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Title: Vegetarian
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Title: Vegetarian
Series Title: Vegetarian
Physical Description: Serial
Creator: Horticultural Sciences Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publisher: Horticultural Sciences Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Horticultural Sciences Department
Publication Date: June 1996
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Bibliographic ID: UF00087399
Volume ID: VID00314
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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VEGETARIAN

A Vegetable Crops Extension Publication
Horticultural Scienc Department P.O. 110690 Gainesville, FL 32611 Telephone 904/392-2134


Vegetarian 96-06


June 17, 1996


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Note: Anyone is free to use the information in this newsletter.
S Whenever possible, please give credit to the authors. The purpose of
trade names in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing
information and does not necessarily constitute a recommendation of
the product.






The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an Equal Employment Opportunity Affirmative Action Employer authorized to provide research, educational
information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap or national origin.
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"a UNIVERSITY OF Cooperative Extension Service

FLORIDA Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


Contents


L NOTES OF INTEREST

A. Vegetable Crops Calendar.


II. COMMERCIAL VEGETABLES

A. 1994-95 Vegetable Summary.

B. Field Scale Planting Depth Trials.


III. VEGETABLE GARDENING

A. Mini-Corn for the Garden.











L NOTES OF INTEREST


A. Vegetable Crops Calendar.


July 30-31, and August 1, 1996. 4H
Congress, Horticulture Events. Judging,
Demonstrations, Leadership Track. Contact
Jim Stephens.

I. COMMERCIAL VEGETABLES

A. 1994-95 Vegetable Summary.

The Florida Agricultural Statistics -
Vegetable Summary for the 1994-95 season
has been published by the Florida Agricultural
Statistics Service. In 1994-95 the value of
vegetables produced in Florida totaled $1.48
billion. This was down 5 percent or $80.9
million from the 1993-94 season value of
$1.56 billion.

The 1994-95 acreage harvested of
356,800 acres, dropped 41/2 percent or
16,729 acres from the previous season.

Tropical storm Gordon passing over
the state in November, and freezes during
February lowered acreage harvested of the
crops estimated.

Tomato again led with 31.3% of the
total production value. Bell pepper had a
12.8% share with strawberries (8%), sweet
corn (7.1%) and potatoes (5.7%) following.

The following table gives the harvested
acreage and value of each vegetable for the
1994-95 season.


Crop


Snap bean

Cabbage
Carrot

Sweet Corn

Cucumber

Eggplant
Escarole

Pepper
Potato

Radish

Squash

Strawberry
Tomato
Watermelon

Other Vegs


Total


Harvested
Acreage


30,500

7,000

5,600

36,900

13,200

2,300

1,600

20,300
42,900

15,700

11,900

6,000

49,000

33,000

80,900


356,800


Total Value
(X$1000)


50,597

17,388
15,361
105,311

42,610

13,500

11,057

188,938
84,010

23,873

41,686

118,608

461,369
61,793

243,850


$1,479,951


(Stall, Vegetarian 96-06)


B. Field Scale Planting Depth
Trials.

Prior to the February freezes of'96, a
one acre, tomato planting depth trial was set
out in Collier County with H & R Farms. A
standard planting depth (set to between the
root ball and cotyledon leaves) was compared
to setting the tomato between the cotyledon











leaves and the first true leaf. The 'Solimar'
tomatoes, planted on January 6, went through
four freezes between January 9 and February
18.

The grower commented that he
believed the deeper set plants "fared better"
against the freezes than his shallower
plantings. His crew leader preferred the
deeper plants because it appeared the suckers
came off more easily and the plants stood
more upright after pruning, making tying
easier.

The overall volume of production was
low due to the cool spring and resulted in
1228 (deep) vs 1221 (standard) cartons of
tomatoes from two picks. However, previous
depth trials with tomato have taught us that
the major impact of transplant planting depth
is at first harvest. Therefore, we looked at the
first harvest trends in this trial (Table 1).


These data are from a large scale on-
farm observational trial which was not
designed to be statistically analyzed.
However, they confirm what has been
statistically proven from Homestead to Quincy
over the past three years; deeper planting
results in earlier production (% color), more
extra large fruit, and sometimes greater overall
first harvest yield.

On a conservative market of $8, $6, $4
(XL, Lg., Med.) these results would return
$318 per acre more to the grower than his
standard planting depth. The Packer, on the
week of April 23rd (harvest date), quoted
tomato prices at $22, $18, and $14 or a return
to the grower of $942, simply for welding a 1"
extension on the spikes of the hole puncher!
More on-farm, large scale trials are planned
around the state in the fall.


Table 1. First harvest yield from a one acre tomato planting depth field trial with H & R Farms,
Immokalee, FL in spring 1996.

Treatment 25 lb cartons % Color
XL Lg. Med. Total
Standard 322 285 125 732 8
Deep 344 298 141 783 10


(Vavrina & Swanson, Vegetarian 96-06)


II. VEGETABLE GARDENING

A. Mini-Corn for the Garden.


Sweet corn is just one of many
vegetables whose miniature form is considered
a delicacy. This "baby corn" can be either the


ears of normal sized varieties harvested at very
immature stage, or the ears from a genetically
dwarfed variety. The latter is more often the











case with commercial growers who supply this
specialty, gourmet market. Miniature sweet
corn is used in a variety of ways, the most
popular of which are as hors d'oeuvres, stir
fries, and pickles or cooked whole in soups
and stews. For this reason, miniature
vegetables including baby sweet corn are
grown to some extent by home gardeners.

The following are some of the varieties
that are sold and advertised by seed companies
for growing and harvesting as baby corn.

1. 'Baby'.
Description: Tender, finger-like ears,
delicately flavored, entirely edible.
Excellent for freezing. Best harvested
within 5 days of appearance of silks.
Sold by: Nichols Garden Nursery,
1190 N. Pacific Highway, Albany,
Oregon 97321.

2. Golden Midget' (also called 'Golden
Miniature'.)
Description: Ears 3-5 inches long, 8-
12 rows of butter yellow kernels per
ear. Plant is 20-40 inches tall
producing 3-5 small ears per plant,
standard maturity. Source: Several
seed companies, including: R. H.
Shumway, PO Box 1, Granitville, SC
29829 and Park Seed Co., Inc.,
Cokesbury Rd., Greenwood, SC
29646.


3. 'Glacier'.
Description: Short-season, dwarf white
variety. Source: Fisher's Garden
Store, PO Box 236, Belgrade, MT
59714.

4. Miniature hybrid. Geo. Park Seed
Co., Greenwood, SC 29646.

5. 'Baby Asian'.
Description. Harvest at silking.
Source: Le Marche Seeds Int., Box
190, Dixon, CO 95620.

6. 'Baby Blue'.
Description. (Popcorn) Blue ears,
only 3-4" long. Produces multiple ears
on 5' tall plant.

7. 'Bo Peep'.
Description. (Popcorn) pink ears.
Source: Shepherd's Seeds. 30 Irene
Street, Farrington, CN 06790.

8. 'Strawberry Popcorn'.
Source: Shepherd's Seeds.

(Stephens, Vegetarian 96-06)












Prepared by Extension Vegetable Crops Specialists


Dr. D. J. Cantliffe
Chairman



Dr. S. M. Olson
Professor



Mr. J. M. Stephens
Professor


Dr. G. J. Hochmuth
Professor



Dr. S. A. Sargent
Assoc. Professor



Dr. C. S. Vavrina
Assoc. Professor


Dr. D. N. Maynard
Professor



Dr. W. M. Stall
Professor & Editor



Dr. J. M. White
Assoc. Professor




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