Title: Vegetarian
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Title: Vegetarian
Series Title: Vegetarian
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Creator: Horticultural Sciences Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publisher: Horticultural Sciences Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Horticultural Sciences Department
Publication Date: June 2001
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Volume ID: VID00440
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Vegetarian Newsletter

A Vegetable Crops Extension Publication
University of Florida
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Cooperative Extension Service
Vegetarian 01-06
June 2001

Index Page


~Adobe Acrobat

VEGETABLE CROPS CALENDAR

COMMERCIAL VEGETABLES

O Web-based Sources of Information for Greenhouse Production of Vegetables
O Sweet Onion Variety Trial, Spring 2001
O Vegetable Section Program FSHS Annual Meeting
O Postharvest Handling Considerations for Greenhouse-Grown Beit Alpha Cucumbers

M VEGETABLE GARDENING

O Heirloom Tomato Varieties for Florida

List of Extension Vegetable Crops Specialists

Related Links

(Note: Anyone is free to use the information in this newsletter. Whenever possible, please give credit to the authors. The
purpose of trade names in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing information and does not necessarily
constitute a recommendation of the product.)


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Web-based..Sources of Information
for Greenhouse Production of Vegetables


,-
.j' a


Commercial production of vegetables in greenhouses or shade houses (protected agriculture) is increasing in Florida. The
most commonly produced vegetables are tomatoes, European cucumbers, peppers and lettuce but there are also
commercial operations growing strawberries, squash, and herbs. Operations range from 30 acres to single bay houses with a
variety of types of structures and production methods. A diversity of information is necessary to ensure economically
successful production.

Following is an annotated list of web sites relating to planning, building and producing vegetables in greenhouses. As new
sites appear continually, this is not intended as an exhaustive list. The state of origin for the information is listed so that it


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Florida State Horticulture Meeting June 10-12 Hutchinson Island Marriott Beach Resort and Marina, Stuart, Florida.
American Society for Horticultural Sciences Annual Meeting July 22-25 Sacramento, CA.
Florida Tomato Institute Sept. 5 Naples, FL.
Florida Agriculture Extension Professionals Meeting Sept. 10-14.
FACTS Meeting Oct. 2-3 Lakeland, FL.
2001 Florida Postharvest Horticulture Institute at FACTS Oct. 2-3 Lakeland, FL. Contact Steve Sargent,
352-392-1928 x215, sasa@mail.ifas.ufl.edu. This year's topic, "Sanitation and Food Safety: Protecting Produce and
People" will feature Dr. Jim Gorny, Technical Director, International Fresh-cut Processors Association, and UF/IFAS
extension specialists in lecture and hands-on/demonstration formats.
Cucurbitaceae 2002 December 8-12, 2002 Naples Beach and Golf Club, Naples, FL. Contact Donald N. Maynard at
(941)751-7636 x239 or dnma@mail.ifas.ufl.edu.








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can be viewed in its environmental context.

Florida Greenhouse Production Information

Protected Agriculture page from the Horticultural Sciences Department
http://www.hos.ufl.edu/ProtectedAg/

North Florida Research and Education Center webpage on greenhouse and hydroponic production
http://nfrec-sv.ifas.ufl.edu/ah & hydroponics.htm

EDIS publications (http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu) include:

Nutrient Solution Formulation for Hydroponic (NFT and Rockwool) Tomatoes in Florida
Design Suggestions and Greenhouse Management for Vegetable Production in Perlite and Rockwool Media in Florida
Florida Greenhouse Design
Greenhouse Ventilation
Heating Greenhouses
Fans for Greenhouses
Maintenance Guide for Greenhouse Ventilation, Evaporative Cooling and Heating Systems
Computerized Greenhouse Environmental Controls
Disease Diagnosis and Control in Greenhouse Vegetables
Weed Management in Enclosed Greenhouses

Business Plans

Creating a master plan for a greenhouse operation (NJ)
http://www.rce.rutgers.edu/pubs/pdfs/e221.pdf

Basic questions to ask when starting a greenhouse business (AR)
http://www.uaex.edu/Other Areas/publications/PDF/FSA-6051 .pdf

Estimating income potential of a greenhouse operation (AR)
http://www.uaex.edu/Other Areas/publications/PDF/FSA-6052.pdf

Detailed overview of considerations in starting a greenhouse business (AL)
http://www.aces.edu/departmentlextcomm/publications/anr/ANR-691/pdf/anr-691.pdf

Marketing

Evaluating a marketing plan (TX)
http://aagie-horticulture.tamu.edu/greenhouse/econ/chmkt.html

Greenhouse Structures

Considerations in building a greenhouse (WV)
http://www.wvu.edu/~agexten/hortcult/greenhou/building.htm http://www.wvu.edu/~agexten/hortcult/greenhou/grencons.htm

Greenhouse Coverings

Choosing a covering material based on light transmission (NJ)


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http://aesop.rutaers.edu/-ccea/q h-cover.pdf

Environmental Control for Greenhouses

Overview of factors relating to environmental control (MS)
http://msucares.com/pubs/pub1 879.htm\

Water and Nutrient Management

Greenhouse management handbook (TX)
http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/greenhouse/guides/green/green.html

Overview on irrigation and fertilization (NC)
httD://www.ces.ncsu.edu/deDts/hort/areenhouse vea/waterfert.html

Water quality measurement for greenhouse production (AL)
http://www.aces.edu/department/extcomm/publications/anr/anr-1158/anr-1 158.html

Spreadsheet for fertilizer injection (MS)
http://www.mafes.msstate.edu/pubs/bulletins/b1003.htm

Growing Media

Descriptions of media available and their characteristics (written for nursery crops but applicable to greenhouse vegetables)
(AR)
http://www.uaex.edu/Other Areas/publications/PDF/FSA-6097.pdf
http://www.uaex.edu/Other Areas/publications/PDF/FSA-6098.pdf

Pest Management

Weed control
http://www.ag.ndsu.nodak.edu/aginfo/pesticid/publications/GreenH/gpm-9.htm#Section11 (ND)
http://aesop.rutgers.edu/~Floriculture/publications/dirweed .htm (NJ)
http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/hil/hil-570.html (NC)
http://www.umass.edu/umext/programs/agro/floriculture/floral facts/ghweeds.htm (MS)

Disease control
http://www.ca.uky.edu/acolleplantpathology/PPAExten/PPFShtml/ppfshl .htm (KY)

Insect control (including biocontrol)
httD://www.extension.umn.edu/distribution/horticulture/DG6682.html (MN)
httD://iDmwww.ncsu.edu/biocontrol/2a.htm (NC)
httD://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/ent/notes/Veaetables/veal7.html (NC)

Crop Specific Information

Tomato
http://ohioline.aa.ohio-state.edu/b672/b672 34.html (OH)
http://www.oznet.ksu.edu/library/HORT2/MF2074.PDF (KS)
http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/greenhouse veg/gtp outline.html (NC)


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http://res2.a r.ca/harrow/bk/tom-toc.htm (Ontario)
http://msucares.com/pubs/p2257.html (MS)
http://msucares.com/pubs/publ828.htm (MS)
http://aa.arizona.edu/hvdroponictomatoes/index.htm (AZ)

Cucumber
http://www.oznet.ksu.edu/library/HORT2/MF2075.PDF (KS)
http://res2.aar.ca/harrow/bk2/cuke-toc.htm (Ontario)

Lettuce
http://www.cals.cornell.edu/dept/flori/lettuce/index.html (NY)

Organic Greenhouse Production
www.attra.org/attra-pub/ghveg.html (AR)
http://www4.ncsu.edu:8030/~jfmiles/ (NC)

Other Information

Organizations, conferences and suppliers
httD://www.cals.cornell.edu/deDt/flori/facts .html

List of resources
www.attra.org/attra-pub/ghwebRL.html

List of references
http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/hil/hil-32-a.html

Greenhouse software programs
http://res2.aar.ca/harrow/software/software.htm

Decision support system for integrated crop management of greenhouse vegetables
http://res2.agr.ca/harrow/hgcm/hgcm.htm


(Lamb, -Vegetarian 01-06)


Sweet On.ion Variety Trial, Spring 2001


Sweet (short-day) onions are a relatively minor crop in Florida. Production exists as both dry bulbs (mature) and green tops
(immature). Limited production has existed throughout the state. The biggest deterrent for increased production is from
competition from established markets in south Texas and middle Georgia areas. However, the potential exists for expanding
production, especially in the areas of local sales and direct marketing.

The objective of this trial was to evaluate the performance of sweet onion varieties under north Florida conditions.

The transplants for this trial were produced from field beds at the NFREC, Quincy. Nineteen entries were seeded on 3 Oct
2000. Seed were planted at rate of about 30 seed per ft into rows spaced 12 inches apart. Preplant fertilization of seedbeds
was 30-40-401bs/a of N-P205-K20. Goal 2XL was applied over the top at 1 pt/a after seedlings reached the 2 true leaf stage.


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Seedbeds were top dressed once with 34 Ibs N/a. Entries were transplanted into the production field on 11 Jan 2001. Soil
type was an Orangeburg loamy fine sand. Preplant fertilization was 60-80-80 Ibs/a of N-P205-K20. Production scheme was 3
rows spaced 15 inches apart under a 5 ft tractor and in-row spacing was 4 inches (78,404 plants/a). Goal 2XL at 2 pts/a was
applied on soil surface before transplanting and Dacthal 75 W at 9 Ibs ai/a was applied over the top after transplanting.
Nitrogen was applied twice during the season at 50 Ibs N/a each time. One top dressing of K20 as KCI at 60 Ibs/a was made
during the season. Registered pesticides were applied as needed to control pests.

Entries were harvested as they matured, where mature is defined as when about 25% of the tops of an entry had fallen down
naturally. Bulbs were lifted, allowed to dry for a few hours and tops and roots removed. Bulbs were then placed in bushel
baskets and dried for 72 hours at 1000 F in large drying rooms. After drying time was complete, onions were removed,
allowed to cool down and graded. Grading consisted of discarding culls (small onions, splits, off color and decayed) and
sizing into medium (1.5-2 inches), large (2-3 inches) and jumbo (>3 inches) categories. Bulbs were then weighed and
counted.

Harvest occurred from the period of 7 May to 21 May. Total yields ranged from 949 50 Ib bags/a for 'SSC 6436' to 284 50 Ib
bags/a for 'Nikita' (Table 1). Four other entries produced yields as high as 'SSC 6436'. Yields were good to excellent in 2001
except for the late entries due to several rain storms near harvest time that caused a high incidence of bulb rotting. 'Linda
Vista' produced the largest bulb at 12.0 oz and 'King Midas' produced the smallest at 6.7 oz. Percent marketable bulbs
ranged from a low of 50.1% for 'Pegasus' to a high of 99.0% for 'King Midas.' Percent bolting level was very low (<1%) on all
entries.


Table 1. Yield, percent marketable, average bulb weight and days to harvest of short-day onion trial, Spring
2001. NFREC, Quincy.

Marketable Yield (50 Ib sacks/A)

Days to
Marketable Days to
Entry Source Large Jumbo Total Harvest from
(%) Bulb Wt Transplant
(oz) _Transplant
(oz)
SSC 6436 Shamrock 73 b-dz 861 a 949 a 97.5 ab 10.2 b-d 116

Linda Vista Petoseed 65 c-e 813 ab 890 ab 85.5 cd 12.0 ab 127

SSC 6371 Shamrock 61 de 794 ab 862 a-c 95.7 a-c 9.8 c-e 116

SSC 6372 Shamrock 95 ab 728 a-c 838 a-c 99.0 a 8.9 de 119

Nirvana Sunseeds 61 de 764 ab 832 a-c 87.2 b-d 12.3 a 124

Chula Vista Petoseed 90 bc 655 b-d 759 b-d 91.4 a-d 10.1 cd 124

Granex 7092 Petoseed 62 de 676 b-d 745 b-d 88.1 a-d 9.4 c-e 127

Sweet Melissa Sunseeds 62 de 664 b-d 739 b-d 81.4 de 10.8 a-d 125

Georgia Pride Shamrock 94 ab 586 cd 699 c-e 95.8 a-c 8.0 ef 116

Rio Bravo Sunseeds 58 de 569 cd 634 d-f 88.8 a-d 9.9 c-e 124

Sweet Success Sunseeds 45 e 576 cd 626 d-f 85.6 cd 11.0 a-c 125

Cyclops Asgrow 95 ab 511 d-f 623 d-f 72.0 ef 9.6 c-e 130

Sweet Melody Sunseeds 78 b-d 524 de 611 d-f 84.7 cd 9.1 c-e 124


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43 e


502 d-f


552 e-g


60.5 g


(Olson Vegetarian 01-06)


Vegetable .Section Program FSHS Annual Meeting


The Florida State Horticultural Society is holding its annual meeting June 11-12, 2001 at the Hutchinson Island Marriott
Beach Resort and Marina, Stuart, Florida.

The following is for the Vegetable Section Program. For the complete program and other details, visit their website at:
http://valencia.lal.ufl.edu/ikbu/fshs/index.html


June 11, 2001
Elliott Amphitheater
Monday a.m.

The southwest Florida pest and disease hotline An Extension Success Story. E.
10:00
McAvoy, Hendry County Cooperative Extension Service, UF.

The potential for use of biologically-based disease management products in Florida
10:15 vegetable production. E.M. Lamb, Indiana River Research and Education Center, UF, and
EN Rosskopf, USDA-ARS, Ft. Pierce.

Effect of metam sodium and methyl bromide on root-knot nematode, yellow nutsedge and
10:30 damp-off on cucumber cv. Dasher II. R.T. McMillan, Jr. and H.H. Bryan, Tropical
Research and Education Center, UF.

Distance between yellow nutsedge (Cyperus esculentus) and polyethylene-mulched bell
10:45 pepper (Capsicum annuum) at which interference is minimal and maximal. T.N. Motis, S.
J. Locascio, Horticultural Sciences Department, and J.P. Gilreath, Gulf Coast Research
and Education Center, UF.


11:00


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EX 19013


Asgrow


10.4 b-d


130


King Midas Sunseeds 118 a 353 e-g 495 f-h 99.0 a 6.7 f 119
Granex 33 Asgrow 65 c-e 339 fg 415 g-i 55.8 g 9.3 c-e 130
Pegasus Asgrow 37 e 359 e-g 401 g-i 50.1 g 9.7 c-e 130
Yellow Granex
Yellow GSunseeds 44 e 326 g 376 hi 70.7 f 9.2 c-e 125
Imp.

Nikita Sunseeds 40 e 233 g 284 i 59.5 g 10.0 cd 130
z Mean separation by Duncan's Multiple Range Test, 5% level. Values in columns followed by the same letter
are not significantly different.


Competition of smooth amaranth (Amaranthus hybridus) and livid amaranth (A. lividus)
with cucumber. A.D. Berry, W.M. Stall, B. Rathinasabapathi, Horticulture Sciences
Department, G.E. MacDonald, Agronomy Department, and R. Charudattan, Plant








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Pathology Department, UF.

Influence of the biostimulant folcysteine on the interference of purple nutsedge (Cyperus
11:15 rotundus L.) With eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) J. P. Morales-Payan and W. M.
Stall, Horticultural Sciences Department, UF.

11:30 Progress toward developing new insecticides and miticides for spider mites in strawberry.
J. F. Price, Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, UF.

An economic assessment of pre-harvest fungicide applications to control Botrytis Fruit
11:45 Rot in annual strawberries. J. J. Haydu, Mid-Florida Research and Education Center and
D. E. Legard, Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, UF.

Lunch Break

1:15 Sectional Business Meeting

1:0 The rise and fall of the Florida celery industry from 1895 to 1995. G.M. Talbott, Florida
Celery Exchange, Winter Park, FL.

A decade of change in Florida's greenhouse vegetable industry: 1991-2001. R. V. Tyson,
Seminole County Cooperative Extension Service; B.C. Hochmuth, North Florida Research
1:45 and Education Center, Suwannee Valley; G. J. Hochmuth, North Florida Research and
Education Center, Quincy, and M.S. Sweat, Baker County Cooperative Extension
Service, UF.

Competitiveness of the Spanish and Dutch greenhouse industries with the Florida fresh
2:00 vegetable industry. D. J. Cantliffe and J. H. Vansickle, Horticultural Sciences Department,
UF.

2:15 Hydroponically produced "Gallia" muskmelon What's the secret? N.L. Shaw, D. J.
Cantliffe, and S. Taylor, Horticultural Sciences Department, UF.


2:30 Improving lettuce transplant quality in response to nitrogen nutrition in a floatation
production system. P. Soundy and D. J. Cantliffe, Horticultural Sciences Department, UF.

Performance of greenhouse tomato varieties grown in soilless culture in north central
2:45 Florida. J. C. Rodriguez, D. J. Cantliffe and N. Shaw, Horticultural Sciences Department,
UF.

3:00-3:30 Discussion and Intermission

Muskmelon fruit yield response to K source and method of application. G. J. Hochmuth,
3:45 North Florida Research and Education Center, and M. Gal, Horticultural Sciences
Department, UF.


4:00


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Interactions between nitrogen rates and cultivar on the yield of strawberry. E. J. Simonne,
Horticultural Sciences Department, J. R. Duval and E. Golden, Gulf Coast Research and
Education Center, UF.








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(White -Vegetarian 01-06)


Postharvest Handling Considerations
for Greenhouse-Grown Beit Alpha Cucumbers


There is potential to produce the new Beit Alpha-type cucumbers under protected culture in Florida. These miniature
cucumbers were developed in Israel and are similar to the Dutch greenhouse types, in that they have a thin skin and are
seedless, but are significantly smaller, with ideal size ranging from about 5 to 7 inches (12.5 to 17.5 cm) in length and 3/4 to
1 1/4 inches (22 to 29 mm) in diameter. Tests conducted at the Florida-Israeli Protected Agriculture Project in Gainesville
and at the North Florida Research & Education Center-Suwannee Valley in Live Oak have shown that these cucumbers yield
well under a wide range of ambient temperatures found in greenhouses (Shaw, et al, 2001).

In order to successfully introduce a new specialty crop like Beit Alphas, consideration must be given to developing market


Page 9


4:15 Sulfur fertilization for polyethylene-mulched cabbage. A. D. Susila and S. J. Locascio,
Horticultural Sciences Department, UF.

A comparison of resistance to gas diffusion through the seedcoat and hilum of triploid and
diploid watermelon (Citrullus lanatus Matsum & Nakai). J. R. Duval, Gulf Coast Research
and Education Center, UF; D. S. NeSmith and M. Rieger, Department of Horticulture,
University of Georgia, Athens, GA.

4:45 Response of "Florida 47" tomato to seed and foliar applications of 'silk' biostimulant. A.
A. Csizinsky, Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, UF.

June 12, 2001
Elliott Amphitheater
Tuesday a.m.

80 Results of sweet corn variety demonstrations on organic soils. K. D. Shuler, Palm Beach
8:30
County Cooperative Extension Service, UF.

Cost comparisons of Boniato in Miami-Dade County, FL: 1980 vs. 2000. F. Roka,
Southwest Florida Research and Education Center, M. Lamberts, Miami-Dade County
8:45
Cooperative Extension Service; S. K. O'Hair, Tropical Research and Education Center,
and R. Regalado, Miami-Dade County Cooperative Extension Service, UF.

Greenhouse production of several fresh-cut herbs in vertical hydroponic systems in north
9:00 Florida. S.C. Stapleton and R. C. Hochmuth, North Florida Research and Education
Center, UF.

Calabaza yield and size at two spacings when grown as a second crop on various plastic
mulches. J. M. White, Mid-Florida Research and Education Center, UF.

90 Abundance and distribution of thrips Palmi karny on potatoes and eggplants. D. R. Seal,
Tropical Research and Education Center, UF.








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demand and understanding postharvest handling parameters. Important aspects of developing market demand include
consumer preferences (e.g., color, size, flavor) and buyer preferences (e.g., package size and weight). Key postharvest
information is lacking that would allow commercial growers to successfully ship Beit Alphas to desired markets. Desirable
quality parameters include firm texture, shiny, dark-green skin color, and freedom from shrivel, and mechanical injuries
(abrasions, cuts, bruises). Therefore, shippers must know optimal storage conditions and cooling method, mechanical
properties (resistance to compression, vibration), packaging types and threshold susceptibility to ethylene exposure. Other
postharvest treatments, such as coatings, hot water immersion, and controlled/modified atmosphere storage, may also
significantly extend product quality.

Recent observations of Beit Alphas at retail level showed preventable quality losses, indicating the need for information on
proper handling of this new crop. Slicing-type cucumbers can be safely stored at 50 to 550F (10 to 130C) for 10 to 14 days,
depending on cultivar (Hardenburg, et al., 1986). To minimize moisture loss and shrivel field-grown slicing cucumbers are
usually coated with wax, while Dutch greenhouse-grown types are shrink-wrapped with plastic film.

This spring we performed preliminary postharvest tests with Beit Alpha cucumbers from both research sites and a
commercial greenhouse operation. Panelists in our sensory evaluations commented that the flavor was excellent. At harvest,
small-diameter fruits (3/4 inch; 22 mm) were consistently firmer (from 1 to 2 Newtons) and had a noticeably crisper texture
than larger-diameter fruits (1 1/4 inch; 29 mm). This indicates that smaller cucumbers may be less susceptible to mechanical
injuries during handling and shipping. 'Sarig' cucumbers stored at 500F (100C) and 95% relative humidity maintained high
quality for more than 14 days (Fig. 2). After 5 days storage, uncovered cucumbers lost about 50% more fresh weight than
those loosely covered with plastic film. Both 'Sarig' and 'Alexander' cultivars developed chilling-injury symptoms after 7 days
storage at 45.50F (7.50C) or 410F (50C). Other tests are currently underway to determine the effectiveness of waxes and
shipping containers including hinged, rigid containers clamshellss).

Crops grown under protected culture can become inoculated by decay pathogens. Sources of inoculum include nearby cull
piles diseased plants and fruits should never be discarded near the greenhouse (Fig. 3). In these tests, sclerotinia rot
(Sclerotinia sclerotiorum) appeared on sound, 'Sarig' cucumbers following 7 days storage at 500F (100C) (Fig. 4). Although
considered a minor problem in field production of cucurbits, the growth of this aggressive rot during cold storage shows the
need for preventative control measures in the greenhouse.

Cross-contamination of fresh produce by human pathogens is also a serious threat to consumers, with reliable estimates in
the U.S.A. indicating that a small, but increasing percent of foodborne illness is attributable to consumption of fresh produce.
Production of vegetables in greenhouse structures holds potential for reducing the risk of foodborne illness by isolating the
plants from potential environmental contamination. Employees should be instructed in proper hand washing and other
sanitary techniques to avoid cross-contamination during harvest and handling.

For Further Information:

Hardenburg, R.E., A.E. Watada and C.Y. Wang. 1986. The commercial storage of fruits, vegetables, and florist and nursery
stocks. U.S. Dept. Agric. Handbook 66. Washington DC.

Shaw, N.L., D.J. Cantliffe, J.C. Rodriguez, S. Taylor and D.M Spencer. 2001. Beit alpha cucumber an exciting new
greenhouse crop. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 113:247-253.

Authors:

Steven A. Sargent, Suzanne C. Stapleton, Multi-county extension agent-marketing, NFREC-Suwannee Valley and Abbie J.
Fox, Senior Biological Scientist, Horticultural Sciences Dept.

Ii iI II


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(Sargent. Vegetarian 01-06)


Heirloom Tomato Varieties for Florida


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Heirloom varieties are those grown years ago by our grandparents and their ancestors. As such, these varieties represent our
gardening heritage. Most records of early vegetable varieties start in the first part of this century.

I have the English edition of "The Vegetable Garden", a book written in France in 1905 to benefit the gardeners of England as
well as those in America and Australia. My earliest US list would come from USDA Farmer's Bulletin 934, Home Gardening
in the South, written by H.C. Thompson in 1918. My earliest Florida guide is Extension Bulletin 58, Vegetable Crops of
Florida, by A.P. Spencer, followed by Fla. Extension Bulletin 80, The Home Garden, written by F.S. Jamison, June 1935.
Still another of the heirloom type by Jamison was Florida Ext. Ser. Cir. 65, Planting Charts for Home Gardens, 1943, and Bul
131, the Florida Home Garden, 1946.

Since the tomato is our most popular garden vegetable, this article will concentrate on tomatoes. There are too many other
vegetables to mention all of them now. I will list all those that were included in the above stated publications. But the most
important section will be the listing of tomato varieties kept by the Seed Savers Exchange and advertised for sale in their
Autumn 1998 Heirloom Seeds catalog.

The Seed Savers Exchange (SSE) is a non-profit organization of 8,000 members who grow and sell heirloom (handed-down)
varieties. SSE has a farm, fittingly called "Heritage Farm", located in Decorah, Iowa, where 18,000 varieties of endangered
vegetables, including 4,100 tomatoes are maintained. Up to 2,000 are multiplied for seed each summer. For more information
on that farm and organization, you can write to Kent and Diane Whealy, Seed Savers Exchange, 3076 North Winn Rd.,
Decorah, IA 52101, or call (319) 382-5990.

The following are the listings recorded in the publications which I have mentioned. This listing is not to be construed as a
recommendation for their growth in Florida, except for trial purposes. Our current recommended varieties list may be found in
Circular SP 103, Florida Vegetable Gardening Guide. For more reading of lists of heirloom tomato varieties, check out the
book, Livingston and the Tomato (1893).

*Heirloom tomato varieties. The Veaetable Garden 1905.

Large Red Tomato, Powell's Early, Early Dwarf Red, Tree Tomato, Belle of Massy, Laxton's Open-air, Atlantic Prize, Marvel
of the Market, chemin Red, Purple Champion, Scarlet Champion, Perfection, Trophy, Mikado Purple, Mikado Scarlet, Scarlet
Ponderosa, golden Queen, Apple-shaped Red, Hathaway's Excelsior, Apple-shaped Purple, Acme, King Humbert,
Pear-shaped or Fig cherry, red Currant, Beauty, Belle de Leuville, Blenheim Orange, Eariiana, Early Mayflower, Early
Optimus, Golden Trophy, Honor Bright, Jaune Petite, Large Yellow, Peach, scarlet Turk's Cap, Stone, Yellow Pear Shaped,
Vilmorin's Dwarf

*Tomato varieties listed in Home Gardening in the South. 1918

Earliana, Chalk's Early Jewel, Greater Baltimore, Red Rock, Globe, Beauty, Acme, Stone

*Tomato varieties for Florida in Vegetable Crops of Florida. 1930.

Marglobe, Livingston Globe, Stone, Ponderosa, June Pink, Earliana

*Tomato varieties for Florida in The Home Garden. 1935.

Marglobe, Livingston's Globe, Pritchard's Scarlet Topper

*Tomato varieties for Florida in Planting Charts for Home Gardens. Cir. 65. 1943

Pan America, Marglobe


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*Tomato varieties for Florida in The Florida Home Garden. Bul.131. 1946.

Pan America, Marglobe, Rutgers

*Heirloom Tomato Varieties for the U.S. in Seed Savers Exchange. 1999.


Amber-colored Russian, Amish Paste, anna Russian, Aunt ruby's German Green, Big Rainbow, Black Tula Russian, Black
Plum, Black Sea Man, Brandywine, Broad Ripple, Yellow Currant, Cherokee Purple, Druzba Bulgarian, Eurofresh, Federic,
ganti Hungarian, German Pink, Gourmet Yellow Stuffer, Green Zebra, Grandpa Cock's Plume, Hugh's, Hungarian Heart, Lisa
King, Moonglow, Marizol Purple, Martino's Roma, Mexico Midget, Nebraska Wedding, Opalka, Orange Banana, Plum Lemon
Productive, Riesentraube, Russian Persimmon, Silvery Fir Tree, Soldacki Polish, Spitze, Striped Cavern, Tommy Toe,
Tyboroski Plum, You-Go

*Heirloom tomato varieties listed by Garden Seed Inventory. 1995.

Banana Legs, Garden Peach, Golden Queen, Goldie, Mammoth German Gold, Yellow Pear, Golden Ponderosa, Yellow
Belgium, Yellow Bell, Arkansas Traveler, Watermelon Beefsteak, Pink Brimmer, Brandywine, Bull's Heart, Cherokee Purple,
Dutchman, Eva Purple Ball, German Johnson, Jeff Davis, Jefferson Giant, Marizol Purple, Mortgage Lifter, Radiator Charlie's,
Oxheart, Pomme d'Amour, Ponderosa, Purple Calabash, Sochulak, Tappy's Finest, Winsall, Abe Lincoln, Ailsa Craig, Bonny
Best, Burbank, Wickline Cherry, Crimson Cushion, Dinner Plate, Dominick's Paste, Dwarf Champion Tree Tomato, Earliana,
German, Goliath, Grandma Mary's Paste, Howard German, John Baer, Landry's Russian, Marglobe, Marmande,
Moneymaker, Red Cup Stuffing, Riesentraube, Rutgers, Scarlet Heirloom, Stone, Sugar Lump, Swiss Alpine, The Amateur,
Valiant, Ziegler's Fleisch. Big Rainbow, Dad's Mug, Elberta Girl, Great White, Hillbilly, Mr.Stripey, White Beauty.

(Stephens, Vegetarian 01-06)

Extension Veaetable Crops Specialists


Daniel J. Cantliffe
Professor and Chairman, Horticultural Sciences Department
Timothy E. Crocker
Professor, deciduous fruits and nuts, strawberry
John Duval
Assistant Professor, strawberry
Chad Hutchinson
Assistant Professor, vegetable production
Elizabeth M. Lamb
Assistant Professor, production
Yuncong Li
Assistant Professor, soils
Donald N. Maynard
Professor, varieties


Stephen M. Olson
Professor, small farms


Mark A. Ritenour
Assistant Professor, postharvest
Ronald W. Rice
Assistant Professor, nutrition
Steven A. Sargent
Professor, postharvest
Eric Simonne
Assistant Professor, vegetable nutrition
William M. Stall
Professor, weed control
James M. Stephens
Professor and Editor, vegetable gardening
Charles S. Vavrina
Associate Professor, transplants
James M. White
Associate Professor, organic farming


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