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Title: Vegetarian
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00087399/00390
 Material Information
Title: Vegetarian
Series Title: Vegetarian
Physical Description: Serial
Creator: Horticultural Sciences Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publisher: Horticultural Sciences Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publication Date: October 1982
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Bibliographic ID: UF00087399
Volume ID: VID00390
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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A Vegetable Crops Extension Publication

Vegetable Crops Department 1255 HSIPP G*ainc.ville, FL 32611 Telephone 392-2134

Vegetarian 82-10

October 11, 1982



New Look for Vegetarian
New Publications


A. Permethrin on Lettuce
B. Paraquat to Control Weeds in Strawberries
C. Oxamyl for Control of Nematodes in Green Beans


A. Fifth Annual Allied Industry Workshop


Know Your Minor Vegetables Moth Bean
Florida Community Gardening Program of 1982
Master Gardener Planning
4-Her's Prepare for National Contest

The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an Equal Employment Opportunity Affirmative Action Employer authorized to provide research,
educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, or national origin.




A. New Look for Vegetarian

We hope that you noticed the new front page of the Vegetarian.
The new look is largely the result of Dr. Stall working closely
with IFAS Editorial. With our new appearance it is probably
worthwhile to restate the purpose of the Vegetarian. The material
contained in the publication is primarily directed to Florida
county extension personnel to keep them updated on the latest
developments and publications available, educate them on recom-
mended and/or improved techniques and practices, and to supply
resource material that may be used in their county programs.

County extension agents are welcome to adopt the material in the
Vegetarian for their local conditions and needs and make it
available to their clientele. We ask that you give credit to the
authors whenever possible.

We maintain a mailing list for the Vegetarian in the Department.
This list is updated annually to keep it current. To maintain a
manageable list, we do not mail the Vegetarian to individual home

(Sherman & Stall)

B. New Publications

(1) Hand Harvest Tomato Variety Trial Results for Spring 1982,
Research Report BRA 1982-15, by T. K. Howe, J. W. Scott and
W. E. Waters is available from the Bradenton AREC, 5007 60th
Street, East, Bradenton, FL 33508.

(2) Production and Market Forecasting for Florida Tomatoes,
Staff Paper 216, by J. J. VanSickle is available from the
Food & Resource Economics Department, University of Florida,
Gainesville, FL 32611.




The Environmental Protection Agency has granted specific
exemptions under the provisions of Section 18 of the Federal In-
secticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act, as amended, to the
Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services for the
following materials:

A. Permethrin on Lettuce

Permethrin (Ambush, Pounce) may be applied to lettuce for the
control of vegetable leafminer. Permethrin may be applied at a
maximum rate of 0.2 Ib ai per acre per application. A maximum of
10 applications is authorized. The specific exemption expires
June 30, 1983.

B. Paraquat to Control Weeds in Strawberrries

Paraquat may be applied at a maximum of 3 applications as a di-
rect shielded spray to row middles only for weed control. A rate
of 0.5 to 1 lb ai per acre may be used. The specific exemption
expires May 31, 1983.

C. Oxamyl for Control of Nematodes in Green Beans

Oxamyl (Vydate L) may be applied as a foliar treatment at 0.5 to
1 lb ai. A maximum of 2 application may be applied beginning two
weeks following germination and repeated 14 to 21 days later.

Before using any pesticide, read the labels carefully and follow
all instructions and restriction.


A. Fifth Annual Allied Industry Workshop

The Fifth Annual Workshop for agri-chemical salesmen, field
men, and technical representatives concerned with vegetable pro-
duction will be held on 9 December 1982 in Kendrick Auditorium,
Manatee County Fairgrounds, Palmetto, Florida.

Past workshop topics included the influence of pH on crop nu-
trition, leafminer biology and control, soluble salt damage and
control, and pest-free vegetable and seedling production methods.
The Industry Advisory Committee selected the theme "Diagnosing
Field Problems in Vegetable Crops" for this year's workshop. The
program has been planned and speakers for nearly all of the


topics have been confirmed. Registration will begin at 9:00AM
and the program will start promptly at 9:30AM as follows:

9:30 An Overview of Field Problem Diagnosis
10:00 A Systematic Approach to Field Diagnosis
10:30 Symptoms of Air Pollution Injury
11:00 Symptoms of Nutritional Disorders and Salt Damage
11:30 Diagnosing Environmental and Man-Caused Problems
12:00 No Host Box Lunch
1:00 Symptoms of Herbicide Injury
1:30 Diagnosing Nematode Related Problems
2:00 Diagnosing Pathogenic Diseases in the Field
2:30 Laboratory Confirmation of Field Diagnosis
3:00 Evaluation of Workshop, Future Plans
3:15 Adjourn

Each speaker has been asked to allow time for questions on the
topic and if this workshop is typical of past sessions there will
be plenty of interaction.

A final copy of the program will be included in the next issue of
the Vegetarian. Attendance will be limited to 200. This meeting
is for this specific clientele, but if there is adequate interest
a similar workshop for vegetable growers will be provided in the



A. Know Your Minor Vegetables Moth Bean

One of the least grown vegetables in Florida gardens is the moth
bean (Vigna aconitifolius), also known by other common names such
as mat bean, matki bean, math bean, mout bean, or dew gram. The
name "moth" comes from the Hindi word pronounced "mat" or "mote",
according to the National Academy of Sciences, in Tropical

Actually, the physical appearance of the plant resembles a small
mat. The ground-hugging plant is only about a foot high. The
densely matted branches growing horizontally have deeply notched
leaflets on long leaf branches, somewhat similar to the leaves of
certain varieties of sweet potatoes. The hairy branches also
produce bright yellow flowers which develop into very short (2 to
3 inches long) smooth pods. Each yellowish-brown pod contains
from 4 to 9 seeds about the size of a large grain of rice. Its
root system is covered by spherical nodules.


Moth beans are most popular as a crop in India, but have been
tried for cattle forage in Texas and California, according to the
NAS. It is a hot weather, drought resistant legume.

The climatic requirements have been compared to that for southern
peas, although it is a short-day plant. It could be grown in the
spring and fall in most of Florida, and in the winter in south
Florida. Since it is a short-day plant, the fall season is pro-
bably too brief for substantial fall production from south-
central Florida northward. There have not been enough trials
conducted with this vegetable in Florida to determine its adapta-

As a suggestion, cultural practices similar to those used for
growing southern peas should be followed for moth beans. Planted
from seeds spaced 3 inches apart (thinned to 6 in. to allow for
proper plant spread) the crop should mature in 2 to 3 months.


In India, green pods are eaten as a vegetable, and the tiny seeds
are eaten whole or split. A favorite way is to fry the seeds in
a little oil. Seeds contain 22-24 percent protein, but nutri-
tional experts say part of this protein is unavailable due to the
presence of a trypsin inhibitor.


B. Florida Community Gardening Program of 1982 Extension Agents'

The 1982 Florida legislature expanded the 6-county pilot project
on community gardening to include all Florida counties. The
legislative act, House Bill No. 628, is entitled the "Florida
Community Gardening Program of 1982". By now each county exten-
sion director should have received a copy of the act along with
a news release from the Florida Department of Agriculture and
Consumer Services (FDACS).

The act places the responsibility for implementation of the pro-
gram with the FDACS and Florida Cooperative Extension Service
(FCES). As an agent, you may be wondering what you might do re-
garding this program. The following are guidelines concerning
your role.

1. Help to publicize and promote the program

If after evaluating your county situation you feel there is a
need and place for community gardens in your county, here is what
you should do:


(a) Publicize the idea and solicit managers/sponsors.

(b) Once managers start a project, help them publicize for parti-

2. Educational function

(a) Advise managers/sponsors on how to set-up and operate a com-
munity garden. The FDACS has guidelines already prepared.

(b) Provide gardeners information on how to grow a successful
garden. You may find it advantageous to have your own plot
as a demonstration.

3. Assist FDACS with applications, permits, and other forms

The FDACS will prepare, process and file all of the necessary
forms, such as application blanks, land contracts, project agree-
ments, rules and garden permits. Your role is to be familiar
with and keep forms on hand, then inform managers and partici-
pants on how to process the forms.

4. Assist FDACS in identifying land for contracting

FDACS may need your help in determining the actual parcels of
land that might be available in your county for community garden-
ing projects. All contracts for use of such land will be drawn
up and processed by FDACS. You may be asked to identify any on-
going community gardens that you know of in your county.

5. Help FDACS identify potential managers/sponsors

No garden project can be started or permitted unless it has a
manager/sponsor. As an Extension agent, you should not be in
charge of any project. You should get any interested persons in
touch with the FDACS.

The FDACS representative and program coordinator is Lowell
Parrish, Marketing Specialist, Tallahassee (904-488-3034) and the
FCES representative is Jim Stephens, Extension Vegetable Special-
ist, Gainesville (904-392-2134). Unfortunately, no additional
money has been made available for this specific program. If you
have questions about the program, please call Lowell or me.


B. Master Gardener Planning

Agents from 15 counties met at Lake Yale in late August to dis-
cuss future Master Gardener Program plans. Counties that had


agents attending the meeting were: Alachua, Baker, Bay, Broward,
Clay, Collier, Dade, Duval, Escambia, Lee, Marion, Palm Beach,
Putnam, Seminole and St. Johns.

During the 2 1/2 day program, subject matter specialists showed
portions of slide sets they have developed for use by agents when
training master gardeners. Discussions were held on how to in-
volve master gardeners in the 4-H horticulture program. Sidney
Feinberg, Hillsborough County; Eleanor Foreste, Osceola County;
and Russ Swanson, Lake County; participated in a panel discussion
which involved answering questions, and making suggestions on how
to improve of their master gardener programs.

Any county that wishes to begin a new master gardener training
session should contact me to help schedule slide sets and to
order supplies needed.


C. 4-H'ers Prepare for National Contest

4-H'ers from St. Johns and Marion Counties have been preparing
for their trip to Niagara Falls, New York. They will be compet-
ting with 4-Her's from other areas of the United States at the
National Junior Horticulture Association Convention. Scheduled
to begin on October 29 and conclude on November 2.

Marion County 4-Her's will compete in the Horticulture Identifi-
cation Contest, while 4-Her's from St. Johns County will compete
in the Demonstrations Category.



Prepared by Extension Vegetable Crops Specialists

D.N. Maynard

G.A. Marlowe

W.M. Stall
Associate Professor

S.P. Kovach
Assistant Professor

M. Sherma /' ,;,. .
Assistant Processor

J.M. Stephens
Associate Professor

A. McDonald
VEA-I Multi-County


Anyone is free to use the information in this newsletter.
possible, please give credit to the authors.


The use of trade names in this publication is solely for the purpose
of providing information and does not necessarily constitute a recom-
mendation of the product.

Statement: "This public document was promulgated at a cost of $
or per copy for the purpose of communicating current technical
and educational materials to extension, research and industry person-

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