Group Title: Berry/vegetable times.
Title: Berry/vegetable times. May 2005.
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Title: Berry/vegetable times. May 2005.
Uniform Title: Berry/vegetable times.
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Creator: Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publisher: Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, University of Florida
Gulf Coast Research and Education Center
Publication Date: May 2005
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Volume ID: VID00035
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May 2005


In this issue...
Cucurbit Pollination What Page 2
Growers Need to Know
Strobilurins and Gummy Stem Page 4
Blight Control for Melons
Recent Experiments Yield New Page 5
Ideas: Colletotrichum Crown Rot
Strawberries in Southwest Spain Page 5
Interested in Spanish Pesticide Page 6
License Training?
Special Local Weeds Label for Page 6
Gramoxone Max for Postharvest
Plant Dessication of Strawberries

A monthly newsletter of the University of Florida IFAS
Florida Cooperative Extension Service,
Hillsborough County
5339 CR 579, Seffner, FL 33584
(813) 744-5519 SC 541-5772
Alicia Whidden Editor Mary Chernesky, Director
Gulf Coast Research and Education Center
14625 County Road 672, Wimamaa, FL 33598
(813) 634-0000 SC514-6890
Christine Cooley, Layout and Design
Craig K. Chandler, Co-Editor
Jack Rechcigl Center Director

From Your Extension
Agent ...Spring
Vegetable and
Blueberry Diseases

It seems like each year
we talk about the weather being
different but this spring has been
wonderful since it has lasted
longer than the normal 2 weeks.
We also have had more rainfall in
March and April this year since
these are historically dry months
for us. This change in the
weather has affected the diseases
we are seeing. Diseases we are
on the lookout for this time of
year in our spring vegetables are
powdery mildew, downy mildew,
gummy stem blight and bacterial
spot. Usually downy mildew is a
big problem and bacteria is not as
bad since the spring weather is
usually dry. The prolonged cool
weather this spring has been ideal
for powdery mildew to be a
problem longer because it likes
the mild temperatures. In crops
in the south part of the state
downy mildew has been a big
problem. Around our area
instead of the usual downy
mildew this time of year I have
seen a lot of bacterial lesions on
the leaves of various crops.
When you first look at the field
all the brown leaves give the
appearance of downy mildew in
the crop. On closer inspection
you will not see any fungal
growth on the leaf lesions and

new lesions will have that "wet
greasy" appearance. The heavy
rains and prolonged wetting of
the plants will spread the bacteria
through your crop rapidly. It is
very important to correctly
identify the disease you are
trying to control so that you will
use the right product for the
problem. Rain will also promote
gummy stem blight so melon
fields should be scouted
regularly. Please see the article
on gummy stem blight and
strobilurins in this issue.

In blueberries there have
been a number of plants on
various farms that have had berry
clusters on small twiggy growth
shrivel and the stem die back.
Also other small stems on the
plant may be turning brown at the
tip of the stem. I believe this is
Botryosphaeria stem blight.
During spring pruning the twiggy
growth should be cleaned out and
any large canes that have died
back should be pruned back to
healthy looking wood. Also I
have noticed leaves that already

(Continued on page 2)

IFAS is an Equal Employment Opportunity-Affirmative Action Employer authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that
function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap, or national origin U S Departmeqt of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A & M
University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of the County Commissioners Cooperating

May 2005

BerryNegetable Times

Berry/egetable Times

have reddish spots and this is
most likely Phyllosticta leaf spot.
The rains we have been having
are starting this leaf disease early
this year. This will eventually
cause premature leaf drop later in
the summer which will adversely
affect next year's fruit crop.
Fungicide sprays will keep this
leaf spot disease in check and
keep the leaves on your bushes
till fall.

Alicia Whidden
Hillsborough County Extension
813-744-5519, ext.134

Hillsborough County Extension Fact
Sheet 05-1
Cucurbit Pollination -
What Growers Need to
P. R. Gilreath, Manatee County
Extension Service
A. J. Whidden, Hillsborough
County Extension Service

An estimated 15 to 30
percent of the food we eat
directly or indirectly depends on
the pollination services of bees.
Some of the crops where this is
especially critical are the
cucurbits, such as squash,
watermelons, cantaloupe and
cucumbers. Some wild species
of bees can be very efficient
pollinators of cucurbits, such as
bees in the genus Peponapis,
including squash or cucurbit
bees. Honeybees, however, by
virtue of sheer numbers,
overwhelm the native bees and
are thus the pollinators of choice.
In recent years, an estimated 50%
of commercial bee colonies have
been destroyed by either disease

or insect pests, such as the varroa
mite, an external honeybee
parasite that attacks both the
adult and the brood and
ultimately will weaken and kill
the entire hive. At the same time,
wild bee populations have also
declined. While the mites that
are so devastating to
domesticated bee populations
have much less effect on wild
bees, pesticide use and habitat
loss have had a major impact.
Although wild bees will never
have sufficient numbers to
provide enough pollination for
large commercial crops, we still
should try to encourage their
presence as a type of "insurance
Poor pollination, and thus
poor fruit set, of cucurbits can be
caused by a number of factors,
including both environmental and
human influences. Depending on
the weather and season, host
plant flowers may be open at
various times or for varying
lengths of time and bees must be
present during that time. Most
cucurbit flowers are only open
for one day, thus environmental
conditions can be critical. Bees
do not fly when it is very windy,
cold or rainy. When these
conditions exist, flowers may not
receive sufficient activity for
optimal fruit set and/or
development and may abort.
Since many cucurbits require as
many as 8 to 10 bee visits for
optimal pollination, fewer visits
may result in poor pollination and
thus misshapen fruit due to poor
seed development. Flowers are
often open very early in the
morning, sometimes as early as
5:30 a.m., and are usually closed
before noon. They may close
earlier if it is hotter, thus there is

a very narrow window of
opportunity for pollination to
occur. Growers who really want
to know what is going on in their
fields in terms of bee activity
need to be out at the crack of
dawn. Much of the pollination
takes place between dawn and
late morning. Wild bees will
often visit first, with
domesticated bees following
shortly behind. Don't
shortchange the benefits of the
wild bees and be sure and take
into account the peak activity
periods of both wild and
domesticated bees when making
pesticide selection and
application timing decisions.
Although bees can fly
greater distances, they are most
efficient if they can forage within
about 200 yards of the hive, thus
it helps to spread hives around a
field instead ofjust grouping
them in one area. For large fields
where the center of the field is
less accessible, it may help to put
more colonies in the center-most
groups along the field edge to
increase competition and
encourage bees to forage deeper
into the field. Honeybees
typically set up a 'priority list' of
nectar sources. Some pollen is
collected as a source of protein
for developing bees; however, the
bees' primary task is collecting
nectar. Growers can only hope
that their crop is high on this
'priority list'. Often orange
groves, weeds or other native
species are a more attractive
source. Once bees begin bringing
in nectar from a certain plant,
they will continue working that
type of plant until the nectar
supply is depleted, thus it is
important that the target crop
(Continued on page 3)

May 2005

Berry/egetable Times

Honeybee on citrus bloom. (Photo: Tho-
mas Wright, UF/IFAS)

plant is the one they find first.
Growers are often interested in
chemical attractants to increase
the attractiveness of the target
crop. In general, attractants are
helpful only under marginal
pollination conditions and have
not worked consistently.
Remember that bee attractants
encourage bee visitation, not
necessarily bee pollination. If the
flowers are not appealing or there
are no bees in the area, nothing
will draw them in from a
Most growers have
colonies brought in before bloom,
but bees will not just sit there and
wait on the target crop to bloom.
One way growers can help insure
that bees work the desired crop is
to move the hives in only after
the crop begins producing male
flowers. Male flowers are
produced first, often from 3 to as
many as 10 days before female
flowers, depending on the crop.
This way the bees have a source
of nectar as soon as they come in
and will be less likely to look
elsewhere. A good balance of
blooms is also necessary, and
more male flowers are produced
than female, often 3-4 times as
many, but this can be influenced
by temperature and day length.
Some growers have noted that

with squash, bees often seem
more attracted to female flowers.
This can be influenced by variety,
but another factor may be the
flower structure. Male blooms
have 'covered' nectaries, thus it's
harder for bees to reach the
nectar. Research in Tennessee on
zucchini and straight neck squash
indicates that while male nectar
may be 5-10% sweeter, a greater
amount of nectar is produced by
female blooms, thus making them
a more productive, and possibly
more attractive, source.
Cantaloupe blooms are visited for
both nectar and pollen, but are
generally poor nectar sources.
Cucumber is not a rich source of
pollen or nectar but bees readily
visit if there are no more
attractive plants nearby.

Bee with pollen load. (Photo: P.
Gustofsson, Sweden)

There can be other
factors influencing pollination.
In California, cucumber
pollination is often poor when it
is very hot and dry, as the pollen
viability drops and pollen tube
growth is affected. Also,
cucumber beetles tend to feed on
the flowers and insecticides used
to kill the beetles also may kill
foraging bees. The strength of
the hive is also important. A
colony can have as little as
10,000 to more than 60,000 bees
at any one time.
Recommendations in the past

were for 1 hive per acre. Most
sources now recommend more
hives, usually 2-3 per acre, to
insure adequate pollination. Each
colony must also have adequate
food supplies. Although bees
may be actively collecting pollen
and nectar from a watermelon
field, the overall flower density is
low and they will not be able to
sustain themselves solely on this
nutrient source; thus, a
supplementary source in the form
of stored honey and pollen will
be needed to maintain a strong

Open squash bloom. (Photo: Eric
Zamora, UF/IFAS)

While there is little a
grower can do about the weather,
an understanding of beekeeping
practices and bee biology will
help in the decision-making
process. The judicious use and
timing of pesticide applications is
also an important factor. A table
of common insecticides and
miticides and their relative risk to
honey bees can be found online at
caespubs/pubcd/b 1106-w.html
Growers need to be aware of the
many variables that can influence
effective pollination of cucurbit
crops. They should work with a
reliable beekeeper and ask
questions to insure they are
getting quality hives to help
insure a profitable crop.
(Continued on page 4)

May 2005

Berry/egetable Times


Delaplane, K. S., P. A. Thomas and
W. J. McLaurin. 1994. Bee
Pollination of Georgia Crop Plants.
University of Georgia Extension
Bulletin 1106.

Hodges, Laurie and Fred Baxendale.
1995. Bee Pollination of Cucurbit
Crops. Nebraska Cooperative
Extension NF91-50.

McGregor, S. E. 1976. Insect
Pollination of Cultivated Crop
Plants. USDA/ARS Handbook no.

Mussen, Eric. Extension
Apiculturist, University of
California, Davis. 2004. Personal

Roach, John. 2004. Can Wild Bees
Take Sting from Honeybee Decline?
National Geographic News. October
20, 2004.

Sanford, Malcolm T. 2003.
Beekeeping: Watermelon
Pollination. UF/IFAS RF-AA091.

Skinner, John. Extension
Entomologist, University of
Tennessee, Knoxville. Personal

Strobilurins and Gummy
Stem Blight Control for
Alicia Whidden

In the last issue of the
newsletter we had a report from
Chemically Speaking about not
using strobilurins in melons for
gummy stem blight control.
Unfortunately the article did not
contain the complete story which
was brought to Phyllis Gilreath's

attention and she contacted the
researchers in Georgia who had
done the work. In their work the
researchers observed that using
strobilurins seemed to make the
gummy stem blight worse. This
observation does not hold for the
product Pristine. Pristine is
a combination of a pyraclostrobin
which suppresses anthracnose
and downy mildew and boscalid
which is excellent at gummy
stem blight suppression. UF
pathologists recommend
Pristine for gummy stem blight
control. Hopefully this will clear
up any confusion caused from the
previous article.

Summary of the 2004-
05 Entomology
Research Program at
the Dover Center
James F. Price, Curtis Nagle, and
Silvia Rondon

The 2004-05 strawberry
research season at Dover (Plant
City, Florida) was very
productive for the GCREC
entomology program. From
early-November until mid-April,
we had biological control and
chemical control studies in the
field and all went remarkably


Farm workers helping with the release
ofpredatory mites in the field (Credit.

In the biological control
area, we seem to be finding that
the Phytoseiulus persimilis,
predator of spider mites, is a
better suited for the Plant City
area than is the Neoseiulus
californicus predator; however,
N. californcius seems to come on
strong later in the season. In
Gainesville and Charleston,
South Carolina, it looks like the
N. californicus is all around
better suited. More
investigations are needed to
confirm these findings.

Application ofinsecticides/miticides on
UF chemical trial (Credit. UF/IFAS)

Acramite, Agri-Mek,
experimental FujiMite (Nichino
America), Kanemite,
experimental Oberon (Bayer),
Savey, and Zeal' worked
exceptionally well for spider mite
control in various programs of
application. Florida strawberry
farmers are fortunate to have so
many good miticides of various
modes of action available at one
time and to have the prospect of
more good ones to arrive in the
near future.
A second year of
applying Admire imidacloprid
via drip irrigation 2-weeks before
the first fall harvest draws us to
conclude that this action should
keep aphids from being a
problem for the entire season.
(Continued on page 5)

May 2005

Berry/egetable Times

Actara thiamethoxam applied
once as a foliar spray controlled
aphids very well and is a very
beneficial addition to techniques
available to Florida strawberry
We are looking forward
to the next season!

Recent Experiments
Yield New Ideas:
Colletotrichum Crown
Jim Mertely and Natalia Peres

Last season, several field
experiments were carried out in
Dover to find better ways to
control strawberry diseases.
Some of the results were
surprising. We would like to
describe one experiment here and
share the results from other
experiments in future articles.
Crown rot diseases
typically appear after plant
establishment in November and
December. Infected plants
collapse and die. Crown rot may
be caused by several organisms,
but in Florida, the anthracnose
fungus Colletotrichum
gloeosporioides is frequently
involved. This fungus occurs
naturally on native vegetation and
is carried into fields by wind,
especially during rain storms.
Fungicides could be used to
protect young plants against these
incoming spores. However, little
is known about which fungicides
are effective and when they
should be applied.
In December, fungicides
were applied two days before or
one day after an infection event.
The infection event involved

spraying plants with a spore
suspension of C. gloeosporioides.
Over time, inoculated plants that
had not been protected by
fungicides began to collapse and
die. By mid-February nearly
24% of the untreated plants were
dead. Applications of Abound,
Cabrio, Switch, and Topsin M
made before or after inoculation
cut these losses at least in half.
No plants treated with Captan
before inoculation were lost, but
15% of the plants treated one day
after inoculation died. Oxidate
was ineffective whether applied
before or after inoculation. By
the end of the season (March 23),
72% of the unprotected plants
were either collapsed or dead.
However, only 8% of the plants
treated with Captan before
inoculation died, while only 24%
of the plants treated with Topsin
M after inoculation died. Captan
was an excellent protectant when
applied before inoculation and
Topsin M showed good curative
activity when applied one day
after inoculation.
This experiment suggests
that regular applications of
Captan after crop establishment
should reduce losses to
Colletotrichum crown rot.
Applications of Topsin M after
rain events in the fall may also be
helpful in fields with a history of
the disease. We hope to confirm
these findings during the
upcoming season.

Strawberries in
Southwest Spain
Craig Chandler

On May 3rd, 4th, and 5h,
Jim Price, Natalia Peres, Jack
Rechcigl (GCREC Director), Al
Herndon (Ferris Farms), and I
toured strawberry fields and
packinghouses in southwestern
Spain, along with our hosts,
Carmen Sanchez and Naty Osa of
Ekland Marketing Company.
Spain is the second
largest producer of strawberries
in the world (the U.S. is number
one), and 85% of Spain's
strawberries are produced in the
Atlantic coastal area of Huelva.
The fall and winter climate of
southwest Spain is cooler than
that of west central Florida, so
strawberries are grown under
clear plastic tunnels to "advance"
the crop and allow for winter
Fresh dug, leaf-off plants
are planted in October, with
harvest generally beginning by
the first week of February and
continuing until sometime in June
or early July. Most transplants
are obtained from high elevation
nurseries located in north-central
Until recently, the
Huelva industry relied almost
exclusively on a single cultivar at
a time. The industry started in
1964 with 'Tioga', and followed
in succession with 'Douglas',
'Chandler', 'Oso Grande', and
'Camarosa'. Now it is becoming
accepted in the industry that more
than one cultivar is needed to
produce high quality fruit over
the entire five month harvest
season. A combination that is
currently being used successfully
by some growers is that of

May 2005

Berry/Vegetable Times

'Festival'/ Candonga. 'Festival'
excels during the early to mid
season, while Candonga, a new
cultivar from the Spanish nursery
company Planasa, excels during
the mid to late season.
The standard production
system in Spain is the two-row
bed system, where beds are
fumigated with a 50-50 mixture
of methyl bromide/chloropicrin
and covered with black
polyethylene mulch. But
increasingly, growers are
converting to a system where
plants are grown in peat,
rockwool, or coconut fiber filled
bags. The bags are typically used
for several seasons and then
replaced. Water and fertilizer is
supplied to each bag via drip
Fruit is usually divided
into at least two classes by the
picker. Ripe fruit is placed in
wooden boxes that hold about 2
kg (4.4 lbs) of fruit. This fruit,
which is not suitable for long-
distance shipment, is sold to the
domestic market. Mature, but not
fully ripe, fruit is placed in clear
plastic containers (called punnets
by Europeans). These containers
hold between 400 and 500 grams
of fruit, and are similar to our 1
lb clamshell containers, excepts
that they don't have lids). This
fruit is typically shipped to other
western European countries,
primarily Germany, France, and
the United Kingdom. A third
class of fruit includes fruit that
are small, misshapen, or over-
ripe. This fruit is sold for
Fruit in the clear plastic
containers is brought to the
packinghouse and cooled to
maybe 450 F and then inspected
and a plastic lid placed on the

container by hand. Or various
plastic wraps are applied
mechanically to seal the
container. When fruit prices are
high, packinghouse operators
have the ability to weigh each
container automatically, shunting
containers in three directions
based on whether they are the
correct weight, too light, or too
heavy. Then workers can add
fruit to the containers that are too
light and remove fruit from the
containers that are too heavy.

Interested in Spanish
Pesticide License

Manatee County
Extension is trying to set up a
time in June to have a 2 day
training/testing course for the
Private Applicator Pesticide
License. The training will be in
Spanish. Cesar Asuaje from
Palm Beach County Extension
has agreed to come teach the
course. Since he will be traveling
there is a 20 person minimum
needed to hold the course. The
first day will be training for the
General Standards exam with the
exam given in the afternoon. The
second day will be training for
the Private Pesticide license and
the test will be given in the
afternoon. Both tests must be
passed to receive a Private
Applicator License. Remember
the test is given in English but
having the training in Spanish has
resulted in better scores on the
tests for others who have taken
the training. If you are interested
contact Phyllis Gilreath or Betty
at the Manatee County Extension

Service at 941-727-4524 for more

Special Local Weeds
Label for Gramoxone
Max for Postharvest
Plant Dessication of
William Stall, Vegetarian 02-

A special local needs
label (24C) has been issued for
the use of Gramoxone Max
(Paraquat) herbicide for use as a
Postharvest desiccant in
strawberries. Gramoxone Max is
labeled as a broadcast spray at
1.3 pts per treated acre for the
dessication on strawberry plants
following harvest.
A nonionic surfactant or
a crop oil concentrate must be
added to the finished spray.
Applications are to be made
where harvest operations have
finished for the season. More
than 3 applications may not be
made and more than 3.9 pints of
Gramoxone Max herbicide may
not be made per acre per season

The use of trade names in this
publication is solely for the purpose of
providing y p itic e,, r.-, ,..1i..,. It is not
a guarantee or warranty er i,,
products names and does not signify
that they are approved to the exclusion
of others ofsuitable composition. Use
pesticides safely. Read and follow
directions on the manufacturer's label.

May 2005

Berry/egetable Times

Pesticide Registrations
and Actions
Chemically Speaking

* Based on a request by
AMVAC, use of the
herbicide Dacthal (DPCA)
will be terminated for a
number of crops. Those of
importance to Florida include
beans, cucumber, eggplant,
kale, pepper, potato, sweet
potato, squash, turnip, and
yam. (Federal Register,
* Based on a request by
Dupont, tolerances are
approved for use of the
herbicide Assure
(quizalofop). Tolerances of
importance to Florida include
snap bean, cowpea hay and
forage. (Federal Register,
* Based on a request by
Syngenta and IR-4,
tolerances are approved for
use of the insecticide/miticide
Agri-mek (abamectin).
Tolerances include avocado,
herbs (excluding chives),
mint, fruiting vegetables
(group 8), leafy vegetables
except brassica (group 4) and
goat/hog/poultry/sheep meat
and meat byproducts.
(Federal Register, 2/16/05).

Pesticide Potpourri
Chemically Speaking

The UF/IFAS Pesticide
Information Office collaborates
with the Southern Region IPM
Center, located at North Carolina
State University. The website
maintained by the Center has
many pesticide related data

sources such as the International
Maximum Residue Limit
Database, and the site can be
browsed without a username or
password. Please review some of
these sources at:

Site Approved for
Strawberry Museum
and Hall of Fame

On Tuesday, February 2,
2005, the Hillsborough Board of
County Commissioners voted
unanimously to transfer property
to The Florida Strawberry
Research and Education
Foundation for the development
of a Florida Strawberry Museum
and Hall of Fame.
The 21-acre parcel was
the location of the UF/IFAS Gulf
Coast Research and Education
Center in Dover, the only
research center in the nation
solely dedicated to strawberry
research. The UF faculty at the
Dover center have now relocated
to the new Gulf Coast REC in
Balm (Wimauma).
The strawberry
community has long sought a
means to display the unique
archives of the century old
Florida strawberry industry. The
vacating of the Dover facility,
itself rich in strawberry history,
made the location for the Florida
Strawberry Hall of Fame and
Museum a natural.
This is but the first step
towards making the Museum and
Hall of Fame a reality. FSREF is
looking for artifacts and
development resources within the
community. If you have an

interest in being a part of this
endeavor, contact the Growers
Association at (813) 752-6822.

Diagnostic Clinic Opens

The GCREC Diagnostic
Clinic is now officially open at
the new regional research center
in Balm (Wimauma). Dr. James
Mertely from the Dover Center is
available to receive samples and/
or answer questions regarding
plant diseases. Growers and
industry representative can find
the necessary forms and
instructions for submitting
samples at The
service is free of charge and
results can be expected within 3
to 7 days depending on the
situation. Operating hours for the
clinic are 8 am to 5 pm, Monday
through Friday. If you have
questions, call (813) 634-0000.

Dedication of University
of Florida's New Gulf
Coast Research and
Education Center

Over 600 guests were on
hand at the University of
Florida's Gulf Coast Research
and Education Center (GCREC)
on April 1st for the dedication of
a new facility at Balm
(Wimauma). The new $16
million regional facility,
authorized by the Florida
Legislature in 2003, combines
(Continued on page 8)

May 2005

Berry/Vegetable Times

facilities and programs formerly
located in Bradenton and Dover.
The 475-acre tract
donated to the University by
Hillsborough County is located in
an area of commercial vegetable
and strawberry production.
Areas on the center have been
designated for vegetable,
strawberry, citrus, ornamental
horticulture and pasture research.
The 39,000 sq. ft. main building
provides office and laboratory
space for 20 faculty, support staff
and graduate students as well as a
500-seat auditorium.
Jimmy G. Cheek, Senior
Vice President for Agricultural
and Natural Resources at UF
presided at the dedication.
Others on the program included
Charles H. Bronson, Commission
of the Florida Department of
Agriculture; Bill Galvano,
Florida House of
Representatives; Jim Norman,
Hillsborough County
Commission; and Jay Taylor,
Center Advising Committee
Chair. Jack Rechcigl, GCREC
Director, coordinated the entire
GCREC has been highly
successful in serving the needs of
vegetable, strawberry and
ornamental industries because it
has used interdisciplinary teams,
consisting of horticulturists,
entomologists, plant pathologists,
soil scientists, agricultural
economists, and agricultural
engineers to solve these
industries' most important
production problems. This new
facility will provide the basis for
continued service to the industry
into the 21st century.

Gulf Coast Research and Education Center
Dedication Ceremony April 1, 2005

SBerry/Vegetable Times Newsletter
is an Award Winner!!!!!

"A The newsletter has been the recipient of several awards
Sfor excellence. It has won the 2004 and 2005 Florida Associa-
Stion of County Agricultural Agents Communication Award for
SBest Team Newsletter and the 2005 Southern Regional finalist
for the Communication Best Team Newsletter Award from the
SNational Association of County Agricultural Agents. Our latest
Award is very important to us- the IFAS Gold Image Award.

May 2005

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