Title: Citrus leaves
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00087049/00004
 Material Information
Title: Citrus leaves
Series Title: Citrus leaves
Physical Description: Serial
Creator: Citrus Research and Education Center, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Publisher: Citrus Research and Education Center
Publication Date: April 1999
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00087049
Volume ID: VID00004
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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vF Harold W, Browning, Center Director
UNIVRS Y OF Cirus Research and Education Center I T R
SFL ORI A700 Experimen Station Road
LORIDA Lake Alfred, FL 33850
Telephone 941-956-1151
institute o Food i.nd .Agriultural ~lencs FAX 941-956-4631 LEA V ES



Don L. Wiggins was presented with the 18th Citrus
Engineering Award at the 45th Annual Citrus Engineering
Conference on March 18, 1909. at CREC.
The award, which is sponsored by Florida Power
Corporation, is presented annually to recognize lifetime
achievements in the field of citrus engineering. Recipients are
selected by the Citrus Enginering Conference Committee of the
American Society of Mechanical Engineers-Florida Section.
Tom Damon of Florida Power Corporation presented the
award to Wiggins, which includes a plaque and a $1500
scholarship to be designated to the school of his or her choice.
This year's
scholarship will be
donated to CREC,
where it will be
used to support
graduate student
participation in
J.science and
Don L. Wiggins, left, receives the 18"' Citrus Wig gi n s
Engineering Award from Tom Damon, Florida io r e
Power Corporallon at the 450' Annual Citrus whose career
Engineering Conference held at CREC spans over fiftN
years, served in
the U.S. Navy during % Wil He earned a B.S degree in
Electrical Engineering at Auburn University, where he also
taught as an instructor.
In 1949, Wiggins joined Pasco Packing in Dade City. Over
the next 16 years, he was instrumental in incorporating new
processing and pack inghouse equipment and technology> to their
facility. He also built plants for Citrusuco in Brazil, Cypress
Gardens Citrus Products in Winter Haven and Evans Packing in
Dade Cit)
In 1969. Wiggins moved into a management career at
Adams Packing Association. Inc., retiring as CEO in 1991.
Following his retirement. he formed D.L. Wiggins & Associates.
a consulting company that serves the citrus industry worldwide.
"It's a great honor, and I certainly do appreciate it. I will try
to carry it with honor." Wiggins told the audience in accepting
the award.
(The above article was issued as a CREC press release on
March 31, 1999).

Vol. 17, No. 4-April 1999

Students peer through microscopes to take a peek at some
parasitic nematodes, root \ree\ ils and Caribbean fruit lhie, dl
lleritage Days in Haines Cit. March 6-7, 1999. CREC's
exhibit. staffed by Monica Lewandowski, had information
about CREC and citrus. Dr. Larry Duncan provided the
ncmatods and Dr Rick Ramos supplied the root weevils and
Caribbean fruit flies for the exhibit.

April-Varieties in Season

Valencia oranges, Honey tangerines,
Ruby Red and White grapefruit.

Shirts and CREC Jackets On Sale
CREC T-shirts ($10, no pocket), golf shirts with
collar ($18) and jackets ($33) and hats ($3.95)
with embroidered CREC logo are on sale now.
Several colors are available. Nancy Burke at the
Switchboard has a sample jacket see her to find
out more information about colors and styles.
Place orders (including pa) ment) with Nancy by
Friday. April 16"' to guarantee delivery in time
for the CREC Spring Picnic (tentative date, May
7). Orders ill still be accepted after April 16' for
delivery at a later date.

II a I

Citrus Leaves

Citrus Root Weevil Research -
Latest Updates Presented at CREC

* Researchers Battle Tough Insect on Many Fronts
Researchers continue to search for ways to combat the citrus
root weevil. Diaprepes abbreviatus, considered by many to be
the greatest long-term threat to Florida citrus. Research updates
were presented at the DIupJILpcs Task Force Annual Scientific
Meeting, January 19, 1999, at the University of Florida Institute
of Food and Agricultural Sciences (UF/IFAS) Citrus Research
and Education Center (CREC) in Lake Alfred. According to
Buster Pratt and Conn ic Riherd, Co-chairs of the Diaprepes Task
Force, nearly cighth researchers, growers, nurserymen and
industry people were in attendance.

Current Situation
It is estimated that at least 150,000 acres of citrus are infested
with the citrus root \weevil, Diaprepes. Although the adult
weevils feed on the leaves, the greatest damage is caused by
larval feeding of the roots. Despite a grower's best efforts
(which can be costly), eradication is impossible. Currently, a
grower can only hope to suppress the insect in his grove
Why is Diaprepes impossible to eradicate? One reason is
that it is difficult to detect Diaprepes in the grove, especially
when an infestation is small. It is in the early stages of an
infestation that a grow er has the best chance of controlling this
insect. As it is now, it may be two or three years before an adult
is even spotted in a grove. B1 this time, a large infestation may
have already become established and trees may be extensively
The insect also has a high reproductive rate and is a
voracious herbivore, so once an infestation has become
established, a grower is facing an uphill battle. But the main
reason that Diap-cpcL' is difficult to eradicate is that it is
associated with over 250 host plant species, including corn,
cotton, sugtarcane and several common weeds. so this insect has
plenty of hosts.

Difficult to Detect
Because of the importance of detection and trapping
methods, considerable efforts are focused on evaluating and
improving current methods. Researchers from UF/IFAS, Kerr
Center for Sustainable Agriculture Inc., Florida Department of
Agriculture and Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry,
U.S. Sugar Corporation and the U.S. Department of Agriculture
(U.S.D.A.) are currently assessing the efficiency of commonly
used w eev. il traps (Tedders and cone traps).
Each method has its ad antages and disadvantages, although
none of the traps consistently detect small populations of
D~uprpe.,., pointed out Dr. Herb Nigg, CREC. Despite this
drawback. the Tedders trap has been a convenient research
method to monitor population trends. According to Drs. Clay ton
McCoy (CREC), Philip Stansly (UF'IFAS Southwest Florida
Research and Education Center) and others, a peak emergence
of adults in the spring, with a poorly-defined peak in the fall,
have been observed. Based on this pattern, the optimal time for
foliar sprays directed against the adults would be during the
spring emergence. The use of nematodes against larvae would

likely, be after the first summer rains in June, when most of the
current year's eggs would have hatched and soil conditions
would be favorable to nematode movement and survival.

Keeping an Ear to the Ground for Diaprepes
W ith sensitil e microphones placed in the soil, researchers are
attempting to record the acoustical sounds of Diaprepes.
Acoustical monitoring could prove to be a useful detection
method and research tool. Dr. Ste\ e LaPointe from the USDA,
Orlando. played a videotape of what is believed to be the noisy
chomping of Diaprepes larvae feeding on roots. According to
LaPointe, studies indicate that the method may be sensitive
enough to distinguish Diaprepes from ants and other insects.

Researchers Pursue Biological Control, Other Methods
Stemeincma riobrave, a nematode that parasitizes the
Diaprepes lar ae, is a biological control method currently in use.
Dr. Larry Duncan, CREC. is working with Stansly to determine
the optimal timing and placement of the nematodes in the soil
for Duzpreper control. Currently, they are evaluating the
effectiveness of discharging the nematodes through irrigation
Working with McCoy and Duncan, Dr. D.I. Shapiro and
others are also studying the factors that influence the
citectiveness ofS. riobrave and other parasitic nematodes. For
example, soil temperature and host age are critical in
determining whether the Diaprepes larvae will be susceptible to
attack by parasitic nematodes. This information can be used to
optimize the use of these and other biological control methods.
Used in conjunction with pesticides and oil sprays, parasitic
nematodes have become an important component of an
integrated pest management scheme for Diaprepes control.
Quadrasticus haitieneis, an egg parasitoid of Diaprepes,
may also hold promise as a biological control agent. Field tests
will commence this year. Dr. David Hall (U.S. Sugar
Corporation), Stansly and other researchers will be looking to
see whether the parasitoid can become established in Florida
citrus groves to be an effective control method.

Long-Term Strategies: Susceptibility to Phytophthora Must
Be Considered
Diaprepes larval feeding on citrus roots causes extensive
mechanical damage, which allows for devastating secondary
infections b% the root fungal pathogens, Phym'phthoripJmln .',rt
and P. nicotianae. Different rootstocks show differences in
resistance to the two species of Phyti'wphthora. explained Dr. Jim
Graham, CREC. For example, trifoliate orange rootstock is
resistant to P. nicotianae, but susceptible to P. palmivora.
Therefore, rootstock susceptibility to Phi tophthdra '.pp mustbe
considered when replanting in Diaprepes-infested areas.
Drs. Jude Grosser and Fred Gm itter, REC, are w\ working \t ith
Graham and McCoy to develop rootstocks with improved
resistance to Phytophthoraspp. that can quickly rege nerate roots
following mechanical damage They believe that these
characteristics will help reduce the amount of damage caused by
larval feeding. Drs. Steve LaPointe. Kim Bowman and Jeff
Shapiro. U.S.D.A., are also examining resistance to Diaprepes
larval feeding in citroid fruit trees in an effon to someday
develop Diaprepes-resistant rootstocks.

1111 111 1

Citrus Leaves

,Slud ing Insect Behavior To Devise Better Control Strategies
Dr. Robert C. Adair, Jr. From the Kerr Center for Sustainable
Agriculture. Inc., showed videotape of the Diaprepes egg-laying
process. The female adult secretes an adhesive layer onto the
surface of a leaf, deposits an average of seven eggs, and then
covers the eggs by secreting another upper adhesive coating.
A female will repeat the egg-la.ing process several times.
I- inall, the egg mass is covered by another leaf, which serves as
a protective covering.
Oil sprays, used by growers as a control method, prevent the
leaves from sticking to the egg mass and covering the leaves.
This leaves the eggs vulnerable to desiccation and predation.
Agents that destroy or disturb the eggs' adhesive covering are
another possible control method that researchers would like to
explore. Like the oil spray, disrupting the adhesive covering
would also lead to increased egg mortality.

Scientists Continue to Pursue New Ideas
Researchers acknowledge that this complex insect pest will
not be conquered without a long battle. Studies on the
preferences of Diaprepes for alternate hosts, carried out by
Drs Jorge Pena, Adrian Hunsburger (UF/IFAS Tropical
Research and Education Center) and others, are helping us to
learn more about the biology and behavior of the insect. Genetic
variation among Diaprepes populations and pesticide testing are
other areas of research.
Much of the Diaprcpt's research in Florida is funded by the
Florida Citrus Production Advisory Council box tax, the
University of Florida and the USDA.

Note: This article was issued as a CREC news release in
February 1999.

Insect Parasitic Nematodes: Information
A available
For more information about insect parasitic nematodes and their
use as biocontrol agents, Ohio State U ni% ersily has posted a web
site: hitn \% 2 oaidc ohro-itaie edu ncnialades The site
includes information about the biology and ecology of parasitic
nematodes, their use and applications, a photo gallery, links to
other sites and more. There's also information on ordering a free
poster on entomopathogenic nematodes and a 30-minute video,
'Insect Parasitic Nematodes: Tools for Pest Nlanagemeni The
video includes the Diaprepes root weevil story. with interviews
of Drs. Clayton McCoy and Larry Duncan, and video footage of
CREC and some of our employees.

Faces Around CREC

Dr. David Shapiro is an Assistant in Entomology working with
Dr. Clay McCoy. His research area is the use of parasitic
nematodes as biological control agents for the root weevil,
Diaprepes abbreviatus. Originally from the Bronx. New York,
Dr. Shapiro has a B.S. in Biolog. from the University of
Michigan. M.S. in Entomology from Louisiana State University
and a Ph D in Entomology from Iowa State University. His past

experience includes
working as a Research
Insect Patholocisi for
Integrated BioControl
Sy s t e m s in
Lawrenceburg, IN. Dr.
Shapiro was a Fulbrihht
Scholar at the Volcani
Institute in Israel, where
his research involved the
genetic improvement of
entomopath ligenic
nematodes for heat
tolerance. He was also a Peace Corps volunteer in Niger, Vetr
Africa, where he worked on integrated pest management and
rural development. His interests include hiking, camping and
canoeing. David lives in Orlando with this wife, Laura, and son,

Dr. Shiv Dutl Sharma has been working with Dr. Mech Singh
since November, 1998 His research interests include weed
control and crop
production in citrus and
other field crops. At
i r 1 A CREC. Dr. Sharma is
inKeestigating the effects
of adjuvants on the
uptake and translocation
and efficacy on
glyphosate for weed
control. He is an
Assistant Professor in
Agronomy at Haryana
Agricultural University
in Hisar, India. He
obtained his Ph.D. in Weed Science from University of
Strathedlde. Glasgow, UK in 1993, where he also spent two
years as a postdoctoral researcher. Dr. Sharma is ori finally from
Karnal, India.

Dr. Igor Kostenyuk (above left) and Lyudmilia Kostenyuk
(right) are from Kiev, Ukraine Dr. Kostenyuk is working with
Dr. Jackie Burns on the abscission project. He is using
molecular techniques to identify genes involved in the
abscission process in oranges. He received his Ph.D. in Plant
Cell Biology from the Institute of Cell Biology and Genetic
Engineering, National Academy or Sciences of the Ukraine in
Kiev. Most recently, Igor worked at the Kumko Life and
Environmental Science Laboratory in Kwanagju, South Korea,
where he studied the induction of early flowering orchids and
molecular mechanisms of plant-pathogen interactions. He also

_ ~~~ _~~~~~_ ~

Citrus Leaves

has experience in plant tissue culture of medicinal plants and
plant secondary metabolites (alkaloids). Igor likes chess,
computers, hiking and fishing. Lyudmyla is also working with
Dr. Bums. assisting with laboratory duties. They have a
Jaughter. Ole% a. who is a student at the University of Calgary.

Left to right: Beverly
Co adonga Arias.

Ousley, Tina Le, Tony Trieu, and

Dr. Covadonga Arias is from Valencia, Spain. She joined
Dr. Jackie Burn's lab in Januar, 1999. She is working to
identify proteins expressed in the abscission zone of citrus in
response to treatment by abscission agents. She is also working
on the cloning and characterization of heat-stable isozymes of
pectinesterase (PE), the enzyme in citrus juice responsible for
the formation or 'cloud". She earned her Ph.D. in microbiology
from the UnivcrsilN of Valcncia, where she worked on molecular
techniques for the detection and characterization of food-borne
pathogens She also worked at the Instituto Valenciano of
Investigaciones Agrarias (IUIA) on PCR detection methods for
a quarantine pathogen

Tony Trieu and his wife, Tina Le, are both working with
Dr. Jackie Burns on the abscission project Tony, who is
originally from Viemam, has a BS in Botany and Microbiology
from the University of Oklahoma. For the past 9-10 years, he
worked at the Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation in Ardmore,
OK with Dr. Maria Harrison on fungal mycorrhizae. Tina, who
is also originally from Vietnam, has a BS in Medical Technology
from UCLA. She also worked at the Samuel Roberts Noble
Foundation for 3 years with Dr. Marilyn Roossinck, a plant
xiroloeist. Tony and Tina cnjo. animals and raising pets,
including their three Pekingese dogs.

Simone Blaisdell joined
CREC's Personnel
Office in Nov. 1998.
SOriginally from
S '- Lewiston, Maine,
Simone's background
includes accounting,
administration. personnel
and marketing In her
spare time, she enjoys
gardening, biking,
sewing and taking care
of her pet dachshund.
She'll also be happy to tell you about her 13 beautiful

Tim Dunn works in
Dr. Jude Grosser's
laboratory, assisting
with laboratory and
greenhouse work and
data entry. A student at
Auburnda!e High
School. Tim has worked
at CREC for 5 months
now. His interests
'1 include computer
graphics, architecture,
i and airplanes,

Tammy Morris (front) is joined by coworkers
Mary Boston (back left) and Kathy Snyder
(back right)

Would you like to be a part of this
section? Please see Monica
Leiandowski, Ext. 233 or E-mail:
mmlewi'lal.ufl.edu. Citrus Leaves
welcomes input from all employees,
new or old!

Tammy Morris, Word Processing's newest addition, joined
CREC in February. A Winter Haven native, Tammy's a
graduate of Florida Technical College. She has experience in
several aspects ofoffice w ork. Tammy has two children. KrjiSen
(6) and Justin (2).


Citrus Leaves

International Sociely of Citriculture
Are you a member?

Any person interested in citrus is welcome to join the
International Society ofCitriculture (ISC). The ISC hosts an
international congress once every four years, publishes a yearly
newsletter and provides information about citrus-related topics
throu gh i t s we b page
(www.lal.ufl.edu/isc citrus homepage.htm). Membershipdues
are $20 for a four-year period i 199-2000) to cover mailing
costs. To join, send your name, affiliation, address, telephone.
fax and E-mail address to Dr. Charles Coggins, Department of
Botany and Plant Sciences, Uni ersirN of Califrnia. Riverside,
CAL 92521-0124. Checks should be made payable to the
International Society of Cirriculture

CREC WEB PAGE: tangelo.lal.ufl.edu

Dr. Ashok Alva's Homepage
Learn about Dr. Alva's current research projects in the areas
of soil chemistry, plant nutrition and water quality His web
page a description ofareas ofspecializat ion, publicat ions, grants,
and numerous other activities.
Address: sx\\\ Ilas ull ediu 'L '" al a aka-pae liln

Ultimate Citrus Page
This page, maintained by Chet Townsend, contains
information and links to several citrus-related sites. To find out
how oranges are harvested and processed into juice, click on his
link. "The Story of Florida Orange Juice From The Grove to
Your Glass." contains excellent descriptions and photographs.
Address: www.ultimatecitrus.com


Bir ths Congratulations to Karen and Dru Colston on
the birth of their baby girl born January 7,
1999. She was 8 lb 6 oz and 21" long.

Dr. Rick Ramos (Dr. Nigg's Laboratory) on the birth of his
daughter, Iris Natalia, March 14, weighing 5 lb 14 oz.

Sharon Phillips (Sandy Barros DOC on the birth of her baby
boy, Harrison, on March 25, 1999. He weighedd 7 Ib 9 oz.

Sp J ~Our deepest sympathy is extended to:
W Lou Ellen Hedley (retired) for the loss of her
mother, and Dr. Carl C. Childers for the loss
of his mother-in-law.

ConOrtu litiori

Na nci Burke (Switchboard Operator) to Peter Marcoe
Danielle Fourmet (Dr. Rousefl) to Gordon Anderson
Kelly King (Dr. Graham) to Travis Roland
Terri Zito (CREC Photographer) to Timoth\ Appleboom

From the Mail Room


Recycle Da% April 6

UF Plant Molecular and Cellular Biology Workshop
May 7-8, 1999
Plantation Inn and Golf Resort
Crystal River, FL

Keynote Speaker, Dr. Jeff Palmer, Dept of Biology, Indiana
State University "Plant Mitochondrial Genome Evolution in the
Fast Lane: Rampant Promiscuity of Genes and Introns, and
Runaway Mutation Rates." The program also features
15-minute oral presentations by graduate students, postdoctoral
scientists and PI's (who do not have other representatives at the
workshop). Abstracts due April 16, 1999. Registration fees,
$40 by April 6, 1999 ($45 after April 6). More information
posted outside the Mail Room.

Get well wishes are extended to Connie Nosel from the
Mail Room. e miss you and hope to see you again
real soon.

-- Your CREC familI

/V-I $11 HI s I

From Personnel

Time Cards Due:
April 12
April 26

a II

Citrus Leaves

From 1he Business Office
Reminder: The latest news, information and announcements
about the Purchasing Card (P-card) is posted on a bulletin
board outside the Purchasing Office, including the following
information about procedures for lost P-cards.

1) Cardholder i- to call Bank of America, Na ionnBank (1-800-
538-8788) immediately after the P-card is discovered to be
lost or stolen. During this call, it is important that the
cardholder tell Bank of America / NationsBank NOT to
reissue them a card. (P-cards must be reissued through
Central Purchasing so that they will function with the
SAMAS system)
2) Cardholder is to notify Central Purchasing at 352-392-1331
or Suncom 622-1331 of lost or stolen card. Central
Purchasing will order a replacement P-card if cardholder
3) Cardholder is to notify their Reconciler (Marn Sirois) and
their approved. Cardholders, Reconcilers and Approvers
must then watch SAMAS for fraudulent charges against the
lost or stolen P-card.
4) The cardholder will be notified when their replacement card
is received by Central Purchasing.

Manuscripts submitted to the Publications
Committee during the month of March:

Wardowski. W. (Edilorl. Packinchouse Newsletter No. 185.
Brown, G. E., C. Davis, and M. Chambers. Control of Citrus
Green Mold with Aspire Is Impacted by the Type of Injurn.
Postharvest Bflogv & T chunlogt.
Burns, J. K. and D. J. Lewandowski. Genetics and Expression
of Pectinmeth lesterase, Endo-P-Glucanase and
Polygalacturonase Genes in Valencia Orange. Proceedings of
the 1" International Citrus Biotechnologi: Symposium.

Nigg, H. N. Borax and Fruitflies. Citrus Industry.
Graham., J. H. Assessing Costs of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
S\ mbti.tls in Agroecos stem.s. Integrating Principle of Plant
Patho logi and Molecular Biologyi with Mycorrhiza Rc.qe' ch
(APS Piess N
Kender, Walter J. Growers Making a Difference. Florida
Grower Magazine.


Jeanette I. Barnes OPS Nigg
Paolo Bernard OPS Castle
Melissa J. Draper OPS Nielsen
Alisa N. Hart OPS -Nigg
Yingfeng Huang Visitor Alva
Tina Le OPS Burns
Jong-Hee Lee Visitor Echeverria

*** From The Director ***

I wanted to take a few moments this month to acknowledge
the great work that is being conducted by our Facilities
Maintenance Department at C REC \ c often o\ crlc..k the fact
that, with the age, diversity of uses and general condition that
our facilities are in, the job of just keeping thing, running is a
difficult one. The same is true of our motor and equipment pool.
Add to that the continuing need for participation in nergencL,
repairs, interaction with outside contractors who are on site. and
health and safety concerns that must be mel. and it is easy to see
how valuable the maintenance team at CREC is. Last month's
newsletter featured the renovation of the John Deere Tractor.
The article did not emphasize that this outstanding work by
Kevin Troelsen is in addition to his management of the motor
pool and service/repair of other vehicles and equipment at
CREC. Likewise, Roxy Hoover has recently brought some very
useful Federal Surplus Equipment to CREC as a result of making
trips to federal government installation, in Florida. This is in
addition to Roxy's role in trouble shooting problems on site,
helping to manage work orders and providing hands-on
assistance with many jobs here on campus. Similarly, Mike
Daugherty, Glen Craddock and Wayne Tyler have been
working hard to complete work orders and to improve the
overall condition of CREC facilities. Bill Clayton is sta' ing up
with safety and health issues at the Center and rumors are that
Bill is counting days. Perry Love has completed the CREC
inventory for 1999, the largest unit inventory in IFAS. Jimmm
Willard has been engaged with the new rcfriccrated clean room
and new coolers in the packinghouse, the air conditioning
replacement project in the main building and the m% riad ofother
air conditioning and heating challenges here at the Center. And
last but not least, after recuperating from an accident, Bruce
Robertson is back to full duty and has been making major
contributions on numerous electrical projects around the Center.
He also has been w working with Jim in many of the contractor
jobs going on.
It is easy to take for granted that our facilities will be ready,
available, and in good working order for the many uses that we
impose on the Center daily. However, without the dedication
and willingness of the Maintenance Department, neither our
program accomplishments nor our service to Florida citrus
would be possible at the level that it curre ll exists.
Ken Jacobson has a daunting task in coordinating the facilities
maintenance and repair and to keep the flow of work orders
moving. Please take a moment to thank the individuals on the
maintenance team who keep the Center running for a job well
done. Great Job Guys!

-Harold W. Browning


Mi-Hee Choi Visitor H. Lee
Sharon Shim Visitor H. Lee





j' -4"

Blood Banks of
Mid-Florida 1Medical Services
\ ft >n ~r i f o nii i % 11 4 it If tloy f(l

1999 Schedule
Thursday, April 29
Wednesday, July 7
Wednesday, September 15
Wednesday, November 10

A visits are from 9:00 am 12:00 noon
at the parking lot next to Entomology Bldg

Please plan on donating!
Diana Drouillard, Chairperson



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Main Center 460 First Street North Winter Haven, Florida 33881 941 297 1840 -Fax 941 291 67:14
Lake Wales Branch 410 South lith Street Lake Vadkl, FiLTnd 33853

Sunday Monday





4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Seminar. Computer Video-
Jose Mtg.-Syvertsen
Ramos Newsletter Picture-Tel

11 12 13 14 15 16 17
Video Critical F.A.C.T.S. Mtg
Thinking/ District IV
Mtg. Ismaill/ Faculty Mtg./
Sup'v Mtg. Faculty Mtg.-
Dr. Browning

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Shep Cohen/
Y2K Ext. Agent






Ext. Agent


May 3&4:

Tuesday Wednesday Thursday

April 1999

April 1999

1 Canker Task Force Dr. Browning.
BHG Room 1, 8 am 1 pm.
2- E-Mail Seminar .ike Armstrone
BHG Room 1, 11 am Noon.
6- Seminar: Jos6 Ramos. "An
Overview of Mexican Citrus
Production. A Financial Banker
V'iew. BHG Room 1, 10:45 am -
7- Computer Comm. Mtg. -
Dr. Syvertsen. BHG Teaching Lab,
10:00 am Noon.
7- Newsletter Training Course Julie
Grady. BHG Room 4, 10 am 3 pm.
9 Video-Picture-Tel. Cost Accounting
Standards. BHG Conf. Room,
11:00 am Noon.
14 Video Critical Thinking. BHG
Teaching Lab, 8 am 11 am.
14- International Fresh Cut Produce
Association. Dr. maili. BHG
Rooms 1&4, 8 am 5 pm.
14 Supervisors' Mtg. Dr. Browning.
BHG Conf. Room, 8:30 10:00 am.
15- Faculty M.g.-Dr. Browning BHG
Room 1, 8:30 10:00 am.
15- F.A.C.T.S. Board Mtg. Kaih%
Murphy. BHG Cionf Room, 10 am -
15 District IV Facultr Mr. Dr. Norman.
BHG Rms. 3&4. 8:30 am 3:30 pm.
21- Seminar: Shep Cohen "Light
Penetration in Citrus Canopies. BHG
Room 1, 10:45 am- Noon.
21 Y2K Extension Agent Training.
BHG Room 4, 9-12 and 2-5.
27- Seminar: Kenneth R. Berger. BHG
Room 1, 10:45 am Noon.
29 Y2K Extension Agent Training.
BHG Room 4, 9-12 and 2-5.


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