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Title: Vegetarian
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Title: Vegetarian
Series Title: Vegetarian
Physical Description: Serial
Creator: Horticultural Sciences Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publisher: Horticultural Sciences Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Horticultural Sciences Department
Publication Date: December 1995
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Bibliographic ID: UF00087399
Volume ID: VID00308
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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UNIVERSITY OF Cooperative Extension Service

F LORIDA Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences



VEGETARIAN

/ A Vegetable Crops Extension Publication
Horticultural Siencea Department P.O. 110690 Gaine8ville, F 32611 Telephone 904/392-2134
^^H ~~~ ~ ~~~-i i; fc g ---.------------------_ __________


Vegetarian 95-12


December 6, 1995


Contents

I. NOTES OF INTEREST

A. Vegetable Crops Calendar

H. COMMERCIAL VEGETABLES

A. Suwannee Valley Field and Greenhouse Vegetable
Grower's Shortcourse and Trade Show.

B. 15th Annual Cucurbit/Vine Crops Meetings Set for
January 4 in Jackson and Holmes Counties.

III. VEGETABLE GARDENING

A. Santa Rosa Composting Trial.


Note: Anyone is free to use the information in this newsletter.
Whenever possible, please give credit to the authors. The purpose of
trade names in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing
information and does not necessarily constitute a recommendation of
the product.


The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an Equal Employment Opportunity Affirmative Action Employer authorized to provide research, educational
information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap or national origin.





-1-


I. NOTES OF INTEREST


11:30-1:00


A. Vegetable Crops Calendar.

January 4, 1996. 15th Annual
Cucurbit/Vine Crops Meetings set in Jackson
and Holmes Counties. Contact Charles
Brasher, Jackson Co. Extension.

January 13, 1996. Suwannee Valley
Field and Greenhouse Vegetable Grower's
Shortcourse and Trade Show. Suwannee
County Coliseum, Live Oak, FL. Contact Bob
Hochmuth (904) 362-1725.

January 17, 1996. Compost
Symposium 9:00 AM 3:00 PM. Southwest
Fla. REC, State Rd. 29 N, Immokalee, FL.
Contact Charlie Vavrina.

March 7-14, 1996. Florida Postharvest
Horticulture Institute and Industry Tour.
Contact Steve Sargent, Coordinator.


H. COMMERCIAL VEGETABLES

A. Suwannee Valley Field and
Greenhouse Vegetable Grower's
Shortcourse and Trade Show.

SUWANNEE VALLEY FIELD AND
GREENHOUSE VEGETABLE
TRADE SHOW
Saturday, January 13, 1996
SUWANNEE COUNTY COLISEUM,
LIVE OAK, FL


8:30 am


9:15


1:00 pm


Lunch and visit exhibits


Afternoon Concurrent
Sessions (choose one)
Field Vegetable Session or
Greenhouse Vegetable Session


2:30-4:30 Suwannee Valley REC Field
and Greenhouse
Demonstrations

Meal reservations at $5.00 each are required
by January 10, 1995, Call (904) 362-1725.

*Credits (CEUs) will be granted for each
session toward renewal of certification for
pesticide applicators.

Sponsored by: Florida Cooperative Extension
Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural
Sciences, University of Florida, and area
agribusinesses.

In compliance with the ADA Act, participants
with special needs can be reasonably
accommodated by contacting the Suwannee
Valley Research and Education Center at least
five working days prior to the trade show. We
can be reached by phone at (904) 362-1725, or
by FAX at (904) 362-3067.


Registration and Trade Show
(coffee and donuts)

Morning Concurrent Sessions
(choose one)
Field Vegetable Session or
Greenhouse Vegetable Session









GREENHOUSE VEGETABLE SESSION
Extension Conference Room


Moderator:

9:15 -9:30


9:30 9:45



9:45- 10:15






10:15- 10:45


10:45- 11:10


11:10- 11:30


Michael Sweat, Baker County Extension Director, Macclenny, FL

Welcome, Dr. Steve Ryan, Suwannee Valley REC, Center Director, University of
Florida, IFAS, Live Oak, FL

What are The Problems and Solutions for North Florida? Survey Results Bob
Hochmuth, Multicounty Extension Agent, Suwannee Valley REC, University of
Florida, IFAS, Live Oak, FL

The Big Market Picture for Greenhouse Tomatoes
- NAFTA
- Vine Ripes
- Field Industry Impacts on Greenhouses
Dr. John Van Sickle, Marketing Economist, Food and Resource Economics,
University of Florida, IFAS, Gainesville, FL

North American Greenhouse Vegetable Industry A Contrast and Comparison to
Florida's Industry Jim Farley, President, De Ruiter Seeds, Inc., USA

The North Florida Market A Window of Opportunity? Dan Brentlinger, President,
CropKing, Inc., Medina, OH

View From an Expanding Operation in the North Florida Area Emil Belibasis,
Owner/Operator, Bell Farms, Wellborn, FL


11:30- 1:00 LUNCH


Moderator:


1:00- 1:30



1:30 2:00



2:30 4:30


Bill Thomas, Columbia County Extension Director, University of Florida, IFAS,
Lake City, FL

Biological Control Results and Associated Costs in 1994/95 Tomato Trials Bob
Hochmuth, Multicounty Extension Agent, Suwannee Valley REC, University of
Florida, IFAS, Live Oak, FL

New Diseases in Tomatoes in North Florida and Other Disease Updates Dr. Gary
Simone, Associate Professor, Plant Pathology Department, University of Florida,
IFAS, Gainesville, FL

Suwannee Valley Research and Education Center Field and Greenhouse
Demonstrations

2 hydroponic greenhouses, tomatoes, cucumbers, rockwool, perlite, biological control
and more. Mulch and drip irrigation demonstrations. Onion production, strawberries,
row covers, herbicide trials, Chinese cabbage and more. Existing fruit and nut crop
plantings include: blueberry, grape, persimmon, and chestnut.









FIELD VEGETABLE SESSION
Exhibition II Building


Moderator:

9:15 9:30


9:30 9:50


9:50- 10:20


10:20 10:40


10:40- 11:10


11:10- 11:30



11:30- 1:00

Moderator:


1:00- 1:30


1:30 1:50


1:50 2:20



2:30 4:30


Jim Fletcher, Madison County Extension Director, Madison, FL

Welcome, Dr. Christine Taylor Stephens, Dean for Extension, University of
Florida, IFAS, Gainesville, FL

Preventing the Most Common Farm Safety Problems in Florida Chris Pappas, Safety
and Environmental Affairs, Mgr., Terra Asgrow Florida, Plant City, FL

Pesticide Compliance Simplified for the Farmer Larry Halsey, Jefferson County
Extension Director, University of Florida, IFAS, Monticello, FL

The "Dos" and "Dont's" of Sprayer Tank Mixes Dr. Tom Kucharek, Extension
Pathologist, University of Florida, IFAS, Gainesville, FL

Weed Control in Mulched Row Middles Dr. Bill Stall, Extension Specialist, Weed
Control, Horticultural Sciences Dept., University of Florida, IFAS, Gainesville, FL

Using a Vegetable Sales Contract Wisely Dr. John Van Sickle, Marketing
Economist, Food and Resource Economics, University of Florida, IFAS, Gainesville,
FL

LUNCH

David Dinkins, Bradford County Extension Director, University of Florida, IFAS,
Starke, FL

Everything You Wanted to Know About Mosaic Viruses Dr. Susan Webb, Virus-
Vector Studies, Central Florida REC, University of Florida, IFAS, Leesburg, FL

Economics of Transplanting vs Seeding Watermelon Tim Hewitt, Food and
Resource Economics, North Florida REC, University of Florida, IFAS, Marianna, FL

Nutrient Management When Fertigating With Drip Irrigation Dr. George Hochmuth,
Extension Specialist, Vegetable Crop Nutrition, Horticultural Sciences Department,
University of Florida, IFAS, Gainesville, FL

Suwannee Valley Research and Education Center Field and Greenhouse
Demonstrations

2 hydroponic greenhouses, tomatoes, cucumbers, rockwool, perlite, biological control
and more. Mulch and drip irrigation demonstrations. Onion production, strawberries,
row covers, herbicide trials, Chinese cabbage and more. Existing fruit and nut crop
plantings include: blueberry, grape, persimmon, and chestnut.


(Hochmuth, Vegetarian 12-95)








B. 15th Annual Cucurbit/Vine
Crops Meetings Set for January 4 in
Jackson and Holmes Counties.

The Jackson County and
Holmes/Washington Extension Services are
pleased to host the 15th Annual Cucurbit/Vine
Crops Meetings on Thursday, January 4, 1996.
The Jackson County Farm Center, Highway 90
(west of Marianna) will be the site of the
afternoon session; registration will begin at
2:30 pm CST and the session will adjourn at
5:00 pm. The meetings will be repeated in an
evening session at the Holmes County
Agricultural Center, Highway 90 (east of
Bonifay); registration there will be at CST, and
the session will adjourn at 9:00 pm.


Two CEU's have been requested for
Restricted Use Pesticide Applicators. While
still in the planning stages at press time for this
newsletter organizers expect to follow this
agenda.


CUCURBIT/VINE CROPS MEETINGS

2:30 PM Marianna and 7:00 PM Bonifay

15 min. Registration/CEU forms

10 min. Fertilizer Recommendations for Melons and Other Cucurbits Grown on Plastic and
Dirt; Bob Hochmuth, Multi-County Extension Agent-IFAS Research Center and
Suwannee County Extension Office-Live Oak

10 min. Crop Nutrient Requirements for Cucurbits/Melons, etc., Dr. George Hochmuth,
Horticultural Sciences Department, Gainesville

15 min. Varieties of Watermelons and Other Cucurbits That Have the Best Yield Potentials,
and Disease Resistances, if any; Dr. Steve Olson, Vegetable Specialist, NFREC,
Quincy

15 min. Fruit Blotch Update-Watermelons and Resistance by Squash Varieties for Viral
Diseases; Dr. Tom Kucharek, Plant Pathologist, UF-IFAS

10 min. Questions/Discussion for the First 3 Speakers


Break/Refreshments-Sponsored by Seed Companies


10 min.









15 min. Disease Diagnosis/Control; Dr. Dan Chellemi, NFREC, Quincy, Diagnostic Lab

15 min. Bee Pollination of Melons & Other Cucurbits & How to Help Protect Bees from
Harmful Pesticides While in the Field; Dr. Tom Sanford, Extension Apiculturalist,
Entomology & Nematology, UF-IFAS, Gainesville

15 min. Economic Considerations of Direct Seeding vs. Transplanting of Watermelons; Tim
Hewitt, Professor/Economist, NFREC-Marianna

20 min. Insect Control in Melons/Other Cucurbits and the Worker Protection Standard; Dr.
Dick Sprenkel, Extension Entomologist, NFREC-Quincy

10 min. Wrap Up from Local Extension Agent & Questions for the Final 4 Speakers

5:00 PM and 9:00 PM Adjourn

For persons with disabilities requiring special accommodations, please contact Charles L. Brasher at
4487 Lafayette St., Marianna, FL 32446, or phone 904-482-9620, or FAX 904-482-9287 within two
days of the scheduled meeting so that proper consideration may be given to the request.


(Charles Brasher, Jackson Co. Extension, Vegetarian, 12-95)


II. VEGETABLE GARDENING

Santa Rosa Composting Trial.

Under the leadership of Dan Mullins,
Santa Rosa County Extension Agent, the
northwest Florida communities of Milton-Pace
looked at three common methods of
composting their landfill yard trash and
evaluated those physical and chemical
properties that related to the product's use as
a soil amendment. During the winter of 1994
three piles of yard waste were constructed in
windowsw" 36 feet long by 8 feet wide and 5
feet high. These piles were composted by
three separate methods: a) without additives,
b) with aged compost applied intermittently
(one 2-inch layer per 12 inches of raw
compost) to "start" the composting, and c) by
applying fertilizer (13-13-13) and limestone
(dolomite) with the organic yard waste.


Following 7 months of turning and irrigating
these three piles, samples of the final product
were screened and weighed according to three
sieve sizes (plus unscreened). With all three
composting methods, about 90 percent by
volume of the particulates passed through a 1-
inch sieve, and 40 to 58 percent by volume
passed a 1/4 inch size sieve. Laboratory
analyses showed only a slight increase in the
level of nitrogen contained in the compost
where fertilizer had been applied, indicating
that the micro-organisms had utilized most of
the N in decomposing the organic matter. The
result of this study shows that a satisfactory
soil amendment suitable for horticultural usage
may be expected from each of three commonly
used composting procedures.

Conclusion
A. The windrowing method of
composting as demonstrated by the Santa









Rosa County communities provides a
satisfactory way for converting yard waste into
useful compost and thereby creating an
alternative to land filling.

B. While windrowing without
additional amendments results in adequate
decomposition of yard trash for useful
compost, the process is accelerated and a
finer-grade product is obtained through the use
of fertilizer amendments, both organic and in-
organic. This study appears to show that
organic compost may have an additional
benefit over commercial fertilizer in that it is a
source of inoculum.

C. While the nutrient level of compost
made from Santa Rosa yard trash is low as
compared with commercial fertilizer, previous
tests with similar compost have shown that the
use of fairly large amounts of compost (20-40
T/A) results in good crop production.
Therefore, at these rates, the Santa Rosa
compost, even non-amended, could supply
around 100-200 pounds N, 16-32 pounds P,
and 20-40 pounds K per acre.

(Stephens, Vegetarian 12-95)




Prepared by Extension Vegetable Crops Specialists

Dr. D. J. Cantliffe Dr. G. J. Hochmuth Dr. D. N. Maynard
Chairman Professor Professor


Dr. S. M. Olson Dr. S. A. Sargent Dr. W. M. Stall
Assoc. Professor Assoc. Professor Professor


Mr. J. M. Stephens Dr. C. S. Vavrina Dr. J. M. White
fess & Edito Assoc. Professor Assoc. Professor




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