• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Main














Title: Final field report of archaeological investigations of the Arrivas House and a preliminary survey of block 12, lots 22, 23 and 24
CITATION MAP IT! THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00087025/00001
 Material Information
Title: Final field report of archaeological investigations of the Arrivas House and a preliminary survey of block 12, lots 22, 23 and 24
Physical Description: Archival
Language: English
Creator: Smith, Hale G.
Publisher: St. Augustine Historical Restoration and Preservation Commission
Place of Publication: St. Augustine, Fla.
Publication Date: 1960
 Subjects
Subject: Saint Augustine (Fla.)
46 Saint George Street (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Arrivas House (Saint Augustine, Fla)
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- Saint Johns -- Saint Augustine -- 46 Saint George Street
Coordinates: 29.896311 x -81.313236
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00087025
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: Public Domain
Resource Identifier: B12-L21
B12-L22
B12-23
B12-24

Table of Contents
    Title Page
        Page 1
    Table of Contents
        Page 2
    Main
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 27-1
        Page 28
        Page 28-1
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
Full Text









FINAL FIELD REPORT


of


ARCHAEOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS OF THE ARRIVAS HOUSE

and a

PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF BLOCK 12, LOTS 22, 23 AND 24









,by


HALE G. SMITH, ARCHAEOLOGIST



for the








ST. AUGUSTINE HISTORICAL RESTORATION AND PRESERVATION

COMMISSION




Submitted


August 1960










INDEX


Preface

Arrivas House
Introduction

Room A

Room B and Room C

Room D

Room K

Tabby Patio to North of Arrivas House

Trench M

Summary


Excavations in St. George Street

Archaeological Houses in Block 12,
Lots 22, 23 and 24

House 1

House 2

House 3

House 4

de la Rocque 44 House

Additional Archaeological Work Needed
To be Done in Block 12, Lots 21, 22, 23 & 24


Page No.

3

5
6

7
11

19

23

24

24

25

27


28

28

31

31

32

32











Preface


The archaeological excavations undertaken during the

summer of A. D. 1960 for the St. Augustine Restoration and

Preservation Commission were not intensive or extensive enough

to give the full developmental sequence and cultural picture

of the area investigated.

Due to limitations of time, budget and the schedule

of the restoration of the Arrivas House a second best type

of archaeological investigation was begun. Ideally each room

would have been completely excavated with the removal of all

the floors and intervening fill and/or refuse material. Due

to the above mentioned factors a trench system was inaugura-

ted that would cross section the house from north to south

and east to west and also make it possible to examine most

of the present doorways to the various rooms. In this way

an artifact sample of all major areas was procured and a

chronological sequence of room construction noted. However,

it was found that in certain areas and levels there was a

paucity of datable cultural material. Room D being the best

example. It is possible and highly probable that various

underground architectural features were not discovered and

recorded.











In the area to the north of the Arrivas House the

excavation was not completed on House 1, 2, 3, 4 and the de

la Rocque 44 house.--Other features, not associated with these

houses were found but time did not allow for a complete exca-

vation, correlation and analysis of the total architectural

complex in time or space.

The student archaeologists assisting in the work

included the following: Ross Morrell, Susan Powell, Pheriba

Stacy, Robert Hall and Suwat Pananon.

































ARRIVALS HOUSE











Introduction


When work was first started each room of the Arrivas

House was given a letter designation. Arbitrarily the letter-

ing began with the southernmost room which was designated as

Room A, the one to the north, Room B. Room 0 was a recently

partitioned off section that could not be entered from Room B

when work was begun. However, originally it was part of

Room B.
Room D was the most northern room included in the

Arrivas House. Since de la Rocque's map indicated a rear

southwest wing to the Arrivas House, the area enclosed by the

walls that were found was designated Room K.

To the north of the Arrivas House and a recent

addition to it was an area called the Craft Shop. This ter-

minology was maintained and designates the area that included

a tabby walled structure, House 1. However this structure

was not a part of the Arrivas House.

The east wall of Rooms A, B, C and D have to date

not been excavated due to the fact that they occur in the

present sidewalk-street area. To speculate from information

that was obtained from an excavation in the street in front

of Lot 22 it can be judged that this wall falls directly

under the present curb line.











Room A


The trenching of Room A did not bring to light any

additional wall remains. Four floors were present. Floor 1

(the uppermost) was built during the twentieth century, after

1907. Floors 2 and 3 were superimposed making a thick tabby

area. Floor 2 correlates with Floor 3 of Room B, east section.

Floor 1 was a coarse tabby mixture while Floor 2 was a tabby-

mortar mixture, being brownish in color. The surface of

this floor was sloping and relatively uneven. The Floor 2

area appears to have been outside area with a prepared

tabby-mortar surface that had a north to south grade of 0.45'.

Floors 3 and 4 were 1.06' and 1.28' below the surface

of Floor 1. These two floors were only clearly indicated in
the southeastern corner of the east-west trench at the north-

west corner of the eastern pier of the south wall. The rest

of the area of this room was badly pitted with refuse pits

and a surface roughening of the various strata was present.

A stratum occurred 1.30' below the surface of Floor 1

that was 0.30' thick and showed evidences of a fire. It was

a relatively hard stratum reddish in color with pieces of

charcoal scattered throughout. This fired stratum was found

intermittently throughout the Room A area.











In correlating this stratum with the footing of the

eastern pier of the south wall it was seen that the shell

footing was present before the fire occurred. This indicates

that the shell footing preceded the four floor levels.

From an examination of the various wall profiles it

was discerned that there were five building periods represented

in the various sections of the south wall.

Period 1 Shell piers

Period 2 First coquina wall that contained
a doorway directly opposite the
easternmost doorway between Room A
and B. This stage also was repre-
sented by the east coquina pier.

Period 3 Two coquina piers in the western
half of the south wall.

Period 4 Central pier to support second
story fireplace.

Period 5 Low wall of coquina inserted between
east and west piers.

In correlating the floor levels and other strata to

the building periods it was discovered that the burned stratum

was the results of a fire during the Period 1 era and Floor 4

was laid during this time.

Floor 3 was associated with the doorway that was of

Period 2 times. The coquina blocks of this period were not

well trimmed and were wider than those subsequently laid on

this wall at a later date.











Floor 2 correlates with building periods 3, 4 and 5.

Floor 1 was laid to raise the elevation and make a level floor

area. It is probable that the rise in elevation was under-

taken in order to raise the floor above the level of the street.

This floor was laid down after 1907 since an United States of

America half-dollar of this date was discovered under this

floor.
In an analysis of the artifacts from the various

levels it was noted that the stratum directly above sterile

soil dates from the A. D. 1700-1725 period or later. The

presence of Puebla Polychrome majolica establishes this date.

In this stratum the only datable materials included three

majolica types: Puebla Polychrome, San Luis Polychrome and

San Augustine Blue on White. In addition to the majolica

dating a complex of three other factors indicates that this

level was of the first Spanish period: this stratum immedi-

ately overlaid sterile soil, its relationship to the archi-

tectural periods and the absence of English ceramic types.

The area below Floor 2 to next to last stratum

before sterile soil dates from A. D. 1750-1800 period as

was indicated by the 18th century English ceramic types pre-

sent and the absence of any of the 19th century types.

From the above evidence correlated with that of the

building periods a date for the initial construction in the












Room A area appears to have been the A. D. 1700-1725 period.

The information that has been compiled was mainly from the

east-west trench along the south wall, therefore the above

picture specifically applies to this area and not directly to

the north wall of Room A.

The only evidence of other possible architectural

features were two post holes. One being a charred round post

0.5' in diameter in the eastern section and the other a 1.0'

squared timber on a line with the west wall of Room B and the

western coquina pier of Room A. The charred round post was

functional when the burned stratum 1.3' below the surface of

Floor 2 was fired. The function of the two posts was not

established since no post pattern was discernable due to the

restricted limits of the excavation.


Room A, Trench B

Trench B was excavated in an attempt to see whether

or not a west wall existed in the loggia area. None was found

outside of a 0.5' x 0.5' pine floor plate that was discovered

extending from the south to the north wall and was associated

with Floor 1, or 20th century construction. The whole area

encompassed by the trench was composed of refuse pits that

had been dug and re-dug. Therefore, the artifacts recovered

were valueless for dating or the establishment of any type

of chronology. This trench did not unearth either floor or

wall remains outside of those directly in Room A.











Room B, East Section; and Room C


The east section of Room B and Room C were one room

until they were divided by a steel lath and plaster partition

constructed about A. D. 1940.
Room B was divided into an East Section and a West

Section after a wooden floor was removed that exposed a

north-south wall 17.70' west of the west street curb of St.

George Street and 16.25' from the rear west wall of Room B.

Ripio (whole shell) was found under the wall forming

the east section of Room B and they extended down to 6.08'

M.S.L. or 3.18' below the top of tabby floor 1. Floor 4 of

the East Section correlated with the ripio wall which was torn

down or fell down before the present coquina walls were con-

structed.

In the East Section the topmost tabby floor was

divided into Floor 1 and 2. Initially Floor 1 appeared to be

two floors, however it was soon discovered that the cleavage

represented two stages of pouring only one floor. However the

designation of Floor 1 and 2 for the top floor was continued.

Directly under Floor 2 was a dark humus fill area

overlaying Floor 3. Below Floor 3 was a lighter in color and

more sandy stratum which in turn was directly above Floor 4-

Under Floor 4 there was a stratum that graded off to sterile
soil. Sterile soil throughout this area is yellow sand.





12




It was noted that there were no trash pits in the

East Section of Rooms B and C. This indicates that this area

was a building site earlier than the other rooms of this house.

Another indication of relatively greater antiquity was the

depth of the ripio (whole shell) walls and the nature of the

ground before the wall trenches were dug. When the trenches

were initially excavated the yellow sand was the surface of

the ground with no humus being present. The vertical sided

trenches were made into this yellow sand and were 1.10' wide

with a plus or minus figure of 0.10'. After the trenches were

finished ripio (whole shell and mortar) were laid down.


Room B, North-South Middle Wall


The north-south middle wall that separated the East

Section from the West Section had a doorway 4.85 to the north

of the south wall. This doorway was ca. 5.70' wide. (A sewer

pipe trench destroyed the north sill area so the 5.70' width

is approximated.)

From the south wall of Room B to the doorsill area

of the north-south middle wall were two coquina blocks which

were laid with the bedding plane of the coquina being vertical

rather than horizontal. (These aberrantly laid coquina blocks

are called shiners.) The block nearest the sill was cut so

as to receive the timbers of the door jamb.











Both of these coquina blocks were re-used as plaster

was present on the west vertical side. There was no mortar

on the topside of these blocks as they had been trimmed down

when the wall was removed so that the wooden floor would clear.

The wooden floor was raised on 2" x 4" wooden joists.

This wall correlates with Floor 3 and was built just

prior to the laying of this floor. The wall was 0.68' wide

with the sill stone being 0.30' wide.

On the east side of the north-south middle wall was

a coquina apron that extended from the wall to 1.00' into

the room. This extended from the south wall to 4.91t north.

The coquina apron was 0.20' thick.
After the removal of the coquina blocks of the north-

south middle wall it was found that the coquina apron extended

under the blocks and into the west section of Room B. How

far it extended into the west section is unknown since the

excavations did not penetrate this area beyond 4.0' west of

the north-south middle wall. The coquina was still present

here and continued on. This coquina level was 0.10' below

Floor 3 of the east section of Room B. At the wall the narrow

slabs of coquina rest on mortar which in turn was atop the

ripio wall. This coquina area extended into the west section

of Room B. The coquina in this section was concentrated along

the southern area, or from the south wall to 4.91' north.











Included in the same level occurred brick fragments and other

rubble. In this West Section this material correlates with

the bottom of Floor 3.


Room B, West Section


As has been noted only three floors were present in

this section. The top two being directly superimposed one on

the other. Floors 1 and 2 correlate with Floors 1 and 2 of

the East Section. Also Floor 3 of both sections are of the

same level and time period.

Floor 3 was the floor laid down after the first

coquina structure was built.

The ripio (whole shell) wall found in the East Section

did not extend west of the north-south middle wall.

Below Floor 2 was a large trash pit that at its base

had a clay deposit which was of a residual type. It is possible

that this pit was originally a source of clay for the Indians

in the manufacturing of San Marcos ceramics.

Floor 3 in the west section was of tabby, whose sur-

face appeared as if it had been subject to water erosion as

it did not have a smooth worn surface as other interior floors

possessed. In all appearances it resembles an outside tabby

floor. However it was conclusive that Floor 3 was laid after

the outside coquina walls were constructed. Why the surface

had this texture is unknown.











East Doorway Sill of the South Wall of Room B. (Doorway between
Rooms A & B


The uppermost sill, sill 1, came into existence in

the 18th century when the elevation of Room A was raised to

more closely approximate that of Room B. The floors of the

two rooms involved in the sill at this period were Floor 1 of

Room B and Floor 2 of Room A.

Floor 1 of Room B was 0.70' higher than Floor 2 of

Room A. When Floor 1 of Room B was laid another sill complex

was present. (Floor 1 of Room B was poured to the edge of

the sill stone notch, see below.)

Before Floor 2 of Room A was laid fill was added to

Room A and a 2" x 4" board was placed so that the south edge

of the board was flush with the south side of the sill founda-

tion stone where a notch had already been cut for sill 2 (see

below). The doorway at this time was an outside doorway.

Sill 2 was the earliest and original sill for this

doorway and it correlates with Floor 3 of Room B. Floor 3

was 0.50' below the top of the sill foundation stone.
The sill stones were 0.58' high and 0.95' wide. A

notch 0.20' deep and 0.30' wide was cut out of the south side

the width of the doorway. These stones were in line as to

thickness with the wall.

Sill 2 was a raised doorsill with a step down from

the sill into Room B. This was a step down of 0.30'.












In Room A there was a tabby area which sloped gradually up

to the sill stone. The slope from a more or less level pre-

pared for walking to the sill was 0.45'.


East Doorway of North Wall of Room C between Rooms C and D



During the last period of construction this doorway

was not used. Since the Room C area had been sealed off by

partitions between Rooms B-C and C-D. These partitions were

built during the A. D. 1940 period and Room C became a stairway

area.

Floor 1 of Room D was of cement and was laid when the

20th century stairway of Room C was installed, or shortly

thereafter. The elevation of this floor was 9.26' plus or

minus 0.04'. This raised the elevation of this floor to

0.35' above that of Room C. Therefore Sill 1 was not a sill

in the strict sense of the word since the area was blockedooff.

Sill 2, below Sill 1, correlates with Floor 2 of

Room D whose elevation was 0.20' above Floor 1 of Room C.

This sill was utilized during two building stages (see Sill 3

below). It was noted that by Sill 2 times the original door

jambs had already been narrowed by filling each side with co-

quina blocks and mortared rubble. On the east side of the door-

way at the junction of the jamb and the sill was a coquina

block that was cut so that it was level with Floor 2, and in











line with the contoured jamb above. There was plaster on
the west side of this block that may have dated later than

the plaster on the north side of the sill.

Sill 2 correlates with Floor 2 of Room D and was,

like Floor 1, laid down after Room C had been sealed off.

The door seal occurred on the south of the door jamb. Both

Floor 1 and 2 of Room D were poured at this point.

The north side of the sill was plastered with the

plaster being continuous with that of the wall. The plaster

was applied prior to the laying of Floor 2. The sill itself

was composed of coquina blocks laid in mortar, 0.45' high

and 0.60, wide.
As has been mentioned during Sill 2 times the jambs

had already been narrowed. When Sill 3 was used the whole

width of the original doorway was utilized. This sill

correlates with Floor 1 of Room C and Floor 3 of Room D. The
sill was flush with the floor levels.

Sill 4 correlates with Floor 2 of Room C and Floor 4

of Room D and is the earliest sill since prior to the coquina

walled structure, during the ripio wall period, there was no

doorway at this point. This doorway since its inception probably

was an inside doorway.
Elevations-- Sill 1 9.26 MSL
Sill 2 9.06 MSL
Sill 3 8.78 MSL
Sill 4 8.16 MSL











Chronology from Artifacts


In a dating of the various floor levels of Room B

the initial stratum that yielded cultural material was the

dark humus level under Floors 1 and 2 of both the East and

West sections. The following datable artifacts were found:
Aucilla Polychrome majolica, Tallahassee Blue on White ma-

jolica, Puebla Polychrome majolica, San Luis Blue on White

majolica, Puebla Blue on White majolica, Queen's Ware and
pre-1750 olive jar sherds.
From this assemblage it is indicated that Floors 1

and 2 (top floor) were laid after A. D. 1750 and before
A. D. 1800.
From an analysis of the sherds in level 5 it was

seen that Floor 3 was laid during the first Spanish period or

between A. D. 1700-1750. The key sherds for this dating being

San Augustin Blue on White majolica that dates from A. D.

1700-1730. The other majolica types bear an A. D. 1630-1700
or A. D. 1650-1700 date. The olive jar sherds, as has been

mentioned, are of a pre A. D. 1750 type. The north-south
middle wall was constructed after this floor was laid.
Floor 4 was put down prior to A. D. 1700 and is

associated in time with the ripio wall of the East Section.
The West Section of Room B below Floor 3 was composed

of refuse pits and the recovered cultural material was un-

suitable for dating.











Room D


Initially in the excavation of this room Floor 1 was

removed. Floor 1 was of cement laid during the 1890-1910

period. Under Floor 1 and above Floor 2 occurred sand, brick,

cement slabs and other fill used to raise the floor level be-

fore Floor 1 was poured. The surface of Floor 1 had a "terrazzo-

like" surface, being very fine in texture as well as very hard,

but brittle. This cement surface was common in the St.

Augustine floors of this period.
After Floor 1 had been removed a north-south middle

wall root was discovered. After its appearance the room was

divided into East and West sections. This wall was constructed

just prior to the laying of Floor 2 in both sections.

The north-south middle wall was the last wall to be

built in the Arrivas House. The wall was plastered on both

sides prior to the putting down of Floor 2. (In the photo-

graph Floor 2 is indicated as Floor 3).

Floor 2 that was indicated in the photographs as

a floor was not a floor but a level of rough cement utilized

to help raise the level of Floor 1.

Floor 3 was a tabby floor and the thickest of the

tabby floors represented in Room D. It was of a medium

quality of tabby. The grade of this tabby floor was from

north to south being 0.05'. The floor levels of the East

and West Sections correlate as to time and elevation.






20



In correlating the relationship of the earlier floor

with the coquina and ripio (whole shell) walls the follow-

ing sequence occurred. Tabby Floor 4 was laid down after

the placement of the coquina foundation stones. This floor

is tangent to the coquina block and was at 8.11' MSL

elevation.
Floor 5 was tangent to the shell wall indicating

that the wall was present before Floor 5 was laid and before

the coquina walls were in place, and it correlated with the

ripio structure.
Floor 6 was cut through when the shell wall was put

in place as this floor terminates 0.30' south of the wall

where the footing trench started. Therefore Floor 6 repre-

sents an earlier house that existed prior to the coquina wall
construction. This floor was also associated with the former

ripio building.

In looking at the sequence of wall construction it

was seen that the south wall of the East Section of Room D

had a ripio wall foundation that at its deepest point was

6.08' MSL elevation. This depth was 1.00' deeper than the

ripio of the north wall. The companion wall for the south

wall of the East Section was the south wall of Room B, East

Section which also had a ripio wall at the same level.
The sequence of building construction for this room

was as follows: first a ripio walled structure existed with











the south wall of the East Section being the oldest wall.

The north wall either fell down or was torn down and a coquina

wall was constructed here with the other walls remaining ripio.

After a period all of the walls were destroyed to ground level

and after a short time the present coquina walls were built.

At a later date the north-south middle wall was constructed.

This wall did not have any doorway.


North Wall--East Doorway

The earliest sill for this doorway was 0.59' below

the surface of Floor 1, or the cement floor. The elevation of

Floor 1 was 9.26' MSL and that of the sill 8.67' MSL elevation.

This level correlates with Floor 3 or after the second coquina

wall was constructed. The sill was 0.26' above the general

floor level.


South Wall--West Doorway
The sill was 0.60' below the surface of cement

Floor 1 or 8.64' MSL elevation. This doorway was an original

doorway associated with the present coquina wall and corre-

lates with Floor 4.
There was a paucity of cultural material from the

various trenches in Room D. Therefore the dating of the

various levels could not be done in any meaningful way. From

an analysis of what materials were present it was noted that





22



the general chronological sequence was similar to Room B.

The majolica types in all levels--dated, for the most part,

from the second half of the 17th century. The only datable

British ceramics present included Queens Ware and Painted

White. Since these occurred in level 2, just under the cement

floor they are of no value for dating.











Room K

The de la Rocque map of 1788 showed that the Arrivas

House had a southwestern wing on the rear. At the time of

excavation there was no surface evidence to indicate that

such a wing had been present.--

In order to find the walls Trench M was dug and at

12.0' the west wall was encountered.--The west wall was

traced out and the northwest corner of the room established.

Two east-west walls also appeared.--In the southern section

due to a vast amount of trenching for the placement of iron

water pipes and vent stacks the walls were interrupted.

In the whole area no tabby floors were found and

with the addition of extensive pitting in the immediate rear

of the house no dating of this addition was possible.

There is the possibility that at a later date exca-

vation under the floor of the adjoining building (46 St.

George St.) may bring to light additional walls with tabby

floors that may be dated.

The outside and inside walls of this wing were made

of partially reduced shell. This shell was taken from the

lime burnings. This wall was hard to interpret and to draw

conclusions as to its nature above ground. It appears to

have been too wide and deep to be merely a foundation for a

wooden wall. Its top surface seemed too level and smooth

to be the remains of a destroyed wall or wall ruins and the










top surface did not contain evidence of a coquina surface

wall except in one place where a coquina block rested on an

east-west wall. Whether this was a fortuitous placement or

not is unknown. Also the uncovered reduced shell wall appears

to have been too deep to be a footing for a coquina wall.

Therefore the nature of the above ground wall is uncertain.


Tabby Patio to North of Arrivas House

An outside tabby area was located to the north of

the Arrivas House under the cement apron that was laid in

A. D. 1959. The tabby was interrupted in sections that for-

merly was the Craft Shop but remnants were present that

indicated that it extended from the north side of the north

wall 6f the Arrivas House to 12.00' north where it was

interrupted by a pipe trench. The tabby extended to the

street curb in the east section. Its westward limits seemed

to indicate that it was on a line even with the rear wall of

the house although the evidence was rather limited due to

extensive pitting in this area.

This tabby floor dates from the first half of the

18th century as was indicated by the culture materials found

in excavations under this floor.


Trench M

Aside from the partially reduced shell walls asso-

ciated with the Arrivas douse the only significant find was











a circular well.--This well was excavated from the outside

and also cleaned out to a depth of 7.5' or 2.65' below water

level. Work on this was suspended because no pump was

available.

The cultural material from the section cleaned out

indicated that the well was filled in during the 1930-40

period. The date of construction of this well is unknown at

this time.


Summary

The history of European architectural structures for

the area now occupied by the present Arrivas House goes back

to the 1650-80 period. The first discernible house was of

ripio (whole shell) construction. Eleven feet to the north

of this structure a tabby wall house was present that appears

to have been contemporaneous with the ripio wall house that

included Rooms B and C of the existing Arrivas building.

Additional rooms were added to the initial ripio

structure that was destroyed, either by falling down or being

torn down, ca. 1725. A structure was rebuilt on the same

wall lines as the ripio house. By 1788 the loggia had been

added as well as the rear wing and the interior north-south

middle walls of rooms B and D.

In the above sequence of building stages three types

of walls were utilized: ripio (whole shell), ripio (partially

reduced shell) and coquina, both as ripio and hewn masonry.





26




At the stage of development when Rocque drew his map the house

proper was of dressed coquina block, and ripio (partially

reduced shell) the latter may have been a portion of the rear

wing and addition to the house proper.

Floors were of tabby throughout the house, although

the rear wing and addition may have had a wooden floor since

no evidence of tabby floors was found.






























EXCAVATIONS IN

ST. GEORGE STREET











St. George Street Excavations

A trench was extended into St. George Street in front

of Lot 22. Opposite the House 1 area. Six street levels were

discovered. The topmost, or the present street surface, was

of asphalt that overlaid a ceramic brick street. Before the

brick was laid a sand lens was put down. (See figure). The

sand lens overlaid four street levels that were composed of

shell rubble.

From the cross-section obtained the water drainage

for the street appeared to have been down its center. If a

comparable profile were obtained from the opposite side of

the street it would give a concave street cross-section.



































ARCHAEOLOGICAL HOUSES

IN BLOCK 12, LOTS 22, 23 & 24










Archaeological Houses in Block 12, Lots 22, 23 & 24
The area designated as the Parking Lot Area upon

initial excavation included that section to the north of the

Arrivas House through which trench N-S (1) was excavated.

This trench extended from the cement apron to the north of

the Craft Shop, 10.3' north of TBM1, to the south sidewalk

of the Tucker Photo Shop; or to stake 130.3'. This trench

includes Lots 22, 23 and 24 of Block 12.
The initial trench exposed sections of walls, floors

and footings of five houses. The initial house, discovered

nearest the TBM1 was designated House 1 (Lot 22) -- subse-

quently, at a later date two other houses were found in this

immediate area.--The house to the north of these three was a

coquina structure and corresponds to de la Rocque's House 44.

This house was on lot 22 and part of lot 23. This was called

House 2 in the early notes but changed later to de la Rocque

House 44.


House 1
The south wall of House 1 occurred in the Craft Shop

area with the north wall being 18.40' north of TBM1. This

house was constructed with tabby walls and had a tabby floor

at an elevation of 7.95' MSL.
Along the south wall of the Craft Shop after the

cement floor was removed, at an elevation of 8.71' MSL,











a 0.40' by 0.601 pine sill ran tangent to the north side of
the north wall of Room D. At six foot intervals under this

sill were cement shims. This sill was used in a porch

structure that was present at the turn of the 20th century.
Below the elevation of the pine sill and to the

north at an elevation of 8.21' MSL a tabby wall appeared that

ran east and west along the north side of the north wall of

Room D. The tabby wall set on a footing of the same material

that had an elevation of 7.93' MSL.

This wall was 1.00' from the north side of the north

wall of Room D at the west jamb of the east door. The wall

ran at an angle to the coquina wall and became tangent to it

8.75' west of the west side of the center, or north-south
tabby wall.
Two rooms, as has been indicated, were noted for

House 1. The back room along the south wall measured 15.001

plus or minus 0.50t inside dimension and the front room was

16.00' plus or minus 1.00'. The north-south dimensions of

this house were 24.40' plus or minus 1.00' inside dimensions.
The inside measurement of the front room is a plus

or minus figure since this room extended out into the present

street and it was impossible to continue excavations in that

area. The other plus or minus figure results from the fact

that the wall evidence for the exposed walls were mostly

footings with no evidence of a clear cut vertical wall structure.










Where the tabby wall was present it averaged .71' thick.

The wall was stuccoed on the outer side with no evidence of

stucco on the inner wall surface. The stucco appears to have

been metal floated. In the area of the Craft Shop there were

no tabby floors encountered, however in the area to the north

of the cement apron a tabby floor occurred associated with

this house.

In the south wall a post hole was found in the wall

4.90' from the center of the central north-south wall. This

was a rectangloid opening 0.50' by 0.80' that had been placed

in the ground before the footing or tabby wall was formed.

This post hole extended down 2.31' below the top of the foot-

ing. This post had a pointed base.

Another post hole occurred 5.00' west of the one

described above. This post hole was circular with a diameter

of 0.60' and had a rounded base. The depth of this post was

2.15' below the top of the footing.

A third post hole occurred at the southwest corner,

outside of the tabby wall 5.65' from the round post hole

described above. Since this post hole occurred in a highly

disturbed area it was impossible to trace it below the footing

level. The south and north wall footings butted the post

and did not surround it.

A rear doorway was found 3.50' north of the inside

southwest corner.--Only the south jamb was located due to

lack of time to continue the excavation. As is indicated on

the sketch, not all of the walls were completely exposed.










This house was built during the A. D. 1650-1700

period or shortly thereafter. This evidence is based on

majolica sherds that were found beneath the tabby floor.

House 2 was a ripio (whole shell) walled house and

was the first of these three houses (Houses 1-2-3) to be

built. Only a section of the north wall was located and a

smaller section of the south wall. These walls had an eleva-

tion of 7.16' and 6.81' MSL respectively. The antiquity of

this house was assumed from its position under the walls of

House 1 and House 3. House 3 had a north-south width of

18.80'. The number of rooms or the east-west dimension is

unknown.

House 3 or chronologically the last house of this

group built had ripio (whole shell) walls which were thicker

than those of the other two houses. The north-south width

of this house was 17.60'. As in House 2, due to limited

excavations, no knowledge is available as to number of rooms

or the east-west dimension.

All of these houses occurred under an outside tabby

floor that was associated with the Arrivas House. Excavations

under the tabby indicated that it was laid during the first

half of the 18th century. Therefore these houses date from

a period prior to this and from evidence under the tabby

floor of House 1 a 1650-1700 period was indicated.











House 4 was on Lot 24 of Block B. In the trench

through this lot two ripio (whole shell) walls were located.

The inside measurement between the north and south wall was

15.40t. No floors were located and no dating was possible
with this limited excavation.


De La Rocque 44 House

The de la Rocque 44 house was on lot 22 and part of

lot 23 of Block B. According to de la Rocque's map this house

was composed of three rooms and a loggia area.

The walls of the two rooms nearest the street and

the loggia were partially excavated, however the back room

was not located. The walls were constructed of shaped coquina

blocks.

It was noted that the rooms of this house had tabby

floors at 8.67' MSL and that the structure was destroyed by

fire as was evidenced by the red oxidation of the tabby

and the foundation stones. After the fire the house was not

rebuilt.










ADDITIONAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL WORK NEEDED TO BE DONE IN BLOCK 12,

LOTS 21, 22, 23 and 24.




1. Complete exposing the walls of Rocque House 44.
2. Excavate under unbroken tabby sections in order to
obtain a date for Rocque House 44.

3. Determine, if possible, type of construction of back room
of Rocque House 44.

4. Determine the configuration of Houses 1, 2, 3 & 4.
5. Complete clearing out of well in Trench M.
6. Excavation of sidewalk area in front of the Arrivas House.

7. Attempt to find extension of Room K southward into
present Restoration office building.
8. Further trenching in back yard of Arrivas House outside
of Room K.









ARCHAEOLOGICAL CATALOGUE


A Arrivas House B.F. Below Floor
B Other Areas B.S. Below Surface

Cat. No. Room Trench Sec. Level Remarks

A 1 A B 0 1 Under cement. 0.27' B.S.

A 2 D A 0 2 Under cement, shell fill
to 0.61' B.F.
A 3 D A 0 1 Cement 0.15' Thick
A 4 A B 1 2 0.50' Thick, Base 0.77'
A 5 A B 1 3 0.77' to 1.35'
A 6 A B 1 4 1.35' to 1.85'

A 7 A B 2 1 Under tabby 0.5' Level
A 8 D A 0 3 Under shell fill of floor 2.
(0.08' thick to 0.69' B.F.)
A 9 D A 0 4 Tabby floor 2, 0.11' thick
Down to 0.80t B.F.
A 10 D A 0 5 Dirt and shell 0.38' thick.
Down to 1.18'
A 11 A B 2' 1 0.62' Below N.E. corner of
square
A 12 A- B 2 2 Down to 0.71'
A 13 D A 0 6 Tabby floor 3, 0.09' thick.
A 14 D A 0 7 Clay--sand and dark humus
A 15 A B- 2 3 Down below floor 3 to 1.3'
below top floor 1.
A 16 D A 0 8 Tabby floor 4
A 17 A B 1 & 2 4 From 1.25' to 1.75'
A 18 D A 0 9 Brick humus and oyster.
A 19 A B 1 & 2 5 From 1.75' to 2.25'
A 20 A B 1 & 2 6 From 2.25' to 2.75'
A 21 A B 1 & 2 Pit South section of trench,
cleaned to base.





Archaeological Catalogue (2)


Cat. No.

A 22

A 23

A 24

A 25

B 26

B 27

B 28

B 29

B 30

B 31

B 32

B 33

B 34

B 35

B 36

B 37

B 38

B 39

B 40

B 41

B 42

B 43

B 44

B 45

B 46


Room Trench Sec. Level


A

D

D

D

N-S (1)

N-S (1)

N-S (1)

N-S (1)

N-S (1)

N-S (1)

N-S (1)

N-S (1)

N-S (1)

N-S (1)

N-S (1)

N-S (1)

N-S (1)

N-S (1)

N-S (1)

N-S (1)

House 1

House 1

House 1

N-S (1)

N-S (1)


A

A

A

10.3
20.3
20.3
30.3
20.3
30.3
30.3
0.3
40.3
50.3
50.3
6o.3
60.3
70.3
50.3
60.3
40.3
40.3
40.3
40.3
50.3
70.3
80.3
80.3

80,3
90.3
70.3
80.3
80.3
90.3
80.3
90.3


20.3 to
30.3
30.3 to
40.3


1 &

0

0

0

PLA

PLA

PLA

PLA

PLA

PLA

PLA


PLA
PLA

PLA

PLA

PLA

PLA

PLA

PLA

PLA

PLA

PLA

PLA

PLA

PLA


Pit

10

11

12

1


Remarks

North section of trench
cleaned to base.
Tabby floor 5 0.101 thick.

Black humus, 1.86' below surface

Yellow sand, 2.2' B.S.

Trench--10.3' north of TBM1--
Level 1.0' deep.

Surface to 2.0'

Surface to 2.0'

Surface to 1.0'

Surface to 1.0'

Surface to 2.0'

1.0' to 2.0'

Same as B-30

1.0'--2.0'

2.0'--3.0'

Surface to 1.0'

Surface--l.0'

1.0'--2.0'

1.0'--2.0'

2.0'--3.0'

0.0--1.0'

1.0'--2.0'

2.0'--3.0'

2.0'--3.0'

1.0'--2.0'





Archaeological Catalogue (3


Cat. No.


Room Trench


Sec. Level


47

48

49

50

51

52

53

54

55

56

57

58

59


N-S (1)

N-S (1)

House 1

B

C

B

C

B

B

B

B

B

B


D N.Wall
area
D N.Wall
area
D "

D

D

A

Craft shop

A E-W

A E-W

A E-W

A E-W


PLA

PLA

PLA


30.3 to
40.3
30.3 to
40.3

E-W
Trench
N-S
Trench
E-W
Trench
N-S

E-W

E-W

N-S

N-S

N-S

N-S


11

East






East

West


3
2

5

3
Pit

3-5

5

7



6

7
8

10

11

3
2

4
6

7
6


2.0'--3.0'

Wall and footing area--extended
Trench W--0.0'-l.0'
Modern tile trench

Dirt on top of tabby between
wooden floor and tabby
0.18' to 0.60'

0.1l4 to 0.52'
0.68' to 1.08'




Remembered A-73

Dark humus

Yellow sand

Pit area dark humus. (In level 6
mound of refuse covered with
yellow sand.
Dark humus

Yellow humus











Depth 0.9'

Depth 1.55'

Depth 1.65'


Remarks


West
Sec.

West

West

East

East

East

East

West

West
,!


A 60

A 61

A 62

A 63

A 64

A 65

B 66

A 67

A 68

A 69

A 70





Archaeological Catalogue (4)


Room Trel

B E-W

Craft shop

B N-S

D


nch


Cat. No.

A 71

B 72

A 73

A 74

A 75


Sec.

East


East

East

West


C


W

W















PLA


Level



4

3-5
1



3


6

7
1


1

2

3

4

5

3
1


D West
doorway

Craft shop

Craft shop

D E-W

D E-W

M

Well M

Well M

Well M

Well M

Well M

Well M

House 1

House 2

Same as B. 80

N-S (1)

N-S (1)

N-S (1)

N-S (1)

N-S (1)

N-S (1)


Remarks

2.40' below floor brick and other




Trench to W. of Trench A.

Pit in floor 3--in front of
west doorway E-W trench
along south wall Room D

Area between tabby wall and
N. wall Room D.



From west coquina wall
Arrivas House 0.0'-1.0'
Well--surface to 1.0'

Well interior--0.0-1.0'
" 1.0-2.0'

" 2.01-3.0'

3.0'-4.0'
4.0'-5.0'

Area beneath tabby (only
chance for dating house.)
de la Rocque #44


0.0-3.0'

0.0-1.0'

0.0-1.0'

0.0-1.0'

1.0' to sterile soil

1.0' to sterile soil


90.3
100.3
100.3
110.3
110.3
120.3
120.3
130.3
90.3
100.3
100.3
110.3





Archaeological Catalogue (5)


Cat. No.


Room


Trench Sec.


N-S (1)

N-S (1)

N-S

M

M


110.3 to 2
120.3
1?0.3 to 2
130.3
East 3
2

3


1.0t-2.0
1.0-2.0'
1,0-2.01

Dark humus

.40'--.60' depth
1.0' depth

Exploring trench, near
trench B, Room A.


96

97
98

99
100

101

102

103

104

105


Level


Remarks


Craft shop West 5

Craft shop 1

Under tabby floor north patio Arrivas House (East Section)

Under tabby floor north pationArrivas House (West Section)




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs