Group Title: Berry/vegetable times.
Title: Berry/vegetable times. October 2007.
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 Material Information
Title: Berry/vegetable times. October 2007.
Uniform Title: Berry/vegetable times.
Physical Description: Newspaper
Creator: Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publisher: Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, University of Florida
Gulf Coast Research and Education Center
Publication Date: October 2007
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Bibliographic ID: UF00087388
Volume ID: VID00053
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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IUF FLOR I IFAS EXTENSION


U UNIVERSITY of
UFFLORIDA
IFAS Extension






















FLORTIDA Arf EvXPO

December 6 and 7
Gulf Coast Research and
Education Center Balm
http://flagexpo.ifas.ufl.edu
For details and
registration
A University of Florida/IFAS and Florida
Cooperative Extension Service newsletter
Hillsborough County 5339 CR 579,
Seffner, FL 33584
(813)744-5519 SC 541-5772
Joe Pergola, County Extension Director
Alicia Whidden, Editor
Gulf Coast Research & Education Center
14625 County Road 672,Wimauma, FL 33598
(813) 634-0000 SC514-6890
Christmine Cooley, Layout and Design
Craig K Chandler, Co-Editor
Jack Rechcigl GCREC Center Director
http //gcrec ifas ufl edu
http//gcrec lifas ufl edu


From your Agent...
Proper Hand Washing and Your Food Safety
Program

As a new growing season starts, farms and
packinghouses are having their third party audits for food
safety. There are many components to a good food safety
program and one of the most important parts, if not the most
important, is worker hand washing. It has been stated that
hand washing is the most important thing to get your workers
to do to keep our produce safe but another important factor is
that they need to be doing it correctly. Proper hand washing
is an area that farms and packinghouses need to be sure that
every worker has been educated on; then strict about
enforcing the company's hand washing policy and monitoring
employees closely to be sure it is being done. Remember
wearing gloves is not a substitute for proper hand washing.
Post hand washing posters around all bathroom facilities. To
help with this, an EDIS publication on hand washing is
included in this newsletter for posting at your facility. It gives
the correct method of hand washing. It is one standard size

(Continued on page 2)



Management of Cyclamen Mites in Strawberries
without Kelthane
James F. Price and Curtis Nagle

Almost every year from Thanksgiving into early
January a few Hillsborough County strawberry farmers, and
sometimes many farmers, discover cyclamen mites in their
crops. The problem needs to be recognized early and treated
immediately to avoid detrimental effects on yield. This mite
can be a very serious pest in the Plant City region. Infested
plants are stunted and produce a late and reduced crop. The
cyclamen mite is found frequently on ornamental crops in
Florida, particularly those crops produced in greenhouses.
(Continued on page 3)


1
IFAS is an Equal Employment Opportunty-Affirmative Action Employer authonzed to provide research, educational information and other services onlyto individuals andinstitutions that
function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap, or national ongm U S Department of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service, Umversity of Flonda, IFAS, Flonda A & M
University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of the County Commissioners Cooperating


Berry/Vegetable

Times

October 2007


October 2007


BerryNegetable Times







Berry/Vegetable Times


page so it is easy to post at all hand washing
facilities. Additional copies can be made or
you can go to the website and print more color
copies- http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/FY/
FY65600.pdf Another training tool that has
been developed by IFAS specialists is the
Worker Health and Hygiene Training Manual.
It contains videos in English and Spanish on
proper hand washing that can be shown to
your workers and a video for managers on
worker hygiene. The video for workers could
be an addition to the WPS training for
workers that is required. Documentation of
the training can then be included in your food
safety records that are kept for third party
certification. I have a few of these training
manuals and the Florida Strawberry Growers
Association also has some for members.
Florida wants to be known as the state with
the safest fresh produce but it takes all of
agriculture working together to achieve this
goal.

aeicia Whidden
Hillsborough County Extension Service
813-744-5519 x134
awhidden@ufl.edu




EQIP Application
Deadline is
November 13th

The U.S. Department of
Agriculture's Natural Resources Conservation
Service has a conservation that can help
farmers and ranchers pay for conservation
practices that prevent erosion, improve water
quality, and provide habitat for wildlife.
The Environmental Quality Incentives
Program (EQIP) is a key program under the
2002 Farm Bill that provides federal cost-
share funds to working farms and ranches for
conservation improvements. The 2008 EQIP


application period will remain open until
November 13, 2007.
EQIP provides incentive payments and
cost-share funds to private agricultural and
livestock producers to implement
conservation practices. It promotes
agricultural production and environmental
quality as compatible goals. Like all NRCS
programs, participation is voluntary.
It is extremely important for
producers to note that the application
deadline for the 2008 Program Year is
November 13th. The early deadline is a
continuing effort to improve the funding
process. The accelerated program cut-off date
will allow producers time to complete
practices during the first years of their
contracts. The earlier application deadline
date will also help accommodate field work in
preparation for fall projects.
The accelerated process makes early
contact with the NRCS staff more important
than ever. NRCS would encourage our
farmers and ranchers to come in and visit with
the local field staff now. We know that
producers that get in early have more time to
resolve certain program or land eligibility
issues.
As with all NRCS programs, EQIP is a
voluntary program that is intended to yield
high quality, productive soils; clean and
abundant water; healthy plant and animal
communities; clean air; an adequate energy
supply; and working farms and ranchlands.
For more information on the 2008 EQIP
program contact Juan A. Vega, NRCS
District Conservationist by calling (813)
759-6450 x-3; e-mail Juan.Vega (,
FL.USDA.GOV or visiting the USDA-
NRCS office at 201 South Collins Street,
Suite 202, Plant City, FL 33563.



RCS DA


October 2007








Berry/Vegetable Times


(Continued from page 1)

However, widespread infestations in Florida
strawberry fields occur only occasionally. In
the northeastern United States, California
and the Pacific Northwest cyclamen mites in
strawberry crops are common.


Photo 1: Cyclamen mites.


Photo 2: plant ,..,. 'by cyclamen mites


Kelthane (dicofol) has been the most
widely used miticide in strawberries to
manage infestations of cyclamen mites for
many years. Recently the reentry interval
(REI) was changed from 48 or 24 hours
(depending on the formulation) to 31 days in
the currently available dicofol product
(Dicofol 4E, EPA Reg. No. 66222-56). The
longer REI renders dicofol unusable for
Florida's commercial production. The
following summarizes points concerning this
pest that are important to Florida strawberry
growers and summarizes the remaining
management options.


Symptoms of Attack: When local
strawberry plants are infested their leaves are
small, chlorotic, highly wrinkled, thickened,
and possess short petioles. not the Thiodan
Emulsifiable Concentrate label distributed by
Universal Crop Protection Alliance, LLC
(EPA Reg. No. 1386-338-72693). Endosulfan
is highly toxic to the Phytoseiulus persimilis
predatory mites.
Development of the Problem on
Strawberries: Problems with the cyclamen
mite on strawberries in Florida develop from
setting infested plants imported from the
north. In more northern climates, where
strawberries are grown for late spring fruiting
or for transplants, cyclamen mites over-winter
as adult females in the crowns of infested
strawberry plants. Populations begin to
develop in the early spring and reach peaks in
midsummer.
Cyclamen mites move along runners
from mother plants to daughter plants. New
fields established from the daughter plants are
rarely heavily infested unless the daughter
plants had been severely infested earlier. The
larger mother plants grown, a second year, are
much more likely to be heavily infested, and
thus should not be used if they accompany the
rest of the planting stock.
This pest, once introduced into fields
in Florida, can move along runners to infest
neighboring plants or can be carried by bees,
other insects, birds, field workers or
machinery to infest other fields. The
movement of mites along the soil or on plastic
mulch is not likely since this mite requires the
humid environment of plant surfaces.
Appearance and Development of the
Mite: All forms are so small that they are
only visible with the aid of optical
magnification. In the field, they can be seen
with a 14X or stronger hand lens. Eggs,
nymphs and adult females are the forms most
frequently observed. Eggs are about half as
large as adult females, oval and smooth,
(Continued on page 4)


October 2007








Berry/egetable Times


(Continued from page 3)

opaque white. Several eggs may be found
bunched together. The adult female is
slightly tan with its hind legs reduced to
thread-like structures. Males are smaller and
with hind legs modified with claspers to hold
onto and transport adult females and
immobile pupae. Nymphs (larvae) are
opaque white with a triangular enlargement
on their posteriors.
Controlling a Cyclamen Mite
Infestation: Control of an outbreak of
cyclamen mites is difficult to achieve, so
strategies should be directed toward
preventing an outbreak through the use of
plants certified to be free of the pest. To
control cyclamen mites established in a
fruiting crop in Florida, it is extremely
important to detect the infestation early
before plant growth has been affected
significantly and before the numbers of mites
have become too large. A regular program of
crop scouting should insure the earliest
detection of this pest.
Thiodan endosulfann) and diazinon
are the miticides available and practical for
cyclamen mites on strawberries grown in
Florida's annual, mulched bed culture, but
neither provides the rapid control of this pest
that is desired. Thiodan should be applied
at 1 (specified by some labels) to 2 (specified
by some labels) pounds of active ingredient
in 200-400 gallons (depending on the label)
of preparation per acre. This material cannot
be applied in intervals of less than 35 days.
There is a 4-day waiting period between
application of the product and the earliest
permissible harvest (PHI). Most labels
restrict applications to two per season, but
not the Thiodan Emulsifiable Concentrate
label distributed by Universal Crop
Protection Alliance, LLC (EPA Reg. No.
1386-338-72693). Endosulfan is highly
toxic to the Phytoseiulus persimilis predatory
mites.
Diazinon should be applied at 1


pound of active ingredient in 100 gallons of
preparation per acre and directed to the plant
crown and leaves. Up to a maximum of four
applications (depending on the label) can be
made, but no application should be made
within 5 days of harvest. That PHI is
difficult under normal harvesting regimes.
Agri-Mek abamectin and Brigade
bifenthrin are registered for control of a
related pest, the broad mite, on some crops,
although not on strawberry. These products
likely would be of some benefit for cyclamen
mite control when applied in a manner to
contact the pest.
High volumes of spray preparations
are favored for miticides to contact the mites
deep in the plant bud. At least 150 psi is
required to penetrate the strawberry canopy
and contact mites in crevices. Application
machinery and methods must be adjusted in
order to achieve proper delivery of the
miticide. Two to three miticide applications
applied at 7-10 days intervals may be
required for control. All pesticide label
restrictions must be observed.
Predatory mites such as Amblyseius
cucumeris are sold to control cyclamen mites
and other small arthropods in some crops;
however it is difficult for the predators to
provide economic control of a cyclamen mite
infestation of strawberries under our normal
conditions.
Summary of Precautions against
Cyclamen Mites:
1. Plant only stock from reputable nurseries
that is certified free of cyclamen mites and
avoid planting old mother plants..
2. Inspect fields regularly for outbreaks.
3. Apply Thiodan or diazinon, and perhaps
Agri-Mek or Brigade, to control any
infestations discovered.
4. Restrict movements of possibly
contaminated personnel and machinery into
non-infested sites.
5. Do not carry-over strawberry plants from
one year to another.


October 2007








Berry/egetable Times


New Herbicide Labels in
Vegetables
William Stall, University of Florida Gainesville
Andrew MacRae, GCREC

Eptam 7-E Selective Herbicide has
received a FIFRA 24(C) Registration for
use in transplanted tomato. Eptam may be
applied prior to transplant at 3 to 4 pt/A.
Application should be made to the top and
bed shoulders just prior to installation of the
plastic mulch. Do not transplant tomatoes for
a minimum of 14 days following application.
Application should be made in a minimum of
20 gallons of water per treated acre. Eptam
will provide control of annual grasses, annual
broadleaf weeds, and both yellow and purple
nutsedge. Read label for further instructions
and restrictions.
Third Party Label for Cobra
Herbicide. Cobra Herbicide has received a
label through Third Party Registrations, Inc.
(TPR) for use in plastic-mulched fruiting
vegetable crops and okra pre-transplant or
post-transplant (post emergence in okra) to
row middles. All applications must be made
with shielded or hooded equipment.
Apply 16-32 fluid ounces per acre to
row middles using a shielded or hooded
sprayer. A minimum of 24 fluid ounces per
acre is required for residual control of weeds.
An adjuvant, such as crop oil concentrate at
1% v/v or a non-ionic surfactant at 0.25% v/v
should be used for control of emerged weeds.
Do not make more than 2 Cobra applications
per growing season. Do not make more than
1 post transplant application.
Applications should be made in a
spray volume of 20-50 gallons per acre. Do
not exceed 35 psi at the nozzle or apply when
conditions are favorable for drift. Cobra
contacting green crop foliage or fruit may
cause excessive injury. Drift of Cobra treated


sand or soil particles onto plants can cause
contact injury.
Cobra may be tank mixed with
specified partners. Refer to label for
recommended rates and application
parameters. Do not apply within 30 days of
harvest. The supplemental label must be in
the possession of the user at the time of
pesticide application.
Registration Cancellation of
Alanap L. Chemtura has voluntarily
cancelled the Alanap L herbicide registration
on cucurbits. There is no limitation on when
a distributor can sell existing supplies of
Alanap, and a grower can use the product
until supplies are gone, which is estimated to
be in 2.5 years. The product should hold up
well for 3 years or longer if stored under
proper conditions. Growers who may want
to use the product should obtain supplies as
they see fit.



Row Middle Weed Control Options
in Strawberry
Andrew MacRae, GCREC

Row middle weed control for annual
strawberry production in plastic mulch
systems requires a combination of
preemergence and postemergence products to
attain optimum control of problematic
weeds. Weeds such as goosegrass, common
and pink purslane, and Florida pusley will
commonly be found in row middles and are
difficult to control unless the herbicide
application is made when the weeds are
small (less than 4 inches).
All applications made to row middles
should be made using a hooded sprayer that
minimizes any contact of the herbicide with
the crop or plastic mulch. The sprayer
should be set up to deliver the product using
low pressure with drift reducing nozzles to
prevent injury to the strawberries.
(Continued on page 6)


October 2007








Berry/Vegetable Times


(Continued from page 5)
The sprayer should not travel faster than 5
mph to prevent vertical lift of the spray.
All mention of rate is based on the area
actually treated. Do not base calculations on
total field acreages or injury may result. For
preemergence products, rainfall or irrigation
will be required to activate the product.
Preemergence herbicides have limited if any
postemergence activity, thus if weeds are
present the addition of a postemergence
product will be necessary. Before using any
product read the label for application
restrictions and crop rotation intervals. If
using a wiper applicator, herbicide options
are limited to glyphosate (Roundup, Glyfos,
and several other trade names).
Preemergence Herbicides:
Chateau Herbicide SW (flumioxazin) may
be applied prior to fruit set at a rate of 3 oz/
A. Chateau provides residual control of
numerous broadleaf weeds which are
problematic in strawberry row middles
including nightshades, pigweeds, common
purslane, and spotted spurge while providing
some grass suppression. This product should
be tank-mixed with a grass control product
such as Prowl H20. Do not allow spray to
come in contact with strawberry foliage or
plastic mulch.
Devrinol 2-EC and Devrinol 50DF
(napropamide) may be applied prior to
bloom at a rate of 2 gal/A (2-EC) or 8 lbs/A
(50DF). Devrinol must be incorporated to a
depth of 1 to 2 inches using irrigation or
rainfall within 24 hours of application.
Devrinol provides residual control of grasses
and small seeded broadleaf weeds including
large crabgrass and purslane. Do not allow
spray to come in contact with strawberry
foliage or plastic mulch.
Prowl H20 (pendimethalin) may be
applied up to 35 days prior to harvest at 1.5
pt/A. Prowl H20 provides residual control of
grasses and small seeded broadleaf weeds
including goosegrass, purslane, Florida


pusley, and spurge species. Do not allow
spray to come in contact with strawberry
foliage or plastic mulch.
Postemergence Herbicides:
Aim EC and Aim EW (carfentrazone) may
be applied up to 2 fl oz/A for postemergence
control of small broadleaf weeds including
nightshades, pigweeds, and common purslane.
There is no pre-harvest interval for this
product but there is a 12 hour re-entry
interval. The addition of non-ionic surfactant
at 1 qt/per 100 gallons of spray solution, or
crop oil concentrate at 1 to 2 gallon/100
gallons of spray solution, or methylated seed
oil at 1 to 2 gallon/100 gallons of spray
solution will be required for control. The
addition of ammonium sulfate (AMS) or
AMS replacement product may enhance
control of this product. Aim must be applied
to weeds less than 4 inches in size to achieve
optimum control. Aim may be tank-mixed
with glyphosate to enhance control of
problematic weeds. Do not allow spray to
come in contact with strawberry foliage or
plastic mulch.
The chemical glyphosate (several trade
names) may be applied up to 14 days prior to
harvest. There are several formulations of
glyphosate so check specific labels for
application rates. Application may be applied
using a hooded sprayer or wiper applicator but
in both cases care should be taken to ensure
that no glyphosate comes in contact with the
strawberries. If some glyphosate does come
in contact with the plastic it may be removed
using 0.5 inches of rainfall or irrigation.
Glyphosate is a non-selective herbicide that
provides control of numerous grass and
broadleaf weeds. The addition of Aim EC or
EW in wiper systems may increase control of
problematic weeds.
The chemical paraquat sold under the trade
names Gramoxone Inteon and Firestorm may
be applied at 2 and 1.3 pt/A, respectively, up
to 21 days prior to harvest. The addition of
(Continued on page 7)


October 2007








Berry/Vegetable Times


(Continued from page 6)
non-ionic surfactant at 1 qt/per 100 gallons of
spray solution or crop oil concentrate at 1
gallon/100 gallons of spray solution will be
required for control. Paraquat is a non-
selective herbicide that provides control of
numerous grass and broadleaf weeds, but re-
growth may occur if the weeds are not controlled
when small (less than 4 inches). Do not allow
spray to come in contact with strawberry
foliage or plastic mulch.

Meet Dr. Andrew W. MacRae
Andrew was born in Truro, Nova Scotia,
Canada. He grew up in a farming community
consisting of beef, dairy,
and low bush blueberry
farms. He completed
his undergraduate work
at the Nova Scotia
Agricultural College
attaining a B.S. in
Agriculture (Pest
Management). He
worked for the Nova
Scotia Department of Agriculture and
Marketing as a weed science research
assistant in 1996 and then as the interim weed
science technician in 1997 and 1998 with
responsibilities for research and extension for
all agronomic and horticultural crops grown
in Nova Scotia. In 1998 he enrolled at North
Carolina State University where he attained
his M.S. and PhD. in Horticulture (Weed
Science). While in North Carolina he
conducted research and provided extension
information in many horticultural crops
including tree fruits and nuts, small fruits, and
vegetables. In 2005 he was employed as a
Post Doctoral Research Associate with the
University of Georgia where he conducted
research and provided extension information
in vegetables, cotton, and small grains. While
in North Carolina and Georgia he conducted
research on Methyl Bromide alternatives, crop
tolerance and efficacy of herbicides, and crop


weed interactions. Andrew has conducted
field research experiments with 43 crops and
has participated in 178 IR-4 field residue
trials.


Early-Season Strawberry Disease
Control?
Jim Mertely and Natalia Peres

If you ask about the proper time to
apply fungicides, "better early than late" is
usually part of the answer. However the entire
answer is usually more complicated. In
theory, a fungus disease is difficult to control
once it becomes established on a crop because
so many spores are produced. When large
numbers of spores are available, even good
fungicides may fail due to incomplete
coverage or failure to protect leaves and
flowers that emerge after an application has
been made. This situation presents a dilemma
to the strawberry grower who cannot start
applying fungicides when the plants are being
watered in, even though the water needed to
establish transplants also spreads disease and
promotes infection.
Fortunately, the situation is not as
dire as it seems. With one exception, disease
pressure is usually low at the beginning of the
season, but higher when the main crop is
harvested in February and March. The
exception is powdery mildew which may
develop during mild, humid periods in
November and December. Surprisingly, the
powdery mildew fungus, Sphaerotheca
macularis, is suppressed by rain and
prolonged leaf wetness. Overhead irrigation
during the establishment period may actually
help to control this disease! Unfortunately,
the same thing cannot be said about
anthracnose fruit rot (caused by
Colletotrichum acutatum), anthracnose crown
rot (caused by Colletotrichum
gloeosporioides) or Botrytis fruit rot (caused
(Continued on page 8)


October 2007








Berry/egetable Times


(Continued from page 7)
by Botrytis cinerea). These pathogens are
either spread by splashing water or are more
infective when the plants are wet.
Fungicide trials conducted at the Gulf
Coast Research & Education Center have
shed some light on proper timing of fungicide
applications. For example, early applications
of captain are not as effective as late season
applications for the control of anthracnose
fruit rot. In fact, weekly captain sprays
throughout the season are often no more
effective in controlling anthracnose than
spraying only in February and March when
the disease is present. Measures to control
Botrytis fruit rot are also seldom needed
during the early season when disease pressure
is low. In addition, applications made in
November and December may have little
impact on late season outbreaks of the
disease. Effective fungicides such as Elevate,
Pristine, Scala, or Switch need to be applied
during the main infection period (bloom
period) in January and early February to be
effective and profitable.
Given these findings, should the
strawberry grower forget about plant disease
control from planting to mid-January? That
could be a mistake, for three reasons. First,
early season outbreaks of anthracnose fruit rot
or Botrytis fruit rot may occur when weather
conditions are highly favorable, as well as
contribute to inoculum build-up for late
season epidemics. Second, anthracnose
crown rot often kills plants in November and
December, but then usually fails to spread.
This is partly explained by the arrival of cool
weather that favors plant growth but not
disease development. In addition, regular
applications of captain or thiram have been
shown to control the spread of this disease.
Finally, crop yields over the entire season are
sometimes increased by early applications of
fungicides. This effect may be due to small
cumulative reductions in several major
diseases as well as suppression of minor


diseases such as Gnomonia leaf blotch and
other foliar diseases.
The bottom line? Regular applications
of captain or thiram during the early season
may prevent early epidemics, control
anthracnose crown rot, and contribute to
higher yields. Low application rates are
usually adequate to accomplish these
objectives. Growers should keep a wary eye
out for weather conditions favorable for plant
disease development at all times during the
season. Applications timed to protect the crop
during these critical periods may be more
effective and economical than spraying on a
routine calendar schedule.



Strawberry Cultivar Situation in
West Central Florida
Craig Chandler and Alicia Whidden

In Florida's main strawberry
production area, which is between 15 and 30
miles east of Tampa, the percentage of the
acreage in various strawberry cultivars will be
about the same for the 2007-08 season as it
was for the 2006-07 season: approximately
60% 'Festival', 15% 'Treasure', 10% Driscoll
cultivars, and 20% Other (mostly 'Camino
Real', 'Winter Dawn', 'Camarosa', and
'Carmine').
'Festival', released from the
University of Florida (UF) in 2000, is a
grower favorite because it has a sturdy bush
that is easy to harvest, doesn't yield huge
quantities of fruit on any one date, and
produces very few cull fruit. 'Festival' is a
supermarket favorite because its fruit are
attractive, fit well in one pound clamshell
containers, and have a long shelf life.
'Treasure' (introduced in 2000 by J &
P Research, Inc. of Naples, FL) is well
adapted to the west central Florida production
area. This cultivar is resistant to
(Continued on page 9)


October 2007








Berry/Vegetable Times


(Continuedfrom page 8)
Colletotrichum crown rot, and its fruit have a
deep red exterior color and are resistant to
abrasion.
'Camino Real', a 2001 release from the
University of California (UC), is a late
producing cultivar that has large, attractive
fruit.
'Winter Dawn', a 2005 UF release, can
produce higher November through February
yields than other cultivars when planted the
last week of September or the first week of
October. Also, 'Winter Dawn' can produce
relatively large fruit on small plants, and its
fruit are resistant to Botrytis and anthracnose
fruit rots.
'Camarosa' (a 1993 UC release) has
performed well throughout Florida.
'Camarosa' can be quite vigorous, and has
high total season yield potential. Its fruit are
typically very large and firm, deep red, and
flavorful when fully mature. It is susceptible
to anthracnose fruit rot and powdery mildew.
'Carmine', a 2002 UF release, can
produce high mid season yields. Its fruit are
deep red and glossy. Internal fruit tissue is
also a deep red, and contains generous levels
of antioxidants. High density plantings of
'Carmine' (up to 33,000 plants per acre) have
been successful because of the compact nature
of the plant, and the fact that 'Carmine' like
'Winter Dawn' has good resistance to Botrytis
and anthracnose fruit rots.
Two advanced selections from the UF
breeding program will be evaluated in grower
trials during the 2007-08 season. FL 01-116
has the potential to produce high early season
yields of large, attractive fruit. Its canopy is
open, making for easy spray penetration and
harvest. FL 00-51 is also an early producer,
and its fruit are large, firm, and flavorful. But
because its fruit are quite susceptible to rain
damage, it will be evaluated only in protected
culture (greenhouse and plastic tunnel) trials.


Northern Tampa Bay Water Use
Caution Area

In June the District's Governing
Board expanded the NTBWUCA to the re-
maining parts of Hillsborough and Pasco
Counties. Permittees that are impacted by
this change will soon receive a letter notify-
ing them of the NTBWUCA and after that
letter, they will receive a District initiated
permit modification. This modification will
include new permit conditions including
metering and reporting. The District has de-
veloped a meter reimbursement program for
eligible sites and we would appreciate your
help in getting the word out.
Permittees in the NTBWUCA au-
thorized to withdraw 100,000 gallons per
day (gpd) or greater are required to follow
the District's Water Use Caution Area me-
tering and reporting criteria. They will be
required to install the flow meters by June 1,
2008, on withdrawal points that are indi-
vidually permitted for more than 10,000 gpd
and report these meter readings on a
monthly basis.
To help reduce some of the metering
costs the District has created a flow meter-
ing reimbursement program. The District
will reimburse permittees a fixed amount for
their flow meters) if it meets the following
conditions:
* Installed after July 1, 2007 and before
June 1, 2008
* Non-resettable flow meter
* Installation meets manufacturer's
installation standards
Flow meter has an accuracy of 5% +/-.
For more information about the flow
meter reimbursement program, or to sched-
ule a site visit to determine reimbursement
eligibility, please call the District at 1 (800)
231-1476 or (352) 796-7211 extension 4346

(Continued on page 10)


October 2007








Berry/egetable Times


or, visit the District's web page:
www.watermatters.org/agriculture/.
The expanded NTBWUCA is the
white area enclosed with the heavy black line
on the map. Thanks for all your help and
please call me if you have any questions...
Ron Cohen, P.E.
Agricultural and Irrigation Engineer
Technical Services Department
Southwest Florida Water Management District
1-800-423-1476 ext 4300
RCohen@watermatters.org


2007 Florida Ag Expo Program
Thursday December 6, 2007
Moderator: Alicia Whidden, Hillsborough County
Extension Service

8:00 a.m. 4:00 p.m.
Registration

8:00 a.m. 9:00 a.m.
Breakfast/Exhibit Hall Open

8:50 a.m.
Welcome/Event Overview
Speakers: Dr. Jack Rechcigl, Director, UF/IFAS,
GCREC & Dr. Jimmy Cheek, Vice President, UF/IFAS

9:00 a.m. 9:20 a.m.
Increasing Efficiency with Harvest Aids
Equipment for Vegetables
Speaker: Dr. Steve Sargent, UF/IFAS,
Horticultural Sciences Dept.

9:20 a.m. 9:50 a.m.
Cucurbit Insects and Related Viruses
Speaker: Dr. Susan Webb, UF/IFAS,
Entomology & Nematology Dept.

9:50 a.m. 10:10 a.m.
Using GIS Technology to Study Changes in Whitefly
Density and TYLCV Incidence in
Tomato?
Speaker: Dr. Dave Schuster, UF/IFAS, GCREC

10:10 a.m. 10:40 a.m. Break/Exhibit Hall Open

Alternative Crops for Florida Growers

10:40 a.m. 11:10 a.m.
The Three P's: Peaches, Plums and
Persimmons
Speaker: Dr. Jeff Williamson, UF/IFAS,
Horticultural Sciences Dept.

11:10 a.m. 11:25 a.m.
Raspberry A Potential New Crop for Central
Florida
Speakers: Dr. Craig Chandler, UF/IFAS, GCREC, and
Dr. Adam Dale, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada


The use of trade names in this publication is
solely for the purpose of providing specific
information. It is not a guarantee or warranty
of the products names and does not signify that
they are approved to the exclusion of others of
suitable composition. Use pesticides safely.
Read and follow directions on the
manufacturer's label.


October 2007








Berry/Vegetable Times


11:25 a.m. 11:50 a.m.
Development of Ethanol Crop Production in Florida
Speaker: Dr. Bradley Krohn, President & CTO, US
EnviroFuels

11:50 am. 1:00 p.m.
Lunch/Exhibit Hall Open

Operational Efficiencies: Eliminating the Guess
Work

1:00 p.m. 1:30 p.m.
Linking Remote Sensed Imagery and Soil
Information Systems
Speaker: tbd

1:30 p.m. 2:15 p.m.
Using Technology to Reduce Costs/Improve
Technology
Speaker: tbd

2:15 p.m. 2:45 p.m.
Break/Exhibit Hall Open

2:45 p.m. 3:30 p.m.
Discovering Value and Piece of Mind Through Product
Tracking
Speaker: tbd

3:30 p.m. 4:00 p.m.
Fleet Management & Precision Farming
Equipment
Speaker: tbd

Friday December 7, 2007
8:00 a.m. 11:00 a.m.
Registration

8:00 a.m. 9:00 a.m.
Registration/Breakfast/Exhibit Hall Open

10:15 a.m. 10:45 am.
Break/Exhibit Hall Open

12:00 p.m.
Exhibit Hall Closes

9:00 a.m. 4:00 p.m.
Food Safety and Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs)
For Florida Fruit and Vegetable
Growers


NOTE: Registration Fee Required for the Food
Safety Workshop. Presented by University of Florida
IFAS and Cornell University National GAPs Program
Food safety is a priority for Florida fruit and vegetable
growers, and on Friday, December 7, 2007, growers
will have the opportunity to learn the latest in food
safety practices and earn required CEU credits. The
day-long seminar meets the mandatory educational
requirements for tomato growers and would be
essential for leafy greens, cantaloupe, melon, and
blueberry and strawberry growers. Subjects scheduled
to be covered include:

* GAP Issues Overview
* Traceback Case Studies
* Managing The Audit Process
* Worker Education & Training
* Crisis Management Practices

The registration fee is $20 per person and includes
lunch and materials. For more information and to
register, please call
407-660-1949.




Other highlights for the 2007
Florida Ag Expo include:

Cook-to-order Omelet Breakfast
sponsored by the
Florida Strawberry Growers
Association-Thursday

Lunch for all Participants-
Thursday

Vendor Hospitality Room-
Vendors: Take a break and have a
snack in the UF/IFAS sponsored
Hospitality Room

Free registration for all participants


October 2007







FCS8762-Eng
UL UNIVERSITY of

UFFLORIDA
IFAS Extension



Proper Handwashing for Produce Handlersi


Amy Simonne, Mark Ritenour, Jeff Brecht, Steve Sargent, and Keith Schneider2


Lather hands and arms up to
elbows with soap for 20 seconds.
(sing Happy Birthday" 'ng tMwce)


Wash backs of hands, wrists, Rinse hands and arms under
between fingers and under running water.
fingernails using a nail brush.


Wash your hands before:
0 returning to the field or entering the packing line
0 touching clean produce
O putting on new gloves
0 preparing food
0 consuming food


Dry hands and armnswith dean.
disposable paper towels. Use
paper towel to turn off water.


Wash your hands after:
0 visiting the restroom
0 touching bare human body parts (ear, nose, hair, etc.)
0 working with soil or rotten produce
U handling garbage
D smoking or doing other activities that dirty your
hands


1 This document is FCS8762-Eng, one of a series of the Department of Family, Youth and Community Sciences,Florida Cooperative Extension Service,
IFAS, University of Florida, Gainesville FL 32611. First published: March 2004. Revised: August 2007. Reviewed by Linda B. Bobroff, Ph.D.,RD, LD/N,
Family, Youth and Community Sciences. Meredith C Taylor, M.S.,FCS, P.L, extension agent IV, Suwannee County. Sally K Williams, PhD ,associate
professor, Animal Sciences. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 Please visit the EDIS Web site at
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu
2 Amy Simonne, Ph D, associate professor, Department of Family, Youth and Community Sciences, Mark Ritenour, Ph D, assistant professor, Indian
River REC; Jeff Brecht, Ph.D., professor and Steve Sargent, Ph.D., professor, Horticultural Sciences Department; and Keith Schneider, Ph.D., assistant
professor, Department of Food Science & Human Nutrition. Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of
Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611

The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and
other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex,
sexual orientation, mental status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. For more information on obtaining other extension publications,
contact your county Cooperative Extension service U.S Department of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS,
Florida A & M. University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating Larry Arrington, Dean.




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