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Title: Vegetarian
Series Title: Vegetarian
Physical Description: Serial
Creator: Horticultural Sciences Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publisher: Horticultural Sciences Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Horticultural Sciences Department
Publication Date: April 1996
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Bibliographic ID: UF00087399
Volume ID: VID00312
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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OF UNIVERSITY OF Cooperative Extension Service

y FLORIDA Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences



VEGETARIAN


A Vegetable Crops Extension Publication
Horticultural sciences Department P.O. 110690 Gainesvillc, FL 32611 Telephone 904/392-2134


Vegetarian 96-04


April 15, 1996


iA.'


Contents


L NOTES OF INTEREST

A. Vegetable Crops Calendar.


II. VEGETABLE GARDENING

A. Build Your Asparagus (or Tomato) Mound in a Bucket.


B. Organic Gardening Field Day.

III. PESTICIDE UPDATE

A. Control Weeds in Watermelon Early in the Production
Season.

IV. 1990-95 VEGETARIAN INDEX




Note: Anyone is free to use the information in this newsletter.
Whenever possible, please give credit to the authors. The purpose of
trade names in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing
information and does not necessarily constitute a recommendation of
the product.




The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an Equal Employment Opportunity Affirmative Action Employer authorized to provide research, educational
information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap or national origin.











I. NOTES OF INTEREST

A. Vegetable Crops Calendar.

May 23, 1995. Organic Gardening
Field Day, 10:00 A.M. 12 Noon. Organic
Park, Fifield Hall, UF. (Contact J. M.
Stephens).

H. VEGETABLE GARDENING

A. Build Your Asparagus (or
Tomato) Mound in a Bucket.

I often look to the Jacksonville Urban
Gardening Program for some good practical
gardening tips to pass on to you agents, and
now I've found another. Mr. Wade Ellis who
worked with the project for several years
perfected the mounding method for growing a
tomato plant with lots of fruit. I reported to
you about that several seasons ago. Now,
according to Duval Extension Agent Harold
Jones, one of his gardeners by the name of Bill
Gregory (let's give him credit), has taken the
mounding idea and placed it in a bucket and
grows excellent asparagus. (Actually he has
30 such buckets for his asparagus).

Step 1. Use a 5-gallon bucket or a
plastic pail such as a paint pail. Provide
adequate drainage by making holes in the
bottom.

Step 2. Place 3 inches of soil in the
bottom, then cover the soil with a single sheet
of folded newspaper (to suppress the leaching
of fertilizer).

Step 3. On top of the newspaper put a
2 inch layer of cow manure, then 1 1/2 cups of
10-10-10 on the manure.

Step 4. Now cover this fertilizer with
8 inches of garden soil.


Step 5. Time to plant. Gregory places
his asparagus crown (base of stems with roots)
on top of the soil. If you wish to grow
tomato, you would substitute your tomato
transplant (Celebrity, Better Boy, Flora-Dade,
Solar Set, or your favorite variety).

Step 6. Place a final top-soil layer 3-4
inches thick over the crown (if asparagus) or
around the transplant (if tomato, pepper,
eggplant, etc.).

Step 7. Top off with mulch, then
water thoroughly.

Step 8. An annual application of
additional fertilizer is required for asparagus
since it is perennial. Gregory uses 14-14-14
osmocote in January. His favorite asparagus
variety is 'Jersey Knight'.

(Stephens, Vegetarian 96-04)


B. Organic Gardening Field Day.

When: May 23, 1996 (Thursday)

Time: 10:00 A.M. 12:00 Noon

Where: Hull Road (South of Fifield
Hall, University of Florida Campus)

WhoJim Stephens, Steve Kostewicz,
Joran Viers, and other Hort Sci faculty and
staff

What: We will show you and tell you
about our resources and demonstration plots
and gardens grown by organic methods.
Highlights are varieties of vegetables and
fruits, soil amendments, composts, cover
crops, and other cultural practices.


(Stephens, Vegetarian 96-04)











I. PESTICIDE UPDATE

A. Control Weeds in Watermelon
Early in the Production Season.

Control of weeds is most important
early in the season in watermelon production.
Several recent studies at the University of
Florida have pointed out how important.

Studies carried out at North Florida
Research and Education Center at Quincy and
in Gainesville for 2 years evaluated whether
there might be yield differences from weed
control in watermelon by different herbicide
applications or by cultivation (hoeing).

The trial was a factorial experiment
with 3 cultivations and 3 herbicide timings.
The cultivations were 0, 1 (at 3-4 weeks) and
2 (3-4 weeks + 5-6 weeks). Herbicides were
0, a PRE application, and a PRE + POST
application. Prefar + Alanap and Curbit were
both applied as the PRE application. No
differences in yield was seen between these
treatments. The PRE + POST application was
either Prefar + Alanap or Curbit PRE and an
Alanap POST. The POST application was at
vining (5-6 weeks) and was at the same time
as the second cultivation.

The results indicated that the highest
yields were obtained from the PRE + POST
herbicides or the 2 cultivations. One
cultivation or a PRE herbicide only treatment
had yields significantly lower.

This study indicated that there were no
yield losses due to timely cultivation in lieu of
herbicides and vice verse, herbicides in lieu of
cultivation.

Another study that looked at the
competition of smooth amaranth (pigweed) in
watermelon indicated that if smooth amaranth


emerged and competed with watermelon at
least 1 week after watermelon emergence,
watermelon yield would be reduced 10%.
Yield loss was dramatically increased the
longer after 1 week that the competition took
place.

Controlling weeds is extremely
important even if the weeds, and watermelon
plants are small early in the season.

In this same study it was found that if
watermelon was kept weed free for 4 weeks,
smooth amaranth emerging after that time did
not reduce yield.

This study fits with the previous
studies to indicate that early control is most
important.

Control weeds, at least smooth
amaranth for at least 4 weeks. Control can
either be by herbicides or cultivation.

(Stall, Vegetarian 96-04)













Prepared by Extension Vegetable Crops Specialists


Dr. D. J. Cantliffe
Chairman


Dr. S. M. Olson
Professor


Mr. J. M. Stephens
Professor


Dr. G. J. Hochmuth
Professor


Dr. S. A. Sargent
Assoc. Professor


Dr. C. S. Vavrina
Assoc. Professor


Dr. D. N. Maynard
Professor


Dr. W. M. Stall
Professor & or


Dr. J. M. White
Assoc. Professor




-4-
1990- 1995
VEGETARIAN INDEX


ASPARAGUS

BROCCOLI


Varieties............................ ........................ 91-5:34

Variety Selection..........................................90-6:2-3
Varieties........................................ 91-1:1-6, 91-10:2-3


Chinese Cabbage Production .....
Chinese Cabbage -Central Fla....
Pepper Spot (Gomash6) ...........
Tipburn and Internal Rot........


.91-5:2-3
...91-2:3
.93-3:1-2
.93-6:1-2


CANTALOUPE


CARROT






CELERY


Mango Melon.............................
Muskmelon EPA Definition ................
Varieties ....................... .... ....

Florida Production......................
HUA Project Carrot Study ................
N Fertilization on Mineral Soil.........
Soil Moisture............................
Update on Yields and P Fertilization....
Nantes Varieties Observations...........


..................... 93-8 :5
...................91-3:2-3
................... 91-8:2-3


....91-9:2-3
....93-5:1-2
......95-5:1
....92-4:2-3
......94-7:4
...95-10:1-4


Yield and Stalk Size...................................... 94-12:1-2


CUCURBIT



EGGPLANT

ENTOMOLOGY


FERTILIZERS


(See watermelon, pumpkin, squash, etc.)
Crop Pollinator Pointers................
Varieties...............................


................... 90-5:3-5
................. 90-10:3-4


Potassium Response ........................................ 92-1:2-3


Alternatives to Chemical Pest Control..........
Ants in Organic Gardens ........................
Healthy Plant Resistance.......................

Banding Organic Soil Amendments and Fertilizers
Blossom-end Rot................................
Drip Application Frequency.....................
IFAS Recommendation Process....................
Lbs/A ........... ...............................
Management Pointers ............................
Nitrogen BMP Bill..............................
Nitrogen Fertilizers ...........................
Organic Matter.................................
Organic Soil Amendments for Cucumber Culture...
Overfertilization W/Potassium...................
Plant Nutrient Disorders 3- Vegetable Crops....
Potato Fertilizer Demonstrations...............
Principles of Fertilization....................
Rate Reductions.................................
Recommendations.................................
Reduced Fertilizer Demonstration...............
Seepage Irrigation Band Placement..............

Bottled Vegetables- Project....................
4-H Congress ...................................
Environmental Landscape Management Proposal....
Horticulture Contest Results...................
Marion County National Winners.................
Vegetable Slide Set ............................
Water Management Project.......................
Water Shortage Aid..............................


.....93-5:2-4
.....91-7:6-7
....94-12:3-4


.94-4:3-4
.90-8:3-5
.91-6:2-4
...92-9:4
...91-9:2
...94-9:2
.94-7:3-4
.92-3:1-2
91-11:2-3
...94-4:3
.94-9:2-3
.94-7:4-5
...92-4:3
.90-4:2-3
.91-7:2-3
...90-6:2
...92-6:3
.91-4:4-5


........... 93-9:4-6
..95-8:2-5, 92-8:5-7
..............91-2 :5
..90-8:5-6, 94-8:2-4
.......... 90-12:6-7
........... 92-5:3-5
........... 90-11:3-4
........... 91-4:9-10


FUNGICIDES


GARDEN


Bravo 720 on Watermelons...........................91-3:7, 91-9:4-5
EBDC Use.....................................................92-4:5-6

Record Size.94-11:4-5, 94-2:1-2, 93-1, 93-7, 92-3, 92-7, 91-6, 90-7
Educational Gardens...................................... ... 90-9:5-7
FSHS- Garden and Landscape Section...........................94-5:4
Gardening Guide Rev.............................91-12:6-7, 90-3:5-6
Gardening Survey- Palm Beach County....................... 94-10:4-5
Mini r inv .. ................. 95-2:2


CABBAGE


jiiiijiii








GARLIC


IRRIGATION



NEMATICIDES


-5-
Varieties................................................. 94-1:2-3

Production Potential......................................90-10:2-3

Drip Irrigation Survey- Vegetables...................93-7:1, 93-9:1
Micro-Irrigated Vegetable Beds.............................90-1:6-7
Seepage Irrigation Fertilizer Band Placement...............91-4:4-5

Clandosan....... ........................................... 90-10:5-7
Vapam............................................. 91-11:7-8, 92-10:5-7


Plastic Mulch Effects ..........................
Day Length Effects.............................
Shallots by Seed Propagation...................
Storage Quality ................................

Alternatives to Chemical Pest Control..........
Compost Trials.................................
Cucumbers and Muskmelons.......................
Economics.................................... ...
Effects of Organic Soil Amendments on Collards.
Fifield Hall Organic Gardens...................
Florida Council on Certification...............
Growing By The Mound Method....................
Growing tomatoes the Japanese Ring Method......
Nitrogen Fertilizers...........................
Oak Leaves as an Amendment.....................
Organic Amendments..............................
Organic Gardening Research and Education Park..
Organic Matter .................................
Organic Soil Amendments for Cucumber Culture...
Supporters of Organic Industries..............
Survey Results.................................
Unusual Vegetables Grown Organically...........
Vermitechnology...................... .. 95-5:5-7
Yard Waste Compost.............................


Maturity Yields........
Packing Container......
Petiole Sap Testing....
Scotch Bonnet Variety..
Transplant Depth........


PLANT & SOIL ANALYSIS
Calibrated Testing...........
The Form....................
Interpretation..............
N and K Sap Testing........
Petiole Sap Test Guidelines.
Testing Plant Sap............
Tissue Testing...............


Fall Temperatures Under Plastic...........
Plastics Disposal...........................

Cold Storage Air Quality...................
Effective Sanitation of Packing Lines......
Ripening Tomato Simulations.................
Tomato Packing Line Improvements...........
Wax Labeling Requirements..................


...........95-7:1-2
............90-12:6
.............95-3:1
..........91-11:5-6

...........93-5:2-4
..95-12:5-6, 91-5:5
.......... .93-11:6-7
.............91-3:3
...........93-4:5-6
...........90-4:6-7
............90-12:7
...........93-3:2-3
...........94-3:2-4
...........92-3:1-2
...........92-9:6-7
...........92-1:5-7
...........93-6:2-4
.......... 91-11:2-3
............. 94-4:3
...........90-7:4-5
............94-10:4
........... 92-4:3-5
95-4:3-5, 95-3:3-4
.93-12:7, 92-11:5-7


....90-7:3-4
......92-9:5
... 93-2:1-2
....92-9:4-5
...92-11:2-3


......95-1:1
......91-3:2
......91-9:2
......93-1:1
...93-12:2-3
...91-12:4-6
....91-3:3-4


................94-7:1-2
...............94-11:1-2


...90-5:6, 90-6:4-6
..........94-11:2-3
...........90-1:7-8
..........91-10:4-5
...........93-4:1-2


Disease Situation for 1993-94 .............................. 93-11:4-6
Fertilizer Demonstration................................ ...... 92-4:3


Calabaza Production......................
Fall Production.........................
Florida Varieties.......................


SHIPPING Carton Standards...........................
Carton Standardizing Promotion.............
Handling and Shipping......................
Vegetable Exporting to Europe..............


................91-3:4-5
..................90-5:5
................ 94-5:2-3

........ 92-9:5, 92-8:1-2
................93-2:4-5
................92-1:4-5
................ 91-7:4-5


N Fertilization.............................................92-8:2-3


ONIONS


ORGANIC
FARMING


PEPPERS


PLASTICS


POTATO


PUMPKIN


SNAPBEANS





SOUTHERN PEAS
Organic Amendments ......................


SPINACH

SQUASH


STRAWBERRY





SWEET CORN


............... 92-1:5-7


Varieties........................................94-4:1-3, 91-4:2-4


Summer Squash Defined..................
Summer Squash Varieties................
Winter Squash Grouping Amendment......
Winter Squash Varieties ...............

Cooling Rates..........................
Cooling and Handling Innovations......
Leaf and Petiole Sap Analysis.........
N and K Sap Testing...................
Atmospheric Treatments for Shipping...

Varieties......... .....................
Herbicide vs. Cultivar...............
HUA Sweet Corn Project ................
Inflorescence Abnormalities............


.... ........ 91-10:6
...95-5:2-3, 93-9:1-2
.............. 91-11:6
............. 95-4:1-2

.............95-9:2-3
.......95-5:5, 95-4:3
..93-10:1-2, 94-6:4-5
............... 93-1:1
.............90-3:4-5


.....92-2:4
...91-9:5-6
.....93-5:2
...92-6:3-4


SWEET POTATO
Sweetpotatoes: Curing Small Batches.........................95-10:5
Weevil Varietal Resistance................................ 92-2:4-6

TOMATOES Blossom End Rot............................................90-8:3-5
Catfacing in Tomatoes and Gibberellic Acid .................94-3:1-2
Cherry Tomato Wholesale Prices.............................93-1:2-3
Copper Toxicity............................................. 90-9:4-5
Fertigation....................................................95-8:1
Florida Varieties...........................................94-6:1-4
Geminivirus and Yield.. ....................................90-1:4-5
Geminivirus and Whiteflies....................................90-1:6
Gray Wall In Florida: Factors and Control..................93-2:2-3
Gray Wall Revisited........................................93-4:2-3
Pesticide Application Delays Fruit Maturity ................95-5:3-4
Reduced Fertilizer Demonstration............................ 92-6:3
Ripening Tomato Simulations...............................90-1:7-8
Seasonal Production........................................ 92-1:1-2
Size Revision.................................................... 91-9:1
Staking vs. Not Staking.....................................95-9:1-2
Thrips and Virus Control..................................... 90-4:4-5
Tomatillo. ................................................. 92-7:1-2
Tomato Leaf Roll............................................ 90-5:7-8
Tomato Packinghouse Improvements..........................91-10:4-5
Tomato Transplant Age Studies............................... 91-4:6
Transplant Depth Evaluation ...............................94-10:1-2
Varieties.........................................92-1:1-2, 94-6:1-2


TRANSPLANTS 1991 Survey..............................
Age Studies ..............................
Controlling Height.......................
Depth Impact on Tomato Yield.............
Florida Greenhouse Vegetables Meeting....
Greenhouse Industry-Fla..................
Growers Association......................
Handling and Shipping....................
Planting Depths of Bell Peppers..........
Plug pH ....................................
Production Costs Bulletin...............
Survey...................................
Transplant Houses 1989-90...............
Virus Detection ..........................
Watermelon Production....................

VEGETABLE- MISCELLANI
Chinese Radish............................
Chlorine Effects on Plants...............
Detergent Toxicity....... ...............
EPA Crop Grouping Regulations............
Foliar Detergent Sprays..................
Freeze Covers ............................
Fresh Florida Mushroom Varieties.........
Fertilization Publications...............
Herbs................. ................. 95-1


..................91-2:3-4
....................91-4 :6
..... ...... ........ 90-8 :5
............... 94-10:1-2
.................90-12:3-5
....................90-2 :2
................. 94-4 :3-4
..................92-1:4-5
................. 92-11:2-3
....... ........ 90-10:4-5
.................... 95-4:2
..................92-5:1-2
................. 92-6:1-2
.................. 91-7:5-6
..................90-2:2-4


....................95-6 :1
....................91-3 :2
..................92-9:1-3
............... 95-11:1-3
................. 92-2:1-2
.................. 90-1:3-4
................. 94-9:3-5
.... ......... ..... 95-7:1
1:5-6, 93-12:1-3, 91-1:7-8




-7-
Herb Directory ........................................
Lake Apopka Unit Project..............................
Minor Vegetable Manual.................................
Miscellaneous .........................................
Non-vegetable Vegetables..............................
Production Guide for Florida and Use by Agents.........
Professional Certification Standards...................
Season Timing..........................................
State Major Program FL27 Homeowner Fruit & Vegetables.
Sustainable Agriculture ...............................
SW Fl Veg. Research Ext. Adv. Board Priorities........
1991-92 Value of Florida Vegetables...................
Variety Demonstrations..................................
Yields in Florida......................................


.93-10:4-6
...92-12:4
...90-10:5
..90-6:6-7
..95-6:3-5
..95-9:3-6
....93-2:4
..90-3:3-4
..95-1:3-4
..91-1:2-4
....94-5:1
..93-9:3-4
..90-9:2-3
.92-10:2-4


WATERMELONS Bee Attractants ............................................ 92-4:1-2
N Fertilization ............................................93-4:3-4
Icebox Varieties ............................................90-11:3
Planting Depth Trials .....................................93-12:3-4
Variety Evaluations....................91-8, 93-10, 95-2, 92-12:2-3
Seedless Variety Trials.....95-1:1-3, 93-8:1-4, 92-11:3-5, 91-12:3-4
Transplant Production...................................... 90-2:2-4

WEED CONTROL
Alachlor Withdrawal .......................................... 90-11:2
Bolero 8C ....................................................90-2:5
Bolero 8C on Celery, Lettuce, Endive, Escarole................91-3:6
Bravo 720 on Watermelons ...........................91-3:7, 91-9:4-5
Cobra Usage on Tomato and Pepper Row Middles.......92-12:5, 94-10:3
Command 4 EC for Peppers ...................................92-3:2-3
Diquat Labeling Needs for Local Use..........................94-8:1
Diquat on Tomatoes and Peppers...................90-11:2-3, 91-11:7
Dual on Cabbage .............................................. 91-3:6
Dual on Pepper Row Middles ................................ 94-12:2-3
Dual 8E on Sweet Corn.........................................93-4:5
Enquik on Strawberries ......................................90-9:5
Gramoxone Extra on Cabbage .................................. 92-12:5
Gramoxone on Dry Beans ....................................... 90-7:5
Gramoxone Extra on Eggplant................................... 94-3:2
ID Publication. ............................................90-11:4-5
IR-4 Meeting. .............................................. 92-9:5-6
IR-4 Tolerances............................................ 92-5:2-3
Last Year's Applications........................................ 90-5:7
Lorox DF on Parsley...........................................91-2:5
Off Season. .................................................. 92-7:2
Paraquat on Melons and Lettuce................................ 91-4:8
Poast on Sweet Corn.......................................... 91-5:4
Poast on Bulb Vegetables........................................ 91-1:7
Poast on Legumes ............................................ 90-5:7
Prowl Supplemental Labeling.................................93-10:4
Pursuit on Legumes............................................91-4:7
Record-keeping .............................................90-5:7
Roundup Labeling..........................................92-12:5-6
Sulfonyl-Urea on Sweet Corn.................................91-9:5-6
Tank Mixing Herbicides..................................... 90-2:4-5
Triazine Compounds Carcinogenic.............................94-12:3
Weed ID ...................................................90-11:4-5


(Vavrina, Vegetarian 96-04)




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