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Title: Vegetarian
Series Title: Vegetarian
Physical Description: Serial
Creator: Horticultural Sciences Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publisher: Horticultural Sciences Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Horticultural Sciences Department
Publication Date: July 1997
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Bibliographic ID: UF00087399
Volume ID: VID00326
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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___________________ ~I-M


~1 UNIVERSITY OF Cooperative Extension Service
H FLORIDA Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


VEGETARIAN

lAl A Vegetable Crops Extension Publication
Horticultural sciences Department P.O. 110690 Gainesville, F 32611 Telephone 904/392-2134


Veaetarian


July 23, 1997


CONTENTS


I. NOTES OF INTEREST

A. Vegetable Crops Calendar

II. COMMERCIAL VEGETABLES

A. Tomato Institute '97


B. Florida Strawberry Jam 15

C. Response of Cucumber to Meister
Controlled-Release Fertilizers

Ill. VEGETABLE GARDENING

A. Community Gardening in Florida





Note: Anyone is free to use the information in this newsletter. Whenever
possible, please give credit to the authors. The purpose of trade names in
this publication is solely for the purpose of providing information and does
--- not necessarily constitute a recommendation of the product.

The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an Equal Employment Opportunity Affirmative Action Employer authorized to provide research, educational
information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap or national origin.


Ve-- t ...








2 Vegetarian


I. NOTES OF INTEREST

A. Vegetable Crops Calendar

August 26-27, 1997. Florida
Strawberry Jam 15, Agritech Educational
Seminar and Trade Show, Plant City.
Contact Tim Crocker, Horticultural Sciences
Dept., UF, Gainesville.

September 3, 1997. Florida Tomato
Institute, Naples. Contact Charles Vavrina,
SFREC, Immokalee.

September 30 and October 1, 1997.
1997 Florida Agricultural Conference and
Trade Show, Lakeland Civic Center.
Contact George Hochmuth, Horticultural
Sciences Dept., UF, Gainesville.


II. COMMERCIAL VEGETABLES


Tomato Institute '97


9:00 Introductions

9:10 D. Cantliffe Impressions of Mexico's
fresh market vegetable agriculture,
pre and post NAFTA.

9:40 D. Archer The future of food safety
regulations for the fresh produce
industry.

9:55 T. Howe Plum tomato variety
evaluations.

10:10 C. Vavrina Heirloom tomatoes.

10:25 R. Hochmuth Cluster tomatoes.

10:40 H. Klee Ethylene and symptom
formation in bacterial speck and spot
diseases.

11:00 S. Sargent Harvest maturity,
storage temperature and internal
bruising affect tomato flavor.


11:15 R.Getz Agricultural weather
forecasting What it is, What it isn't.

LUNCH ... 11:30 TO 1:00

1:00 D. Botts Methyl Bromide (MB) and
the TEAP report.

1:15 J. Noling Alternatives to MB for
nematode management.

1:30 D. Chellemi Alternatives to MB for
soilborne disease management

1:45 J. Gilreath Alternatives to MB for
weed management.

2:00 M. Barineau Alternatives to MB from
a plant breeding perspective.

2:15 J. Polston Current situations with
gemini viruses or what will blow in on
the next hurricane?

2:30 P. Weingartner The late blight
update.

2:45 S. Webb TSWV and vector update.

3:00 D. Schuster SLWF threshold levels
for irregular ripening in
tomato.

3:15 P. Cockrell Bay friendly
farming-Dade County perspectives.

3:30 J. Carranza N/K fertigation and
cultivar effects on drip irrigated
tomato.

3:45 Y. Li Phosphorus nutrition for
tomato in calcareous soils.

(Vavrina, Vegetarian 97-07)








3 Vegetarian


B. Florida Strawberry Jam 15


Tuesday, August 26


8:00 Registration and Refreshments

8:30 Mike Lott Welcome

8:40 Joe Noling Methyl bromide update-
where science meets politics.

9:10 Charlie Sims Berry best tastes.

9:40 Jim Price Short course-brigade- IPM
sap beetle; bug buffet.

10:10 Eric Bish Giving a plug for tray
plants.

10:40 Coffee Break and Prize Drawings

11:00 Russ Mizell IPM, old hat or new
vision?

11:30 Craig Chandler Is there life after
sweet charlie?

12:00 Lunch/Presentation
Bob Crawford Country of origin,
medflies and food safety.

1:15 Suzanne Cady Plant source-north
versus south.

1:45 Dan Legard What's new with
strawberry disease control?

2:15 Tim Crocker Berry production
beneath the pyramids.

2:45 Craig Chandler Advanced testing
program.

3:15 Prize Drawings/Adjourn


Wednesday, August 27


7:45 Early Bird Breakfast/Registration

8:45 Walter Kates Social security
verification the real world link to
employee eligibility.


9:15 Ray Gilmer Media
challenge or opportunity.


contacts-


9:45 Charlie Matthews Food safety
begins at the field level.

10:15 Coffee Break and Prize Drawings

11:00 Dan Botts Surviving the change in
the food quality protection act.

11:30 Kathy Lyles Agriculture regulatory
streamlining.

12:00 Noon

1:00 Doug Manson Protecting legal rural
water uses.

1:30 Erin Freel Promotions-reaching the
consumer.

2:00 Prize Drawings/Adjourn


C. Response of Cucumber to Meister
Controlled-Release Fertilizers

Cucumbers were grown last fall
(1996) in Gainesville, FL to evaluate Meister
polymer-coated fertilizers (Helena Chemical
Company, Memphis, TN). The two fertilizers
used were Meister 15-5-15 and Meister 19-
5-14 each applied at rates to achieve 75,
125, 175, 225, and 275 Ib N per acre. The
fertilizers were applied in a 4-inch wide band
in the center of the bed surface. Beds were
on 4-foot centers and covered with white-on-
black film with drip irrigation tubing laid on








4 Vegetarian


the surface (center) of the beds before
mulching. Two rows of'Dasher II' cucumbers
were seeded through the mulch on 22
August with 12 inches between rows and
plants in rows.

Cucumbers were harvested seven
times beginning 1 October through 28
October. Yield responses to fertilizer leveled
off near the recommended rate of 150 Ib N
per acre.


Use of controlled-release N resulted in the
same yields as soluble fertilizer at 175 Ib per
acre. Controlled-release fertilizer applied
broadcast resulted in yields similar to those
of plants grown with banded fertilizer.

(Hochmuth, Vegetarian 97-07)


Table 1. Response of cucumber to Meister controlled-release fertilizer, Gainesville, Fall, 1996.

Marketable yield (50-1b ctn per acre)
N rate

Treatment Fertilizer (Iblacre)y l1t harvest Season
1 15-5-15 75 370 1380
2 125 300 1490
3 175 225 1460
4 225 270 1540
5 275 210 1660
6 19-5-14 75 350 1240
7 125 390 1460
8 175 300 1640
9 225 200 1510
10 275 230 1480
11 check 0 4 270
12 soluble 175 180 1580
13 15-5-15 BC" 175 340 1630
LSD (0.05)V 160 -------- 230
Main effects:


15-5-15
19-5-14


270
290


1505
1470








5 Vegetarian

Marketable" yield (50-lb ctn per acre)
N rate

Treatment Fertilizer (Iblacre)y 1" harvest Season
Signif.v NS NS
75 360 1310
125 340 1470
175 260 1550
225 230 1530
275 220 1570

Regression L** L**Q**
zFruit graded by USDA grade standards for slicing cucumber.
YAcre was considered to consist of beds on 6-ft. centers for fertilizer calculations.
xSoluble fertilizer was mixture of ammonium nitrate and potassium nitrate.
"Treatment 13 was 15-5-15 Meister fertilizer broadcast and incorporated in bed. Remaining treatments were
a wide-band application on surface of bed as prescribed by Meister manufacturer.
"Treatment effects were significant at 1% (*) or 5% (**) probability level or were not significant (NS).
Regression equations contained significant linear (L) or quadratic (Q) terms.


III. VEGETABLE GARDENING

A. Community Gardening in Florida

1. Purpose-ofiCommunity Gardens(CG).

a. Community gardens provide a means
for individuals and families to have a
vegetable garden even though they
have insufficient space or soil where
they live.

b. Community gardens can help utilize
otherwise waste and unsightly sites
such as vacant lots and cluttered
fields.

c. Community gardens foster a sense of
community pride and social
interaction.


d. Community gardens provide the
many benefits of growing fresh
vegetables to limited resource
families as well as to others of more
substantial means.

e. Community gardens incorporate the
learning process of demonstration
teaching for inexperienced and
experienced gardeners as well.

2. Organization

a. CG's are traditionally organized and
conducted by such groups as
government, church, social club,
housing developments, health care
facilities, school, or private business.

b. Normally, there needs to be a
sponsoring group and a supervisory
group. It is essential to identify an
individual as the project leader.








6 Vegetarian


c. The role of the Extension Service is
educational in nature, serving to
advise the organizing group on how
to set up and operate the garden,
and how to grow the crops.
Extension agents should not be
expected to perform organizational or
leadership duties relative to any
community garden. However, Florida
Master Gardeners may assume this
role with the agents' permission.

d. The CG committee however formed
and empowered, will need to
thoroughly determine the need for
such a project within a specific
community, and accurately assess
the probability of success for the
venture.

3. Location

a. Obviously the CG should be located
within or adjacent to the area where
most of the residents who will use the
garden live or attend regularly.

b. Some of the most frequently utilized
locations are: school yards, inner-city
vacant property lots, and government
property

c. It is sad, but some neighborhoods are
just too unsettled and crime-ridden
for a CG to succeed. Experience
elsewhere has shown the unfairness
of asking gardeners to make
considerable inputs in time, money,
and effort into planting a garden only
to lose it to vandalism and theft.

4. Sitelplots

a. Once a community is targeted, the
actual site for the CG must be
selected.


b. Look for a site that is reasonably
level, cleared of trees, trash, or
structures, and moderately well
drained.

c. A source of irrigation water must be
included in the site plan.

d. The size of the CG site should be
large enough to accommodate at
least ten gardeners. Thus, the actual
area for growing the crops should be
a minimum of 5,000 square feet (1/10
acre, approx.), not including area for
parking. Most sites will range from
one to three acres in size.

e. It is best to select a fenced-in area, or
to fence the boundary of the CG site.
Individual plots need not be fenced,
although quite often even these are
fenced, usually by the individual
gardeners.

f. The number of plots will vary from
one CG to another, there being no
standard. However, it is unusual to
find less than 10 or more than 100.

g. Size of individual plots also varies,
but averages about 300-600 sq ft.
Some of the more popular plot sizes
are: 15x20, 20x20, 20x25, 25x25,
and 20x30.

5. PoLassignment

a. Assign plots on the basis of the rules
and restrictions as drawn up and
agreed upon. Usually, this will be on
a first-come basis. However, a
system of lottery has also been used
successfully in some projects.








7 Vegetarian


6. SiteClearing/plowing

a. It is the responsibility of the sponsor
and project supervisor to get the site
cleared, plowed, and ready for
assignment. In some projects, this
labor is provided by the participants
in a "work-day" fashion.

b. To facilitate plowing, individual plot
fencing, irrigation tubing, and other
gardening paraphernalia must be
removed by gardeners according to
established rules, and by certain
dates.

7. Irrigation

a. Provision must be made for irrigation,
either on an individual plot basis
(preferred), or the overall garden site.
It is best for individuals to have the
means to water independent of
others, since each has specific crop
needs and to reduce the labor
requirement. Cost of water and how it
is purchased must be considered and
included in the rules. Some projects
charge a water-fee collected by the
manager (either monthly or
periodically). Others include the
water charge in the plot rental.

7. Eees

a. Fees per plot are the general rule.
Unless there is a benefactor involved,
a fee is necessary to defray the
general expenses of the over-all
project. Such expenses might
include: irrigation (water and supply
equipment; liming; plowing; staking;
mulching material; common tools;
and plot rental. Usually, fees have
ranged from $3 to $10 per plot per
season, but with inflation would
appear more realistic at $10-$20 per


plot. Sponsors often pick up the tab
for needy gardeners in certain
projects, especially with youth
groups. Whatever the fee, it should
be well publicized and entered into
the rules sheet. Obviously, one
person such as the project supervisor
should be responsible for collection
and disbursement of fees.

9. Rues_andRegulations

a. Every CG project should have a well-
written set of rules and regulations for
everyone to go by. In addition to the
rules, an application form (including a
Contract Agreement) is strongly
recommended.

Here are some of the points the
RULES should contain:

a Release from liability
* Period of occupancy
* Special reasons for vacating or losing
gardening privileges
* Grievance procedures
* Allowable and prohibited gardening
practices and products
* Rules on watering, etc.
* Hours of operation for the garden
* List others (than yourself) that are
authorized to visit your garden
* Special rules on the common use of
tools
* A plat of the CG

10. Permits

a. It is the responsibility of the
sponsoring group to be aware of and
abide by all of the local (city and
county) ordinances and permit
requirements pertaining to the
Community Gardening project.









11. Application Form/Contract ofAgreement

a. Contains information about the
gardener

b. Contains reason for wanting a plot

c. Special needs or handicaps

d. Signature of applicant

e. Number of plots, and location

f. Release from liability (signature)


Vegetarian

g. Rules on liability and authorization

h. Dates (signed, application due, for
plot access, etc.)

i. Where to send completed form

j. Acceptance signature block (signed
by person accepting application)

k. Status indication (i.e. "accepted", on
waiting list", etc.)

(Stephens, Vegetarian 97-07)


Prpared y-Extension-egetableCrps Specialts


Dr. D. J. Cantliffe
Chairman



Dr. S. M. Olson
Professor



Mr. J. M. Stephens
Professor


Dr. G. J. Hochmuth
Professor

I44LWSa
Dr. S. A. Sargent
Assoc. Professor & Editor



Dr. C. S. Vavrina
Assoc. Professor


Dr. D. N. Maynard
Professor



Dr. W. M. Stall
Professor



Dr. J. M. White
Assoc. Professor




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