• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Front Matter
 Frontispiece
 Title Page
 Preface
 A voyage to Lilliput
 A voyage to Brobdingnag
 Advertising
 Back Matter
 Back Cover
 Spine






Group Title: Altemus' young people's library
Title: Gulliver's travels into some remote regions of the world
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE TURNER PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00088854/00001
 Material Information
Title: Gulliver's travels into some remote regions of the world
Series Title: Altemus' young people's library
Physical Description: 215, 4 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 17 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Swift, Jonathan, 1667-1745
Henry Altemus Company ( Publisher )
Publisher: Henry Altemus Company
Place of Publication: Philadelphia
Publication Date: c1899
 Subjects
Subject: Youth -- Conduct of life -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Conduct of life -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Voyages and travels -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Adventure and adventurers -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Imaginary places -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Voyages, Imaginary -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Pride and vanity -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Ship captains -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Travelers -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
War -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Castaways -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Courts and courtiers -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Giants -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Treason -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Reason -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Satires -- 1899   ( rbgenr )
Fantasy literature -- 1899   ( rbgenr )
Publishers' advertisements -- 1899   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1899
Genre: Satires   ( rbgenr )
Fantasy literature   ( rbgenr )
Publishers' advertisements   ( rbgenr )
novel   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: by Jonathan Swift ; with fifty-five illustrations.
General Note: Publisher's advertisements follow text.
General Note: Frontispiece printed in colors and engaved title page printed in red and green.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00088854
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002238256
notis - ALH8753
oclc - 08982571

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 1a
    Front Matter
        Page 2
    Frontispiece
        Page 3
    Title Page
        Page 4
    Preface
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
    A voyage to Lilliput
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
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    A voyage to Brobdingnag
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
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        Page 214
        Page 215
    Advertising
        Page 216
        Page 217
        Page 218
        Page 219
    Back Matter
        Page 220
    Back Cover
        Page 221
        Page 222
    Spine
        Page 223
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ALTEMUS' YOUNG PEOPLE'S LIBRARY


GULLIVER'S TRAVELS
INTO

SOME REMOTE REGIONS OF THE WORLD

BY
JONATIAN SWIFT, D.D.

WITH PIPTY-PIVE ILLUSTRATIONS

Copyright x899 by Henry Altemus

PHILADELPHIA
HENRY ALTEMUS COMPANY

























PREFACE.


THE author of Gulliver's Travels, Jonathan Swift,
was born in Dublin, Ireland, November 30,
1667. His father died seven months before
the birth of his famous son, leaving a widow and an
infant daughter in extreme penury. Through the
help of an uncle, Swift entered Trinity College,
Dublin, in 1685, where three years later he grad-
uated. He then joined his mother in England,
where she was living on the bounty of relatives, one
of them the wife of Sir William Temple, whose
(5)






PREFACE.


secretary he became. He graduated from Oxford in
1692. In 1695 he went over to Ireland, and suc-
ceeded, not without difficulty, in gaining holy orders,
and the prebend of Kilroot, worth $500 a year. He
returned to the service of Temple, where his position
was greatly improved. Here he frequently met
King William III, who declared he should some day
have an English prebend. On Temple's death he
returned to Ireland, where he soon after received the
vicarages of Laracor, and Rathbeggan, and the pre-
bend of Dunlavin, in all worth- about $1800 yearly.
In 1701 he made his essay as a political writer in
defence of the Whig leaders. He was received with
great favor by the political and literary chiefs of the
party, but no preferment was offered to him which
he thought worth his acceptance, and in 1708 lie
went directly over to the Tories, who then came
into power. He had set his heart upon an English
bishopric, but his Tale of a Tub had offended Queen
Anne, who refused to do anything for him, and in
1713 he returned to Ireland, where he was subse-
quently made dean of St. Patrick's Cathedral.
The Travels of Lemuel Gulliver were published
anonymously in 1726, in which and the next year
he visited London and renewed his intimacy with
his old friends. For several years he wrote with all
his old vigor and bitterness upon matters connected
with Ireland, and composed many verses, and epi-
grams. In 1736 he was attacked with vertigo, which
forced him to abandon his literary labors. By 1740
his memory had almost entirely failed and he sank
into that state of complete idiocy which he had long
anticipated. He died October 19, 1745, and was







PREFACE. 7
buried in his Cathedral. He left the bulk of his
fortune ($50,000) to erect an hospital for lunatics.
He was unfortunate in many of his friendships and
the disappointment of his ambitious hopes soured a
character which was never a lovely one, but which
was by no means ever so base as depicted by
Macaulay, and others of his political opponents and
associates.
The Tale ofa Tub is his wittiest production. His
poetical pieces are lively, but coarse-but in these
he merely followed the tendencies of his times.
The first two parts of Gulliver's Travels, which
are here presented, are inimitable as satires upon the
period in which he lived.























A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


CHAPTER I.

The Author gives some Account of Himself and Family-His
First Inducements to Travel-He is Shipwrecked, and Swims
for his Life-Gets safe on Shore in the Country of Lilliput-
Is made a Prisoner, and carried up the Country.

M Y father had a small estate in Nottinghamshire,
England: I was the third of five sons. He
sent me to college in Cambridge at fourteen
years old, where I resided three years, and applied
myself close to my studies; but the charge of main-
taining me, although I had a very scanty allowance,
being too great for a narrow fortune, I was bound
apprentice to Mr. James Bates, an eminent surgeon


1-- i-
_~===~






601LLIPER 'S TRA VM.S.


in London, with whom I continued four years; and
my father now and then sending me small sums of
money, I laid them out in learning navigation, and
other parts of the mathematics useful to those who
intend to travel, as I always believed it would be,
some time or other, my fortune to do. When I left
Mr. Bates, I went down to my father, where, by the
assistance of him and my uncle John, and some
other relations, I got forty pounds, and a promise of
thirty pounds a-year, to maintain me at Leyden.
There I studied physic two years and seven months,
knowing it would be useful in long voyages.
Soon after my return from Leyden, I was recom-
mended by my good master, Mr. Bates, to be surgeon
to the Swallow, Captain Abraham Pannell, com-
mander; with whom I continued three years and a
half, making a voyage or two into the Levant, and
some other parts. When I came back I resolved to
settle in London; to which Mr. Bates, my master,
encouraged me; and by him I was recommended to
several patients. I took part of a small house in
the Old Jewry; and, being advised to alter my con-
dition, I married Mary Burton, second daughter to
Mr. Edmund Burton, hosier, in Newgate Street,
with whom I received four hundred pounds for a
portion.
But my good master Bates dying in two years
after, and I having few friends, my business began
to fail; for my conscience would not suffer me to
imitate the bad practice of too many among my
brethren. Having, therefore, consulted with my
wife and some of my acquaintance, I determined to
go again to sea. I was surgeon successively in two






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


ships, and made several voyages, for six years, to
the East and West Indies, by which I got some
addition to my fortune. My hours of leisure I spent
in reading the best authors, ancient and modern,
being always provided with a good number of books;
and when I was a-shore, in observing the manners
and dispositions of the people, as well as learning
their language; wherein I had a great facility, by
the strength of my memory.
The last of these voyages not proving very for-
tunate, I grew weary of the sea, and intended to
stay at home with my wife and family. I removed
from the Old Jewry to Fetter Lane, and from thence
to Wapping, hoping to get business among the
sailors; but it would not turn to account. After
three years' expectation that things would mend, I
accepted an avantageous offer from Captain William
Prichard, master of the Antelope, who was making a
voyage to the South Sea.* We set sail from Bristol,
May 4, 1699, and our voyage at first was very pros-
perous.
It would not be proper, for some reasons, to trouble
the reader with the particulars of our adventures in
those seas; let it suffice to inform him, that, in our
passage from thence to the East Indies, we were
driven by a violent storm to the north-west of Van
Diemen's Land. By an observation, we found our-
selves in the latitude of 30 degrees 2 minutes south.
Twelve of our crew were dead by immoderate labor
and ill food: the rest were in a very weak condition.
On the 5th of November, which was the beginning
*This was formerly the usual name of the Pacific Ocean, or of
the southern portion of it.





GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.


of summer in those parts, the weather being very
hazy, the seamen spied a rock within half a cable's
length of the ship; but the wind was so strong, that
we were driven directly upon it, and immediately
split. Six of the crew, of whom I was one, having
let down the boat into the sea, made a shift to get
clear of the ship and the rock. We rowed, by my
computation, about three leagues, till we were able
to work no longer, being already spent with labor
while we were in the ship. We, therefore, trusted
ourselves to the mercy on the waves; and in about
half an hour the boat was overset by a sudden flurry
from the north. What became of my companions
in the boat, as well as of those who escaped on the
rock, or were left in the vessel, I cannot tell, but
conclude they were all lost. For my own part, I
swam as Fortune directed me, and was pushed
forward by wind and tide. I often let my legs drop,
and could feel no bottom: but when I was almost
gone, and able to struggle no longer, I found myself
within my depth: and by this time the storm was
much abated. The declivity was so small, that I
walked near a mile before I got to the shore, which
I conjectured was about eight o'clock in the even-
ing. I then advance forward near half a mile, but
could not discover any sign of houses or inhabitants;
at least I was in so weak a condition that I did not
observe them. I was extremely tired; and with that,
and the heat of the weather, and about half a pint
of brandy that I drank as I left the ship, I found
myself much inclined to sleep. I lay down on the
grass, which was very short and soft, where I slept
sounder than ever I remember to have done in my






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


life, and, as I reckoned, above nine hours; for when
I awaked it was just daylight. I attempted to rise,
but was not able to stir; for as I happened to lie on
my back, I found my arms and legs were strongly
fastened on each side to the ground, and my hair,


N ~ l I ;


I FOUND MYSEFIF WITrHIN MY DUPTH.


which was long and thick, tied down in the same
manner. I likewise felt several slender ligatures
across my body, from my arm-pits to my thighs. I
could only look upwards: the sun began to grow
hot, and the light offended my eyes. I heard a






GULLIVER'S TRA VELS.


confused noise about me, but, in the posture I lay, I
could see nothing except the sky. In a little time
I felt something alive moving on my left leg, which,
advancing gently forward over my breast, came
almost up to my chin; when, bending my eyes
downwards as much as I could, I perceived it to
be a human creature not six inches high,-with a
bow and arrow in his hands, and a quiver at his
back. In the meantime, I felt at least forty more
of the same kind (as I conjectured) following the
first. I was in the utmost astonishment, and roared
so loud, that they all ran back in a fright; and some
of them, as I was afterwards told, were hurt with
the falls they got by leaping from my sides upon the
ground. However, they soon returned; and one of
them, who ventured so far as to get a full sight of
my face, lifting up his hands and eyes by way of
admiration, cried out, in a shrill but distinct voice,
Hekinah degul: the others repeated the same words
several times; but I then knew not what they
meant. I lay all this while,, as the reader may
believe, in great uneasiness. At length, struggling
to get loose, I had the fortune to break the strings
and wrench out the pegs that fastened my left arm
to the ground; for, by lifting it up to my face, I dis-
covered the methods they had taken to bind me,
and, at the same time, with a violent pull, which
gave me excessive pain, I a little loosened the strings
that tied down my hair on the left side, so that I
was just able to turn my head about two inches.
But the creatures ran off a second time, before I
could seize them; whereupon there was a great
shout, in a very shrill accent, and, after it ceased, I














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GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.


heard one of them cry aloud, Tolgo phonac, when,
in an instant, I felt above an hundred arrows dis-
charged on my left hand, which pricked me like so
many needles; and, besides, they shot another flight
into the air, as we do bombs in Europe, whereof
many, I suppose, fell on my body (though I felt them
not), and some on my face, which I immediately
covered with my left hand. When this shower
of arrows was over, I fell a-groaning with grief and
pain; and then, striving again to get loose, they dis-
charged another volley, larger than the first, and some
of them attempted, with spears, to stick me in the
sides; but, by good luck, I had on me a buff jerkin,
which they could not pierce. I thought it the most
prudent method to lie still; and my design was to
continue so till night, when, my left hand being
already loose, I could easily free myself: and as
for the inhabitants, I had reason to believe I might
be a match for the greatest armies they could
bring against me, if they were all of the same size
with him that I saw. But fortune disposed otherwise
of me. When the people observed I was quiet, they
discharged no more arrows; but, by the noise I heard
I knew their numbers increased: and about four
yards from me, over-against my right ear, I heard a
knocking for above an hour, like that of people at
work; when, turning my head that way, as well as
the pegs and strings would permit me, I saw a stage
erected about a foot and a half from the ground,
capable of holding four of the inhabitants, with two
or three ladder to mount it; from whence one of
them, who seemed to be a person of quality, made
me a long speech, whereof I understood not one






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


syllable. But I should have mentioned, that, before
the principal person began his oration, he cried out
three times, Langro dezul sanz, (these words and the
former were afterwards repeated and explained to me;)
whereupon, immediately, about fifty of the inhabitants
came and cut the strings that fastened the left side of
my head, which gave me the liberty of turning it to
the right, and of observing the person and gesture
of him that was to speak. He appeared to be of a
middle age, and taller than any of the other three
that attended him; whereof one was a page, that
held up his train, and seemed to be somewhat longer
than my middle finger; the other two stood one
on each side to support him. He acted every
part of an orator; and I could observe many periods
of threatening, and others of promises, pity, and
kindness. I answered in a few words, but in a
most submissive manner, lifting up my left hand
and both my eyes to the sun, as calling him for a
witness: and being almost famished with hunger,
having not eaten a morsel for some hours before I
left the ship, I found the demands of nature so
strong upon me, that I could not forbear showing
my impatience (perhaps against the strict rules of
decency) by putting my finger frequently on my
mouth, to signify that I wanted food. The hurgo
(for so they call a great lord, as I afterwards learnt)
understood me very well. He descended from the
stage, and commanded that several ladders should be
applied to my sides, on which above an hundred of
the inhabitants mounted, and walked towards my
mouth, laden with baskets full of meat, which had
been provided and sent thither by the king's orders,






GUILIt7L'R'S TRA tMS.


upon the first intelligence he received of me. I
observed there was the flesh of several animals, but
could not distinguish them by the taste. There
were shoulders, legs, and loins, shaped like those of
mutton, and very well dressed, but smaller than the
wings of a lark. I eat them by two or three at a
mouthful, and took three loaves at a time, about
the bigness of mus-
ket-bullets. Th e v
supplied me as fast
as they could, show-
ing a thousand marks
lf of wonder and aston-
Sishment at my bulk
and appetite. Ithen
a a made another sign,
that I wanted drink.
They found by my
eating that a small
quantity would not
suffice me; and, be-
ing a most ingenious
people, they slung
up, with great dex-
terity, one of their
largest hogsheads,
HE MADE ME A LONG SPEECH. then rolled it towards
my hand, and beat out the top. I drank it off at a
draught, which I might well do, for it did not hold
half a pint, and tasted like a weak wine of Bur-
gundy, but much more delicious. They brought
me a second hogshead, which I drank in the same
manner, and made signs for more; but they had none






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


.o give me. When I had performed these wonders, they
shouted for joy, and danced upon my breast, repeat-
ing several time, as they did at first, Hekinah degul.
They made me a sign that I should throw down
the two hogsheads, but first warning the people
below to stand out of the way, crying aloud, Borach
mivolak; and when they saw the vessels in the air,
there was an universal shout of Hekinah degul. I
confess I was often tempted, while they were pass-
ing backwards and forwards on my body, to seize
forty or fifty of the first that came in my reach, and
dash them against the ground. But the remem-
brance of what I had felt, which probably might
not be the worst they could do, and the promise of
honor I made them-for so I interpreted my sub-
missive behavior-soon drove out these imagina-
tions. Besides, I now considered myself as bound
by the laws of hospitality to a people who had
treated me with so much expense and magnificence.
However, in my thoughts I could not sufficiently
wonder at the intrepidity of these diminutive mor-
tals, who durst venture to mount and walk upon my
body, while one of my hands was at liberty, without
trembling at the very sight of so prodigious a creat-
ure as I must appear to them. After some time,
when they observed that I made no more demands
for meat, there appeared before me a person of high
rank from his imperial majesty. His excellence,
having mounted on the small of my right leg, ad-
vanced forwards up to my face, with about a dozen
of his retinue; and producing his credentials, under
the signet-royal, which he applied close to my
eyes, spoke about ten minutes without any signs of





GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.


anger, but with a kind of determinate resolution;
often pointing forwards; which, as I afterwards
found, was towards the capital city, about half a
mile distant, whither it was agreed by his majesty in
council that I must be conveyed. I answered in few
words, but to no purpose, and made a sign with my
hand that was loose, putting it to the other (but over
his excellency's head, for fear of hurting him or his
train), and then to my own head and body, to
signify that I desired my liberty. It appeared that
he understood me well enough, for he shook his
head by way of disapprobation, and held his hand in
a posture to show that I must be carried as a prisoner.
However, he made other signs, to let me understand
that I should have meat and drink enough, and very
good treatment. Whereupon, I once more thought
of attempting to break my bonds; but again, when
I felt the smart of their arrows upon my face and
hands, which were all in blisters, and many of the
darts still sticking in them, and observing likewise
that the number of my enemies increased, I gave
tokens to let them know that they might do with
me what they pleased. Upon this, the hurgo and
his train withdrew, with much civility and cheerful
countenances. Soon after, I heard a general shout,
with frequent repetitions of the words Peplom selan;
and I felt great numbers of the people on my left
side, relaxing the cords to such a degree that I was
able to turn upon my right. But before this they
had daubed my face and both my hands with a sort
of ointment, very pleasant to the smell, which, in a
few minutes, removed all the smart of their arrows.
These circumstances, added to the refreshment I had






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


received by their victuals and drink, which were
very nourishing, disposed me to sleep. I slept about
eight hours, as I was afterwards assured; and it was
no wonder, for the physicians, by the emperor's
order, had mingled a sleepy potion in the hogsheads
of wine.
It seems, that upon the first moment I was dis-
covered sleeping on the ground, after my landing,
the emperor had early notice of it by an express, and
determined in council that I should be tied in the
manner I have related (which was done in the night,
while I slept), that plenty of meat and drink should
be sent to me, and a machine prepared to carry me
to the capital city.
This resolution, perhaps, may appear very bold
and dangerous, and I am confident would not be
imitated by any prince in Europe, on the like
occasion. However, in my opinion, it was ex-
tremely prudent, as well as generous; for supposing
these people had endeavored to kill me with their
spears and arrows while I was asleep, I should cer-
tainly have awakened with the first sense of smart,
which might so far have roused my rage and
strength, as to have enabled me to break the strings
wherewith I was tied; after which, as they were not
able to make resistance, so they could expect no
mercy.
These people are most excellent mathematicians,
and arrived to a great perfection in the art of con-
structing machinery of all kinds, by the countenance
and encouragement of the emperor, who is a re-
nowned patron of learning. This prince has several
machines fixed on wheels, for the carriage of trees






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.


and other great weights. He often builds his largest
men of war, whereof some are nine feet long, in the
woods where the timber grows, and has them carried
on these engines, three or four hundred yards, to the
sea. Five hundred carpenters and engineers were
immediately set at work to prepare the greatest
engine they had. It was a frame of wood raised
three inches from the ground, about seven feet long,
and four wide, moving upon twenty-two wheels.
The shout I heard was upon the arrival of this
engine, which, it seems, set out in four hours after
my landing. It was brought parallel to me as I lay..
But the principal difficulty was to raise and place me
in this vehicle. Eighty poles, each of one foot high,
were erected for this purpose, and very strong cords,
of the bigness of pack-thread, were fastened by hooks
to many bandages, which the workmen had girt
round my neck, my hands, my body, and my legs.
Nine hundred of the strongest men were employed
to draw up these cords, by many pulleys fastened on
the poles; and thus, in less than three hours, I was
raised and slung into the engine, and there tied fast.
All this I was told; for, while the whole operation
was performing, I lay in a profound sleep, by the
force of that soporiferous medicine infused into my
liquor. Fifteen hundred of the emperor's largest
horses, each about four inches and a half high,
were employed to draw me towards the metropolis,
which, as I said, was half a mile distant.
About four hours after we began our journey, I
awaked by a very ridiculous accident; for the car-
riage being stopped awhile to adjust something that
was out of order, two or three of the young natives







A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


had the curiosity to see how I looked when I was
asleep; they climbed up into the engine, and ad-
vancing very softly to my face, one of them, an


IT TICKLED M NOSE
IT TICKLED MY NOSE


-- _----~:

LIKE A STRAW, AND MADE ME SNEEZE
VIOLENTLY.


officer in the guards, put the sharp end of his half-
pike a good way up into my left nostril, which
tickled my nose like a straw, and made me sneeze






24 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.
violently; whereupon they stole off unperceived,
and it was three weeks before I knew the cause of
my awaking so suddenly. We made a long march
the remaining part of that day, and rested at night
with five hundred guards on each side of me, half
with torches, and half with bows and arrows, ready
to shoot me if I should offer to stir. The next morn-
ing at sunrise we continued our march, and arrived
within two hundred yards of the city gates about
noon. The emperor, and all his court, came out to
meet us, but his great officers would by no means
suffer his majesty to endanger his person by mount-
ing on my body.
At the place where the carriage stopped there stood
an ancient temple, esteemed to be the largest in the
whole kingdom; which, having been polluted some
years before by an unnatural murder, was, according
to the zeal of thosepeople, looked on as profane, and
therefore had been applied to common use, and all
the ornaments and furniture carried away. In this
edifice it was determined I should lodge. The great
gate fronting to the north was about four feet high,
and almost two feet wide, through which I could
easily creep. On each side of the gate was a small
window, not above six inches from the ground: into
that on the left side, the king's smiths conveyed
fourscore and eleven chains, like those that hang
to a lady's watch in Europe, and almost as large,
which were locked to my left leg with six-and-thirty
padlocks. Over against this temple on the other side
of the great highway, at twenty feet distance, there
was a turret at least five feet high. Here the em-
peror ascended, with many principal lords of his







A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


court, to have an opportunity of viewing me, as I
was told, for I could not see them. It was reckoned
that above a hundred thousand inhabitants came
out of the town upon the same errand; and, in spite
of my guards, I believe there could not be fewer
than ten thousand, at several times, who mounted
upon my body by the help of ladders. But a proc-
lamation was soon issued, to forbid it upon pain of
death. When the workmen found it was impossible
for me to break loose, they cut all the strings that
bound me; whereupon I rose up, with as melancholy
a disposition as ever I had in my life. But the
noise and astonishment of the people, at seeing me
rise and walk, are not to be expressed. The chains
that held my left leg were about two yards long,
and gave me not only the liberty of walking back-
wards and forwards in a semicircle, but, being fixed
within four inches of the gate, allowed me to creep
in ahd lie at my full length in the temple.

--o--

CHAPTER II.
The Emperor of Lilliput, attended by several of the Nobility,
comes to see the Author in his Confinement-The Emperor's
Person and Habit described-Learned Men appointed to
teach the Author their Language--He gains Favor by his
mild Disposition-His Pockets are searched, and his Sword
and Pistols taken from him.
W HEN I found myself on my feet, I looked
about me, and must confess I never beheld a
more entertaining prospect. The country
round appeared like a continued garden, and the






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.


enclosed fields, which were generally forty feet
square, resembled so many beds of flowers. These
fields were intermingled with woods of half a stang *
and the tallest trees, as I could judge, appeared to
be seven feet high. I viewed the town on my left
hand, which looked like the painted scene of a city
in a theatre.
The emperor was already descended from the tower,
and advancing on horseback towards me, which had
like to have cost him dear, for the beast, though very
well trained, yet wholly unused to such a sight,
which appeared as if a mountain moved before him,
reared up on his hinder feet; but that prince, who
is an excellent horseman, kept his seat until his at-
tendants ran in and held the bridle while his majesty
had time to dismount. When he alighted he sur-
veyed me round with great admiration, but kept
beyond the length of my chain. He ordered his
cooks and butlers, who were already prepared, to
give me victuals and drink, which they pushed for-
ward in a sort of vehicles upon wheels till I could
reach them. I took these vehicles, and soon emptied
them all; twenty of them were filled with meat,
and ten with liquor ; each of the former afforded me
two or three good mouthfuls, and I emptied the
liquor of ten vessels, which was contained in earthen
vials, into one vehicle, drinking it off at a draught,
and so I did with the rest. The empress and young
princes of the blood, of both sexes, attended by

*An old name for a pole or perch (16y feet); also for a rood
of ground.






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


many ladies, sat at some distance in their chairs,*
but upon the accident that happened to the empe-
ror's horse they alighted and came near his person,
which I am now going to describe. He is taller by
almost the breadth of my nail, than any of his court,
which alone is enough to strike an awe into the
beholders. His features are strong and masculine,
with an Austrian lip and arched nose; his complex-
ion olive, his countenance erect, his body and limbs
well proportioned, all his motions graceful, and his
deportment majestic. He was then past his prime,
being twenty-eight years and three-quarters old,t
of which he had reigned about seven in great felic-
ity, and generally victorious. For the better con-
venience of beholding him I lay on my side, so that
my face was parallel to his, and he stood but three
yards off; however, I have had him since many
times in my hand, and therefore cannot be deceived
in the description. His dress was very plain and
simple, and the fashion of it between the Asiatic
and the European; but he had on his head a light
helmet of gold, adorned with jewels, and a plume
on the crest. He held his sword drawn in his hand
to defend himself if I should happen to break loose;
it was almost three inches long, the hilt and scab-
bard were gold enriched with diamonds. His voice
was shihil, but very clear and articulate, and I could
distinctly hear it when I stood up. The ladies and
courtiers were all most magnificently clad, so that
That is, sedans or sedan-chairs, such as were formerly com-
mon, a kind of box for one person, borne by two men by means
of poles, and serving the purpose of a cab.
t The lives of the Lilliputians were considerably shorter than
ours, it must be understood.







GULLIVER'S TRA VELS.


the spot they stood upon seemed to resemble a petti-
coat spread on the ground embroidered with figures
of gold and silver. His imperial majesty spoke often
to me, and I returned answers, but neither of us
could understand a syllable. There were several of
his priests and lawyers present (as I conjectured by
their habits), who were commanded to address them-
selves to me, and I spoke to them in as many lan-
guages as I had the least smattering of, which were
High and Low Dutch, Latin, French, Spanish,
Italian, and Lingua Franca,* but all to no purpose.
After about two hours the court retired, and I was
left with a strong guard to prevent the impertinence
and probably the malice of the rabble, who were
very impatient to crowd about me as near as they
durst, and some of them had the impudence to shoot
their arrows at me as I sat on the ground by the
door of my house, whereof one very narrowly missed
my left eye. But the colonel ordered six of the
ringleaders to be seized, and thought no punishment
so proper as to deliver them bound into my hands,
which some of his soldiers accordingly did, pushing
them forward with the butt-ends of their pikes into
my reach. I took them all in my right hand, put
five of them into my coat pocket, and as to the sixth,
I made a countenance as if I would eat him alive.
The poor man squalled terribly, and the colonel and
his officers were in much pain, especially when they
saw me take out my penknife, but I soon put them
out of fear, for looking mildly, and immediately cut-
*A mixed dialect used in some parts of the Mediterranean
coasts as a means of communication between persons of different
nationality, and largely consisting of corrupted Italian words.





A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


ting the strings he was bound with, I set him gently
on the ground, and away he ran. I treated the rest
in the same manner, taking them one by one out of
my pocket, and I observed both the soldiers and
people were highly delighted at this mark of my


I TOOK THEM ALL IN MY RIGHT HAND.

clemency, which was represented very much to my
advantage at court.
Towards night I got with some difficulty into my
house, where I lay on the ground, and continued to
do so about a fortnight, during which time the em-





GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.


peror gave orders to have a bed prepared for me.
Six hundred beds of the common measure were
brought in carriages, and worked. up in my house;
a hundred and fifty of their beds sewed together
made up the breadth and length, and these were
four double, which, however, kept me but very
indifferently from the hardness of the floor, that was
of smooth stone. By the same computation they
provided me with sheets, blankets, and coverlets,
tolerable enough for one who had been so long
inured to hardships as I.
As the news of my arrival spread through the king-
dom, it brought prodigious numbers of rich, idle,
and curious people to see me; so that the villages
were almost emptied; and great neglect of tillage
and household affairs must have ensued, if his im-
perial majesty had not provided, by several proclama-
tions and orders of state, against this inconvenience.
He directed that those who had already beheld me
should return home, and not presume to come within
fifty yards of my house without license from court;
whereby the secretaries of state got considerable fees.
In the meantime the emperor held frequent coun-
cils, to debate what course should be taken with
me; and'I was afterwards assured by a particular
friend, a person of high rank, who was looked upon
to be as much in the secret as any, that the court
was under many difficulties concerning me. They
apprehended my breaking loose; that my diet would
be very expensive, and might cause a famine. Some-
times they determined to starve me, or at least to
shoot me in the face and hands with poisoned arrows,
which would soon despatch me; but again they con-






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


sidered that the stench of so large a carcass might
produce a plague in the metropolis, and probably
spread through the whole kingdom. In the midst


I MADE A COUNTENANCE AS IF I WOULD EAT HIM ALIVE.

of these consultations, several officers of the army
went to the door of the great council-chamber, and
two of them, being admitted, gave an account of my






32 GLLLIVER'S TRAVELS.
behavior to the six criminals above mentioned, which
made so favorable an impression in the breast of his
majesty and the whole board in my behalf, that an
imperial commission was issued obliging all the
villages nine hundred yards round the city, to de-
liver every morning six beeves,* forty sheep, and
other victuals for my sustenance; together with a
proportionable quantity of bread, and wine, and
other liquors; for the due payment of which, his
majesty gave assignments t upon his treasury:-for
this prince lives chiefly upon his own demesnes;
seldom, except upon great occasions, raising any
subsidies upon his subjects, who are bound to attend
him in his wars at their own expense. An establish-
ment was also made of six hundred persons to
be my domestics, who had board wages allowed
for their maintenance, and tents built for them,
very conveniently on each side of my door. It was
likewise ordered that three hundred tailors should
make me a suit of clothes, after the fashion of the
country; that six of his majesty's greatest scholars
should be employed to instruct me in their language;
and, lastly, that the emperor's horses, and those of
the nobility, and troops of guard, should be fre-
quently exercised in my sight, to accustom them-
selves to me. All these orders were duly put in
execution; and in about three weeks I made a great
progress in learning their language; during which
time the emperor frequently honored me with his
visits, and was pleased to assist my masters in teach-
ing me. We began already to converse together
in some sort: and the first words I learned were to
* Cattle; oxen. + Orders or drafts for money. I Domains; lands.






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


express my desire that he would please to give me
my liberty; which I every day repeated on my
knees. His answer, as I could apprehend it, was,
that this must be a work of time, not to be thought
on without the advice of his council, and that first I
must lumos kelmin pesso desmar lon emfoso; that is,
swear a peace with him and his kingdom. However,
that I should be used with all kindness. And he
advised me to acquire, by my patience and discreet
behavior, the good opinion of himself and his sub-
jects. He desired I would not take it ill, if he gave
orders to certain proper officers to search me; for
probably I might carry about me several weapons,
which must needs be dangerous things, if they
answered the bulk of so prodigious a person. I
said, his majesty should be satisfied; for I was ready
to strip myself, and turn up my pockets before him.
This I delivered, part in words and part in signs.
He replied, that by the laws of the kingdom, I must
be searched by two of his officers; that he knew
this could not be done without my consent and
assistance: that he had so good an opinion of my
generosity and justice, as to trust their persons in
my hands; that whatever they took from me, should
be returned when I left the country, or paid for at
the rate which I would set upon them. I took up
the two officers in my hands, put them first into my
coat pockets, and then into every other pocket about
me, except my two fobs,* and another secret pocket
I had no mind should be searched, wherein I had
some little necessaries that were of no consequence
to any but myself. In one of my fobs there was a
Small deep pockets in the front of a person's trousers.







34 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.
silver watch, and in the other a small quantity of
gold in a purse. These gentlemen, having pen, ink,
and paper about them, made an exact inventory of
everything they saw; and when they had done,
desired I would set them down, that they might
deliver it to the emperor. This inventory I after-
wards translated into English, and is word for word
as follows:-
"JImprimis, In the right coat-pocket of the great
man-mountain (for so I interpret the words quinbus
flestrin), after the strictest search, we found only
one great piece of coarse cloth, large enough to be
a footcloth for your majesty's chief room of state.
In the left pocket we saw a huge silver chest, with
a cover of the same metal, which we the searchers
were not able to lift. We desired it should be opened,
and one of us stepping into it, found himself up to
the mid-leg in a sort of dust, some part whereof
flying up to our faces, set us both a-sneezing for
several times together. In his right waistcoat-pocket
we found a prodigious bundle of white thin sub-
stances, folded one over another, about the bigness
of three men, tied with a strong cable, and marked
with black figures, which we humbly conceive to be
writings, every letter almost half as large as the
palm of our hands. In the left there was a sort of
engine, from the back of which were extended
twenty long poles, resembling the palisadoes before
your majesty's court; wherewith we conjecture the
man-mountain combs his head ; for we did not always
trouble him with questions, because we found it a
great difficulty to make him understand us. In the
large pocket, on the right side of his middle cover



























































I MUST BE SEARCHED BY TWO OF HIS OFFICERS.


-3~-~



C
Z
-r
II' II

''


\ :r






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.


(so I translate the word ranfu-lo, by which they
meant my breeches), we saw a hollow pillar of iron,
about the length of a man, fastened to a strong piece
of timber larger than the pillar; and upon one side
of the pillar were huge pieces of iron sticking out,
cut into strange figures, which we know not what to
make of. In the left pocket, another engine of the
same kind. In the smaller pocket, on the right side,
were several round flat pieces of white and red
metal, of different bulk ; some of the white, which
seemed to be silver, were so large and heavy, that
my comrade and I could hardly lift them. In the
left pocket were two black pillars irregularly shaped:
we could not, without difficulty, reach the top of
them, as we stood at the bottom of his pocket. One
of them was covered and seemed all of a piece;
but at the upper end of the other there appeared a
white round substance, about twice the bigness of
our heads, Within each of these was enclosed a
prodigious plate of steel ; which, by our orders, we
obliged him to show us, because we apprehended they
might be dangerous engines. He took them out of
their cases, and told us that, in his own country, his
practice was to shave his beard with one of these,
and to cut his meat with the other. There were
two pockets which we could not enter; these he
called his fobs ; they were two large slits cut into
the top of his middle cover, but squeezed close by
the pressure of his belly. Out of the right fob hung
a great silver chain, with a wonderful kind of engine
at the bottom. We directed him to draw out what-
ever was at the end of that chain, which appeared
to be a globe, half silver, and half of some transpar-






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


ent metal; for, on the transparent side, we saw cer-
tain strange figures circularly drawn, and thought
we could touch them, till we found our fingers
stopped by that lucid* substance. He put this en-


WE SAW CERTAIN STRANGE FIGURES.


gine to our ears, which made an incessant noise like
that of a water-mill : and we conjecture it is either
some unknown animal, or the god that he worships;
but we are more inclined to the latter opinion, be-
Shining; transparent.





GULLIVER'S TRA VELS.


cause he assured us (if we understood him right, for
he expressed himself very imperfectly), that he sel-
dom did anything without consulting it. He called
it his oracle, and said it pointed out the time for
every action of his life. From the left fob he took
out a net, almost large enough for a fisherman, but
contrived to open and shut like a purse, and served
him for the same use: we found therein several
massy pieces of yellow metal, which, if they be real
gold, must be of immense value.
"Having thus, in obedience to your majesty's
commands, diligently searched all his pockets, we
observed a girdle about his waist, made of the hide
of some prodigious animal, from which, on the left
side, hung a sword of the length of five men; and
on the right, a bag or pouch divided into two cells,
each cell capable of holding three of your majesty's
subjects. In one of these cells were several globes
or balls, of a most ponderous metal, about the big-
ness of our heads, and required a strong hand to
lift them.; the other cell contained a heap of certain
black grains, but of no bulk or weight, for we could
hold above fifty of them in the palms of our hands.
"This is an exact inventory of what we found
about the body of the man-mountain, who used us
with great civility, and due respect to your majesty's
commission. Signed and sealed on the fourth day
'of the eighty-ninth moon of your majesty's auspi-
cious reign. CLEFREN FRELOCK,
MARS FRELOCK."

When this inventory was read over to the empe-
ror, he directed me, although in very gentle terms,






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


to deliver up the several particulars. He first called
for my scimitar,* which I took out, scabbard and
all. In the mean time he ordered three thousand of
his choicest troops (who then attended him), to sur-
round me at a distance, with their bows and arrows


I FETIVERED UP MY WATCH.


just ready to discharge; but I did not observe it, for
mine eyes were wholly fixed upon his majesty. He
then desired me to draw my scimitar, which, although
it had got some rust by the sea-water, was in most
parts exceeding bright. I did so, and immediately
all the troops gave a shout between terror and sur-
A scimitar is properly a curved sword, such as is worn by the
Turks and other Orientals.





GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.


prise: for the sun shone clear, and the reflection
dazzled their eyes, as I waved the scimitar to and
fro in my hand. His majesty, who is a most mag-
nanimous prince, was less daunted than I could
expect: he ordered me to return it into the scabbard,
and cast it on the ground as gently as I could, about
six feet from the end of my chain. The next thing
he demanded was one of the hollow iron pillars : by
which he meant my pocket-pistols. I drew it out,
and at his desire, as well as I could, expressed to
him the use of it; and charging it only with pow-
der, which, by the closeness of my pouch, happened
to escape wetting in the sea (an inconvenience against
which all prudent mariners take special care to pro-
vide), I first cautioned the emperor not to be afraid,
and then I let it off in the air. The astonishment
here was much greater than at the sight of my scim-
itar. Hundreds fell down as if they had been struck
dead ; and even the emperor, although he stood his
ground, could not recover himself in some time. I
delivered up both my pistols in the same manner as
I had done my scimitar, and then my pouch of pow-
der and bullets; begging him that the former might
be kept from the fire, for it would kindle with the
smallest spark, and blow up his imperial palace into
the air. I likewise delivered up my watch, which
the emperor was very curious to see, and commanded
two of his tallest yeomen of the guards to bear it
on a pole upon their shoulders, as draymen in Eng-
land do a barrel of ale. He was amazed at the con-
tinual noise it made, and the motion of the minute
hand, which he could easily discern ; for their sight
is much more acute than ours : and asked the opin-







A VOYAGE TO LILIJPUT. 41

ions of his learned men about him, which were
various and remote, as the reader may well imagine
without my repeating; although indeed I could not
very perfectly understand them. I then gave up
my silver and copper money, my purse with nine
large pieces of gold and some smaller ones; my
knife and razor, my comb and silver snuff-box, my
handkerchief and journal-book. My scimitar, pis-
tols, and pouch were conveyed in carriages to his
majesty's stores; but the rest of my goods were re-
turned me.
I had, as I before observed, one private pocket,
which escaped their search, wherein there was a
pair of spectacles (which I sometimes use for the
weakness of my eyes), a pocket perspective,* and
several other little conveniences; which being of
no consequence to the emperor, I did not think my-
self bound in honor to discover, and I apprehended
they might be lost or spoiled if I ventured them out
of my possession.


CHAPTER III.
The Author diverts the Emperor, and his Nobility of both sexes,
in a very uncommon manner-The Diversions of the Court
of Lilliput described-The Author has his Liberty granted
him upon certain conditions.

MY gentleness and good behavior had gained so
far on the emperor and his court, and indeed
upon the army and people in general, that I
began to conceive hopes of getting my liberty in a
An old name for a telescope.







GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.


short time. I took all possible methods to cultivate
this favorable disposition. The natives came, by
degrees, to be less apprehensive of any danger from
me. I would sometimes lie down, and let five or
six of them dance on my hand ; and at last the boys
and girls would venture to come and play at hide-and-
seek in my hair. I had now made a good progress
in understanding and speaking their language. The
emperor had a mind one day to entertain me with
several of the country shows, wherein they exceed
all nations I have known, both for dexterity and
magnificence. I was diverted with none so much as
that of the rope-dancers, performed upon a slender
white thread, extended about two feet, and twelve
inches from the ground. Upon which I shall de-
sire liberty, with the reader's patience, to enlarge a
little.
This diversion is only practised by those persons
who are candidates for great employment and high
favor at court. They are trained in this art from
their youth, and are not always of noble birth or
liberal education. When a great office is vacant,
either by death or disgrace (which often happens),
five or six of those candidates petition the emperor
to entertain his majesty and the court with a dance
on the rope; and whoever jumps the highest without
falling, succeeds in the office. Very often the chief
ministers themselves are commanded to show their
skill, and to convince the emperor that they have
not lost their faculty. Flimnap, the treasurer, is
allowed to cut a caper on the straight rope, at least
an inch higher than any other lord in the whole em-
pire. I have seen him do the summerset several







A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT. 43

times together, upon a trencher fixed on the rope,
which is no thicker than a common packthread in


FLIMNAP CUTS A CAPER ON THE STRAIGHT ROPE.

England. My friend Reldresal, principal secretary
for private affairs, is, in my opinion, if I am not
A sort of wooden plate or flat dish.





GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.


partial, the second after the treasurer; the rest of
the great officers are much upon a par.
These diversions are often attended with fatal acci-
dents, whereof great numbers are on record. I
myself have seen two or three candidates break a
limb. But the danger is much greater when the
ministers themselves are commanded to show their
dexterity ; for, by contending to excel themselves
and their fellows, they strain so far that there is
hardly one of them who has not received a fall,
and some of them two or three. I was assured that,
a year or two before my arrival, Flimnap would have
infallibly broken his neck if one of the king's cush-
ions, that accidentally lay on the ground, had" not
weakened the force of his fall.
There is likewise another diversion, which is only
shown before the emperor and empress, and first
minister, upon particular occasions. The emperor
lays on a table three fine silken threads of six inches
long ; one is blue, the other red, and the third green.
These threads are proposed as prizes for those per-
sons whom the emperor has a mind to distinguish
by a peculiar mark of his favor. The ceremony is
performed in his majesty's great chamber of state,
where the candidates are to undergo a trial of dex-
terity, very different from the former, and such as I
have not observed the least resemblance of in any
other country of the old or the new world. The
emperor holds a stick in his hands, both ends par-
allel to the horizon, while the candidates advancing,
one by one, sometimes leap over the stick, sometimes
creep under it, backwards and forwards, several times,
according as the stick is advanced or depressed.






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT


Sometimes the emperor holds one end of the stick,
and his first minister the other ; sometimes the min-
ister has it entirely to himself. Whoever performs
his part with most agility, and holds out the longest


WHOEVER PERFORMS HIS PART WITH MOST AGILITY IS
REWARDED WITH THE BLUE-COLORED SILK.

in leaping and creeping, is rewarded with the blue-
colored silk ; the red is given to the next, and the
green to the third, which they all wear girt twice
round about the middle ; and you see few great per-





GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.


sons about this court who are not adorned with one
of these girdles.
The horses of the army, and those of the royal sta-
bles, having been daily led before me, were no longer
shy, but would come up to my very feet without
starting. The riders would leap them over my
hand, as I held it on the ground; and one of the
emperor's huntsmen, upon a large courser, took my
foot, shoe and all, which was indeed a prodigious
leap. I had the good fortune to divert the emperor
one day after a very extraordinary manner. I desired
he would order several sticks of two feet high, and
the thickness of an ordinary cane, to be brought me;
whereupon his majesty commanded the master of
his woods to give directions accordingly ; and the next
morning six woodmen arrived with as many car-
riages, drawn by eight horses to each. I took nine
of these sticks, and fixing them firmly in the ground
in a quadrangular figure, two feet and a half square,
I took four other sticks, and tied them parallel at
each corner, about two feet from the ground ; then
I fastened my handkerchief to the nine sticks that
stood erect, and extended it on all sides, till it was
as tight as the top of a drum ; and the four parallel
sticks, rising about five inches higher than the hand-
kerchief, served as ledges on each side. When I
had finished my work, I desired the emperor to let a
troop of his best horse, twenty-four in number, come
and exercise upon this plain. His majesty approved
of the proposal, and I took them up, one by one, in
my hands, ready mounted and armed, with the
proper officers to exercise them. As soon as they
got into order they divided into two parties, per-






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


formed mock skirmishes, discharged blunt arrows,
drew their swords, fled and pursued, attacked and
retired, and, in short, discovered the best military
discipline I ever beheld. The parallel sticks secured
them and their horses from falling over the stage;
and the emperor was so much delighted, that he
ordered this entertainment to be repeated several


HE TOOK MY FOOT, SHOE AND ALL.


days, and once was pleased to be lifted up and give
the word of command; and with great difficulty
persuaded even the empress herself to let me hold
her in her close chair within two yards of the stage,
from whence she was able to take a full view of the
whole performance. It was- my good fortune that
no ill accident happened in these entertainments;
only once a fiery horse, that belonged to one of the





GULLIVER'S TRA VELS.


captains, pawing with his hoof, struck a hole in my
handkerchief, and his foot slipping, he overthrew
his rider and himself; but I immediately relieved
them both, and covering the hole with one hand, I
set down the troop with the other, in the same man-
ner as I took them up. The horse that fell was
strained in the left shoulder, but the rider got no
hurt; and I repaired my handkerchief as well as I
could : however, I would not trust to the strength
of it any more in such dangerous enterprises.
About two or three days before I was set at liberty,
as I was entertaining the court with these kind of
feats, there arrived an express to inform his majesty
that some of his subjects, riding near the place where
I was first taken up, had seen a great black substance
lying on the ground, very oddly shaped, extending
its edges round, as wide as his majesty's bed-cham-
ber, and rising up in the middle as high as a man;
that it was no living creature, as they at first appre-
hended, for it lay on the grass without motion, and
some of them had walked round it several times;
that, by mounting upon each other's shoulders, they
had got to the top, which was flat and even, and
stamping upon it, they found it was hollow within ;
that they humbly conceived it might be something
belonging to the man-mountain ; and, if his majesty
pleased, they would undertake to bring it with only
five horses. I presently knew what they meant, and
was glad at heart to receive this intelligence. It
seems, upon my first reaching the shore after our
shipwreck, I was in such confusion that, before I
came to the place where I went to sleep, my hat,
which I had fastened with a string to my head while





























































THE TROOPS MARCHED UNDER ME;.


(j
'''
''~'- "
''
.,
.,
I
v
r







GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.


I was rowing, and had stuck on all the time I was
swimming, fell off after I came to land; the string,
as I conjecture, breaking by some accident which I
never observed, but thought my hat had been lost at
sea. I entreated his imperial majesty to give orders
it might be brought to me as soon as possible, de-
scribing to him the use and the nature of it: and
the next day the wagoners arrived with it, but not
in very good condition; they had bored two holes
in the brim, within an inch and a half of the edge,
and fastened two hooks in the holes; these hooks
were tied by a long cord to the harness, and thus
my Lat was dragged along for above half an English
mile; but the ground in that country being ex-
tremely smooth and level, it received less damage
than I expected.
Two days after this adventure, the emperor, hav-
ing ordered that part of his army which quarters in
and about his metropolis to be in readiness, took a
fancy of diverting himself in a very singular manner.
He desired I would stand like a Colossus,* with my
legs as far asunder as I conveniently could. He
then commanded his general (who was an old expe-
rienced leader, and a great patron of mine) to draw
up the troops in close order and march them under
me; the foot by twenty-four in a breast, and the
horse by sixteen, with drums beating, colors flying,
and pikes advanced. This body consisted of three
thousand foot and a thousand horse.

*The celebrated Colossus of antiquity was a brass statue over
ioo feet high at the entrance of the harbor of Rhodes, popularly,
but incorrectly, said to have stood with the legs apart so that
ships sailed through between.


_1~__~_1~ I







A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


I had sent so many memorials and petitions for
my liberty, that his majesty at length mentioned the
matter, first in the cabinet, and then in full council;
where it was opposed by none except Skyresh Bol-
golam, who was pleased, without any provocation,
to be my mortal enemy. But it was carried against
him by the whole board, and confirmed by the em-
peror. That minister was galbet, or admiral of the
realm, very much in his master's confidence, and a
person well versed in affairs, but of a morose and
sour disposition. However, he was at length per-
suaded to comply; but prevailed that the articles
and conditions upon which I should be set free, and
to which I must swear, should be drawn up by him-
self. These articles were brought to me by Skyresh
Bolgolam in person, attended by two under-secre-
taries and several persons of distinction. After they
were read, I was demanded to swear to the perform-
ance of them; first in the manner of my own coun-
try, and afterwards in the method prescribed by their
laws; which was, to hold my right foot in my left
hand, to place the middle finger of my right hand on
the crown of my head, and my thumb on the tip of
my right ear. But because the reader may perhaps
be curious to have some idea of the style and man-
ner of expression peculiar to that people, as well as
to know the articles upon which I recovered my lib-
erty, I have made a translation of the whole instru-
ment, word for word, as near as I was able, which I
here offer to the public.
"'Golbasto Momarem Evlame Gurdilo Shefin Mully
Ully Gue, most mighty Emperor of Lilliput, delight
and terror of the universe, whose dominions extend






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.


five thousand blustrugs (about twelve miles in cir-
cumference) to the extremities of the globe; monarch
of all monarchs, taller than the sons of men; whose
feet press down to the centre, and whose head strikes
against the sun, at whose nod the princes of the earth
shake their knees ; pleasant as the spring, comforta-
ble as the summer, fruitful as autumn, dreadful as
winter. His most sublime majesty proposes to the
man-mountain, lately arrived at our celestial domin-
ions, the following articles, which, by a solemn oath,
he shall be obliged to perform:-

"ist. The man-mountain shall not depart from
our dominions without our license under our great
seal.
2d. He shall not presume to come into our me-
tropolis without our express order; at which time
the inhabitants shall have two hours' warning to
keep within their doors.
"3d. The said man-mountain shall confine his
walks to our principal high roads, and not offer to
walk, or lie down, in a meadow or field of corn.
4th. As he walks the said roads, he shall take the
utmost care not to trample upon the bodies of any
of our loving subjects, their horses, or carriages, nor
take any of our said subjects into his hands without
their own consent.
5th. If a special or pressing message requires ex-
traordinary despatch, the man-mountain shall be
obliged to carry in his pocket the messenger and horse
a six days' journey, once in every moon, and return
the said messenger back (if so required) safe to our
imperial presence,






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


6th. He shall be our ally against our enemies in
the island of Blefuscu, and do his utmost to destroy
their fleet, which is now preparing to invade us.
7th. That the said man-mountain shall, at his
times of leisure, be aiding and assisting our work-
men, in helping to raise certain great stones, towards
covering the wall of the principal park, and other
of our royal buildings.
"8th. That the said man-mountain shall, in two
moons' time, deliver in an exact survey of the cir-
cumference of our dominions, by a computation of
his own paces round the coast.
Lastly. That, upon his solemn oath to observe
all the above articles, the said man-mountain shall
have a daily allowance of meat and drink sufficient
for the support of 1728 of our subjects, with free
access to our royal person, and other marks of our
favor. Given at our palace at Belfaborac, the twelfth
day of the ninety-first moon of our reign."

I swore and subscribed to these articles with great
cheerfulness and content, although some of them
were not so honorable as I could have wished ; which
proceeded wholly from the malice of Skyresh Bolgo-
lam, the high-admiral; whereupon my chains were
immediately unlocked, and I was at full liberty.
The emperor, himself, in person, did me the honor
to be by at the whole ceremony. I made my
acknowledgments by prostrating myself at his
majesty's feet: but he commanded me to rise ; and
after many gracious expressions, which, to avoid the
censure of vanity, I shall not repeat, he added, that
he hoped I should prove a useful servant, and well







GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.


deserve all the favors he had already conferred upon
me, or might do for the future.
The reader may please to observe, that, in the last
article for the recovery of my liberty, the emperor
stipulates to allow me a quantity of meat and drink
sufficient for the support of 1728 Lilliputians. Some
time after, asking a friend at court how they came
to fix on that determinate number, he told me that
his majesty's mathematicians, having taken the
height of my body by the help of a quadrant, and
finding it to exceed theirs in the proportion of twelve
to one, they concluded, from the similarity of their
bodies, that mine must contain at least 1728 of theirs,
and consequently would require as much food as was
necessary to support that number of Lilliputians.
By which the reader .may conceive an idea of the
ingenuity of that people, as well as the prudent and
exact economy of so great a prince,



CHAPTER IV.
Mildendo, the metropolis of Lilliput, described, together with the
Emperor's Palace-A conversation between the Author and a
Principal Secretary, concerning the affairs of that Empire-
The Author's offers to serve the Emperor in his wars.

T HE first request I made, after I had obtained my
liberty, was, that I might have license to see
Mildendo, the metropolis; which the emperor
easily granted me, but with a special charge to do
no hurt either to the inhabitants or their houses.
The people had notice, by proclamation, of my design






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


to visit the town. The wall, which encompassed it,
is two feet and a half high, and at least eleven inches
broad, so that a coach and horses may be driven very
safely round it ; and it is flanked with strong towers
at ten feet distance. I
stepped over the great *
western gate, and passed /
very gently, and sideling ,.
through the two princi- -'l '
pal streets, only in my G i
short waistcoat, for fear ,'
of damaging the roofs j _.
and eaves of the houses -'
with the skirts of my '
coat. I walked with
the utmost circumspec-
tion, to avoid treading (i i
on any stragglers that "
might remain in the
streets ; although the i
orders were very strict
that all people should > j
keep in their houses, at r
their own peril. The
garret windows and tops '
of houses were so
crowded with spectators,
that I thought in all my
travels I had not seen a
more populous place. I STEPPED OVER THE GREAT
The city is an exact GATE.
square, each side of the wall being five hundred
feet long. The two great streets, which run across







56 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.
and divide it into four quarters, are five feet wide.
The lanes and alleys which I could not enter, but
only viewed them as I passed, are from twelve to
eighteen inches. The town is capable of holding
five hundred thousand souls: the houses are from
three to five stories: the shops and markets well pro-
vided.
The emperor's palace is in the centre of the city,
where the two great streets meet. It is enclosed by
a wall of two feet high, and twenty feet distant from
the buildings. I had his majesty's permission to
step over this wall; and the space being so wide be-
tween that and the palace, I could easily view it on
every side. The outward court is a square of forty
feet, and includes two other courts: in the inmost
are the royal apartments, which I was very desirous
to see, but found it extremely difficult; for the great
gates from one square into another, were but eighteen
inches high and seven inches wide. Now the build-
ings of the outer court were at least five feet high,
and it was impossible for me to stride over them
without infinite damage to the pile, though the walls
were strongly built of hewn stone, and four inches
thick. At the same time, the emperor had a great
desire that I should see the magnificence of his pal-
ace; but this I was not able to do till three days
after, which I spent in cutting down with my knife
some of the largest trees in the royal park, about a
hundred yards distant from the city. Of these trees
I made two stools, each about three feet high, and
strong enough to bear my weight. The people hav-
ing received notice the second time, I went again
through the city to the palace with my two stools in


111111111






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


my nands. When I came to the side of the outer
court, I stood upon one stool, and took the other in
my hand; this I lifted over the roof, and gently set
it down on the space between the first and second
courts, which was eight feet wide. I then stepped
over the buildings very conveniently from one stool
to the other, and drew up the first after me with a
hooked stick. By this contrivance I got into the
inmost court; and, lying down upon my side, I
applied my face to the windows of the middle stories,
which were left open on purpose, and discovered the
most splendid apartments that can be imagined.
There I saw the empress and the young princes, in
their several lodgings, with their chief attendants
about them. Her imperial majesty was pleased to
smile very graciously upon me, and gave me out of
the window her hand to kiss.
But I shall not anticipate the reader with further
descriptions of this kind, because I reserve them for
a greater work, which is now almost ready for the
press; containing a general description of this em-
pire, from its first erection, through a long series of
princes, with a particular account of their wars and
politics, laws, learning, and religion: their plants
and animals, their peculiar manners and customs,
with other matters very curious and useful; my chief
design at present being only to relate such events and
transactions as happened to the public or to myself
during a residence of about nine months in that
empire.
One morning, about a fortnight after I had ob-
tained my liberty, Reldresal, principal secretary (as
they styled him) of private affairs, came to my house,






GULLIVER'S TRA VELS.


attended only by one servant. He ordered his coach
to wait at a distance, and desired I would give him
an hour's audience; which I readily consented to, on
account of his quality and personal merits, as well
as of the many good offices he had done me during
my solicitations at court. I offered to lie down,
that he might the more conveniently reach my ear;
but he chose rather to let me hold him in my hand
during our conversation. He began with compli-
ments on my liberty; said, he might pretend to some
merit in it; but, however, added, that if it had not
been for the present situation of things at court, per-
haps I might not have obtained it so soon. "For,"
said he, "as flourishing a condition as we may ap-
pear to be in to foreigners, we labor under two
mighty evils; a violent faction at home, and the dan-
ger of an invasion by a most potent enemy from
abroad. As to the first, you are to understand, that
for above seventy moons past there have been two
struggling parties in this empire, under the names
of Tramecksan and Slamecksan, from the high and
low heels of their shoes, by which they distinguish
themselves. It is alleged, indeed, that the high
heels are most agreeable to our ancient constitution;
but, however this be, his majesty hath determined
to make use of only low heels in the administration
of the government, and all offices in the gift of the
crown, as you cannot but observe; and particularly
that his majesty's imperial heels are lower at least
by a drurr, than any of his court (drurr is a measure
about the fourteenth part of an inch). The animosi-
ties between these two parties run so high, that they
will neither eat, nor drink, nor talk with each other.






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


We compute the Tramecksan, or high heels, to ex-
ceed us in number; but the power is wholly on our


TH UMPRUSS OAVIU MU HFR. HAND TO KISS.


side. We apprehend his imperial highness, the heii
to the crown, to have some tendency towards the high






GULLIVER'S TRA VELS.


heels; at least we can plainly discover one of his
heels higher than the other, which gives him a hob-
ble in his gait. Now, in the midst of these intestine
disquiets, we are threatened with an invasion from
the island of Blefuscu, which is the other great em-


HIS GRANDFATHER, WHEN A BOY, CUT ONE OF HIS FINGERS.

pire of the universe, almost as large and powerful as
this of his majesty. For, as to what we have heard
you affirm, that there are other kingdoms and states,
in the world, inhabited by human creatures as large
as yourself, our philosophers are in much doubt, and
would rather conjecture that you dropped from the






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


moon or one of the stars; because it is certain, that
an hundred mortals of your bulk would in a short
time destroy all the fruits and cattle of his majesty's
dominions: besides, our histories of six thousand
moons make no mention of any other regions than
the two great empires of Lilliput and Blefuscu;
which two mighty powers have, as I was going to
tell you, been engaged in a most obstinate war for
six-and-thirty moons past. It began on the follow-










BREAKING THEIR EGGS AT THE CONVENIENT END.

ing occasion : It is allowed on all hands, that the
primitive way of breaking eggs, before we eat them,
was upon the larger end; but his present majesty's
grandfather, while he was a boy, going to eat an
e~ag,,.,, U---- """-----






egg, and breaking it according to the ancient prac-
tice, happened to cut one of his fingers; whereupon,
the emperor his father published an edict, command-
ing all his subjects, upon great penalties, to break
the smaller end of their eggs. The people so highly
resented this law, that our histories tell us, there
have been six rebellions raised on that account






GULLIVER'S TRA VELS.


wherein one emperor lost his life. and another his
crown. These civil commotions were constantly
fomented by the monarchs of Blefuscu; and when
they were quelled, the exiles always fled for refuge
to that empire. It is computed that eleven thousand
persons have at several times suffered death, rather
than submit to break their eggs at the smaller end.
Many hundred large volumes have been published
upon this controversy; but the books of the Big-
endians have been long forbidden,and the whole party
rendered incapable by law of holding employment.
During the course of those troubles, the emperors
of Blefuscu did frequently expostulate by their am-
bassadors, accusing us of making a schism in reli-
gion, by offending against a fundamental doctrine
of our great prophet Lustrog, in the fifty-fourth
chapter of the Blundecral (which is their Alcoran).
This, however, is thought to be a mere strain upon
the text; for the words are these: that all true be-
lievers shall break their eggs at the convenient end.
And which is the convenient end seems, in my
humble opinion, to be left to every man's conscience,
or at least in the power of the chief magistrate to
determine. Now, the Big-endian exiles have found
so much credit in the Emperor of Blefuscu's court,
and so much private assistance and encouragement
from their party here at home, that a bloody war
has been carried on between the two empires for
six-and-thirty moons with various success; during
which time we have lost forty capital ships, and a
much greater number of smaller vessels, together
with thirty thousand of our best seamen and sol-
diers; and the damage received by the enemy is






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


reckoned to be somewhat greater than ours. How-
ever, they have now equipped a numerous fleet, and
are just preparing to make a descent upon us; and
his imperial majesty, placing great confidence in
your valor and strength, hath commanded me to lay
this account of his affairs before you."
I desired the secretary to present my humble duty
to the emperor ; and to let him know that I thought
it would not become me, who was a foreigner, to in-
terfere with parties; but I was ready, with the
hazard of my life, to defend his person and state
against all invaders.



CHAPTER V.
The Author, by an extraordinary stratagem, prevents an Inva-
sion-A high Title is conferred upon him-Ambassadors
arrive from the Emperor of Blefuscu, and sue for Peace.

T HE empire of Blefuscu is an island, situated to
the northeast of Lilliput, from which it is
parted only by a channel of eight hundred yards
wide. I had not yet seen it, and upon this notice of
an intended invasion, I avoided appearing on that
side of the coast, for fear of being discovered by
some of the enemy's ships, who had received no in-
telligence of me ; all intercourse between the two
empires having been strictly forbidden during the
war, upon pain of death, and an embargo laid by
our emperor upon all vessels whatsoever. I com-
*An order preventing them from leaving the seaports.






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.


municated to his majesty a project I had formed, ot
seizing the enemy's whole fleet; which, as our scouts
assured us, lay at anchor in the harbor, ready to sail
with the first fair wind. I consulted the most expe-
rienced seamen upon the depth of the channel,
which they had often plumbed ; who told me, that
in the middle at high water it was seventy glhnglzuffs
deep, which is about six feet of European measure ;
and the rest of it fifty glumgluffs at most. I walked
towards the northeast coast, over against Blefuscu,
and lying down behind a hillock, took out my small
pocket perspective glass, and viewed the enemy's fleet
at anchor, consisting of about fifty men-of-war, and
a great number of transports : I then came back to
my house, and gave order (for which I had a war-
rant) for a great quantity of the strongest cable and
bars of iron. The cable was about as thick as pack-
thread, and the bars of the length and sizeof aknitting-
needle. I trebled the cable to make it stronger, and
for the same reason I twisted three of the iron bars
together, bending the extremities into a hook.
Having thus fixed fifty hooks to as many cables, I
went back to the northeast coast, and putting off
my coat, shoes, and stockings, walked into the sea,
in my leather jerkin, about half an hour before high-
water. I waded with what haste I could, and swam
in the middle about thirty yards, till I felt ground.
I arrived at the fleet in less than half an hour. The
enemy was so frighted when they saw me, that they
leaped out of their ships, and swam to shore, where
there could not be fewer than thirty thousand souls :
I then took my tackling, and, fastening a hook to
the hole at the prow of each, I tied all the cords






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


together at the end. While I was thus employed,
the enemy discharged several thousand arrows, many
of which stuck in my hands and face; and besides


I TOOK OUT MY GLASS AND VIEWED THE ENEMY'S FEET.

the excessive smart, gave me much disturbance in
my work. My greatest apprehension was for my
eyes, which I should have infallibly lost, if I had
not suddenly thought of an expedient. I kept,






GULLIVER'S TRA VELS.


among other little necessaries, a pair of spectacles
in a private pocket, which, as I observed before, had
escaped the emperor's searchers. These I took out,
and fastened as strongly as I could upon my nose,
and thus armed, went on boldly with my work, in
spite of the enemy's arrows, many of which struck
against the glasses of my spectacles, but without any
other effect, further than a little to discompose them.
I had now fastened all the hooks, and, taking the
knot in my hand, began to pull; but not a ship
would stir, for they were all too fast held by their
anchors, so that the bold part of my enterprise re-
mained. I therefore let go the cord, and, leaving
the hooks fixed to the ships, I resolutely cut with
my knife the cables that fastened the anchors, re-
ceiving about two hundred shots in my face and
hands ; then I took up the knotted ends of the ca-
bles, to which my hooks were tied, and with great
ease drew fifty of the enemy's largest men-of-war
after me.
The Blefuscudians, who had not the least imag-
ination of what I intended, were at first confounded
with astonishment. They had seen me cut the ca-
bles, and thought my design was only to let the
ships run adrift, or fall foul on each other; but
when they perceived the whole fleet moving in order,
and saw me pulling at the end, they set up such a
scream of grief and despair, that it is almost impos-
sible to describe or conceive. When I had got out
of danger, I stopped a while to pick out the arrows
that stuck in my hands and face; and rubbed on
some of the same ointment that was given me at my
first arrival, as I have formerly mentioned. I then




















































THE ISSUE OF A GREAT ADVENTURE.






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.


took off my spectacles, and waiting about an hour,
till the tide was a little fallen, I waded through the
middle with my cargo, and arrived safe at the royal
port of Lilliput.
The emperor and his whole court stood on the
shore, expecting the issue of this great adventure.
They saw the ships move forward in a large half-
moon, but could not discern me, who was up to my
breast in water. When I advanced to the middle
of the channel, they were yet more in pain, because
I was under water to my neck. The emperor con-
cluded me to be drowned, and that the enemy's fleet
was approaching in a hostile manner: but he was
soon eased of his fears; for the channel growing
shallower every step I made, I came in a short time
within hearing, and holding up the end of the cable,
by which the fleet was fastened, I cried in a loud
voice, Long live the most puissant Emperor of Lil-
liput This great prince received me at my landing
with all possible encomiums, and created me a nar-
dac upon the spot, which is the highest title of honor
among them.
His majesty desired I would take some other op-
portunity of bringing all the rest of his enemy's
ships into his ports. And so unmeasurable is the
ambition of princes, that he seemed to think of noth-
ing less than reducing the whole empire of Blefuscu
into a province, and governing it by a viceroy ; of
destroying the Big-endian exiles, and compelling that
people to break the smaller ends of their eggs, by
which he would remain the sole monarch of the
whole world. But I endeavored to divert him from
this design, by many arguments drawn from the






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


topics of policy as well as justice ; and I plainly pro-
tested that I would never be an instrument of bring-
ing a free and brave people into slavery. And, when
the matter was debated in council, the wisest part
of the ministry were of my opinion.
This open, bold declaration of mine was so oppo-
site to the schemes and politics of his imperial
majesty that he could never forgive it. He men-
tioned it in a very artful manner at council, where
I was told that some of the wisest appeared at least,
by their silence, to be of my opinion; but others,
who were my secret enemies, could not forbear some
expressions which, by a side-wind, reflected on me.
And from this time began an intrigue between his
majesty and a junto of ministers, maliciously bent
against me, which broke out in less than two months,
and had like to have ended in my utter destruction.
Of so little weight are the greatest services to princes
when put into the balance with a refusal to gratify
their passions.
About three weeks after this exploit there arrived
a solemn embassy from Blefuscu, with humble offers
of a peace; which was soon concluded, upon condi-
tions very advantageous to our emperor, wherewith
I shall not trouble the reader. There were six am-
bassadors, with a train of about five hundred persons:
and their entry was very magnificent, suitable to the
grandeur of their master, and the importance of
their business. When their treaty was finished,
wherein I did them several good offices by the credit
I now had, or at least appeared to have, at court,
their excellencies, who were privately told how much
*A party combined for a purpose.






GULLIVER'S TRA VELS.


I had been their friend, made me a visit in form.
They began with many compliments upon my valor
and generosity, invited me to that kingdom in the
emperor their master's name, and desired me to
show them some proofs of my prodigious strength,
of which they had heard so many wonders ; wherein
I readily obliged them, but shall not trouble the
reader with the particulars.
When I had for some time entertained their excel-
lencies, to their infinite satisfaction and surprise, I
desired they would do me the honor to present my
most humble respects to the emperor their master,
the renown of whose virtues had so justly filled the
whole world with admiration, and whose royal per-
son I resolved to attend before I returned to my own
country. Accordingly, the next time I had the
honor to see our emperor, I desired his general
license to wait on the Blefuscudian monarch, which
he was pleased to grant me, as I could plainly per-
ceive, in a very cold manner; but could not guess
the reason, till I had a whisper from a certain person,
that Flimnap and Bolgolam had represented my
intercourse with those ambassadors as a mark of
disaffection; from which I am sure my heart was
wholly free. And this was the first time I began to
conceive some imperfect idea of courts and ministers.
It is to be observed, that these ambassadors spoke
to me by an interpreter, the languages of both em-
pires differing as much from each other as any two
in Europe, and each nation priding itself upon the
antiquity, beauty, and energy of their own tongues,
with an avowed contempt for that of their neighbor:
yet our emperor, standing upon the advantage he






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


had got by the seizure of their fleet, obliged them to
deliver their credentials, and make their speech in
the Lilliputian tongue. And it must be confessed,
that, from the great intercourse of trade and com-
merce between both realms, from the continual
reception of exiles, which is mutual among them,
and from the custom, in each empire, to send their
young nobility and richer gentry to the other, in
order to polish themselves by seeing the world, and
understanding men and manners, there are few
persons of distinction, or merchants, or seamen, who
dwell in the maritime parts, but what can hold con-
versation in both tongues; as I found some weeks
after, when I went to pay my respects to the Em-
peror of Blefuscu, which, in the midst of great mis-
fortunes, through the malice of my enemies, proved
a very happy adventure to me, as I shall relate in
its proper place.
The reader may remember, that when I signed
those articles upon which I recovered my liberty,
there were some which I disliked, upon account of
their being too servile; neither could anything but
an extreme necessity have forced me to submit.
But being now a nardac of the highest rank in that
empire, such offices were looked upon as below my
dignity, and the emperor (to do him justice) never
once mentioned them to me.






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.


CHAPTER VI.
Of the Inhabitants of Lilliput; their Learning, Laws, and Cus-
toms; the Manner of Educating their Children-The Author's
way of living in that Country-His Vindication of a great
Lady.
ALTHOUGH I intend to leave the description
Sof this empire to a particular treatise, yet, in the
mean time, I am content to gratify the curious
reader with some general ideas. As the common
size of the natives is somewhat under six inches
high, so there is an exact proportion in all other
animals, as well as plants and trees; for instance,
the tallest horses and oxen are between four and
five inches in height, the sheep an inch and half,
more or less; their geese about the bigness of a
sparrow, and so the several gradations, downwards,
till you come to the smallest, which, to my sight,
were almost invisible; but nature hath adapted the
eyes of the Lilliputians to all objects proper for their
view; they see with great exactness, but at no great
distance. And to show the sharpness of their sight
toward objects that are near, I have been much
pleased observing a cook plucking the feathers from
a lark, which was not so large as a common fly: and
a young girl threading an invisible needle with
invisible silk. Their tallest trees are about seven
feet high; I mean some of those in the great royal
park, the tops whereof I could but just reach with
my fist clenched. The other vegetables are in the
same proportion; but this I leave to the reader's
imagination.






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT. 73
I shall say but little at present of their learning,
which for many ages hath flourished in all its
branches among them; but their manner of writing
is very peculiar, being neither from the left to the
right, like the Europeans; nor from the right to the
left, like the Arabians; nor from up to down like the











-' .-r ,i ,' ~- ---
., .








THE COMMON SIZE IS UNDER SIX INCHES HIGH.

Chinese; but aslant'from one corner of the paper to
the other, like ladies in England.
They bury their dead with their heads directly
downwards, because they hold an opinion, that in
eleven thousand moons they are all to rise again; in
which period the earth (which they conceive to be
flat) will turn upside down, and by this means they
shall at their resurrection be found ready standing






GULLIVEfR 'S TRAV VS S.


on their feet. The learned among them confess the
absurdity of this doctrine; but the practice still con-
tinues, in compliance to the vulgar.
There are some laws and customs in this empire
very peculiar; and if they were not so directly con-
trary to those of my own dear country, I should be
tempted to say a little in their justification. It is
only to be wished that they were as well executed.
The first I shall mention relates to informers. All
crimes against the state are punished here with the
utmost severity; but, if the person accused makes
his innocence plainly to appear upon his trial, the
accuser is immediately put to an ignominious death:
and out of his goods or lands the innocent person is
quadruply recompensed for the loss of his time, for
the danger he underwent, for the hardship of his
imprisonment, and for all the charges he has been at
in making his defence. Or, if that fund be deficient,
it is largely supplied by the crown. The emperor
does also confer on him some public mark of his
favor, and proclamation is made of his innocence
through the whole city.
They look upon fraud as a greater crime than
theft, and therefore seldom fail to punish it with
death; for they allege, that care and vigilance, with
a very common understanding, may preserve a man's
goods from thieves, but honesty has no fence against
superior cunning; and, since it is necessary that.
there should be a perpetual intercourse of buying
and selling, and dealing upon credit, where fraud is
permitted or connived at, or hath no law to punish
it, the honest dealer is always undone, and the knave
gets the advantage. I remember, when I was once





A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


interceding with the king for a criminal who had
wronged his master of a great sum of money, which
he had received by order, and ran away with; and
happening to tell his majesty, by way of extenua-
tion, that it was only a breach of trust, the emperor
thought it monstrous in me to offer as a defence the
greatest aggravation of the crime; and truly I had
little to say in return, further than the common
answer, that different nations had different customs;
for I confess I was heartily ashamed.
Although we usually call reward and punishment
the two hinges upon which all government turns,
yet I could never observe this maxim to be put in
practice by any nation, except that of Lilliput.
Whoever can there bring sufficient proof, that he
has strictly observed the laws of his country for
seventy-three moons, hath a claim to certain privi-
leges, according to his quality and condition of life,
with a proportionable sum of money, out of a fund
appropriated for that use; he likewise acquires the
title of snilpall, or legal, which is added to his name,
but does not descend to his posterity. And these
people thought it a prodigious defect of policy among
us, when I told them that our laws were enforced
only by penalties, without any mention of reward.
It is upon this account that the image of Justice,
in their courts of judicature, is formed with six eyes,
two before, as many behind, and on each side one,
to signify circumspection; with a bag of gold open
in her right hand, and a sword sheathed in her left,
to show she is more disposed to reward than to
punish.
In choosing persons for all employment, they





GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.


have more regard to good morals than to great
abilities; for, since government is necessary to man-
kind, they believe that the common size of human
understandings is fitted to some station or other; and
that Providence never intended to make the manage-
ment of public affairs a mystery to be comprehended
onlyby a fewpersons of sublime genius, of which there
seldom are three born in an age: but they suppose
truth, justice, temperance, and the like, to be in
every man's power; the practice of which virtues,
assisted by experience and a good intention, would
qualify any man for the service of his country, ex-
cept where a course of study is required. But they
thought the want of moral virtues was so far from
being supplied by superior endowments of the mind,
that employment could never be put into such
dangerous hands as those of persons so qualified;
and at least, that the mistakes committed by igno-
rance, in a virtuous disposition, would never be of
such fatal consequence to the public weal, as the
practices of a man whose inclinations led him to be
corrupt, and had great abilities to manage, and
multiply, and defend, his corruptions.
In like manner, this disbelief of a Divine Provi-
dence renders a man incapable of holding any public
station ; for, since kings avow themselves to be the
deputies of Providence, the Lilliputians think noth-
ing can be more absurd than for a prince to employ
such men as disown the authority under which he
acts.
In relating these and the following laws, I would
only be understood to mean the original institutions,
and not the most scandalous corruptions, into which






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


these people are fallen by the degenerate nature of
man. For, as to that infamous practice of acquiring
great employment by dancing on the ropes, or badges
of favor and distinction by leaping over sticks and
creeping under them, the reader is to observe, that
they were first introduced by the grandfather of the
emperor now reigning, and grew to the present height
by the gradual increase of party and faction.
Ingratitude is among them a capital crime, as we
read it to have been in some other countries; for
they reason thus, that whoever makes ill returns to
his benefactor, must needs be a common enemy to
the rest of mankind, from whom he hath received
no obligation, and therefore such a man is not fit to
live.
Their notions relating to the duties of parents and
children differ extremely from ours. Their opinion
is, that parents are the last of all others to be trusted
with the education of their own children ; and there-
fore they have in every town public nurseries, where
all parents, except cottages and laborers, are obliged
to send their infants of both sexes to be reared and
educated, when they come to the age of twenty
moons, at which time they are supposed to have
some rudiments of docility. These schools are of
several kinds, suited to different qualities, and to"
both sexes. They have certain professors, well
skilled in preparing children for such a condition of
life as befits the rank of their parents, and their own
capacities, as well as inclinations. I shall first say
something of the male nurseries, and then of the
female.
The nurseries for males of noble or eminent birth,






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.


are provided with grave and learned professors, and
their several deputies. The clothes and food of the
children are plain and simple. They are bred up in
the principles of honor, justice, courage, modesty,
clemency, religion, and love of their country; they
are always employed in some business, except in the
times of eating and sleeping, which are very short,
and two hours for diversions consisting of bodily ex-
ercises. They are dressed by men till four years of
age, and then are obliged to dress themselves,
although their rank be ever so great; and the
women attendants, who are aged proportionably to
ours at fifty, perform only the most menial offices.
They are never suffered to converse with servants,
but go together, in smaller or greater numbers, to
take their diversions, and always in the presence of
a professor, or one of his deputies; whereby they
avoid those early bad impressions of folly and vice,
to which our children are subject. Their parents
are suffered to see them only twice a year ; the visit
is to last but an hour; they are allowed to kiss the
child at meeting and parting; but a professor, who
always stands by on those occasions, will not suffer
them to whisper, or use any fondling expressions,
or bring any presents of toys, sweetmeats, and the
like.
The pension from each family for the education
and entertainment of a child, upon failure of due
payment, is levied by the emperor's officers.
The nurseries for children of ordinary gentlemen,
merchants, traders, and handicrafts, are managed
proportionably after the same manner; only those
designed for trades are put out apprentices at eleven






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT. 79
years old; whereas those of persons of quality con-
tinue in their nurseries till fifteen, which answers to
one-and-twenty with us: but the confinement is
gradually lessened for the last three years.
In the female nurseries, the young girls of quality
are educated much like the males, only they are
dressed by orderly servants of their own sex ; but
always in the presence of a professor or deputy, till
they come to dress themselves, which is at five years
old. And if it be found, that these nurses ever pre-
sume to entertain the girls with frightful or foolish
stories, or the common follies practised by chamber-
maids among us, they are publicly whipped thrice
about the city, imprisoned for a year, and banished
for life to the most desolate part of the country.
Thus the young ladies there are as much ashamed
of being cowards and fools as the men ; and despise
all personal ornaments, beyond decency and clean-
liness : neither did I perceive any difference in their
education, made by their difference of sex, only that
the exercises of the females were not altogether so
robust; and that some rules were given them rela-
ting to domestic life, and a smaller compass of learn-
ing was enjoined them: for the maxim is, that
among people of quality, a wife should be always a
reasonable and agreeable companion, because she
cannot always be young. When the girls are twelve
years old, which among them is the marriageable
age, their parents or guardians take them home, with
. great expressions of gratitude to the professors, and
seldom without tears of the young lady and her
companions.
In the nurseries of females of the meaner sort,






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.


the children are instructed in all kinds of works
proper for their sex, and their several degrees : those
intended for apprentices are dismissed at seven years
old, the rest are kept to eleven.
The meaner families, who have children at these
nurseries, are obliged, besides their annual pension,
which is as low as possible, to return to the steward
of the nursery a small monthly share of their get-
tings, to be a portion for the child ; and therefore all
parents are limited in their expenses by the law.
For the Lilliputians think nothing can be more un-
just, than for people to bring children into the
world, and leave the burden of supporting them on
the public. As to persons of quality, they give se-
curity to appropriate a certain sum for each child,
suitable to their condition ; and these funds are
always managed with good husbandry, and the most
exact justice.
The cottagers and laborers keep their children at
home, their business being only to till and cultivate
the earth, and therefore their education is of little
consequence to the public : but the old and diseased
among them are supported by hospitals ; for begging
is a trade unknown in this kingdom.
And here it may perhaps divert the curious reader,
to give some account of my domestic affairs, and my
manner of living in this country, during a residence
of nine months and thirteen days. Having a head
mechanically turned,* and being likewise forced by
necessity, I had made for myself a table and chair
convenient enough, out of the largest trees in the
*Having a turn for mechanics; being naturally clever in con-
triving and making articles by hand.






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


royal park. Two hundred seamstresses were em-
ployed to make me shirts and linen for my bed and
table, all of the strongest and coarsest kind they
could get; which, however, they were forced to quilt
together in several folds, for the thickest was some
degrees finer than lawn. Their linen is usually
three inches wide, and three feet make a piece. The
seamstresses took my measure as I lay on the ground,
one standing at my neck, and another at my mid-
leg, with a strong cord extended, that each held by
the end, while the third measured the length of the
cord with a rule of an inch long. Then they meas-
ured my right thumb, and desired no more; for, by
a mathematical computation, that twice round the
thumb is once round the wrist, and so on to the neck
and the waist, and by the help of my old shirt, which
I displayed on the ground before them for a pattern,
they fitted me exactly. Three hundred tailors were
employed in the same manner to make me clothes;
but they had another contrivance for taking my
measure. I kneeled down, and they raised a ladder
from the ground to my neck; upon this ladder one
of them mounted, and let fall a plumb-line from my
collar to the floor, which just answered the length
of my coat : but my waist and arms I measured myself.
When my clothes were finished, which was done in
my house (for the largest of theirs would not have
been able to hold them), they looked like the patch-
work made by the ladies in England, only that mine
were all of a color.
I had three hundred cooks to dress my victuals,
in little convenient huts built about my house, where
they and their families lived, and prepared me two






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.


dishes a-piece. I took up twenty waiters in my hand,
and placed them on the table ; an hundred more at-
tended below on the ground, some with dishes of
meat, and some with barrels of wine and other liquors
slung on their shoulders ; all which the waiters above
drew up, as I wanted, in a very ingenious manner,
by certain cords, as we draw the bucket up a well in
Europe. A dish of their meat was a good mouth-
ful, and a barrel of their liquor a reasonable draught.
Their mutton yields to ours, but their beef is excel-
lent. I have had a sirloin so large, that I have been
forced to make three bites of it: but this is rare.
My servants were astonished to see me eat it, bones
and all, as in our country we do the leg of a lark.
Their geese and turkeys I usually eat at a mouthful,
and I must confess they far exceed ours. Of their
smaller fowl I could take up twenty or thirty at the
end of my knife.
One day his imperial majesty, being informed of
my way of living, desired that himself and his royal
consort, with the young princes of the blood of both
sexes, might have the happiness, as he was pleased
to call it, of dining with me. They came accord-
ingly, and I placed them upon chairs of state, upon
my table just over against me, with their guards
about them. Flimnap, the lord high treasurer,
attended there likewise with his white staff; and I
observed he often looked on me with a sour coun-
tenance, which I would not seem to regard, but eat
more than usual, in honor to my dear country, as
well as to fill the court with admiration. I have
some private reasons to believe that this visit from
his majesty gave Flimnap an opportunity of doing





A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


me ill offices to his master. That minister had al-
ways been my secret enemy, though he outwardly
caressed me more than usual to the moroseness of
his nature. He represented to the emperor the low
condition of his treasury; that he was forced to take
up money at great discount; that exchequer bills
would not circulate under nine per cent. below par;
that, in short, I had cost his majesty above a million
and a half of sprugs (their greatest gold coin, about
the bigness of a spangle*); and, upon the whole,
that it would be advisable in the emperor to take the
first fair occasion of dismissing me.
I am here obliged to vindicate the reputation of
an excellent lady, who was an innocent sufferer upon
my account. The treasurer took a fancy to be jealous
of his wife, from the malice of some evil tongues, who
informed him that her grace had taken a violent
affection for my person; and the court scandal ran
for some time, that she once came privately to my
lodging. This I solemnly declare to be the most
infamous falsehood, without any grounds, further
than that her grace was pleased to treat me with all
innocent marks of freedom and friendship. I own
she came often to my house, but always publicly,
nor ever without three more in the coach, who were
usually her sister and young daughter, and some
particular acquaintance: but this was common to
many other ladies of the court. And I still appeal
to my servants round, whether they at any time saw
a coach at my door, without knowing what persons
were in it. On those occasions, when a servant had
*One of the small round scales of shining metal attached to
some dresses worn by actors on the stage.





GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.


given me notice, my custom was to go immediately
to the door; and, after paying my respects, to take
up the coach and two horses very carefully in my
hands (for if there were six horses, the postillion
always unharnessed four), and place them on a table,
where I had fixed a movable rim quite round, of
five inches high, to prevent accidents. And I have
often had four coaches and horses at once on my
table, full of company, while I sat in my chair,
leaning my face towards them; and when I was
engaged with one set, the coachman would gently
drive the others round my table. I have passed many
an afternoon very agreeably in these conversations.
But I defy the treasurer, or his two informers (I will
name them, and let them make their best of it),
Clustril and Drunlo, to prove that any person ever
came to me incognito, except the secretary Reldresal,
who was sent by express command of his imperial
majesty, as I have before related. I should not have
dwelt so long upon this particular, if it had not been
a point wherein the reputation of a great lady is so
nearly concerned, to say nothing of my own; though I
had then the honor to be a nardac, which the treasurer
himself is not; for all the world knows he is only a
glumglum, a title inferior by one degree, as that of a
marquis is to a duke in England; although I allow
he preceded me in .right of his post. These false
informations, which I afterwards came to the knowl-
edge of by an accident not proper to mention, made
Flimnap .the treasurer show his lady for some
time an ill countenance, and me a worse; and
although he was at last undeceived and recon-
ciled to her, yet I lost all credit with him, and found


84





A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


my interest decline very fast with the emperor
himself, who was indeed too much governed by that
favorite.


CHAPTER VII.

The Author, being informed of a Design to accuse him of High-
treason, makes his Escape to Blefuscu-His Reception there.

1EFORE I proceed to give an account of my
leaving this kingdom, it may be proper to in-
form the reader of a private intrigue, which
had been for two months forming against me.
I had been hitherto, all my life, a stranger to
courts, for which I was unqualified by the meanness
of my condition. I had indeed heard and read
enough of the dispositions of great princes and
ministers; but never expected to have found such
terrible effects of them, in so remote a country,
governed as I thought, by very different maxims
from those in Europe.
When I was just preparing to pay my attendance
on the Emperor of Blefuscu, a considerable person
at court (to whom I had been very serviceable at a
time when he lay under the highest displeasure of
his imperial majesty) came to my house very pri-
vately at night, in a close chair, and, without send-
ing his name, desired admittance. The chairmen
were dismissed; I put the chair, with his lordship in
it, into my coat-pocket; and giving orders to a
trusty servant to say I was indisposed and gone to
sleep, I fastened the door of my house, placed the






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.


chair on the table, according to my usual custom,
and sat down by it. After the common salutations
were over, observing his lordship's countenance full
of concern, and inquiring into the reason, he desired
I would hear him with patience, in a matter that
highly concerned my honor and my life. His speech
was to the following effect, for I took notes of it
as soon as he left me:-
You are to know," said he, that several com-
mittees of council have been lately called, in the
most private manner, on your account; and it is but
two days since his majesty came to a full resolution.
You are very sensible that Skyresh Bolgolam
(galbet, or high admiral) hath been your mortal en-
emy almost ever since your arrival. His original
reasons I know not; but his hatred is much in-
creased since your great success against Blefuscu,
by which his glory as admiral is obscured. This lord,
in conjunction with Flimnap the high treasurer,
whose enmity against you is notorious on account of
his lady, Limtoc the general, Lalcon the chamber-
lain, and Balmuff the grand justiciary, have prepared
articles of impeachment against you, for treason and
other capital crimes."
This preface made me so impatient, being con-
scious of my own merits and innocence, that I was
going to interrupt, when he entreated me to be silent,
and thus proceeded :-
"Out of gratitude for the favors you have done
me, I procured information of the whole proceed-
ings, and a copy of the articles ; wherein I ventured
my head for your service.






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


"Articles of Impeachment against Quinbus Flestrin,
the Man-Mountain.
"Article i.-That the said Quinbus Flestrin, hav-
ing brought the' imperial fleet of Blefuscu into the



w>.^ s' ,













HE CAME TO MY HOUSE IN A CLOSE CHAIR.
royal port, and being afterwards commanded by his
imperial majesty to seize all the other ships of the
said empire of Blefuscu, and reduce that empire to
a province, to be governed by a viceroy from hence,
and to destroy and put to death, not only all the
Big-endian exiles, but likewise all the people of that






GULLIVER1S TJA VELS.


empire who would not immediately forsake the Big-
endian heresy; he, the said Flestrin, like a false
traitor against his most auspicious, serene, imperial
majesty, did petition to be excused from the said
service, upon pretence of unwillingness to force the
consciences, or destroy the liberties and lives, of an
innocent people.
"Article 2.-That, whereas certain ambassadors ar-
rived from the court of'Blefuscu, to sue for peace in
his majesty's court; he, the said Flestrin, did, like
a false traitor, aid, abet, comfort, and divert the said
ambassadors, although he knew them to be servants
to a prince who was lately an open enemy to his im-
perial majesty, and in open war against his said
majesty. -
"Article 3.-That the said Quinbus Flestrin, con-
trary to the duty of a faithful subject, is now pre-
paring to make a visit to the court and empire of
Blefuscu, for which he hath received only verbal
license from his imperial majesty ; and, under color
of the said license, doth falsely and traitorously in-
tend to take the said voyage, and thereby to aid,
comfort, and abet the Emperor of Blefuscu, so late
an enemy, and in open war with his imperial majesty
aforesaid.
"'There are some other articles ; but these are the
most important, of which I have read you an ab-
stract.
"In the several debates upon this impeachment,
it must be confessed that his majesty gave many
marks of his great lenity ; often urging the services
you had done him, and endeavoring to extenuate
your crimes. The treasurer and admiral insisted






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


that you should be put to the most painful and igno-
minious death, by setting fire to your house at night;
and the general was to attend with twenty thousand
men, armed with poisoned arrows, to shoot you on
the face and hands. Some of your servants were to
have private orders to strew a poisonous juice on
your shirts, which would soon make you tear your
own flesh, and die in the utmost torture. The gen-
eral came into the same opinion ; so that for a long
time there was a majority against you; but his ma-
jesty resolving, if possible, to spare your life, at last
brought off the chamberlain.
"Upon this incident, Reldresal, principal secretary
for private affairs, who always approved himself your
true friend, was commanded by the emperor to de-
liver his opinion, which he accordingly did ; and
therein justified the good thoughts you have of him.
He allowed your crimes to be great, but that still
there was room for mercy, the most commendable
virtue in a prince, and for which his majesty was so
justly celebrated. He said, the friendship between
you and him was so well known to the world, that
perhaps the most honorable board might think him
partial; however, in obedience to the command he
had received, he would freely offer his sentiments.
That if his majesty, in consideration of your services,
and pursuant to his own merciful disposition, would
please to spare your life, and only give order to put
out both your eyes, he humbly conceived that, by
this expedient, justice might in some measure be
satisfied, and all the world would applaud the lenity
of the emperor, as well as the fair and generous pro-
ceedings of those who have the honor to be his






90 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.
counsellors. That the loss of your eyes would be no
impediment to your bodily strength, by which you
might still be useful to his majesty ; that blindness
is an addition to courage, by concealing dangers
from us ; that the fear you had for your eyes was the
greatest difficulty in bringing over the enemy's fleet;
and it would be sufficient for you to see by the eyes
of the ministers, since the greatest princes do no
more.
"This proposal was received with the utmost dis-
approbation by the whole board. Bolgolam, the
admiral, could not preserve his temper; but, rising
up in fury, said, he wondered how the secretary durst
presume to give his opinion for preserving the life
of a traitor; that the services you had performed
were, by all true reasons of state, the great aggra-
vation of your crimes ; that the same strength, which
enabled you to bring over the enemy's fleet, might
serve, upon the first discontent, to carry it back;
that he had good reasons to think you were a Big-
endian in your heart; and, as treason begins in the
heart, before it appears in overt acts, so he accused
you as a traitor on that account, and therefore in-
sisted you should be put to death.
"The treasurer was of the same opinion. He
showed to what straits his majesty's revenue was re-
duced by the charge of maintaining you, which would
soon grow insupportable; that the secretary's expe-
dient of putting out your eyes was so far from being
a remedy against this evil, that it would probably
increase it, as is manifest from the common practice of
blinding some kind of fowls, after which they fed the
faster, and grew sooner fat; that his sacred majesty






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


and the council, who are your judges, were in their
own consciences fully convinced of your guilt,
which was a sufficient argument to condemn you to
death, without the formal proofs required by the
strict letter of the law.
"But his imperial majesty, fully determined
against capital punishment, was graciously pleased
to say, that since the council thought the loss of
your eyes too easy a censure, some other may be in-
flicted hereafter. And your friend, the secretary,
humbly desiring to be heard again, in answer to
what the treasurer had objected, concerning the
great charge his majesty was at in maintaining you,
said, that his excellency, who had the sole disposal
of the emperor's revenue, might easily provide against
that evil, by gradually lessening your establishment;
by which, for want of sufficient food, you would grow
weak and faint, and lose your appetite, and conse-
quently decay and consume in a few months.
Neither would the stench of your carcass be then so
dangerous, when it should become more than half
diminished ; and, immediately upon your death, five
or six thousand of his majesty's subjects might, in
two or three days, cut your flesh from your bones,
take it away by cartloads, and bury it in distant
parts, to prevent infection, leaving the skeleton as
a monument of admiration to posterity.
"Thus, by the great friendship of the secretary, the
whole affair was compromised. It was strictly en-
joined that the project of starving you by degrees
should be kept a secret : but the sentence of putting
out your eyes was entered on the books; none dis-
senting except Bolgolam, the admiral, who, being a







GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.


creature of the empress, was perpetually instigated
by her majesty to insist upon your death.
"In three days your friend the secretary will be
directed to come to your house, and read before you
the articles of impeachment; and then to signify
the great lenity and favor of his majesty and council,
whereby you are only condemned to the loss of your
eyes, which his majesty doth not question you will
gratefully and humbly submit to ; and twenty of his
majesty's surgeons will attend, in order to see the
operation well performed, by discharging very sharp-
pointed arrows into the balls of your eyes, as you lie
on the ground.
"I leave to your prudence what measures you will
take; and, to avoid suspicion, I must immediately
return in as private a manner as I came."
His lordship did so; and I remained alone, under
many doubts and perplexities of mind.
It was a custom introduced by this prince and his
ministry-very different, as I have been assured,
from the practices of former times-that after the
court had decreed any cruel execution, either to grat-
ify the monarch's resentment, or the malice of a
favorite, the emperor made a speech to his whole
council, expressing his great lenity and tenderness,
as qualities known and confessed by all the world.
This speech was immediately published through the
kingdom; nor did anything terrify the people so
much as those encomiums on his majesty's mercy;
because it was observed, that the more these praises
were enlarged and insisted on, the more inhuman
was the punishment, and the sufferer more innocent.
And, as to myself, I must confess, having never been





A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT. 93

designed for a courtier, either by my birth or educa-
tion, I was so ill a judge of things, that I could not
discover the lenity and favor of this sentence, but


THI SECRETARY LEADING THE


ARTICIJE OV IMP1tACHMPNv.


conceived it (perhaps erroneously) rather to be rig-
orous than gentle. I sometimes thought of standing
my trial; for, although I could not deny the facts
alleged in the several articles, yet I hoped they would






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.


admit of some extenuations. But, having in my life
perused many state trials, which I ever observed to
terminate as the judges thought fit to direct, I durst
not rely on so dangerous a decision, in so critical a
juncture, and against such powerful enemies. Once
I was strongly bent upon resistance ; for while I had
liberty, the whole strength of that empire could
hardly subdue me, and I might easily with stones
pelt the metropolis to pieces; but I soon rejected
that project with horror, by remembering the oath
I had made to the emperor, the favors I received
from him, and the high title of nardac he conferred
upon me. Neither had I so soon learned the grati-
tude of courtiers, to persuade myself that his maj-
esty's present severities acquitted me of all past
obligations.
At last I fixed upon a resolution, for which it is
probable I may incur some censure, and not unjustly;
for I confess I owe the preserving my eyes, and con-
sequently my liberty, to my own great rashness and
want of experience; because, if I had then known
the nature of princes and ministers, which I have
since observed in many other courts, and their meth-
ods of treating criminals less obnoxious than myself,
I should, with great alacrity and readiness, have
submitted to so easy a punishment. But, hur-
ried on by the precipitancy of youth, and having
his imperial majesty's license to pay my attend-
ance upon the Emperor of Blefuscu, I took this
opportunity, before the three days were elapsed, to
send a letter to my friend the secretary, signifying
my resolution of setting out that morning for Ble-
fuscu, pursuant to the leave I had got; and, without







A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


waiting for an answer, I went to that side of the
island where our fleet lay. I seized a large man-of-
war, tied a cable to the prow, and, lifting up the


I SEIZED A LARGE MAN-OF-WAR.


anchors, I stripped myself, put my clothes
with my coverlet, which I brought under
into the vessel, and, drawing it after me,


(together
my arm)
between






96 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.
wading and swimming, arrived at the royal port of
Blefuscu, where the people had long expected me:
they lent me two guides to direct me to the capital
city, which is of the same name. I held them in
my hands, till I came'within two hundred yards of
the gate, and desired them to signify my arrival to
one of the secretaries, and let him know I there
waited his majesty's commands. I had an answer
in about an hour, that his majesty, attended by the
royal family, and great officers of the court, was
coming out to receive me. I advanced a hundred
yards. The emperor and his train alighted from
their horses; the empress and ladies from their
coaches ; and I did not perceive they were in any
fright or concern. I lay on the ground to kiss his
majesty's and the empress's hand. I told his majesty
that I was come, according to my promise, and with
the license of the emperor my master, to have the
honor of seeing so mighty a monarch, and to offer
him any service in my power, consistent with my
duty to my own prince ; not mentioning a word of
my disgrace, because I had hitherto no regular in-
formation of it, and might suppose myself wholly
ignorant of any such design ; neither could I reason-
ably conceive that the emperor would discover the
secret, while I was out of his power ; wherein, how-
ever, it soon appeared I was deceived.
I shall not trouble the reader with the particular
account of my reception at this court, which was
suitable to the generosity of so great a prince ; nor
of the difficulties I was in for want of a house and
bed, being forced to lie on the ground, wrapped up
in my coverlet.





A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


CHAPTER VIII.

The Author, by a lucky accident, finds means to leave Blefuscu;
and after some difficulties, returns safe to his native Country.

T HREE days after my arrival, walking out of curi-
osity to the north-east coast of the island, I ob-
served, about half a league off in the sea, some-
what that looked like a boat overturned. I pulled off
my shoesand stockings, and, wading two or three hun-
dred yards, I found the object to approach nearer by
force of the tide; and then plainly saw it to be a real
boat, which I supposed might by some tempest have
been driven from a ship: whereupon I returned
immediately- towards the city, and desired his im-
perial majesty to lend me twenty of the tallest ves-
sels he had left, after the loss of his fleet, and three
thousand seamen, under the command of the vice-
admiral. This fleet sailed round, while I went back
the shortest way to the coast, where I first discov-
ered the boat. I found the tide had driven it still
nearer. The seamen were all provided with cordage,
which I had beforehand twisted to a sufficient
strength. When the ships came up, I stripped
myself, and waded till I came within a hundred
yards of the boat, after which I was forced to swim
till I got up to it. The seamen threw me the end
of the cord, which I fastened to a hole in the fore-
part of the boat, and the other end to a man-of-war;
but I found all my labor to little purpose; for,
being out of my depth, I was not able to work.
In this necessity, I was forced to swim behind, and






GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.


push the boat forward, as often as I could, with one
of my hands; and the tide favoring me, I advanced
so far that I could just'hold up my chin and feel the
ground. I rested two or three minutes, and then
gave the boat another shove, and so on, till the sea
was no higher than my arm-pits; and, now the most
laborious part being over, I took out my other
cables, which were stowed in one of the ships, and
fastened them first to the boat, and then to nine of
the vessels which attended me; the wind being
favorable, the seamen towed and I shoved, till we
arrived within forty yards of the shore; and, waiting
till the tide was out, I got dry to the boat, and, by
the assistance of two thousand men, with ropes and
engines, I made a shift to turn it on its bottom, and
found it was but little damaged.
I shall not trouble the reader with the difficulties
I was under, by the help of certain paddles, which
cost me ten days' making, to get my boat to the
royal port of Blefuscu, where a mighty concourse of
people appeared upon my arrival, full of wonder at
the sight of so prodigious a vessel. I told the em-
peror that my good fortune had thrown this boat in
my way to carry me to some place from whence I
might return into my native country; and begged
his majesty's orders for getting materials to fit it up,
together with his license to depart; which, after
some kind expostulations, he was pleased to grant.
I did very much wonder, in all this time, not to
have heard of any message relating to me from our
emperor to the court of Blefuscu. But I was after-
wards given privately to understand, that his im-
perial majesty, never imagining I had the least






A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT. 99

notice of his designs, believed I was only gone to
Blefuscu in performance of my promise, according
to the license he had given me, which was well
known at our court, and would return in a few days,
when that ceremony was ended. But he was at last
in pain at my long absence; and, after consulting
with the treasurer and the rest of that cabal,* a per-
son of quality was despatched with the copy of the
articles against me. This envoy had instructions
to represent to the monarch of Blefuscu, the great
lenity of his master, who was content to punish me
no further than with the loss of my eyes; that I
had fled from justice; and if I did not return in two
hours, I should be deprived of my title of nardac,
and declared a traitor. The envoy further added,
that, in order to maintain the peace and amity
between both empires, his master expected that his
brother of Blefuscu would give orders to have me
;ent back to Lilliput bound hand and foot, to be
punished as a traitor.
The Emperor of Blefuscu, having taken three
days to consult, returned an answer consisting of
many civilities and excuses. He said, that as for
sending me bound, his brother knew it was impos-
sible; that although I had deprived him of his fleet,
yet he owed great obligations to me for many good
offices I had done him in making the peace. That,
however, both their majesties would soon be made
easy; for I had found a prodigious vessel on the
shore, able to carry me on the sea, which he had
given order to fit up, with my own assistance and
Persons connected with a royal court who engage in some
secret scheme or design.




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