• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Table of Contents
 Introduction
 Identifiers of the Spanish ancestry...
 Published information from the...
 Indexes to data on persons of Spanish...
 Data from the 1970 census for the...
 Special tabulations as a source...
 Further information
 Appendix A. 1970 census content...
 Appendix B. Population volume II...
 Appendix C. List of major subjects...
 Back Cover














Group Title: Data access descriptions
Title: Data on the Spanish ancestry population available from the 1970 census of population and housing
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00087135/00001
 Material Information
Title: Data on the Spanish ancestry population available from the 1970 census of population and housing
Series Title: Data access descriptions
Physical Description: 33 p. : ; 27 cm.
Language: English
Creator: United States -- Bureau of the Census
Publisher: The Bureau
Place of Publication: Washington
Publication Date: 1975
 Subjects
Subject: Hispanic Americans -- Census, 1970 -- Indexes   ( lcsh )
Latin Americans -- Census, 1970 -- Indexes   ( lcsh )
Census, 19th, 1970 -- Indexes -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre: index   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Indexes   ( lcsh )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: U.S. Department of Commerce, Social and Economic Statistics Administration, Bureau of the Census.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00087135
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 03513504
lccn - 77603735

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Table of Contents
        Page 1
    Introduction
        Page 2
    Identifiers of the Spanish ancestry population in the 1970 census
        Page 2
        Page 3
    Published information from the 1970 census on Spanish ancestry
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
    Indexes to data on persons of Spanish ancestry
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
    Data from the 1970 census for the Spanish ancestry population available on computer tape
        Page 25
        Page 26
    Special tabulations as a source of data on the Spanish ancestry population
        Page 27
    Further information
        Page 28
    Appendix A. 1970 census content and coverage
        Page 29
    Appendix B. Population volume II subject reports by availability of Spanish ancestry population data
        Page 30
    Appendix C. List of major subjects covered in fourth and sixth count summary tapes
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
    Back Cover
        Page 34
        Page 35
Full Text
DAA.. ODAD No.41
A I~. data access
1 descriptions


U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Social and Economic Statistics Administration BUREAU OF THE CENSUS





H i00 *

*SgS I1














44rAs 0~O4



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
Rogers C. B. Morton, Secretary
James L. Pate, Assistant Secretary
for Economic Affairs

Social and Economic Statistics Administration
Edward D. Failor, Administrator

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS
Vincent P. Barabba, Director
Robert L. Hagan, Deputy Director
James W. Turbitt, Associate Director for
Field Operations and User Services

DATA USER SERVICES DIVISION
Michael G. Garland, Chief



ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

Data Access Descriptions are developed in the Data User Services Division under the
general direction of Ann D. Casey, Data Access and Use Laboratory.
This publication is a joint effort of the Spanish Statistics Staff, Population
Division,and the Data Access and Use Laboratory.
The report was planned and written by Edward W. Fernandez, Chief, and Arthur
R. Cresce, Statistician, Spanish Statistics Staff, General assistance was provided by
Erma Garcia, Nancy Swann, and Carmen Denavas, Population Division.
Valerie McFarland, Data User Services Division, prepared the section on
computer tapes and provided overall editorial consultation.
Any suggestions, comments, or inquiries from users of Data Access Descriptions
will be appreciated by the Bureau. Letters should be addressed to the Director,
Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233.


For sale by Subscriber Services Section (Publications), Social and Economic Statistics
Administration, Washington, D. C. 20233, or any U.S. Department of Commerce district office.
Price this issue 50 cents.








DAD No.41 Issued May 1975


DATA ON THE SPANISH ANCESTRY POPULATION

Available From the 1970 Census

of Population and Housing


CONTENTS


I. Introduction ......................

II. Identifiers of the Spanish Ancestry
Population in the 1970 Census .......
Birth and Parentage ...............
Spanish Language ................
Spanish Surname .................
Spanish Language or Surname .......
Spanish Origin .................
Spanish Heritage .................
Sum m ary .......................

III. Published Information From the 1970
Census on the Spanish Ancestry
Population ................... ....
Population Reports ...............
Volume I, Characteristics of the
Population ...................
Volume II, Subject Reports .......
Housing Reports .................
Volume I, Housing Characteristics
for States, Cities, and Counties ...
Volume II, Metropolitan Housing
Characteristics ................
Volume VII, Subject Reports .....
Joint Population and Housing Reports
Census Tract Reports, Series PHC(l)
Employment Profiles of Selected
Low-Income Areas, Series PHC(3)
Supplementary Reports ............
Other Related Published Material ....
M aps ........................
Indexes to Printed Reports and
Summary Tapes ...............
Availability of Printed Reports ......


2 IV. Indexes to Data on Persons of Spanish
A ncestry ........................
1970 Census Publications Index .....
2 1970 Census U.S. Summary Report
2 Tables Index ...................
3 1970 Census State and Census Tract
3 Reports Tables Index ............
3
3 V. Data From the 1970 Census for the
4 Spanish Ancestry Population Available
4 on Computer Tape ...............
1970 Census Summary Tapes........
Summary Tapes With Spanish
Ancestry Data ..................
Fourth Count Tapes.............
4 Fifth Count Tapes ..............
4 Sixth Count Tapes..............
Public Use Sample Tapes ...........
4 Acquisition of the Tapes ..........
7
7 VI. Special Tabulations as a Source of Data
on the Spanish Ancestry Population ...
7
VII. Further Information ................
8
8
8 Appendixes
8
A. 1970 Census Content and Coverage .
9 B. Population Volume II Subject Reports
9 by Availability of Spanish Ancestry
9 Population Data ...............

C. List of Major Subjects Covered in
0 Fourt and Sixth Count Summary
0 Tapes ........................


DAD No. 41


Issued May 1975









I. INTRODUCTION

In the 1970 Census of Population and Housing, the
Bureau of the Census collected and published more
statistical data on the Spanish ancestry' population in
the United States than in any previous census in
history. Reports of the 1970 census contain an
abundance of detailed information on this vital popula-
tion component. Included in the reports are detailed
data on the age, sex, household relationship, residence,
family size, family composition, nativity and parent-
age, country of birth, mother tongue, State of birth,
residence in 1965, year moved into present household,
place of work, means of transportation to work,
veteran status, school enrollment, educational attain-
ment, vocational training, fertility, disability, employ-
ment status, labor force status, occupation, industry,
weeks worked, class of worker, labor mobility, income,
and poverty status of the Spanish ancestry population
in the United States.

This Data Access Description is a guide to data on
the social, economic, demographic, and housing charac-
teristics of the Spanish ancestry population as provided
by the 1970 Census of Population and Housing. All of
the identifiers of the Spanish ancestry population used
in the 1970 census are described, and information is
provided on the availability of Spanish ancestry data in
published information, on computer tape, and through
the use of special tabulations. The special feature of
this report is the three indexes which facilitate the
location of Spanish ancestry data:
A. 1970 Census Publications Index
B. 1970 Census U.S. Summary Report Tables Index
C. 1970 Census State and Census Tract Reports
Tables Index
These indexes are a guide for finding information on
the Spanish ancestry population published in volumes I
and II of the 1970 Census of Population, and in the
joint population and housing Census Tract reports.
The indexes exclude specific information for the
Volume II Subject Reports of the 1970 Census of
Population and for the volumes of the 1970 Census of
Housing. Explanations on how to use each index are
given in the text.




1The term Spanish ancestry" is used in this report
whenever an overall reference is made to the Spanish
population in the United States. The term does not have any
specific statistical or numerical connotation. Creation of this
general term is necessary to differentiate between other labels
for the Spanish population that are quantitatively represented
in Bureau of the Census tabulations.


II. IDENTIFIERS OF THE SPANISH
ANCESTRY POPULATION IN
THE 1970 CENSUS


In the 1970 census four major identifiers were used
to provide statistical information on the Spanish
ancestry population. These major identifiers were-
(1) birth and parentage, (2) Spanish language, (3) Span-
ish surname, and (4) Spanish origin; in addition there
were also two composite identifiers: Spanish language
or surname, and Spanish heritage. Each of these
identifiers serves an important statistical need, and in
1970 census publications the identified group is always
clearly specified in tables and definitions.

The six identifiers above provide a choice of analysis
for the Spanish ancestry population in the United
States in 1970. To a large extent, the populations
determined by these identifiers overlap, e.g., persons of
Spanish origin may also report Spanish as their mother
tongue (Spanish language), and persons of Spanish
surname may report themselves of Spanish origin. But
the availability of the several identifiers allows the user
of statistics on the Spanish population great flexibility
in the application and interpretation of these data.


BIRTH AND PARENTAGE

The identifier of the Spanish ancestry population in
the United States with the longest history of census use
is that of birthplace of the individual and his parents.
In the 1970 census the question on place of birth was
asked of all persons in the 15- and 5-percent samples,2

13a. Where was this person born? If born in hospital, give State or
country where mother lived. If born outside U.S., see instruction
bheet: distinguish Northern Ireland from Ireland (Eire).
SThis State
OR
(Name of State or foreign country; or Puerto Rico, Guam, etc.)

and the question on birthplace of parents was asked of
all persons in the 15-percent sample:




2In the 1970 Census, three types of questionnaires were
used and distributed on the following basis: 1. Short form-to
80 percent of households-contained 100-percent questions
(complete count). 2. Long form-to 15 percent of house-
holds-contained 100-percent and 15-percent questions(sam-
ple). 3. Long form-to 5 percent of households-contained
100-percent and 5-percent questions (sample). Questions
identifying Spanish ancestry population were asked only on
the sample questionnaires.









I. INTRODUCTION

In the 1970 Census of Population and Housing, the
Bureau of the Census collected and published more
statistical data on the Spanish ancestry' population in
the United States than in any previous census in
history. Reports of the 1970 census contain an
abundance of detailed information on this vital popula-
tion component. Included in the reports are detailed
data on the age, sex, household relationship, residence,
family size, family composition, nativity and parent-
age, country of birth, mother tongue, State of birth,
residence in 1965, year moved into present household,
place of work, means of transportation to work,
veteran status, school enrollment, educational attain-
ment, vocational training, fertility, disability, employ-
ment status, labor force status, occupation, industry,
weeks worked, class of worker, labor mobility, income,
and poverty status of the Spanish ancestry population
in the United States.

This Data Access Description is a guide to data on
the social, economic, demographic, and housing charac-
teristics of the Spanish ancestry population as provided
by the 1970 Census of Population and Housing. All of
the identifiers of the Spanish ancestry population used
in the 1970 census are described, and information is
provided on the availability of Spanish ancestry data in
published information, on computer tape, and through
the use of special tabulations. The special feature of
this report is the three indexes which facilitate the
location of Spanish ancestry data:
A. 1970 Census Publications Index
B. 1970 Census U.S. Summary Report Tables Index
C. 1970 Census State and Census Tract Reports
Tables Index
These indexes are a guide for finding information on
the Spanish ancestry population published in volumes I
and II of the 1970 Census of Population, and in the
joint population and housing Census Tract reports.
The indexes exclude specific information for the
Volume II Subject Reports of the 1970 Census of
Population and for the volumes of the 1970 Census of
Housing. Explanations on how to use each index are
given in the text.




1The term Spanish ancestry" is used in this report
whenever an overall reference is made to the Spanish
population in the United States. The term does not have any
specific statistical or numerical connotation. Creation of this
general term is necessary to differentiate between other labels
for the Spanish population that are quantitatively represented
in Bureau of the Census tabulations.


II. IDENTIFIERS OF THE SPANISH
ANCESTRY POPULATION IN
THE 1970 CENSUS


In the 1970 census four major identifiers were used
to provide statistical information on the Spanish
ancestry population. These major identifiers were-
(1) birth and parentage, (2) Spanish language, (3) Span-
ish surname, and (4) Spanish origin; in addition there
were also two composite identifiers: Spanish language
or surname, and Spanish heritage. Each of these
identifiers serves an important statistical need, and in
1970 census publications the identified group is always
clearly specified in tables and definitions.

The six identifiers above provide a choice of analysis
for the Spanish ancestry population in the United
States in 1970. To a large extent, the populations
determined by these identifiers overlap, e.g., persons of
Spanish origin may also report Spanish as their mother
tongue (Spanish language), and persons of Spanish
surname may report themselves of Spanish origin. But
the availability of the several identifiers allows the user
of statistics on the Spanish population great flexibility
in the application and interpretation of these data.


BIRTH AND PARENTAGE

The identifier of the Spanish ancestry population in
the United States with the longest history of census use
is that of birthplace of the individual and his parents.
In the 1970 census the question on place of birth was
asked of all persons in the 15- and 5-percent samples,2

13a. Where was this person born? If born in hospital, give State or
country where mother lived. If born outside U.S., see instruction
bheet: distinguish Northern Ireland from Ireland (Eire).
SThis State
OR
(Name of State or foreign country; or Puerto Rico, Guam, etc.)

and the question on birthplace of parents was asked of
all persons in the 15-percent sample:




2In the 1970 Census, three types of questionnaires were
used and distributed on the following basis: 1. Short form-to
80 percent of households-contained 100-percent questions
(complete count). 2. Long form-to 15 percent of house-
holds-contained 100-percent and 15-percent questions(sam-
ple). 3. Long form-to 5 percent of households-contained
100-percent and 5-percent questions (sample). Questions
identifying Spanish ancestry population were asked only on
the sample questionnaires.









14. What country was his father born in?
United States
OR
(Nda e of foreign counitrr, or Puerto Rico. Guam. etc.)
15. What country was his mother born in?
United States
OR
(Name of foreign country, or Puerto Rico. Guan. etc.)
From these questions, information is available con-
cerning the number of first- and second-generation
Puerto Ricans in the United States and of persons from
Mexico, Cuba, or other Latin American countries.

Specifically, the population of Puerto Rican birth
and parentage includes persons born in Puerto Rico,
and persons born in the United States with one or both
parents born in Puerto Rico. A more detailed explana-
tion of categories used to classify Puerto Ricans in the
United States, as well as detailed statistics on selected
social, economic, and housing characteristics for this
population group, can be found in the Volume II
Subject Report, Puerto Ricans in the United States.


SPANISH LANGUAGE

The concept of Spanish language was used for the
first time in the 1970 census; however, the basic
component of this concept, mother tongue, has a
relatively long history in census use. The question on
mother tongue is related to the language spoken in the
person's home when he was a child; the question was
asked of all persons in the 15-percent sample.

17. What language, other than English, was spoken in this
person's home when he was a child? Fill one circle.
Spanish Other-
French Specify
German None, English only

The data on mother tongue may not reflect a
person's current language skills since the vast majority
of persons reporting a mother tongue other than
English have learned to speak English during or after
their childhood. Persons of Spanish mother tongue
comprise persons reporting Spanish as the language
spoken in their home when they were a child. Persons
of Spanish language comprise persons of Spanish
mother tongue and all other persons in families related
to the head or wife who had reported Spanish as his or
her mother tongue.

SPANISH SURNAME

Identification by Spanish surname was first used in
the 1950 census and subsequently in the 1960 and
1970 censuses. Persons of Spanish surname were


identified only in the five Southwestern States (Ari-
zona, California, Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas);
Spanish surname was not used as an identifier in the
remainder of the United States because of the frequent
occurrence in States other than the five Southwestern
States of surnames identical to Spanish surnames but
belonging to other ethnic groups, e.g., Italian, Portu-
guese, French. A manual coding operation was used to
identify Spanish surnames, and Census Bureau coders
were given a list of about 8,000 Spanish surnames
originally compiled by the Immigration and Naturaliza-
tion Service and updated by the Census Bureau.3 A
more detailed explanation of how Spanish surname
persons were identified, as well as details on social,
economic, and housing characteristics for this popula-
tion, is available in the Volume II Subject Report,
Persons of Spanish Surname.

SPANISH LANGUAGE OR SURNAME

For the five Southwestern States the identifier
Spanish language was expanded into the composite
identifier Spanish language or surname. This identifier
was created to obtain the best possible count of
persons of Spanish ancestry in the five Southwestern
States. In these States a substantial number of persons
of Spanish background could not be classified as of
Spanish language because they did not have Spanish as
a mother tongue, or they were related to a head of
household or wife of head who did not have Spanish as
a mother tongue. If these persons had a Spanish
surname, however, they were classified as of Spanish
language or surname.

SPANISH ORIGIN
The identifier Spanish origin or descent-more
commonly called Spanish origin-was used in a decen-
nial census for the first time in 1970. This classifier of
the Spanish ancestry population is based on self-identi-
fication by the respondent. Of every person in house-
holds that received the 5-percent sample of census
questionnaires, a question was asked about the
respondent's origin or descent. This question permitted
the respondent to specify whether he considered
himself of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or
South American, or other Spanish origin or descent.
The 1970 census question was as follows:

13b. Is this person's origin or descent- (Fill one circle)
Mexican Central or South American
Puerto Rican Other Spanish
Cuban No, none of these


3U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service Supplement
to Manual of Immigration, Spanish-Spanish Personal Names,
selected by Inspector George Lockwood, New York, 1936.









SPANISH HERITAGE

The category Spanish heritage was created to
consolidate data for Spanish ancestry persons in
various parts of the United States. The Spanish heritage
population, therefore, is specifically termed when
reference is made to particular areas. For example, in
the five Southwestern States (Arizona, California,
Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas) the population of
Spanish heritage is specified as the population of
Spanish language or surname; in the three Middle
Atlantic States (New York, New Jersey, and Pennsyl-
vania), as the population of Puerto Rican Birth or
Parentage; and in the remaining 42 States and the
District of Columbia, as the population of Spanish
language. The information for the population of
Spanish heritage was obtained from the 15-percent
sample of census questionnaires.

Note: It is important to note that the term "Spanish
heritage" or any other classifier of the Spanish popula-
tion refers to an ethnic and not a racial designation.
Persons of Spanish heritage can be of any race and are
thus also included in the "White," "Negro," and
"Other" racial categories.

SUMMARY
For the person interested in the Spanish ancestry
population, the availability of statistical information
on each of the above identifiers is important. The
census question on birth and parentage provides
information on the first- and second-generation immi-
grant groups from foreign Spanish countries and Puerto
Rico; these are the generations that would be most
likely to experience the greatest problems of assimila-
tion. The Spanish language identifier, obtained through
asking persons to report their mother tongue, provides
indicators of Spanish language usage and background
for persons who not only had Spanish mother tongue
themselves but for those who were living in families
where the head or wife was of Spanish mother tongue.
Identification through Spanish surname, used only in
the five Southwestern States, provides historically
comparable 1970 data with data for 1950 and 1960,
when similar identification was made. Spanish surname
identification also permits comparison of Spanish
ancestry statistics frorn administrative records-where
surname is the only ethnic identifier-with Spanish
surname base data collected in the decennial census.
The question on Spanish origin permits the population
to report themselves according to whether they belong
to any one of the following Spanish origin groups:
Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South
American, or other Spanish origin. The Spanish origin
question provides data on each separate group and is
not restricted to place of birth, language, or surname.


The term Spanish heritage is a composite term of the
major identifiers.

Figure 1 shows the geographic areas for which major
data tabulations of the indicated Spanish identifiers
occur in 1970 census reports.


Figure 1. 1970 Census Spanish Ancestry Population
Identifiers, by Geographical Area of Major
Tabulation and Census Sample Size: April
1970

Geographical areas in
Identifier which major tabulations 1970 census
of the identifiers are sample size
presented
Birth or parent- Mid-Atlantic States
age (New York, New Jersey,
and Pennsylvania) 15%
Spanish surname Five Southwestern
and Spanish lan- States (Arizona, Cali-
guage or surname fornia, Colorado, New
Mexico, and Texas) 15%
Spanish language Remaining 42 States
and District of Colum-
bia 15%
Spanish origin Each of the fifty States
in the United States and
total United States 5%
Spanish heritage Total United States 15%



III. PUBLISHED INFORMATION FROM
THE 1970 CENSUS ON THE
SPANISH ANCESTRY
POPULATION

Data on the Spanish ancestry population are avail-
able in most of the publications from the 1970 Census
of Population and Housing. (Figure 2 shows the major
reports series from the 1970 census.)


POPULATION REPORTS

Volume I, Characteristics of the Population

Volume I consists of a set of books identified as
"parts" which present a major portion of the informa-
tion compiled for the United States from the 1970
Census of Population. The parts are numbered 1 for
the United States, 2 through 52 for the 50 States and
the District of Columbia (in alphabetical order), 53 for
Puerto Rico, and 54 through 58 (in one book) for
Guam, Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Canal Zone,













Figure 2. Major Report Series, 1970 Census of Population and Housing



Volume Reports Complete
or Title Unit of issue with Covered in count (100%)
series Spanish the indexes' or sample
ancestry data' data


Vol. I




Chap. A
PC(1)-A

Chap. B
PC(1)-B

Chap. C
PC(1)-C

Chap. D
PC(1)-D

Vol. II
PC(2)
PC(S1)





Vol. I


Chap. A
HC(1)-A


Chap. B
HC(1)-B.


Vol. II
HC(2)

Vol. III
HC(3)
Vol. IV
HC(4)


Vol. V
HC(5)


Vol. VI
HC(6)


Vol. VII
HC(7)
HC(S1)






PHC(1)


PHC(2)



PHC(3)


1970 CENSUS OF POPULATION

Characteristics of the
Population



Number of Inhabitants


General Population
Characteristics

General Social and
Economic Characteristics

Detailed Characteristics


Subject Reports3


Supplementary Reports


1970 CENSUS OF HOUSING

Housing Characteristics for
States, Cities, and Counties
General Housing
Characteristics


Detailed Housing
Characteristics


Metropolitan Housing
Characteristics

Block Statistics


Components of Inventory
Change


Residential Finance



Plumbing Facilities and
Estimates of Dilapidated
Housing

Subject Reports


Supplementary Reports


1970 CENSUS JOINT POPULATION
AND HOUSING REPORTS

Census Tract Reports


General Demographic
Trends for Metropolitan
Areas, 1960 to 1970

Employment Profiles of
Selected Low-Income
Areas


United States, each State, District of
Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, Virgin
Islands, American Samoa, Canal Zone,
Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.
Same


Same


Same


Same


By selected subjects


Report by subject title





Same as Population Volume I


Same



Same



United States, each SMSA.


Each urbanized area; contract block
statistics areas by State.
United States and regions; each of 15
SMSA's.


One report



One report



By selected subjects


Report by subject title






Each SMSA.


United States, each State, District of
Columbia


Sixty reports for 51 cities; one
report each for 7 rural areas.


'These reports are described in this Data Access Description.
2These reports are listed in one or all of the Indexes in this report: A. 1970 Census Publications Index. B. 1970 Census
U.S. Summary Report Tables Index. C. 1970 Census State and Census Tract Reports Tables Index.
3The following population subject reports have been prepared on individual ethnic groups: PC(2)-1A, National Origin and
Language; 1C, Persons of Spanish Origin; 1D, Persons of Spanish Surname; IE, Puerto Ricans in the United States.
4Components of Inventory Change survey taken as part of the 1970 Census of Housing.
'Survey of Residential Finance taken as part of the 1970 Census of Housing.
6Data from both the 1970 Census and the sample survey of Components of Inventory Change.
'Census Employment Survey (CES) conducted as part of the overall program of the 1970 Census of Population and Housing.


100% and
sample



100%


100#


Sample


Sample


Sample


100% and
sample



100% and
sample
100%



Sample



Sample


100%


Special
sample
survey4

Special
sample
surveys

Special
sample
survey6

Sample


100% and
sample




100% and
sample
lo00



Special
sample
survey7









and the trust territory of the Pacific Islands, respec-
tively. Each "part" contains four chapters A, B, C, and
D, originally published as individual paperbound re-
ports in the PC(1)A, -B, -C, and -D population census
series.

These reports are coded and entitled as follows:
PC(1)-A, Number of Inhabitants, PC(1)-B, General
Population Characteristics, PC(1)-C, General Social and
Economic Characteristics, and PC(1)-D, Detailed Char-
acteristics. Figure 3 below, diagrams the number
system for these reports and indicates the "part"
numbers for volume I.


Figure 3. Number System and "Part" Numbers of
Volume I Census Publications

Population Census Part number
'11_(given for
PC(1)-A (No.) each State as
lum N\ listed below)
Volume No. Chapter


U.S. Summary
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
Dist. of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois

Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska


Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Puerto Rico
Guam
Virgin Islands
American Samoa
Canal Zone
Trust Territory of the
Pacific Islands


State Reports-In chapters A and B of the State
reports the data tabulated are from questions in the
100-percent questionnaire and do not, therefore, con-
tain any statistical information on the Spanish ancestry
population. Chapters C and D present data tabulated
from the 15- and 5-percent questionnaires and thus
include data on the Spanish ancestry population.


Chapter C, General Social and Economic Charac-
teristics (Series PC(1)-C), covers characteristics asked
on both the complete-count and sample questionnaires.
Some of these characteristics are age, years of school
completed, school enrollment, marital status, family
status, place of birth, employment status, work experi-
ence, occupation, industry, class of worker (govern-
ment, private or self-employed), income, and low
income (poverty status). (See appendix A for a
complete list of questionnaire items.) These charac-
teristics are shown for the appropriate Spanish ancestry
population of States, and for standard metropolitan
statistical areas (SMSA's), urbanized areas, places of
50,000 or more, places of 10,000 to 50,000, and
counties with 400 or more persons of Spanish heritage.

Chapter D, Detailed Characteristics (Series
PC(1)-D), describes characteristics identical to those
shown in chapter C but with more detailed cross-classi-
fications. For example, in chapter C, employment
status for persons 16 years old and over is cross-classi-
fied by race, geographic area, and sex; whereas in
chapter D, employment status is cross-classified by age,
race, school enrollment, geographic area, and sex.
Characteristics of the Spanish heritage population of
the white and black population as well, are given for
large areas-States, SMSA's of 250,000 or more, and
cities of 100,000 or more. A limited amount of data in
chapter D is cross-classified according to the specific
identifier Spanish origin.

United States Summary Report-The United States
Summary report consists of four parts, similar to the
reports for each State; these parts are identified as
PC(1)-A1, PC(1)-BI, PC(1)-C1, and PC(1)D1. The
chapter titles for parts A through D are the same as for
the State reports. Similarly to the individual State
reports, only chapters C and D of the U.S. Summary
report contain Spanish ancestry population data; these
data are from the 15- and 5-percent sample question-
naires and are presented for the same characteristics as
in the State reports.

In the U.S. Summary report, maximum detail is
shown for the United States by urban and rural
residence, size of place, and by metropolitan and
nonmetropolitan residence. Somewhat less population
detail is shown for regions, divisions, and States; and
still lesser detail is shown for urbanized areas, standard
metropolitan statistical areas, and places of 50,000 or
more.

Table numbering system, State and U.S. Summary
reports-Although the Volume I individual State re-
ports and the Volume I U.S. Summary report are
almost identical in tabulation format, they differ in
their table numbering scheme. Figure 4 below indicates









the corresponding table numbers according to the
chapter titles of the State and the U.S. Summary
reports.

Figure 4. Corresponding Volume I Table Numbers for
State Reports and the United States Sum-
mary Report

Table numbers Table numbers
Chapter titles in State in U.S. Summary
reports report

A: Number of Inhabi-
tants 1-15 1-46
B: General Population
Characteristics 16-39 47-67
C: General Social and
Economic Charac-
teristics 40-137 68-188
D: Detailed Charac-
teristics 138-216 189-371



Volume II, Subject Reports

Volume II consists of 40 subject reports. Each
report in this volume-designated as series PC(2)-con-
centrates on a particular subject. Detailed information
and cross relationships are generally provided on a
national and regional level; in some of these reports,
data for States or SMSA's are also shown. Among the
population characteristics covered are national origin
and race, fertility, family status, marital status, migra-
tion, education, unemployment, occupation, industry,
and income. Statistical information presented in these
reports was derived from the 15- and 5-percent sample
questionnaires. (Appendix B of this report contains a
list of the Volume II Subject Reports and indicates the
Spanish ancestry population identifier used in each
report.)

The following Subject Reports were published on
the Spanish ancestry population:
Persons of Spanish Origin (PC(2)-lC)-Social and
economic characteristics of persons of Spanish origin
are presented in this report. Most of the data are for all
persons of Spanish origin, and specifically for persons
of Mexican origin, Puerto Rican origin, and Cuban
origin. The geographical areas covered are the United
States and each of the 13 States that have 100,000 or
more persons of Spanish origin. Individual tables in the
report present data on selected social, economic, and
housing characteristics for each of the 29 SMSA's with
50,000 or more persons of Spanish origin and each of
31 cities with 25,000 or more persons of Spanish
origin.


Persons of Spanish Surname (PC(2)-ID)-This re-
port provides a variety of information on persons of
Spanish surname in- the five Southwestern States
(Arizona, California, Colorado, New Mexico, and
Texas). Information on race, sex, type of residence,
nativity, parentage, country of origin, and mother
tongue is presented for persons of Spanish surname in
each of the five Southwestern States, and for every
SMSA and city with 25,000 or more persons of
Spanish surname. Detailed population and housing
characteristics are also shown for each SMSA with
25,000 or more persons of Spanish surname and for
each city with 10,000 or more persons of Spanish
surname.


Puerto Ricans in the United States (PC(2)-1E)-This
report contains data on the social and economic
characteristics of persons of Puerto Rican birth (born
in Puerto Rico) or persons of Puerto Rican parentage
(one or both parents born in Puerto Rico). Most
information in the report is given for SMSA's with
25,000 or more persons of Puerto Rican birth or
parentage, and for SMSA's with 10,000 to 25,000
persons of Puerto Rican birth or parentage. Also,
population characteristics of the Puerto Rican popula-
tion are given for cities with 10,000 or more persons of
Puerto Rican birth or parentage, and for cities with
5,000 to 10,000 persons of Puerto Rican birth or
parentage. The report also presents data for Puerto
Ricans in the entire United States, regions, divisions,
and in States that contain 10,000 or more persons of
Puerto Rican birth or parentage.


For the Puerto Rican population in the United
States, this report contains data on such characteristics
as race, mother tongue, percent in labor force, resi-
dence in 1965, earnings, number of children under 18
years old, size of family, number of hours worked, and
type of income.



HOUSING REPORTS

Volume I, Housing Characteristics for
States, Cities, and Counties

The volume I housing reports, like the volume I
population reports, are divided into 58 "parts" which
consist of a U.S. Summary report and reports for the
individual States, the District of Columbia, Puerto
Rico, and for the territories and possessions of the
United States. Each "part" contains two chapters:
Chapter A, General Housing Characteristics, series
HC(1)-A, which is based on 100-percent questionnaire









items and therefore has no data on the Spanish
ancestry population, and Chapter B, Detailed Housing
Characteristics, series HC(1)B, which provides statisti-
cal data on items from both the 100-percent question-
naire and the sample questionnaires. In these reports
some of the tabulated data pertain to such housing
characteristics as year moved into unit, year structure
built, basement, heating equipment, fuels, air-condi-
tioning, water and sewage, appliances, gross rent, and
ownership of second home. (See appendix A for list of
the 1970 census housing subject items.) Chapter B
presents statistics by State (subdivided into urban and
rural, rural nonfarm, and rural farm residence),
SMSA's, urbanized areas, places of 2,500 inhabitants or
more, and by counties. The reports of chapter B
present tabulations according to tables which include
the major Spanish ancestry population used for the
area of the country specified.


Volume II, Metropolitan
Housing Characteristics

These reports, identified as the HC(2) series, cover
in considerable detail most of the 1970 census housing
characteristics of the population. There are 248 indi-
vidual reports-one for each SMSA (recognized as of
February 1971) and one individual report for the
United States. In this volume Spanish ancestry popula-
tion data are represented by the Spanish population
identifier used in the State that includes the SMSA.


Volume VII, Subject Reports

The Volume VII Subject Reports, series HC(7), also
contain housing data for the Spanish ancestry popula-
tion. Each report in this volume concentrates on a
particular subject. Detailed information and cross-
classifications are generally provided on national and
regional levels; in some of these reports data for States
or SMSA's also may be shown. Among the subjects
covered are housing characteristics by household com-
position, housing of minority groups and senior citi-
zens, and households in mobile homes. Figure 5 below
lists the Volume VII Subject Reports and indicates the
Spanish population identifier used in the report.

Note: The other major housing reports series-volume
III through VI-do not contain data on the Spanish
ancestry population and are not described in this Data
Access Description. For a list of the 1970 Census of
Housing volumes, refer to figure 2, page 5. For
information on tables containing data for specific
housing characteristics for the Spanish ancestry popula-
tion, refer to the Index to Selected 1970 Census
Reports. (The Index is described on Page 10.)


Figure 5. 1970 Census of Housing Volume VII, Sub-
ject Reports

Spanish
ancestry
Report No. Title popul
identifier

HC(7)-1 Housing Characteristics Spanish heritage
by Household Compo-
sition
HC(7)-2 Housing of Senior Citi- Spanish language
zens
HC(7)-3 Space Utilization of the Spanish language
Housing Inventory
HC(7)-4 Structural Characteris- Spanish language
tics of the Housing
Inventory
HC(7)-5 Mover Households Spanish language
HC(7)-6 Mobile Homes Spanish language
HC(7)-7 Geographic Aspects of Spanish language
the Housing Inventory
HC(7)-8 Cooperative and Con- No Spanish ancestry
dominium Housing data
HC(7)-9 Housing of Selected No Spanish ancestry
Racial Groups data


JOINT POPULATION AND HOUSING
REPORTS

Census Tract Reports, Series PHC(1)
This series of reports consists of 241 individual
reports. Each report refers to a particular SMSA (as
recognized at the time of the 1970 census) and gives
selected population and housing data for the census
tracts of the SMSA and for specially tracted areas-if
they exist- adjacent to the SMSA. In general, these
reports include data for many of the population and
housing subjects described in the other 1970 census
reports. Population characteristics are presented in
tables P-l through P-8, and housing characteristics are
presented in tables H-I through H-5. In particular each
table in the report gives data for counties, places of
25,000 or more persons, and census tracts of the
SMSA. The tables contain data for items from the
100-percent questionnaire and from the 15-percent
sample questionnaire.

Data for population characteristics of the Spanish
ancestry population are furnished in tables P-7 and P-8
of the reports. Data for housing characteristics of the
Spanish ancestry population are given in table H-5. The
particular Spanish population identifier used in the
report depends on the major Spanish population
identifier tabulated for the State containing the SMSA
described.









Employment Profiles of Selected
Low-Income Areas, Series PHC(3)


This series consists of 76 individual reports, each
presenting statistics on the social and economic charac-
teristics of the residents of a specified low-income area.
In particular, the data relate to low-income neighbor-
hoods of 51 cities and of 7 rural poverty areas. Each
report provides statistics on employment and unem-
ployment, education, vocational training, availability
for work, job history, and income, as well as on value
or rent and number of rooms in the housing unit. In
these reports, the identifier "White Spanish" is used.
The term "White Spanish" refers to persons of Spanish
heritage who reported themselves as of the white race.
Note: Series PHC(2), General Demographic Trends for
Metropolitan Areas, 1960 to 1970, does not contain
data on the Spanish ancestry population.

SUPPLEMENTARY REPORTS

In addition to the reports already described, 1970
Census of Population and Housing supplementary
reports also give information on the Spanish ancestry
population. These reports, of about 25 pages each, are
issued as report series PC(S1) for population subjects,
and report series HC(SI) for housing subjects.

Supplementary reports highlight data from tables
formerly published in the 1970 Census of Population
and Housing reports. Some supplementary reports also
include new tabulations of population or housing
characteristics not previously published in census
reports.
Geographical data covered in the supplementary
reports usually include the United States as a whole,
regions, divisions, States, and SMSA's. Some reports
may include data for smaller geographic areas.

The supplementary reports PC(S1)57, -58, -59, -60,
and -61 present data on persons of Spanish surname in
Arizona, California, Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas,
respectively. The data are given for Spanish surnamed
persons in standard metropolitan statistical areas, and
in census tracts of 400 or more persons of Spanish
surname.
Specifically, the supplementary report PC(Sl)-30,
Persons of Spanish Ancestry, provides counts of
persons of Spanish origin and for persons in the
subcategories of Spanish origin, that is Mexican, Puerto
Rican, Cuban, or other Spanish origin. The report also
includes counts for persons of Spanish language and for
persons of Spanish birthplace or parentage. Counts of
these persons are given for the United States as a
whole, regions, divisions, States, and for SMSA's with
5,000 or more persons of Spanish origin, language, or


birthplace or parentage. Also included in the report are
total counts of persons of Spanish surname in the five
Southwestern States.

Figure 6 indicates the specific supplementary re-
ports, issued to date, that present population and
housing data on the Spanish ancestry population.


Figure 6. Supplementary Reports Containing Data on
the Spanish Ancestry Population

Report Publication
number Title date

PC(S1)-30 Persons of Spanish Ancestry February 1973
PC(S1)-57 Characteristics of the Spanish April 1974
Surname Population by Cen-
sus Tract, for SMSA's in
Arizona
PC(S1)-58 Characteristics of the Spanish June 1974
Surname Population by Cen-
sus Tract, for SMSA's in
California
PC(S1)-59 Characteristics of the Spanish April 1974
Surname Population by Cen-
sus Tract, for SMSA's in
Colorado
PC(S1)-60 Characteristics of the Spanish April 1974
Surname Population by Cen-
sus Tract, for SMSA's in
New Mexico
PC(S1)-61 Characteristics of the Spanish May 1974
Surname Population by Cen-
sus Tract, for SMSA's in
Texas
HC(S1)-14 Characteristics of Spanish June 1973
Language Households for the
United States: 1970

In addition to the above supplemetary reports on
the Spanish ancestry population, other supplementary
reports not specifically about the Spanish ancestry
population present data on persons of Spanish ancestry
in the United States; the identifier Spanish language is
the most prevalent identifier used in these reports.



OTHER RELATED PUBLISHED MATERIAL

Maps

A multicolored statistical map, "Number of Persons
of Spanish Origin, by Counties of the United States:
1970," has been issued by the Bureau of the Census as
map No. 52 of the GE 50 series. This map is printed on
a single sheet, 30 x 42 inches, using the Albers equal
area projection at a scale of 1:5,000;000 or approxi-
mately 80 miles to the inch. Shaded areas show the









distribution of persons of Spanish origin by counties of
the United States using six class intervals, each repre-
sented by a distinctive color tone. Insets portray the
distribution in Alaska and Hawaii. This map is available
from the U.S. Government Printing Office for 95 cents.
Further information about the census map program
can be obtained from the Geography Division, Bureau
of the Census.


Indexes to Printed Reports and Summary Tapes

The Index to Selected 1970 Census Reports has
been published by the Census Bureau to make it easier
for users to locate specific data or subject matter which
are available in the printed reports, as well as to
enhance the users' understanding of the scope of
census tabulations available in print. The Index to
1970 Census Summary Tapes is a corresponding guide
to census data in computerized form. Both indexes are
organized alphabetically by subject variable. These
publications may be purchased from the U.S. Govern-
ment Printing Office. Currently, the index to printed
reports costs $3.70; the index to summary tapes,
$2.60.


AVAILABILITY OF PRINTED REPORTS

The printed reports described in this publication are
available from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402,
or Department of Commerce district offices. All of the
final printed reports from the 1970 Census of Popula-
tion and Housing are available on microfiche from the
National Technical Information Service (NTIS), Spring-
field, Virginia 22151. Order forms for the printed
reports and microfiche can be obtained from Sub-
scriber Services Section (Publications), Social and
Economic Statistics Administration, Washington, D.C.
20233.



IV. INDEXES TO DATA ON PERSONS
OF SPANISH ANCESTRY

In this Data Access Description three indexes are
presented to aid users of statistical data in locating data
on the Spanish ancestry population published in
selected 1970 census reports. These indexes provide a
key to finding tables where data on the Spanish
ancestry population are presented in the population
volumes I and II and in the Census Tract reports. The
indexes for persons of Spanish ancestry are designated
as follows:


Index


Title


A 1970 Census Publications Index (Index to
the 1970 Census of Population Volumes I
and II and the Census Tract Reports)
B 1970 Census U.S. Summary Report Tables
Index (Index to tables in the 1970 Census
of Population Volume I U.S. Summary
Report)
C 1970 Census State and Census Tract Re-
ports Tables Index (Index to 1970 Census
of Population Volume I State tables, and
to tables in Census Tract Reports, series
PHC-1)
Information is presented in the following three
sections on how to use each index. The 1970 Publica-
tions Index begins on page 12; the U.S. Summary
Report Tables Index on page 19, and the State and
Census Tract Reports Tables Index on Page 22.


1970 CENSUS PUBLICATIONS INDEX

This index makes reference to these reports: Popula-
tion Volume I, Characteristics of the Population, and
Volume II, Subject Reports; and to the Census Tract
reports. The index indicates which of the above reports
contains the desired characteristics of the Spanish
ancestry population, by the geographic area for which
the data are available.

Specifically the notations in each cell of the index
identify the volumes and chapters where the data
appear. For example, "I-C" means that a specified
subject for the indicated geographic area of the United
States is presented in a table (or tables) in volume I of
chapter C of the appropriate State report. When an
"(S)" appears after the volume and chapter notation,
such as in "I-C(S)," the specified characteristic in the
indicated geographic area will be found in a table (or
tables) in Volume I, Chapter C of the U.S. Summary
Report. The notation "II-1C" means that the data
desired for a particular geographic area will be found in
the Volume II, Subject Reports PC(2)-IC, "Persons of
Spanish Origin." (As mentioned above a complete
listing of the 1970 Census of Population Volume II
Subject Reports appears in appendix B of this Data
Access Description.) The notation "PHC(1)" means
that the desired population and housing characteristics
can be found in the joint population and housing
census report, Census Tracts, series PHC(1).

As shown in the example below, data on mother
tongue, at the State level, are found in several census
reports.










EXAMPLE

State

Subject Urban and
Total rural residence

Mother tongue .... I-C(S), C,D; I-C;II-1D
II-ID,10B

I-C(S) Volume I, Characteristics of the Population,
U.S. Summary Report, Chapter C

I-C Volume I, Characteristics of the Population,
State Reports, Chapter C

I-D Volume I, Characteristics of the Population,
State Reports, Chapter D

II-1D Volume II, Subject Reports, "Persons of
Spanish Surname"

II-10B Volume II, Subject Rports, "State Economic
Areas"

1970 CENSUS U.S. SUMMARY REPORT
TABLES INDEX

This index provides a guide for selecting specific
tables from the population Volume I U.S. Summary
Report, and is generally the same as the Publications
Index, described above, in subject content but is more
limited in geographic detail. The U.S. Summary Index,
as reflected in the U.S. Summary Report, gives
information primarily for large geographic areas such as
the United States, regions, divisions, States, and stand-
ard metropolitan statistical areas with 250,000 or more
persons; there are only a few tables of data for areas
and places of 50,000 or more persons.

The major identifier for the Spanish ancestry
population used in this index is Spanish heritage.
However, table numbers marked with a cross indicate
Spanish ancestry data also tabulated by the identifier,
Spanish origin. Numbers of tables presenting data by
sex are noted by an asterisk.

As shown below, to determine data on school
enrollment for persons of Spanish heritage in the
United States, locate the cell which corresponds to the
subject item "school enrollment" found in the stub of
the table, and to the column specifying the geographic
area "United States-Total." The particular cell
indicated in this example contains the number of the
pertinent table (or tables) where the desired data are
available. As noted in the example, each cell of the
U.S. Summary Index may indicate more than one table
with the desired information.


EXAMPLE

United States
Urban and
rural
Subject Total residence

School enrollment. .88, 119, 197*, 88, 119*, 197*,
217*,267* 217*,267*
*Include data by sex.


1970 CENSUS STATE AND CENSUS TRACT
REPORTS TABLES INDEX

This index provides a guide for selecting tables from
any of the State reports and the Census Tract reports
according to the subject item and geographic area
desired. The subject items in this index are similar to
those of the Publications Index and the U.S. Summary
Index. However, the geographic areas of this index,
which range from the State to census tracts, are more
detailed than those of the U.S. Summary Index.

The procedure for locating the specific table num-
bers in this index is the same as that for the U.S.
Summary Index. For instance, to find data on the age
of persons of Spanish language or surname in the State
of New Mexico, locate the cell which corresponds to
the row subject item "age" and the geographic area
column "State-Total." The table (or tables) number
which contains the desired data for the particular
geographic area is shown in this cell. In this example,
there are two separate tables which provide data on the
age of persons of Spanish language or surname for the
State, tables 48 and 139. (Also, tables that include data
by sex are noted by an asterisk.)


EXAMPLE

State

Urban
and
rural
Subject Total residence

Age ............. 48,* 139* 48*

*Include data by sex.


It should be noted that, for States with less than
25,000 persons of Spanish ancestry, some tables listed
in the index may not include any data for the Spanish
ancestry population.








INDEXES TO DATA ON PERSONS OF SPANISH ANCESTRY

Index A. 1970 Census Publications Index

(Population volumes I and II and the Census Tract reports. For explanation of source reference notations, see pp. 10 and 11)

United States State SMSA's,
places of Places
Metro- 50,000 or with
Subject Urban politan Regions Divisions Urban more 10,000 Counties4 Census
SubjectTan an Regions Divisions and persons, to
and and and persons, to Tracts5
Total Total
rural nonmetro- rural urbanized 50,000
residence' politan residence' areas, persons4
residence2 cities3


GENERAL AND SOCIAL
CHARACTERISTICS

Age................................. I-C(S),D(S); I-C(S); I-C(S) I-C(S), I-C(S), I-C(S),D(S), I-C(S),C; I-C,D;II-1A, I-C I-C PHC(1)
II-1A,1C, II-1C,1E, D(S), D(S) C,D;II-1C, II-1C,1D,1E 1C,ID,IE,9A
1E,2A,2D, 4D,4E II-1A,1E 1D,1E,10B
4D,4E,6E,9A

Race.............................. I-C;II-1C,1E II-1C,1E II-IC,1E I-C;II-1C, II-1D II-1D
1D, IE

Nativity.......................... I-C(S),D(S); I-C(S) I-D(S); I-D(S) I-D(S),C,D; I-C;II-1D I-D;II-1A,1D II-1D II-1D
II-1A,1C, II-1A,4C II-1D
4C,4E

Place of birth.................... I-C(S),D(S); I-C(S); I-C(S) I-C(S), II-2A,2D I-C,D;II-1C, I-C;II-1C,1D I-C,D;II-1C, I-C I-C
II-1C,1E, II-1C,1E D(S); lD,1E,2A 1D,1E,9A
2A,2D,3A,9A II-1E,2A

Country of birth or of origin..... I-C(S),D(S); I-C(S); I-C(S) I-C(S), I-C(S) I-C(S),C,D; I-C;II-1D I-C,D;II-1A I-C I-C PHC(1)
II-1A,3A, II-3A,4D D(S); II-1D
4C,4D,5A,9A II-4C

Mother tongue...................... I-C(S),D(S); I-C(S) I-C(S) I-C(S); I-C(S) I-C(S),C,D; I-C;II-1D I-C,D;II-1A, I-C I-C
II-1A,1E II-1A II-1D,10B 1D

Citizenship....................... I-D(S); II-IC I-D;II-1C II-1C I-D;II-1C
II-IC

Residence in 1965.................. I-C(S),D(S); I-C(S) I-C(S) I-C(S), II-2D I-C,D;II-1D, I-C;II-1D I-C;II-2C,9A I-C I-C PHC(1)
II-1A,1E, D(S); IE
2D,6E,7A,7B II-1A

By selected classes of migrants. I-C(S)rD(S) I-C(S) I-D(S) I-C,D I-C

Year moved into present house..... I-C(S) I-C(S) I-C I-C

School enrollment................. I-C(S),D(S); I-C(S),D(S); I-C(S); I-C(S), I-C,D;II-1C, I-C,D;II-1C, I-C,D;II-1C, I-C I-C PHC(1)
II-1C,1E, II-1C,1E,5A II-5A D(S); 1D,1E,10B 1D 1D,1E,9A
5A,6A,6B,9A II-1E,5A
See footnotes at end of table.













Index A. 1970 Census Publications Index-Continued

(Population volumes I and II and the Census Tract reports. For explanation of source reference notations, see pp. 10 and 11)

United States State SMSA's,
places of Places
Metro- 50,000 or with
SubjUrban politan Regions Divisions Urban more 10000 Countie Census
Total and and Total and persons, to Tracts
rural nonmetro- rural urbanized 50,000
residence1 politan residence' areas, persons'
residence2 cities3


GENERAL AND SOCIAL
CHARACTERISTICS--Continued

Years of school completed......... I-C(S); I-C(S); I-C(S) I-C(S), I-C(S), I-C(S),D(S), I-C;II-1D I-D(S),C; I-C I-C PHC(1)
II-1A,1C, II-1C,1E, D(S); D(S) C;II-1C,1D, II-1A,1C,
1E,4A,5B, 4A,5B,6E II-1A,E, 1E, 10B 1D,1E
6B,6E,7D 4A
By persons 16 to 24 years old... I-D(S); I-D(S);II-5A II-5A I-D I-D I-D
II-5A,9A
By family heads.................. I-D(S);II-4A II-4A II-4A -
By age.......................... I-D(S); I-C(S); I-D(S) I-C,D;II-1C, I-C,D;II-1D I-D
II-1C,1E, II-1C,5B 1D,1E,3A
3A,5B,5C
By occupation.................... I-D(S); II-8B -
II-7A,7D,
7E,8B
By earnings or income............ I-D(S); I-D(S) I-D(S); I-D I-D I-D
II-7A,7B, II-8B
7D,8B
By poverty status................ I-D(S) I-D(S) I-D(S) I-D I-D;II-9A

Vocational training............... I-C(S),D(S); I-C(S);II-1C I-D(S) I-C,D;II-1C I-C
II-1C,5C,9A

Work disability................... I-C(S),D(S); I-C(S);II-6C I-D(S) I-C,D I-C I-D
II-6C,9A

Veteran status..................... I-C(S),D(S); I-C(S);II-6E I-C,D I-C
II-6E

Marital status..................... I-D(S); I-D(S); I-D(S); I-D(S) I-D(S),D; I-D;II-1D I-D(S),D;
II-1A,1C, II-1C,4A II-IA,4A, II-1C,1D,1E II-1C,1D,1E
1E,4A,4C, 4C
5A,5C,6B,6E,
7A,7B,9A

Marital history................... II-4C II-4C I-C,D, I-C,D I-D -
By whether married more
than once....................... I-D(S) I-D(S) I-D(S) I-C,D I-C,D I-D
By age at first marriage......... I-D(S);II-4D II-4D I-D(S) I-D(S) I-D(S);II-4D II-4D -

Fertility:
Children ever born............... I-C(S),D(S); I-C(S),D(S); I-C(S) I-C(S), I-D(S) I-D(S),C,D; I-C,D;II-1C, I-C,D;II-1C, I-C I-C
II-1A,1C, II-1C,1E,3A D(S); II-1C,1D, 1D 1D,1E,3A,
1E,3A,9A II-1A,1E 1E,3A,10B 9A
Own children under 5 years old.. I-C(S),D(S) I-C(S),D(S) I-C(S) I-C,D I-C,D I-D
See footnotes at end of table.








Index A. 1970 Census Publications Index-Continued
(Population volumes I and II and the Census Tract reports. For explanation of source reference notations, see pp. 10 and 11)

United States State SMSA's,
places of Places
Metro- 50,000 or with
Subject Urban politan Regions Divisions Urban more 10,000 Counties4 Census
Total and and Total and persons, to Tracts5
rural nonmetro- rural urbanized 50,000
residence' politan residence1 areas, persons4
residence2 cities3

GENERAL AND SOCIAL
CHARACTERISTICS--Continued

Household relationship............ I-C(S),D(S); I-C(S),D(S); I-C(S) I-C(S), I-C,D;II-1C, I-C;II- I-C,D;II-I-C,D;IIC, I-C I-C PHC(1)
II-1A,1C, II-1C,1E D(S); 1D,1E,10B 1D 1D,E,9A
1E,4A,6B,9A II-1A,1E

Group quarters.................... I-C(S),D(S); I-C(S) I-D(S); II-4E I-C,D;II-4E I-C I-C I-C I-C
II-4E II-4E

Inmates of institutions........... I-D(S); I-D(S);II-4E I-D(S); II-4E I-C,D;II-4E I-C,D I-C,D I-C I-C
II-4E,6E II-4E

Families:
By type and/or composition...... I-C(S),D(S); I-C(S),D(S); I-C(S) I-C(S), I-D(S) I-D(S),C,D I-C I-D(S),C,D I-C I-C
II-4A II-4A D(S);
II-4A
By presence of own children..... I-C(S),D(S); I-C(S),D(S); I-C(S) I-C(S), I-C,D;II-1C, I-C,D;II-1C, I-C,D;II-1C I-C I-C
II-1C,1E, II-1C,IE,4A D(S); 1D,1E,1OB 1D 1D,1E
4A,6E II-1E,4A
By characteristics of head and
wife............................ I-D(S); I-D(S); I-D(S); I-D;II-1C, I-D;II-1C,1D I-D;II-1D
II-1C,1E,4A II-1C,1E,4A II-1E,4A 1D, 1E
By income....................... I-D(S); I-D(S); II-8A I-D(S); I-D(S) I-D(S),C,D; I-C,D;II-1C I-D(S),C,D I-C I-C
II-1C,4A,8A II-1C,4A II-4A II-1C
By poverty status............... I-D(S);II-1C I-D(S);II-1C I-D(S) I-C,D;II-1C I-C,D;II-1C I-C,D I-C I-C

Subfamilies....................... I-C(S),D(S); I-C(S),D(S); I-D(S); I-C,D I-C,D I-D I-C I-C
II-4A II-4A II-4A

Children under 18 years old:
By presence and age.............. I-C(S),D(S) I-C(S) I-C(S), I-D(S) I-D(S) I-D(S)
D(S)
By characteristics of family
head........................... I-D(S) I-D(S) -
By family income................. I-D(S) I-D(S) I-D(S) -
By poverty status of family..... I-D(S) I-D(S) I-D(S) -

Unrelated individuals............. I-C I-C I-C I-C I-C
By age.......................... I-D(S) I-D(S) I-D(S) I-D I-D I-D -
By marital status............... I-D(S) I-D(S) I-D(S) I-D I-D I-D -
By income........................ I-D(S) I-D(S) I-D(S) I-D I-D I-D -
By poverty status................ I-D(S) I-D(S) I-D(S) I-D I-D I-D -
See footnotes at end of table.













Index A. 1970 Census Publications Index-Continued

(Population volumesI and II and the Census Tract reports. For explanation of source reference notations, see pp. 10 and 11)

United States State SMSA's,
places of Places
Metro- 50,000 or with
Subject Urban politan Regions Divisions Urban more 10,000 Counties Census
Total and and Total and persons, to Cuntes T t
rural nonmetro- rural urbanized 50,000
residence' politan residence' areas, persons4
residence2 cities3


ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS

Labor force status.................





Employment status..................

By age.................. .........



By school enrollment............
By earnings or income...........
By poverty status................

By marital status and presence
of own children................
For males 16 to 21 not
attending school...............

Hours worked......................

Last occupation of the experienced
unemployed.......................

Labor mobility....................


Weeks worked in 1969...............



By age and sex .................


By education ...................
By earnings, income, or poverty
status..........................


Year last worked...................


See footnotes at end of table.


I-C(S),D(S);
II-1C,6A,6B




I-C(S);
II-6A, 6B, 6E
I-D(S);
II-1C, A,6B


I-D(S);II-6A
I-D(S)
I-D(S)


I-C(S)

I-C(S)

I-D(S);II-6A


I-C(S)

I-C(S)


I-C(S);
II-1C,6A


I-C(S),D(S);
II-IC,6A

II-6A

I-D(S)


I-D(S);II-6B


I-C(S)






I-C(S)












I-C(S)

I-C(S)





I-C(S)

I-C(S)


I-C(S)


I-C(S),
D(S);
II-1A



I-C(S)

I-D(S);
II-1A


I-D(S)
I-D(S)
I-D(S)


I-C(S)

I-C(S)

I-D(S)













I-C(S),
D(S)



I-D(S);
II-8B

I-D(S)


I-D(S)


I-D(S),C,D;
II-1C,1D,
IE, 10B



I-C;II-10B

I-D;II-1C
ID, 1E


I-D
I-D
I-D





I-C;II-10B

I-D


I-C

I-C


II-1C



I-C,D;II-1C,
1D,1E



I-D


I-D


I-C,D;II-1D






I-C

I-D;II-1D



I-D
I-D
I-D





I-C

I-D


I-C

I-C







I-C,D;II-1D




I-D


I-D


I-D(S),C,D;
II-1A,1C,
1D,1E,9A


I-C;II-1A, I-C
1C,1D, IE,9A
I-D


I-C(S),D(S);
II-IA,1C,
1E,5A,5C,
6A,6B, 6C,
6E,9A

I-C(S);
II-6A,6B,6E
I-D(S);
II-1A,IC,
1E,5C,6A,
6B, 6C,9A
I-D(S);II-6A
I-D(S)
I-D(S);
II-6B,9A

I-C(S)

I-C(S)

I-D(S);II-6A


I-C(S)

I-C(S);
II-6B,7E

I-C(S);
II-1C,6A,
6C,6E,7A,
7B,7D
I-C(S),D(S);
II-1C, IE,
6A,9A
II-6A

I-D(S);
II-7D,8B,9A

I-C(S),D(S);
II-6B


PHC(I)






PHC(1)


I-D
I-D
I-D





I-C;II-1C

I-D


I-C

I-C


I-C; II-1C,
1D, IE


I-D




I-D


I-D









(Population volumes I


Index A. 1970 Census Publications Index-Continued

and II and the Census Tract reports. For explanation of source reference notations, see pp. 10 and 11)


United States State SMSA's,
places of Places
Metro- 50,000 or with
Subject Urban politan Regions Divisions Urban more 10,000 Counties4 Census
Total and and Total and persons, to Tracts5
rural nonmetro- rural urbanized 50,000
residence' politan residence' areas, persons4
residence2 cities3


ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS--Con.

Occupation:
By broad classification .........


By detailed classification .......

By age...........................


By years of school completed.....


By industry......................
By class of worker...............

By earnings or income.............


By poverty status.................
By occupation 5 years ago........

Industry:
By broad classification..........

By detailed characteristics......
By occupation ...................
By class of worker...............

By age...........................

By earnings or income.............


Class of worker....................




Place of work ......................

Means of transportation to work....

See footnotes at end of table.


I-C(S),D(S);
II-1E,5C,
6C,6E,7A,7E
I-D(S);
II-7A,7D
I-D(S);
II-1A,1C,
1E,6B,7D,7E
I-D(S);
II-6E,7A,
7D,7E,8B
I-D(S);II-7C
I-D(S);
II-7A,7D
I-D(S);
II-6E,7A,
7D, 7E, B,9A
I-D(S)
I-D(S);II-7E


II-1C,1E,7B,
7D,7E
I-D(S);II-7B
I-D(S);II-7C
I-D(S);
II-7B,7D
II-1C,1E,7B,
7D
I-D(S);
II-7B,7D

I-C(S),D(S);
II-1A,1C,
1E,7B,7D

I-C(S)

I-C(S)


I-C(S);II-7A I-C(S)


TI-IC
II-1C










I-D(S)


I-D(S)




II-1C,IE






II-1C


I-C(S);II-lC I-C(S)


I-C(S)

I-C(S)


I-C(S)


I-D(S)

II-1A


II-8B
I-MB


I-D(S)

I-D(S);
II-8B

I-D(S)






I-D(S)

I-D(S)




I-D(S)


I-C(S),
D(S);
II-1A

I-C(S)

I-C(S)


I-C,D;II-IC,
1D,1E,10B

I-D

I-D;II-1C,
1D,IE

I-D


I-D
I-D

I-D


I-D
I-D


I-C;II-1C,
1D,1E, OB
I-D
I-D
I-D

II-1C,1D,1E

I-D


I-C,D;II-1C,
1D,1E,10B


I-C

I-C


I-C;II-1D





II-1D


















I-C;II-1C,ID






II-1D





I-C;II-1D




I-C

I-C


I-C,D;II-lC,
1D, E




I-D







I-D

I-D


II-9A




I-C;II-1C,
1D, E
I-D

I-D




I-D


I-C,D;II-1A
1C,1D,1E


I-D;II-6D,9A

I-D;II-9A


PHC(1)












Index A. 1970 Census Publications Index-Continued

(Populationvolumes I and II and the Census Tract reports. For explanation of Source reference notations, see pp. 10 and 11)

United States State SMSA's,
places of Places
Metro- 50,000 or with
Subject Urban politan Regions Divisions Urban more 10,000 Counties4 Census
Subject Regions Divisions aCounties
Total and and Total and .persons, to Tractss
rural nonmetro- rural urbanized 50,000
residence' politan residence' areas, persons4
residence2 cities3


ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS--Con.

Income in 1969:
Persons ......................... I-D(S); I-D(S); I-D(S); I-D(S) I-D(S); II-1D I-D(S);
II-1C,1E,6E II-1C,1E,6E II-1E II-1C,1D, II-1C,1D,1E
1E,1OB
Per capital income of persons.. I-C(S) I-C(S) I-C(S) I-C(S) I-C I-C I-C I-C I-C
By general characteristics.... I-D(S);II-6E I-D(S) I-D(S) I-D I-D I-D
By family status.............. I-D(S) I-D(S) I-D I-D
By employment characteristics. I-D(S) I-D(S) I-D I-D I-D

Families........................ I-C(S); I-C(S); I-C(S) I-C(S); I-C;II-1C, I-C;II-1C, I-C;II-1A, I-C I-C PHC(1)
II-1A,1C, II-1C,1E, II-1A,1E 1D,1E,7D,8C 1D,7D,8C 1C,1D,1E,9A
1E,3A,6E,8C 8C
By family type and composition I-D(S); I-D(S); II-8A I-D(S); I-D(S) I-D(S),D; I-D;II-8C I-D(S),D -
II-4A,6C, II-4A,8C II-4A II-8C
6E,8A,8C,9A
By years of school completed.. I-D(S);II-C II-8C I-D;II-8C II-8C I-D
By employment characteristics. I-D(S); I-D(S);II-8C I-D(S) I-D;II-8C I-D;II-8C I-D
II-7A,7B,
7D,8C
By type of income.............. I-C(S),D(S); I-C(S),D(S); I-C(S) I-D(S); I-C,D;II-1C, I-C,D;II-1C, I-C,D;II-1D I-C I-C
II-1C,1E II-1C,1E II-1E 1D,1E,10B 1D 9A
By value of farm products sold II-8C II-8C

Unrelated individuals........... I-C(S),D(S); I-C(S),D(S); I-C(S) I-C(S), I-C,D;II-1C, I-C,D;II-1C, I-D;II-1A, I-C I-C
II-1A,1C, II-1C,1E D(S); 1D,1E,1OB 1 1C,1D,1E
1E,6E II-1A,1E

Households...................... I-D(S) I-D(S) I-D(S) I-D I-D


Earnings in 1969.................. II-1C,1E, II-1C II-1C,1D,1E II-1D
5C,6C,6E
By occupation................... I-C(S),D(S); I-C(S) I-C(S) I-D(S); I-C,D I-C I-C,D I-C I-C
II-5C,6E, II-8B
7A,8B
By industry..................... I-D(S); I-D(S) I-D I-D
II-5C,7B
By weeks worked................. I-D(S);II-8B I-D(S) I-D(S), I-D I-D I-D
II-8B
See footnotes at end of table.









(Population volumes I


Index A. 1970 Census Publications Index-Continued

and II and the Census Tract reports. For explanation of source reference notations, see pp. 10 and 11)


United States State SMSA's,
places of Places
Metro- 50,000 or with
Urban politan Regions Divisions Urban more 10,000 Counties4 Census
SubjectTotal and and Total and persons, to Tracts
rural nonmetro- rural urbanized 50,000
residence' politan residence' areas, persons4
residence2 cities3


ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS--Con.

Poverty status in 1969:
Persons.........................



Families ........................


By characteristics of the head
By number of children under 18


By employment characteristics.

By type of income.............
Unrelated individuals...........



Housing characteristics...........
By poverty status................


I-C(S),D(S); I-C(S),D(S); I-C(S);
II-1C,1E,9A II-1C,1E II-9A


I-C(S),D(S);
II-1C,1E,9A

I-D(S);II-9A
I-C(S),D(S);
II-1C,IE,
6B,9A
I-D(S);
II-6B,9A
I-D(S);II-9A

I-C(S),D(S);
II-1C,1E,
6B,9A

II-1C,1E,6E
I-C;II-9A


I-C(S),D(S);
II-1C,1E

I-D(S)
I-C(S),D(S);
II-1C,IE

I-D(S)

I-D(S)

I-C(S),D(S);
II-1C,1E


II-1C,1E
I-C


I-C(S)



I-C(S)






I-C(S)





I-C;II-9A


I-C(S),
D(S);
II-1E,9A
I-C(S),
D(S);
II-1E
I-D(S)
I-D(S)


I-D(S)

I-D(S)

I-C(S),
D(S);
II-1E

II-1E


I-D(S)











I-D(S)


I-C,D;II-lC,
1D,1E,9A,
10B

I-D(S);
II-1C,1D,
1E, 10B
I-C,D
I-C,D;II-1C,
1D, IE

I-D

I-D

I-D(S),C,D;
II-IC,1D,
1E,10B

II-IC,ID,IE
I-C


I-C,D;II-lC,
ID


II-1C,1D


I-C,D
I-C,D;II-lC,
1D

I-D

I-D
I-C,D;
II-1C,1D


II-1C, 1D
I-C


I-C,D;II-lC,
1D, E,9B


I-D(S);
II-1C,1D,
1E,2C,9B
I-C,D
I-C,D;II-1C,
1D, 1E

I-D

I-D

I-D(S),C,D;
II-1C,1D,1E


II-1C,1D,1E
I-C;II-9B I-C


PHC(1)






PHC(1)







PHC(1)



PHC(1)
PHC(1)


'Urban places are not listed separately. In some tables, data for the urban population are shown for urbanized areas and other places of 10,000 and over and 2,500 to
10,000; and for the rural population by rural nonfarm and rural farm categories.
2Metropolitan and nonmetropolitan places are not listed separately.
3Data are shown for central cities, cities of 100,000 or more, or cities of 250,000 or more.
4In volume I, data are presented for places of 10,000 to 50,000 persons that have 400 or more persons of Spanish ancestry. Volume I-1D, Persons of Spanish Surname,
includes data for persons of Spanish surname for all counties and places of 10,000 or more persons of Spanish surname in the five Southwestern States.
5In the Census Tract reports, data are shown for tracts with 400 or more persons of Spanish ancestry.














Index B. 1970 Census U.S. Summary Report Tables Index

(Tables for Population Volume I U.S. Summary Report)

United States Regions SMSA's
with
250,000 or
Metro- more

Subject Urban and politan Urban persons,
a and rural Divisions States es
Total rural and Total farm, c Ities
residence, nonmetro- m, with
politan rural 250,000 or
residence' nonfarm more
persons


GENERAL AND SOCIAL
CHARACTERISTICS

Age............................... 85-,118*, 85*,118* 124* 130*,270*, 323 323
190*,323 323

Nativity.......................... 86,190*,192, 86 270*,271-, 323 323
193 272,323

Place of birth.................... 87,119,191* 87,119 125 131,271 -


Country of birth or of origin2.... 70,86,97,144, 70,86,97 108 136,144,145, 136 144,145 144,145
145,192,195 272

Mother tongue3.................... 86,97,146, 86,97 108 146,147 146,147 146,147
147,193

Citizenship4...................... 195 -

Residence in 1965................. 87,119,196* 87,119 125 131,274 -
By selected classes of migrants. 87,196 87 274

Year moved into present house..... 87 87 -

School enrollment.................. 88,119,197*, 88,119, 125 131,275, -
217*,267* 197*,217*, 289*
267*

Years of school completed.......... 88*,89,119*, 88,89*, 125* 131*,156*, 156*,157*, 156*,157*, 365*
156,157 119* 157*,344s 344* 344*
By persons 16 to 24 years old... 198* 198* -
By family heads.................. 209* -
By age.......................... 199* 199* 276*
By occupation................... 231* -
By income....................... 249*,254 249* 306* -
By poverty status.............. 263*,268* 263*,268* 318* -
Vocational training............... 88*,200+*, 88* 277+*,278+ -
201+*

Work disability................... 89,220+* 89 292+* -

Veteran status..................... 87,202 87 -

Marital status.................... 203+*,206, 203+*,206*, 279+*,282*, 340 340 357
212,216*, 212,216* 285,288*,
340 340

Marital history:
Whether married more than once.. 203+* 203+* 279+*
Age at first marriage........... 210+*,211+* 284+*,336+* 336* 336-

Fertility:
Children ever born.............. 89,119,212, 89,119,212 125 131,285,286 337 337
213,337 337
Own children under 5 years old.. 89,214 89,214 131 -

Household relationship............. 85*,118*, 85*,118*, 124* 130*,280* -
204* 204*

Group quarters..................... 89,205* 89 281* -

Inmates of institutions........... 205*,206* 206* 281*,282 -

Families:
By type and composition......... 85*,89,118*, 85*,89, 124*,125 130*,282-, 333 333 366
119,206-209* 118*,119, 283*,307*,
206* 308,333,
By presence of own children..... 85*,89,118*, 85*,89, 124*,125 130*,282*, -
119,206*, 118*,119, 283*
207f209*,309 206*
By characteristics of head and
wife............................ 206-209* 206* 307*,310,311 -
By income....................... 250*,251-257, 250*,251- 307*,308-312, 345* 345* 366*
266*,345* 253,255, 345*
257,266*
By poverty status................ 259-266* 259-266* 314-321 -
See footnotes at end of table.














Index B. 1970 Census U.S. Summary Report Tables Index-Continued

(Tables for Population Volume I U.S. Summary Report)


United States Regions SMSA's
with
250,000 or
Metro- more
Subject Urban,
Sppolitan persons,
Urban and politan rural Divisions States cities
Total rural and Total farm,
residence1 nonmetro- rural with
politan nonfar 250,000 or
residence more
persons


GENERAL AND SOCIAL
CHARACTERISTICS--Continued

Subfamilies...................... 89*,119*, 89*,119*, 282 -
206* 206*

Children under 18 years old:
By presence and age............ 119,207a,340 119 130,282*, 340 340 357
283*,340
By characteristics of family
head.......................... 209* 282*,283 -
By family income............... 250* 250* 307 -
By poverty status of family.... 260*65*,,26 260*,265, 315*,320, -
266* 266* 321*

Unrelated individuals:
By age......................... 204 204 280 -
By marital status............... 206* 206* 282 -
By income...................... 250*,252,257 250*,252, 307*,309,312 -
257
By poverty status............... 259*,2655 259*,265* 314*,320* -


ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS


Labor force status................ 90*,120*, 90a,120, 126* 132*,287*, 340 340 357
209*,215*, 215*,2169, 288*,291*,
216*,219*, 219*,261* 310,316*,
261*,340 317*,340

Employment status;............... 90*,120* 90*,120* 126* 132 -
By age......................... 215*,217*, 215,217,, 287*,291*- -
219* 219*
By school enrollment........... 217* 217* 289 -
By earnings or income.......... 248*,253 248*,253 310
By poverty status............... 261,262* 261*,262* 316*,317 -
By marital status and presence
of own children............... 90,120 90,120 126 132 -
For males 16 to 21 not
attending school............... 88,120 88,120 126 132 -

Hours worked...................... 217* 217* 289* -

Last occupation of the
experienced unemployed.......... 93*,122* 93,1221 128 -

Labor mobility................... 93*,120 93*,120 126

Weeks worked in 1969.............. 120 120* 126 -
By age and sex................. 93x,218* 93*,218* 135*,290* -
By earnings or poverty status.. 247*,253, 247-,253, 305*,310,
262* 262* 317*

Year last worked................. 219* 219* 291*

Occupation:
By broad classification........ 91*,121*,224* 91,121* 127* 133*
By detailed classification..... 223* 294*
By age.. ...................... 226*
By years of school completed... 231* -
By industry..................... 234 -
By class of worker.............. 225* 295 -
By earnings or income.......... 94-,121*, 94,121*, 127* 296*,297, -
227*,228*, 255 311
255
By poverty status............... 262- 262* 317* -
By occupation 5 years ago...... 230+
See footnotes at end of table.












21

Index B. 1970 Census U.S. Summary Report Tables Index-Continued

(Tables for Population Volume I U.S. Summary Report)


United States Regions SMSA's
with
250,000 or
Metro- more
Subject Urban and politan Urban,
Subject Urban and po n rural Divisions States persons,
and cities
Total rural Total farm, cits
residence' nonmetro- with
residence politan rural 250,000 or
residence' nonfarm more
persons

ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS--Con.

Industry:
By broad classification........ 92*,122,237- 92-,122 128 134 -
By detailed classification..... 236+ 299 -
By occupation.................. 234 -
By class of worker............. 238* 300* -
By earnings or income......... 240-,241*, 301*,302 -
256
Class of worker.................. 93*,120*, 93*,120* 126- 133*,295, -
225*,238 300*
Place of work.................... 87 87 132 -

Means of transportation to work.. 87 87 132 -

Income in 1969:
Persons........................ 244*,344* 244* 303*,344- 303* 344* 344' 365*
Per capital income............. 94,122 94,122 128 135 -
By general characteristics... 245*,249* 245*,249* 306*
By family status.............. 246* 246* -
By employment characteristics 248* 248* -
Families....................... 94*,122* 94*,122* 128- 135*- -
By family type and
composition................. 250*,251,345* 250*,251 307*,308,345+ 345 345* 366*
By years of school completed. 254 -
By employment characteristics 252,253,255, 252,253, 309,310,311
256 255
By type of income............ 94,122,257 94,122,257 128 312
Unrelated individuals.......... 94-,122*, 94-,122*, 128* 135*,307*,
250*,252, 250w,252, 309,312
257 257

Households..................... 258* 258* 313 -

Earnings in 1969:
By occupation.................. 94*,121*, 94*,121* 127* 296,297*
227*,228*
By industry.................... 240*,241* 301x,302 -
By weeks worked................ 247*,253 247*,253 305*,310

Poverty status in 1969:
Persons........................ 95,123,259*, 95,123,259, 129 135,314 -
267*,268* 267*,268*
Families....................... 95,123,266*, 95,123, 129 135,347 347 347 368,371
347 266*
By characteristics of the
head......................... 259-266* 259-266* 314-321* -
By number of children
under 18.................... 95,123,260*, 95,123, 129 315*,320, -
265*,266* 260*,265*, 321*
266*
By employment characteristics 261*,262* 261*,262* 316*,317* -
By type of income............ 264* 264* 319* -
Unrelated individuals.......... 95,123,259*, 95,123, 129 135,314*, 347 347 368,371
265*,347 259*,265* 320*,347
Households ..................... 95,123 95,123 129 -

4Table includes data for persons identified as of Spanish origin.
*Table includes data by sex.
'Urban places and metropolitan or nonmetropolitan places are not listed separately. In some tables, data for the urban popu-
lation are shown for urbanized areas and other places of 10,000 and over and 2,500 to 10,000; and for the rural population by
rural nonfarm and rural farm categories.
2Tables 86, 97, 108, and 136 include data for "Persons of Spanish language;" "Other persons of Spanish surname" (five South-
western States only); "Persons of Spanish Origin;" and "Persons of Puerto Rican birth or parentage."
31n table 86, Mother tongue is cross-tabulated, in addition to urban and rural residence, by white and Negro race, and by
Spanish heritage. In table 193, Mother tongue is cross-tabulated by white and other races, and by Nativity and parentage.
The characteristic Citizenship is cross-classified by country of origin of the foreign born.














Index C. 1970 Census State and Census Tract Reports Tables Index

(Tables for Population Volume I State reports and Census Tract reports)

State SMSA's, places
Su---- Uof 50,000 or Places with
Subject Urban and ore ubnied 1000 to Counties esus
Total rural areas, cities2 50,000 persons3
residence a


GENERAL AND SOCIAL
CHARACTERISTICS

Age..............................

Race4............................

Nativity and parentage............


Place of birth...................

Country of birth or of origins...


Mother tongue6....................

Citizenship7......................

Residence in 1965.................
By selected classes of migrants

Year moved into present house....

School enrollment ................

By percent enrolled............

Years of school completed........
By persons 16 to 24 years old..
By age.........................
By income.......................
By poverty status..............
Percent by level of school
completed.....................

Vocational training..............


Work disability..................

Veteran status....................

Marital status....................


Marital history..................


Fertility:
Children ever born..............
Own children under 5 years old.

Household and household
relationship .....................

Group quarters ..................

Inmates of institutions..........

Families:
By type and composition........

By presence and/or number of
own children under 18 years
old...........................

By characteristics of head and/
or wife.......................
By income......................

By poverty status..............
See footnotes at end of table.


48*,139*

45,49,141,144

49,139*,140*,
141,142

50,140

45,49,60,141,
144

49,60,142

144

50,145*
50,145

50

51,146*,166*,
215*,216*
51,146 .

51*,52*,158*
147*
148*
197*,202
211*

51

51*, 1494*,
150+*

52,169+*

50,151

152+*,155,161,
165*

52,152+*,
159+, 160+*


52,161,162
52,163


48*,153*

48,52,154*

48,52,154*,155*


48*,52*,
155-158*


48*,52*,155*,
156*,158*

155-158*
57,198*,
199-205
58,207-214*


48*

49

49


50

49,60,71


49,60,71



50
50

50

51,146*,166*,
215*,216*
51,146*

51*,52*
147-
148*
197*
211*

51

51*


52

50

152+*,155,
161,165-

52,152+*



52,161
52,163


48*,153*

48,52

48,52,155*


48*,52*,155*



48*,52*,155*


155*
57,198*,
199-201
58,207-214*


96*

141,144

140*,141,142


97,140*

81,141,144


81,142

144

97





97,146*,166*,
215*,216*
97,146*

97*
147*
148*
197*,202
211*







169+*



152+*,155,161
165*

152+*



97,161
163


96*,153*

96

96,155*


96*,97,155*



96*,97,155*


155*
100,198*,
199-205
101,207-214*


, -


113



112*

112

112


112*,113*




112x,113*


129*







130

119


119



130





130

130

130*

























130



129*

129

129


129*,130*




129*,130*



133*

133*














Index C. 1970 Census State and Census Tract Reports Tables Index-Continued

(Tables for Population Volume I State reports and Census Tract reports)

State SMSA's, places Places w

Subject Urban and of 50,000 or 10,0 to Counties3 Tensus
Total rural more, urbanized 50,000 persons Tract
residence areas, cities
residence'


GENERAL AND SOCIAL
CHARACTERISTICS--Con.

Subfamilies......................

Unrelated individuals............
By age..........................
By marital status.............
By income......................
By poverty status...............


ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS

Labor force status................




Employment status ...............
By age.........................
By school enrollment ..........
By income......................
By poverty status...............
By marital status and presence
of own children...............
For males 16 to 21 not
attending school..............

Hours worked.....................

Last occupation of experienced
unemployed........................

Weeks worked in 1969.............
By age and sex.................
By earnings or poverty status..

Year last worked..................

Occupation:
By broad classification ........
By detailed classification.....
By age.........................
By years of school completed...
By industry....................
By class of worker..............
By earnings or income............

By occupation 5 years ago......
Of experienced civilian labor
force........................

Industry:
By broad classification ........
By detailed classification.....
By occupation..................
By class of worker.............
By earnings or income..........

Class of worker..................

Labor mobility...................

Place of work.....................

Means of transportation to work..

See footnotes at end of table.


52*,155*

48*
153*
155*
200,205
207*,213*





53*,158*,164*,
165*,166*,
168*,196*,209*

53*
164*,168*
166*
196*,201
209*

53,165

51

166*


56*


56*,167*
195*,201,210*

168*


54*
171*
174-
179*
182
173*
57*,175*,176*,
203
178+*

172*,175*,176*


55*
184*,185*
182
186*
188*,189*,204

56*,173*,186*

56*

50

50


52*,155*

48*
153*
155*
200,205
207*,213*





53*,164-166*,
168*,196*,
209*

53*
164*,168*
166*
196*,201
209*

53,165

51

166*


56*


56*,167*
195*,201,210*

168*


54*






57*







55*





56*

56*

50

50


155*

96*
153-
155*
200,205
207*,213*





98*,164-166*,
168*,196*,
209*

98*
164*,168*
166*
196*,201
209*

98

98

166*


100*

98*
167*
195*,201,210*

168*


99*

174*


173*
99*,175*,176*,
203


172*,175*,176*


100
185*

186*
188*,189*,204

98*,173*,186*

98

190*

190*














Index C. 1970 Census State and Census Tract Reports Tables Index--Continued
(Tables for Population Volume I State reports and Census Tract reports)


State SMSA's, places Places with
----------------------- -Places with
Subject Urban and mof 50,000 or 0,000 to Counties5 Census
Total rural ore, urbanized Tratounties
Total esdencel acres, cities2 50,000 persons3
residence


ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS--Con.

Income in 1969:

Persons--
Per capital income of persons. 57 57 100 116 133
By general characteristics... 192*,193* 192-,193* 192-,193* -
By family status............. 194* 194* 194* -
By years of school completed. 197* 197* 197* -
By employment characteristics 195*,196* 195*,196* 195*,196* -
Families ....................... 57* 57* 100* 116* 133* P-8
By family type and
composition ................. 198*,199,200 198*,199,200 198*,199,200 -
By years of school completed. 202 202 -
By employment characteristics 201,203,204 201 201,203,204 -
By type of income............ 57,205 57,205 100,205 116 133
Unrelated individuals.......... 57*,198*, 57*,198*, 100*,198*, 116* 133*
200,205 200,205 200,205
Households...................... 206* 206* 206* -

Earnings in 1969:
By occupation.................. 57*,175*,176* 57* 99*,175*,176* 115* 132*
By industry.................... 188*,189* 188*,189* -
By weeks worked................ 195*,201 195*,201 195*,201 -

Poverty status in 1969:

Persons........................ 58,207,215*, 58,207,215-, 101,207,215*, 116 133 P-8
216* 216* 216*
Families--
By characteristics of head... 58*,207-214* 58*,207-214* 101*,207-214* 116* 133* P-8*
By presence or number of
children under 18 ........... 58,208-,213*, 58,208*,213*, 101*,208*, 116* 133 P-8*
214* 214- 213*,214*
By employment characteristics 209*,210* 209*,210* 209*,210 -
By type of income............ 212* 212* 212 -
Unrelated individuals........... 58,207*,213* 58,207*,213* 101,207x,213* 116 133 P-8
Households..................... 58 58 101 116 133 P-8

Housing characteristics.......... H-5

+ Table includes data for persons identified as of Spanish origin.
Table includes data by sex.

'Urban places and metropolitan or nonmetropolitan places are not listed separately. In some tables, data for the urban popu-
lation are shown for urbanized areas and other places of 10,000 and over and 2,500 to 10,000; and for the rural population by
rural nonfarm and rural farm categories.
2Data are shown for central cities, cities of 100,000 or more, or cities of 250,000 or more.
3Data are given only for the specified areas having 400 or more persons of Spanish ancestry (classified according to the ap-
propriate identifier, e.g. Spanish language, Spanish language or surname,etc.).
4Tables 45, 49, 141, and 144 include persons of foreign or mixed parentage cross-classified by country of origin and race.
SExcept in tables 45, 141, and 144, tabulations in listed tables include data for "Persons of Spanish language;" "Other per-
sons of Spanish surname" (five Southwestern States only); "Persons of Spanish origin;" and "Persons of Puerto Rican birth or par-
entage."
sIn table 49, the characteristic Mother Tongue is cross-tabulated, in addition to urban and rural residence, by white and
Negro race, and by Spanish heritage. In table 142, Mother Tongue is cross-tabulated by white and other races, and by nativity
and parentage.
'The characteristic Citizenship is cross-classified by country of origin of the foreign born.










V. DATA FROM THE 1970 CENSUS
FOR THE SPANISH ANCESTRY
POPULATION AVAILABLE ON
COMPUTER TAPE



Data on the population of Spanish ancestry from
the 1970 Census of Population and Housing are
available in the 1970 Census Summary Tapes and the
Public Use Sample tapes. These computer tapes can be
obtained by users at the cost of reproduction as part of
the Bureau's data products program.


1970 CENSUS SUMMARY TAPES


Computer tapes containing basic data about individual
persons or housing units (basic record tapes) were used
to create tapes containing summary data or totals of
characteristics at various geographic levels. These sum-
mary tapes were produced in six tabulation series-re-
ferred to as counts-which yielded the statistics pre-
sented in most of the printed reports. The first three
series, the First, Second, and Third Counts, contain
only complete-count or 100-percent data, derived from
the census questions asked of all households. The
Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Count Summary Tapes
present tabulations which include the 20-, 15-, and
5-percent sample population and housing characteris-
tics such as occupation, income, education, value, rent,
plumbing facilities, etc. (Figure 7, Page 26, is a
summary chart of the 1970 Census Summary Tapes.)




SUMMARY TAPES WITH SPANISH
ANCESTRY DATA


This Data Access Description is concerned only with
the Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Counts, since only these
tapes contain Spanish ancestry data. The tabulations
for the Spanish identifiers in these three counts,
however, are referred to as "Spanish American" tabula-
tions; but the term "Spanish American" can be
considered the equivalent of the preferred term,
"Spanish ancestry."

General information on summary tapes and compre-
hensive descriptions of these three summary tape
counts are presented in the following Data Access
Descriptions which are available from the Data User
Services Division, Bureau of the Census.


Title
General Information About Sum-
mary Tapes
Fourth Count Summary Tapes
From the 1970 Census of Popula-
lation and Housing

1970 Census Fifth Count for
ZIP Codes, Counties, and
Smaller Areas

Sixth Count Summary Tapes
From the 1970 Census of Popu-
lation and Housing


DAD Date of
Number Issue

18 Revised,
June 1970

22 Revised,
March 1971

36 Revised,
Dec. 1974


30 August 1972


Data Access Description No. 18, General Informa-
tion About Summary Tapes includes a section on the
decision to use Summary tapes-the advantages of the
tapes over the printed reports, the limitations of
summary data on tape, cost considerations, and techni-
cal problems related to the compatibility of the users
equipment with Census Bureau tapes.


Fourth Count Tapes
Containing data based on the questions asked of a
sample of the total population, these tapes are the
primary source of sample data for small areas. Of the
127 tables on the Fourth Count Population portion, 99
tables are presented for the total, white, black, and
Spanish ancestry populations and many of the Fourth
Count Housing tables show housing characteristics for
the Spanish ancestry population. A list of the major
subjects covered in the Fourth Count tabulations is
provided in appendix C, part 1. For detailed
information on the specific types of data available for
the Spanish ancestry population on the Fourth Count
Summary Tapes, refer to Data Access Description No.
22, dated March 1971.

Fifth Count Tapes

These tapes contain data based on the sample
questions and include 12 tables which show population
or housing characteristics for the Spanish ancestry
population. Files A and B are the only summary tape
files organized by ZIP code areas. (The allocation of
data to ZIP code areas was accomplished as accurately
as possible by prorating enumeration district (ED)
sample counts to one or more corresponding ZIP code
areas.) The Fifth Count Summary Tape File C was
produced as a special tabulation and is now available
for $80 per reel of tape. The File C tapes present the
Fifth Count data for enumeration districts or block











Figure 7. Summary Chart of the 1970 Census Summary Tapes
(Includes information on tables with Spanish ancestry population data)

Number of
Related Number of tables tables
Summary ape Coverage printed Geographic areas covered and data items with data
series
reports for each area on Spanish
ancestry


First Count 100% PC(1)-A File A--Block group (BG) or enumeration 54 tables None
PHC(2) district (ED); File B--State, county, minor 400 items
civil division (MCD) or census county division
(CCD), place, congressional district

Second Count 1001 PC(1)-B File A--Tract; File B--State, county, place, 93 tables None
HC(1)-A MCD or CCD, SMSA and component areas 3,500 items
PHC(1)

Third Count 100% HC(3) Block 36 tables None
250 items

Fourth Count File A--Tract; File B--MCD or CCD; File C-- 127 tables 99
Population State, county, place, SMSA and component 7,100 items in
areas files A and B;
20% PC(1)-C 14,500 in file C
15% HC(1)-B
Housing 5% PHC(1) Same as for population 200 tables 100
6,000 items in
files A and B;
12,100 in C

Fifth Count 20% None File A--3-digit ZIP Code areas (nationwide); 53 tables 12
15% File B--5-digit ZIP Code areas (in SMSA's); 900 items
5% File C--BG or ED, tract, MCD or CCD

Sixth Count State, SMSA, metro. county, city of 50,000+, 92 tables 82
Population 20% PC(1)-D central city 150,000 items
15% HC(2)
Housing % State, SMSA, metro. county, nonmetro county 348 tables 281
of 50,000+, city of 50,000+, central city 110,000 items


groups, census tracts, and minor civil divisions (MCD's)
or census county divisions (CCD's) instead of ZIP code
areas.4 These tapes are available on a State-by-State
basis.

The data content of File C Fifth Count tabulations
is available on 16mm microfilm and paper printouts
prepared from the microfilm for counties and MCD's
or CCD's. This microfilm product greatly expands the
amount of eye-readable sample data for counties and
county subdivisions. For more detailed information,
refer to Data Access Description No. 36, dated
December 1974.



4There is also a file presenting data for congressional
districts and States which consists of one reel of tape. It was
previously titled "Fifth Count, File C," but now is called the
"Fifth Count Congressional District File." Because it differs in
content from the other Fifth Count files (it includes 22
additional tabulations), it will not be described in this DAD.
This congressional district/State file and documentation are
available on the same basis as other Fifth Count products.


Sixth Count Tapes

The Sixth Count tapes are based on sample
questions and contain data for large areas. These tapes
include more detailed tabulations and cross-classifica-
tions of sample population and housing characteristics
than any of the other summary tape series. In most of
the tabulations, detailed characteristics are available
for the Spanish ancestry population. The numerous
Sixth Count tables will not be listed in this Data Access
Description, but a list of the major subjects for which
data are shown in the tapes appears in appendix C, part
2. For detailed information concerning the tabulations
with Spanish ancestry data, refer to Data Access
Description No. 30, dated August 1972, covering the
Sixth Count.

PUBLIC USE SAMPLE TAPES

In spite of the considerable amount of detail in the
printed reports and summary tapes as described above,
there are bound to be some research questions which









involve relationships among census variables which
have not been prepared. There are two ways for the
user to obtain tabulations tailored to his needs. First,
he may arrange with the Bureau for a special tabulation
on a cost-reimbursable basis. Special tabulations have
the disadvantages that they are relatively expensive and
may take several months to prepare. On the other
hand, if the desired tabulations do not involve small
areas, the user may be able to prepare his own special
tabulations from public use samples of basic census
records using his own computing facilities with maxi-
mum flexibility.

Public use samples include modified forms of the
census records for individual households and persons,
with identifying information removed, selected scien-
tifically as a sample of the Bureau's basic records. Each
public use sample contains records for 1 percent of the
population or roughly 2 million individuals. Six differ-
ent public use samples have been drawn from the basic
records, three from the 15-percent sample and three
from the 5-percent sample; one each for the following
three categories: SMSA's and county groups, States,
and neighborhood characteristics. The data are avail-
able for public use in the form of computer tape files
consisting of records in which all information is
recorded as numeric codes. There are two types of
records: one for households and one for persons. Each
household record is followed by a variable number of
persons records, i.e., one for each of its members. No
names or addresses appear in the public use sample
files, and the areas of residence defined are sufficiently
large to avoid disclosure of individuals. Geographic
information is limited to protect confidentiality, and
geographic codes identify only areas with a population
of more than 250,000. More information is contained
in Data Access Description No. 24, Public Use Samples
of Basic Records From the 1960 and 1970 Censuses.
Detailed documentation of the files and their contents
is available in the report Public Use Samples of Basic
Records From the 1970 Census: Description and
Technical Documentation.

Public use sample records contain data on the
Spanish ancestry population. Public use samples from
the 15-percent data base identify persons according to
the composite definition used in most reports, and also
indicate separately Spanish language, Spanish mother
tongue, Spanish surname (Southwestern States only),
and first- and second-generation foreign stock from a
number of specific foreign countries generally consid-
ered Spanish. Public use samples from the 5-percent
data base identify separately persons of Mexican,
Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, and
other Spanish origin or descent; and also Spanish
surname in the five Southwestern States. Since these
Spanish ancestry identifiers are carried along with


other census characteristics of the respondent (age,
family structure, income, education, occupation, etc.),
the user may create tabulations of any combination of
variables with considerable flexibility. Such tabulations
may include alternative definitions of the Spanish
ancestry population since there is such a variety of
Spanish identifiers on the 15- and 5-percent files. Of
course, relative to corresponding tabulations in census
reports or special tabulations based on the full 15- and
5-percent samples, data from the 1-percent public use
samples are subject to greater sampling variability.

ACQUISITION OF THE TAPES

Summary tapes for all but the Fifth Count ZIP
Code tapes are released on a State-by-State basis. The
number of reels required for a particular State varies
from 1 to 23 (the latter for file A of the Fourth Count
Housing tapes for California). For the Public Use
Sample tapes, each of the six 1/100 samples is
contained on 31-33 tapes. Each sample is subdivided
geographically into a series of files usually consisting of
a single tape, though a few may be as large as six or
seven tapes. (For example, data for New York are on
three tapes while data for Louisiana and Oklahoma are
combined on one tape reel.)

Copies of the 1970 Census Summary Tapes and the
Public Use Sample tapes may be purchased for $80 per
reel (the cost as of release of this Data Access
Description). Several tape copying options are avail-
able: (1) 7 track, 556 bpi, BCD, (2) 7 track,800 bpi,
BCD, (3) 9 track, 800 bpi, EBCDIC, and (4) 9 track,
800 bpi, ASCII.





VI. SPECIAL TABULATIONS AS A
SOURCE OF DATA ON THE
SPANISH ANCESTRY
POPULATION

In cases where the need for statistics on the Spanish
ancestry population tabulated by certain subjects or
geographic detail is not met by the general 1970 census
reports or tapes, special tabulations or special proj-
ects designed to meet the individual user's specifica-
tions can be undertaken on a cost-reimbursable basis.
This involves retabulating the census basic record tapes
containing records for individual persons and house-
holds to obtain cross-tabulations not available from the
general census tabulations or data for special geo-
graphic areas. Tabulations involving the basic computer









records which contain maximum geographic and sub-
ject matter detail must be performed by census staff
members at the Bureau, and the data are tabulated
only for those areas and statistical distributions whose
sample size and detail would not permit the possible
identification of any respondent.


Special tabulations can be furnished on tape or
computer printout. Copies of special tabulations which
were furnished to individual users in table form
are sometimes available at a nominal fee which covers
the cost of copying and appropriate overhead charges.
The Bureau of the Census Catalog, Part II, Data Files
and Special Tabulations, includes descriptions of spe-
cial tabulations, prepared during the Catalog issue
period, which are available for purchase. (The Catalog
is issued quarterly, cumulative to the annual issue, and
is available from the U.S. Government Printing Office.)


A number of special tabulations containing data on
the population of Spanish ancestry have been produced
by the Bureau for individual data users. Two examples
are presented here.


Title-Household Income in 1969 for Households: 1970
Source-20% Sample basic records.
Subject content-Household income by size of house-
hold, tenure, and race and ethnicity of head (white,
Negro, Spanish).
Geographic areas covered -United States, regions, divi-
sions, States, SMSA's, counties.


Title-LEAP Tabulations
Source-1970 Census 20% Sample basic records.
Subject content-Socioeconomic characteristics (age,
sex, occupation, employment status, income) empha-
sizing poverty status and race and ethnic categories
(white, Negro, Spanish).
Geographic areas covered-Selected SMSA's, compo-
nent counties, central cities, noncentral city remainder.

For additional information concerning special tabu-
lations, refer to Data Access Description No. 21,
Census Bureau Unpublished Data and Special Services:
Policy and Delineation, dated December 1970, or to
the Bureau of the Census Catalog, Introduction to Part
II, Data Files and Special Tabulations.

NOTE: The information presented in special
tabulations, as well as that in the summary tapes
and printed reports, is subject to disclosure safe-
guards to insure confidentiality of census data.



VII. FURTHER INFORMATION

For further information on data on the Spanish
ancestry population available from the 1970 Census of
Population and Housing write to:
Director
Bureau of the Census
Washington, D.C. 20223
Please refer to Data Access Description No. 41, Data
on the Spanish Ancestry Population Available From
the 1970 Census of Population and Housing.
















APPENDIX A



1970 Census Content and Coverage


Sample
Population Items Percentage


Relationship to head of household ....... 100
Color or race ................ ....... 100
Age (month and year of birth) ........... 100
Sex ............. .... ........... 100
Marital status .............. ... .. .... 100


State or country of birth ............... 20
Years of school completed ............. 20
Number of children ever born ........... 20
Employment status .................. 20
Hours worked last week ............... 20
Weeks worked last year ................ 20
Last year in which worked ............. 20
Occupation, industry, and class of worker ... 20
Activity 5 years ago .................. 20
Income last year:
Wage and salary income ............. 20
Self-employment income ............ 20
Other income .................... 20


Country of birth of parents ............. 15
Mother tongue ............. .... ... 15
Year moved into this house ............. 15
Place of residence 5 years ago ........... 15
School or college enrollment
(public or private) ................. 15
Veteran status ................ ... ... 15
Place of work ............. ......... 15
Means of transportation to work ......... 15


Mexican or Spanish origin or descent ....... 5
Citizenship ........................ 5
Year of immigration .................. 5
When married ...................... 5
Vocational training completed ........... 5
Presence and duration of disability ........ 5
Occupation-industry 5 years ago .......... 5


Housing Items


Number of units at this address ..........
Telephone ........................
Access to unit ..........
Complete kitchen facilities3 .....
Rooms ............
Water supply ..........
Flush toilet ...........
Bathtub or shower ...................
Basem ent .........................
4
Tenure .............
Commercial establishment on property .....
Value .............
Contract rent ......................
Vacancy status .....................
Months vacant ..........

Components of gross rent ..............
Heating equipment ........
Year structure built ..................
Number of units in structure and
whether a trailer ..................
Farm residence (acreage and sales of
farm products) ...................
Source of water .....................
Sewage disposal .....................
Bathroom s ........................
Air-conditioning ....................
Autom obiles .......................

Stories, elevator in structure .....
Fuel-heating, cooking, water heating ......
Bedrooms ...........
Clothes washing machine ......
Clothes dryer ......................
Dishw asher ........................
Home food freezer ...................
Television ...........
R adio . .. . . .. . . . . . . . . .
Second home ......................


I Such as wife of head, other relative of head, or not related to head.
2Direct access or access through other living quarters.
3"Complete kitchen facilities" is defined as including a sink with piped water, a range or cook stove, and a refrigerator.
Owner-occupied or renter-occupied.


Sample
Percentage




















APPENDIX B


Population Volume II Subject Reports by Availability of

Spanish Ancestry Population Data


Title


Spanish
ancestry
population
identifier
used


Report
number


1A National Origin and Lan-
guage
1B Negro Population

IC Persons of Spanish Origin
1D Persons of Spanish Sur-
name
1E Puerto Ricans in the
United States

IF American Indians

IG Japanese, Chinese, and
Filipinos in the U.S.
2A State of Birth
2B Mobility for States and the
Nation
2C Mobility for Metropolitan
Areas
2D Lifetime and Recent Mi-
gration
2E Migration Between State
Economic Areas
3A Women by Number of
Children Ever Born
4A Family Composition
4B Persons by Family Charac-
teristics
4C Marital Status

4D Age at First Marriage
4E Persons in Institutions and
Other Group Quarters


Spanish language

No Spanish ancestry
population data
Spanish origin
Spanish surname

Puerto Ricans by
birth and
parentage
No Spanish ancestry
population data
No Spanish ancestry
population data
Spanish origin
No Spanish ancestry
population data
Spanish heritage

Spanish heritage

No Spanish ancestry
population data
Spanish origin

Spanish origin
No Spanish ancestry
population data
Spanish origin and
Spanish heritage
Spanish origin
Spanish origin


5A School Enrollment
5B Educational Attainment

5C Vocational Training
6A Employment Status and
Work Experience
6B Persons Not Employed
6C Persons With Work Dis-
ability
6D Journey to Work
6E Veterans
7A Occupational Characteris-
tics
7B Industrial Characteristics
7C Occupation by Industry
7D Government Workers
7E Occupation and Residence
in 1965
7F Occupations of Persons
With High Earnings
8A Sources and Structure of
Family Income
8B Earnings by Occupation
and Education
8C Income of the Farm-
Related Population
9A Low-Income Population
9B Low-Income Areas in
Large Cities
10A Americans Living Abroad
10B State Economic Areas


Spanish language
Birthplace of persons
and parents
Spanish origin
Spanish origin and
Spanish heritage
Spanish origin
Spanish origin

Spanish heritage
Spanish heritage
Spanish origin

Spanish origin
Spanish origin
Spanish origin
Spanish origin

Spanish origin

Spanish origin

Spanish origin

Spanish origin

Spanish origin
Spanish heritage

Birth and parentage
Spanish heritage


Report
number


Spanish
ancestry
population
identifier
used



















APPENDIX C


List of Major Subjects Covered in Fourth and Sixth Count Summary Tapes

Part 1. Major Subjects on Fourth Count Summary Tapes



Population Tapes



The Fourth Count Population Summary Tapes contain cross-tabulations of a variety of social and economic
characteristics, including the following subjects, for total, white, Negro, and Spanish American populations. Data are
available for the State, SMSA and component areas, county, MCD or CCD, place, and tract.


age
class of worker
earnings
education
ethnicity


families (type, subfamilies, age, presence and age of
children)
household relationship
income
industry
labor force status


marital status
means of transportation
occupation
place of work
poverty level

poverty status
residence (various categories)
school enrollment
sex
veteran status
weeks worked


Housing Tapes



Data covering the following subjects are included in the Fourth Count Housing Summary Tapes. Nearly all of
these subjects are cross-classified by tenure and race of head. Data are available for the same geographic areas as for
the population tapes.


age of head
air conditioning
appliances
battery-operated radio
direct access to unit

elevator
fuel (cooking, house heating,
water heating)
heating equipment

household type
kitchen facilities
location of structure
monthly contract rent
number of automobiles


number of bathrooms
number of bedrooms
number of housing units
number of rooms in unit
occupancy

occupancy status
persons per room
plumbing facilities
rent (gross, asking, inclusion of
utilities)
second home
sewage disposal
sex of head
source of water
stories in structure


television
toilet and bathing facilities
type of foundation and structure


units in structure
units with roomers, boarders,
lodgers
use of property
vacancy status


vacancy status and duration
of vacancy
value
year head moved into unit
year structure built







32


List of Major Subjects Covered in Fourth and Sixth Count Summary Tapes-Con.

Part 2. Major Subjects on Sixth Count Summary Tapes



Population Tapes

Many of the tables in the Sixth Count Population Summary Tapes contain data on the Spanish ancestry
population. In most of these tables, the distribution is for total, white, Negro, and Spanish American populations.
(Data are provided for the State, SMSA, county, SMSA county, place of 50,000 or more, and central city.)

Data are available on various subjects including the following:


DISABILITY
duration of disability

EARNINGS/INCOME
earnings in 1969
income in 1969
poverty status
ratio of family income to
poverty level

EDUCATION
education
school enrollment
type of school
vocational training
year of school in which enrolled
years of school completed


FAMILIES/HOUSEHOLDS
families
family type
fertility
marital status
number of members 18 years old and over
presence and number of own children
under 18 years old
presence of own children
presence of sons or daughters of
selected ages
related children
related children under 18 years old
subfamilies
unrelated individuals
households

GROUP QUARTERS
type of group quarters
inmates of institutions


INDUSTRY/OCCUPATION
industry
occupation

MARITAL HISTORY/MARITAL STATUS
age at first marriage
aggregate age at first marriage
marital history
marital status

MILITARY SERVICE
period of military service

NATIVITY/PARENTAGE/ETHNIC BACKGROUND
citizenship
country of birth
mother tongue
nativity
parentage
place of birth
state of birth
year of immigration

RESIDENCE
place of residence
residence in 1965
residence with parents in 1970
urban/rural residence

WORK EXPERIENCE
class of worker
employment status
hours worked
labor force status
means of transportation to work
place of work
weeks worked in 1969
work experience in 1969
year last worked











List of Major Subjects Covered in Fourth and Sixth Count Summary Tapes-Con.


Part 2. Major Subjects on Sixth Count Summary Tapes-Con.

Housing Tapes

On the Sixth Count Housing Summary Tapes, data are available for the State, SMSA, metropolitan county and
nonmetropolitan county of 50,000+, city of 50,000+, and central city. Most of these tabulations are further
stratified by tenure (owner- and renter-occupied housing units) and race of head: Total, White, Negro,* and Spanish
American. (There is, of course, no Spanish American or other race of head breakdown for the cross-tabulations for
vacant housing units.)

Various cross-tabulations are provided for the following subjects.


access
age of head
air conditioning
basement
battery-operated radio


number of persons 65 years old
and over
number of persons under 18 years old


number of rooms in unit
number of television sets
passenger elevator
persons per room
plumbing facilities


complete kitchen facilities
fuels (cooking, house heating,
water heating)
gross rent as percentage of income
heating equipment

household equipment
household type
income
. income and gross rent as
percentage of income

monthly contract rent
monthly gross rent
number of automobiles available
number of bathrooms
number of bedrooms

number of own children under
18 years old
number of persons in unit


presence of roomers, boarders, or
lodgers
rural units by plumbing facilities
second home
source of water

stories in structure
telephone available
type of sewage disposal
units in structure
units with head 62 years old
and over

value
value/income ratio
year head moved into unit
year structure built


*Data available for the Black (Negro) population are covered in Data Access Description No. 40, dated May 1975.























F






Market Analysis





Neighborhood Studies





Economic Base Studies





Labor Force Assessment -and


Man Oiher Appici on


Send for our

PUBLICATIONS

ANNOUNCEMENTS

They show you how to get.

Facts BUSINESSMEN use to gage potential mar-
kets, help make economic and sale forecasts,
allocate expenditures, and locate new plants,
stores, or warehouses.

Facts GOVERNMENTAL PLANNERS AND
POLICY MAKERS use to identify housing needs,
conduct economic base studies, and locate schools,
libraries, parks, and other public facilities.

Facts COMMUNITY SERVICE ORGANIZA-
TIONS use to plan voter registration drives, estab-
lish senior citizen programs, and structure com-
munity service activities.


HUNDREDS of publications are now available on
population, housing, business, retail trade, whole-
sale trade, selected service industries, manufac-
tures, governments, transportation, construction
industries, foreign trade, agriculture, and mineral
industries.

YOU individuals, business organizations, govern-
mental agencies, schools, libraries-all are invited
to receive free of charge descriptive publications
order forms for the reports issued from the Census
Bureau.

Simply complete the attached order form,
indicate your areas of interest, and mail to:
Subscriber Services Section (Publications)
Social and Economic Statistics Administration
Washington, D.C. 20233
c -^


DETACH HERE


Please include me on the mailing list to
receive your publications order forms
for the subjects checked below.


Name


Organization


O Population
O Housing
O Geography
E Foreign Trade
O Agriculture
O Governments
O Construction
O Manufactures


l Mineral Industries
E Wholesale Trade
O Retail Trade
O Selected Service Industries
[ Transportation
O Enterprise Statistics
rI nutl.vinio A.rac


City State_ Zip_


] Methodological Studies
E Data available on computer tape


S,, O Catalogs, Guides, Directories,
E Current Surveys Indexes, and General Summaries




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs