ThUNT HARLOTTE'S STORIES
FOR YOUNG DISCIPLES
DESIGNED FOR THE 52 SUNDAYS IN THE YEAR
OVER 100 STORIES FROM THE HOLY BOOK
EMBRACING INSTRUCTIVE HISTORICAL EVENTS FROM THE
OLD AND NEW TESTAMENTS
BY CHARLOTTE M. YONGE
[THE NOTED AUTHOR AND MISMIONARIES' FRIEND]
EMBELLISHED WITH NEARLY I00 FINE ENGRAVINGS
Color Plates, Half-Tones, Woodcuts and Pen Drawings
Made Especially for This Volume
Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1898, by
W. E. SCULL,
in the office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington
All rights reserved.
ALL PERSONS ARE WARNED NOT TO INFRINGE UPON OUR COPYRIGHT BY USING EITHER THE
MATTER OR THE PICTURES IN THIS VOLUME.
was a maiden lady who had
S- for many years been living
in the East, teaching school.
SShe had, also, been all her
life a great Sunday-school
-r- / worker, and had taught the
Infant, or Primary Depart-
ment in her home church
since she was a very young
lady. She almost "knew the
Bible by heart," so everybody
j said, and the older people
7 used to come to the Infant
Class room to hear her ex-
As for Bible stories, there
was not one of them all that
WsW.m she did not know as well
Sas she did her A-B-C's for
she had told them over hun-
dreds of times to her little scholars and friends.
In the year 1898 Aunt Charlotte concluded to visit her sister in a
far Western State, and it was this visit which caused this book to be
written. Her sister had three very pretty and interesting children-
two girls and one boy; Clara was ten years old, Willie was eight,
and "Little Anna," as everybody called her, was almost six when
Aunt Charlotte arrived.
They had heard their mother tell of wonderful Aunt Charlotte, and
so they longed to listen to some of her stories about everything, and
especially about the Bible.
They were not disappointed. Every day she told them about
heroes and fairies, and the beautiful countries and strange people
across the seas, and she also heard their lessons.
She said she would save all her Bible stories for Sunday, and to
make up for not telling them any during the week, she would tell
them three short stories every Sunday-one after breakfast, one after
dinner, and one after supper-if they would listen right well and try
to answer the questions she would ask them after each story. They
all promised they would do the very best they could. And she
planned her stories so she could take them all through the Bible in
the fifty-two Sundays in the year,-for she came to stay a whole year
with them,-and have them learn about the great people and great
things that happened in Bible times.
So that is the very way they began; and if you, my little readers,
will do like Clara and Willie and little Anna did, and mother or
father or some auntie or big sister will do like Aunt Charlotte did,
when you get through this book you will know a great deal, and will
say, as these children did at the end of the year, that Sundays with
"Aunt Charlotte's Stories of Bible History" have been the very
happiest days you have had.
Of course, you may begin and read it straight through, as many
boys and girls do, in a week or two, if you prefer; but it is very
nice to read it every Sunday, just as Aunt Charlotte told the stories.
FIRST SUNDAY IN THE NEW YEAR.
The Making of the World .....
Making the First Man and Woman .
The Sea andthe Tides . .
How Sin began . . .. 25
The Flood and Noah's Ark ...... 26
The Going Down of the Flood ..... 29
The Rainbow . . . 31
Abraham, Who Trusted God ....... .. 32
Abraham and Lot . . .... 34
Lot's Wonderful Escape . . .37
Abraham's Son Isaac . .... 39
Isaac's Wedding . . .... 41
How Esau Lost His Birthright .... .43
Jacob's Journey and Dream ...... 47
Jacob and Esau Meet Again ...... 48
Joseph in Egypt .. ......
Joseph a Slave .. .......
Joseph Tells the Meaning of Dreams.
Joseph's Brothers . . 56
Joseph's Brothers Go Again to Egypt 58
Joseph Makes Himself Known ..... 59
The Baby in the River ... .
Moses and Aaron before the King .
How God Punished the King .
The Plagues of Egypt . . .. 68
Death of the Sheep and Cows and Worse
Trouble. .... .......... 69
Last and Most Sorrowful Punishment 70
The Passover .......... .. .. 71
The Passover and Easter Day . 72
Going Out of Egypt . . 73
Wicked Men Swallowed Up ....... .76
Korah and His Friends Burnt to Death 77
How They Made High Priests. ... .79
Moses Bringing Water Outof the Rock 81
The Serpents that Bit the People .... .82
Food Sent from Heaven . .. 84
Balaam and the Wicked King .
Balak and Balaam Brought to Shame .
Balaam's Tricks and Punishment .
God Speaks to Moses ......... 91
More About M1oses on the Mountain 92
Moses' Long Stay on the Mountain 94
How Moses Saw God .. ...... .96
Two Dangerous Idols ......... 97
The False Spies and Disobedient People 99
God's Anger at Moses .. ..
Moses' Death and Burial .
Joshua Made Captain . .
. . o10
. . 102
. . 103
Crossing Over Jordan . .... .105
The Walls of Jericho Fall Down ..... .107
Joshua's Victories and Death ...... I.o8
Worshiping Idols Again .
Two Very Brave Women .
Gideon's Wonderful Battle .
. . III
. I :;3
Little Samuel ............. 115
God Speaks to the Child . .. .
What Eli's Wicked Sons Did ..... rS
Saul Made King . . .. .120
Samuel MadeJudge in Eli's Place ... i20
Saul Hears Wonderful News .. x. 1.
- I ~P~PYY~I~P
Jonathan, Saul's Good, Brave Son, 122
How the Philistines Oppressed the Jews, .122
Jonathan's Brave Act and Great Victory, 123
Beautiful Ruth, .......... .124
The Young Reaper in the Field of Boaz, 125
How Ruth Gained a Friend and Husband, 126
King Saul Disobeys God . ... 127
Samuel Rebukes the King . ... 128
The Old Prophet and Little David, 129
Young David Kills the Giant .. .. 130
The Shepherd Boy's Visit to the Camp, 132
Little Anna's Wish for David and Jonathan, 133
Saul's Death and David Made King, .. 134
The Robber's Reward .. . ... 134
King David's Baby Son . 135
Absalom and Solomon . ... 136
The King Fleeing before Absalom's Army, 138
How David Honored Solomon, .... 139
King Solomon's Wise Request, ...
The Two Women and the Dead Baby,
Lessons from the Story . .
Solomon's Riches and Wisdom .... 143
The Queen of Sheba's Visit . ... 144
What Jesus said of Solomon and the Lily, 145
-Solomon Turns Wicked . ... 145
The Worshiping of Idols . ... 145
Jeroboam and Rehoboam, .. .... 146
Reading Lessons from the Bible, ... 147
Good Old Elijah and the Ravens, .... 148
Elijah Calling Fire from Heaven, 148
How a Little Girl Did Great Good, .... 150
Naaman Cured .. . ... 151
Promises to Worship God, ..... 151
Good King Hezekiah . .. 152
Sennacherib Attacks Jerusalem, .... .153
How the City Was Saved, ........ 154
The Good King Josiah, .. . 155
Idols Broken Down, . . 155
The Book of the Law Found, .. I55
Daniel and His Brave Companions, 158
How They Obeyed the Law, . 159
The Fiery Furnace, . ... 160
The Great Things that Daniel Did, ... 162
Interpreting Dreams . . ... 163
Put in the Lions' Den . .. 163
Five Hundred Years of Jewish History,
The Jews Repeatedly Punished, .
Herod, King of the Jews, . .
The Coming of Christ . ... 172
Mary and Joseph . . .. 172
Simeon and Infant Saviour . .. 172
The Childhood of Jesus . ... 75
Visit of the Wise Men .. . .. 176
Jesus in Egypt . . ... 177
The Baptism of Jesus . ... 179
The Temptation of Jesus, . 18
Jesus' Reply to Satan, ..... .. 18
Jesus Calls His Disciples . ... 183
Turning the Water into Wine . ... 184
Other Miracles . . . 186
Wonderful Deeds of Goodness, .. ..
Feeding the Five Thousand . .
Jesus and Peter Walking on the Water,
Raising the Widow's Son . .
The Transfiguration . . .
Jesus Loves Little Children . .
Jesus the King . .
Casts out Devils, ....
Entering Jerusalem, ...
Cleansing the Temple, .
The Last Supper, ....
The Wicked Plot of Judas,
. . 196
. . .. 197
. . 198
. . 199
. . 199
. . 200
The Agony in the Garden . .
The Deceitful Kiss and Cruel Soldiers, .
Peter Tries to Defend Jesus . .
The Trial of Jesus by the Jews,
Peter's Denial, ..... .
Jesus before the Great Council,
. . 205
. . 206
. o 207
Jesus before Pilate .......... 208
The Wicked Charge of Treason . 208
The Jews Preferred a Murderer . 209
The Crucifixion of Jesus . ... .211
Numbered with Transgressors . 212
Jesus' Griefstricken Mother . 212
The Burial of Jesus ......... 214
The Women at the Tomb ..... 215
Precautions of the Jews . ... 215
The Resurrection of Jesus . .
Mary Magdalene . . .
On the Way to Emmaus, etc .....
Doubting Thomas Convinced . .
Another Wonderful Draught of Fishes
Jesus' Parting Words and Ascension.
The Comforter Sent . . .
The Apostles Go Out to Preach .
Jesus Is Coming Again ....
ANCIENT MODE OF GIVING DRINK IN THE EAST,
LIST OF LITHOGRAPH PLATES AND FULL-PAGE
JOSEPH LED AWAY INTO EGYPT (LZ/ograhk)
REBEKAH AT THE WELL (Lithograph)
THE ANGEL APPEARING TO ABRAHAM
HAGAR AND ISHMAEL CAST FORTH
DAVID TENDING HIS FATHER'S SHEEP
DAVID PLAYING BEFORE.SAUL
YOUNG KING JOSIAH READING THE LAW
BY THE RIVERS OF BABYLON
THE BIRTH OF CHRIST
CHRIST IN THE TEMPLE (Lithograpk)
LITTLE JESUS IN JOSEPH'S WORKSHOP
CHRIST HEALING THE SICK
CHRIST BLESSING LITTLE CHILDREN
CHRIST IN THE GARDEN
CHRIST BEARING HIS CROSS
THE BURIAL OF CHRIST
ON THE WAY TO EMMAUS
LIST OF OTHER ILLUSTRATIONS.
Searching the Scriptures . ...
Animals Used for Sacrifice . ...
Syrian Sheep . . . .
The Ram . . . .
Death of Abel. The First Murder, ....
The Flood . .. . .
Noah's Ark . . . .
The Flood . . . .
Mountain Goat of Palestine . .
Native Plains of Abraham and Lot, ....
Patriarchal Caravan . . .
"God Will Provide Himself a Lamb for the
Burnt Offering," . . .
Where Lot Fed His Flocks . .
Offering Salutation in the East . .
Valley of Salt in the Land of Edom, the
Country that Esau Afterward Obtained,
Isaac Blessing Jacob . . .
Jacob's Dream . . . .
Jacob and the Angel . . .
Joseph and His Father . . .
Joseph Cast into the Pit . . .
Ancient Egyptian Idols . . .
Joseph Interpreting the Dreams, . .
Joseph before Pharaoh . . ..
Egyptian Women, .. ........
Joseph Making Himself Known to His Breth-
ren, . . . . .
Moses in the Bulrushes . . .
Moses Keeping Sheep in the Wilderness, .
Israelites Making Bricks in Egypt . .
Egyptian Taskmasters . . .
Israelites Making Bricks in Egypt . .
Pharaoh, . . . .
Locust, . . .. ... .
Egyptian King in His Chariot .. ..
The High Priest Burning Incense within the
Holy of Holies . . .
The High Priest in His Beautiful Dress, .
Plague of Frogs, . . . .
The High Priest Offering Incense ....
Gathering Manna in the Wilderness, .
Palm Tree . . . .
Baal, . . . ...
Egyptian Household Gods, .. .....
Mount Sinai.... ...........
The Erection of the Tabernacle . .
High Priest in the Holy of Holies, . .
The Tabernacle Restored . . .
The Giving of the Commandments, ....
Moloch . . . .. .
Ashtoreth, the Philistine Goddess, .. ...
Carrying the Grapes on a Pole . .
ALtar of Offering. . . .
The Emblems on the Standards of the Tribes,
Blowing tht Trumpets . . .
Bearing the Ark over Jordan, . .
The River Jordan . . ...
Blowing of Trumpet Made of Ram's Horn,
Fruit of Palestine, . . .
Hebrew Idols .. . . ...
Ancient War Engine .. . ..
Ancient War Engine . ....
"Speak, Lord; for Thy Servant Heareth," .
Samuel and His Mother . .
Samuel Anointing Saul . . .
Armor Used in Time of Saul . .
Boaz and Ruth . . ...
Ruth Gleaning in the Field of Boaz, ....
Bethlehem-Judah, the Home of Naomi, .
The Cattle Preserved by Saul . ...
Battle with the Philistines . . .
David Going Against the Giant . .
David and Goliath, ...........
Crowns of Kings in the Time of David, ..
Musical Instruments at the Time of David,
Absalom's Flight, .............
David's Tomb at Mount Zion, ... .
Supposed Form of Solomon's Temple, .
Interior View of Ancient Temple at Jerusalem,
Ship in Solomon's Time . .
King Solomon's Ships . . .
Dagon, an Idol Worshiped in Solomon's Time,
Elijah and the Widow, ..........
Fire Sent Down upon the Altar of Elijah,
War Galley in Solomon's Time . .
Brazen Laver in the Temple . .
Assyrian Army . . .
Jewish Books, Such as the One Found in the
Temple by Josiah . . .
Destruction of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar,
Daniel in the Lions' Den . . .
Ancient Seeptres, .............
Daniel Interpreting the Handwriting on the
W all,. ................
Persian King in His Chariot . .
Supposed Site of Ancient Babylon, . .
Form of Second Temple . .
LIST OF OTHER ILLUSTRATIONS.
An Eastern Vineyard . . .
The Shepherds Listening to the Angels
Simeon and Infant Saviour . .
An Offering of Doves . . .
Union of the Old and New Dispensations
Beautiful Gate, Jerusalem . .
Jesus Baptized . . .
On the Housetop . . .
Ancient Books in Their Cases . .
Eastern Wine Skins and Jars . .
" Follow Me . . .
Sea of Galilee . . . .
The Prodigal's Return . .
Healing the Blind . . .
Christ and Peter on the Water . .
The Lost Piece of Money . .
Eastern Head-dresses . . .
Ptolemy Philadelphus . .
Table of Shew-bread . . .
Lepers Outside the Gate . .
Gethsemane .. .....
Fountain of Nazareth .....
Not as I Will, but as Thou Wilt
The Golden Candlestick .
Roman Centurion . .
Christ is Scourged . .
Pilate Washing His Hands .
Washing the Hands . .
Forms of Crosses . .
Thorn-crowned Christ . .
Roman Guards . .
Ancient Olive-press .. ....
An Upper Room in a Jewish Hol
In Sackcloth . . .
Ancient Tombs in the Rock .
The Last Supper . .
The Wise Virgins ......
The Unwise Virgins ...
fifrt Zunba*2 in the Mflew Vear.
The Making of the World.
"In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth."-Genesis I, i.
THE first Sunday morning after Aunt
Charlotte came she and the children met
.) \ in the sitting-room by the open grate.
S- ~p Aunt Charlotte had her Bible in her hand,
-', and was seated in the great arm-chair
J. before the pleasant fire. Little Anna, in
her curls, stood at Aunt Charlotte's side;
N her brother Willie sat by her knee, and
sister Clara was near by. They were
ready to begin those Sunday Bible stories which Aunt Charlotte had
promised to tell them.
Now, my darlings," said Aunt Charlotte, "I hope you will listen
carefully to all I say. I am going to tell you the story of how this
world was made, and at the close I will ask you some questions to see
how well you remember what I tell you. Did you know that Sunday
is earth's birthday ? That is so; for the Bible says on the first day of
the week the creation began, and you know Sunday is the first day
of the week.
"At first the world was all dark. It was soft matter, and had no
shape to it. Then God said: Let there be light,' and there was light.
Without light we could not live. The flowers and the trees and all
the plants, and all the animals, and the people would die if it were
not for the light. There were then upon the earth no trees or any
living thing. But it would be almost as bad to have all day and no
night. We must have the quiet, dark night for rest and stillness.
THE MAKING OF THE WORLD.
The next thing that God did after making the light was to put air
all around the earth. We look out through the air as far as our eye
can see, and when everything seems to come together in solid blue we
call it the sky, or firmament, though there is really nothing there except
the air. Sometimes we see clouds floating about in the sky. These
are made by the water rising up from the earth through the air. These
clouds take on strange shapes; sometimes they are dark and full of
rain; sometimes they are shining white or pink and golden hued.
This is God's means of drawing the water up from the sea and carry-
ing it about through the air to let it fall in rain and to water the earth.
After God had made the light and the air, the earth, which was at
first a pulpy mass, grew hard on the outside. Some places were low,
and into these the
water from the
A- --E O clouds ran down
m e and made rivers
plans and lakes, while
andR the dry hills rose
up above them.
t iThese rivers and
lakes carried their
pn through all the
low places until it
ANIMALS USED FOR SACRIFICE. ran down into the
sea. At the same
time when the rivers and the hills were formed God made fresh
green plants and grass and trees to grow upon the earth and caused
plants and weeds to grow even in the waters of the sea. The waters
and the air and the earth began to be full of live things, that swam or
crept or flew about. There were fishes and birds and insects at first,
and the land was full of beautiful trees and plants and flowers and
running streams, lakes, rivers, and waterfalls dashing down the
mountain sides. Then God began to make the larger animals,
four-footed beasts-sheep, cows, horses, dogs, cats, elephants, lions,
MAKING THE FIRST MAN AND WOMAN.
all that we use or admire; and now that He had got the earth ready
for man to live in, He prepared to make the first man and woman.
He would make them out of dust like those of the beasts, but as
they were the last to be made, and all the others were to serve them,
He concluded to make them in His own image, for He intended that
they should think, speak, pray, and do many things that no other
creature could do, for God expected to use mankind to develop and
use this beautiful world which Ile had created for His glory and honor,
and He meant that they would be His own sons and daughters. So
He planted a beautiful garden, with fruit trees and flowers and every-
thing lovely for them to live in. He called it the garden of Eden.
"Now I will stop with this story' here. I know you are anxious to
hear about the making of this first man and woman, but I will save
that for our next talk this afternoon.
"Now let me ask you some questions," said Aunt Charlotte, "to
see how well you remember what I have told you. I will begin with
little Anna, because she is the smallest," and Aunt Charlotte patted
little Anna's curls.
Who made the world ? Was there any light at first? Who made the light? Could we
live without the light? What did God make next? How do we get water on the earth ?
What did he make to live in the water, and on the earth, and in the air? What did He make
next after the birds and fish and insects ? After he made the four-footed beasts, what did
he conclude to make then ? What did he prepare for man to live in ? What did He call it ?
Making the First Man and Woman.
The children liked the morning reading so well that they teased
Aunt Charlotte to read them more, but she said, "Not now; after
noon I will;" and when the time came she opened to the second
chapter of Genesis, and this is the beginning of what she read:
And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils
the breath of life; and man became a living soul."
Then she explained it to them by saying:
In the Bible God tells us that he made the world and everything
in it-land and water, and grass, flowers, and trees, insects, bird, and
MAKING THE FIRST MAN AND WOMAN.
beasts, and last of all He made the first man and woman. The man
was made by God out of the dust of the ground, and then God
breathed into his nostrils the breath of life and gave him a living
soul. And the woman was made by God out of a rib from the man's
side. They were called Adam and Eve, and they were to be the first
father and mother of everyone who was to be born into the world.
The good God gave them a beautiful home. It was a garden with
a clear river of water flowing through it and all kinds of delicious
fruit-trees and beautiful flowers growing in it. Nothing, could hurt
or vex them there. They did not know what pain was, they were
never tired, and all they had to do was to dress the garden and to
keep it. They had no faults, and never
,-*- -- '-- did wrong; and God Himself came
-f -- near to talk with them.
-. 7. ,That was the way they lived, always
:~'g ood and always happy, whilst they
S;.. obeyed what God had told them. In
the midst of the garden grew two trees:
''' one was the Tree of Life and the other
,'-.,- ..- -- -- was the Tree of the Knowledge of
:,.'. '. '''. good and evil. God told them that it
SYRIAN s they ate the fruit of this Tree of Know-
ledge they would die. We do not
know what those trees were like, but some time or other I hope we shall
see the Tree of Life, for it is growing in heaven, close by the river
that flows by the throne of God; and when we see it and taste of it,
we shall live forever, and be happier even than Adam and Eve were.
We shall never be as happy as they were while we are living in this
world; but if we will try to obey God, and trust in Christ and live
holy lives, He will take us to heaven, and that will be still better than
the Garden of Eden."
The children liked this story of man's creation, and asked Aunt
Charlotte to ask them questions to see if they could remember. Now
let my little readers see if they can answer them every one, as Willie
and Anna and Clara did.
THE SEA AND THE TIDES.
What did God nake? Whom did He make? What was the man made of? What was the
woman made of? What did God breathe into them? What did He give them ? Why were they
better than the beasts? What was the man's name? What was the woman's name? Of whom
were they the father and mother ? Where did they live ? What had they to do there ? What grew
there? What were the two chief trees that grew there? Which were they not to touch? Where
is the Tree of Life now? When do we hope to see it? What is a still happier place than the
Garden of Eden?
The Sea and the Tides.
"Hitherto shalt thou come, but no further: and here shall thy proud waves be stayed."-Job
Aunt Charlotte, now will you read us some more and tell us about
the wonderful things God did?" said Willie, as they gathered around
their aunt after supper. Aunt Charlotte promised. After reading
from the Bible here is what she said:
"What glorious and wonderful things God has made! Did you ever
see the sea?" "Yes," said Willie, "one time-" but Aunt Charlotte
put up her hand. "Yes, there it is-a
great vast space, all water, looking green .-:.
near us, but blue further off, always heav- "-
ing up and down. The waves rise, and
then ripple along, and burst with a white
edge of bubbles of foam. And, if you
live near the sea, you know how, at 1
certain times in the day, one wave after \ r--'-
another begins to break a little higher
on the beach; eight waves seem to run
up the same distance, then the ninth
comes much further; then eight more
come like that, then another. A great space that had been left dry gets
covered up with water again, and where you were walking just now
is quite deep water. What is this called? The tide. Well, what
will the tide do in proper time ? Will it come rolling in over the
THE SEA AND THE TIDES.
beach, sand, pebbles, and rocks, and wash us all away and drown us
all, and cover up the land? No; presently each will turn. Each
wave will be a little less high than the last, till it will have gone back
again and left the beach uncovered as before. Why does the tide do
this ? It is because God so wonderfully contrived this earth and sea
that the waters should rise and go back. He made the sand the
bound of the sea, and said,' Hitherto shalt thou come, but no further:
and here shall thy proud waves be stayed.' So, you know, we read
in the Psalms sometimes-
The sea is His, and He made it:
And His hands prepared the dry land.' "
"Now I will ask you some-
What curious thing does the sea do every day? What do you call the coming in and going back
of the sea? Why does the tide always stop in its proper place? What did God make the bound
of the sea? What did He say to it ? What verse praises God for making the sea?
"I'll tell you, I like this day," said Willie. "Why, we have learned
about the making of the world, and the making of the first man and
woman, and about the tides of the sea." "Won't you give us three
more lessons next Sunday ?" said Clara. "Oh, do," said Anna.
Aunt Charlotte promised she would.
DEATH OF ABEL. THE FIRST MURDER,
How Sin Began.
"The serpent beguiled me 'I did eat.' "-Genesis III, 13.
THE children could hardly
/ wait for Aunt Charlotte to get
t .. j seated after breakfast the
second Sunday morning in
-;-i January. "I will tell you,"
Said she, opening her Bible,
-"- how sin began and the world
grew wicked." "Good," said
SWillie, and they all settled
down around her.
S "Last Sunday you heard
how God made the world, and
---" put a man and woman to live
in it. The man was named
THE FLOOD. Adam; the woman was named
Eve. God gave them a beau-
tiful garden to live in, full of trees and flowers; and they had no pain,
no trouble, nothing to vex them. Only one thing God told them:
there was one tree whose'fruit they must not eat. They might eat
the fruit of all the other trees, but not of that one. As long as they
obeyed, all was well and happy with them; but if they ate it they
would die. But a bad spirit came and took the shape of the serpent,
and talked to Eve. He told her a wicked lie-he told her that to eat
THE FLOOD AND NOAH'S ARK.
the fruit would make her wise, and would not make her die. And
Eve listened, and did eat. And she gave Adam, and he also ate; and
so they took the bad spirit for their master instead of the good God.
Then God was angry with them, and put them out of the garden, and
let them be weak and sickly, and die at last. It is a sad thing for
them and for us. For if they had been good and obeyed God, and
not the bad spirit, it would have been easy to us to be good, and we
should not have had the devil tempting us to do wrong: we should
have never known pain or sorrow. But God pitied Adam and Eve,
and us too; and he promised them that the Seed-that is, the Son-of
the woman should bruise the serpent's head, and set them and their
children free. Our Blessed Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, set us
free when He died on the cross and rose again; and now we belong
to Him, and not to the bad spirit. Only we must try and ask Him to
help us not to do what is wrong, as Eve did, or we shall not keep free
from the power of the enemy."
The children were thoughtful, and Aunt Charlotte began with the-
Who was the first man ? Who was the first woman? Where did God put them ? What was
the one thing they might not do? What was to happen if they ate of that fruit? Who came
and spoke to Eve? What shape did the bad spirit take? What did he tell Eve? What did
she do ? Whom did she make her master? What was done to punish her? What sad things
did the bad spirit bring on her ? Who came to set us free from the bad spirit ?
The Flood and Noah's Ark.
"Well," said Willie, as they settled down around Aunt Charlotte,
"I'm going to listen sharp this time. There were two questions I
could not answer before." "So will I," said Anna; "but I only
And, behold, I, even I, do bring a flood of waters upon the earth "-Genesis vI, 17,
read Aunt Charlotte, and then, looking up, said:
"The lesson this morning told the sad history of how Adam and
Eve did the very thing that God forbade; so that He drove them
out of the Garden of Eden, and sin and death came into the world.
THE FLOOD AND NOAH'S ARK.
"After that they had children. Some were good, but not so good
as Adam and Eve had been at first; and some were bad. And as
time went on the bad ones grew worse, and the good ones were
tempted, and many of them grew wicked too. And so all the world
was getting wicked, and God saw nothing but evil when He looked
down on it. And He said that He would destroy these wicked
people, and wash away the evil from the earth by a great flood. But
there was one good man, whose name was Noah; and God said He
would save him. He. bade Noah build an Ark. It was to be a great
ship, all made of wood, and it took a great
all that time people laughed at Noah, for
they would not believe that anything was
going to happen.
and stored it with
him a pair of all
were in the world,
pens in the Ark.
wife and his three
Japhet, and their
Ark, and God shut
"Then it began
Noah made the Ark
food. And God
sorts of animals
and he put them
Then Noah and
sons, Shem, Ham,
wives, went into
to rain. It rained
many years to build; and
r- -.- ; >_=; _
forty nights without
rivers came out of
sea came up on the
and the ground was covered up. Even the tops of the highest hills
were hidden, and everybody and every creature was drowned-all
but Noah and those that were with him. There was the Ark all the
time, floating quite safe on the water. The storm could not upset it
nor the sea get into it, for God took care of it and all that was in it.
"The reason Noah was saved was because, first, he tried to be
good, and not do like the bad people round him; and, next, because
he believed what God said to him, and went on making the Ark, even
when he saw no danger. If we wish God to save us, then we must
take care that we do just what we are told-not what seems pleasant
now, but what is really right."
THE FLOOD AND NOAH'S ARK.
"That's so; but it's hard to do, though," said Willie. "But
wouldn't you have been afraid in that Ark?"' said little Anna.
"No," said Clara, "for Aunt Charlotte said God took care of it."
"Right, Clara," said Aunt Charlotte, "now for the-
Do you know why Adam and Eve were driven out of the happy garden ? How did people go
on after that ? How had sin come into the world? What did God say He must do to the world ?
Why? Who was to be saved? What was Noah to make? What was the Ark like ? What were
put into it? Why were two of all creatures put into the Ark ? What men and women were in it ?
What were the names of Noah's sons ? What happened when Noah was in the Ark ? How long
did it rain ? What was covered up ? What became of all the people ? Who were safe ? Where
was the Ark? Who took care of the Ark ? Why was Noah saved?
But, Auntie," said little Anna, what became of the Ark ? I'll
THE GOING DOWN OF THE FLOOD.
tell you that after supper in our next lesson," said good Auntie, with
a pat on Anna's curls.
The Going Down of the Flood.
So Noah knew that the waters were abated from off the earth."-Genesis vIII, 2.
"Now," said Aunt Charlotte, "for our third reading and talk," as
they all gathered around the fire after supper. The children were all
eager to have her begin.
It must have been a sad sight for Noah and his wife and their sons,
as the rain went on and on, and the water grew deeper and deeper,
and everybody and everything was
drowned. Then came a time when noth-
ing was to be seen but water. Wherever
they looked all was sky and water; but
it had done raining, the sky was blue _
again, the sun shone by day, the stars ,. L
by night, and they must have been very
glad. And still the water got lower,
till the Ark did not float about, but
stopped, resting on a peak of a mountain,
a very high mountain, and a few bare
tops of other hills began to peep out. .
S1 MOUNTAIN GOAT OF PALESTINE.
By and by Noah opened the window
of the Ark and let out a raven. He.never saw the raven again, for
a raven eats dead things, and there were so many dead bodies floating
about that it got plenty of food, and never came back to the Ark
that had saved it. He waited a week, and then he let out a dove,
Now, doves like trees to sit and nestle in, and they eat grains and
seeds; so the poor dove found no place to rest in, and flew back to
the Ark; and Noah took her back and kept her a week, then let
her fly again. She flew away, but still she came back to the Ark, and
this time she brought in her beak a sprig of olive branch.
"It was the first green thing that Noah had seen for a year.
THE GOING DOWN OF THE FLOOD.
Noah's children have loved the olive leaf everywhere, and called it
the sign of peace and good news ever since.
"For now Noah knew that the waters had gone down, and that
trees must be able to put forth leaves again. Once more, after another
week, he let out the dove, and she did not come back, for she had
found a tree where she could make her home, and seeds to eat; and
then Noah knew the sad time of the flood-a whole year-was over.
"Was there any little boys in that Ark?" said Willie; "if so, they
must have got very tired waiting that long to go out and play. But
ask the questions quick, before I forget them."
What was the Flood? What was the Ark? Who was in it? What had Noah with him in the
Ark? What became of every one else? Why ? Why was Noah saved ? How long did the Flood
last? What birds did Noah send out of the Ark? Which came back? Why did not the raven
come back? What did the dove bring? What was Noah sure of then?
After the questions were all asked the children asked Aunt Char-
lotte if she would not tell them a story or two every day instead of
waiting until Sunday. The good lady waited a minute, and then
said: You know, my darlings, I have come to spend a year with you,
and I have planned to take you through the Bible in a year, telling
you stories of the most important things that you will like, and the
three lessons every Sunday will do this. This is such a good way to
'keep the Sabbath holy,' as we are commanded to do. I will read
you from the Bible in the week and from other books, and then we
have our day lessons, you know." The children all agreed to let Aunt
Charlotte tell them these pretty Bible stories on Sundays only.
"WHAT will you tell us about this morn-
ing, Aunt Charlotte?" said Clara. The
-_ Rainbow," said the good lady with a smile,
~ and then she opened her Bible and read:
S "I do set my Bow in the Cloud," etc.--Genesis Ix, 13.
-.' "The sin that came into the world when
Eve listened to the tempter had grown as
men multiplied and made each other worse.
%t 'n7The wicked people had been drowned in
the Flood, and Noah, his sons, and their
.wives had alone been saved in the Ark.
After a whole year of being shut up there
watching the earth, first drowned and then coming out of the water,
they had just come out on the fresh green earth, with all the animals
saved with them, when God spoke to them.
"Then God made a promise to Noah. It was that no flood of water
shall ever drown all the world again, but spring, summer, autumn,
and winter, day and night, will go on to the end of the world, when
it shall be burnt up by fire, not drowned by water. That Noah, and
all of us after him, might feel sure that God in His mercy will go on
preserving us, and giving us days and nights, seed-time and harvest,
He gave us something to look at as a sign of His promise. Do you
know what He gave us ? It was the rainbow. And this is how He
made it. He so ordered the rays of light that when they shine upon
ABRAHAM WHO TRUSTED GOD.
drops of water in the air they cause beautiful colors, making part of
a circle, so as to form a bow. So when the sun shines on a cloud, as
it rains, the fair bright rainbow is seen as a pledge to us of God's
merciful care and love to us. There is a rainbow round about the
throne of God in Heaven; and the lovely rainbows that we see when
the sun shines out and the showers drift away are to put us in mind
that we are safe under His care, in right of His promise to Noah and
his three sons, from whom the whole earth was to be repeopled.
We are the children of his son Japhet, and all that was then said to
him belongs to us also. We should recollect it, and put our trust in
Him, and be thankful when we see the beautiful rainbow that the
hands of the Almighty have bended looking out of the midst of the
dark watery cloud."
Well, I never knew how a rainbow was made before," said Clara.
"Isn't that lovely! I'll think of it every time I see one." "I do n't
understand yet," said Anna. "I don't either," said Willie. Then
Aunt Charlotte explained it over again, and they all were able to
What beautiful sight do we sometimes see after a shower? What is a rainbow like? Who put
the rainbow in the cloud ? Who was the man to whom God showed the rainbow? What promise
did God make Noah? What had God just done to the wicked people? Whom had He saved ?
What did He say should always go on? What did God put in the sky to show that He will not
send another Flood ? What are we to think. of when'we see a rainbow? Who takes care of us?
Abraham Who Trusted God.
"Going to tell us more about Noah and the Ark and rainbows
and things ? said Willie. No," said Aunt Charlotte, I'm going to
skip a long, long time. Now listen !" and she opened her Bible and
"In thee shall all families of the earth be blessed."-Genesis xII, 3.
"When Noah's grandchildren and great-grandchildren came to be
more and more, and the world was being filled with people again,
they still were not all good, and the longer time went on, the worse
ABRAHAM WHO TRUSTED GOD.
At last God called to a very good man, whose name was Abraham,
and told him that if he would come away from his home to a land
God would show him, then God would bless him and lead him, and
by and by give the land to his children, and that their children after
them should be more in number than the grains of sand on the sea-
shore or than the stars in the sky; and that in his seed-that meant
by and by through a son of his-all the nations of the earth should
NATIVE PLAINS OF ABRAHAM AND LOT.
It was strange to hear all this about Abraham's children, for he was
growing an old man, and he and his wife Sarah had no child at all.
But he believed in God. He knew that God is Almighty, and can do
whatever He will; so he only did just as God told him, and went
away from his home, where God told him. He was obliged to
take all his cattle with him-quantities of cows and goats and sheep
and camels and asses; and he had servants to drive them. When
they came to a piece of grass and a fresh spring of water, there
ABRAHAM AND LOT.
they would stop. They had no houses, only tents, which were great
curtains woven of goat's hair and fastened up with poles, so that
they could be set up or taken down and carried about. All his life
Abraham lived in a tent, instead of staying at home in a city and
being at his ease.
By and by he came to a beautiful country. There were high, cool
hills rising up, and green valleys between, full of grass for the sheep
and cattle; and the wide sea spread out far away toward the sunset,
all blue and glorious. God told him to look at the land, for that was
the place which his children should have for their own; but in the
meantime Abraham had not one bit of it, and was a stranger there;
and he had no child either.
But still he was quite sure that God spoke truth; and that some-
how, though he did not know how, it would come about that his chil-
dren should have the land, and that in One all the nations of the
earth should be blessed. That was faith."
Why do you suppose God kept Abraham in the dark about what
was going to happen? said Clara. "Because he wanted him to trust
His word and put faith in Him," said Aunt Charlotte. "Yes," said
Willie, sometimes they send warships out to sea with sealed orders,
and the captain even do n't know where he's going until he opens the
letter." That's it," said Aunt Charlotte, and we must obey God,
just as soldiers on the land and sea obey without asking the reason."
What good man do you hear of to-day? What did God tell Abraham to do? What did God
promise? Who were to have the land? Why was it strange to hear of his children ? But did he
believe it would come true? Why did he believe it? How did he show that he believed ? Where
did he go? What had he with him? What did he live in? What is a tent like ? What sort of
place did he come to ? Who were to have this land ? How many were his children to be ? Did
he believe this ? What is believing called ?
Abraham and Lot.
"Let there be no strife, I pray thee, between thee and me."-Genesis xii, 8.
Two men were traveling together. They were an uncle and his
nephew. The uncle's name was Abraham, about whom I told you this
ABRAHAM AND LOT.
morning; the nephew's was Lot. They had come from home because
God had told Abraham to come away from his own home to the land
that God would give his children. Abraham believed, and did as God
bade him; and Lot, the son of his dead brother, went with him.
They did not go alone. Each of them had great flocks of cows, and
sheep, and camels, and asses, and goats, and numbers of servants
to take care of them. They would fix their black tents, made o;
camel's hair, in any place where they saw a spring of water and good
green grass for their cattle; and there they would stay till all the
grass was eaten up, and then take up their tents and move to another
"Just now they had got to a bare, stony place, where the sun shone
hotly and there was not much green; but Abraham had built up an
altar with the great stones and prayed there. Abraham and, Lot loved
each other, and were at peace; but when their servants drove out
ABRAHAM AND LOT.
their flocks to get food and water there were apt to be quarrels. If
Abraham's men found a green grassy valley they would not let Lot's
cattle into it; and if Lot's came to a well they would not let Abraham's
flocks drink; and so on. They were always quarreling and making
complaints to their masters. At last Abraham saw that they would
make Lot quarrel with him. So he said it would be wiser to part;
Lot should go one way and he another-anyway there should be no
strife. And he even told Lot to choose which way he would go. So
Lot looked, and saw to the east a pleasant green valley, with fields
of corn and meadows, and a fine river running into a clear lake, and
five fine towns on the bank. He liked it better than the bare, stony
hills where Abraham was; and he never thought whether the people
were good or not, but he took the first choice and went to live there.
So Abraham gave up. He had the right to choose first, but he would
not use it. He let his nephew choose. For he hated quarrels and
knew they were wicked; and he knew how to stop him, because he
would yeild up the best. That is the way to make peace and please
If I'd been Abraham I would not have done that. Why did he not
take the best and let Lot scuffle for himself?" said Willie. "Yes,
and run off all of Lot's old mean servants that fought his good men,"
said little Anna. No," said Aunt Charlotte, "Abraham did right, as
we shall see. Jesus says, 'blessed are the peace-markers,' and Abra-
ham was a peace-maker. Now we will have the-
Who had called Abraham? Who went with him? What was lot to Abraham ? Why
did they go? What had God promised? What had they with them? Who quarreled?
About what did the servants quarrel? Did Abraham and Lot quarrel? How did Abraham
prevent a quarrel? Who was to choose first? Who might have chosen first? Why did
not Abraham choose first ? Ought you to be in haste to take the first choice? What should
you try to hinder? And if you keep yourself back, and don't say I'ts mine," and I
must," shall you not be likely to keep from quarrels ?
Lot's Wonderful Escape.
OPENING her Bible at the
twenty-ninth chapter of Genesis,
seventeenth verse, Aunt Charlotte
S"Escape for thy life; look not behind thee, "etc.
"As I told you last Sunday, Lot
S chose the beautiful valley, with
steep hills shutting it in on all
S sides and a clear, swift river run-
ning through the midst and
spreading into a lake. There
were fine fields and rich grass,
where sheep, cows, and goats could
feed, and the shepherds shelter
themselves under the palm trees;
"Gou wnIr. PROVIDE HIMSELM A LAMB FOR A
"GOD BNT OFIFER ING.Ms LB O and on the bank of the river were
five cities, with strong walls round
them, and full of rich people, who bought and sold and made merry
with the good things they possessed. Lot was the only man living
there who was good, and he was grieved by the wicked ways of the
men round him, who only laughed at him if he tried to tell them of
better things. One evening two strangers came into the city where
he lived, and he was the only person who would take them in and
shelter them from the wicked people in the street.
LOT'S WONDERFUL ESCAPE.
"Those strangers told him the place was to be destroyed with all
that were in it, because it was so wicked! Though the fields looked
so quiet, the walls so strong, and the sun had gone down as usual, all
would be ruined in a few hours' time! Then the strangers took hold
of him and his wife and daughters, and led them almost by force away
from their home in the dawn of morning, bidding them escape for
their lives to the mountain, and not look back. They were frightened,
and begged not to have to go so far as the wild mountain. Might
WHERE LOT FED HIS FLOCKS.
they not go to the little city near at hand? And their wish was
granted. Just as the sun had risen they entered the little city for
which they had begged; and as soon as they were safe the four towns,
that had seemed so strong and firm, were all burning with fire and
brimstone; and all the Sinners who had mocked at warning were soon
lying dead under God's awful anger! Four alone had been led out of
the city by the strangers, but even of these only three came into the
city of refuge. The wife did not heed the warning not to linger nor
ABRAHAM'S SON ISAAC
look back, the deadly storm overtook her, and she remained rooted to
the spot-turned into a pillar of salt
"The names of those cities were Sodom and Gomorrah. And now
a strange gloomy lake called the Dead Sea covers that valley with its
salty waters, and the bare rocky hills, crusted with salt, show that the
curse of God is on the place.
Let us try to remember one thought from this terrible history.
This world will one day be burnt up like those cities, and its looking
safe and prosperous now does not make it safe. But God sends mes-
sengers to lead us out of it. If we attend to them and follow their ad-
vice, we shall through all our lives be getting out of danger and going
on to a safe home in heaven; but if we care only for pleasant things
here, it is like looking back, and our souls will perish with what they
love. That is why our Saviour bade us 'Remember Lot's wife.'
We should remember her when we are tempted to think it hard to
give up anything pleasant, because we are told that it is wrong, and
may put us in danger of destruction."
Did n't Lot have any boys ?" said Willie. "No," said Aunt Char-
lotte. "But he had two girls, did n't he ?" said little Anna. "And-
but they were bigger than me, 'cause I could n't have runned away."
" Yes, they were grown up girls," said Aunt Charlotte. "Willie, you
may answer the first question."
What was the name of the place I told you of to-day? What was the name of the man ? What
kind of place was Sodom ? Who was the only good man there? Who came to Lot? What did
he do for the strangers? What did the strangers tell Lot? Why was Lot to come out of Sodom?
Why was Sodom to be destroyed? Where did Lot go? Who looked back? What became of
her? What did God do to Sodom ? What sort of place is it now? What will be burnt up some
day? If we are not good, what will become of us? But what have we to teach us to be good?
And how must we try to come out, like Lot ?
Abraham's Son Isaac.
"Aunt Charlotte, didn't Abraham have any boys either?" said
Willie. "You said Lot only had a pair of girls." "Yes," said Aunt
ABRAHAM'S SON ISAAC.
Charlotte, "and I'll tell you about his son Isaac this afternoon." Then
Now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only son froir
Me."-Genesis xxII, 12.
It was some time after this morning's talk that Isaac was born.
Abraham was old, and he had begun to wonder if he should ever have
a son. All the promises God had made were to be for Isaac's children
after him: and Abraham loved God, and hoped all the more, and
when little Isaac came Abraham was overjoyed and loved him dearly.
But then God called Abraham to do a strange and terrible thing.
He was to go and take his dear son Isaac to the top of a hill, and
there to offer him up to God, as if he had been a calf or a lamb. Of
course, in general, to do such a thing would be shockingly wicked;
but Abraham knew that when God commanded a thing it must be
right to do as he was bidden, however dreadful it was to him.
So they set out together. Abraham took the knife and a vessel
with fire in it, and Isaac carried the wood with which the sacrifice was
to be burnt. On the way Isaac said, My father, behold the fire and
the wood: but where is the lamb for a burnt offering?' And Abra-
ham answered, My son, God will provide Himself a lamb for a burnt
Isaac soon knew he was to be the lamb, for his father put the wood
in order and bound his limbs and took the knife. And Isaac did not
complain or struggle. He was ready, like his father, to do the will of
God. But just as Abraham had the knife ready to slay his son, an
angel called to him out of Heaven: Lay not thine hand upon the lad,
neither do thou anything unto him: for now I know that thou fearest
God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only son from Me.'
Then Abraham unbound his son, and was as glad as if Isaac had
really risen from the dead. And he saw a ram caught in the thicket
by its horns; so he took that, and offered it up instead of Isaac. Thus
God really provided a lamb for a burnt offering.
And He blessed Abraham more and more, and promised again
that his children should have the land, and that in his Seed should all
HAGAR AND ISHMAEL CAST FORTH.
"And Abraham sent her away, and she departed, and wandered in the wilderness
of Beer-sheba."-Gen. XXI, 14.
S the nations of the earth be blessed. That Seed was our blessed LORD
JESUS CHRIST, who, you know, was really given by His Heavenly
Father to die, and then came back from the dead, that all people might
be saved by Him."
"Was n't that mean of Abraham to do little Isaac that way ? said
little Anna. No," said Willie, "he was n't scared; he knew his
father would n't stick that knife in him." Yes," said Aunt Charlotte,
"Abraham would have done so if God had not commanded him not
to. Much as he loved his son, he loved God more, and we must all
be willing to give up anything God wants us to; but you see God only
did this to test Abraham's faith, and He would not let him do a wrong
thing. God will not make us give up anything we ought to have."
"My first question! said Willie; and this is what Aunt Charlotte
What was the name of Abraham's son ? What had God promised Abraham? What had
Abraham done at God's command ? What was he now to do? Whom did he obey? Where was
he to go? Who went with him ? What did Isaac ask? What did Abraham answer? Who seemed
likely to be the lamb? What was Abraham just going to do? Who called him? What did the
angel tell him? Why was God pleased with him? What blessing did God give him? Who was
to be his Seed, in whom all families should be blessed ?
"And he brought her into his mother's tent, and took Rebekah and she became his wife, and
he loved her."-Gen. xxiv, 67.
"Auntie, what did little Isaac do when he became a man? asked
"Well," replied Aunt Charlotte, with a laugh, "one thing he did
was to get married, but he did not choose his own wife, as men do now.
I will tell you all about it. Abraham lived in the land of Canaan.
and the people were all heathen. He did not want his son Isaac to
marry one of the heathen girls, so he called his chief servant and gave
him ten camels and several men for companions, and many presents,
and told him to go to the city of Nahor and get a wife for his son
Isaac. After many days' journey the servant came to the walls of the
city, and stopped on the outside by the well. At this well the girls
and women of the city came to draw water with their pitchers, and the
servant prayed to God that he would show him which one he might
choose to be the wife of Isaac. By and by a beautiful young woman
came up to draw water, and the servant asked her to let him drink
from her pitcher. She allowed him to drink, and then said she would
go and draw water for his camels. This she did, and the servant knew
she was the woman to be Isaac's wife. After the camels had done
drinking the man took a golden ear-ring and two golden bracelets, and
gave them to the beautiful young woman, and in answer to questions
she told him of her parents, and told him there was plenty of straw
for the camels and room for the men to stay at her father's house; and
the servant was immediately welcomed into the house, and after taking
the loads off his camels and feeding them, they set before the men
many nice things to eat. But the servant.said, I will not eat until I
have told mine errand.' Then he told them whose servant he was, how
rich his master was, and all about Isaac, Abraham's child. Then he told
them how his master had sent him to their city to seek a wife for his
son Isaac, and how he had asked God to show him which woman he
should choose, and how he knew that Rebekah should be Isaac's wife.
Then he asked them if they would let Rebekah go with him to be the
wife of Isaac 'And they called Rebekah and said unto her, Wilt thou
go with this man? And she said, I will go. And they sent away
Rebekah, their sister, and her nurse, and Abraham's servant, and his
"As they came near to where Abraham lived, Rebekah lifted up her
eyes and saw Isaac coming to meet her; and when the servant had
told Isaac all things that had been done, he took her into his mother's
tent, and with his parents' permission made her his.wife."
"That was a pretty story," said Clara, "and I think it teaches us
that when God calls we should obey, like Rebekah did."
Why did not Isaac take a wife from the land of Canaan? To what city did Abraham send his
servant? How did the servant choose the woman for Isaac's wife? Tell about his visit to
Rebekah's parents. Tell about the meeting of Rebekah and Isaac.
RE.Ev*%H Tr rI- L
How Esau Lost His Birthright.
"DID Isaac have any boys when he grew
A up ?" said Willie, as the children took their
seat the next Sunday morning, after break-
fast with Aunt Charlotte. Yes, and didn't
S he have some little girls, too?" said little
t' Anna. "Willie's always thinking about the
tI. \ l boys, and you told us the Bible said his
children should be many as sand on the sea-
OFFERING SALUTATION IN THE He had only two," said Aunt Charlotte,
patting Anna's cheek, "and they were both
boys; but it was from them that the earth was to get its many people.
The name of one of the boys was Esau and the other was Jacob.
"Now let me read you from the Bible," and she turned to the
twenty-seventh chapter of Genesis and read them down to the thirty-
fourth verse, where it said:
"Bless me, even me also, 0 father."
Then, looking up, Aunt Charlotte said: You see, as Esau was the
eldest he had the first right to the promises God had made Abra-
ham. But Esau did not care enough about them; he did not seem to
get anything by them, and he liked what he could get at once better
than what was a long way off. He had no faith. One day he came
home half dead with hunger, and saw his brother Jacob making soup
over the fire. Esau said he would give all these rights for a meal of
HOW ESAU LOST HIS BIRTHRIGHT.
the ':.pi; for if he died of hunger, what good would his birthright do
him? So for a mess of pottage he sold his right to the land of
Canaan and to be the forefather of our Saviour.
"A time was to come when he would be sorry for what he had
done. His rather was old and blind, and thought he was going to
die; so he bade Esau, whom he loved the best, bring home some
meat a:ndl make a solemn feast-which was the way then of giving a
bksl-.m. Esau went, and in time brought home the meat to his
VALLEY OF SALT IN THE LAND OF EDOM, THE COUNTRY THAT ESAU AFTERWARD
father; but when he came in Isaac cried out and trembled. His
brother Jacob had come in his stead, and Isaac had taken him for
Esau and given to him the blessing that gave the right to the promised
land and to all God's promises.
Then Esau cried out with an exceeding bitter cry, and asked if his
father had but one blessing. Isaac was grieved for him, and blest
him with all his heart; but there was no changing back, no taking
away what Jacob had won and Esau had lost.
HOW ESAU LOST HIS BIRTHRIGHT.
Esau did not know what he was doing when he took the pottage at
once, rather than wait patiently for the glorious inheritance that was to
come. This was the reason that he was allowed to be so cruelly dis-
tppointed. This is a warning to us. We have the inheritance of the
kingdom of heaven promised to us; but we are tempted not to care
about it when we want something here in this world, whether play or
dress or anything that seems a great deal to us now. But if we trifle
away our right to those great
promises that God made us
at our baptism, there will
come a time of bitter grief, i
when it is too late. And
when we are dead it will be
too late to change! There-
fore, now while we are alive,
we must have faith, and '
show it by taking care that .-
the things we like here on '
earth do not make us lose
the better things in heaven."
"I'm sorry for Esau," said
little Anna. "Yes, but he A.r- _1_-
was greedy," said Willie. ISAAC BLESSING ACOB.
"So are we when we had
rather have a little pleasure in this world than a great deal in heaven,"
said Aunt Charlotte.
What were the names of Isaac's two sons ? Which son had the first right to the promise ? But
which cared about it most? What did Esau want? So what did he give up for the sake of the
soup? Could he get it back again ? What are you an heir of? How could we lose the inheri-
tance of the kingdom of heaven? Shall we be able to change after we are dead ? Then what must
we care about most ? Why could not Esau get his father's blessing ? What did he like better than
waiting for what he could not see ? Can we see heaven ? But when we get there, will it not be
better than anything we can see here ?
JACOB'S JOURNEY AND DREAM.
Jacob's Journey and Dream.
"Tell us more of Jacob and Esau," said Clara. Aunt Charlotte
"This is none other but the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven."-Genesis xxvmI, 17.
I told you this morning that Isaac, Abraham's son, had two sons,
whose names were Esau and Jacob, and how Jacob had grieved Esau
by gaining God's great promise, lor which Esau did not care till he had
lost it. Now, Esau was so angry with Jacob that Jacob had to go out
away from his father's home, all alone. But Jacob knew he was not
alone, for God was with him. He went on till night came. Then he
was in a dismal stony place, with no house or shelter near-only big
stones, and here and there a thistle. He said his prayers, and then
he lay down with a stone for his pillow and the sky over him. But in
the night he saw a wonder. There was a ladder reaching from earth
to heaven, and God's angels were going up and down, and the Lord
himself stood at the top of the ladder. And He told Jacob that He
was going to give his children all the land he saw-north, south, east,
and west; and that He would take care of him, and be with him
wherever he went, and in time bring him safe home.
"Jacob woke and found it was a dream, but he knew it was true,
and that God had really spoken to him; and though he was glad he
was afraid, and he said: How dreadful is this place! his is none
other but the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven.' And
that he might always know the place, he put one of the great stones
upright, and he took some of the sweet olive oil .he had brought tc
eat on his journey, and poured it on the stone, as the only thing he-
could do to show honor to God. Then he made a solemn holy vow,
that if God would take care of him on his way, and give him food to
eat and clothes to wear, he would make a gift to God all his life of the
tenth part of all he had. Good people like to do like Jacob, and give
God their tenth. And if we only had our eyes opened to see, like
his, we should see God's angels coming up and down with blessings
JACOB AND ESAU MEET AGAIN.
for us, for we go to the house of God and gate of heaven whenever
we go to church. Let us recollect how awful Jacob felt it to be so
near to God."
"I have dreams, too, sometimes," said little Anna, "and I see every-
thing. Do you expect they are angels and ladders and things?"
Aunt Charlotte patted her cheek and began the-
Who was Isaac? Who was Jacob ? Who was Esau ? Why was Jacob obliged to go away ?
What was the promise? What kind of place had he to sleep in ? What was his pillow? But what
did he see? Who went up and down? Who stood at the top? What did God promise him?
What did Jacob say of the place? How did he mark it ? What did he pour on the stone ? What
vow did he make? What are our houses of God? Who come up and down to us? What do the
angels bring us ? How much did Jacob promise to give to God ? What does God do for us ?
Jacob and Esau Meet Again.
"Aunt Chariotte, I know what became of Jacob," said Clara. "But
do n't tell," said Willie, shak-
ing his hand at her; "you
S'/will spoil the story for me
.and Anna-let Aunt Char-
< lotte tell."
S. f "Well, then," said Aunt
'/,/.r jCharlotte, "it was a long
'journey that Jacob had had to
/ take, but God took care of
him, and brought him safe
:"to the home where his mother
S had come from. He lived
there and took care of his
uncle's sheep and cattle till
he had earned a great many
^^^~-^'" -''for his own; and he had
JACOB AND THE ANGEL. married there and had a great
many sons. But after a time
God commanded him to go home to the land of Canaan. He was
JACOB AND ESAU MEET AGAIN.
afraid, because he thought his brother Esau might still be angry with
him; but, in spite of his fear, he did as God bade him. When he
came near the river Jordan, which flows on the east side of the land
of Canaan, he prayed to God to guard him, and once more God let
him see the angels who were going with him to protect him. He
was glad, but he was still very careful. He chose out a present of
cows and goats and camels and sheep and asses for Esau, and sent
it on to meet him; and then he sent on the other cattle he wanted to
keep for himself; then his children; and last of all, in the safest place,
his dear young son Joseph.
Esau came to meet him, but not in anger. The two brothers met
and fell on each other's neck and kissed each other and were friends.
So God had kept His promise to take care of Jacob; and Jacob kept
his promise, for he set up an altar at Bethel, where he had seen the
angels before, and praised and blessed God."
"I knew Jacob would come out all right," said Willie. "Yes, and
Esau did, too; and Jacob had to make up for taking his birthright
Who was Jacob ? Why had he left home ? With whom did he go to live ? What did he earn
there? Why did he go back? Why was he afraid? But what comforted him? Of whom do
God's angels take care ? What did Jacob give Esau ? How did Jacob put his family in order?
Who went last? How did Esau meet him? How did Jacob show he was thankful ?
Joseph in Egypt.
"His brethren envied him."-Genesis xxxvn, ii.
NOW, Master Willie," said Aunt Charlotte, I will tell you about
a boy you will like." Good," said Willie, clapping his hands. "Well,
then, you know I told you
last Sunday how Jacob went
Sa way from home, and how
,' .. .*.;," .t "'- G od prom ised to take care of
-.". '?f^ W him. He did take care of
i'"" t';- 7 him; He led him to his uncle,
and with him Jacob lived
; 1" wi j many years, and then came
back with flocks of sheep and
'-"' ,," ,I-, goats, camels and cows.
'''1 Jacob had twelve sons.
S'' '"'The best of all his sons was
''' named Joseph. Jacob loved
-- him very much, and gave him
-- a striped dress of many colors,
such as the son who is to
be the heir wears in those
JOSEPH AND His FATHER. countries. But his brothers
hated and envied him, and
could not speak peaceably to him. One day, when Joseph was seven-
teen years old, ten of the brothels were out with their sheep, and Jacob
JOSEPH IN EGYPT.
desired Joseph to go and see what they were about. He would not
tell his father how unkind they were to him, but he went; and as
they saw him coming some of them were so wicked as to say that
they would kill him, and never let him go home. Reuben, who was
I (i1 "1~B- r-r;~
JOSEPH CAST INTO THE PIT.
the eldest brother, tried to hinder them but when he saw he could
not stop them, he said the best way would be not to kill him but to
let him down into a dry well just by. There they meant to let him
starve to death; and they let him down without any pity for him
Reuben meant to come by and by and take Joseph out of the
JOSEPH A SLAVE.
pit and save him; but there was another brother, named Judah,
who did not want to have him killed, and who saw a great party of
men, with camels and asses laden with goods, going on a journey.
He knew they were merchants going to sell and buy iri Egypt, and
he advised. the other brothers to persuade them to buy Joseph; for
in those days men and women used to be bought and sold, and were
called slaves. So Joseph was drawn up out of the pit; and when
the merchants saw what a fine young man he was, they paid the
price for him, and carried him off, away from his father and all he
had ever known or cared for before. The cruel brothers kept his
colored dress; and they killed a kid and stained it in the blood, and
then carried it to their father, telling him they had foufid it. Jacob
thought some wild beast had met Joseph and killed him and eaten
him, and he mourned and wept. His sons pretended to comfort him,
but not one of them would tell him that Joseph was not dead."
"Was n't those boys mean to do poor Joseph that way ?" said little
Anna. I knew that story all before," said Willie; "my Sunday-
school teacher told us about it." "Very well, then, we'll have the
questions now," said Aunt Charlotte.
Whose son was Jacob? How many sons had Jacob? What did he set them to do? Which
did he love best ? What did he give Joseph ? Where did-he send Joseph ? What did the brothers
want to do ? Who wished to save him ? So what did Reuben persuade them to do? What did
Reuben mean to do? But who came by? What did the brothers do with Joseph? Who per-
suaded them to sell him ? What are people called who are bought and sold ? What was done with
his coat? What did Jacob think?
Joseph a Slave.
The Lord made all he did to prosper in his hand."-Genesis xxxIx, 3.
"Aunt Charlotte, you did not finish about Joseph," said Clara.
"No," answered Aunt Charlotte, I told you about his being sold; so
we see Joseph was made a slave. A slave is a servant who belongs to
his master, as his cows and horses do; he gets no wages and can not
go away, but is bought and sold like cattle.
"Think of poor Joseph. He was used to live as the son of a great
JOSEPH A SLAVE.
rich prince, wearing a dress of many bright colors, with many servants,
and no one to obey but his kind, fond father; and living in a beauti-
ful land, all hill and valley, where he used to feed his father's flocks.
But now he was a slave in a strange land, with people speaking a lan-
guage he did not know, and no one to care for him or say a good word
to him, shut up in a house in a town, far away from his dear hills.
Still he had one comfort, and the best of all-God was with him.
He could still pray to God and do his duty. And he did his work well,
for God helped him, and everything he did was made to prosper in
his hand. Then he was trusted. His master knew that he always
took care of everything as if it was
his own, and left all to him, quite
sure that it would be safe. But his
wicked mistress made up a story
that he had behaved ill, and he was
put in prison for what he had not
done. This sounds hard, but it was--
God's own way of .bringing good to ----
pass and making Joseph come at '- '
last to honor. Very soon he was -
loved and trusted in his prison, and .
all he did the Lord made it to ANCIENT -IDOS.
ANCIENT EGYPTIAN IDOLS.
Think about this. Try, when you nave anything to do,-a lesson
or a bit of work,-to ask God to make it prosper. Then if you try
your best He will help, and it will be sure to turn out well.
Then try to deserve to be trusted. That is a great thing. If you
always recollect that God sees you, you will do the same when no one
is with you as if all the world were watching; and that is the way to
be true and just in all your dealings. If you are only good when you
are looked at, you are not like Joseph, but are only doing service out-
wardly You must try to live that your parents may, when you are-
'Out of sight
Know all is right-
One law for darkness and for light.' "
JOSEPH TELLS THE MEANING OF DREAMS.
Did n't they let Joseph out of prison ? asked little Anna, with
tears in her blue eyes. I know," said Willie; I know that, too. May
I tell her, Aunt Charlotte ?" "I will tell her in the next lesson," said
Whose son was Joseph? How many brothers had Joseph? What had they done to him? Why
had Joseph's brothers sold him? What is a slave? How did Joseph behave as a slave? Who
comforted him? How did he take care of his master's things? Who made up a story, against
him ? What was done to him? But who was with him still? And what did people think of him,
wherever he was? What is the way to be like Joseph? If you are trusted to carry a message, how
should you do it? Who always sees you? Then, even if no one is by, how should you behave?
Joseph Tells the Meaning of Dreams.
"Do not interpretations belong to God ? "-Genesis xL, 8.
S"You remember we left
4'3i '.. ..i:," Joseph in prison," began Aunt
Charlotte; "but wherever he
was he tried to do his duty,
Of .V ii '^, and so God blessed him; and
~- he keeper of the prison soon
Y found out how different he
was from the others, and let
him help. I suppose he
,helped to carry the prisoners
,. lp their food and wait upon
Them; and he often could say
a few kind good words to
them. One day two grand
IA people came in as prisoners.
One was the chief of all the
bakers, who made bread for
King Pharaoh; and the other
was the chief of all his cup-
JOSEPH INTERPRETING THE DREAMS.
bearers, who carried him his
wine. Some wrong thing had happened, and they were both sus-
JOSEPH TELLS THE MEANING OF DREAMS.
pected of having had something to do with it, so they had been
sent to prison. One morning Joseph saw them both looking more
sad than usual; and when he asked what was the matter, they said
each had a dream, and they wanted to know what it meant; for
the Egyptians used to think a great deal of dreams, and there were
men among them who pretended to explain them. Most dreams have
no meaning, but these had, and God put it into Joseph's heart to under-
stand them. The cup-bearer had dreamt that he saw a vine, and that
it had three bunches of grapes, and that he was squeezing the juice
into the king's cup as he used to do. Joseph said this meant that
in three days the cup-bearer should really hand Pharaoh the cup again;
and Joseph begged that when-he was free he would tell the king about
himself, and get him set free. Then the baker told his dream-that
he had three baskets full of pastry and bread ready for Pharaoh, but
that the birds came down and ate them up. Joseph was obliged to
tell him that this meant that he would be hanged, and that the vul-
tures and ravens would eat his flesh. So it happened. Pharaoh
looked into the matter in three days' time; he caused the baker to be
hung, and the cup-bearer to come back to his old place. But the cup-
bearer was ungrateful, and forgot all about Joseph in his prison, trust-
ing to him. And he stayed there a long time after. But, little Anna,
he did get out and became a very great man, and I will tell you about
it next Sunday."
Little Anna was very sorry she could not hear how it happened now,
but she said she would wait, and she hoped he would be sure to get
out. Aunt Charlotte patted her cheek and promised her he should do
so in the very next lesson.
Who was Joseph? Where was he? How came he to be in Egypt? Where had he been put?
Had he done anything wrong? Who trusted him? What had he to do? Who came into the
prison? What was the cup-bearer's dream? What was the baker's dream? What did Joseph say
the cup-bearer's dream meant ? What did the baker's dream mean ? What happened? What had
Joseph asked of the cup-bearer? Did he remember?
SWe are verily guilty concerning our brother."-Genesis XLII, 21.
S "NOW," said little Anna,
I 'B clapping -her hands, "this is the
Time for poor. Joseph to get out of
that mean prison." "Yes," said
Aunt Charlotte, "Joseph did not
always stay in prison, for God gave
him wisdom to tell the king of
Egypt that his dreams had meant
JOSEPH BEFORE P that there were going to be first
seven years of very fine harvests,
and then seven years would come of no harvests at all. So the king
took him out of prison and made him a great lord; and he set to
work to buy the corn that was over and above what people wanted to
eat in the years of plenty, that he might store it up against the
years when the corn would not grow.
"So when the bad harvest began Joseph had plenty of corn, and he
sold it for the king to all who wanted it. The famine was not only in
Egypt but in all the countries round; and by and by Joseph saw,
among the people that came to buy, ten of his own brothers-the
same who had sold him for a slave. He knew them, for they still
looked like shepherds, but they did not know him, for he had grown
from a youth to a man, and was dressed like an Egyptian lord; and
he did not let them know that he knew them, though he wanted much
to know what had become of his old father and his little brother Ben-
jamin. He made as if he thought they were enemies, come to see if
Egypt could be conquered.
Then they told him who they were; that they were all one man's
sons, and that one brother they had lost; the other was left with his
father, who could not bear to part with him. Joseph would not seem
to believe this, and said he must keep one of them in prison while he
sent the rest back to fetch their youngest brother, or else he could not
believe them. Then, when fear and trouble came on them, they began
to think how ill they had used their lost brother Joseph; and they said
one to another, We are verily guilty concerning our brother.' Joseph
heard them, and could hardly bear it; but still he kept to his plan. He
kept Simeon a prisoner, that he might be sure of the others coming
back, and sent them home to fetch Benjamin. But he would not have
any of the money they had brought for the corn, and made his steward
put it all back into the mouths of their sacks.
When they found this out as they went home they were much
afraid, and when they came home their father was more afraid still.
After the way they had used Joseph he thought they had killed
Simeon, and wanted to kill Benjamin. They spoke truth now, but he
could not believe them; and he said he could not send Benjamin, for
if mischief should befall the lad, then shall ye bring down my gray
hairs with sorrow to the grave.' "
I am so glad Joseph got out of prison," said Anna. "Yes, but he
ought to have licked his old, mean brothers." Stop, Willie," said
Aunt Charlotte. The Bible says we must forgive those who injure us."
Where was Joseph ? Why was he in prison ? What did God make him able to tell the king ?
How many years was there to be much corn? What was to be done with the corn ? Who man-
aged the buying it ? When was the corn wanted ? Who came to buy corn ? Who did not come ?
Why did not Joseph's brothers know him? What did he make believe to think? Whom did he
tell them to fetch ? What did he give back to them ? What did their father say about Benjamin's
going ? Why was he afraid to trust them with Benjamin ? What is the way to be believed ?
- ~s ~Bl~i~PI
55 JOSEPH'S BROTHERS GO AGAIN TO EGYPT.
Joseph's Brothers Go Again to Egypt.
God Almighty give you mercy before the man."-Genesis XLIII, 14.
"Joseph's brothers were soon obliged to go again and buy more
corn in Egypt. Joseph had said they must bring the. young brother
they had told him of, or he should not believe their story; and when
they said Benjamin must go, their father Jacob was greatly grieved,
and showed how little he could trust them now, after the way they
had behaved to Joseph. He would not have let Benjamin go at all if
ised to take
Scare of him;
is so beauti-
i ., a ful, and so
'easy to un-
".- I ,.derstand in
': l the Bible,
EGYPTIAN WOMEN. that I hardly
like to tell it
in my own words. Only think of Joseph's heart being so full when
he saw his own dear youngest brother that he could not stay with
him for his tears, and went away to weep in his chamber! And yet
he still tried the brothers. He wanted to see if they still were
envious of the one their father loved best; so he made his steward
hide his cup in Benjamin's sack of corn, and then go after them and
pretend to think they had stolen it.
"The sons of Jacob were no thieves, and they said the steward
JOSEPH MAKES HIMSELF KNOWN.
might search their sacks. They took them down and looked, and there
was the cup in Benjamin's sack I
They were all shocked; and the steward said that Benjamin must
go back and be punished.
How pleased they would have been long ago if such a misfortune
had happened to Joseph! But now their hearts were changed, and
they were shocked and grieved."
I'm glad they got into trouble," said Willie; "served 'em right."
"Yes, but poor little Benjamin and old Jacob," said little Anna.
"Joseph ought to have sent his papa a letter to tell him all about it."
What had Joseph's brothers done to him ? What trouble did you hear last Sunday he was in ?
But how did he behave ? And what had he come to be ? What had he stored up ? Who came to
buy corn? How many brothers came? Which did not come?- Why did not Benjamin come?
Did the brothers know Joseph? What did he tell them to do? When he saw Benjamin, where
did he go? What did Joseph tell his steward to do ? What did Joseph want to see ? How did the
brothers behave this time?
Joseph Makes Himself Known.
"God did send me before you to preserve life."-Genesis xLv, 5.
"Do hurry, Auntie, about Joseph. I'm most crazy to know about
him and little Benjamin," said Anna.
"Well, to begin where we left off," said Aunt Charlotte. "All the
eleven sons of Jacob turned back in grief and fear and dismay with
Benjamin. How the cup came to be in his sack they could not guess,
but they knew that their father's heart would break if they came home
md left Benjamin to be a slave.
So they all went back to the lord of the land, and Judah stood up
before the strange, stern, princely man, and told him how much their
old father loved this youngest son, and he would be sure to die if the
lad did not come home safe. And then Judah begged to stay and be
a slave in Egypt, instead of his brother Benjamin,, for he said if mis-
chief befell the lad his. father would die, and that he could not bear to
IOSEPH MAKING HIMSELF KNOWN TO HIS BRETHREN.
JOSEPH MAKES HIMSELF KNOWN.
But when Judah so spake, the lord of the land sent all the lookers-
on away, and wept aloud, and said that he was their own brother,
Joseph, whom they had sold so long ago. He would not let them be
afraid; he embraced them all and wept for joy, and asked for his
father. Then he told them not to grieve for what had gone before;
for God had turned it all to good, and made him be the means of
saving all their lives, by storing up the corn in Egypt.
"And now they were to go home, and tell Jacob, their father, that
Joseph was still alive, and was a great and powerful man; and they
were to fetch old Jacob, their father, and their wives and their children,
and all they had, and come to live with Joseph in Egypt, where he
would take care of them.
"That was the way Joseph forgot all the ill his brothers had done to
him, and forgave them, and loved them with all his heart. When the
brothers came home, their father Jacob could scarcely believe such
good news; but at last he said, 'Joseph my son is yet alive, I will go
to see him before I die.'
"And he came down to Egypt, and Joseph met him and fell on his
neck and kissed him; and then there was joy indeed, joy as if Joseph
had come back from the dead.
So Jacob lived all the rest of his life in Egypt, and was happy with
his son Joseph. God had given him another name, Israel, and his
sons, and their sons after them, were always called the children of
Now, brother," said Clara, do n't you see Joseph was right ?"
" Yes," answered little Anna, "he was a good boy to his old, mean
brothers; and do n't you expect they all loved him after that ? "
Right, my darling," said Aunt Charlotte. "Jesus said we must do
good to those who treat us meanly, and that we must love our
enemies. That makes them our friends."
Who was Benjamin? What was found in Benjamin's sack? Who put it there?- What was
going to be done to Benjamin? Who spoke for him? What did Judah ask? Who did the lord
of the land turn out to be ? How came Joseph to be in Egypt ? Why had his brothers not known
him sooner? How did he treat them? Whom did he send for? What did Jacob say? Where
did Jacob go to live? Why was it very kind in Joseph to help his brothers?
The Baby in the River.
"I have surely seen the affliction of My people."-Exodus II, 7.
"WILL you tell us more about
Joseph, Auntie ?" "No, Willie; we
will skip a long time,-nearly three
hundred years,-and see how
Jacob's people got on in the land of
k 'Egypt, and I will start with the
J baby in the river.
'"You heard in our last lesson
01. 7 how Joseph brought his father and
brothers and their children to live
.., in Egypt. Their children's children
went on living there for many years,
till they had come to be a great
people, and were called the children
S---- of Israel; but then the King of
-=-=- Egypt grew cruel to them. He
MOSES IN THE BULRUSHES.
made them work very hard to make
bricks and build towns for him; and, what was still wbrse, he ordered
that whenever a little boy was born to the children of Israel, he should
be thrown into the river and drowned.
One mother hid her little baby for three months, and when she
could not hide him any longer she put him into a little cradle of bul-
rushes, covered over with pitch to keep the water out, and let the
THE BABY IN THR RIPER.
cradle float on the river, leaving the little boy's sister to watch him.
Presently a lady, no other than the daughter of the cruel king, came
down to bathe in the river. She saw the little cradle and had it
brought to her. The little baby was crying, and the lady pitied him
and took him home, to bring him up for her own child. She wanted a
nurse for him, and his sister brought the baby's own mother, and she
became his nurse.
"His name was Moses, and he grew up in the king's house as the
son of the king's daughter; but when he grew up he went away from
the king's house, because he
loved his people and pre- ,
ferred to live with them, and
the king grew angry with him
because he cared for his own i /
people, and he had to flee
away and keep sheep in the
"And there he saw a great -'
wonder. He saw a flame of "
fire in a bush, and yet the : -
bush was not burnt. And
God's voice spoke to him out .. .
of the fire that did not burn, -
and told him that the troubles "
of His people, the children of s ,
of His pop th children of MOSES KEEPING SHEEP IN THE WILDERNESS.
Israel, were to come to an
end. God Wiould save them from the cruel Egyptians; and Moses him-
self was to go and lead them out, and bring them to the good land
that God had promised that Abraham's children should have for their
own. Moses was to go and tell the king of Egypt that it was God's will
that they should go. Moses was afraid at first, but God promised to
help him; and in our next lesson you will hear what happened."
"Tell us now," said little Anna. Was it bad ? This afternoon,
my darling," said Aunt Charlotte. "Now see how well you can
answer the questions."
MOSES AND AARON BEFORE THE KING.
Who was Moses? Where was he put when he was a baby? Why was he put on the river? Who
had said the little boys were to be drowned? Whose babies were they that were to be drowned?
What other cruel things did the King of Egypt do to the children of Israel? Who were called the
children of Israel? What became of Moses in his bulrush cradle? Who brought him up? Did
he stay with the king's daughter? Whom did he care for? What wonder did Moses see? Who
spoke to him ? What was God going to do for His people ? What land would He give them?
Who had the first promise that his children should have the good land ?
Moses and Aaron before the King.
"And Pharaoh said, Who is the Lord? "-Exodus v, 2.
"Now, Moses had a brother Aaron, who was a priest and a good
talker, and he got him to go with him and they told Pharaoh God's
message-that the people of Israel were to go away and worship
Him. But Pharaoh said, Who is the Lord; that I should obey His
voice to let Israel go ? I know not the Lord, neither will I let
Israel go.' And he was more cruel to the children of Israel; he
made them work harder and harder,
a and had them beaten if they did
,-. not do all the work that was set
them. They had to make bricks of
.. clay mixed with straw; and, to
:'.:: punish them, Pharaoh said that they
should have no straw given to them
for their work, but that they must
--- find it for themselves; and yet he
ISRAELITES MAKING BRICKS IN EGYPT. .
required of them just as many bricks
as they had had to make before. Then they cried out and were
angry, and fancied Moses had brought all this trouble on them by
asking for them to go. They were very miserable, and said they
wished they had never listened to Moses, for he had only made them
worse off instead of better.
"Aaron was a better speaker than Moses, and God had said he
should help him, and that, when God told Moses anything, Aaron
66 MOSES AND AARON BEFORE THE KING.
should speak it to the people. So the two brothers stood telling the
Israelites to bear it a little longer, and then it would be all well and
over, and they would get away from making the bricks in Egypt to
the beautiful country. They could not remember it themselves, but
some of their fathers' grandfathers had been little boys when they
came, and could tell them that it was a country not all flat, with only
one river in it, like Egypt, but full of steep hills and green valleys,
with bright streams running along in them, and thick woods on some
of the slopes, and others laid out in gardens and vineyards. There
were so many cows in the pastures, and in the wild rocks and hollow
trees so many bees' nests, that
it was called a land flowing
Sowith milk and honey.
"Should not the Israelites
Shave liked to hear of such a
place as this? But, no; they
were too dull to care. They
thought more of whether they
should -get a leek or a melon
to eat at supper than of all the
ISRAELITES MAKING BRICKS IN EGYPT. -lovely land far away. Do you
know, people are very like that
when they care for now more than for by and by. If we want just
what pleases us to-day, instead of caring for what will be good for us
as we grow older, we are just like the Israelites, who would not
attend to Moses or to God."
If I was Moses and Aaron I would have gone off to that pretty
country and left those good-for-nothing Israelites in Egypt,". said
Willie. Not so," said Aunt Charlotte. We must do all the good
we can for others. That's the way Jesus did."
Who was Pharaoh? Who were the children of Israel? Who had been sent to call them?
What did Pharaoh say to Moses? How did he use the Israelites? What would he not give them?
Who was Moses' brother? What was Aaron to do for Moses? Who spoke to Moses ? Who told
the people what God said to Moses? What kind of place did God promise? What did Moses
say it flowed with? Why ? Did the Israelites care ? Why not ? When are we like them ?
HOW GOD PUNISHED THE KING.
How God Punished the King.
"I will redeem you with a stretched out arm." -Exodus vi, 6.
"The Israelites grew very unhappy, for Pharaoh became even more
cruel to them, and they thought it all Moses' fault. But Moses told
them that they must go away and that no matter what came on Egypt
they would be saved, and that God was going to show them His
power, so that they might always remember what He had done for
them, and how He,punished Pharaoh, who would not obey Him.
"Then God made His power to be known; so that Pharaoh and the
children of Israel might both learn who is the great Lord of heaven
and earth, who must be obeyed. First, Moses stretched out his rod,
and all the water in the river turned into blood. For seven days it
was all one red dreadful stream of blood; and when Moses held out
his rod again it turned back into pure water. But Pharaoh did not
mind, and would not let the people go. Then God sent a multitude
of frogs, that came into all the houses and bed-rooms, and on the
tables and everywhere. Pharaoh could not bear to have these crea-
tures everywhere, and said if the frogs would but go away he would
let the children of Israel go. Moses prayed to God, and all the frogs
died; but Pharaoh only hardened his heart again, and would not let
the people go. Next, God sent lice-disgusting unclean creatures,
most horrible to the Egyptians, who could not bear anything dirty; but
Pharaoh did not care. Then came swarms of flies, buzzing, stinging,
and tormenting; and Pharaoh said he would allow the Israelites to
go, so the flies were taken away; but no sooner were they gone than
he went back again to his obstinacy, and would not let the people go.
He was trying to fight against God, and so came these terrible miseries
on him. If people will not do better after being punished, worse and
worse is sure to come on them."
But did n't he let 'em go ?" said little Anna. "Yes." said Aunt
Charlotte; "at another time I'll tell you how it was."
How did God punish Pharaoh? What four plagues have I told you of to-day? Why did these
dreadful things happen? Did Pharaoh care for them? Why did he not mind them? What
happens to those who do not mind being punished ?
: -C4PI~pp--`"srrragW~1~11184~abj~L~9~-i7 -1Si~r--l-rxf~~
The Plagues of Egypt.
"There is none like Me in all the earth."-Exodus IX, 14.
"The Lord hardened Pharaoh's heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go."-
Exodus x, 20.
,, NOW tell us some more about mean old
Pharaoh and how he had to let the children of
S Israel go away from Egypt. You said you would,
Auntie," pleaded little Anna, as they all took their
places after breakfast.
If\ I will, my dear," answered Aunt Charlotte,
PHARA"H. and I will give you another surprise. You
notice the weather is getting warm and spring-like.
Suppose we have one long talk this morning. Then, after church,
we will use the afternoon for a pleasant walk, to see if there are any
tiny flowers coming."
Good!" shouted Willie, throwing up his hat, and the other children
were equally delighted.
Well, then, last Sunday we had learned about four plagues-." I
know," said Willie; the river turned to blood, the frogs, and the lice
and the flies." Right," said Auntie. "I had forgot about the old
hop-frogs," put in little Anna. Was there any more 'plegs,' Auntie?"
Yes; six times more God had to punish wicked Pharaoh, and these
six terrible plagues I will tell you about to-day," said Aunt Charlotte,
and she straightened herself up in her chair and talked very earnestly
and looked away as if she could see all the terrible things she
THE PLAGUES OF EGYPT.
described, and the children did not once take their eyes off her face,
so deeply were they interested.
"After God had sent the flies, next he made the sheep and cows,
that the Egyptians worshiped like gods, fall sick and die, but still
Pharaoh did not care; then the people all had sores and boils that
made them very ill, but still Pharaoh did not care; and then there
was a terrible storm, thunder and lightning, and rain and hail-such
big hailstones as killed the men and cattle that were out in the fields,
and lightning that struck them, and wind that broke every tree in the
field. No wonder that Pharaoh was frightened, and begged that the
storm might cease, and said that then he would let the Israelites go.
So Moses prayed to God, and the thunder
left off, there was no more hail, and it was
all still again. But when the thunder was ---
over Pharaoh grew wicked again, and left .-
off caring, and said the Israelites should -
not go. And thus God went on being
angry with him and sending worse plagues
"Worse troubles are sure to come
when people have not taken warning by
what was sent them before. Pharaoh had
not minded seven dreadful plagues, so now God sent another. He
sent locusts. These were creatures like great grasshoppers. They
came in swarms and clouds, and ate up every green leaf and blade of
grass, and made all the earth brown and the trees dry sticks, so that
there was nothing left for man or beast to eat. Then Pharaoh gave
way a little, and said he would let the men go, but that their wives
and children must stay; and he would not hear a word more, but
had Moses and Aaron driven out from before him.
"Then God bade Moses to hold up his hand to Heaven. And dark-
ness came all over the land. It was dark all day-and with dark-
ness that might be felt'; not like night, but such black darkness that
no fire or candle could give light, and no one dared to move about,
but the Egyptians lay still in their places, full of horror and terror,
THE PLAGUES OF EGYPT.
for three whole days. But all the time it was light among the Israelites
-the sun rose and set as usual; and thus God showed that they were
His people. Then Pharaoh said that he would let them go-men,
women, and children, only he must keep all their cattle; and when
Moses, speaking God's words, said that the cattle must go too, and
not a hoof be left behind, Pharaoh made his heart hard again, and
drove out Moses, saying the people should not go, and that Moses
should never see his face again. And Moses said, 'Thou hast
spoken well, I will see thy face again no more.'
"So ended the last hope for Pharaoh. He was never to have
another chance of bending his will and doing as God told him. Oh,
let us take care not to be like him.
After the nine sad plagues that had come upon the Egyptians-
the blood for water, the frogs, the lice, the flies, the cattle plague, the
boils, the hail, the locusts, the darkness-there was to be still one
plague more, the last and worst. That would make the Egyptians
let the people of Israel go, so they must be ready.
"There should be a terrible night. God's holy angel would pass
over the whole land of Egypt that night, and in each house of the
Egyptians he would slay the eldest son of the family. No one would
be spared: Pharaoh's eldest son, the young prince, and the very poorest
person's son. They had killed the little Israelite babies, so God
would punish them by killing their children. None of the Israelites
should lose their children; only there was one thing for them to do.
They were that night to make their supper on a lamb, and, with some
of the blood of the lamb, they were to make a mark on the doors of
their houses. Where that mark was the angel would pass over and do
no one any hurt; but the people would be blest and set free, because
they believed God, and did as He bade them."
"That was a good story, Auntie," said Clara, "and it teaches us
that we must obey God or be punished. Pharaoh was like all sinners
who do not keep their promises to God. ,They are punished for it."
" Did Moses' folks get away ? asked Anna. I'll tell you about it
next Sunday," answered Auntie; "and this time, as we have had a
long talk, I will not ask any questions."
ICcntb Zunba2.-iEaztc erMae
"There was not a house in which there was not one dead."--Exodus xII, 30.
"THIS is the day I promised
to tell you, Anna, about Moses'
People leaving Egypt; but in the
morning lesson I want to tell
you that this is the Sunday many
Christians celebrate as Easter,
which means deliverance.
"This is our own gladdest
Sunday in all the year, and we
GYPTIAN INGIN r CHARIOTead of the Israelites being glad
EGYPTIAN KING IN HIS CHARIOT.
too-glad upon the very Sunday
that answered to this, thousands of years ago. On this Sunday, of all
those thousands of years, there has been joy and gladness and thank-
ing God. And why? It was because all the troubles in Egypt were
over, and God brought the Israelites out safe. There was one thing
they had to do first, though; Moses bade them do it, as God com-
manded. I told you they had to eat a lamb for supper Yes; every
family was to take a lamb, and it was to. be killed and roasted whole
in the evening, and some of its blood was to be marked upon the
door-post of the house, and then all the family were to stand round the
table, all ready dressed for a journey, and eat it as fast as they could,
late at night.
"And while all the families-fathers and mothers and children-stood
THE PASSOVER AND EASTER DAY.
up eating the lamb in this strange way, there came a great shout and
cry. God had sent His angel to punish the cruel Egyptians; and
every house where there was no mark of blood on the door-post had
some one dead in it, and that dead person was the eldest or first-born
son. There was a great cry, for there was death everywhere, from the
son of Pharaoh who sat on his throne down to the child of the
poorest slave; and even the first-born of cattle died too, because the
Egyptians used to worship them; but wherever there was the blood
on the door-post the angel passed over, and the eldest son was safe.
The cruel King Pharaoh was sorry and afraid at last, and said that
the people who brought such trouble on him should go where they
liked. And, Anna, in the story this afternoon and to-night I will tell
you all about it."
Why are we glad to-day ? Where were the Israelites living ? Who said they should come out?
What did God tell the Israelites to eat ? How were they to be dressed while they ate it? What
were they to do with the blood? Who was going to pass over the land that night ? What did
the angel do where he did not see any blood on the door-post? Who were frightened then?
The Passover and Easter Day.
"It is the sacrifice of the Lord's passover."-Exodus xII, 27.
"Now, children," began Aunt Charlotte, I want to teach you a little
lesson to show you why the Jews keep the Passover and many
Christians observe Easter day.
When the king of Egypt said the Israelites might go they were all
up and dressed, quite ready and only waiting, and off they set. No
more making of bricks, no more slaving for the Egyptians, no more
drowning of babies! They were free! and God was going to lead
them to the beautiful country that long ago He had said He would
"And so always after that, to put them in mind how they were saved
from the Egyptians, God bade them on the same day in each year to
kill a lamb and roast it, and put the blood on the door-post, and eat
the lamb all standing round the table, dressed as if they were going
GOING OUT OF EGYPT.
for a journey, that they might never forget how God had made them
free. This was called the Passover, because the angel passed over
the houses where the blood'was marked over the door. And God
came in a pillar of cloud to show them the way they should go.
"Now, you remember, hundreds of years after this our blessed Lord
was crucified when He had come to the Feast of the Passover at
Jerusalem. You know He was like a lamb, He was so pure and
gentle; and His blood saves us, as that lamb's blood did the Israelites,
and sets us free from the power of the devil. So we still keep the
feast of being set free, on this happy Easter Sunday, when we recollect
that Christ was slain for our sins, but that He rose again from the dead,
and liveth for evermore.
What did Pharaoh say that the Israelites might do? What made him let them go at last?
Who were set free? What were the Israelites to do every year? What was this eating the lamb
called? Why was it called the Passover? Why were the Israelites glad? Who set us free?
S In what is He like a lamb?
Going Out of Egypt.
"The children of Israel shall go on dry ground through the midst of the sea.-Exodus xiv, 16.
"This is the time the Israelites are to get away, Aunt Charlotte,"
said Willie. "Yes; and don't let mean old Pharaoh keep them
any more," said little Anna.
"All the Egyptians were weeping over their dead first-born sons,
and the Israelites were set free, and going gladly out and away from
their hard masters.
But Pharaoh's hard heart turned again, and he got all his chariots
and horsemen together, and went after the children of Israel to drive
them back to Egypt." Oh! now, but he did not catch them, did
he ? asked Anna, with great excitement. "No; when he came in
sight of them, there they were all upon the shore of the sea called the
Red Sea. They could not go on, for the sea was straight before them;
they could not go back, for the Egyptians were behind. They were
sore afraid. But God spoke to Moses, and told him not to fear. They
had only to stand still and see how God would save them.
GOING OUT OF EGYPT.
And God himself showed that He was with them, for the pillar of
cloud went behind them, instead of before, and made it dark to the
Egyptians, but gave light by night to the Israelites: so the Egyptians
could not get near them all night." "How glad I am," said little
Anna, clapping her hands.
Then God bade Moses stretch out his rod over the sea. And then
there was a great wonder. The waves of the sea parted, and stood
up on each side in a heap, and in between there was a wide open
space, where the children of Israel might walk safely dry-shod,
through the very midst of the sea. Through it they went, men,
women, and children, through the depths of the sea, with the waves
standing still on each side of them.
"Pharaoh saw that they were all gone over. He chose to follow after
them. But when his host was full in the midst, the sea returned to its
strength again and came down on the Egyptians, and every one of
them was drowned,-' they sank like lead in the mighty waters,'-and
the Israelites were freed from their enemies, quite away from all their
trouble and all their slavery; and they all sang hymns of joy to God,
who had set them free.
"And now, as we hear about their being set free, let us remember
this is the great Easter day, when we ought to give special thanks to
our Blessed Lord Jesus for having set us free."
"I'm so glad they got away safe," said Anna. "Yes; and I'm
gladder because those wicked Egyptians got drowned," put in Willie.
"No, brother, rather we should be sorry their wickedness made
them go in to their destruction," said Clara. Right," said Aunt
Charlotte. "We should never rejoice in any wicked person's death.
Christ came to save the wicked, and but for his coming we would all
Who had set off to leave Egypt? But what did Pharaoh do? What was before the Israelites?
What was behind? Where did the pillar of cloud go? How were the Egyptians cut off from
them? What wonder did God work? Where did the Israelites go over? Who came after them?
What became of the Egyptians? Who were free? Who had made them free? Who makes us
DTPTRUCTION OF THE EGYPTIANS.
Wicked Men Swallowed Up.
The Lord will show who are His and who is holy."-NVumbers xvI, 5.
WHEN the Israelites came out of Egypt they had a long journey
to go, through a dreary, lonely wilderness. Moses and his brother
Aaron led them; and God took care of them, and fed them, and kept
them safe. But there were two wicked men, named Dathan and
Abiram, who were tired of the wilderness, and were angry at having
Moses for their leader and master, though God had made him lead
them, and had done so much for them. They said they were as good
as Moses, and that he should not be their prince. They did not care
for God having spoken by him.
Their end was so very dreadful that I can hardly tell it to you.
God would not let them rise up against His servant Moses; and when
they would not listen nor repent He made the earth open under their
feet, and they went down alive, and were swallowed up in the pit
before the eyes of all the other Israelites ; and so they died the most
terrible death any one ever died. It was because they set themselves
up against Moses, whom God had placed over them, that He was so
angry with them.
Remember God has set people over us: there are our fathers and
mothers, and our clergymen and teachers; and it is our duty to obey
them, as He tells us in the Fifth Commandment. If we are proud
and saucy, it is very wrong of us. It is not likely that we should be
so dreadfully punished in this life as Dathan and Abiram were; but
their horrible death should make us remember that God is very angry
KORAH AND HIS FRIENDS BURNT TO DEATH
with those that will not try to obey those that have the rule over
them, and set themselves up to be bold and proud, and to say they do
Who was set over the Israelites by God ? Where had he brought them from? Where was he
leading them to? How should they have behaved to him? What bad men were there among
them? Why was it very wicked of Dathan and Abiram not to obey Moses? What terrible end
did they come to ? Why was God angry with Dathan and Abiram? Whom did He set over you?
Then how must you behave to your parents and clergyman and teachers?
THE HIGH PRIEST BURNING INCENSE WITHIN THE HOLY OF HOLIES.
Korah and His Friends Burnt to Death.
And seek ye the priesthood also ? "-Numbers xvi, Io.
"I will tell you to-day about a wicked meddler." "Some people
are always meddling with other people's business," said Willie. Yes
and we will see how this meddler suffered," began Aunt Charlotte
KORAH AND HIS FRIENDS BURNT TO DEATH.
" When God had the children of Israel started on their journey He
chose that Aaron, Moses' brother, and his sons should be His priests.
A priest had to offer up the sacrifices to God, and to burn incense to
Him. Incense is made of dried plants and gums that have a sweet
smell when they are burnt. The priests had brazen urns with holes
at the top, and chains to hold them by, and when the smoke of the
incense went up it was just as our prayers rise up to God in heaven
There were other people called Levites, who had to take care of the
holy things that were used in God's service, but only the priests
might offer sacrifices or incense.
Now, one of these Levites, named Korah, wanted to do more.
He was angry, and said everybody was holy, and that Aaron took too
much on himself. Now, it was not Aaron who made himself priest,
but God had made him so. Therefore it was wrong in Korah; but
there were two hundred and fifty men whom he persuaded to come
and get censers, and offer incense to the Lord as if they had been
priests. But because they did it in pride and self-will God was angry
with them, and His fire burst out and scorched them all to death! It
was only the men themselves that died, not their wives or children;
and Korah's family after him were better than he was, and used to
sing God's praises in the Psalms.
"But they always recollected that no one who was not a priest
might offer sacrifice or burn incense before God."
"The lesson we learn from this," said Clara, I should think is
that we must do what God wants us to." "Yes, and mind our own
business," said Willie.
What had a priest to do? Who was the right priest ? How came Aaron to be priest ? Who
wanted to offer incense? What did Korah say? How many came with him? What did they tr
to do? What happened to the two hundred and fifty? Why were they punished ? What became
of Korah's children ?
HOW THEY MADE HIGH PRIESTS.
How They Made High Priests.
S"The rod of Aaron for the house of Levi was budded, and brought forth buds, and bloomed
blossoms, and yielded almonds.''-Numbers xvi, 8.
"Why did the priest offer a sacrifice, Aunt'Charlotte?" asked
Clara, as they took their seats after tea. An important question: I
am glad you asked it,"
said their aunt. '
"The high priest, whom
God chose, had to offer
sacrifices to Him. That
was, the priest slew a
lamb or a goat or a bul-
lock by the altar and gave .
it to God. It was to -a
show that the son of God -
would come and die to
take away sin. Now He '
has come and died, we A
have left off killing crea-
tures in sacrifice, and only
make remembrance over
again of His sacrifice in I
the sacrame nt of the
"The high priest used
to wear a beautiful dress.
He had a miter on his
head, with a gold plate on
it, and the words,-'Holi-
ness unto theLord'; and TiL HIGH PRIEST IN HIS BEAUTIFUL DRESS.
he had a blue, red, and white robe, embroidered with gold, and round
the hem little gold bells and pomegranates. He had a curious scarf
called an ephod, and a beautiful breast-plate made of twelve precious
_I _C _
HOW THEY MADE HIGH PRIESTS.
stones, each with the name of one of the twelve tribes of Israel
engraven on it." "How did Aaron know he was to be the high
priest? asked Willie. "Another good question," answered Auntie.
"It was done this way. God said He would show who should be His
priest. So he bade Moses desire the chief man in each tribe to bring him
a dry rod or staff, and lay them up all night in the Holy Place. The
one whose rod began to grow as if it was still on the tree should be
the high priest. When the twelve men went to look in the morning,
eleven rods were dry sticks still, but one had put out green leaves
and pink buds and white blushing flowers, like almond blossoms.
It was Aaron's rod; and this was the way God let the children of
Israel know that Aaron and his sons, and grandsons after him, were
always to be priests." "Now I understand it; do n't you, brother ?"
said little Anna. "Oh, that's easy," answered Willie.
What was a priest? What creatures were killed? What was this to make the children of
Israel think of? Why do n't we kill sacrifices now ? What did the high priest wear on his head ?
What color was his dress? How was it edged ? What was on his breast ? How did God say he
would show who was to be the high priest ? What were the eleven rods like in the morning ? But
how did one look? Whose was it? What, then, was Aaron to be?
PLAGUE OF FROGS.
Moses Bringing Water Out of the Rock.
"Ye shall not tempt the Lord your God."-Deut. vi, 16.
-. ., I TOLD you what sort
of a place a desert is, and
how full it is of stones
V and rocks and sand, and
S- with no water in it. Do
you remember how thirsty
-I Ishmael was in a desert,
and how God heard the
,l I voice of the lad, and sent
-- "Well, when the Is-
THE HIGH PRIEST OFFERING INCENSE.
raelites had come out of
the land of Egypt they were in a terrible wilderness. Mount Sinai
stood up in the midst, and all round were great rocks of red and black
stone, all dry and parched with the hot sun shining on them. The
Israelites grew very hot and sadly thirsty, but they did not pray as
Ishmael had done. They grew angry, and said, Is the Lord among
us or no?' Do you not think they deserved that God should show
whether He was among them by punishing them for grumbling?"
____ L ~
82 THE SERPENTS THAT BIT THE PEOPLE.
"But they wanted some water to drink," said Anna. "That was the
way they tempted God. Yes, and He was so good and merciful that
He pitied them; and He bade Moses to take his rod, and go to the
bare, dry rock and strike it. And when Moses struck the rock Goc
made a beautiful, fresh, clear spring of water come pouring out of it,
so that all the people, and all their cows and sheep and asses-and
camels, could drink and be refreshed. Was not that a great wonder ?
and was not God very kind to them, though they were not good?
But you see God was near to help them all the time, and it was very
sad that they grumbled instead of praying. Do not be like them. If
a thing is hard to bear, do n't murmur and grumble about it, but pray,
and then you will get help. Either the vexing thing will go away,
or you will leave off minding it."
What was the mountain in the midst of the desert? What can not be found in the desert?
Who was the lad that was thirsty there before ? What did Ishmael do when he was thirsty ? But
what did the Israelites do? What did they say? What would have served them right? But did
God punish them? What did He tell Moses to do? What came out of the rock? Who made
the water come out of the rock? Was it not very good of God to give them water ? What oughi
they to have.done? What should you do when a thing is hard? Is it not very naughty to
The Serpents that Bit the People.
"As Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up."
-John III, 14.
"What will you tell us about this afternoon ?" asked Willie.
" Snakes," answered Aunt Charlotte, with a laugh. But I do n't like
snake stories," said little Anna. But you must be patient, my little
curlyhead," said Aunt Charlotte, patting the chubby cheek, "this story
is in the Bible.
One great fault of the Israelites was that they had no patience.
The moment they saw anything troublesome or difficult they began
to cry out, and say they could not get on, and it was very hard on
them. Now, it is very wrong ever to say God is very hard upon us,
for we may be sure He is doing what is best for us. There was one
-- r _
MOE1j SMITING THE ROCK.
FOOD SENT FROM HEAVEN,
stony, hot, steep part of the journey still to come, and when the
Israelites saw it they forgot how often God had helped them, and
cried out, and lamented, and complained of Him and of Moses.
"So again they were punished, for the little shining snakes that
live there came in numbers, darting at them and biting them, so that
the bite burnt like fire, and they died. Then they cried out to God
and were sorry, and He told Moses of a wonderful way to cure them.
Moses was to melt up some brass and make a great serpent, like the
little ones that bit them, and set it up on a pole. Then if any one
who was bitten would come at once and look up at the brazen serpent
his bite would get well, and he would not die of it.
This was a miracle-a wonder. And it was to teach the Israelites
something, and us too. For you know our Blessed Lord hung on the
cross, as the serpent hung on the pole; and when our souls are in
danger of dying of sin, we must think of Him, and look to Him in
faith, and He will save us from being punished for our sin, and keep
our souls from dying if we believe in Him as our Saviour."
What sort of place had the Israelites to go over ? How did they like it ? What did they do ?
Who had been taking care of them? How did God punish them ? What happened when the ser-
pents bit them ? What were they sorry for? So what was Moses to make? Where did he put the
brazen serpent? What were they to do if they were bit? What cured them? Who hung upon
the cross ? What does He cure our souls of ?
Food Sent from Heaven.
"He humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thou knewest
not. "-Deut. vIII, 3.
This morning," said Aunt Charlotte, drawing little Anna to her,
"you heard how God gave the children of Israel water to drink in the
wilderness. Then how he saved them from the fiery serpents. Now
you shall hear what He gave them to eat. The ground was all hard
and stony. There was grass which the cows and sheep could eat, and
there were a few trees with long sharp thorns, but no fruit on them,
and no corn to make bread; and soon the people were very hungry.
FOOD SENT FROM HEAVEN.
and began to cry ou that they did not know what would become of
SBut God was not going to forget them. When they rose up in
the morning the fresh dew lay on the grass, and all about in the dew
were little white things that tasted like wafers made with honey. This
was called manna, and God had sent it from heaven for them to eat
Every morning on week days there it was, and they had all to come
out and pick it up. But they must get up early to gather it, for
when the sun was hot it
would melt away. And
they could not keep it-
it grew bad and was not
fit to use the next day; -
but there was always
just enough for every- l'
body to have all they / -
wanted. There was
only one day in each
week that more came
down, and that was the .:
day before the Sab- :
bath day,-Saturday,- '
which they kept instead ..
of our Sunday. Then GATHERING MANNA IN THE WILDERNESS.
each one could get
twice as much as could be eaten in one day, and it did not spoil so
fast. For on the Sabbath day God would have them rest, and so
no manna was to be found anywhere, so that they might learn to
keep the Fourth Commandment-' remember the Sabbath day to keep
Where were the Israelites ? Why could they not get bread ? What did God give them instead ?
What was the manna like? Where did it lie? When was the manna on the grass? Who were to
eat it? What became of it in hot sunshine? Would it keep? What was the day when it could
be kept? How much came down the day before the Sabbath? What might not be done on the
Sabbath? When did no manna come?
Balaam and the Wicked King.
SThou shalt not curse the people: for they are blessed."-Numbers xxI, 12.
"CHILDREN," began Aunt Charlotte,
did you ever want to do something that
--r ,your mama said was not right, and did
S, .. you tease her to let you do it?" "Not
I," said little Anna, but brother Willie
-" does." "Well," said Auntie, I'll tell you
i f-:__--__ a story about one of God's children who
---- did the same thing.
A "-There was a prophet called Balaam.
prophet means a man to whom God
-:I- -i made His will known, and who was thus
-_ ,c2' much wiser than other men. This prophet
one day saw some rich great men come to
his house. They brought him a message,
that a king named Balak wanted him to
iome with them, and would give him great rewards for coming.
Balaam said he must wait for one night, and God would make known
to him what he was to do. And at night God told him he was not to
go; for what Balak wanted of him was to curse the children of
Israel, and God would not have them cursed. So Balaam said he
must not go, and the messengers went away.
"But Balak sent more princes, still grander men, with larger
presents, to fetch Balaam. He answered, 'If Balak would give me
.BALAAM AND THE WICKED KING.
his house full of silver and gold, I can not go beyond the word of
the Lord my God, to do less or more.' But he had not left off wishing.
He begged the messengers to stay, and see if God would give him
leave to go. And this time God did say he might go, but that he
should not say anything about the Israelites but what God put in his
mouth. Balaam knew that God was not pleased with him; but he
wanted Balak's rewards, and he set off in. the morning, riding on his
Presently the ass was frightened, and turned out of the road into
the field. Balaam was angry at this, and beat the ass. But again the
ass turned aside in a narrow walled path, and squeezed Balaam's foot
against the wall. He beat her again. Presently, in a very narrow
road, the poor ass fell quite down for fear; and Balaam was very
angry, and beat her harder. Then God worked a wonder. He made
the dumb ass to speak, and ask why he was so cruel to her. He
answered that he only wished for a sword to kill her. The ass asked
if she had ever been like this before. He said, No. And then, full
before him, he saw God's holy angel with a sword in his hand. And
he fell down on his face. The poor ass had seen the angel all the
time; but Balaam could not see him till God made him able. And
now he was afraid, and would have gone back; but the angel said he
must go on now, though he would only be able to speak the words
which God put in his mouth. Think if, sometimes when you have
been told you must not do something, you fret and tease to do it-is
not that like Balaam ? And perhaps you tease till some one gives
you leave to do as you wish. Then you get quite cross with eagerness,
and are unkind to all that hinders you; and, after all, you do not find
that any good comes of getting your own way." "That's right. I
guess I'll quit teasing mother to let me do what she does n't want me
to after this," said Willie. When you do it hereafter we will call you
Balaam," said Clara, and they all had a hearty laugh.
What is a prophet? Who sent for Balaam ? What did God tell Balaam? But what did Balaam
wish to do ? How did he get leave to go at last ? But who stood in his way ? Who saw the angel at
BALAK AND BALAAM BROUGHT TO SHAME.
first? What did Balaam do to the ass? What wonder did God work? What did the ass say?
Whom did Balaam see ? What did the angel tell him ? What had he been allowed to have ? Does
good come of having our own way ?
Balak and Balaam Brought to Shame.
There shall come a Star out of Jacob, and a Sceptre shall rise out of Israel."-Numbers xxiv, 17.
"What did old Balak want Balaam to curse the Israelites for, Aunt
Charlotte ? Balaam would n't have got into that trouble if it had n't
been for him," said Willie. Well," answered Aunt Charlotte, Balak
was a king whose land the Israelites were to pass through. They
promised not to do any harm to him or his people, if they might go
quietly through; but he was afraid and angry, and wanted to have
them cursed, hoping to bring God's anger on them. That was a very
wicked and foolish notion of King Balak's, and God would not let it
bring harm upon His people. They had not deserved to have His anger
called down on them, and so He would not be angry with them. And
when Balak's friend Balaam tried to speak curses, God turned them all
to blessings; and, instead of saying they should come to a terrible end,
he could only say how happy and well off they should be, with God to
take care of them and be their King. He even went on to say that a
Star should come out of Jacob, and a Sceptre should rise out of Israel
-and that meant that our Saviour should be born among them. He
is called a Star because He came to give us light; and you know a
star showed the way to the place where He was born. And a sceptre
is the staff a king carries in his hand. So when He was called the
Sceptre, it meant that He should be a King.
Only think how angry Balak was when Balaam could not curse, but
only blessed. I wish he had been afraid, and seen it was not God's
will that he should hurt the Israelites; but instead of that he went on
in his wickedness, and was miserably killed at last; for God took care
of His people, and would let no one do them any harm.
Now, recollect, bad words and bad wishes do harm to the person
that speaks them, not to those they are meant for. If a bad boy came
and abused a steady one for going to church or saying his prayers, it
BALAAM'S TRICKS AND PUNISHMENT.
would be very bad for himself; but if the good boy kept on quietly.
nothing that the other could say would hurt him one bit. God would
take care of him as surely as He took care of the Israelites."
Why did Balak want the Israelites to be cursed? What did Balaam do instead? Why
could he not curse them? Who was to be born among the Israelites? What did Balaam sall our
Saviour ? Why was He like a star ? Why was He like a sceptre ? Why could net Balak hrt the
Israelites ? Whom d6 bad words hurt? Ought we to mind them? If any one teases you when you
try to be good, must you quit being good?
Balaam's Tricks and Punishment.
"The people did eat, and bowed down to their gods."-Numbers xxv, 2.
*3 "Did Balaam get his money from old Balak?"
t asked Willie. "And did he beat his poor little
donkey any more?" asked little Anna. "Did not
his experiences turn him into a good man?" asked
Il Clara. "No," said Aunt Charlotte; "not even this
made Balaamn good. He wanted' Balak to give him
a reward; and so he told him that though no harm
BAAL could happen to the people of Israel while they were
good and worshiped their God, yet if he could make
them do something wicked, and turn away from their God, then God
would be sure to punish them.
So these two wicked men sent a number of women to invite the
Israelites to hold a great feast with them, in honor of their idol Baal
Peor. Many were so foolish and wicked as to be led away; and they
had a great feasting and reveling, and all kinds of bad pleasures that
these heathen women said were to do praise to this horrible false god.
Then, though Balak might have cursed forever without hurting them,
they had done themselves the harm. God sent a deadly sickness, and
in one day twenty-four thousand people died.
"But Phinehas, Aaron's grandson, did as Moses commanded him.
He first put to death the wickedest of the people who had joined them-
BALAAM'S TRICKS AND PUNISHMENT
selves to Baal Peor; and then he prayed, and all the people prayed
and wept too. So God forgave them, and the plague ceased.
"Afterward Phinehas led the Israelite fighting men to punish the
wicked Balak and his people; and Balaam was killed in fighting with
them. All the wicked women who had tempted the Israelites away
from God were put to death too. So Balaam's evil counsel ended in
all sorts of misery. It is very sad to think of him, for he knew so well
what was good, and yet did what was so very bad. But remember
this: nobody could hurt God's people till they did wrong, and then they
hurt themselves, and God punished them."
"And was n't Balaam bad, though ? Brother, you must n't be like
him," said little Anna, shaking her finger and looking sad.
What did Balaam think would be the way to hurt the children of Israel ? Whom did he send
to them? Whom did the women persuade them to worship ? What did God send to punish them ?
How was the plague stopped ? How was Balaam punished ? Why was Balaam greatly to be blamed ?
What became of Balaam? Who took care of the Israelites when they were good?
EGYPTIAN HOUSEHOLD GODS.
God Speaks to Moses.
"Thou hardest His words out of the midst of the fire."-Deut. Iv, 36.
"WHAT would you think, Willie,
if you should hear some one speak-
ing to you from the clouds?" It
would be fun," said Willie. "I
would be afraid," said little Anna.
"So would Willie, if he should hear
it.as Moses heard it. I will tell you
When the children of Israel had
come out of Egypt, God had told
Moses to lead them to the foot of
Mount Sinai. This was a high;
MOUNT SINAI. steep, rocky mountain in the wilder-
ness. And God told Moses to set
bounds round the mountain, so that nobody should come and touch it;
and the people were to pray, and wait round it for the holy and awful
thing that was to happen. Then- there came on the hill-top a deep
dark cloud, 'and the mountain was altogether on a smoke,' and it
shook and quaked, and there were lightning and thunders and voices,
and the sound of a trumpet loud and louder, so that all the people
trembled. Then out of that cloud there came a voice speaking to
them-a voice that they all could hear, and that made them afraid.
For it was the voice of God. And God spoke out of the cloud, and gave
MORE ABOUT MOSES ON. THE MOUNTAIN.
the Ten Commandments. They were the very same Ten Command-
ments you see in the Bible. God had come in this terrible and awful
manner to speak them, that all Israel might hear and fear, and take
care not to break them. Afterward God gave these Ten Command-
ments to Moses, written upon two tables, or pieces of stone-written
by God Himself. That was the way the Ten Commandments were
given-by God's own voice speaking to men out of the cloud, amid
thunders and lightning and the sound of the trumpet, dreadful to
hear. And God means us all to obey
the Commandments, just as much as
He meant the Israelites to obey them.
They are His words, and must be
kept; and if we ask Him in our
prayers He will give us help and
wite -strength to obey them, so that we may
Sfulfil the promise that was made at our
baptism, that we should keep God's
THE ERECTION OF THE TABERNAcLE. holy will and Commandments, and
walk in the same unto our lives' ends."
I would have been frightened if I had been there with Moses," said
Willie. But Moses knew God was his friend and was not afraid,"
answered Clara. Right again, my girl," rejoined Aunt Charlotte.
Where had the children of Israel come from? Who was leading them? Where did God tell
Moses to take them? What wonderful sight did they see on Mount Sinai ? What did they hear?
Who spoke out of the cloud? How many Commandments did God speak? On what did God
write them? To whom did He give them ? Why must they be kept?
More About Moses on the Mountain.
"The Lord talked with you face to face in the mount out of the midst of the fire."-Deut. V, 4.
"Did Moses talk to God, Auntie ?" asked Clara. "Yes," answered
Aunt Charlotte; the Bible tElls us that when the lightning and
thunder and the loud voiee of the trumpet came forth from the cloud
on Mount Sinai, and God had spoken the Ten Commandments, He
MORE ABOUT MOSES ON THE MOUNTAIN
called to Moses to come up and speak with Him in the cloud. How
wonderful it must have been I Moses was the only man that ever
spoke so near to God.
"And, as I said before, God gave him two blocks of stone written
with the Ten Commandments-written with God's own finger. Then
God told him to make a chest to keep them in. It was to be made of
HIGH PRIEST IN THE HOLY OF HOLIES.
wood, with gold all over it; and two figures of cherubims were to be
one on each side. This chest was to be called the Ark of the Cove-
nant. And it was to be put into a square room, inside a tent, that was
to be made with curtains, and carried about with the Israelites. It
was to be called the Tabernacle. And this was to be a very holy
place. The children of Israel would say their prayers in front of the
Tabernacle; but they were not to go into the place where the Ark
MOSES' LONG STAY ON THE MOUNTAIN
was, because they were sinful, and God is holy. That place was to be
called the Holy of Holies, and no one might go near it but the priests
whom God chose and set apart to lead His worship. The first high
priest, as I have told you, was to be Moses' brother Aaron; and he
was to wear a beautiful dress when he ministered before God-a high
cap with Holiness to the Lord ". on it, a long embroidered robe,
edged with gold bells and pomegranates, and a blue scarf crossed
over his breast; and in the middle a breast-plate, made of twelve
precious stones, each carved with the name of one of the twelve tribes
of Israel, so that he might have them on his heart as he prayed to
God. All this and much more God told Moses while he was on the
What was given on Mount Sinai? Who spoke the Commandments? What were they written
on? Where were they to be kept? What was the chest called? Where was Moses to put the
chest? What was the room called ? Who might go near the Holy of Holies? Who was the first
high priest? Who was Aaron? What was Aaron to wear? Why might not the people come
Moses' Long Stay on the Mountain.
"Know therefore that the Lord thy God, He is God."-Deut. vii, 9.
"I expect Moses was very glad to get away quick from that place
when he got done talking with God," said Willie. Not at all,"
answered Aunt Charlotte ; "when? Moses went up into the awful cloud
upon Mount Sinai, he stayed there forty days.
"But all the Israelites below were impatient. They could not think
what had become of Moses; and though they had so lately heard
God's own voice speaking to them, they would not wait, as they had
been told to do. They cried out that they wanted something instead
of Moses, whom they had lost. So they took all their gold ear-rings
and melted them, and made an image of a golden calf. And then
these foolish, wicked people began to feast and dance, and worship this
"Moses was coming down Mount Sinai with the two Tables of the
Commandments in his hands. And first he heard a shouting and
MOSES' LONG STAY ON THE MOUNTAIN.
singing; then he saw the people leaping and dancing, and the great
golden idol standing in the midst. Then he was sure it was of no use
to bring them the Commandments if they minded them no better. So
he took the two tables of stone and threw them out of his hand, and
broke them to pieces.
"Then he went down and severely punished the worst of the
Israelites for having disobeyed the Commandments. And he broke
the golden calf to pieces, and ground it to powder."
"Who got the gold pieces of the calf?" said Willie. "And-then
they did not have any more ear-rings, and they did not have any more
tables of stone written by God, did they? said little Anna. "Yes,"
dear; they had the Tables of the Law. I'll tell you next Sunday how
they got new tables of stone with the laws on them."
Where had Moses gone? What was God going to give him? Who were left below? What
did the Israelites want ? What did they take off? What did they make of their ear-rings? What
did Moses do to the Tables of the Law? Why did he throw them down ? What did he do with
the golden calf?
THE TABERNACLE RESTORED.
How Moses Saw God.
"I prayed therefore unto the Lord, and said, O Lord God, destroy not Thy people and Thine
inheritance."-Deut. ix, 26.
"LAST Sunday you heard how
sadly the people of Israel sinned by
making the golden calf, while Moses
was up in the mountain, and how he
punished them and broke the tables of
"Then he said he would go and
pray to God to forgive them, and try
them again. So up he went, over the
rough rocks of Mount Sinai, and into
the cloud again, where he had spoken
with God before. And he prayed with
all his might that God would not cast
off His people, though they had been
so wicked, but would give them again
the Commandments on their tables of
stone. And God listened to Moses,
and promised to give them the Com-
mandments again. Then Moses made
*a great request: he said to God, 'I pray Thee, show me Thy glory.'
But God said, Thou canst not see My face, for there shall no man see
Me and live.' But Moses was to come up the mountain the next day,
TWO DANGEROUS IDOLS.
and bring with him two blocks of stone, and then God would let him
see as much of His glory as he could bear.
On the next day Moses went up the mountain again, and took with
him the two tables of stone. And the Lord came down in the cloud;
and Moses was in the cleft of the rock, where he could see a small
part of the glory, and hear the Lord's voice proclaim before him,' The
Lord, the Lord God, merciful and gracious, long-suffering, and abun-
dant in goodness and truth.' Then indeed Moses bowed his head
and worshiped. No man ever came so close to God as Moses, with
whom God spoke face to face, as a man speaketh to his friend.
Moses stayed forty days and forty nights up in the mountain again
this time. And God again wrote the Commandments upon the two
tables of stone, and allowed the Israelites to try again to keep them.
When Moses came down from being in converse with God, the glory
was still about his face. It was all shining like the sun, and was so
bright that the Israelites could not fix their eyes on it; and he was
obliged to put a veil over his face, because they could not bear to
look at it. Was ever living man so favored, and brought into such
Where did Moses go to pray for the forgiveness of the Israelites? What did Moses venture to
ask God to show him ? But what can no one do? Where was Moses placed? What passed by?
What voice did he hear? How was Moses more honored than any man? How long did he stay
in the mountain? What did God give him again ? How did his face look when he came down?
What did he do to hide his face ? How came his face to be so glorious?
Two Dangerous Idols.
"Ye shall walk after the Lord your God, and fear Him."-Deut. xIII, 4.
| "Did the children of Israel worship any more golden calves, Auntie ?"
asked Willie. "No; but they were in great danger of worshiping
other idols just as bad. I will tell you of them.
God wanted the Israelites, when they should come into the good
land where they were going, to be very careful not to learn to worship
idols. For idols were no gods at all, only wood and stone, and
could not hear them pray, nor give them what they wanted. Besides