1 3 BEDROOM concrete
property, 1 self contained and
2 single at Atlantic Gardens
ECD. Call 691-2090.
RESIDENTIAL/commercial,
Commercial Dream Resort.
DeFreitas Associates Tel. 225-
5782, 609-2302.
LARGE executive concrete
building no repair, immediate
vacant possession, price
negotiable. Tel. 642-0636.
FUTURE Homes Realty has
houses to sell. Prices $3.9M
to US$1.2M. Call 227-4040,
669-7070, 628-0796.
1 3-BEDROOM property at
Lot 99 Mon Repos South,
contains an off-licensed Liquor
Shop. Contact Nazir @ 220-
3362.
NO Agent. Call Hubert
227-1633 to view 6 bedrooms,
4 bathrooms, 2 kitchens, suits
2 families. Reduced price,
concrete building.
ONE 4 BEDROOM flat
concrete house Non Pariel
ECD. 40x26. Tel: 618-2620.
$3,800,000 neg.
HOSUE and land for sale.
Goed Intent Public Road, West
bank Demerara. Call 267-2336
for more details.
1 BLOCK road side property
on Essequibo Coast, 6 house lots
and 6 acres of rice land. Call
254-0245, 651-8342.
SECTION 'K' C/VILLE -
two families renovated
concrete $23.5M. Mentore/
Singh Realty 225-1017, 623-
6136.
ONE Great Republic
concrete property value $28M.
Reduced to $19M. Vacant.
Phone 225-2626/55198/231-
2064.
HOUSE in excellent
condition in good Hope on the
East Coast. Come take a look
then make an offer. Owner
moving. 218-0303, 655-6875.
ONE back property in Kitty
top and bottom vacant.
Reduced from $9M to $7M
available. 225-2626, 225-
5198, 231-2064, 225-2709.
KITTY $17M $10M, East
Bank $1.5M $9M $12.5M,
Queenstown $16M $34M -
$65M and many more call
Diana Tel. 227-2256.
BARGAIN, BARGAIN,
BARGAIN Stall in La
Penitence Market double
stall $900,000 NORBERT
deFREITAS 231-1506/642-
5874.
PRASHAD Nagar $30M,
Kitty $15M, Campbellville
$16M, New Market St $15M,
Norton St $8M, Subryanville
$25M. K.S. RAGHUBIR
Agency 225-0545, 642-
0636.


3 FAMILY Forshaw St, Q/
town property for sale vacant
reduced from $19M to $16M.
Phone 52626/55198/231-2064.
RESIDENTIAL Georgetown,
Republic Park, Diamond,
Versailles, Essequibo. DeFreitas
Associates Tel. 225-5782, 609-
2302.
WE have for sale and rent
hotels, guesthouse, holiday
apartments, houses, land and
vehicles all across Guyana @
www.netsurfire.com Tel: 698-
6153 or 621-8271.
ONE three apt. corner
property with AC, reduced from
$11.5M to $10.3M. Complete
vacant parking available front
property. Phone Tony Reid's
55198, 52626, 231-2064.
ALMOST new 4 bedroom
Jackoronda Ave., Bel Air Park.
Property on double lot reduced
from $44m to $38m. Phone
Tony Reids Realty 231-2064,
3068.,25
GREIA Eccles Public
Road, Large concrete building
on 20,000 sq ft suitable for any
business $52M, Camp St.
property containing 3
restaurants good investment
$50M. Tel. 225-4398, 225-
3737.
AA ECCLES $30M,


Republic Park $35M.
KEHOMES 615-8734/684-
1852..
PROPERTY Queenstown 3
self contained rooms or renting
$32M, renting US$1500, New
Garden $55M double lot with
renovations Public Road Kitty
$17M, Landprices $4.7M, 218-
1014, 618-7483, Shawn.
CAMP St. (business) -
50M, Subryanville $38M &
25M, Section 'K' C/ville -
24M, Republic Park $18M,
Lamaha Gdns $45M, C/ville -
$15M and many more. Tel.
226-1192, 653-9990, 231-
4228.
ONE four bedroom
concrete building 90%
complete construction,
Republic Pk.$36M one front
lot Kitty $6M, One four
bedroom concrete house in
prime business and security
area G/town $50 000 neg. Wills
Realty 227-2612, 62T-8314.
GREIA Houston EBD
$5M, Eccles $8M, Triumph
ECD $7M, $10M, $12M,
Montrose $8M, Strasphey $4M,
Lamaha St., Newtown $8M,
$9M, De Abreau St., $9M,
Vreed-en-Hoop Best Road
$8M, Delph St., C/ville $12M,
Milton St., C/ville $16M, Eccles
$8M. Tel. 225-4398, 225-3737.
SOUTH Park & Gardens
$8.5M to $15.5M, Kitty second
house $8.5M neg., Republic
Park $36M & $45M, Brickdam
two buildings $45M, Charlotte
Street $20M & $18M, Adeliade
Street $11M, Queenstown
$75M & $50M. Roberts Realty
227-7627 office, 227-3768
home, 644-2099 cell.
PRIME STAR REALTY -
Buying/Selling property. Check
us out for your dream homes.
Bourda $45M neg, Ogle $19M,
$26M, Newtown Kitty $10M,
Parika $10.5M, Vergenogen
$15M, Bartica $4.5M, camp
Street US$2.2M, Bel Air Park
$22M, neg. Kingston $50M
neg. Call Nikki 227-3877.
IDEALS AUTO SALES Real
Estate & Trading Enterprise.
We Import, We Buy and Sell,
So List with us weather you're
buying or selling cars or houses
for the best deals. Ibhar King,
Agent. God is Good. First
Federation Building, 6 Croal St.
Manget Place. Office # 218-
4218, Cell# 649-5649.
NEW property in Mon
Repos Housing Scheme. Wood
upper (complete concrete
lower (incomplete) 22' x 40'
us 8' x 10' concrete bath and
threstle, includes bathtub,
lower breezy verandah,
telephone, water, electricity,
aluminum windows, quiet
neighbourhood, $6.5M.
Contact 627-8296 (6 am 9
pm), 234-0259, (5 pm 9 pm)
week days, anytime weekends.
BARGAIN for the month of
December, 2007. Bel Air Park
CM) $22.5, South Ruimveldt
gardens (10(M), Hadfield St
$14(M), Newtown Kitty $15(M),
Iand LBI $4.5M/$5.5M,
Queenstown, Durban Back land
22000 sq ft $20(M), Republic
Park double lot 130 x 64
$14(M), Turkeyen ECD 10
acres Mc Doom East Bank
Sneg.). Call uptothe minute
ealty 225-8097, cell 684-
7229.


SHERIFF St. disco $200M,
Regent St $79M US$1.6M,
Avenue of the Republic -
US$2.8M, Campbelllvile Ave -
$40M, Lamaha Gdns $45M -
$76M, BAP $24M $48M,
Millington St, C/ville $18M
North Road $43M $134M
Soesdyke EBD Factory $200M,
Ogle $18M $24M, Hadfield
St $32M disco $72M,
Providence $17M $75M
Lamaha Gdns $45M $75M,
Queenstown $75M,
Subryanville swimming pool
$75M, William St, C/ville
$47M, Crane H/Scheme $15M,
Bel Air Springs $55M $147M,
Charlotte St $18M $48M,
Future Homes call 227-4040,
225-0995, 628-0796, 669-
7070.


580CC HYMAC FOR
SALE. CONTACT 698-6435.
ONE STALL AT STABROEK
MARKET. CALL 652-9902.
CBX HONDA Custom
Motorcycle 125. Call 220-5802.
A large quantity of original
lemon ... cream,. Contact 220-
4530.
1 25 CUBIC ft fridgariare
freezer. Call 216-1303, 654-
6979.
1 AT 170 CORONA. 227-
8858, 611-4245. $500 000
neg.
FEMALE Rottweiler dog 6
months old. Tel. # 216-0980,
645-0240.
NEW Honda generator
2500 watts. UK/EU standards.
Call 233-5500.
ONE complete pools
table. Contact Tel. 643-3495,
668-2910, 641-4272.


FOR SALE
Computers
and
Softllware
... flor Sale
Complete Desktop and
Laptops Systems
From $70,000. Peachtree
2208, QuickBooks
AccPac, Spanish, French,
Portuguese, A+
MS Office 2007, Vista,
Dreamweaver,
Training CDs for MS
Office, A+, Manuals etc.



Computer Training Centre
Tel: 225-1540,622-8308

FLOWER plants on the
East Coast. E.g. ferns, crotons,
etc. Contact 220-4518.
HOUSEHOLD appliance at
171 Light & Charlotte Sts. Call
226-4692, Simon.
1 SD 2200 V2 GOLD
Detector price US$3 000.
Tel. 231-2413 cell 654-4481.
3" INCHES swimming pool
tablets. Phone 233-0608 (8am
- 4pm) Mon to Fri.
One Lucas Mill for sale.
Price nego. Excellent
condition. Call 660-5739/269-
0603.
1 LISTER Generator
10,000 watts. $700,000 neg.
Call Peters at 227-1198 after
7pm.
1 DELL computer, 1
inverter charger (Nippon).
Contact 218-4507, 681-1971
(Bobby).
SINGLE door refrigerator
240 volts. Front load dryer
240 volts. Call 222-2214.
1 NEW Panasonic power
amplifier, 4 grills for top
fencing. Tel. 234-0885,. 611-
3153.
USED computers. Working,
in good condition. Pentium Ill.
Call: 225-8229.
3 12 VOLTS winches
complete with remote. Ideal for
minibus & 4x4 brand new. Call
627-6357.
2 28 INCH Mitsubishi
Television sets. 24 Belvoir
Court, Bel Air. Tel. 226-1757,
225-5641.
ROTTWEILER &
Doberman pups 7 weeks old,
vaccinated and dewormed.
Call 222-5013.


STRIPS/SCABS BY
TRUCK LOAD. TEL: 653-
6014.
WIDE variety industrial
spares. Blow-out prices. Tel.
225-0502, 233-5711, 609-2302.
BIRD cage 4 ftx 4 ftx 8 ft
high with 1 Peach face bird $18
0 0 neg. 231-4702, 618-2240.



1 Tyler Fremzer 1I


Price 400 000 neg.

1-3 Door Cooler

Price-350 000g.





BEAUTIFUL puppies for
sale. Mixed with German
Shepherd $5000 each. Call
226-2883 or 233-3122
1 20" TV excellent
condition with remote control
$20 000, 1 dining set $5 000.
Call 227-0629 or 644-6586.
MUST be sold cannon
photocopier scanner and
rinters. Owner leaving. Tel.
34-0467, 644-9690.
LARGE carpet for sale,
music system (Phillip, barrel
clothes, wall divider.
Interested person call 227-
6093.
NOW in Stock for the first
time in Guyana Prepaid
Direct TV. For more
information, Call 227-6397,
616-9563.
ONE DOUBLE stall
inside La Penitence Market,
front row. Owner migrating.
Contact 225-4549 or 621-
9400.
1 31 FT flat bottom
boat, 400 Ibs nylon seine, 1
square head Yamaha $450
000 neg. Tel. 276-3245,
226-5125, 610-4438.
ONE complete fishing
boat 38 ft with Banga Mary
seine engine (new brand).
Tel. 220-9509, 626-5947.





NOW IN STOCK
2 Stroke oil.
Value tec
$5,700 per case

12/1 -QT bottles
Vat inclusive.
At

Hardware Depot

140 Regent Rd,

Bourda.



SHOCK treatment for
swimming pools also muriatic
acid (hydrochloric acid).
Phone 233-0608 (8 am 4
pm) Mon to Fri.
PARTS for Dryers/
Washers. Thermostats,
pumps, motors, belts, valves,
nobs, etc. Technician
available. Call 622-5776.
FREON gas 11, 12, 22,
502, 134A, 404A & 141 also
Helium for balloons and
argon gas Phone 233-0608
(8am 4 pm) Mon to Fri.
PROJECTORS, PLASMA
TVs, Digital Cameras, Laptop
Computers, Laser Printer,
Electric & Box Guitars. Tel:
226-6432; 623-2477.
ROTTWEILER and
German Shepherd puppies -
eight weeks old, dewormed
and vaccinated. Tel. # 223-
0754, 227-4872, 621-1652
IMPORTED feeds.
Poultry, dog, race horse. 26
A Garnett Street, Newtown
Kitty (3 doors East of
Vlissengen Road). Phone
689-9991.


Page 9 & 24.p65


-







SUNDAY CHRONICLE DECEMBER 16,2007 25


AMERICAN pure breed
pitbull puppies 3 months old
dewormed and vaccinated.
Contact 269-0790, 269-0032._
UNUSED Hububalli and
crabwood coffee table, legs -
$100 each. 24 Belvoir Court, Bel
Air. Tel. 226-1757, 225-5641.
ONE portable Hobart
gasoline welder/generator.
4500 watt- 140 amp 110 -
220 volt. Briggs Stratton
engine. Price $395 000. Tel.
234-0270.





Nowh in stock for

the first time in

Guyana: Pre-paid

DIRECT TV














626-4499, 696-3447, 223-
COMPRESSORS, air
brushes, stencils parts for air
brushes, etc.2 mauitable for
cosmetologist and artists. Call
626-4499, 696-3447, 223-
4807.
LABRADOR & German
Shepherd mixed pups 3 1%
months old. Vaccinated &
dewormed, 2 males, $10 000
616-7377, 226-0931, 225-
2150.
HURRY to Status
Investment for the best offer in
"Sky Dish" and all other dishes,
also parts for all dishes. Tel.
No. 227-1151, 231-6093, 658-
4659.
1 BALDWIN Piano, good
condition (working) $175 000,
neg. Also other household
items. Owner leaving the
country. Call: 218-1102, 645-
2840, 645-0366.
ONE 21" JVC colour TV
beautiful colour very
reasonably priced. One gents
JH 100 cc motor cycie in
excellent working condition CE
series, priced easy. Call 222-
4819, 611-4922,
HONDA generators 3000
new Honda Pressure washers
3000 new, Honda water pump
213" Lister generator, Lincoln
welders 225 Amp compressor
new 35 HP evindrued
outboard with all remote and
string. Tel. 327-5348, cell
627-6659.
HURRY to Status
Investment for the best offer in
"Sky Dish" and all other dishes,
also parts for all dishes. Tel.
No. 227-1151, 231-6093, 658-
4659.
OXYGEN and Acetylene
ases fast and efficient service
0 11 Mc Doom Public Road,
EBD. Phone 338-2221 & 338-
2335 (8 am 4 pm) Mon. to
Fri. (Sat 8 12).
HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE
and appliances fridges,
microwave, stories, dining table
and chairs, wardrobe, TV,
beds, washing machine,
occasional table, stereo set.
Call: 624-8894.
GUARANTEED lowest
prices on P4M Laptops, digital
cameras, camcorders, Ipod's,
MP3 Players, power amps,
desktop computers, and
portable DVD players, speakers,
etc. Call 671-6302.
1 27" FLAT Screen
Plasma TV, 2 Sony camcorders
- 4 x 60, 5 x 60 zoom, .1- 4
000 watts diesel generator, 1
Toyota Pick-up crash bar.
Bargain prices. Call 226-5437,
629-1098. ,
1 LAVARDA 152 combine,
12 cat roller D6 and D8, 1 -
185 gear box and back end 1I
- 185 tractor, 1 16" water
pump, 1 64 hundred
Johndeer Laverda spare parts.,
Call 232-9294,
HOUSEHOLD Items
Whirlpool stove, whirlpool
fridge, wall dividers ingle cot
be double bunk bed,.
computer desk, TV's, TV stand,
vanity/wardrobe combination.
226-6985, 665-6214.


SALE for one month only.
Black & coloured leotards &
tights. Also in stock dancing
shoes, ballet skits, costume,
swim suits, gym wear, school
uniforms and much much
more. Visit Roxie's Fashion,
Merriman's Mall, Bourda. Call:
227-8538.






Motorola RzrvModeis:-
L, 6, V3i,Krazr .
Peble, Slyer&
phone (wave)
Also: Leather Cases, Crystal
Body/Cases, Silicone Body
& Plastic Body. Chargers,
Batteries, Earpiece for all the
latest models of phones.
GUYANA VARIETY
STORE & NUT CENTRE
86 Rodb Street, iacytown
8 Camp & Dtwuan Streets, Werk-en-Rust
Tel: 227-1228,225-4831,226-4333
SELLING out a quantity of
OMC new outboard space
parts for Johnson & Evinrude
engine 9.9, 15, 45, 55 and 25
Hp. Carburator, propeller, coil,
gasket, engine head, mounts,
foot, crank shaft, piston, stop
switch and many more. 641-
2284.
CAUSTIC Soda 55 lbs -
$5 000 alum 55 Ibs $5 800
Soda Ash 55 Ibs $7500,
sulphuric acid 45 gals $52
200, granular chlorine &
chlorine gas all prices are
VAT inclusive. 233-0608 (8
am 4 pm) Mon to Fri.
DELL 2300, Pentium IV,
200 GHz with Hp Deskiet
printer, original Windows XP
CDs. Internet Explorer, Word,
Excel, Access, Powerpoint,
Encarta Encyclopedia
preloaded. Asking G$140 000.
Cell 680-1055, Sharp TV 20
inches $35 000 OBO.
MOTOR CYCLE 2002
Honda CBR 954 RR $1.3M,
2001 Yamaha R6 YZF $1.1M, 9
with Legal registration) new out
board engine Yamaha 200 Hp
VMAX, Yamaha 115 Hp four
stroke, Yamaha 50Hp four stroke,
Yamaha 25 Hp four stroke,
Evirude 175Hp fuel injection 2
stroke. Contact 644-4340.
NOW in stock at Ram Auto
Spares, 114 Light St.
Telephone 226-6325, 227-
1454, 624-1909. all model
forklift, 48 ster, caterpillars,
TCM and Nissan, generator
from and 3 KVA to 800 KVA,
Perking generator 4 & 6
cylinder, Dorman, Deutz, Isuzu,
Ford, Lister/Petter, Kobota one
complete fuel pump injection
pump work shop in container
mobile.
Bicycle child carrier made
USA $10 000, 1 ruff'n tumble
ball pit game indoor and
outdoor, inflated. Size % cm x
89 cm x 102 cm 100
authentic balls including
games for children $15 000,
1 new 2 n inch water pump on
steel frame, volt 240, 380, 460,
50/60 Hz with 5Hp motor. Could
be used for wash bay, poultry
or animal pens $100 000, 2
new electric motors industrial
50/60Hz 240, 380 460 volts,
5 Hp $60 000/7.5Hp $75 000
new, 1 25 Kva transformer -
$75 000, 1 large industrial
stabliser $100 000, weight 1
ton, 1 edge sander 110 220v,
I Hp motor use flat disc on
metal frame from England --
$30 000, 1 hammer Mill 110v,
Brazil made $75 000 on metal
frame, Tel: 641-2284.
1 large radiator for 6 8
cylinder engine $50 000, 1
large Milwakee drill press 110
- 240v on stand $85 000, 1
commercial and industrial
vacuum cleaner for carpet 110
v $20 000, 100 new truck tyre
liner size 20 Good Year $400
00 each, 1 personal driving set
with Harris two bottles, face
mass completed $40 000 good
for resort, swimming pool, 1
small welding set to do
refrigeration work complete
hose torch, 1 acetlyn, 1 oxygen,
and small trolley, gauges $25
000, 1 swimming pool relax
bed chair adjustable PVC -
$15 000, 1 double cab Toyota
Hilux gear box 4x4 $75 000.
Tel: 641-2284.


40 FT Banga Mary boat.
complete with 350 Ibs seine, 40
Yamaha $800 000 neg, 50 ft
cruiser 1400 lbs/6 inch new
seine, 48 Yamaha outboard -
$2.5M neg. Owner leaving.
Contact Sean on 611-9902, 629-
0878


NEW TOYOTA VITZ. FULLY
LOADED TEL. # 683-6253.
SMALL BUS TOYOTA LITE
ACE 12 SEATER. 643-1730,
ONE Toyota Prima 2004
fully loaded excellent condition.
Tel. 623-5127.
1 MINIBUS, BJJ 2459, I
,rinda Civic, PJJ 5883. Contact
o25-307-. -
1 NISSAN ple S Bluebird
U13. Contact Roland 660-5717
or 6_66-9261. ___
2 LONG base minibuses
BJJ and BHH series. Call 226-
4548 or 611-2117







i.t a' .:"





3 D4-E
BULLDOZER

condition.
Angle Blade,
Bedford and CA
parts available




1 212 fully powered,
immaculate condition. Call 225-
4500, 225-9920.
1 SHORT base Toyota RZ
minibus in excellent condition.
Tel. # 222-4632.
ONE AT 192 Carina fully
powered EFI PJJ alarm
excellent condition, cell 619-
3644.
1 NISSAN Laurel excellent
condition. New engine. Contact
# 220-3681, cell 666-5295.
-ONE Jailing 125cc scooter,
almost new $125 000 in
Georgetown. Contact Tel. 627-
8296,234-0259.
1 TK BEDFORD truck, 5 ton
GFF 944 good working
condition. Tel 266-0841 or 622-
0514. M.S. Kasim.
GOLD Toyote Vitz, yr. 1999
with alarm. Just registered.
Contact 657-3204, 644-6734,
233-2300.
1 EFI, RZ mini-bus, BJJ
series, excellent condition, fully
loaded, mags, etc. $1.8M, neg.
Tel: 624-7304.
ONE, Toyota Tacoma with
V6 engine. Excellent
condition. Owner leaving.
Call 225-8346..
ONE Toyota Dyna canter 2
1/2 ton. Excellent condition,
hardly used. Price neg. # 684-
4385, 627-3532.
1 TOYOTA Extra cab (4x4)
manual, (diesel engine) mags,
crash bar, AC & CD price $2.3M.
Contact Rocky 225-1400 or
621-5902.
TOYOTA Tacoma X-Tra cab
auto, 4 cylinder mint condition
never registered $2.8M. 220-
4791.
CELICA 35 GTE, Turbo
manual 4 round lights, full race,
coil over, racing mags, Sheriff St
- 624-6814.
1 Honda CRV fully
powered hardly used. Price
$2.4M. Contact Rocky: 225-
1400 or 621-5902.
TOYOTA Hiace Super
Custom minibus. Diesel,
automatic, 4 WD, off the
wharf. Tel.. 612-5293, 275-
0395.
1-AE 91 Toyota Corolla
(private). Automatic,
mags,(clean). Price $650,000.
Contact Rocky 225-1400 or
621-5902.
1 TOYOTA Single cab pick
up (solid def). manual, 4x4
mags. Price $1.4m. Contact
Rocky 621-5902 or 225-1400.


YAMAHA YZF 750 $700 000
eng. 231-4702, 618-2240.


!II H
WHEN BUYING OR SELLING
YOUR USED VEHICLES


1 JR PAJERO 2 doors
1 PAJERO 5 doors
Mag, CD Player, Spoiler


ONE AT 212 CARINA, fully
powered, PKK series. Excellent
condition. Tel: 226-3745, 614-
0949, 628-8910._____ _
TWO 330 Bedford Lorry.
One with contract and one with
dump, one Ford Backhoe. Call
265-4726 or 661-5383.
1 SV 30 Camry. Fully
powered, mags & CD, AC,
excellent condition. Price $975
000 neg. Telephone # 266-
2461, 625-6397.



WHEN BUYING OR SELLING
YOUR USED VEHICLES


I EHILES ALE


a
e
s
T
6

Ii
6

9

in

6

C
i i


viUr owner, lop Notch to
Contact .A

1- AE 100 Sprinter
225-0700, 823 9072 PHH Series
Behlindil BichM Police Sttio 1- AE 100 MARINO

1 AT 150 TOYOTA Carina JJ Series
(Private) manual, megrims. Price Contact
$475 000. Contact Rocky 621-
5902 or 225-1400. I
1 AT 150 Toyota Corona
(Private), automatic, fully power,
mags. Price $550 000. Contact 225 070 C0 007
Rocky 621-5902 or 225-1400. 0-7 IJ1-83/2

______BehindBIBrickdam Police Station
1i 1H ,1 *1 I^ U 1 TOYOTA Ceres motor car,'
fullypoweredmags, CD & AC
WHEN BUYING OR SELLING in excelent condition. Price
$975 00 ne7. Telephone # 266-
YOUR USED VEHICLES 2461, 625-6371.


5 MINI BUSES
EFI & DIESEL
CABERATOR
Contact
I*

225-0700, 823-9072

BBhindlMBicklaOI Police Slalion

1 TOYOTA Hilux Surf -
automatic, fully powered, a/c, mags,
crash bar $2.1M (4 x 4). Contact
Rocky 225-1400, 621-5902.
1- EP82 Starlet (4-door),
Automatic, mag. Excellent
condition. Price $850,000.
Contact Rocky 225-1400 or
621-5902.










AT 102, AT 170






--itc -ok 62-50 -- ----
SV130,SV 40
AEOO, G-TOURING WAGON
RZ BUSES, TOYOTA STARLET
4 TOYOTA TUNDRAS
3 TACOMA, 2- 4X4 PICK UP
3 CANTERS, ETC
225-9700; 623-9972

233-2336 oPr 00-66000

1 AE 100 Ceres (Private),
automatic, fully powered AC,
mags, CD' player. Price $1 150.
Contact Rocky 621-5902 or 225-
1400.
1 AT 192 Toyota Carina,
automatic fully powered, AC, CD
palyer (PJJ series) price $1.4m.
Contact Rocky 621-5902 or 225-
1400.
1 TOYOTA Tacoma Extra
Cab (4- cylinder), automatic, a/c
(4x4), GJJ Series. Price $2.4M.
Contact Rocky 621-5902 or 225-
1400.
AE 100 Sprinter (private),
automatic fully powered, AC, mag
rims, CD player music set $1 150
000. Contact Rocky 225-1400,
621-5902.


5 NEW cars. NZE Corolla,
212 & 192 carina also long
base minibuses, BKK, BJJ & BHH
series. Call 610-7053.
1 TOYOTA Minibus, RZ,
Long Base EFI, BHH Series.
$1.7M neg. Call 622-6673/227-
3862.
ONE AT 192, AC/F/P, mags,
music, PKK series, excellent
condition. First owner. Tel. #
260-2602, cell # 624-5632.
1 AT 192 fully powered,
rims, music, AC, clean
condition. Going reasonable.
Contact 648-9708 or 226-7855.



WHEN BUYING OR SELLING
YOUR USED VEHICLES


2 AT 212 CARINA
PJJ & PKK SERIES
Automatic, mags, music,
Spoiler, air condition
Contact



2259700, 623-0072
Behind Brickdam Police SM

1 TOYOTA Carina AT 170,
automatic, fully powered, new
rim & tyres, PGG series, AC,
never work hire. Call 627-3438.
GRAND CHEROKEE with
20" Spinners, Aura Legend,
weather Interior, fully loaded,
limited ed. Tel: 623-2477, 226-
6432.
1 RZ mini-bus,
automatic. 1 RZ minibus
stick gear. 1 AT 170 Carina,
EFI. All in excellent condition.
Phone: 268-3953 or 612-5419.
ONE AE' 100 Sprinter in
excellent condition, mag rims,
spoiler, ACCD layer etc.
Contact Tony # 231-5443 or
627-0588. Price neg.
CANTER truck, 17 feet tray,
4D 35 diesel, 6peed gear box,
3 tons, 16 tyres, AC, fullC
eowere never registered, 74
heriff St. 225-6356.
ONE AE 81 Sprinter, 5 speed,
stick gear. Lately sprayed. No
mechanical defects. Perfect
working condition. $550,000. Tel:
218-3018, 611-0128.
MUST be sold. 1 AE 91
immaculate condition. Ceres
motor car Pathfinder with diesel
engine 3Y minibus and many
more other vehicles. All have
necessary documents to be on
the road. Call 220-5124, 220-
5105, 652-3687.


1 RZ minibus diesel
automatic. Fully loaded in
excellent condition BKK
series. Price $1 800 000 neg.
telephone #266-2461. 625-
397.
CANTER TRUCK open
ray, long base, 4D35 Diesel,
speed, gear box, 16 Rims.
A/C fresh from Japan. 74
Sheriff Street. Tel: 226-
109
ONE LONG BASE
Mitsubishi enclosed tray
immaculate condition. One
lissan pick up with mags.
excellent condition. Call
.21-2859 or 260-2806
1 SUZUKI Katana 600,
998 Red's Black motor cycle
CF series. Just registered with
insurance and fitness. Price
o qo. Contact 622-427-
255-3718.






2005 FORD MONDEO WAGON!
Leather interior, i
Multiple Air Bag, 171"
Mag Wheels, CD/DVO
player only 17000
original mile
like new $3.8 Million or
best offer accepted
PKK 6446
BMW 3251 CONVERTIBLE




Low miles fully skirt kit (spoilers),
very nice, 16" Mag wheels
$1.5 Million (ASH


ONE 2 ' ton Mitsubish
canter (enclosed) in gooo
condition. No reasonable offer
refused Owner leaving the
country. Tel. 684-7236, 621-
8907.
1 TOYOTA AA60 Carina
(back wheel drive), manual.
fully powered, tape, mag rims.
Price $500 000. Contact
Rocky 621-5902 or 225-
1400.
1 TOYOTA RAV 4 (2002
new model), automatics, fully
powered, A/C, CD, Crystal
lights, mags. Price $5.4M
Contact Rocky 225-1400 or
621-5902.
1 TOYOTA HILUX Surf
Diesel engine) 2L-TE,
automatic, fully powered, A/C.
mags, CD player, sidebars.
Price $3M. Hardly used.
Contact Rocky 225-T400 or
621-5902.
1 TOYOTA Hilux Extra Cab
Pick up (4 x 4), automatic, fully
power, AC, mag rims, CD player
(diesel engine) 2L Turbo. Pnce
- $2.8M. Contact Rocky #225-
1400 or 621-5902.

IM





?001 Fl50 Extra Cab with end~ sed badi,
outomntic, with 2 extra doors, A/C,
extra (ab. Excellent onlition. Just off wh rf,
(not registered, wi register free for biMyer).
$2.8M neg

'sjj l^^fe-^^1.


z000 I'M per Duly Slile (.lb,44 4WD Mre,,
ouol tic,A/witli troy cover, scarweendcse
Excelledalionion *tI r gislerel will register free


TOYOTA 4-Runner (4-
wheel drive) enclosed (5-
door), automatic, fully
powered, AC, mag rims, CD
players, crash bar, sun roof,
alarm, side bars (V6 engine).
Price $2.2M. Contact Rocky
- 225-1400, 621-5902.
JUST arrived Toyota IST
2005 model, Nissan
Pathfinder 2002 model,
Toyota Panel van, manual,
diesel, Toyota Glanza,
immaculate condition,
vehicles never registered.
Call 227-8689, 225-2611.


12/15/2007, 11:00 PM


I







'"'~~Cj-\~~74Nt~i 3'b0f~it;~:: 0


ONE (1) model SV 32
jyota Camry 1998c. owner
riven. In excellent condition
'GG 7066 $1.8M, neg. Call
43-4271 or 684-9776.
1 FORD F 150 pick up
illyy powered. New model GJJ
aries in excellent condition.
'rice $3 500 000 neg.
eleWhone #266-2461, 625-
397
1 TOYOTA Land Cruiser
'rado 1993 Model, 4 wheel
rive, diesel, fully powered
'KK 9082. In excellent
condition. Call 681-1730 or
'22-2459.
BIG Christmas give-away
me AT 192 Carina single
)wner/woman. PHH series
blood condition $1.25M
ash. Serious enquiries only.
26-6985, 665-6214.


SNissan Lxtra L.a ricK-up
5 speed excellent condition,
working perfect
GKK 8568. $1.SM CASH





Ford F 50 Single Cab
SVT engine (fast engine)
Mag Wheels, CD Player
GKK 8569. $2.2 CASH



WE HAVE for sale and
rent hotels, guest house,
holiday apartments, houses,
land and vehicles all across
Guyana @ www.netsurfire.com
Tel: 698-6153 or 621-8271.
1 TIMBER Jack 450 c log
skidder 1996 hydraulic winch,
Cummins power and clark
transmission. 1 Caterpillar 518
cable logskidder has hydraulic
winch. Call 623-1003, 218-
1469.
AA 60 CARINA ever work
hire, mags, musicqt90 200,,
AT 170 Corona full light, stick
gear, music $850 000 (neg.),
RZ mini bus, long base $690
000. Raj 275-0208, 626-0350.
TOYOTA Hilux. Surf 4x4
mint conditiVQn crash bar, CD
player, moon roof, AC, low
mileage, clean interior, was
used by a doctor lady driven.
220-2449, 225-8527, 655-
2401, 643-5182.
ONE (1) Toyota Mark 11
Silver model 65110 PJJ series.
Fully loaded, brand new tyres
& rims, music, AC only use 5-
times, park in garage in
excellent working condition.
Contact # 624-2256 or 265-
2205.
2 TOYOTA T100 Xtra cab
just off the wharf, never
registered, 4x4, AC, cruise
control air bag, music, bed
liner, brand new tyres, no rust,
side steps, mint condition -
2.4M neg. 225-8527, 220--
2449, 655-2401, 643-5182.
1 BOB cat 763 skid steer
machine, 1 Cummings 855 -
350 Hp marine engine couple
up to a 8x10 high pressure
water .pump and one
Caterpillar 3406 engine for
truck 325 Hp.all 623-1003,
218-1469.
AT 192 AE 100 $1050,
Sunny $350 000, Sprinter)
Corolla, AT 170 $850 000,
KT 176 Wagon $500 000, GX
90 Mark 11 $1.550, GZ 100
22, Honda CRV $2.8M, 4x4
Hilux Surf $1 950 000, Lexus
Wagon $7.5M (Pristine) mini
coup $7.6M, Land cruiser
9M, 2002 model Prado
10.5M,.Land cruiser 1988
$2.5M, Nissan Titan $7.9M
Limited Edition, Toyota 4x4
2006 gear box Tacoma
$6.7M BMW $22M, Suzuki
Vitera $975 000 4 doors. Bell
218-1014, 618-7483.
NEW SHIPMENT Toyota
Corolla NZE 91 leather
interior, CD changer, rims, new
model Mitsubishi lancer 2002
model Black) spoiler full body
kit, leather intenor CD changer
wood panel rims sweeter
Toybta V165 2003 model
leather interior CD changer
wood panel rims, Toyota
Carina 21A old 8 new model,
Toyota AT 192, L Touting
S Wagon, Honda fit, Toyota
2oluna. Contact R.K. Auto
Sales, 20 Walkin De Light
WCO, Call 269-0522, 688-
4842. ,


2 TOYOTA 4 runner, 2
diesel pick up, 1 back wheel
drive wagon, 1 Mercedes Benz,
1 two ton canter. 3 AT 170, 2
AT 212, 2 AE 100, 2 AT 192, 4
RZ minibuses. 225-9700, 623-
9972. Behind Brickdam Police
Station.
TURBO STARLET, Glanza
EP91 Performance Machine,
Racing Suspension, coil over,
15" racing mags and low
profiles, big exhaust, sun roof,
p/windows, p/locks, etc. Fresh
from Japan, 74 Sheriff St. Tel:
226-9109._____
2 AT 192 Toyota Carina
PKK & HB $1,450,000. 1 NZE
Toyota Corolla, PKK, off the
wharf $2.8M. 1 Canter
Mitsubishi truck. 1 BMW 318,
just off the wharf. $7M. Call:
218-4218/649-5649. Ideal Auto'
Sales.
1 canter Nissan 6 cylinder
diesel, 3 ton, open back, steel
tray, double back wheel, GDD
series $1.lm,'1 Mazda pick up
single cab long tray 4x4,
82.600cc brought in new PFF
series $1.2m excellent
condition. Credit could be
arranged. All vehicles in driving
condition. Owner migrating -
Tel: 223-8784.
1 TOYOTA K.T. 147 Wagon
private used stick gear $350
000, 1 Toyota land Cruiser FJ
80, 4,500cc. Fully powered PJJ
series $6.5m. Excellent
condition. Must see, 1 English
made Morris Marina never
registered, automatic 5 sweater -
$525 000 registered, 1 small
Vanette minibus needs minor
body work driving condition -
$325 000, Tel: 223-8784.
NZE COROLLA $2.8M, AT
190 Corona $1.5M, Honda civic
17" mags crystal lites, etc
$1.5M, AE 100 Corolla $1.1M,
Toyota Ceres $975 000,- 1
Nissan Laurel $375 000, AT 192
Carina $1.4M, Toyota 4 doors
Starlet $850 000, Toyota Ipsum
PJJ series $2,8M, AE 100
Sprinter $1.2M neg, AT 170
Carina'$850 000, Mitsubishi
Lancer $1.6M, AE 91 Corolla
(manual). $450 000,- Mercedes
enz (Sports) har-'' top
convertible $8M. Tel 225-0995,
628-0796, 669-7070.
1 FORD explorer (enclosed)
$2.5M, 2005 Nissan Tita (2x4)
. $8.2M, 2004 Nissan Titan. $7M,
Toyota Tundra $3.5M 2005
Xtra cab Tacoma with ARB
bumper and, ochpa$6.2M,
2005 Xtra can Tacoma -without
winch $5.9M, Toyota 2 L Turbo
4x4 pick up $3.3M, 1 T 100
Xtra cab 4x4 pick up $3.3M, 1
Toyota 5L Xtca cab 4x4 pick up
(factory condition) $4.1M, 1
Toyota Hi Lux Xtra cab 4x4 pick
up (3 RZ engine) $3.7M, 1 Xtra
cab Nissan 2x4 pick up GKK "
series $1.4M, 1 Nissan frontier
GKK series $2.-5*il 1 Volks
Wagon van* in very good
condition $500 000. Tel. 225-
0995,. 669-7070, 628-0796.
NOW AVAILABLE Top
* quality reconditioned vehicles.
Cars: Toyota Alteeza (loaded
* 6 speed), Toyota Vista, Lancer
Credia. Wagons: Corolla,
Caldina, Honda CRV, Toyota
Land Cruiser (fully loaded,"
Nissan Vanette 12 seater, Hilux
double cab pickup, Nissan Extra
Cab Pickup (4 WD), Mitsubishi
Canter Trucks 2/3 Tons
Enclosed; 3 tons freezer, used
Toyota Hilux Surf RZN 185;
Toyota Celica ST 202. Order
early and get the bestprices on.
duty free-vehicles. Full after
sales service and financing
available. Deo Maraj Auto
Sales, 207 Sheriff and Sixth
Streets, Crampbellville 226-
4939; 696-8230. A name and
a service you can trust.
NOW IN STOCK. Toyota
Corolla NZE 121, AE 110,
EE 103, Honda Civic EK3 &
ES1, Toyota Hilux Extra Cab -
LN 172, LN 170, RZN 174, Toyota
Hilux Double Cab YN 107, LN
107, LN 165, 4 x 4, RZN 167,
RZN 169, Toyota Hilux Single
Cab LN 106, Toyota Hilux
Surf RZN 185 YN 130, KZN
185, Toyota.Carina'-AT 192,
AT 212, Toyota Marino AE
100, Toyota Vista AZV 50,
Honda CRV RO1, Toyota RAV
4, ZCA 26, ACA 21 SXA 11,
Toyota Mark IPSUM SXM 15,
Toyota Mark 2 GX 100, Lancer CK
2A, Toyota Corona Premio AT
210, Toyota Hiace Diesel
KZH110, Mitsubishi Cadia
Lancer SC2A, Toyota Corolla G-
Touring Wa on AE 100.
Contact Rose Ramdehol Auto
Sales, 226 South Rd.,
Bourda, Georgetown. Tel.
226-8953, 226-1973, 1
LAND Rover defender 110 series
Turbo Diesel winch & snorkel tray
has hard coyer. Call 623-1003,
218-1469.0


NEW Carina AT 192 AT
212, AE 110, RZ buses $1M
down payment also $400 000 -
$600 000 down payment. Call
231-6236.


RESPONSIBLE HIRE CAR
DRIVERS. TEL. 231-7475.
CORILLA bush in large
quantity. Call 226-8272, 645-
2322.






ONE

GENERAL

DOMESTIC
*'' g* g A


1 SALESMAN to work on
commission.-Contact 220-
4530, 691-2090.
EXPERIENCED Excavator
Operator. 226-9006, 226-7346,
688-1484. _
CONTRACT DRIVERS. Call
227-6996, 655-6794, 689-
7697.
1 LIVE-IN Domestic to do
basic house work. Salary
negotiable. Call 648-0001.
DOMESTIC to work in
Georgetown. Age between 17
and 7.Tel. 671-4639 .
WANTED second hand
Contact 626-3811.
CONTRACT cars and hire
car,%lrivers needed at Classic
Cabs. Call 227-4445, 227-4545,
621-1548.
. WANTED one watchman
and one receptionist. Coleen's
Guest House, Lot 6 Smyth
Street, Werk-en-Rust,
Georgetown.
ONE engine for 650cc
Honda Night Hawk, motor cycle
in perfect working order. Call
687-3757.
PROPERTY to buy in
Georgetown or environs. Price
$3 4 million. Call 644-6871.
No agents.
1 WAITRESS to work in bar,
live in condition can be
arranged. Contact 627-8989,
612-8913. "
ONE Receptionist to work
at guest house. Must be able to
work flexible hours. Call 227-
3336 or 227-0902.
WANTED. Sales Clerk and
Cashier at 140 Regent Road
Bourda, Georgetown. Brirg in
application in person.
HONEST and reliable
males to work in car wash on
Sheriff and Dennis Streets, Cl
ville. Please apply in person.
ONE domestic live in or
come and go $6000 weekly.
Apply Guyana Variety Store,
Nut Centre, 68 Robb Street.
ONE- P'astry Maker.
Experience: able to make all
types.of pastries. Apply within.
144. Regent Street,
Georgetown.
ONE DOMESTIC worker.
Must know to cook, press, wash
and general house keeping:
Tel: 218-4524.
2 ATTRACTIVE Looking
Sales Girls to work at HalaaI
Snackette. 1 Purl & Roti Maker.
Contact 227-2933, 649-3103..
2 WAITRESS to work at bar
on the- East Coast Demerara.
Ages 18 25 years. .Contact
220-4298, 616-3399, 609-
3311.
FEMALE Clerk needed
between the ages of 25 and 35.
Also saloon and gym equipment.
for sale. Call 231-5171.
SALES Clerk/Waiters to
work irr a restaurant. Must be
able to work shift. Apply in
person to 53 David St., Kitty,
Georgetown.
EXPERIENCED Bar man
one waitress, Attendant and
Waiter Attendant. Tel. 226-
6527, 623-7242 Tennessee
Entertainment Centre.
COMPUTER Operators
Salesmen and women with
drivers licence. Apply Troy
Reid's Realty, 129 A' Duncan
Street, Bel Air Park.


Woods holds off Furyk



to storm six ahead


of his fourth title in the elite 16-
nman tournament he hosts.
Playing partner Jim
Furyk, three off the pace for
-much of the day, slipped back
with a double-bogey at the
par-three 15th on his way to
a 69 and second place.
Masters champion Zach
Johnson also carded a 69 to lie
third at 11 under, one ahead of
Swede Henrik Stenson who fired
a best-of-the-day 65.
"I didn't hit the golf ball as
well as I did yesterday but I
made some nice putts and up-
and-downs," Woods told report-
ers after signing off with an
eight-foot birdie putt at the last.
"Overall, it was a nice day
to kind of get through it and ac-
tually increase the lead. Rounds
like yesterday are so much
easier on you. Today I had to
focus, had to make sure I missed
it in the correct spots."
Fast-starting Woods, play-
ing his first tournament since the
Presidents Cup in September,
birdied the first two holes on a


second successive day of calm
weather.
The 13-time major winner
coolly rolled in a 15-footer at
the par-four first before enjoy-
ing a slice of good fortune with
his drive at the par-five second.

YOUNG BOY
He pulled his tee shot well
left of the fairway, his ball strik-
ing a young boy above the right
hip before bouncing back into
the rough.
"Do you want to be my
agent?" a smiling Woods asked
the boy after shaking his hand
in gratitude.
After laying up safely with
an iron onto the fairway, the 31-
year-old American struck a su-
perb wedge to within two feet
of the flag to set up a tap-in
birdie.
Woods .offset birdies at
the fifth and sixth with bo-
geys at the fourth and eighth
for his lead to be trimmed to
three strokes going into the
back nine.


By Mark Lamport-Stokes

THOUSAND OAKS, Cali-
fornia (Reuters) Tiger
Woods, hunting his eighth
victory of the year, overcame
two early bogeys and a few
swing problems to stretch his
lead to six shots in the-Tar-
get World Challenge third
round yesterday.
Four ahead of the pack over-
night, the world number one
fired a five-under-par 67 at
Sherwood Country Club for an
18-under total of 198.
Although not matching his
blistering form of Friday when
he set a course-record 62, he
carded seven birdies in pursuit



ONE Cook one Sales
Attendant, 23 Cactus Street,
West Ruimveldt business area
.(Street with Fire Station) ask for
Bora Pork or Caiman.
A driver/Porter to work
flexible hours, a handyman to
work between the hours of 6 -
3 daily. Must be knowledgeable
of construction. Spicy Dish.
PUMP- ATTENDANTS,
HANDY BOYS, WASH BAY
MAN & BILL'WRITER. Apply in
person with written application
at Texaco, Vlissengen Road.
1 BOY and 1 girl to work to
wash bay. from 8 am to 7 pm.
Call 227-8659 between hrs 7am
to 8pm, 227-1974, 7 pm to 8
pm.
EXPERIENCED welder,
fabricator and labourerss. Good
pay or job work available with
or without welding plan.place
to stay if needed. Contact 20
Shell Road Kitty. Call 225-6057
or 666-8877.
ONE (1) Maid. Apply 172 East
Field Drive, Nismes Park EBD.
Senior Machinist, welder,
mechanics and electricians. Also
trainers (for employment Jan,
2008). Apply Technical Services
Inc. 18 -23 Eccles Industrial Site,
Eccles EBD.


ON Friday, Francine's Fish
Shop situated at Sheriff and
Garnett Streets made a tan-
gible contribution to the 18th
edition of the Kashif and


Please contact: Mr G. Wynter on 333-3154/333-6628 Or
.. Mr- Clifford Stanley on 618-6538/32.8-2304


CHURCHVIEW Hotel
Restaurant and Bar, 3 19
Main Street New Amsterdam,
Berbice. Tel. 333-2126, 333-
3880, Fax: 333-4151. Email
churchviewhotel@gmail.com


OXYGEN and Acetylene
industrial gases # 58 Village,
Corentyne,-Berbice. Phone 338-
2221 & 338-2335 (David
Subnputh). *
ONE BOAT, 52 ft length by
. 9 ft width, 5ft dept, 3,500 Ibs
seine, 2-48 Yamaha engine,
fully equipped. Contact --66-
6649, 611-9954..

VEICESFOR SALEI


1 TRANSPORTED land
situated at Rose Hall T own,
Market Street, opposite the
Market. Contact Donette on 663-
7886, 612-7941.


3-STOREYED
building, newly built in the
heart of New
Amsterdam. Price
reduced drastically. Call
333-2457, 337-2348.
2-STOREYED house with
large land space, corner of
Edinburg, East Bank
Berbice. Tel: 265-3419, 622-
3879 Andy.


GX 90 MARK 11, in GOING business place
good condition. Contact e, 30t x 3ft. 1-sdure
# 339-4525 or 613-6990. beaifuUV tiled office 3Uft
x 25t. 13 beroom house -
1 NISSAN Pathfinder (V6 fu11yrilled in N/A. Ca 333-
EFI), automatic, fully. 25 .
powered. 330 Bedford Oump UP R flat of two-
Truck, just rebuilt. Never. storeyed building for
used. Night Hawk usesspuoses- ocae
motorcycle. Tel. 338-2345. obr reet (nxt
I eiep none 4 I ^^
BUSINESS premises at
Edinburgh Village, near Main
entrance to Glasgow Housing
2 4 24wScheme. Prime hardware
business in operation. For more
details call, owner on 333-
. . . . . . . . .. 0 127.


'Shanghai tournament, which
opens today at the Mackenzie
Sports Club ground in Lin-
den.
Capucine Phillis, Public
Relations Officer of
Francine's Fish Shop said the
entity has been in existence
for approximately three
years and has not been spon-
sofing -not -only the Kashif
and Shanghai tournament but
many other sporting events.
Francine's Fish Shop has
made a contribution of 30
footballs and a trophy for the
Most Valuable Player in the
tournament's third place
play-off.
Phillips, like co-directors
Francine Dickie and Jermain
Culley said he was happy to be
Associated with the tournament
'and liked working with the
Kashif and Shanghai
Organisation for the promotion
of local sports.
Aubrey 4Shanghai'Major,
co-director of the
organisation thanked
Francine's Fish Shop for
their sponsorship and'urged
other businesses to come on
board. (Michael DaSiva)


Page 7 & 26.p65


__


_ 1


Francine's Fish Shop


contributes to K&S


Journey .







GUYANA CHRONICLE Sunday, December 16, 2007 27







Arsenal's Wenger hails exciting




Premier League season


By Andrew Fagan

LONDON COLNEY, En-
gland (Reuters) Arsenal
manager Arsene Wenger has
hailed this season's Premier
League title race as the most
exciting since he moved to
England 11 years ago.
Wenger's league leaders host
third-placed Chelsea in a Lon-
don derby today just hours af-


ter Liverpool and Manchester
United, fourth and second re-
spectively, clash at Anfield.
With the top four separated
by just seven points, today is a
potentially decisive day in the
battle for the title.
"Without a doubt this
year will be the most excit-
ing year of the Premier
League," Wenger said.
"Since I have been here


there have never been four
teams as tight as this after
16 games.
The Frenchman, who regards
the Premier League as "super
healthy", believes the contenders
are evenly matched and the chas-
ing pack are all a big threat to
Arsenal's title ambitions.
"All three (teams) are at the
same level for different reasons,"
he told reporters at Arsenal's


training ground.
"Chelsea because they have
the quality and the experience,
Liverpool because they have in-
vested a lot and they are keen
to win it and Manchester
United because they have the
individual potential to score
goals at any moment."
PHYSICAL APPROACH
In a likely reference to his
displeasure with the physical


Pierce powers Celtics to




12th straight home win


BOSTON, Mass. (Reuters) -
The Boston Celtics registered
a 12th straight home victory
with a 104-82 thrashing of the
Milwaukee Bucks on Friday,
Paul Pierce leading the way
with a game-high 32 points.
Rajon Rondo added 17 and
Kevin Garnett 15 as the Celtics
(19-2) matched a franchise record
with their 12-0 home start.
"I wanted to be more ag-
gressive than I have been, espe-
cially with Ray Allen out, just
to pick up more slack," Pierce
told reporters after hitting five
three-pointers and going nine of
22 from the field.
"But regardless of what
the offence does, we are go-
ing to turn games around be-
cause of our defence," Pierce
added. "I thought we made a
great defensive run in the
third quarter. That's what
opened up the game.
Allen missed the game with
a sore ankle but the Celtics did
not need him as they scored 12
consecutive points in the third
period to move 60-49 ahead be-
fore a 10-0 spurt later in the
quarter gave them a 31-point
advantage.
They finished the period
with a 78-59 lead, outscoring
the Bucks 32-15 for the quarter
on their way to an eighth
straight victory overall.
Mo Williams led Milwau-
kee with 14 points, Bobby
Simmons had 11 and Yi
Jianlian 10.
The Golden State Warriors
used a 14-2 fourth-quarter run
to end a nine-game losing streak
to the Los Angeles Lakers with
a 108-106 home win. Baron
Davis, who led the comeback,
and Al Harrington both had 22
for the Warriors. Stephen Jack-
son added 20. Kobe Bryant had
21 for-the Lakers, who had a
four-game winning streak
snapped.
Jason Kapono had 17 of
his career-high 29 points in
the fourth quarter and the
Toronto Raptors won their
fourth straight with a 104-93
road win over the India;
.Pacers. Chris Bosh added ....


points and 16 rebounds and
Jose Calderon had 18 points
and 16 assists. Mike
Dunleavy paced the Pacers
with 23 points.


VINCE CARTER
The Sacramento Kings won
their first road game of the sea-
son, beating the Philadelphia
76ers 109-99 behind Brad


Miller's 25 points and Mikki
Moore's 24. The Kings had lost
nine consecutive road games.
Andre Miller had 24 for Phila-
delphia, who lost for the first
time in five games.
Vince Carter had 32
points and the New Jersey
Nets ended a four-game los-
ing streak with a 105-97 home
win over the Cleveland Cava-
liers. LeBron James led
Cleveland with 29 points and
eight assists.
Dwight Howard powered
the Orlando Magic to a 103-87
road win over the Charlotte
Bobcats with 33 points, 18 re-
bounds and four blocked shots.
The win ended a three-game
skid for the Magic. Raymond
Felton had 18 points with
Gerald Wallace and Emeka
Okafor scoring 16 each for the


In loving memory of our
de husband and father
R-A ISSOON of 136
Dr. lfIler St, Triumph
Village and late owner
of LBI Lumber Yard,
East Coast Demerara,
who died on December
17. 1988.


SAt first it was so hurtful
But as time passed by :""
.. 'Hurt dissolved into sweet remembrance


Its amazing twenty years
Yet it seems as if you are very '"'jch with us
Everything w :'kes the same ,0iern as you
You have made such a great imp'td in our lives
We are indeed v -v fortunate to have. 1 your inspi
We thank Goc wonderfulii: i


L.,


Si


re b'% hi hs '
it t, Arnold and D. .., .


Bobcats.
The Los Angeles Clippers
handed the Memphis Grizzlies
their sixth straight loss, a 98-91
home setback. Chris Kaman had
23 points and 16 rebounds for
the Clippers.
Luol Deng scored 29
points and Kirk Hinrich had
15 points, 14 assists and 12
rebounds as the Chicago
Bulls topped the New York
Knicks 101-96, sending the
Knicks to their fifth consecu-
tive defeat. Zach Randolph
had 27 points and 15 re-
bounds for New York.


I ,

I, In memory o
bel ' )o ed brot
S IR. MADLY
Sa.k.a. BASI
I ot ,b6 Sand)
Kilty, wh
S December 16

The 16"' Dece
S:' e with dei
F, -.ears ha
o. you hav\
Your death w,
You went to b
You were the
Just to have v
SL i But again Go(

] The memories
S: No length of t
*You were invc
You were so r
iA Your death he
S., But has only
'. From that day
* You lived in o
SAnd there yoL
* Thanks for all
S'' Your iLght willI


II / II




"^ :"-


approach Arsenal faced at
Newcastle United and
Middlesbrough in their last two
league games, Wenger said he
hoped that the competition
would "remain fair during the
whole season".
Chelsea are a physically
imposing side so Wenger will
be wary of recalling Cesc
Fabregas, Alexander Hleb
and Mathieu Flamini, who
will have late fitness tests.
Wenger had a turbulent re-
lationship with Chelsea's former
manager Jose Mourinho but a
resumption of hostilities seems
unlikely with the understated
Avram Grant now in command.
"Avram Grant has a com-
pletely different profile, he is not
very noisy, but his team is efficient,"
Wenger said.
Chelsea have gone 16
matches unbeaten in all compe-
titions since losing 2-0 to


ARSENE WENGER


Manchester United in Grant's
first game in charge three days
after Mourinho left.
"He has done well, credit
to him," added Wenger. "But
I am not surprised. You can-
not expec- a 52-year-old guy
who has been coaching his
whole life to come in and sud-
denly the team collapses and
doesn't win games."


SINCERE THANKS
'Sunrics: \pril I., 1919
Sunset: Noenlber 20. 2007
The 3mily' ofIrhe late MARJORIE
JOYCE LONDON-WILLIAMS
11l-ril t h 11 I "5 ,ji,,u ,:.tih e ,,], is e l-r


.-'ronjr.lnce? i Ihi lim-_ e -.I loss .




IMEMORIAMK
four deal- and
her and uncle
1OO SINGH
L SINGH of
yBabb Street,
o died on
, 2002.
ember has
ep regret
s passed
/e gone
as so sudden
ed and never woke up
best, we would have done anything
with us
d'h as proven to us he only takes the best

s we have from day to day
ime could take av%.ay
slved in every activities, every celebration
much apart of our life
as not separated us
served to bring us closer
Son
ur hearts
Swill. remain
we have shared together good and bacd
shine forever
'd Krishna for the oil'rt ol our life io u u "
y your soul rest in peace
u 5itree '- ristirua I, ; .I,,.i
loving brothers PF.rniiir eI mar si'l.rs N-rma
va. newphews 'i Avl nash \nil ister-in-law.
a. bromer-in-lay, '.'hnu. wife Myrtle. Cousins J.leff,
d Aunty Lucille, other relatives and friends.
u a I'Ilu I gl m m I I1 I


12/15/2007. 10"03 PM


I I











*


Capello says England

will be his last job
MILAN. Italy (Reulers) England's new manager Fabio
Cape. has said the job wul be bIM last sccem and ac-
Lnowildged he has a toagh ask ahead of
The 61-year-old Italian was appined on Fida undl 2012
to place Sieve McClaren, uho as sacked last smoth after
EngBad railed to qualify for Euro A08
"lhis is the final crowninm of my- cameeI h oukd be very
nice m fimsh in the best avy. Capello omid Ra teleisionm yes-

1 didn' think that one day I uaild be able to caach En-
gladL Some time ago I was close thmn nodng happened. This
mne the dram has come fire.
-1 will face a different way of working in a couany where
muainll is considered a religion. Ern.-o a in Englm asks why
the msamonal team
are not able to

Capello. who
won a itle with
all four of the
clhy he managed,

as a cwmneitator h
fof R" since he
was sacked by
Real Madrid in
lum iespine win-





arhBte g-.h, objeciives.
mg e nie AC Mila AS R FABIO CAPELLO
-Thm fo6ir anotherchallff enge wch ns pim ofia e Eag and jobb
s -chin will be added as he a auy iii ca-e d brxer II coach
eI.k dim if I was and league us r lie Ka i had
Wm e Awan. to do en'sell and re is a big expct ati group.
awuad and I think chat mpithns mytea sto assnow be ans we llo
achwesegrepat objectijes.%
The former AC Milan. AS Rnba and Juentirs coach will
g f alian staff members wu him o t"he England job
ad hinted the Football .Ausontanon "ned a European coach
fere ffw ine talks 'sith Ponunl%, t 'rmer Cbeke-a head Jose

-Mounnho is Medierranean like me- a Mediterranean in
England- be added as he acknowledged former Irl coach
Nlnrcelho L ppi and e%-GCrnmani t'o-s Junerren Khnsmann had
kvea m the flame. -1 wasjusi an boniua to be in tins 2roup.'
Ued i world champions Italy should now be scared or
Eagpa& he said: "'es. we will be competiors because we
wMu asto do our best:


By Alam ablwin

LONDON, England
(Reuters) Manchester City
came fren behind to beat
Boltma Wami ers 4-2 yester-
day to keep their 100 percent
home tc l amid go fourth in
the Premier League while
the big gns enjoyed a day
off
The oiar Eadig contenders
are in acrtia today, with cham-
pions Martester United play-
ing Livepadat Anfield before
leaders Arsenal host third-
placed ChdseaL
Arsemal have 37 points
frm 16 as to United's 36,
with Chebma an 34 and City
on33&
Pttuismlh cold have gone
fourth bu feRl to seventh after
losing 1-0) to Tottenham
HoLspur al Firatlon Park. They
remain on 30) points, behind
Livepiq l and Everton who
won 2-0) all West Ham United
-01 pai diffeffmence.
"We got well beaten today,"
said Pmsmoii thB manager Harry
Redainppf of his side's first home
league defeat of the season and
TomamftMins dt away win.
-1 thought Tottenham
were tihe better team today,
we just never got started,"
Redknapp told Sky Sports
televisinM.
City, the only club in the
top M flil to have won all nine


off injured after 38 minutes,
went back in front when
Marcus Bent grabbed his sec-
ond goal of the game in the
66th before claiming his own
hat-trick in the 81st.
"We've got three points;
we're back in the mix again. It
was a big, important win," said
new manager Steve Bruce.
Yakubu Aiyegbeni hit his
eighth goal in seven matches
and Andy Johnson also
struck to help Everton defeat
West Ham for the second
time in three days after their
midweek League Cup victory.
Sunderland moved out of
the relegation zone, overtaking


Fulham who lost 1-0 to
Newcastle United, after a 1-1
draw with Aston Villa at the
Stadium of Light but manager
Roy Keane was furious with
referee Steve Bennett for disal-
lowing Danny Collins's injury-
time header.
"It was such a bad call,"
said Keane. "He was waiting all
day to give a few decisions
against us and he got his big one
completely wrong."
Derby County's misery at
the bottom of the table con-
tinued with a 1-0 defeat at
home to Middlesbrough while
Birmingham City drew 1-1
with Reading.


........C.. ....onfident Milan pledge to


restore Europe's honour


By Alastair Himmer

YOKOHAMA, Japan
(Reuters) AC Milan coach
Carlo Ancelotti promised to
restore Europe's honour by
beating Boca Juniors in
today's Club World Cup fi-
nal.
Ancelotti admitted that the
tournament had been seen as a
distraction to European clubs
in the past but insisted his side
would not fall into the same
trap in Yokohama.
"I think it's true this was
not the most important of
competitions for European
teams," he told reporters
yesterday.
"For Milan it is a big deal."
Ancelotti added: "We have
a dear idea how to beat Boca
but of course I can't tell you
what it is. We are very confident
and highly motivated."
Victory over Boca could
also help salvage Ancelotti's job
with Milan struggling in Italy's
Serie A and Jose Mourinho
tipped to take over at the end
of the season.
A repeat of the mess
Liverpool and Barcelona made
in the finals of the first two ver-
sions of the revamped tourna-
ment in 2005 and 2006 could
cost Ancelotti dearly.


"Those defeats for
Liverpool and Barcelona were a
good lesson," he said. "South
American teams have taken the
tournament more seriously but
our aim is to take the trophy
home."
EARLYARRIVAL
European champions Milan
arrived in Japan on December 6,


JOSE MOURINHC


giving them far more time to
acclimatise than either Liverpool
or Barca before them.
"We've had enough time to
prepare," said Ancelotti, whose
side beat Japan's Urawa Reds 1-
0 in the semi-finals.


"We've also overcome the
jet-lag.
"The players will approach
the game in good physical con-
dition so extra time or penalties
will be no problem for us."
Milan lost to the Argen-
tine side in a penalty
shootout in 2003 in the
tournament's previous incar-
nation a one-
off game between
the champions of
Europe and South
America.
Ancelotti is ex-
pecting an even
tougher game today
from a Boca side
who failed to im-
I press in beating
Tunisia's Etoile
S Sahel 1-0 in the
tournament's first
semi-final on
Wednesday.
"Boca's team
have a nice blend of
young players and
experience," he
said.
"They're an even better
team than they were four years
ago. They're very attacking and
physically strong.
"The key will be whose
midfield quality shines
through."


NCLE Sunday, Decem


.~Ai AYU CHR I b


er 16, 2007


of their home league games this
season, went ahead through
Rolando Bianchi's seventh
minute tap-in.
El Hadji Diouf equalised
with a left-footed shot in the
31st and Kevin Nolan made it
2-1 to Bolton five minutes be-
fore halftime.
A Lubomir Michalik
own-goal put Sven-Goran
Eriksson's side back into
the game three minutes
after the break and Darius
Vassell slotted in a third in
the 77th before Kelvin
Etuhu grabbed the fourth
in stoppage time.
"I think we deserved to
win," said Eriksson. "We spoke
a little bit at halftime and credit
to the players, they came out
and were different in the second
half and showed they really
wanted to win."
ROLLER-COASTER MATCH
Struggling Wigan Athletic
were the day's top scorers,
beating 10-man Blackburn
Rovers 5-3 at the JJB Sta-
dium after squandering an
early 3-0 lead.
A hat-trick by Roque
Santa Cruz pulled Blackburn
level but their victory
chances took a knock when
Brett Emerton was sent off in
the 57th minute.
Wigan, who had England
striker Emile Heskey carried


Man City 4-2 Bolton: Italian striker Rolando Bianchi gives
the hosts a seventh-minute lead from close range. (BBC
Sport)


THE GUYANA OIL COMPANY LIMITED

EXPRESSIONS OF INTEREST

GUYOIL intends to construct a new head office building at its
Providence Terminal, East Bank Demerara.


The structure will be:
*Two Floors
Twelve Thousand Square Meters
Reinforced Concrete


Guyoil is seeking to short list prospective bidders and iinvites.
expressions of interest.


interested contractors are required to submit the following:
*Statement of gross annual turnover
Technical capability including plant, equipment and personnel
Projects of a similar nature executed in the past two (2) years


Deadline for submission of expressions of interest is January 18, 2008
at 4 pm and must be addressed and delivered to:


Managing Director
Guyoil
166 Waterloo Street
Georgetown


Pae s5 a 2aips


Man City reach top four




with home record intact


I


. . ................. .
I


......m ,-nnm ,,...= oun0ay, uecemt





SUNDAY CHRONICLE December 16, 2007 29


L "
/ ./U


alla


India's 'fab five' eye glory in Australia


By Sanjay Rajan

MUMBAI, India (Reuters) A quintet of India's golden gen-
eration of cricketers have a fi-
nal tilt at glory in Australia
when the team embark on a dif-
ficult tour this week.
The four-match series could
1 lbe the last Test tour of Australia
for batting greats Sachin
Tendulkar, Ralhul Dravid, Sourav
Ganguly and Vangipurappu
Laxman, as well as leg-spinner Anil
Kumble, and they are intent on
clinching their country's first se-
ries win on the game's toughest
% terrain.
SACHIN TENDULKAR India have come close to
winning a series on the testing
pitches of Australia twice in
1986, when the series ended 0-0, and a remarkable one-all
draw in 2003-04 when they went 1-0 up in Adelaide.
"The last time out we won a Test match but were not able to
win the series ... the last match (Sydney) was a draw," Laxman
told Reuters.
"This time we all are keen to go out there with the single-minded
ambition of winning the series.
"Doing well in Australia is the most satisfying moment for any


cricketer ... the ultimate one.

NEXT TOUR
"It'll be satisfying for all of us if we can contribute in the se-
ries win. I'm sure all of us are looking to achieve that," said the
stylish middle-order batsman.
Skipper Kumble, who took 24 wickets on the previous tour,
is 37 while Dravid, who scored 619 runs on that tour, will turn
35 in January.
Ganguly, captain then, is 35 and Tendulkar is 34 while Laxman
is the youngest among the 'fab five' at 33. The next tour in 2011 is
surely too far away for them.
This tour begins with a three-day match against Victoria from
Thursday, with the first Test starting on December 26.
India clinched their first Test series victory in England for 21
years in August, a year after they had won their first Test series
victory in the Caribbean in 35 years.
This month India recorded their first Test series victory against
Pakistan at home since 1979-80, which saw almost all of their bats-
men strike form.

RECORD STREAK
"It's extremely important for anyone going to Australia to be
confident about himself. So it's good when you are among runs. It
helps," said Laxman.
"It's good that we won the series against Pakistan after these
years. The confidence of the boys is amazing at the moment," added
Laxman, whose greatest moment came in 2001 when he produced


an epic 281 at Kolkata to spark a comeback 2-1 home-series win
over Australia.
The defeat snapped the Steve Waugh-led Australians' win-
ning streak of 16 Tests, a record Ricky Ponting's side will look
to upstage in the upcoming series after their recent victories
over Sri Lanka took their tally
to 14.
"They've got match-winning
bowlers," Laxman said of the new-
look Australian attack following
the retirement of Glenn McGrath
and Shane Warne, both of whom 9
had missed the 2003-04 series.
"(Shaun) Tait or
(Mitchell) Johnson, the way
(Brett) Lee's bowling, or for
that matter Stuart Clark ...
it'll be a huge challenge fac-
ing these guys."
India, on the other hand, are
taking two inexperienced bowlers
in Ishant Sharma and the un-
capped Pankaj Singh in a five-man,
pace attack that has been hit by
injuries. ANIL KUMBLE
"They are potentially very
good ... if they can bowl to their potential it will be an inter-
esting sight," said Laxman.


Glle faces race agirns imU~w-


By Andrew Miller in Galle

THE newly reconstructed
stadium at Galle is facing a
race against time to be fit for
the third Test between Sri
Lanka and England on Tues-
day, after heavy unseasonal
rain hindered the attempts of
groundstaff and construction
workers to put the finishing
touches to their preparations.
With just three days to go
until the final Test of the series,
much of the playing area was
under water, while workmen
were still laying paving and
building ticket-booths on the
concourse in front of the new
pavilion.
By yesterday afternoon
there was no electricity or
running water inside the
ground's buildings, and most
of the grassy banks where
England's spectators sat dur-
ing the ground's last inter-
national fixture in 2003 are
currently deep pools of mud.


FORMER senior Essequibo
Inter-county captain and ex-
national Under-19 batsman
Rovendra Mandolall contin-
ued his prolific form in
Canada softball league by
amassing an aggregate of 770
runs at the end of the 2007
cricket competition.
The right-handed
Mandolall ended with a mag-


And yet, there is no ques-
tion in anyone's minds that the
show must go on regardless. Of
all the symbols of the terrible
tsunami that devastated Sri
Lanka in December 2004, per-
haps none was more poignant
than the obliteration of Galle's
stadium. International sport is,
after all, meant to be escapism
on a vast scale, but the rubble
and ruins of one of the most
glorious venues in the world
meant that no sports fan could
fail to appreciate the stark re-
alities of the disaster.
The message is that if in-
ternational cricket can re-
turn to Galle then so too
could a normal life for the
thousands who were dispos-
sessed that day.
"It will be ready, come
what may," said the stadium's
head groundsman, Jayananda
Warnaweera, who has been
working round the clock with an
army of labourers, in a bid to
overcome the atrocious working


nificent average of 96.25 includ-
ing a highest score of 146 not
out of his three centuries in the
Ontario Softball cricket tourna-
ment All-Start 25-over knockout
cricket competition.
Mandolall, who would have
represented the national youth-
team in 1994 and 1995, began
playing for his club Better Hope
in 2000 and has hit over ten cen-


conditions.- "It has been a long
haul but for the people of Galle
this is a celebration and we will
make it happen."
For England's cricketers,
the desire to fight back from
their 1-0 series deficit has been
subsumed by an appreciation of
the bigger picture. "We're
pretty much going to have to
take the stance that whatever
we have to play on, we'll go out
there and play on it," said Paul
Collingwood, who made his
Test debut at Galle in 2003.
"It's as simple as that.
"It's obviously not finished at
the moment but they are working
very hard and progressing day by
day, so hopefully it'll be playable,"
said Collingwood. "Driving down
in the bus from Colombo, the fur-
ther we got down, there was a real
sickening feeling, seeing the de-
struction that was caused.
That's why it's vital to
put the smiles back on
people's faces and get on
with it. (Cricinfo)


turies in the league so far.
His fellow Guyanese Ejaz
Mohamed, also a former na-
tional youth player, registered
448 runs in the competition.
At the annual presenta-
tion in Scarborough,
Mandolall took home several
prizes including the best
batsman of the year, winning
the Lion Heart trophy.


urounuiimen mop up a soaaen .anle pulcn, yesterday. (Yanoo sport)


*1 -.


TI


TIN BIN;


Question: Will the acquisition of a TIN mean an individual will have to
pay additional taxes?



Answer: The Taxpayer Identification Number TIN as the name suggests
is a number. It is a nine-digit number issued by the GRA to identify persons
when they conduct transactions with theAuthority.

If you are employed, what you need to know is that your TIN will replace your
income tax file ([RD) number. It is NOT a new Tax.

Having a TIN does not mean that an individual who is exempt from paying
taxes will have to do so; since the Income Tax law exempts a few persons
including those who earn less than the threshold limit which currently stands
at $336,000 per annum.


It must be noted that even though you may be earning within the threshold
limit, you should still file Income Tax returns as an indication that you are
earning. Filing an Income Tax return does not mean th1 you have to pay taxes;
it is rather, a submission of a statement ofyour earnings.


(If you have questions on the Taxpayer Identification "'umber, kindly contact
the Registry, GPO Building, Robb Street, Georgetow Telephone, 225 5587
or 227 7310 ext 222 or 221.)


12/15/2007, 9:51 PM


I0 S
Mandolal takesE ion

Heart trpyinCnd


'"'







Y CHRONICLE December 16, 2007



"&- 'd..^,


c~k~


I -'


Education and sports can




go hand in hand Plummer


By Ravendra Madholall

CHAIRMAN of the National
Sports Commission, Conrad
Plummer, in the absence of
guest speaker Professor
Hillary Beckles, delivered
the feature address at the
Guyana Cricket Board (GCB)
2007 annual awards cer-
emony on Wednesday night at
the Georgetown Cricket
Club's main pavilion.
The Barbados-born distin-
guished Beckles, who has writ-
ten widely on regional cricket,
missed the proceedings, due to
precautionary measures after
seeking medical advice from his
doctor.
However, the bespectacled
Plummer, reminiscing on his
days of playing cricket at his
secondary school, Queen's Col-
lege, said that he was flattered
and honoured to be part of the
evening activities despite his late
call-up to replace Professor
Beckles.
"I am indeed happy to be
invited even though at a very
short notice, but I can tell you
about my schooldays playing
cricket that I used to be the
14th man in the squad but be-
cause of the unavailability of
players due to various rea-
sons I was drafted in the
eleven, so this is not such a


strange scenario for me.
"I am sure all the awardees
are proud of their achievements
and should determine to con-
tinue to work harder and strive
for excellence at all times.
"You are talented and the
responsibility rests on your
shoulders and this recognition
by the GCB means you have
got the necessary equipment to
play at the highest level and
therefore much is expected of
you.
"Education and sports can
play hand-in-hand because
when I was young and going
to school, I used to go and
play cricket and had the privi-
lege to bowl to the former
West Indies skipper Carl
Hooper at Bourda," Plummer
asserted.
Minister of Culture, Youth
and Sport, Dr Frank Anthony,
grabbed the opportunity to
highlight the great achievement
of Guyana's hosting a mega
event of Cricket World Cup ear-
lier this year.
Anthony stated that hosting
six of the Super Eight matches
was a remarkable success and
there were more positives than
negatives.
"It was a tremendous
achievement by our
Guyanese people who all
worked in harmony to pull


off such a magnificent his-
torical event in Guyana and
by extension West Indies. Ini-
tially it was challenging but
I think we had proved our ca-
pability and ability to show-
case to the rest of the world
that we can do it," Anthony
declared.
Anthony further stressed
the history created at the
Guyana National Stadium;
Providence was also memorable
as Sri Lanka's fiery fast bowler
Lasith Malinga nabbed a hel-
met-trick in the opening match
against South Africa.
"That is obviously an im-
measurable success for cricket
and Guyana was hailed on the
cricketing sphere for that won-
derful hallmark. I think all those
countries playing in the World
Cup had also contributed im-
mensely to our economy which
will benefit significantly while
the majority of the tourists said
that they will return to Guyana
not only for the hospitality but
for other social activities," An-
thony mentioned
Guyana will once again be
in the limelight as the country
will host another mega event and
this time it is the 2008 Carifesta
from August 22 to August 31 at
the same venue.
In closing Anthony con-
gratulated all the awardees


for making an impression in
2007 and he is very optimis-
tic other players will try to
emulate them and be in the
forum next year.
Renowned sports enthusi-
ast Dr. Ian McDonald in his re-
marks extended congratulations
to the players who have been
recognized for their input and
excellent performances
throughout the year while GCB
continued to do well at the ad-
ministrative level.


Public Relations Officer of
GCB, Terry Holder, chaired the
night's proceedings whose audi-
ence included current West
Indies skipper Ramnaresh
Sarwan and five other senior
Guyanese cricketers Reon
King, Travis Dowlin, Mahendra
Nagamootoo. Leon Johnson and
Zaheer Mohamed as well as
awardees Narsingh Deonarine
and Assad Fudadin.
Former Guyana
wicketkeeper Sydney Jackman


responded on behalf of
awardees and thanked the GCB
for their awards and from a
commentator's perspective
wants to see more coverage of
cricket especially on the Na-
tional Telecommunications Net-
work on both TV and Radio lo-
cally.
GCB secretary Bish
Panday, extended deep appre-
ciation to all the contributors
and sponsors, who make
cricket possible in Guyana.


Captaincy conundrum for


Pakistan

By Osman Samiuddin
NOTHING stirs Pakistan cricket more than defeat by India. A
first-ever Test series loss in India in 27 years preceded by
the ODI series reverse and particularly the insipid manner
of defeat has ensured that dis-
content with the status quo is
gathering strength.
The prime target is the cap-
taincy. The Pakistan Cricket Board
(PCB) has reiterated its full sup-
port to Shoaib Malik, the incum-
-'i'" bent. till December 2008. But
...- Younis Khan's recent change of
heart over the captaincy has
-" clouded matters.
Younis, it is emerging, is not
only' open to the idea of captaincy
,." -, now but is actively keen on it.
Though Nasim Ashraf, chairman of
-.. the board, has publicly said it is too
_Younis's earlier refusal Younis is
YOUNIS KHAN now understood to have support
from quarters within the board, as
well as from key players within the
team.
The support is understandable, says one official. "His per-
formances while being captain, in particular the fact that his
batting has been largely unaffected by leadership and that he
is a certain starter in any Test side, weigh heavily in his favour.
"By contrast, Malik's continuing inability to convince people
of his Test credentials, more even than concerns about his leader-
ship or attitude, does him no favours.
One official broadly sympathetic to Malik as captain, even admitted: "he
makes the middle order by default, because there is no competition. no other real
candidate. The captaincy is officially not available to Younis, but in Pakistan you
can never say."As an endorsement for continuity, it is hardly convincing.


And there is also reason to believe that the selectors, if put in
a dilemma by the credentials of a better-performing middle-order
candidate, would not hesitate to drop Malik from the Test side.
The issue is further complicated
by what more than one tour official -
privately admits to be "some friction"
between Malik and Younis. The rift
is thought to have emanated from cer-
tain selectorial decisions, including
the decision initially to send Shahid
AfridibackaftertheODIs,oneYounis
wasunhappywith.'Theriltcouldhave "b
a potentially divisive effect on the
team.
One source close to the team
management also suggested the
back injury that kept Umar Gul
out of the series might not have i
been so serious as to rule him out; ..
the implication being that his not .
playing is somehow linked to his --
closeness to Younis and being SHOAIB MALIK
part of that camp.
Younis is also said to be less than pleased by the insistence of
Geoff Lawson, the coach, and Malik to play Mohammad Sami in
the last two Tests.
Captaincy aside, the role of Lawson is also being dis-
cussed. The chairman gave him his public backing, but not
before questioning also publicly why he was unable to ex-
tract better performances from his team. Some senior play-
ers admit to being under-whelmed by Lawson thus far.
Even one official who supported the decision to appoint
Lawson now acknowledges that "so far, we have not seen any-
thing outstanding from him, strategy or tactics-wise. I am inclined
to give him the benefit of the doubt, because it is still early, but
certainly he has not been as impressive so far as we had hoped."
Nothing so far suggests that any key decisions will be
taken in a hurry.
For one, there is no pressing need: Pakistan's next assignment
is a low-key five-match ODI series against Zimbabwe. But in
March, Australia visit and one official admitted "that will be the
make-or-break series".
Change might pre-empt it, or change may come as a re-
sult of it, but change, it increasingly appears, may be inevi-
table and soon. (Cricinfo)


Page 3 & 30.p65


* ...


World federation moves

to sack president Kang

KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia (Reuters) Leading figures
from the Badminton World Federation (B'l F i. the sport's
ruling body, have decided to seek the remo al of their South
Korean pri-eidvni Dr Kang "oung-joong nmidga} through
his term of office.
An extraordinary general meeting being c.lld for cj1l, in
2008 to vote on a BWF Coun-
cil recommendation to dismiss
him.
The move follows a
lengthy and bitter split laid bare
during the world champion-
ships in August when Dr Kang in
stood aside for a time to exam-,
ine his position after a 14-5
vote of no-confidence.
A media release yester-
day after a Council meeting
in Kuala Lumpur aid there
had been a long discussion..4
with Dr Kang, president
since 2005.
The discussion had exam-
ined "the conflicts associated Dr Kang Young-joong
with his role in the World Bad-
minton Foundation he established in 2007 and which is not un-
der the jurisdiction of BWF."
The Council was concerned that the Foundation was com-
peting with the BWF and "circulating documents critical of the
BWF Council and individual officers".
It also questioned Dr Kang's ability "to provide effec-
tive leadership of the BWF and settle the internal tensions
to which he was contributing."
The Korean argued in August that BWF deputy president
Punch Guniialri of. M.ii,,-is had usurped his position and that
the BWF had spiralled downwards through a "dictatorship by
democracy".
His claims were rejected by BWF Asia chairman VK
Verma who insisted the problem lay with Dr Kang's style
of decision-making. "He has to respect the majority," said
Verma.


_ _


SUNDAY


-1








SUNDAY CHRONICLC E December 16,"2007 31


AI
(: -^
I.,.,


Windies, S. Africa clash in



first Twenty20 match today


PORT ELIZABETH, South Africa (CMC) West Indies and
South Africa will have their first close look at each other,
when the two teams meet in the first of two Twenty20
Internationals today at the Sahara Oval, St George's.
The match will be the curtain-raiser for what promises to
be seven weeks of intense combat which will also include three
Test matches and five One-Day Internationals.
Both sides will be eager to seize the early initiative which
could prove vital over the long
tour, and both teams will be
without their appointed cap-
tains.
For West Indies,
U Dwayne Bravo, the livewire
all-rounder, continues to
fill-in for Chris Gayle, who
is still recovering from a
hamstring injury sustained
two weeks ago during the
preceding ODI series in
SZimbabwe.
Shaun Pollock, the expe-
rienced all-rounder, will lead
/ the South Africans onto the
Spark in the absence of Graeme

ceive treatment for an enlarged
SHAUN POLLOCK spleen.
Both Gayle and Smith are
fighting to be ready for the first Test at the same venue which
begins on Boxing Day, December 26.
Bravo noted that he and his players were eager to get
on the field and battle hard against the home side.
The last time the two teams met in a Twenty20 Interna-
tional was back in September, when Gayle made a blazing cen-
tury, but West Indies lost the opening match of the ICC World
Twenty Championship.
"We are looking to start the major matches with a win and
take it from there," Bravo said.
"As we have said before, we had a good series in Zim-
babwe, and we want to continue building on that, and ad-
vance our game with every day of cricket we play. Today
will be another opportunity to make a statement."
Pollock noted that the match-will present a chance for some of
South Africa's younger and emer-, in .. talents to show what they
have in them.
"They are keen to combat anything West Indies throw
at us," he said.
The Proteas will also be without two other key players, as
wicketkeeper Mark Boucher and talismanic all-rounder Jacques


Kallis are both being rested and opportunities are being given
to More van Wyk; Ghulam Bodi, and Vernon Philander.
West Indies had a number of positives from Friday's
rain-marred 25 overs-a-side opening tour match.
The Makhaya Ntini Invi-
tational XI had a narrow five-
run win under the
Duckworth-Lewis Method in
a match to launch Ntini's
Benefit Year. ".
In the game, Fidel
Edwards showed some fire in
taking two wickets for 23 ,,
runs from his five overs.
His victims were
Herschelle Gibbs, who was
beaten for pace and had his
middle and leg stumps ex-
tracted, and Pollock, caught at
deep mid-off for a top score
of 54. Edwards also held a
stunning catch inches from
the ground at wide long-on. DWAYNE BRAVO
Darren Sammy was
also steady with the ball and brilliant in the outfield, and
the batting showed some class with Shivnarine
Chanderpaul notching 44 from 27 balls, while Denesh
Ramdin promoted to No.3 made an accomplished 20 at
a run-a-ball.
A capacity crowd of close to 17 000 is expected for today's
match and organizers have indicated that tickets are going
quickly.
This is a festive weekend and, with tomorrow being a pub-
lic holiday, many spectators are using today's match as part of
their celebrations. The weather forecast is for sunny and warn
conditions and the maximum temperature for 32 degrees Cel-
sius in the day-time and 26 degrees Celsius in the evening.
The second Twenty20 International is scheduled for.
January 18 at the Wanderers in Johannesburg between the,
third Test and first One-day international.
Squads:
SOUTH AFRICA (from): Shaun Pollock (captain), Ghulam
Bodi, Johan Botha, Abraham de Villiers, Jan-Paul Duminy,.
Herschelle Gibbs. Albie Morkel, Makha..a Ntini, Vernon Phi-
lander, Dale Stein. Morne %an Wyk
WEST INDIES (from): Dwa.ne Bravo (captain),,
Shivnarine Chanderpaul, Pedro Collins, Fidel Edwards,
Daren Ganga. Rawl Le'%is. Runako Morton, Brenton Parch-
ment, Daren Powell, Denesh Ramdin. Darren Sammy,
Marlon Sanmuels. Devon Smith. Jerome Taylor.


Better accommodation


for K&S football fans


at today's opening


By Joe .Chapman

FOOTBALL fans attending
today's 18th Kashif and
Shanghai grand opening cer-
emony will be better accom-
modated since some work has
been done to make spectators
more comfortable.
For the past 18 editions of
this national event, the
Mackenzie Sport Club has
hosted all the finals of this most
prestigious football event.
In some respects the event
imay have outgrown the facility,
but it remains the most trusted
venue, as far as the organizers
are concerned, to host these
championships.
Suggestions to remove it
from this town has come and
gone but the fact is the MSC
remains the most.reliable
and dependable venue for
this organisation.
To this end there is need for
a joint approach to upgrading


and one such plan was birthed
this year but did not come to
fruition for varying reasons.
However, the MSC Execu-
tive and the Kashif and Shang-
hai Organisation joined their ef-
forts to improve it this time
around, albeit a bit late.
Within the last two weeks
work by management and mem-
bers of the MSC was carried out
to the wooden areas in the con-
creted main pavilion which was
in a state of disrepair.
The rotten pieces of
boards were removed and re-
placed with new ones. This
had been a main concern by
members of the public who of-
ten would complain about be-
ing forced to sit and watch
sports at this facility, risking
their new garments being de-
stroyed by the unsafe state.
An approach was therefore
made by the executive of the
MSC to Demerara Timbers
Limited who provided the lum-


ber needed and by self-help, the
MSC was able to complete the
repairs to the main pavilion
In addition and of more
concern have been the wash-
room facilities at the main
sporting club in Linden.
On the other hand the
Kashif and Shanghai
Organisation approached and
got funding from the Linden
Economic Advancement
Programme (LEAP) and the en-
tire washr\ioom in the VIP and
members" areas have been re-
tiled and fittings replaced where
necessary. There has also been
an added feature to the VIP area
- there is now a urinal.
The Mackenzie Sports
Club has come in for some flak
over the years and efforts to cor-
rect this has been forthcoming
with the MSC Executive and the
Kashif and Shanghai
Organisation working in part-
nership to improve areas that
needed urgent attention.


MSC members carry out repairs to the main pavilion during the past week.


Jabloteh take giant step

toward Pro League title

PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad (CMC) San Juan Jal -h
took a giant leap towards clinching the Trinidad & Touago
Pro League title, when they stopped North East Stars 2-0
on Friday at the Larry Gomes Stadium.
With one round of matches Big Six playoff< remaining, the
victory, doubled with defeats for fellow title chasers Joe Public
and Caledonia AIA, put Jabloteh three points clear at the top
of the table and installed them as favories to capture the Pro
League title.
Jabloteh lead the Championship with 59 points, Joe Public
are second with 56, Caledonia are third on 55, followed by W'-
Connection on 54, T&T Defence Force with 50. and North Ea Stars on 43.
In a game that as played on a field made heavy b
all-day rain, North East kept a lid on Jabloteh througholi
the first period.
Both sides had their share of chances, but neither could mal
the breakthrough uniil the second, \%hen Jabloteh took the lead
Second-half substimtue Cornell Glenn finished with author
ity in the 70th minute, when the North East Stars defence
t.unel surrendered the ball
Ten minutes later, Jabloteh put the game completely
beyond the Stars, when Jason Marcano connected with his
head on a Leslie Peltier cross.
The key result of Round 4. Match Day 5 -ame at Ato
Boldon StdJium, %' here glamour team \% -Connection condemned
Caledonia AIA, leaders throughout most of the competition, to
their second straight defeat and fi'e matches withoutt a %win
It was a complete turnaround after Caledonia opened
the scoring in the match when striker Conrad Smith set
upon a defensive error to race around defender David
Charles and finish past goalkeeper Marvin Phillip for a
12th minute tally.
Caledonia dominated for most of the remaimng minutes in
the s cl.nd half. but the\ let W-Connection get a foot in the
door in the last pla. of the first period. %\hen Charles headed
past goalkeeper Andrew Durrant from set play on a corner kick
to leae the score le el at the halftime break.
Charles gave double for putting W-Connection in early
trouble, when he Charles rifled the Savonetta Boyz ahead.
comfortably slotting home a Ronaldo Viana right-sided
cross five minutes into the second period.
Both sides fought a fierce battle throughout the rest of the
second half. but \V-Connection were rewarded 10 minutes from
time, ,. hen Dominunican Republic sinker Jonathon Fnas latched
onro a though ball to run past the Caledonia defence before
beating goalkeeper Dunant
In the other match at the Mannie Ramjohn Stadium.
an own goal b) defender Seon Power was enough for T&T
Defence Force to capitalise on full points against Joe Pub-
lic.
A great build-up from the soldiers and a low cross truo the
area b) Keon Carter "as directed past goalkeeper Jacomeno
Barred bN P,-'er 1,ith De\eon Jorsling standing at far post in
an olf-tide position.
This prompted the referee's assistant to raise his flag.
but match referee M.J. Mohammed overruled saying th t
he didn't interfere wilh play and pointed to the cent; e
circle.


" i 'A_, ,-' kit.m,.








All systems in place for


football opening


By Joe Chapman
ALL systems are in place, with improved lighting, compli-
ments of the LIMMINE Secretariat, upgraded seating in the
main pavilion and comfortable washrooms in the upper mem-
bers' pavilion, for the staging
of the colourful kickoff in
this evening's 18th staging of
the most-talked-about sport-
ing event in this nation's an-
nual calendar, the Kashif and
Shanghai football extrava-
ganza. i
Tonight's opening of the
tournament, with its usual
pomp and ceremony, would
be punctuated with a number
of remarks to be given by a
select number of important
individuals including Prime
Minister Sam Hinds and
Minister of Sport Dr Frank
Anthony who will ultimately
DRFRANKANTHONY declare the 18th edition open.
Pastor Selwyn Sills will
open with prayers at 19:00 h, followed by the singing of the
National Anthem by Walton Martin.



MAKE A DINNER

AWINNfER!


Macaroni
Vermicelli
Chow Mein
Spaghetti
1Twirls


Shells
Elbows
Creste
Wheels
Mini Mac


The Real Thing



iLa


*.A


Edward B. Beharry & Company Ltd
Tel: 227-1349, 227-2526


The march past of all 18 local teams, led by number one chosen
side Bakewell Topp XX, last year's runners-up to Trinidad & Tobago's
Joe Public, who will not be defending their crown, will follow. The
salute will be taken by the high-profile delegation, led by Prime Min-
ister Sam Hinds, Minister of Sport Dr Frank Anthony, Regional Chair-
man of Region 10 (Upper Demera a/Berbice) Mortimer Mingo, presi-
dent of the Guyana Football Federation, Colin Klass and the durable
promoting duo of Kashif Muhaminad and Aubrey 'Shanghai' Major.
Kashif Muhammad will then give the welcome
address which will be followed by remarks from:
Regional Chairman Mortimer Mingo, Sport Minis-
ter Dr Frank Anthony, Prime Minister Sam Hinds
and GFF president Colin Klass before the kick-off
is taken by Minister of Sport Dr Anthony to de-
clare the championship open. ,
The clubs in the march past are from Linden Bakewell Topp
XX, Winners Connection, Silver Shattas, Club Rusal, Amelia's Ward
and Net Rockers; Georgetown Alpha United, Pele, Fruta Conquer-
ors, Santos, Camptown and Western Tigers; East Coast Demerara -


r 18th K&S

BV/Triumph and Buxton; Pouderoyen of West Demerara and
Moneddelust of Berbice.
There will be a clash be-
tween a President's XI and an
Upper Demerara Select side at
20:30 h.
At 17:30 h a Linden Under-
18 and Georgetown Under-18 en-
counter will usher in the official
programme at 19:00 h.
The venues being used for
this year's championship are the
Mackenzie Sports Club ground
and the Georgetown Football
Club (GFC) ground.
The date for the opening is
December 16 at the MSC, with
other games played December 19,
21 and 26. The final will be
played on January 1.
The GFC will host semifinalI
matches on December 23, 25, 28 COLIN KLASS
and 30.
The National Communications Network (NCN) will
be bringing the feature game between the President's XI
and the Upper Demerara Select side live on radio from
20:30 h.


Frnie sFshSo, cotrbues o &StO9 ne
____________ 4 9 age 2


Francine's Fish Shop's co-directors Francine Dickie and Jermain Culley (left and second left) strike a pose with Aubrey
'Shanghai' Major (second right), PRO Capucine Phillip and Mark Bradford at yesterday's ceremony.


-. A' -


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ishea ny Guyana National Newspapeis Limited, Lama Avenue, Bel Air Park, Georgetown. Telepncone 226 3243.9 General), Eaioril 227-5204. 227 5216 Fsx:227 .208


SYicOAcomoR
SUNDAY, MEMBER 16, 2007


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Slight Darag Ills


SPresent Prices we Pay Inclusi
InclusiveA
Items Specs Without VAT VAT of VAT
nA i


(1). Bags
(2). Blankets
(3). Bottles
(4). Brushes
(5). Chairs
(6). T-Shirts
(7). Vest
(8). Dresses
(9). Pajamas
(10)Socks
(11)Sweaters
(12)Caps
(13)Comb & Brush Sets
(14)Gifts Sets
(15)Pen-Play
(16)Potty
(17)Seats
(18)Stroller
(19)Tables
(20)Walkers
(21)Towels


diaper
cotton
nursing
for bottle
- high
- infant
- knitted cotton
- with panties





new born 4pcs

musical
car

- bath


" S
- s



6,

1-


1
- 15
S 2
- 11
S 5
- 21
- 7
7
2


bath


950.00 $ 133.00
840.00 118.00
275.00 39.00
125.00 18.00
,710.00 939.00
420.00 59.00
420.00 59.00
,425.00 200.00
815.00 114.00
205.00 29.00
510.00 71.00
345.00 48.00
360.00 50.00
,930.00 270.00
,520.00 2,173.00
,310.00 323.00
,495.00 1,609.00
,670.00 794.00
,810.00 3,053.00
,760.00 1,086.00
,640.00 370.00


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$ 5 4U.UU
838.00
275.00
125.00
6,694.00
419.00
419.00
1,422.00
813.00
204.00
509.00
345.00
360.00
1,926.00
15,483.00
2,305.00
- 11,468.00
- 5,656.00
- 21,758.00
7,742.00
2,633.00


We will pay your VAT when you shop from any of the following departments:
~* Silk Flowers, Christmas Trees & Decorations
~* Toys ( except those from our "Toys Discount Centre")
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* Lighting Fixtures


By Victor Mallet
Many have asked, and it is time to answer:
why does our Hong Kong-based yacht go
by the obscure name Arapaima? Why not
choose a new and poetic name that rolls
more easily off the tongue? And why do
sailors give their boats such weird and incomprehensible
names in the first place?
By chance, I was one of the few residents of Hong Kong with
no need to ask the meaning of Arapaima when we bought the boat
four years ago. I had spent time as a teenager in Guyana in South
America, and knew that the arapaima otherwise known as the
pirarucu is a giant freshwater fish of the Amazon basin. They are
so large that from a small aircraft I once saw one swimming hap-
pily in a river below.
Thus did we move from fowl to fish, for our previous boat
was named Avocet after the black-and-white wader with the
upcurved bill and boasted an exterior two-tone paint job to
match. Even the mast was black, a blessing for arriving crew
if they were searching for the boat in a forest of aluminium
Please turn to page VII


I name this



boat ... after



a giant



Amazon fish


(a) Tiles


(b) Gypsum Boards

Available at:

Houston Complex -Mr Col


lin -226-5717


or
Ms Kamla-225-6686


Sunday Chronicle December 16, 200


Page II


I


I







Sunday Chronicle December 16, 2007


se-) Q --1T h--. -


December Departures*


(*first published in 2006, this article is relevant as a
continuous celebration of our literary heritage)

The Guyanese writers' fraternity has lost a few
family members during the month of December;
writers whose works have made us proud, writers
whose works have given greater definition to
Guyanese Literature, writers whose works have
given us immense joy and direction and elucidation. For all
of this significance, we cannot but celebrate their lives.
R. Lal Singh died on December 1, 1970. Born in 1905 in
Morawhana, a little known Amerindian village in the North West
District of Guyana, he went on to do his bit in the fight for the
independence of the world's largest democracy, India. He was
technical adviser to the filming of W. H. Hudson's 'GREEN
MANSIONS', one of the first novels written on Guyana. His own
book, GIFT OF THE FOREST, based on Amerindian Village Life
achieved remarkable success in the USA where it was filmed. Singh
wrote a number of books of prose and poetry including an
autobiography of his years growing up among the Makushi Indians
of Guyana. Wherever he went, he made significant contribution -
in his ancestral home, India, in his adopted home, USA, and in the
land of his birth. R. Lal Singh lived an active life, travelling frequently
in company with his wife, CELEBRATING THE RICHNESS OF
LIFE (title of one of his books of poems) yet he longed for escape,
'o, how I long for the quiet and peace/far from the maddening rush
and din/sometimes to give this restless soul release/where I can roam
and sing or read a book'.
On December 9, 2004, Bertie Chancellor made his last walk on
earth. He was born in the tramcar era, but was unable to fully enjoy
the ride' down Crown Street into Third Street, down Middle into
Bentick, ending at the terminus in Water Street. Circumstances
forced him to walk, a commission that became his hobby, a hobby
with which he eventually fell in love, walking every which where
he went. Walking to collect and sort ideas, walking to stay fit and
walking to save a bit or two for he was born into humble
circumstance. Apart from giving over forty years of service to local
radio, he was a playwright, poet, short story writer and artist


P .,







I am employed by a dentist who is a specialist. He has a
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde personality. For the most part
the staff has learned to deal with this, but not accept it.
The rest of the staff has been with him for years, as have
I. Our boss is generous in many ways, but his behavior
often leaves us wondering if it is all worth it.
We are told to take an unpaid hour off for lunch, yet we
are expected to pick up the phone and deal with his interrup-
tions. The company he hired to do payroll handed us an of-
fice manual with the intended rules, yet it states they can change
the rules at any time because he is an "at will" employer. I
checked with a state agency and they agree.
Everyone in the office is grateful to be employed, but at
the same time we are frustrated by the lack of respect we re-
ceive from him and by the overall standards that apply to "at
will" employees. When we try to talk to him on issues, we
are reminded of our place in this office with a you-can-mnove-
on-if-you-want reply.
He knows that is not possible for most of us.
What I'm looking for is guidance from someone at how to


whose writings found prominent positions in recent issues of 'THE
GUYANA ANNUAL'. His more popular verse, 'Push Button
World', a favourite at Upscale (Guyana) Restaurant open 'mic'
poetry session is as follows: 'A magical world will soon be here/
push a button and zoom you're there/push a button, have a hearty
meal/this push button jazz's a good deal!/I hear in this new and
wonderful life/you can push a button and get a wife/tis only one
thing you'll have to bear/you can't push a button and make her
disappear!'
On December 13, 1997, Martin Carter died amidst political
turmoil in Guyana. Although his writings reflected the social and
political history this country, Carter's poetry is universally relevant
so much so that some were translated into Spanish, Dutch and
Hindi. And that was the true measure of the man as revealed in an
interview with Professor Frank Birbalsingh, where Carter said, 'the
word "and" is very important to my way of thinking, that is to
say, something and something, not something and then something
else', referring to his poem, 'Conjunction', with opening line 'very
sudden is the sought conjunction'. Twice he was honoured by the
government of the day: in 1970 he received the Cacique Crown of
Honour and in 1994 the Order of Roraima. In 1989, his locally
published book, 'Selected Poems', won the Guyana Prize for
Literature in the category of best book of poetry. All but two of
his books were published locally. The writer of books is now the
study of at least three books namely, 'YOU ARE INVOLVED -
The Art of Martin Carter' edited by Stewart Brown, 'WEB OF
OCTOBER Rereading Martin Carter' by Rupert Roopnaraine and
'MARTIN CATER: UNIVERSITY OF HUNGER, collected poems
and selected prose' edited by Gemma Robinson.
On December 23, 1997, Henry Josiah passed away while
exhorting us 'to rediscover ourselves, to sometimes dig up the
ground our forebears have covered and take a long and loving look
at our roots'. In 1994, his first and only collection of stories, 'Tales
of Makonaima's Children', was published by Roraima Publishers.
a local company. Journalist, magazine publisher, radio commentator,
playwright/actor, children's book editor/producer, Josiah was an
inveterate word merchant, gaining respect wherever he went. In 1966,
'Makonaima and Pia', won a children's story contest. Reprinted in


approach an unequal situation.

Tabitha

Tabitha, the great unspoken topic in psychology is domi-
nance. People resist even bringing up the subject. What people
are more than willing to talk about is communication skills.
There the core idea is: I believe this, you believe that, and I can
get you to change your actions through some words.
It is all misdirection. If there were a simple way to make
your boss agree with what you are saying, then you could, for
example, make anyone come to your religion. All you would
have to do is figure out the right words to say, and they would
accept your way of thinking.
Words don't determine behavior, power does. In most situ-
ations, one person or group has power. What they say goes.
People love to explain behavior in ethical, economic or social
terms, but behavior most often comes down to a simple matter
of power.
The easiest representation of power is dollars. I have so
many dollars, so I can send my kids to the best schools. You
cannot. I can buy lobbyists and influence. You cannot. Rightly
or wrongly, your boss has a sense of entitlement in the work-
place. His people are telling him the legal minimum require-
ments he has to meet, and that is where he is drawing the line.
Someone like you, in a subordinate position, can make in-
roads only by being creative. In a weak position, you must act
like a martial artist. You can step to one side or use your
opponent's leverage against him, but a direct counterattack will
not work.
As a staff, find ways to minimize the lunch interruptions.
On Monday one person might handle the phones; on Tuesday


illustrated book form, that story earned a 'Book of the Day' award
at the 1967 'Man and His World' international exposition in
Montreal and was included in a UNESCO travelling book exhibition
'Best of the Best'. In 2002, the Henry Josiah Writing Short Story
for Children was launched by the publishers of 'THE GUYANA
ANNUAL'.
On December 25, 1989, A. J. Seymour passed on, hoping
(through his many invaluable volumes of autobiography) that some
academic at the university will continue his scholarship in Guyanese
literature for 'tomorrow belongs to the people'. His poetry has been
translated into French, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Russian,
Chinese and Hindi. In Australia, one of his poems is taught in
Braille. At least ten were put to music and placed into the national
repertoire. A bibliography of his writing compiled by the National
Library was 100 pages long! That was in 1974, over thirty years
ago! Poet, literary critic, radio programmer/broadcaster, anthologist,
'nativist publisher' and cultural historian, Seymour was honoured
by his country with the Golden Arrow of Achievement in 1970. In
1993, he was awarded an Honorary Doctor of Letters. Degree by
the University of the West Indies.
Guyana and the Caribbean owe him a great debt of gratitude
for his pioneering work in the field of literature, well defined by
Ian McDonald who said, 'he began when everything was still to be
done...the work done at the beginning is the least seen but the most
important part'!
Those five writers have gone on but their works will
remain with us in and out of season for all seasons.

Responses to this author telephone (592) 226-
0065 or email: oraltradition2002@yahoo.com

Literary update
Look out for the launch of THE GUYANA
ANNUAL 2007-2008
Contact this writer for the books THE FIRST
CROSSING and SELECTED POEMS OF EGBERT
MARTIN; give a book the better gift this
season.


someone else. If one of you is disturbed at lunchtime, then
find ways to lessen that day's burden on her. Supporting and
caring for one another will lessen the stress of the job.
Since your boss has a generous side, try assaulting him with
kindness. That often defuses people who are carrying an emo-
tional load they cannot discharge. Even small actions, like bring-
ing a plant to the office or voting for candidates who support
your view of employee rights, will make you feel better.
Some people reading your letter would count you lucky to
be working in an educated, safe, clean environment. Many
people work in dangerous environments for little pay. But what
it comes down to is this. You know where your boss sits, you
know where the law sits, now look for the parries and counter-
moves which work for you and the rest of the staff.

WAYNE & TAMARA


Authors and columnists Wayne and Tamara
Mitchell can be reached at
www.WayneAndTamara.com.
Send letters to: Direct Answers, PO Box 964,
Springfield, MO 65801 or email:
DirectAnswers@WayneAndTamara.com .


12/14/2007, 5:38 PM


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I I I II


Paope IITTT


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C6oe^oeo






Sunday Chronicle December 16, 200;


WHAT IS THE





GUYANESE II


How is the Guyanese identity realized
in national literature? Guyana has
many contemporary creative
writers, but it is not the concept of
the Guyanese identity which
inspires many of their works. Rather it is simply
whatever specific topic from personal experience
which they seek to communicate, but as though
unaffected or unaware of the enormous creative
potential available by expanding their local diverse
realities into a wider open-hearted, sensitive
direction which an imaginative and speculative
exploration of the Guyanese identity offers.
And yet it is precisely this sort of imaginative and speculative
direction which inspired and confirmed the indelible talent of
Guyana's two greatest, most
Successful and productive creative
writers to date, Edgar
Mittelholtzer and Wilson Harris.
Readers at home and abroad
remain fascinated by these two
LP writers' novels because they
reveal the birth of a new national
identity in the making.
Mittelholtzer successfully tackled
the necessity of the Guyanese
identity from two basic positions:
One exposing in frank realism all
the shabby, vindictive and
'confused prejudices of Guyanese
characters in many of his novels;
the other position projected
: amiable and rational heroism in
outstanding characters, like
Hendrik Rol, the Dutch
B' commander in "Children of
Kaywanna"; the beautiful mestizo
martyred Guyanese girl Sylvia, in his novel of the same title, who
refused to give into the material offers of influential men in exchange
for her sexual favours (the first true feminist novel of modern
Guyana); also the sensual and audacious young daughters of the
despotic Missionary in "Shadows move among them". Such
positive Mittelholtzer characters were created to advance a tradition
of exploration towards inhabiting the Guyanese identity. Of Harris's










The public is hereby notified that the British
High Commission and the Department for
International Development (DFID) will be
closed to observe upcoming Public Holidays:

20 Dec. Eid-UI-Adha
25 Dec. Christmas Day
26 Dec. Boxing Day
1 Jan 2008 New Year's Day

In addition, the Visa & Consular Section will be
closed on 20 and 21 December and from 25 Dec
2 Jan 2008. Persons who have made visa
interviewing appointments for 24 Dec. are
advised to keep these appointments.

By .1iiL.-'L ,i it


first unforgettable eight novels, we can single out two here as his
highest, most penetrating and rewarding adherence to revealing the
Guyanese identity: :"Heartland" and "The Eye of the Scarecrow".
Both novels are less than one hundred pages each, yet they may
take forever to analyse or absorb.
In "Heartland", this is precisely because its poetic
language, its descriptions, its dialogue ,all reflect the fleeting
thoughts, pleasures, dilemmas, imagination and wisdom of
four of the greatest Guyanese literary characters: Stevenson,
of Scottish ancestry, Kaiser, of African ancestry, Da Silva of
Portuguese/Amerindian ancestry. and Petra of Amerindian
ancestry, whose interaction in the Bartica/Potaro region brings
out their common humanity as Guyanese. Their identity as
Guyanese is not already decided by their race, religion, or
original cultural inheritances, but by the new levels of love,
dependence, and clemency they must now not only show
towards each other, but to animals and the imposing wild
terrain. Whether Guyanese of diverse racial stock are really
like this is not the point, but how the imaginative, exploratory
nature of Harris's sentences, descriptions, etc, create
necessary human values which make the Guyanese identity a
practical benefit to those concerned.
At one point, Harris, revealing Stevenson's endless
probing thoughts about himself, Kaiser, Da Silva and Petra,
writes: Who indeed did one happen to be, ruling whom and
ruled by whom, relying on whom, and for what? It was as if
all parties were caught in a crossfire of relationships whereby
they were able to visualize windows of spirit..." In
"Heartland", a masterpiece on the evolution of the Guyanese
identity, these "windows of spirit" whereby some Cuyanese
individuals question themselves via beautiful thoughts and
actions, are made of the equally beautiful and sensible
surrounding environment and landscape. Harris reads the
message Guyana's geography sends to awaken the Guyanese
identity, he writes: The hint of a new freshness in the wind
spoke of fair Atlantic breezes...It was at Kartabo Point (
Bartica, the first and oldest Guyanese settlement) that one
found the beginnings of a new legendary continental offspring
born of many races."
The specific region, community, village or town, is used by
Harris not to shrink or fragment the Guyanese identity into social
or ethnic exclusiveness, but to expand it into its true universal or
cosmic identity. This quest for the recognition of the Guyanese
identity is, in the end, a love affair with the world we live in, it is
far from nationalistic, but rather mentally liberating, as in this
description of a river's surface in "Heartland": Each iridescent
bubble bore the painted carriage of sky and trees like an exquisite
moment of reflection..."
In "The Eye of the Scarecrow", the topic is actually about
how honesty liberates us, and how restricting it is to see


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IDENTITY?


social and political actions as the only solution to all our
problems, when it is we ourselves as humans who by refusing
to think carefully, and to look carefully at how the world is
made-up, create problems for ourselves by hasty conclusions.
The narrator in "The Eye of the Scarecrow" begins to see such
sense since his years as a boy in Georgetown, experiencing
sickness, surgical operations etc, facing life and death in
simple everyday circumstances, which he realizes are guiding
processes higher than his will power. All sorts of confusions.
false conclusions, wrong accusations, occur in this novel.
because we as humans mistakenly think that simply to SAY
something, to speak, to use words to accuse and define, etc,
is the same as TRUTH, when in fact
TRUTH is really revealed by our self-reflection, self-
inquiry, and self-judgement, so that we begin to recognize
that evil begins in the false pride and jealousy in our minds.
Harris in this novel is concerned with exploring language. or
linguistics itself, and the experiences it seeks to communicate.
Rather than invent and impose answers, he opens his mind
to language, and invites readers to do the same by keeping an
open-minded response guided by human sympathy and
gratitude. In his profoundly philosophical preface (Wilson
Harris is perhaps the first truly original Guyanese
philosopher) to "The Eye of the Scarecrow", he rejected
nihilism, writing: "Nihilism is rooted in a sense of mourning
for the death of security extending beyond colonial moorings
into the womb of old cultures and institutions across times
and seas." This endless negative mourning and complaint is
what he describes as creating the personality of "Idiot
Nameless", whereby people carry around history in caricature
within themselves, instead of creating the new identity they
are capable of out of the eternal present.
These two novels, which ought to be compulsory study for
Guyanese High School and University students, continue to
seem strange and difficult to many readers who are unaware
that creative writing today is free to be influenced by the
techniques and formal structures of painting, film, music, etc,
which have all influenced Harris's literary style, just as it did
the French New Novelists, and even great novelists of the
English language, such as James Joyce, Virginia Woolf,
William Faulkner, Hemingway, Lawrence Durrell, Wole
Soyinka, among others. Harris does not "own" this style of
inspirational and descriptive writing so his is an approach to
exploring the Guyanese identity to be continued and expanded
by other Guyanese creative writers, poets, etc, without them
ever feeling "in awe" of Mr Harris, in so far as they are honest
to themselves, if "themselves" are defined by the ongoing,
positive and exciting quest for the Guyanese identity. Such a
quest can be as pleasurable for all as experiencing the works
of art which express it.


A- A 9 n65


Page IV


\ACANCY
Applications are in vited fiom suitably qualified persons to
fill the position of-

STRAIN E

.EQUIRE .ENTS:..
* Must have at least a diploma in Mechanical1Electrical
Engineering
* At least three (3) years experience as a lecturer at a
Technical Institution OR
* Five (5) years practical experience in a related field at a
senior level.
Please send application to:
The Administration Manager
Machinery Corporation of Guyana Limited (MACORP)
26 Providence, East Bank Demerara.
To reach no later than December 19, 2007

M ACORP ...L'CL


-.Li ,q 1 ..- 4 --- - .-i


^P








unday Chronicle December16, 2007 Palle V


'Mom, I fell off my bike and
knocked out one of my front
teeth. What should I do?'
Ramesh is standing in the
doorway, crying and bleeding.
This is one of those instances
when fear often turns into
panic for mothers.
The American Dental Asso-
ciation estimates that by the
time young adults graduate from
high school, one in three boys
and one in four girls have expe-
rienced some type of traumatic
injury to their teeth. Such inju-
ries can result from falls, auto
accidents, contact sports, or any
number of causes.
The rule to follow if you or
your child has one of these in-
juries is to contact your dentist
as soon as possible. Even a.
small chip that can apparently
just be smoothed down could
result in the death of the pulp.
In other words, you could end
up with an abscessed tooth. In
fact, a tooth which the crown
has sustained a hard blow with-
out fracturing is more likely to
abscess that one in which the


Wdhen a tooth is



kn0o ut


root has fractured.
If a permanent tooth is
avulsed (knocked out), the key
to successful replantation is to
get the tooth reimplanted in the-
socket as soon as possible. With
each minute that passes more of
the cells on the root of the
tooth die. These cells are needed
to attach the root back into the
socket. Whenever possible the
tooth should be reimplanted at
the site and the patient taken to
the dentist as soon as possible.
However, many times the pa-
tient is frightened and uncoop-
erative, so the tooth cannot be
reimplanted. If the tooth has to
be transported to the dentist for
reimplantation, it is important
to pick it up only by the crown
and put it in a transport me-
dium. This can be milk, coconut
water, saliva, or saline. If it is
dirty, it can be rinsed gently,
but take care not to injure the
root of the tooth where the cells
for attachment are located. If
you are in a situation that re-
quires you to get a tooth reim-
planted, it is important to never


do any of the following: scrub
or brush the root surface, use
soap or chemicals to clean the
tooth, dry the tooth, or wrap
the tooth in a tissue or cloth!
The best chance for success
is reimplantation within the first
thirty minutes, with chances
still considered very well up to
the first two hours. To get the
most favorable results, root ca-
nal therapy should be started
one to two weeks after the
tooth has been stabilized.
If the tooth is loose or has
been knocked out and re-
placed in its socket, the den-
tist will most likely want to
stabilize it. This is done by
temporarily attaching the
loose tooth to the adjacent
teeth, a process called splint-
ing. In cases where the tooth
is loose bust has not come out
of the socket, the splint is
usually left in place seven to
ten days, or until mobility is
within acceptable limits.
While a tooth is in a splint,
it is important to avoid biting
on it, eat soft foods, and main-


Foreign Exchange Market Activities
Summary Indicators
Friday, December 7, 2007 Thursday, December 13, 2007
EXCHANGE RATES
Buying Rate Selling Rate
A. US Dollar NOTES OTHER NOTES OTHER
Bank of Baroda 200.00 200.00 206.00 206.00
Bank of Nova Scotia 195.00 198.00 206.00 206.00
Citizens Bank 192.00 200.00 203.25 205.25
Demerara Bank 197.00 199.00 202.00 203.00
GBTI 195.00 195.00 204.00 205.00
RBGL 199.00 200.00 204.00 206.00
Bank Average 196.33 198.67 204.21 205.21

Nonbank Cambios Av. (5 largest) 200.12 203.52

BoG Weighted Average Exchange Rate: USS 1.00 = G$203.55

B. Canadian Dollar
Bank Average 167.83 175.83 186.83 189.83
C. Pound Sterling

Bank Average 355.70 380.67 399.83 407.83

D. Euro
Bank Average 240.00 261.80 267.50 280.00
E. Selected Caricom Exchange F. LIBOR US$ G. Prime Rate
Rates London Interbank Offered
__ Rate for Mon., Dec. 3, 2007
7T'S = GS 28.80
BdosS = G$ 91.94 6 months 4.89563% US 7.50%
SJS= GS 4.45 1 year 4.43388% Guyana (wgt.) 13.90%
ECS GS 67.82
BelizeS G$S94.68
Source: International Department, Bank of Guyana.


tain good oral hygiene.
In cases where the tooth is
fractured (broken), the injured
area should be cleaned out with
warm water. If cold compresses
are placed on the face in the area
of the injured tooth it will help
decrease the swelling. You must
see your dentist as soon as pos-
sible.
If you get objects (bone,
food, ect.) caught between the
teeth, it is best to try removing
them with floss. Don't ever try
to remove anything that is be-
tween your teeth with a sharp
or pointed instrument.. If you
are not successful, go to your
dentist.
If you have a toothache, be
sure to rinse with warm water
and use dental floss to remove
food particles. This is often the
source of the pain. Never place
an aspirin on the aching tooth
or gum tissue because that will
burn it. However, it is alright to
swallow an analgesic (ibuprofen
or aspirin). If there is swelling
present, you need to begin tak-
ing antibiotics as soon as pos-
sible. Never put hot compresses
on a swollen face because it will
make the swelling worse. If you
are unable to reach your dentist
and the swelling or pain seems
to be increasing at a rapid rate,
you should go to the nearest


The Dentist Advises
-iM ARRIT II


emergency room for an evalua-
tion and treatment. They can
provide an antibiotic and pain
medication injection that will
begin working immediately. Se-
vere pain and swelling should
not be taken lightly. Make an
appointment with your dentist
as soon as possible!
If you suspect someone has
a broken jaw, do not move it.
The jaw should be in a secure
place with a handkerchief, neck-
tie, or towel that is tied around
the jaw and over the top of the
head. Cold compress should be
used to control swelling, if
present.
After any type of blow to
the teeth, the major cause of
tooth loss in root resorption.
This means the root of the
tooth slowly dissolves away
through bodily processes.
This is similar to the mecha-
nism involved in the roots of
'baby teeth; when they resorb
(dissolve) and become loose.
The possibility of root
resoption is one of the main
reasons that the dentist
should keep track of the in-


jured tooth with X rays taken
at intervals no longer than
six months.
If your dentist sees resorp-
tion occurring, there are tech-
niques that can halt the process
and save the tooth. This in-
cludes the placement of calcium
hydroxide in the root canal
space of the resorbing tooth. It
will then be necessary to return
to the dentist in three to eight
weeks for root canal therapy.
Studies show that after a
root fracture about 80 percent
of the teeth maintain healthy
pulps. The other injuries de-
scribed result in almost certain
pulp death, resulting in need for
root canal therapy.
In summary, get your
child or yourself to your den-
tist as soon as possible after
an injury to a tooth. It is also
important to have frequent,
regular checkups on the in-
jured tooth to prevent its loss
from root resorption. Most
teeth, even those with frac-
tured roots or those that have
been totally knocked out, can
be saved with proper care.


1 NI1 1111 fig L r N"Ii11 k I[


CALL OUR MARKETING DEPARTMENT 22

CALL OUR MARKETING DEPARTMENT 2254475


ilAr/ll/n-7 A- r lf


NATIONAL PARKS COMMISSION
VEHICLE FOR SALE BY TENDER

1 TOYOTA MOTOR CAR 1498 CC
Vehicle to be sold as is, where is and may be inspected during working hours
at the National Parks Commission. Thomas Road, Thomas Lands. Tenders
shall be placed in a Tender Box at the Office of the National Parks
Commission, Thomas Lands, Georgetown in a sealed envelope marked
(TENDER).

The National Parks Commission reserves the right not to accept any or the
highest Bidder. The successful Tender will be requested to pay for vehicle
within seven (7) days.

The department reserves the right to accept or reject any or all the Tenders
without assigning any reason or not necessarily to award the highest
Tenderer. Closing date for Tenders would be December 23,2007 at 4 pm.

Tender forms can be purchased from the Office of the National Park at the
above address for a non-re fundable fee of five hundred dollars ($500.).

General Manager
National Parks Commission
Thomas Road, Thomas Lands
Georgetown, Guyana.


unday Chronicle December- 16, 2007


Page V







adnuS Chronicle D b 1 2


y ecem er (


Passnge conictd &jile fo

-takn I u II5ei I( y to ai r port for exU KS por5 I


OSE E- APPE (2) That the charge
iment) Ordinance, 1965
LOSE APP A Schedule had been repe
(3) That the charge
LOE P PE L Control Ordinance 19
not to taking currency
SUT SENTCENCE (4) That the charge
was tlhe section crcat
appellant because the
(5) That the words
were found on the curn
assertion to Hunte tha
dence and proof that th
SI E (6) That whether

prescribed by section 2
Court should be satisfi
no such evidence the
pellant treble the value
(7) That the Court



A"l.1UU flesBy George Barclay

Court of Appeal could
USINESSMAN Moneram Hazari who took foreign currency to the therein a reference to]
Timehri International Airport in 1973 for the purpose of export, the Exchange Control:
was convicted by a magistrate and fined three times the money Appeal declared, as it
involved and was sentenced to six months' imprisonment, forfeiture and varied se
-JThe United States of America and Canadian currency totaling $5, 173.15 in Guyana prisonment in default t
currency, found in his possession, was ordered to be forfeited.
His appeal to the Full Court of Appeal was dismissed and so was his final appeal to the Guyana Delivering his judge
Court of Appeal in 1976. became Chancellor) n
But that final Court, presided over by Chancellor J.O.F. Haynes and Justices of Appeal E.V. magistrate's court for
Luckhoo and Keith Massiah, dismissed the appeal, affirmed the conviction and forfeiture, but varied purpose of exportation
the sentence to a fine of $1, 000, or six months' imprisonment in default. Control Ordinance 195
The facts of the case disclosed that on September 29, 1973, the appellant was at the Timehri The allegation wa
Airport for the purpose of travelling to Canada. Having passed through immigration he was on his States of America cur
way to board the aeroplane when Ronald Hunte, an officer of the Customs and Excise Department exportation. The equiv
stationed at the airport, accosted him. Acting under the p
On being questioned, the appellant Hazari said that he had declared $23:00 in Canadian currency times the sum of mone
and that he had no other money in his possession. a term of imprisonment
On conducting a search in the appellant's bags, Hunte found $1, 945.00 in United States of The appellant app
America currency notes and $569.00 in Canadian currency notes in three glass containers which were conviction and senten
in three jars of achar. Massiah had said.
In the appellant's clothing he found currency notes of those countries in the sum of $62.00. The Referring to the fa
appellant admitted that it was Canadian and 29, 1973 at about 10 a
American currency. He was charged with bringing currency notes to an airport for the purpose of by a British West India
exportation contrary to para. 3 of Part III of the Fifth Schedule to the Exchange Control Ordinance, was on his way to the
1958. and Excise Departmen
He was found guilty and fined three times the sum of money he was allegedly endeavouring to Hunte questioned
export or in default thereof, he was to serve a term of imprisonment of six months. The money itself was taking with him $2
was ordered to be forfeited. The appellant's appeal to the Full Court was dismissed. But when searched
On appeal to the Court of Appeal, counsel for the appellant contended that : iii of the Fifth Schedul
(1) the charge was bad in law. (2) there was no proof that the currency notes were legal tender jars were three glass cc
and (3) although under section 216 of the Customs Ordinance Chapter 309 the Comptroller of sum of of $2, 452. In
Customs could elect a penalty of treble the value of the goods in question, such election could only be sum of $62.
made on oath on behalf of the Comptroller and this was not done. When Hunte found


MINISTRY OF AGRICULTU7U.RE
AGRO-TOURISM INITIATIVE

The Government of Guyana, through the Ministry of Agriculture. is desirous of establishing pilot agro-
tourism farms in partnership with the tourism private sector on prime farmland at Mon Repos, East Coast
Demerara.

The Ministry is inviting proposals which should be based on the principles of Agro-forestry, organic
farming and sustainable tourism, in particular.

Use ofindigenous/local materials
Use of organic techniques/approaches
U* utilizing traditional/indigenous knowledge
Empowering local peoples
Promote education and awareness
Promote research

The Agro-tourism Farm should have a direct link to an existing tourism facility or operation, and serve as
a supplier of produce, while at the same time serve as a key demonstration site for tourists, visitors.
students and researchers.

The initiative will be done in close collaboration with the National Agricultural Research Institute
(NARI) which will provide technical support and guidance.

Proposals should be sent to the Director, National Agricultural Research Institute. Mon Repos, East Coast
Demerara., Tel. #220-2249. or 220-2841-2 not later than D inh~. Z 109.01, Proposals should be clearly
marked on the envelope'Proposal-Agro-tourism Initiative.'


Among other things, the Appellate Court held : (i) That the charge was not bad in law and \\
properly laid under the Exchange Control Ordinance 1958 and not the Exchange Control Act Chapt,
86:01. because the latter was not in force at the date of the commission of the offence, nor was
included in the Laws of Guyana until 31st December. 1973 by virtue Of the Law Revision Orde.
1973 which was only made on 29th December. 1973.


e was properly laid under the Fifth Schedule of the Exchange Control (Amend
5 since the amendment which had redesignated the Fifth Schedule as the Fourt
heated.
e laid was not bad in law for failing to refer to section 34 of the Exchang.
958, as that section referred specifically to actual exportation of currency an
to a place for exportation as was the case here.
e should have included a reference to para 1 (1) of the Fifth Schedule as thi!
ing the offence but the omission had in no way prejudiced or misled th,
charge as instituted clearly indicated to him the case he had to meet.
s "This note is legal tender..." and 'Will pay to the bearer on demand' whicl
rency notes were hearsay and inadmissible, but the appellant's admission anm
at "all is good money was prima facie evi-
e currency notes were legal tender.
or not the Comptroller has elected a penalty as
216 of the Ordinance is a matter of which the
ed by evidence on oath and since there was
magistrate was not empowered to fine the ap-
of the currency notes.
of Appeal inherited the powers of the British
Caribbean Court of Appeal, which had
the power of amending complaints by
virtue of article 5 (2) by the British
Caribbean Court of Appeal Order in
Council, 1962, and accordingly the
amend the complaint in this case by inserting
para I (1) of Para iii of the Fifth Schedule to C
Ordinance, 1958, the judgment of the Court of
dismissed the Appeal, affirmed conviction and if; .
sentence to a fine of $1, 000 or six months im-
hereof.

gment, Justice of Appeal Massiah ( who later JUSTICE LORIS
oted that the appellant was convicted in the GANPATSINGH
"bringing currency notes to an airport for the
i" contrary to paragraph 3 of Part iii of the Fifth Schedule to the Exchang
8.
s that on 29th September, 1973 the appellant had taken $1, 945 in Unite
rency notes and $569 in Canadian currency notes to Timehri Airpoit f(
talent value thereof in Guyana currency is $5, 173.15.
provisions of paragraph 3, the magistrate fined the appellant $15, 519.45, thn
:y he was allegedly endeavouring to export in default whereof he was to sern
t of six months, and ordered that the money itself be forfeited.
pealed to the Full Court. That Court dismissed the appeal and affirmed ti
ce. It is against the Full Court's decision that this appeal has been brougl

cts in brief, Justice of Appeal Massiah as he then was, said 'that on Septemb
.m. the appellant was at Timehri Airport. He had intended to travel to Cana(
in Airways aircraft and having been attended to by the Immigration Officer, I
tarmac to board the aeroplane when Ronald Hunte, an officer of the Custon
t stationed at the Airport, accosted him.
the appellant who told him that he had declared on the relevant form that I
23 in Canadian currency and that he had no other money in his possession.
I one of the appellant's bags ( acting under the provisions of paragraph 4 of P.
le to the Ordinance), he found therein three plastic jars with achar and in tho
containers with currency notes of the United States of America and Canada in t
the appellant's clothing he found also currency notes of those countries in t

d the first glass container, he asked the appellant what was in it and the app(
Canadian and American currency.
prosecution and asked if the notes were legal tender in the respective country
is good money". He was subsequently charged.
f the appeal, Senior Counsel Mr. C. Lloyd Luckhoo appeared for the a
n Assistant Director of Public Prosecutions, Mr. Loris Ganpatsingh, (w
e a High Court judge) represented the respondent, Paul Burnett, Coin


GOVERNMENT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE

SECURITY SERVICES

Proposals are invited from suitably qualified and experienced companies to provide Security
Services at the Government Technical Institute.

Proposals accompanied by an outline of experienced and capacity (human or otherwise) must be
addressed to:

The Chairman
GTI Board of Governors
Thru' The Principal
Government Technical Institute
Woolford Avenue
Non-Pariel Park
Georgetown

Closing date is Wednesday, January 30,2008 at 15:30 i.


Page VI


lant replied that it was
When warned of p
the appellant said "allh
At the hearing ol
pellant while the then
subsequently became
troller of Customs.







unday Chronicle December 16, 2007 Page VII


I name this




boat.. From page II
spars at a crowded marina.
There is something satisfying about a boat.name that reflects a reality in the natural world,
even if that reality is a fish from a far continent. Shortly after we bought Arapaima, we visited
the Japanese island of Kyushu and the children were able to gape at the live namesakes of
their boat in the Fukuoka aquarium, which so happens to specialise in studying them.
Avocets are more widely distributed and easier to see. We have admired these elegant birds strut-
ting through the mudflats of the Ile d'Oleron in France and the Mai Po wetlands in Hong Kong. If
Arapaima is too obscure a name, the trouble with Avocet is that it is too common; at one time there
were no fewer than three of us in the Minimes marina in La Rochelle.
Still, it is hard to argue with sailors for choosing the names of birds, animals and winds that repre-
sent the freedom they seek on the high seas. Hence Eric Tabarly's series of boats called Pen Duick, the
Breton for a coal tit; Suhaili, the boat named after an Arabic south-east wind in which Robin Knox-
Johnston became the first man to circumnavigate the earth non-stop and single-handed; Sir Francis
Chichester's series of Gipsy Moths (a name that came by way of an aircraft's name) and the prolifera-
tion of Shearwaters, Storm Petrels and Albatrosses.
Ellen MacArthur's'monohull Kingfisher was a nice compromise, a bird name previously adopted
by the retail group that sponsored her racing although the subsequent B&Q/Castorama multihull was
rather less delightful on the ear.
In most cases, the names of sponsors are to sailors what fingernails down a blackboard are to
sensitive schoolchildren. Competitors in the current two-handed Barcelona World Race are not sailing
Zephyr, Osprey or Swallow but Paprec Virbac 2, Hugo Boss, Veolia Environnement and Mutua
Madrilefia. Needs must.
Buf if you have no sponsor and dislike animals, you can always yield to anthropomorphism and
name your boat.after a person. Westerners prefer women, .sirens or even witches such as Calypso or
Cutty Sark, a name chosen by John Willis, the tea-clipper's master; after the .short-petticoated tempt-
ress who-chased Tam O'Shanter in the poem by Robert Bums.
My parents' first boat was a metal dinghy on the Blue Nile in Khartoum with the more mundane
name of Jacqueline, and their next and last was a tiny blue cabin cruiser in Stockholm dubbed Jacqueline
II. My great-grandfather's yachts were named Candida after his wife, and we have recently sailed in an
1889 Bristol Channel pilot cutter called Marian after the first owner's mother.
Jadalinkir, a venerable Hong Kong ketch built in 1946 and now the only boat in the territory both
more obscurely named and slower upwind than Arapaima, was first called Four Winds and then re-
christened by "Taffy" Landale of trading company Jardine Matheson to include the first letters of the
names of his children: Janet, David, Linda and Kirsten.
Boat names clearly matter. Each of the ones we remember Titanic, Bounty, Beagle, Spray, Victory, May-
flower, Exxon Valdez summon up in a few syllables a wealth of history, adventure or human folly.
If you seek posterity for your boat, it is probably best to avoid complicated jokes and puns. A
good rule of thumb like obeying your mother's instructions to wear clean underpants in case you are
taken to hospital is to imagine yourself shouting to the rescue helicopter over Channel 16, at which
point you may regret calling your boat. No Fly Zone or Mind the Bumps.
I nevertheless have a soft spot for an unusual name I saw once on the island of Martha's
Vineyard. If I used it to re-baptise Arapaima, I could say with a clear conscience "I'm sorry I
can't go to the meeting or collect the kids from school. I will be going to The Office." (Re-
printed from the Financial Times)






CIVIL ENGINEER
GPL is seeking to recruit a CIVIL ENGINEER to work in the
Administration Department, Middle Street, Georgetown.
KEY RESPONSIBILITIES
Prepare designs, bills of quantities, etc.
Oversee execution including quality control, and maintenance of
civil works within GPL
Check all specifications and designs prepared by any Civil Consultant
*Advise Administrative Manager/Director Human Resources on
advancing techniques, programmes for improvement, and
pertinent technical standards.
QUALIFICATIONS
Bachelor's degree in Civil Engineering from a recognized university
At least five (5) years experience as a Civil Engineer

Rewardicompensation will be commensurate with qualifications and
experience.
Applications with detailed resumes should be sent before
Monday 24th December, 2007 to:

The Divisional Director Human Resources
GUYANA POWER & LIGHT
257/259 Middle Street, Georgetown
Guyana

Pro,, Iw o sIeII ItIIst mu,' requirementss. ..eIi nIjt, aply


New Jersey scraps


death penalty

(BBC News)Lawmakers in the US state of New Jersey have approved a bill abolishing the
death penalty.
In a 44-36 vote, the Democrat-run state assembly replaced the death sentence with life in prison
without parole.
The bill is expected to be signed into law by Democratic Governor Jon Corzine an opponent of
the death penalty.
The move would make New Jersey the first US state to abolish capital punishment since the US
Supreme Court reinstated executions in 1976.
Campaigners say they hope the vote in the New Jersey Assembly will encourage opponents of
the death penalty elsewhere in the US.
The death penalty is on the statute books in 36 other states, according to the Washington-based
Death Penalty Information Center, although several are re-examining the use of capital punishment.
Fewer people were executed in America last year than at any time in the past 10 years.
There has been a de facto moratorium on executions since the US Supreme Court announced in
September that it would be considering a legal challenge against the use of lethal injections.
New Jersey has not executed anyone since 1963.
A special state commission set up in New Jersey reported earlier this year that putting prisoners
on death row to await execution was more expensive than jailing someone for life.
The report also said that capital punishment had not deterred murder and risked killing an innocent
person.
The end of capital punishment would spare eight men who are on death row in New Jersey. These
include Jesse Timmendequas, a sex offender convicted of murdering seven-year-old Megan Kanka in
1994.
This case led to Megan's Law, which requires authorities to notify the public about convicted sex
offenders living in their communities.
"My daughter was raped, she was strangled, she was suffocated. She was also raped post-mortem
and her body was dumped in a nearby park," said Richard Kanka as he appealed to legislators not to
abolish the death penalty.
"I feel the system has spit on me, has slapped me and I am fuming," Marilyn Flax whose hus-
band was kidnapped and murdered in 1989 by John Martini Sr, told the Associated Press.
Robert O Marshall, who was spared the death penalty in 2004 after he had spent 18 years on New Jersey's
death row convicted of the contract killing of his wife, said the decision was long overdue.
"It's a huge waste of money and doesn't accomplish anything," Mr Marshall said from a
New Jersey maximum security prison where he is serving a life sentence.



NOTICE

National Frequency Management Unit

With effect from .January 7, 2008 all two-way radio users / operators who:
are unlicensed.
have not renewed their licences by paying the required fees to the NFMU, and / or
operate their radios on unauthorised radio fiequencies,
will be prosecuted with the full extent of thelaw. This may include seizure of the offending two-
way radio (wireless telegraphy apparatus) and institution of criminal proceedings against the isers
/ operators, in accordance with the Post and Telegraph Act Cap 47:01.
Applications to establish and operate two-way radios can be obtained from the National Frequency
Management Unit, 68 Hadfield Street, D'Urban Park. Georgetown, or online at
http://www.nfmu.gov.gy/fixedandlandinobile.xls
(Two-way radios include HKVHF & UHF radios used by Miners, Loggers, Taxi Services etc.)




W Notice to Restaurant

Owners & Operators


The Guyana Water Incorporated (GWI) wishes to advise all
Restaurant Owners / Operators served by the Central
Georgetown Sewerage System that, it is a requirement to have
GREASE TRAPS installed on all wastewater outlets, This device
is necessary to prevent fats and oils from wastewater entering into
the sewerage system and causing blockages, resulting in
inconvenience to residents.

GWI personnel will be conducting inspections of all restaurants
beginning December 18,2007.

Please contact the Sanitation Unit at the GWI Operations Office,
Vlissengen Road, .for information regarding the recommended
size and installation of the grease trap.

We thank you for your anticipated support.

By order of Management.


12/14/2007. 5:46 PM








Page VIII


Sunday Chronicle December 16. 2007


CHRISTMA9


By PS Thakur

It was always said of him, that
he know how to keep Christ-
mas well if any man alive
possessed the knowledge
Charles Dickens- "A Christ-
mas Carol".
It is widely known that
Christmas celebration was origi-
nally not the birth of Christ but
was the pagan celebration of
Saturnalia. December 25th is
quite cold and shepherds would
not be all in the fields tending
their flocks. It seems to be


easier for folks to adopt an al-
ready existing holiday, time and
place, with or without modifi-
cation with time.
As for the Christmas tree,
its soft wood of fir and balsam
suggests it .originated and grew
in the temperate zones below
the Tropic of Capricorn in the
Southern Hemisphere or Tropic
of Cancer in the Northern
Hemisphere. It was no surprise,
therefore, that legends link the
first Christmas trees to Scandi-
navian the countries of Nor-
way and Sweden. Natives in


these areas once worshipped
trees. Thereafter it became a
Christian festival.
Diverse practices have be-
come associated with the cel-
ebration of Christmas. The
Christmas card, which began
about 1843, was designed by
J.C Norsky for his friend Sir
Henry Cole. Another is the
Christmas cactus or the popu-
lar epiphytic cactus, that blooms
about Christmas time. Then
there is the Christmas or Win-
ter r6se of the buttercup fam-
ily. There is also the Christmas


TREE


tree, an evergreen usually a bal-
sam or Douglas fir. Wreaths
and garlands are symbols of ex-
ternal life and evident in ancient
times in China, Egypt and Is-
rael.
The curious mind always
asks why, when and where-
fore of events in the environ-
ment. This is especially true
when the events become
popular, when the answers
are not clear cut and defini-
tive. We tend to add or take
away from the stories; to add
romanticism, making the


story quite attractive.
It is the belief of many that
the origin of the Christmas tree
goes back to a pagan ritual
known as the paradise true.
The Christmas version of the
tree had apples and wafers hung
from it.
Germans placed a yule tree
at the entrance of their homes
in the mid winter holidays.
Another legend, according
to one source, claimed that the


Christmas trees with stars, an-
gels, toys and candles. The
Scandinavians originally
trimmed their trees with fish
nets and little flags. Today they
use cookies, apples and nuts. In
the United States people use all
types of items to decorate the
trees, including ornaments that
are homemade.
On the top of the tree is
usually a star representing the
star that guided the wise men to
the manger where Jesus was
born. The first lights were used
by Luther's Christmas tree to
represent the light of the world.
At first it was candles, but the
open flame presented a danger,
especially when the trees be-
came dry.
Today, artificial trees are be-
coming more popular, because


interruptions

for network maintenance

SUNDAY DEMERARA -Water St. Bet. New Market & Church Sts.
16 DECEMBER North Cummingsburg, Robbstown, Lacytown
Bet. Holmes St., Main, Water & Lamaha Sts.
Stabroek, Werk-en-Rust, Charlestown
New Garden St. Bet. North & South Rds.
Bel Air Park 8& Quadrangle, Homestretch Ave., Campbellville
Lodge, Wortmanville, Meadow Brook
Century Palm Gdns,. D'urban Backlands 08:00 to 17:00 h

MONDAY DEMERARA EBD NeIw Providence 08&00 to 16:00 h
17 DECEMBER
BERBICE No. 46 Village to Phillipi 08:00 to 16:00 h


TUESDAY
18 DECEMBER


BERBICE No: 54 Village to Moleson Creek
Saltorn to Willimsburg


08:00 to 16:00 hI


Repair defective switches and appliances IMMEDIATELY! They use more
power than a properly functioning one.

Call in an ELECTRICIAN to check your internal circuitry EVERY YEAR!
His job is to ensure there are no broken wires or defective switches, outlets or breakers.
Broken wires cause current to leak, just like water.

. Do you have air cc.-,- ',,. i...lk sure. the ,o,.s di : are properly
sealed to guarantee tIe urn, ''.'ks efficiently.



Sif you do not have a full load for the washing machine, wash by hand instead.

Dry the washing in the sunlight/air whenever possible to cut back on using the
tumbler/dryer or.the spin-dry feature. The dryer uses. three (3) times the amount .
of energy the washer utilizes.

* Use just enough detergent (soap powder). Too much soap would require a,
second or third rinse cycle = more power. Monitor the soap and -save electricity.


first Christmas tree was shown
Sthe problem of fire is reduced.
in a miracle to an English mis-
sionary in Germany about 1200 The artificial trees may be used
years ago. The mode Christ- from year to year and so Are en-
years ago. The modern Christ-
mas tree and its vilification is environmentally more friendly.
The electric lights are much
credited to Protestant reformer
safer than the open flames and
Martin Luther (1483-1546) in
now one can use coloured or
Germany. It is claimed that he
white lights, some steady, oth-
saw a tree in the forest lit by
ers twinkling, but overall much
stars. Thus was inspired the
idea of the evergreen Christmas more attractive.
Gift and gift-giving has be-
tree.
In the United States an come an important part of the
enterprising woodsman, Christmas scene. The story of
enterprising woodsman,
Mark Carr. from the Catki Santa Claus (St. Nicolas) com-
Mark Carr. from the Catskill
Mountains in Ustate New ing from the North Pole and
Mountains in Upstate New
SYorik, in 18 iok pine trees through the chimney to lay gifts
at the foot of the Christma
to sell in New York City. Al-
tree. Children leave milk -ianJ
though it was thought to be
risky business at the cookies for Santa to partake of.
risky business at the lhmc, Christnas has conec
Carr loaded ph tree : its pagan -
,steamer and itooo. them to th" long -ay from its pagan -
gin to Christian adaptation
City to sell. For the next ,
and propagation. Although it
thirty years it was a success- and propagation. Although it
ful business. .There after the has become highly commer-
cialized, it generates'a -spit-it
idea of selling Christmas
of making merry and a time
trees grew widely. ui, o'Wilt It produces a
The Germans may have -
e Spirit of joy more than any
been the first to decorate their spiritof joy more than any
other holiday.


I


!








rAIdayA ChroncleSecemerS16E200MPNg (EGIX-H


Responses to last week
Exercise 1
1. "Have you seen my new game?" asked the boy.
2. The baker said, "We have no bread today."
3. "I cannot find my crayon," screamed the boy
4. "We have been to the fair already," boasted the children.
5. "I can't believe that we have lost the cricket match," cried the spectator.

Exercise 2.
1. The teacher asked Jack to come in.
2. Arnol sister asked if he had cleaned his shoes.
3. Father ordered him to sit down.
4. Mother said that she was in the kitchen
5. Stacy asked Maylene if she was waiting for her.


Exercise 3.
1. Religious
2. Studious
3. Contagious
4. Nutritious

Exercise 4.
1. comb


5. Righteous
6. ambitious
7. courteous
8. delicious


2. condemn


3. salmon


4. tombstone


5. debt

Comprehension
1. (D) Robin Hood3. (A) owed a lot of money
2. (C) wicked 4. (B) Robin Hood
5. (B) deadly stroke

This week we will continue with Simple Sentence
Simple sentence
A sentence is a group of words which makes complete sense.
Identify the Sentence or the Phrase
1. The boy hit the ball.
2. In the pond.
3. Henry found the bag.
4. The teacher taught us reading
5. By the gate.
Have you come up with numbers 1, 3 and 4 as sentences and numbers 2
and 5 as phrases? Then you are correct.


2. The monkeys climbed the coconut tree.
3. Sue read an interesting story.
4. The trench was dirty after the heavy rain.
5. Mother went shopping at the supermarket.

Comprehension
Read the passage then answer the questions.
There is a wide variety of fish in rivers and swamps. The most remarkable of
these is the gigantic arapaima, which is the largest fresh water fish in the world, and
can weigh up to one thousand pounds. It can be found in most inland rivers. This
fish is pink and silver in colour. It has an eel- like tail and coarse scales.
The piranha or perai is a tiny carnivorous fish. Carnivorous means it eats flesh.
It is between only seven to ten inches long. But what it lacks in size it more than
makes up for in ferocity. It is frightening to look at. It has bulging eyes, and a lower
jaw that sticks out beyond the upper one. It has an over-sized mouth armed with
sharp triangular teeth. These teeth slope backwards and are arranged so that they
can overlap when the jaws are closed. A piranha will attack almost anything. It will
eat fish from traps off a fisherman's hook, and will also bite off the toe or finger of
anyone wading in shallow water, where it loves to feed. The smell or taste of blood
makes it even fiercer. A shoal of the fish can pick clean the carcass of a large ani-
mal in a few minutes.

Answer the following questions after reading the passage above
1. The perai attack most
(A) when it is disturbed (B) at the smell and taste of


(C) at the fisherman's hook (I

2. Gigantic means
(A) long (B) heavy


anything
D) at the smell and taste of
blood.


(C) huge


(D) fat


3. Which is not a characteristic of the arapaima?
(A) It lives in inland water. (B) It has bulging eyes.
(C) The skin is pink and silver in colour. (D) IT is the largest
fresh water fish.


4. The word carcass means body.
(A) the parts of the (B) a live (C) dead


5. Which describes the perai best?
(A) The scales are coarse.
(C) The tail is broad.


(D)a bloody


.(B) It eats only meat.
(D) This is a gigantic fish.


Now we look at some more sentences.
A sentence has two main parts:the subject and the predicate.
The part that names is called the SUBJECT
The part that tells something about the subject is the predicate.

Study the examples:


Subject
The animals
The car
He
The children
Mr. Phil


Predicate
.were grazing in the fields
was parked in the garage.
rides his bicycle everyday.
screamed loudly.
repaired his car.


To find the subject of a sentence, ask the question who or what before the verb.
o Who refers to persons.
o What refers to animals or things.

To find the subject of a sentence and predicate you have to
* Find the verb in the sentence
* Ask questions who or what before the verb.
* The answer to the questions who or what is the subject.
* The rest of the sentence is the predicate.
* The verb is a part of the predicate.

Exercise 1
Underline the subject of these sentences.
1. The shopkeeper sells grocery.


Spelling
Choose the correct ending to complete the word
1. cer (eal, ial) 6. thin (nest, est)
2. pur (ify,efy) 7. enam (el, le )
3. lab (le,el) 8. specta (cal, cle )
4. neighb (or, our) 9.explo (tion, sion )
5. caut (ious,ous) 10. courage (ious, eous )

Letter Writing
Personal Letters invitations to friends and relatives, letters accepting or refus-
ing these invitations, letters of congratulations and thank you, pen-pal, condolence.
Formal Letters excuse, apology, complaints and application.

Personal letters
Address
Date
Dear ___,
I.


Yours _
Sign your name

Write a letter inviting a friend to your school Christmas party.
Use format. Discuss with your classmates -day, date, time, and reason.
Be good disciplined children.
Continue reading, it gives knowledge. God Bless


12/14/2007. 5:03 PM


. ..................................... ..... .........


- -. --~ ~..


iday Chronicle December 16, 2007


Page IX





Page X


Sunday Chronicle December 16. 20C


INATI I[G]E SMV cjiX SSSSE]IT:=iVZa iAi > iMAij[iT


RESPONSES TO LAST WEEK
Exercise 1.
(a) 0.08 (b) 2.9 (c) 8.01 (d) 102.1


Exercise 2.
(a) 9
Exercise 3.
(a) 1420


(b) 0.6 (c) 10.3 (d) 30.8 (e) 3


(f)7


(b) 6510 (c)2040


Problems
(1) 0.056 (2) 3.05cm (3) 5 pieces (4) 20 books


(5) 20


Types of angle
The types of angles are:
0 Acute angle:
this is less than 90 degrees

D Obtuse angle:
this is more than 90 degrees"
but less than 180 degrees
0 Reflex angle:
this is more than 180 degrees but less than 360 degrees.


Exercise 4.
(1)53
(6) 198


(2) 54


Problems
(1)72 marks


(3) 14.5 (4) 18


(2) 49kg


(5)292


D Right angle:


this is 90 degrees I
D Straight angle: this is equal to 180 degrees.


3. 23 pupils


We are going to continue with averages.
Exercise 1.
1. Paul average in five tests is 80. His four scores were 75, 69, 72 and
78. What is his fifth score?
2. The average of four numbers is 28. Three of the numbers are 22, 27
and 21. What is the fourth number?
3. The average mass of five sacks is 30kg. The average mass of four of
them is 22kg. Find the mass of the fifth package?
4. If 480 books were borrowed in 5 weeks. For four weeks 85, 89, 95
and 90 books borrowed. How many books were borrowed in the last
week?
5. The average of 11 numbers is 45. The average of the first 10 numbers
is 46. Find the last number?


Let us now look at these numbers.
5, 7, 9, 11, 5, 4, 3, 9, 8, 5, 7
What is the mode? What is the median of the numbers?
0 Mode is the number that occurs the most times.
In this case it is 5 because 5 occur 3 times.
D What is the median? The median is number that is in the middle when
the numbers are arranged in order.
3, 4, 5, 5, 5, 7, 7, 8, 9, 9, 11.
The median is 7.
For you to do.
Look carefully at the numbers.
6, 7,3, 5, 7, 9, 11.
1. What is mode of the numbers?
2. Which number is in the middle position?
With a classmate do two other examples. On your own do three examples.

Now we will move on to shapes
Name these plane shapes.


These plane shapes are found by using the straight line


Exercise 2.
1. Complete these:


Shape Name No. of Angles

A-Z____


2. Name these angles


(a) (b)


(c)


Closed and open shapes
Look carefully at these shapes


(i)


(ii) (iii)


(d)





(iv)


v
(e)


(v)
(v)


(vi)


What do you notice?


Shapes with sides which meet with no space
between the line segments are called
CLOSED shapes
When there are line segments that do not
meet. the shares are OPEN

Determine whether the shapes above are closed or open
On your own.
Draw 4 closed shapes and three open shapes
We will now look at the properties
Circle
A circle is a plane shape bounded by one line called the circumference
Parts of a circle
---- Ar
Chord


/'--- Circumference


Vertex Angle


Next week we will continue with the circle. Do some reading on it.
Have a good week at schooL God Bless


o-,. 10 19.D65


W47here two straight lines ineel:
Wie have a vertex
.-in angle is formed


- 1:-,,7


~s r


n


C


I


2







Sunday ChoileDcmbr1, 07PaeX


FOR


EVERYTHING,


JOHN


' ,', iti : i, rir rrr a _
rAnd .'ri.at ha.e ,.,u ,: ric.
An:tlihEr Ear C,.er
And a ineI ,e3r tuis L'eiurin
And s':-' his. i Christmas,
I hop.e ,,'u hi a.1 fun
The near and the dear one
The ,.cngi an.d rhe '.'ld

A er, merr, Chlnristlma
Anrd 5 Happ', riE ;,' 'ie.sr
Let 5 Hope it s a good one
vj'itho:ut an., fear
And o this is Christmas'
Fo:r v eak and for strc'ng;
For ri,:h and p':,or ones
The wo:'rld i So wron
And so rnappi, Christma.s
For black and for white
For ,ello.' and red 'one.:
Let 5 stop all the flCiht


As Giuanese. Venezuelans. Barbadians
and peoples "orld"ide enjo\ the i'esli'i
ties ol'Chri'lmas. the' mala listen to the
song"'Happi Christmas i\ar is Oieri"
bh the late British song riler/singer
John Lennon.
The -,.r;. prh.ip ii.-n ...I Ihe ii:i I he.a ii ul .,nd in piir-
inr' .:.l I hrn niar rlerinh-r lr ',. . i L, .il ,:,l L..nr :,rn >., ,nderl l
rc.iir c ti. n.J .t im pliL,, i:nid Ih ur, i.' i, .l..t the \. ij'er
picture, in this case to reach out and continue beyond the
seasonal spirit of goodwill.
Lennon, who was senselessly murdered in December 1980
by a psychotic man outside his New York apartment, is per-
haps better known as one of he members of the 1960s Brit-
ish pop group, the Beatles, undoubtedly one of the greatest
of all pop/rock and roll bands. But when the Beatles broke
up in 1969, Lennon went on to bring new meaning to the
description "artist as social activist".
Part of the citation read at his (posthumous) induction
into the US Rock and Roll Hall of Fame read: "John Lennon
did not invent rock and roll nor did he embody it as
toweringly as figures such as Elvis Presley and Little Rich-
ard, but he did more than anyone else to shake it up, move it
forward and instill it with a conscience."
But even before Lennon got involved with the 1970s
solidarity campaigns in the US against the Vietnamese
people, the need for prison reform and respect for eth-
nic minorities, he pushed the limits of Beatles music,
most of which I have in my collection, either as albums
(LPs) or cassette tapes. As the main song writer (Paul
McCartney, who played bass, also wrote a few of the
songs) Lennon penned some great popular music. Gui-
tarist George Harrison died about five years ago, while
drummer Ringo Starr is still around. Early Beatles stuff
was for teenagers; but later, with albums such as
"Sgt.Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band", the group's
work touched on everyday life of ordinary people.
There is a remarkable song on the Sgt Pepper album called
"Being for the Benefit of Mr.Kite". Lennon got the idea for
it from a poster advertising a Victorian era circus (the Pablo
Fanques circus) he bought in a second hand store. Appar-


*~q}'k
~ '


,rri lr41 li lh>: n. l.| l |T ,, ,l i| Llt rp. I ,f 1l l'rn l r i>-
J..Ini L n ini, 1i 'l.i Bi: n -. B -ii .,. ilh h, k;.'lrn I '.'. iIL
lap irl. -. --hirnn .iri i L. .I I )ni-, H-l , li ,:'d i ...i-I -
p :.nc 'n hi, .w n ,So'n. -. uch ai MI.'m (ChriIrnT.
Ir .i-i -. .in r, i (.i > P-.'c,>: -, .1 it h:i nc.: Ir.em [hb PL c-
rim lii..- hcioiic *. inual P. ,plc, oinhnL i- Ai..rlJ, ild t
AI one sla1e in the Bealle', period, the band


"en t In India to meet ,ith a Hindu hol man i
numed Maharishi Maihesh loii real name
Mahesh Prashad %armai and to siud. "Transcen-
dental Mleditalion.".
l n.i r ,n .' 0 I. i.. l.-- u un.llL '- i 'JC ,,, h hi- 11c ,r. '
lap n .1i -j p t r. n imicJ I .lIcr hi-i ini Hj.inl iii il:
I".. hi; Lc nmro ir I -il iruhlk .iniJ .la lhercd
ilu.ai,'r ThL Ir. li inic .x1' in IU r. '' hen h>o % -,
inicr .l:i.-.>J h,, .i B nii ,h nric,'.-.,sp per Sini'meho Hie
v, onrdl aicn,,- .ui 1 hi. InI.uih th -ii ihc BeaR le \,.eire
niii .i pikpi l.ir lh.in J.l u- rin < Thi.:rc- .,' n I .in'. 10- I.
in Irir lin bui .icu'-l pr-hlem- '.hien the hand ..1,
i.uiinni i -n e IUiS ihJi ,ear The Chriliarn nrihii id '.,uih-
er'n chur.che'- .cini riln... hi:th i e'ff ith % -icproie Bi .alle 4
' ,' ,id',. .>re urrni irp public horinire' Lenntrin laler .id
hi. r.i' er. ni inilrpreiw'J iand hi. niearil ni noillence
i,, -l (_'hnhr -li rn lailh
In 1972, after he came to live in the US, Lennon
got involved with the Vitenam solidarity movement campaigns,
the call for the withdrawing of US forces propping up a pup-
pet regime in South Vietnam and for peace and
reconstruction..These campaigns were led by the left, including
those in the Vietnamese Mobilisation Committee in Canada of
which I was prodded to be a part. Lennon somehow got in-
volved with US "hippie and new left radicals" such as Abby
Hoffman and Jerry Rubin among others, who was also with
the anti-war campaigns, though with a different emphasis. He
lent his support to a campaign for the release of US activist
John Sinclair who had received a court sentence of an incredible
ten years for a misdeameanour. Among those joining Lennon at
a massive solidarity concert in New York were Bobby Seale of
the Black Panther Party and Afro-American singer Stevie Won-
der.
Soon after the concert, Sinclair was released. He had served
something like six months. By this time however, the then Presi-
dent Nixon administration was busy preparing papers for
Lennon's deportation on the basis that he had a 1968 convic-
tion for marijuana possession in Britian. The courts subse-
quently overruled the government ruling and permitted Lennon
to stay as an immigrant.
Some of Lennon's activism was certainly newsworthy. He
and Ono for example staged a "bed-in" in Montreal, Canada in
the early 1970s, staying in bed for several days with posters
on the walls urging "give peace a chance".
In August 1972, John and Yoko purchased an apartment
in the Dakota building at Central Park West and West 72nd
Street in New York. On the sidewalk outside, on 8 De-
cember 1980, Mark Chapman waited with a gun for Lennon
to come back from a recoding session. In front of Yoko,


.I-:


this outstanding people's artist was shot three times
in his back. One bullet pierced his heart and he was
dead less than an hour later.
He was 40. He -had two sons, one with Yoko and the
other with his first wife Cynthia. In an immediate state-
ment, Yoko said: "John loved and prayed for the human
race. Please do the same for him".
Among his songs still sung today by various
artistes and appreciated by peoples worldwide is "Imag-
ine". Among the lyrics:
"Imagine there's no countries
It isn't hard to do
Nothing to kill or die for
And no religion too
Imagine all the people
Living life in peace
You may say I am a dreamer
But I'm not the only one
I hope someday you'll join us
And the world will live as one"

Thanks for everything John, for the little bit
you did for
us, for peace, justice and, as you say, the
"brotherhood
of man".

(NORMAN FARIA IS GUYANA'S HONORARY
CONSUL IN BARBADOS)


I -I I I ,


Sunday Chronicle December 16, 2007


Pae XI


B% NORAL\N F\RIA


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Ih| i rl-icr, ll '- ,I ..l i , i h,_ p ,l ..lr a ,Lilliur.l] h i .-
hir' ,,I ,t !',,_ ,,lh:


THANKS


I


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--. .. w. .____ __: :____-_ - - --- S h t m ^ -am,





Stronger drinks





put many at risk


(BBC News) Experts are
warning that many more
people than thought may be
putting their health at risk
by excessive alcohol con-
sumption.
The Office for National Sta-
tistics has revamped its assess-
ment method to take account of
bigger glasses, and the increased
strength of alcoholic drinks.
As a result average UK con-
sumption for 2005 has been re-
calculated at 14.3 units a week,
up from 10.8 units.
The figures suggest many


more women than previously
thought may be at risk.
This is because they tend to
drink wine, the strength of
which was particularly under-
estimated under the old assess-
ment system.
Using the new system, the
average woman is estimated to
have drunk 9.4 units a week in
2005 a 45% increase on the old
figure from 6.5 units a week.
For men, the new figure is
19.9 units a week a 26% in-
crease on the old figure of 15.8
units a week.
Men are advised to drink no
more than 21 units a week, and
women no more than 14.
The report warns that the
strength of wine has increased
sharply in recent years, with
most table wines now 11.5% to
13.5% alcohol by volume
(ABV).
This has been mirrored by
many types of lager and beer.
In addition, research sug-


gests the average size of a wine
glass used in pubs and bars is
now 169ml, compared to the
125ml measure previously used
in the calculations.
When drinking surveys were
first carried out in the 1970s it
was assumed that a glass of
table wine, a single measure of
spirits or half a pint of beer
equalled one unit of alcohol.
Now the ONS will assume
that a glass of wine equals two
units, while a large can of strong
beer (6.5%) will count as three
units.
An Alcohol Concern
spokesman said the government
and the drinks industry had to
work harder to improve con-
sumer awareness.
"There's always been big
gap between how much people
think they drink and how much
they actually drink, but with
changes in alcoholic strength
this has clearly gotten worse.
"Current confusion may mean


that large numbers of people are
drinking at handful or hazardous
levels and aren't aware that they are
putting themselves at risk in the
long run."
Dr Vivienne Nathanson, of the
British Medical Association, said:
'"This doesn't come as a surprise.
Poor labelling, variations in glass
size, and rising alcoholic percent-
ages especially in wine all make
it hard for people to know how
much they're drinking, and to con-
trol it."
Public Health Minister
Dawn Primarolo said the gov-
ernment was committed to tack-
ling the problem of excessive al-
cohol consumption.
"The government is plan-
ning a major new multi-million
pound campaign in the spring to
coincide with the introduction of
new labelling on all bottles and
cans that will show the
government's sensible drinking
message and the alcohol unit
content."


VACANCY NOTICE


GUARD INSPECTOR


FORESTRY TRAINING CENTRE INCORPORATED
Chainsaw Milling Project, Guyana
Co-Funded by the European Union

VACANCY
BACKGROUND
The. Forestry Training Centre Incorporated (FTCI) and the Iwokrama International Centre for Rain Forest
Conservni.:n i r ri De. i iC ,:rntI. ,,:,. r. .; o- .. rj ,n -; r .- ,'.in Tropenbos International (TBI) to
implement a 5-year project co-funded by the European Union to evaluate chainsaw milling by local
communities in C0 ,,:i ., :,-:.'J ,,: :.'.! n i.e - !: 1 ', i .1 .r.. ur. : -jr ii ': (A similar project is being
carried j:ul ir, C-h -n 3

Th.:- :.jPr: .; hes o recruit a part-time Researcher and a full-timeAdministrative Assistant.

A. RESEARCHER
The Researcher will conduct research into the background and impacts of chainsaw milling in Guyana.

I. Research objective
The objective of the research is to identify and describe the emergence, development and impacts of
C iiil'a i. mii.n ii u,,Jans thi.i c,:ul-d crnir oDLie io ,efirini g 'l ':, o

ii. Duration: January toAugust, 2008.

iii. Requirements
Interested persons meeting the following requirements may apply for the position:
a. A Bachelors Degree in Social Sciences or Natural Resources Management and at least three
years experience in either conducting research in or working with rural communities.
b. Previous experience in the preparation of technical reviews and the preparation and
presentation of national level reports.
c. Previous experience in conducting Environmental/Strategic ImpactAssessments.
d. Previous experience in workingwith andiorknowledge of Sustainable LivelihoodsAnalysis.
e. Experience in working with multi-stakeholder groups including, government and non-
governmental organizations and indigenous groups, is also desirable.

iv. Remuneration: attractive and based on agreed deliverables.

B. ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT
Under the supervision of the Project Coordinator, the Administrative Assistant will be responsible for
supporting administrative, logistical, personnel and financial management matters for the project.
i. Requirements
a, A Diploma in administration, management, .:cc.unirng or related fields;
b. The ability to operate standard office equipment;
c. Computer literacy;
d. Familiarity with basic principles of accounting and office practice:
e. Fluency in English and proficient in written and oral communication;
f. Demonstrated administrative abilitywith at least 5 years experience in administrative functions;
and
g. Good interpersonal skills and a team player.

ii. Remuneration: attractive.

Detailed Terms of References can be uplifted from the Forestry Training Centre Incorporated at the address
stated below.

Applications, including detailed resume and the names of two referees should be submitted to the Director,
Forestry Training Centre Incorporated. 1 Water Street, Kingston, Georgetown, GUYANA.

Applications may be sent by e-mail: gemar.@guyana..n.e.tgy and should reach the Director no later than
December 21,2007.


The United States Embassy in Georgetown is seeking an individual for
the position of Guard Inspector. Responsibilities include: assisting in
monitoring the performance and services of the local guard contractor,
ensuring that the contractor is in compliance with the provisions of the
current contract and supervises a Guard Receptionist. Requirements
are: completion of diploma at tertiary institution; six to eight years of
progressively responsible professional experience in managing staff
at a middle management level in security, police or armed forces; good
working knowledge of English; working knowledge of local laws,
specifically those relating to private security guard services; must be
able to type and have good computer knowledge; and must be able to
drive and be in possession of a valid driver's license.
Persons wishing to apply may request an application form on-line at
HROGeoretownH.@state.gov or in person at the Embassy's VIP
guard booth on Duke Street, Monday to Friday, 7.30 a.m. to 4 p.m. If
you choose to submit a resume, it must contain ALL information
contained in the application form. Closing date is December 28,
2007. Completed applications should be e-mailed to the above
address or sent via mail to:


Human Resources Office
(Guard Inspector)
American Embassy
100 Duke Street
Kingston
Georgetown


Pan 12 & 17.p65


.,










Holiday Cheers from the Environmental


Protection Agency (EPA)


Dear Readers,
In the midst of all the shopping, decorating and tying up loose
ends for this festive season, let us not only take the time to
celebrate, but let us remember to keep our backyard tidy. I
certainly don't only mean your backyard the area behind your
house, but let's also remember the drains and canals, rivers
and trenches, road corners and vacant lots, the city's streets
and pavements; and every other place that is subjected to lit-
ter.
As we exchange notes for coins when purchasing the items that
brings us joy, let's exchange bad habits for good habits so that not
only us, but also our children, grand children, great grand children
and many other future generations will be able to experience a sus-
tained litter free society.
As we reflect through this year, one of the agency's main focal
point was pollution reduction and littering. The agency would like
to take this opportunity to commend the support staff of all orga-
nizations who continue to ensure that the office, city, town and


village environment are cleaned. To the housewives and every other
person in society who contribute to the physical cleaning of our
nation, the EPA acknowledges your contribution and says thank
you.
Let's not get carried away, because maintaining good habits may
be a challenge for some. So, do a good deed and correct your
neighbour when he/she "slips-up". Remind each other to properly
dispose the garbage (even if it seems more than usual). But you
can reduce the amount of garbage you produce by doing simple
things. Here are some ideas:
Carefully remove the wrapping paper from gifts. The
wrapping paper can be reused to paper books.
Don't discard ornament boxes and packing material. Re-
packing ornament with packing material allows better storage, so
why not reuse the original packaging material.
Recycle cardboard. This time of year most households
have a lot of cardboard. Instead of throwing it into the bin, recycle
it. Contact Caribbean Containers Inc. for more information on re-
cycling cardboard.


Buy large bottles of beverages. F V
Buying beverages in large bottle
reduces the amount of small
bottles purchased. (It's more eco- "
nomical too!)
Use paper plates and cups in-
stead of Styrofoam plates, cups and boxes. Paper decomposes
faster than Styrofoam, is readily available and economical.
Carry used shopping bags, instead of demanding more from the
counter, everytime you go to shop.
These are only a few of many things you can do to reduce the
amount of garbage you produce. Let's challenge ourselves this holi-
day to reduce the amount of garbage we produce.
If you think you can monitor the amount of garbage you pro-
duce. Why not start today? Go online to find great ideas, or, write,
call or email the EPA for more information.
You can also share your ideas and questions by sending
your letters to: "Our Environment", c/o EIT Division. Envi-
ronmental Protection Agency, 256 Earl's Avenue, Subryanville.
Or email us at eitepaguyana@gmail.com with questions and
comments


Register today for your bonus rewards*!

Until January 31", your Scotiabank MasterCard@ credit card has a special gift for you
when you shop at department stores, restaurants, supermarkets or online:

5% cash back!


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Register by phone or online today.
Call 223-9000 or visit scotiabank.com/getmore.
Need a card? Apply today! Offer ends January 31, 2008.


'Traoemarkis TI T I Bak ot Nova Scotia. TradeTrnaks ksed under author:ation and control ofThe Bank of Nova Scoia.f@ MasterCad is a registered trademark oi MasterCard international Incorporated. t Conditions apply Ful: term and conditions are avai;ablei the blanch. Please as fora brochure.


12/14/2007, 5:52 PM


0O

so "0


;ttday-Chronicle December 16, 2007;


Page I


Sctaak







uuyana Lnron



SHOPPI>


CHRISTMAS in Guyana is celebrated by just about every&
come involved.
This makes the mad rush in the city's business centres qi
Friday.
With just over a week away to December 25, shoppers cc
to stock up on goodies, and the toys for children. And not to
The stores in the city are in no short supply, and with Ci
pavement sellers with attractive bargains.
Here are images taken by Chronicle photographer Quacy
'" -' ..


AIV






D e e b r 1 2 0 v


FOR A


HAPPY


ae. Christians, Hindus and others of various persuasions all be-
.lite a to-do, as these pictures taken during a very'rainy day last
,nverge daily in downtown Georgetown and other business hubs
mention decorations for the festive season.
ty Hall granting amnesty to hucksters, the streets are filled with
Sampson


,:.


i December 16, 2007


XV *'


i.'inua'i;!. ...''1(1^.


,G






Page \ I


Sunday CronicleDecembe 1 20


s prices us p




most in two years


energy prices, according to
figures from the Labor De-
partment.
Consumer prices rose 0.8%


in November from October,
more than many analysts fore-
cast. Core inflation, which strips
out energy and food prices, rose


bolster weakening economic
growth.
Experts said the surge in in-
flation may now see the banks
delay further cuts.
"The fear is that inflation
will become the bigger concern,"
said John Forelli of Indepen-
dence Investment in Boston. "It
would be a lot easier to carry out
their plans if inflation was not
a concern."
US shares fell on concerns
that the Federal Reserve would
now not cut interest rates. That
expectation helped strengthen


-I
- -. -. .~M-. -


. ,\ : .,. ,


* t.Q


tI V\ J'n'vN,crx' id. corn


S1.1 fudmnna .5t.,.Geo.get ovin 1.: .!' ,C'70- 21- &J' l ,oV ck GeorgetoA-n. Te: _225-8570, 2 5-855
S11.-1 -9.Liatr,.-Ave.. Rchi,rrc +Mtil :N 1' 1 Tel 7.1i-6 1-5464 Fa: 844 1-5465


(BBC News) US inflation
rose at its fastest pace in
two years during Novem-
ber, spurred on by higher


SPagt3e '&3'" 6:Pf65


0.3%.
The figures come as US
and UK central banks have
been cutting interest rates to


-
ihqoo


the US dollar as investors
looked for assets in currencies
that offered higher returns.
Earlier on Friday, a report
showed that inflation in the
eurozone, which covers the 13
nations that use the single Eu-
ropean currency, also surged.
According to figures from
Eurostat, consumer prices rose
3.1% in November compared
with the same month in 2006,
the biggest rise in more than six
years and up from October's
2.6%.
Central banks are battling
to keep inflation in check as a
slump in the price of the US
dollar, and higher energy costs
have pushed up prices.
However, at the same time
they are also trying to limit the
impact of a global credit crunch
caused by problems in the US
mortgage market.
There are fears that the
high energy costs and prob-
lems in the financial mar-
kets will act as a brake on
consumer spending, and
hamper economic growth.
Analysts said that central
banks including the US Federal
Reserve will have a number of
factors to consider when setting
borrowing costs in coming
months.
"The data highlights the
huge dilemma the Fed is under
between trying to quell the fi-
nancial dislocations in the mar-
ket, easing policy, all the while
inflation rates are starting to
climb higher," said Kim Rupert
at Action Economics.
"It's going to be a difficult
road."
The last time US inflation
rose by such a large amount on a
monthly basis came after an en-
ergy shortage in the wake of hur-
ricane Katrina in September 2005.
As well as energy, the cost
of clothing, airline tickets and
medication also rose in Novem-
ber in the US.
Consumer prices increased
4.3% on a yearly basis the
most dramatic rise since June
2006.
While the US central bank
has cut interest rates three
times in recent months to boost
the economy, analysts suggest
that these figures will make an-
other interest rate cut less
likely.
For the year to date, inflation
is at 4.2% compared with 2.6%
in the same month in 2006.
Separate figures from the
Fed on Friday showed further
evidence that the economy may
not be slowing as quickly as
first thought, analysts said.
Industrial production
rose 0.3% in November, re-
versing October's 0.7% drop,
the Fed said. This reversal
stemmed from higher output
at auto factories, contribut-
ing to the overall 0.4% rise
in manufacturing output.


Sunday Chronkle Decenibr 16 2 7


L






swsa a~ii niet ~aciffl fi3^ ~ j-: __ .,..______________________________________ _____ _____ ___


Poetry Time


Running from the rain
at Christmas
is also fun
falling down
and getting up in life
But better still
To walk in the rain slowly
bareheaded
barefooted
without a care


If only I could come out
of this wheelchair
and run in the rain
even walk
or crawl
If only I could throw away my crutches
and dodge raindrops
like wholesome people
Then they would know
I am people too
I ache for some of the things they do
I ache for some Christmas cheer too


Multiple-choice questions for you to answer.
Read each question carefully. Choose the one answer you think is correct.


1. Kids will have a jolly good time crafting
this combination of cute Christmas
ornaments to add a personal touch to the
family tree.
(A) Polish stars, Downhill racers and
Santa photos.
(B) Dangling snowman, Santa lollipops
and Polish stars.
(C) Colored lights, Woolly sheep and
dangling Santas.
(D) Downhill racers, Jingle bells and
Polish stars.

2. Animal usually featured as a Christmas
Ornament.
(A) Goat
(B) Bear
(C) Donkey
(D) Reindeer

3. A music video to purchase during the
Chri ima- Season from one of our local
Music Centers.
(A) Maria Carey's, "OhHoly Night"
(B) Nadeer's, "I'm Coming Home"
Guyana Tribute
(C) Rickey Martin's, "Ay, Ay, Ay It's
Christmas"
(D) Ray Seale's,"Lovely Guyana"


4. Hundreds of years before His birth, a
prophet rightly gave this prediction, (that
became a reality)," For unto us a child is


born, unto us a son is j -11 'l .i -i
government shall, be upon his
shoulder, and his name shall be
called Wonderful, Counsellor, The
Mighty God, The Everlasting
Father, The Prince of Peace". Who
was the prophet?
(A) Isaiah.
(B) Micah.
(C) Joel.
(D) Jeremiah.

5. According to the Biblical account of
the birth of Jesus Christ, how many
wise men went in search for the
Christ child in Bethlehem, Judea?
(A) One
(B) Three
(C) Four
(D) Unknown

6. Just as gifts are given at this time of
the year, what gift would you most
appreciate this year?
(A) Peace of mind
(B) God's gift of salvation.
(C) Money in the Bank
(D) Good health


The answers to the last
set of questions are:

1. (D), 2.- (B), 3. (D),
4. (A), 5. (C), 6.- ( C)


a C3


Ii- ~


C


9/;~


HOW TO DRAW




SANTA


CHRISTMAS CROSSWORD


I I I


2I LI IZIZI


[ i ..... I


I I


S I I i i I.-* i


7 I177r-


WORDS TO BE USED


BOW
DINNER
GIFT
CANDLES
TREE
FRIENDS
PEACE
CHRISTMAS
FAMILY
GINGERBREAD


12/14/2007, 5:50 PM


Christmas
f Crossword R
-J
0 C E
S A SANTA
w T N A N
11 ) -t - - - -
SICIAND YCANEJ G
o R L T E
-_ E L


_~f~p~






''Pae'XVI Sunday-Chronicle-Bter~mber 16-,-2007


Rain





forest's





last





stand?


PHOTOS courtesy of Conservation International.


KWAMALASAMUTU,
Suriname The rain forest
here is so dense and this vil-
lage so isolated that when
Russell Mittermeier arrived
by bush plane, it seemed for


a moment like a step back
into an era before worries
about global warming.
In a thatched hut lit by kero-
sene lanterns, the local leader,
wearing a headdress of irides-


cent macaw feathers, listened as
Mittermeier, an American envi-
ronmentalist, described climate
change in apocalyptic but dis-
tant terms: melting icebergs,
parched savannas, flooded cities.


PUBLIC NOTICE
Renewal of State Forest Permission (SFP) for 2008-2009
The GFC wishes to inforn- holders of SFPs which are scheduled to expire in
2007. that it will commence receiving applications for renewal on the 15th
November 2007. The following conditions will apply:


9,
I1


I. All fees due must be paid off at the time of application; applications
will not be accepted from persons who have outstanding balances
with the GFC.
2. Updated production register for 2007 must be presented to the GFC.
3. Applications must be accompanied with a copy of the business or
company registration or ID reference, proof of address. list and
registration of equipment to be used in the operation and names of
employees currently employed.
4. Renewal is not automatic and the submission of an application and
payment of application fees does not give permission for
commencing any business/operations.
5. Compliance with GFC's regulatory practices.
6. You will be required to return all unused tags for the. 2006/2007
operating period at the close of business in 2007.
7. Application forms will be available at each forest station and can be
obtained from the forest station closest to you. Application forms
can also be downloaded from the GFC website
www.forestry.gov.gy.


In addition you are requested to submit to the GFC at the close of 2007, the
volume and number of pieces of produce on the ground together with the tags
used on this produce. Permission will then be granted to remove only this
produce in 2008 as production from 2007. The format of presentation can be
uplifted from the nearest forest station.
James Singh
Commissioner ofForests


Then he explained the con-
nection to Kwamala, and how
the Amazonian jungle here, if
preserved, would help reduce
carbon dioxide in the atmo-
sphere.
"Lots of people in America,
in Europe, in the big countries,
we believe that if we don't want
you to cut down the forest, we
should pay. We should pay you
something to protect the for-
est," Mittermeier told the tribal
leader, or granman, Ashonko
Alalaparoe.
The granman, his bare chest
draped in bright red, yellow and
blue beads, quickly absorbed the
message. "You come to me with
this new idea, this carbon issue,"


Granman Alalaparoe said. "This
sounds good to me."
For Mittermeier, for the
world and, indeed, for this
tiny South American jungle
outpost, the clock is ticking.
Despite its remoteness, the
same forces that have slashed
and burned some 20 percent
of the Amazonian rain forest
are closing in on Kwamala.
Mittermeier's idea, offering
cash so local villages will pro-
tect their forests, is key to the
next tool in the effort to fight
climate change: carbon credits.
Rain forest credits were a
key topic of debate when rep-
resentatives from 180 nations
met last week in Bali, Indo-
nesia, to begin discussions
aimed at replacing the land-
mark Kyoto Protocol on cli-
mate change. The conference
ends this weekend.
Under Kyoto, power plants
and other big polluters needing


to offset their greenhouse gas
emissions can earn credits by
making offsetting, environmen-
tally friendly investments like
replacing clear-cut rain forests
or capturing methane gas from
a landfill. But paying to protect
a standing rain forest is not eli-
gible.
That could change soon. At
Bali, environmentalists, Euro-
pean governments and others
that favor carbon credits are pit-
ted against governments and
commercial interests that want
to develop the timber, precious
metals and agricultural lands
that make up the equatorial rain
forest.
The situation in
Kwamala, and the unbroken
rain forest that surrounds it,
shows in vivid detail how the
complexities of rain forest
Please turn
to page XVI


ACCOUNTS SUPERVISOR
ARE YOU THE PERSON WE ARE LOOKING FOR?
Ambitious, committed, diligent, prepared to work to meet timelines as part of a team effort while
leading from the front.

Qualifications:
CAT (completed) or Diploma in Accountancy

Experience:
Minimum of two years relevant work experience at the supervisory level in an Accounts
Department.

The job:
The Accounts Supervisor functions require the incumbent to prepare customer .iiniq prepare
reports, salaries, other client payments, and to supervise the work of Accounts Clerks and
Cashier.

References:
Applicants must supply two testimonials and the names of two independent referees (community
leaders or other prominent citizens) who will testify to their ability and personal integrity.

Remuneration
Remuneration ;kage is competitive. Point of entry is commensurate with qualifications,
experience and '- eral suitability.

Address applications to 'Accounts Supervisor Vacancy' P.O. Box 10566 Georgetown, to
reach no later than December 28, 2007.


Paqe 11 18.p65


I -I


-Payments to tribes nu'ght save South'Amen'can

treasure from lo"ggers, miners and farmers.-


m


0






SundayI Chr e D7a


NAT V1 I[NALlGADESIXfASSESSMET 111cialfthi


This week we are going to continue with the Administrative Regions in Guyana

Some places of interest in Region One are:
Mabaruma- the main administrative centre and airstrip.
Port Kaituma
Matthew's Ridge
The Imataka Mountain Range


Region Two: Pomeroon- Supenaam
This region is on the North- west by the Pomeroon River and on the South- West
by the Supenaam River.

The main economic activities are:
Agriculture- ground provisions
vegetables
Coconuts
Rice cultivation


Places of interest
Anna Regina --- town and administrative centre for Region Two
Onderneeming ---New Opportunity Corps
The Ituribisi or hot and cold lake
Hampton Court---a regional cricket ground
The Tapakuma Project
Rice Producer---Kayman Sankar Limited


Region Three: Essequibo Islands- West Demerara
This region has many islands at the mouth of the Essequibo River and the area
between the Boerasirie and Demerara Rivers.


Places of interest
Fort Island-once the Dutch capital of Essequibo
The sugar estates-Wales and Uitvlugt
The Boerasirie Extension Project
Administrative centre for Region Three is located at Vreed-en-Hoop


Region Four: Demerara Mahaica
This region stretches from the East Bank of the Demerara River to the West
Bank of the Mahaica River, along the coast to Moblissa.


Economic activities
Agriculture rice and sugar
livestock farming
fruits vegetables and ground provision
Manufacturing of:
Food stuff e.g. biscuits, noodles, cereals
Paints
Furniture
Plywood
Clothing


Guyana's administrative activities are in and around Georgetown, the main port.


Transportation- vehicular traffic -Georgetown to Mahaica
Georgetown to Moblissa
Launches and speed boats -the riverain areas


Places of interest
Georgetown- Port
Cheddi Jagan International Airport
Guyana School of Agriculture-Mon Repos
Ogle Airstrip


The Univessilty of Guyana and Cyril Polar Cflliege of Education
Dairy famn at Moblissa
Barama Plywood Complex East Bank Desmnmra
Banks D.LH.limied
The Adminisraive cee of Region Fowr is located at Paradise on the East
Coast of Demerara.


Region Five: Demeirar Mahaica
We will now look at Region 5. It extends from thf East Bank of the Mahaica
River to the West Bank of the Berbice River Mkt of this region is in the Low
Coastal Plain.


The economic activity is agiclture consisting of
o Rice and sugar
o Coconut
o Beef and dairy castle ranching
o Green vegetabes fis and ground povisiiams


Some places of iit"aest are:
Blainont Sugar Estate
The Mahaica Mahaicony Abry/Agriu Development Authority
MMAI ADA- is a water conservancy for the dainageand irrigation of the area.
The East Coast Demerara- West Coast Benie Highway ends at RosignoL
TheAdminisraie Cetre of Region Fheis located at Fort Wellington, West
Coast Berbice.


Region Six: East Berbice Corntyne
This Region extends from the East Bank of the Bebice River to the West Bank "
of the Corentyne River

Agriculture is done in this region
rice and smgar
cattle rearing for beef and dairy
green vegetables, coconuts and grounnd.pmviins


Some places of invest are
The three towns- New Amsterdam
Rose Hall
Conriverton
Three sgr estates- Albion Port Mwant
Rosehall
Skeldon

o Black Bush Poider a large swamp area is mow a land development scheme.
o The National Ag i cubral Research Insitme ((NARI) up the Berbice River
o Fort Nassau -a Dutch Fort
o Siena Acarai Moutain Range

The Adminiisuative entire of Region Six is oca d at New Amsterdam.


Region Seven- Cyuni Mazarmni
This region is bondened on the East by Venieamlldaand on the Western side by the
Essequibo River


Some economic activities are:
o Gold and andi miiniimng Omai CGot fMis Lmited
o LoggOing inm e BartMfica tIriiangle

Some places of interest are:
o Pakaraiin. Mountain Range with its higist peak, Mount Roraima (9094 feet
/2810 metres)
o A indian villages e.g. Kamdang, Ihaiidaii.

The Regional Admnistratim"'s main office is at Bartica and Kamarang.


12/14/2007. 5-07 PM


L~ r- I~B~


Sunday Chronicle December 16, 2007


Page X






Sunday Chronicle December 16 7


-NAT1IONA T1( L., GRADE1SIX ASSESSMENT = (SCIENCE)I~ [


Responses to last week
Exercise 1.
1. (d) 4. (a)
2. (b) 5: (c)
3. (d) 6. (b)


7. (a)
8. (b)
9. (d)


tooth consists of the crown, the neck and the root.
.... chicf tooth material is the dentine.
I he dentine is capped with enamel to prevent it from wearing away.
The enamel is a very hard substance. It is the hardest substance in the
body
The pulp cavity has cavity and nerves.


Questions on the Skeleton
The following are questions based on last week lesson.
1. The skeleton system is made up of--- bones.
(a) 106 (b) 206 (c) 306 (d) 416
2. The bones give the body its ----
(a) shape (b) colour (c) height (d) weight
3. The ---- is protected by the skull.
(a) heart (b) lungs (c) brain (d) intestine
4. The heart and lungs are protected by the ----
(a) skull (b) pelvis (c) collar bone (dc) rib
5. The place where two bones meet is called ----
(a) joint (b) marrow (c) system (d) skeleton
6. The longest bone in the body is the -----
(a) alma (b) tibia (c) femur (d) radius
7. Clavicle is to collar bone as scapula is to ---- bone
(a) breast (b) skull (c) pelvis (d) shoulder


Now we are going to examine the Digestive System
The Digestive System.
> Digestion begins in the mouth
> The food is cut and chewed into small pieces
> The food mixes with saliva which is produced by the salivary gland.
> The saliva helps the food to be broken down into simple substances.
> The food is rolled into small 'balls' by the tongue and then swallowed
into a narrow tube called the gullet.
> The gullet has strong muscles wall which contract and relax and
pushes the food into the stomach.
> In the stomach the food is churned and mixed with gastric juice
which it produces.
> After about two to three hours the food changes into soup-like forms
which then move into the small intestines.


> In the small intestines the food substances pass through its walls and
enter the blood stream. The blood carries the digested food particles to
all parts of the body. This process is called ABSORPTION.
> Digestion is completed in the small intestines
> Undigested food enters the large intestines and is stored in the lower
part the rectum. That is passed out at intervals through the anus as
waste or faeces.
> Water and mineral salts are absorbed into the blood stream in the large
intestine.




naa -w-mouth

I esophaus


qoN ddar -


s-iom-h


-- mahilntesnes
(surrounded by
kar"Intestnes)


mro m -aaa


DIAGRAM OF THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM


The Teeth
Let's now take a look at the teeth which are a very important to the digestive
system.
Since digestion begins in the mouth the teeth have to cut, crush and chew or
masticate the food. Therefore, our teeth can do several things because these
are not the same.
An adult has 32 teeth and these consist of
> Incisors: these are used for cutting
> The canines: these are four in number and are used for tearing
> The molars and pre-molars: these are used mainly to chew the
food. These are located at the back of the mouth.


pre U~aa


* flc I ~ 0


r.*.cI.,


Ik -4aq&


A ecteo P
through
a tgwQt


alool i


r C. .- Mw\
5a-: T.....

0
*" : ,-.^>)
. ',t, -


Crown


Gum
SJaw
a kon


Care of the teeth.
The mouth is warm and moist and is, therefore, an ideal
breeding place for germs.
Brush teeth after every meal (if possible) and especially before
you go to sleep.

Avoid eating too many sweet foods. Use lots of milk, fruits and
calcium rich foods.

Disorders of human teeth
There are three main diseases of the human teeth. They are:
n Tooth decay, also called dental caries
.I Gum disease, or periodontal disease
E] Problems with tooth alignment, called malocclusions.

Human teeth problems are treated or prevented by Dentists. Dentists are
professionals who are trained to practice dentistry.

Tooth Decay.
D Tooth decay affects more than 90 percent of all children by the age of
fourteen.
II It begins as early as the first and second birthday in the form of
bacteria.
Lt I These bacteria produce harmful acids that attack the tooth enamel.
L Left unchecked the acids eat holes in the enamel and form cavities of
tooth decay.
fI Most tooth decay forms in the deep grooves on the'chewing surfaces
of the molars, called pits and fissures.
D Daily brushing and proper denial care can help to avoid tooth decay.

Gum Disease
UI Gum disease or periodontal disease, is a progressive condition that
worsen with age.
LJ It occurs when bacteria eat into the gum tissue causing it to pull away
from the teeth.
n. Gum-disease develops in two stages:
the early stage causes red, swollen gums that bleed
easily and it is called Gingivitis.
if Gingivitis is not treated it can develop into
periodontitis. This is when bacteria attack the' bone
supporting the teeth.
Malocclusions
I..J Teeth are crowded, crooked or out of alignment. This makes it very
difficult to clean.


0 It can lead to oral health problems such as tooth decay and gum
disease.
U Many of these disorders appear between the ages of six and twelve
years
0 This sometimes results from small jaw, dental injury or chronic thumb
sucking.
L It is often genetic, going from one family to the next.

Care your teeth. Do not suck your thumb. Practice good oral care.
See you next week.


Pago 9. & aO.p5e


Page XX----


- -- .--y-11 l I U , u.


I


I __


j ........ .......... .... vvs


r~9*lsa









Pagee''


Sunday Chronicle December 16, 2007


.1


Rain


From page XVIII


forests ...


credits are playing out. The
paving of a road through
Guyana, some 300 miles
away, will offer easy passage
to loggers, miners, ranchers
and others who want to ex-
ploit the jungle that covers
this region. Once paved, the
Georgetown-Lethem Road
could serve as a sort of back-
bone along which other roads
soon branch.
"The road will provide an
artery, and the artery creates a
way for people to circulate,"
said David Singh, director gen-
eral of the Iwokrama Interna-
tional Center for Rain Forest
Conservation and Development,
which controls a 1 million-acre
protected area astride the road.
Fly above the rain forest of
Guyana and Suriname and it's
easy to appreciate the argument
against credits for stopping de-
forestation. Spreading to the ho-
rizon in every direction like a
textured green blanket, the .rain
forest hardly looks fragile.
Only a handful of villages
speckle the centuries-old timber
running north of the Amazon
River from Venezuela on the
west to French Guiana on the
east. The world's largest intact
rain forest covers an area twice
the size of Texas.
With its soaring 150-foot-tall
canopies serenaded by macaws
and toucans, its leaf-littered
floors prowled by jaguars and ta-
pirs, the forest looks like an im-
pregnable fortress of biomass.
To some, this very sense of
invincibility offers evidence that
credits are not necessary here.
While logging is allowed, the
clear-cutting and slash-and-burn
techniques so common to Indo-
nesia and Madagascar have not
happened here.
"What is this about? Is
this about reducing the rate
of deforestation?" asks
Janine Ferretti, chief of the
environmental and social
group at the Inter-American
Development Bank. "If so,
-the business model is you-put
your attention to countries
that have high deforestation
rates."
But Mittermeier, president
of Conservation International,
doesn't see it that way.
Madagascar's rain forest
-was pristine just 50 years ago.
Today, 90 percent of it is gone.
And soybean farmers and
ranchers have made Brazil home


to the world's largest defoiiesta-
tion: some 250,000 square miles.
Mittermeier looks odt the
window of an eight-seater plane
en route from Kwamala and
worries about the real, if some-
times unseen, vulnerabilities.
Chinese and Malaysian log-
gers are seeking logging tights.
SU.S. mining companies are ne-
gotiating to open a huge new
bauxite mine in the western part
of the country.
Across the border, in
Guyana, a sprawling gold mine
gashes a hole in the middle of
the forest. Further west is the
new Georgetown-Lethem Road.
"The idea of 'threat' is a
great stumbling block,"
Mittermeier says. "This is a
'low-threat area'? So was Mada-
gascar 50 years ago. So was
Borneo 20 years ago. Low-
threat rain forest destruction
just does not exist."
Drive the ribbon of
packed red dirt that is the
SGeorgetown-Lethem Road,
and it becomes apparent
what Mittermeier means.
It takes a bone-jarring 12
hours to traverse the 300 miles
from Georgetown to -Lethem,
But as soon as the rain forest
rises up from the scrub trees
and grasses just an hour outside
of Guyana's capital, the first
sign of incursion comes into
view: smoke from the low-burn-
ing fires of squatters, cooking
timber into charcoal.
A man named Dickie
Bedassie is one of many along
the road who has clear-cut a
patch of forest and is heating the
fallen trees in an elaborately
constructed oven. In place of
the cecropia and purpleheart he
has cut down, Bedassie plans to
plant pineapple when he's
through.
"They can't move you,"
Bedassie says of the forestry
commission rangers who pass
through. "You've cultivated the
land."
Investment by Chinese and
Malaysian miners and loggers
can be seen everywhere. Near
the road's halfway point, at
Pete & Ruth's Restaurant, Chi-
nese buyers sit at the Formica
tables three times a week. They
bargain to buy as much Guyana
timber as they can.
"They buy 20. 40, 100 cu-
bic meters at a time. That's a lot
of wood," said restaurant owner
"Peter Rajmangal. "They hdve
big ships lined up in


Georgetown, and they're buy-
ing the wood to fill them."
Nearby, an entrepreneurial-
minded Guyanese named Nigel
Wilson is creating his own
brand of environmental impact:
a makeshift gold mine carved
into Guyana's rain forest. Into
an elaborate slurry system Wil-
son adds a secret, ingredient:
mercury.
The toxic heavy metal is
common to gold mining, but not
at the stage Wilson applies it,
flowing freely into a 10-foot-tall
sluice box. After proceeding
through the rest of the process,
it runs directly into a pond that
feeds into a nearby stream.
"You should never use mer-
cury at this stage. It is illegal,"
Wilson says. "But we find that
it is more effective."
Laerte.Oestreicher is a saw-
mill owner who heads the cham-
ber of commerce in the north-
ern Brazilian city of Boa Vista
For him, paving of the
Georgetown-Lethem Road is a
long-delayed dream come true.
Oestreicher has no sympa-
thy for all the fuss about pro-
tecting the rain forest talk he
attributes to interference from
environmental groups in the
United States.
"The U.S. has done so.
many wrong things," he says
as a screaming saw rips
greenheart logs into 6-inch
boards more than 20 feet
long. "The Americans didn't
protect their forest. Why do
they come here and want to
protect our forest?" (Re-
printed from the Chicago Tri-
bune)


The Guyana Water.lInc. is embarking on a new project that will help in shaping the future of the
company. This new project will deal specifically with maintaining the distribution system
thereby reducing the wastage of water and invariably allowing people to have more pure
water for domestic purposes. To this end we are inviting applications for the following
positions:

Copporate.Liaison Officer
The successful candidate will be responsible for liaising with other departments within the
company. Therefore, will participate in the collection and collating of data pertaining to
customers, and ensuring the accurate and timely adjustments are effected.
Candidates for this position should possess:

S:. ABachelor's Degree in Communication, Law orAccounting
1 Strong management skills.
Good presentation and report writing skills.
Excellent communication skills
Good analytical skills
Computer skills.


Inspectorate Supervisors
The successful candidate will be responsible for the auditing of field data,
Candidates foris position should possess:

Technician Certificate from GTI in Commerce or equivalent
Computer skills
S Ability to manage subordinate staff.
Good written and communication skills..


Site. uperv.....
The successful candidate will be responsible for supervising field work ensuring that the
data collected is accurate and customers' records are updated.
Candidates forthis position should.possess:

S"' Technician Certificate from GTI in Commerce or equivalent
; Cdmptteskills ..
Ability to manage subordinate staff.
Good written and communication skills.


Field.lnspectors
The suc -.ss !,u candidate will be responsible for c.n:- d.cti : .'- erification ,rci s of
data.
Ca'i';d es for this position should possess:


5 subjects at CXC including Enlish L~anguage and
( r'e .;.. !sni
-C ',"n ',, .r -.I d =


i ahe'nat.cs


Good wr ilieon and communication skills.


-Interested persons.should send applications n,'th deaLi Jd curriculum .itae to the Head of
Human Resources Management and Development at the Company's Head Office 10 Fort
Street Kingston, Georgetown, on or before December 21, 2007. Full details of the job
description can be found on our website atwww.gwiguyana.com


12/14/2007, 7:49 PM


I


(G y"'A


Public Notice


Occupants of lands belonging to GWI'S Shelter Belt Compound,
bounded by Vlissenten Road, Lama Avenue and Sheriff Street, are
askad to remove all fence and structures that encroach on the
Company's property.

Failure do this by the 1t January, 2008, will result in your property
teingditsmit nf. r :M anage

SBy order of Management.


A "gc;


-- -- --








Page XXH


Sundlulay Chrnnirl f0Ler r10, 0


Caesareans


harm


(BBC News) Babies born by
elective Caesarean section
are much more likely to
develop breathing problems,
a Danish study examining
34,000 deliveries suggests.
Researchers found they
were up to four times more
likely to have respiratory prob-
lems than those born naturally,
or by emergency Caesarean
section.
The babies may miss out
on hormonal and physiological
changes. during labour which
help mature the lungs, tley say.
The University of Aarhus
study features in the British
Medical Journal..
Almost a quarter of UK
births are now estimated to be Cae-
sarean sections far above the 10%


lung


to 15% rate recommended by the
World Health Organization.
More than half of these
were emergency Caesareans,
but despite this experts have
been calling for measures to re-
duce numbers of elective
Caesareans, warning it is a ma-
jor operation.
A recent Oxford University
study found that women could
be four times more likely to die
in childbirth if they opted for
a Caesarean instead of natural
birth.
The Danish team examined
data on over 34,000 deliveries,
adjusting to take account of
factors such as the mother's
age, weight, and whether she
"smoked or drank alcohol during
pregnancy


They found that babies
born by elective Caesarean sec-
tion had an increased risk of
general respiratory problems.
The risk was higher the
earlier the Caesarean was per-
formed.
A nearly fourfold increased
risk was found at 37 weeks ges-
tation, a threefold increase in
risk at 38 weeks gestation, and
a doubling of risk in infants de-
livered at 39 weeks gestation.
For example, at 37 weeks,
10% of babies delivered by
elective Caesarean section de-
veloped respiratory problems,
compared with 2.8% of infants
delivered naturally or by emer-
gency Caesarean section.
At 38 weeks, the propor-
tion was 5.1% of elective Cae-


A HEALTH SECTOR DEVELOPMENT UNIT
WORLD BANK HIVIAIDS PREVENTION AND CONTROL PROJECT
GRANT# H079-0-GUA
The Cooperative Republic of Guyana has received financing from the World Bank
towards the fight against HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control. It is intended that part of
/ the proceeds of this financing will be applied to eligible payments under the contract
for minor civil works.
1. The Government of the Cooperative Republic of Guyana now invites sealed
Bids from eligible contractors for the following:

i. Rehabilitation of the Tuberculosis Clinic, Georgetown Public
Hospital, GPHC Compound, Region #4

2. Interested eligible bidders may obtain further information for, and inspect the
~ bidding documents at: the following address from 09:00 h to 15:00 h.

The Civil Works Department
The Health Sector Development Unit
j GPHC Compound, East Street
Georgetown, Guyana
Tel: (592) 226-6222,226-2425
Fax: (592) 225-6559

3. Complete set of bidding document in English, may be purchased by interested
bidders on submission of a payment of a non refundable fee of $G10,000. The
method of payment will be by com.ny...rm.ana.g.er's.cheque. The bidding
document may be uplifted at the above address at time of payment.

4.. Valid compliance certificates must accompany bids from the Guyana Revenue
*1 Authority (GRA) and the National Insurance Scheme (NIS). Guyana.

5. All bids must be accompanied by a bid security of 2.0% of the bid price.

6. All Bids must be deposited in the Tender Box in a sealed envelope at the
National Procurement and Tender Administration Board, Ministry of
Finance, Main and Urquhart Streets, Georgetown, Guyana, no later than 9:00h
on Tuesday, January 08, 2008. The bids must be addressed to the Chairman,
National Procurement and Tender Administration Board and marked on the top
right-hand corner of the. envelope the name of the programme and the
description of the bid, including the words 'do not open before Tuesday, January
08,2008'.

7. Bids will be opened in the presence of bidder's representatives and anyone
who chooseslo attend at Ministry of Finance on January 08, 2008 at 9.00h.

The .purchaser is not .responsible for bids not received thereof on or before the
time specified for the reception of bids. Late bids will be rejected and returned
un .... e d....


growth'


sarean babies compared with
1.7% of those born naturally or
by emergency Caesarean, and
at 39 weeks, 2.1% compared


would develop breathing prob-
lems if elective Caesareans
were put off until 39 weeks.
gestation.


LABOUR may help mature the lungs.


with 1.1%.
The risks of serious respi-
ratory problems showed the
same pattern.
The researchers conclude
that significantly fewer babies


They said: "It is plausible
that, hormonal and physiologi-
cal changes associated with
labour are necessary for lung
maturation in neonates and that
these changes may not occur in


infants delivered by elective
Caesarean sections."
MaggieBlot, a consultant obste-
trician at King's College Hospital, Lo
don, said obstetricians in the UK were
advised not to carry out elective
Caesareansbefore 39 weeks.
She said part of the prob-
lem might be that doctors had
to switch support lines to the
baby very quickly during a Cae-
sarean, and it was possible that
lung fluid is not drained away
as well as it should be.
She said: "Some babies do
develop transient breathing
problems, they usually recover
from them, but occasionally a
baby can be very sick indeed.
"A lot of woman are com-
pletely unaware of the fact that a
planned Caesarean section can
negatively impact on their baby.
"Any research which rein-
forces the fact that Caesareans are
not necessarily in the best inter-
ests of the baby is welcome."
Mervi Jokinen, of the Royal
College of Midwives, said Caesar-
ean section rates were too high in
the UK.
She said it was a major op-
eration, which had health impli-
cations for the mother, as well
as the baby.
"be decision to opt fora Cae-
sarean section should not be taken
lightlyandshouldbebasedongood
medalgrounds,"she said.


Co-operative Republic of Guyana
Security Services

1. The Ministry ofAmerindian Affairs invites sealed bids from eligible and
qualified bidders for the provision of Security Services to its Main Office
located at Thomas & Quamina Streets and the Amerindian Hostel,
Princes Street in Georgetown

2. Bidding will be conducted through the National Competitive Bidding
(NCB) procedures, specified in the Procurement Act 2003, and is open to
all bidders, subject to provisions of Section IV (Eligible Countries) of this
document.

3. Interested eligible bidders may obtain further information from Ministry
ofAmerindian Affairs: Permanent Secretary Rel # 223-7285 and inspect
the Bidding Documents at the following address: 251-252 Thomas &
Quamina Street, South Cummingsburg, Georgetown from 08:00h to
04:30h.

4. Qualifications requirements include: Valid GRA Compliance, Valid NIS
Compliance, Bid Security, Two Copies of Tender Document, Completed
Bid Formis and Completed Price schedule. Additional details are provided
in the Bidding Documents.

5. A complete set of Bidding Documents in English may be purchased by
interested bidders on the submission of a written Application to the
following address: 251-252 Thomas & Quamina Streets, South
Cummingsburg, Georgetown and upon payment of a non-refundable fee
of$ 15,000. The method ofpayment will be-Cash. The Bidding Documents
can be uplifted from the Accounts Department. Ministry of Amerindian
Affairs.

6. Bids must be deposited in the Tender Box at the National Procurement and
Tender Administration Board, Ministry of Finance Main and Urquhart
Streets on or before 09:00h on December 27, 200i. Electronic bidding
will not be permitted. Late bids will be rejected. Bids will be opened in the
presence of the bidders' representatives who choose to attend in person at
the following address: Ministry of Finance, Main and Urquhart Streets
at 09:00h on December 27,2007. All bids must be accompanied by a "Bid
Security" of eighty five thousand dollars ($85,000).
i : '.I r .Cj S ',:


Page 7 & 22.p65


.
Sunday Chronicle D 7








SC h c D e 1 2 7e X


A greener way to







recover methane


(BBC News) Oil reservoirs could have an environmental make-
over with the help of bacteria.
A report in Nature has shown how crude oil in deposits around
the world are naturally broken down by microbes to methane.
Scientists say that increasing microbe activity would produce a
more energy-efficient method of methane recovery.
It is likely field tests will start by 2009.
The ability to recover methane directly from deeply buried oil
reserves means energy-intensive and thermal polluting processes are
removed.
But methods like injecting steam into the reservoirs to heat and
loosen the heavy viscous oil, so it can be pumped to the surface,
are no longer needed say the authors of the Nature report.
"The main thing is you'd be recovering a much cleaner fuel,"
says co-author Steve Larter, a petroleum geologist from the Uni-
versity of Calgary.
"Methane is, per energy unit, a much lower carbon dioxide emit-
ter than bitumen. Also, you wouldn't need all the upgrading facili-
ties and piping on the surface."
Co-author Martin Jones, from the University of Newcastle,
told the BBC News website that recovering methane from microbe
biodegradation could also be used in exhausted oil fields: "Typi-
cally more then half of the oil that is in the reservoir is left there
after the field is exhausted. In cases where they can't get the oil


out economically, then they could convert it to gas."
The scientists found that the main process of crude oil biodeg-
radation occurs by anaerobic bacteria those which live and grow
in the absence of oxygen and that this produces methane. These
microbes exist in oil reservoirs to a depth of 2km and a tempera-
ture of 80C.
This process occurs via an intermediate separate family of bac-
teria that produce carbon dioxide and hydrogen from partly degraded
oil, prior to it being turned into methane.
The researchers also suggest that C02 could be recycled as fuel
in a closed-loop energy system once captured as methane, helping
to prevent further C02 release into the atmosphere.
To accelerate the breaking down of oil into methane the scientists sug-
gest feeding the microbes with fertilisers. These would include phospho-
rus, which is a limiting nutrient, as well as some vitamins.
"The micro-organisms eat the oil, so there is plenty of food there, it is
just the other smaller nutrients that would be needed to get them to grow
quicker," Martin Jones told the BBC News website.
He added: "One of the things the studies showed is that
when you degrade oil under methanogenic conditions in the
laboratory, the patterns of hydrocarbon degradation are exactly.
the same as what you see in reservoir degraded oils world-
wide. So the trick would be to speed up that process from geo-
logical time to a human time-scale."


www.guyanachronicle.com
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FOR MORE INFORMATION
CALL : 225-4475/226-3243-9


FRlFI) DE.IVE'RY


CO-OPERATIVE REPUBLIC OF GUYANA.
MINISTRY OF HEALTH, GUYANA MATERIALS
MANAGEMENT UNIT
1. The Ministry of Health has secured funding for the purchase of the items below and
invites sealedbids from eligible and qualified bidders forthe supply and delivery of same:
1. Moll 103/2007 Supply and Delivery of ICT Equipment,
Appliances and Office Furnishing
2. Bidding will be conducted through the National Competitive Bidding (NCB) procedures,
specified in the Procurement Act 2003, and is open to all bidders, subject to provisions of Section
IV (Eligible Countries) as defined in the Bidding Documents.

3. Interested eligible bidders may obtain further information, clarification, examine and uplift
bid documents (upon presentation of receipt from Ministry of Health- see#5 below) at the
address in #8 below, from Monday to Friday 9 am to 3 pm:

4. Qualifications requirements include: Valid certificates of Compliance from NIS and GRA which
should be submitted by companies with offices registered in Guyana. Additional requirements/
details are provided in the Bidding Documents.

5. A complete set of Bidding Documents in English may be purchased by interested bidders upon
payment of a non- refundable manager's cheque / cash fee of S3,000.

6. Bids must be delivered to the address below (#9) at or before 9 am January 8", 2008 for Project #
MoH 103/2007.
.L.:ct ri.c.(4dig..u:i.t...p.t:titted. Late bids will be rejected. Bids will be opened in the
presence ofthe bidders' representatives who choose to attend in person at the address below at 9 am
January 8'". 2008 for project #: MoH 103/07. All bids must be accompanied by a Bid Security as
stated in the Bidding document.

7. Purchasing of Bid Documents (see #5 also):
Cashier -Accounts Department (Ground Floor)
Ministry of Health. Brickdam, Georgetown

8. Further information, clarification, examination and uplifting of bid documents
(upon presentation of receipt from Ministry of Health, see#3 above)
Ms. Sasha Singh
Materials Management Unit, Ministry of lHealth
Lot I Mudflat., Kingston, Georgetown
Tel 22 69351, Fax 22 57767. E mail: mnmumohfiagmail.com


9. For Bid Submission and Bid opening (see#6 also)
The Chairman
National Procurement and Tender A\dministration (North '.
Ministry of Finance
Main and Urquhart Street.
Georgetown, Guyana


CO-OPERATIVE REPUBLIC OF GUYANA
MINISTRY OF HEAI1H, GUYANA MATERIALS
MANAGEMENT UNIT :
I. The Ministry of Health has secured funding for the purchase of the items beloxJ aid invites
sealed bids from eligible and qualified bidders for the supply and delivery of same:
1. Mol 105/2007 Supplyand Delivery ofBreast Milk'Suibstitute.
2. Bidding will be conducted through the National Competitive Bidding (NCB) ;procedures,
specified in the Procurement Act 2003, and is open to all bidders, subject to provisions of Section
IV(Eligible Countries) as defined in the Bidding Documents.

3. Interested eligible bidders may obtain further information, clarification, examine and uplift
bid documents (upon presentation of receipt from Ministry of Health- see#5 below) at the
address in #8 below, from Monday to Friday 9 am to 3 pm:

4. Qualifications requirements include: Valid certificates of Compliance from NIS and (GRAwhich
should be submitted by companies with offices registered in Guyana. Additional requirements/
details are provided in the Bidding Documents.

5. A complete set of Bidding Documents in English may be purchased by interested bidders upon
payment of a non-refundable manager's cheque / cash fee of $3,000.

6. Bids must be delivered to the address below (#9) at or before 9 am January 8'", 2007 for Project #
Moll 105/2007.
Electronic hiddinuvjil not he permitted. Late bids will be rejected. Bids will be opened in the
presence of the bidders' representatives who choose to attend in person at the address below at 9
am January 8`" 2008 for project #s: MolH 105/07. All bids must be accompanied by a Biid Security
as stated in the Bidding document.

7. PurchasingofBid Documents (see #5 also):
Cashier-Accounts Department (Ground Floor)
Ministryof Health, Brickdam, Georgetown

8. Further information, clarification, examination and uplifting of bid documents
(upon.presentation of receipt from Ministry of Health, see#3 above)
Ms. Sisha Singh
Materials Management Unit, Ministry of Health
Lot I M udflat, Kingston. (Georgetown
Tel 22 69351, Fax 22 577t7. E mail: mmiumoh,@galmail.com

9. For Bid Submission and t'id opening (see#6 also)
," CT'h .I ft"' A t ttan,
Seent an. I F Tender Administration (North Western Biuildingl


(r .'t .*o .,
NI. 1
N1'io


:nce
r" SITr


R~si$aY~aUORIAR4 .i~iPs ~?LI\ e..s~L


--


Sunday Chronicle December 16, 2007


Page XXIII


n I :uL, ihin I








Pa&'XXv[ Sunday Chronicle December 16, 2007


VACANCIES


LEGAL OFFICERS

Applications are invited from suitably qualified persons to fill
two (2) positions of Legal Officer-Legal Division within the
Secretariat of the Guyana Revenue Authority.

(A) LEGAL OFRCER fl
REQUIREMENTS rlEIICATON & EXPERIENCE

Education:
LLB Degree; Legall Ewican Cemicale. M-usl te adinmited o pracfce in the
Courts of Guyana analr b cmaen sain with Pte Laas of Guna 3 as wefl as the
Income Tax, VAT. Cnstimms Ias and al their Revenue Laas.



A minimum of Wve 9t5n1 yers ltega pradice. Mus t nae a wile range of
knowledge pertarming to oCstimn and ReensoeTaa: Aartrmnisradon. Must be
able to prepare anm i reew dra Leggisla0bmim

RESPONSIBILITY
The Legal Officerw. ILegdl DOsian ei be espsite for
Overseeing time mermamd aissLes a fhe IDitso amd isig wilh
subordinates sW esarutl oe Drasimns ida)t-m-at acrtes.
Identifying aa pa sig esafl ie dnarges tEt-ile to pery
administer She Atis Defending te .4wrtimity in Cous
Advising cooemiedl stEtnltdders wtilm ie OrgFamsai~ .crs ne e
interpretation, af tlie IircOne Tax Caslwmts A=i anmdl Regtilms. Value
Added Tax At amrd Regiuatores and The Evos&e lTa. .va arad Regulations.
Working celsedl aih 'Lgal 'O erw anrd Ju6rmitaa Lega rffircs in providing
defence arnd agaiI nruimselihg tr i.e .abiins
Reviewing estnSig iLegsftaon odf Arne Awltayc.th ta assert wriamagement in
the proper adrinnnsi almn,a ohtfi Tan La.s,-,. iAT ari CGsitms Lvaws and
Regulations
Preparing rmratfly m E nfpnI f si'Ti ssr, =i t Ire Go,'enMFrg Board.


(B) LEGAL OFF RIER li

Requirements qlE-uMalisionA & fErpswe..,
Education
LLB Degree: Legal Ei iacaMfin Cemficae. Iw'.a bie a aiimted r' pracce in
the Courts of Guwyarna a nt e cnversa wn tti tre Laws oi G).ana as
well as the Irncome T'as ,. ACT, Casnn-rs aLaws amd at 1Re,'ae 'Laws.

Experience:
One to four years e qperaemte irm ti pracrce1of La iMkusa hbase a ,wele range
of knowledge pertaimrig it CusuiaSs ara dRe'ewe Ta,. AMWirniuraionS. Must
be able to prepare and T'e.IA draTfti ILei.iamor,

RESPONSIBILITY

The Legal Officer Legal Drwicrmi iti \fe reti'aerst-let fcr
Identiytsr a rrcpit.prap g leg r i e- Otr.ries T eedre-d t w,' p Troperly
administer ttIe /CrIts htre RieriLIse stAqsr1i,
Defendvng She.Autiitt -,m Coutr r
Advising nconne sBilm tMiders er.Ta !;',r Orgatiarr, on the
interpretation ci lhe imcirTe Ta* CGusnrns Ac anti Raequest'ows.
Value A ded T ar A-t aind Regruilatrr's an. sere E> i E Ta1> Aic and
Regulations
WorkraQ al-sl, .uarr, '- -ai CCars ar Jiur.cir Le-Rail ,'h-rs in
providing defmrtne anadliegel CccLauns.eciyrn srotr Aw t eort-
Reviewinr estlinm 'Legsiaton wi tre 4.e tLorc, asssim r'ar-agement
in the proper aownnst n f ttike Ta L> sa .iT and C-ustaiEms



Applications with detailed Curriculum Vitae should be submitted not later
than December 17, 20Rt7 o the:


Commissioner-Genral
Guyana Revenue Aadhaity
357 Lamaha & East Steels
Georgetown
Email: gra@netwoLsgy.cAim


'It's not because of exhaustion,' he says. 'That's B.S.'

By Shaheem Reid

NEW YORK So why exactly did Bow Wow have to be rushed to the hospital last week after
a post-concert collapse? First his reps sent out a press release saying it was most likely due to
stress and exhaustion. Earlier this week, a second press release blamed the 20-year-old's fainting
on an appendix infection. But on Monday, Bow revealed to MTV News what really plagued
him that night: passion. The rapper threw a fit in his dressing room, severely cutting himself
in the process.
"Please pardon my left [hand]; my other hand is all stitched up" Bow said Monday evening at
Harlem's Wadleigh Secondary School for the Performing & Visual Arts. He and his Face Off partner
Omarion were there talking to kids about the importance of staying in school, listening to your parents
and shaking off peer pressure, And of course they were promoting their duet album with a perfor-
mance of the project's first single, "Girlfriend."
Bow hasn't taken the stage since the December 6 concert in his home state of Ohio. He's currently
on tour with Chris Brown, but
had to miss the last couple of
States due to his hospitalization.
"I got stitches in my finger,"
he said calmly, sitting next to
Omarion. "It ain't nothing, man.
Stress? Yeah, of course, that's
dsinormal. But right now, no, I'm
not [exhausted]. I just went to
the hospital for medical issues.
I fainted, fell out. Hopefully ev-
erything will get right. I'm tak-
ing my medication, everything
is gonna be cool. We'll see if I
have to have surgery as of right
.now, [but] I'm feeling fine. I'll
probably wind up getting fur-
ther tested after the tour wraps
up. I don't want to get surgery
right now if that's not [neces-
sary]. The official medical rea-
son is I lost a lot of blood in my
hand. I hit something and cut
my hand. It would not stop
bleeding. I lost a lot of blood,
went onstage, put out a lot of energy, came off, got light-headed. I fainted, went to the hospital, threw
up and then they told me my white blood cells were higher than what they're supposed to be. They
were looking at my appendix. I've always had stomach issues. I've always had stomach problems.
But like I said, we're gonna see if it's that serious that I have to take that surgery. If that's what I gotta
do, that's what I gotta do. The appendix is a life- threatening thing."
Bow had his rock-star moment shortly before the Cincinnati performance. He got unruly in his
dressing room when he realized that several props for his show were not at the arena.
"A lot of people fail to realize that when it comes to music I can speak for O about this
too we're very passionate. Anytime you're paying a lot of money, anytime you are serious
about what you do, you take it serious. I have fans that appreciate what I do. O has fans that
appreciate what he does. I know me, I take it to heart. I was bummed out because a lot of the
stuff that I had as part of my show wasn't there. Things that were promised were not there. It's
nobody's fault; if it's anybody's fault, it's my team. I was upset nobody made me aware of it,
and I threw a tantrum. That's what it is. That's the real reason. It's not because I'm beefing
with anybody on the tour, that's not the case. It's not because of exhaustion, either. That's
B.S."
Bow Wow and Omarion say they'll have their own Face Off tour next summer (according to his
label, O is also slated to join Bow and Chris Brown on some select dates on their current run). Face
Off is an unabashed coming-of-age collection of collaborations; "coming-of-age" meaning that we hear
them at their most mature, incorporating lines about group sex, a sprinkling of four-letter words and
even talk about dating women with kids.
-I don't care if she got a kid, that's life, so hey/ And plus, I like little man, I wanted kids anyway,"
Bow raps on "Can't Get Tired Of Me," a record they're considering as a single in the near future
because of the unanimous positive response it's been getting.
-1 would definitely say that's one of the surprise songs. A lot of people don't really know, we do
like mature women," Omarion said. "I know myself and Bow have talked to women who may have
had kids. That's OK with us. We're allowing the world to see a different side of us."
"When you listen to the album, it's very upbeat and energetic and it's us at our prime. It's
differeaLnt This is the new Bow Wow and new Omarion. We want people to know we're gonna
take it to another level from the lyrical content to the maturity to the topics to the videos.
Everything."
The duo's next single and video is "Hey Baby (Jump Off)," and the clip picks up exactly where
their to-be-continued "Girlfriend" video ends. The new single samples LL Cool J's "Going Back to
Cal?
-When I heard it, I didn't jump on it right away," Bow said. "I said, 'That's pop. That's not me,
the beat is too fast.' But you never know till you get on something. O loved it as soon as he heard it.
He said- "I got a hit.' "
Oh my God!" Omarion chipped in. "I was like, 'That's it. It's over.' "
Bow's stance on the song warmnned up once he heard the finished version. Then he played the entire
album for Uncle L himself.
"I called L, that's my mentor. L is my idol. I invited him to come to the studio and I played it
last" Bow described. "When he heard it, he automatically knew what it was. He was like, 'Y'all got
my nod. If you need anything from me remix, anything.' So be expecting that remix. That's one
phone call away. You already know what that remix is gonna be like. It's gonna be crazy."
O and Bow celebrated at an album-release party Tuesday night at New York club Home.


Pagne 5 As 4p6s






"d C n D V


Entertainment



Billboard crowns


'Daughtry' top seller


He may not have won
"American Idol," but Chris
Daughtry is the king of the
album charts 'this year, ac-
cording to Billboard. The
"Idol" finalist's band,
Daughtry, sold 3.2 million
copies of their self-titled de-
but, making it the most popu-
lar album of the year, accord-
ing to the trade magazine.
The group was followed by


Akon, whose "Konvicted" sold
2.7 million; Fergie's "The
Dutchess," which sold 2.4 mil-
lion; the "Hannah Montana"
soundtrack with 2.5 million
copies sold; and 2005's
"American Idol" champ Carrie
Underwood, whose "Some
Hearts" sold 2.3 million copies.
Beyonce's "Irreplaceable"
was the No. 1 single of the
year, followed by Rihanna's


"Umbrella." Both have been
nominated for a Grammy for
record of the year. Rounding out
the top five was Gwen Stefani
at No. 3 with "The Sweet Es-
cape," Fergie's "Big Girls Don't
Cry" at No. 4, and T-Pain's
"Buy U A Drank (Shawty
Snappin')" at No. 5.
The Police's reunion tour was
named the top tour of the year,
grossing at least $212 milion.m


Longoria, Parker deny


claims of affair
Tony Parker says he's not a double drib-
bler. The San Antonio Spurs star and
his wife, Eva Longoria, issued a state- I
ment Wednesday night defending their
marriage against claims by a French A 1
model that she had an affair with Parker
in September. -
"I love my wife," Parker, 25, said in the .
statement from Longoria's spokeswoman, .
Liza Anderson. "She's the best thing in my
life, and I have never been happier."
"Tony has been nothing short of the i
perfect husband," said the 32-year-old ac-
tress, who stars on ABC's "Desperate
Housewives."
Alexandra Paressant made the allega- :
tions in an interview with celebrity gossip .
Web site X17.
Anderson said in a separate state- .
ment Wednesday the claims were "com- '
pletely, 100 percent false and untrue. All ,
high-profile couples fall victim to these
sorts of things in the course of their re-
lationships." "* \
Parker and Longoria were married in '
a civil ceremony July 6 in Paris. The ,
next day, a priest married them in a
church across from the Louvre Museum,
followed by an exclusive bash at i sto-
ried French chateau. EVA LONGORIAAND TONY PARKER
- -----------------...-----_ ml J


C-00


p~ ~


C>

~, ;

t-- .



(..^


ARIES -- Everyone around you will be having a hissy fit over something
that isn't really a big deal today -- which means that you will be the only
person who is calm and collected enough to see the real problem at hand.
This issue requires no exceptional efforts, though. All you need to do is be
aware that it exists, so don't alter your plans for today. Keep on with your
plans and show the universe that you will not be put off the path that N ou
laid out for yourself.
TAURUS -- While you may not be able to see the entire picture right now,
you are going to get all the information you need today to keep you feeling
positive about the future. One of the best parts about today will be the fact
that finally, you'll be able to get rid of an annoyance that has been driving
you nuts for a while. This annoyance could be a thing -- or it could be a
person. Regardless, the stress in your life will be greatly reduced by the time
your head hits the pillow tonight.
GEMINI -- Quick -- look down at your feet. Are you wearing two different
socks? Don't be surprised if you are, because there is a misalignment in the
energies around you today. Expect a lot of missed connections, misunder-
standings and mismatched pairs in your life right now. Fortunately, these mixes
should provide much more entertainment and enlightenment than frustration.
As long as you're flexible and positive, you can sort things out and eiroy
some smooth sailing.
CANCER -- As soon as you get up this morning, you'll have strong, good
/ energy to help you get through the day. Tap into it whenever you need i If
., you have some ambitious projects lined up, today is your lucky day -- the
toughest tasks will seem like a cakewalk. But even if your plans were no big-
ger than checking out the latest movie or hanging out with your friends, there
will always be the right kind of energy waiting for you when you need it. Be
confident about what's in store.
LEO -- Skip the staid, business side of things today and instead focus on
the creative aspects of your life. Listening to music, cooking up an ambitious
meal, even dancing around your bedroom are all going to be great ways to
liven up the day and cheer you up. Creating something new is easier than
ever, so don't be surprised if a tune pops into your head and morphs into
your very own song, or your mindless doodling reveals some breathtaking
images. All your inner ideas are itching to come out.
VIRGO -- In any situation where you are asked to judge something or give
your opinion about something someone has created, be gentle and be gener-
ous with your praise! Being critical of others today is not wise -- there are many
delicate egos to deal with, and your tact is not as intuitive-as you might think it
is. The only exception to this rule should be food. If you don't like a certain
food, don't say you do -- or you'll end up being served it again and again.
LIBRA -- Are you getting sucked into the misc. 'ception that bigger is bet-
ter? This could be a big mistake right now. Your energy is much better suited
for smaller places, quieter sounds, and lower expectations. Instead of getting
a multi-modified cup of fancy coffee that takes ten minutes to make and ten
dollars to purchase, opt for a plain old cup o' Joe, hold the cream and sugar.
Open a window and listen to the birds chirp. Get back to the basics and re-
member: Sometimes, less is more.
SCORPIO -- Despite the level of frustration that could be involved, deter-
mining what is holding you back will be a fun mystery to solve today. Simply
take a look at the things you don't need in your life, and everything else will
fall into place. It's simple enough to determine what's wrong, if a little bit harder
to address. Honestly is always the best tactic. If you need to extricate your-
self from an unhealthy or unproductive relationship, just tell it like it is. Do
not waste anyone's time.
SAGITTARIUS -- You will start to see real changes in one of your relation-
ships today -- and it might indicate a new direction you weren't expecting. If
it's in a romantic partnership, expect many more discussions about the future.
What is your plan? If these changes happen within a friendship, you will see
your friend being a lot more conscientious about your time and priorities.
Things are about to equalize in your life, so get ready to enjoy a healthier,
more balanced period.
CAPRICORN -- It's important to remember to appreciate beauty today -- the
creativity you're working on unleashing needs some aesthetic inspiration to
fully flower. Natural beauty is the most effective means of doing this, so try
to find time to take a walk and enjoy the day. Even if you can only get out-
. side for ten or fifteen minutes, the fresh air and light exercise will serve you
well. Try to time it in the middle of the day, when you will likely be in need of
a boost in your energy level.
AQUARIUS -- Be cautious with your money right now, and don't take any-
thing for granted. You may be mislead by your bank account and think you
have more than you actually do -- recent expense .: have not all been accounted
for yet. Put off any shopping adventures for a /ew more days and wait until
the dust has settled. A friend might approach yc % for a small loan. If they do,
let them know that you're in no position to be ,nerous right now. They will
6, understand --just like they always do.
PISCES -- There is nothing quite as powerful as confident energy and to-
day you will be bursting at the seams with it. T7e insight you have right now
will put you on a solid foundation in a challer. ng discussion -- your adver-
sary has met their match in you. When you kr what you are talking about
and have the energy to not back down under I sure, you simply cannot be
beaten. It's a great day to take a stand and 1 out for the little guy, who
might not be as confident as you are.


12/14/2007, 5:41 PM


I r-


Sunday Chronicle December 16, 2007


Page XXV






Page XXVI


r 'i ndiv' ChPomicl-e'fei- 'Ap M r'M- I D9ri7


N1.
x***


?~
~:., ~''~


*im .;T


The Excerpt


As I entered Junior High, Papa and Mama, whom I
had loved without question, suddenly became an em-
barrassment. Why couldn't they be like other parents?
Why didn't they speak without accents? Why couldn't
I like peanut-butter-and-jelly sandwiches in my school
lunches, rather then calamari? (Yuck, the other kids said,
he eats squid legs!) There seemed no escape from the
painful stigma I felt in being Italian, the son of Tulio and
Rosa. "Buscaglia" even my name became a source
of distress.
One day, as I left school, I found myself sur-
rounded by a group of boys. "Dirty Dago!" they
shouted. "Your mom's a garlic licker, and you're a son
of a dirty wop. Go back where you came from!"
It seemed an eternity before I was released from
the circle of pushes, punches and taunts. I wasn't re-
ally certain what the epithets meant, but I felt their sting.
Humiliated and in tears, I broke free and dashed home.
I locked myself in the bathroom, but I couldn't stop the
tears. What happened seemed so wrong, yet I felt help-
less to do anything about it.
Papa knocked on the door. "What's the matter?"
he asked. "What is it?"
I unlatched the door, and he took me in his arms.
Then he sat on the edge of the bathtub with me. "Now
tell," he said.
When I finished the story, I waited. I guess I
expected Papa to immediately set off in search of the
bullies or at least find their parents and demand retri-
bution. But Papa didn't move.
"I see," he said quietly. "They finally found you.
Those cowards who don't know us but hate us all the
same. I know they hurt you, but what they did wasn't
meant just for you. It could have been anyone who is
different."
"I hate being Italian!" I confessed angrily. "I wish
I could have been anything else!"
Papa held me firmly now, and his voice had an
edge of anger. "Never let me hear you say that again!
Italians make beautiful music, paint wonderful pictures,
write great books and build beautiful buildings. How
can you not be proud of being Italian? And you're ex-
tra lucky, because you're an American too."
"But I don't want to be different!" I objected. "I'd
rather be like anyone else."
"Well, you're not like anyone else. God never in-
tended us all to be the same. And would you want to
be like the boys who hurt you?"
"No."
"Then wipe your tears and be proud of who you
are...."
(Taken from "Papa was an American" by Leo
Buscaglia)

What to Do
1. Write a descriptive paragraph on the "I" narrator
to make a friend interested in his situation.

2. There is a degree of frustration and depression
surrounding the young boy's school life. What things
did he say to show that feeling?

3. Tell what you think about the writer's use of the
sentence: "I know they hurt you, but what they did
wasn't meant just for you." How does it help build the
story line and atmosphere?

4. What makes you want (or not want) to continue
reading more of the story?


5. Have you ever written a story about a people's
plight? Read some more stories about life's challenges
for the young and not-so-young immigrants. There are
many such challenges that are told. Write a story of
your own choosing.

6. The ideas in this passage can help you with beau-
tiful ideas to produce well balanced stories. Get your
Commonplace Book and file the story if you wish.
(For those of you who do not know, a Commonplace
Book is a collection of items that have some special sig-
nificance for you personally and that may eventually
become a source of writing ideas that you can use for
other writing.)

Personal Note: What have you mastered well in
your writing so far? Check and come up with a fair
answer, and then resolve to add more skills to improve
reader-interest. Right now you can try to tighten your
story line and writing style.

Story Writing

Write a story based on the picture below.
Let it be approximately 400 to 500 words in length.

You must write in Standard English.


Poetry


The Best Words in the Best Way
Let us turn your attention for a short while upon an-
other kind of writing the writing used by the poet. The
poet's language is described by some masters of lan-
guage as: the best words in the best way.
When you are reading a poem you have to be
careful to look very closely at the poet's use of lan-
guage. Failure to do this will result in a missed mean-
ing or two.
Read the poem below. Then complete the exercise
set out after it. Your success is sure if you know what
the poet is saying.

Not Waving but Drowning
Nobody heard him, the dead man,
But still he lay moaning:
I was much further out than you thought
And not waving but drowning.
Poor chap, he always loved larking


Don't be afraid to go

out on a limb.

That's where the fruit is.
H. Jackson Browne
And now he's dead
It must have been too cold for him his heart gave
way,
They said.
Oh, no no no, it was too cold always
(Still the dead one lay moaning)
I was much too far out all my life
And not waving but drowning.

Stevie Smith

About the poem
This is really a very tragic poem posing as a light-
hearted one. The idea of somebody who is drowning
and struggling for help being mistaken in the distance
for a friendly wave is very moving in itself. Suppose
that was a relative of yours? But then it can also be
used figuratively as a metaphor for our own failure to
recognize other people's need for help. This helps the
poem take on value-added power.

What to Do

1. Read the poem many times over. See whether
you can come up with three occasions when someone
close to you was drowning and you were not able to
recognize his or her plight until it was too late. Use
this poem to build up your Commonplace Book.

2. Write a short story the plot of which includes the
idea taken from "Not Waving but Drowning."

Grammar
Avoid Unnecessary Shifts in Verb Tenses

When summarising or analyzing literature, you must
use verbs in the resent tense. Some writers use the
present tense when speaking of their characters.

Example: Sandra Ghee ... .has a serious psychologi-
cal illness.

Here is a plot summary below. Note the verbs.
Rewrite it correcting shifts from the present tense.

1. In "The Most Treacherous Season," General Spiff
played a deadly game in which he hunts people, not ani-
mals.

2. Randolph, the main character, tried to escape from
Spiff, who hunted him.

3. Although Spiff finds Randolph on the first day,
Randolph is not killed because Spiff wanted to track him
for one more day.

4. On the second day Randolph fought back and
made a clever trap, which kills one of Spiffs tracking
dogs.

5. On the final day of the hunt, Randolph escaped
from the dogs and jumps into the sea.


Page 3 & 26.p65


_ __ __ _


I





Sunday Chronicle December 16, 2007


'I Am Legend'



is a chilling



creep show

Will Smith finally fulfills the hype

in this gripping sci-fi/horror tale


DR. ROBERT NEVILLE (Will Smith) is the last man on earth
- or so he thinks in "I Am Legend."
REVIEW
By Alonso Duralde

There was a time, when horror movies featured science gone
awry, that audiences could feel secure in the knowledge that
blame would be placed at the feet of some madman who tried
creating killer shrews or resurrecting the dead or somehow
otherwise "tampering in God's domain."
It's a definite statement on our times that the terrifying "I Am
Legend" Hollywood's third crack at Richard Matheson's 1954
novel begins with a placid Emma Thompson explaining to a TV
interviewer that she has developed a helpful virus that has cured
cancer. Cut to a title card reading "Three years later" superimposed
over the abandoned streets of Manhattan, now covered in aban-
doned cars and sprinkled with weeds poking through the asphalt.
By day, the sole inhabitant of New York City is Dr. Robert
Neville (Will Smith), an Air Force officer who is immune to the
virus. He spends his days driving around with his faithful dog Sam,
hunting the deer that now run in herds through Times Square; he
also checks out DVDs, sends radio dispatches to other possible
survivors, and fortifies his home. He spends so much time on the
latter because, as the song says, the freaks come out at night. Or
rather, the zombie/vampire victims of the virus. Most of humanity
died outright, and those who didn't became flesh-eating creatures
who are terrified by the sun.
In flashbacks, we see Neville trying to get his wife and daugh-.


ter out of the city as the government imposes a quarantine and blows
up all bridges between Manhattan Island and the mainland. We also
learn the psychological toll on Neville from the triple whammy of
survivor's guilt, three years of solitude, and the ongoing failures of
his attempts to cure the virus. (There's an extraordinary scene where
Smith finally finds two fellow survivors, and it actually takes him
a moment to remember how to have a conversation with someone
who isn't a dog or a mannequin.)
It's easy to go into "I Am Legend" with low expectations. Di-
rector Francis Lawrence's r6sum6 consists of music videos and the
ludicrous Keanu Reeves' vehicle "Constantine." Smith has gener-
ally been one of the movies' most self-satisfied and least compel-
ling performers. But the film crackles with intelligence and terror
- zombies have been, pardon the pun, done to death in recent
years, but Lawrence makes these beasties into a formidable threat.


He also ratchets the suspense level up into the red, making for a
wonderfully squirmy experience.
As for Smith, he has to carry about 80 percent of the movie
solo, and he's utterly compelling. Whether he's attempting to main-
tain his sense of bravado or glimpsing his complete and total de-
spair, Smith nails the character brilliantly.
If there's a flaw to "Legend," it's that it simplifies
Matheson's original story, removing an interesting dimension
to the Neville character that might make audiences < -tion
his heroism. No telling if Lawrence, Smith or screer -iters
Mark Protosevich and Akiva Goldsman are to blame, it's
exactly this kind of cowardly bowdlerization that makes so
much of Hollywood's current output feel safe, bland and test-
audience-approved. A pox but not a deadly zombie virus -
upon the guilty party.


Present Prices We Pay m"Pr
Items Specs Without VAT VAT ofvT
(1). Gift items figurine girl & boy $ 4,355.00 "$ 610.00 -$ 4,344.00


(2). Frame Photo
(3). Glass Sets
(4). Holder
(5). Vases

(6). Cloth Table
(7). Cultery

(8). Tea Cups & Saucer
(9). Curtains
(10)Dinner Sets

(11)Dishes

(12)Trolley Cases


- 5,010.00 -
5,075.00 -
- 1,465.00 -
" 810.00 -
- 10,800.00 -
7,160.00 -
4,225.00 *
4,605.00 -
4,100.00 -
3,200.00 -
- 28,000.00 -
1,690.00 -
1,020.00 -
3,805.00 -
9,855.00 -
9,190.00 -
4,325.00 -
2,100.00 -


701.00
711.00
206.00
113.00
1,512.00
1,002.00
592.00
645.00
574.00
448.00
3,920.00
237.00
143.00
533.00
1,380.00
1,287.00
606.00
294.00


4,998.00
5,063.00
1,462.00
809.00
10,774.00
7,143.00
4,215.00
4,594.00
5,088.00
3,192.00
27,933.00
1,685.00
1,017.00
3,796.00
9,831.00
9,167.00
4,315.00
2,095.00


We will pay your VAT when you shop from any of the following departments:
-" Silk Flowers, Christmas Trees & Decorations
-* Toys ( except those from our "Toys Discount Centre")
-* Housewares & Small Electrical Appliances
-* China, Crystals, Linens & Luggage
~* Kids World
~* Electronics
~* Lighting Fixtures
*Offer ends 24th December, 2007*



EM~


C CHAMPION


lCookery Corner
SWelcome to the 482"" edition of
"Champion Cookery Corner", a
'^ / weekly feature giving recipes and
tips on cooking in Guyana.

This week we feature the festival of Kwanzaa. This cultural holiday was created in 1966 hy
Alailana Kalenga, a professor and chairman /i/'the department if black studies at Calilurnita
Stale Univers.ity. Long Beach. Karenga wanted .fl ican Americans to channel thie spirit and
energy ol/he Christnax-\New Year'v season iintoposnive, ,i .. .. .. , .. .. 'culture.
Each niht' -- fiom Dec. 26 to Jan. I -- a dcilerenl principle is i ./ in l/opes of nitint
A/ricaii Americans andi ocdsinig their aiitntCion n l/tosc ideals . the n'ew year:
On the sixth night, Dec. 31. the day of Ktinaba, which means creativity, a big feast called the
Karamu is celebrated with friends and fimnily.


The Seven Principles of Kwanzaa:

Umoja, or unity (oo-A/OE-jah)
Kujichagulia, self-determination (koo-gee-cha-goo-LEE-ah)
Ujima, collective work and responsibility (oo-GEE-mah)
I i....... cooperative economics (oo-JAH-mah)
Nia, purpose (NEE-aih)
Kuumba, creativity (KOOM-bah)
Imani, faith (ee-VIA/IN-ee)


ii


2 tablespoons plus I teaspoon peanut oil.
divided
I tablespoon IYVDI (Curry Powder
2 medium onions, sliced (about 4 cups)
2 teaspoons minced garlic
2 large sweet potatoes (about 2 pounds),
peeled and cut into chunks
2 cups low-sodium chicken broth
I (28-ounce) can whole tomatoes,
drained and quartered
I pound ground turkey
1 teaspoon salt, divided
1/4 teaspoon Chico Black Pepper
1/4 teaspoon cayenne
1/2 cup chunky peanut butler
S 'I 2 cup coconut milk


U5


Heat 2 tablespoons of peanut oil in a large Dutc!
oven or stockpot over medium-high heat. Add/.VND
Curry Powder and cook, stirring constantly for
minute. Add onions and cook. stirring occasionally.
for 2 minutes. Add garlic and cook for I mcno
minute. Stir in sweet potatoes, chicken broth an:
tomatoes, and bring soup to a boil- Simmer
con ered. 20 to 30 minutes.
In a large skillet, heat the remaining teaspoon i*
peanut oil. Add the turkey and cook. stirring with
wooden spoon to break up any clumps until cooke,
through. Season with V2 teaspoon- salt and I
teaspoon Chico Black Pepper. Drain on papc
towels. Add cooked ground turkey, the remaining
teaspoon salt. cayenne, peanut butter, and coconut'
milk to the soup, stirring to combine. Bring mixture
to a simmer and cook for 20 minutes.


SPOASOREDY TIITHEM tL T I(CTURERS OF
Baking Fowder ar
Cl-l-d o .der O ryfBLder
6l3cb rcpper z iuGaramasaL


horse
elephant
snow man
- 4" x 6"
- whisky cortina
champagne
carmen 24cm
nadine satin 24cm
72" x 72"
25pcs
72pcs
12pcs
bathroom
20pcs white
47pcs gold trim
15pcs bakeware A Hocking
4pcs square pyrex
20"


African Peanut Soup


December 26:
December 27:
December 28:
December 29:
December 30:
December 31:
January 1:


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