Title: Field notes : wildlife news & views
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Title: Field notes : wildlife news & views
Series Title: Field notes : wildlife news & views
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Creator: Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Publisher: Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation
Publication Date: Fall 2007
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Volume ID: VID00003
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F UNIVERSITY of
UF FLORIDA
IFAS


Wildlife News & Views

Notes from the Chair


In this Issue

2 Influences of
Hydrology and Habitat
Degradation on Snail
Kites

3 Wildlife-Agriculture
Conflicts in Argentina

3 Ordway-Swisher
Biological Station

4 Extension Story:
Lights Out for Cuban
Treefrogs

4 Energy Conservation

5 Crocodile
Conservation in West
Africa

6 Wildlife Techniques

6 Management of
Northern Bobwhite
Quail

7 Alumni Profiles

Awards .


Fall 2007


John P. Hayes
Having been at the University of Florida for
just over a year, I must confess that I still
find it easy to be a bit awe-struck by the
tremendous accomplishments achieved
by the faculty, students, staff, and alumni
of the Department of Wildlife Ecology and
Conservation (WEC). This issue of Field
Notes provides a snapshot of a few of
those accomplishments and some of the
Department's ongoing activities. Among
the items covered in this issue are highlights
of workon endangered snail kites in South
Florida, parakeet depredation on crops in
Argentina, introduced Cuban Treefrogs in
Central Florida, crocodile conservation in
Africa, and Bobwhite Quail in Charlotte
County, Florida. This issue also provides
an update of some exciting events moving
forward on the Ordway-Swisher Biological
Station, a description of a field methods
class taught at the Station, and brief
biosketches of four of the Department's
alumni.

Although the accomplishments made
by the Department are a tribute to the
tremendous personal efforts made by
individual scientists, educators, and
students, none of those accomplishments
would be possible without the strong
support and collaboration of a large
number of people and organizations.
I doubt it was ever possible to work
effectively without strong networks and
collaborations, but it is clear that in today's
world such partnerships are absolutely
essential to achieving a program's
goals. Organizations like the Florida


Fish and Wildlife
Conservation
Commission, the
U.S. Fish and Wildlife
Service, the Wildlife
Conservation
Society, The Nature
Conservancy, the
Florida W wildlife
Federation, and
many others have
worked closely with WEC over the years
to achieve mutual goals in research,
education, and extension. Indeed, the
importance of these partnerships can be
seen throughout this newsletter.

To build on ourhistoryofaccomplishments,
to enhance the effectiveness of our work,
and to increase our responsiveness to
our stakeholders, we are working hard to
strengthen our partnerships with other
programs and to build new relationships
with stakeholders that have not been
closely involved in Departmental
programs in the past. I look forward
to working with you to help forge and
strengthen these linkages and invite
you to join me in finding innovative
approaches to partnering together.



UF/IFAS presented a
Gold Image Award to
John Hayes and Jennifer Vann
for superior achievement
with the WEC newsletter,
Field Notes:
Wildlife News and Views.


Have you received
an award, been
promoted or
recognized for your
hard work?
Let us know!
Send your news to:
extension @wec.ufl.ed u





Fall2007 Understanding the Influences of Hydrology and
Habitat Degradation on Snail Kites


Wildlife News & Views


Chair
Dr. John P. Hayes
Designer and Editor
J e liii r- i :ir.:.i .:l :i riri

Contributing Writers
S -1 1 1 .-1 i,
Dr. John P. Hayes
Dr. Mark Hostetler
Dr. Steve Johnson
Dr. Wiley Kitchens
Saif Nomani
Dr. Madan (Oli
Matt Shirle'
Dr. Mel Sur.:ll.,i:r
Contact Us
Questions/comments:
Department or i.:lhr.- E.:.:.I.:.j and
Conservation
University of FI.:. .:1 :
110 Newins-Zi.-.:l.-i Hi ill
PO Box 110430
Gainesville, FL 32611-0430
(3 52 n846-0643
f -_- -''- ,: 4

Address changes:
J r i ir- :i lr.:. i.:l :ln



http://www.wec.ufl.edu
Field Notes I: i:-.il:.ii:l-.:l by the
Lir, -i r .r -.r 1:.1.:1 i-'.- :.:i rtm ent of
Wildlife Ecology and Conservation. Our
goal is to keep alumni, friends, faculty,
staff, and students informed about the
Departmerr .:.r Wildlife Ecology and
Conservation and its many activities
and programs.
The University of -1.: .:I is an
Affirmative Action :ii Equal
Opportunity employer. Gift funds
provided to the Department ofWildlife
Ecology and Conservation help pay
for reproduction of Field Notes.


The snail kite has been a high-profile species,
intensely studied in Florida for decades
since its listing as an endangered species
by the Endangered Species Act in 1967.
In the U.S., this species is confined to the
wetland ecosystems of Central and South
Florida, particularly the Everglades. Dr. Wiley
Kitchens and his team, post-doctoral scientist
Julien Martin, Ph.D. candidate Christa Zweig,
and Master's students Chris Cattau, Andrea
Bowling, Althea Hotaling, and Brian Reichert
are studying many aspects of the ecology of
the snail kite, including survival, population
size, reproductive success, as well a'
habitat quality throughout
its range in Florida. The
objective of this research
istobetterunderstand
the snail kite and 0
its response to P the
changing environment.
Kitchens and his group found that in 2000,
snail kites began to experience the effects
of a regional drought and cumulative range-
wide habitat degradation. The kites suffered
a precipitous 50% population decrease,
declining from roughly 3400 individuals in
2000 to about 1200 individuals in 2003. Given
the cumulative degradation of the quality of
the kite's wetland habitat through time, today
the kites suffer from inability to find suitable
refugia during droughts. With a declining
population, the already small numbers are
not being replenished due
to poor reproduction and
recruitment. After modest
increases after 2003, a record
drought during the 2007
nesting season brought
another period of declines, ..
with the population dropping ". "
from 1600 individuals in 2006
to 1200 in 2007 with even
more declines expected in I
2008, heightening concerns
for continued viability of the
population. ,
Kitchens and his group are
looking at a variety of other
aspects of the ecology of snail
kites. Since the invasion of the
exotic apple snail (Pomacea
insularum), they have recorded
a record number of nesting
attemptsonLakeTohopekaliga, M.S. studE
the northernmost extent Bowling loc
of the kite's present range, tagged bi
The proportion of breeding credit: Paul


ir
en
a
rd
P


activity that occurs on the lake relative
to other wetlands within the kite's range
has dramatically increased. Chris Cattau is
investigating the effects that these exotic
snails have on foraging behavior, nest success,
andsurvivalof adult and juvenile
kites. He is testing the
hypothesis that
the lake functions
as an ecological trap
Attracting breeding birds
whose offspring may
not be able to survive
once they have fledged.
Given the declines in
h reproduction, Brian Reichert
is studying sex-based survival to
determine if the sex ratio of the
population might be changing. Andrea
Bowling is investigating kite movement
patterns within and among wetlands over
the state, working to better understand the
spatial extent of habitat needs and how that
varies with wetland quality and amount of
fragmentation. Christa Zweig is monitoring
response ofvegetation communities in critical
habitat areas to restoration attempts, and is
developing a model to predict vegetation
change on a community and landscape
scale to aid in restoration management
decisions. Althea Hotaling is also monitoring
vegetation and is investigating changes
in foraging and nesting communities in
Lake Okeechobee, West Palm
Beach Water Catchment
Area at Loxahatchee Slough,
Lake Kissimmee, Everglades
National Park, and other Water
Conservation Areas in south
Florida.
The information collected
is routinely published in
S scientific outlets and is
regularly presented to the US
Army Corps of Engineers, the
US Fish and Wildlife Service,
the Florida Fish and Wildlife
Conservation Commission,
and other managers to
provide them with the latest
information on the state of the
snail kite and its habitat. As
plans move forward to restore
the Everglades ecosystem, this
t Andrea work will provide an important
ting radio- piece of information in future
s. Photo management plans for the
ouzereues area.


. .. .. ,--- P





Landscape-level Approaches to Wildlife-
Agriculture Conflicts in Argentina
In many parts of the world, birds can impact agricultural production
byfeeding on annual crops,such as soybeans, sunflowers, corn, wheat
and sorghum that are grown over large areas, and sometimes they
limit crop productivity. The monk parakeet (Myiopsitta monachus) is
among the most important bird species associated with damage to
annual crops in Argentina. Control measures currently applied for this
species, such as toxic bait and nest poisoning, are not completely
successful and can have severe consequences for non-target species
of wildlife.
To develop more economical,
environmentally friendly, and sustainable
a management alternatives, bird pest
an management is moving from a focus on
species to looking at the broader system
in which the species occurs. This
system-focus includes explicitly involving
people's perceptions and decisions,
considering multiple spatial s c a I e s,
and learning from management
experiences (adaptive management).
In October 2006, Sonia Canavelli,
Damage to corn by an Argentine Ph.D. student in the
monk parakeets in Parana, Department of Wildlife Ecology and
Argentina. Photo credit: Conservation, initiated an integrated
Sonia Canavelli research project to analyze the ecological
and human dimensions of problems caused by monk parakeets to
annual crops in Argentina. Canavelli is a research biologist at the
National Institute of Agriculture Technology (INTA), Argentina's
national agency for agricultural research and extension. Her research
examines environmental factors that determine the abundance of
monk parakeets in the native and introduced woodlands used for
nesting and the crops used for foraging at multiple spatial scales.
According to Canavelli,"My research is based on an approach to pest
management that incorporates composition and spatial arrangement
of components of the landscape, such as crops, nesting sites, and
other resources as factors that influence wildlife-agriculture conflicts."
Her research will provide a basis for determining how agricultural
landscapes can be managed to reduce wildlife-agricultural conflicts.
In addition, she is determining sociological, cultural, and demographic
factors that influence preference and willingness of farmers to try
alternative management strategies. Results of this research will allow
the design of multi-scale management programs that are acceptable
to farmers and more ecologically sound than current management.
Canavelli's project is opening the door for collaborative work with


Sonia Canavelli interviewing an Argentine farmer. Photo credit: Florencia Barcarolo


Exciting happenings at the
Ordway-Swisher Biological Station
A number of exciting events are moving forward in parallel at the
Ordway-Swisher Biological Station (OSBS). First, the University
of Florida, the University of Florida Foundation (UFF), and The
Nature Conservancy (TNC) are finalizing a comprehensive new
conservation easement for the Station. A conservation easement
establishes legal restrictions on use of the land, which are
maintained in perpetuity, to protect the conservation value of the
property. A carefully crafted easement for OSBS will ensure the
perpetual conservation of the unique forests, wetlands, prairies,
and lakes of OSBS, while at the same time providing the framework
needed to establish and administer a world-class science and
education field station.
Second, completion of the conservation easement sets the stage
for the transfer of the roughly 3,000 acre Carl Swisher Memorial
Sanctuary from TNC to UFF, uniting the entire Station under a
single ownership and consolidating management responsibility
for the entire Station under the Department of Wildlife Ecology
and Conservation. The transfer of the property represents an $11
million gift to the University, and signals a key step in the evolution
of the partnership between UF and TNC. We are looking forward
to building from a history of solid collaboration with TNC to a
partnership to advance the conservation and understanding of
Florida's unique ecosystem.
Finally, the Station continues to make progress in establishing
itself as a National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON) core
site location. Pending a final site visit by NSF and formalization of
institutional agreements, OSBS has been selected to serve as one
of 20 NEON core sites nationally, with other sites spanning from
Puerto Rico to Massachusetts, and Hawaii to Alaska; sites selected
will serve as core sites for at least 30 years. Deployment of a core site
will catapult OSBS to the position of a globally significant research
station at the forefront of the advance of the ecological sciences.

researchers from other countries where monk parakeets cause
problems. Popular in the pet trade, monk parakeets have been
introduced to countries outside their native range and these invasive
populations are creating problems in Europe and parts of the United
States, including Florida. Although most of the problems with monk
parakeets in Florida-such as nesting on electric utility structures-
are currently being experienced in urban and suburban settings,
some problems with crop depredation by this species are beginning
to occur in Europe. With her perspective from Argentina, Canavelli is
collaborating with Dr. Michael Avery
(Courtesy Associate Professor and "-
leader of the USDA's National Wildlife ,
Research Center Florida Field Station)
and his colleagues in their studies of
alternative approaches to managing
monk parakeet populations outside
their native habitat. Canavelli
says "1 expect cooperative effort
among researchers from different
agencies and countries to result in
development of new management Monk parakeets at the Florda
alternatives to address problems
Power & Light Company's
caused by monk parakeets in both Coral Reef substation.
urban and rural settings" Photo credit: Michael L. Avery





Florida Wildlife Extension


Lights Out for Cuban Treefrogs




.4:.









Cuban Treefrog in a toilet. Photo credit: Stephen A. Johnson

Florida is home to a great diversity of plants and animals,
including both native species and those introduced from
elsewhere. Most of the state's introduced, or non-native
species, do not cause problems for Floridians or Florida's
environment. In fact, many of these species, such as
livestock, agricultural plants, and many ornamental
plants, are highly beneficial to the state's economy.
However, some introduced species become invasive and
spread beyond their original sites of introduction and can
have negative impacts on the region's ecology, economy,
and quality of life for humans. Each year, it is estimated
that damage and control costs related to invasive
species exceed approximately $120 billion dollars in the
U.S. Unfortunately, Florida has the dubious distinction of
ranking among the top three states in the country in the
number of species of invasive plants and animals.
One of the many invasive animals in Florida is the
Cuban Treefrog (Osteopilus septentrionolis). Introduced
inadvertently in cargo shipments from the Caribbean
in the 1920s, this frog now occurs throughout the
peninsula and is now the most commonly encountered
species of treefrog in suburban areas in Florida. Cuban
Treefrogs cause environmental harm by eating native
treefrogs and possibly by competing with native wildlife
for food. They also may become a nuisance to people by
defecating on windows, breeding in pools, and entering
homes. The species is also causing problems for several
power-generating companies in central Florida; Cuban
Treefrogs sometimes seek shelter in transformer boxes
and housing for power switches. As the frogs climb
around on electrical equipment they sometimes cause
short circuits and power loss to customers resulting in


UF^ UNIVERSITY of
UF FLORIDA
IFAS Extension

inconvenience to customers, and thousands of dollars
of damage. Dr. Steve Johnson, an Assistant Professor in
WEC, has teamed with the power-generating industry
and a small business owner to explore solutions to this
problem.
Recently, Johnson conducted a laboratory experiment to
see if a commercially available chemical deterrent was
effective for Cuban Treefrogs. The deterrent, called Sniff
'n' Stop, is manufactured by I-CORP Specialty Products
and has proven effective for keeping horses from chewing
on wooden fences, squirrels from gnawing on wires,
and porcupines from damaging wooden power poles.
In Johnson's experiment, Cuban Treefrogs were given a
choice to seek shelter in PVC pipe refuges that contained
the deterrent or ones that did not. Johnson's findings
indicate that frogs differentially chose to hide in pipes
without the deterrent, suggesting that Sniff-n-Stop may
be an effective deterrent for these problematic frogs.
Johnson is following up on this work with applications of
Sniff'n'Stop in transformers and switches to determine
its efficacy in field settings.
To learn more about Cuban Treefrogs go to:
http://edis.ifas.ufl.ed u/UW259


r)~
tjJ


Energy Conservation
Dr. Mark Hostetler has just finished a new
episode for the Living Green TV series titled
Energy Conserv.:tion. This episode features
conservation strategies for your home
including construction techniques, how
to retrofit your home to ::-e.:Dme energy
efficient, rebates and tax credits for energy
conservation practices, and lifestyle changes.
The focus is on conservation strategies
that are "low -I-,a,.:ln:ii fruit," th ii enf .j,
conservation sti.rt-:i-le. tl-.at are co .t- rtt,:-ri t
and relatively e-.i rto.:. Join Hostetler as he
explores options for homeowners to conserve
energy and sa'"e mrone'. .* hil, do4inq it!
http://Iivinggreen.ifas.ufl.edu/tv_episodes/





Crocodile Conservation in West Africa
The Guinean forest zone of West Africa, comprising the
western block of the Guinea-Congo lowland forest, is one
of the most threatened forest systems in the world, with
excessive habitat fragmentation and degradation existing
throughout the region. Expanding human populations have
increased pressure on wildlife, resulting in the"Empty Forest
Syndrome," a loss of biodiversity in apparently otherwise
healthy forest ecosystems. Like most species of wildlife,
the crocodiles of West Africa have not only suffered from
these threats, but remain poorly-known largely because
of inaccessibility caused by years of political instability.
The World Conservation Union (IUCN) Crocodile Specialist
Group has identified a country-by-country assessment of
distribution, population status, and threats of the region's
crocodiles as a priority action. Focusing principally on the
Nile and slender-snouted crocodiles, Matt Shirley, a Ph.D.
student in Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, is combining
survey efforts, conservation genetics techniques, and local


capacity building to unravel the mysteries
behind these enigmatic crocodilians and
help ensure their future.
From July to December 2006, Shirley
surveyed the major aquatic ecosystems in
Ghana and Cote d'lvoire. Despite having
surveyed nearly 750km of waterways, he
observed only 450 crocodilians. Most
troubling is the almost complete lack
of encounters with the slender-snouted
crocodile (only 14 individuals). Shirley
found that of the major threats facing
crocodilians in West Africa, habitat loss and
encroachment likely have the largest effects.
The second is overfishing, resulting in a
large number of fishing devices drowning
crocodilians and reducing the prey-base for
crocodiles. The cultural history ofcrocodiles
in this region is complex, and throughout
each country most ethnic groups have at
least some religious or
historical attachment
to them. As a result,
historically there was
relatively little hunting
of crocodiles, but
in certain localities
hunting increased in -
the 1980s and early
1990s. However, L
hunting was primarily
for skins and traditional
medicinal uses, further


Matt Shirley weiqhinq a crocodile.


impacting crocodile populations
in the region.
Shirley's study is among the
first field efforts to better
understand the conservation
status of West African crocodiles.
As their research continues,
Shirley and his colleagues will
analyze samples collected from
crocodiles captured in the field
to determine the systematic
status of the Nile crocodile,
and to better understand the
geographic factors structuring
populations of Nile and slender-
snouted crocodiles. According
to Shirley, "Local involvement
and capacity-building has always
been a significant component of
our work, and this will continue
ton as our research progresses. By
building from the baseline of
knowledge established by this study,
and by supporting students who have
shown an interest in crocodilians,
we will effectively establish a body
of information from which to make
informed management decisions."
Shirley's work is helping to build
conservation initiatives in West Africa
with long-term stability through
involvement with and development of
the local community.


WiCd Florida
ecotravel guide

A new Web site, WildFlorida.com, is a guide to natural
Florida on the Web. The site will help people explore and
identify Florida's wildlife using hundreds of photographs
and up-to-date information on alligators, mammals,
birds, lizards, frogs, snakes, and sharks
The site includes a list of recommended
destinations, tips on the best beaches
and springs, as well as a list of some
of the best places for canoeing, wildlife
photography, finding fossils, and camping in
Florida. The site welcomes suggestions, comments,
and contributions at: mail@wildflorida.com.
http://wildflorida.com \





Teaching Field Techniques to the Next Generation of Wildlife Scientists and Managers


Holly Milsap and Dr. Mel Sunquist working up
raccoon. Photographer unknown

Wildlife Ecology and Conservation students
often need some rather unusual skills when
they graduate. In their professional work or
future research they may be called upon to
set a line of traps for small mammals, use a
capture gun, extract a bird from a mist net,
or track a radio-collared animal. This type
of expertise is difficult to acquire in the
classroom, but a week-long course at the
Ordway-Swisher Biological station offers
WEC undergrads an introduction to some of
these field crafts.
The 2-credit Wildlife Field Techniques class is


taught twice a year, once during spring
break and again at the end of spring
term. The course is led by Dr. Mel
Sunquist, who is often aided by a host
of faculty and wildlife scientists from
state and federal agencies. Enrollment
is limited to 20 undergraduate students
and the 20 or so field exercises are
conducted in small groups.
Students camp out for the week and
the outdoor exercises run the gamut
from setting up mist nets for birds
before dawn to checking
crayfish traps at midday,
and learning to census
alligators on the Ordway-
Swisher lakes at night. Under
tightly supervised conditions
students learn how to safely handle ad
live raccoons, alligators, snakes, t
birds, and rodents. For many
students, this is the first time they
have ever camped out for a week,
let alone trapped and anesthetized
a raccoon or a fox, or looked at the
bee-sized babies in the pouch of a L
mother opossum.
Despite the fact that students Gabriel D
must trade their spring break
for a week wading through mud


and fending off ticks and chiggers, Wildlife
Techniques remains one of WEC's most
popular courses. Students often sign up
a year in advance to secure a place in this
limited enrollment, hands-on class.
Lauryn Cannon, an undergraduate who
recently took the class noted,"My experience
with this course was exceptional, and I
acquired many practical skills that have
already proven to be both marketable and
highly useful in a field setting. In addition to
all of that, it was also lots of fun!"


uPree and other students using radio telemetry
equipment with the assistance of Steve Coates.
Photo credit: Jeff Gage / Florida Museum


Adaptive Strategy for Management of Northern Bobwhite Quail Populations on
the Babcock-Webb Wildlife Management Area, Charlotte County, Florida


In recent years, populations of bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus),
an important recreational resource for hunters in Florida and an
important element of the biodiversity of upland forests in the
region, have experienced population declines. The underlying
causes for these declines have been unclear. Drs. Madan Oli and
Franklin Percival are working together with the Florida Fish and
Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) to determine the reasons
for these declines. The team is focusing their efforts on the Babcock-
Webb Wildlife Management Area in Charlotte County, Florida. The
Management Area is intensively managed for quail populations. A
major goal of this study is to provide the
information needed for FWC to develop an
effective management plan that facilitates
establishing hunting regulations while
maintaining sustainable populations of
bobwhite quail on the Wildlife Management
Area. The study is also evaluating the
influences of food plots planted with
Sesbania, a species of legume, on bobwhite
populations.
One of the hypotheses being considered in .
thestudyisthatharvestand hunting pressure
may be interacting with other environmental Male BoL
factors to influence bobwhite population Photo credit:


trends. To evaluate the impacts of harvest and hunting pressure on
bobwhite populations, Oli, Franklin, and their colleagues established
four zones on the main hunting area of the Babcock-Webb Wildlife
Management Area, and varied the level of access permitted to the
sites; two of the zones are designated as restricted access, and two
are designated as unrestricted access.
The studywill be instituted in three phases.Thefirst phase will address
hunting pressure and strategies to decrease hunting mortality and
increase survival on the main hunting area.The second phase assesses
techniques to measure the population parameters necessary to
1b make management decisions. The final
S. phase will focus on analysis of behavioral
i patterns of 1150 radio-marked quail
to compare quail that live in areas with
Sesbania as a habitat component to those
living in areas without Sesbania.
According to Oli,"Dr. Percival and I expect
thatourfindingswill allow usto determine
the causes of population declines of the
species, and that they will enable us to
make recommendations that will help
lead to management and sustainable
white Quail. conservation of bobwhite quail"


WildFlorida.com


b\





Alumni Profiles


Allan "Woody" Woodward
Allan "Woody" Woodward completed his M.S. in wildlife
ecology in 1978. His Master's project focused on assessing
variability in alligator survey techniques. After graduation,
Woodward used his experience and training to attain
a position as an alligator research and management
biologist with what is now the Florida Fish and Wildlife
Conservation Commission (FWC). Woodward has continued
to work on alligators since 1978, conducting research on
a wide diversity of ecological and management issues.
Alligators play an important role in Florida's aquatic ecosystems
and evoke a wide range of emotions in people, ranging
from love to outright hatred. A major part of Woodward's
work as a professional has been finding a balance among
competing interests. His long-term goal has been to develop
a sustainable harvest management program for alligators
that is based on sound science.
Woodward is currently the Reptile
and Amphibian Research Subsection
Leader for FWC. His responsibilities
are primarily administration and
publishing results of past studies,
although he still gets into the field
to collect alligator eggs, conduct
night-light surveys, and catch
alligators. Woodward also is actively
involved in world-wide crocodilian
conservation efforts through the
IUCN-SSCCrocodileSpecialistGroup. .


Kristen Candelora


Kara Youngentob
Kara Youngentob completed a M.S. in Wildlife Ecology and
Conservation in 2004 under the mentorship of Dr. Mark
Hostetler. Her interests are wide ranging but share the
common thread of ecology and conservation. Youngentob's
Master's research involved a large-scale survey of homeowners
in Gainesville to investigate possible relationships between
suburban design, sense of community, and environmentalism.
While completing her thesis at UF, Kara was offered a position
teaching methods of field ecology to students through
International Student Volunteers in Australia. What was intended
to be a summer in the field turned into a long-term opportunity
to pursue ecological research in a fascinating environment
alongside a wonderful scientific community. Youngentob
is currently working on her Ph.D. with Professor David
Lindenmayer at The Australian National University in Canberra.
Her research focuses on habitat
fragmentation, nutrient availability,
and other factors influencing the
distribution and abundance of
arboreal marsupials. Youngentob
spends a lot of time in the "bush,"
spotlighting possums and gliders.
She also remains active in community
outreach and environmental
education. You can find out more
about her research on this website:
http://www.hermonslade.org.au/
projects/HSF 06 11/hsf 06 11.html


nallA Woody Woodw b


After graduating with her B.S. in Wildlife
Ecology and Conservation, Kristen
"Kristi" Candelora was hired by the
Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation
Commission (FWC) as a wildlife biologist
for the Whooping Crane Reintroduction
Program. Her job involved releasing
endangered captive-reared whooping
cranes into central Florida and
monitoring their survival, movements,
and reproduction. Candelora notes, Kristen Candelora
"Because whooping cranes spend most
oftheir time on farmsand ranches,thisjob opened myeyestothevital role
that agriculture plays in providing habitatfor not only whooping cranes,
but a variety of other species as well. During the 4 years that I held this
job I alsowatched asthesefarmsand ranches were sold for development
and lamented the loss that this was for the wildlife living there."
Candelora went on to earn her M.S. from WEC, and was then hired
by UF/IFAS Extension as the Private Lands Coordinator for the Upland
Ecosystem Restoration Project (UERP). The goal of UERP is to increase
populations of northern bobwhite quail and other declining early
successional species by facilitating restoration and enhancement of
upland ecosystems on public and private lands throughout the state
of Florida. Candelora works on private lands adjacent to public lands
that have been slated for restoration to help facilitate restoration on a
landscapescale. Shehopestoassistagriculturallandownersinmanaging
for wildlife while continuing to earn a profit from other land uses.


Brian Block


After graduating with a Bachelor's
Degree from the Department of
Wildlife Ecology and Conservation
in 1996, Brian Block decided to
direct his advocacy for wildlife by
continuing his education at the
Law School at Southern Illinois
University,Vermont Law School, and
the University of Baltimore. While
in Law School, Block canvassed for
Brian Block the Florida Public Interest Research
Group and the Sierra Club. He also
interned at the Animal Legal Defense Fund in Maryland and
a law firm in Washington, D.C. specializing in endangered
species, animal welfare, and open government law.
Block is now an active member of the Florida Bar and works
for The Nature Conservancy in Gainesville. The Nature
Conservancy was contracted by Alachua County to help
implement the Alachua County Forever program, and Block
relocated to Gainesville to negotiate on behalf of the County
for the acquisition of conservation I ni.:l and conservation
easements. Block says of his expert .-.:.-, "Everyday I go to
work knowing that my c.i.;i i-iizatic. i, colleagues, and
my own efforts are making significant progress towards
preserving highly valuable ecosystems. My iC education
has enabled me to make informed decisions regarding the
conservation of ecologically significant land in Florida."





Non-Profit
Organization
US Postage Paid
Gainesville, FL
Permit No. 94


Wildlife News & Views
University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation
P.O. Box 110430, 110 Newins-Ziegler Hall
Gainesville, FL 32611-0430
www.wec.ufl.edu


Awards

e Congratulations!

Faculty


Dr. Emilio Bruna
for Tropical I I--:

Dr. Rob Fletcher
ornithology."


1:. co-winner of the 2007 Award for Exceller. i- I- Tr:pi: :11i I -I:l- 'and Conservation. qi\en by the Association
l,-d Conservation to the outstanding article i:lili:l-i.-:l -I l i- m.:.,.irnal Biotropica.

'as elected Elective Member of the American ur-iurliologists Union for ":ijigr.::ntr conril:.i.:.ns to


Dr. Peter Frederick was el-:rt-.i Fellow of the A i, i i, ll. rilol:..il:r:. Union in reco inirit.:.-, of "exceptional and sustained
contributions to ornithology.

Dr. Perran Ross was honored at the Third Internali--l :i l :Il :i:. .:. ro: .:llin -ii ri.::. and Genomics for contributions to
initiating international cooperation in Panama,conveniiinj rli- rtiir i 1994, support of students and international colleagues,
and establishin.:1 fi i l:for irr.r i .:. i l .:.:llaboration.

Students

Jason Martin I:n rl-. I. t-r presentation award for the agricultural : :r.:. of the 37th Annual Joint I I -rin-g of tl .-i ri .:iin
Society c.r -i-j arcane Technologists in New Orleans for his presentation -:in Barn Owls -.:l1.:. rodent abundance in :'.i -r. ii."

Alumni


Dr. Ullas Karanth I,1 I:-
Conservation Lbe i: r1:lii, i:
support conser :i .:.n-.I lr.
in October, 2007.


-ir : i.:-.: rl-i 2007 J. Paul C.rr/ Award for Conservation IL_ _ir:li l TI, .1 aul Getty Award for
;ii r.:. : ini.;ile individual each year, and establishes a $2C, ,, r. -I :lp iin rlh-, recipient's name to
-.:1 ..ti i.: -:r i.:.,- nd training. The award will be presented to iin, -ii 1 .:.tr. ,i,.:.i in W ashington, D.C.


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