Title: Vegetarian
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Title: Vegetarian
Series Title: Vegetarian
Physical Description: Serial
Creator: Horticultural Sciences Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publisher: Horticultural Sciences Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Horticultural Sciences Department
Publication Date: December 1986
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00087399
Volume ID: VID00227
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND
AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA


FLORIDA
COOPERATIVE
EXTENSION SERVICE


VEGETARIAN

A Vegetable Crops Extension Publication

\vse fble Crops Dcpartment -1255 HPPD- Gdinc\'illc. FL 32611 TI-pjhone 392-2134


VegeLarian 86-12


December 12, 1986


Contents

I. NOTES OF INTEREST

A. Personnel Notes

B. New Publications

C. Vegetable Crops Calendar

II. COMMERCIAL VEGETABLES

A. Soil Testing Make It Work For You.

III. VEGETABLE GARDENING

A. Review of Vegetable Gardening Guide (Cir. 104)

B. Florida Master Gardener Program: 7 Years OF
"Extending" Extension








The use of trade names in this publication is solely for the
purpose of providing information and does not necessarily
constitute a recommendation of the product.f


The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an Equal Employment Opportunity Affirmative Action Employer authorized to provide research,
educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, or national origin.
COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORK IN AGRICULTURE AND HOME ECONOMICS, STATE OF FLORIDA, IFAS. UNIVERSITY OF
FLORIDA, U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, AND BOARDS OF COUNTY COMMISSIONERS COOPERATING


_L












I. NOTES OF INTEREST

A. Personnel notes

We wish to express our best wishes
and sincerest appreciation to
Kathleen Delate who is leaving
Extenison and our department at the
end of this month to pursue a
doctorate at The University of
California, (Berkley). Kathleen has
done a superb job as state
coordinator of the Florida Master
Gardener program, while working
successfully toward the Master of
Science in Agriculture degree.
Kathleen has also made many
contributions to the youth of our
state in the 4H and FFA programs.
I'm sure all the faculty, staff,
agents, teachers, Master Gardeners,
and youth who have associated with
Kathleen join me in wishing her
continued success in the future.

(Stephens Veg. 86-12).

B. New publications

Bell Pepper Variety Trial, Spring
1986. T. K. Howe and W. E. Waters.
Bradenton GCREC Res. Report
BRA1986-19.

Partial Control of Crown Rot of
Tomato by Soil Fertility Adjust-
ments. S. S. Woltz and J. P. Jones.
Bradenton GCREC Res. Report
BRA1986-20.

1985 Climatological Report and
Historical Information from 1929-
1985. E. E. Albregts and C. M.
Howard. Dover AREC Research Report
DOV-1986-2.

(Contact authors of a copy)

C. Vegetable crops calendar

January 12-14, 1987. Southern Weed
Science Society, Orlando Hyatt,
Orlando, FL. (Contact: Bill Stall).


February 11, 1987. Strawberry Field
Day. AREC Dover. (Contact: Earl
Albregts).

February 17, 1987. Carrot Field
Day. AREC Sanford. (Contact: J. M.
White).

March 14, 1987. State FFA Vegetable
Training Session. University of
Florida. (Contact: J. M. Stephens).

April 24, 1987. State FFA Vegetable
ID Contest. University of Florida.
(Contact: J. M. Stephens).

June 22-26, 1987. State 4H
Horticulture Institute. Camp Ocala.
(Contact: Bob Black and J. M.
Stephens).

II. COMMERCIAL VEGETABLES

A. Soil testing make it work
for you

Purpose of soil testing -
Plants require 16 elements for
growth and reproduction, many of
which are supplied from chemical
fertilizers. An often-overlooked
fact, however, is that many of these
nutrients can sometimes be supplied
in adequate amounts for plant growth
by the soil alone. The question
becomes: how can we determine the
soil's contribution to this crop
nutrient requirement? The answer is
by soil testing. When the soil test
and the resulting fertilizer
recommendations are based on sound
research and adequate experience,
the grower has a powerful tool for
increasing efficiency of fertilizer
use.
There are several important
benefits from using proper soil
testing procedures, two of which
are: 1. We can maximize our crop's
response to fertilizer while
minimizing our inputs of fertilizer
and associated application costs.
This is because we are using both
the soil's nutrient reserves and












nutrients supplied from fertilizer
to satisfy the crop nutrient
requirement. 2. Since we are not
adding excessive amounts of
fertilizer, we reduce the chances of
soluble salt damage (fertilizer
burn) and we minimize the chance of
surface and ground water pollution.
We must realize, however, that
there are several pitfalls to avoid
when developing a soil testing
program. It takes some effort on
our part to ask the questions and
obtain the kind of information that
will permit us to have the proper
soil testing program. This applies
whether we are doing it ourselves or
whether we are paying a consultant
to do it.
The soil sample Anyone, who
has grown vegetables in a farming
situation realizes how variable the
soil's chemical and physical
properties can be from field to
field on a farm. This variability
must be taken into account when soil
testing. The resulting fertilizer
recommendation will only be as
reliable as the original soil
sample. Sampling errors often are a
large factor in reducing the
effectiveness of a soil testing
program.
In most cases, soil sampling
should be done well enough in
advance of the planting date to
allow for laboratory analysis and
for timely application of lime and
any pre-plant fertilizer. In
Florida, we are dealing largely with
sandy soils that are continually
being leached of nutrients such as
potassium in the period between
crops. For these nutrients, we must
be careful about interpreting a soil
test result from a sample taken too
far in advance of planting.
The best procedure for sampling
is to divide the farm into
management units on which you plan
to use similar crop management
practices, such as crop and tillage
selection. These blocks of land
should be partitioned also on the


basis of slope, soil type, and
drainage. Depending on uniformity
of these factors, a management unit
might consist of a few acres up to
about 40 or 50 acres. In Florida,
we recommend that about 20 random


cores of soil be
management unit.
composite in a c
and mixed well.
of the resulting
clean soil sample
the soil testing
Within each


collected from the
The cores are
lean plastic bucket
About one-half pint
mix is placed in a
bag obtained from
laboratory.
management unit,


there may be small problem sites
such as poorly drained areas, sandy
spots or clay knolls. These areas
should be sampled separately since
they do not represent the overall
management unit.
Another potential sampling
problem arises in situations where
the previous crop's fertilizer was
applied in bands beside the rows or
incorporated in the soil under
polyethylene mulch. In these
situations, the soil needs to be
mixed by tillage such as disking
prior to taking the sample.
Always fill out as completely
as possible the questionnaire that
usually accompanies the soil sample
to the laboratory. Information
gathered on the form will tell the
laboratory which analyses you want
and it will help guide the lab in
making a fertilizer recommendation
specifically for that management
unit.
After we have put much effort
in collecting a quality sample we
must be sure the sample is handled
and analyzed in such a way that the
fertilizer recommendations we
receive will be meaningful to us.
In the next article, we will deal
with the process of selecting our
soil testing laboratory.
(Hochauth, Hanlon Veg. 86-12)

E. A. Hanlon, Extension Soils
Specialist in charge of the IFAS
Soil Testing Lab.













III. VEGETABLE GARDENING

A. Revision of Vegetable
Gardening Guide (Cir. 104).

A revised version of Extension
Circular 104-0, Vegetable Gardening
Guide, has just been submitted for
printing. It was last revised in
1982. Hopefully, copies of the new
guide will be off the press in time
for the spring gardening season.
While it will keep the
format of having a 12 x 18 inch
Planting Guide on one side and
general gardening recommendations on
the other, there are some
significant changes. One is the
authorship. Jim Stephens still
remains as senior author, but is
joined by contributing authors Bob
Dunn (nematodes), Don Short
(insects), Gary Simone (diseases),
and Jerry Kidder (soils and
fertilizers).
The vegetables in the Planting
Guide portion will be grouped
according to Warm Season Crops and
Cool Season Crops. While there are
updates to be found throughout the
guide, new information includes an
additional column on degree of
transplantability. Each vegetable
is classified as: I easily
survives transplanting; II -
survives with care; and III -
containerized transplants only.
Also, days from transplanting to
first harvest is now listed, in
addition to days from seeding to
first harvest.
Several new varieties have been
added to the list, and some older
variety names have been deleted.
Keep in mind that there is a
limitation on printing space which
makes it impossible to list all of
the acceptable varieties. Before a
particular variety is included, it
must meet these three guidelines: a)
has demonstrated good yields
compared to standard varieties, b)
possessed disease tolerance wherever


possible, and c), have seeds or
plants available to gardeners, at
least in one or more major mail
order seed catalogs.
The following are the varieties
included in the new guide which is
in press. Please compare with the
1982 guide. Certainly the variety
names which we have deleted are
still acceptable, but keep in
mind that a source of seeds for them
may be more difficult to find than
for the newer varieties on the list.
For your convenience, I have under-
lined the new inclusions.

WARM SEASON VEGETABLES


Crop


Varieties


Beans, Snap Bush Blue Lake,
Contender, Roma,
Harvester, Provider,
Cherokee Wax


Beans, Pole Dade, McCaslan,
Kentucky Wonder 191,
Blue Lake


Beans, Lima Fordhook 242,
Henderson, Jackson
Wonder, Dixie
Butterpea, Florida
Butter (Pole), Sieva
(Pole).


Cantaloupes Smith's Perfect,
Ambrosia, Edisto 47,
Planters Jumbo,
Summet, Super Market


Corn, Sweet Silver Queen, Gold
Cup, Guardian,
Bonanza, Florida
Staysweet


Cucumbers (Slicers) Poinsett,
Ashley, Sprint,












Sweet Success
(Picklers) Galaxy, SMR 18,
Explorer


Eggplant Florida Market,
Black Beauty, Dusky,
Long Tom, Ichiban


Okra Clemson Spineless,
Perkins Long Green,
Emerald, Blondy


Peas, Southern Blackeye, Mississ-
ippi Silver, Texas
Cream 40, Snapea,
Zipper Cream,
Sadandy, Purplehull


Pepper (Sweet) Early Calwonder,
Yolo Wonder, Big
Bertha, Sweet Banana
(Hot) Hungarian Wax,
Jalapeno


Potatoes, Sweet Porto Rico, Georgia
Red, Jewel,
Centennial, Coastal
Sweet, Boniato


Pumpkin Big Max, Funny Face,
Connecticut Field,
Spirit, Calabaza


Squash, (Summer) Early Prolific
Straight-neck,
Dixie, Summer Crook-
neck, Cocozelle,
Gold Bar, Zucchini,
Peter Pan,
Scallopini, Sunburst


Squash, (Winter) Sweet Mama, Table
Queen, Butternut,
Spaghetti


Tomatoes (Stake) Floradel, Tropic,
Manalucie, Better
Boy, Cherry
(Ground) Walter, Sun Coast,
Floramerica,
Flora-Dade, Duke
(Container) Florida Basket,
Florida Petite,
Florida Lanai,
Patio, Cherry

Watermelon (Large) Charleston Gray,
Jubilee, Crimson
Sweet, Dixielee
(Small) Sugar Baby,
Minilee, Mickylee
(Seedless) Tri-X 317


COOL SEASON VEGETABLES


Beets Early Wonder
Detroit Dark Red


Broccoli Early Green
Sprouting, Waltham
29, Atlantic, Green
Comet, Green Duke


Cabbage Gourmet, Marion
Market, King Cole,
Market Prize, Red
Acre, Chieftan
Savoy, Rio Verde,
Bravo


Carrots Imperator,
Chantenay, Nantes,
Gold Pak, Waltham
Hicolor, Orlando
Gold


Cauliflower Snowball Strains,
Snowdrift, Imperial
10-6, Snow Crown,
White Rock












Peas, English


Celery


Utah Strains,
Florida Strains,
Summer Pascal


Chinese Cabbage Michihli, Wong Bok,
Bok Choy


Collards Georgia, Vates, Blue
Max, Hicrop Hybrid


Endive-Escarole Florida Deep Heart,
Full Heart, Ruffec


Kohlrabi Early White Vienna


Lettuce (Crisp) Minetto, Great
Lakes, Fulton,
Floricrisp
(Butterhead) Bibb, White Boston
(Leaf) Prize Head, Ruby,
Salad Bowl
(Romaine) Parris Island Cos,
Valmaine, Floricos


MusLard Southern Giant
Curled, Florida
Broad Leaf


Onions (Bulbing) Excel, Texas Grano,
Granex, White
Granex, Tropicana
Red


Onions (Bunching) White Portugal,
Evergreen,
Beltsville Bunching,
Perfecto Blanco
Shallots
(Multipliers)


Parsley Moss Curled,
Perfection


Wando, Green Arrow,
Laxton's Progress,
Sugar Snap


Potatoes Sebago, Red Pontiac,
Atlantic, Red
LaSoda, LaRouge,
Superior


Radish Cherry Belle, Comet,
Early Scarlet Globe,
White Icicle,
Sparkler, Red
Prince, Champion


Spinach Virginia Savoy,
Dixie Market, Hybrid
7, Bloomsdale
Longstanding


Strawberry Florida 90, Tioga,
Dover, Florida
Belle, Douglas


Turnips Japanese Foliage
Purple Top White
Globe, Just Rite


(Stephens Veg. 86-12).

B. Florida Master Gardener
Program: 7 years of "Extending"
Extension

As we celebrate the 7th
Anniversary of the Florida Master
Gardener (MG) Program, the many
attributes of the countless MG
projects throughout the years are
highlighted. If your county does
not have an MG program, consider the
following impacts the program has
made in the state, and ask yourself
if you too would benefit from the
tremendous resources provided by MG
volunteers.
Since 1979, 43 MG county agents
and program coordinators have












trained over 2,400 MGs in the 48-60
hours of intensive horticultural
subjects in 34 counties of the
state. In FY 86, 617 MGs were
trained and 1,060 volunteers remain
active today. County coordinators
have garnered support-in-kind
(nursery materials, audiovisual
supplies) from industry groups. The
state coordinator has received a
$5,000 grant from the Florida
Seedsmen and Garden Supply
Association, which has been utilized
for construction of a state MG
exhibit.
During FY 86, 62,700 hours were
reported as MGs' donation to the
county Extension Service and
inter-agency interactions in the
form of plant diagnostic help,
community gardens, 4-H horticulture
projects, soil and water sampling,
county beautification projects and
other duties. More than 226,000
contacts (up 3-fold from FY 85) were
reported in the MGs' work with
projects, such as 3 outstanding
national community gardens, staffing
more then 700 plant clinics,and
analyzing nearly 4,000 soil and
water samples which facilitated a
savings to the county of more than
$350,000 or the equivalent of
approximately 31 full-time positions
throughout the state. There was also
a reported savings of $669,000 to
consumers in plant consultations and
maintenance costs, consumption of
fruits and vegetables from backyard
and patio gardens, and untold
therapeutic value. More than 50% of
county MG programs have
demonstration gardens (some with
4-H) to further disseminate
horticultural information.
Cooperative work with Extension
Homemaker programs include Volunteer
Leadership Development training and
gardening/cooking demonstrations.
All MGs are continually updated at
monthly meetings, and statewide
training where more than 460 MGs
participated in 2 advanced training
(North and South Florida) and 3


state field days.
Preliminary results of an
anthropologist's M.S. thesis include
a positive consensus on MGs' ability
to help meet homeowner horticultural
needs. The value of the MG program
will continue to grow although
increased resources are needed.
MGs have allowed many
commercial Extension agents more
time for their work with industry by
answering phones, conducting plant
clinics, and generally acting as a
"first-line of inquiry" for
homeowners.
I have thoroughly enjoyed
working with such an exciting and
rewarding program. I thank all
agents and MGs that worked with me
these last 3 years, and encourage
any agents that do not have the
program to initiate an MG program in
their county.

(Delate Veg. 86-11)








Prepared by Extension Vegetable Crops Specialists


Dr. D. J. Cantliffe
Chairman

Dr. G. J. Hochmuth
Assistant Professor

Dr. W. M. Stall
Professor

Dr. D. N. Maynard
Professor


Kathleen Delate
Visiting Ext. Agent I


Dr. S. M. Olson
Assistant Professor

J. M. Stephens
Professor

Dr. D. D. Gull
Associate Professor




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