Title: Vegetarian
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Title: Vegetarian
Series Title: Vegetarian
Physical Description: Serial
Creator: Horticultural Sciences Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publisher: Horticultural Sciences Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Horticultural Sciences Department
Publication Date: November 1990
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Bibliographic ID: UF00087399
Volume ID: VID00262
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND
AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA


FLORIDA
COOPERATIVE
EXTENSION SERVICE


VEGETARIAN

A Vegetable Crops Extension Publication

Vegetable Crops Depjrtment *1255 IISPP Gaincville, FL 32611 Telephone 392-2134


Vegetarian 90-11


November 20, 1990


.- Contents

I. NOTES OF INTEREST
A. Vegetable Crops Calendar.

B. New Publications.

II PESTICIDE UPDATE

A. Alachlor Withdrawal in Florida.

B. Section 18 for Use of Diquat in Tomato and Pepper Row
... Middles.

SI. COMMERCIAL VEGETABLES

A. Icebox Watermelon Cultivars for Florida.

IV. VEGETABLE GARDENING

: A. 4-H Water Management Project.

B. Weed Identification Publication.


Note: Anyone is free to use the information in this newsletter.
Whenever possible, please give credit to the authors. The
Purpose of trade names in this publication is solely for the
purpose of providing information and does not necessarily
constitute a recommendation of the product.



The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an Equal Employment Opportunity Affirmative Action Employer authorized to provide research,
educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, or national origin.
COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORK IN AGRICULTURE AND HOME ECONOMICS, STATE OF FLORIDA, IFAS, UNIVERSITY OF


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I. NOTES OF INTEREST

A. Vegetable Crops Calendar.

November 27-29, 1990. Commercial
vegetable program planning meeting for
County faculty. West Palm Beach.

December 17-19, 1990. Florida
State Horticultural Society Convention.
Grosvenor Resort Hotel, Lake Buena Vista,
Orlando.

February 9, 1991. 4-H/FFA Horti-
culture Contest. Florida State Fair,
Tampa.

March 11-15, 1991. Horticultural
Sciences Course HOS 5330 "Commercial
Harvesting and Postharvest Handling of
Horticultural Crops." Available for 1
graduate credit or 1 Continuing Education
Unit. Contact Dr. Steve Sargent for more
information (904) 392-7911).


B. New Publications.

Taylor, T. G. and S. A. Smith.
Production Costs for Selected Florida
Vegetables, 1989-90. U.F. FRED Econ.
Imp. Rept. 273. (Contact authors).

R. Cook, K Norris and C. Pickel.
Economic Comparison of Organic and
Conventional Methods for Fruits and
Vegetables. Univ. Calif Small-Farm News
Jan.-Feb. 1990. (obtain free from Dept.
Agr. Econ. VC-Davis. 95616).

Organic Gardening and Pest Con-
trol. Univ. of KY, Coop. Ext. Ser. F.E.
Stegelin. 400 A.E. Bldg., Lexington, KY
40546.

Guide to Marketing Organic
Produce (Handbook for $15.00). Texas Agr.
Ext. Ser., Dept. Agr. Econ., College Station,
TX 77843.


Bibliography of Recent Publications
on Fruits, Vegetables, Tree Nuts, and
Ornamentals. Joan Pearrow, USDA, ERS
(Economic Research Service), 1301 New
York Ave NW, Washington, DC 20005-4788.


II. PESTICIDE UPDATE

A. Alachlor withdrawal in
Florida.

The Monsanto Company informed
the Florida Department of Agriculture and
Consumer Services on October 24, 1990 it's
intention to voluntarily discontinue all
sales of alachlor herbicide products in the
state of Florida effective immediately.
Alachlor is marketed under Lasso R and
other trademarks.

In a letter from Monsanto it was
stated that "As a condition for continued
registration, several Florida agencies
required Monsanto to conduct a series of
expensivegroundwater monitoring studies."
"... the costs associated with completing
these tests exceeded annual sales."

Monsanto has requested that re-
tailers be permitted to sell existing stocks
through December 31, 1990 and also that
growers be permitted to use alachlor pro-
ducts which they presently have on hand
or purchased prior to the end of this year.

(Stall, Vegetarian 90-11)


B. Section 18 for use of Diquat
in Tomato and Pepper Row Middles.

The United States Environmental
Protection Agency has renewed the Section
18 specific exemption for the use of Diquat
Herbicide H/A to control nightshade and
parthenium on tomatoes and green
peppers.









A maximum of 18,500 pounds active
ingredient may be used to treat a maxi-
mum of 12,000 acres of tomatoes and 6,500
acres of green peppers throughout the
state.

A maximum of 2 ground applica-
tions at a rate of 0.5 lb a.i. per acre may be
made per season. A thirty day PHI will be
observed. The specific exemptions expire
August 31, 1991.

(Stall, Vegetarian 90-11)


III. COMMERCIAL VEGETABLES

A. Icebox Watermelon Cultivars
for Florida.

Icebox watermelons are small-
fruited types weighing between 6 and 12
lbs. They have been available for some
time, but have never attained commercial
importance in the United States. 'New
Hampshire Midget' was introduced by the
New Hampshire Agricultural Experiment
Station in 1951. Although new in concept,
it failed to become commercially acceptable
because of susceptibility to Fusarium wilt,
relatively weak rinds, large and numerous
seeds, and only fair quality. 'Sugar Baby',
another icebox cultivar was developed by
M. Hardin of Geary, Oklahoma and
introduced by Woodside Seed Co. in 1956.
It has some of the same shortcomings as
'New Hampshire Midget', but has attained
a fair degree of popularity in various parts
of the world outside of the United States.

Although the number of icebox
watermelon cultivars remains quite small
in comparison to large-fruited types, some
recently-introduced and soon-to-be-released
cultivars offer promise for enhancement of
this segment of the watermelon industry.
The rationale for increased icebox water-
melon production is that social and demo-
graphic changes in the U.S. population
favor production of smaller size water-


melons that are more compatible with
smaller households.

Evaluation of icebox watermelon
cultivars have been made continuously at
the Central Florida Research and
Education Center Leesburg and the Gulf
Coast Research and Education Center -
Bradenton for several years, and at other
locations periodically. The most out-
standing cultivars in each rind color that
have been identified in these trials are
'Mickylee', an open-pollinated cultivar
producing oval-round fruit with a gray rind
with dark-green lines; 'Southern Belle', a
hybrid producing oval to oblong fruit with
a very dark-green rind; and 'Tiger Baby', a
hybrid producing oval fruit with a dark-
green stripe on a light-green background
rind.

Icebox watermelons merit consider-
ation by watermelon growers to supple-
ment standard watermelon production for
additional market potential.

(Maynard, Vegetarian 90-11)


IV. VEGETABLE GARDENING

A. 4-H Water Management Pro-


ject.


In a year when it seems the entire
state is drying up and water shortages tops
the list of environmental concerns, it was
welcome news to learn that our 4-H horti-
culture program has received a grant of
$5,000 to address water issues.

The grantor is SSU Services, which
owns water plants around the state. They
want the $5,000 to be spent in 4-H projects
that demonstrate the growing of horticul-
tural plants with least use of water.


Our 4-H Horticultural
Committee of which I am
chairman, has devised a plan


Advising
current
for this








project which we call 4-H SSU-
Environmental Landscape Management.

Through our committee working
with SSU personnel, we will offer six
grants of $750.00 and one of $500.00.
These seven mini-grants will go to seven
Florida counties who submit the best
proposals for utilizing the money in 4-H
projects on water management.

We are developing the project litera-
ture which will include a) leader's guide
similar to Community Pride, b) proposal
outline/form, and c) report form. Here is
the timetables for Extension 4-H and horti-
cultural agents to keep in mind in order to
participate in this project.

Dec. 1, 1990 Initial mailing of forms to
counties.
Feb. 1, 1991 County proposals due back to
Jim Stephens (Gainesville).
Mar. 1, 1991 Selected proposals will be
funded.
Aug. 1, 1991 Reports forms due back to Jim
Stephens (Gainesville).
Aug. 1991 Reports will be judged, winners
selected, and awards presented.

It is anticipated that these county
projects will be similar to the current
Community Pride projects. However, these
SSU projects must relate to the wise use of
water in horticulture endeavors. Here are
some examples of project ideas:

Efficient irrigation of community
gardens
Wise watering landscape demon-
strations
Xeriscaping demonstrations

Group activities and projects are
encouraged; however, an individual's pro-
ject might conceivably be awarded a grant.

I am asking all county horticultural
personnel to pass this information on to
the appropriate members of your staff to
be alert for further work on this project.


We are particularly thankful to
Lane Jimison, State 4-H Department, for
her work in securing these funds.

(Stephens, Vegetarian 90-11)


B. Weed Identification Publica-


tions.


From time to time those of us in
Extension, including Master Gardeners, are
called upon to identify unknown plant
species. Most often these turn out to be
weeds. Of course, before we can mount an
all-out attack on these unwanted guests in
our gardens, we must first know the
enemy!!

Two of the best publications around
to help with the task are "Weeds in
Florida" and "Florida Weeds Part II A
Supplement to Weeds of the Southern
United States." Both of these fine publica-
tions are available at low cost from IFAS
Publications.

Weeds in Florida, SP-37, was writ-
ten by David Hall and Vernon Vandiver,
both of IFAS. It contains 40 terrestrial and
aquatic weeds of economic importance in
Florida. Not only is there text on descrip-
tion, history, range, and biology, there are
also color photographs of both the seedling
and the adult stage of each weed. Here is
a listing of the weeds covered:

Bagpod, Balsam-apple, Black
Medic, Brazil Pusley, Brazilian
Senna, Common Beggar's-tick,
Creeping Wood Sorrel, Curly
Dock, Cutleaf Ground-cherry,
Cypress-vine Morning-glory,
East Indian Hygrophila, Florida
Betony, Florida Pusley, Heart-
wing Sorrel, Hemp Sesbania,
Horse-nettle, Hydrilla, Jimson
Weed, Lamb's-quarters, Limno-
phila, Maypop, Mexican-tea,
Partridge Pea, Pitted Morning-
glory, Purple Nutsedge, Rosary








Pea, Scarlet Morning-glory,
Sharp-pod Morning-glory, Sic-
klepod, Small-flower Morning-
glory, Southern Sandspur,
Southern Yellow Wood Sorrel,
Wild Radish, Yellow Nutsedge

Florida Weeds, Part II was written
back in 1977 as a supplement to Weeds of
the Southern United States. The authors,
all noted IFAS scientists, include the
following: J.R. Orsenigo, D.S. Burgis, W.L.
Currey, D.W. Hall, W.T. Scudder, T.J.
Stelter, and D.B. Ward.

Circular 419, Florida Weeds, Part II,
contains color photographs and descriptions
of 50 Florida weed species.


Both publications are available from
IFAS Publications, Building 664, University
of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-0001.
Make checks payable to "University of
Florida".

Florida Weeds, Part II price $1.00
per copy (plus .06 cents tax for Florida
residents). Weeds in Florida price $7.00
(plus .42 cents tax for Florida residents).

Agents, please help sell our
inventory of these and other IFAS "for-sale
publications" by displaying a public notice
in your office or by other appropriate
means.

(Stephens, Vegetarian 90-11)


Prepared by Extension Vegetable Crops Specialists


Dr. D. J. Cantliffe
Chairman



Dr. D. N. Maynard
Professor


Dr. G. J. Hochmuth
Assoc. Professor



Dr. S. M. Olson
Assoc. Professor


Dr. J. M. White
Assoc. Professor



Dr. S. A. Sargent
Asst. Professor


Dr. W. M. Stall
Professor


Dr. C. S. Vavrina
Asst. Professor




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