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Title: Vegetarian
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00087399/00364
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Title: Vegetarian
Series Title: Vegetarian
Physical Description: Serial
Creator: Horticultural Sciences Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publisher: Horticultural Sciences Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publication Date: August 1994
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Bibliographic ID: UF00087399
Volume ID: VID00364
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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* it UNIVERSITY OF Cooperative Extension Service

*i FLORIDA Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences



VEGETARIAN

A Vegetable Crops Extension Publication
orticultural science Department P.O. 110690 Gainesville, F 32611 Telephone 904/392-2134


Vegetarian 94-8


August 22, 1994


Contents
I. NOTES OF INTEREST

A. Vegetable Crops Calendar.
II. COMMERCIAL VEGETABLES

A. Steve Sargent Returns From Brazil.
HI. PESTICIDE UPDATE

A. Special Local Needs Label for Diquat
Herbicide on Tomato, Eggplant and Green Pepper.
IV. VEGETABLE GARDENING

A. Horticulture Events During State 4H
Congress Results.



Note: Anyone is free to use the information in this newsletter. Whenever
possible, please give credit to the authors. The purpose of trade names in this
publication is solely for the purpose of providing information and does not
necessarily constitute a recommendation of the product.


The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an Equal Employment Opportunity Affirmative Action Employer authorized to provide research, educational
information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap or national origin.










I. NOTES OF INTEREST

A. Vegetable Crops Calendar.

September 7, 1994. Tomato Institute, Ritz
Carlton Hotel. Contact Charlie Vavrina, SW Fla
REC, Immokalee.

September 25-28, 1994. Florida
Association of Extension Professionals Meeting.
Holiday Inn Tampa International Airport, Tampa,
FL. Contact Elva Farrell, Sarasota Co. Agent.

November 1-4, 1994. Cucurbitaceae 94.
Radison Resort, South Padre Island, TX. Contact
James R. Dunlap, TAES, 2415 East Hwy 83,
Weslaco, TX 78596-8399.


II. COMMERCIAL VEGETABLES

A. Steve Sargent Returns From Brazil.

've finished my professional development
leave in Brazil and am now back in Gainesville.
It's hard to believe that the year has already gone
by! I had a productive experience; the majority of
my time at the Brazilian research center outside of
Rio de Janeiro was dedicated to developing
specifications for future research facilities for
postharvest studies, writing research projects and
conducting research, and providing training for
researchers there. With postharvest losses for
fresh fruits and vegetables in the range of 30% to
60%, quality maintenance is receiving significant
attention from their federal government. I also
identified research areas of mutual interest,
particularly with tropical fruits such as mango and
acerola, and root crops. During the next few years
Brazilian scientists will be visiting the Postharvest
Physiology Laboratory in Gainesville to work on
projects of importance to our industry as part of
our collaborative research program.

I sincerely appreciate the help of Drs. Jeff
Brecht and Mike Talbot who "stood in the gap"
for me throughout this past year by coordinating


on-going research projects and handling extension
calls. As we say in Brazil, "At6 breve!" (See you
soon!)

(Sargent, Vegetarian 94-08)


HI. PESTICIDE UPDATE

A. Special Local Needs Label for Diquat
Herbicide on Tomato. Eggplant and Green
Pepper.

Zeneca Ag Products has announced that
they have received a special local needs label for
the use of Diquat Herbicide for weed control in
row middles of tomatoes, eggplant and green
peppers.

Diquat herbicide can be applied as a post-
directed application to the row middles either prior
to transplanting or as a post-directed hooded spray
application to the tomato, eggplant and green
pepper row middles when the transplants are well
established.

For control of nightshade and parthenium
spp. apply 1 quart of Diquat Herbicide (0.5 lb ai)
in 20 to 50 gallons of water per treated acre when
weeds are 2 to 4 inches in height Do not exceed
25 psi spray pressure. A maximum of two
applications can be made during the growing
season. Weed control will decrease when
treatment is made beyond the 4 inch stage of
growth. Always add 2 pints of a nonionic
surfactant (at least 75% active) per 100 gallons of
spray mix. Do not apply less than 30 days before
harvest.

Follow all Restrictions on the Label.

(Stall, Vegetarian 94-08)










IV. VEGETABLE GARDENING

A. Horticulture Events During State 4H
Congress Results.

As in the past, horticulture played a big
part of the State 4H Club Congress for 1994, held
July 25-29 in Gainesville. The horticulture events
were arranged and conducted jointly by the
Horticultural Sciences Department (Jim Stephens
and Jeff Williamson), and the Environmental
Sciences Department (Bob Black), with the
involvement of agents and 4H staff.

During the first two days of the Congress,
40 4H youth participated in a horticulture tract of
classes where they received "hands-on" instruction
in such topics as vegetable propagation, citrus
budding, aquatic plants, herb gardening, and
epiphytes.

Thursday was competitive events day.
Teams and individuals from around the state
competed in two horticultural events: plant
science demonstrations, and the horticulture
identification and judging contest.


Seven teams (29 individuals) participated.
The winning team was from Marion County and
was coached by 4H agent Bob Renner. Members
were Suzanne Stancie (high individual scorer in
contest), Keith Lorick, and Jana Adams. Alternate
was Jesse Clements. The team's average score was
80%. Marion County will represent Florida in
national competition at the National Junior
Horticultural Association (NJHA) convention in
Biloxi, MS, October 1994. Expenses are paid by
the Florida Fruit and Vegetable Association
(FFVA) and other horticultural industry
supporters.

The following is a compilation of scores
and placings for all contestants.


The horticulture plant identification and
judging contest was conducted in the
Environmental Horticulture greenhouse complex
located behind Fifield Hall, beginning at 2PM on
Thursday, July 28, 1994.



Table 1. Results State 4H Horticulture ID and Judging Contest, Gainesville, July 28, 1994.


TEAM RESULTS


Placing


County


Marion
Volusia
Clay
Duval
Columbia
Sarasota
Nassau


Score (%)

80
67
66
58
50
47
41












INDIVIDUAL RESULTS
Placing Name
1 Suzanne Stancil
2 Mike Griggs
3 Keith Lorick
4 Jana Adams
5 Beth Bekemeyer
6 Jesse Clements
7 Dallas Rutland
8 Ashley Clarke
9 Cheyenne Thomas
10 Josh Shramo
11 Laura Plog
12 Elaine Vivoni
13 Ben Pourciau
14 Lisa Russell
15 Stacey Kuehling
16 Cheryl Anderson
17 Shilo Thomas
18 Amy Williams
19 Chester Spellman
20 Patrick Haley
21 Jessica Johnson
22 Steve Kagy
23 Renee Van Tassell
24 Selah Shramo
25 Mindy Sellers
26 Katie Thomas
27 Kadie Messengale
28 Robert Burns
29 Justin Slaymaker


County
Marion
Clay
Marion
Marion
Volusia
Marion
Volusia
Duval
Columbia
Clay
Volusia
Duval
Clay
(not eligible)
Volusia
Duval
Columbia
Sarasota
Duval
Sarasota
Nassau
Sarasota
Nassau
Clay
Sarasota
Columbia
Nassau
Nassau
Columbia


Some interesting calculations can be made
from the above table in determining the degree of
difficulty of the various sections. The average
scores for all participants, by section were as
follows:

Judging (80%); flowers/foliage (62%);
fruits (51%); ornamentals (46%); and vegetables
(31%).

The results of the "Plant Connections"
demonstrations were as follows:


Top team and best demonstration/illustrated talk:

(Hillsborough County) Suzanne Gee and Chris
Holcomb "Cattle Beware".

First place individual demonstration/illustrated
talk:

(Citrus County) Matthew Van Ness Plant
Propagation.

Others

Cindy Clark and Sarah Gates (Marion Co) 2nd
Place team.


Score
85
83
81
76
72
71
68
66
65
63
62
58
53
53
53
50
49
49
48
47
46
44
40
39
37
37
37
30
28





-4-


Todd Wolfe (Hillsborough Co) 2nd Place -
individual.

Jody Paradis (Lake Co) 3rd Place individual.

Joshua Richardson (Duval Co) 4th Place -
individual.

The top demonstration team (from
Hillsborough County) will join the Marion County
hort judging team in national competition at
Biloxi, NJHA convention in October, 1994.

(Stephens, Vegetarian 94-08)




Prepared by Extension Vegetable Crops Specialists


Dr. D.J. Cantliffe
Chairman



Dr. S.M. Olson
Assoc. Professor



Mr. J. M. Stephens
Professor


Dr. G.J. Hochmuth
Professor



Dr. S.A. Sargen
Assoc. Professor & Editor



Dr. C. S. Vavrina
Asst. Professor


Dr. D. N. Maynard
Professor



Dr. W.M. Stall
Professor



Dr. J. M. White
Assoc. Professor




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