Title: Vegetarian
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00087399/00409
 Material Information
Title: Vegetarian
Series Title: Vegetarian
Physical Description: Serial
Creator: Horticultural Sciences Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publisher: Horticultural Sciences Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publication Date: January 1964
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00087399
Volume ID: VID00409
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORK IN AGRICULTURE AND HOME ECONOMICS
STATE OF FLORIDA
COLLtG O1- A.GRICULLTUR., AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SEnVICE
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA. AND V.'I ftabl Crop Specialiss COuNTY AGENT AND
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF HOME DEMONSTRArIOIN WORK
A""ICULTU'E. COOPERATINGANEVILL V E G E T ALO







JANUARY 1964


TO: County Agents, Associates and Assistants

No. 62

IN THIS ISSUE

1. When to Plant Carrots
2. Tomato Handling
3. Sweet Corn Husk Trimming
4. Pesticides
a. PEBC (Tillam) on again
b. Polyram What is it?
5. Notes of Interest


NHEN TO FLANT CARROTS

Three years of planting date research at Sanford by Dr. Forbes and
Dr. Scudder has shown that on old celery land the best yields with several
varieties have resulted from plantings made in October and early November.


TOMATO HANDLING (Reports from Florida State Horticultural Society)

Mature green Homestead tomatoes from four packing houses in Dade
County, Florida, were evaluated for external and internal bruising by
Hatton and Reeder. They found most external bruising occurred during
harvesting, hauling and dumping onto the grader. Most of these fruit
were removed by sorters. Internal bruising increased during the har-
vesting and packing process. This study indicated internal bruising
found in the market may result from injuries incurred during transporta-
tion and handling at wholesale and retail rather than during harvesting
and packing.

A study on the effect of temperature after ripening on quality con-
ducted by C. B. Hall showed that ripened fruit of Manapal, Marion, Home-
stead 24, and Step 430 stored at 500, 590, or 680F. for three weeks in-
creased in color during the first week and decreased during the third
week. Rate of color development being greatest between 500 and 590,
and more placental breakdown at 680 than at 590 or 500F, A small increase
occurred with time in storage.








-2-


Another study by Segall, Hayslip and Walter indicated a variation
in rate of ripening and susceptibility to cold injury was found among
the varieties. 11. R. Grothen, Homestead and Marion ripened more rapidly
than Indian River, lanapal, Step 410 and 430. This difference remained
whether fruit were held in storage for ten days at 550 and 400F, The
rapid ripening varieties had less alternaria stem end decay than the others
when held at 700F. following ten-day exposure to 40F.


SWEET CORN HUSK TR]2RITG

Work by R. K. Showalter indicates marked effects from removing
portions of shank and husk at harvest. Ears with long shanks decreased
8% in weight and kernels dented severely in two days. Four days were
required for 8% weight loss and moderate kernel denting with short shanks,
Movement of water from kernels to husk was highest where the shank was
not trimmed.


PESTICIDES

Chlordane tolerances on 47 fruit and vegetable crops has been re-
duced from 0.3 ppm to 0.0 ppm (zero) by FDA. This will influence
our recommendation of chlordane on vegetables where there is a possibi-
lity of having residues, particularly on root crops.

Endrin cannot be used legally on broccoli, brussels sprouts, cab-
bage, and cauliflower since label clearance was withdrawn on November 15, 1963.
Growers should be informed of this to prevent trouble with residues.

Fumazone Nemagon The nematocide sold under the foregoing trade
names has recently been given labels for twenty vegetable crops. Check
the separate sheet for specific information.

PEBC (Tillam) on again We have heard that Tillam may now be
used on field seeded tomatoes again. The manufacturer has reinstated
the chemical for use on tomatoes on a limited basis by area.

Polyram What is it? This is a new fungicide which looks good
for late and early blight on potatoes. It is a polyethylene polymer
containing 3 parts I-ethylenebis Tithiocarbamatjj zinc to 1 part jITi-
thiobis (thioczrbonyl) iminoethylengi bis aithiocarbamato zinc.


NOTES OF INTEREST

Several hundred acres of Southern Peas produced for processing in
west Florida were rendered unmarketable because of cowpea curculio. This
should not happen because three or four applications of toxephene as
recommended in 193C gives excellent control.




COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORK
IN
AGRICULTURE AND HOME ECONOMICS
COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE, UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, STATE OF FLORIDA
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE,
AND BOARDS OF COUNTY COMMISSIONERS. COUNTY AGRICULURAL HOME
COOPERATING DEMONST RAlON, AND 4.H CLUB WORK
Gainesville
December 30, 1963






TO: All County Agents and Assistant County Agents

SUBJECT: Tolerances, dosages, and limitations of DBCP.


Until relatively recently tolerances, dosages, and limitations

have not been established for chemicals used as nematocides. These

are now being issued for some nematocides. The attached pages give

the new uses of 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane + other halogenated C3

compounds (DBCP) which have been accepted for registration on certain

plants under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act.

These acceptance are based on research data and are not to be con-

strued as recommendations by the Pesticide Regulations Division, USDA.

DBCP is sold under the trade names of Fumazone and Nemagon.

Sincerely yours,



R. S. Mullin
Plant Pathologist

RSM/prv


500














1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane + other halogenated C3 compounds
Fumazone


Type Pesticide:


Insecticide -
Nematocide


Formulations accepted: 71% E.C.
containing 8.6 lbs./gal.; 86%
E.C. containing 12 lbs./gal.


Date Issued: November 15, 1963

Summary pages 201 c,d,e, (etc.)


--- -----. -----------------------------------------------------------
USE 'TOLERANCE' DOSAGE 'LIMITATIONS AND/OR DIRECTIONS
-- -- -----------------.*--- ------------- --- I *--- --- --------------- ------- -- -
'PPM lbs. actual/A.'
T T I


Apricots






Bananas


Beans
(Snap)


Blackberries


SUMMARY ENTRY


34 86






I
17 52 '
'

!


17 24
I
r
1
'
'
'


I

25


I
1
I

I


FOR THIS CHEMICAL.


Preplanting, at time of planting,
or post-planting application to
mineral soils. If preplanting
application is made, wait 4-6 weeks
before planting.

Preplanting or at time of planting
application in rows on mineral soils.


Post planting irrigation treatment
not more than once in each 9-12
month period after initial appli-
cation.

Preplanting, at time of planting.
or post-planting application to
mineral soils. If preplanting
application is made, wait 7-14 days
before planting. Do not feed plant
parts from treated areas to dairy
animals or animals being finished
for slaughter.

Preplanting, at time of planting,
or post planting application to
mineral soils. If preplanting
application is made, wait 7-14 days
before planting. Do not apply with-
in 48 days of harvest


THIS'IS THE FIRST
I I


5
I I
I

SIT


125
S(75 in
pulp)












Continued page 2


USE 'TOLERANCE' DOSAGE LIMITATIONS AND/OR DIRECTIONS
- - - --- it-" -- *H fc ijl *- rii -*1 --r--*-------i -- -I -t--- -- -- -- ----M_ _* --K--^ -R M r------
PPM 'lbs. actual/A.

Boysenberries' 25 26 Preplanting, at time of planting,
'or post planting application to
mineral soils. If preplanting
application is made, wait 7-14
'days before planting. Do not
apply within 48 days of harvest.

Broccoli 50 17 24 Preplanting, at time of planting,
or post-planting application to
mineral soils. If preplanting
application is made, wait 7-14
days before planting.

Brussels 50 17 24 'Preplanting, at time of planting,
Sprouts or post-planting application to
Mineral soils. If preplanting
application is made, wait 7-14
days before planting.

Cabbage 50 17 24 Preplanting, at time of planting,
or post-planting application to
mineral soils. If preplanting
application is made, wait 7-14
days before planting.


Cantaloupes





Carrots





Cauliflower





Celery


50





15
(Plan


Celery count


17 22





17 24





17 24





60o
t beds)


;inued on page


Preplanting, at time of planting,
or post-planting application to
mineral soils. If preplanting
application is made, wait 7-14
days before planting.

Preplanting, at time of planting,
or post-planting application to
mineral soils. If preplanting
application is made, wait 7-14
days before planting.

Preplanting, at time of planting,
or post-planting application to
mineral soils. If preplanting
application is made, wait 7-14
days before planting.

Preplanting, or post-planting drench
in plant beds. If preplanting appli-
cation is made, wait 7-14 days before
seeding.
3


Fumazone










Continued page 3


USE 'TOLERANCE' DOSAGE LIMITATIONS AND/OR DIRECTIONS
1---~-- ---- ---- ------L--- -- -- -- I- -- -- --- -- -- -- -
SPPM Ibs. actual/A.'

Celery 17 24 Preplanting, at time of planting,
count. (field) or post-planting application to
mineral soils. If preplanting
application is made, wait 7-14
days before planting.

Cotton 25 12 26 Preplanting or post-planting appli-
'(in seed)' cation to mineral soils. If pre-
Iplanting application is made, wait
'7-14 days before planting.

Cucumbers 25 17 26 Preplanting, at time of planting,
or post-planting application to
Mineral soils. If preplanting
application is made, wait 7-14
Says before planting.

Dewberries 25 26 Preplanting, at time of planting,
Sor post-planting application to
mineral soils. If preplanting
application is made, wait 7-14
'days before planting. Do not
apply within 48 days of harvest.
I I I


Eggplants





Endive
(Escarole)




Figs


Grapes


50



I
130 '





75
T




25


17 24 Preplanting, at time of planting,
or post-planting application to
mineral soils. If preplanting
application is made, wait 7-14
days before planting.

17 24 Preplanting, at time of planting,
or post-planting application to
mineral soils. If preplanting
application is made, wait 7-14
days before planting.

34 86 Preplanting, at time of planting,
or post-planting application to
mineral soils. If preplanting
application is made, wait 4-6
weeks before planting.

34 86 Preplanting, at time of planting,
or post-planting application to
mineral soils. If preplanting
application is made, wait 4-6
weeks before planting.


Fumazone











Continued page 4


USE 'TOLERANCE' DOSAGE LIMITATIONS AND/OR DIRECTIONS
--_ -- .. ---I-. --_-_-- --_--- ---- -- _^ -----------------------.--------------
PPM l bs. actual/A.'
Honey Dew 50 17 26 Preplanting, at time of planting,
Melons or post-planting application to
S' mineral soils. If preplanting
application is made, wait 7-14
days before planting.

Lettuce 130 17 24 Preplanting, at time of planting,
'or post-plan-iiig application to
Mineral soils. If preplanting
Application is made, wait 7-14
days before planting.

Loganberries 25 26 Preplanting, at time of planting,
or post-planting application to
Mineral soils. If preplantiag
'application is made, wait 7-14
'! -- '- ^* r ,A


Muskmelons





Nectarine





Okra






Parsnips


50


r
I





5



I'
I

75
I
t




75






5


Peaches


17 26






34 86





17 24





17 24 '

i




1 86 '


'


uays befor.ue plantingLLW. Do not
apply within 48 days of harvest.

Preplanting, at time of planting,
or post-planting application to
mineral soils. If preplanting
application is made, wait 7-14
days before planting.

Preplanting, at time of planting,
or post-planting application to
mineral soils. If preplanting
application is mace, wait 4-6
weeks before planting.

Preplanting, at time of planting,
or post-planting application to
mineral soils. If preplanting
application is made, wait 7-14
days before planting.

Preplanting, at time of planting,
or post-planting application to
mineral soils. If preplanting
application is made, wait 7-14
days before planting.

Preplanting, at time of planting,
or post-planting application to
mineral soils. If preplanting
application is made, wait 4-6
weeks before planting.


Fumazone










Continued page 5


USE 'TOLERANCE' DOSAGE LIMITATIONS AND/OR DIRECTIONS
c--------- ------ ---- ------ --, ----- ---- *-*- ----- -----------------
SPPM 'ibs. actual/A.
T I I
Pineapples o 50 34 138 Preplanting or at time of planting
Srow application to mineral soils.
'' Inject into soil to a depth of 5-8
Inches and at least 6 inches to one
'' side of plant line.
or
SPost-planting row application with
irrigation, using 0,1 inch of water.
'Do not apply within 9 months of
harvest.
I I


Radishes





Raspberries






Squash
(Sumer)




Strawberries





Tomatoes


Walnuts


75





25






25





101






50



I


17 24 '
T
I


26











'13
17 26 '





26 '





13 '


10 34- 86 '
I
I I
i i


Preplanting, at time of planting,
or post-planting application to
mineral soils. If preplanting
application is made, wait 7-14
days before planting.

Preplanting, at time of planting,
or post-planting application to
mineral soils. If preplantii
application is made, wait 7-14
days before plsntilo. Do not
apply within 48 days of harvest.

Preplanting, at time of planting,
or post-planting application to
mineral soils. If preplanting
application is made, wait 7-14
days before planting.

Preplanting, at time of planting,
or post-planting application to
mineral soils. If preplanting
application is made, wait 7-14
days before planting.

Preplanting, at time of planting,
or post-planting application to
mineral soils. If preplanting
application is made, wait 7-14
days before planting.

Preplanting, at time of planting,
or post-planting application to
mineral soils. If preplanting
application is made, wait 4-6
weeks before planting.


Fumazone




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