• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Table of Contents
 Main






Title: Vegetarian
ALL VOLUMES CITATION PDF VIEWER THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00087399/00284
 Material Information
Title: Vegetarian
Series Title: Vegetarian
Physical Description: Serial
Creator: Horticultural Sciences Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publisher: Horticultural Sciences Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Horticultural Sciences Department
Publication Date: January 1993
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00087399
Volume ID: VID00284
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Downloads

This item has the following downloads:

Vegetarian%201993%20Issue%2093-1 ( PDF )


Table of Contents
    Table of Contents
        Table of Contents
    Main
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
Full Text


INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND
AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA o





\JjJ






\3'1
V '


\Ij/



7ETi


VEGETARIAN

A Vegetable Crops Extension Publication

Horticultural Sciences Department P.O. 110690 Gainesville, FL 32611 Telephone 392-2134


Vegetarian 93-1


January 15, 1993


Contents

I. NOTES OF INTEREST

A. Vegetable Crops Calendar.

B. New Publications.

II. COMMERCIAL VEGETABLES

A. Strawberry N and K Sap Testing.

B. Strawberry Field Day.

C. Wholesale prices of traditionally and organically-
grown cherry tomatoes.

IV. VEGETABLE GARDENING

A. Florida's largest vegetables 1992 update.


Note: Anyone is free to use the information in this newsletter.
Whenever possible, please give credit to the authors. The
purpose of trade names in this publication is solely for the
purpose of providing information and does not necessarily
constitute a recommendation of the product


The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an Equal Employment Opportunity Affirmative Action Employer authorized to provide research, educational
information and other services only to individuals and Institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap or national origin.
COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORK IN AGRICULTURE AND HOME ECONOMICS, STATE OF FLORIDA, IFAS, UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA,
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, AND BOARDS OF COUNTY COMMISSIONERS COOPERATING.


FLORIDA
COOPERATIVE
EXTENSION SERVICE





-1-


I. NOTES OF INTEREST

A. Vegetable Crops Calendar.

February 10, 1993 Strawberry Field
Day. Agricultural REC Dover, 13138 Lewis
Gallagher Road, Dover. (Contact Dr. Earl
E. Albregts).

March 4,5, 1993 Postharvest
Horticulture Institute. Holiday Inn West,
Gainesville. (Contact Steve Sargent).

March 8-11, 1993. Harvest and
Postharvest Handling of Horticultural
Crops. Tour of Central and South Florida.
(Contact Steve Sargent).


B. New Publications.

The following Suwannee Valley
AREC Reports are available from the
Suwannee Valley AREC (904/362-1725):

SVAREC 92-1. Robert C.
Hochmuth, George J. Hochmuth and
Catherine C. Ellis. Seeded Watermelon
Cultivar Evaluation, 1989.

SVAREC 92-2. George J.
Hochmuth, Bob C. Hochmuth, Ed A.
Hanlon, and Michael E. Donley. Effect of
Potassium on Yield and Leaf-N and K
Concentrations of Eggplant.

SVAREC 92-3. Robert C. Hochmuth
and George J. Hochmuth. Jalapeno
Pepper Cultivar Trial Fall 1991.

SVAREC 92-4. Robert C. Hochmuth
and George J. Hochmuth. Calabaza
Production Trial Results Spring 1991.

SVAREC 92-5. George Hochmuth,
Bob Hochmuth, and Ed Hanlon.
Comparison of Various N Scheduling
Methods for Snapbeans.


SVAREC 92-6. George Hochmuth,
Bob Hochmuth, and Ed Hanlon. Response
of Snapbean to Nitrogen Fertilization on a
Sandy Soil.

SVAREC 92-7. George Hochmuth
and Bob Hochmuth. Southern Pea
Response to Nitrogen Fertilization.

SVAREC 92-8. George Hochmuth,
Bob Hochmuth, and Michael Donley.
Nitrogen Fertilization of Sweet Corn on a
Sandy Soil in Northern Florida.


II. COMMERCIAL VEGETABLES

A. Strawberry N and K Sap
Testing.

There appears to be a small amount
of interest in petiole sap testing of
strawberries. For those agents who have
strawberry growers who are interested in
some comparison sap N and K values, I am
providing results from a study Earl
Albregts and I conducted last season. We
are repeating the experiment this season.
The values below should be considered
very preliminary but should be useful
guidelines to help determine nutrient
levels that are out-of-bounds. In our
experiment, strawberry yield appeared to
level off somewhere between 0.5 and 0.75
lb N per acre per day (beds on 4-foot
centers) for 'Oso-Grande'. We had
negligible response to K









Estimated Satisfactory Fresh Strawberry
Petiole Sap Concentrations of N and K

Date Sap NO,-N (ppm)z Sap K (ppm)z


1991
19 Nov.
9 Dec.
31 Dec.

1992
18 Feb.
23 Mar.
13 Apr.


850
800
1050


300
550
400


3200
3500
2500


2100
1800
1900


ZValues are for 0.75 lb N and K per acre
per day.

The sap N values are curious due to
the rapid drop in N concentration in the
sap after the first of the year. This drop
also was noticed in samplings of a
commercial field in the Ruskin area. The
change might have something to do with
return to fruiting of the "second" crop or
may have to do with weather. We are
watching for this phenomenon this season.
The K values behaved more like what
would be expected, dropping gradually
through the season as the plants grow.

(Hochmuth, Vegetarian 93-01)


B. Strawberry Field Day.

STRAWBERRY FIELD DAY PROGRAM
13138 Lewis Gallagher Road
Dover, Florida

Contact Person: Dr. Earl E. Albregts

MODERATOR: Dr. Tim Crocker, IFAS
Dept. of Horticultural Sciences

Time,PM
2:15 Dr. W. E. Waters Welcome and
Introductory Comments.


2:20 Dr. N. P. Thompson, Acting Dean
for Research Update of IFAS
Research Programs.

2:30 Dr. E. E. Albregts Nutrition and
Culture.

2:40 Dr. J. F. Price Insect Management.

2:50 Dr. M. van de Vrie Biological
Control of Spider Mites.

3:00 Drs. G. A. Clark and C. D. Stanley -
Water Research.


3:15 Dr. C. K. Chandler
Development.


Cultivar


3:25 Dr. Steve Sargent Postharvest
Studies.

3:40 COFFEE/BERRY BREAK

3:45 TOUR OF RESEARCH PLOTS

(Dr. Will Waters, Gulf Coast REC
Bradenton, Vegetarian 93-01)


C. Wholesale prices of
traditionally and organically-grown
cherry tomatoes.

There is very little public data to
corroborate the claim that organically-
grown produce commands a higher market
price than traditionally-grown produce.
However, a casual examination of
supermarket prices would suggest this to
be the case. Comparisons of average prices
of organically-grown cherry tomatoes
offered to retailers by distributors with
wholesale prices of traditionally-grown
cherry tomatoes on the Los Angeles
market for 1989-92 (1) are shown in the
following table.





-3-


Premium of
Average Average L.A. Organic over
Year Wholesale Organic Market Wholesale L.A. Market

($ /12 pt flat) ($ /12 pt flat) (%)

1989 15.23 7.17 112
1990 14.99 7.22 108
1991 24.38 8.75 178
1992 29.44 11.60 153


The prices are unweighted averages
of the low and high price received when
both organically and traditionally-grown
product was available. From these data, it
is apparent that, at least in the case of
cherry tomatoes, organically-grown produce
does command substantially higher prices
than traditionally-grown produce. Prices
received should not be confused with
profitability since relative yields and
production costs, as well as demand for the
product would need to be included for
estimates of profitability.

1. Vegetables and Specialties. Situation
and Outlook Yearbook. USDA, ERS, TVS
258, November 1992.


II. VEGETABLE GARDENING

A. Florida's largest vegetables -
1992 update.

Florida gardeners grew a bumper
crop of record-size vegetables during 1992.
Nineteen (over half) of the vegetables
officially registered since I began keeping
records in 1989 were recorded in 1992.
Five more records were set prior to 1989
and reliably verified. The following list
shows the current largest vegetables on
record, who grew them, when and where.


(Maynard, Vegetarian 93-01)



Florida Record-size Vegetables
J. M. Stephens Vegetable Crops Specialist
University of Florida 392-7916
(through December 31, 1992)


Vegetable

Beet
Boniata
Broccoli
Cabbage
Calabaza
Cantaloupe
Carrot


Size


County


5 lb. 0 oz.
12 lb. 10 oz.
1 Ib. 14 oz.
19 lb. 7 oz.
36 lb. 8 oz.
29 lb. 8 oz.
1 lb. 10 oz.


Duval
Seminole
Alachua
Suwannee
Seminole
Levy
Alachua


Grower


Brinson
Phillips
Roe
Graham
Chitty
Bumgardner
Lazin


Date


06/06/92
03/05/91
04/27/90
06/29/92
08/16/91
07/09/91
02/13/86





-4-


Vegetable


Cassava
Cauliflower
Chicory
Collard
Corn, sweet
Cucumber (wt)
Cucumber (length)
Eggplant
Honeydew
Jicama
Kohlrabi
Okra
Onion
Pepper
Potato, irish
Potato, sweet
Pumpkin
Radish, S.
Radish, W.
Radish, Daikon
Rutabaga
Squash, hub.
Squash, banana
Squash, butternut
Squash, scal.
Squash, spaghetti
Squash, zucc.
Taro
Tomato
Turnip
Watermelon
Yam (True)


Size


County


8 lb. 14 oz.
15 lb. 6 oz.
1 lb. 3 oz.
10 ft. 6 in.
1 lb. 6 oz.
4 lb. 7 oz.
27 in.
4 lb. 8 oz.
5 lb. 2 oz.
9 lb.
9 lb. 2 oz.
17 ft. 6 in.
3 lb. 11 oz.
1 lb. 1 oz.
2 lb. 13 oz.
20 lb.
242 lb.
3 lb. 12 oz.
25 lb.
23 lb. 5 oz.
8 lb. 11 oz.
88 lb. 12 oz.
39 lb.
23 lb. 12 oz.
2 lb. 1 oz.
25 lb. 14 oz.
10 lb. 8.16 oz.
8 oz.
3 lb.
14 lb. 4 oz.
205 lb.
9 lb. 11 oz.


Highlands
Alachua
Alachua
Leon
Suwannee
Suwannee
Suwannee
Palm Beach
Escambia
Palm Beach
Hernando
Hernando
Manatee
Palm Beach
St. Johns
Duval
Suwannee
Palm Beach
Hillsborough
Alachua
Nassau
Columbia
Lake
Santa Rosa
Alachua
St. Johns
Gilchrist
Palm Beach
Marion
St. Johns Co.
Levy
Palm Beach


Grower


Albonetti
Severino
Lazin
Kelso
Graham
Graham
Graham
Laluppa
Harrison
Oppe
Farrell
Crosby
Geraldson
Amestoy
Kight
Mullins
Graham
Vanderlaan
Breslow
Neilson
Johnson
Byers
Blehar
Bynum
Heidman
Jones
Agee
Oppe
Spangler
Hensel
Bumgardner
Oppe


From the above list one can see that
big vegetables are grown throughout the
entire state. Certain growers seem to have
a knack for pumping up the veggie
muscles. Mr. McDonald Graham of
Suwannee County owns the most (5) state
records (cabbage, sweet corn, heaviest
cucumber, longest cucumber, and
pumpkin). Joe Oppe of Palm Beach
County is second on the list with 3 state
records (yam, taro, and jicama).
The leading counties are Alachua
and Palm Beach, with 6 state records each.
Next is Suwannee County with 5 records


followed by St. Johns with 3 records. Four
counties (Duval, Hernando, Levy, and
Seminole) own 2 records, while 11 other
counties have one record each.
While it's difficult to pick the most
outstanding record, I would have to say
that the four most sought after are for the
watermelon (205 lbs), pumpkin (242 lbs),
zucchini (10 lb 8.16 oz), and tomato (3 lbs
0 oz). Of course, two state records were
also national records, according to
Guinness. These were Radish (25 lb -
1977), and Okra stalk (17 ft 6 in. 1986).


Date


04/03/92
02/19/92
02/13/86
10/08/92
06/28/92
06/29/92
06/29/92
01/17/92
08/04/92
01/17/92
07/19/90
12/10/86
08/07/90
02/02/90
05/23/89
01/15/87
07/03/90
01/31/90
1977
03/28/92
06/28/92
07/26/90
09/26/91
09/26/92
05/20/90
06/19/92
06/22/92
01/17/92
07/11/90
03/06/90
07/21/92
01/17/92





-5-


Strangely enough there are no
entries for some of the vegetables on the
official list (VC 1989-1). Most notably
absent are entries for fresh bean, pole
bean, lima bean, celery, lettuce, mustard,
and peas. Since any entry properly
submitted will be a state record, come on,
agent, what are you waiting for? To those
agents who have helped a grower submit
an application for a state record, I thank
you. For those of you who may have lost
your Official Rules and Report Form,
contact me for a copy.

(Stephens, Vegetarian 01-93)






Prepared by Extension Vegetable Crops Specialists


Dr. D.J. Cantliffe
Chairman



Dr. S.M. Olson
Assoc. Professor



Mr. J.M. Stephens
Professor & Editor


Dr. G.J. Hochmuth
Assoc. Professor



Dr. S.A. Sargent
Assoc. Professor



Dr. C. S. Vavrina
Asst. Professor


Dr. D.N. Maynard
Professor



Dr. W.M. Stall
Professor



Dr. J.M. White
Assoc. Professor




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs