Group Title: Berry/vegetable times.
Title: Berry/vegetable times. February 2004.
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Title: Berry/vegetable times. February 2004.
Uniform Title: Berry/vegetable times.
Physical Description: Newspaper
Creator: Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publisher: Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, University of Florida
Gulf Coast Research and Education Center
Publication Date: February 2004
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Bibliographic ID: UF00087388
Volume ID: VID00025
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Berry/Vegetable Times


UNI VERSITYOF

^"O'FLORIDA

EXTENSION
Jslutii:e ;rF:cd andA.oqlitmlLurt] SdncIEs



In this issue...
The Need for Unified Certifica- Page 2
tion Standards and Procedures
Best Management Page 2
Practices Started the Strawberry
Season
Plant Disease Losses have been Page 4
Low, but...
Apogee Research on Strawber- Page 4
ries

Spotlight on Page 5
Strawberry Diagnostics
GCREC Welcomes Page 5
Natalia Peres as the new Plant
Pathologist
OSHA Injury/Illness Summary Page 5
Reports to be Posted Feb. 1

Pesticide Registrations and Ac- Page 6
tions
Watermelon Vine Page 6
Decline and Fruit Rot Alert


From Your Extension
Agent... Alicia Whidden

A chemical company repre-
sentative at a recent grower meeting
talked about the mixing order for
adding their chemical to the spray
tank. This made me think that it
would be a good idea to have a
"refresher course" on this important
topic. When you are preparing the
spray material, first READ THE
LABELS of all the products you
will be using in the spray mix. The
labels contain valuable information
to help make the products as effec-
tive as possible. The label will tell
you the correct pH of the spray solu-
tion for the chemicals to be most
effective, if there are any known
problems with tank mixes of this
product and other chemicals and if
any adjuvants need to be used to
make the product more effective.
Also the label will tell you if there
are special environmental conditions
to avoid when spraying to prevent
spray bur problems.
Now on to the proper mix-
ing order of the chemicals: First fill
the spray tank 12 full of water and
adjust pH if needed. Start agitation
and add chemicals in the following
order: 1. Wettable powders go in
first and must be mixed thoroughly.
A monthly newsletter of the Unversity of Florida IFAS,
Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, and Florida
Cooperative Extension Service
Hillsborough County Cooperative Ext Service
5339 CR 579, Seffner, FL 33584
(813) 744-5519 SC 541-5772
Alicia Whidden, Editor Mary Chernesky, Director
Gulf Coast Research and Education Center
13138 Lewis Gallagher Road, Dover, FL 33527
(813) 744-6630 SC 512-1160
Christine Cooley, Layout and Design
Jack Rechcigl, Director
http //gcrec ifas ufl edu


A slurry can be made and added to
the spray tank to help dissolve the
powder. 2. Dry Flowables or water-
dispersible granules- then add more
water to the tank. 3. Water-
dispersible liquids 4. Emulsifiable
concentrates 5. Water-soluble liq-
uids. Agitate well after each addi-
tion and before adding the next
chemical. Finish filling spray tank
with water.
If you are using two or
more chemicals in the spray tank or
are adding a fertilizer to the spray
tank and do not have experience with
that particular spray combination
you may want to do a compatibility
test first to make sure the chemicals
are compatible and do not precipitate
in the tank and leave you with a tank
full of "gunk". You can do a simple
jar test to make sure your spray com-
bination will stay in liquid form.

Jar Compatibility Test:
1. Use a quart jar with a lid and add
1 pint water (2 cups) adjusted to pH
recommended by spray label.
2. In the proper mixing order, add
the amount of pesticide from the
table below that corresponds to the
label rate and shake gently after
each addition.
3. Add any fertilizer and shake gen-
tly.
4. Let the jar sit for 5 minutes and
then look at the solution. You are
looking for precipitants such as
flakes, sludge or the whole solution
solidifying. Wait at least 30 min-
utes to be sure there will be no prob-
lems with this combination of chemi-
cals. Emulsifiable concentrates will

(Continued on page 2)


IFAS is an Equal Employment Opportunity Affirmative Action Employer authonzed to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that
function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap, or national origin U S Department of Agnculture, Cooperative Extension Service, University of Flonda, IFAS, Florida A & M
University Cooperative Extension Program, and EBoards of the County Commissioners Cooperating


Berry/Vegetable Times

February 2004


Volume IV Issue 2








Berry/Vegetable Times


usually rise to the top over time and
wettable powders can settle out. If
after 30 minutes you can shake the
jar and everything will go back into
solution then with agitation in the
spray tank you will be able to spray
this solution.
5. Some combinations don't work
without a compatibility agent to keep
the chemicals from reacting with
each other. Be sure to do a compati-
bility test with the agent first to be
sure it will work.

Amount of pesticides for
compatibility test

Type of Rate/ Teaspoons
Chemical Acre to add to jar
Wettable
Powder 1 lb 1.5
or 21b 3.0
Dry
Flowable 3 lb 4.5
41b 6.0


Emulsifiable
Concentrate 1 pt 0.5
or 1 qt 1.0
Water-
disperible
Liquid 2 qt 2.0
Water-soluble
liquids 4 qt 4.0




The Need for Unified
Certification Standards
and Procedures
R.D. Milholland and C. W Averre
Emeritus Professors of Plant Pa-
thology, North Carolina State Uni-
versity

Strawberries are a high-
income -per-acre crop that justifies
the use of effective disease manage-
ment strategies. To control soilborne


diseases and weeds in both nurseries
and fruiting fields, the soil is fumi-
gated with custom-blended mixtures
of methyl bromide and chloropicrin
before planting. Despite the use of
methyl bromide, several disease
management strategies are often re-
quired to control devastating dis-
eases anthracnosee, Phytopthora,
angular leaf spot) that attack straw-
berry. These include resistant culti-
vars, chemicals, and pathogen-
indexed planting stock. The pro-
gram of maintaining Nuclear stock
and producing Foundation, Regis-
tered, and Certified strawberry plants
is vital to the strawberry industry.
The increased interdepend-
ence of strawberry producing regions
in the U.S. and throughout the world
has shown the need for unified
certification procedures and stan-
dards. This must address quality and
uniformity of planting stock that are
free from pathogens and other
pests. It is important that several
sources of certified planting stock
be available to commercial berry
growers. The use of pathogen-
indexed planting stock is one of the
most effective control methods for
strawberry anthracnose, Phy-
tophthora, and other devastating dis-
eases. This is achieved at little or no
cost to berry growers.
The Micropropagation Unit
(MPU) and the N.C. Strawberry Cer-
tification programs have supplied
fruit growers with high quality, true-
to-type, anthracnose-free plants for
the past three years. Plants from the
Certified nurseries have performed
equally as well as plants from any
other sources without having an-
thracnose and Phytophthora infected
plants.
The N.C. Certification pro-
gram is continuing to expand
and, supplying Certified plants to
berry growers in N.C. and through-
out the southeast. This year, three
Registered nurseries will raise Regis-
tered plants for seven Certified nurs-
eries. Both bare root and runner tips
(plug plants) of Camarosa, Chandler,


Festival, Treasure, and Sweet Char-
lie will be available. In 2005, the
N.C. Certification program will have
the ability to produce about 40 mil-
lion Certified plants. Additional
programs that meet the rigid certifi-
cation procedures and standards will
be required if berry growers through-
out the southeast are to be
supplied with high quality, uniform,
anthracnose- and Phythopthora-free
strawberry plants.
It is important for fruit
growers to realize that at least a two
year lead time is necessary to in-
crease Certified plants to meet their
needs for high quality planting
stock. The anthracnose and Phy-
tophthora problems in the state and
elsewhere can be expected to con-
tinue so long as infected plants are
used by strawberry nurseries and
growers.
For more information on
the North Carolina Strawberry Certi-
fication program, contact Dr. Zvez-
dana Pesic-Van Esbroeck by phone
at (919) 515-7781 or by e-mail at
zvezdana_pesic@ncsu.edu.


Best Management
Practices Started the
Strawberry Season
Silvia I. Rondon1, Daniel J. Cant-
liffe1, and James F. Price2
1Horticultural Sciences Depart-
ment, IFAS, University of Florida.
PO BOX 110690 Gainesville Fl
32611. 2Gulf Research and Edu-
cation Center, 5007 60th St. E.,
Bradenton, FL 34203.

From our perspective, the
first part of the 2003-2004 straw-
berry season has been good for the
strawberry industry. By February
2004 the strawberry harvest was well
under way and some farms had al-
ready experienced early problems
with twospotted spider mite, aphids,
and budworms; however, sound in-

(Continued on page 3)


Volume IV Issue 2









Berry/Vegetable Times


tervention decisions, and good tim-
ing resulted in effective control in
most cases.

Summary of the 2003-2004 Season.
This year strawberry transplants
from most nurseries arrived with less
than usual spider mite prob-
lems. Some growers reported better
than expected results for spider mite
clean-up of young transplants by
applying Brigade? (bifenthrin) pyre-
throid plus Diazinon?
(organophosphate) immediately after
the transplant establishment period
(Figure 1). We should not expect
serious losses from spider mites
even with an expected increase in
mite numbers in February, since sev-
eral effective biological and chemi-
cal control measures are now avail-
able.
Appearances of other pests
such as lepidopterous larvae
('worms') and aphids normally start
in February; however, adequate con-
trol measures are presently available
for these pests. Problems with thrips
increase in warm weather with mod-
erately to high temperatures. How-
ever, cooler weather in mid-January
has led to low thrips popula-
tions. According to Hillsborough
county agent Alicia Whidden (Berry/


Vegetables Times January
2004) some farmers reported fruit
bronzing and cracks under the calyx.
These problems may have been re-
lated to consecutive applications of
sulphur used for powdery mildew as
well to thrips and aphid damage. UF
researchers are investigating whether
the sulphur related damage in order
to minimize the ill effects of the fun-
gicide.

Benefits of Using an Best Manage-
ment Practices. Some of the pesti-
cides that are currently used on Flor-
ida strawberry farms to control ar-
thropods include organophosphates
which are considered to pose the
greatest risk for human health and
the environment. The high level of
pesticide use combined with the fre-
quent harvesting means that there is
a risk of occupational exposure to
these pesticides by crop workers.
Reduction of higher risk pesticide
use in strawberries through Best
Management Practices based on
various control measures which in-
clude cultural, biological, and chemi-
cal control compatible with biologi-
cal methods, are important to reduce
environmental hazards and human
exposure, cost to farmers, and insect
resistance. Thus, the continued use


of only one practice, i.e. chemical
control only, can be extremely costly
in terms of chemical expenditures
and their application but more im-
portantly, losses due to rapid build-
up of insect and mite resistance to
the chemicals applied. Ultimately,
the combination of control measures
will lead to the greatest return to
profit in terms of fruit quality and
yield for the least long term expense.

Biological Control of Strawberry
Pests: The Twospotted Spider
Mite. For the past couple of years,
we have studied the impact of utiliz-
ing new biological control methods
(lady beetles, minute pirate and
bigeyed bug) to control strawberry
arthropod pests. We have established
experimental trials in Floral City
(Citrus County), Plant City
(Hillsborough County), and Dover
(Hillsborough County ) to evaluate
the feasibility of using one or both
species of predatory mites: Phyto-
seiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot and
Neoseiulus californicus McGregor
to control mites throughout the sea-
son.
This project is being con-
ducted with growers, extension per-
sonnel, and a crop consultant to per-
(Continued on page 4)


Figure 1. Population dynamics of twospotted spider mite after Brigade? plus Diazinon? application on a commer-
cial farm. Only one insecticide application was made (10/21/03). Percentage of twospotted spider mites steadily
decreased throughout the season (y axis by 10).


10/22/2003 11/03/2003 11/19/2003 1 1' ",1~ 12/11" 2 1 12/'11 2 1; 1/17/2004 1/29/2004
Date


Volume IV Issue 2









Berry/Vegetable Times


form on-farm demonstrations and
experiment station trials. We are
using predatory mites in combination
with miticides to control twospotted
spider mites to look to complete fall
season control. Further, the use of
other chemical management schemes
has been integrated into the use of
predator mites as a control measure.
Thus, besides fall season mite con-
trol we are investigating full season
control of other insects and diseases
pests. Information obtained from
these studies will be presented in
workshops and field-days this spring
and summer to train growers in basic
biological control pest management
techniques. Refer also to Berry/
Vegetable Times November 2003
issue (http://strawberry.ifas.ufl.edu/.
The strawberry season
should continue for two more
months. With this sound start and a
little luck, the 2003-2004 season
should be very satisfactory for the
industry.



Plant Disease Losses
have been Low, but...
Jim Mertely

Strawberry diseases have
been relatively mild this season.
Like the weather, this may be start-
ing to change. In late January, we
saw rain on the 27th, a freeze with
overhead irrigation on the 29th, and
48 hours of rains and overcast skies
at the end of the month. This period
was ideal for Botrytis cinerea, if the
plants were flowering at the time.
Hopefully, flowering fields were
adequately protected by shortening
the intervals between fungicide ap-
plications, and tank mixing Elevate,
Pristine, or Switch with the normal
protectant fungicide. Spraying these
products during the mid-January to
mid-February bloom period should
control Botrytis fruit rot which typi-
cally appears in late February and
early March.
The January rains also


spread Colletotrichum acutatum (the
anthracnose fruit rot fungus), and
may even have produced some initial
flower or fruit infections. Be vigi-
lant for early signs of anthracnose
disease such as blighted flowers
(photo 1) or young fruit with black-
ened tips (photo 2). Flower blight
can be caused by a number of patho-
gens, but black spots on young fruit
are often diagnostic for anthracnose
disease. If young fruit are infected
in your field, don't wait until the
workers begin throwing down ripe
fruit with anthracnose. Modify your
disease management program imme-
diately. Some steps that can be
taken include tightening the spray
interval (if it is presently 10 days or
more), increasing the dosage of pro-
tectant fungicide such as captain or
thiram, and tank-mixing a strobilurin
fungicide such as Abound (Quadris)
or Cabrio with the protectant fungi-
cide. Switch is also active against
anthracnose and is a good alternative
product for the strobilurins, but note
the plant-back restriction if a second
crop is to follow berries.


Flower blighted by C. acutatum


Some fields may have es-
caped infection at the end of January
because the plants were in a "gap"
period with few fruit or new flowers.
Since there are often more culls than
marketable fruit in these fields, har-
vesting is a very frustrating proposi-
tion for both the grower and the
pickers. Under these circumstances,


there is a temptation to lengthen the
harvest interval, or "cherry pick" the
field, making little effort to remove
cull fruit from the plants. These fruit
become a reservoir of diseases and
pests, and the list of potential threats
is long: anthracnose, Botrytis,
Rhizopus, powdery mildew, flies,
and sap beetles. Encourage workers
to remove cull fruit from the plant
canopy during each harvest. Good
plant sanitation should pay off for
any grower who wants to pick
healthy fruit in March.


Young fruit spotted by C. acutatum


Apogee Research on
Strawberries
Julia Reekie and John Duval

Apogee (Prohexadione-Ca)
is a growth regulator used mainly to
reduce pruning in apple trees. It is
not registered for use in strawberry
crops in the United States and not
registered for any crop use in Can-
ada. However, recent research has
focused on its potential use in straw-
berry transplants. Gulf Coast Re-
search and Education Center and
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
have been collaborating on straw-
berry research for the last four years,
and currently there are three projects
studying its use on strawberries.
When Apogee is applied to
strawberry plants in Canadian nurs-
eries, it shortens petiole length and
accelerates root growth in daughter
transplants. Treated plants are more
compact with large roots. This mor-
(Continued on page 5)


Volume IV Issue 2








Berry/Vegetable Times


phology may help to relieve stress
during the plants' establishment in
plasticulture, giving them a head
start in the race to produce early
fruits. Of course the timing of Apo-
gee application is crucial to attaining
the desired transplant morphology
and maximizing subsequent fruit
production in the southern fruiting
fields. We are in our final year of
testing and results so far show prom-
ise. Soon we will be able to draw
conclusions and make appropriate
recommendations to growers. BASF,
the manufacturer of Apogee is also
working hard to register the chemical
in Canada.


the same period last year. Lower
initial levels of C. acutatum infection
(as indicated by the 38% decrease in
C. acutatum infected diagnostic sam-
ples during the beginning of this
season), combined with a normal,
dry December, lead to the 93% de-
crease in anthracnose fruit rot diag-
nostic samples for January. Al-
though anthracnose has been rela-
tively subdued this season, be vigi-
lant. Recent rains may have spread
C. acutatum spores, and the mild
temperatures have been perfect for
infection.


GCREC Welcomes

Spotlight on Natalia Peres as the
Strawberry Diagnostics new Plant Pathologist
Teresa Seijo, Jim Mertely, and


Natalia Peres

"No news is good news." -
Last season the diagnostic clinic
received 33 samples in January, this
season we received only five.
Three out of the five sam-
ples were infected with Powdery
mildew (Sphaerotheca macularis).
All 3 powdery mildew samples were
received during the first week of
January. Based on the timing of the
diagnostic samples (no new samples
were received after Jan. 7th) and on
observations here at the GCREC
farm, powdery mildew infection
began to decrease as January pro-
gressed. (For more information on
powdery mildew please refer to the
December 2003 issue of the Straw-
berry-Vegetable Times at http://
strawberry.ifas.ufl.edu).
No samples were diagnosed
with Colletotrichum crown rot, Phy-
tophthora crown rot, leather rot, an-
gular leaf spot, Verticillium wilt, or
sting nematodes. All of these dis-
eases were diagnosed in Jan. 2003.
Anthracnose fruit rot caused
by Colletotrichum acutatum, which
produced such devastating losses last
season, was only identified on one
sample, compared to 14 samples for


I have recently arrived in
Dover as the new Assistant Professor
for Plant Pathology, and as a native
of Brazil, I am looking forward to
learning all about Florida and every-
thing it has to offer. A little back-
ground information on me will give
a better indication of my skills and
experience. I received my B.S.,
M.S., and Ph.D. from the Sao Paulo
State University in Botucatu. During
my Master's I worked on identifying
and characterizing Colletotrichum
species that cause anthracnose on
several types of tropical fruits. My
Ph.D. research focused on epidemi-
ology and control of post-bloom fruit
drop of citrus caused by C. acu-
tatum, the same species that causes
anthracnose disease on strawberries.
I worked closely with citrus growers
in Brazil and used their knowledge
to develop a computer assisted sys-
tem for timing of fungicide applica-
tions for control of post-bloom fruit
drop. After obtaining my degree, I
worked on a project funded by the
University of Florida and the Cali-
fornia Citrus Research Board on the
risk of introducing exotic citrus dis-
eases in the U.S.
I am looking forward to
meeting the local growers and visit-


ing area farms so I will be able to
design my program to best fit the
needs of the strawberry industry. I
will be visiting some of you in the
next couple of months, but in the
meantime, feel free to call or stop by
the center. I am looking forward to
working with all of you.


OSHA Injury/Illness
Summary Reports to be
Posted Feb. 1
Alicia Whidden

Employers are required by
OSHA to post a summary of the total
number of job-related injuries and
illnesses that occurred last year.
Employers can use the Summary
form (OSHA Form 300A) and not
the OSHA 300 Log. The Summary
must be posted from Feb. 1 to April
30, 2004. Agricultural establish-
ments with 10 or fewer employees
are exempt.
The summary must contain
the following information:

1. The total number of job-related
injuries and illnesses for 2003 that
were logged on the OSHA 300 form

2. Annual average number of em-
ployees and the total hours worked
for 2003 are used to calculate inci-
dence rates.

3. If there were no recordable inju-
ries or illnesses in 2003 you must
still post the form and put zeros on
the total line.

4. The summary must be certified
by a company executive.

The form must be displayed
in a common area where notices are
posted for employees. Copies of the
forms are on the web site. For more
information or forms: http://
www.osha.gov/.


Volume IV Issue 2








Berry/Vegetable Times


Pesticide Registrations
and Actions
Chemically Speaking, 01/04

?? On December 22, the Florida
Department of Agriculture and
Consumer Service (FDACS)
registered the miticide Zeal
(etoxazole) for control of spider
mites on pome fruits, cotton and
strawberry. The EPA registra-
tion number for the Valent
U.S.A. Corporation product is
59639-123. (FDACS PREC
January Agenda).
?? The nematicide DiTera (dried
fermentation products of My-
rothecium verrucaria) is now
available from Valent U.S.A.
Corp. It is registered with the
EPA and is also listed by the
Organic Materials Review Insti-
tute for use in organically grown
products. (The Grower, Novem-
ber-December, 2003).
?? A bill has been introduced in the
U.S. House of Representatives
to provide for the approval of
methyl bromide critical use ex-
emptions in the U.S. if they are
not approved by the Parties to
the Montreal Protocol. The fol-
lowing text would be added at
the end of Section 604(d)(6) of
the Clean Air Act (42
U.S.C.7671c(d)(6)): "In any
year after the enactment of this
sentence, if the Parties to the
Montreal Protocol do not ap-
prove the entire amount of
methyl bromide requested by the
United States under the critical
use exemption process as imple-
mented by the Environmental
Protection Agency pursuant to
Article 2H(5) of the Protocol
and Decision IX/6 of the Parties
to the Protocol, then notwith-
standing any other provision of
this Act or any obligation in-
curred by the United States pur-
suant to the Montreal Protocol,
the entire amount of methyl bro-
mide requested shall be deemed


to have been approved, and the
Administrator shall issue a final
rule within 30 days of a denial
of the full request for United
States critical use exemptions by
the Parties to the Montreal Pro-
tocol to authorize production of
the full amount previously deter-
mined by the Administration to
constitute critical uses and to
allocate this amount for each
year for which such uses were
requested." This amendment
would allow growers and regu-
lators to know that they will
receive the methyl bromide as
requested by the EPA, rather
than dealing with groups that
question the EPA's estimates or
refuse to make a decision.
(SRIPMC notification,
12/22/03).
?? A group of scientists from
Ocean Alliance have spent the
last three years collecting fat
samples from sperm whales.
Using a crossbow and arrows
with specially designed biopsy
tips to take skin and blubber
samples, the group has roughly
sampled 900 of the whales.
Since the whales are mammals
with long life spans and large fat
stores, they are believed to be
good bioindicators of chemical
burden. In a preliminary analy-
sis of 30 samples, all of the sam-
ples contained residues of DDT,
PCBs, chlordane, hexachlorocy-
lohexane, and hexachloroben-
zene in "small amounts".
(Pesticide & Toxic Chemical
News, 12/15/03).


Watermelon Vine
Decline and Fruit Rot
Alert
Phyllis Gilreath, Manatee Co.
Extension Service

For at least the past 2 sea-
sons, central and southwest Florida
have experienced problems with
watermelon vine
decline late in
the crop cycle
approaching
harvest charac-
terized by wilt-
ing in the plant,
scorched leaves,
defoliation and
rapid vine collapse on maturing
vines. Frequently, fruit were ob-
served with greasy, necrotic lesions
on the interior portion of the rind that
rendered the fruit non-marketable.
Investigations to date have been in-
conclusive for identifying a cause.
No pathogen was consistently asso-
ciated with the symptoms nor were
any cultural or environmental factors
identified as the cause. Under the
leadership of Dr. Pam Roberts at
Immokalee, we now have additional
resources to address this problem if
or when it appears this season. If you
see this problem, please notify us
immediately so we can begin collect-
ing samples and information to try
and pinpoint a cause. A significant
number of melons have been lost to
this problem and we need to find a
solution.


The use of trade names in this
publication is solely for the pur-
pose ofproviding specific infor-
mation. It is not a guarantee or
warranty of the products names
and does not signify that they
are approved to the exclusion of
others ofsuitable composition.
Use pesticides safely. Read and
follow directions on the manu-
facturer 's label.


Volume IV Issue 2








Berry/Vegetable Times


9:00-9:15

9:15-9:45


Blueberries, Peaches
& Plums for
West Central Florida


February 26, 2004 c

S Hillsborough Extension '.
5339 S. County Road 579
(1 Seffner, Florida /
813-744-5519


Welcome and Introductions

Peaches and Plums Varieties for west central Florida and site selection & orchard establishment-
Dr. Jeff Williamson, University of Florida, Deciduous Fruit Crops.


9:45-10:30 Blueberry Varieties for west central Florida & Cultural Management-Dr. Jeff Williamson, Uni-
versity of Florida, Deciduous Fruit Crops.

10:30-10:45 Questions for Dr. Williamson

10:45-11:00 Break

11:00-11:30 Thrips Management for Blueberries. Dr. Oscar Liburd, University of Florida, Fruit & Vegetable
IPM Specialist.

11:30-12:00 Important Blueberry Diseases of the Southeast- Dr. Barbara Smith, USDA-ARS Small Fruit Re-
search Station. Research Plant Pathologist.

Your Cooperating Extension Faculty


Alicia Whidden-

Laura Miller-

Chris Oswalt-
Phyllis Gilreath-


Hillsborough County Vegetable Crops, 813-744-5519,
ext. 134.
Hillsborough & Polk Counties, Environmental Hort/Ornamental Hort, 813-744-5519,
ext. 134, 863-519-8677.
Polk & Hillsborough Counties, Citrus, 863-519-8677, ext.108, 813-744-5519.
Manatee County, Agriculture, 941-722-4524, ext.229.
1.5 CEU's and 2.5 CCA's will be available.


UNIVERITY' OF Please RSVP
FLORIDA to Traci Buck at

IFAS EXTENSION 813-744-5519
ext. 104 Hboough Counry
ext. 104 Floid


Volume IV Issue 2




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