• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Acknowledgement
 Table of Contents
 Introduction, population size and...
 Characteristics of persons
 Characteristics of families
 Definitions and explanations
 Comparability of data with the...
 Detailed tables 1-31
 Appendix A
 Back Matter
 Back Cover






Title: Persons of Spanish origin in the United States
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Title: Persons of Spanish origin in the United States
Series Title: Persons of Spanish origin in the United States
Alternate Title: Current population reports P-20, 310 ; United States Department of Commerce
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: United States -- Bureau of the Census
Publisher: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census :
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Place of Publication: Washington, D.C.
Publication Date: 1976
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Subject: Cuban Americans -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Puerto Ricans -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Mexican Americans -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Hispanic Americans -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
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Dates or Sequential Designation: Nov. 1969-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased with Mar. 1982.
Numbering Peculiarities: Mar. 1972 and 1971 issued as one vol.
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 Related Items
Succeeded by: Hispanic population in the United States

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Acknowledgement
        Acknowledgement
    Table of Contents
        Page i
        Page ii
        Page iii
        Page iv
    Introduction, population size and distribution, and characteristics of persons
        Page 1
    Characteristics of persons
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
    Characteristics of families
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
    Definitions and explanations
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
    Comparability of data with the 1970 census
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 16a
    Detailed tables 1-31
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
    Appendix A
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
    Back Matter
        Page 65
    Back Cover
        Page 66
Full Text

CURRENT POPULATION REPORTS

,os. Population
<,t Characteristics
U.S. Department of Commerce Series P-20, No. 310
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS Issued July 1977


Persons of Spanish Origin in the
United States: March 1976


Mexican
59%


Puerto
Rican
16%










U.S. Department of Commerce
Juanita M. Kreps, Secretary


BUREAU OF THE CENSUS
Manuel D. Plotkin, Director
Robert L. Hagan, Deputy Director
Daniel B. Levine, Associate Director
for Demographic Fields

POPULATION DIVISION
Meyer Zitter, Chief























ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
This report was prepared by Edward Fernandez, Chief, Spanish Statistics Staff, Population
Division. Valuable assistance in checking and editing table content and reproducing computer-
generated graphs was provided by Arthur Cresce. Clerical assistance was provided by Carmen
Denavas. General supervision and review were provided by Nampeo McKenney, Chief, Ethnic
and Racial Statistics Staff, Charles E. Johnson, Jr., Assistant Division Chief (Demographic and
Social Statistics Programs), and by Paul C. Glick, Senior Demographer, Population Division.


SUGGESTED CITATION

U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, Series P-20, No. 310, "Persons
of Spanish Origin in the United States: March 1976," U.S. Government Printing Office,
Washington, D.C., 1977.


For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402,
and U.S. Department of Commerce district offices. Postage stamps not acceptable; currency submitted at
sender's risk. Remittances from foreign countries must be by international money order or by draft on a U.S.
bank. Additional charge for foreign mailing, $14.00. All population series reports sold as a single consolidated
subscription $56.00 per year. Price for this report $1.55.





CURRENT POPULATION REPORTS


Population

Characteristics
Series P-20, No. 310
Issued July 1977




Persons of
Spanish Origin in the
United States:
March 1976





CONTENTS


Page
Introduction ............... ................. ................. ........ 1
Population size and distribution .. : . ....................... . . ...... 1
Characteristics of persons . . .. . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . .. ..... . .. . . .... . 1
Characteristics of fam ilies .......... .. ................ .................. . . .. 8
Definitions and explanations .................. ............................. 12
Comparability of data with the 1970 Census.... ..................... . . . . . . 15


TEXT TABLES
Table Page
A. Spanish origin population by type of Spanish origin, for the United States: March 1976 . . . . . . 1

B. Persons of Spanish origin for the United States and selected areas: March 1976 ......... .. .......... 2

C. Total and Spanish origin population by broad age groups and type of Spanish origin, for the United States:
March 1976 ...... .......... .......... ................. .... ........... .... .... 3

D. Marital status of persons of Spanish origin 14 years old and over by type of Spanish origin and sex, for the United
States: March 1976 .................. ................. ...... .................. 3

E. Percent of the Spanish origin population 25 years old and over by years of school completed, type of Spanish origin,
and age, for the United States: March 1976 .................. ...... ................... 6

F. Broad occupation group of employed persons of Spanish origin 16 years old and over by sex and type of Spanish
origin for the United States: March 1976 .................. .................. ........ 8

G. Income in 1975 of persons of Spanish origin 14 years old and over with income by type of Spanish origin and sex, for
the United States: March 1976 .. . . . ... ... ... ....... ...... .. ... ....... ... .... 9

H. Residence of Spanish origin families by type of Spanish origin, for the United States: March 1976 . . . ..... 10

I. Spanish origin families by type of Spanish origin and size of family, for the United States: March 1976 . . . ... 11

J. Income in 1975 of Spanish origin families by type of Spanish origin, for the United States: March 1976 . . . ... 11

K. Summary characteristics of Spanish and Mexican origin families by poverty status, for the United States: March 1976 11
L. Number of persons of Spanish origin: 1970 Census and March 1976 CPS . . . .......... . . . 15








CONTENTS-Continued

CHARTS

Figure Page
1. Percent distribution of persons of Spanish origin by type of Spanish origin: March 1976 . . . . . . . ..... cover

2. Percent distribution of persons of Spanish origin by residence in selected States: March 1976 . . . . . . . . 2

3. Median age of all persons and persons of Spanish origin by type of Spanish origin: March 1976 . . . . . . . 2

4. Percent of persons of Spanish origin 14 years old and over by marital status, sex, and type of Spanish origin:
March 1976 ................... .. ........ .. .. .. . ............ .... . ....... 4

5. Percent of persons of Spanish origin 25 years old and over by years of school completed and type of Spanish origin:
M arch 1976 ......... ..... ..... .......... ... ....... ..... . . .. .. .. ... .... .... 5

6. Percent distribution of employed persons 16 years old and over by broad occupation group, sex, and type of Spanish
origin: March 1976 ............ ....... . . . . . . . .......... . 7

7. Median income in 1975 of persons of Spanish origin 16 years old and over by type of Spanish origin and sex:
March 1976 . . . . .................................................... 8

8. Median income in 1975 of all families and Spanish origin families by type of Spanish origin: March 1976 . . . ... 10

9. Percent of all families and Spanish origin families by poverty status in 1975 and type of Spanish origin: March 1976 .12



DETAILED TABLES

Table Page
1. Population of Spanish origin by sex and type of Spanish origin, for the United States and the Five Southwestern
States: March 1976 .............. ... . . ............ . . . . . . . 17

2. Total and Spanish origin population by broad age groups, sex, and type of Spanish origin, for the United States:
March 1976 ........ .... .. ..... ......... .... .......... . .. ....... ........ 17

3. Total and Spanish origin population by age, sex, and type of Spanish origin, for the United States: March 1976 . .. 18

4. Total and Spanish origin population by age, sex, and type of Spanish origin, for the Five Southwestern States:
March 1976 ........................ .. .. ........... .. . ...... 19

5. Marital status of persons of Spanish origin 14 years old and over by type of Spanish origin and sex, for the United
States: M arch 1976 . .. . . .. . .. . .. . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . .... 20

6. Marital status of persons of Spanish origin 14 years old and over by type of Spanish origin, age, and sex, for the
United States: March 1976 ..... ........... ....... . ....... ... .... ......... 21

7. Percent of total and Spanish origin population 25 years old and over by type of Spanish origin, years of school
completed, age, and sex, for the United States: March 1976 . . . . . . . ..... . . . . . ... 22

8. Years of school completed by persons of Spanish origin 14 years old and over by age, sex, and type of Spanish
origin, for the United States: March 1976 . . . . .......... ................. . . . 23

9. Total employed males and employed males of Spanish origin 25 to 64 years old by income in 1975, broad
occupation group, and number of school years completed, for the United States: March 1976 . . . . . .... 26

10. Employment status and major occupation group of the total and Spanish origin population 16 years old and over by
sex and type of Spanish origin, for the United States: March 1976 .. . ........................ 27

11. Income in 1975 of all persons and of persons of Spanish origin 14 years old and over by type of Spanish origin and
sex, for the United States: March 1976 ......... .. ................... ........ 28

12. Income in 1975 of persons of Spanish and Mexican origin 14 years old and over by age and sex, for the United
States: March 1976 . . . . ................................................ 29









CONTENTS-Continued

DETAILED TABLES-Continued
Table Page

13. Income in 1975 of persons of Spanish and Mexican origin 14 years old and over by residence and sex, for the United
States: M arch 1976 . . . . . . . .. .. . .. .. .. . .. . . .. . . ... 30

14. Income in 1975 of persons of Spanish and Mexican origin 25 years old and over by sex and number of school years
completed, for the United States: March 1976....... . . . . . . . . . . 33

15. Income in 1975 of persons of Spanish and Mexican origin 14 years old and over in the employed civilian labor force
by occupation of longest job in 1975 and sex, for the United States: March 1976 . . . . . . . .. 35

16. Income in 1975 of persons of Spanish and Mexican origin 14 years old and over by relationship to head of household
and sex, for the United States: March 1976 ................... . . . . . . ..... 37

17. Characteristics of Spanish origin families by residence, size, type of family, and type of Spanish origin, for the
United States: March 1976 ......... . . . .......... ... . ........... ........ 38

18. Family status and relationship to head of household of all persons and persons of Spanish origin by type of Spanish
origin, for the United States: March 1976 ................... ......... . . . . . 39

19. Family status and relationship to head of household of all persons and persons of Spanish origin by type of Spanish
origin, for the Five Southwestern States: March 1976 .................. ........ .. . ..... 40

20. Persons in households with head of Spanish and Mexican origin by family status and age, for the United States:
M arch 1976 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . 41

21. Husband-wife households by origin of husband and origin of wife, for the United States: March 1976 . . . . 42

22. Husband-wife households by origin of husband and origin of wife, for the Five Southwestern States: March 1976 . 43

23. Family relationship and presence of parents for persons of Spanish and Mexican origin under 18 years old by age, for
the United States: March 1976 . . . . . ........................................ 44

24. Income in 1975 of Spanish and Mexican origin families by type of family, for the United States: March 1976 . . 45

25. Income in 1975 of all families and Spanish origin families by size of family and type of Spanish origin, for the
United States: March 1976 .. . . . . ........................................... 46

26. Income in 1975 of Spanish, Mexican, and Puerto Rican origin families by number of related children under 18 years
old, for the United States: March 1976 .. ........ ...... ........... . ... . . . ...... 48

27. Income in 1975 of Spanish, Mexican, and Puerto Rican origin families by residence, for the United States: March 1976 50

28. Income in 1975 of Spanish and Mexican origin families with head 25 years old and over by years of school
completed of the family head, for the United States: March 1976 ...... . . . . ...... . . .. 51

29. Income in 1975 of Spanish, Mexican, and Puerto Rican origin families and of unrelated individuals by number of
earners, for the United States: March 1976 .................. ......... ..... . . . .52

30. Selected summary characteristics of Spanish and Mexican origin families and unrelated individuals by poverty status,
for the United States: March 1976 . . . . .......... ...... .... ... . . . . 53

31. Selected detailed characteristics of Spanish and Mexican origin families by poverty status, for the United States:
M arch 1976 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .... . 54




APPENDIX A


Source and reliability of the estimates .......... ....... ....... . . . . ............. 55










CONTENTS-Continued

APPENDIX TABLES

Table Page
A-1. Standard error tables and characteristic types ror each data table ..... . . . . ........... .. 57

A-2. Standard error tables and parameters to be used for each characteristic . . . . . . ....... ....... 58

A-3. Standard error tables, parameters and factors to be used for each total U.S. population characteristic . . . ... 58

A-4. Standard errors of estimated numbers of Spanish origin persons or families: Type I characteristics . . . . ... 59

A-5. Standard errors of estimated numbers of Spanish origin persons'or families: Type I I-E and II-I characteristics . .. 59

A-6. Standard errors of estimated numbers of Spanish origin persons or families: Type II-N characteristics . . . . 59

A-7. Standard errors of estimated numbers of Spanish origin persons or families: Type III characteristics . . . . . 59

A-8. Standard errors of estimated percentages of Spanish origin persons or families: Type I characteristics . . . ... 60

A-9. Standard errors of estimated percentages of Spanish origin persons or families: Type I I-E or I1-1 characteristics . 60

A-10. Standard errors of estimated percentages of Spanish origin persons or families: Type II-N characteristics ...... .. 61

A-11. Standard errors of estimated percentages of Spanish origin persons or families: Type III characteristics . . ... 61

A-12. Standard errors of estimated number of persons and families-total U.S. population . . . . . . . ..... 62

A-13. Standard errors of estimated percentages total employed, unemployed, or labor force total U.S. population . . 62


SYMBOLS USED IN TABLES

- Represents zero.

B Base for the derived figure is less than 75,000.

NA Not available,

X Not applicable.

Z Figure is less than 0.05 percent.








Persons of Spanish Origin in the United States: March 1976


INTRODUCTION

This report provides a statistical description of
the social, economic, and demographic charac-
teristics of persons of Spanish origin in the United
States. The information presented is compiled from
data collected in the March 1976 Current Popula-
tion Survey (CPS).1 Persons of Spanish origin were
identified by a question asking for self-identification
of the person's origin or descent.
Specifically, this report includes information on
the total population of the United States and the
population of Spanish origin and its subcategories
(Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South
American, and other Spanish origin). Age, marital
and family status, education, employment, occu-
pation, income, and other characteristics of these
populations are featured in the various tables and
graphs shown in the report.

POPULATION SIZE AND DISTRIBUTION
According to the March 1976 CPS, 11.1 million
persons, or about 5.3 percent of the overall popu-
latiah, identified themselves as of Spanish origin;
this included 6.6 million persons of Mexican origin,
1.8 million persons of Puerto Rican origin, about
700,000 persons of Cuban origin, and about 2.1
million persons reporting themselves of Central or
South American and other Spanish origin (tables A
and B).

CHARACTERISTICS OF PERSONS
Age. The Spanish origin population in March
1.976 included a substantial proportion of young
persons; about 13 percent of all persons of Spanish

1 Data on persons of Spanish origin included in this report are
directly comparable with Spanish population data collected in
the Current Population Surveys of March 1973, March 1974,
and March 1975. However, the data are not as directly
comparable with years prior to 1973 because of the changes and
innovations made in the CPS of March 1973 for collecting data
on the Snanish population; see Current Population Reports,
Series P-20, No. 264, "Persons of Spanish Origin in the United
States: March 1973." For an explanation of comparability with
the 1970 census, see the above report and page 15 of this
report.


Table A. Spanish Origin Population by Type of Spanish
Origin, for the United States: March 1976

(Numbers in thousands)

Type of Spanish origin Number Percent


Total, Spanish origin.. 11,117 100.0

Mexican...................... 6,590 59.3
Puerto Rican................. 1,753 15.8
Cuban........................ 687 6.2
Central or South American.... 752 6.8
Other Spanish origin......... 1,335 12.0



origin were under 5 years old, and 44 percent were
under 18 years old. In the entire Nation, however,
only 7 percent of the population were under 5 years
old, and 31 percent were under 18 years old. At the
same time, the proportion of older persons was
smaller for the Spanish population than for the
overall population: only 4 percent of all Spanish
origin persons were 65 years old and over compared
to 10 percent for the overall population.
Furthermore, there were significant differences in
the age composition by type of Spanish origin. The
population of Mexican and Puerto Rican origin-
probably because of high fertility-constituted a
mostly young population, each with a median age of
20 years old. In contrast, the Cuban origin popula-
tion-reflecting the older ages of those who left
Cuba in large numbers to enter the United States in
the early 1960's-was substantially older with a
median age of 37 years old.
The median age of Spanish origin men, 20 years
old, was lower than the median age of Spanish origin
women, at 22 years old (tables C, 2, and 3).

Marital Status. Mainly because women, in general,
marry at younger ages than do men, there were
proportionally more single Spanish origin men than
single Spanish origin women in March 1976; about
one of every three men of Spanish origin 14 years
old and over was single compared to only one of
every four Spanish origin women.










Table B. Persons of Spanish Origin for the United States and Selected Areas: March 1976


Persons Percent Spanish Confidence interval3
of origin population (one standard error)
Spanish
Area origin Total Percent
1976 1970 Spanish origin, Spanish origin,
(thou- CPS1 census2 1976 CPS 1976 CPS
sands) (thousands)

UNITED STATES

Total................. 11,117 5.3 4.5 10,803 to 11,431 5.15 to 5.45

SELECTED AREAS

New York State............. 1,655 9.3 7.4 1,536 to 1,774 8.6 to 10.0
Five Southwestern States... 6,414 16.4 13.9 5,852 to 6,976 15.0 to 17.8
California.............. 3,179 15.1 11.9 2,879 to 3,479 13.7 to 16.5
Texas.................... 2,187 17.9 16.4 1,870 to 2,505 15.3 to 20.5
Other4................... 1,048 17.7 16.0 688 to 1,408 11.6 to 23.8
Remainder of the U.S....... 3,048 1.9 1.8 2,879 to 3,218 1.8 to 2.0


1Resident population excluding persons in institutions
2Resident population.


and Armed Forces in barracks.


3Estimates in this table (as well as in the rest of this report) are based on sample data and
hence are subject to sampling error. If a census were conducted the chances are about 68 out of
100 that the census result would be contained in the one-standard error interval given in this
table. See the section "Source and Reliability of the Estimates" for more information on
standard errors and confidence intervals.
4Arizona, Colorado, and New Mexico.


Figure 2.
Percent Distribution of Persons of Spanish
Origin by Residence in Selected States:
March 1976

Arizona
Colorado, and
New Mexico


Figure 3.
Median Age of All Persons and Persons of
Spanish Origin by Type of Spanish Origin:
March 1976


Median age (years)
40


All M
persons
Total
Spanish
origin


lexican Cuban

Puerto
Rican


Other
:Spanish
Central Not .of
or South Spanish
kmerican origin









Table C. Total and Spanish Origin Population by Broad Age Groups and Type of Spanish Origin,
for the United States: March 1976

Spanish origin

Age Total Central
Puerto Other
Total Mexican Cuban or South
Rican American Spanish
American

Median age..........years.. 28.9 20.9 20.3 19.6 36.8 25.5 19.1

PERCENT

Under 5 years old.......... 7.4 12.8 13.3 12.5 5.6 14.1 13.7
18 years old and over...... 69.0 55.7 54.9 53.0 72.0 60.6 52.2
65 years old and over...... 10.3 3.8 3.5 2.5 9.6 2.1 4.9



About the same proportion (61 percent) of However, younger generations of Spanish persons
Spanish origin men as of Spanish origin women are rapidly raising their educational attainment level;
reported themselves as married. By contrast, there for example, the proportion of adults of Spanish
were more divorced Spanish women (236,000) than origin with less than 5 years of school was only 5
there were divorced men of Spanish origin (99,000). percent for those 25 to 29 years old compared to 51
And because mortality of females is generally lower percent for those 65 years old and over.
than for males, the proportion of widowed Spanish In addition, significant differences in educational
women was higher (6 percent) than the proportion attainment existed between the subcategories of
of widowed Spanish origin men (2 percent). Spanish origin. About 24 percent of persons of
In particular, sex differences in marital status Mexican origin 25 years old and over had completed
were also noted by type of Spanish origin. A larger less than 5 years of school; the corresponding
proportion of Puerto Rican women were divorced (7 proportion for persons of Puerto Rican origin was
percent) than were Puerto Rican men (3 percent); 19 percent. Underscoring this difference in edu-
and similarly, about twice as many Mexican women national attainment between the Spanish ethnic
as Mexican men were reported divorced (6 percent groups are persons of Cuban origin. These persons
versus 3 percent, respectively). See tables D, 5 and have a relatively high educational level compared to
6. persons of Mexican or Puerto Rican origin; for
Education. In March 1976 about 19 percent of example, only 10 percent of Cubans 25 years old
Spanish origin persons 25 years old and over had and over had completed less than 5 years of school,
completed fewer than 5 years of school, and about and about 52 percent of all Cuban persons in that
61 percent of all Spanish persons 25 years old and age category had completed 4 years of high school
over were not high school graduates, or more (tables E, 7, and 8).


Table D. Marital Status of Persons of Spanish Origin 14 Years Old and Over by Type of Spanish Origin and
Sex, for the United States: March 1976

Total, Spanish Mexican origin Puerto Rican Cuban origin Other Spanish
origin origin origin
Marital status
Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female


Total persons, 14 years old
and over.........thousands.. 3,415 3,777 2,067 2,147 502 599 251 302 596 728
Percent..................... 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Single........................... 35.0 26.6 34.5 26.7 39.5 25.3 31.4 26.8 34.6 27.3
Married .......................... 60.5 60.7 60.9 61.5 57.1 62.7 62.6 54.7 60.7 59.1
Widowed........................... 1.6 6.4 1.8 6.1 0.8 4.7 2.2 11.1 1.5 6.7
Divorced ......................... 2.9 6.3 2.8 5.7 2.6 7.3 3.8 7.4 3.2 6.7

'Includes Central or South American and other Spanish origin.









Figure 4. Percent of Persons of Spanish Origin 14 Years Old and Over by Marital Status,
Sex, and Type of Spanish Origin: March 1976



Single

Married

Widowed

Divorced


0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 1(

TOTAL SPANISH
ORIGIN
Male


Female

MEXICAN

Male

Female

PUERTO RICAN

Male


Female

CUBAN

Male

Female

OTHER SPANISH'

Male

Female


) 10 20 30 40 50 60
Percent

'Includes Central or South American and other Spanish origin.










Figure 5. Percent of Persons of Spanish Origin 25 Years Old and Over by Years of School
Completed and Type of Spanish Origin: March 1976


18.7





24.2





18.7


70 60 50 40


30 20 10


Percent of Persons Who Completed
Less Than 5 Years of School


Percent of Persons Who Completed
4 Years of High School or More


'Includes Central or South American and other Spanish origin.


64.1


Total
persons



Total
Spanish
origin




Mexican




Puerto
Rican





Cuban




Other
Spanish1









Table E. Percent of the Spanish Origin Population 25 Years Old and Over by Years of School
Completed, Type of Spanish Origin, and Age, for the United States: March 1976
(For meaning of symbols, see text)

Total, Puerto Other
Years of school completed Total, Mexican Puerto Cuban Other
Spanish Rican Spanish
and age origin origin origin origin origin'
origin origin origin'

PERCENT COMPLETED LESS THAN
5 YEARS OF SCHOOL

Total, 25 years and over..... 18.7 24.2 18.7 9.5 7.0
25 to 29 years..................... 5.3 6.0 9.4 (B) 1.6
30 to 34 years..................... 8.4 12.0 4.9 (B) 3.2
35 to 44 years..................... 14.8 19.7 16.1 5.2 4.5
45 to 64 years................... ... 26.3 34.7 27.4 11.8 9.9
65 years and over .................... 51.1 67.5 (B) (B) 26.8

PERCENT COMPLETED 4 YEARS OF
HIGH SCHOOL OR MORE

Total, 25 years and over..... 39.2 32.5 29.8 51.5 60.3
25 to 29 years..................... 58.1 53.7 48.7 (B) 73.4
30 to 34 years..................... 50.2 43.0 38.3 (B) 76.4
35 to 44 years..................... 40.3 32.2 27.5 60.1 65.4
45 to 64 years...................... 28.3 20.5 17.9 45.3 47.7
65 years and over.................. 13.8 4.4 (B) (B) 28.0

PERCENT COMPLETED 4 YEARS OF
COLLEGE OR MORE

Total, 25 years and over..... 6.1 3.9 2.8 14.6 11.1

1Includes Central or South American and other Spanish origin.


Employment and Occupation. In March 1976,
about 57 percent of employed men of Spanish
origin were blue-collar workers, compared to 24
percent employed in white-collar occupations; but
for employed women of Spanish origin, about one
in three were blue-collar workers, and about one-
half were employed in white-collar occupations.
In March 1976 about 4 million persons of Spanish
origin 16 years old and over were in the civilian
labor force, and the unemployment rate of these
persons (11 percent) was 3 percentage points higher
than the unemployment rate for the total popu-
lation.
Proportions of Spanish origin men in the labor
force varied, in some instances, by type of Spanish
origin. The proportion of Mexican origin men in the
labor force (79 percent) was greater than for Puerto
Rican men (67 percent), and Puerto Rican women
had a lower proportion in the labor force (31
percent) than did women of Cuban origin (48
percent).
Furthermore, noteworthy differences existed in
the occupational distribution within the population
of Spanish origin; for instance, the proportions of
employed Puerto Rican origin men working in
service occupations was much larger (24 percent)
than the proportion of Mexican origin men em-
ployed in that type of occupation (11 percent).


Also, although about 8 percent of Mexican men
were working as farm laborers, only 1 percent of the
men of all the other Spanish origins combined were
so employed (tables F, 9, and 10).

Income of Persons. In general, a very small
proportion of Spanish origin persons with income in
1975 had high incomes, and a substantial proportion
had low incomes; only 1 percent of all Spanish
persons with income had incomes of $25,000 or
more, while about one of every two had incomes
below $5,000.
In income distribution, there were marked dif-
ferences between men and women of Spanish origin.
For instance, 39 percent of Mexican men with
income had incomes below $5,000, yet about 75
percent of Mexican women had incomes at that
level. Furthermore, median income for Mexican men
was $6,500, but for Mexican women the median was
$2,800; Puerto Rican men had a median of $6,700
compared to a median of $3,800 for women of
Puerto Rican origin; and men of Cuban origin had
a median income in 1975 of about $7,100, while the
median income of Cuban women was substantially
lower at $3,400.
Some variation in income occurred among types
of Spanish origin. Although the median income of
Puerto Rican origin men was not significantly











Figure 6. Percent Distribution of Employed Persons 16 Years Old and Over by Broad
Occupation Group, Sex, and Type of Spanish Origin: March 1976



White-collar
workers
Blue-collar
workers
Service
workers
Farm
workers


MALE
Total population
Total Spanish
origin
Mexican

Puerto Rican

Cuban

Other Spanish1


D 1.0 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 910 10
I I I I I








INi S" SO SitI


10 20 30 40 50
Percent


60 70 80 90 100


FEMALE
Total population
Total Spanish
origin
Mexican

Puerto Rican

Cuban

Other Spanish1


0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 10



I I I I I I I I



o o ',\ --

0 0 ,^^-

= t '^


10 20 30 40 50
Percent


60 70 80 90


100


'Includes Central or South American and other Span'ish origin.









Table F. Broad Occupation Group of Employed Persons of Spanish Origin 16 Years Old and Over
by Sex and Type of Spanish Origin, for the United States: March 1976
(For meaning of symbols, see text)

Total, Other
Sex and broad occupation group Spanish Mexican Puerto Cuban Spanish
Rican
origin origin1

MALE

Total, employed
persons.......... thousands.. 2,160 1,358 259 160 384
Percent........... ........... 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

White-collar workers................ 23.8 18.2 22.1 34.2 40.4
Blue-collar workers................ 57.4 62.5 51.2 47.2 47.7
Service workers..................... 13.1 10.9 24.0 18.6 11.5
Farm workers........................ 5.7 8.4 2.7 0.8

FEMALE

Total, employed
persons..........thousands.. 1,325 753 148 122 303
Percent.................... 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

White-collar workers............... 46.4 44.0 42.9 45.8 54.5
Blue-collar workers................ 29.9 27.1 38.9 45.9 26.4
Service workers.................... 22.1 26.3 18.2 8.3 19.1
Farm workers ................. ..... .. 1.5 2.6 0.3

1lncludes Central or South American and other Spanish origin.


different from the median income of Mexican origin
men, the median income of Puerto Rican women
($3,800) was about $1,000 higher than that of
Mexican women (tables G, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, and
16).

CHARACTERISTICS OF FAMILIES

Residence. Families of Spanish origin (that is,
families in which the head of the family is of
Spanish origin) totaled 2.5 million in March 1976.
Most of these families were primarily metropolitan
dwellers: about 2.1 million of them (84 percent)
were living within a standard metropolitan statistical
area, and only 400,000 (16 percent) were living in
nonmetropolitan areas. Furthermore, about one of
every two Spanish origin families were residents of
the central cities of metropolitan areas.
Residential preference was evident by type of
Spanish origin; almost all families of Puerto Rican
origin (97 percent) were living in metropolitan areas
in 1976, in contrast, about 77 percent of Mexican
families were metropolitan dwellers. Puerto Rican
families also were more likely than Mexican families
to live in the central cities of metropolitan areas;
about 82 percent of the former lived in the central
cities of metropolitan areas, whereas 43 percent of
the latter did so (table H).

,Size. Spanish origin families (i.e., families with
head of Spanish origin) are usually large, with an


Figure 7.
Median Income in 1975 of Persons of Spanish
Origin 16 Years Old and Over by Type of
Spanish Origin and Sex: March 1976


Thousands
of dollars


87 .
7 $6.


Male
Female


$6.5

6


5-


4 $ 3.8 $3.9
$3.4
$3.2 $34
3- 3. $2.8


2


1


Total Mexican Puerto Cuban Other
Spanish Rican Spanish'
origin
'Includes Central or South American and other Spanish origin.









Table G. Income in 1975 of Persons of Spanish Origin 14 Years Old and Over with Income by
Type of Spanish Origin and Sex, for the United States: March 1976
(For meaning of symbols, see text)

Percent with Percent with
Sex and type of Spanish origin Median income income below income of
$5,000 $25,000 or more

BOTH SEXES

Total, Spanish origin............ .4,788 51.7 0.9
Mexican................................. 4,475 54.1 0.7
Puerto Rican........................... 4,871 51.6 0.4
Cuban .................................. 5,183 48.2 1.0
Other Spanish origin .............. .... .. 5,669 46.0 1.8

MALE

Total, Spanish origin............ $6,777 36.6 1.5
Mexican................................ 6,450 39.0 1.2
Puerto Rican ........................... 6,687 34.9 0.8
Cuban................................... 7,074 31.8 1.9
Other Spanish orgin .................. 7,744 31.1 3.5

FEMALE

Total, Spanish origin............ $3,202 70.6
Mexican.................................. 2,750 75.2 0.1
Puerto Rican............................ 3,837 68.6
Cuban................................. 3,407 65.4
Other Spanish originl.................. 3,854 62.6

'Includes Central or South American and other Spanish origin.


average of about 4 persons per family. Moreover,
about 10 percent of all Spanish families in the
United States had 7 or more members per family in
March 1976.
Differences in average family size were also
evident by type of Spanish origin; for instance,
although Mexican families had, on the average, 4.19
persons in the family, Puerto Rican families had an
average of 3.76 persons per family in March 1976
(tables I and 17).
Spanish families may be getting smaller, however,
because a small but significant decline in the average
number of persons living in families of Spanish
origin occurred between 1970 and 1976: in 1970,
the average was 4.26 persons per family2 but in
March 1976, the average was 3.96 persons per
family.
Family Income. Families of Spanish origin were
not as prosperous as other families in the Nation;
median family income in 1975 for Spanish origin
families was $9,551, while median income of all
families in the United States was $13,719 in that
year.



2U.S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Population: 1970,
Subject Reports, PC(2)-1C, "Persons of Spanish Origin", August
1973, table 9, pp. 107.


Moreover, a substantial proportion of Spanish
families were in the lower income brackets; about
16 percent of all Spanish origin families had incomes
below $4,000 in 1975, but for all families in the
Nation, the proportion with income below $4,000
was about one-half of that (8 percent).
In 1975, families of Puerto Rican origin had
lower family income than did any of the other
Spanish origin families. For instance, median income
of Mexican origin families was $9,500; Cuban
families had a median income of $11,800; and
median income of Central or South American origin
families was $10,000-these incomes were all sub-
stantially higher than that of Puerto Rican origin
families at $7,300.
Family size and number of earners in the family
directly affect family income. Two-person families
of Spanish origin, for example, had a relatively low
median income of $7,400; these families are usually
either new families composed of young couples, or
families of elderly couples. Five-person Spanish
families, however, had a median family income of
$10,600 in 1975; these families are primarily
families with young working adults and with the
husband and his wife in the paid labor force.
Families of Spanish origin residing in metropoli-
tan areas were more prosperous than Spanish
families living outside of metropolitan areas. Median
income of Spanish families in metropolitan areas









Table H. Residence of Spanish Origin Families by Type of Spanish Origin, for the United States:
March 1976
(Numbers in thousands)

Total, n Puerto n Other
Mexican Cuban
Area Spanish Rican Spanish
origin origin origin origin origin

Total families................ 2,499 1,442 436 187 434

Metropolitan areas................. 2,096 1,107 424 183 382
Central cities................ ... 1,292 621 357 92 221
Balance........................ 804 486 67 91 161
Nonmetropolitan areas............... 403 335 11 5 53

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Total families................ 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Metropolitan areas.................. 83.9 76.8 97.4 97.9 88.0
Central cities..... ........... 51.7 43.1 82.0 49.2 50.9
Balance.......................... 32.2 33.7 15.4 48.7 37.1
Nonmetropolitan areas.............. 16.1 23.2 2.6 2.7 12.2

1Includes Central or South American and other Spanish origin.


was $9,900, but median income of Spanish families
living outside of metropolitan areas was $8,200.
The educational attainment level of adult family
members had a direct bearing on family income. For
example, the 1975 median income of Spanish origin

Figure 8.
Median Income in 1975 of All Families and
Spanish Origin Families by Type of Spanish
Origin: March 1976
Thousands
of dollars
141 $13.7


Total
families
Total
Spanish
origin


families in which the head had less than 8 years of
school completed was $7,100; in contrast, the
median income of Spanish families where the head
had completed 8 years of school was substantially
higher, at $9,600. In general, as the educational level
increased, so did the family income; if the head had
completed high school, the median family income
was $12,500, but if he or she had completed 4 years
of college or more, the median family income was
$20,000. Furthermore, only 12 percent of Spanish
families where the head had completed less than 8
years of school had incomes of $15,000 and over,
but about 72 percent of all Spanish families where
he or she had completed 4 years of college or more
had incomes of this amount.
For Spanish families with many children, there
was, in specific instances, an inverse relationship
between family income and number of children in
the family. For instance, the median income of
Spanish families with many children (those with 6
children or more) was extremely low, at $7,300,
compared to the median family income of Spanish
families with 4 or fewer children (tables J, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, and 29).


Poverty Status. Of the 2.5 million families of
Spanish origin in the United States, about 630,000,
or one of every four, were below the poverty level.
SWhether or not a Spanish origin family was below
the poverty level was partially dependent on specific
family characteristics. For example, 32 percent of
Cuban Other Spanish families in which the head was not a high
Spanish school graduate were below the poverty level,
Puerto Centra compared to 10 percent of Spanish families in which
American he or she was a high school graduate. Although 29









Table I. Spanish Origin Families by Type of Spanish Origin and Size of Family,
for the United States: March 1976


Total, exican Puerto Cuban Other
Mexican Cuban
Family size Spanish Rican Spanish
origin origin i1
origin origin origin origin origin


All families......thousands.. 2,499 1,442 436 187 434
Percent.................... 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

2 persons.......................... 23.5 20.0 28.0 33.2 26.0
3 persons ............... .......... 22.1 21.2 21.8 20.3 26.0
4 persons......................... 22.3 21.4 21.0 26.2 25.1
5 persons.......................... 13.9 15.3 12.7 9.6 12.7
6 persons........................... 8.3 9.0 8.8 6.4 6.2
7 or more persons................. 9.9 13.0 7.8 4.8 3.9
Mean number of persons ............. 3.96 4.19 3.76 3.49 3.60

1Includes Central or South American and other Spanish origin.





Table J. Income in 1975 of Spanish Origin Families by Type of Spanish Origin,
for the United States: March 1976

Percent of Percent of
Median family families with families with
Type of Spanish family income income below income of
$4,000 $15,000 or more


Total, Spanish origin............ $9,551 15.5 24.9

Mexican ......... ............. .... 9,546 15.8 25.0
Puerto Rican........................ 7,291 20.1 13.6
Cuban......,...................... 11,772 14.0 34.4
Central or South American....; ........ 9,981 10.1 24.3
Other Spanish...................... .. 12,423 10.6 37.2


Table K. Summary Characteristics of Spanish and Mexican Origin Families by Poverty Status,
for the United States: March 1976

(Numbers in thousands. For meaning of symbols, see text)


Selected characteristic


Families............. ....

Mean size of family ....,.........
Head 65 years old and over..........
With related children under
18 years old......................
Mean number of related children..
Head not a high school graduate2...
Head worked last year...............
Worked year round full time......
Families with female head...........


Spanish origin families


2,499

4.19
165

1,891
2.59
1,391
1,941
1,327
522


Below poverty level


Number


627


4.39
52

550
2.94
440
305
119
279


Percent


25.1

(x)
31.8

29.1

(X)
31.6
15.7
9.0
53.6


Mexican origin families


Below poverty level

Number Percent


Total


1,442

4.34
94

1,116
2.65
863
1,172
784
245


381

4.61
33

341
3.04
272
230
92
141


23.5

(X)
35.5

30.6

(X)
31.5
19.6
11.7
57.8


1Mean based on persons of Spanish or other origin in Spanish origin families.
2Head 25 years and over.








percent of Spanish families with related children
under 18 years old were below the poverty level,
only 13 percent of Spanish origin families with no
related children were below the poverty level in
1975. Moreover, the stage of the Spanish origin
family in the family life cycle had a bearing on the
position of the family relative to the poverty level;
although one of every five middle age Spanish
families (head 45 to 64 years old) were in poverty
status, about one of every three elderly Spanish
families (head 65 years old and over) were below
the poverty level.
Families supported by a woman of Spanish origin
were more likely than other Spanish families to be
below the poverty level; about one of every two of
the former were in poverty in 1975 (tables K, 30,
and 31).

Figure 9.
Percent of All Families and Spanish Origin
Families by Poverty Status in 1975 and Type of
Spanish Origin: March 1976


Percent
401


Total Mexican Cuban Other
families Spanish
Total Puerto Central Not of
Spanish Rican or South Spanish
origin American origin


DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS

Population coverage. This report includes the
civilian noninstitutional population of the United
States and members of the Armed Forces in the
United States living off post or with their families
on post, but excludes all other members of the
Armed Forces.
Symbols. A dash "-" represents zero, and the
symbol "Z" indicates that the figure is less than


0.05 percent. The symbol "B" means that the base
for the derived figure is less than 75,000. An "X"
means not applicable, and "NA" means not
available.

Rounding. The numbers in this report are in
thousands. The figures may differ slightly from table
to table since individual numbers were rounded to
the nearest thousand without being adjusted to
group totals. Similarly, individual percentages were
rounded and parts may not always add to 100
percent.

Persons of Spanish origin. Persons of Spanish
origin in this report were identified by a question
that asked for self-identification of the person's
origin or descent. Respondents were asked to select
their origin (and the origin of other household
members) from a "flash card" listing ethnic origins.
Persons of Spanish origin, in particular, were those
who indicated that their origin was Mexican, Puerto
Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or some
other Spanish origin.

Five Southwestern States. Data provided in this
report for the five Southwestern States refer to the
States of Arizona, California, Colorado, New
Mexico, and Texas.

Age. This classification is based on the age of the
person at his or her last birthday.

Marital status. The marital status classification
identifies four major categories: single, married,
widowed, and divorced. These terms refer to the
marital status at the time of the enumeration.
The category "married" is divided into "married,
spouse present," and "married, spouse absent." A
person was classified as "married, spouse present" if
the husband or wife was reported as a member of
the household, even though he or she may have been
temporarily absent on business or vacation, visiting,
in a hospital, etc., at the time of the enumeration.
The group "married, spouse absent" includes
married persons living apart because either the
husband or wife was employed and living at a
considerable distance from home, was serving away
from home in the Armed Forces, was residing in an
institution, had moved to another area, had sepa-
rated from their spouse because of marital discord,
or had a different place of residence for any other
reason.

Metropolitan-nonmetropolitan residence. The
population residing in standard metropolitan statisti-
cal areas (SMSA's) constitutes the metropolitan
population. Except in New England, an SMSA is a
county or group of contiguous counties which







contains at least one city of 50,000 inhabitants or
more, or "twin cities" with a combined population
of at least 50,000. In addition to the county, or
counties, containing such a city or cities, contiguous
counties are included in an SMSA if, according to
certain criteria, they are essentially metropolitan in
character and are socially and economically inte-
grated with the central city. In New England,
SMSA's consist of towns and cities rather than
counties. The metropolitan population in this report
is based on SMSA's as defined in the 1970 census
and does not include any subsequent additions or
changes.

Family. The term "family as used in this report,
refers to a group of two or more persons related by
blood, marriage, or adoption and residing together;
all such persons are considered as members of the
same family. Thus, if the son of the head of the
household and the son's wife are in the household,
they are treated as part of the head's family. On the
other hand, an unrelated lodger and his wife or an
unrelated caretaker and his wife who are members
of the household are considered as additional
families, and not a part of the household head's
family. The term "size of family" refers to the
number of household members who are living
together and are related to each other by blood,
marriage, or adoption.

Spanish origin family. A Spanish origin family is
defined as a family in which the head of the family
is of Spanish origin.

Primary family. A primary family is a family that
includes among its members the head of a house-
hold.

Household. A household consists of all the
persons who occupy a housing unit. A house, an
apartment or other groups of rooms, or single room,
is regarded as a housing unit when it is occupied or
intended for occupancy as separate living quarters;
that is, when the occupants do not live and eat with
any other persons in the structure and there is either
(1) direct access from the outside or through a
common hall or (2) a kitchen or cooking equipment
for the exclusive use of the occupants.
A household includes the related family members
and all the unrelated persons, if any, such as lodgers,
foster children, wards or employees who share the
housing unit. A person living alone in a housing unit,
or a group of unrelated persons sharing a housing
unit as partners, is also counted as a household. The
count of households excludes rooming houses,
college dormitories, military barracks, institutions,
and other group quarters. Inmates of institutions
(mental hospitals, rest homes, correctional institu-
tions, etc.) were not included in the 1976 survey.


Head of household or family. One person in each
household (and in each family) is designated as the
"head." The number of such persons, therefore, is
equal to the number of households (or families).
This person is usually the one regarded as the head
by the members of the group. Married women are
not so classified if their husbands are living with
them at the time of the survey.

Primary individual. A primary individual is a
household member living alone or with nonrelatives
only.

Secondary individual. A secondary individual in a
household is a person such as a guest, lodger, or
resident employee (excluding primary individuals)
who is not related to any other person in the
household. All persons in group quarters who were
covered in the survey are counted as secondary
individuals even though a small number of them
were living with relatives.

Unrelated individual. The term "unrelated indi-
viduals," as used in this report, refers to persons
(other than inmates of institutions) who are not
living with any relatives. An unrelated individual
may constitute a one-person household, may be part
of a household including one or more other families
or unrelated individuals, or may reside in group
quarters such as a rooming house. Thus, a widow
living by herself or with one or more other persons
not related to her, a lodger not related to anyone
else in the household, and a private household
worker living in an employer's household with no
relatives are examples of unrelated individuals.

Own children and related children. "Own" chil-
dren in a family are sons and daughters, including
stepchildren and adopted children, of the family
head. "Related" children in a family include own
children and all other children in the household who
are related to the family head by blood, marriage, or
adoption. For each type of family unit identified in
the CPS, the count of own children under 18 years
old is limited to single (never married) children;
however, "own children under 25" and "own
children of any age," as the terms are used here,
include all children regardless of marital status.


Years of school completed. Data on years of
school completed in this report were derived from
the combination of answers to two questions: (a)
"What is the highest grade of school...has ever
attended?" and (b) "Did...finish this grade?"
The questions on educational attainment apply
only to progress in "regular" schools. Such schools
include public, private, and parochial elementary
and high schools (both junior and senior high),







colleges, universities, and professional schools,
whether day schools or night schools. Thus, regular
schooling is that which may advance a person
toward an elementary school certificate or high
school diploma, or a college, university, or pro-
fessional school degree. Schooling in other than
regular schools was counted only if the credits
obtained were regarded as transferable to a school in
the regular school system.

Labor force. Persons are classified as in the labor
force if they were employed as civilians, unem-
ployed, or in the Armed Forces during the survey
week. The "civilian labor force" is comprised of all
civilians 14 years old and over classified as employed
or unemployed.

Paid labor force. Persons are classified in the paid
labor force if they were employed as wage and
salary workers or self-employed workers during the
survey week or were looking for work at the time
and had last worked as wage and salary or self-em-
ployed workers.

Employed. Employed persons comprise (1) all
civilians who, during the specified week, did any
work at all as paid employees or in their own
business or profession, or on their own farm, or who
worked 15 hours or more as unpaid workers on a
farm or in a business operated by a member of the
family, and (2) all those who were not working but
who had jobs or businesses from which they were
temporarily absent because of illness, bad weather,
vacation, or labor-management dispute, or because
they were taking time off for personal reasons,
whether or not they were paid by their employers
for time off, and whether or not they were seeking
other jobs. Excluded from the employed group are
persons whose only activity consisted of work
around the house (such as own home housework,
painting or repairing own home, etc.) or volunteer
work for religious, charitable, and similar
organizations.


Unemployed. Unemployed persons are those
civilians who, during the survey week, had no
employment but were available for work and (1)
had engaged in any specific jobseeking activity
within the past 4 weeks, such as registering at a
public or private employment office, meeting with
prospective employers, checking with friends or
relatives, placing or answering advertisements, writ-
ing letters of application, or being on a union or
professional register; (2) were waiting to be called
back to a job from which they had been laid off; or
(3) were waiting to report to a new wage or salary
job within 30 days.


Occupation. The data on occupation of employed
persons 14 years old and over refer to the civilian
job held during the survey week. Persons employed
at two or more jobs were reported in the job at
which they worked the greatest number of hours
during the week. The occupation grouping used here
are mainly the major groups used in the 1970
Census of Population. The composition of these
groups is shown in the 1970 Census of Popualtion,
Volume I, Characteristics of the Population, chapter
C. The categories used are combinations of detailed
classifications.


Four occupation divisions. The major groups of
occupations are arranged in four divisions as
follows:
White collar.-Professional, technical, and kin-
dred workers; managers and administrators, ex-
cept farm; sales workers; and clerical and kin-
dred workers.
Blue collar.-Craft and kindred workers; opera-
tives, including transport; and laborers, except
farm.
Farm workers.-Farmers and farm managers,
farm laborers and farm supervisors.
Service workers.-Service workers, including
private household workers.


The sequence in which these four divisions appear
is not intended to imply that any division has a
higher social or skill level than another.

Year-round full-time workers. A year-round full-
time worker is one who worked primarily at
full-time civilian jobs (35 hours or more per week)
for 50 weeks or more during the preceding
calendar year.

Income. For each person in the sample 14 years
old and over, questions were asked on the amount
of money income received in the preceding calendar
year. Although the income statistics refer to receipts
during the preceding year, the characteristics of the
person, such as age, labor force status, etc., and the
composition of families refer to the time of the
survey. The income of the family does not include
amounts received by persons who were members of
the family during all or part of the income year if
these persons no longer resided with the family at
the time of enumeration. On the other hand, family
income includes amounts reported by related per-
sons who did not reside with the family during the
income year but who were members of the family at
the time of enumeration.








Number of earners. This number includes all
persons in the family with $1 or more in wages and
salaries, or $1 or more or a loss in net income from
farm or nonfarm self-employment.

Poverty status. Families and unrelated individuals
are classified as being above or below the poverty
level, using the poverty index adopted by a Federal
Interagency Committee in 1969. This index provides
a range of income cutoffs or "poverty thresholds"
adjusted to take into account such factors as family
size, sex and age of the family head, the number of
children, and farm-nonfarm residence. The poverty
cutoffs for farm families have been set at 85 percent
of the nonfarm levels. These income cutoffs are
updated every year to reflect the changes in the
Consumer Price Index. The average poverty thres-
hold for a nonfarm family of four was $5,500 in
1975. For a detailed explanation of the poverty
definition, see Current Population Reports, Series
P-60, No. 103, "Money Income and Poverty Status
of Families and Persons in the United States:
1975-1974 Revisions."

Median. The median is presented in connection
with the data on age, years of school completed, and
income. It is the value which divides the distribution
into two equal parts, one-half of the cases falling
below this value and one-half of the cases exceeding
this value.

Mean. The mean (average) is presented in con-
nection with data on number of persons per family,
income of persons, and income of families. The
mean number of persons per family is the value
obtained by dividing the number of persons having


the characteristic under consideration by the
appropriate number of families. The mean income is
the amount obtained by dividing the total income of
a group by the number of persons, or families, in
that group.

COMPARABILITY OF DATA
WITH THE 1970 CENSUS

An estimate of 9.1 million persons of Spanish
origin was obtained from the 1970 Census of
Population, compared with an estimated 11.1 mil-
lion persons of Spanish origin obtained from the
March 1976 CPS. This difference between the 1970
census and the March 1976 CPS estimates of persons
of Spanish origin occurred mostly because of:

1. Survey procedures. Although the 1970 census
used both self-enumeration and direct interviews to
collect data on persons of Spanish origin, the March
1976 CPS was done entirely by direct interviews
(much by telephone).

2. Mexican origin categories. The 1970 census
question on Spanish origin had only one category
denoting Mexican origin, whereas the March 1976
CPS had four categories for Mexican origin.

3. Determining origin of children under 14 years
old. In the 1970 census the respondents themselves
determined whether their children under 14 years
old were or were not of Spanish origin. In the March
1976 CPS, children under 14 years old in a
household were classified as of Spanish origin if
either the household head or his wife was of Spanish
origin.


Table L. Number of Persons of Spanish Origin: 1970
Census and March 1976 CPS

1976 CPS
Type of Spanish origin 1970 census
Number Percent change

Total, Spanish origin................ 9,072,602 11,117,000 22.5

Mexican origin............................. 4,532,435 6,590,000 45.4
Puerto Rican origin........................ 1,429,396 1,753,000 22.6
Cuban origin............................... 544,600 687,000 26.1
Central or South American origin........... 1,508,866 752,000 '-50.2
Other Spanish origin....................... 1,057,305 1,335,000 26.3

1Decrease in the number of persons designated as of Central or South American origin between
1970 and 1976 may have occurred because of: (1) a shift to one of the four Mexican origin cate-
gories included in the March 1976 CPS, and (2) the replacement of self-reporting with direct
interview.








4. Sample size and variability. The 1970 census
information on persons of Spanish origin was based
on a sample of 5 percent of the population; the
March 1976 CPS information was based on a sample
of about 1 in 800 persons. Sampling variability,
therefore, also affected comparability of data for
persons of Spanish origin between the 1970 census
and the March 1976 CPS.


5. Population growth. Growth of the Spanish
population is another reason why the 1970 census
estimate of the number of persons of Spanish origin
differs from that of the March 1976 CPS. Although
birth, death, and migration data on persons of
Spanish origin are not available nationally, nor can


these data be, at present, precisely estimated, rough
computations indicate an approximate rate of
natural increase (excess of births over deaths) of
about 1.8 percent per year or 10.8 percent for the
period between 1970 and 1976. Furthermore, net
immigration from abroad could also have contri-
buted significant growth. For example, in the 6-year
period ending June 30, 1976, about 670,000 immi-
grants were admitted to the United States from all
Spanish-speaking countries as permanent residents.
Thus, all told, population growth for the period
from April 1970 to March 1976 may account for
four-fifths of the difference between the 1970
census and the March 1976 figures; and the balance
in the difference, accounted for by the reasons
noted above.










NOTE
In the past the Census Bureau has designated a head of household to serve as the central reference person for
the collection and tabulation of data for individual members of the household (or family). However, recent
social changes have resulted in a trend toward more equal status for all members of the household (or
family), making the term "head" less relevant in the analysis of household and family data. As a result, the
Bureau is currently developing new techniques of enumeration and data presentation which will eliminate
the concept of "head." While much of the data in this report are based on the concept of "head," methodology
for future Census Bureau reports will reflect a gradual movement away from this traditional practice.









Table 1. POPULATION OF SPANISH ORIGIN BY SEX AND TYPE OF SPANISH ORIGIN, FOR
THE UNITED STATES AND THE FIVE SOUTHWESTERN STATES: MARCH 1976
(Numbers in thousands)

Total Male Female
Area and origin
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent


UNITED STATES

Persons of Spanish origin...... 11,117 100.0 5,439 100.0 5,678 100.0

Mexican.............................. 6,590 59.3 3,285 60.4 3,305 58.2
Puerto Rican......................... 1,753 15.8 849 15.6 904 15.9
Cuban ................................ 687 6.2 315 5.8 372 6.6
Central or South American............ 752 6.8 355 6.5 398 7.0
Other Spanish........................ 1,335 12.0 636 11.7 700 12.3

FIVE SOUTHWESTERN STATES

Persons of Spanish origin...... 6,414 100.0 3,176 100.0 3,238 100.0

Mexican.............................. 5,490 85.6 2,741 86.3 2,749 84.9
Puerto Rican.......................... 58 0.9 35 1.1 23 0.7
Other Spanish1 ....................... 866 13.5 397 12.5 466 14.4

1Includes Cuban, Central or South American, and other Spanish origin.


STable 2. TOTAL AND SPANISH ORIGIN POPULATION BY BROAD AGE GROUPS, SEX, AND TYPE
OF SPANISH ORIGIN, FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976

Spanish origin

Sex and age Central
Total Puerto or South Other
persons Total Mexican Rican Cuban American Spanish


BOTH SEXES

Median age.................... years.. 28.9 20.9 20.3 19.6 36.8 25.5 19.1

Percent

Under 5 years old.................... 7.4 12.8 13.3 12.5 5.6 14.1 13.7
18 years old and over................. 69.0 55.7 54.9 53.0 72.0 60.6 52.2
65 years old and over................ 10.3 3.8 3.5 2.5 9.6 2.1 4.9

MALE

Median age....................years.. 27.8 19.5 19.8 17.1 36.3 22.8 17.2

Percent

Under 5 years old.................... 7.8 13.6 13.9 13.8 7.5 14.6 14.2
18 years old and over................. 67.5 53.0 53.6 47.2 70.8 54.7 47.7
65 years old and over................ 8.7 3.3 3.1 2.3 8.0 1.5 4.6

FEMALE

Median age....................years.. 29.9 22.2 20.9 22.0 37.1 26.7 21.3

Percent

Under 5 years old.................... 7.0 12.1 12.8 11.2 4.0 13.6 13.1
18 years old and over................ 70.5 58.3 56.1 58.4 73.1 65.8 56.4
65 years old and over................ 11.7 4.2 3.9 2.6 10.9 2.6 5.3








Table 3. TOTAL AND SPANISH ORIGIN POPULATION BY AGE, SEX, AND TYPE OF SPANISH ORIGIN,
FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976

Spanish origin
Do not
Sex and age Central Not know
Total Puerto or South Other Spanish or not
persons Total Mexican Rican Cuban American Spanish origin reported


BOTH SEXES

Total...........................thousands.. 211,140 11,117 6,590 1,753 687 752 1,335 195,214 4,809
Percent................................. 100.0 103.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Under 5 years..................................... 7.4 12.8 13.3 12.5 5.6 14.1 13.7 7.1 7.2
5 and 6 years..... ............................... 3.3 5.3 5.4 6.1 2.5 5.0 5.4 3.2 2.8
7 to 9 years...................................... 4.9 7.2 7.4 7.3 3.5 6.0 8.7 4.7 4.8
10 to 13 years................... ............... 7.4 10.0 9.9 11.3 8.0 7.1 11.3 7.3 7.0
14 and 15 years ................. ............... 4.0 4.6 4.7 5.0 4.4 3.7 4.3 4.0 3.3
16 and 17 years.................................. 3.9 4.4 4.4 4.9 4.0 3.6 4.3 3.9 2.6
18 and 19 years................................. 3.8 4.0 4.2 3.7 4.1 2.5 4.1 3.9 3.0
20 and 21 years.................................. 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.9 3.3 3.0 3.2 3.7 3.3
22 to 24 years .................. ............... 5.2 5.2 5.8 5.1 3.6 3.9 4.2 5.2 5.8
25 to 29 years.................................. 8.2 8.2 8.6 7.6 4.3 12.5 6.8 8.1 10.8
30 to 34 years.................................. 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.8 3.7 10.6 5.8 6.6 8.2
35 to 44 years ................................... 10.8 11.4 10.5 12.3 16.6 15.5 9.4 10.8 11.8
45 to 54 years.................................. 11.1 8.1 7.8 6.6 16.9 6.8 7.5 11.3 9.7
55 to 64 years ................................... 9.4 4.9 4.3 4.5 10.0 3.7 6.3 9.6 9.3
65 to 74 years.................................. 6.5 2.7 2.5 1.9 7.1 1.3 3.0 6.7 7.1
75 years and over............................... 3.8 1.1 1.0 0.5 2.5 0.7 1.9 3.9 3.2
18 years and over ............................. 69.0 55.7 54.9 53.0 72.0 60.6 52.2 69.7 72.2
21 years and over................................ 63.3 49.6 48.4 46.9 66.5 56.9 46.4 64.0 67.7

Median age...............................years.. 28.9 20.9 20.3 19.6 36.8 25.5 19.1 29.3 29.7

MALE

Total......... .................thousands.. 102,344 5,439 3,285 849 315 355 636 94,548 2,358
Percent....................... .......... 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Under 5 years................................... 7.8 13.6 13.9 13.8 7.5 14.6 14.2 7.4 7.1
5 and 6 years.................................... 3.5 5.8 5.8 7.3 2.3 5.5 6.1 3.4 3.4
7 to 9 years.................................... 5.1 7.6 7.8 6.8 3.5 8.7 9.0 5.0 5.0
10 to 13 years.................................... 7.8 10.2 9.6 12.9 7.0 9.9 11.2 7.7 7.4
14 and 15 years ................................. 4.2 4.9 4.7 5.8 4.5 2.6 5.8 4.2 3.1
16 and 17 years .................................. 4.1 5.0 4.6 6.2 4.4 4.0 5.9 4.1 2.3
18 and 19 years................................. 3.9 3.9 4.0 3.5 4.5 2.1 4.4 3.9 2.7
20 and 21 years................................. 3.8 3.6 4.1 3.3 3.2 1.7 2.4 3.8 2.9
22 to 24 years................................... 5.2 5.1 5.6 4.9 3.8 3.3 4.3 5.2 6.1
25 to 29 years................................... 8.3 7.9 8.6 6.1 4.3 11.8 5.9 8.2 11.0
30 to 34 years.................................... 6.6 5.8 5.4 5.9 3.1 11.2 6.0 6.6 9.0
35 to 44 years .................................. 10.9 10.7 10.3 10.5 14.4 14.8 8.6 10.8 13.4
45 to 54 years................................... 11.0 8.2 8.1 6.7 20.5 6.5 5.6 11.2 10.2
55 to 64 years.................................. 9.1 4.6 4.4 4.0 8.9 1.9 5.9 9.4 8.7
65 to 74 years................................... 5.8 2.4 2.3 1.6 6.4 1.2 2.8 6.0 5.3
75 years and over............................... 2.9 0.9 0.8 0.7 1.6 0.2 1.8 3.0 2.4
18 years and over................................ 67.5 53.0 53.6 47.2 70.8 54.7 47.7 68.2 71.7
21 years and over............................... 61.7 47.2 47.3 42.3 65.1 51.8 42.4 62.4 67.5

Median age...............................years.. 27.8 19.5 19.8 17.1 36.3 22.8 17.2 28.2 29.5

FEMALE

Total..........................thousands.. 108,795 5,678 3,305 904 372 398 700 100,666 2,451
Percent.................. ............... 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Under 5 years................................... 7.0 12.1 12.8 11.2 4.0 13.6 13.1 6.7 7.3
5 and 6 years................................... 3.2 4.8 5.0 5.0 2.6 4.6 4.8 3.1 2.3
7 to 9 years..................................... 4.6 6.8 7.0 7.7 3.5 3.6 8.5 4.5 4.7
10 to 13 years................... .. ............ 7.1 9.8 10.2 9.8 8.8 4.5 11.4 6.9 6.6
14 and 15 years.................................. 3.8 4.3 4.6 4.2 4.3 4.7 3.0 3.8 3.6
16 and 17 years.............. ................... 3.8 3.9 4.2 3.7 3.8 3.1 2.9 3.8 2.9
18 and 19 years.................................. 3.8 4.1 4.5 3.9 3.8 2.8 3.8 3.8 3.4
20 and 21 years.................................. 3.7 3.8 3.6 4.5 3.4 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.6
22 to 24 years.................................. 5.2 5.4 6.0 5.2 3.5 4.4 4.2 5.1 5.6
25 to 29 years................................... 8.0 8.5 8.5 8.9 4.3 13.2 7.6 8.0 10.6
30 to 34 years ................................... 6.6 7.1 7.2 7.7 4.2 10.0 5.7 6.5 7.4
35 to 44 years .................................. 10.8 12.0 10.7 14.0 18.4 16.2 10.1 10.7 10.3
45 to 54 years ..................... ............ 11.2 7.9 7.5 6.6 13.7 7.1 9.2 11.4 9.3
55 to 64 years.................................. 9.6 5.2 4.3 5.0 10.9 5.4 6.6 9.8 9.8
65 to 74 years... ............................... 7.1 3.0 2.7 2.2 7.7 1.4 3.3 7.3 8.8
75 years and over................................ 4.6 1.3 1.1 0.4 3.3 1.2 2.0 4.8 4.0
18 years and over................... .... ....... 70.5 58.3 56.1 58.4 73.1 65.8 56.4 71.2 72.7
21 years and over...... .......................... 64.8 51.9 49.6 51.3 67.7 61.4 50.0 65.5 68.0

Median age................................years.. 29.9 22.2 20.9 22.0 37.1 26.7 21.3 30.4 29.8






19

Table 4. TOTAL AND SPANISH ORIGIN POPULATION BY AGE, SEX, AND TYPE OF SPANISH ORIGIN,

FOR THE FIVE SOUTHWESTERN STATES: MARCH 1976


Sex nd age Total Total Spanish Mexican Other Spanish
population origin origin origin1

BOTH SEXES
Total................. ........thousands.. 39,186 6,414 5,490 924
Percent.............................. 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Under 5 years................................ 7.7 13.0 12.9 13.3
5 and 6 years.................. .............. 3.4 5.2 5.3 4.7
7 to 9 years ................................. 5.0 7.5 7.4 7.8
10 to 13 years............................... 7.2 9.8 9.8 9.7
14 and 15 years.............................. 3.8 4.5 4.6 3.9
16 and 17 years.............................. 4.0 4.5 4.5 4.9
18 and 19 years........................ ....... 3.9 4.1 4.1 4.0
20 and 21 years.............................. 3.7 3.7 3.9 2.7
22 to 24 years............................... 5.4 5.5 5.8 3.6
25 to 29 years................................ 8.7 8.4 8.6 7.0
30 to 34 years............................... 7.0 6.4 6.2 8.1
35 to 44 years............................... 11.2 10.5 10.5 10.3
45 to 54 years ............................... 10.8 8.2 8.1 8.8
55 to 64 years............................... 8.9 4.8 4.6 5.9
65 to 74 years............................... 6.0 2.7 2.7 3.0
75 years and over ............................ 3.4 1.3 1.1 2.4
18 years and over............................ 68.9 55.5 55.5 55.6
21 years and over........................ ... 63.2 49.4 49.3 50.3
Median age............................years.. 28.5 20.8 20.7 21.2

MALE
Total.......................thousands.. 19,201 3,176 2,741 432
Percent.............................. 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Under 5 years................................ 7.8 13.6 13.4 14.7
5 and 6 years................................ 3.6 5.6 5.7 5.1
7 to 9 years................................. 5.2 7.6 7.6 7.7
10 to 13 years............................... 7.5 9.8 9.5 11.3
14 and 15 years.............................. 4.1 4.8 4.8 4.4
16 and 17 years.............................. 4.2 4.7 4.4 6.6
18 and 19 years.............................. 4.0 3.9 3.8 4.4
20 and 21 years.............................. 3.7 3.9 4.3 1.3
22 to 24 years............................... 5.3 5.4 5.7 3.6
25 to 29 years................................ 8.7 8.6 8.9 6.3
30 to 34 years............................... 6.8 5.6 5.2 7.7
35 to 44 years............................... 11.2 10.2 10.4 9.5
45 to 54 years.......................... ..... 10.8 8.3 8.2 8.4
55 to 64 years............................... 8.8 4.6 4.7 3.8
65 to 74 years......................... ....... 5.5 2.5 2.4 2.9
75 years and over............................ 2.6 1.0 0.9 2.0
18 years and over ............................ 67.6 53.9 54.5 50.0
21 years and over ............................. 61.6 47.8 48.2 45.5
Median age ............................years.. 27.6 20.0 20.3 18.0

FEMALE
Total.......................thousands.. 19,985 3,238 2,749 489
Percent.............................. 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Under 5 years ................................ 7.5 12.4 12.4 12.0
5 and 6.years................................. 3.2 4.8 4.8 4.3
7 to 9 years................................. 4.9 7.3 7.2 7.9
10 to 13 years............................... 6.9 9.8 10.0 8.3
14 and 15 years.............................. 3.4 4.3 4.5 3.5
16 and 17 years.............................. 3.8 4.3 4.5 3.4
18 and 19 years.............................. 3.8 4.3 4.4 3.6
20 and 21 years.............................. 3.7 3.6 3.5 4.0
22 to 24 years............................... 5.5 5.5 5.9 3.5
25 to 29 years............................... 8.6 8.2 8.3 7.5
30 to 34 years............................... 7.2 7.3 7.1 8.4
35 to 44 years............................... 11.1 10.7 10.6 10.9
45 to 54 years ............................... 10.8 8.2 8.0 9.1
55 to 64 years................................ 9.0 5.0 4.5 7.8
65 to 74 years ............................... 6.4 3.0 3.0 3.0
75 years and over............................ 4.2 1.5 1.3 2.7
18 years and over............ .. ....... ... .. 70.2 57.2 56.6 60.5
21 years and over............................ 64.7 51.0 50.4 54.6
Median age............................years.. 29.3 21.6 21.2 24.6

'Includes Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, and other Spanish origin.









Table 5. MARITAL STATUS OF PERSONS OF SPANISH ORIGIN 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER BY TYPE OF
SPANISH ORIGIN AND SEX, FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976

(Numbers in thousands)

Total Spanish Central or
Total Spanish Mexican Puerto Rican Cuban Central or Other Spanish
origin South American
Marital status
Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female

NUMBER

Total persons, 14 years
old and over............ 3,415 3,777 2,067 2,147 502 599 251 302 218 293 378 435
Single......................... 1,197 1,006 714 574 198 152 79 81 60 89 146 110
Married........................ 2,065 2,293 1,259 1,321 287 376 157 165 150 168 212 262
Widowed........................ 55 242 36 131 4 28 6 33 2 19 7 30
Divorced....................... 99 236 58 121 13 43 10 22 6 16 13 33

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Total persons, 14 years
old and over............ 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Single......................... 35.0 26.6 34.5 26.7 39.5 25.3 31.4 26.8 27.5 30.3 38.6 25.4
Married........................ 60.5 60.7 60.9 61.5 57.1 62.7 62.6 54.7 68.8 57.5 56.3 60.2
Widowed........................ 1.6 6.4 1.8 6.1 0.8 4.7 2.2 11.1 0.8 6.5 1.8 6.9
Divorced....................... 2.9 6.3 2.8 5.7 2.6 7.3 3.8 7.4 2.8 5.6 3.3 7.5









Table 6. MARITAL STATUS OF PERSONS OF SPANISH ORIGIN 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER BY TYPE OF
SPANISH ORIGIN, AGE, AND SEX, FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976

(For meaning of symbols, see text)

Total, Age (years)
Type of Spanish origin, 14
sex, and marital status years 14 and 16 to 20 to 25 to 30 to 35 to 40 to 45 to 50 to 55 to 60 to 65 and
and over 15 19 24 29 34 39 44 49 54 59 64 over

SPANISH ORIGIN

Male......thousands.. 3,415 265 479 470 427 316 292 288 253 195 140 111 181
Percent............. 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Single................... 35.0 100.0 96.3 53.9 18.8 13.2 8.4 6.6 7.3 1.3 12.9 6.7 2.6
Married, spouse present.. 56.9 3.4 40.8 73.7 77.7 83.6 80.5 83.5 86.1 73.3 80.4 71.3
Married, spouse absent... 3.6 0.4 3.9 5.1 4.4 4.0 6.1 4.5 5.7 3.1 1.5 5.0
Widowed .................. 1.6 0.2 1.0 2.0 6.0 4.8 18.8
Divorced ................. 2.9 1.4 2.2 4.7 4.1 6.8 3.6 4.9 4.8 6.6 2.3

Female....thousands.. 3,777 246 454 522 483 402 362 321 244 207 169 126 240
Percent............ 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Single.................... 26.6 98.3 82.4 36.2 14.3 10.8 4.1 5.0 5.7 5.5 4.3 6.9 6.6
Married, spouse present.. 53.0 0.6 14.0 50.8 70.2 70.6 73.9 74.0 67.9 67.2 58.0 47.2 33.5
Married, spouse absent... 7.7 1.0 2.5 9.4 8.5 8.9 9.6 9.4 11.3 8.9 9.1 9.6 5.6
Widowed .................. 6.4 0.2 0.3 1.5 2.9 1.5 3.9 8.5 21.6 27.3 49.9
Divorced.................. 6.3 0.9 3.7 6.7 8.1 9.4 10.2 11.1 9.9 7.0 9.0 4.4


MEXICAN ORIGIN


Male.....thousands... 2,067 156 282 319 282 178 169 169 156 111 78 67 102
Percent............. 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 (B) 100.0

Single................... 34.5 100.0 96.2 51.7 19.3 11.0 10.9 5.8 5.0 13.4 (B) 2.5
Married, spouse present.. 56.9 3.2 42.8 74.6 78.3 80.4 78.1 87.6 84.3 72.5 (B) 66.6
Married, spouse absent... 4.0 0.6 4.6 3.6 5.5 5.4 7.1 4.3 8.3 1.5 (B) 7.1
Widowed ................... 1.8 0.3 0.6 2.1 7.6 (B) 22.4
Divorced ................. 2.8 0.9 2.3 5.2 3.3 9.0 2.6 5.3 5.0 (B) 1.4

Female....thousands.. 2,147 153 286 318 281 237 190 163 136 113 86 56 128
Percent............. 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 (B) 100.0

Single................... 26.7 98.5 81.6 32.7 13.6 9.4 2.1 3.1 5.4 2.1 1.9 (B) 2.5
Married, spouse present.. 56.2 1.0 15.5 55.6 76.1 72.4 75.2 82.5 74.0 74.6 65.9 (B) 35.9
Married, spouse absent... 5.4 0.5 1.9 8.1 4.3 6.1 6.1 7.1 9.4 5.0 4.6 (B) 5.8
Widowed................... 6.1 0.5 1.9 4.3 1.9 3.0 7.7 21.9 (B) 53.0
Divorced.................. 5.7 0.9 3.7 5.5 10.2 12.3 5.4 8.2 10.6 5.8 (B) 2.7


OTHER SPANISH'

Male......thousands.. 1,348 109 198 151 145 138 124 118 97 84 62 44 79
Percent............. 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 (B) (B) 100.0

Single................... 35.8 100.0 96.4 58.7 17.9 16.1 4.9 7.8 11.2 3.0 (B) (B) 2.9
Married, spouse present.. 56.9 3.6 36.6 72.0 76.9 88.0 83.8 76.8 88.5 (B) (B) 77.4
Married, spouse absent... 2.9 2.3 8.0 2.8 2.0 4.6 5.0 2.4 (B) (B) 2.2
Widowed ................... 1.4 1.7 1.9 (B) (B) 14.1
Divorced................. 3.1 2.4 2.1 4.1 5.1 3.8 5.3 4.3 (B) (B) 3.4

Female....thousands.. 1,629 93 168 203 202 165 172 158 109 94 83 70 112
Percent............. 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 (B) 100.0

Single................... 26.5 98.1 83.7 41.8 15.2 12.9 6.4 6.9 6.1 9.5 6.8 (B) 11.2
Married, spouse present.. 48.8 11.4 43.2 62.0 68.1 72.4 65.2 60.3 58.4 49.7 (B) 30.7
Married, spouse absent... 10.8 1.9 3.3 11.3 14.4 13.0 13.5 11.7 13.7 13.6 13.9 (B) 5.3
Widowed .................. 6.8 0.6 1.0 1.5 1.1 5.1 9.4 21.3 (B) 46.4
Divorced.................. 7.0 1.0 3.7 8.3 5.0 6.2 15.1 14.8 9.1 8.3 (B) 6.4

1Includes Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, and other Spanish origin.









Table 7. PERCENT OF TOTAL AND SPANISH ORIGIN POPULATION 25 YEARS OLD AND OVER BY
TYPE OF SPANISH ORIGIN, YEARS OF SCHOOL COMPLETED, AGE, AND SEX, FOR THE
UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976

Spanish origin
Sex, years of school completed, and age Total Other
persons Total Mexican Spanish1


MALE

Percent Completed Less Than 5 Years of School

Total, 25 years and over................. 4.2 17.7 23.0 10.0
25 to 29 years................................. 0.9 4.9 5.7 3.5
30 to 34 years................................ 0.8 7.7 12.0 2.1
35 to 44 years................................. 2.5 13.5 18.7 6.2
45 to 64 years................................. 4.5 26.1 33.0 16.2
65 years and over............................... 11.7 47.0 63.8 25.2

Percent Completed 4 Years of High School or More

Total, 25 years and over.................. 64.7 41.4 34.6 51.3
25 to 29 years ................................. 86.0 57.7 53.9 65.1
30 to 34 years....... ... ........................ 81.8 58.9 48.6 72.1
35 to 44 years................................. 72.9 42.1 34.5 52.7
45 to 64 years................................. 58.7 30.1 22.9 40.6
65 years and over.............................. 34.7 13.5 5.0 24.6

Percent Completed 4 Years of College or More

Total, 25 years and over.................. 18.6 8.6 5.9 12.6

FEMALE

Percent Completed Less Than 5 Years of School

Total, 25 years and over................. 3.6 19.6 25.2 12.7
25 to 29 years................................. 0.7 5.7 6.2 4.9
30 to 34 years................................. 0.7 9.0 12.1 4.5
35 to 44 years................................. 1.7 15.8 20.6 10.8
45 to 64 years................................. 3.3 26.4 36.5 15.5
65 years and over............................... 9.2 54.2 70.3 35.8

Percent Completed 4 Years of High School or More

Total, 25 years and over.................. 63.5 37.3 30.5 45.6
25 to 29 years................................. 83.5 58.4 53.5 65.4
30 to 34 years.................................... 78.9 43.4 38.7 50.2
35 to 44 years................................. 72.0 38.8 30.0 48.3
45 to 64 years................................. 60.8 26.5 18.0 35.8
65 years and over.............................. 38.3 14.1 3.9 25.8

Percent Completed 4 Years of College or More

Total, 25 years and over.................. 11.3 4.0 2.1 6.1

'Includes Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, and other Spanish origin.










Table 8. YEARS OF SCHOOL COMPLETED BY PERSONS OF SPANISH ORIGIN 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER BY AGE,
SEX, AND TYPE OF SPANISH ORIGIN, FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976

(For meaning of symbols, see text)

Years of school completed Percent
high school
Sex, type of Spanish Elementary school High school College Median Percent graduates,
origin, and age Total school high one or more
(thou- 0 to 4 5 to 7 8 1 to 3 4 1 to 3 4 years years school years of
sands) Percent years years years years years years or more completed graduates college

BOTH SEXES

Spanish Origin

Total, 14 years and over... 7,192 100.0 13.3 15.5 11.7 22.5 23.9 8.5 4.5 10.1 37.0 13.1
14 to 19 years................... 1,445 100.0 1.1 14.8 22.8 46.9 12.2 2.1 0.1 9.6 14.4 2.1
20 to 24 years................... 992 100.0 4.8 7.9 6.1 22.0 36.8 18.8 3.5 12.2 59.1 22.4
25 years and over................ 4,756 100.0 18.7 17.3 9.5 15.2 24.8 8.3 6.1 9.7 39.2 14.4
25 to 34 years..... ............ 1,628 100.0 6.7 13.8 6.6 18.3 33.7 13.6 7.3 12.1 54.6 20.9
25 to 29 years................ 911 100.0 5.3 12.6 6.1 17.9 37.0 13.8 7.3 12.2 58.1 21.1
30 to 34 years............... 717 100.0 8.4 15.2 7.4 18.7 29.7 13.2 7.3 12:0 50.2 20.6
35 to 44 years................. 1,263 100.0 14.8 18.1 10.1 16.8 26.0 8.1 6.3 10.0 40.3 14.3
45 to 64 years................. 1,444 100.0 26.3 20.6 11.8 13.1 18.7 4.3 5.2 8.3 28.3 9.6
65 years and over............... 420 100.0 51.1 17.2 11.6 6.3 7.4 2.7 3.7 4.8 13.8 6.5

Mexican Origin

Total, 14 years and over... 4,215 100.0 16.7 17.4 10.9 22.9 21.7 7.4 2.9 9.6 32.1 10.3
14 to 19 years.................... 876 100.0 1.3 16.5 22.6 45.6 12.2 1.8 0.1 9.6 14.1 1.9
20 to 24 years ................... 637 100.0 6.4 10.5 6.3 21.9 35.0 17.5 2.5 12.1 54.9 19.9
25 years and over................. 2,701 100.0 24.2 19.3 8.2 15.8 21.7 6.9 3.9 8.8 32.5 10.8
25 to 34 years ................. 979 100.0 8.6 17.0 6.1 19.1 31.4 12.3 5.5 11.9 49.1 17.7
25 to 29 years................ 564 100.0 6.0 15.4 6.0 19.0 35.1 13.0 5.7 12.1 53.7 18.6
30 to 34 years............... 415 100.0 12.0 19.2 6.4 19.4 26.4 11.3 5.3 10.9 43.0 16.5
35 to 44 years................. 691 100.0 19.7 21.5 9.2 17.4 22.5 5.7 4.0 9.0 32.2 9.7
45 to 64 years.................. 802 100.0 34.7 21.2 10.0 13.6 14.7 3.1 2.7 7.2 20.5 5.8
65 years and over............... 230 100.0 67.5 16.0 8.0 4.1 2.5 0.4 1.5 2.5 4.4 1.9

Puerto Rican Origin

Total, 14 years and over... 1,101 100.0 12.9 15.0 14.9 27.4 21.4 6.2 2.2 9.6 29.7 8.3
14 to 19 years................... 238 100.0 1.7 13.2 24.3 46.5 13.0 1.3 9.5 14.3 1.3
20 to 24 years................... 157 100.0 3.5 5.3 9.2 28.9 35.3 15.1 2.7 12.1 53.1 17.7
25 years and over................. 706 100.0 18.7 17.8 13.0 20.6 21.2 5.8 2.8 9.0 29.8 8.6
25 to 34 years................. 252 100.0 7.1 15.9 10.3 23.0 30.6 9.5 3.6 10.9 43.8 13.1
25 to 29 years............... 133 100.0 9.4 14.4 8.8 18.8 32.1 11.3 5.3 11.7 48.7 16.6
30 to 34 years................ 120 100.0 4.9 17.9 11.7 27.2 29.1 7.8 1.4 10.6 38.3 9.2
35 to 44 years ................. 215 100.0 16.1 17.7 13.5 25.2 20.6 4.9 1.9 9.2 27.5 6.8
45 to 64 years.................. 195 100.0 27.4 21.6 17.6 15.6 12.7 2.5 2.7 8.1 17.9 5.2
65 years and over.............. 43 (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)

Other Spanish Origin1

Total, 14 years and over... 1,876 100.0 5.8 11.5 11.7 18.8 30.3 12.4 9.5 12.1 52.2 21.9
14 to 19 years ................... 330 100.0 0.3 11.2 22.4 50.3 11.8 3.3 10.0 15.1 3.3
20 to 24 years................... 198 100.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 16.7 43.9 26.3 7.6 12.6 77.8 33.9
25 years and over................. 1,348 100.0 7.7 12.9 10.4 11.3 32.9 12.6 12.1 12.2 57.6 24.7
25 to 34 years................. 397 100.0 1.8 4.3 5.5 13.1 41.6 19.4 14.4 12.6 75.4 33.8
25 to 29 years................ 214 100.0 0.9 4.2 4.7 14.5 44.9 17.3 13.1 12.6 75.3 30.4
30 to 34 years................ 182 100.0 2.7 4.9 6.6 11.5 37.4 21.4 15.9 12.6 74.7 37.3
35 to 44 years.................. 357 100.0 4.2 11.8 9.5 10.6 36.1 14.6 13.4 12.4 64.1 28.0
45 to 64 years................ 448 100.0 10.5 19.2 12.5 10.9 28.6 7.1 10.9 11.1 46.6 18.0
65 years and over............... 147 100.0 22.4 20.4 18.4 9.5 15.0 5.4 7.5 8.4 27.9 12.9

MALE

Spanish Origin

Total, 14 years and over... 3,415 100.0 12.5 15.5 11.4 23.1 22.2 9.2 6.1 10.3 37.5 15.3
14 to 19 years................... 744 100.0 1.0 16.3 22.4 48.7 10.0 1.5 9.6 11.6 1.5
20 to 24 years................... 470 100.0 6.3 7.9 5.4 20.2 34.6 21.5 4.1 12.3 60.2 25.6
25 years and over................ 2,201 100.0 17.7 16.9 8.9 15.1 23.7 9.1 8.6 10.1 41.4 17.7
25 to 34 years................. 743 100.0 6.2 12.1 5.8 17.9 32.3 15.2 10.6 12.3 58.2 25.9
25 to 29 years............... 427 100.0 4.9 12.7 5.2 19.4 33.3 14.1 10t.3 12.2 57.7 24.4
30 to 34 years................ 316 100.0 7.7 11.2 6.4 15.8 30.9 16.7 11.3 12.3 58.9 28.0
35 to 44 years................. 580 100.0 13.5 18.2 8.7 17.5 24.5 8.3 9.3 10.4 42.1 17.5
45 to 64 years................. 698 100.0 26.1 20.8 11.0 12.0 18.0 5.0 7.1 8.3 30.1 12.2
65 years and over.............. 181 100.0 47.0 17.8 14.2 7.6 7.6 2.7 3.1 5.8 13.5 5.9
See footnote at end of table.










Table 8. YEARS OF SCHOOL COMPLETED BY PERSONS OF SPANISH ORIGIN 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER BY AGE,
SEX, AND TYPE OF SPANISH ORIGIN, FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976-Continued

(For meaning of symbols, see text)

Years of school completed Percent
high school
Sex, type of Spanish Elementary school High school College Median Percent graduates,
origin, and age Total school high one or more
(thou- 0 to 4 5 to 7 8 1 to 3 4 1 to 3 4 years years school years of
sands) Percent years years years years years years or more completed graduates college

MALE-Continued

Mexican Origin

Total, 14 years and over... 2,067 100.0 16.0 17.6 10.8 22.4 20.7 8.3 4.2 9.7 33.1 12.5
14 to 19 years................... 437 100.0 1.1 18.6 22.4 45.6 10.9 1.4 9.5 12.3 1.4
20 to 24 years. .................. 319 100.0 7.8 9.9 6.4 20.2 33.0 19.6 3.1 12.2 55.6 22.7
25 years and over................. 1,311 100.0 23.0 19.2 7.9 15.2 20.9 7.9 5.9 9.0 34.6 13.7
25 to 34 years................. 460 100.0 8.0 15.2 6.1 18.7 29.6 14.8 7.4 12.1 51.9 22.2
25 to 29 years............... 282 100.0 5.7 15.5 4.7 20.2 32.0 14.0 7.9 12.1 53.9 21.9
30 to 34 years................ 178 100.0 12.0 15.0 8.2 16.2 25.8 16.0 6.8 11.6 48.6 22.8
35 to 44 years.................. 338 100.0 18.7 22.2 8.1 16.6 22.1 5.7 6.7 9.2 34.5 12.3
45 to 64 years................. 411 100.0 33.0 21.7 9.4 13.0 14.8 3.7 4.4 7.4 22.9 8.1
65 years and over............... 102 100.0 63.8 16.7 10.1 4.4 2.5 0.9 1.6 2.9 5.0 2.5

Puerto Rican Origin

Total, 14 years and over... 502 100.0 11.1 14.8 14.0 29.3 21.5 6.6 2.7 9.7 30.7 9.3
14 to 19 years................... 131 100.0 1.8 15.3 23.8 49.7 8.8 0.6 9.3 9.4 0.6
20 to 24 years................... 69 (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)
25 years and over................. 302 100.0 17.1 16.6 11.9 21.4 23.6 6.4 3.1 9.5 33.1 9.5
25 to 34 years.................. 102 100.0 5.9 11.8 8.8 24.5 36.3 9.8 2.9 11.9 49.3 13.0
25 to 29 years............... 52 (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)
30 to 34 years............... 50 (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)
35 to 44 years.................. 89 100.0 10.0 20.7 9.4 31.6 21.2 6.1 0.9 9.7 28.2 6.9
45 to 64 years................. 91 100.0 28.8 18.9 17.6 10.6 15.7 3.6 4.8 8.1 24.1 8.4
65 years and over............... 19 (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B' (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)

Other Spanish Origin1

Total, 14 years and over... 846 100.0 4.7 10.9 11.2 21.0 26.5 12.9 12.8 12.1 52.2 25.7
14 to 19 years.................... 176 100.0 11.4 21.6 55.7 8.5 2.3 9.9 10.8 2.3
20 to 24 years ................... 82 100.0 3.7 2.4 2.4 15.9 40.2 31.7 6.1 12.6 78.0 37.8
25 years and over................ 588 100.0 6.5 12.1 9.5 11.4 29.9 13.4 17.5 12.4 60.8 30.9
25 to 34 years................. 181 100.0 1.1 3.9 3.3 12.2 36.5 19.3 23.2 12.8 79.0 42.5
25 to 29 years............... 93 100.0 5.4 4.3 17.2 38.7 15.1 20.4 12.6 74.2 35.5
30 to 34 years................ 88 100.0 2.3 3.4 2.3 6.8 35.2 23.9 27.3 13.0 86.4 51.2
35 to 44 years................. 153 100.0 3.9 7.8 10.5 11.1 31.4 15.7 19.6 12.5 66.7 35.3
45 to 64 years.................. 195 100.0 9.7 20.0 11.3 10.3 26.2 8.7 14.4 11.6 49.3 23.1
65 years and over............... 60 (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)

FEMALE

Spanish Origin

Total, 14 years and over... 3,777 100.0 14.0 15.5 12.1 22.0 25.4 7.9 3.1 10.0 36.5 11.1
14 to 19 years.................... 700 100.0 1.2 13.2 23.3 44.9 14.6 2.7 0.1 9.7 17.3 2.8
20 to 24 years................... 522 100.0 3.7 8.0 6.7 23.6 38.7 16.4 3.0 12.2 58.2 19.5
25 years and over................ 2,554 100.0 19.6 17.6 10.1 15.4 25.7 7.6 4.0 9.4 37.3 11.6
25 to 34 years.................. 885 100.0 7.1 15.1 7.5 18.6 34.9 12.2 4.5 12.0 51.6 16.7
25 to 29 years............... 483 100.0 5.7 12.4 6.8 16.6 40.2 13.5 4.7 12.2 58.4 18.3
30 to 34 years................ 402 100.0 9.0 18.4 8.1 21.1 28.7 10.i 4.2 11.0 43.4 14.7
35 to 44 years.................. 683 100.0 15.8 18.0 11.2 16.2 27.2 7.9 3.7 9.7 38.8 11.6
45 to 64 years.................. 746 100.0 26.4 20.5 12.5 14.1 19.4 3.7 3.5 8.2 26.5 7.1
65 years and over............... 240 100.0 54.2 16.7 9.6 5.3 7.2 2.7 4.2 4.3 14.1 6.9

Mexican Origin

Total, 14 years and over... 2,147 100.0 17.3 17.2 11.1 23.4 22.7 6.6 1.7 9.5 31.0 8.3
14 to 19 years.................... 439 100.0 1.5 14.3 22.8 45.6 13.4 2.3 0.2 9.7 15.9 2.4
20 to 24 years.................... 318 100.0 4.8 11.2 6.3 23.7 37.0 15.4 1.8 12.1 54.2 17.2
25 years and over................. 1,390 100.0 25.2 19.4 8.5 16.3 22.4 5.9 2.1 8.6 30.5 8.0
25 to 34 years................. 519 100.0 9.1 18.5 6.2 19.7 32.9 10.0 3.7 11.5 46.7 13.7
25 to 29 years................ 281 100.0 6.2 15.3 7.2 17.8 38.1 11.9 3.4 12.1 53.5 15.3
30 to 34 years................ 237 100.0 12.1 22.4 5.1 21.7 26.9 7.7 4.1 10.5 38.7 11.9
35 to 44 years.................. 353 100.0 20.6 20.8 10.4 18.2 22.9 5.8 1.4 8.8 30.0 7.2
45 to 64 years.................. 390 100.0 36.5 20.7 10.6 14.3 14.5 2.5 0.9 7.0 18.0 3.4
65 years and over............... 128 100.0 70.3 15.6 6.3 3.9 2.5 1.4 2.2 3.9 1.4
See footnote at end of table.








25

Table 8. YEARS OF SCHOOL COMPLETED BY PERSONS OF SPANISH ORIGIN 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER BY AGE,
SEX, AND TYPE OF SPANISH ORIGIN, FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976-Continued

(For meaning of symbols, see text)

Years of school completed Percent
high school
Sex, type of Spanish Elementary school High school College Median Percent graduates,
origin, and age Total school high one or more
(thou- 0 to 4 5 to 7 8 1 to 3 4 1 to 3 4 years years school years of
sands) Percent years years years years years years or more completed graduates college


FEMALE-Continued

Puerto Rican Origin

Total, 14 years and over... 599 100.0 14.4 15.2 15.6 25.8 21.3 5.8 1.7 9.4 28.9 7.5
14 to 19 years.................... 107 100.0 1.5 10.7 24.9 42.6 18.1 2.2 9.9 20.3 2.2
20 to 24 years................... 87 100.0 4.4 4.8 12.4 31.7 34.7 12.1 11.4 46.8 12.1
25 years and over ................ 405 100.0 20.0 18.7 13.9 20.1 19.3 5.4 2.6 8.8 27.3 8.0
25 to 34 years.................. 150 100.0 8.7 19.3 11.3 22.0 26.7 9.3 3.3 10.2 40.0 13.1
25 to 29 years................ 81 100.0 9.2 16.1 8.5 18.3 33.0 10.4 4.6 11.5 47.9 14.9
30 to 34 years................ 69 (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)
35 to 44 years.................. 126 100.0 20.3 15.6 16.4 20.7 20.2 4.0 2.7 8.9 27.0 6.7
45 to 64 years................. 104 100.0 26.1 23.9 17.5 19.9 10.2 1.5 0.9 8.0 12.6 2.4
65 years and over.............. 24 (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)

Other Spanish Origin'

Total, 14 years and over... 1,030 100.0 6.7 12.0 12.0 16.9 33.5 12.0 6.9 12.1 52.4 18.9
14 to 19 years.................... 155 100.0 0.6 11.6 23.2 43.9 15.5 4.5 10.0 20.0 4.5
20 to 24 years.................... 116 100.0 1.7 3.4 17.2 46.6 22.4 8.6 12.6 77.6 31.0
25 years and over................ 759 100.0 8.7 13.7 11.1 11.3 35.3 12.0 8.0 12.1 55.3 20.0
25 to 34 years.................. 217 100.0 2.3 4.1 7.4 13.8 45.2 19.4 7.4 12.5 72.0 26.8
25 to 29 years............... 121 100.0 1.7 3.3 5.0 12.4 49.6 19.8 7.4 12.6 76.8 27.2
30 to 34 years................ 96 100.0 3.1 5.2 11.5 15.6 39.6 18.8 5.2 12.4 63.6 24.0
35 to 44 years................. 204 100.0 4.9 14.2 9.3 10.3 38.7 14.2 8.3 12.3 61.2 22.5
45 to 64 years................. 252 100.0 11.1 18.7 13.5 11.1 30.6 6.3 8.3 10.8 45.2 14.6
65 years and over............... 88 100.0 27.3 19.3 15.9 6.8 13.6 5.7 8.0 8.2 27.3 13.7

'Includes Cuban, Central or South American, and other Spanish origin.









Table 9. TOTAL EMPLOYED MALES AND EMPLOYED MALES OF SPANISH ORIGIN 25 TO 64 YEARS OLD
BY INCOME IN 1975, BROAD OCCUPATION GROUP, AND NUMBER OF SCHOOL YEARS COMPLETED,
FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976
(For meaning of symbols, see text)

Percent distribution by years of school completed

Elementary school High school College Median
Occupation and income Total school
population 0 to 4 5 to 7 1 to 3 1 to 3 4 years years
(thousands) Total years years 8 years years 4 years years or more completed

TOTAL POPULATION

Total employed................... 39,395 100.0 2.0 4.7 6.3 13.4 36.0 15.5 22.2 12.7
Under $3,000........................... 1,694 100.0 9.8 9.4 10.6 17.1 25.4 13.9 13.8 12.1
$3,000 to $5,999....................... 3,188 100.0 7.0 12.5 10.0 18.2 29.0 10.2 13.1 12.1
$6,000 to $9,999....................... 7,586 100.0 3.4 7.9 9.6 19.1 36.8 11.6 11.6 12.3
$10,000 to $14,999..................... 12,246 100.0 1.0 4.1 6.7 15.1 41.7 16.1 15.1 12.6
$15,000 and over....................... 14,681 100.0 0.3 1.2 2.9 7.5 33.4 18.4 36.4 13.8

White-collar workers............. 18,007 100.0 0.3 1.0 1.9 5.4 27.0 20.1 44.2 14.8
Under $6,000........................... 1,356 100.0 2.4 3.5 4.1 9.7 23.8 18.6 37.8 14.0
$6,000 and over........................ 16,651 100.0 0.1 0.8 1.7 5.1 27.3 20.2 44.7 14.9

Blue-collar workers.............. 17,193 100.0 3.0 7.6 9.7 20.8 44.9 11.1 2.9 12.2
Under $6,000........................... 2,235 100.0 8.9 15.1 12.0 23.5 28.5 9.0 2.8 10.8
$6,000 and over........................ 14,957 100.0 2.1 6.4 9.4 20.4 47.3 11.5 2.9 12.2

Service workers ................. 2,770 100.0 3.9 6.9 7.9 17.8 40.5 17.0 6.0 12.3
Under $6,000........................... 630 100.0 9.2 10.3 7.3 18.9 34.8 11.1 8.4 12.1
$6,000 and over........................ 2,141 100.0 2.4 5.8 8.1 17.4 42.2 18.7 5.4 12.4

Farm workers..................... 1,425 100.0 9.3 11.3 17.3 15.1 32.1 7.7 7.2 11.2
Under $6,000........................... 661 100.0 15.1 15.9 19.4 13.9 26.8 5.6 3.5 9.0
$6,000 and over........................ 764 100.0 4.3 7.3 15.4 16.1 36.8 9.6 10.5 12.2

SPANISH ORIGIN

Total employed ................... 1,651 100.0 13.6 16.5 8.2 16.1 25.3 10.3 10.1 10.9
Under $3,000........................... 100 100.0 35.0 16.0 8.0 16.0 12.0 8.0 6.0 7.8
$3,000 to $5,999....................... 272 100.0 26.1 25.4 8.5 17.3 16.5 3.3 3.3 7.8
$6,000 to $9,999....................... 567 100.0 14.1 21.3 9.2 17.8 23.3 9.3 4.9 9.8
$10,000 to $14,999..................... 449 100.0 7.1 11.8 8.5 17.1 31.0 14.3 10.5 12.2
$15,000 and over....................... 262 100.0 2.3 5.7 5.7 9.2 34.4 13.7 29.0 12.8

White-collar workers............. 418 100.0 2.4 7.4 5.0 10.0 23.4 18.9 32.8 13.3
Under $6,000........................... 52 (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)
$6,000 and over........................ 367 100.0 0.8 6.5 4.6 8.7 24.3 19.3 35.7 13.9

Blue-collar workers.............. 941 100.0 15.2 19.9 8.8 19.2 26.9 8.1 1.9 9.8
Under $6,000........................... 199 100.0 27.6 27.1 8.5 19.1 13.1 4.0 0.5 7.5
$6,000 and over........................ 743 100.0 11.8 17.9 8.9 19.2 30.6 9.2 2.3 10.6

Service workers.................. 196 100.0 10.2 17.9 13.3 15.8 30.1 7.1 5.6 10.3
Under $6,000........................... 63 (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)
$6,000 and over........................ 133 100.0 6.0 17.3 15.8 17.3 31.6 10.5 1.5 10.8

Farm workers ..................... 96 100.0 53.1 19.8 6.3 11.5 7.3 1.0 1.0 4.7
Under $6,000............................ 59 (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)
$6,000 and over........................ 37 (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)









Table 10. EMPLOYMENT STATUS AND MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP OF THE TOTAL AND SPANISH ORIGIN POPULATION 16 YEARS OLD AND
OVER BY SEX AND TYPE OF SPANISH ORIGIN, FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976

(For meaning of symbols, see text)

Both sexes Male Female

Employment status and Spanish origin Spanish origin Spanish origin
occupation Total Total Total
popula- Puerto popula- Puerto popula- Puerto
tion Total Mexican Rican Cuban Other1 tion Total Mexican Rican Cuban Other' tion Total Mexican Rican Cuban Other1

Persons 16 years old
and over..............thousands.. 154,094 6,681 3,906 1,015 522 1,237 73,260 3,150 1,912 453 237 549 80,834 3,530 1,995 561 286 688

In civilian labor
force..................thousands.. 93,063 3,936 2,393 473 320 750 55,246 2,420 1,517 301 183 419 37,817 1,516 876 171 137 331
Percent unemployed........ 8.1 11.4 11.8 14.0 11.6 8.4 7.8 10.7 10.5 14.3 12.0 8.4 8.5 12.5 14.0 14.0 10.9 8.8

Employed..........thousands.. 85,533 3,486 2,110 406 282 686 50,924 2,160 1,358 259 160 384 34,609 1,325 753 148 122 303
Percent................... 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Professional, technical, and
kindred workers.................. 15.7 7.7 5.7 6.9 12.5 12.4 15.4 7.7 5.5 6.1 13.4 13.8 16.2 7.8 6.0 8.1 11.4 10.9
Managers and administrators,
except farm ..................... 10.8 5.3 4.7 3.9 4.6 8.3 14.2 6.7 5.6 5.9 5.1 12.0 5.7 3.1 3.2 0.5 4.0 3.6
Sales workers ..................... 6.3 3.7 3.0 4.0 5.2 4.8 6.1 3.0 2.1 3.8 5.3 4.7 6.6 4.8 4.8 4.5 4.9 5.0
Clerical and kindred workers...... 18.0 15.7 13.9 14.8 16.9 21.1 6.3 6.4 4.9 6.3 10.3 10.2 35.1 30.8 30.1 29.7 25.4 35.0
Craft and kindred workers.......... 12.8 13.0 13.4 10.5 11.2 14.1 20.5 19.4 19.1 15.0 18.0 23.7 1.4 2.7 3.0 2.7 2.1 1.7
Operatives, including transport... 15.1 26.2 26.7 30.1 30.5 20.6 17.0 26.5 29.0 27.6 21.6 18.5 12.0 25.8 22.3 34.5 42.4 23.4
Laborers, excluding farm........... 4.7 7.7 9.8 6.1 4.9 3.5 7.1 11.6 14.3 8.5 7.6 5.5 1.1 1.5 1.7 1.8 1.4 0.7
Farmers and farm managers.......... 1.6 0.3 0.4 0.1 2.6 0.4 0.6 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 -
Farm laborers and supervisors..... 1.3 3.9 5.9 1.7 0.4 1.6 5.3 7.8 2.7 0.5 0.7 1.5 2.5 0.3
Service workers. .................. 13.9 16.5 16.4 21.9 14.2 14.7 9.0 13.1 10.9 24.0 18.6 11.5 21.0 22.1 26.3 18.2 8.3 19.1

1Includes Central or South American and other Spanish origin.










Table 11. INCOME IN 1975 OF ALL PERSONS AND OF PERSONS OF SPANISH ORIGIN 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER BY TYPE OF
SPANISH ORIGIN AND SEX, FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976

(Numbers in thousands. For meaning of symbols, see text)

Spanish origin

Sex and income Central Not of
Puerto or South Other Spanish
Total Total Mexican Rican Cuban American Spanish origin'

BOTH SEXES

Total persons, 14 years old and over... 162,542 7,192 4,215 1,101 552 510 813 155,351

Total persons with income............. 132,041 5,324 3,143 773 432 370 607 126,717
Percent ............................ 100.0 100.0 100.0 103.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

$1 to $999 or loss.......................... 11.8 12.3 13.7 8.9 9.5 7.4 14.5 11.8
$1,000 to $1,499. ........................... 5.0 5.9 7.1 3.5 5.7 3.8 4.4 5.0
$1,500 to $1,999............................ 4.8 5.8 5.7 5.4 9.3 3.7 5.8 4.8
$2,000 to $2,499........................... 5.4 5.3 5.4 4.7 5.1 5.7 5.6 5.4
$2,500 to $2,999............................ 4.1 4.3 4.3 6.3 3.9 3.3 2.6 4.1
$3,000 to $3,499............................ 4.6 5.2 5.4 6.1 3.4 4.3 4.8 4.5
$3,500 to $3,999............................ 3.4 4.3 4.5 4.7 3.9 4.2 3.0 3.4
$4,000 to $4,999............................ 6.8 8.6 8.0 12.0 7.4 10.4 7.3 6.7
$5,000 to $5,999............................ 6.2 7.8 7.9 8.7 9.7 7.1 5.5 6.1
$6,000 to $6,999............................ 5.5 7.1 6.2 8.5 7.9 11.7 7.0 5.4
$7,000 to $7,999........................... 5.0 6.3 5.6 8.6 6.9 6.8 6.3 5.0
$8,000 to $8,999............................ 4.7 5.0 4.6 5.5 4.7 7.9 4.8 4.7
$9,000 to $9,999............................ 3.9 4.4 4.4 4.4 3.6 3.6 5.3 3.9
$10,000 to $11,999.......................... 7.1 6.0 5.9 6.0 6.6 6.3 6.1 7.2
$12,000 to $14,999.......................... 8.2 5.8 5.6 4.1 5.9 8.4 6.9 8.3
$15,000 to $19,999.......................... 7.5 4.0 4.0 1.9 4.3 3.9 6.1 7.6
$20,000 to $24,999.......................... 3.0 0.9 0.9 0.3 1.2 0.4 1.8 3.1
$25,000 to $49,999.......................... 2.6 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.6 1.1 1.8 2.6
$50,000 and over........................... 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.5
Median income .....................dollars.. 5,664 4,788 4,475 4,871 5,183 6,020 5,350 5,712
Mean income....................... dollars.. 7,705 5,945 5,693 5,627 6,185 6,727 7,008 7,779


MALE

Total persons, 14 years old and over... 77,560 3,415 2,067 502 251 218 378 74,145

Total persons with income............. 71,234 2,945 1,817 391 222 195 320 68,289
Percent............................. 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

$1 to $999 or loss ......................... 7.5 8.4 8.8 7.8 7.6 3.1 10.4 7.5
$1,000 to $1,499. ........................... 2.6 3.7 4.4 2.6 3.1 2.6 2.6 2.5
$1,500 to $1,999............................ 2.8 3.5 3.5 2.9 5.2 2.5 3.3 2.8
$2,000 to $2,499............................ 3.3 3.9 4.2 3.1 1.8 3.3 4.8 3.2
$2,500 to $2,999............................ 2.9 3.4 3.2 5.0 4.3 0.8 3.2 2.8
$3,000 to $3,499............................ 3.4 3.8 4.3 3.3 1.4 2.3 4.2 3.3
$3,500 to $3,999............................ 2.5 3.0 3.6 2.3 2.5 1.6 1.9 2.5
$4,000 to $4,999 ........................... 5.4 6.9 7.0 7.9 5.9 8.6 4.8 5.4
$5,003 to $5,999............................ 5.4 7.4 8.0 7.8 8.5 5.3 3.9 5.3
$6,000 to $6,999............................ 5.0 7.8 6.9 .10.5 9.0 12.4 6.4 4.9
$7,000 to $7,999............................ 5.0 7.9 7.2 10.9 8.4 10.2 6.6 4.9
$8,000 to $8,999 ........................... 5.1 6.2 5.7 7.6 6.1 11.9 4.4 5.0
$9,000 to $9,999............................ 4.6 6.3 6.3 6.7 5.2 5.1 7.3 4.5
$10,000 to $11,999.......................... 9.5 9.0 9.0 9.7 8.7 7.6 8.9 9.5
$12,000 to $14,999.......................... 12.3 9.0 8.7 6.7 9.9 13.0 10.2 12.4
$15,000 to $19,999.......................... 12.3 6.7 6.6 3.7 8.1 6.5 9.7 12.5
$20,000 to $24,999.......................... 5.2 1.6 1.6 0.6 2.3 0.8 3.2 5.4
$25,000 to $49,999.......................... 4.5 1.2 0.9 0.8 1.2 2.0 3.4 4.7
$50,000 and over........................... 0.9 0.3 0.3 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.9
Median income......................dollars.. 8,853 6,777 6,450 6,687 7,074 7,736 7,682 8,981
Mean income.......................dollars.. 10,429 7,680 7,355 7,042 8,200 8,709 9,312 10,548


FEMALE

Total persons, 14 years old and over... 84,982 3,777 2,147 599 302 293 435 81,206

Total persons with income............. 60,807 2,380 1,326 382 210 175 287 58,428
Percent............................. 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

$1 to $999 or loss.......................... 16.9 17.2 20.5 9.9 11.6 12.2 19.0 16.8
$1,000 to $1,499............................ 7.8 8.6 10.8 4.5 8.5 5.3 6.4 7.8
$1,500 to $1,999............................ 7.2 8.7 8.7 8.0 13.6 4.9 8.6 7.1
$2,000 to $2,499............................ 7.9 7.1 7.0 6.3 8.5 8.4 6.5 7.9
$2,500 to $2,999............................ 5.6 5.5 5.9 7.8 3.4 6.0 2.0 5.6
$3,000 to $3,499............................ 6.0 6.9 7.0 8.9 5.4 6.4 5.5 6.0
$3,500 to $3,999............................ 4.4 5.9 5.9 7.1 5.4 7.0 4.2 4.4
$4,000 to $4,999............................ 8.3 10.7 9.4 16.1 9.0 12.4 10.1 8.2
$5,000 to $5,999. ........................... 7.1 8.3 7.7 9.6 10.9 9.0 7.3 7.1
$6,000 to $6,999............................ 6.1 6.2 5.1 6.5 6.7 10.9 7.7 6.1
$7,000 to $7,999............................ 5.1 4.3 3.5 6.2 5.4 3.0 5.9 5.1
$8,000 to $8,999............................ 4.2 3.5 3.2 3.5 3.1 3.4 5.3 4.3
$9,000 to $9,999............................ 3.1 2.0 1.7 2.1 2.0 1.9 3.0 3.2
$10,000 to $11,999 ......................... 4.4 2.4 1.7 2.2 4.4 5.0 2.9 4.5
$12,000 to $14,999.......................... 3.4 1.8 1.4 1.5 1.7 3.3 3.1 3.5
$15,000 to $19,999.......................... 1.8 0.6 0.5 0.4 1.0 2.0 1.8
$20,000 to $24,999.......................... 0.4 (Z) 0.3 0.4
$25,000 to $49,999.......................... 0.2 (Z) 0.1 -- 0.3
$50,003 and over............................ () (Z)
Median income .....................dollars.. 3,385 3,202 2,750 3,837 3,407 3,987 3,728 3,394
Mean income .......................dollars.. 4,513 3,798 3,414 4,181 4,058 4,526 4,432 4,542

'Includes persons who did not know or did not report on origin.









Table 12. INCOME IN 1975 OF PERSONS OF SPANISH AND MEXICAN ORIGIN 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER BY AGE AND SEX,
FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976

(For meaning of symbols, see text)

Number of
Number persons Median Mean
Type of Spanish origin, of with income of income of
sex, and age persons income $1 to $1,000 $2,000 $3,000 $4,000 $5,000 $7,000 $8,000 $10,000 $15,000 $25,000 persons persons
(thou- (thou- $999 to to to to to to to to to and with with
sands) sands) Percent or loss $1,999 $2,999 $3,999 $4,999 $6,999 $7,999 $9,999 $14,999 $24,999 over income income

SPANISH ORIGIN

Male, 14 years and over...... 3,415 2,945 100.0 8.4 7.2 7.3 6.8 6.9 15.2 7.9 12.5 18.0 8.3 1.5 $6,777 $7,680
14 to 24 years..................... 1,214 769 100.0 26.1 14.3 10.4 7.0 7.2 13.6 6.0 8.1 6.0 1.0 0.1 2,910 3,959
25 to 44 years ..................... 1,323 1,307 100.0 1.9 2.2 3.4 5.0 5.6 17.3 10.5 15.4 24.6 12.1 1.8 8,530 9,436
45 to 64 years..................... 698 689 100.0 2.8 6.3 5.6 5.9 8.2 15.0 6.5 13.3 22.4 11.0 2.9 7,940 9,292
65 years and over .................. 181 179 100.0 0.9 16.4 27.7 22.5 9.8 7.5 2.2 7.4 3.4 1.4 0.9 3,215 4,630

Female, 14 years and over.... 3,777 2,380 100.0 17.2 17.3 12.6 12.8 10.7 14.5 4.3 5.5 4.2 0.6 3,202 3,798
14 to 24 years..................... 1,222 645 100.0 31.9 19.7 13.1 10.8 8.6 9.2 2.4 3.1 1.1 1,922 2,613
25 to 44 years..................... 1,568 1,030 100.0 12.5 10.7 9.2 14.3 13.7 18.5 5.8 7.6 6.7 1.1 0.1 4,244 4,652
45 to 64 years..................... 746 499 100.0 10.6 17.0 14.6 13.1 10.1 17.9 5.5 5.8 4.4 1.0 3,506 4,159
65 years and over .................. 240 206 100.0 11.0 44.5 23.2 11.0 4.3 3.2 0.3 1.6 0.8 1,897 2,359

MEXICAN ORIGIN

Male, 14 years and over...... 2,067 1,817 100.0 8.8 7.9 7.4 7.9 7.0 14.9 7.2 12.0 17.7 8.2 1.2 6,450 7,355
14 to 24 years..................... 756 522 100.0 25.7 14.6 9.7 8.5 7.6 13.4 6.1 6.5 6.6 1.2 0.1 2,999 3,955
25 to 44 years...................... 798 789 100.0 1.9 2.6 3.6 6.4 5.9 17.2 9.0 15.9 23.9 12.6 1.1 8,456 9,087
45 to 64 years...................... 411 405 100.0 2.1 7.2 6.2 5.9 7.6 14.2 6.3 13.1 24.0 10.8 2.6 8,057 9,115
65 years and over.................. 102 102 100.0 1.4 16.7 29.4 24.3 9.9 7.7 2.3 4.8 1.6 0.8 0.9 3,112 4,354

Female, 14 years and over.... 2,147 1,326 100.0 20.5 19.5 12.9 12.9 9.4 12.8 3.5 4.9 3.1 0.5 0.1 2,750 3,414
14 to 24 years ..................... 757 415 100.0 33.4 21.1 13.6 10.9 9.2 7.4 1.6 2.4 0.6 1,790 2,387
25 to 44 years...................... 872 561 100.0 15.2 13.2 10.3 14.3 10.6 17.4 5.2 7.2 5.5 1.0 0.1 3,800 4,310
45 to 64 years...................... 390 236 100.0 14.8 20.9 12.1 12.9 9.4 16.8 4.4 4.9 3.4 0.3 3,139 3,627
65 years and.over.................. 128 114 100.0 11.5 41.6 25.8 12.6 3.6 2.1 2.9 1,927 2,308






30

Table 13. INCOME IN 1975 OF PERSONS OF SPANISH AND MEXICAN ORIGIN 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER

BY RESIDENCE AND SEX, FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976

(For meaning of symbols, see text)

In metropolitan areas
Type of Spanish origin, sex, and income Outside me
In Outside metropolitan
Total Total central cities central cities areas

SPANISH ORIGIN

Both Sexes

Number of persons.............thousands.. 7,192 5,961 3,608 2,354 1,230

Number of persons with income
thousands.. 5,324 4,426 2,670 1,757 898
Percent............................ 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

$1 to $999 or loss....................... 12.3 10.9 10.0 12.4 19.2
$1,000 to $1,499......................... 5.9 5.6 5.6 5.5 7.7
$1,500 to $1,999......................... 5.8 5.7 6.3 4.8 6.4
$2,000 to $2,499......................... 5.3 5.3 5.5 4.9 5.6
$2,500 to $2,999......................... 4.3 4.2 4.6 3.5 5.1
$3,000 to $3,499......................... 5.2 5.1 5.4 4.6 5.7
$3,500 to $3,999......................... 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.4 5.0
$4,000 to $4,999......................... 8.6 8.9 9.4 8.2 7.0
$5,000 to $5,999......................... 7.8 7.7 8.0 7.2 8.2
$6,000 to $6,999......................... 7.1 7.3 7.6 6.9 6.1
$7,000 to $7,999......................... 6.3 6.6 7.0 6.0 4.7
$8,000 to $8,999......................... 5.0 5.2 5.3 5.1 3.8
$9,000 to $9,999......................... 4.4 4.5 4.1 5.3 3.5
$10,000 to $11,999....................... 6.0 6.4 6.1 6.7 4.4
$12,000 to $14,999....................... 5.8 6.1 5.5 6.9 4.2
$15,000 to $19,999....................... 4.0 4.2 3.8 5.0 2.7
$20,000 to $24,999....................... 0.9 1.1 0.9 1.3 0.3
$25,000 to $49,999 ....................... 0.7 0.7 0.6 1.0 0.5
$50,000 and over......................... 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Median income...................dollars.. 4,788 5,018 4,908 5,228 3,546
Mean income.....................dollars.. 5,945 6,175 6,006 6,431 4,814


Male

Number of persons.............thousands.. 3,415 2,815 1,673 1,142 600

Number of persons with income
thousands.. 2,945 2,407 1,420 987 538
Percent............................ 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

$1 to $999 or loss....................... 8.4 7.6 7.3 8.2 11.6
1,000 to $1,499.......................... 3.7 3.5 3.8 2.9 4.9
$1,500 to $1,999......................... 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.2 4.1
$2,000 to $2,499......................... 3.9 3.7 3.8 3.4 4.8
$2,500 to $2,999......................... 3.4 3.0 3.3 2.5 5.1
$3,000 to $3,499........... ........... .. 3.8 3.4 3.2 3.6 5.8
$3,500 to $3,999......................... 3.0 2.7 2.4 3.2 4.4
$4,000 to $4,999......................... 6.9 7.0 7.2 6.6 6.6
$5,000 to $5,999......................... 7.4 7.0 7.1 6.8 9.1
$6,000 to $6,999......................... 7.8 7.9 8.7 6.8 7.6
$7,000 to $7,999......................... 7.9 8.1 8.6 7.5 6.8
$8,000 to $8,999 ......................... 6.2 6.5 6.6 6.3 5.1
$9,000 to $9,999......................... 6.3 6.5 6.1 7.1 5.4
$10,000 to $11,999....................... 9.0 9.5 9.8 9.2 6.5
$12,000 to $14,999....................... 9.0 9.6 9.0 10.4 6.3
$15,000 to $19,999....................... 6.7 7.2 6.7 8.0 4.3
$20,000 to $24,999....................... 1.6 1.9 1.7 2.2 0.4
$25,000 to $49,999....................... 1.2 1.3 1.1 1.7 0.9
$50,000 and over......................... 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4

Median income...................dollars.. 6,777 7,119 6,974 7,356 5,307
Mean income.....................dollars.. 7,680 8,004 7,832 8,251 6,230






31

Table 13. INCOME IN 1975 OF PERSONS OF SPANISH AND MEXICAN ORIGIN 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER
BY RESIDENCE AND SEX, FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976-Continued

(For meaning of symbols, see text)

In metropolitan areas Outside
In metropolitan areasetropolitan
Type of Spanish origin, Outside
sex, and income In Outside metropolitan
T.otal Total central cities central cities areas

SPANISH ORIGIN--Continued

Female

Number of persons.............thousands.. 3,777 3,146 1,935 1,211 630

Number of persons with income
thousands.. 2,380 2,019 1,250 770 360
Percent............................ 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

$1 to $999 or loss....................... 17.2 14.9 13.0 17.9 30.5
$1,000 to $1,499......................... 8.6 8.1 7.6 8.8 11.8
$1,500 to $1,999......................... 8.7 8.5 9.6 6.9 9.8
$2,000 to $2,499 ......................... 7.1 7.1 7.3 6.8 6.8
$2,500 to $2,999......................... 5.5 5.6 6.2 4.7 5.0
$3,000 to $3,499......................... 6.9 7.2 7.9 5.9 5.6
$3,500 to $3,999......................... 5.9 5.9 6.0 5.8 5.9
$4,000 to $4,999.......................... 10.7 11.3 11.9 10.3 7.6
$5,000 to $5,999......................... 8.3 8.6 9.1 7.7 6.8
$6,000 to $6,999......................... 6.2 6.7 6.4 7.1 3.8
$7,000 to $7,999......................... .4.3 4.8 5.3 4.1 1.6
$8,000 to $8,999 ......................... 3.5 3.8 3.9 3.6 1.9
$9,000 to $9,999......................... 2.0 2.2 1.8 2.9 0.6
$10,000 to $11,999....................... 2.4 2.6 2.0 3.6 1.1
$12,000 to $14,999....................... 1.8 1.9 1.6 2.5 1.0
$15,000 to $19,999 ....................... 0.6 0.7 0.5 1.1 0.2
$20,000 to $24,999....................... (Z) (Z) 0.1
$25,000 to $49,999 ....................... (Z) (Z) 0.1
$50,000 and over.........................

Median income...................dollars.. 3,202 3,403 3,397 3,416 1,894
Mean income .....................dollars.. 3,798 3,994 3,931 4,097 2,701


MEXICAN ORIGIN

Both Sexes

Number of persons.............thousands.. 4,215 3,217 1,776 1,441 998

Number of persons with income
thousands.. 3,143 2,408 1,344 1,064 735
Percent............................ 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

$1 to $999 or loss....................... 13.7 12.1 11.8 12.6 18.9
$1,000 to $1,499......................... 7.1 6.8 7.1 6.5 7.9
$1,500 to $1,999.......................... 5.7 5.6 5.9 5.2 6.1
$2,000 to $2,499.......................... 5.4 5.2 5.5 4.9 5.8
$2,500 to $2,999......................... 4.3 4.2 4.4 4.0 4.8
$3,000 to $3,499......................... 5.4 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.4
$3,500 to $3,999......................... 4.5 4.3 4.1 4.6 5.3
$4,000 to $4,999......................... 8.0 8.1 7.8 8.4 7.8
$5,000 to $5,999......................... 7.9 7.6 7.2 8.1 8.9
$6,000 to $6,999......................... 6.2 6.2 7.1 5.1 6.0
$7,000 to $7,999......................... 5.6 5.9 6.2 5.6 4.5
$8,000 to $8,999.......................... 4.6 4.9 4.9 4.9 3.7
$9,000 to $9,999......................... 4.4 4.6 4.3 5.0 3.6
$10,000 to $11,999....................... 5.9 6.4 6.2 6.7 4.3
$12,000 to $14,999....................... 5.6 6.1 5.8 6.4 4.1
$15,000 to $19,999....................... 4.0 4.5 4.7 4.4 2.4
$20,000 to 24,999........................ 0.9 1.1 1.0 1.3 0.2
$25,000 to 49,999........................ 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.1
$50,000 and over......................... 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1

Median income...................dollars.. 4,475 4,774 4,756 4,796 3,605
Mean income.....................dollars.. 5,693 6,013 6,000 6,030 4,644






32

Table 13. INCOME IN 1975 OF PERSONS OF SPANISH AND MEXICAN ORIGIN 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER
BY RESIDENCE AND SEX, FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976-Continued

(For meaning of symbols, see text)

In metropolitan areas
Outside
Type of Spanish origin, sex, and income In Outside metropolitan
Total Total central cities central cities areas

MEXICAN ORIGIN--Continued

Male

Number of persons.............thousands.. 2,067 1,571 868 703 496

Number of persons with income
thousands.. 1,817 1,375 765 610 442
Percent............................. 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

$1 to $999 or loss ....................... 8.8 7.9 8.0 7.9 11.4
$1,000 to $1,499.......................... 4.4 4.1 4.4 3.8 5.1
$1,500 to $1,999..................... .... 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.3 3.7
$2,000 to $2,499.......................... 4.2 3.9 4.6 3.2 4.9
$2,500 to $2,999......................... 3.2 2.7 3.2 2.1 4.6
$3,000 to $3,499.......................... 4.3 3.9 3.3 4.7 5.6
$3,500 to $3,999..................... ... 3.6 3.1 2.6 3.8 4.9
$4,000 to $4,999............... ............ 7.0 6.8 6.2 7.6 7.4
$5,000 to $5,999 ......................... 8.0 7.4 6.9 7.9 10.0
$6,000 to $6,999.......................... .6.9 6.8 7.7 5.6 7.3
$7,000 to $7,999 ......................... 7.2 7.4 7.4 7.3 6.6
$8,000 to $8,999.......................... 5.7 5.8 5.3 6.4 5.3
$9,000 to $9,999.......................... 6.3 6.5 6.4 6.6 5.8
$10,000 to $11,999....................... 9.0 9.8 10.0 9.6 6.5
$12,000 to $14,999..................... .. 8.7 9.5 9.5 9.5 6.2
$15,000 to $19,999........................ 6.6 7.5 7.9 7.1 3.9
$20,000 to $24,999 ....................... 1.6 2.0 1.7 2.3 0.4
$25,000 to $49,999........................ 0.9 1.1 1.0 1.2 0.2
$50,000 and over......................... 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.2

Median income....................dollars.. 6,450 6,970 6,945 7,011 5,237
Mean income............ ..... ..dollars.. 7,355 7,805 7,846 7,753 5,959


Female

Number of persons.............thousands.. 2,147 1,645 907 738 502

Number of persons with income
thousands.. 1,326 1,033 580 453 293
Percent.................. ............. 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

$1 to $999 or loss......... .. ..... ..... 20.5 17.7 16.7 19.0 30.3
$1,000 to $1,499.......................... 10.8 10.4 10.5 10.1 12.3
$1,500 to $1,999.......................... 8.7 8.4 9.0 7.7 9.6
$2,000 to $2,499......................... 7.0 7.0 6.8 7.2 7.3
$2,500 to $2,999 ......................... 5.9 6.2 5.9 6.5 5.0
$3,000 to $3,499......................... 7.0 7.5 8.2 6.6 5.1
$3,500 to $3,999......................... 5.9 5.9 6.1 5.6 5.9
$4,000 to $4,999......................... 9.4 9.7 9.8 9.5 8.3
$5,000 to $5,999 ......................... 7.7 7.8 7.5 8.3 7.1
$6,000 to $6,999...................... .... 5.1 5.5 6.3 4.5 3.9
$7,000 to $7,999 ......................... 3.5 4.1 4.6 3.3 1.4
$8,000 to $8,999..................... .... 3.2 3.7 4.4 2.8 1.4
$9,000 to $9,999......................... 1.7 2.1 1.6 2.8 0.3
$10,000 to $11,999....................... 1.7 1.8 1.2 2.7 1.1
$12,000 to $14,999........................ 1.4 1.6 1.0 2.3 0.8
$15,000 to $19,999....................... 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.7 0.3
$20,000 to $24,999.. ................... -
$25,000 to $49,999....................... 0.1 0.1 0.2
$50,000 and over......................... -


3,057
3,565


Median income ...................dollars..
Mean income ..................... dollars..


2,750
3,414


3,019
3,629


2,959
3,710


1,885
2,655










Table 14. INCOME IN 1975 OF PERSONS OF SPANISH AND MEXICAN ORIGIN 25 YEARS OLD AND

OVER BY SEX AND NUMBER OF SCHOOL YEARS COMPLETED, FOR THE UNITED STATES:

MARCH 1976

(Numbers in thousands. For meaning of symbols, see text)

Elementary school High school College Percent
Median completed
Type of Spanish origin, sex, and income 1 to 5 to 1 to 1 to 4 or school 4 years of
No 4 7 8 3 4 3 more years high school
Total years years years years years years years years completed or more

SPANISH ORIGIN

Both Sexes

Total persons, 25 years old and over..... 4,756 291 599 822 454 725 1,179 396 290 9.7 39.2
Total persons, 25 years old and
over with income...................... 3,911 231 486 661 378 589 965 335 267 9.8 40.1
Percent.............................. 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 (X) (X)

$1 to $999 or loss ............................ 6.4 9.7 8.0 7.6 5.9 6.3 5.8 4.8 2.8 8.6 31.8
$1,000 to $1,499............................... 4.9 14.8 7.8 5.4 5.0 4.0 2.7 1.4 3.9 7.0 21.6
$1,500 to $1,999............................... 5.0 14.3 10.4 5.0 6.7 3.7 1.8 3.4 1.4 6.6 16.6
$2,000 to $2,499............................... 4.9 11.3 8.8 4.6 5.7 4.8 2.6 3.4 2.2 7.7 22.2
$2,500 to $2,999 ............................... 4.0 10.4 4.9 5.8 4.5 3.1 2.4 2.0 2.0 7.5 22.3
$3,000 to $3,499............................... 5.3 6.5 7.1 8.5 5.9 5.9 2.5 4.4 2.8 7.9 22.0
$3,500 to $3,999............................... 4.5 6.8 6.9 4.7 4.4 4.6 3.6 2.4 2.7 8.4 28.8
$4,030 to $4,999 ............................... 8.9 7.4 11.3 11.3 11.1 9.1 7.8 6.4 3.2 8.6 30.4
$5,000 to $5,999 ............................... 8.4 7.9 8.7 9.2 10.4 10.6 9.5 2.9 2.5 9.2 32.7
$6,000 to $6,999............................... 7.7 3.2 6.2 9.0 9.3 7.6 8.0 9.7 5.3 10.2 41.3
$7,000 to $7,999 ............................... 7.0 1.7 6.1 6.2 6.5 9.1 8.9 6.7 4.8 11.1 44.3
$8,000 to $8,999 ............................... 5.8 2.8 40 5.8 5.0 5.8 7.9 6.7 4.4 11.6 48.4
$9,000 to $9,999................................ 4.8 0.4 2.3 5.2 4.3 5.5 6.3 6.7 4.1 12.0 49.8
$10,000 to $11,999............................. 7.3 1.6 3.9 5.6 5.9 8.4 8.8 12.4 9.6 12.1 53.5
$12,000 to $14,999............................. 7.4 1.0 2.5 3.8 5.3 6.9 10.5 14.2 15.9 12.4 65.6
$15,000 to $19,999............................. 5.2 1.2 1.7 3.3 3.6 8.6 10.7 13.0 12.6 75.2
$20,030 to $24,999............................. 1.2 0.6 0.7 0.7 1.6 1.3 6.8 (B) (B)
$25,030 to $49,999............................. 0.9 0.2 0.3 0.8 0.3 9.5 (B) (B)
$50,000 and over............................... 0.2 0.1 0.2 3.0 (B) (B)
Median income.........................dollars.. 5,725 2,491 3,724 4,750 5,073 5,794 7,370 8,370 11,621 (X) (X)
Mean income...........................dollars.. 6,884 3,193 4,412 5,491 5,796 6,474 7,991 8,724 14,155 (X) (X)

Male

Total persons, 25 years old and over..... 2,201 113 278 372 196 331 521 201 189 10.1 41.4
Total persons, 25 years old and
over with income...................... 2,176 110 274 369 196 329 513 198 188 10.1 41.3
Percent .............................. 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 103.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 (X) (X)

$1 to $999 or loss............................. 2.1 3.5 4.9 1.7 2.0 1.6 1.3 1.7 1.4 (B) (B)
$1,000 to $1,499............................... 2.2 9.8 3.7 2.1 2.1 1.8 1.0 0.8 1.6 (B) (B)
$1,500 to $1,999............................... 2.5 11.3 5.2 2.1 2.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 0.8 (B) (B)
$2,000 to $2,499............................... 3.2 11.6 6.8 2.3 4.2 2.9 0.8 2.5 1.8 (B) (B)
$2,500 to $2,999............................... 2.9 8.4 4.2 4.6 1.3 2.5 2.0 0.8 1.3 (B) (B)
$3,000 to $3,499............................... 3.9 5.4 6.1 4.8 5.8 5.6 1.1 1.9 2.5 8.2 16.7
$3,500 to $3,999............................... 2.9 9.8 6.3 3.8 2.9 1.6 1.0 1.3 1.4 (B) (B)
$4,000 to $4,999............................... 6.8 9.0 10.9 10.1 7.3 6.7 5.1 2.4 1.8 7.7 23.2
$5,000 to $5,999............................... 7.4 12.1 10.0 9.3 9.2 9.2 6.3 2.1 1.3 8.3 23.9
$6,000 to $6,999................................ 8.4 4.5 9.2 11.2 9.7 8.9 6.9 7.3 6.7 9.1 34.2
$7,000 to $7,999................................ 8.6 3.6 9.7 10.2 9.2 8.8 9.4 7.2 4.7 9.6 38.4
$8,000 to $8,999............................... 7.2 4.5 6.8 8.6 8.5 8.2 7.3 6.6 3.5 9.8 36.7
$9,000 to $9,999 ............................... 6.9 0.8 3.5 8.8 6.6 8.4 8.9 8.9 1.9 10.8 44.5
$10,000 to $11,999 ............................ 10.7 3.4 6.1 9.2 10.9 13.8 13.1 13.9 8.7 11.5 47.8
$12,000 to $14,999............................. 11.5 2.2 4.4 6.9 10.1 11.0 15.8 21.5 16.2 12.4 61.7
$15,000 to $19,999............................. 8.7 2.2 3.0 6.4 5.9 14.4 17.2 17.1 12.6 74.1
$20,000 to $24,999............................. 2.2 1.1 1.3 1.3 3.0 1.9 9.7 (B) (B)
$25,000 to $49,999. ............................ 1.6 0.4 0.5 1.3 0.5 13.5 (B) (B)
$50,000 and over............................... 0.4 0.2 0.4 4.3 (B) (B)
Median income.........................dollars.. 7,912 3,496 5,190 6,822 7,367 7,900 9,737 10,776 13,984 (X) (X)
Mean income ...........................dollars.. 8,994 4,121 5,613 7,270 7,841 8,268 10,239 10,931 17,167 (X) (X)

Female

Total persons, 25 years old and over..... 2,554 178 321 450 258 394 657 195 101 9.4 37.3
Total persons, 25 years old and
over with income...................... 1,735 121 212 292 182 260 452 137 79 9.5 38.5
Percent ................ ............ 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 (X) (X)

$1 to $999 or loss............................. 11.8 15.4 11.8 15.0 10.2 12.2 10.8 9.4 6.2 8.8 32.7
$1,000 to $1,499............................... 8.3 19.4 13.2 9.4 8.1 6.9 4.7 2.4 9.4 7.2 22.3
$1,500 to $1,999............................... 8.2 17.1 17.2 8.6 11.4 6.8 2.4 6.7 3.1 7.0 15.6
$2,000 to $2,499............................... 7.0 11.1 11.3 7.6 7.3 7.3 4.7 4.8 3.1 8.1 24.7
$2,500 to $2,999............................... 5.4 12.2 5.7 7.3 8.0 3.9 2.7 3.7 3.5 7.8 21.7
$3,000 to $3,499............................... 7.2 7.5 8.4 13.1 6.1 6.4 4.0 7.9 3.6 7.8 25.6
$3,500 to $3,999............................... 6.4 4.0 7.6 6.0 6.0 8.3 6.7 4.0 5.8 9.6 36.2
$4,000 to $4,999............................... 11.5 6.0 11.8 12.9 15.2 12.0 11.0 12.0 6.6 9.1 35.6
$5,000 to $5,999............................... 9.7 4.1 6.9 8.9 11.7 12.3 13.1 4.1 5.4 10.2 41.1
$6,000 to $6,999............................... 6.8 2.1 2.2 6.2 8.8 5.9 9.3 13.2 2.1 12.1 52.3
$7,000 to $7,999............................... 5.1 1.6 1.1 3.6 9.4 8.4 5.9 5.2 12.2 56.9
$8,000 to $8,999............................... 4.2 1.3 0.4 2.2 1.3 2.9 8.6 6.8 6.6 (B) (B)
$9,000 to $9,999 ................................ 2.2 0.7 0.6 1.8 1.8 3.2 3.5 9.3 (B) (B)
$10,000 to $11,999............................. 3.0 1.2 1.1 0.4 1.6 3.8 10.3 11.9 (B) (B)
$12,000 to $14,999............................. 2.4 1.7 4.4 3.6 15.1 (B) (B)
$15,000 to $19,999............................ 0.9 0.6 2.0 1.2 3.3 (B) (B)
$20,000 to $24,999............................. (Z) 0.6 (B) (B)
$25,000 to $49,999............................. () 0.2 (B) (B)
$50,000 and over............................... (B) (B)
Median income.........................dollars.. 3,666 1,946 2,346 3,080 3,406 3,895 5,231 4,923 7,258 (X) (X)
Mean income ..........................dollars.. 4,239 2,351 2,866 3,243 3,591 4,207 5,436 5,538 6,986 (X) (X)








34

Table 14. INCOME IN 1975 OF PERSONS OF SPANISH AND MEXICAN ORIGIN 25 YEARS OLD AND

OVER BY SEX AND NUMBER OF SCHOOL YEARS COMPLETED, FOR THE UNITED STATES:

MARCH 1976 -Continued

(Numbers in thousands. For meaning of symbols, see text)

Elementary school High school College Percent
Median completed
Type of Spanish origin, sex, and income 1 to 5 to 1 to I to 4 or school 4 years of
No 4 7 8 3 4 3 more years high school
Total years years years years years years years years completed or more

MEXICAN ORIGIN

Both Sexes

Total persons, 25 years old and over..... 2,701 231 422 522 222 426 586 185 107 8.8 32.5
Total persons, 25 years old and
over with income ..................... 2,206 183 335 409 185 346 483 160 104 8.9 33.9
Percent....................... ..... 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 (X) (X)

$1 to $999 or loss...................... ...... 7.2 9.0 9.4 9.7 7.2 6.4 5.4 5.2 0.8 7.5 22.2
$1,000 to $1,499............................... 6.0 15.7 8.5 6.3 5.7 5.2 2.9 0.5 5.2 6.1 15.4
$1,500 to $1,999................................ 4.8 14.0 9.0 4.1 6.2 3.6 0.8 2.5 0.7 4.6 8.3
$2,000 to $2,499................................ 5.0 10.6 8.7 3.8 5.4 3.7 2.7 3.8 3.1 5.9 20.5
$2,500 to $2,999............................... 4.0 10.1 4.7 5.4 3.9 2.6 2.3 3.2 0.8 6.7 18.9
$3,000 to $3,499................................ 5.6 6.3 6.6 8.4 6.3 6.0 2.5 4.5 2.4 7.4 18.0
$3,500 to $3,999................................ 4.6 8.1 6.0 4.6 4.9 4.5 3.5 2.1 3.0 7.6 23.0
$4,000 to $4,999................................ 7.9 6.6 9.7 9.6 9.4 8.3 6.4 6.3 2.6 8.2 25.0
$5,000 to $5,999................................ 8.7 7.3 8.3 9.9 10.0 10.5 10.3 2.9 1.7 8.8 29.1
$6,000 to $6,999 ............................... 6.7 3.6 5.7 8.0 7.2 7.0 7.0 9.6 2.5 9.2 35.0
$7,000 to $7,999................................ 6.3 1.7 6.0 5.5 6.1 8.7 7.9 6.4 2.6 10.3 37.1
$8,000 to $8,999................................ 5.7 3.1 5.3 5.5 4.0 4.9 7.9 7.2 5.7 10.9 44.3
$9,000 to $9,999............................... 5.1 0.5 2.8 6.0 4.3 6.4 6.0 7.1 6.4 10.6 42.0
$10,000 to $11,999............................. 7.3 2.0 4.8 5.8 5.2 8.5 10.3 10.1 11.8 11.7 48.6
$12,000 to $14,999.............................. 7.5 1.3 3.1 4.6 7.5 7.1 10.2 15.7 19.3 12.2 57.5
$15,000 to $19,999............................. 5.5 1.5 1.8 5.4 5.0 11.1 11.5 8.6 12.4 66.8
$20,000 to $24,999............................. 1.3 0.6 0.9 0.9 1.8 1.3 10.5 (B) (B)
$25,000 to $49,999.............................. 0.7 0.4 0.5 1.0 8.2 (B) (B)
$50,000 and over................................ 0.2 0.2 4.2 (B) (B)
Median income ........................dollars.. 5,575 2,534 3,757 4,799 5,104 5,916 7,781 8,408 12,115 (X) (X)
Mean income...........................dollars.. 6,726 3,280 4,600 5,558 6,154 6,740 8,450 8,668 14,201 (X) (X)

Male

Total persons, 25 years old and over..... 1,311 99 203 251 104 200 274 103 77 9.0 34.6
Total persons, 25 years old and
over with income...................... 1,296 96 200 248 104 198 271 102 77 9.0 34.7
Percent .............................. 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 (X) (X)

$1 to $999 or loss............................. 1.9 2.6 4.5 1.6 0.8 1.7 0.8 3.2 (B) (B)
$1,000 to $1,499............................... 2.5 10.5 3.9 1.2 2.4 2.1 0.7 0.8 2.8 (B) (B)
$1,500 to $1,999................................ 2.7 11.1 5.1 1.6 2.9 1.4 0.9 0.8 0.9 (B) (B)
$2,000 to $2,499............................... 3.6 12.4 6.8 2.7 4.0 2.0 0.6 1.9 3.0 (B) (B)
$2,500 to $2,999. ............................... 2.9 7.1 4.2 4.2 0.8 1.9 2.2 0.8 (B) (B)
$3,000 to $3,499................................ 4.3 6.2 6.3 5.5 6.5 5.5 1.4 2.4 (B) (B)
$3,500 to $3,999................................ 3.3 10.4 4.5 4.3 3.9 2.1 1.2 0.9 1.1 (B) (B)
$4,000 to $4,999............................... 6.8 7.6 10.0 10.6 7.4 6.1 3.9 2.5 1.0 6.6 16.0
$5,000 to $5,999 ............................. 8.0 12.2 9.8 10.2 8.7 10.1 5.4 2.3 1.2 7.6 17.3
$6,000 to $6,999................................ 7.5 5.1 8.4 10.6 6.3 9.1 5.3 7.8 3.4 8.1 25.6
$7,000 to $7,999................................ 7.6 3.3 9.7 8.7 8.5 7.0 8.2 6.8 3.6 8.6 32.3
$8,000 to $8,999................................ 6.9 4.3 8.5 8.2 6.3 5.6 7.1 8.0 4.6 8.5 34.4
$9,000 to $9,999................................ 7.2 0.9 3.9 9.3 6.9 10.1 8.7 9.4 2.3 9.8 37.2
$10,000 to $11,999 ............................. 10.8 3.9 6.8 9.3 9.4 13.6 15.7 12.6 10.6 10.8 45.2
$12,000 to $14,999 ............................. 11.3 2.5 5.1 7.6 13.3 11.3 15.0 20.6 22.9 12.1 53.9
$15,000 to $19,999 ............................. 8.8 2.6 3.0 9.7 8.0 18.2 17.1 11.7 12.4 66.2
$20,000 to $24,999.............................. 2.2 1.0 1.6 1.6 3.1 2.0 14.2 (B) (B)
$25,000 to $49,999 ............................. 1.2 0.8 0.8 1.5 11.1 (B) (B)
$50,000 and over............................... 0.4 0.3 5.7 (B) (B)
Median income.........................dollars.. 7,862 3,505 5,489 6,751 7,758 8,177 10,449 10,380 14,041 (X) (X)
Mean income...........................dollars.. 8,724 4,186 5,894 7,353 8,442 8,641 10,855 10,522 16,918 (X) (X)

Female

Total persons, 25 years old and over..... 1,390 133 219 270 119 227 312 82 30 8.6 30.5
Total persons, 25 years old and
over with income...................... 910 87 135 161 81 148 213 58 28 8.9 32.7
Percent.............................. 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 (B) (B) (X) (X)

$1 to $999 or loss............................. 14.6 16.1 16.7 22.0 15.5 12.7 11.2 (B) (B) 7.6 22.3
$1,000 to $1,499............................... 11.0 21.5 15.4 14.1 10.0 9.5 5.8 (B) (B) 6.5 15.5
$1,500 to $1,999.............................. 7.8 17.2 14.7 8.0 10.5 6.5 0.8 (B) (B) (B) (B)
$2,000 to $2,499............................... 7.0 8.6 11.5 5.6 7.2 6.1 5.5 (B) (B) (B) (B)
$2,500 to $2,999................................ 5.7 13.4 5.4 7.3 7.8 3.5 2.3 (B) (B) (B) (B)
$3,000 to $3,499............................... 7.3 6.5 7.1 12.8 6.0 6.6 4.0 (B) (B) (B) (B)
$3,500 to $3,999............................... 6.5 5.6 8.2 5.1 6.2 7.7 6.4 (B) (B) (B) (B)
$4,000 to $4,999 ............................... 9.4 5.5 9.1 8.0 12.0 11.3 9.4 (B) (B) 9.3 34.3
$5,000 to $5,999............................... 9.7 2.0 6.0 9.4 11.6 11.0 16.4 (B) (B) 10.7 43.0
$6,000 to $6,999............................... 5.6 2.0 1.8 4.2 8.4 4.3 9.2 (B) (B) (B) (B)
$7,000 to $7,999 ............................... 4.3 0.5 0.5 3.1 10.9 7.6 (B) (B) (B) (B)
$8,000 to $8,999............................... 4.0 1.8 0.6 1.5 0.9 4.0 9.0 (B) (B) (B) (B)
$9,000 to $9,999............................... 2.0 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.6 2.6 (B) (B) (B) (B)
$10,000 to $11,999. ........................... 2.3 1.8 0.5 1.7 3.4 (B) (B) (B) (B)
$12,000 to $14,999............................. 2.0 1.6 4.2 (B) (B) (B) (B)
$15,000 to $19,999 ............................. 0.7 1.0 1.9 (B) (B) (B) (B)
$20,000 to $24,999 ............................. (B) () (B) ) (B)
$25,000 to $49,999 ............................. 0.1 0.4 (B) (B) (B) (B)
$50,000 and over............................... (B) (B) (B) (B)
Median income.........................dollars.. 3,269 1,861 2,133 2,522 2,937 3,830 5,285 (B) (B) (X) (X)
Mean income...........................dollars.. 3,882 2,275 2,691 2,791 3,228 4,195 5,391 (B) (B) (X) (X)










Table 15. INCOME IN 1975 OF PERSONS OF SPANISH AND MEXICAN ORIGIN 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER

IN THE EMPLOYED CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE BY OCCUPATION OF LONGEST JOB IN 1975 AND SEX,
FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976

(Numbers in thousands. For meaning of symbols, see text)

Man- Farm Service
agers Trans- labor- workers,
Origin, sex, and income of persons Prof., admini- Cler- Opera- port Farmers ers except
in the civilian labor force tech., stra- cal Craft tives, equip- Labor- and and private Private
and tors, and and except ment ers, farm farm house- house-
Total kindred except Sales kindred kindred trans- opera- except man- super- hold hold
persons workers farm workers workers workers port tives farm agers visors workers workers

SPANISH ORIGIN

Both Sexes

Total persons, 14 years
old and over.................... 3,512 269 186 128 552 454 756 163 274 9 137 518 66
Total persons, 14 years old
and over with income.......... 3,399 266 181 120 528 451 733 163 268 9 136 488 57
Percent.................... 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 (B) 100.0 100.0 (B)

$1 to $999 or loss................... 6.2 2.7 2.4 16.9 8.3 3.0 4.2 4.0 6.6 (B) 2.9 8.7 (B)
$1,000 to $1,499.................... 3.9 3.4 0.9 4.3 3.0 1.5 3.6 2.0 6.6 (B) 2.4 6.1 (B)
$1,500 to $1,999 ....................... 2.8 1.2 1.2 4.3 4.0 1.4 2.8 1.1 2.9 (B) 5.7 2.7 (B)
$2,000 to $2,499 .. ..................... 3.0 2.4 0.9 5.4 2.8 0.2 2.7 1.6 2.0 (B) 7.5 6.0 (B)
$2,500 to $2,999................... 2.8 1.3 0.4 4.5 2.9 2.2 2.5 0.7 3.5 (B) 6.4 4.0 (B)
$3,000 to $3,499....................... 4.0 1.2 0.5 1.6 3.5 1.7 4.2 3.5 5.9 (B) 8.5 6.6 (B)
$3,500 to $3,999 ................... 3.5 2.5 3.6 5.0 3.5 0.6 4.6 2.1 2.1 (B) 8.3 4.1 (B)
$4,000 to $4,999................ ...... 8.3 4.5 4.2 7.4 8.8 5.9 10.1 10.5 9.2 (B) 7.4 11.3 (B)
$5,000 to $5,999.................. ... 9.1 5.9 5.1 6.9 9.2 6.0 12.9 8.3 9.4 (B) 19.5 8.7 (B)
$6,000 to $6,999........ ........ ... 9.1 5.9 5.3 2.7 10.6 8.8 10.3 10.4 7.7 (B) 6.7 12.1 (B)
$7,000 to $7,999 ..................... 8.7 5.7 7.3 8.2 9.7 8.8 10.7 11.9 10.9 (B) 4.2 6.9 (B)
$8,000 to $8,999... .................... 6.8 7.4 6.3 3.3 7.8 6.7 7.7 7.1 5.9 (B) 5.0 7.0 (B)
$9,000 to $9,999....................... 6.0 5.6 7.1 7.7 4.9 10.5 5.3 4.1 5.8 (B) 8.4 4.4 (B)
$10,000 to $11,999..................... 8.8 11.9 15.7 9.9 8.3 10.6 8.3 11.5 9.3 (B) 3.5 5.1 (B)
$12,000 to $14,999........... .... ..... 8.5 12.0 15.2 2.1 8.0 17.9 6.5 9.5 8.0 (B) 1.2 3.6 (B)
$15,000 to $19,999............. ... ... 5.9 12.5 12.4 4.9 4.2 11.8 3.2 11.2 3.2 (B) 1.8 2.1 (B)
$20,000 to $24,999................ .... 1.3 6.8 5.5 2.8 0.1 2.0 0.5 0.7 (B) 0.4 (B)
$25,000 to $49,999................ .. 0.9 4.7 4.9 2.1 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.4 (B) 0.6 0.1 (B)
$50,000 and over... .................. 0.3 2.3 1.0 0.2 0.1 (B) (B)
Median income ................ dollars.. 6,702 10,034 10,594 5,083 6,383 9,312 6,225 7,489 6,235 (B) 5,048 5,047 (B)
Mean income.................dollars.. 7,555 12,030 12,472 6,484 6,730 9,583 6,663 8,236 6,590 (B) 5,347 5,535 (B)

Male

Total persons, 14 years
old and over.................... 2,180 166 146 64 142 418 417 159 253 8 117 289 2
Total persons, 14 years old
and over with income. ......... 2,148 165 146 63 136 416 411 159 249 8 117 276 2
Percent ..................... 100.0 100.0 100.0 (B) 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 (B) 100.0 100.0 (B)

$1 to $999 or loss................... 4.0 1.4 1.8 (B) 5.6 2.7 3.6 4.1 6.5 (B) 2.7 4.9 (B)
$1,000 to $1,499....................... 2.6 2.0 1.1 (B) 1.3 1.6 1.7 2.0 6.5 (B) 2.8 3.3 (B)
$1,500 to $1,999 ..... ............... 2.0 0.5 0.5 (B) 2.5 1.3 0.9 0.6 2.8 (B) 5.9 3.6 (B)
$2,000 to $2,499 .................... 2.0 0.4 1.1 (B) 1.8 0.2 1.4 1.6 1.7 (B) 5.3 5.3 (B)
$2,500 to $2,999............ ....... 2.4 1.1 0.5 (B) 0.6 2.2 2.5 0.5 3.7 (B) 5.3 3.5 (B)
$3,000 to $3,499 ................... 2.5 0.6 (B) 1.8 2.1 3.6 5.4 (B) 6.6 3.7 (B)
$3,500 to $3,999 ... . ................. 2.2 2.7 3.9 (B) 2.7 0.6 1.6 2.1 1.9 (B) 5.9 3.5 (B)
$4,000 to $4,999.................. ..... 5.8 3.2 3.5 (B) 4.4 4.3 4.9 10.3 7.9 (B) 6.8 8.3 (B)
$5,000 to $5,999..................... 7.6 2.9 2.4 (B) 4.8 5.5 10.2 8.0 9.8 (B) 22.0 6.3 (B)
$6,000 to $6,999................... 8.6 5.2 3.9 (B) 7.9 8.2 9.6 10.6 7.9 (B) 7.8 13.6 (B)
$7,000 to $7,999................. ..... 9.4 4.8 6.9 (B) 10.2 8.0 12.8 12.1 11.4 (B) 4.9 9.8 (B)
$8,000 to $8,999....................... 7.3 6.7 5.4 (B) 7.0 6.3 10.5 6.7 5.1 (B) 5.8 9.1 (B)
$9,000 to $9,999.. .. .................... 7.7 4.8 6.0 (B) 5.8 11.1 8.3 4.2 6.3 (B) 9.8 6.7 (B)
$10,000 to $11,999......... ...... ... ... 11.6 11.1 19.0 (B) 15.8 11.3 12.9 11.8 10.0 (B) 4.1 8.2 (B)
$12,000 to $14,999 ..................... 11.6 12.2 16.6 (B) 16.8 19.2 11.2 9.7 8.6 (B) 1.4 5.6 (B)
$15,000 to $19,999..................... 8.6 19.1 12.5 (B) 10.4 12.8 5.6 11.4 3.4 (B) 2.1 3.7 (B)
$20,000 to $24,999.................... 2.1 10.6 6.8 (B) 0.6 2.1 0.5 0.7 (B) 0.7 (B)
$25,000 to $49,999................... 1.4 7.5 6.1 (B) 1.2 0.6 0.4 (B) 0.7 0.3 (B)
$50,000 and over........... ... ...... 0.4 3.7 1.2 (B) 0.6 0.2 (B) (B)
Median income................dollars.. 8,110 12,797 11,285 (B) 9,210 9,643 7,893 7,537 6,486 (B) 5,394 6,555 (B)
Mean income...................dollars.. 9,037 15,088 13,558 (B) 9,536 9,892 8,193 8,314 6,780 (B) 5,722 6,768 (B)

Female

Total persons, 14 years
old and over................... 1,332 103 41 63 410 36 340 4 21 1 20 230 65
Total persons, 14 years old
and over with income......... 1,251 102 35 56 392 35 322 4 19 1 19 212 55
Percent.................... 100.0 100.0 (B) (B) 100.0 (B) 100.0 (B) (B) (B) (B) 100.0 (B)

$1,or $999 or loss................. 10.0 4.8 (B) (B) 9.2 (B) 5.1 (B) (B) (a) (B) 13.7 (B)
$1,000 to $1,499..................... 6.2 5.5 (B) (B) 3.6 (B) 6.0 (B) (B) (B) (B) 9.8 (B)
$1,500 to $1,999...................... 4.3 2.3 (B) (B) 4.6 (B) 5.3 (B) (B) (B) (B) 1.5 (B)
$2,000 to $2,499................. 4.8 5.6 (B) (B) 3.1 (B) 4.4 (B) (B) (B) (B) 6.8 (B)
$2,500 to $2,999 ............ .... 3.5 1.6 (B) (B) 3.7 (B) 2.4 (B) (B) (B) (B) 4.6 (B)
$3,000 to $3,499............. ..... 6.4 3.2 (B) (B) 4.7 (B) 7.0 (B) (B) (B) (B) 10.5 (B)
$3,500 to $3,999.................... 5.5 2.3 (B) (B) 3.7 (B) 8.4 (B) (B) (B) (B) 5.0 (B)
$4,000 to $4,999 ... ................. 12.7 6.7 (B) (B) 10.3 (B) 16.8 (B) (B) (B) (B) 15.2 (B)
$5,000 to $5,999..................... 11.8 10.8 (B) (B) 10.8 (B) 16.3 (B) (B) (B) (B) 11.8 (B)
$6,000 to $6,999................... .. 9.8 7.1 (B) (B) 11.5 (B) 11.1 (B) (B) (B) (B) 10.0 (B)
$7,000 to $7,999................... .. 7.5 7.2 (B) (B) 9.5 (B) 8.1 (B) (B) (B) (B) 3.1 (B)
$8,000 to $8,999.................. .. 6.0 8.4 (B) (B) 8.0 (B) 4.1 (B) (B) (B) (B) 4.3 (B)
$9,000 to $9,999................ 3.1 6.9 (B) (B) 4.6 (B) 1.5 (B) (B) (B) (B) 1.5 (B)
$10,000 to $11,999.................. .. 4.0 13.3 (B) (B) 5.7 (B) 2.5 (B) (B) (B) (B) 1.1 (B)
$12,000 to $14,999.................. .. 3.2 11.5 (B) (B) 5.0 (B) 0.5 (B) (B) (B) (B) 0.9 (B)
$15,000 to $19,999.............. . 1.2 1.7 (B) (B) 2.1 (B). 0.3 (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)
$20,000 to $24,999................. .. 0.1 0.7 (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)
$25,000 to $49,999................. .. 0.1 (B) (B) (B) 0.3 (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)
$50,000 and over ................... (B) (B) (B) B) (B) (B) (B ) (B)
Median income................dollars.. 4,735 6,995 (B) (B) 5,658 (B) 4,685 (B) (B) (B) (B) 3,806 (B)
Mean income..................dollars.. 5,011 7,075 (B) (B) 5,757 (B) 4,706 (B) (B) (B) (B) 3,924 (B)










Table 15. INCOME IN 1975 OF PERSONS OF SPANISH AND MEXICAN ORIGIN 14YEARS OLD AND OVER

IN THE EMPLOYED CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE BY OCCUPATION OF LONGEST JOB IN 1975 AND SEX,

FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976-Continued

(Numbers in thousands. For meaning of symbols, see text)

Man- Farm Service
agers Trans- labor- workers,
Prof., admini- Cler- Opera- port Farmers ers except
Origin, sex, and income of persons tech., stra- ical Craft tives, equip- Labor- and and private Private
n the civilian labor force and tors, and and except meant ers, farm farm house- house-
Total kindred except Sales kindred kindred ndd trans- opera- except man- super- hold hold
persons workers farm workers workers workers port tives farm agers visors workers workers


MEXICAN ORIGIN

Both Sexes

Total persons, 14 years
old and over.................... 2,128 120 100 64 295 282 451 117 210 8 127 309 43
Total persons, 14 years old
and over with income......... 2,058 119 95 60 284 280 437 117 206 8 126 291 37
Percent................... 100.0 100.0 100.0 (B) 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 (B) 100.0 100.0 (B)

$1 to $999 or loss............... .. ... 7.0 2.7 2.8 (B) 9.0 3.0 4.6 5.0 6.6 (B) 3.1 12.5 (B)
$1,000 to $1,499....................... 4.9 3.6 1.7 (B) 3.7 1.2 4.1 2.0 7.9 (B) 2.5 8.4 (B)
$1,500 to $1,999 ................. .... 3.1 1.3 2.4 (B) 5.5 1.3 3.7 1.5 1.8 (B) 3.7 2.5 (B)
$2,000 to $2,499........... ........ 3.4 2.7 (B) 3.7 0.3 2.8 2.2 2.0 (B) 7.4 7.1 (B)
$2,500 to $2,999..................... 3.3 2.1 (B) 3.6 2.6 2.6 0.7 3.7 (B) 6.9 4.7 (B)
$3,000 to $3,499 ................... ... 4.4 2.1 (B) 3.5 1.5 3.9 4.2 7.2 (B) 8.1 7.4 (B)
$3,500 to $3,999............ ....... .... 3.8 2.8 4.0 (B) 3.7 0.9 4.1 2.9 2.3 (B) 8.9 4.6 (B)
$4,000 to $4,999............ ...... 8.4 4.3 6.3 (B) 12.3 5.7 8.7 9.7 10.8 (B) 8.0 9.6 (B)
$5,000 to $5,999 ............ ... ..... 9.6 6.0 6.3 (B) 9.8 6.9 12.4 8.0 8.0 (B) 18.9 9.8 (B)
$6,000 to $6,999.............. ...... 8.1 7.0 5.8 (B) 9.9 7.7 8.3 9.7 7.2 (B) 6.6 10.9 (B)
$7,000 to $7,999.............. .. .... 7.7 6.5 2.7 (B) 8.6 7.8 9.5 9.5 11.4 (B) 4.5 5.9 (B)
$8,000 to $8,999............. .. ...... 5.9 5.6 6.4 (B) 5.6 7.2 8.3 6.9 4.4 (B) 5.3 4.0 (B)
$9,000 to $9,999................. ... 5.9 6.9 7.2 (B) 4.1 10.2 5.4 4.0 5.9 (B) 9.0 3.5 (B)
$10,000 to $11,999. .............. .... 8.2 11.7 16.8 (B) 5.4 9.7 9.4 12.3 9.3 (B) 3.8 4.0 (B)
$12,000 to $14,999..................... 8.0 11.0 15.3 (B) 6.3 16.9 7.8 9.7 8.4 (B) 1.3 2.6 (B)
$15,000 to $19,999................ .... 5.9 8.6 10.6 (B) 4.4 14.3 4.1 11.1 2.7 (B) 1.9 2.0 (B)
$20,000 to $24,999.................. 1.4 10.1 5.3 (B) 2.0 0.7 0.4 (B) 0.4 (B)
$25,000 to $49,999 .................... 0.7 2.8 5.3 (B) 0.6 0.6 0.2 (B) 0.2 (B)
$50,000 and over....................... 0.3 2.1 1.0 (B) 0.3 0.2 (B) (B)
Median income.................dollars.. 6,269 9,471 10,517 (B) 5,508 9,385 6,376 7,431 5,981 (B) 5,072 4,299 (B)
Mean income................ dollars.. 7,172 11,040 11,370 (B) 6,251 9,793 6,920 8,178 6,399 (B) 5,319 4,891 (B)

Male

Total persons, 14 years
old and over.................. 1,370 75 76 28 68 259 282 116 196 8 108 152
Total persons, 14 years old
and over with income........ 1,350 75 76 28 65 257 278 116 194 8 108 144 1
Percent ...................... 100.0 100.0 100.0 (B) (B) 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 (B) 100.0 100.0 (B)

$1 to $999 or loss................... 4.4 2.2 1.4 (B) (B) 2.6 3.7 5.0 6.5 (B) 2.9 7.6 (B)
$1,000 to $1,499 ....................... 3.4 2.4 2.1 (B) (B) 1.3 2.0 2.0 7.5 (B) 3.0 5.9 (B)
$1,500 to $1,999...................... 1.8 1.0 1.0 (B) (B) 1.0 0.9 0.8 1.9 (B) 3.6 4.0 (B)
$2,000 to $2,499 ....................... 2.3 1.0 (B) (B) 0.3 1.7 2.2 2.1 (B) 5.0 6.5 (B)
$2,500 to $2,999.................... .. 2.8 1.2 (B) (B) 2.8 2.6 0.7 3.9 (B) 5.7 4.2 (B)
$3,000 to $3,499...................... 2.9 (B) (B) 1.7 2.4 4.3 6.5 (B) 5.9 3.0 (B)
$3,500 to $3,999............. .... ..... 2.8 3.4 3.9 (B) (B) 1.0 2.4 2.9 2.0 (B) 6.3 4.0 (B)
$4,000 to $4,999 ....................... 6.2 3.6 4.6 (B) (B) 4.8 5.1 9.7 9.3 (B) 7.3 7.4 (B)
$5,000 to $5,999.................. ..... 8.7 2.5 2.3 (B) (B) 6.2 11.6 8.0 8.5 (B) 22.2 7.5 (B)
$6,000 to $6,999,............ ....... 7.8 5.7 5.3 (B) (B) 6.8 7.9 9.8 7.7 (B) 7.7 12.2 (B)
$7,000 to $7,999................ .... .. 8.6 6.9 3.4 (B) (B) 7.0 10.5 9.5 12.1 (B) 5.3 9.2 (B)
$8,000 to $8,999............. ....... .. 6.4 3.4 5.7 (B) (B) 6.6 10.4 6.9 3.6 (B) 6.2 5.0 (B)
$9,000 to $9,999.................. .. 7.7 4.5 6.9 (B) (B) 10.8 7.7 4.0 6.3 (B) 10.6 6.1 (B)
$10,000 to $11,999.................. 11.3 11.8 21.0 (B) (B) 10.6 13.2 12.4 9.9 (B) 4.4 7.5 (B)
$12,000 to $14,999............... ... 11.0 12.9 16.0 (B) (B) 18.1 11.7 9.7 8.9 (B) 1.5 4.7 (B)
$15,000 to $19,999..................... 8.5 13.6 12.1 (B) (B) 15.6 6.1 11.1 2.9 (B) 2.3 3.9 (B)
$20,000 to $24,999. .............. .... 2.1 16.0 6.6 (B) (B) 2.2 0.7 0.4 (B) 0.7 (B)
$25,000 to $49,999..................... 1.0 4.5 6.6 (B) (B) 0.7 (B) 0.5 (B)
$50,000 and over...................... 0.4 3.4 1.2 (B) (B) 0.3 (B) (B)
Median income................dollars.. 7,793 12,097 11,281 (B) (B) 9,735 7,940 7,466 6,228 (B) 5,458 5,968 (B)
Mean income...................dollars.. 8,579 13,716 12,581 (B) (B) 10,111 8,234 8,223 6,538 (B) 5,717 6,255 (B)

Female

Total persons, 14 years
old and over................. 758 45 24 36 228 23 169 1 14 1 19 157 42
Total persons, 14 years old
and over with income......... 708 44 19 32 218 22 159 1 12 1 18 147 36
Percent.................... 100.0 (B) (B) (B) 100.0 (B) 100.0 (B) (B) (B) (B) 100.0 (B)

$1 to $999 or loss ................ ... 11.8 (B) (B) (B) 10.3 (B) 6.0 (B) (B) (B) (B) 17.2 (B)
$1,000 to $1,499..... ...... ......... 7.9 (B) (B) (B) 4.0 (B) 8.0 (B) (B) (B) (B) 10.9 (B)
$1,500 to $1,999.............. ... ..... 5.4 (B) (B) (B) 6.3 (B) 8.6 (B) (B) (B) (B) 1.1 (B)
$2,000 to $2,499..................... ... 5.5 (B) (B) (B) 4.1 (B) 4.8 (B) (B) (B) (B) 7.7 (B)
$2,500 to $2,999................ ...... 4.2 (B) (B) (B) 4.7 (B) 2.7 (B) (B) (B) (B) 5.1 (B)
$3,000 to $3,499 ................. ... 7.2 (B) (B) (B) 4.6 (B) 6.6 (B) (B) (B) (B) 11.7 (B)
$3,500 to $3,999 ...................... 5.6 (B) (B) (B) 3.7 (B) 7.1 (B) (B) (B) (B) 5.1 (B)
$4,000 to $4,999..................... 12.6 (B) (B) (B) 14.3 (B) 15.0 (B) (B) (B) (B) 11.7 (B)
$5,000 to $5,999 .................. 11.3 (B) (B) (B) 11.7 (B) 13.8 (B) (B) (B) (B) 12.1 (B)
$6,000 to $6,999................ ... 8.7 (B) (B) (B) 10.6 (B) 8.9 (B) (B) (B) (B) 9.6 (B)
$7,000 to $7,999 ................ .. 6.2 (B) (B) (B) 8.0 (B) 7.7 (B) (B) (B) (B) 2.8 (B)
$8,000 to $8,999.................. .... 5.1 (B) (B) (B) 6.1 (B) 4.7 (B) (B) (B) (B) 3.0 (B)
$9,000 to $9,999............. .... ..... 2.6 (B) (B) (B) 3.3 (B) 1.5 (B) (B) (B) (B) 1.1 (B)
$10,000 to $11,999..................... 2.4 (B) (B) (B) 2.6 (B) 2.6 (B) (B) (B) (B) 0.5 (B)
$12,000 to $14,999.... .............. 2.4 (B) (B) (B) 3.7 (B) 1.1 (B) (B) (B) (B) 0.6 (B)
$15,000 to $r9,999 .... ............ 0.9 (B) (B) (B) 2.2 (B) 0.5 (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)
$20,000 to $24,999........... ...... (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)
$25,000 to $49,999................. 0.1 (B) (B) (B) (B) 0.5 (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)
$50,000 and over ........ ................. (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)
Median income................dollars.. 4,193 (B) ) ( (B) 4,865 (B) 4,419 (B) (B) (B) (B) 3,342 (B)
Mean income..................dollars.. 4,492 (B) (B) (B) 5,144 (B) 4,618 (B) (B) (B) (B) 3,553 (B)









37

Table 16. INCOME IN 1975 OF PERSONS OF SPANISH AND MEXICAN ORIGIN 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER

BY RELATIONSHIP TO HEAD OF HOUSEHOLD AND SEX, FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976

(For meaning of symbols, see text)


Type of Spanish origin and income







SPANISH ORIGIN

Number of persons ................. thousands..
Number of persons with income.....thousands..
Percent ................ ........ .........

.1 to ;999 or loss........................ ........
i1,000 to 11,499..................... ..............
.1,500 to $1,999...................................
$2,000 to $2,499...................................
$2,500 to $2,999.......................... .........
$3,000 to $3,499..................... ..............
3,500 to $3,999........................... .........
$4,000 to a4,999...................................
5,000 to $5,999...................................
$6,000 to -;6,999...................................
67,000 to ;7,999.......................... ..
$8,000 to $8,999 ..................................
89,000 to $9,999..................... .......... .. .
10,000 to $11,999...................................
$12,000 to $14,999.................................
i15,000 to 19,999 ..... ........... .... .........
420,000 to ;24,999.................................
$25,000 to $49,999........................ ........
$50,000 and over...................................

Median income ....................... ...... dollars..
Mean income. ......................... ... dollars..


MEXICAN ORIGIN

Number of pe sons ................... thousands..
Number of persons with income.....thousands..
Percent.......................... ......... .

$1 to $999 or loss........................ ........ .
$1,000 to $1,499.............................. .....
$1,500 to $1,999.......................... ........
$2,000 to $2,499........................ ..........
$2,500 to $2,999 ......................... .........
$3,000 to $3,499.......................... ........
$3,500 to $3,999.......................... ........
$4,000 to 44,999..................................
,5,000 to $5,999......... ... ............. ........
.6,000 to $6,999.......................... ........
$7,000 to $7,999 ........ .............. ........
$8,000 to $8,999.......................... .......
$9,000 to $9,999.......................... ........
$10,000 to $11,999.................................
$12,000 to $14,999 ................ ....... .........
$15,000 to $19,999.................. .............
$20,000 to $24,999.................................
$25,000 to $49,999... ................... ..... .
$50,000 and over.......................... ........

Median income ................. ........ dollars..
Mean income.................. ..............dollars..


Total




3,067
2,603
100.0

8.7
3.5
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.7
3.0
6.6
7.5
7.9
7.7
6.4
6.5
8.8
9.7
6.8
1.7
1.3
0.4

6,902
7,830




1,862
1,616
100.0

9.0
3.9
3.4
3.6
3.5
4.2
3.5
6.7
8.3
6.9
7.4
5.8
6.3
8.8
9.4
6.5
1.5
1.0
0.3

6,577
7,461


Male

In families


Total


8.1
2.1
1.3
0.4

7,905
8,826


Head


Married,
uife
present


1,896
1,885
100.0

1.4
1.8
2.3
2.3
2.7
3.2
3.1
6.2
8.1
9.0
8.5
7.7
7.5
10.7
12.6
8.5
2.3
1.6
0.4

8,172
9, 206




1.148
1,142
100.0

1.0
1.9
2.6
2.8
2.9
3.9
4.0
6.3
8.9
7.7
8.1
7.0
7.6
10.8
12.6
8.2
2.2
1.1
0.4

7 988
8,856


Other Other
marital relative Unrelated
status of head individuals


Female

In families


Total


3,479
2,098
100.0

18.7
8.8
8.0
6.5
5.3
6.6
6.1
11.0
8.4
6.3
4.4
3.4
2.0
2.1
1.7
0.7
(Z)


Head


5,735 3,201 3,924
6,533 3,740 4,518


245
230
100.0

5.2
7.8
9.5
10.7
9.8
9.0
8.4
9.6
8.0
6.2
3.9
3.9
3.4
1.5
1.1
2.1


5,331 2,736 3,392
6,504 3,388 4,231


Wife Other
of relative
head of head


1,001
508
100.0

34.8
10.7
9.9
5.8
5.1
5.0
4.9
7.6
3.9
4.6
3.6
1.3
1.2
0.8
0.3
0.3




1,724
2,594




596
324
100.0

37.3
11.5
7.0
5.2
7.2
6.5
4.4
7.7
3.5
2.8
3.5
1.5
0.5
0.5
0.3
0.5




1,582
2,420


Unrelated
individuals





297
282
100.0

6.4
7.6
13.9
11.4
6.8
9.2
4.3
8.9
7.8
5.7
4.1
4.0
2.0
5.0
2.2
0.3

0.3


3,211
4,237




125
117
100.0

8.3
11.8
15.0
8.6
9.2
9.2
5.0
9.1
6.2
4.3
3.4
3.4
2.9
2.1
0.7


0.7


2,840
3,680











Table 17. CHARACTERISTICS OF SPANISH ORIGIN FAMILIES BY RESIDENCE, SIZE, TYPE OF FAMILY,

AND TYPE OF SPANISH ORIGIN, FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976


1 Type of family by origin


Characteristic




Total families ........... thousands..
Percent...........................

In metropolitan areas. .....................
In central cities. ........... .....
Outside central cities.......... .........
Outside metropolitan areas....... ...... ..

Total families........... thousands.
Percent ......... ... ........ .

2 persons ............. ........... .......
3 persons ...................... ..........
4 persons........ ............... .......
5 persons. ..... ................... .. .....
6 persons ........ .... . ....... .......
7 or mjre persons... ......... ....... ..

Total persons in familie- .......thousands..
Mean number of persons........ ......... .

Mean number of members:
Under 18 years ..........................
18 to 64 years ..........................
65 years and over.... . .... ........ .

Mean number of own children under 18 years.
Own children under 6 years...............
Own children under 3 years............


Spanish ori:

Husband-
Total' wife


2,499 1,896
100.0 100.0

83.9 82.2
51.7 47.6
32.2 34.7
16.1 17.8

2,499 1,896
100.0 100.0

23.5 20.2
22.1 20.1
22.3 23.8
13.9 15.7
8.3 9.3
9.9 11.1

9,901 7,819
3.96 4.12


1.77 1.77
2.06 2.23
0.13 0.13

1.66 1.68
0.56 0.59
0.27 0.30


Female
head


gin Mexican origin Puerto Rican origin Other Spanish origin2


Total'


Husband- Female
wife head


Total'


Husband- Female Husband- Female
wife head Total1 wife head


i 8 I I I


522
100.0

89.8
66.0
23.8
10.2

522
103.0

31.4
28.8
18.0
9.1
5.7
6.9

1,840
3.53


1.95
1.47
0.10

1.77
0.50
0.21


1,442
100.0

76.8
43.1
33.7
23.2

1,442
100.0

20.0
21.2
21.4
15.3
9.0
13.0

6,048
4.19


1.94
2.14
0.12

1.81
0.62
0.32


1,148
100.0

75.8
41.5
34.3
24.2

1,148
100.0

17.5
19.8
21.8
16.6
10.0
14.3

4,980
4.34


1.96
2.27
0.11

1.86
0.67
0.35


245
100.0

80.9
49.3
31.6
19.1

245
100.0

26.7
26.7
20.7
10.9
6.1
8.9

919
3.76


2.10
1.55
0.11

1.84
0.50
0.22


436
100.0

97.4
82.0
15.4
2.6

436
100.0

28.0
21.8
21.0
12.7
8.8
7.8

1,637
3.76


1.81
1.86
0.08

1.69
0.52
0.21


263
100.0

96.1
75.6
20.5
3.9

263
100.0

25.2
17.0
24.8
15.5
9.7
7.8

1,029
3.91


1.60
2.22
0.10

1.49
0.47
0.19


162
100.0

99.3
91.8
7.5
0.7

162
100.0

30.3
30.3
15.2
8.9
6.9
8.3

576
3.55


2.23
1.30
0.03

2.08
0.64
0.26


622
100.0

90.8
50.4
40.4
9.2

622
103.0

28.2
24.3
25.4
11.8
6.2
4.1

2,216
3.56


1.35
2.03
0.18

1.29
0.44
0.21


485
100.0

89.9
46.8
43.1
10.1

485
100.0

23.8
22.3'
28.0
13.5
7.2
5.1

1,810
3.73


1.41
2.14
0.18

1.35
0.48
0.24


115
100.0

95.3
65.2
30.1
4.7

115
100.0

43.1
31.2
16.3
5.8
3.0
0.7

345
3.00


1.26
1.56
0.19

1.17
0.32
0.14


1Includes families with "other male head" not shown separately.
2Includes Cuban, Central or South American, and other Spanish origin.


I I


I









Table 18. FAMILY STATUS AND RELATIONSHIP TO HEAD OF HOUSEHOLD OF ALL PERSONS AND
PERSONS OF SPANISH ORIGIN BY TYPE OF SPANISH ORIGIN, FOR THE UNITED STATES:
MARCH 1976

(Numbers in thousands. For meaning of symbols, see text)

Spanish origin
Family status and relationship to Toentral Not of
head of household Total Central Not
head of household all Puerto or South Other Spanish
persons Total Mexican Rican Cuban American Spanish origin

NUMBER

All persons...................... .. 211,140 11,117 6,590 1,753 687 752 1,335 200,022
In households .................. ......... 210,611 11,099 6,580 1,753 682 752 1,332 199,513
Head........................... .... 72,867 2.948 1,655 519 227 223 324 69,919
Primary family head.................... 56,056 2,486 1,434 430 186 181 253 53,570
Primary individual..................... 16,811 463 220 89 41 42 71 16,349
Not head of household.................. 137,744 8,150 4.925 1.233 454 529 1,008 129,594
Wife.................. ......... ....... 47,297 1,955 1,181 251 140 144 240 45.341
Child.................... ....... ..... 78,795 5,433 3,292 872 248 321 700 73,361
Other relative ......................... 8.043 567 337 82 58 38 51 7,476
Nonrelative2.................... ........ 3,610 195 115 28 9 26 17 3,415
Not in households ...................... ... 52 19 10 5 -4 510


PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

All persons......................... 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
In households. ........................ ...... 99.7 99.8 99.8 100.0 99.3 100.0 99.7 99.7
Head ......... ................... ...... 34.5 26.5 25.1 29.6 33.1 29.7 24.3 35.0
Primary family head .................... 26.5 22.4 21.8 24.6 27.2 24.1 19.0 26.8
Primary individual ................... 8.0 4.2 3.3 5.1 6.0 5.6 5.3 8.2
Not head of hofsehold................ 65.2 73.3 74.7 70.4 66.2 70.3 75.5 64.8
Wife............................. ..... 22.4 17.6 17 .9 14.3 20.3 19.1 18.0 22.7
Child. .................. .......... ... 37.3 48.9 50.0 49.8 36.1 42.7 52.4 36.7
Other relative. ....................... 3.8 5.1 5.1 4.7 8.4 5.0 3.8 3.7
Nonrelative ......... ...... ... 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.3 3.5 1.2 1.7
Not in households.......................... 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.3 0.3

Includes persons who did not know or did not report on origin.
2Includes secondary family members and secondary individuals.









Table 19. FAMILY STATUS AND RELATIONSHIP TO HEAD OF HOUSEHOLD OF ALL PERSONS AND
PERSONS OF SPANISH ORIGIN BY TYPE OF SPANISH ORIGIN, FOR THE FIVE SOUTHWESTERN
STATES: MARCH 1976

(Numbers in thousands)

Spanish origin
Family status and relationship Not of
to head of household Other Spanish
Total Total Mexican Spanish1 origin2

NUMBER

All persons.................................. 39,186 6,414 5,490 924 32,772
In households ...................................... 39,074 6,401 5,483 919 32,671
Head............................................. 13,947 1,652 1,402 250 12,297
Primary family head............................ 10,338 1,407 1,214 193 8,932
Primary individual.............................. 3,608 244 189 56 3,365
Not head of household ............................ 25,127 4,750 4,080 669 20,375
Wife........................................... 8,733 1,152 984 168 7,581
Child.......................................... 14,106 3,160 2,713 447 10,943
Other relative................................. 1,321 328 287 41 992
Nonrelative3.................................... 967 109 95 13 858
Not in households .................................. 113 13 8 5 101

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

All persons................................... 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
In households....................................... 99.7 99.8 99.9 99.5 99.7
Head............................................. 35.6 25.8 25.5 27.0 37.5
Primary family head............................. 26.4 21.9 22.1 20.9 27.3
Primary individual.............................. 9.2 3.8 3.4 6.0 10.3
Not head of household ........................... 64.1 74.1 74.3 72.4 62.2
Wife............................................ 22.3 18.0 17.9 18.2 23.1
Child........................................... 36.0 49.3 49.4 48.4 33.4
Other relative................................. 3.4 5.1 5.2 4.4 3.0
Nonrelative3 ..................................... 2.5 1.7 1.7 1.4 2.6
Not in households................................... 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.3

1Includes Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, and other Spanish origin.
2Includes persons who did not know or did not report on origin.
3Includes secondary family members and secondary individuals.









Table 20. PERSONS IN HOUSEHOLDS WITH HEAD OF SPANISH AND MEXICAN ORIGIN BY
FAMILY STATUS AND AGE, FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976

(For meaning of symbols, see text)

Age of head (years)
Subject Under 25 to 30 to 35 to 45 to 55 to 65 to 75 and
Total 25 29 34 44 54 64 74 over


SPANISH ORIGIN

Households by Type

All households..........thousands.. 2,948 339 436 360 679 546 322 191 75
Percent....... .... .............. 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Primary families ......................... 84.3 79.6 86.4 90.2 91.9 86.9 77.8 65.9 52.3
Husband-wife.............................. 64.3 57.8 68.8 67.3 69.8 68.6 57.2 50.5 35.4
Other male head...................... .. 2.7 2.3 1.7 1.6 3.1 2.7 4.2 2.3 6.1
Female head.............................. 17.4 19.5 15.9 21.2 19.0 15.6 16.4 13.1 10.7
Primary individuals...................... 15.7 20.4 13.6 9.8 8.1 13.1 22.2 34.1 47.7
Male.................................... 8.2 13.6 10.2 6.1 5.3 6.2 8.3 9.2 18.6
Female.................................. 7.5 6.7 3.4 3.7 2.7 6.9 13.9 24.9 29.1

Age of Household Members

All members.............thousands.. 10,528 918 1,459 1,446 3,016 2,184 945 407 153
Percent...... .... ............. 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Under 18 years........................... 42.2 37.6 44.4 53.4 51.9 37.7 24.4 11.0 9.5
18 to 64 years............................ 53.8 62.4 55.1 45.9 47.4 61.1 73.6 30.7 25.5
65 years and over........................ 4.0 0.5 0.6 0.7 1.2 2.0 58.3 65.0

Members of husband-wife
households...............thousands.. 7,844 601 1,116 1,062 2,353 1,710 669 252 81
Percent............... .......... 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Under 18 years......... ................. 42.8 36.5 43.7 51.7 52.7 37.7 27.3 9.5 14.5
18 to 64 years ........................ ... 54.1 63.5 56.0 47.7 46.8 61.2 70.6 34.4 27.1
65 years and over ......... .. ...... ..... 3.1 0.4 0.5 0.5 1.1 2.1 56.1 58.3

Members of households with
female head...............thousands.. 2,104 218 257 333 535 387 207 121 47
Percent..... ................... 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 (B)
Under 18 years ............................ 48.1 53.4 59.7 63.9 57.8 43.1 17.2 13.4 (B)
18 to 64 years........... ............... 46.0 46.6 39.5 35.7 41.3 55.0 81.3 25.7 (B)
65 years and over........................ 5.9 0.8 0.4 0.9 1.8 1.5 60.9 (B)


MEXICAN ORIGIN

Households by Type

All households..........thousands.. 1,655 212 255 198 359 305 169 110 46
Percent .......................... 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 103.0 (B)
Primary families........................... 86.7 83.9 90.8 90.5 93.2 89.9 84.0 66.9 (B)
Husband-wife........................... 69.3 65.6 78.2 69.7 74.1 74.5 65.7 49.3 (B)
Other male head.......................... 2.9 2.9 2.3 2.1 3.1 2.4 3.3 3.9 (B)
Female head.............................. 14.5 15.5 10.4 18.7 15.9 13.1 15.0 13.7 (B)
Primary individuals..................... 13.3 16.1 9.2 9.5 6.8 10.1 16.0 33.1 (B)
Male.................................... 7.8 11.1 7.9 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.8 12.3 (B)
Female.................................. 5.5 5.0 1.3 3.7 0.9 3.9 9.2 20.9 (B)

Age of Household Members

All members............ thousands.. 6,370 616 919 844 1,740 1,361 559 245 86
Percent..... .... .... .......... 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Under 18 years............................ 44.1 37.8 45.6 55.0 54.9 40.7 25.8 12.2 8.7
18 to 64 years............................ 52.3 62.2 53.8 44.6 44.9 58.6 71.8 30.7 24.9
65 years and over......................... 3.7 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.8 2.4 57.1 66.4

Members of husband-wife
households ...............thousands.. 4,989 444 779 640 1,420 1,109 417 147 34
Percent........ .... ................ 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 (B)
Under 18 years........................... 45.1 38.1 46.3 53.8 56.0 40.4 27.7 8.4 (B)
18 to 64 years............................ 52.3 61.9 53.3 45.9 43.9 59.0 69.5 34.0 (B)
65 years and over .................. ...... 2.6 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.6 2.7 57.6 (B)

Members of households with
female head..............thousands.. 1,041 113 95 172 244 202 111 70 33
Percent.......................... 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 (B) (B)
Under 18 years..... .................. .. 49.2 52.3 57.3 64.2 61.8 50.0 19.3 (B) (B)
18 to 64 years............................ 44.2 47.7 40.9 35.8 38.2 48.6 79.2 (B) (B)
65 years and over ........................ 6.5 1.9 1.3 1.4 (B) (B)









Table 21. HUSBAND-WIFE HOUSEHOLDS BY ORIGIN OF HUSBAND AND ORIGIN OF WIFE,
FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976

(Numbers in thousands. For meaning of symbols, see text)

Origin of husband

Spanish origin Do not
Origin of wife know and
Total, Central not
all Puerto or South Other Other reported
origins Total Mexican Rican Cuban American Spanish origin on origin


NUMBER

Total, all origins................ 47,297 1,895 1,147 263 146 138 200 44,126 1,276

Total, Spanish origin................... 1,955 1,558 995 222 133 107 100 387 10
Mexican............................... 1,181 1,004 977 13 1 4 8 172 5
Puerto Rican ................ .......... 251 212 2 199 5 4 2 37 3
Cuban ................................. 140 131 2 123 2 5 8 1
Central or South American ............ 144 107 3 4 1 97 2 37
Other Spanish......................... 240 104 13 3 4 1 83 133 2

Other origin............................ 44,211 329 148 39 13 30 99 43,341 541
Do not know and not reported
on origin................................ 1,131 8 4 2 1 1 399 724

PERCENT BY ORIGIN OF HUSBAND

Total, all origins................ 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Total, Spanish origin.................... 4.1 82.2 86.8 84.4 91.2 77.9 50.0 0.9 0.8
Mexican................................. 2.5 53.0 85.1 5.1 0.6 3.0 4.2 0.4 0.4
Puerto Rican........................... 0.5 11.2 0.2 75.7 3.2 2.8 0.8 0.1 0.2
Cuban.................................. 0.3 6.9 0.9 83.9 1.2 2.4 (Z) 0.1
Central or South American............. 0.3 5.7 0.3 1.5 0.6 70.3 1.2 0.1
Other Spanish.. ....................... 0.5 5.5 1.1 1.3 2.8 0.6 41.4 0.3 0.2
Other origin........................... 93.5 17.3 12.9 14.9 8.8 21.5 49.6 98.2 42.4
Do not know and not reported
on origin.................. ............ 2.4 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.9 56.8

PERCENT BY ORIGIN OF WIFE

Total, all origins................ 100.0 4.0 2.4 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.4 93.3 2.7

Total, Spanish origin................... 100.0 79.7 50.9 11.4 6.8 5.5 5.1 19.8 0.5
Mexican.................. .............. 100.0 85.0 82.7 1.1 0.1 0.4 0.7 14.6 0.4
Puerto Rican............................ 100.0 84.3 1.0 79.3 1.9 1.5 0.7 14.7 1.0
Cuban....................... ........... 100.0 93.9 1.6 87.7 1.2 3.4 5.5 0.6
Central or South American............. 100.0 74.4 2.0 2.7 0.6 67.4 1.7 25.6
Other Spanish ......... ...... ........ 100.0 43.5 5.5 1.4 1.7 0.3 34.5 55.6 1.0

Other origin............................. 100.0 0.7 0.3 0.1 (Z) 0.1 0.2 98.0 1.2
Do not know and not reported
on origin.................... .. ......... 100.0 0.7 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.1 35.2 64.1








Table 22. HUSBAND-WIFE HOUSEHOLDS BY ORIGIN OF HUSBAND AND ORIGIN OF WIFE,
FOR THE FIVE SOUTHWESTERN STATES: MARCH 1976

(Numbers in thousands. For meaning of symbols, see text)

Origin of husband

Spanish origin Do not know
Origin of wife Total, and not
all Other Other reported
origins Total Mexican Spanish1 origin on origin

NUMBER

Total, all origins.................... 8,733 1,125 973 151 7,488 120

Total, Spanish origin....................... 1,152 964 867 97 185 3
Mexican.................................. 984 870 853 18 111 2
Other Spanish' .......................... 168 93 14 79 74 1
Other origin............................... 7,483 157 103 55 7,266 61
Do not know and not reported on origin..... 98 2 2 39 57

PERCENT BY ORIGIN OF HUSBAND

Total, all origins ................ 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Total, Spanish origin....................... 13.2 85.7 89.1 64.2 2.5 2.5
Mexican ................................... 11.3 77.3 87.7 11.9 1.5 1.7
Other Spanish1 .......................... 1.9 8.3 1.4 52.3 1.0 0.8
Other origin............................... 85.7 14.0 10.6 36.4 97.0 50.8
Do not know and not reported on origin..... 1.1 0.2 0.2 0.5 47.5

PERCENT BY ORIGIN OF WIFE

Total, all origins................... 100.0 12.9 11.1 1.7 85.7 1.4

Total, Spanish origin....................... 100.0 83.7 75.2 8.5 16.1 0.3
Mexican.................................. 100.0 88.4 86.6 1.9 11.3 0.2
Other Spanish' ......................... . 100.0 55.2 8.1 47.1 44.2 0.6
Other origin............................... 100.0 2.1 1.4 0.7 97.1 0.8
Do not know and not reported on origin..... 100.0 2.0 2.0 40.0 58.0

1Includes Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, and other Spanish origin.






44

Table 23. FAMILY RELATIONSHIP AND PRESENCE OF PARENTS FOR PERSONS OF SPANISH AND
MEXICAN ORIGIN UNDER 18 YEARS OLD BY AGE, FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976

(Numbers in thousands. For meaning of symbols, see text)

Totally Age (years)
Type of Spanish origin, presence of underTot Ag
parents, and family relationship under
18 years Under 3 3 to 5 6 to 9 10 to 13 14 to 17


SPANISH ORIGIN

Total persons........................ 4,890 857 851 1,108 1,109 964
Percent............................. 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

In families................................ 99.9 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.7
Child of family head ................... 94.7 91.9 94.9 96.2 96.4 93.2
Grandchild of family head............... 2.0 5.2 2.9 1.4 1.0 0.3
Other relative of family head.......... 3.2 3.0 2.2 2.3 2.6 6.2
Living with both parents................. 76.0 81.2 77.3 77.5 74.6 70.1
Child of family head................... 75.0 78.5 76.4 76.7 74.2 69.9
Grandchild of family head............... 0.7 2.2 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.1
Other relative of family head.......... 0.2 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1
Living with mother only................... 20.4 16.4 20.5 20.2 22.4 21.9
Child of family head................... 18.8 12.9 17.7 19.2 21.4 21.5
Grandchild of family head............... 1.2 2.9 2.1 0.8 0.6 0.2
Other relative of family head.......... 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.2
Living with father only ................. 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.4 0.9 1.9
Child of family head.............. ..... 0.8 0.5 0.9 0.3 0.9 1.8
Grandchild of family head............... (Z) 0.1 0.1 0.1 -
Other relative of family head.......... (Z) 0.1
Living with neither parent............... 2.6 1.8 1.4 1.9 2.1 5.8
Not in families............................ 0.1 0.3


MEXICAN ORIGIN

Total persons......................... 2,954 547 510 667 652 579
Percent............................ 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

In families................................ 99.9 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.7
Child of family head ................... 94.3 91.4 94.0 96.2 95.8 93.3
Grandchild of family head............... 2.2 5.6 3.2 1.5 1.1 0.4
Other relative of family head.......... 3.4 3.0 2.7 2.3 3.1 6.0
Living with both parents ................. 79.3 83.9 80.4 82.9 76.6 72.8
Child of family head................... 78.2 81.0 79.4 82.0 76.1 72.5
Grandchild of family head............... 0.8 2.5 0.8 0.5 0.2 0.1
Other relative of family head.......... 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.1
Living with mother only................... 17.0 13.0 16.9 14.9 20.0 20.0
Child of family head.................... 15.2 9.6 13.6 13.8 18.9 19.5
Grandchild of family head............... 1.4 2.9 2.4 0.9 0.8 0.3
Other relative of family head.......... 0.4 0.4 0.9 0.2 0.2 0.2
Living with father only .................. 0.9 0.9 1.1 0.5 0.7 1.3
Child of family head ................... 0.8 0.8 1.1 0.4 0.7 1.3
Grandchild of family head............... 0.1 0.1 0.1 -
Other relative of family head.......... -
Living with neither parent............... 2.7 2.2 1.5 1.7 2.7 5.7
Not in families ............................ 0.1 0.3

'Excludes males who are family heads and females who are either family heads or wives of family heads.









Table 24. INCOME IN 1975 OF SPANISH AND MEXICAN ORIGIN FAMILIES BY TYPE OF FAMILY,
FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976

(For meaning of symbols, see text)

Families

Male head

Type of Spanish origin and income Married, wife present

Wife not in Other
Wife in paid paid labor marital Female
Total Total Total labor force force status head

SPANISH ORIGIN

Number .........................thousands.. 2,499 1,978 1,896 790 1,107 81 522
Percent............................... 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Under $2,000 .......................... .... 4.4 2.2 2.2 0.9 3.2 2.9 12.6
$2,000 to $2,999............................ 4.9 3.0 3.0 1.4 4.0 4.4 12.1
$3,000 to $3,999............................ 6.2 3.9 4.0 1.3 5.8 1.9 14.8
$4,000 to $4,999............................ 6.5 4.8 4.6 3.4 5.4 9.3 13.3
$5,000 to $6,999 ............................ 13.3 12.2 12.3 6.4 16.5 11.2 17.4
$7,000 to $7,999............................ 6.0 6.1 6.0 4.0 7.4 6.9 5.7
$8,000 to $9,999............................ 11.0 11.6 11.6 10.0 12.8 10.0 9.2
$10,000 to $14,999.......................... 22.6 26.1 26.3 28.7 24.5 24.6 9.7
$15,000 to $24,999.......................... 20.0 24.0 24.2 34.3 17.1 18.4 4.8
$25,000 and over............................. 4.9 6.1 5.9 9.6 3.3 10.2 0.5

Median income......................dollars.. 9,551 10,925 10,950 13,821' 9,191 10,415 4,785
Mean income........................dollars.. 11,096 12,433 12,397 14,781 10,696 13,262 6,025

MEXICAN ORIGIN

Number ............... .........thousands.. 1,442 1,197 1,148 454 695 49 245
Percent............................... 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 (B) 100.0

Under $2,000.................. ........ ....... 4.8 2.2 2.2 0.8 3.1 (B) 17.4
$2,000 to $2,999............................. 5.3 3.6 3.5 1.9 4.5 (B) 13.9
$3,000 to $3,999............................. 5.7 4.0 4.1 1.1 6.1 (B) 14.3
$4,000 to $4,999............................. 5.8 5.3 5.1 4.5 5.5 (B) 7.9
$5,000 to $6,999............................. 13.4 12.9 12.9 7.7 16.3 (B) 15.5
$7,000 to $7,999............................. 6.1 6.4 6.3 4.7 7.4 (B) 5.1
$8,000 to $9,999............................ 11.5 11.8 11.9 11.5 12.2 (B) 10.3
$10,000 to $14,999.......................... 22.2 24.7 24.9 27.2 23.4 (B) 9.9
$15,000 to $24,999.......................... 20.5 23.8 24.0 32.9 18.2 (B) 4.8
$25,000 and over............................. 4.5 5.2 4.9 7.8 3.2 (B) 1.0

Median income......................dollars.. 9,546 10,586 10,604 13,182 9,174 (B) 4,569
Mean income ........................dollars.. 10,934 11,945 11,909 13,937 10,585 (B) 5,983









Table 25. INCOME IN 1975 OF ALL FAMILIES AND SPANISH ORIGIN FAMILIES BY SIZE OF

FAMILY AND TYPE OF SPANISH ORIGIN, FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976

(For meaning of symbols, see text)


Total $2,000 $3,000 $4,000 $5,000 $6,000 $7,000 $8,000 $9,000 $10,000
Origin and size of family (thou- Under to to to to to to to to to
sands) Percent $2,000 $2,999 $3,999 $4,999 $5,999 $6,999 $7,999 $8,999 $9,999 $10,999


Total families, all origins........ 56,245 100.0 2.2 2.4 3.4 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.1 4.6

2 person families........................ 21,280 100.0 2.5 3.6 5.2 5.9 6.3 5.9 5.9 5.4 4.6 4.5
3 person families........................ 12,252 100.0 2.3 2.2 3.2 3.7 3.2 3.5 3.7 4.6 4.4 5.0
4 person families....................... 11,276 100.0 1.8 1.3 1.8 2.4 2.4 2.5 3.1 3.3 3.4 4.5
5 person families........................ 6,171 100.0 1.5 1.2 1.8 2.2 2.1 2.9 3.1 3.3 3.3 4.3
6 person families.... ................... 2,969 100.0 1.4 1.6 1.6 3.2 3.1 3.7 3.1 3.9 4.4 4.2
7 or more person families................ 2,296 100.0 2.2 2.3 2.5 3.6 3.4 4.2 4.4 4.0 4.1 5.8

Total families, Spanish origin..... 2,499 100.0 4.4 4.9 6.2 6.5 6.5 6.8 6.0 5.8 5.2 5.8

2 person families........................ 586 100.0 7.3 10.0 10.6 5.8 7.5 6.5 5.5 6.8 4.8 3.5
3 person families........................ 552 100.0 5.0 6.1 7.7 8.3 6.6 6.4 4.1 5.8 6.1 6.6
4 person families........................ 558 100.0 3.1 2.4 3.7 7.2 5.6 4.6 5.8 4.5 6.0 6.0
5 person families.................. ...... 349 100.0 3.3 3.0 3.6 5.1 7.0 9.8 7.4 3.4 4.2 5.8
6 person families........................ 207 100.0 1.9 0.2 4.0 5.6 6.2 8.4 7.0 7.9 4.7 7.6
7 or more person families................. 248 100.0 2.9 2.6 3.1 5.6 5.7 7.7 9.0 8.2 3.9 8.1

Families of Mexican origin......... 1,442 100.0 4.8 5.3 5.7 5.8 6.8 6.6 6.1 5.7 5.8 5.8

2 person families ............ ............ 289 100.0 8.2 11.1 9.4 5.8 9.0 6.2 5.7 5.7 6.3 3.6
3 person families........................ 306 100.0 4.9 6.4 7.9 6.1 6.2 8.0 3.3 6.6 6.6 5.7
4 person families........................ 309 100.0 4.1 3.5 3.5 6.2 5.0 3.9 6.6 4.8 6.8 6.5
5 person families........ ................ 220 100.0 3.6 4.4 2.9 5.3 8.4 9.6 7.1 3.6 4.4 5.5
6 person families........................ 130 100.0 2.4 5.8 4.4 6.6 5.4 6.9 6.2 4.9 8.5
7 or more person families................. 188 100.0 3.4 2.6 3.2 6.1 5.4 6.5 9.1 8.3 4.2 7.0

Families of Puerto Rican origin.... 436 100.0 5.3 4.9 9.9 10.4 8.7 8.7 7.0 5.8 5.3 5.7

2 person families........................ 122 100.0 10.3 9.5 14.5 6.7 7.8 6.8 4.5 7.7 4.9 2.8
3 person families................. ....... 95 100.0 6.2 7.8 12.3 17.1 10.1 6.1 6.0 4.3 4.4 8.1
4 person families........................ 91 100.0 1.5 0.9 9.7 11.4 8.8 6.3 8.5 1.8 4.7 3.7
5 person families........................ 55 (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)
6 person families........................ 38 (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)
7 or more person families................ 34 (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)

Families of other Spanish origin'.. 622 100.0 3.1 4.0 4.7 5.5 4.3 5.9 4.8 6.1 3.9 5.9

2 person families........................ 175 100.0 3.4 8.0 9.7 5.7 5.1 6.9 6.3 8.0 2.3 4.0
3 person families........................ 151 100.0 4.0 4.6 4.0 7.3 4.6 3.3 4.0 5.3 6.6 7.3
4 person families........................ 158 100.0 2.5 1.3 0.6 7.0 5.1 4.4 2.5 5.7 5.7 6.3
5 person families........................ 73 (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)
6 person families........................ 39 (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)
7 or more person families ................ 26 (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)

Total families, not of Spanish
origin2........................... 53,745 100.0 2.0 2.3 3.3 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.3 4.4 4.1 4.6

2 person families........................ 20,694 100.0 2.4 3.4 5.0 5.9 6.3 5.8 5.9 5.4 4.6 4.5
3 person families........................ 11,700 100.0 2.2 2.0 3.0 3.4 3.1 3.4 3.7 4.5 4.3 4.9
4 person families........................ 10,718 100.0 1.7 1.3 1.7 2.2 2.2 2.4 3.0 3.2 3.2 4.5
5 person families........................ 5,822 100.0 1.4 1.1 1.6 2.0 1.8 2.5 2.8 3.3 3.2 4.2
6 person families ......... ............... 2,762 100.0 1.4 1.7 1.5 3.0 2.8 3.3 2.8 3.6 4.4 3.9
7 or more person families................ 2,049 100.0 2.1 2.2 2.4 3.4 3.1 3.8 3.8 3.5 4.1 5.5

'Includes Cuban, Central or SouthAmerican, and other Spanish origin.
'Includes families with head who did not know or did not report on origin.







47

Table 25. INCOME IN 1975 OF ALL FAMILIES AND SPANISH ORIGIN FAMILIES BY SIZE OF FAMILY

AND TYPE OF SPANISH ORIGIN, FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976-Continued

(For meaning of symbols, see text)


Origin and ize of family $11,000 $12,000 $13,000 $14,000 $15,000 $16,000 $17,000 $18,000 $20,000 $25,000 $50,000 Median Mian
to to to to to to to to to to and income income
$11,999 $12,999 $13,999 $14,999 $15,999 616,999 $17,999 19,999 $24,999 $49,999 over (dols.) (dols.)

Total families, all origins........ 4.3 4.8 4.2 4.4 4.4 4.0 3.6 6.7 11.6 12.7 1.4 13,719 15,546

2 person families........................ 4.5 4.8 3.9 3.7 3.9 3.1 2.7 5.4 8.8 8.3 1.1 11,040 13,130
3 person families........................ 4.5 5.1 4.5 4.7 4.8 4.0 3.6 7.5 11.7 12.7 1.2 14,025 15,580
4 person families........................ 4.1 5.1 4.6 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0 7.9 13.8 15.8 1.6 15,848 17,513
5 person families........................ 3.7 4.7 4.4 4.8 4.5 4.8 4.5 7.8 14.8 18.2 2.1 16,466 18.496
6 person families........................ 3.7 3.6 4.3 3.5 4.2 4.2 3.3 8.7 14.9 17.7 1.9 16,134 18,121
7 or more person families................ 4.2 4.3 3.0 4.0 4.0 3.7 3.1 4.8 13.3 17.5 1.7 14,529 16.853

Total families, Spanish origin..... 4.0 4.7 4.5 3.6 4.1 3.6 2.5 4.0 5.8 4.4 0.5 9,551 11,096

2 person families ..... .................... 3.9 3.8 3.3 2.7 3.3 3.6 1.8 2.5 3.9 2.5 0.3 7,402 9,018
3 person families....................... 3.1 4.8 5.7 3.1 4.3 3.7 2.1 3.4 3.7 3.1 0.3 9,009 10,167
4 person families........................ 4.5 5.9 5.6 4.4 4.9 4.4 3.2 5.0 7.3 5.7 0.5 11,277 12,575
5 person families ...................... 3.8 5.1 4.6 3.9 3.9 4.7 3.3 5.3 7.3 4.5 1.0 10,557 12,21.
6 person families........................ 4.8 2.0 4.5 3.5 5.7 2.1 3.3 7.0 7.3 5.7 0.5 10,526 12,341
7 or more person families ................ 5.2 5.8 2.0 4.8 2.4 1.3 1.6 2.5 8.7 8.2 0.7 10,144 12,138

Families of Mexican origin......... 3.9 4.5 4.4 3.6 4.5 3.2 2.9 4.5 5.4 4.1 0.4 9,546 10.934

2 person families........................ 3.7 3.1 2.8 2.4 3.1 3.3 2.9 3.7 2.8 1.1 7,036 8,375
3 person families........................ 2.1 4.9 6.9 3.5 5.0 3.5 1.9 3.5 3.8 2.7 0.6 9,087 10,412
4 person families........................ 4.2 4.8 5.8 3.3 5.6 3.7 3.6 5.0 6.5 6.5 0.3 10,881 12.277
5 person families........................ 4.6 5.7 3.6 2.9 4.2 4.9 3.0 4.4 7.4 3.8 0.8 10,137 11,501
6 person families........................ 5.7 1.9 4.0 4.5 5.9 2.0 4.6 10.1 5.3 5.1 10,879 12,147
7 or more person families................ 4.7 6.3 2.2 6.3 3.1 0.9 2.1 2.9 8.2 6.7 0.9 10,168 12,011

Families of Puerto Rican origin.... 4.3 3.1 3.1 4.2 1.6 2.8 1.3 1.5 3.6 2.6 0.2 7,291 8,952

2 person families........................ 3.3 2.7 2.7 4.6 1.4 2.7 0.6 0.6 1.9 3.3 0.7 6,178 8,124
3 person families........................ 4.4 0.9 2.8 1.7 0.9 1.7 0.9 1.8 1.6 0.9 5,649 7,242
4 person families........................ 6.3 6.4 1.8 6.9 3.1 4.4 1.8 3.5 6.5 1.9 9,222 10.239
5 person families........................ (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)
6 person families........................ (B) (B) (B) ( (B) (B) (B) (B) ( B) (B) (B) (B) (B)
7 or more person families................ (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (n)

Families of other Spanish origin2.. 4.2 6.4 5.6 3.2 4.8 5.0 2.4 4.7 8.4 6.6 0.8 11,423 12.966

2 person families........................ 4.6 5.7 4.6 1.Z 4.6 4.6 0.6 1.7 7.4 4.0 0.6 8,607 10.727
3 person families........................ 4.6 7.3 4.6 2.6 5.3 5.3 3.3 4.0 4.6 5.3 10,864 11,526
4 person families........................ 3.8 7.6 7.0 5.1 4.4 5.7 3.2 5.7 8.9 6.3 1.3 12,667 14,491
5 person families........................ (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)
6 person families.......................... (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)
7 or more person families................ (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)

Total families, not of Spanish
origin2 ............................ 4.3 4.8 4.2 4.4 4.4 4.0 3.7 6.9 11.9 13.1 1.4 13,943 15,75.

2 person families........................ 4.6 4.8 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.1 2.8 5.4 8.9 8.5 1.1 11,155 13,246
3 person families ........................ 4.6 5.1 4.4 4.8 4.8 4.0 3.7 7.7 12.1 13.1 1.2 14,284 15,835
4 person families ....................... 4.1 5.0 4.5 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.1 8.0 14.1 16.3 1.7 16,080 17.770
5 person families........................ 3.7 4.7 4.4 4.8 4.6 4.8 4.6 7.9 15.2 19.0 2.2 16,792 18,872
6 person families........................ 3.6 3.7 4.3 3.6 4.1 4.3 3.3 8.8 15.4 18.6 2.0 16,557 18,554
7 or more person families................ 4.1 4.1 3.2 3.9 4.2 4.0 3.3 5.1 13.9 18.6 1.9 15,208 17,423

'Includes Cuban, Central or South American, and other Spanish origin.
2Includes families with head who did not know or did not report on origin.







48

Table 26. INCOME IN 1975 OF SPANISH, MEXICAN, AND PUERTO RICAN ORIGIN FAMILIES BY NUMBER
OF RELATED CHILDREN UNDER 18 YEARS OLD, FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976

(For meaning of symbols, see text)


Type of Spanish origin and Number '2,000 03,000 '4,000 15,000 16,000 $7,000 $8,000 $9,000 $10,000 $11,000
number of related children (thou- lncer to to to to to to to to to to
sands) Percent 2,000 :i2,999 i3,9 4,999 3,999 4,6,999 .,7,999 $8,999 $9,999 $10,999 $11,999


SPANISH ORIGIN

Total families.............. ... 2,499 100.0 4.4 4.9 6.2 6.5 6.5 6.8 6.0 5.8 5.2 5.8 4.0
No children ............... ....... .... 609 100.0 2.7 6.2 7.2 5.0 6.9 6.5 5.2 6.3 5.1 4.2 4.2
1 child................. ......... ..... 623 100.0 6.5 6.1 6.2 5.9 5.1 5.0 4.5 6.0 5.9 6.9 3.4
2 children ..... ............... ..... 561 100.0 4.6 5.0 6.6 7.3 6.7 4.9 5.0 4.6 5.5 5.0 4.0
3 children ............ ...... ...... 3 342 100.0 3.2 3.0 5.7 8.1 6.0 10.1 8.8 4.2 4.3 6.1 5.1
4 children. .......................... 182 100.0 5.8 1 7 4.2 5.3 7.5 10.4 5.8 6.3 6.2 7.5 4.5
5 children.... .. ...87 100.0 1.9 0.4 1.9 12.4 10.0 7.8 10.4 11.4 3.7 8.8 3.5
6 or more children.... ................ 96 100.0 5.1 5.9 6.1 7.7 9.6 12.0 12.8 8.3 2.4 8.3 3.3

MEXICAN ORIGIN

Total families.. ........... 1,442 100.0 4.8 5.3 5.7 5.8 6.8 6.6 6.1 5.7 5.8 5.8 3.9
No children ........................... 326 100.0 2.7 6.7 6.1 5.5 8.6 5.6 4.3 5.3 6.4 4.2 3.5
1 child. .............................. 339 100.0 6.3 6.4 5.6 5.2 5.3 7.4 4.4 7.2 5.9 6.6 2.6
2 children ...................... ..... 302 100.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 5.8 5.9 4.4 5.9 4.5 6.5 4.5 4.0
3 children .. ........................ 215 100.0 4.2 3.9 4.9 6.5 6.8 8.4 8.8 3.8 5.2 5.2 5.5
4 children ........... ............. 124 100.0 7.2 2.5 4.1 3.4 6.1 7.0 5.9 6.5 6.4 9.6 5.9
5 children ................. ... ... .. 64 (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) () (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)
6 or more children.............. .... 72 (I) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)

PUERTO RICAN ORIGIN

Total families.. ............. 436 100.0 5.3 4.9 9.9 10.4 8.7 8.7 7.0 5.8 5.3 5.7 4.3
No children .................. ..... 101 100.0 3.9 5.1 11.0 3.9 8.5 8.2 7.0 9.3 5.2 5.1 4.8
1 child...................... ... 99 100.0 10.4 7.4 9.0 9.5 5.5 3.4 6.4 2.5 5.9 8.5 5.0
2 children ........................... 112 100.0 5.7 6.6 13.4 11.6 9.5 5.9 4.6 3.0 5.4 3.7 3.7
3 children ....................... .. 61 ( ) (B) ( ) (B) (B) ( ) ( ) (B) ( ) (B) (B) (B)
4 children ................ ..... .. 30 (B) (B) (B) (B) () (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)
5 children ............. .......... .... 16 (B) (B) (B) (B) () () (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)
6 or more children.............. ....... 18 (B) (B) (B ) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B) (B)







49

Table 26. INCOME IN 1975 OF SPANISH, MEXICAN, AND PUERTO RICAN ORIGIN FAMILIES BY NUMBER

OF RELATED CHILDREN UNDER 18 YEARS OLD, FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976-Continued

(For meaning of symbols, see text)


Type of Spanish origin and
number of related children



SPANISH ORIGIN

Total families .................
No children............................
1 child ................ .. .... ......
2 children ................. .....
3 children ............................
4 children ............................
5 children ............ ...............
6 or more children.................... .

MEXICAN ORIGIN

Total families ................ .
No children........................ ....
No children.................... ......
1 children ................... .... .....
2 children .........
3 children .............................
4 children ................... ........ .
5 children...... ..... ........ ........
6 or more children. ......... .. .. ....

PUERTO RICAN ORIGIN

Total families ....................
No children ..........................
1 child .......... ....... ..........
2 children ............ ....... .......
3 children.............. ..........
4 children....... . ...... ..
5 children .. ......... .... ..........
6 or more children............ ........


$12,000 M13,000
to to
?12,999 13,999




4.7 4.5


614,000
to
?14,999




3.6
3.5
3.1
4.4
3.5
3.3
6.1
1.7



3.6
3.4
3.6
3.4
3.1
4.0
(B)
(B)



4.2
4.8
3.0
7.3
(B)
(B)
(B)
(B)


.15,000
to
15,999


'16,000 $17,000 $18,000 $20,000 $25,000 $50,000
to to to to to and
$16,999 $17,999 $19,999 $24,999 $49,999 over


Median
income
(dols.)




9,551
9,821
9,796
9,973
9,258
9,485
8,459
7,281



9,546
9,815
9,387
9,861
9,527
10,076
(B)
(B)



7,291
8,273
7,751
6,547
(B)
(B)
(B)
(B)


Mean
income
(dols.)




11,096
11,496
11,041
11,284
10,974
11,141
10,383
8,813



10,934
11,451
10,600
11,179
10,997
10,886
(B)
(B)



8,952
10,152
8,831
8,417
(B)
(B)
(B)
(B)


I i I ' .


I I i I I I I









Table 27. INCOME IN 1975 OF SPANISH, MEXICAN, AND PUERTO RICAN ORIGIN FAMILIES BY
RESIDENCE, FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976

(For meaning of symbols, see text)

In metropolitan areas

Origin and income
In Outside Outside
Total Total central cities central cities metropolitan areas

SPANISH ORIGIN
Number............................thousands.. 2,499 2,096 1,292 804 403
Percent. ............................. 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Under $2,000................................. 4.4 4.0 4.2 3.8 6.4
$2,000 to $2,999.............................. 4.9 4.7 5.7 3.2 5.9
$3,000 to $3,999.............................. 6.2 6.1 6.5 5.5 6.4
$4,000 to ,4,999.............................. 6.5 6.1 7.2 4.3 8.8
$5,000 to $5,999 ............................. 6.5 6.1 6.4 5.7 8.5
$6,000 to $6,999 ............................. 6.8 6.9 7.8 5.6 6.0
$7,000 to $7,999.............................. 6.0 5.9 6.1 5.6 6.4
$8,000 to $8,999.............................. 5.8 5.5 5.7 5.1 7.7
$9,000 to 9,999 ............................. 5.2 5.3 4.8 6.3 4.4
$10,000 to $10,999............................ 5.8 5.9 6.0 5.6 5.8
$11,000 to $11,999........................... 4.0 3.8 4.2 3.3 5.2
$12,000 to $12,999............................ 4.7 4.8 4.4 5.4 4.3
$13,000 to $13,999........................... 4.5 4.6 4.5 4.8 3.9
$14,000 to .14,999............................ 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6
$15,000 to .15,999............................ 4.1 4.1 3.4 5.2 4.1
$16,000 to $16,999........................... 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.7 2.5
$17,000 to $17,999............................ 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.7 1.9
$18,000 to $19,999............................ 4.0 4.3 3.6 5.2 2.8
$20,000 to $24,999........................... 5.8 6.5 5.2 8.6 2.3
$25,000 to $49,999........................... 4.4 4.8 3.8 6.4 2.7
$50,000 and over ............................ 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.7 0.5
Median income .......................dollars.. 9,551 9,857 9,086 10,907 8,209
Mean income.........................dollars.. 11,096 11,405 10,669 12,587 9,490

MEXICAN ORIGIN
Number ..................... .... .thousands.. 1,442 1,107 621 486 335
Percent.......................... ... 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Under $2,000........................... .... 4.8 4.2 4.0 4.6 6.6
$2,000 to $2,999....................... ...... 5.3 5.2 6.0 4.2 5.7
$3,000 to $3,999............................. 5.7 5.7 5.5 6.1 5.6
$4,000 to $4,999.............................. 5.8 4.8 4.9 4.6 9.1
$5,000 to $5,999.............................. 6.8 6.0 5.2 7.1 9.3
$6,000 to $6,999.............................. 6.6 6.5 7.6 5.2 6.7
$7,000 to $7,999.............................. 6.1 6.1 6.3 5.9 6.3
$8,000 to 48,999 ............................. 5.7 5.0 4.7 5.3 8.3
$9,000 to $9,999............................. 5.8 6.2 5.5 7.0 4.6
$10,000 to $10,999........................... 5.8 6.0 6.1 6.0 5.1
$11,000 to 411,999............................ 3.9 3.5 4.5 2.2 5.3
$12,000 to $12,999........................... 4.5 4.7 4.3 5.2 3.9
$13,000 to $13,999............................ 4.4 4.6 5.1 4.0 4.0
$14,000 to $14,999............................ 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.7 3.9
$15,000 to $15,999 ........................... 4.5 4.5 4.2 4.8 4.5
$16,000 to $16,999........................... 3.2 3.5 4.2 2.6 2.4
$17,000 to $17,999 ........................... 2.9 3.2 3.2 3.0 2.0
$18,000 to $19,999........................... 4.5 5.2 4.9 5.5 2.4
$20,000 to $24,999........................... 5.4 6.4 5.7 7.2 2.4
$25,000 to $49,999........................... 4.1 4.8 4.3 5.4 1.7
$50,000 and over.............................. 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.3
Median income.......................dollars.. 9,546 10,044 10,063 10,018 8,085
Mean income.........................dollars.. 10,934 11,477 11,339 11,653 9,141

PUERTO RICAN ORIGIN
Number ............................thousands.. 436 424 357 67 11
Percent............................... 100.0 100.0 100.0 (B) (B)
Under $2,000.................................. 5.3 5.4 5.8 (B) (B)
$2,000 to $2,999............................. 4.9 4.9 5.8 (B) (B)
$3,000 to $3,999............................. 9.9 9.6 9.8 (B) (B)
$4,000 to $4,999............................. 10.4 10.1 11.8 (B) (B)
$5,000 to $5,999............................. 8.7 9.0 9.7 (B) (B)
$6,000 to $6,999............................. 8.7 8.7 8.8 (B) (B)
$7,000 to $7,999............................. 7.0 7.0 6.8 (B) (B)
$8,000 to $8,999............................. 5.8 5.9 6.4 (B) (B)
$9,000 to $9,999............................. 5.3 5.4 4.7 (B) (B)
$10,000 to $10,999........................... 5.7 5.5 5.5 (B) (B)
$11,000 to $11,999 ........................... 4.3 4.3 3.9 (B) (B)
$12,000 to $12,999........................... 3.1 3.2 3.8 (B) (B)
$13,000 to $13,999........................... 3.1 3.1 2.8 (B) (B)
$14,000 to $14,999........................... 4.2 4.2 3.9 (B) (B)
$15,000 to $15,999........................... 1.6 1.7 2.0 (B) (B)
$16,000 to $16,999........................... 2.8 2.7 2.8 (B) (B)
$17,000 to $17,999............................ 1.3 1.3 1.3 (B) (B)
$18,000 to $19,999........................... 1.5 1.5 0.7 (B) (B)
$20,000 to $24,999........................... 3.6 3.7 2.4 (B) (B)
$25,000 to $49,999 ........................... 2.6 2.7 1.4 (B) (B)
$50,000 and over............................. 0.2 0.2 (B) (B)
Median income ......................dollars.. 7,291 7,334 6,828 (B) (B)
Mean income........................dollars.. 8,952 9,002 8,150 (B) (B)






51

Table 28. INCOME IN 1975 OF SPANISH AND MEXICAN ORIGIN FAMILIES WITH HEAD 25 YEARS OLD AND OVER BY
YEARS OF SCHOOL COMPLETED OF THE FAMILY HEAD, FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976

(For meaning of symbols, see text)

Years of school completed Median
school
Origin and income Elementary school High school College ye
Origin and income years
Less than 8 1 3 4 1 1 to 3 4 years com-
pleted
Total Total 8 years years Total years years Total years or more

SPANISH ORIGIN

Number.....................thousands.. 2,221 1,028 818 210 863 363 499 331 176 154 9.5
Percent....................... 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 (X)

Under $2,000.......................... 3.6 4.7 5.0 3.4 3.3 4.9 2.2 1.0 0.9 1.0 7.8
$2,000 to $2,999...................... 4.3 6.9 7.1 6.2 2.7 3.9 1.8 0.2 0.5 6.5
$3,000 to $3,999...................... 5.8 8.2 8.8 5.6 4.3 5.2 3.6 2.6 3.5 1.5 7.2
$4,000 to $4,999...................... 6.2 9.3 9.7 7.4 4.3 5.4 3.5 1.6 2.5 0.5 7.0
$5,000 to $5,999...................... 6.3 8.3 8.7 6.8 5.8 9.1 3.5 1.5 1.9 1.0 7.9
$6,000 to $6,999...................... 6.7 9.3 10.1 6.3 4.9 5.3 4.7 3.2 3.7 2.7 7.5
$7,000 to $7,999...................... 6.1 7.2 7.4 6.7 6.2 7.1 5.6 2.2 3.3 1.0 8.5
$8,000 to $8,999...................... 5.7 6.5 7.0 4.8 5.7 5.1 6.2 3.1 5.3 0.6 8.6
$9,000 to $9,999...................... 5.1 4.5 4.5 4.6 6.3 7.5 5.4 3.8 3.4 4.3 9.9
$10,000 to $10,999 .................... 6.1 6.6 6.3 8.2 6.3 7.1 5.7 3.9 4.7 2.9 9.0
$11,000 to $11,999.................... 4.1 3.4 3.2 4.3 5.2 5.2 5.2 3.5 5.1 1.6 10.6
$12,000 to $12,999 .................... 4.8 4.1 3.7 5.5 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.0 6.7 2.9 10.3
$13,000 to $13,999.................... 4.7 3.5 3.4 3.8 5.6 4.8 6.2 5.9 7.8 3.6 11.3
$14,000 to $14,999.................... 3.7 3.4 3.3 3.9 3.5 3.6 3.3 5.2 6.5 3.8 10.7
$15,000 to $15,999.................... 4.2 3.1 2.3 5.9 5.4 3.6 6.6 4.5 4.2 4.8 12.0
$16,000 to $16,999.................... 3.7 2.1 1.8 3.4 4.5 3.4 5.4 6.2 6.6 5.8 12.2
$17,000 to $17,999.................... 2.7 1.2 1.2 1.1 3.5 2.1 4.6 5.2 6.6 3.7 (B)
$18,000 to $19,999.................... 4.3 2.3 2.4 2.0 5.0 3.9 5.8 8.7 9.4 8.0 12.3
$20,000 to $24,999.................... 6.5 3.1 2.6 5.2 7.7 5.3 9.4 14.0 10.1 18.5 1-2.4
$25,000 to $49,999.................... 4.9 2.3 1.6 4.8 4.1 1.9 5.7 15.5 6.9 25.3 12.9
$50,000 and over....................... 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 3.2 0.5 6.3 (B)
Median income ................dollars.. 10,033 7,475 7,086 9,619 11,018 9,548 12,470 16,454 14,084 20,031 (X)
Mean income ..................dollars.. 12,488 9,514 8,998 11,531 12,945 11,101 14,286 20,540 16,250 25,453 (X)

MEXICAN ORIGIN

Number..................... thousands.. 1,259 659 553 106 460 204 256 139 79 60 8.7
Percent....................... 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 (B) (X)

Under $2,000.......................... 4.0 5.1 5.8 1.4 3.4 5.4 1.8 0.5 0.9 (B) (B)
$2,000 to $2,999...................... 4.8 7.1 7.3 6.0 2.9 3.3 2.6 0.6 1.0 (B) (B)
$3,000 to $3,999 ...................... 5.2 6.8 7.0 5.8 3.7 3.5 3.8 2.8 3.9 (B) (B)
$4,000 to $4,999...................... 5.4 7.7 8.3 4.6 3.5 4.4 2.8 0.7 1.2 (B) (B)
$5,000 to $5,999...................... 6.5 8.3 8.4 8.0 5.8 8.6 3.6 0.5 (B) 7.0
$6,000 to $6,999...................... 6.5 8.9 9.8 4.4 4.6 4.7 4.6 1.7 3.0 (B) 6.8
$7,000 to $7,999...................... 6.2 7.8 8.1 6.3 5.4 6.5 4.4 1.8 3.2 (B) 7.0
$8,000 to $8,999...................... 5.6 6.9 7.1 5.6 4.3 4.6 4.1 3.6 6.2 (B) (B)
$9,000 to $9,999...................... 5.6 5.4 5.1 6.9 6.6 8.3 5.2 3.1 3.3 (B) (B)
$10,000 to $10,999.................... 5.9 6.0 5.9 6.8 6.2 6.6 5.8 4.2 5.2 (B) (B)
$11,000 to $11,999.................... 3.9 2.9 3.2 1.5 5.0 3.8 6.0 4.6 7.1 (B) (B)
$12,000 to $12,999.................... 4.6 4.7 4.6 5.4 4.4 3.3 5.3 5.0 5.5 (B) (B)
$13,000 to $13,999.................... 4.8 3.8 3.8 3.7 6.0 5.8 6.2 5.2 4.0 (B) (B)
$14,000 to $14,999.................... 3.8 3.8 3.4 5.7 3.3 3.5 3.2 5.8 8.3 (B) (B)
$15,000 to $15,999.................... 4.7 3.4 2.6 7.7 6.1 5.0 7.0 5.8 6.1 (B) (B)
$16,000 to $16,999..................... 3.3 1.7 1.6 2.3 4.2 3.8 4.5 7.8 10.6 (B) (B)
$17,000 to $17,999.................... 3.3 1.6 1.5 2.3 5.2 3.7 6.3 5.3 6.1 (B) (B)
$18,000 to $19,999.................... 4.8 2.9 2.8 3.9 5.9 5.2 6.4 9.8 9.4 (B) (B)
$20,000 to $24,999.................... 6.1 2.8 2.3 5.7 8.1 7.0 9.0 14.9 8.4 (B) 12.2
$25,000 to $49,999 .................... 4.6 2.3 1.5 6.3 5.2 2.9 7.0 13.3 6.4 (B) (B)
$50,000 and over ...................... 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 3.1 (B) (B)
Median income................dollars.. 10,028 7,790 7,439 10,161 11,723 10,098 12,993 16,541 14,646 (B) (X)
Mean income...................dollars.. 12,523 9,772 9,206 12,725 13,793 12,235 15,034 21,337 17,243 (B) (X)









Table 29. INCOME IN 1975 OF SPANISH, MEXICAN, AND PUERTO RICAN ORIGIN FAMILIES AND OF
UNRELATED INDIVIDUALS BY NUMBER OF EARNERS, FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976
(For meaning of symbols, see text)

Families Unrelated individuals

Origin and income Families having specified number of earners
Non-
Total None 1 2 3 4 or more Total Earners earners


SPANISH ORIGIN

Number ..................... ... thousands.. 2,499 349 958 884 207 101 645 445 200
Percent........... ................ 103.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 103.0 100.0 100.0

Under $2,000.......................... .. 4.4 18.0 3.7 1.0 1.3 0.7 24.3 17.2 40.2
$2,000 to $2,999.................... ....... 4.9 19.7 4.4 1.3 -14.0 8.3 26.6
$3,000 to $3,999............................ 6.2 22.5 6.3 1.5 1.3 10.2 6.1 19.2
$4,003 to $4,999............................ 6.5 14.8 8.0 3.8 0.7 0.7 8.8 8.9 8.4
$5,000 to $5,999............................ 6.5 11.3 9.3 3.5 1.5 -7.0 9.4 1.6
$6,000 to $6,999............................ 6.8 5.9 9.9 4.9 3.7 2.3 6.4 9.0 0.5
$7,000 to $7,999 ........................... 6.0 3.0 9.1 4.7 3.6 2.6 6.6 9.3 0.6
$8,000 to $8,999........................... 5.8 1.9 8.4 5.6 2.5 3.2 4.4 6.0 0.8
$9,000 to $9,999............................ 5.2 0.8 6.8 6.2 3.2 0.8 3.6 5.2
$10,000 to $10,999......................... 5.8 1.1 6.0 7.7 6.7 2.4 3.9 5.3 0.9
$11,000 to $11,999......................... 4.0 3.8 6.0 4.5 2.9 3.7 5.2 0.5
$12,000 to $12,999......................... 4.7 0.5 5.1 6.6 3.7 1.7 1.7 2.3 0.4
$13,003 to $13,999.......................... 4.5 3.8 6.1 7.6 6.3 0.8 0.9 0.4
$14,000 to $14,999 ......................... 3.6 3.1 5.3 3.7 5.2 0.4 0.5
$15,000 to $15,999.......................... 4.1 3.3 5.3 8.3 6.1 1.0 1.5
$16,000 to $16,999.......................... 3.6 1.6 6.1 8.4 2.4 0.5 0.8
$17,000 to $17,999.......................... .2.5 1.1 4.4 4.7 2.5 0.6 0.9
$18,000 to $19,999......................... 4.0 1.8 6.4 7.8 10.4 1.1 1.5
$20,000 to $24,999......................... 5.8 0.2 2.7 7.9 14.7 18.9 0.6 0.9
$25,000 to $49,999.......................... 4.4 0.2 1.2 5.0 11.7 30.1 0.4 0.6
$50,000 and over........................... 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.8
Median income .....................dollars.. 9,551 3,544 7,927 12,576 15,719 19,957 4,174 6,006 2,368
Mean income .......................dollars.. 11,096 3,864 9,162 13,655 16,542 20,792 5,303 6,549 2,527

MEXICAN ORIGIN

Number............ .............thousands.. 1,442 144 556 526 142 74 330 233 97
Percent ............................ 10 .0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 (B) 100.0 100.0 100.0

Under $2,000................................ 4.8 28.4 3.5 1.2 1.2 (B) 28.2 21.6 44.2
$2,000 to $2,999 ........................... 5.3 23.6 6.2 1.6 (B) 12.3 8.8 20.7
$3,000 to $3,999 ........................... 5.7 19.4 7.9 1.5 1.9 (B) 10.6 6.8 19.8
$4,000 to $4,999........................... 5.8 9.7 6.7 5.6 1.0 (B) 8.9 8.7 9.2
$5,000 to $5,999............................ 6.8 9.6 10.5 4.3 2.2 (B) 5.8 7.5 1.7
$6,000 to $6,999............................ 6.6 3.5 8.9 6.2 4.0 (B) 5.6 7.9
$7,000 to $7,999............................ 6.1 1.6 9.9 4.1 4.7 (B) 4.5 6.4
$8,000 to $8,999............................ 5.7 1.8 6.6 7.0 2.4 (B) 4.0 4.9 1.8
$9,000 to $9,999............................ 5.8 0.7 6.7 7.5 3.5 (B) 4.8 6.8
$10,000 to $10,999.......................... 5.8 1.7 4.7 8.1 7.0 (BY 4.1 5.0 1.8
$11,000 to $11,999.......................... 3.9 3.9 5.3 3.5 (B) 3.2 4.5
$12,000 to $12,999.......................... 4.5 5.4 5.4 4.0 (B) 1.3 1.5 0.9
$13,000 to $13,999.......................... 4.4 3.2 6.5 5.3 (B) 0.5 0.7
$14,000 to $14,999.......................... 3.6 3.2 4.5 3.9 (B)
$15,000 to $15,999.......................... 4.5 3.3 5.3 9.7 (B) 1.2 1.7
$16,000 to $16,999......................... 3.2 1.6 5.1 6.6 (B) 0.8 1.1
$17,000 to $17,999.......................... 2.9 1.3 4.8 4.5 (B) 1.3 1.8
$18,000 to $19,999.......................... 4.5 2.3 6.7 6.8 (B) 1.5 2.1
$20,000 to $24,999.......................... 5.4 2.5 5.8 15.5 (B) 1.2 1.7
$25,000 to $49,999.......................... 4.1 0.9 3.3 12.4 (B) 0.3 0.4
$30,000 and over........................... 0.4 0.6 0.3 -(B)
Median income.............. ......dollars.. 9,546 2,915 7,632 11,560 15,565 (B) 3,892 5,536 2,282
Mean income ................. ... dollars.. 10,934 3,273 8,893 12,515 16,397 (B) 5,255 6,406 2,478

PUERTO RICAN ORIGIN

Number.......................... thousands.. 436 139 154 118 18 6 103 65 38
Percent ............................ 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 (B) (B) 100.0 (B) (B)

Under $2,000................................ 5.3 9.7 5.6 0.7 (B) (B) 13.2 (B) (B)
$2,000 to $2,999............................ 4.9 12.3 1.6 1.6 (B) (B) 21.2 (B) (B)
$3,000 to $3,999............................ 9.9 23.9 5.0 1.8 (B) (B) 11.0 (B) (B)
$4,000 to $4,999........................... 10.4 22.1 9.5 (B) (B) 5.8 (B) (B)
$5,000 to $5,999........................... 8.7 13.0 8.5 5.9 (B) (B) 11.0 (B) (B)
$6,000 to $6,999............................ 8.7 8.3 13.8 4.1 (B) (B) 10.0 (B) (B)
$7,000 to $7,999............................ 7.0 5.9 10.5 4.7 (B) (B) 9.7 (B) (B)
$8,000 to $8,999........................... 5.8 2.4 10.4 4.9 (B) (B) 3.6 (B) (B)
$9,000 to $9,999............................ 5.3 0.6 9.0 6.9 (B) (B) 4.3 (B) (B)
$10,030 to $10,999.......................... 5.7 0.6 9.0 7.3 (B) (B) 2.0 (B) (B)
$11,000 to $11,999......................... 4.3 3.1 9.8 (B) (B) 6.7 (B) (B)
$12,000 to $12,999......................... 3.1 0.6 2.7 6.4 (B) (B) 0.8 (B) (B)
$13,000 to $13,999.......................... 3.1 3.3 5.0 (B) (B) (B) (B)
$14,000 to $14,999......................... 4.2 3.8 10.0 (B) (B) (B) (B)
$15,000 to $15,999.......................... 1.6 1.1 4.6 (B) (B) 0.8 (B) (B)
$16,000 to $16,999......................... 2.8 1.1 6.1 (B) (B) (B) (B)
$17,000 to $17,999.......................... 1.3 0.6 3.4 (B) (B) (B) (B)
$18,000 to $19,999.......................... 1.5 4.2 (B) (B) (B) (B)
$20,000 to $24,999......................... 3.6 1.0 7.0 (B) (B) (B) (B)
$25,000 to $49,999.................... ..... 2.6 0.5 0.5 5.0 (B) (B) (B) (B)
$50,000 and over........................... 0.2 0.7 (B) (B) (B) (B)
Median income....................dollars.. 7,291 4,185 7,575 12,361 (B) (B) 4,803 (B) (B)
Mean income .......................dollars.. 8,952 4,439 8,009 13,428 (B) (B) 5,133 (B) (B)









Table 30. SELECTED SUMMARY CHARACTERISTICSOF SPANISH AND MEXICANORIGIN FAMILIES
AND UNRELATED INDIVIDUALS BY POVERTY STATUS, FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976

(Numbers in thousands. For meaning of symbols, see text)

Spanish origin Mexican origin

Selected characteristic Below poverty level Below poverty level

Total Number Percent Total Number Percent

Families............................. 2,499 627 25.1 1,442 381 26.5
Mean size of family ........................ 4.19 4.39 (X) 4.34 4.61 (X)
Head 65 years and over...................... 165 52 31.8 94 33 35.5
With related children under 18 years....... 1,891 550 29.1 1,116 341 30.6
Mean number of related children........... 2.59 2.94 (X) 2.65 3.04 (X)
Head not a high school graduate2 ........... 1,391 440 31.6 863 272 31.5
Head worked last year....................... 1,941 305 15.7 1,172 230 19.6
Worked year round full time............... 1,327 119 9.0 784 92 11.7
Families with female head .................. 522 279 53.6 245 141 57.8

Unrelated individuals................ 645 236 36.6 330 126 38.1
65 years and over........................... 107 56 52.5 63 31 (B)
Worked last year........................... 442 109 24.8 233 69 29.5
Worked year round full time............... 222 11 5.2 103 6 5.9
Female unrelated individuals............... 297 136 45.7 125 63 50.3

IMean based on persons of Spanish or other origin in Spanish origin families.
2Head 25 years and over.










Table 31. SELECTED DETAILED CHARACTERISTICS OF SPANISH AND MEXICAN ORIGIN
FAMILIES BY POVERTY STATUS, FOR THE UNITED STATES: MARCH 1976

(Numbers in thousands. For meaning of symbols, see text)

Spanish origin Mexican origin

Selected characteristic Below poverty level Below poverty level

Total Number Percent Total Number Percent

AGE OF HEAD

Total........ ........................ 2,499 627 25.1 1,442 381 26.5
Under 25 years............................. 279 105 37.7 183 65 35.4
25 to 34 years............................. 706 176 24.9 413 103 25.0
35 to 44 years.............................. 624 145 23.2 335 91 27.3
45 to 54 years............................. 475 100 21.1 275 61 22.2
55 to 64 years............................. 251 49 19.5 142 27 19.0
65 years and over.......................... 165 52 31.8 94 33 35.5

Median age.......................... years.. 39.3 37.3 (X) 38.7 37.5 (X)

TYPE OF FAMILY

Total................................ 2,499 627 25.1 1,442 381 26.5
Male head ................................... 1,978 348 17.6 1,197 240 20.0
Husband-wife............................. 1,896 335 17.7 1,148 231 20.1
Other male head.......................... 81 13 15.6 49 9 (B)
Female head................................ 522 279 53.6 245 141 57.8

SIZE OF FAMILY

Total................................ 2,499 627 25.1 1,442 381 26.5
2 persons.................................. 586 136 23.1 289 70 24.3
3 persons.................................. 552 125 22.7 306 70 23.0
4 persons.................................. 558 107 19.2 309 61 19.9
5 persons.................................... 349 92 26.5 220 64 29.0
6 persons.................................. 207 57 27.4 130 33 25.2
7 or more persons.......................... 248 110 44.4 188 84- 44.7

Mean size of family......................... 4.19 4.39 (X) 4.34 4.61 (X)

PRESENCE OF RELATED CHILDREN UNDER 18

Total................................ 2,499 627 25.1 1,422 381 26.5
Without related children.................... 609 77 12.6 326 40 12.4
With related children....................... 1,891 550 29.1 1,116 341 30.6
1 child.................................... 623 129 20.7 339 73 21.7
2 children................................. 561 142 25.3 302 84 28.0
3 children................................. 342 104 30.5 215 65 30.1
4 children.................................. 182 68 37.1 124 43 34.3
5 children or more.......................... 183 108 58.9 137 76 55.5

Mean number of children .................... 2.59 2.94 (X) 2.65 3.04 (X)

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT OF HEAD

Total, 25 years and over.............. 2,221 522 23.5 1,259 317 25.2
Elementary: Less than 8 years.............. 818 296 36.1 553 201 36.3
8 years....................... 210 52 24.7 106 20 19.3
High school: 1 to 3 years................... 363 92 25.5 204 51 25.1
4 years........................ 499 63 12.6 256 37 14.5
College: 1 year or more................. 331 19 5.9 139 7 5.2

Median school years completed.............. 9.5 7.2 (X) 8.7 6.2 (X)
Percent not a high school graduate......... 62.6 84.2 (X) 68.6 86.0 (X)







Appendix A


SOURCE AND RELIABILITY OF THE
ESTIMATES
Source of data. The estimates for the Spanish
origin population presented in this report are based
on data obtained in March of 1976 in the Current
Population Survey (CPS) of the Bureau of the
Census. The monthly CPS deals mainly with labor
force data for the civilian, noninstitutional popula-
tion. Questions relating to labor force participation
are asked about each member 14 years old and older
in each sample household. In addition, questions are
asked monthly about ethnic origin for all persons 14
years old and older.
The present CPS sample was initially selected
from the 1970 census file and is updated contin-
uously to reflect .new construction where possible
(see section, "Nonsampling Variability," below).
The following table provides a description of
some aspects of the monthly CPS sample design in
use during the referenced data-collection period.
For March, in addition to the standard set of
questions, and questions on Spanish origin, addi-


sex. Most Spanish origin persons are included in the
White race. These independent estimates were based
on statistics from decennial censuses; statistics on
births, deaths, immigration, and emigration; and sta-
tistics on the strength of the Armed Forces. The
estimation procedure for the data in this report also
involved a further adjustment so that the husband
and wife of a household received the same weight.
Estimates of Spanish origin population for New
York and the five Southwestern States, as given in
tables B, 1, 4, 19, and 22, are derived from the
Current Population Survey but ratio-estimated to
independent controls for total State population.
The 1970 census data quoted in this report are
obtained from the 1970 Census of Population
(Persons of Spanish Origin, Volume PC(2)-1C) and
are based on a 5-percent sample of the population of
the United States.


Reliability of the estimates. Since the CPS esti-
mates in these tables were based on a sample, they
may differ somewhat from the figures that would


Description of the Current Population Survey

Number of Households eligible Households
Number of Households
Time period sample Not visited, not
areasi Interviewed Interviewed eligible2

August 1972 to present......... 461........... 45,000........ 2,000......... 8,000..........

1These areas were chosen to provide coverage in each State and the District of Columbia.
2These are households which were visited, but were found to be vacant or otherwise not
eligible for interview.


tional questions are asked about income, work ex-
perience and mobility status. In order to obtain
more reliable data for the Spanish origin population,
the March CPS sample was enlarged to include all
households from the November 1975 sample which
contained at least one person of Spanish origin. This
resulted in almost doubling the number of sample
persons of Spanish origin. In addition, this report
includes persons in the Armed Forces living off post
or with their families on post.
The estimation procedure used for the monthly
CPS data involves the inflation of the weighted
sample results to independent estimates of the
civilian noninstitutional population of the United
States by age, race (White, Black and other), and


have been obtained if a complete census had been
taken using the same schedules, instructions, and
enumerators. There are two types of errors possible
in an estimate based on a sample survey-sampling
and nonsampling. For estimates in this report, indi-
cations of the magnitude of sampling error are pro-
vided, but the extent of the nonsampling error is
unknown. Consequently, particular care should be
exercised in the interpretation of figures based on a
relatively small number of cases or on small differ-
ences between estimates.

Nonsampling variability. As in any survey work,
the results are subject to errors of response and non-
reporting in addition to sampling variability. Non-








sampling errors can be attributed to many sources,
e.g., inability to obtain information about all cases
in the sample, definitional difficulties, differences in
the interpretation of questions, inability or unwill-
ingness to provide correct information on the part
of respondents, inability to recall information,
mistakes made in collection such as in recording or
coding the data, mistakes made in processing the
data, mistakes made in estimating values for missing
data, and failure to represent all units with the sam-
ple (undercoverage). The approximate magnitude of
two sources of undercoverage in CPS is known and
is described next.
Approximately 600,000 conventional new con-
struction units were issued building permits prior to
the 1970 census but building was not completed by
the time of the census (i.e., April 1970); these units
have no representation in the CPS sample. Conven-
tional new construction, for which building permits
were issued after the census, is represented. In addi-
tion to undercoverage of conventional new construc-
tion, CPS misses at least 200,000 new mobile
homes. These are missed because there is no syste-
.matic sampling procedure to provide representation
of mobile homes constructed since the 1970 census.

Sampling variability. The standard errors given in
the following tables are primarily measures of sam-
pling variability, that is, of the variations that
occurred by chance because a sample rather than the
whole of the population was surveyed. As calcu-
lated, the standard error also partially measures the
effect of certain response and enumeration errors,
but it does not measure any systematic biases in the
data. The chances are about 68 out of 100 that an
estimate from the survey differs from a complete
census figure by less than the standard error. The
chances are about 90 out of 100 that this difference
would be less than 1.6 times the standard error and
about 95 out of 100 that the difference would be
less than twice the standard error.
All the statements of comparison appearing in the
text are significant at a 1.6 standard error level or
better, and most are significant at a level of more
than 2.0 standard errors. This means that for most
differences cited in the text, the estimated differ-
ence is greater than twice the standard error of the
difference. Statements of comparison qualified in
some way (e.g., by use of the phrase, "some evi-
dence") have a level of significance between 1.6 and
2.0 standard errors.

Note when using small estimates. Summary
measures (such as means, medians, and percent dis-
tributions) are shown in the report only when the
base is 75,000 or greater. Because of the large stand-
ard errors involved, there is little chance that sum-
mary measures wouid reveal useful information


when computed on a smaller base. Estimated num-
bers are shown, however, even though the relative
standard errors of these numbers are larger than
those for corresponding percentages. These smaller
estimates are provided primarily to permit such
combinations of the categories as serve each user's
needs.

Comparability with other data. Data obtained
from the CPS are not entirely comparable with data
obtained from the 1970 census. This is due in large
part to differences in interviewer training and ex-
perience and in differing survey processes. This is an
additional component of error not reflected in the
standard error tables. Therefore, caution should be
used in comparing results between these different
sources. See page 15 for more details on the
comparability of CPS and census data.
Standard errors for data based on the decennial
census. Sampling errors of all data from the 5-
percent sample of the 1970 decennial census shown
in this report are small enough to be disregarded.
However, the standard errors may be found in the
appropriate census volumes.

Standard error tables and their use. Instead of
providing individual standard error tables for each
characteristic of interest, one generalized standard
error table is provided for each set of characteristics
having nearly equal standard errors. As a result, the
tables of standard errors provide an indication of the
order of magnitude of the standard errors rather
than the precise standard error for any specific item.
Standard errors for intermediate values not shown in
the tables may be approximated by interpolation.
Table A-1 indicates which of the standard error
tables A-4 through A-13 should be used for each of
the text tables A through K and for each of the
detailed tables 1 through 31. Table A-1 also indi-
cates the type of characteristic (I, II-E, II-1, Il-N, or
III) which are in each of the data tables.
The figures presented in tables A-4 through A-11
are approximations to standard errors of various
CPS Spanish origin estimates shown in this report.
The figures shown in tables A-12 and A-13 are
approximations to standard errors of U.S. popula-
tion characteristics.
Standard error tables A-4 through A-11 are classi-
fied by characteristic type as well as by type of
estimate, i.e., total or percentage. Type I character-
istics are family or one-person-per-household charac-
teristics. Type II refers to some persons in a house-
hold (not one and not all) and consist of education
(II-E), income (11-1) and characteristics other than
education and income (II-N). Type III character-
istics relate to most of the persons in a household.
Standard error tables A-4 and A-8 are for Type I
characteristics, tables A-5 and A-9 are for Type II-E











and I1-1 characteristics, tables A-6 and A-10 are for
Type II-N characteristics and tables A-7 and A-11
are for Type III characteristics.
To calculate standard errors for Spanish origin
characteristics it was necessary to use two param-
eters (denoted as "a" and "b") which are presented
in table A-2. The "a" and "b" parameters for U.S.
population characteristics are shown in table A-3.
These parameters were used to calculate the tabu-
lated standard errors in tables A-4 through A-13.
They also may be used directly to calculate the
standard errors for estimated numbers and estimated
percentages. Direct computation of the standard
errors will give more accurate results than the use of
the standard error tables. Methods for direct compu-
tation are given in the following sections.

Standard errors of estimated numbers. The
approximate standard error, ax, of an estimated
number shown in this report can be obtained in two


ways. It may be obtained by interpolation from
tables A-4 through A-7 and A-12 or alternatively, it
may be approximated by using the following form-
ula, (1), from which the standard errors in tables
A-4 through A-7 and A-12 were calculated. Use of
this formula will provide more accurate results than
interpolation.


ox = ax + bx


Here x is the size of the estimate and a and b are
the parameters in tables A-2 and A-3 associated with
the particular type of characteristic.

Standard errors of estimated percentages. The
reliability of an estimated percentage, computed
using sample data for both numerator and denomi-
nator, depends on both the size of the percentage
and the size of the total upon which this percentage
is based. Estimated percentages are relatively more


Table A-1. Standard Error Tables and Characteristic Types for Each Data Table


Standard error
tables


A-7, -11
(X)
A-6, -10
A-4, -8
A-6, -10
A-5, -9
A-4, -8

A-6, -10
A-5, -9
A-4, -8
A-4, -8
A-4, -8
A-4, -8
A-6, -10
A-7, -11
A-6, -10
A-6, -10
A-6, -10
A-4, -8
A-6, -10
A-4, -8
A-6, -10
A-5, -9
A-5, -9
A-5, -9
A-4, -8

A-6, -10


Characteristic type'



III
III
II-N
I-(Male or female alone)
II-N (Both sexes)
II-E
I-(Agriculture or detailed
nonagriculture)
II-N (Broad nonagriculture)
II-I
I
I
I
I
II-N (Male or female alone)
III (Both sexes)
II-N


II-N
II-N
I-(Male or
II-N (Both
I-(Male or
II-N (Both
II-E
II-E
II-E


female alone)
sexes)
female alone)
sexes)


I-(Agriculture or detailed
nonagriculture)
II-N (Broad nonagriculture)


Data
tables


11

12
13
14
15
16
172

18

193


20

21

223
23
24
25

26
27
28
29
30
31


Standard error
tables


A-5,-9,-12,
-134
A-5, -9
A-5, -9
A-5, -9
A-5, -9
A-5, -9
A-4, -8
A-12, -134
A-4, -8
A-6, -10
A-12, -134
A-4, -8
A-6, -10
A-4, -8
A-6, -10
A-4, -8
A-12, -134
A-4, -8
A-6, -10
A-4, -8
A-4, -8
A-12, -134
A-4, -8
A-4, -8
A-4, -8
A-4, -8
A-4, -8
A-4, -8


Characteristic type'



II-I Persons Income-Total
Population
II-I
II-I
II-E
II-I
II-I
I
Family Residence-U.S.
I-(Head)
II-N (Persons)
Family Status U.S.
I-(Head)
II-N (Persons)
I-(Head)
II-N (Persons)
I
Family Status-U.S.
I
II-N
I
I
Family Income-U.S.
I
I
I
I
I
I


X Not applicable.
la. Type I characteristics are family or one-person-per-household characteristics.
b. Type II characteristics refer to some persons in a household (not one and not all) and consist of
education (II-E), income (II-I) and characteristics other than education or income (II-N).
c. Type III characteristics relate to most of the persons in a household.
2For standard errors of residence estimates for Spanish origin, multiply the entries of the appropriate
standard error table by 1.4.
3For standard errors of estimates for five Southwestern States multiply the entries of the appropriate
standard error table by 2.4.
4See table A-3, also, to determine what factor should be multiplied with the entries of tables A-12 and
A-13 to obtain standard errors for total U.S. characteristics.


Data
tables


A
B
C
D

E
F


G
H2
I
J
K
13

2
3
43
5

6

7
8
9
10









reliable than the corresponding estimates of the
numerators of the percentages, particularly if the
percentages are 50 percent or more. When the
numerator and denominator of the percentage are in
different categories, use the factor or parameters
indicated by the numerator. The approximate stand-
ard error, 0(x p), of an estimated percentage can be
obtained by interpolation from tables A-8 through
A-11 for Spanish origin characteristics and table
A-13 for total U.S. population characteristics.
Alternatively, the standard errors may be approxi-
mated by the following formula, (2), from which
the standard errors in tables A-8 through A-11 and
A-13 were calculated; direct computation will give
more accurate results than use of the standard error
tables.

0(x,p) = v .p(100-p) (2)
Here x is the size of the subclass of the persons,
families, unrelated individuals or households which
is the base of the percentage, p is the percentage (0
<_p .100), and b is the parameter in tables A-2 or


A-3 associated with the particular type of character-
istic in the numerator of the percentage.

Illustration of the use of standard error tables.
Table A of this report shows that in 1976 there were
6,590,000 persons of Mexican origin. Table A-7
shows the standard error of an estimate of this size
to be approximately 237,000. Alternatively, using
the parameters in table A-2 in formula (1) gives a
standard error of
238,000 = (-0.0000441) (6,590,000)2 + (8917.4236) (6,590,000)

The chances are 68 out of 100 that the estimate
would have been a figure differing from a complete
census figure by less than 238,000. The chances are
95 out of 100 that the estimate would have differed
from a complete census figure by less than 476,000
(twice the standard error).
Of these 6,590,000 persons of Mexican origin,
13.3 percent were under 5 years old. Table A-10
shows the standard error of 13.3 percent on a base
of 6,590,000 to be approximately 0.9 percent.


Table A-2. Standard Error Tables and Parameters to be Used for Each Characteristic

Characteristic
Standard error tables Parameters
type

Spanish Estimated Estimated
a b
origin totals percentages

I.................. A-4 A-8 -0.0000195 1422.2069
II-E............... A-5 A-9 -0.0000148 2285.1089
II-I............... A-5 A-9 -0.0000110 2229.3559
II-N............... A-6 A-10 -0.0000256 4431.7805
III................ A-7 A-11 -0.0000441 8917.4236

Note: To obtain parameters for the estimates for the five Southwestern States (tables 1, 4,
19, and 22) multiply the appropriate characteristic type parameters by the factor 5.76; to
obtain parameters for residence estimates (tables H and 17) multiply the appropriate character-
istic type parameters by the factor 2.0.



Table A-3. Standard Error Tables, Parameters and Factors to be Used for Each Total U.S.
Population Characteristic

Standard error Factors
Total U.S. characteristics and Parameters
tables to apply
the data tables where these ___ to a___
to table
characteristics can be found b Num s P nts
a b Numbers Percents A-13

Labor force or unemployment-table 10....... -0.000005 1629.1865 A-12 A-13 1.00
Income of persons table 11................. -0.000007 1533.4986 A-12 A-13 0.97
Family residence table 17................. -0.000016 2169.7569 A-12 A-13 1.15.
Family status table 18.................... -0.000010 1388.6444 A-12 A-13 0.92
Family income table 25.................... -0.000008 1063.1809 A-12 A-13 0.81









Tables A-4, A-5, A-6, and A-7. Standard Errors of Estimated Numbers of
Spanish Origin Persons or Families


Table A-4. Type I Characteristics
(68 chances out of 100.
Numbers in thousands)


Size of estimate Standard error


10..................... 4
25..................... 6
50..................... 8
100.................... 12
250.................... 19
500.................... 27
1,000 .................. 38
2,500.................. 59
5,000.................. 81
7,500................... 98


Tab'? A-6. Type Il-N Characteristics
(68 chances out of 100.
Numbers in thousands)


Size of estimate Standard error


10..................... 7
25..................... 10
50..................... 15
100.................... 21
250.................... 33
500.................... 47
1,000 .................. 66
2,500 .................. 104
5,000................... 147
7,500 .................. 178


Table A-5. Type Il-E and I1-1 Characteristics
(68 chances out of 100.
Numbers in thousands)


Size of estimate Standard error


10 ..................... 5
25 ..................... 8
50.................... 11
100.................... 15
250.................... 24
500.................... 34
1,000 .................. 48
2,500 .................. 75
5,000................... 105
7,500 .................. 128


Table A-7. Type III Characteristics
(68 chances out of 100.
Numbers in thousands)


Size of estimate Standard error


10..................... 9
25..................... 15
50..................... 21
100.................... 30
250.................... 47
500.................... 67
1,000 .................. 94
2,500 .................. 148
5,000 .................. 208
7,500 .................. 254


Note: See table A-i to determine which table to use for a particular estimated number
and for factors for the five Southwestern States and residence.


Alternatively, this standard error could have been
derived by using the "b" parameter for a Type Il-N
characteristic from table A-2 in formula (2).
0 4431.7805
0.9 = 4431.786,590,000 (13.3) (86.7)
6,590,000

Consequently, chances are 68 out of 100 that the
estimated 13.3 percent would be within 0.9 percent-
age points of a complete census figure, and 95 out
of 100 that the estimate would be within 1.8 per-
centage points of a complete census figure. The
95-percent confidence interval would be from 11.5
to 15.1 percent.


Standard error of a difference. The formula for
approximate standard errors of the difference be-
tween two estimates is given by (3):


S= 2
1 2


The estimates can be of numbers, percent, ratios,
etc. a1 and 02 are the standard errors presented in
tables A-4 through A-13 or calculated using formula
(1) or (2). This will represent the actual standard
error quite accurately for the difference between
two estimates of the same characteristic in two
different areas, or for the difference between sep-









arate and uncorrelated characteristics in the same
area. If, however, there is a high positive correlation
between the two characteristics, the formula will
overstate the true standard error.
For percent, formula (3) can be written as

O(p -p2) 1 p+


x, X2
by Pt (1 O0-pl) + p2 (1O0-pz) (4)

In this situation the bases of the two percentages,
x, and x2, are not the same. When the base, x, of
the two percentages is the same, use the following
formula (5).

(P l- b [100 (Pt +P ) -(P ]
'(P I -P2) = -- 1100 (PI +p P2 (P I P2 F 1 (5)


In formula (4), bi and b2 are the parameters for
the characteristics and population in question, and
p, and p2 are the percentages being compared with
(0 < p, <100) and (O b is the b-parameter for the characteristic in ques-
tion.
Formula (4) is to be used when the bases do not
overlap; for example, males of Mexican origin and
males of Puerto Rican origin. It can also be used
when one base is a subset of the other; for example,
males of Mexican origin and all Spanish origins
males, but in this case (4) will overestimate the
standard error of the difference.
Formula (5) is to be used when the base of the
two percent is the same, the percent do not over-
lap and the characteristics in the numerators of p,
and P2 are of the same type, i.e., they have the same
b parameter. For example, if the base is all families


Table A-8. Standard Errors of Estimated Percentages of Spanish Origin Persons or Families
Type I Characteristics

(68 chances out of 100)

Base of Estimated percentage
percentage
(thousands) 1 or 99 2 or 98 5 or 95 10 or 90 25 or 75 35 or 65 50

75....................... 1.4 1.9 3.0 4.1 6.0 6.6 6.9
100...................... 1.2 1.7 2.6 3.6 5.2 5.7 6.0
250...................... 0.8 1.1 1.6 2.3 3.3 3.6 3.8
500...................... 0.5 0.7 1.2 1.6 2.3 2.5 2.7
1,000.................... 0.4 0.5 0.8 1.1 1.6 1.8 ,1.9
2,500.................... 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.7 1.0 1.1 1.2
5,000.................... 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.7 0'.8 0.8
7,500..................... 0.14 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.7

Note: See table A-1 to determine which table to use for a particular estimated percentage
and for factors for the five Southwestern States and residence.

Table A-9. Standard Errors of Estimated Percentages of Spanish Origin Persons or Families

Type II-E or II-I Characteristics

(68 chances out of 100)

Base of percentage Estimated percentage
Base of percentage
(thousands) 1 or 99 2 or 98 5 or 95 10 or 90 25 or 75 35 or 65 50


75....................... 1.7 2.4 3.8 5.2 7.6 8.3 8.7
100...................... 1.5 2.1 3.3 4.5 6.5 7.2 7.6
250...................... 1.0 1.3 2.1 2.9 4.1 4.6 4.8
500...................... 0.7 0.9 1.5 2.0 2.9 3.2 3.4
1,000..................... 0.5 0.7 1.0 1.4 2.1 2.3 2.4
2,500.................... 0.3 0.4 0.7 0.9 1.3 1.4 1.5
5,000.................... 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.9 1.0 1.1
7,500..................... 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.8 0.9

Note: See table A-1 to determine which table to use for a particular estimated percentage
and for factors for the five Southwestern States and residence.








with head of Spanish origin and one is comparing
the percent of these families living in central cities
with the percent in the suburbs (table 17), one may
use formula (5) to calculate the standard error of
the difference.
Illustration of the computation of the standard
error of a difference in percent. Table C shows that
13.3 percent of all persons of Mexican origin were
under 5 years old in March of 1976 while the figure
was 5.6 percent for persons of Cuban origin. The
apparent difference is 7.7 percent. As shown above,
the standard error on the 13.3 percent with a base
of 6,590,000 was 0.9 percent. The standard error on
the 5.6 percent with a base of 687,000 computed
from (2) is 1.8 percent. Therefore the standard error
of the estimated difference of 7.7 percent is about
2.0 = (0.9)2 +(1.8)2


This means the chances are 68 out of 100 that the
estimated difference based on the samples would
vary from the difference derived using complete cen-
sus figures by less than 2.0 percent. The 68 percent
confidence interval around the 7.7 percent differ-
ence is from 5.7 percent to 9.7 percent, i.e., 7.7
2.0 percent. A conclusion that the average estimate
of the difference derived from all possible samples
lies within a range computed in this way would be
correct for roughly 68 percent of all possible sam-
ples. The 95-percent confidence interval is 3.7 per-
cent to 11.7 percent. We can conclude with 95-
percent confidence that the proportion of persons
of Mexican origin under 5 years old is actually larger
than the proportion of persons of Cuban origin
under 5 years old, i.e., the confidence interval does
not include zero.


Table A-10. Standard Errors of Estimated Percentages of Spanish Origin Persons or Families

Type II-N Characteristics
(68 chances out of 100)

Base of percentage Estimated percentage
(thousands)
(thousands) 1 or 99 2 or 98 5 or 95 10 or 90 25 or 75 35 or 65 50


75....................... 2.4 3.4 5.3 7.3 10.5 11.6 12.2
100...................... 2.1 2.9 4.9 6.3 9.1 10.0 10.5
250...................... 1.3 1.9 2.9 4.0 5.8 .6.4 6.7
500...................... 0.9 1.3 2.1 2.8 4.1 4.5 4.7
1,000.................... 0.7 0.9 1.5 2.0 2.9 3.2 3.3
2,500..................... 0.4 0.6 0.9 1.3 1.8 2.0 2.1
5,000.................... 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.9 1.3 1.4 1.5
7,500 .................... 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.7 1.1 1.2 1.2

Note: See table A-1 to determine which table to use for a particular estimated percentage
and for factors for the five Southwestern States and residence.


Table A-11. Standard Errors of Estimated Percentages of Spanish Origin Persons or Families

Type III Characteristics
(68 chances out of 100)

Base of percentage Estimated percentage
(thousands)
1 or 99 2 or 98 5 or 95 10 or 90 25 or 75 35 or 65 50

75....................... 3.4 4.8 7.5 10.3 14.9 16.4 17.2
100...................... 3.0 4.2 6.5 9.0 12.9 14.2 14.9
250...................... 1.9 2.6 4.1 5.7 8.2 9.0 9.4
500...................... 1.3 1.9 2.9 4.0 5.8 6.4 6.7
1,000.................... 0.9 1.3 2.1 2.8 4.1 4.5 4.7
2,500.................... 0.6 0.8 1.3 1.8 2.6 2.8 3.0
5,000..................... 0.4 0.6 0.9 1.3 1.8 2.0 2.1
7,500.................... 0.3 0.5 0.7 1.0 1.5 1.6 1.7

Note: See table A-1 to determine which table to use for a particular estimated percentage
and for factors for the five Southwestern States and residence.









Table A-12. Standard Errors of Estimated Number of Persons and Families-Total U.S. Population

(68 chances out of 100. Numbers in thousands. For meaning of symbols, see text)

Standard error

Persons Families
Size of estimate
Labor
force of Income Residence Family Income
unemployment s us

500...................... 29 28 33 26 23
1,000.................... 40 39 46 37 32
5,000.................... 90 87 102 82 72
10,000................... 126 121 142 114 99
20,000................... 175 167 192 154 134
30,000................... 210 199 225 181 157
40,000.................... 239 224 247 199 172
50,000................... 262 243 262 211 182
70,000................... 298 270 (X) (X) (X)
100,000.................. 334 289 (X) (X) (X)


Table A-13. Standard Errors of Estimated Percentages Total Employed, Unemployed, or
Labor Force Total U.S. Population

(68 chances out of 100)

Base of Estimated percentage
percentage
(thousands) 1 or 99 2 or 98 5 or 95 10 or 90 25 or 75 50

500.......................... 0.6 0.8 1.2 1.7 2.5 2.9
1,000 ........................ 0.4 0.6 0.9 1.2 1.7 2.0
5,000......................... 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.9
10,000....................... 0.13 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.6
20,000....................... 0.09 0.13 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5
30,000....................... 0.07 0.10 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4
40,000....................... 0.06 0.09 0.14 0.2 0.3 0.3
50,000....................... 0.06 0.08 0.12 0.2 0.3 0.3
70,000....................... 0.05 0.07 0.11 0.14 0.2 0.2
100,000...................... 0.04 0.06 0.09 0.12 0.2 0.2

Note: See table A-3 for factors to apply to income, residence and family status
characteristics.


Standard error of a ratio. Certain mean values for
persons in families shown in the tables of this report
were calculated as the ratio of two numbers. For
example, the mean number of persons per family is
calculated as
x total number of persons in families
y total number of families
Standard errors for these means may be approxi-
mated as shown below. There are two cases to
consider. In either case, the denominator y repre-
sents a count of families of a certain class, and the
numerator x represents a count of persons with the
characteristic under consideration who are members
of these families.


Case 1: There is at least one person having the char-
acteristic in every family of the class: as for
example, the mean number of persons per
family or the mean number of persons per
family with a male head. For ratios of this
kind, the standard error is approximated by
the following formula:


'f + 2p(6)
a= 2Y)2 (0)2 2(2xJ (6)


The standard error of the estimated number
of families, a and the standard error of
the estimated number of persons with the








characteristics in those families, ao, may be
calculated by the methods described above.
In formula (6), p represents the correlation
coefficient between the numerator and the
denominator of the estimate. In the above
examples, and for other ratios of this kind,
use 0.7 as an estimate of p.
Case 2: The number of persons having the charac-
teristic in a given family may be 0, 1, 2, 3,
or more: for example, the mean number of
persons under 18 years of age. For ratios of
this kind the standard error is approximated
by formula (6) but p is assumed to be zero.
If p is actually positive, then this procedure
will provide an overestimate of the standard
error of the ratio.

Estimating the standard error of an arithmetic
mean. The standard error of an arithmetic mean can
be approximated by formula (7) below. Because of
the approximations used in developing formula (7),
an estimate of the standard error of the mean ob-
tained from that formula ,will generally under-
estimate the true standard error. The formula used
to estimate the standard error of a mean is

Z= s/4S2 (7)

where y is the size of the base and b is the parameter
from table A-2 or A-3 corresponding to the charac-
teristic of interest. The variance, s2, is given by
formula (8):
c
s2= pi7i2 _V2 (8)

where x is the mean of the distribution; c is the
number of groups; i indicates a specific group, thus
taking on values 1 through c; pi is the estimated
proportion with the characteristic in group i; Zi-1
and Zi are the lower and upper interval boundaries,
respectively, for group i; and Yi = Zi-1 +i, which is
2
assumed to be the most representative value for the
characteristic for persons or families and unrelated
individuals in group i. Group c is open-ended, i.e.,
no upper interval boundary exists For this group an
approximate average value is c = Zc-1l

Sampling variability of a median. The sampling
variability of an estimated median depends upon the
form of the distribution as well as the size of its
base. An approximate method for measuring the
reliability of a median is to determine an interval


about the estimated median, such that there is a
stated degree of confidence that the median based
on a complete census lies within the interval. The
following procedure may be used to estimate the 68
percent confidence limits of a median based on sam-
ple data:
1. Determine, using the standard error tables
or formula (2), the standard error of a 50
percent characteristic, using the appropriate
base.
2. Add to and subtract from 50 percent the
standard error determined in step (1).
3. Using the distribution of the characteristic,
read off the confidence interval correspond-
ing to the two points established in step (2).
A 95-percent confidence interval may be deter-
mined by finding the values corresponding to 50
percent plus and minus twice the standard error
determined in step (1).
Illustration of the Computation of a Confidence
Interval of a Median. Table 25 shows that the
median income for all families with head of Puerto
Rican origin in 1975 was $7,291. The size or base of
the distribution from which the median was deter-
mined is 436,000 families. Table A-1 indicates that
standard error tables A-4 and A-8 pertain to the
entries in table 25.
1. Table A-8 shows that the standard error of
50 percent on a base of 436,000 is about
3.0 percent (2.9 percent from formula (2)).
2. To obtain a two standard error confidence
interval on the estimated median, initially
add to and subtract from 50 percent twice
the standard error found in step (1). This
yields percentage limits of 44.2 percent and
55.8 percent.
3. From table 25 it can be seen that 39.2 per-
cent of the Puerto Rican origin families had
income of less than $6,000 and 8.7 percent
had incomes between $6,000 and $7,000.
By linear interpolation the lower limit on
the estimated median is found to be:
$6,000 + ($7,000-$6,000) x 4439.2 =$6,575

Similarly, the upper limit may be found by linear
interpolation to be about:
155.8-54.9|
$8,000 + ($9,000-$8,000) x 555.8-5 = $8,155
5.8
Thus, an approximate 95-percent confidence inter-
val is from $6,575 to $8,155.

















































This publication from the International Statistical
Programs Center of the Bureau of the Census presents
reported and estimated demographic data for all
countries of the world with a population of at least
2,000 persons, and for world regions. Benchmark, or
hard, data for each country include enumerated and
adjusted populations from the latest census or survey,
birth and death rates, annual rate of growth, life
expectancy at .birth, infant death rate, percent of
population under 15 years of age, median birth order,
percent urban, median age of mother, and percent of
labor force in agriculture. A projected estimate of the


population of each country for 1975 as well as birth
and death rates and the annual rate of growth for
1974 are shown. All benchmark data and projected
estimates are annotated. Also included for each
country are historical population series for the years
1950 to 1975. This report was prepared under a
Resources Support Services Agreement with the
Office of Population, Bureau for Population and
Humanitarian Assistance, U.S. Agency for Inter-
national Development.


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