• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Table of Contents
 Main






Title: Vegetarian
ALL VOLUMES CITATION PDF VIEWER THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00087399/00310
 Material Information
Title: Vegetarian
Series Title: Vegetarian
Physical Description: Serial
Creator: Horticultural Sciences Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publisher: Horticultural Sciences Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Horticultural Sciences Department
Publication Date: February 1996
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00087399
Volume ID: VID00310
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Downloads

This item has the following downloads:

Vegetarian%201996%20Issue%2096-2 ( PDF )


Table of Contents
    Table of Contents
        Table of Contents
    Main
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
Full Text



SUNIVERSITY OF Cooperative Extension Service

SFLORIDA Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


VEGETARIAN

A Vegetable Crops Extension Publication
Slottiiculbml &cicccs Department P.O. 110690 GCaineville, fl 32611 Telephone 904/392-2134


Vegetarian 96-02


February 15, 1996


Contents


I. NOTES OF INTEREST

A. Vegetable Crops Calendar


I. COMMERCIAL VEGETABLES

A. Carrot Response to Potassium Fertilization on a
Sandy Soil.

III VEGETABLE GARDENING

A. Tips on Starting Transplants (Herbs and Vegetables).

B. Largest Vegetables Update.

Note: Anyone is free to use the information in this newsletter.
Whenever possible, please give credit to the authors. The purpose of
trade names in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing
information and does not necessarily constitute a recommendation of
the product.


The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an Equal Employment Opportunity Affirmative Action Employer authorized to provide research, educational
information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap or national origin.
___ __ ____ _-_ __ ^a. a -t *- _.-_I *t. J MM --- Mk -- f.,,H I *I ',,T fm r!t i~r/ rTtTtt flT TIt J









I. NOTES OF INTEREST

A. Vegetable Crops Calendar.

March 7-14, 1996. Florida Postharvest
Horticulture Institute and Industry Tour.
Contact Steve Sargent, Coordinator.


H. COMMERCIAL VEGETABLES

A. Carrot Response to Potassium
Fertilization on a Sandy Soil.

In the January Vegetarian, I described
some research we conducted on carrot N
fertilization on sandy soils. In a second study,
using similar methods, we also evaluated
responses to potassium (K) fertilization. The
prefertilization soil K was 38 ppm (Mehlich-1
extractant), interpreted as medium for which
100 lb K20 per acre were recommended. For
all three plantings, 100 lb K20 per acre
appeared to be adequate for carrot production.
The K recommendations were adequate.
There did not appear to be any differential
response to K fertilization between the two
carrot cultivars.


EFFECTS OF K ON CARROT
SECOND PLANTING DATE, 14 DEC, 1994


180


Q 150-----
>- 140
^_ *" ------- ---------~------
a 130 -
0 50 100 150 200
K FERTILIZATION (LB K20/ACRE)


(Hochmuth, Vegetarian 96-02)


NANTES

CHOCTW


EFFECTS OF K ON CARROT
THIRD PLANTING DATE, 17 JAN, 1995
U-150 i
0 140
130
. 120 NANTES
S' 1_
110 CHOCTW
100..
2 90
a 90 -===,. ----- :-^
0 50 100 150 200
K FERTILIZATION (LB K20/ACRE)


EFFECTS OF K ON CARROT
FIRST PLANTING DATE, 23 NOV 1994
- 300
U 280
260
! 240 NANTES
20 --
J 220 ---- CHOCTW
200
2 180
0 50 100 150 200
K FERTILIZATION (LB K20/ACRE)





-2-


HI. VEGETABLE GARDENING

A. Tips on Starting Transplants
(Herbs and Vegetables).

Once again Barbara Daniels,
Coordinator of the Urban Gardening project in
Duval County has provided us with some good
practical and timely gardening information.
Here she relates how her group of Urban and
Master Gardeners start their transplants for the
spring garden. I have made just a few editorial
changes here and there, but have found her
procedure to be "right-on".


At the Urban Gardening Demonstra-
tion Garden, we have started seedlings for
spring planting. Herbs were started early
January, but it is not too late to start in
February. Cold protection may still be needed
outside. If you already have hardy herb and
cool season vegetable plants ready this month,
they can be set out when your soil preparation
chores are done in February. Using transplants
for crucifers (broccoli, cabbage, collards and
cauliflower) this month will give you a jump
on warmer weather. The flavor and
production of these vegetables are much better
with longer periods of cold weather.

Supplies you need for starting seed
include plastic flats with or without cellpack
inserts, a good soilless growing mixture, seed
markers and water soluble fertilizer. If you
plan to start a lot of different plants in one
seed flat, fill the flat with premoistened soil
mix, firming it down until it is 1/2" from the
top of the flat. Sow seeds in furrows three
times as deep as the seed diameter. Space
small seeds 1/8" apart and medium seeds 1/2"
apart, in rows 1 and 1/2" to 2" apart. This
allows room to grow their first true leaves
before transplanting. Label each row with the
name and variety of the plant and the date of
sowing.


Keep flats moist and warm (70-75
degrees) for good germination. For heating,
we use an old electric blanket or heating pad.
If you do this, place plastic over blanket
before putting tray down. You don't want to
get it wet and cause an electric shock. Then
cover tray with plastic to keep in moisture.
Keep a good watch on tray for emerging seeds
as they then will need light to keep them from
getting leggy. Set tray out in sunshine every
day until ready to transplant into 2" pots.
Plants need to be brought in if nights are
below 45-50 degrees.

When transplanting seedlings to 2"
pots use pre-moistened potting soil, filling pot
to 1/2" of top. Firm soil and use finger to
make a planting hole. Use a plastic spoon or
pencil to gently lift seedlings from planting flat.
Hold plant by leaves rather than by the stem to
pull plant up. Keep football intact when
placing in planting hole. Most plants can be
set slightly deeper than they were in the
germination flat. Firm soil around newly set
plant so roots are in close contact with soil and
no air pockets are left. Set transplants in a
warm place outside and gently water in.
Avoid mid-day direct sun the first day until
they perk up.

To prevent disturbing the roots when
transferring from the germination tray to the
2" pot, you can use cellpacks in the flat. Fill
packs with damp soil 1/2" from the top. Use
the eraser end of a pencil to make a depression
in the middle of each cell, then drop one seed
in each hole. Firm soil over seed. Keep plants
watered to moist, not soggy. You can use 1/4
of the recommended amount of liquid fertilizer
per gallon to water plants. Start hardening off
plants before planting in the garden. Cut back
on fertilizer and watering and increase
exposure to sunlight, wind and a range of
temperature. Transplant in the garden on a
warm, windless cloudy day for the transition to
their new homes.


(Vegetarian, Stephens 96-02)





B. Largest Vegetable Update.
The following is a list of the largest vegetables in Florida.

Florida Record-size Vegetables
J. M. Stephens Vegetable Crops Specialist
University of Florida 392-2134 ext. 209
(through 02\01\96)


Vegetable
Bean, Lima
Beet
Boniata
Broccoli
Cabbage
Cantaloupe
Carrot
Cassava
Cauliflower
Chicory
Collard
Corn, sweet
Cucumber (wt)
Cucumber (length)
Eggplant
Garlic
Gourd
Gourd, cucuzzi
Honeydew
Jicama
Kohlrabi
Malanga
Melon, winter
Mustard
Okra, pod (wt)
Okra, pod (length)
Okra, stalk
Onion
Pepper
Potato, irish
Potato, sweet
Pumpkin
Radish, S.
Radish, W.
Radish, W.
Rutabaga
Squash, hub.
Squash, banana
Squash, butternut
Squash, scal.
Squash, spaghetti
Squash, zucc.
Squash, summer
Taro
Tomato
Turnip
Watermelon
Yam (True)


Variety
Pole
Detroit


Dutch Flat
Colossal
Chantenay


Magdeburg
Georgia
Skycraper
Burpless
Burpless
Black Beauty
Elephant
Field's Common

Tam-dew


unknown

Fla. Broadleaf


La. Green Velvet
Grano
Experimental
Frito #92

Atlantic Giant
Red Summer

Daikon






Park's Black
YSN

Delicious
Just Right
Carolina Cross


Size
9 1/2 inches
5 lb. 0 oz.
12 lb. 10 oz.
5 lb. 4 oz
19 lb. 7 oz.
29 lb. 8 oz.
3 b. loz.
11 lb. 4 Oz.
15 lb. 6 oz.
1 lb. 3 oz.
13 ft. 3 in.
1 lb. 15 oz.
4 lb. 7 oz.
27 in.
4 lb. 8 oz.
1 lb. 8 oz.
55 lbs.
61.5"
8 lb. 4 oz.
21 lb. 8 oz.
19 lb. 8 oz.
18 lb. 3 oz.
67 lbs.
7 1/3 lbs.
8 oz.
22 1/4 in.
19ft' 10 1/2"
3 lb. 11 oz.
1 lb. 1 oz.
2 lb. 13 oz.
30.2 lb.
242 lb.
3 lb. 12 oz.
25 lb.
23 lb. 5 oz.
22 lbs.
131 lb. 12 oz.
39 lb.
23 lb. 12 oz.
3 lb. 11 oz.
25 lb. 14 oz.
11 lb. 11 oz.
6 lb. 2 oz..
8 oz.
3 lb.
18 lb. 4 oz.
205 Ib.
12 lb. 15 oz.
l_ _C..-- i -- f'c


County
St. Lucie
Duval
Seminole
Suwannee
Suwannee
Levy
Pinellas
Palm Beach
Alachua
Alachua
Leon
Suwannee
Suwannee
Suwannee
Palm Beach
St. Johns
Suwannee
Hemando
Escambia
Palm Beach
Duval
Palm Beach
Palm Beach
Suwannee
Suwannee
Suwannee
Flagler
Manatee
Palm Beach
St. Johns
Seminole
Suwannee
Palm Beach
Hillsborough
Alachua
Lake
Santa Rosa
Lake
Santa Rosa
Nassau
St. Johns
Nassau
Escambia
Palm Beach
Marion
Union
Levy
Palm Beach
nI'\


Grower
Walter
Brinson
Phillips
Graham
Graham
Bumgardner
Nehls
Ozaki
Severino
Lazin
Kelso
Graham
Graham
Graham
Laluppa
Hester
Graham
Pizzino
Harrison
Oppe
Faustini
Ozaki
Yee
Graham
Graham
Graham
Mikulka
Geraldson
Amestoy
Kight
White
Graham
Vanderlaan
Breslow
Neilson
Salter
Bynum
Blehar
Bynum
Home
Jones
Home
Harrison
Oppe
Spangler
Clyatt
Bumgardner
Oppe


Date
04/12/95
06/06/92
03/05/91
06/06/93
06/29/92
07/09/91
04/16/93
01/12/96
02/19/92
02/13/86
08/26/93
06/23/94
06/29/92
06/29/92
01/17/92
05/20/93
08/08/95
07/18/94
07/13/95
01/26/93
06/05/93
01/12/96
09/13/95
06/28/93
06/28/93
06/28/93
10/27/94
08/07/90
02/02/90
05/23/89
01/25/93
07/03/90
01/31/90
1977
03/28/92
11/19/93
10/26/94
09/26/91
09/26/92
06/10/95
06/19/92
06/10/95
07/13/95
01/17/92
07/11/90
01/20/93
07/21/92
01/26/93













Dr. D. J. Cantliffe
Chairman


Dr. S. M. Olson
Professor


Mr. J. M. Stephens
Professor


Prepared by Extension Vegetable Crops Specialists


Dr. G.J. Iochmuth Dr. D. N. Maynard
Professor & Editor Professor


Dr. S. A. Sargent Dr. W. M. Stall
Assoc. Professor Professor


Dr. C. S. Vavrina Dr. J. M. White
Assoc. Professor Assoc. Professor




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs