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Title: Vegetarian
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00087399/00306
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Title: Vegetarian
Series Title: Vegetarian
Physical Description: Serial
Creator: Horticultural Sciences Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publisher: Horticultural Sciences Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Horticultural Sciences Department
Publication Date: October 1995
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Bibliographic ID: UF00087399
Volume ID: VID00306
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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UNIVERSITY OF Cooperative Extension Service

FLORIDA Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences



- VEGETARIAN


A Vegetable Crops Extension Publication
Horticultural Scinccs Department P.O. 110690 Canfevil-I, FL 32611 Telephone 904/39 2134


Vegetarian 95-10


October 20, 1995


Contents


I. NOTES OF INTEREST

A. Vegetable Crops Calendar.


II. COMMERCIAL VEGETABLES

A. E-Mail for County Vegetable Extension Agents.

B. Nantes Carrot Variety Observations on Sandy SoiL


III. VEGETABLE GARDENING

A. Sweetpotatoes: Curing Small Batches.


-.. .. /' Note: Anyone is free to use the information in this newsletter.
Whenever possible, please give credit to the authors. The purpose of
trade names in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing
Information and does not necessarily constitute a recommendation of
the product.








The irn .Itj.Ic li F.tO aFr J Agrwrulrural 'kiernces isan Equal Employment Opportunity Affirmative Action Ermp.loer authored to pro'\ de research educanonal
i,, .r1iml.Ir, i r.. -rhi. i., r e- onnly L1, indi 'idLals iand instIhjrir, rri l runctI un wiihour reard 1o race cole cr 'x age h.nJiJcan or national origin.
CCX3PERATIVE EXTENSION WORK IN AGRICULTUREE. HOME ECONOMICS STATE OF FLORIDA IF.A L IE'RSITY OF FLORIDA.
U S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, AND BOARDS OF COUNTY COMMISSIONERS COOPERATING.









L NOTES OF INTEREST


A. Vegetable Crops Calendar.

March 7-14, 1996. Florida Postharvest
Horticulture Institute and Industry Tour.
Contact Steve Sargent, Coordinator.

I. COMMERCIAL VEGETABLES

A. E-Mail for County Vegetable
Extension Agents.

We are trying to use E-mail more to
communicate with the vegetable county)
faculty. Communication should be faster and
more economical with E-mail for memos and
notices. There are vegetable agents whose E-
mail address is not listed in the IFAS directory.
Please mail or FAX your E-mail address to the
address listed below so that you will not miss
any memos, letters, or information pertinent
to your program:


B. Nantes Carrot
Observations on Sand, Soil.


Variety


During the winter season of 1994-95,
Mark Bassett and George Hochmuth made
two plantings of several Nantes carrot
varieties. The results of yield, carrot size, and
taste observations are presented below. Some
varieties produced good yields in one or the
other planting and certain varieties performed
well in both plantings. Better performing
varieties in both plantings included 'HMX
3300', 'HMS 3301', 'Nandrin', 'Primo',
'Bolero', 'CXC 9900', and 'Ingot'.


Beth Barber
Horticultural Sciences Dept.
PO 110690
University of Florida
FAX: 904-392-5653

(Vegetarian, Hochmuth 95-10)






Table 1. Response of several Nantes carrot cultivars to production on sandy soils near Gainesville, FL, winter 1994-95.

Planting Cullivar Yield (cwt/acre) Root Rool Rating. Flavorx Seed
dale Jumbo Cull No. 1 Tot. Mkt. length(cm) diam.(cm) Alternaria Vigor source
Nov 23 HMX3298 0 22.65 149.14 149.14 16.6 2.74 3 3 3 Harris Moran

Nov 23 HMX3299 0 15.16 123.10 123.10 17.8 2.75 4 2 1 Harris Moran

Nov 23 HMX3300 9.24 23.15 161.66 170.90 15.6 2.75 3.5 3 1 Harris Moran

Nov 23 HMX3301 76.65 4.02 171.00 247.65 20.45 3.46 2 5 2 Harris Moran

Nov 23 HMX3294 10.01 4.81 146.74 156.75 16.45 3.2 4 2.5 1 Harris Moran

Nov 23 HMX3234 26.38 12.64 124.02 150.39 15.5 3 4 2 1 Harris Moran

Nov 23 HMX3300 61.52 19.16 215.21 276.72 19.3 3.3 2 4.5 2 Harris Moran

Nov 23 LUCKYB 28.57 5.32 80.65 109.22 18 2.9 3 2.5 2 Alf Christianson
Nov 23 BOLERO 56.73 1.44 115.93 172.66 19 3.25 1.5 3.5 3 Alf Christianson
Nov 23 PRIMO 3.20 13.84 152.82 156.03 18.45 3.1 3.5 3 2 Alf Christianson
Nov 23 NANDRIN 66.16 13.33 220.21 286.37 20.2 3.14 1.5 5 1 AlfChristianson

Nov 23 INGOT 5.90 4.98 135.47 141.37 20.28 2.95 3.5 2.5 2 Alf Christianson

Nov 23 ICON 2.67 14.49 134.65 137.33 20.3 2.7 2 3 2 Alf Christianson

Nov 23 CXC7105 19.45 30.16 97.93 117.37 20.3 2.95 3 3.5 3 Alf Christianson

Nov 23 CXC3561 19.61 6.28 117.76 137.37 21 3 2 3.5 2 AlfChristianson

Nov 23 CXC9900 36.82 7.27 146.06 182.88 19 3 2 3.5 4 Alf Christianson
Nov 23 CXC1567 44.26 0.75 68.18 112.44 0 0 1.5 4 2 Alf Christianson






continued
Table 1. Response of several Nantes carrot cullivars to production on sandy soils near Gainesville, FL, winter 1994-95.

Planting Cultivar Yield (cwilacrel Root Root Ratinge Flavor* Seed
date Jumbo Cull No. 1 Tot. Mkt. iength(cni) diain.(cni) Altemaria Vigor source
Nov 23 CXC6107 45.56 14.99 69.82 115.38 17.6 2.9 4 2 1 AlfChristianson

Nov 23 CXC8771 0 16.27 66.86 66.86 18.3 2.25 1 4.5 3 AlfChrislianson

Nov 23 MOKUM 40.02 5.90 144.23 184.26 20.45 3.3 5 1 4 Alf Christianson

Dec 14 HMX3298 3.01 59.73 100.82 103.82 17,9 2.7 1.5 3.5 Harris Moran

Dec 14 HMX3299 0 71.72 83.13 83.13 17.25 2.5 3.5 3.5 Harris Moran

Dec 14 HMX3300 0 49.70 105.97 105 97 18.1 2.85 3.5 3 Harris Moran

Dec 14 HMX3301 0 55.23 158.91 15891 17.4 2.7 2 4 Harris Moran

Dec 14 HMX3294 0 54.78 79.57 79.57 13.7 2.54 4 2 Harris Moran
Dec 14 HMX3234 0 35.52 85.89 85.89 15.4 2.7 3 2 Harris Moran
Dec 14 HMX3300 3.73 54.32 142.96 146.69 16.78 2.95 2.5 2,5 Harris Moran

Dec 14 LUCKYB 6.62 11.82 56,63 63.25 16.9 2.76 2.5 2 Alf Christianson

Dec 14 BOLERO 0 6.57 84.47 84.47 19 2,95 2 2 Alf Christianson

Dec 14 PRIMO 0 58 68 140.26 140.26 18.5 2.55 1.5 3.5 AlfChristianson

Dec 14 NANDRIN 0 34.82 244.09 244.09 19.6 2.8 1.5 1 Alf Christianson

Dec 14 INGOT 0 55.69 106.81 106.81 17.5 2.45 2.5 2.5 Alf Christianson
Dec 14 ICON 0 53.62 80.02 80.02 20.5 2.46 1.5 2 AlfChristianson

Dec 14 CXC7105 0 46.40 106.83 106.83 18.18 2.75 2 2.5 Alf Chrislianson






continued
Table 1. Response of several Nantes carrot cultivars to production on sandy soils near Gainesville, FL, winter 1994-95.

Planting Cultivar Yield (cwi/acre) Root Root _Ratingz Flavor1 Seed
date Jumbo Cull No. 1 Tot. Mkt. length(cm) diam.(cm) Alternaria Vigor source

Dec 14 CXC3561 3.37 32.47 90.44 93.81 20.98 2.9 3 2.5 AlfChrislianson

Dec 14 CXC9900 3.20 44.84 128.30 131.50 18.35 2.85 3 2 Alf Christianson

Dec 14 CXC1567 700 19.93 121.25 128.25 19.75 2.95 2 3 Alf Christianson

Dec 14 CXC6107 7.00 19.64 89.29 96.29 18.95 2.95 4 2 Alf Christianson

Dec 14 CXC8771 0 31.38 108.13 108.13 18.5 2.8 2 2 Alf Christianson

Dec 14 MOKUM 3.66 36.85 33.69 37.35 17.6 2.36 4.5 4.5 Alf Christianson

Dec 14 BOLERO 0 23.51 181.32 181.32 15.95 2.8 1.5 4 2 Vilmorin

Dec 14 PRIMO 3.44 26.98 154.87 158.31 17.5 2.94 4 3 4 Vilmorin

Dec 14 iINO 0 17.69 194.77 194.77 17.1 3.05 4 3.5 2 Vilmorin

Dec 14 CHEYENNE' 0 75.23 116.05 116.05 22.8 2.45 3.5 4 2 Sun Seeds

Dec 14 CONDOR 26.38 63.56 85.29 111.67 19.1 3.1 3.5 2.5 1 Sun Seeds

Dec 14 SUN278 59.20 45.73 123.99 183.20 16.92 3.5 2 4 2.5 Sun Seeds

Dec 14 UNX303 0 53.81 182.40 182.40 21.2 3 1.5 3.5 3 Sun Seeds


Ratings were for Alternaria (1 = none to 5 = severe disease) and for plant vig
Ylmperator type carrot.
'Flavor rating: 1 = too bland or too strong; 2= good; 3= sweet; 4 = excellent.


or (1 = poor vigor to 5 = tall, vigorous plants).


(Hochmuth, Vegetarian 95-10)









HI. VEGETABLE GARDENING

A. Sweetpotatoes: Curing Small
Batches.

Most sweetpotatoes in Florida today
are grown by gardeners. This is due to the
prevalence of the sweetpotato weevil and the
inability of FDACS to certify the roots
shipped out of Florida as "weevil free" due to
inadequate controls.

At this time of the year (Oct Nov) in
Florida, gardeners are digging their "crop"
and preparing the roots for storage.

Curing is suggested even at the home
gardener level. The purpose of curing is to
prevent infection of wounds, cuts, and scrapes
by disease producing organisms. No matter
how carefully the roots are dug, some injury
is inevitable, and the wounds need to be
healed.

In addition to healing wounds, curing
also speeds up internal changes that make the
roots more palatable after cooking. Roots that
are cooked immediately after digging (raw
roots) are less flavorful than those cured and
stored for awhile. This change in palatability
involves the conversion of starch to sugars
and related compounds. Freshly dug raw
sweetpotato roots convert less of their starch
to sugars during curing than those cured and
stored. The conversion begins in curing.
continues during storage (at proper
temperatures) and peaks during cooking. Of
course, there is a varietal difference in the
extent to which these conversions occur.

Curing involves the formation of
tough corky layers beneath the tender
wounded areas by holding the roots at the
proper temperature (80-901'F,; humidity (85-
90% RH), and time interval (4 = 7 days).
Extending the curing time beyond 7 days


should not be done, for it leads to excessive
sprouting, shrinkage, and shortened storage
life.
To accomplish this healing (curing), the
gardener may cure a small batch in the
following manner:

1) grade out and discard rotting and
severely damaged roots, selecting the
best to cure.

2) place selected roots in a ventilated
crate or box.

3) wash and moisten the roots.

4) wrap the crate in plastic; punch holes
to ventilate.

5) set crate out of full sun in shed or
garage.

6) let cure for 1 week.

7) after 1 wk of curing, remove cover,
sort out any decayed roots, store
others in cool (550-60TF), but moist
(85-90% RH) place. Do not
refrigerate, as internal damage may
occur even at 50F. At 32, severe
chilling injury may result.

Roots that are properly cured usually
have a "velvety" feel and may have a few
short sprouts.

(Vegetarian, Stephens 10-95)










Prepared by Extension Vegetable Crops Specialists


Dr. D. J. Cantliffe
Chairman



Dr. S. M. Olson
Assoc. Professor



.T. S ens >
Professor & Editor


Dr. G. J. Hochmuth
Professor



Dr. S. A. Sargent
Assoc. Professor



Dr C. S. Vavrina
Assoc. Professor


Dr. D. N. Maynard
Professor



Dr. W. M. Stall
Professor



Dr. J. M. White
Assoc. Professor




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